The Australian uniformed differed from the NZ
How many New Zealanders enlisted in the Australian Forces during WW1
and in WW2?
The Australian issue uniform was loose fitting with two pockets on the chest; two larger ones in the skirt and another on the inside to hold the first-field-dressing packet. Look at the hat, it is not a slouch hat. The left side is not folded up. Why not? Let me know who I missed. Thanks.
ANZAC Day by D. Hunter
More than 1,500 New Zealand born men enlisted for service in the 1st Australian
NAA - Service records online
First World War Nominal Roll Database
WW2 Roll Do a search by place New Zealand and you will see at least nine spelling variations for Timaru
Commonwealth War Graves Commission provides personal and service details and places of commemoration for the 1.7 million members of the Commonwealth forces who died in the First or Second World Wars. Can also be searched by cemetery
The Great War Diary
Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing
The Queensland State Library onesearch keyword soldier Queenslander Pictorial
A few South Canterbury men and women served for the Australian Imperial Forces, RAAF, ANNS or the RAN during WWI. Source for the data below: Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour AWM145 Roll of Honour cards, 1914-1918 War, Army. Their files are online. Australian casualties [NZers serving with Australian troops] were reported in the NZ newspapers. Approximately 115 men and at least three women born in South Canterbury signed up in Australia for War Service during WWII. Approximately 130 volunteered for the AIF WW1 and at least 21 died, i.e. 16%. Additional information for those men 'Killed in the field' can be found at CWGC site. One man signed up for service with the Australia in WWI and WWII. Some moved to Australia as a child and forgot how to spell their birthplaces e.g. see Francis Adams, born in Fairlie. During WWI about 20 New Zealanders joined the RAAF and two joined the RAN. Three men had Timaru as a second name but born in Australia.
WWI Fiches by BAB Microfilming, 4 Kathryn Av, Mt
Roskill Auckland 4, 51 fiches.
No 26 pub. 1915 has New Zealanders who enlisted in AIF, 10 pages or c.770 enlistments at 80+ per page (10 pages but first=¾ & last=½ page, p2=83 & p8=85 names, some female nurses).
Other men like my Great Uncle from Fairlie transferred from the NZEF towards the end of WW1 while in London to the Royal Australian Navy as a signalman, while others transferred from the AIF to the NZEF. At the time New Zealand had no Navy and all who wanted to go into the Navy had to join the Royal Navy or the RAN. Harold Charles Bray Serial No.26/1087 served in D Company 4th Battalion, Advance Party, Signallers, with the rank of Rifleman in the NZRB. On 18 March 1918 Harold was struck off the strength of the New Zealand Expeditionary Forces when he transferred to the Royal Australian Navy at London and served on the HMAS Australia until 12 January 1921 as a signaller. His brother Arthur, Serial No.25/486, served in Company A, 3 Battalion, NZ Rifle Brigade. Another brother Edwin, Serial No.40499, [a lovely photo with his daughter] another brother, joined A Company 23 Reinforcements, NZEF, Rank Rifleman.
BRAY HAROLD CHARLES : Service Number - 8894
Date of birth - 02 Apr 1897 :
Place of birth - Masterton, NZ :
Place of enlistment: Sydney
NKO: Mother, Frances, 40 Dee St, Timaru
Date of 1st Entry in R.A.N.: 18 March 1918
5 ft 8 in, light brown, blue eyes.
20 Oct. 1919: Passed for signals.
Service in Royal Australia 20 March 1918 to 12 Jan. 1921
Approved to count time served with New Zealand Expeditionary Force towards the award of Good Conduct Badges in the RAN. Appt. as a special case to be granted a free discharge at Sydney.
Auckland Star, 22 June 1911, Page 4
Since June 8 twelve boys from the training ship Amokura have completed their service, and have been drafted into the Royal Navy and mercantile marine. H. O. Stone, T. H. Swinbourne, E. N. Magnusson, T. W. Patton, and S. E. Cole have joined H.M.S. Pioneer as boys, and will serve for eight years. Several others have joined various coastal and intercolonial steamers as ordinary seamen and boys. The following eight have joined the vessel: J. V. Watt, Timaru; H. C. Bray, Puaha, Canterbury; A. M. B. McKnzie, Nelson; A. W. Westrupp, Nelson; E. S. Tunn, Gisborne; E. L. Maney, Hastings; A C. Rawlings, Ashburton; and R. W. Widge, Wellington.
Evening Post, 18 May 1918, Page 7
Rifleman H. C. Bray, 26/1087, N.Z.R.B., has been transferred from the N.Z.E.F. to the Australian Navy.
Vol. 5: New Zealanders in Australian Expeditionary
Nominal Roll of New Zealanders serving with the Australian Expeditionary Forces - 1915
Adamson, Henry 3rd Batt. Inf. Adam Adamson, (father) Waimate Caird, William 8th Batt. Inf. Miss A.J.S. Caird, Southburn, Timaru Chamberlain, Cyril Percy 4th Inf. R. T Chamberlain (father) Waimate, Canterbury Clarke, Frank George 20th Batt. Inf. F.W. Clarke (father) Harbour Board, Timaru Connell, Frank 10th Batt. Inf. J. Connell, Temuka Dale, Hugh 10th A.S.C. J. Armstrong Timaru Gabites, Eric Briggs 9th Batt. Inf. Mrs M. Gabites, North Street, Timaru Gibb, William (1890-1960) 1st F.C. Eng. Mrs J Gibb (mother) 33 Dee Street, Timaru Gilchrist, William Henry Tropical Ex. E.M. Gilchrist (niece) Waimate, South Canterbury Glanville, Ronald Belfield 8th Batt. Inf. W.J. Glanville, Pareora West, via Timaru Hosie, William 6th Inf. R. G. Hoise (father) Timaru Keane, Joseph 11th L.H. Regt. J. Keane (father) Timaru Langrish, Sydney Bernard 2nd I.H.R. S.E. Langrish Clive Street Timaru Logan, George Hewish 2nd Batt. Inf. J. Logan Wilson Street Timaru McIntyre, William 6th Batt. Inf. Mrs McIntyre (mother) Pleasant Point South Canterbury McLeod John Duncan 9th Inf. R Mrs Johnina Mcleod 79 Theodocia Street, Timaru. His diary is online McWhinney George 16th Batt. Inf. Mrs A.E. Walsh Timaru Miller Leonard William 3rd Batt. Inf. R. Miller High Street Waimate Moore, Llewellyn 2nd Batt. Inf. D. Moore (father) care of Gas Company, Temuka Pelvin Bruce 9th Inf. R. A. Pelvin (father) Mill Road, Waimate Primmer, John Foster 17th A.S.C. R. Mrs H. Hewson, Geraldine, Canterbury Nelson, David Arthur 3rd L.H. Regt. W. Nelson (father) Bell Street Waimate Richards, Edward Sydney 25th Batt. Inf. J.D.C. Richards (father) Otipua Road, Timaru Shears Thomas Edward 1st F.A.B. 2nd Batt. S. Shears (father) Stafford Street Timaru Watson, Lesile Arnold 3rd Batt. Inf. Mrs W. Tomlin, Willowbridge South Canterbury Watt, Joseph Wiliam 1st Inf. R. J Watt (father) Timaru Wilson, Frank 18th Batt. Inf. Mrs Wilson (mother) Gibson Street Timaru
Anzac Day, is a very special day in Australia and New Zealand. Across the Tasman, the Gallipoli campaign is credited as being the birthplace of a nation. It is recognised as the time a fledgling country stood up to be counted on the world stage.
The Band Played Waltzing Matilda words
BARBER, Serjt. Hugh James Frederick, 4656, M.M. 28th Bn. Australian Inf. Killed in action 30th Aug., 1918. Age 37. Son of Robert F. and Rhoda J. Barber, of Lawler St., South Perth, Western Australia. Born at Timaru, NZ. A draftsman. Memorial Panel: 112 Cemetery or Memorial Details: France 511 Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension. Place of Enlistment: South Perth, WA .
BARBER, 2nd Lt. Ralph Evan. 28th Bn. AIF. 18th Nov., 1916. Age 28. Son of Robert Frederick and Rhoda Jeanetta Barber, of Lawler St., South Perth, Western Australia. Born at Timaru, NZ. Memorial Panel: 112 Cemetery or Memorial Details: 26 Villers Bretonneux-France. Place of Enlistment: South Perth, WA.
BRITTENDEN, Pte. Fred Stephen, 1894. 27th Bn. AIF 4th Aug., 1916. Age 26. Son of Frederick and Louisa Brittenden, of 28, Carnarvon St., East Brunswick, Victoria. Born at Timaru, NZ. A clerk. Memorial Panel: 109 Cemetery or Memorial Details: 26 Villers Bretonneux-France. Place of Enlistment: Brunswick, VIC. POE Keswick SA. NOK (F) = father Brittenden Fred
CHAMBERLAIN, Pte. Cyril, 1481. 4th Battalion A I F . 22nd/27th July, 1916 Poziers, France. Age 29. Son of Thomas and Clara Chamberlain. Born at Waimate. Attended the Waimate District School. Sister. C.L. Mathews, Otahuhu, Auckland. Memorial Panel: 39. Cemetery or Memorial Details: 26 Villers Bretonneux-France. Place Of Enlistment: Sydney, NSW.
CROPLEY, Private Edward Fox 6/2350 Canterbury Regiment New Zealand Military Forces. Died 5 Feb. 1919 Cemetery or Memorial Details: NZ Waimate Cemetery. Plot 452. (C. of E. Portion) S/o William and Sara Cropley (nee Fox); husband of Emily Jane Cropley, of 51 Holmwood Rd., Fendalton, Christchurch. Born in Sydney, Australia. Served in Egypt, 1915, and at Gallipoli.
COPPIN, Serjt. James Herdman, at first 1333, at time of death with the 1408, 1st Bn. Australian Inf. Died of wounds 23rd Aug., 1918 at the 55th Casualty Clearing Station. Age 24. Son of James and Grace Coppin, of 5, Parkhill Avenue, Mornington, Dunedin, New Zealand. Born Geraldine, Canterbury, New Zealand. Attended school at Petone, Wellington. He left NZ at age 18. He was a Government employee. Memorial Panel: 28 Cemetery or Memorial Details: France 119 Daours Communal Cemetery Extension. Place of Enlistment: Sydney, NSW. His brother John was killed June 15th 1915 at age 25 at Gallipoli (NZ Forces) NOK. Mrs George Joyice (sister) Sydney.
DELANEY, Private, John, 5127. 49th Bn. Australian Infantry, A.I.F. Killed in action 11th October 1917. Age 35. (served as M. MURPHY). Son of Mr. W. and Mrs. C. Delaney. Born at Waimate, NZ. XIII.C.17. Memorial Panel: 148. Buried: Belgium 123 Passchendaele New British Cemetery. Place of Enlistment: Brisbane, QLD.
Passchendaele was the scene a military worst disaster when, on October 12, 1917, New Zealand soldiers suffered 3000 casualties, including 1100 deaths. The Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing in Belgian Flanders is a semi-circular flint wall, 14ft high, and about, 500ft long, with three apses. The names of those who have no known graves are carved on panels of Portland Stone ; the central apse forms the New Zealand Memorial, and bears the names of 1,179 officers and men who fell in October 1917; the wall and the two flanking apses carry the names of dead from the UK who fell between the 15th August 1917 and the Armistice. 4 km after passing the New Zealand Memorial is the New British Cemetery was made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields of Passchendaele and Langemarck.
FOLEY, Michael Vincent (served as William HOSKINS), Pte. Michael Vincent, 1756. 2nd Bn. Killed in action 7th/14th Aug., 1915. Age 24. Son of John and Nora Foley; husband of Catherine Foley, of Queen St., Waimate, New Zealand. Memorial Panel: 32. Cemetery or Memorial Details: 6 Lone Pine Memorial. Place of Enlistment: Sydney, NSW.
GABITES, Pte. Eric Briggs, 622. 9th Bn. Inf. Killed in action 28th June, 1915, age 24 years and 6 months. Born at Timaru. s/o Arthur and Margaret Gabites, of Le Cren St., Timaru, NZ. Had relatives in Fairlie. Attended Marist Bros. Was in the Territorials. He was on the Southland when it got wrecked. Memorial Panel: 56 Cemetery or Memorial Details: Gallipoli 22 Shell Green Cemetery. Place of Enlistment: Prairie, QLD .
GIBBON, Trooper Harold, 850. 11th Australian Light Horse. Killed in action 7th Aug., 1916 at Romanmi-Sinai Peninsula.. Age 26. Son of Edward Harvey Gibbon and Alice Eliza Gibbon, of King St., Shaftston Avenue, Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, Queensland. Was an Assistant surveyor. Native of Waimate, Canterbury, New Zealand. Memorial Panel: 8 Cemetery or Memorial Details: 34 Jerusalem Memorial Palestine. Place Of Enlistment: Brisbane, QLD
GLANVILLE, Lt. Roland Belfield, M. C. 8th Bn. Australian Inf. Killed in action 4th Oct., 1917. Age 25. Son of William John and Edith Annie Glanville, of Pareora, West Timaru, New Zealand. III. B. 27. Glanville, Roland Belfield MC. Memorial Panel: 53 Cemetery or Memorial Details: Belgium 128 Dochy Farm New British Cemetery. Place of Enlistment: Geelong, VIC. NOK Glanville W J
HILL, Private, Jacob Benjamin, 4718. 25th Bn Australian Inf. A.I.F. Killed in action in France. 14 Nov. 1916. Age 42. Born Timaru. Son of Jacob and Alice Hill, Claremont. Attended Main School, Timaru. He was a grocer and a volunteer in the Timaru City Rifles and went to Australia at age 37 years. Memorial Panel: 104. Buried France 385 Warlencourt British Cemetery. Place of Enlistment: Brisbane, QLD
Jacob Benjamin Hill, Service No. 4718. Photograph appears on p. 26 of The Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to the Queenslander, 8 September, 1917. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.
HINSON, Captain Heber Basil 18221 Canterbury Mounted Rifles NZEF Died of wounds 30 Mar.1918 at age 24. Cemetery or Memorial Details: Syria. Damascus British War Cemetery. C. 115 S/o Stanley and Amy Hinson, of Pleasant Point, NZ. Graduate of the Military College, Duntroon, Australia
HOPKINS, Private Leslie Garey MM Service #: 3/1774 Unit: No 3 Field Ambulance New Zealand Medical Corps. New Zealand Military Forces. Killed in action 12 Oct.1917 at age 26. Cemetery or Memorial Details: Belgium 96. New Irish Farm Cemetery, St. Jean-Les-Ypres. S/o J.S. and K.A. Hopkins, of 37 Evans St., Timaru. Born at Sydney, NSW.
HURT, Sapper. Frederic Thomas, 5010. 14th Field Coy. Australian Engineers. Died of wounds 26th Oct, 1917. Son of Fred and Hermina Hurt. Born at Timaru. A draftsman. Memorial Panel: 24 Cemetery or Memorial Details: Belgium 72 Menin Road South Military Cemetery Ypres. Place of Enlistment: Sydney, NSW. Place of Enlistment - Warwick Farm NSW.
LEE, Pte. Walter Ashton, 3656A. 52nd Bn. Australian Inf. Killed in action 24th April, 1918. Age 19 years and 10 months. Son of Walter and Bertha Lee, of Pampas, Queensland, Australia. Born at Temuka. Left NZ at age 10. Occupation: Grocer and drapers assistant. Memorial Panel: 155 Cemetery or Memorial Details: France 144 Adelaide Cemetery Villers-Bretonneux Place of Enlistment: Brookstead, QLD. Australian Red Cross Society Wounded and Missing file
Walter Ashton Lee, Service No. 3656. Photograph appears on p. 23 of The Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to the Queenslander, 1 July, 1916 John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland
Temuka Leader 30 May 1918 Page 3
Mrs E. Lee, Temuka, has received word that her grandson, Ashton Lee, son of Walter Lee, Toowoomba, Brookstead, Queensland, was killed in action in France, on the 24th April. Private Lee enlisted with the Australian Forces, and was only one week in France. He was an old Temuka boy, educated at the Temuka District High School. Private Lee was an only son, and barely 20 years old at the time of his death.
LEE, Pte. Leonidas, 7169. 25th Bn. Australian Inf. Killed in action 2nd Sept., 1918. Age 23. Son of Joseph and Annis Elizabeth Lee. Born at Temuka. Memorial Panel: 105. Cemetery or Memorial Details: France 511 Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension. Place of Enlistment: Brookstead, QLD
LOGAN, Pte. George Hewish, 528. 2nd Bn. AIF. Killed in action 8th Aug., 1915 at Tubra Bay, Gallipoli age 24. Born Timaru s/o John and Mary Jane Logan. No. 6 Wilson St, Timaru. He attended Main School, Timaru. Sister is Rachel. He was a painter & paper hanger. Went to Australia at age 23. Memorial Panel: 33. Buried 6 Lone Pine Memorial. Place of Enlistment: Randwick, NSW.
MATHIESON, Private Colin Charles 29823 1st Battalion Otago Regiment NZEF. Died of wounds 12 Oct. 1918 at age 26. Cemetery or Memorial Details: Surrey, Brookwood Military Cemetery. Youngest son of Mrs A. and the late Mr A. Mathieson, of Ararat, VIC, Australia; husband of Margaret Ethel O. Mathieson, of 49 Catherine St., Timaru, New Zealand
McAULEY, Private John Alexander 6/1648 Unit: Canterbury Regiment NZEF. Died of dysentery at sea
26 June 1915. Cemetery or Memorial Details: Greece, East Mudros Military Cemetery, Lemnos. Husband of Francisa L. McAuley, of Sydney, NSW, Australia, late of Timaru, New Zealand
MORRISON, Lance Corporal James 7/1870 Canterbury Mounted Rifles NZEF Killed in action 30 March1918 at age 27. Cemetery or Memorial Details: 34. Jerusalem Memorial, Palestine. S/o the late Alexander and Isabella Annie Morrison, of Arno, Waimate, New Zealand. Native of Albury, AUS
PAULING, 2nd Lieutenant Frank William 45037 New Zealand Rifle Brigade. Died 16 Feb.1919 at age 25. Cemetery or Memorial Details: NZ10. Bromley General Cemetery. Block 29. Lot 25. S/o William and Jane Pauling (nee Homewood); husband of Mary Gwendoline Pauling, of Geraldine, South Canterbury Born in Tasmania, Australia. Served on the Western Front.
PELVIN, Cpl. Bruce Fawthrop, Service Number -1996. 9th Battalion, 3rd Bde, 5th Reinforcement, 49th Bn. AIF Killed in action "In the Field" in France near Poziers. 3/9/1916. Place of death or wounding Mouquet Farm, France. Age 25. Son of Alfred and Mary M. Pelvin, of Waimate. Born at Waimate. Attended Waimate and Timaru High School. Left NZ at 23. Age 23 in 1915. 5ft 6¼ in. 10 stone. Chest 34½ - 36½. inches. Place of Enlistment - Toowoomba, QLD. He was single, a Presbyterian, a labourer. Next of Kin - Father, Alfred Pelvin, Mill Road, Waimate. Effects One bank book. Photograph appeared on p. 24 of The Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to the Queenslander, 13 February, 1915 and the photograph appeared on p. 28 of The Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to the Queenslander, 25 November, 1916.
Grandson of the late Colour Sergeant Major Richard Pelvin HM Regiment 51st Pensioners from the Regular British Army. Memorial Panel: 149 Cemetery or Memorial Details: 26 Villers Bretonneux-France. Place of Enlistment: Brisbane, QLD. Bruce Fawthrop Pelvin was son of Alfred Pelvin 1861 - 1921. Alfred was the 4th child of Richard Pelvin. His mother was Mary Robertson nee Bruce 1863 - 1926, dau of James Fawthrop Bruce and Ann Garvey nee Calder, mill owner, Waimate.
[Obituary : Bruce Pelvin. Mr A. Pelvin of Waimate has received word that his second son, Sergeant Bruce Pelvin, 26 years of age has been killed in action in France. Sergeant Pelvin was born in Waimate and was educated at Waimataitai and Timaru Boys High School. He was for some time in the employ of Messrs Beckingham and Co., Timaru (trade cabinet maker) and went afterwards to Australia where he enlisted in the main body. He go away with the 5ths to Egypt and saw service in Gallipoli, where he was wounded. Later he was invalided to Malta with dysentery and fever [ex Maheno, Sept 23, sick AUS Forces 21st Oct 1915] [Disembarked Malta AUS Forces 28th Oct 1915]. At the time of his death he was with the machine gun section. He was well known in Timaru as an athlete and was a member of the Star Football Club. Two of his brothers are at the Front, one older and one younger than himself. Their grandfather, Mr R Pelvin, an early farmer on the Timaru Downs, was a British Army Veteran.]
RICHARDS, Pte. Edward Sydney, Regimental number 214. 25th Bn. Australian Inf. Killed in action 7th Nov., 1915. Age 31. Son of John Deeton Charles and Kate Elizabeth Richards, of Otipua Rd., Timaru. Born in Ashburton., N.Z. Occupation: Sheep farming. Native of New Zealand. Australian War Memorial Panel: 106 Cemetery or Memorial Details: Gallipoli 18 Embarkation Pier Cemetery (Sp. Memorial Row C, No. 39), Gallipoli Turkey. Place of Enlistment: Brisbane, QLD 7 February 1915. Previous military service Nil .Rank on enlistment Private
School Warwick House School and Boys' High School, Christchurch, NZ
Age on arrival in Australia 26, Church of England, Station hand, Single
Address c/o J D C Richards, Otipua Road, Timaru, New Zealand
Next of kin Father, John D C Richards, Otipua Road, Timaru
Unit name 25th Battalion, A Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number 23/42/1 Age at embarkation 30
Embarked from Brisbane on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 29 June 1915
Fate Killed in Action 7 November 1915 Gallipoli, Turkey age 31
Miscellaneous information from cemetery records: Parents; John and Kate RICHARDS, Otipua Road, Timaru, NZ . Native of NZ
Other details War service: Egypt, Gallipoli
Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
TYLER, Private James 6/3494 Canterbury Regiment New Zealand Military Forces. Died 4 Dec. 1919
Cemetery or Memorial Details: NZ Geraldine Cemetery. S/o Mrs Johanna Tyler, of 172 Kerford Rd., Albert Park, VIC, AUS.
WADE, Serjt. William, Regimental number 1021, D.C.M. 4th Div. Signal Coy. Australian Engineers. Died of wounds 21st Oct., 1917. Age 24. Son of Winifred Harnett (formerly Wade), of Gorge Rd., Fairlie, New Zealand. III. L. 37. Memorial Panel: 26. Buried: Belgium 72 Menin Road South Military Cemetery Ypres. Place Of Enlistment: Sydney, NSW.
Place of birth New Zealand
School Marist Brothers (Catholic) School, New Zealand
Age on arrival in Australia 21
Religion Roman Catholic
Address c/o Mrs W Harnett, George Road, Fairlie, New Zealand
Marital status Single
Age at embarkation 21
Next of kin Mother, Mrs W Harnett, George Road, Fairlie, New Zealand
Previous military service Served in the Territorials.
Enlistment date 10 February 1915
Rank on enlistment Sapper
Unit name Signal Troop 4
AWM Embarkation Roll number 22/22/1
Embarkation details Unit embarked from Sydney, NSW, on board HMAT A31 Ajana on 31 May 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll Staff Sergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll 4th Divisional Signal Company
Fate Died of wounds 21 October 1917
Place of death or wounding France, Age at death 24
Place of burial Menin Road Military Cemetery (Plot III, Row L, Grave 37), Ypres, Belgium
Panel number, Roll of Honour, Australian War Memorial 26
Miscellaneous information from Cemetery records Mother: Winifred HARNETT (formerly WADE)
Medals Distinguished Conduct Medal
'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. While repairing cables, the N.C.O. in charge was wounded. He promptly took charge, and, with utter disregard for personal danger, directed their work from crater to crater. He worked his party under continuous shell fire, and completed his task. He maintained these communications for five successive days.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 95. Date: 27 June 1918
Other details War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
Medals: Distinguished Conduct Medal, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
WATT, Pte. Joseph William, 1457. 1st Bn.AIF. Killed in action 17th May, 1915 at Gallipoli. Age 17 years and 10 months. Son of Joseph and Mary Watt, of , Timaru. Attended Gleniti School, Timaru. Left Timaru at age 16 years and 6 months for Naval training. Occupation: Sailor. Memorial Panel: 31 Cemetery or Memorial Details: 6 Lone Pine Memorial. Place of Enlistment: Sydney, Balmain, NSW.
WAGSTAFF, Pte. Arthur, Service Number - 798. 13th Bn. AIF. Killed in action 29th April, 1915, Age 30. Son of Thomas and Beatrice M. Wagstaff. Native of Timaru. New Zealand. 39. Memorial Panel: 71 Cemetery or Memorial Details: 6 Lone Pine Memorial. Place of Enlistment - Rosebery Park NSW. Next of Kin - (Father) WAGSTAFF Thomas
WEDERELL, (served as James RHODES), Lce. Cpl. James Percy, Service Number - 369. 3rd Bn. Killed in action 7th/12th Aug., 1915 at Gallipoli at age 27. Place of Birth - Timaru N.Z. Son of Charles and Maria Wederell; husband of Margaret Wederell, of Shanballa, Rose St., Timaru, New Zealand. Attended Waimate High School became a clerk and left NZ at age 26. Memorial Panel: 38 .l Cemetery or Memorial Details: 6 Lone Pine Memorial. Place of Enlistment: Dubbo, NSW. Next of Kin - (Father) RHODES Robert
WILKES, Pte. William Henry, 4924. 25th Bn. AIF 3rd/4th May, 1917 at Bullicourt. Age 28. Son of William Henry and Helen Wilkes, of Waimate. Attended Waimate District High School and became a wheelwright and was a volunteer in the Waimate Rifles. Memorial Panel: 106. Cemetery or Memorial Details: 26 Villers Bretonneux-France. Place Of Enlistment: Brisbane, QLD.
Henry Wilkes, Service No. 4924 Photograph appears on p. 27 of The Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to the Queenslander, 1 July, 1916. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.
Nameless his grave on a battlefield gory,
marked by a cross over a mound of brown earth;
Died in the pride of his youth and his glory,
far from his home and the land of his birth.
Adamson Henry SERN 564
POB Fairlie N.Z. Age 23 1914. Slaughterman.
POE Sydney NSW
NOK F (father) Adamson Adam, Waimate.
Died in field in France, killed in action 25.7.16. with the 3rd Batt. A.I.F Effects sent to Lucy Adamson, Hook, Waimate. Scarf, note book, watch chain, money belt, card game, shaving brush, pipe bowl, watch case, Depatched per H.M.T. "Ajana in Case No. 21. to Mr Adam Adamson, Waimate. Razor strap, Rosary beads, ring, cigarette cards, photos, letters. Personal effects c/- Mr W.T. Ward, Studholme junction (dated 15/2/1918) ex "Marathon." Signed up as being single. Wife Mrs Margaret Adamson of ?26 Elm Grove ?Hutton, Surrey, England.
Amos Charles SERN 6272
Anderson James Alexander SERN DEPOT
Bacon Linsdell Argo SERN 3248
Beckensall Walter Herbert SERN 190
Binskin Alfred William SERN 2339B
Blundell William Leonard SERN 4921
Brady Frank SERN 1926 54393
Bray George SERN DEPOT POB Timaru N.Z.
Brady, George. (?George Bray) POB Timaru.
Bright Richard SERN 7356 POB Timaru N.Z.
Brewster Knights SERN 58525
Bright Richard SERN 7356
Brown Arthur Scott SERN 5918
Byrne Eugene Gerald SERN 2107
Carew Anthony James SERN 3653
Clarke, Frank George
Collins Francis SERN 4391
Cooke Surtees Semer SERN LIEUTENANT 292
Cox Walter Henry SERN 506
Dart Thomas Frederick SERN 542
Dixon Horace Gerald SERN 8367
Evans Harold SERN DEPOT 26102
Fischer Harry SERN 6623
Fisher Charles SERN 3899
Fitzgerald Joseph Patrick SERN 3641
Franks George SERN Chaplain
Fyfe Charles Marshall SERN N/A
Gabites Eric Briggs SERN 622
Gason Alfred SERN 6810
Gibb William SRN Lieutenant/97
HOSIE William Service Number - 1769
KAY Archibald James : Service Number - 1279 :
Kelly Joseph SERN 2801
KENNEDY William Service Number - 6341
LANE Alfred James Service Number - Depot
LAWSON John Rae Service Number - 816
McGowan John SERN 2272
McKee James Walter Stewart SERN CAPT
McWhinney George SE-Regimental
POB Winchester N.Z. POE Helena Vale WA 21.9.14
Religion: Church of England
Marital status: Single
Age at embarkation: 29
Address: GPO, Fremantle, Western Australia
Next of kin, Sister: Mrs A. E. Walsh, Timaru, New Zealand
Enlistment date: 14 September 1914
Date of Enlistment from Nominal Roll: 21 September 1914
Rank on enlistment: Private
AWM Embarkation Roll number 23/33/1
16th Battalion, C Company A.I.F.
Embarked from Melbourne on board Troopship A40 Ceramic on 22 December 1914
NOK Brother: McWhinney, Richard
Date of Death: 11/04/1917 K.I.A.
Memorial: Villers-Bretonneux Memorial Panel: 80
On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave.
MISSEN Bateman Service Number - 645
Place of Birth - Timaru N.Z.
Place of Enlistment - Melbourne VIC
Next of Kin - (Father) MISSEN Jack
MURPHY Peter Joseph Service Number - 1299
OSHEA John James Service Number - 28917
PERRIMAN Cecil John Service Number - 4753
PETERSON Percy Alexander Service Number - 1999
QUINLAN William John : Service Number - 454 :
SAUNDERS Kenneth Othneil Service Number - 9451
SHAW, Cecil John
Smith Peter [Smith Thomas Peter] SERN 4026
|TEMPLER Francis Darvall Service Number - 570
Place of Birth - Woodbury N.Z.
Place of Enlistment - Lismore NSW
Next of Kin - (Mother) TEMPLER Ada
Thomas Henry SERN 565
POB Waimate N.Z. POE Liverpool NSW
NOK B Thomas James
Thomson Matthew Henry SERN 3260
THICKINS John David : [Aka SMITH David]
: Service Number - 1743:
TROUSSELOT HENRY EDWARD : Service Number - T318
WHITAKER Frederick Alfred : Service Number - 616 :
Wilson Frank SERN 1310
Wilson John Foley SERN LIEUT 7607
Ziesler Charles SERN 3961
Francis Darvall Templer, Private 570, 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, A.I.F., "A" Squadron. Joined 25 August 1914 in Lismore, N.S.W. for the duration of the war and 4 months thereafter. Born near Woodbury. Age 23 years and 6 months, a farmer. Attended Christchurch Boys' High School, NZ. Father: Edward Templer. Resigned from the New Zealand Mounted Rifles after two years. Unit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board Transport A15 Star Of England on 24 September 1914. Died of gunshot wounds to abdomen received in action on 22nd October 1915, Gallipoli Peninsula on board H.M.H.S. "Nevasa." Burial at sea on 23rd October, 1915 five miles south of Imbros. Chaplain, R.M. Cole-Hamilton. He was 5ft 9½ inches, 9st 9lbs, complexion dark. Religious denomination C of E. Father died on 11th October 1916. Mother - Mrs Ada Templer, Geraldine, Sth. Canterbury, New Zealand. Mother received the British War Medal No. 726, the 1914/1915 Star No. 3233 , The Victory medal No. 683 as one of the mementos of gallant service rendered by your son. Effects of deceased: Disc, pipe, letters, coin, key chain, curio, wristlet watch, match box, 2 badges. Memorial Scroll sent 27.1.1923 with the Memorial plaque and a little pamphlet entitled "Where the Australians Rest." Lone Pine Memorial, Panel 2. Brother A. W. Templer Warendah, Walgett, N.S.W.
F.D Templer, photograph appears on p. 26 of The Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to the Queenslander, 3 October, 1914. John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.
Timaru Herald, 24 November 1917, Page 7
The following Canterbury names appear in an Australian casualty list:
Gledlhill, T. (Mrs C. Gledhill, Timaru).
Meikle, T. (A. Meikle, Timaru).
Wright B. (Mrs T. Wright, Christchurch).
Mr P. Wareing, Milford, has received advice that his son, Private J. Wareing, of the 17th Reinforcements, when was wounded in France and admitted to Walton-on-Thames hospital on October 13, suffering from wounds in right elbow, is improving. The names of Private T. Gledhill and Private T. Meikle both of Timaru, appear in an Australian casualty list published above. These two soldiers were well known in Timaru before the war broke out. When war was declared they were in Australia. They enlisted together, and left for the front with the early Australian Reinforcements. Both have seen a good deal of fighting and had been continually together up to the time they were wounded.
No. 2626. William George Hilton born in Timaru.
Age 27. Enlisted 4 Sept. 1915. Private.
6th Rein. 19 Batt. AIF
Married. Lived in Sydney.
Timaru Herald, 4 April 1917, Page 9
A TIMARU BOY WITH THE AUSTRALIANS
The following letter has been received by Mr George Hilton, of Timaru, from his son, Private Will Hilton, who left Australia for the Front with the
Fifth Australian Infantry. He writes from a military hospital in London:— .
"Just a few lines to let you know that I am getting better. I have been in hospital for nearly three weeks now, suffering from a severe attack of pleurisy. I got it just after the New Year. The last time we were in the trenches we got wet through and had wet clothes on for nearly three weeks. We spent Christmas and New Year in the lines, and it was very cold, rain and snow galore Christmas dinner consisted of bully, beef and biscuits. We got our puddings and cakes when we came out as it was not possible to get them to the lines, as the rations had to be sent over at night time—a very risky job indeed. Our battalion has suffered awfully. There are only thirty seven of us left. The battalion was 900 strong when we started, and we have gone through close on 4000 men, so it will give you a bit of an idea how we have been slopped up. We had one charge in which we lost over 300 men. 'Trench feet' is playing up with the men, some of whom get awful feet swollen up and they burst. I believe a lot have lost their legs through it. You can form no idea what it is like in France, Talk about mud, most of the time it is over your knees, and we had to cut the bottoms of our overcoats to get through it, as you stick like glue, and have to be careful of shell holes, or you will go over your neck.
''The place we were at last was Bapaume. We were also at Posieres. That's where we suffered. It was simply murder there, each one waiting for his turn to be knocked out, but I am lucky. I lost most of my mates there, burying them was almost impossible. The ground is simply covered with dead, a dreadful sight. They say the dead have rest but one day I saw a poor fellow blown out of his grave. We buried him again, and put up a cross bearing the words: "Here lies a soldier of the King." Some crosses have on them: ''Somebody's Darling at Rest," and there are various other inscriptions. They have not been identified, so, it is the only thing that can be done. Where ever you turn you see graves. "I could not write about these things before, as the censor would not pass it. I don't want to see France any more. Eleven months were enough for me. We are never in touch with the New Zealand boys. The hospital is a fine one, and very large. I got there it seemed like heaven after being in the cold tents. All my parcels must have been sent to the bottom, as I have not received one."
World War Two Nominal Roll website In the Second World War all those who served in the AIF, officers and men and women, were given a discrete number that did not change, with one or two signifying letters: N for New South Wales, V for Victoria etc, and X for a volunteer for overseas service. The lack of an X that the recipient was in the local militia. Their service medals were impressed officially and in many cases the stars are as well.
There is nothing stronger than the heart of a volunteer.
ADAMS, FRANCIS LLOYD
Service Australian Army
Service Number NX202752
DOB 22 May 1925
Place of Birth FAIRLEY, NZ
Date of Enlistment 3 Dec 1943
Locality on Enlistment RANDWICK, NSW
Place of Enlistment PADDINGTON, NSW
Next of Kin ADAMS, ALICE
Date of Discharge 2 Dec 1946
Posting at Discharge 2/9 AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY BATTALION
Name ADAMS, ALFRED GEORGE
Service Australian Army
Service Number N279113
DOB 26 Jul 1923
Place of Birth FAIRLEIGH, NZ
Date of Enlistment 19 Aug 1941
Locality on Enlistment RANDWICK, NSW
Place of Enlistment PADDINGTON, NSW
Next of Kin ADAMS, ALICE
Date of Discharge 18 Feb 1946
Posting at Discharge 32 A W COY
ALLEN FREDRICK GEORGE Service Number - NX31611
ALLEN LESTER EDWIN Service Number - V63114
ARBER RODNEY NEWELL Service Number - NX32950
Name ARONSEN, ROLF BASIL Service Royal Australian Air Force Service Number O12651 (434360) Date of Birth 1 Jan 1922 Place of Birth WANGANUI, NZ Date of Enlistment 13 Nov 1942 Locality on Enlistment TIMARU, NZ Place of Enlistment BRISBANE, QLD Next of Kin ARONSEN, FREDERICK Date of Discharge 6 Feb 1947 Rank Flight Lieutenant Posting at Discharge EASTERN AREA HEADQUARTERS
BARTLETT JAMES Service Number - SX9288
BENTLEY KEITH ALAN Service Number - 167306
BOWRON ROBIN OVERTON
CAMERON KENNETH : Service Number - 32873 :
CLARKSON ANDREW Service Number - Q187497
COLLINS WILLIAM ANDREW Service Number - VX82147
COX BARRY DESMOND : Service Number - R53272
DOW ERNEST HAROLD Service Number - QX45738
DAWSON PAUL FREDERICK Service Number - N20170
DINES WILLIAM : Service Number - 270
DONCON EDWARD TIMARU : Service Number - WX30916 :
DIXON, HORACE GERALD
ELLIS WILLIAM HENRY Service Number - 126172
FENNELL ALLAN Timaru
FERGUSON, THOMAS CARLYLE
GLENNON JOHN JOSEPH Service Number - V144560
GRAHAM LEWIS Service Number - NX39252
HAMMOND EDWARD THOMAS Service Number - N366247
HAMILTON JAMES FAIRLIE
Service Number - N468640
Name HAMILTON, BRUCE GARLAND Service Australian Army Service Number NX68189 Date of Birth 1 Dec 1904 Place of Birth South Canterbury, NZ Date of Enlistment 10 Feb 1941 Locality on Enlistment ROCKHAMPTON, NSW Place of Enlistment PADDINGTON, NSW Next of Kin HAMILTON, NESTA Date of Discharge 19 Feb 1946 Rank Lieutenant Posting at Discharge A A M C (MISCELL)
HAMILTON NORMAN LESTER Service Number - NX78616
HASSELL SYDNEY : Service Number - V260632 :
HOULIHAN CORNELIUS JOSEPH PATRICK Service No. - NX206793
JOHNSON WILLIAM GORDON Service Number - NGX129
KAY ARCHIBALD JAMES : Service Number - V16539
KILBORN CYRIL ERNEST Service Number - V354743
LANGRISH SYDNEY BARNARD Service Number - Q59902
LAUGER GORDON HUGH Service Number - 18231 Date of Birth - 10 Oct
LEAN LESLIE THOMAS Service Number - N347299
LECREN GEOFFERY KERR Service Number - 165384
Service Number - QX31841
LEE, SIDNEY Service Number Q225254
LEWIS CHARLES ALFRED Service Number - N468185
Name LINDSAY, WILLIAM JOSEPH Service Australian Army Service Number NX48884 Date of Birth 26 Aug 1921 Place of Birth TIMARIM, N.Z. Date of Enlistment 7 Oct 1941 Locality on Enlistment PORT KEMBLA, NSW Place of Enlistment PADDINGTON, NSW Next of Kin LINDSAY, PATRICK Date of Discharge 21 Mar 1946 Rank Sergeant Posting at Discharge 35 H A/A BTY
LINDSAY, ROBERT LOYD NX55729
McKENZIE LYALL LAURANCE Service Number - NX32545
McKEOWN GORDON ALAN Service Number - V265772
McMASTER CHRISTINA HELEN Service Number - NF454900
MANN CECIL Service Number - VX124315
MARLIN JOHN FRANCIS
Service Number - NX55867
MARTIN THOMAS GREGORY Service Number - NX40074
MORRIS Timaru HARRY Service Number - 44934
MURPHY TIMOTHY Service Number - N71736
PATERSON ANDREW GREY Service Number - N241607
PELVIN HAROLD JAMES Service Number - SX38622
PICKERING THOMAS JOHN Service Number - 127534
RAE COLIN DUNDAS Service Number - NX12851
RAWLINGS ERIC CHARLES Service Number - 52965
RAE COLIN DUNDAS Service Number - NX12851
RUTTER MILLER GEORGE : Service Number - WX3714
Name RUTTER, VERNON ERNEST Service Australian Army Service Number QX32525 Date of Birth 4 Jul 1917 Place of Birth TIMAROO, NZ Date of Enlistment 26 May 1942 Locality on Enlistment IRON RANGE, QLD Place of Enlistment BRISBANE, QLD Next of Kin RUTTER, ERNEST Date of Discharge 18 Apr 1946 Rank Lance Corporal Posting at Discharge 2/7 Australian Infantry Battalion Name RUSSELL, JAMES URE Service Australian Army Service Number NX6608 Date of Birth 24 Nov 1902 Place of Birth TIMERA, NZ Date of Enlistment 5 May 1941 Locality on Enlistment LIMPINWOOD, NSW Place of Enlistment PADDINGTON, NSW Next of Kin RUSSELL, AMY Date of Discharge 29 Apr 1944 Rank Private Posting at Discharge 2/2 Aust. Headquarters Guard Batt Name RUSSELL, JAMES URE Service Australian Army Service Number NX46133 Date of Birth 24 Nov 1900 Place of Birth TIMAROO, NZ Date of Enlistment 2 Jul 1940 Locality on Enlistment LIMPINWOOD, NSW Place of Enlistment NEWCASTLE, NSW Next of Kin RUSSELL, AMY Date of Discharge 18 Dec 1940 Rank Gunner Posting at Discharge 4 BN R R
SALVESON COLIN SINCLAIR Service Number - 450529
SAPWELL Robert Lyall : Service Number - 5817
SCHOFIELD REGINALD ROWLAND ARTHUR Service Number - N346346
SMIDDY GREGORY WILLIAM Service Number - 60686
SMITH ALBERT ROBERT Service Number - QX11275
SMITH ERIC VIVIAN Service Number - VX102697
TATE WILLIAM GORDON Service Number - 71719
TAYLOR WILLIAM LAURENCE Service Number - 134105
Name TURNER, STANLEY Service Australian Army Service Number N279168 Date of Birth 14 Mar 1895 Place of Birth TIMURU, NZ Date of Enlistment 19 Aug 1941 Locality on Enlistment BECKOM, NSW Place of Enlistment PADDINGTON, NSW Next of Kin TURNER, NANCY Date of Discharge 10 Jun 1944 Rank Private Posting at Discharge AUSTRALIAN ARMY CATERING CORPS
TUTTY GORDON HENRY Service Number - SX33099
WAIN PETER SCOTT Service Number - 134159
WEIR FRANK ALEXANDER : Service Number - N278910
WHITTY THOMAS GERALD Service Number - 8237
WILSON EDWARD Service Number - N70612
WILSON ROBERT HENRY : Service Number - Z48644:
WHITE JOAN MARGARET Service Number - 108764
Name WORTHINGTON, ARTHUR THOMAS Service Australian Army Service Number V166326 Date of Birth 13 May 1903 Place of Birth TIMAREE, N.Z. Date of Enlistment 1 Mar 1942 Locality on Enlistment COLAC, VIC Place of Enlistment GEELONG, VIC Next of Kin WORTHINGTON, WINIFRED Date of Discharge 22 Jan 1945 Rank Private Posting at Discharge 6 Battalion
Wives, mothers and sweethearts also suffered agonies in wartime. Wives or mothers who got letters from their boys and the next thing was they got news of them being killed. We forget sometimes about the suffering they went through. "Every ANZAC day I cannot forget Mrs Annie Whitelaw, in the Briagolong Cemetery. Her headstone reads: In grateful Remembrance of Annie Whitelaw, who died 5th April 1927 aged 64 years. The Mother of six sons who served in the Great War 1914-1919, four of whom, Bob, Ken, Ivan and Angus, paid the Supreme Sacrifice. Happy is she who can die with the thought that in the hour of her country's greatest need, she gave her utmost. I think Ken was the 16 years old who survived Gallipoli, and died aged 18 in France. She had a seventh son, who never married. He was too young to enlist, and looked after the widow of one of his brothers to the end of his life. There is still a remnant of the blind above the Honour Board in the Briagolong Mechanics' Institute, where her six sons are listed. It was always covered in her presence, as it distressed her so. Let us also think of all the other Annie Whitelaws, who lost sons in war." Posted Fri, 24 Apr 1998 by Linda to the GENANZ RootsWeb list
Mr A.B. Facey's autobiography 'A Fortunate Life' is well worth reading as he was at Gallipoli.
Summary by Place Name Service Number DOB Place of Birth Service BENTLEY KEITH ALAN 167306 6 Apr 1926 Timaru N.Z. RAAF BOWRON ROBIN OVERTON Unknown 15 Nov 1920 Timaru N.Z. RAAF CAMERON KENNETH 32873 23 Dec 1905 Temuka N.Z. RAAF CREMIN JOHN JOSEPH 145035 8 Oct 1917 Timaru N.Z. RAAF ELLIS WILLIAM HENRY 126172 9 Sep 1909 Timaru N.Z. RAAF HORTON CHARLES ERNEST 65817 18 Dec 1909 Timaru N.Z. RAAF LAUGER GORDON HUGH 18231 10 Oct 1898 Timaru N.Z. RAAF LECREN GEOFFERY KERR 165384 10 Mar 1903 Timaru N.Z. RAAF NELSON JOHN PATRICK 24600 27 Nov 1918 Waimate N.Z. RAAF MONTGOMERY ALAN YALDEN 255938 22 May 1902 Geraldine NZ RAAF PICKERING THOMAS JOHN 127534 31 Aug 1913 Fairlie NZ. RAAF RAWLINGS ERIC CHARLES 52965 11 Feb 1909 Timaru N.Z. RAAF SALVESON COLIN SINCLAIR 450529 5 Jan 1927 Timaru N.Z. RAAF SMIDDY GREGORY WILLIAM 60686 15 Oct 1910 Temuka N.Z. RAAF TATE WILLIAM GORDON 71719 28 Dec 1899 Timaru N.Z. RAAF TAYLOR Wm LAURENCE 134105 24 Jan 1906 Timaru N.Z. RAAF WAIN PETER SCOTT 134159 10 Feb 1914 Waimate N.Z. RAAF WHITE JOAN MARGARET 108764 29 Dec 1924 Waimate N.Z. RAAF DINES WILLIAM 270 29 Jan 1891 Waimate N.Z. RAN SINCLAIR Hector Montrose B/2544 21 Mar 1917 Orari N.Z. RAN
Where the Australians Rest : a description of many of the cemeteries overseas in which Australians, including those whose names can never now be known, are buried / prepared under instructions from the Minister of State for Defence (Senator G.F. Pearce). [Melbourne : Govt. Printer], Monograph, 1920. 72 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. Australia. Dept. of Defence
The Lone Pine Commonwealth Memorial and Cemetery at Lone Pine.
When a man enlisted in the AIF in WW1 he was given a regimental number. Officers and nurses did not have regimental numbers.
Captain Alfred John Shout was born in NZ but served in the AIF
Regt: 1st Bn. Australian Infantry, AIF Date of Death: 11/08/1915 Age: 33 Awards: VC, MC Add. info: Born 8th August 1882 in Wellington, NZ. Private education. Age: On arrival in Australia 23 Religion: Church of England Previous Exp.: Fought in the Boer War. Mentioned in Despatches, made Queen's Sergeant. Border Horse 1900-2. (Sgt)Field Artillery 1903/7 (Sgt) 29th Inf. 1907/14 Lieut. (still in service) Occupation: Carpenter and joiner. Next of Kin: Wife -SHOUT Rose Alice Child: Florence Agnes Maud Shout 27.8.1914 Appointed 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Battalion, Sydney 18 Oct. 1914 Embarked for active service aboard A 19 "Afric" on 18 Oct. 1914 1 Feb. 1915 Promoted to Lieut 1/12/15 9 May 1915 Wounded in Action. Mention in Despatches. 1 June 1915 Awarded Military Cross 29 July 1915 Promoted Captain 11 Aug. 1915 Died in action 15 Oct. 1915 Awarded Victoria Cross
July 25 2006. A piece of Australia's military history has gone under the hammer in Sydney this evening, setting a world record. The nation's last privately-owned Gallipoli Victoria Cross sold for $1AUS million, plus the buyer's premium. It had been posthumously awarded to Captain Alfred Shout, who fought at Gallipoli during World War I. The Shout VC was bought by Australian media magnet Kerry Stokes, in collaboration with the Return Services League, who plan to display the Victoria Cross medal group in the Australian War Memorial in Canberra. The Australian War Memorial, has a collection of 61 VCs – including 59 of 96 awarded to Australians – was highly desirable, valuable and portable. The war memorial's VC collection was very well looked after and appropriate precautions against theft had been taken.
(The London Gazette: 15th October 1915) Victoria Cross
Citation: -For most conspicuous bravery at Lone Pine Trenches, in the Gallipoli Peninsula. On the morning of the 9th August, 1915, with a very small party, Captain Shout charged down trenches strongly occupied by the enemy, and personally threw four bombs among them, killing eight and routing the remainder. In the afternoon of the same day, from the position gained in the morning, he captured a further length of trench under similar conditions and continued personally to bomb the enemy at close range, under very heavy fire, until he was severely wounded, losing his right hand and left eye. This most gallant officer has since succumbed to his injuries.
(The London Gazette: 3rd July) Military Cross
On 27th April 1915, during operations near Gaba Tepe, for showing conspicuous courage and ability in organising and leading his men in a thick bushy country, under very heavy fire. He frequently had to expose himself to locate the enemy, and led a bayonet charge at a critical moment.
Anzac, 19 Oct. 1915
"Shout was a magnificent fellow, I knew him well, and his death was a great blow" I.G. Martin
Holders of the Victoria Cross in NZ As of 2006 19 families had given or lent Victoria Crosses to New Zealand museums, seeking nothing in return. Victoria Crosses are valuable pieces of military memorabilia and are likely to fall under the Antiquities Act, which allows the Government to bar the export of historically, culturally or scientifically significant items. There are only 1353 VCs ever made since 1856 for the entire British Commonwealth, and of that there are only three double VCs. Upham
Capt HARDHAM, 4th Contingent, earned his V.C. during the Boer War : On January 28, 1901, near Naauwpoort, when, as a non-commissioned officer, he was with a section which was extended and hotly engaged with a party of about 20 Boers. Just before the force commenced to retire a trooper named McCRAE was wounded and his horse killed. Captain Hardham, who was at the time a farrier-major, at once went - under heavy fire - to his assistance, dismounted and placed him on his own horse and ran alongside until he had guided him to a place of safety. [AWN 10.02.1916] Served with distinction at Gallipoli where he was severely wounded.
Extracted from London Gazette No 27347 dated 20th August 1901
HARDHAM WJ, Farrier Major 4th Contingent. Bravery in rescue at Cyferfontein.
The Times, Saturday, May 12, 1945 Buckingham Palace, May 11
The King held an Investiture this morning, at which His Majesty decorated the following with the Victoria Cross:-
Sergeant Hilton, New Zealand Military Forces.
During the fighting in Greece on the night of April 28, 1941, a column of German armoured cars, guns and mortars entered Kalamai and converged rapidly on a large force of British and New Zealand troops awaiting embarkation on the beach. The order to retreat to cover was given, but Sergeant Hinton, ignoring this order, rushed up to the nearest gun and hurling two grenades, completely wiped out the crew. He then came on with the bayonet followed by a crowd of New Zealanders and dealt with German troops who had retreated into two houses. They held the guns until attacked by an overwhelming force when Sergeant Hinton fell wounded and was taken prisoner.
Poverty Bay Herald, 15 February 1915, Page 7
Northward up to Antwerp, southward from Liege,
The smoke is blacking out the stars, the fires of battle rage.
The frightened birds wheel overhead as bomb and shrapnell fall,
But high above the booming gums there rings a clarion call.
Cooee ! Cooee ! The Mother Country's calling,
Cooee ! Cooee ! Her sons shall make reply ;
The children of the free, from sea to surging sea,
Shall hear the call, They'll stand or fall, Prepared to do or die.
Forget our tale of party strife, forget our varied creeds ;
Perhaps we've wrangled over words, we stand as one in deeds:
Divided in her time of peace, when first the bugles blare,
Her enemies begin to learn the Empire stands four-square.
Cooee ! Cooee ! etc.
It is not ours to rule the fate which God may hold in store,
But let us stand to meet it, as our fathers stood of yore ;
Our sword is loosened in its sheath— go tell the Motherland
Her sons have girt their armor on, their help is close at hand.
Cooee ! Cooee ! etc.
Poppies, at the Dardanelles, April 2015, it was spring time. The official symbol for the Anzac Day commemorations in Turkey is a ‘Gallipoli Rose’ backed by a sprig of rosemary. Yes you can still see the trenches, no doubt they are not all still there due to erosion and weather, but definitely still some, overgrown with spring grass in April 2015, Helen J. Clarke.
The Australian Memorial located at the Pukeahu National War Memorial Park, Wellington, NZ is immediately opposite and facing the New Zealand National War Memorial Carillon. The intervening public space is named Anzac Square. The design features fifteen columns of rugged red sandstone blocks, symbolic of the ‘red centre’ of Australia, set in sandstone and basalt paving representing the close ties of the two nations. Inset to the columns are panels of reflective black granite. The panel in the central column is inscribed with the word ‘ANZAC’. Seven more columns bear the names of the principal theatres and operations in which Australian and New Zealand forces served alongside one another. The remaining seven columns feature artwork of the first peoples of Australia and New Zealand. The columns are six metres high and are each made up of 10 rough hewn sandstone blocks each cored by a steel column. In total, the Australian Memorial comprises approximately 300 tonnes of stone, set among Red Flowering Yellow Gums, Eucalyptus leucoxylon ‘Rosea’. When mature, they will be about 10 metres high. The Australian Memorial was formally dedicated in a public ceremony on the morning of 20 April 2015 and then became the property of the New Zealand Government. The New Zealand Ministry of Culture and Heritage will complete all required maintenance and repair work on the memorial. The cost to design and build the memorial was $5 million and was funded by the Australian Government. Designed by Australian architectural firm Tonkin Zulaikha Greer. Pu k r who.