Morris, was born on January 31, 1752 in
Morrisania, which is now a part of New York City.
He was instructed by private tutors; graduated
from King’s College (now Columbia University), New
York, in 1768; studied law; was admitted to the colonial
bar in 1771 and commenced practice in New York City.
Was a Delegate and a Senator from New York;
member, New York provincial congress 1775-1777; lieutenant
colonel in the State militia in 1776; member of the committee
to prepare a form of government for the State of New York
in 1776; member of the first State council of safety in
1777; member, first State assembly 1777-1778; Member of
the Continental Congress in 1778 and 1779; signer of the
Articles of Confederation in 1778; moved to Philadelphia
in 1779; appointed assistant superintendent of finance
1781-1785; Pennsylvania delegate to the convention that
framed the Constitution of the United States in 1787;
returned to live in New York in 1788; went to Europe on
business in 1789; Minister Plenipotentiary to France 1792-1794;
returned to the United States in 1798; elected in 1800
as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the
vacancy caused by the resignation of James Watson and
served from April 3, 1800, to March 3, 1803; unsuccessful
candidate for reelection in 1802; chairman of the Erie
Canal Commission 1810-1813; author on legal and political
He was also an author of large sections
of the Constitution of the United States. He is widely
credited as the author of the document's preamble: "We
the People of the United States, in order to form a more
Morris died at age 65 in Morrisania, N.Y.
on November 6, 1816 after a short but distressing illness.
Interment was in St. Anne’s Episcopal Churchyard,
NOTE: Death notice for Morris was published
in The Troy Post on November 12, 1816.