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No. 1240 J. & H. McLaren Engineers Leeds.

Awards, agreements, orders, etc., made under the Industrial ..., Volume 7‎ - Page 555
New Zealand. Dept. of Labour - 1907

CANTERBURY TRACTION AND STATIONARY ENGINE DRIVERS AND FIREMEN AWARD. In the Court of Arbitration of New Zealand, Canterbury Industrial District.—In the matter of "The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act, 1905," and its amendments, and in the matter of an industrial dispute between the Canterbury Traction and Stationary Engine Drivers' and Firemen's Industrial Union of Workers (hereinafter called " the union") and the under mentioned persons, firms, and companies (hereinafter called " the employers ") :— [South Canterbury names only.]

Aker, William, Washdyke.
Albury Farmers' Threshing Company, Albury
Andrews, M., Pleasant Point
Bailey, William, Templeton
Barrie, James, Waihao Downs
Batchelor, H., Albury
Bateman, Caleb, Temuka
Bean, Thomas, Hook
Beattie, James, Orari
Brogden, William, Temuka
Buckingham Bros., Waimate
Button, R. T., Peel Forest
Campbell, W. G., Timaru
Canterbury Farmers' Co-operative Association, Timaru
Canterbury Frozen Meat Company, Pareroa
Cartwright and Douglas, Milford, Temuka
Christchurch Meat Company, Smithfield
Connor Bros., Kakahu
Crowley, M., Kerrytown
Dermondy, Michael, Temuka
Evans and Co., Timaru
Fleming, J. C., Geraldine
George, H., Makikihi.
Graham, H., Winchester.
Gregan, M., Orari Bridge
Greig, William, Timaru
Hardwick, W., Waimate
Harkness, W. S., Timaru
Harrison, H. J., Rakaia
Hawkins Bros., Waimate
Hayman, H., Studholme
Hayman, W., Studholme
Hearn and Watts, Rangitata Island
Heron, James, Temuka
Hopkinson, William, Temuka
Hopkinson Bros., Temuka.
Hughes and Johnston, Waitohi Flats
Hunt and Sons, Waimate
Hunter, D., Waimataitai
Jackson, A. G., Hunter
Jackson, J., Timaru
Joice, V., Ashburton
Kean, J. D., Timaru
Kilcher Bros., Makikihi
Kellahan Bros., Timaru
King, Thomas, Washdyke
Kingsbury, R. H., Timaru
Kirk, H. B., Timaru
Lawrie, Mrs. George, St. Andrew's
Love, J. H., Geraldine

Mitchell, J. H., Studholme Junction
Manchester, J. and T., Waimate
Martin, Andrew, Otaio
Martin and Woffington, Temuka
McLeod, Alexander, Geraldine
Neilson, J. P., Pleasant Point
Nicol and Scott, Waimate
Norris, B., Otaio
O'Donoghue, J., Studholme
Orr, Thomas, Waitohi Flat
Osborne, J., Christchurch
Palmer Bros., Belfast-Orari
Pelvin Bros., Glenavy
Preddy, George, Temuka
Preddy, Mark, Temuka
Prue, Thomas, Waimate
Quinn, William, Makikihi
Rae, James, St. Andrew's
Reid and Gray, Timaru.
Robertson, John, Temuka
Ross and McClintock, Waimate
Saunders, George, Pleasant Point
Saunders and Heuchan, Pleasant Point
Scannel, Michael, Temuka
Scott, J., Woodbury
Sherratt and Gaiger, Geraldine
Slee, F. J., Waimate
Slee and Ruddenklau, Waimate
Snell, John, Rangitata Island
South, J. C., Geraldine
Stewart, James, Hakataramea
Stocker, F., Washdyke
Talbot and Lyons, Temuka
Thornley and Hearn, Timaru
Timaru Borough Council, Timaru
Timaru Milling Company, Timaru
Tiny, Michael, Peel Forest
Tozer and McMaster, Temuka
Walker, Charles, Geraldine
Ward, Thomas, Geraldine
Washington, T., Temuka
Westland and Timaru Sawmilling Company, Timaru
Wigley, R., Pleasant Point
Wigley and Thornley, Timaru
Willetts, J. M., Albury
Wilson, James, Allandale
Winter Bros., Timaru
Wooding Bros., Woodbury
Wood Bros., Addington.

The Schedule.
1. The week's work shall not exceed forty-eight hours, exclusively of the time necessarily occupied by any worker in getting up steam for the machinery in the factory or works in which he shall be employed. Each employer shall, subject to the provisions of " The Factories Act, 1901," be entitled to arrange such hours of work according to the emgencies of his particular business, and such hours may be worked in shifts, either by day or night.

2. Any time worked in any one week in extension of the hours prescribed in clause 1 hereof shall be paid for at the rate of time and a quarter.
If any workman shall work overtime exclusively in repairing any machinery or appliances used by his employer in connection with the business in which such workmar is employed, he shall be paid for such overtime at the same rate as for his work during ordinary hours.

3. In the case of traction-engine drivers, any employer of such may agree with his men that the hours of work shall be other than those here in before specified without payment of overtime, but so that not less than the rate of wages hereinafter specified for drivers of traction-engines shall be paid to such drivers.
Owners of traction-engines, while the same are used in agricultural work or processes, are at liberty to contract with their men for payment at tonnage or piecework rates irrespective of the hours worked on any day.

4. Work done on New Year's Day, Easter Monday, and the King's Birthday shall be paid for at the rate of time and a half. Work done on Christmas Day, Good Friday, and Sundays shall be paid at the rate of double-time rates.
In the case of factories, the drivers of engines shall be entitled to the holidays given by any award or industrial agreement affecting the factory, or, in cases where there is no award or industrial agreement affecting the same, holiday generally observed in the factory whereby the same ceases to work.
For work done on such holidays the rate of overtime shall be time and a half
This clause shall not apply to any workers within the provisions of this award in respect to work required to be done in connection with the preparation and publication of any morning, afternoon, or evening newspaper

5. The following shall be the minimum rates of wages to be paid to engine-drivers of stationary engines who are in charge of any boiler within the meaning of " The Inspection of Machinery Act, 1902," for each day's work, inclusive of the time necessarily occupied in getting up steam for the machinery of the factory or works : —
(a.) Where the work that the engine-driver is employed to do requires that he shall hold a first-class certificate as a stationary-engine driver, and he is the holder of a first-class certificate of competency, 1s. 3d. per hour.
Where the work which he is engaged to do requires that he shall be the holder of a first-class certificate as a stationary-engine driver, and he is the holder of a first-class corticated of service, but not of competency, Is. l£d. per hour.
(b.) Where the work which he is engaged to do requires that he shall be the holder of a second-class certificate as a stationary-engine driver, and he is the holder of a second-class certificate of competency, 1s. lid. per hour.
Where the work which he is engaged to do requires that he shall be the holder of a second-class certificate as a stationary-engine driver, and he is the holder of a second class certificate of service, but not of competency, 1s. per hour.
(c.) For work requiring a traction or locomotive certificate for engines moved from place to place by their own motive power, 1s. 3d. per hour.
(d.) For work requiring no certificate for engines of less than 144 circular inches and above 49 circular inches, 1s. per hour.
(e.) For firemen engaged firing, with certificate, in charge. 1s. per hour.
(f.) For firemen engaged firing only, 10ld. per hour.

Filling in Time.
6. Where certificated engine-drivers and firemen are engaged any part of their time engine-driving and fill in the other time in workshops or elsewhere at other work for their employers, such men shall nevertheless be paid the rate above prescribed according to their respective classes.

Photos taken at the Ashburton Show 31st Oct. 2009

7. Under-rate Workers....

8. Nothing in this award shall apply to youths up to the age of eighteen years employed in firing or assisting in firing. This clause shall be read as expressly subject to the provisions of " The Inspection of Machinery Act, 1902."

Youths employed as firemen shall be paid the following minimum rates : eighteen and under nineteen years of age, 7d. per hour ; nineteen and under twenty years of age, 9d. per hour. Firemen over twenty years of age to be paid the minimum rates of wages prescribed in subclauses (e) and (f) of clause 5 hereof.

9. If and so long as the rules of the union shall permit any person of good character and sober habits, and who is a competent workman, to become a member of the union upon payment of an entrance fee not exceeding 5s. upon his written application, without ballot or other election, a...

10. The union shall keep in some convenient place within one mile from the Chief Post-office, Christchurch, a book to be called " the employment-book," wherein shall be entered the names and exact addresses of all members of the union for the time being out of employment, with a description of the particular occupation in which each such member claims to be proficient, and the names, addresses, and occupations of every employer by whom such member shall have been employed during the preceding one year. ...

11. Employers shall not in the engagement or dismissal of their men discriminate against members of the union, nor in the conduct of their business do anything for the purpose of injuring the union, whether directly or indirectly.

12. When members of the union and non-members are employed together, they shall work together in harmony and under the same conditions, and there shall be no distinction between them, and they shall receive equal pay for equal work.

12. When the wages of an employee coming within the apparent scope of this award have already been fixed by an award of the Court, or by any industrial agreement, this award shall not apply, and this

13. The following firms and companies are exempt from the operation of this award, either wholly, or to the extent and subject to the conditions hereinafter mentioned :—
The Kaiapoi Woollen-manufacturing Company (Limited).
All flour-mills and sawmills which are at present working under awards of the Court.
The City Council is exempt with respect to its destructor and electric-lighting works with respect to the three engineers employed by it, so long as the present conditions are observed.
Messrs. Lane and Walker, of Ashburton.
The South Canterbury Woollen-mills.
The Christchurch Gas Company, so long as the present conditions are observed, and the company files a copy of such conditions with this award.
The Lyttelton Harbour Board, so long as the present conditions are observed.
The Timaru Harbour Board.
Threshing-mill owners so long as they do not haul for hire.
Dairy companies, so long as they pay the firemen employed by them the minimum wage prescribed by this award.
The proprietors of all freezing-works, so long as they pay their engine-drivers and firemen the minimum wages prescribed by this award.
The Christchurch Tramway Board, so long as it pays its firemen the minimum rate of wages prescribed by this award.

Duration of Award.
15. This award shall come into force on the 1st day of December, 1906, and shall remain in force until the 1st day of December, 1908, and thereafter shall continue in operation until superseded by another award or an industrial agreement.

Reasons For Award.
The parties to this award are very numerous, and embrace a very large variety of occupations all over the Canterbury District. The names and descriptions have been furnished in the most incomplete form, notwithstanding that the Court has so often insisted on the addition of the addresses and occupations. In this case this necessary information has only been given in a few instances out of hundreds of parties named. This has added much to the Court's difficulty in framing the award so as to give conditions which will prove suitable, and which will not embarrass any industry.

Various employers are exempted either wholly or in part, including all owners of sawmills and flour-mills working under awards. Threshing-mill owners are exempt except when hauling on the road; also dairy companies under stated conditions. Respecting provisions as to filling in time, there has in the past been some misconception. This was apparent from the evidence. The employer is at liberty to give the worker notice that he does not require his services at engine-driving and put him on at other work ; but if the driver or fireman is taken away for a portion of a day to other work, it is provided that he shall be paid as though he were at his regular work of driving or firing. This we have endeavoured to make clear in this award.
Dated this 26th day of October, 1906.

Timaru Herald, 9 April 1907, Page 4
There are over 50 traction engines in Ashburton county (some estimates of their number run nearly up to 100) and so far only eight, have been registered under the county by-law. The County Council decided to give the owners a little more to comply with the law.

John Kyle, Timaru, grandson of Bill Clarke, owner driver 1926 McLaren No1817, a tractor. Threshing mill.
The Courier Oct. 2012  Mill on the threshold of a century
A 100-year-old threshing machine, which is still in operation, has come to light in South Canterbury. An article about the life of 96-year-old Don Clarke in the wheat fields of South Canterbury (The Courier, June 1) led to information about one of the threshing machines his father owned. John Kyle, of Washdyke, is a nephew of Mr Clarke and has one of the 13 mills used by the Clarke family. The five-tonne machine is stored in Mr Kyle’s implement shed alongside modern tractors and grain heading machines which replaced it more than half a century ago. It was built in England and is still in operational order. Apart from steel shafts, and pulleys, axles and wheels, the mill is built entirely of wood. Mr Kyle, who admits to being in his “mid-60s but not yet 70”, can recall carrying water for the steam engines which drove the huge mills while he was supposed to be at school. “They used to carry water for the traction engines with a horse and dray but they put a tank on the back of a truck and I drove that for a while.” The old mills were replaced by modern tractors and heading machines which take the grain directly from the plant in the field, leaving stubble behind.“Before that the wheat was cut and tied into sheaves to dry.“Sometimes it was stacked in the paddock and the mill would be parked along it, but at other times, the sheaves were picked and taken directly to the mill.” Mr Kyle said it took a gang of 12 or more men to work a mill and steam engine. “They worked for 10 or 11 hours a day during the summer months and some of them made enough money for the year just on the wheat harvest,” he said. The Clayton and Shuttleworth mill was bought by his grandfather secondhand in about 1910. “They rolled it down a hill and it had to be completely rebuilt but it still goes. “It was a big job managing a mill, with up to a dozen men to be paid and fed, coal to buy for the steam engine and organising the harvest. “A lot of people thought they could do their own harvesting without using contractors but many went broke trying.” The mill was rebuilt again a few years ago and was last used in 2003 to commemorate 100 years since his grandfather started in the wheat harvesting business. “These old mills did about 1000 hours a year and this one was used for over 30 years,” Mr Kyle said.

Sounds Historical with Jim Sullivan Sunday 6 February 2011: Traction Engine Tales: Tom Kyle of Timaru recalls his working life with traction engines. Recorded in 1966. Tom married Irene Clarke in 1932. Tom of Seadown died 22 Aug. 1983 at age 81. He is buried in Timaru and has an etching of a traction engine on his headstone.

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project