1902 Park Avenue Tunnel Collision

—A New Rochelle Tragedy—




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picture Norman Wilson Crosby



      Sex: M

Individual Information
          Birth: 27 Jan 1874 - New Rochelle, Westchester county, New York, USA 1 3 4
    Christening: 
          Death: 4 Sep 1898 - New York, New York, USA 1 2 5 6
         Burial: 7 Sep 1898 - New Rochelle, Westchester county, New York, USA 2 6
 Cause of Death: typhoid fever 6

Events
He appeared on the 1880 Federal census on 23 Jun 1880 in New Rochelle, Westchester county, New York, USA. Norman W.Was shown as being 6 years old and born New York. His father was shown as having been born in Maine and his mother in New York.
He was educated at New York University in 1895 in New York, New York, USA.
Norman Wilson Crosby,*
(ENG.) B.S., 93; C.E., 94; M.S. 95; s. Horace and Jane Eliz. (Jarvis) Crosby, b. New Rochelle, N.Y., Jan. 27, 1874; N. Y. U. 89-93; Phi Gamma Delta; asst.In eng.Off.Of father, 94-8; mem. Co. K, 71st Regt. N. G., S. N. Y., in Cuba, 98; contracted fatal fever at Santiago de Cuba. D. Sept. 3, 98, New Rochelle, N. Y.
He served in the military NY Volunteers 71st Regiment, Co. K in 1898. According to the transcribed burial records by F. Spies, Norman was in service during the Spanish American War, and served in Co. K, 71st NY Infantry.

PHI GAMMA DELTA IN THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
URL: http://www.phigam.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=963
Phi Gamma Delta magazine, 1900, page 217 -- Listing for Norman W. Crosby is as follows:
First name, Last name, Institution where initiated and class year, Rank and unit (if known)
*Norman W. Crosby New York Private, Co. K, 71st New York Infantry USV in Cuba. Deceased.
* Indicates died in service.
[PGD magazine, 1900, p. 217]


He served in the military and enlisted on 2 May 1898 in New York, New York, USA.
CROSLEY, NORMAN W.\emdash Age, 24 years. Enlisted, May 2,1898, at New York city, to serve two years; mustered in as private, Co. K, May 10,1898; died of fever, September 3, 1898, at New York city; also borne as Crosby.
His obituary was published in the The Phi Gamma Delta in Oct 1898.
Norman Wilson Crosby, a private of company K, 71st Regiment, N. Y. Volunteers, and one of the best known and most highly respected young men in this village, died in St. Luke's Hospital, New York, last Saturday afternoon. He was the eldest son of Mr.And Mrs. Horace Crosby and was twenty-four years of age.
After the return of the 71st Regiment from Cuba, at Camp Wikoff, it was learned that Norman had contracted typhoid fever. He was placed in the detention hospital, from which place his family secured his release after strenuous efforts. He was then conveyed in a very weak and failing condition to the home of his parents at 38 Trinity Place. His condition gradually became worse, and on Tuesday of last week he was, at his own request, taken to the hospital. Here he received the best medical attention and care that the world could provide, but the dreaded malady had so firmly fastened itself upon his system as to be beyond the powers of medical skill and at about four o'clock on Saturday his mortal life peacefully passed to a better world.
The announcement of Norman's death, after he had passed unscathed through the battle of Santiago, where he won renown (sic) for his heroism as one of the pioneer corps, working in face of the enemy's fire, was a great shock to the entire community.
Norman W. Crosby was born in New Rochelle and was one of the brightest flowers of our youth. Before going to war he was in business with his father as a civil engineer, and had attained a high standard of ability in his profession. He had graduated with high honors from Trinity Place School and was a member of the class of '88. He then became the president of the Alumni if the High School. He was also a graduate of New York University and a post graduate of the School of Engineers of that University. He then became a member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, and was elected to the highest position in the gift of that society.
He was a young man of exceptional character, excellent habits and disposition and his life is his own obituary. He was loved best by those who knew him best. There was a bright future before him, and in his heroic death New Rochelle has lost one of its best citizens. His family and relatives have in their bereavement the sympathy of a wide circle of friends.

Funeral Services
New Rochelle cheered its living heroes of the Spanish-American war on Saturday, August 27th. On Tuesday the village uncovered for the dead. Hundreds of person witnessed the funeral of Private Norman Crosby, whose flag draped body was borne with military and civic escort to St. John's M. E. Church and then to Beechwood Cemetery. He was the only volunteer from this village who lost his life in the present war and the funeral was one of the most impressive ever held in the village. Hundreds of persons stood reverently while the funeral procession passed through Main and other streets.
Huge floral pieces, gifts of comrades and organizations, encircled the flag-draped coffin, and completely filled one barouche.
The address of Rev. A. H. Goodenough was appropriate, and his words were selected with good judgment and ability, and we endorse the sentiments of the learned clergyman expressed on that occasion.
After the services the procession left the church and marched to Beechwood Cemetery. Along the route of the funeral all places of business were closed, and as the flag-draped coffin came into view nearly every man's head was bared.
At the grave the Rev. Mr. Goodenough read the burial service of the church, and Capt. Selfridge read the military rites. Three volleys were then shot over the grave by members of the 71st Regiment, and the services ended with the soundings of "taps" by a bugler, music by the band and singing by the double quartette.
The services at the grave were very solemn and impressive and caused many persons to shed tears. Only fourteen members of Norman's company of the 71st Regiment had strength to pay the last tribute. They wore their campaign uniforms and hats, and each carried his rifle on his shoulder.
the floral symbols of love and affection were placed upon the grave, and many persons pressed forward and stooped to gather flowers and leaves which had fallen from the floral pieces.
--- New Rochelle Pioneer, Sept. 10, 1898

He was mentioned in an article in "K" company, 71st regiment, New York volunteers; a record of its experience and service during the Spanish-American war, and a memorial to its dead published in 1900. 9

Norman Wilson Crosby.
PRIVATE NORMAN W. CROSBY, son of Horace Crosby, of New Rochelle, N. Y., was born January 27th, 1874. He was graduated with high honors from the Trinity Place Public School of that city in the class of '88, when he became President of the Alumni. He entered New York University in the Fall of 1899, took his B. S.In 1893, and his C. E.In 1894. He was a prominent member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, and took an active interest in alumni and fraternity matters after graduation.
After attaining the age of citizenship he became interested in the local affairs of his native city and joined the Relief Engine Company. It was intended that he should be its next President. He was also Corresponding Secretary of the New Rochelle Republican Club. He was a member of St. John's (Methodist Episcopal) Chapter of the Epworth League, and at one time was Librarian in the Sunday-school. He held other positions of trust, and was one of the most loyal and energetic members of these organizations. After leaving college he went into business, in New Rochelle, with his father, who is also a civil engineer. He had a very bright future before him, and in his death the city lost one of its best citizens.
When the war broke out he enlisted, after calm deliberation, in Co. K. He chose the regiment, as he himself said, " as the surest and quickest way of getting to the front, even if in no higher capacity than a private."
One of the men of the company has truly said, " He endured the terrible hardships of the Santiago campaign with a self-sacrificing spirit, always ready to do his own work and be helpful to others."
He left Cuba on the St. Louis, but two days before reaching Montauk Point he was stricken with typhoid fever, and his short but glorious life ended in St. Luke's Hospital September 3, 1898.
While in Cuba he was detailed for a short time to the Engineer Corps, where he was equally as popular with the men in "K." He was, to say the least, a high-minded, true-hearted man; an upright citizen and a brave soldier. He was in everything sound to the core.


Parents
         Father: Horace Franklin Crosby (1839-1914) 10 
         Mother: Jennie Briggs (1850-1926) 1 11 

Notes
Death Notes:
Crosley, Norman W. -- Private, Co. K, Seenty-first Infantry. Died of fever, September 3, 1898, at New York city.
Burial Notes:
Find A Grave Memorial# 40567338

Section 30, Lot 723, Graves 1-12

Inscription reads:
To the beloved memory of
Norman Wilson Crosby
eldest son of Horace and Jennie L. Crosby
who died in the service of his country
Sept. 3, 1898, aged 24
______________________________
Not the survival of the fittest but the sacrifice of the best
promotes the civilization of man and redounds to the glory of God
______________________________
picture

Sources


1 Francis Ferdinand Spies, Inscriptions from Beechwood Cemetery (Part 2) (Hastings-on-Hudson, New York; 1933. Copy of Typewritten Manuscript held at New York Public Library [Online version at Ancestry.com]), Part 2, page 25. Repository: Ancestry.com, 360 W 4800 N, Provo, UT 84604, USA, 801-705-7000 / 801-705-7001 (fax), http://www.ancestry.com.

2 Works Progress Administration (WPA), The Westchester County Archives Veterans Works Progress Administration (WPA) Cemetery Records, Name of Veteran: Crosby, Norman Wilson; Date of Birth: 1874; Location of Residence: New Rochelle New York; War Served: Spanish-American War, 1898: Cemetery: Beechwood Cemetery, New Rochelle, New York; Date of Death: 1898-09-04; Record Number(s) 17661.26. Repository: Westchester County Archives, 2199 Saw Mill River Road, Elmsford, New York 10523, (914) 231-1500 / (914) 231-1510 Fax, http://www.westchestergov.com/wcarchives/.

3 United States of America, Bureau of the Census, 1880 Federal Census, Tenth Census of the United States (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1880. T9, 1,454 rolls. [1880 U.S. Census Index provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in conjunction with Ancestry.com.]), Year: 1880; Census Place: New Rochelle, Westchester, New York; Roll 946; Family History Film: 1254946; Page: 51C; Enumeration District: 115; Image: 0405. Repository: Ancestry.com, 360 W 4800 N, Provo, UT 84604, USA, 801-705-7000 / 801-705-7001 (fax), http://www.ancestry.com.

4 New York University, editor, General alumni catalogue of New York University, 1833-1905: College,Applied Science and Honorary Alumni (New York, New York: General Alumni Society of NYU, MCMVI), page 116. Repository: Google Books, http://books.google.com/.

5 New York. Adjutant General's Office, New York in the Spanish American War, 1898 : part of the report of the Adjutant-General of the state for 1900, Vols. 1 thru 3 (Albany, New York: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1900), 1: page 221. Repository: BYU Harold B. Lee Library, Family History Archives, Provo, Utah, http://www.lib.byu.edu/fhc/index.php.

6 New York, New York, death certificate no. 24945 (1898), Norman W. Crosby; NYC Municipal Archives, D.O.R.I.S., New York.

7 New York. Adjutant General's Office, New York in the Spanish American War, 1898 : part of the report of the Adjutant-General of the state for 1900, Vols. 1 thru 3 (Albany, New York: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1900), 3: 206. Repository: BYU Harold B. Lee Library, Family History Archives, Provo, Utah, http://www.lib.byu.edu/fhc/index.php.

8 The Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity, editor, The Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly, Volume 20, No. 5 (Meadville, Pennsylvania: n.p., October 1898), pages 501-503. Repository: Google Books, http://books.google.com/.

9 Arthur C. Anderson and Charles H. Briner, "K" company, 71st regiment, New York volunteers; a record of its experience and service during the Spanish-American war, and a memorial to its dead (New York, New York: C. H. Scott, 1900), pages 38-39. Repository: Internet Archives, http://www.archive.org/, Call Number: 13899262.

10 The New York Times (New York Times Publishing Co., New York, NY), Repository: New York Public Library -- Schwarzman, Fifth Avenue at 42nd Street, [Stephen A. Schwarzman Building], New York, New York, http://www.nypl.org/.

11 United States of America, Bureau of the Census, 1900 Federal Census, Twelfth Census of the United States (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.]), NARA SeriesT623 , Roll: 1176; Page: 10B; Enumeration District: 95. Repository: Ancestry.com, 360 W 4800 N, Provo, UT 84604, USA, 801-705-7000 / 801-705-7001 (fax), http://www.ancestry.com.



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