The information for the 1775 Assessment
Rolls of Orange County, New York was obtained from "History
of Orange County, New York" by E.M. Ruttenber
and L.H. Clark, 1881, reprinted by Heart of the Lakes Publishing, Interlaken,
NY, 1980, available in three volumes including a full name index from the
Co. Genealogical Society, 101 Main Street, Goshen, NY 10924. Ruttenber
& Clark comments about the importance of the 1775 Assessment Roll as
an early record of the country history especially given the destructive
fire which consumed the town clerk's office in 1842.
The following descriptions of the 10 assessment
districts have been slightly edited from the original. Also included
is an overall summary with the names of the assessors. Ruttenber
& Clark and their sources are the originators of this information but
any such descriptions, some 100 years later without the original records
can only be an approximation. I make no representation of knowing
what they mean, I defer entirely to them for its content and accuracy.
My intent is make the Ruttenber & Clark assessment roll available
to other researchers who don't have ready access to it.
District No. 1
comprised the "West Division" of Goshen, Golden Hill, Carpenter's Corners
and a tract along the present boundary of Hamptonburgh; also the "East
Division," a section east of Purgatory Swamp, and that part of the present
village of Goshen north of Church Street.
District No. 2
included a section of the present town of Warwick extending north and south
from below Florida at some point to Amity, taking in also the Bellvale
neighborhood and the settlements in the vicinity of what is now New Milford
and the village of Warwick.
District No. 3
evidently consisted of the triangle bounded north by the " old county line,"
easterly by the Shawangunk Mountains, and southwesterly by the Delaware
River, in other words, the southern portion of Deerpark, comprising the
present territory of Port Jervis and its vicinity.
District No. 4
in the old precinct of Goshen includes other territory than the town of
Chester. The district may be described somewhat in general terms as comprising
East Chester, extending to Satterly Town, and including the Gray Court
neighborhood; also West Chester, the families along the Somerville road,
including the Conklingtown neighborhood in Goshen, and extending to Fort
District No. 5is
described as comprising the territory in the vicinity of Wickham's Pond,
including Bellvale Valley. The boundaries between this and the other Warwick
district are not very clear from this testimony, as Bellvale is thus mentioned
in each; but the Bellvale neighborhood was of considerable extent, and
may have been divided by the line of the assessment districts.
District No. 6,
in the Goshen Precinct. We have no official description of its boundaries,
as the books of Goshen Precinct were destroyed by fire. Joshua Davis was
the assessor, and he resided a mile or more south of Slate Hill, on the
well known homestead; but the name of Mr. Davis is included in another
assessment roll, showing that he did not reside in the district which be
appraised. It is evident that district 6, which we give below, began somewhat
south of Mr. Davis' residence, and included a small portion of Wawayanda,
with most or all of the territory of the present town of Minisink.
Possibly there may be names then belonging to what is now the vicinity
of Centre Point, in the southeastern portion of the town of Greenville.
District No. 7
included the village of Goshen, southwest of Church Street, and including
a considerable portion of the present town to the south. It does not, however,
include the extreme southern portion of the present town which was in district
No. 9, comprising the Florida neighborhood.
District No. 8
was evidently the southwestern, or more correctly, perhaps, the western
portion of the present town of Warwick, the neighborhood of Mount Eve,
Amity to Pine Island, and to the New Jersey line, consisting in all of
quite a portion of the fertile 17,000 acre tract.
District No. 9
comprised evidently the southern portion of the present town of Goshen,
the Florida neighborhood of Warwick, and southward to the vicinity of Mount
Eve, where, as already shown, another district commenced. This district
included an extensive portion of the valuable Drowned Lands, rich, fertile,
and attractive to the early settlers.
District No. 10
was the rich Dolsentown neighborhood, comprising most of the town of Waywayanda,
perhaps extending eastward across the Wallkill and including a portion
of the present territory of Goshen, also extending westward to include
any settlers in the north and northeast portions of Greenville.
Summary of 1775 Orange
Co. Assessment Roll:
||Abel Gale, estimate
||Abraham Van Auken