History of Warren County, H. P. Smith
Chapter I: The Subject
This transcription was produced through the use of Readiris Pro 11 OCR software. Contributed by Tim Varney.
The Historical Beginning - Formation of the County - Situation and Boundaries - Area, etc.
While Page 17 the history of Warren county as a defined section of the State of New York extends into the past only to the year 1813, yet at that comparatively recent date much of the important history of the immediate region, of which the county now forms a part, had been enacted. For how many years (or, possibly, centuries) before the locality was known to the white race who now possess it the beautiful waters, lovely valleys and rugged mountains were favorite resorts of the aborigines who have been driven from their domain, is a vexed question that has not been answered with any great degree of assurance, and probably never will be. To these primitive inhabitants, well-known as their general characteristics now are, we shall devote a few pages herein, while to the sanguinary strife in which they were prominent actors and which for nearly two centuries made this region one great battlefield, must be given up a share of this work proportionate to the historical importance of those events. The history of the territory now embraced within the boundaries of Warren county may, therefore, properly begin with the early years of the seventeenth century, at the time when Samuel de Champlain, with his party of northern Indians and two white attendants, came up Lake Champlain on a hostile incursion against the proud Iroquois. (1)
1. This name is used here and hereafter for convenience, although it had not yet, of course, been applied to these Indians. The name was given to the Five Nations by the French, who also prefixed the name "Huron," because their language indicated the Hurons, who were seated on the shores of the Georgian Bay, as a branch of the Iroquois, and, like them, isolated in the midst of the Algonquins, when discovered by the French. - Lossing.Page 18
From the date when Champlain entered the lake which bears his name (July 4th, 1609) to the present time, the historic traces are generally clearly defined, gradually broadening outward toward the present advanced state of civilized occupation of this region; that event, approaching as it did, if not actually embracing a visit from the great explorer, to places within the present boundaries of this county, was the direct forerunner of the stirring era that extended down to the close of the Revolutionary War.
Warren county was formed from Washington county on the 12th of March, 1813, and received its name in honor of General Joseph Warren, of the Revolutionary army. It lies near the eastern boundary of the State, south and west of Lake George. It contains nine hundred and sixty-eight square miles; its population according to the census of 1880 was 25,180. It contains eleven towns, with Caldwell as the county seat.
Although the county was not formed until 1813, it may often become necessary to speak of the inhabitants of the territory now embraced within the county boundaries, and events occurring therein, previous to the actual formation and existence of the county as a civil organization. In doing so, allusion may be made, for the sake of convenience and simplicity, to Warren county before its actual creation.
Such is a brief general reference to the subject of this history - a locality which has been the theatre of events possessing great historic interest and importance; which is distinguished by some of nature's most marvelous works and is surrounded with an atmosphere of romance.