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There is probably no other single group of records in existence which contain more information about persons and families who lived during the 1800s than do the population schedules of the United States Federal and New York State censuses.  Though these population censuses are still largely unindexed, their value is great.  A census search can be laborious and very time consuming as you must read name by name and page by page.  But no genealogical research is complete until all pertinent census schedules have been searched.

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  INFORMATION RELATED TO QUEENS COUNTY CENSUS RECORDS

 

 

 

 

 

  • The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy, 3rd Edition.  By Val D. Greenwood, 2000.
  • The American Census Handbook.  By Thomas Jay Kemp, 2001.
  • Availability of Census Records About Individuals. By US Census Bureau, 1997.
  • LDS FamilySearch.org.  Research Guidance series.
  • National Archive and Record Administration. Various publications.
  • New York State Library.  Genealogy website.
  • Genealogical Resources in New York.  By Estelle M. Guzik, 2003.
  • The Census Book, A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules & Indexes, by William Dollarhide


 

 

 
 

The US population census records contain a wealth of information about people.  They are useful in learning about one's family and local social and economic conditions at various times in history.  For more recent years especially, they are official documents for persons who need to prove their age (in the absence of a birth certificate), relationship, citizenship, residence, and other facts in order to qualify for pensions; get jobs, naturalization papers, passports, or insurance policies; establish an inheritance; or trace ancestry.  There was a population census taken in 1790 and every 10th year after that. U.S. Census Bureau, Factfinder for the Nation, 1997

  
 
 

Year of Census Questions Asked NARA Film-Roll #-Queens County
(see notes below table)
LDS, FHL Film #
1790

Name of family head; free white males of 16 years and up; free white males under 16; free white females; slaves; other persons

M637-6  NYS
original census

T498-2 
printed 1907-08
#874192 Item 4
1800 Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves M32-25 #193713
1810 Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves M252-34 #181388
1820

Name of family head; age; sex; race; foreigners not naturalized; slaves; industry

M33-78 #193733
1830

Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; deaf and dumb; blind; foreigners not naturalized

M19-104 #17164
1840

Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; number of deaf and dumb; number of blind; number of insane and idiotic and whether in public or private charge; number of person in each family employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation; literacy; pensioners for Revolutionary or military service

M704-330 #17203
1850

Name; age; sex; race; value of real estate; value of personal estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict. 

1850 Enumeration Districts' Descriptions

Wards indexed by street names

M432-582, 583 #444298
Oyster Bay, Jamaica, North Hempstead

#444299
Newtown, Flushing, Hempstead

1860

Name; age; sex; race; value of real estate; value of personal estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict; number of slave houses

Wards indexed by street names

M653-843, 844, 845 #803843
North Hampstead, Newtown

#803844
Oyster Bay, Hempstead

#803845
Flushing, Jamaica

1870

Name; age; race; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; birthplace; whether parents were foreign born; month of birth if born within the year; month of marriage if married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic; male citizens 21 and over, and number of such person denied the right to vote for other than rebellion.

NOTE:  The 1870 census was filmed  twice.  The second filming (2nd enumeration) is usually easier to read.  However, since some of the records were faded or lost between the first and second filming, search the first filming (1st enumeration) whenever the material on the 2nd enumeration is too light to read.

Ward boundaries

M593-1079, 1080, 1081 (excluding city of Flushing)

M593-1078
City of Flushing

#552577
City of Flushing

#552578
Hempstead, Jamaica

#552579
Astoria, Newtown

#552580
North Hempstead, Oyster Bay

1880

Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; occupation; months unemployed during the year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents

Enumeration Districts and Wards


T9-917, 918, 919

 

Soundexed

#1254917

#1254918

#1254919

1890

General schedules-destroy by fire.
Supplement schedules for Union veterans of Civil War and their widows.

Special Schedule only: M123-47 # 338206
1900

Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years married; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized; occupation; months not employed; school attendance; literacy; ability to speak English; whether on a farm; home owned or rented and if owned, whether mortgaged

T623-1146, 1147, 1148, 1149, 1150


Soundexed

#1241146

#1241147

# 1241148

# 1241149

#1241150

1910

Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years of present marriage; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace and mother tongue of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration, whether naturalized, and whether able to speak English, or if not, language spoken; occupation, industry and class of worker; if an employee, whether out of work during year; literacy; school attendance; home owned or rented; if owned, whether mortgaged; whether farm or house; whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy; whether blind or deaf and dumb.

Enumeration Districts for specific streets can be located at: http://stevemorse.org/census/index.html

T624-1064, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1068


 

New York State not soundexed by indexed by HeritageQuest

# 1375076

#1375077

#1375078

#1375079

#1375080

#1375081

1920

Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; if foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., whether naturalized, and year of naturalization; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; mother tongue of foreign born; ability of speak English; occupation, industry, and class of worker; home owned or rented, whether free or mortgaged


Enumeration Districts for specific streets can be located at: http://stevemorse.org/census/index.html

T625-1228 to 1237
 

 

Soundexed

#1821228

to

# 1821237
(10 films)

1930

Address; name; relationship to family head; home owned or rented; value or monthly rental; radio set; whether on a farm; sex; race; age; marital status; age at first marriage; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, language spoken in home before coming to U.S., year of immigration, whether naturalized, and ability to speak English; occupation, industry, and class of worker, whether at work previous day, (or last regular working day); verteran status; for Indians, whether of full or mixed blood, and tribal affiliation.

Enumeration Districts for specific streets can be located at: http://stevemorse.org/census/index.html

EDs of Orphanages and Institutions in Queens

 

T626-1582 to 1612

 

 

New York State not soundexed

[NARA, T626 roll 1582] -  #2341317

to

[NARA, T626 roll 1612] -  #2341346

(30 films)

 

  View Original Census Records Online at Ancestry!

 

 NARA Microfilm Rental Program
You can rent official microfilm from NARA through you local library.
From as low as $2.50 per film
For as long as 30 days
 

Buy/rent from HeritageQuest.com
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From $3.25 per film to rent
From $19.99 to buy
 
 


 

To use the census soundex to locate information about a person, you must know his or her full name and the state or territory in which he or she lived at the time of the census. It is also helpful to know the full name of the head of the household in which the person lived because census takers recorded information under that name. 

The soundex is a coded surname (last name) index based on the way a surname sounds rather than the way it is spelled. Surnames that sound the same, but are spelled differently, like SMITH and SMYTH, have the same code and are filed together. The soundex coding system was developed so that you can find a surname even though it may have been recorded under various spellings. 

To search for a particular surname, you must first work out its code.   Here is a site where you can change your surname into a soundex code:  Rootweb's Soundex Converter

Once you have your soundex code, follow the steps below to search the federal censuses for your ancestors.


Steps to Census Research
Using the Soundex System

 
 

Step 1:  Obtain the following information in order to find your ancestor's name in a census index:  surname and first name of ancestor, state or territory where your ancestor lived at the time of the census

Step 2:  Identify the Soundex code of your ancestor's surname.

Step 3:  Obtain the Soundex film, arranged alphabetically by soundex code

  • 1880 New York State - NARA T-765, 187 films

  • 1900 New York State - NARA T-1062, 766 films

  • 1920 New York State - NARA T-1578, 885 films

Step 4:  Look through the soundex cards to find your ancestor listed under his/her soundex code.  The code represents the ancestor's last name and is usually written in the upper left corner of the card.  Then look for the card with your ancestor's first name.  Within each code, the cards are listed alphabetically by first names. 

Step 5:  Copy the information from the index.  When you find the right family, record names of the family members; names of the county, city, town, township or ward; enumeration district (E.D.) number; sheet (page) number; line number.

Step 6:  Obtain the original census on film for the county and town, township or ward where your ancestor lived. See film numbers above.


 
 

1790
  • Free Black Heads of Households in the New York State Federal Census, 1790-1830, by Alice Eichholz, James M Rose, 1981.
  • New York 1790 Federal Census Index, Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1990.
  • Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790, New York, Government Printing Office, 1908.
  • Broderbund CD#311.
  • HeritageQuest CD#ACD-0032.

1800

  • Index to the 1800 Census of New York, Barbara K Armstrong, 1984.
  • New York 1800 Census Index, Gary R Teeples, 1981
  • New York in 1800, an Index to the Federal Census Schedules of the State of New York, with other aids to Research, Phillip W McMullin, 1971.
  • New York 1800 Census Index, Raeone Christensen Steuart, 2000.
  • Broderbund CD#312.

1810

  • New York 1810 Census Index, Gary R Teeples, 1990.
  • Broderbund CD#313.

1815

  • New York 1815 Census Index, Ronald V Jackson, Gary R Teeples, 1984.

1820

  • New York 1820 Census Index, Gary R Teeples, 1977.
  • Broderbund CD#314.

1830

  • New York 1830 Census Index, Gary R Teeples, 1977.
  • Broderbund CD#315.

1840

  • New York 1840 Census Index, Gary R Teeples, 1978, 1990.
  • New York Revolutionary War Pensioners in the 1840 Census, Arthur C M Kelly, 1995.
  • Broderbund CD#316.

1850

  • New York 1850 Census Index,  Gary Ronald Teeples, 1978.
  • Broderbund CD#317.

1860

  • New York 1860, Kings and Queens Counties, Federal Census Index, Ronald V Jackson, 1997.
  • Broderbund CD#318.

1870

  • HeritageQuest CD#ACD-0018.

1880

  • 1880 United States Census & National Index, LDS Family History Library.

1890

  • 1890 New York Census of Civil War Veterans or Their Widows, Bryan L Dilts, 1984.
  • New York 1890 Veterans Census Index, Bradley Steuart, 1999.

1910

  • After Ellis Island, Newcomers and Natives in the 1910 Census, Susan C Watkins, 1991.
  • 1910 Federal Census, New York City Index (includes Queens County, HeritageQuest CD.

1925

  • Index of Towns & Villages in the 1925 New York State Census, Queens County, Mary G M Middleton, 1990.

 

  
 

The New York State censuses were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795.  All of the state census schedules in the custody of the State Library were destroyed in the 1911 fire.

State censuses have survived for some counties for 1825, 1835, 1845 and 1855 and for most counties for 1865, 1875, 1892, 1905, 1915 and 1925.  Most censuses are in the possession of county clerks and are on microfilm at the LDS Family History Library.  There are few indexes, but some 1855 schedules are being indexed.  

Microfilm copies of all surviving New York state censuses are at the state library and the New York Genealogical Society.  Manuscript copies for 1915 and 1925 are at the state archives.  All copies of surviving state censuses, except those for 1865 Suffolk county are available on microfilm at the LDS Family History Library.  The original records for the Queens County 1892, 1915 and 1925 state censuses are held at the Queens County Clerk's Office - State Supreme Court in Jamaica.


 
 
 
Year of Census Questions Asked LDS FHL Film#
1855

Dwelling number; material of which dwelling is built; value; family number; name; age, sex and color (black or mulatto); relation to head of family; place of birth (county of NYS, other state or foreign country); married; widowed; years resident in this city or town; profession, trade or occupation; native and naturalized voters; aliens; colored not taxed; over 21 who cannot read and write; owners of land; deaf, dumb, blind, insane or idiotic.

Burned in 1911 fire
1865

Dwelling number, material of which dwelling is built; value; family number; name (including that of anyone absent in army or navy); age, sex and color (white, black or mulatto); relation to head of family; place of birth (county of NYS, other state or foreign country); parent of how many children; number of times married; whether now married, widowed or single; profession, trade or occupation; usual place of employment; native and naturalized voters; aliens; colored not taxed; owners of land; over 21 who cannot read and write; deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic; servicemen (lists those now or formerly in the army or navy of the United States).

Burned in 1911 fire

 

1875

Dwelling number; material of which dwelling is build; value; family number; name; age, sex and color (white, black, mulattor or Indian); relation to head of family; place of birth (county of NYS, other state or foreign country); whether now married, widowed or single; profession, trade or occupation; usual place of employment (those in miltary service list former home); native and naturalized voters; aliens; owners of land; over 21 who cannot read and write; deaf and dumb, blind, insane or idiotic.

Burned in 1911 fire
1892 Name, sex, age, race, country born, citizen or alien, occupation Index cards to Long Island City:
-Hunterspoint, Blissville, Dutch Kills (A-Mana) # 1851870

-Dutch Kills (Mana-Z) v. 3 (cont.) Astoria, v. 4-5 - #1851951

Census Films:
-Long Island City, New Town, Jamaica, Flushing,  (p. 1-20) -  #1976730
-Flushing, (p. 20 cont.),  Hempstead, Oyster Bay,  North Hempstead,
#1976731 Items 1-4

1905

Address; name; relation to head of family; color, sex and age; place of birth (U.S. or foreign country); number of years in United States; citizen or alien; occupation; inmates of institutions (residence at time of admission).

Burned in 1911 fire
1915

Address; name; relation to head of family; color, sex and age; place of birth (U.S. or foreign country); number of years in United States; citizen or alien; occupation, inmates of institutions (residence at time of admission); infants under one year.

Various numbers
1925

Address; name; relation to head of family; color, sex and age; place of birth (U.S. or foreign country); number of years in United States; citizen or alien; if naturalized, when and where; occupation, inmates of institutions (residence at time of admission); infants under one year.

1925 State Census, Queens County Street Index:  LDS # 1851953

Index of towns and villages in the 1925 New York state census:
LDS fiche # 6100207

Various numbers


 
 

1698 Flushing Residents

1790 Federal Census

1800 Federal Census

1880 Federal Census

1890 Federal Special Census of Surviving Soldiers

1892 State Census
(selected pages)

1892 State Census for Long Island City

 

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