The Welsh In Oneida County, New York  |  Evans  |  Appendix |  24

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Appendix

Numbers of Welsh Immigrants to the United States
Year NYC U.S. Year NYC U.S. Year U.S.
1846 ---- 147 1868 699 ---- 1890 650
1847 472 145 1869 1111 660 1891 424
1848 1054 348 1870 545 1011 1892 729
1849 1782 272 1871 ---- 899 1893 1043
1850 1520 242 1872 644 1214 1894 1001
1851 2189 211 1873 621 840 1895 1602
1852 2531 741 1874 1226 665 1896 1581
1853 1182 222 1875 849 449 1897 870
1854 1288 816 1876 451 324 1898 1219
1855 1118 1176 1877 348 261 1899 1324
1856 1376 1126 1878 651 243 1900 764
1857 887 769 1879 2899 543 1901 701
1858 566 316 1880 3588 1173 1902 763
1859 500 332 1881 4207 1027 1903 1275
1860 811 610 1882 4451 1656 1904 1730
1861 697 461 1883 3840 1597 1905 2530
1862 1062 536 1884 1776 901 1906 1841
1863 1143 705 1885 1108 1127 1907 2660
1864 659 628 1886 1043 1027 1908 2287
1965 505 146 1887 5449 1820 1909 1584
1866 540 23 1888 1269 1654 1910 2120
1867 142 143 1889 745 1181 ---- ----

The tables above show the number of incoming Welsh as given for the port of New York by the New York State Commissioners of Emigration and for the United States by the United States Commissioner of Immigration. The figures for New York from May, 1847, when they were begun, to December, 1889 are probably as nearly accurate as it was possible to make them, and after April, 1890, when the United States Treasury Department took control at the New York port, the figures in the column under U.S. are also probably correct. Before that date no reliance whatever can be placed upon the statistics collected by the federal authorities. From 1820 to 1845 they reported the arrival of only 462 Welsh; there were however many more than that in several single years between  those dates. The failure to record a larger number of the Welsh is due mostly to the custom either of classifying them with the English or of leaving them entirely unclassified. This custom among the federal officials continued at least until 1890 as is shown by the tables above where for most years fewer Welsh immigrants are reported for the whole United States than for the single port of New York.

Number of Foreign-born Welshmen
(See the United States and New York Census Reports)
1850 1855 1860 1865 1870
United States 29868 ---- 45763 ---- 74533
New York State 7582 ---- ---- ---- ----
Oneida County ---- 4195 ---- 3148 ----
City of Utica ---- 860 ---- 811 ----
1880 1890 1900 1910
United States 83302 100079 93856 82488
New York 7223 8108 7304 7464
Oneida County ---- 3106 2536 ----
City of Utica ---- 1314 1165 1188

Estimates have been made at various times of the number of Welsh people in Oneida County, born both in the county and in Wales. In 1812 one man numbered the Welsh in a territory fifteen miles long and ten miles wide about Utica, finding a total of 700. (
Cyfaill, Vol. I, p. 45) The same man in 1839 judged that all the Welsh between Turin and Waterville numbered 7000. Llewelyn D. Howell in 1859 estimated them at from fifteen to twenty thousand. In 1872 R. D. Thomas in his Hanes Cymry America placed the number of Welsh speaking people in Oneida County at 8480; but F. W. Jones in 1888 thought that number too high even for time at which he was writing. No attempt has been made since then that I am aware to determine the number of Welsh in the county.


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