Welcome to the South Canterbury GenWeb, the place to be. 
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South Canterbury, New Zealand lies in the centre of the South Island bounded by the Rangitata River to the north and Waitaki River to the south and stretching from the east coast to the Southern Alps where Mount Cook dominates the range.  The 5,276 square miles or 3,504,640 acres of land changes from plain to downland to foothills and mountains.  The Mackenzie Basin has three large lakes; Ohau, Pukaki and Tekapo that are all part of the Waitaki River catchment and contributes to the supply of water which provides electric power for the South Island. Discover the Waitaki Hydro Scheme (June 2). Industries include grain growing and sheep. The port of Timaru is a central multipurpose bulk handling facility.  The foothills - Four Peaks, Hunter Hills, the hills behind Fairlie and the Two Thumb Range are often dusted with snow. Refresh page to view the images above - four of the photos are views on the opposite side of Four Peaks, the Fairlie Basin, looking back towards Four Peaks from Middle Rd, Sherwood Downs and a painting of the run "Ribbonwood" on the Two Thumb Range, Sherwood Downs, Fairlie.

   Add input regarding migration in and out of the area.      Why did the settlers select South Canterbury to settle? Hint: Construct your entry off line, do spell check, then cut and paste.


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THE MOUNTAIN SIGNAL - Special thanks to the volunteers and visitors who help make this site grow and bloom!! Cheers, Olwyn

Be sure that your family is represented - send me an email with your information or corrections. Please email me if you have enjoyed visiting or if you found the site useful or interesting.  

Photos of the month  The photos are courtesy Steve and Paula, brought on trade me. The album came from Nelson, and belonged to Edith Melville Clifford who married Graham Goodenough Hayter in 1910. There are 22 pages of photos, time frame from about 1907 to 1917ish, with the photos covering the families plus pets, Rollesby Station, Scarborough Timaru, India, Nelson and Australia. The album is now owned by Paula Wells & Steve Fraser. Posted Sept. 2014.


Timaru Herald, 5 March 1908, Page 4
ROLLESTON—BLAIR On 3rd March. 1908, at St. Mary's Church. Timaru, by the Ven. Archdeacon Harper, Francis Joseph, fourth son of the late William Rolleston, to Mary Winifred, elder daughter of H. D. Blair, Scarborough.

Timaru Herald, 4 March 1908, Page 4
At St. Mary's yesterday Mr F. J. Rolleston was married to Miss Blair, daughter of Mr Blair, Scarborough. Archdeacon Harper officiated. Mr Rolleston was supported by his brother while the Misses M. Blair, Raine and Rolleston acted as bridesmaids.

Press, 7 March 1908, Page 9
Mr F. J. Rolleston, solicitor, of Timaru, who contested the Timaru seat at last election was married at Timaru this week, to Miss Blair, oldest daughter of H. D. Blair, of Timaru. Immediately after the marriage, Mr and Mrs Rolleston left on a trip the Old Country.

Mary Blair married Francis Joseph Rolleston on 3 March 1908. He was MP for Timaru 1922 – 1928. Frank died in 1946 aged 73. Children: Mary Elizabeth b. 1909, Rosamond Rolleston b. 1910, John William Rolleston b. 1912

Timaru Herald, 29 February 1908, Page 6 PRESENTATION. TO MR F. J. ROLLESTON.
About forty professional and business men met in the Club Hotel last evening, to make a wedding present to Mr F. J. Rolleston....Mr H. B. Kirk then made the presentation. It gave him much pleasure, too to tell them that when he asked the Hon. W. Hall-Jones whether he would like to subscribe to this presentation to his opponent at the last election, he replied, " I found him a gentleman worthy of my steel, and will subscribe with pleasure." That, he thought, was very good, coming from an old opponent. (Applause.) He hoped that Mr and Mrs Rolleston would live to use their present for many, many years. The present consisted of a handsome silver-mounted oaken tea tray, and silver tea set. The tray bore a silver plate with the inscription: "Patented to F. J. Rolleston by a few friends, on the occasion of his marriage, 1908." Mr Rolleston, in reply, said a friend had remarked to him that this was the beginning of his matrimonial troubles. If he never had worse troubles than this he would be a happy man. He had asked another friend what he might expect, and he was told: "Oh there'll be some songs, and some speeches, and you'll hear the customary lies that are used on such occasions.'" He would not like to accuse his friends of want of veracity; at the same time he felt a sense of unworthiness of all the kind tidings said about him. He felt that he had now the kindliest audience he had ever had, and was pleased to see that it, included men of all politicals and occupations, town men and country men, and he took it as a great compliment that Mr Evans was present, in disregard of his doctor's orders not to go out at night. A man must be more than human if he did not feel moved to hear such things said of him. He was particularly impressed by Mr Kirk's relation that, the Minister of Public Works had said he would gladly subscribe to the presentation. His relations with the Minister throughout the last campaign were of the most friendly kind, and nothing could be better evidence of that than that Mr Hall-Jones had joined in their presentation. Mr Rolleston went on to speak of his eight years' steady work in Timaru ; of the happiness of his partnership with Mr C.H. Tripp, and his anticipation that his next partnership would of its kind be equally happy, of his desire to see some thing of other countries after spending 55 years in New Zealand. He looked forward with a good deal of pleasure to doing this; but he also looked forward to the pleasure of coming back, and meeting them all again in Stafford street some Saturday. Their kind present would always be a reminder of this meeting and the kind wishes which in any case he could never forget.


Otago Witness 23 December 1882, Page 19
We understand that Messrs Woollcombe and Clulee last week disposed of (on account of the owner) the Rollesby Station, consisting of 5500 acres freehold and about 21,000 acres leasehold, together with 14,000 sheep, the purchaser being Captain Hayter, late of Nelson The price has not transpired.

NOT May 1889 The following rentals were obtained at the sale of runs today. The first set of money figures in each paragraph being the upset, and the second the price obtained.
Run 24, 3,500 acres 10 years. L110. Captain Hayter L150
Run 24, 13,500 acres, 14 years fixed tenure, L370 Captain Hayter

New Zealand Herald, 19 June 1891, Page 5
Commander Francis Hayter, R.N., of Rollesby, Burke's Pass, New Zealand, has died under the operation which he came home to undergo at the Middlesex Hospital. He was in his 47th year.

Timaru Herald, 27 February 1909, Page 4 Marriage
BRUCE— HAYTER— On Feb. 3rd, at Rollesby, Burke's Pass, by the Rev. Stanley Hinson, Roy Thomas, second son of the late William Bruce, Bombay, India, to Maude Goodenough Hayter, eldest daughter of the late Captain Hayter, R.N. 

Helen Eugenie Goodenough  Bruce was born in 1910

Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle, 23 May 1916, Page 2
Two more runs whose leases are falling due should be subdivided for soldiers. The Rollesby run, consisting of 5,000 acres freehold and 20,000 acres Crown land, was being cut up into three runs. The owner of Rollesby was entitled to take all the good frontage land, leaving two inferior runs for soldiers, yet the land could easily be cut up into five runs admirably suited for returned soldiers. Mr Massey: "Is it not held by a widow with sons?" Mr Anstey Does the Prime Minister say that they are going to lock up five or six runs because one is held by a widow with sons?"

Star, 9 May 1914  Timaru Herald,  9 May 1914, Page 3
HAYTER-BLAIR. A pretty wedding took place at St Mary's in Timaru, last Tuesday, 5.5.1914, when Miss Margaret Blair, second daughter of Mr and Mrs Blair, Scarborough, was married by the Rev Stanley Hinson, Pleasant Point, to Mr Chilton Hayter, fourth son of Mrs Hayter, Rollesby, and the late Captain Hayter, R.N. The bride, who was given away by her father, looked very pretty in a simple white satin with medici collar of lace, the V shaped bodice being filled in with lace; white veil and orange blossom. She carried a white shower bouquet. The chief bridesmaid, Miss Joan Raine, wore a frock of pale pink satin, with a white lace-edged ninon overdress, in pale blue satin belt. Her hat was violet, with a feather ruche and her bouquet was of shaded pink chrysanthemums. The three small bridesmaids, Misses Mary and Rosamund Rolleston and Helen Bruce, were dressed alike in pale pink chiffon with pale blue satin sashes, and lace caps with pink rosettes. They carried white wands with pale blue bows. Mrs Blair wore black satin, veiled in black ninon, small black velvet hat with pink rosebuds. Mrs Hayter. black face cloth with Bulgarian silk waistcoat, black velvet hat with shaded plume; Mrs F. J. Rolleston, mole corduroy, mole velvet hat with pink plume; Mrs Graham Hayter, light grey coat and skirt, pale blue hat with velvet bow and scarlet flowers; Mrs R. T. Bruce, mole brocaded cloth coat and skirt with blue rovers, black velvet hat and feather. Others present were Mrs Studholme, Mrs Palmer Chapman, Mrs Bryan King, Mrs Jacob, Mrs Hinson, Mrs Cartwright, Misses Raine (3), Dryden, Zeisler, E. Shand. Laing-Meason, Marchant, M'Lean, Clifford, Messrs Rolleston, Hayter (3), Revell, Ulrich, Dr Ulrich, Rev Stanley Hinson and Archdeacon Jacob. Mr Cyril Hayter was best man and Mr Rainier Ulrich groomsman. A reception was held at Mrs Rolleston's residence, Le Cren's Terrace, and later in the day the bride and bridegroom left by motor for Christchurch, en route for Sydney, the former wearing a mauve coat and skirt and a panne hat to match, lynx stole and furs. The bridegroom's present to the chief bridesmaid was an aquamarine pendant and to the others gold bangles. [settled at D'Urville Island]

Eugenie Elizabeth Huddleston and Francis Hayter married in 1878 in Nelson. Francis Hayter took over A.B. Smith's mortgage for Rollesby in Dec. 1882. Genie and her eight children carried on the station after her husband died. Rollesby was still in the Hayter family in 1969. Children:
1880 Maud Goodenough Hayter m. Roy Thomas BRUCE
1881 Graham Goodenough Hayter married Edith Melville Clifford 20 Jan 1910. Edith is buried at Timaru, died 30 Nov. 1979 age 92 with William Wigram Clifford youngest s/o Capt. Clifford of ?Beltogs, Ireland d.7 Jan. 1920, aged 74 at 111 Le Cren St., late of Indian Police.
1882 Launcelot Hayter
1884 Gwendolyn Hayter married Algernon Charles PARKER 1915
1885 Eugenie Catherine Hayter m. Henry Richard DUNCAN s/o late Richard John Duncan, Nelson, 1st June 1910 at "Rollesby," Burkes Pass by Rev. Stanley Hinson.
1887 Francis Goodenough Hayter b 4 April married Muriel Mortimer-Scott 1918 London
1889 Chilton Goodenough Hayter m. Margaret Rosabel Blair 5th May 1914 [WW1 7/1167] [Mary Blair's sister]
1891 Cyril Hayter [KIA August 1915 age 24]

Lieutenant Cyril, youngest son of Mrs Hayter of Rollesby Station, Mackenzie Country, was killed in action at the Dardanelles on August 28. 8th (South Canterbury) Sqn, Canterbury Mounted Rifles, NZEF. He probably left Fairlie in August 1914 for camp. Left NZ. in Oct. 1914. Died in August 1915.

Serial No. 7/63
First Known Rank Lieutenant
NoK Mrs Hayter (mother), Rollesby, Burke's Pass, South Canterbury, NZ
Born 4th February 1891, at Rollesby Station, Burke's Pass
Marital Status Single, sheepfarmer, Anglican
Enlistment Address Rollesby, Burke's Pass, NZ
Military District Canterbury
Body on Embarkation Main Body
Embarkation Unit Canterbury Mounted Rifles
Embarkation Date 16 October 1914
Place of Embarkation Lyttelton
Destination Suez, Egypt
Military Awards Mentioned in Despatches (MiD)
Award Circumstances
London Gazette, 28 January 1916, p1210: In connection with the operations described in General I. Hamilton's despatch dated 11 December 1915
Last Unit Served Canterbury Mounted Rifles
Place of Death Gallipoli, Turkey
Date of Death 28 August 1915
Age at Death 24
Cause of Death Killed in action in the Suvla area, north of Anzac.
Memorial Name Hill 60 (New Zealand) Memorial, Hill 60 Cemetery, Turkey
S/o Francis Hayter and Eugenie Elizabeth Hayter, of Rollesby, Burkes Pass


Evening Post, 19 January 1917, Page 8
Mrs. Hayter, Rollesby) Burkes Pass, Canterbury, has received news that her son, 2nd Lieut. Frank Hayter; 14th Manchesters, was seriously wounded on 24th December, and is now in the 4th Canadian General Hospital, Salonika.

Timaru Herald, 27 April 1920, Page 6
Mr Frank Hayter (South Canterbury), who saw considerable service, practically throughout the war, is about to return to New Zealand (says a London correspondent). Accompanied by Mrs Hayter, he is hoping to get away by the Ionic, at the end of March. Since taking his discharge from the Manchester Regiment (Special Reserve) in January, Mr Hayter has been attending a course of very useful lectures arranged by the Board of Agriculture relative to the preservation of fruit—chiefly bottling. During the past two years this industry has developed very much in England, owing to the impossibility of procuring sugar for jam; and many fruit-growers have done remarkably well. Mr Hayter will go first to Timaru, but it is life intention to take up fruitgrowing land in the Nelson district and to develop more of the luxury side of the fruit industry —drying preserving, candying, bottling, etc.,—rather than the export of fruit as such. He is taking out with him an expert gardener, and is very sanguine of success.

Evening Post, 12 February 1942, Page 9
The death occurred on December 12. following two operations, of Mr. Frank Hayter, third son of the late Commander F. Hayter, R.N., of Rollesby, Canterbury, states "The Post's" London correspondent. He is survived by his wife (formerly Miss Muriel Mortimer-Scott, of Gloucester Walk, W.) and a daughter. Mr. Hayter was severely wounded in the last war while serving with the Manchester Regiment in the Dardanelles.

Press, 7 May 1919, Page 7
Major C. G. Hayter, M.C., who is returning to New Zealand in charge of the troops on the transport Rimutaka, due at Wellington about May 17th, is, in civil life, a sheepfarmer at Rollesby, Burke's Pass, South Canterbury. He left the Dominion with the 5th Reinforcements as a second-lieutenant in the Canterbury Mounted Rifles, from which he transferred subsequently to the New Zealand Machine-gun Corps. 

Athlone, near Albury, South Canterbury, N.Z.

Athlone near Albury 1908. Woolshed and homestead. Athlone on Wilfred Rd, Mt Nessing. Originally owned by Graham Goodenough Hayter (formerly of Rollesby Station). Was part of the Opawa estate, balloted off in 1903. Hayter sold it to Henry Waters c1920. Hayter then farmed at French Pass, Marlborough. The farm had later been named 'West Hills' but has reverted to Athlone.

Rollesby, near Burkes Pass, South Canterbury, N.Z.

Burkes Pass Station, 25,000 acres, was stocked in April 1858 with 3000 sheep by the Kennaway brothers and Fred. Delamain and the name was changed by the next owner, Charles Ensor, after his family home Rollesby Manor House in Norfolk, England and his brother with Archdeacon Octavious Mathias took over the, now 30,000 acre station in 1863. run map On the north the Opihi River separates it from Sawdon, on the east the Tengawai divided it from Albury, and another branch of the Tengawai River is the dividing line with Opawa in the south and the Rollesby Range on the west divides it from Grays Hills Station. The Rollesby Valley Road runs just north of Albury past the Waratah through Rollesby to Burkes Pass, through beautiful tussock country and follows the Tengawai River. In 1872 A.B. Smith purchased Rollesby. He had also sailed before the mast. His son John Smith and Duncan Morrison lost their lives and dogs in an avalanche on Rollesby Range in July 1879.  In 1882 the run was sold to Captain Hayter, b. in Wiltshire, retired from the navy in 1873. He married Eugenie Huddleston in Nelson  22 May 1873. In 1891 he goes back to England for an operation and dies under anaesthia. Genie and her eight children carried on the station after her husband died. Robert Scott was an overseer at Rollesby from 1883 to 1891 then succeeded by George Foster until 1896 when Frank Dixon, was named manager and he stayed on for forty years. Vic Roberston took over in 1957. Genie lived there until she died 29 July 1936, occupation sheep farming. Rollesby was subdivided in 1894 into two blocks that were taken over by the Government, Single Hill and Knobbies Stations were formed and then there was Waratah closer to Albury. In 1906 Frank Smith purchased Waratah. Later Nobbies was incorporated into Airies. Single Hill was later named Coolgardie. In 1917 Rollesby was subdivided again, into Glenrock, 10,00 acre soldier settlement and the 11,500 homestead block was retained by the Hayter family. Rollesby was still in the Hayter family in 1969. Reference: High Endeavour by Wm. Vance. Hayter's splendid farm diaries 1888-1890 are at the ATL in Wellington and are entertaining to read. They cover Hayter's experience at Rollesby Station during the bad winter of 1888 and consequent low clip. There was some recovery in 1889 and further purchases of land, but the following year the shearers struck. Shortly afterwards in early 1891 Francis and his wife left Lyttelton for England 19 March 1891 on the R.M.S.S. Aorangi, second saloon, where he died from a serious operation. His wife returned and pulled the station through the slump of the 1890s. |
Forgot his wife's birthday. "which like a brute I forgot all about till too late"
 "shearers and loafers arriving by the dozen."
"Any amount of swaggers here tonight."
 "Dreadfully wet and cold all day... Reading Les
Miserable's by way of cheering myself up." 
"Heard today from L and M my Fleece wool had averaged 11d.!!!"
"hospitably entertained by A.B, a capital yarn with A.B. in
evg and drank a glass of rum."
"McDonald shearer sacked and paid less 3 sheep
queened." The shearers struck. The classer and roller were sacked for cheek. "No church in shed this year. Shearers not on -read service at home. Shearers wouldn't come up for their grog, so I went down with it to them."

Otago Witness 23 December 1882, Page 19
We understand that Messrs Woollcombe and Clulee last week disposed of (on account of the owner) the Rollesby Station, consisting of 5500 acres freehold and about 21,000 acres leasehold, together with 14,000 sheep, the purchaser being Captain Hayter, late of Nelson The price has not transpired.

NOT May 1889
The following rentals were obtained at the sale of runs today. The first set of money figures in each paragraph being the upset, and the second the price obtained.
Run 24, 3,500 acres 10 years. L110. Captain Hayter L150
Run 24, 13,500 acres, 14 years fixed tenure, L370 Captain Hayter

New Zealand Herald, 19 June 1891, Page 5
Commander Francis Hayter, R.N., of Rollesby, Burke's Pass, New Zealand, has died under the operation which he came home to undergo at the Middlesex Hospital. He was in his 47th year.

Press, 11 July 1910, Page 7
Rollesby, 14,000 sheep; owner and family live on station.

Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle, 23 May 1916, Page 2
Two more runs whose leases are falling due should be subdivided for soldiers. The Rollesby run, consisting of 5,000 acres freehold and 20,000 acres Crown land, was being cut up into three runs. The owner of Rollesby was entitled to take all the good frontage land, leaving two inferior runs for soldiers, yet the land could easily be cut up into five runs admirably suited for returned soldiers. Mr Massey: "Is it not held by a widow with sons?" Mr Anstey Does the Prime Minister say that they are going to lock up five or six runs because one is held by a widow with sons?"

Timaru Herald, 4 April 1914, Page 6
The monthly meeting of the Canterbury Land Board was held at Christchurch on Thursday. The following applications for transfer were approved:— Run No. 74A. Mackenzie County. Maud G. Bruce to Chilton Hayter, 18,000 acres approved.

Is this why C.G. and G.G. sold out and moved to D'Urville Island in the Marlborough Sounds?

Timaru Herald, 30 April 1919, Page 8 THE RABBIT PEST.
To the Editor of the "Timaru Herald" Sir,— I trust Messrs Tripp's and Burnett's letters on the above will result in combined efforts being taken to cope with the rabbit pest. Mr Burnett advocates the use of rabbit netting, but this I do not wholly agree with him. In this district the rabbits are breeding in thousands in the riverbeds, which are mostly overgrown with gorse. From the riverbeds they are gradually working on to the hill country, which is as yet practically free from them. Rabbit netting no doubt would assist to check the advance on to the hill country, but owing to the cost of erecting and keeping such a fence in repair it is out of the question. It simply means that a landholder who has kept his ground clear of rabbits is put to more expense through the laziness or ignorance of his neighbours, who do nothing to keep them in check. Mr Burnett says that poisoning with phosphorised pollard does not meet with the success it did years ago. This, I think can be partly attributed to the badly mixed poison that has been sold by the Stock Department; whereas years ago runholders mixed their own. I have known of rabbits refusing to take pollard, whereas "Toxa" or phosphorised oats have been taken wholesale, with splendid results. Trapping, gunning, and dogging before poisoning make the rabbits suspicious, and this no doubt is also partly why the main poisoning does not show better results. A number of landholders are not taking adequate steps to check the pest and they should be made to do so. This will involve more labour for the rabbit inspectors, who in many cases have already more work to attend to than they can already, cope with. More inspector's, with smaller districts to supervise, wholesale poisoning, and more energy on the part of minor officials are no doubt the only remedy we have. Past experience has proved that the two latter remedies met with success.— I am, G.G. HAYTER Albury, April 26.

Timaru Herald, 15 May 1919, Page 5 THE RABBIT PEST.
To the Editor of the "Timaru Herald." Sir, One signing himself "Ignorant and Lazy," agrees with me, that, more stringent methods should be taken to cope with the pest, yet says my letter on that subject is unworthy of notice. If "Ignorant and Lazy" has had thirty years experience in coping with the pest he should be more consistent and broad minded than to take my letter as applying only to my locality instead of to the whole of South Canterbury. If "Ignorant and Lazy" had attended a meeting held at Albury at which two members of the Government Fields Department were present, he would know that I had given them ample opportunity to reply to any "uncalled to attacks" I may have made against them. As some of your correspondents would sooner have a dig at me than at the rabbits, I will not trespass again on I your valuable space. Hoping their energies will not continue to be misdirected, but that their enthusiasm will keep to the rabbit menace. I am, etc., G. G. HAYTER. Albury, May 12th.

Timaru Herald, 11 January 1919, Page 4
The monthly meeting, of the Mackenzie County Council was held at: Fairlie yesterday. Present —Messrs E. Macdonald (chairman), R. Leitch, R. Irving, Tasman Smith, G. Murray, and W. Black.
Mr G. G. Hayter, Albury, wrote drawing attention to the alarming increase of noxious weeds in the county, and expressing the hope, that the County will do something towards their eradication. The chairman said the Council were not responsible; the property owners on each side of the road were responsible. It was decided to write to the Inspector informing him of Mr Hayter's complaint.

Timaru Herald, 24 July 1919, Page 6
At the Magistrate's Court. Fairlie, on. Wednesday, before Mr G. A. Sherwin and Mr W. Wreford, J.P's., Gerald Dent, for riding a motor cycle without lights at Albury after dark, was fined 10s and costs 19s. G. Hayter, for leaving a motor car in a public place at Albury after dark, was fined 20s and costs 20s; the Bench remarking that is was most dangerous to leave a motor car iai a public place without lights. C. Brosnahan, for leaving a vehicle in public place after dark, was fined 10s and costs 17s. E. Clarke for riding bicycle without lights, was fined 10s and costs 7s. F. Allan, for driving a vehicle without lights after dark, was fined 10s and costs 7s. The Bench stated that recently a number of accidents had occurred through driving vehicles and cars without lights, and if this practice continued, the fines would be made heavier as was being done by the Courts in other places.

Timaru Herald, 4 February 1920, Page 3
The meetings of the Canterbury Land Board last week the following applications for transfers of holdings in South Canterbury settlements were approved
Chamberlain — Sections 4,6 and 2, 5700 acres, G. G. Hayter to H. G. Waters.
Mackenzie County — Run 74a, C. G. Hayter to T. J. Seay.




Evening Post, 13 February 1886, Page 1
The death is announced of Mr. Frederick Huddleston, an old and respected Nelson settler. He had been resident 30 years in Nelson, and had been associated with many useful institutions and movements, notably the Acclimatisation Society, to which he was Secretary for a number of years. Mr. Huddleston lost his wife a short time ago, and leaves behind him a grown-up family. Four of his daughters are married to Mr. A. P. Seymour, Mr. Pasley, Captain Hayter, and Mr. C. E. Bunny.

Nelson Evening Mail, 22 May 1878, Page 2 Married  Double Wedding
Hayter — Huddleston. On the 22nd May, at Christ Church, Nelson, by the Ven. Archdeacon Thorpe, Commander Francis Hayter, R.N., to Eugenic Elizabeth, daughter of Frederick Huddleston, Esq., Maitai House, [207 Nile St East,] Nelson.

Bunny — Huddleston. On the 22nd May, at Christ Church, Nelson, by the Ven. Archdeacon Thorpe, Charles Edward Bunny, Esq., of Nelson, Solicitor, fourth son of Henry Bunny, Esq., M.H.R., Wellington, to Louise Alice Croft, youngest daughter of Frederick Huddleston, Esq., Maitai House, Nelson.

Francis Fortescue Croft Huddleston, 1846-1922 was the brother of Mrs. Genie Hayter of Rollesby. Their mother M.C. Huddleston was also a watercolourist. The scene looks like Rollesby, a sheep station, near Burkes Pass ca1890. Ref: A-219-004. ATL.A private company established the first Hermitage, an accommodation house for visitors, at Mt. Cook in 1885 and "Frank" F. Huddleston, was appointed the manager and Capt. Hayter, the first secretary of the business. In 1885, Huddleston sold his land and hotel to the Mount Cook-Hermitage Company. Huddleston stayed on as manager until 1894. The company ran into financial trouble and in 1895 the Government took over the hotel. map

FORTESCUE F. C. HUDDLESTON, of the Hooker Valley, Mackenzie County, do hereby give notice that I desire to obtain and will at the next Licensing Meeting, to be holden at Fairlie Creek, on the 6th day of June, apply for a Certificate authorising the issue of an ACCOIIMODADATION LICENSE for Premises situated at the Mueller Glacier, Hooker Valley, Mount Cook. Dated the 22nd day of April, 1885.

Mount Cook and the old Hermitage. F.F.C.H. 24 June 1886. Shows the original Hermitage built in 1884. White Horse Hill is behind it at the right, and Mount Cook is in the left background. The view is painted from approximately the position of the present Hermitage Hotel.

Snow at Rollesby

Rollesby July 1908. The house did not have running water until 1895 when pipes were put in. Creeks froze in 1895 and 1903 and the copper was used to melt snow. Mrs Hayter hired a governess to teach the girls and the boys went to school in Burkes Pass. The family enjoyed rabbitting, riding, tennis (in Fairlie), shooting, coursing with greyhounds, music. Mrs Hayter had a sports dog named Lassie that she would enter in the Fairlie Show. She was also well known for her needlework.

Timaru Herald, 22 August 1908, Page 7 Snowraker - Want men who will walk and not talk.
A letter of Monday from Mrs Hayter, of Rollesby (on this side of the front range) spoke of a thawing rain, snow melting that day, of cattle and horses having been got to clear ground on the previous Saturday. The letter, was written six weeks after the first snow, and there was yet very little black ground, and the task of getting at sheep was very arduous. It was marvellous that, after six weeks under snow the sheep when got out were able to run about. Mrs Hayter has lived many years at Rollesby, and she says- that the July snowfall was the heaviest single fall that has ever occurred at Rollesby within her experience. Mr A. Grant, speaking of the condition of the Wolds and Grampians, said there was nothing new or encouraging, from there. The water was absorbed by the snow, and froze at night, until what was left now was a sheet of ice, over which one could ride. More snow fell on Wednesday, 6 inches at Gray's Hills, on top of about 18 inches if ice. It was reported in Fairlie that a mob of 600 had been found on Clayton, all dead, a report from the south has it that 300 sheep in one lot had been pot out alive at Hakateramea. The sheep being found by a dog scratching at their icy covering.

Colonist, 18 February 1889, Page 4
Of the twenty one stations in the Mackenzie basin only six have escaped with a loss of less than 3000; and the remainder range from a loss of 4000 up to 8000 each. Balmoral lost 7900, Glenmore 6100, Tekapo 5800, Rhoborough Downs 6000, The Wolds 4000, Grey's Hills 5000, Rollesby 2500; the total loss for the Mackenzie being 88,800 sheep, which, at a low average of 2s 6d per head, means £10,412. Allowing a clip of 4½ lb to each sheep equals 374,8501b wool at 6d per lb, valued at £9371. Total loss, sheep and wool, £19 783.

In 1895 Rollesby lost 8000 sheep out of 13,000. Genie rebuilt the flock with Merino rams.

Timaru Herald, 9 July 1895, Page 3
there. From end to end of the Mackenzie so far as has been seen from the Pass to Tekapo road, the whole district is under snow. As one person put it, "there is not a black spot to be seen anywhere." The snow is said to be from three feet deep on the flats, and from three to ten feet on the ranges. Even on the eastern ranges there is deep snow, m which some thousands of sheep are imprisoned. The Rollesby run is m very bad case, and the small grazing ranholders between Silverstream and Burkes Pass are having a trying time, the latter block of country having 3ft to 4ft of snow over most of it. It is said that Rollesby has no bare grass anywhere, and the sheep have been jammed m their camps for nearly a month, and are now— the last resource eating the wool off each other's backs. Mr J. S. Rutherford informs uh that he and six men have been camped for some days near the top of the range forming his back country, treading tracks through the snow to get sheep down from the top of the range, each lot found taking two days to get down. It is a terribly cold job, the surface snow being frozen into a fine dry dust which drifts with the breeze, and makes a very cold sort of frozen mist that penetrates the clothing and hangs m the hair, freezing into lumps on the beard. Mountnessing has a bad record too, having 4000 sheep on the back of the range, whence it is impossible to rescue them, as they would have to be brought over the top of the range. At Tekapo the snow was three feet deep last Friday, and another foot and a half was added on that day. The Tekapo station was deeply buried, and Mr Cowan up to Friday had not been able to get a mile from the homestead to see what had become of the sheep, and this further fall of snow would increase the difficulty, and postpone rescue operations, it may be feared until it is too late to do anything. Mr Hope, Richmond station, on the lake next above Tekapo run, in a letter apologising for absence from the County Council meeting yesterday, wrote that he would have been down but that he saw a chance of saving some of his long-wool rams. Mr Hope proposes to take his rams down the lake by boat, and then by the snow-ploughed road to Burkes Pass. The road was well cleared from the Pass to the Tekapo by means of a snow plough. The snow plough was a God-send," Mr Hope wrote, and J. Anniss did his work well under the most trying circumstances, and deserves credit for it. In the same letter Mr Hope wrote (on June 4th):— "Our losses here on this side of the Pukaki must be very heavy. The other side have not so much snow. It was 3ft deep here, but not quite so much now. Lilybank and the Mistake seem to have less than I have, and I less than part of Cowan's. Seddon's rabbit fence is quite out of sight."

Star 26 March 1896, Page 1
Re-stocking Runs. On Tuesday a special train of four-and-twenty trucks passed through Timaru station, conveying a mob of healthy-looking cross-bred hoggets from White Rock Station, Southland, to Fairlie. The sheep are intended for the Rollesby Station, Burkes Pass, to replace losses by last winter's snows. A few trucks of rams from the same source of supply went up, to be distributed among various Mackenzie Country stations.  

In 1903 Mrs Hayter loss 3,690 sheep.


Timaru Herald, 3 February 1910, Page 4
HAYTER- CLIFFORD. On 20th January 1910 at Rollesby Burke's Pass, Graham Goodenough Hayter, eldest son of the late Captain Hayter, R.N., and Mrs Hayter, to Edith Melville Clifford, second daughter of W. Wigram Clifford, D.S.P., of Bengal (retired), and Mrs Clifford, and grand-daughter of the late Sir Francis Norman, K.C.B.

Graham Goodenough Hayter married Edith Melville Clifford 20 Jan 1910. Edith died in Nelson 6 Nov. 1979, age 92, her ashes were buried at Timaru 30 Nov. 1979, at her request, in the same grave as with William Wigram Clifford. N.W. Prov. and Oudh. Joined the Dept., 19th Sept. 1868, as acting asst. district supt.; cond., Feb. 1871; district supt., March 1875; retd., Jan. 1900. Thy art with me. Thy rod & thy staff comfort me. Capt. William Wigram Clifford, late of Belturbet, Ireland, died age 75 interment 8 Jan 1920 Timaru Cemetery.  Graham died in Nelson 1/7/1967, aged 86, and he was cremated. Children:
Graham Clifford Hayter
Adrian Goodenough Hayter died 14 June 1990 aged 75 and was interned 18 June 1990 at Wakapuaka.
James "Jim" Chilton Francis Hayter b. 17 Oct. 1917 pilot WW2 Battle of Britain pilot 6 / 1 / 4 destroyed / probably destroyed / damaged bio squadron leader DFC bar MID (2) 94 Sq escaped from Kos (Greece)

The NZ Herald Oct. 16 2006
Jim Hayter was shot down four times in World War II. On one of these occasions, in North Africa, his nemesis was an Italian pilot - whom the New Zealander then shot down in the same dogfight. They shared a drink that night in the Australian lines. Earlier, when Mr Hayter was shot down during the Battle of Britain, he parachuted into the grounds of a country house, was invited in to a cocktail party and then was picked up by his fiancée, a New Zealander living nearby. She later became his wife. On the Greek island of Kos, he and other pilots had to take to the hills when Germans over-ran their airfield. One of them fired at Mr Hayter from 20m away, but missed. In a letter to his wife he made light of evading bullets and capture. With his farming background he was born in Timaru and was a musterer in Marlborough before the war - he had no trouble catching and killing sheep. He told her he enjoyed running free in the hills and eating fresh mutton. Mr Hayter linked up with commandos, found a boat and sailed to Cyprus. He had numerous other narrow escapes. One of them was nursing his Spitfire back from a mission over France and crash-landing in fog in a field full of invasion obstacles. Mr Hayter, who was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and bar and was twice mentioned in dispatches, died in Golden Bay Community Hospital on Tuesday, a few days short of 89. His war service included the Battle of France, the Battle of Britain, North Africa, the Middle East, northwest Europe and the command of the famous 74 Squadron for almost two years. He ended the war a squadron leader, credited with six enemy aircraft, one probable, three damaged and two V-1 rockets destroyed. And he went back farming.

Evening Post, 19 November 1937, Page 14
Miss L. E. Clifford, who Has recently returned from a visit to England, left last evening for Nelson with her sister, Miss Maude Clifford. Later she will stay with another sister, Mrs. Hayter, of D'Urville Island. [Graham Clifford Hayter was born in 1911
The Chilton Hayter, family settled at Greville Harbour in the 1920s. James and Adrian Hayter became excellent seamen. They sold out in 1944.]

Mt. Egmont Camp Party, Xmas 1907. 

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