|Immigration Statistics||NYC, Port of Entry||Customs Passenger Lists|
|Immigration Pass. Lists||Date of Entry?||Published NYC Lists|
|NY Passenger Lists Links||Bibliography||Comprehensive Pass. Lists Links|
Nearly fifty million people have immigrated to America. Significant patterns of immigration and settlement can be observed during three periods:
Pre-1820. An estimated 650,000 individuals arrived in America before 1820. The majority (60 percent) were English and Welsh. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. For the most part these immigrants settled in small clusters in the eastern, middle-Atlantic, and southern states.
1820-1880. Over 10 million immigrants came from northern Europe, the British Isles, and Scandinavia during these years. There was a significant increase in the number of immigrants from Germany and Ireland beginning in the 1840s and 1850s. While some of the new arrivals settled in large eastern and mid-western cities, most migrated to the mid-west and west.
1880-1920. More than 25 million immigrants, primarily from southern and eastern Europe, were attracted to this country. The largest numbers (in order) came from Germany, Italy, Ireland, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and England. Many of these immigrants settled in the larger cities, including New York City, Chicago, and Philadelphia.
Immigrants came to several ports to gain entry of the United States but by far, New York City was the most popular port of entry. Between 1820 to 1920, 23,960,00 emigrants entered the country via New York City! (The next port is Boston, MA where 2,050,000 entered the country.) Many of the NYC passenger lists have been microfilmed, published or indexed.
Before 1820, government authorities did not require passenger lists, but lists were sometimes made. Many ship captains either did not make passenger lists or did not give them to the port authorities to keep. The ships passenger lists which were made usually only listed the names of the heads of families.
Starting in 1820, the US Government required ship captains to make passenger lists and give them to immigration authorities. The lists became more detailed. Names and other information about all passengers were required.
There are two types of ships' passenger arrival lists for New York City:
Customs Passenger Lists
There are also copies and abstracts covering a period between 1820 and 1905. Some of these are just the same as the originals and in many cases they can be used to fill gaps in the original lists. They were prepared by the customs collectors and were forwarded to the State Department usually every quarter. Many collectors made abreviated abstracts of the original list to forward to Washington. The National Archives (NARA) has some copies and abstracts for New York City but they are not complete for the 85 year period.
Transcripts from the US State Department give basically the same info as the original lists. There are eight volumes of them in the National Archives covering only December 31, 1819 to December 31, 1832 and one volume is missing which covers September 20, 1820 to Sept 1821. The volumes are arranged by quarter year of arrival, then by port, then by name of vessel, and then by name of passenger.
Immigration Passenger Lists
|Firstmom's Genealogy Resources:||Immigrant Ship Passenger Lists & Manifests|
|Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild:||5000 ships transcribed|
|The Olive Tree Genealogy:||includes passenger lists for all of America's major Atlantic ports, plus European, British, and Canadian records|
|Emigration / Ship Lists and Resources:||links to passenger lists and immigration data bases|
|Open Directory Project:||directory to passenger and immigration links including Ellis Island|
|The Ships List:||Some ships passenger lists, schedules, wreck data, and other information which is not readily available|
|GenSwap Passenger Lists Links:||a list of web sites that contain genealogy data online|
|Passenger Lists on the Internet:||Links to ships lists and short descriptions of each link|
|Ship Descriptions:||Ship Descriptions from Various Internet Mailing Lists|
|Ship Histories:||a terrific way to learn the history of the ship|
|Links to Ships and Immigration Centers:||many links and LDS numbers for passenger lists|
|Rootsweb's Passenger Lists:||search engine for a Database that contains 10696 records (4852 distinct surnames)|
|Cimorelli Immigration Manifests Online:||online collection of databases comprised of the Morton Allan Directory, M1066 Microfilm series from NARA, various newspaper articles, Internet sources,|
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