History of Chenango and Madison Counties

James H. Smith

D. Mason & Co. - Syracuse, NY - 1880

The chapters online will be underlined. This project is going to take a good while to accomplish as it encompasses approximately 855 pages of material. Please be patient with me on this. Thanks.
Chapters being transcribed.

Chapter 53

Chapters being coded.

Back Matter


Introduction.

Chapter 1 - History of the Aborigines --- The Iroquois Confederacy --- Its Origin and Organization --- Tribal Relations --- Secret of its Power --- Its Superiority and Supremacy --- Its Degeneracy. --- Page 9 - 18.

Chapter 2 - History of the Aborigines, Continued --- Indian Mutability --- Indian Habits and Usages --- Indian Dwellings --- Manner of Constructing Them --- Their Uses --- Indian Towns --- How Built and Fortified --- Social Usages --- Dress and Ornaments --- Law of Marriage --- Experimental Marriages --- Family Discipline --- Home Employments --- Gambling Universal --- Dances and Feasts --- The War Dance --- Tortures --- Religion and Superstition --- Stated Annual Festivals --- Medical Feasts --- Dreams --- Wizards and Witches --- Burials --- Wampum --- Hospitality. --- Page 19 - 30.

Chapter 3 - History of the Aborigines, Continued --- Early Discoveries --- European Competition in the Western Continent --- French, English and Dutch Settlements and Claims --- The English Supersede the Dutch in New Netherlands --- Iroquois and Early Colonists --- Champlain's Invasions of 1609 and 1615 --- Iroquois make Peace with the French --- Iroquois Conquests and Supremacy. --- Page 31 - 38.

Chapter 4 - History of the Aborigines, Continued --- French and English Rivalry --- French and English Colonization Compared --- Expedition of M. de Courcelle against the Mohawks M. de Tracy's Expedition against the Mohawks --- Conditions of Peace between French and Iroquois --- Peace of Breda --- French and Iroquois again at War in 1669 --- Peace of 1673 --- M. de la Barre's Expedition against the Senecas --- M. de Nouville's Expedition against the Senecas --- French and English War of 1689 --- Schenectady Sacked and Burned --- Attack on Montreal and Quebec --- Frontenac's Barbarity ---French Destroy Three Mohawk Castles --- Peace Negotiations Fail --- Frontenac Invades the Onondaga Country --- Treaty of Ryswick --- Iriquois Alienation --- Treaty of Utrecht --- Tuscaroras Admitted in the Iroquois Confederacy --- French and English War of 1744 - 1748 --- Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle --- War Renewed in 1755 --- Treaty of Paris --- Pontiac's Conspiracy --- War of the Revolution --- Sullivan's Expedition --- Present Status of Iroquois. --- Page 39 - 54.

Chapter 5 - History of the Aborigines, Concluded --- The Oneidas --- Their Origin, Symbols and Town Sites --- Frontenac Destroys their Village in 1696, and Brant during the Revolutionary War --- Jesuit Missions --- Jogues' Mission to the Mohawks --- LeMoine's Mission at Onondaga --- Jesuit Missions Renewed --- Mission of St. Francis Xavier at Oneida --- Father Pierre Milet succeeds Jacques Bruyus in that Mission --- Decline of Jesuit Missions --- Cause of the Failure of the Jesuit Missions --- Episcopal Missions --- New England Missions --- David Fowler --- Rev. Samuel Kirkland --- Episcopal Missions Renewed --- Rev. Eleazer Williams --- Methodist Missions --- Brotherton Indians --- Rev. Sampson Occum --- Stockbridge Indians --- Skenandoah. --- Page 55 - 65.

Chapter 6 - Chenango and Madison Counties, Early Land Grants in --- Indian Title Extinguished --- Line of Property --- Treaty and Cession of 1784 --- Massachusetts' Claims --- Treaties and Cessions of 1785, '88 and '95 --- Chenango Twenty Townships --- Military Tract --- Original Owners of the Twenty Townships --- Area of Twenty Townships --- The Gore --- Brakel Township --- Road Township --- Proceeds of Gospel and School Lots in Twenty Townships Misappropriated --- The Gore in Oxford --- Fayette Township --- Clinton Township --- Harper Patent --- Township of Greene --- Livingston Tract --- French Tract --- Chenango Triangle --- Vermont Sufferers --- Oneida Reservation --- New Petersburgh Tract --- Canastota Tract --- Cowassalon Tract --- Other Minor Tracts in Madison County. --- Page 66 - 70.

Chapter 7 - History of Chenango County --- Early Civil Divisions --- Formation of Chenango County --- Its Boundaries --- Original Towns in Chenango County --- Origin of Name --- Topography of Surface --- Area --- Streams and Ponds --- The Susquehanna --- The Unadilla --- The Chenango --- The Otselic --- Soils --- Climate --- Death Rate of Chenango County --- Industries --- Agricultural Productions --- Dairy Interests of Chenango County --- Comparisons with other Counties in Agricultural Productions. --- Page 71 - 76.

Chapter 8 - History of Chenango County --- Geology --- Hamilton Group --- The Lowest Rocks in the County --- Tully Limestone --- Genesee Slate --- Portage or Nunda Group --- Ithaca Group --- Chemung Group --- Catskill Group --- Deceptive Indications of Coal --- Quarternary Deposits --- Clays --- Sulphur Springs. --- Page 77 - 80.

Chapter 9 - History of Chenango and Madison Counties --- First Settlements and Measures Leading Thereto --- Population at Different Periods --- Homes and Privations of the Early Settlers --- Their Clothing --- Primitive Methods of Grinding Corn --- Pioneer Sociability --- Condition Ameliorated by the Introduction of Improvements --- Settlement Retarded by remarkable Ice Freshet --- Evidences of Wealth and Prosperity of Present Inhabitants --- Routes and Means by which the Pioneers reached their Wilderness Homes --- Navigable Streams the Public Highways --- Indian Trails --- Routes Indicated by Blazed Trees --- Chenango Road --- Rapid Multiplication of Local Roads. --- Page 81 - 84.

Chapter 10 - History of Chenango and Madison Counties --- Internal Improvements --- Western Inland Lock Navigation Company --- Old Genesee Road --- Seneca Turnpike Co. --- First Mail Through Madison County --- Other Turnpikes --- Other Means of Transportation --- First Survey for Erie Canal --- First Board of Canal Commissioners --- Remarkable Instance of Engineering Skill --- Construction Authorized --- Commissioners of the Canal Fund --- First Contract on Erie Canal --- First Packet Boat on ---- Celebration of Erie Canal Completion --- Erie Canal Enlargement --- Chenango Canal --- Preliminary Measures --- Construction Authorized --- Abandoned --- New York Central and Hudson River Railroad --- New York, Ontario & Western Railroad (N. Y. & O. Midland) and its Branches --- Albany and Susquehanna Valley Railroad --- Cazenoiva and Canastota Railroad --- Utica, Chenango and Susquehanna Valley Railroad --- Utica, Clinton and Binghamton Railroad --- Utica, Chenango and Cortland Railroad --- Syracuse and Chenango Valley Railroad --- Railroad INdebtedness of Chenango and Madison Counties. --- Page 85 - 96.

Chapter 11 - History of Chenango County --- Societies --- County Medical Societies Authorized --- Chenango County Medical Society --- Its Organization and First Officers --- Seal --- Schedule of Charges in 1807 --- Provisions of By-Laws --- Public Library --- Medical Library --- Disposition of Library --- Succession of Presidents of the Society --- Names of Members from its Organization --- History of Homeopathy --- Its Introduction into Chenango County --- The Homeopathic Medical Society of Chenango County --- Its Organization and First Officers --- Professionial Status --- Presidents of the Society --- Members --- The Chenango County Bar Association --- Its Organization, Object, Officers and Members --- The Chenango County Agricultural Society --- Preliminary Measures --- Town Societies. --- Page 97 - 105.

Chapter 12 - History of Chenango County --- The Press of the Country --- Its Marvelous Growth Compared with that of Other Nations --- Present Publications in the County --- The "Western Oracle," the First Paper Published in Chenango County --- "The Chenango Union" "The Chenango Telegraph" --- "The Oxford Times" --- "The New Berlin Gazette" --- "The Chenango American" --- "The Bainbridge Republican" --- "The Sherburne News" --- "The Home Sentinel" --- "The Guilford Wave" --- "The Entomologist's Exchange" --- "The Quill and Press" --- Obsolete Newspapers. --- Page 106 - 110.

Chapter 13 - History of Chenango County --- Early Courts --- Chenango County Courts --- First County Officers --- First Courts in Chenango County --- Court Houses in Norwich --- First Courts in Norwich --- Trial of General David Thomas --- Brilliant Array of Legal Talent --- Jail Limits --- Jails --- County Clerk's Office --- County Poor House --- Chenango County Civil List --- Circuit Judges --- Surrogates --- First and County Judges --- District Attorneys --- County Clerks --- Sheriffs --- Special Judges --- County Treasurers --- Superintendents of Common Schools --- School Commissioners --- State Senators --- Members of Assembly --- Members of Constitutional Conventions --- Presidential Electors --- United States Senators --- Representatives in Congress. --- Page 111 - 119.

Chapter 14 - History of Chenango County --- Capital Criminal Calender --- Trial and Conviction of Rufus Hill --- Trial, Conviction and Execution of George Dennison --- Trial and Conviction of Robert Maynard --- Trial and Acquittal of Russell Cady --- Trial and Acquittal of Dan Foote --- Indictment and Discharge of Horace R. Burlison --- Examination and Discharge of Lavinia Hilliard --- Trial and Conviction of Robert Corbin --- Trial and Conviction of Albert Holmes --- Trial and Conviction of George H. Rogers --- Examination and Insanity of John P. Hall --- Examination and Insanity of Matthew Brady --- Trial and Conviction of William Brushell --- Trial, Conviction and Execution of Felix McCann. --- Page 120 - 122.

Chapter 15 - History of Chenango County --- The War of the Rebellion --- 114th Regiment --- Its Commander Chosen --- The First Company --- Efforts Attending the Organization of the Several Companies --- Muster into the United States' Service --- Its Departure for the Seat of War --- Interesting Presentations and Speeches --- The 114th joins Banks' Expedition --- In Camp in Brashear City --- Battle of Bisland --- Death of Colonel Smith --- Siege of Port Hudson --- Texas Expedition --- First and Only Case of Capital Punishment --- Casualties in the 114th --- Red River Expedition --- Battle of Sabine Cross Roads --- Battle of Pleasant Hill --- General Dwight's Testimony to the Bravery of the 114th in these Engagements --- Perilous Situation of the Red River Fleet --- Its Salvation Credited to the Suggestion of a Member of the 114th Regiment --- The 114th Transferred to the Army of the Shenandoah --- Battle of Opaquan --- Severe Losses of the 114th --- Battle of Fisher's Hill --- Disastrous Defeat and Glorious Victory at Cedar Creek --- The Signal Bravery and Fearful Losses of the 114th --- Close of the War --- The 114th Mustered Out --- Its Welcome Home. --- Page 123 - 133.


Chapter 16 - History Town of Afton, --- Page 134 - 154.
Chapter 17 - History Town of Bainbridge, --- Page 155 - 179.
Chapter 18 - History Town of Coventry, --- Page 180 - 191.
Chapter 19 - History Town of Greene, --- Page 192 - 223.
Chapter 20 - History Town of Guilford, --- Page 224 - 251.
Chapter 21 - History Town of Oxford, --- Page 252 - 292.
Chapter 22 - History Town of Smithville, --- Page 293 - 305.
Chapter 23 - History Town of Norwich, --- Page 306 - 356.
Chapter 24 - History Town of Preston, --- Page 357 - 368.
Chapter 25 - History Town of McDonough, --- Page 368 - 378.
Chapter 26 - History Town of German, --- Page 378 - 381.
Chapter 27 - History Town of New Berlin, --- Page 382 - 403.
Chapter 28 - History Town of North Norwich, --- Page 404 - 412.
Chapter 29 - History Town of Plymouth, --- Page 413 - 421.
Chapter 30 - History Town of Pharsalia, --- Page 422 - 429.
Chapter 31 - History Town of Pitcher, --- Page 430 - 439.
Chapter 32 - History Town of Columbus, --- Page 440 - 448.
Chapter 33 - History Town of Sherburne, --- Page 449 - 463.
Chapter 34 - History Town of Smyrna, --- Page 464 - 473.
Chapter 35 - History Town of Otselic, --- Page 474 - 481.
Chapter 36 - History Town of Lincklaen, --- Page 482 - 488.
Chapter 37 - History of Madison County --- Early Civil Divisions --- Formation of Madison County --- Derivation of Name --- Topography of the County --- Table showing the Comparative Amount of Improved Land in the Various Towns in 1823 and 1875 --- Waters of the County --- Climatology --- Soils --- Productions and Industries --- Comparative Statistics of the Agricultural Productions of the County and Towns from the Census of 1875. --- Page 489 - 491.

Chapter 38 - History of Madison County --- Geology --- General View of the Geological Formation of the County --- Clinton Group --- The Lowest Rock in the County --- Niagara Group --- Onondaga Salt Group --- Red Shale --- Gypseous Deposit --- Vermicular Limerock --- Localities of Gypsum --- First Plaster Discovered in Sullivan --- Water Lime Group --- Pentamerous Limestone --- Oriskany Sandstone --- Onondaga Limestone --- Corniferous Limestone --- Marcellus Shales --- Hamilton Group --- Tully Limestone --- Genesee Slate --- Ithaca Group --- Quarternary Deposits --- Boulders --- Lake Marl --- Calcareous Tufa --- Peat --- Sulphur Springs --- Petrifying Springs --- Saline Springs. --- Page 492 - 504.

Chapter 39 - History of Madison County --- County Societies --- Madison County Medical Society --- Organization and First Officers --- Officers of 1879-'80 --- Names of Members from its Organization --- Madison County Homeopathic Medical Society --- Organization and First Officers --- Present Officers --- Officers from 1865 to 1876 --- Members Elect --- Madison County Agricultural Society --- Organization and First Officers --- Its Influence Upon the Agriculture of the County --- Local Agricultural Societies. --- Page 505 - 509.

Chapter 40 - History of Madison County --- Shire Towns --- Early Courts --- First County Officers --- Justices of the original Five Towns --- Cazenovia Designated as the County Seat in 1810 --- First Court House --- County Seat Removed to Morrisville in 1817 --- Court Houses and Other County Buildings at Morrisville --- County Poor House --- Pauper Statistics --- Home for Destitute Children of Madison County --- Increase of Insane Population --- Civil List --- Delegates to Constitutional Conventions --- State Senators --- Members of Assembly --- County Judges --- Surrogates --- District Attorneys --- Sheriffs --- County Clerks --- County Treasurers --- County Superintendents of Common Schools --- School Commissioners --- Presidential Electors --- Representatives in Congress. --- Page 510 - 515.

Chapter 41 - The Press of Madison County. --- Page 516 - 519.

Chapter 42 - History of Madison County --- Schools --- Progress of Education --- Pioneer Life Unfavorable to Mental Cultivation --- Early Scholastic Disadvantages --- School Discipline --- Early School Buildings, Books and Teachers --- State Patronage --- Common School System Established --- State Legislation in the Interest of Education --- County Supervision of Schools --- Teachers' Institutes --- Free Schools --- Compulsory Education --- Schools of Chenango and Madison Counties --- Decadence of Academies. --- Page 519 - 524.


Chapter 43 - History Town of Brookfield --- Page 525 - 544.
Chapter 44 - History Town of Hamilton --- Page 545 - 573.
Chapter 45 - History Town of Lebanon --- Page 574 - 584.
Chapter 46 - History Town of Georgetown 14 Dec 2014 --- Page 585 - 592.
Chapter 47 - History Town of DeRuyter --- Page 593 - 608.
Chapter 48 - History Town of Madison --- Page 609 - 622.
Chapter 49 - History Town of Eaton --- Page 623 - 640.
Chapter 50 - History Town of Nelson --- Page 641 - 652.
Chapter 51 - History Town of Cazenovia --- Page 653 - 683.
Chapter 52 - History Town of Smithfield 25 Nov 2014 --- Page 684 - 693.
Chapter 53 - History Town of Fenner --- Page 694 - 704.
Chapter 54 - History Town of Stockbridge --- Page 705 - 716.
Chapter 55 - History Town of Lenox --- Page 716 - 737.
Chapter 56 - History Town of Sullivan --- Page 738 - 760.

Names of Citizens

Who Assisted and Contributed Toward the Publication of the History of Chenango and Madison Counties, with Personal Statistics.

Chenango County
Madison County


If you have resources for Madison County or would like to volunteer to help with look-ups, please e-mail me at Tim Stowell
Madison Co, NY Page
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Last updated: 14 Dec 2014