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Timeline: 925 - 1840 | Timeline: 1841 - 1900
Timeline: 1841 - 1900
1841 NZ proclaimed independent of New South Wales and a Crown Colony. William Hobson assumes office as Governor. Settlement formed at New Plymouth. Settlement at Manukau Harbour. Arrival of first settlers at Wanganui.
1842 Governor Hobson dies. Settlement formed at Nelson. Auckland named capital. Bishop Selwyn arrives. Wellington proclaimed first borough in NZ. Maori Church opened at Putiki, Wanganui. First Supreme Court held in Auckland.
1843 Clash with european in the Wairau Valley. Severe earthquake in Wanganui. Captain FitzRoy assumes office as Governor.
1844 Flagstaff at Kororareka (Russell) cut down by Hone Heke. Land selection for Dunedin settlement.
1845 Captain George Grey is Governor. Kororareka looted by Hone Heke's forces, settlers flee to Auckland. Artillery bombardment of Ohaeawai Pa.
1847 European hostilities in Hutt Valley; Wellington under martial law. Beginning of Heaphy, Fox and Brunner exploration of West Coast, South Island. Ruapekapeka occupied by British forces, terminating Heke's war. Te Rauparaha captured at Plimmerton. Country divided into two provinces by Royal Proclamation - New Munster and New Ulster. Establishment of constabulary. First steam vessel arrives - HMS DRIVER.
1849 Survey of Lyttelton. Crown lands ordinance passed. Protest in Dunedin against proposal to introduce convicts. Bishop Selwyn founds St Stephen's school in Auckland for Maori boys.
1850 Christchurch settlement. Bishop Pompallier arrives at Auckland with French and Irish priests and Sisters of Charity.
1851 R. H. Wynyard appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Ulster. GOVERNOR WYNYARD, the first steamship built in NZ, launched at Freemans Bay, Auckland.
1852 Tamihana Te Rauparaha visits Queen Victoria. Discovery of Coromandel gold in the Kapanga Stream. Constitution Act divides country into six provinces. Boundaries of the provinces of Canterbury, Wellington, Nelson, Otago and New Plymouth defined. New Plymouth became Taranaki in 1858.
1854 Opening of the first General Assembly in Auckland.
1855 Severe earthquake on both sides of Cook Strait. Gold discovered at Milton. First Imperial Troops land at New Plymouth.
1856 First meetings of Auckland and Wellington Chambers of Commerce. Appointment of the first ministry under responsible government with Sewell as Premier.
1857 Te Wherowhero elected Potatau I, the first Maori King.
1858 Hawkes Bay province constituted. Royal Decree makes Nelson a bishop's see and a city.
1859 Marlborough Province established. Discovery of gold in Buller River. New Zealand Insurance Company established.
1860 Taranaki hostilities. First battle fought at Waireka, heralding the land wars. Discovery of Grey River coal. Philippe Viard first Roman Catholic Bishop of Wellington. Governor Gore Browne holds a major meeting of Maori chiefs at Kohimarama, Auckland.
1861 Truce arranged with Taranaki Maori. Bank of New Zealand incorporated, Auckland. Southland Province established. Gold discovered at Waipori and Gabriel's Gully, Otago. Sir George Grey Governor for a second term.
1862 First electric telegraph line between Christchurch and Lyttelton. Loss of many public records in wreck of SS WHITE SWAN.
1863 189 lives lost in wreck of HMS ORPHEUS on the Manukau Bar. Beginning of Waikato war. Colonial government states its intention to assume control of Maori Affairs. Debate over whether Maori are British subjects and, therefore, legal citizens of their own country.
1864 Battles of Rangiaohia, Orakau, Gate Pa and Te Ranga. Gold discoveries in Marlborough and on west coast, South Island. Main Trunk Line between Mangatawhiri and Meremere. Sir George Grey confiscates Maori land in Waikato.
1865 Wellington becomes seat of government. End of Waikato war. Arrival of military settlers from Australia. Hauhau uprising. Auckland streets first lit by gas. Native Rights Act passed stated that every NZ Maori was in fact a subject of the Queen and therefore British Citizens. Europeans move onto maori land at Pipiriki without permission - fight maori at Pipiriki.
1866 Cook Strait telegraph cable completed. Opening of Christchurch to Hokitika road. Cobb and Co coaches run from Canterbury to the West Coast.
1868 Completion of Lyttelton-Christchurch tunnel. Thames goldfield opened. Act passed by which four Maori members admitted to the House of Representatives and NZ giving its native males the right to vote. Post Office Savings Bank commences operations at Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin and Hokitika. Te Kooti leads prison escape from the Rekohu (Chatham Islands) aboard seized schooner RIFLEMAN.
1869 University of Otago founded. The New Zealand Cross instituted by Order in Council. Government Life Insurance Office established.
1870 Final departure of Imperial Forces. Further fighting with Te Kooti. Vogel announces a Public Works Policy, requiring an overseas loan of £10 million ($30 million). Possession taken of Bounty Island. Beginning of Auckland to San Francisco mail service.
1872 Creation of Public Trust Office. Telegraph communication links Auckland, Wellington and southern provinces.
1873 New Zealand Shipping Company established. Founding of Canterbury University. Westland Province separates from Canterbury.
1874 First New Zealand steam engine built at Invercargill. Arrival of the first Chinese on the West Coast goldfields. Opening of the railway line from Wellington to Lower Hutt.
1875 Union Steam Ship Company established.
1876 NZ and Australia connected by cable, providing communication with UK. Country divided into counties and boroughs, rather than provinces.
1877 Free compulsory and secular education. Land Act in force, replacing 66 statutes, and allows Crown lands to be dealt with in a uniform manner.
1878 Opening of Christchurch to Dunedin railway line.
1879 Adult male suffrage introduced. 34 lives lost in Kaitangata coal-mine explosion. Auckland-Hamilton railway line completed.
1880 First steam tram service in Christchurch between Cathedral Square and the railway station. Te Aroha proclaimed a gold field. School of Agriculture opens at Lincoln.
1881 Wreck of SS TARARUA at Waipapa Point - loss of 131 lives. First cable tramway service in Dunedin. Auckland and Christchurch telephone exchanges open. Te Whiti, Tohu and many others arrested, Parihaka Pa attacked by government forces.
1883 New Zealand Shipping Company introduces communication between NZ and England. Te Kooti and Maori prisoners pardoned under Amnesty Act. Opening of Auckland University College.
1884 First overseas tour by a rugby team to New South Wales. Unemployed demonstrate in Auckland.
1885 Introduction of mail service between NZ and Pacific Islands.
1886 Mt Tarawera eruption destroys Pink and White Terraces, taking more than 100 lives in the Te Wairoa village. Oil discovered in Taranaki.
1887 Kermadec Islands annexed. Reefton becomes first town to have electricity. Francis Redwood created Archbishop. Mountain tops of Tongariro, Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu presented to the nation as a National Park in a deed signed by Te Heuheu Tukino IV, Paramount Chief of Tuwharetoa. First inland parcel post service.
1888 Cook Islands proclaimed a British Protectorate. Visit of General William Booth of the Salvation Army. Nelson brothers open the country's first freezing works in Gisborne. Auckland and Wellington streets lit with electricity.
1889 First NZ-built locomotive completed at Addington.
1890 Great Maritime strike. First election under one-man one-vote system.
1891 Land and Income Tax Act passed.
1892 Polynesian Society's first meeting in Wellington.
1893 Death of Te Kooti. Franchise extended to european women. Introduction of Licensing Poll.
1894 Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed, making NZ the first country to introduce compulsory arbitration. Mahuta Tawhiao Potatau Te Wherowhero elected Maori King.
1895 Soup kitchen for unemployed opens in Dunedin.
1896 67 deaths in Brunner mine explosion. General census puts population at 703 360.
1897 Founding of Victoria University, Wellington.
1898 Richard Seddon's government passes Old Age Pensions Act, the first of its kind in the world - for european males only.
1899 First celebrations of Labour Day commemorating the eight-hour day. First of ten NZ Contingents sent to South African War (Boer War).
1900 Public Health Act passed.

Moriori numbers reduced from 2000 in 1790's, to less than 100 by 1900. Maori numbers reduced from 240,000 pre-european times to 40,000. The last Moriori, Tommy Solomon, dies in 1933, the last full-blood Maori during the 1990's.

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