The Albury District, South Canterbury, N.Z.

Taken Easter 2000 by Gail Woods.

Albury is defined as a locality, an area of low population, surrounded by the farming districts of Mount Nessing and the Chamberlain Settlement on the main road, State Hwy 8, 29 miles north-west of Timaru and 10 miles (16km) south of Fairlie. The village has a wooden hotel, The Albury Tavern, built in 1879, in 1917 run by Mr and Mrs Thomas Aspell. For years run by Mrs Gibson. In the 1199 photo above the tavern is painted blue and gold, the colours of the Albury football team, a granite war memorial to the left. A cemetery (database online), a community hall, tennis courts, a domain and about twenty homes. The village had a general store and at one time three churches and a railway station, which was sold for removal as a private residence at Pleasant Point (TH 7 Sept.1960). The population was 203 in 1948. Another photo pre 2008 Pig & Whistle

Timaru Herald, 6 October 1888, Page 4
THE OPAWA STATION.

Having business to do at Fairlie Creek I thought I would take the road for it, there being every prospect of fine weather, so one fine morning at 5 30 saw me wending my way along at a nice gentle pace. It was a lovely morning, and I strongly advise everyone if they have any travelling to do by road to do it in the early morning daylight had just come in and the atmosphere was so fresh and invigorating. After a drive of 29 miles I arrived at Albury, and having on several occasions been invited by Mr John Rutherford, when up in those parts to call in, I thought I would avail myself of this opportunity and run up. Arriving there I was met by that worthy gentleman himself, just returning from drafting sheep, and after a jolly good lunch, I had a stroll round with him and I do not think it would be at all out of place just to give your readers a description of this homestead. Hence my rushing into print, so please let me down gently as this is my first essay. The homestead is situated just across the Opawa River, about six miles inland, as it were, from Albury. As we walk out of the casement door of the dining-room a lovely sight meets us. The rich green grass on the lawns, bounded on each side by the fish ponds and gardens, and away in the far distance on the left the snowy ranges, and on the right the beautiful undulating downs, and in front nothing to obstruct the view until you meet the hills the other side of Albury, six miles away. The grounds themselves contain about twenty-five acres, ten of which are in plantation, and fifteen in the gardens and fish ponds. The lawn is a very large one, the first part being for lawn tennis, and the other for a bowling green, a sloping terrace of about eighteen inches dividing the two. To the right of the lawn are the trout ponds, three in number, being divided off by concrete six inches thick, across which you can walk, the water flowing over in the centre through a little gap of about a foot, and which forms a miniature waterfall as it goes into the next pond over which the fish can go into the lower ponds, and so on with the next, the water being brought by a race from the river, left of the lawn are the perch ponds, four altogether, similar to the former, only that these are fed from a spring close to the house, which has never been known to run dry. Leaving the ponds in the front of the house, as we walk along the drive we see Mount Cook away in the distance, the three snowy white peaks standing out in bold relief against the dark blue sky, we come to the ponds at the other side of the house, the first one being full of goldfish and largo trout. This pond is literally alive with fish, the goldfish being of enormous size ; they seem wonderfully tame and lazy, being of various colours the larger ones are a very bright red, and the smaller ones a sort of bronze colour. The trout are a very fair size, and they seem to agree wonderfully well together, and it is very pretty to stand and watch them. Above this are three other ponds full of trout, the former being constructed just the same as the front ones. The plantations to left of the house are full of oak, firs, pinus insignis, macrocarpa, poplars, willows, etc., and being sown in English gross form a lovely walk. The trees not being too close you can walk among them with ease, and they form a cool retreat from the sun. The kitchen garden is on the side of the river-bed away at the back of the house, being nicely sheltered from the S.W., and the gardener has things very well forward and in perfect order. We now come to the kennels, Mr Rutherford being master of that renowned pack, the South Canterbury Harriers. He does not helieve in farming out the hounds during the summer months, some here and sown therea, but keeps them all together himself. He has about three to four acres fenced off with a very substantial fence, galvanised iron being plated lengthways all round it at the bottom and wire netting at the top. There is a fine running creek through it. The hounds were looking wonderfully well and seemed to enjoy their well earned rest. They are fed regularly once a day at 4 p m., horse flesh and oatmeal being their fare, two large boilers built into the bank being close- handy for cooking the food. They are housed every night the kennels being in the centre of the enclosure and divided off into three compartments. They are kept here during the summer but during the hunting season they are brought down to Glengummel, close to Timaru, where Mr Rutherford has erected splendid kennels and stable. A little lower down is the mill which is driven by a water wheel and is used for chaff cutting, crushing oats, etc,.

 Mr. J.S. Rutherford on his hunter "Jumb."

We now come to the stables, and they are indeed well worthy of inspection. The main stable consists of six boxes, men's room and harness room. You enter by sliding doors at either end, and on each side are 3 boxes and 1 room. In No. 1 box stood Otaio, who looked remarkably well (Mr Rutherford hacking him about just now), and seemed none the worse for the heavy hunting season he has just gone through. Ravenscraig was the next submitted for inspection, and I never saw such a wonderful difference in a horse in my life. I would hardly have known him ; he always was a pretty horse, but he has filled out a lot, and is now in splendid condition, and is certainly as handsome as they make them. He always struck me as being rather long in the back, but on closer inspection it is not so one gets that idea from the flatness on the top of his rump ; his legs are wonderfully clean; perfect hocks; in fact it is a difficult matter to pull him to pieces. In the next box was a two year old chestnut colt by him out of Lorna (a mare showing a lot of breeding). He is as big as his sire now, and is well proportioned in every way. He was suffering from a swollen knee received from one of his mates in play, but a day or two would soon put that right. He has beautiful flat bone, and should develop into a grand hurdle racer. Another chesnut two year old colt by Ravenscraig out of a mare called Highland Lass, who won several races when owned by the late Steve Hoskins, has two white hind legs, and a peculiar white natural blaze across one of his knees. He is hardly as big as the Lorna colt, but will bear the closest inspection, as also will two chesnut fillies, one out of Chance's mother, and the other out of Chance's sister, the latter showing a lot of quality being very fine and racy with clean legs and hocks, one that ought to make a sprinter. She put me very much in mind of old Luna at that age. These four 2-year-olds are very forward, three of which, with Ravenscraig, their sire, are intended for the Timaru Show, and will take a lot of beating. At the side of this stable is the men's house, and in the paddock adjoining I noticed old Canard, Herald, Maude, Glenrowan, Kelso, Milford, and about 20 others, also Harkness and Stockings, who have been blistered. There is also a 7-stalled stable, and another with 3 loose boxes, coach house, implement sheds, cow shed, fowl yards, and other buildings round about, of which I had not time to look through. I noticed old Tempest with 6 fine whelps to Madcap in one of the dog kennels. I was sorry that time did not permit to have a look round Mr Robert or Mr Edmund Rutherford's, whose properties adjoin Mr John's, but hope to do so at some future time. It is gratifying to know that we have amongst us some gentlemen who are willing to spend money in the country by beautifying and adorning their properties. In about two years' time, when the trees are fully grown, Mr Rutherford will have as pretty a place as there is in New Zealand. After partaking of a little refreshment, I resumed my journey greatly pleased with what I saw, and by the kind welcome which was accorded me.


 Opawa Station, Albury in the early 1870s
Watercolour painting by Rev. James Preston
Original at the Canterbury Museum 

Timaru Herald, 8 March 1898, Page 3 IN BANKRUPTCY.
RICHARD MAHONY. The first meeting of creditors of Richard Mahony, of Albury, blacksmith, was held yesterday morning at the Deputy Assignee's office. Mr Alex Montgomery, Deputy Assignee, presided. There were present Messrs W. Mahony, D. Shea and D. Stewart. Mr M. J. Knubley was present representing their bankrupt. The bankrupt's property consisted of the thoroughbred horse Ravenscraig, valued at £50. The bankrupt, m his examination, said that he had been a blacksmith at Albury for five years, beginning with a capital of £30. He held a lease m perpetuity of one of the Albury sections. He had 37 acres m wheat and oats, but owing to the drought and the winds the crop turned out almost a total failure. The land, cropping, etc., had cost him £64 15s ; the crop produced £17 6s, the loss being £77 9s. Serious illness had also occurred in his family, causing him an expense of £100, and his wife was still ill in Christchurch. He had lost £30 by the horse Ravenacraig. It was agreed that the Assignee should have the stallion Ravenscraig sold at the Albury sale on the 28th inst. It was proposed by Mr Shea, seconded by Mr Stewart and carried : — " That the bankrupt be allowed to retain for his own use the stock-in-trade valued at £5.

Otago Witness, 10 October 1889, Page 14 JOTTINGS FROM THE COUNTRY.

Albury station, lower down. The Albury station consists of 15,000 acres freehold and 13,000 leasehold. It is held by the Bank of New Zealand, and is managed by Mr E. Richardson. The bulk of the freehold is good low ridge land on limestone. It is pretty well all laid down in grass. A big trade is done in sheep freezing off this estate every season. Albury runs about 35,000 sheep, chiefly crossbreds. The freehold land is some of the best in the district. The homestead is remarkably pretty, overlooking the Tengawai river, a tributary of the Opihi, and with the Albury range behind. About 200 acres of plantation have been laid out. This is a really splendid estate, and it is a great pity that it is not held in good farming areas instead of being held in one large block.

Otago Witness, 17 October 1889, Page 10
JOTTINGS FROM THE COUNTRY.

(By Our Travelling Reporter.)  Leaving Albury and the valley of the Tengawai behind, a back road leads to the Mackenzie Pass. Following this down, Opawa station, the estate of Mr J. S. Rutherford, is soon reached. It was while following along this Mackenzie Pass road that I saw the first rabbit I had encountered since crossing the Waitaki, though hares are plentiful enough all over South Canterbury. Some of the farmers averred that they run half as many hares as sheep on their farms. The Waitaki river appears to be a natural barrier between hares in the north and rabbits in the south. The Opawa station, 28,000 acres in extent, lies in the basin of the Opawa stream. A good part of the estate is limestone land, which grazes stock well, and part is hill country. Adjoining the Opawa estate is that of Mount Nessing, owned by Rutherford Brothers. This estate contains 6500 acres freehold of rich limestone land, lying in a nice basin quite secluded, and where anyone passing along the Fairlie Creek railway, some four or five miles distant, would never dream of finding level country. Besides the freehold, the Messrs Rutherford hold 19,000 acres on lease. The Mount Nessing property is a really splendid one. Nestling cosily within a girdle of hills, the low ridges slope towards the sun, and the soil being extremely rich excellent pasture is produced. As the estate lies near the mountains frequent showers water it, and extreme drought is never experienced. I had a fair sample of that on the occasion of my visit, for it rained heavily most of. the afternoon at Mount Nessing while down at Albury, less than half a dozen miles distant, it rained very little. The rich limestone soil grows wheat and oats to perfection, but the Messrs Rutherford do no more cropping than is requisite to lay down the land in grass. For that purpose the land is let to croppers, who take off one crop of either oats or wheat. The system of letting is such a fair one that I would like to specially draw attention to it for the benefit of croppers generally. The almost universal practice is to let the land by tender, and often enough the result is disastrous to the poor croppers. However, the Messrs Rutherford believe in the principle of " live and let live." In lieu of rent they take one-fourth of the oat crop, and one- sixth of the wheat, thus equalising results whether the crop is a heavy one or a light one. Sheepbreeding is carried on somewhat extensively at Mount Nessing, and about 18,000 sheep— mostly merinos— are run on the estate.
    According to Holy Writ, " it is a goodly thing for brethren to dwell together in unity," and this the Messrs Rutherford have exemplified in the three beautiful homesteads all in a circle not half a mile apart. The homesteads are most pleasantly situated, and with their nice plantations and well-kept grounds bespeak comfort and prosperity. The Messrs Rutherford are colonials, having come over from Australia many years ago, and true colonial gentlemen they are in every respect. Messrs Rutherford Brothers and Rhodes own the Mount Cook coaching business and the Hermitage at Mount Cook. This season it is intended to add to the Hermitage, and to amplify the coaching business in view of the expected influx of Australian and Home tourists.
    From Mount Nessing my way lies down to Albury railway station, and there up a zigzag bridle track over the Brothers ridge to the station of the same name, owned by Messrs Garrick and Cowlishaw, of Christchurch. This station is only a very small one, 5800 acres in extent, and mostly broken ridge country of rather high elevation. The leveller portions are laid down in grass. From its higher elevation the Brothers station gets more rain than lower down towards the coast, and is on that account a good grazing estate. Descending from the high ridges of the Brothers estate, a nice property called Castle Rock estate is entered upon. The limestone rock, which gives the estate its name, is not unlike some of the old feudal castles. This estate, 900 acres in extent, is owned by the Messrs Lovegrove Brothers. There are splendid limestone ridges on this estate, which ought to grow grand crops of wheat and produce excellent grass. Everywhere in fact over limestone soil throughout the whole South Canterbury district, since grateful rains have fallen, the grass is springing fresh and green, and the fields are beautiful to behold. Over miles added to miles of rich emerald green I have ridden, the deeper green of the fine crops of wheat alone contrasting with the lovely verdure of the meadows. What would not some of our Southern stockowners give for green fields like these? But later on when the parching nor'westers, whose hot breath has been felt already, dry up the moisture, these same fields will not look quite so bright and green. The splendid tract of country known as the Totora Valley now begins to open out. In this valley are situated number of splendid sheep farms, all on limestone.  Quite at the head of the valley, on a piece of border land between the rugged hills of the Brothers and the Totara Downs, lies Mansfield estate, the property of Mr James Balfour.
    Following the valley down, the ridges give place to low downs, and as the soil is all on limestone the land is universally rich. The only material drawback to the advancement of the district is the immense area of choice land held by the New Zealand and Australian Land Company. Originally their Levels estate comprised some 80,000 acres of the very best land in the extensive tract of first-class country behind Timaru. Some of the land has been sold, but still the company hold an enormous area of the very best farming land. It seems a pity to see so much fine country desolate sleepwalks, when
it ought to be beautified with human habitations. If these very large estates, of which there are far too many in South Canterbury, could be subdivided into handy-sized farms, what a benefit it would be to the country ; but before these great landed proprietors will sell at a reasonable price a progressive land tax will have to be imposed upon them. Still we must not envy them their land, for they supplied us with cash for the Treasury in the youthful days of the colony's need. Following down the Totara Valley the road at last leads to Pleasant Point, a railway station on the Fairlie Creek line. Between this place and Geraldine and Temuka there is a pretty block of country dotted over with smiling homesteads and prosperous farms. From Pleasant Point to Timaru the road lies through very similar country. Leaving Timaru behind once more, and taking a back country road, the pretty Timaru Downs are crossed. Here we are off the limestone, and the difference can be noticed at once. Everything over the limestone lands appears nearly a month ahead of other places, although the colder clay lands will have the advantage when the hot dry weather sets in.

The Albury Cemetery down Cemetery Road, Albury.

The Albury Estate

In 1851 the land was part of The Levels, but a survey showed the Rhodes Bros. had taken more than were allowed so run No. 416 of 40,000 was granted to Spencer Perceval and William H. Simms in 1855. The land stretched from the Te Ngawai to the boundary with the Three Springs Station. Simms named the run after a village in Devon. In 1868 the property was foreclosed and Edward Richardson was granted the run as Crown Land in part payment for the construction of the Lyttelton tunnel and he had Donald Macfarlane on as manager but by 1888 was taken over by the Bank of New Zealand. In 1874 some of the best land north towards Fairlie was freeholded off the estate by Donald McLean to become the start of Strathconan and by Stephen Gillingham to become Lambrook. Richardson's son managed the run until it was purchased for £67,000 by the Government for closer settlement in 1897. There is a road near the village called Richardson road. Streets in Albury are Queen St., Duke St., Station St., Besley Lane, Mt Nessing Rd and High St. which runs into Koorong Rd. The Albury settlement was opened for applications at the Land Offices after the 12th April 1897 and the ballot was held at Albury on 22nd April. In 1956 the homestead block, Albury Park, was owned by Andrew Hope, son of Norman Hope, former owner of Raincliff and the Grampians and he still owned it in 1969.

From Google maps 2008.

Timaru Herald, 12 January 1893, Page 3 PROGRESS FOR ALBURY.
There is offered to the State by Mr J. S. Rutherford, who has intimated to the Minister of Lands his willingness to sell for settlement, a compact ring-fenced block of about 3000 acres, the north east corner of the Opawa Estate, at what seems the very moderate price of £4 10s per acre The Hon. Major Steward, member for the district, has been over the ground and expressed himself as satisfied with its suitability for settlement Mr Rutherford showed our representative all over it, and he would say that at the price it would be a good bargain for the State and a good bargain for the settlers on fair-interest terms. Moreover, and this is an important consideration, the coal mine above described, with all its possibilities of expansion and the development of associated industries, in comprised in the laud offered to the State. The land is a compact oblong block, bounded on three sides by formed and shingled roads, and other roads are laid out through it. It is surrounded by a ring-fence and a few other fence lines are run through it. It consists for the most part of somewhat narrow spurs of downs, all of which present a steep face to the south and a gentle slope to the north, be that the general exposure is excellent, sunny and warm. The spurs appear to be piles of shingle overlain by a clay resembling the Timaru clay, and covered by good soil to a depth quite unusual on the plains. The whole of the block, except 100 acres in wheat and 250 acres in turnips, is in tussock. The growth on virgin land is an excellent guide to the quality of the soil, and one could not wish for better indications of this kind than the undulating tops, sunny slopes, and damp flats have to show. The turnips have not yet come up, so that no judgment can be formed from them, but the wheat is now filing fast and supplies a good criterion of the fertility of the soil. The crop is on one of the steepest slopes. It appears to have been rather thinly sown, but it has tillered well, and over the greater part of the 100 acres it would make many a plain farmer envious, for the straw is not an inch under 5ft long, in some places more than that, and scarcely anywhere less than 3ft, and it is all well headed. This part of the country appears at no very distant date to have been covered with bush, large quantities of fragments of totara, and even thick logs, having been picked up on the surface and carted away for fuel. The ground also is dotted with shallow holes, such as may be made by the tearing up of trees by the roots. It seems reasonable to suppose that this old forestation had no little influence in opening up the subsoil, and deepening and enriching the soil. It is a piece of beautiful sheep country ; it seems a pity to spoil it by fence and plough, and breaking up and laying down. The spurt run S.W. and N.E., and there are three small but perennial creeks through the whole portion of the block, dividing into numerous branches in, the upper portion, so that the whole block is well watered. If it comes to be subdivided, and proper attention is paid to this point, every subdivision of small farm size can be assured of a supply of water. This is an important thing, as artificial supplies on a small scale are hardly ever satisfactory. The situation of the land, the neatest point five miles, the furthest seven miles, from the railway at Albury, with good down grade roads to the station, would give settlers more than average facilities of communication with the markets. The fact that Mr Rutherford had offered this block to the Government becoming known, a petition requesting the Minister of Lands to accept the offer has been signed by a number of persons in the locality, who profess their desire to acquire allotments in the block, and it is certain that if the block is cut up and thrown open for selection, at rentals proportionate to the moderate capital price, the local men will not be allowed to have the ballot all to themselves. The cost of surveys and internal roads would not be much ; the terms to settlers could therefore be made so reasonable that we should expect to see an active competition for the allotment. The Minister of Lands has promised to go up and see the land, and we feel sure he will conclude after his inspection that a portion of the £50,000 a year allowed for the purchase of land for settlement, could be most judiciously spent in acquiring this block. It is not like many of the special settlements, in an out of the way place. There are cultivated farms each side of it — Mr Irving's on one aide, one of the Bank properties on the other— and at the back of it Mr Smith's Waratah estate, with a good deal of cultivation. Only a short back end of the block rises to any great elevation, and at that level Mr R. Fraser has built in house and is making himself a home as the lessee of a small grazing run. There are scores of places well suited for making comfortable and pretty homesteads, and taking into account the convenience of situation, the sunny aspect of the land, the quality of the soil, the liberal natural distribution of water, and last, but not least, the price, we should say that the subdivision of this 3000 acre block would result in a perfectly successful settlement.

Otago Witness, 7 May 1896, Page 54
The following estates are also under offer to the Purchase Board :—
Eskbank, near Pareora, 4800 acres, at £6 15s per acre
Arowhenua, near Temuka
Rangitata estate
Riveralea estate
Albury property, at £3 10s per acre.

"Waratah" - April 2010. Note the sheep trails.

New Zealand Tablet, 19 March 1897, Page 20 Canterbury Estates.
The Arowhenua Estate is situated, 1,100 acres of it within two miles of Temuka, and 3,500 acres from ten to twelve miles train Temuka. Both the properties consist of level and down lands, suited for cropping, dairying-, etc., and will be surveyed into suitable farms.
The Albury Estate is twenty-nine to thirty the miles from Timaru by rail, and consists of down flats. About half is suitable for agriculture and the rest is good hillside pastoral land partly on good limestone formation, and is well watered. There is also coal on the property. There are 110 acres of plantations, and as a whole, it is well adapted for mixed farms, being at present well fenced, and within easy distance of a school and other conveniences. The Timaru-Fairlie Railway intersects the lower end of the Estate for several miles and there are three railway stations near. These two properties have not been over-cropped ; they are well fenced and ready for immediate return. Paddock fences will be made boundaries of farms, so as to permit of immediate settlement.

North Otago Times, 23 April 1897, Page 2
Timaru. April 22
The ballot for the Albury estate took place to-day at Albury. Forty-four out of 74 lots, comprising 4690 acres, were appropriated. The average number of applicants was four, the highest being 17. Females were successful in six cases. Two of four small grazing runs were also let. The homestead is among 30 lots not applied for.

North Otago Times, 24 April 1897, Page 2
Timaru, April 23
Additional lots of the Albury estate have been disposed of by ballot, so that of the 74 sections and 4 grazing cans altogether 24,709 acres — 52 sections and 2 runs, in 11 16,825 acres, have been disposed of, leaving 7884 acres, including 2 runs, to be applied for. Of the sections remaining, 12 are of 75 acres and under. The homestead is still on hand.

  The Timaru Herald 1 April 1897       The Timaru Herald 1st April 1897  

          

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Albury settlement will be open for applications at the Land offices after the 12th. The Timaru Herald 23 April 1897
 inst.    .

 


Agnes C. Cross
Eliza E. Cathhill
R. Murray
D. Sheehan
P. O'Shea
Jas. Stewart
D. McKay
Jas. O'Connor
John Connor
Julius Siegert
Jas. Corbett
Geo. Major
Isaac Curtis
M. J. Corrigan
W. Easton
A. S. Smith
A. McDonald
C. T. Jessep
J.R. Thompson
T. D. Simpson
Jas. I. Milne
W. J. Stephens
Thos. Sadler, jr
T. Geaney
Ann J. Laverty
R. Casey
J. Greelish
E. Gallen
M. Kyne
M.H. Hepburn
J. McVey
R. Riddle
Juha Hanifin
Jno. Lucey
Jno. Sutherland
Hy. Campbell
Norah Shea
H. Gallen
G. Townsend
J. Sullivan
C. Bracken
J. Heffernan
Phorbe M. Shaw
Richard Mahoney

Timaru Herald, 1 December 1919, Page 5 OBITURY.  Mr. JOSEPH LAVERTY
An early settler of Canterbury, in the person of Mr Joseph Laverty, well known in the Albury District passed away at his residence, Lawrence Street, Linwood, on Sunday, Nov. 23rd, after a short illness at the age of seventy-six. The late Mr Laverty was born in Portadown, County Armagh, Ireland, and arrived in Lyttelton by the sailing ship Lady Jocelyn about forty-six years ago. Immediately on arrival he decided to make his home at Leeston where he resided for twenty-three years. On the subdivision of the Albury Settlement he was successful in drawing a section in the new settlement. On the new settlement he successfully carried on mixed farming until three years ago, when he decided to retire and live in Christchurch. He leaves a widow and two sons and two daughters afternoon at the Bromley cemetery.

Otago Witness, 3 March 1898, Page 34 Albury, South Canterbury
The New Settlement. Perhaps it is no mere coincidence that several of the smallest holders in the new settlement have found themselves in financial difficulties, one already having had to seek the parental aid of the official assignee, another is in queer street, and a third has done the double-shuffle. So thus early the prediction freely expressed when it was ascertained that the Government Land department had materially reduced the areas as previously surveyed for the purpose of close settlement is being fulfilled — that judgment was again being overridden by M'Kenzie's pet hobby, as though the mere application for section was the key to successful settlement. Perhaps there will be a repetition of what occurred in connection with the low-lying hill country. Shortly after the advent of the present administrator the social pests whose lands were available for the purpose had the mortification of beholding the eyes being picked out of their runs and parcelled out in areas too small by half for practical working, and at a rental far in excess of their carrying capacity, with the result that one year's rent was paid in advance, then two years were in arrears, then ejectment, and finally several leases in perpetuity grouped at 50 per cent, reduction in rent.

Otago Witness, 10 March 1898, Page 34
Sale of Small Runs by the Crown Lands department. Four of these were situate in this quarter, the remainder being located in the Waimate-Kurow district. I am sorry to say that in two cases the late holders had the misfortune to lose their sections and homes, thanks to the powers that be. Messrs J.H. Morris, of Nimrod and D. Ross, of Single Hill, have the sympathy of their friends, who are by no means a few, in their misfortune in proving unsuccessful at the ballot last Saturday.
Saleyards.— The new saleyards were opened at Albury on Monday.

Timaru Herald, 25 November 1898, Page 3
The ordinary monthly meeting of the Mackenzie County Council was held at the County office, Fairlie, on Wednesday. The following members were present Messrs F. B. Gillingham (chairman), A. H. McLean, J. S. Rutherford, R. Guthrie, M. McLeod, and W. Wreford. The clerk and engineer reported that since last meeting the Council's men had been at work on the Mount Cook road and Braemar and Pukaki roads. The following correspondence was read From Mrs A. J. Laverty, Albury, complaining that the work of forming the road to her section on Albury Settlement had not yet been put m hand, and pointing out that she suffered considerable inconvenience from the want of proper access. The engineer stated that the delay was occasioned by his not having had time to prepare plans for the work, but he hoped to have this done during the coming week. He was instructed to reply to this effect.

Timaru Herald, 13 December 1898, Page 2
On Saturday Messrs F. R. Gillingham and A. H. McLean, on behalf of the Mackenzie County Council, dealt with this following tenders Formation of portion of Laverty's Road, Albury Settlement W. Magin, £30 9s H. Struthers, £29 7s 9d M. O'Reilly and Co., £22 19s John Connor, £22 (accepted).

Otago Witness, 11 May 1899, Page 29
Settlement.— Unfortunately I am not able give a particularly glowing account of the progress the settlement has made during the second year of its existence. Things for the greater part are "not what they should be," a state of affairs possibly accounted for by the diversity of the seasons the new arrivals have had to contend against, for though this year crops have been bountiful, the net proceeds are not such as to be conducive to free expenditure in further improvements, without which a new place must necessarily present a somewhat what stagnant aspect. Nevertheless, in the interests of the settlement, and in justice to those who are doing their best, even struggling against long odds, the Department should see that the cream is not taken out of the land ere it comes again, as some ultimately must do into the market. The Land Board have already forfeited two sections, and no doubt justly so but in neither of these cases was the former holder in any way abusing the land ; though in one it was generally opined that there was at least a suspicion of dummyism [a man who takes a run in his name for the benefit of another hence dummy and dummysim. Ref. Acland The Early Canterbury Runs pg 366] about it. There are several good sections now open for purchase — i.e., the present tenants interest in them, and anybody in quest of good investment of the sort might go farther and fare worse. There is one ideal little section for a good farm hand with a family, in the midst of the thickest work, and near a school.

Otago Witness, 9 May 1906, Page 36
Changes. — Land is changing hands very freely, and prices are at such a pitch that one could say that we were in the midst of a mild boom. Mr Frank Smith, of "The Homestead," Albury, has sold his run, freehold and leasehold, to Mr Foster Neill, of Tumai, Otago. Mr Mitchell sold the Waratah property of nearly 5000 acres to Mr William Cunningham as a going concern for over £20,000. Mr Cunningham a few days afterwards sold the land to Mr Frank Smith. The stock was sold 10 days ago, and one of the most successful sales we have had in the district resulted. Sheep brought up to 235, and horses sold equally well. Mr Smith sold his stock last Wednesday, and very good prices were obtained. Mr Frederick Crowle, whose lease of the farm, 207 acres, adjoining the township, has expired, holds a clearing sale on the 9th. I learn that Mr George Hall's farm on the Albury Estate has also changed hands at a very good figure, and as negotiations are pending for the purchase of other properties business in land may be said to be brisk.

The Opawa Estate

This is the land where James Mckenzie, the sheep stealer was first captured and a stone triangular monument stands at the Mackenzie pass commenting the event in three languages. One year after this event Kennaway and Delamain applied Run No. 223 as it backed their station Rollesby. In 1859 they applied for Run No. 318, Mount Nessing. Mount Nessing was on the southern side of the Opawa River, Opawa Station was on the north and Levels to the east. Hakataramea station was to the west. Opawa was sold to Isaac Brentnall Sheath in 1862 and in May 1864 Sheath also purchased Albury. In 1868 wool prices slumped and Sheath lost Albury. In 1869 F.G. Dalgety purchased Opawa and in October 1870 the run was sold to John and Robert Rutherford. Both brothers married in September and October 1873. A.B. Smith of Rollesby bought Opawa land and this land became Waratah station. In 1878 John bought out Robert's share of Opawa and Robert purchased Mount Nessing. Edmund a brother lived at Mount Nessing. John Rutherford was a fine horseman and was involved in the Mt Cook Hermitage Company. He loved horses and drove his coaches with six in the team and always all the same colour. John took over the Mistake Station after his father's death in 1885 and his friend Francis Hayter came to Rollesby. All the Mackenzie stations suffered great losses in the 1895 winter. Opawa's leasehold fell  due in 1903 and in the same year he sold his freehold to the Crown. The government subdivided the land into the Chamberlain Settlement named after Dick Seddon's, PM  friend, the Chancellor. John retained the 640 acres around the homestead. He finally disposed of the Mistake Station in 1908. Upon his death in 1924 the Opawa homestead block was sold. J.S. Rutherford was revered by the district settlers. In 1953 it was purchased by John Glass who still owned it in 1969.

Ashburton Guardian, 28 March 1903, Page 2 Clearing Sale at Opawa Station.
The clearing sale of stock and implements at Opawa Station, which was sold to the Government by Mr John S. Rutherford, for the purposes of the Land for Settlement Act, and is now known on the maps of the Lands Department as the Chamberlain Settlement," was opened at noon on Thursday. There was a good attendance, some 800 being present, which is understood to be about a record for South Canterbury. The arrangements for the sale were very complete, and the prices obtained show that the quality of the stock was good. Messrs Dalgety and Co, and the Canterbury Farmers' Co-Operative Association conducted the sale, Mr H. Lowry acting for the former, and Mr John Mundell for the latter. The sheep and implements were sold on Thursday, and the horses and cattle yesterday. The sheep sale was most successful. The sheep ranged in quality from prime to station culls.

Otago Witness, 1 April 1903, Page 16
The Opawa station, South Canterbury, is also a cheap purchase. It is fine country to be so far back. All the Canterbury settlements, without exception, are doing well (I do not include the too numerous homestead settlements, with their small sections). Waikakati far surpasses Cheviot, and Pareora No. 2 and Albury are also highly prosperous. The Levels estate, near Timaru, was gone over last week by representatives of the Land Board and the Land Company, to endeavor to come to an agreement as to the price which the Government should take it over for settlement.

West Coast Times, 8 November 1870, Page 2
In station properties, we learn that ran near Burkes Pass, the Opawa station, has changed hands. The run comp. The price is said to be 15,000.

Otago Witness, 29 April 1908, Page 39
Further than the record of a few changes in ownership of several stations which have, taken place, news is scarce. Mr George Murray has sold his Glentanner Run to Dr Bowe, of Timaru, who is to be congratulated on the acquisition of so fine a property. On that day Mr Murray has also parted with his Rhohoro Station to Messrs D. M'Rae and Matheson. I understand Mr McRae has been managing the run for Mr Murray of late years, so is competent to adjudge its value. Mr Matheson, who latterly managed the Claremont Estate, is not a stranger to the back M'Kenzie Country. He was formerly of those parts. It is also currently reported that Mr John Rutherford, of Opawa, has disposed of his interest in the Mistake Station, on the western shore of Lake Tekapo also two properties on Lake Pukaki. Mr Duncan Stewart, of Albury, is said to be Mr Rutherford's successor, and I am sure his many friends wish him every, success. Mr Stewart is qualified to appraise the value of such a property. He was recently part owner of Glen Lyon Run, at the head of Lake Ohau, where, besides sheep, a large number of cattle were stocked.

Opawa is keeping up picnic tradition
The Timaru Herald, Friday, 26 October 2007
The tradition of the historic Opawa homestead garden and picnic day is being continued by the current owner Julie Hadfield. On Sunday November 4 Opawa Homestead will again have a garden full of music and entertainment. The garden and picnic day will include stalls of art, craft and food. "This event is a return to the annual tradition John Rutherford held in the early 1900s when the Carnival Queen and the Mackenzie Highland Pipe Band graced the front lawn of the house," Ms Hadfield said. Opawa, the oldest remaining homestead in the Mackenzie, continues to be renovated inside. She said the new landscaping is to maintain a park-like feel, which is perfect for a family picnic day. The event is weather dependent and a small entry fee is charged to cover expenses.

Obituaries

Star Saturday 22 July 1899
Otago Witness
, 27 July 1899, Page 36
By the death of Mr Robert Rutherford, which took place at Christchurch on Friday, Canterbury loses another of the fast-diminishing band of its hardy early settlers. The late Mr Rutherford came over from Adelaide with his father and family in the early days of the back country settlement of the province. He was educated at Christ's College, and after passing through a business training in the office of Messrs Miles and Co., joined his brother, Mr J. S. Rutherford, at Opawa Station, Albury, which the latter still holds. Subsequently, in partnership with his youngest brother, Mr E. S Rutherford, he took up the adjoining run, known as Mount Nessing, and worked that for some 24 years, only leaving it five years ago. The late Mr R. Rutherford was well known in the sporting world, and was at one time the owner of several racehorses, including a winner of the Grand National Steeplechase. Mr Rutherford, who was of an open and generous disposition, had suffered greatly in health for the past three years, and his strength gradually diminishing, he died on Friday. He leaves a wife and family of six, three of whom are grown up, to mourn their loss. The funeral took place at the Linwood Cemetery yesterday afternoon, and was largely attended. The Ven. Archdeacon Lingard officiated, and among those  present were Messrs A.E.G. Rhodes, A. Chisholm, A. Loughrey, J. Haydon, A. Allen, H.T. Matson, J.J. Isbister, T. Hatfield, F. Tavender, H. Tate, D. Matson, G. Robinson, C. Cuff, A. R. Bloxam, A. Merton. F. C. Graham, S. Askin, F. Graham, B. Lane, C. Cook, A. Bennetts, J. Connal, F. A. Archer, G. D. McClure, E. Turrell, W. H. Watson, G. Fisher, and G. Moon.

Christchurch Press Thursday 10 April 1924
RUTHERFORD - on April 9th at "Opawa" Albury, John Scott Rutherford, aged 79.

The Press - Monday 9 June 1924
Death of Mrs Robert Rutherford
There passed away at Sumner on Friday, Charlotte Elizabeth, widow of the late Mr Robert Rutherford. She was the daughter of Mr Walter ASKIN, was born in Ireland, and arrived in NZ sixty-seven, a babe in arms. She married at the age of seventeen and spent the greater part of her married life at Mt. Nessing, South Canterbury. Her husband predeceased her in 1899, and for the last ten years lived in Oamaru with her grandson Mr Charles Pope. She leaves a daughter, Mrs H.T. Little, three sons -Messrs C.O.T., L.A.R., and S.E. Rutherford and 17 grandchildren. The
funeral, which was private, took place at the Linwood Cemetery.

Timaru Herald, 26 February 1885, Page 6
It is with great regret we hear of the death of Mr George Rutherford, of Leslie Hills, North Canterbury, several of whose sons have for years past lived in this district. The Press of February 18th contains the following in regard to the deceased gentleman :— The Amuri has lost an old and valued settler in the person of Mr George Rutherford, of Leslie Hills, a gentleman whose genuine qualities and unassuming manners endeared him to all with whom he came in contact. Although incapacitated years ago from active employment by paralysis his intellect remained- unimpaired, and the great success which has attended his career in this district has no doubt been due to his shrewdness and business qualities. Mr Rutherford was a native of Jedburgh, and arrived in Sydney in 1839, being then twenty-three years of age. Since, the time of his arrival there he was identified with the management of stock and station properties ; first in New South Wales,- from whence he removed to South Australia, where he engaged very successfully in pastoral pursuits, finding congenial employment for his energetic, nature in the hardy life of a pioneer squatter. The great impetus given to all colonial interests by the rush to the goldfields found him quite prepared to take advantage of that opportunity, and going into the business of stock and station agent he very soon built up a large and influential connection. Mr Rutherford first came over to New Zealand in 1858 for the purpose of buying land, and after purchasing the Leslie Hills Estate, returned to settle permanently here in January, 1860. Since that time till the day of his death no work which had for its object the advancement of the district, either materially, morally or intellectually, has ever been without his valuable assistance. His motto, that " If a thing was worth having it was worth paying for," was well illustrated by his bridging the Waiau at his own expense, a work which has been for many years a great boon to the public generally. The sorrow for his death is increased by the manner m which it took place; he having accidentally fallen into the creek near his own house on Friday, February 13th, from which, in his enfeebled state, he was unable to extricate himself. His remains were interred in the Cemetery at Waiau on Sunday, the 15th, and were followed to the grave by a very numerous gathering of all classes of the community.

Auckland Star, 28 November 1902, Page 3
MR A. W. RUTHERFORD (Hurunui) was born in New South Wales, of Scotch parents, in 1842, and arrived in the colony on January 1st, 1860, in the barque Gundreda. He was accompanied by his father, the late Mr George Rutherford, and his brother, Mr William Ruterford. Immediately on arrival he proceeded to Leslie Hills, which, and been purchased by his father in the previous year. He was shepherd there till July 1862, when he took charge of Mendip Hills on behalf of his father and the Hon. A. Domett. He was a member of the Nelson Provincial Council, and is now member of the Licensing Committee, and chairman of the Cheviot County Council.

Otago Witness Saturday 25 April 1857
The London "Australian and New Zealand Gazette" of 6th December, says The "Black Ball" clipper ship Ann Wilson, Captain Sharp, sailed from Liverpool on the 19th ultimo, for Wellington and Otago, with a full cargo and 233 passengers, including the following in the chief cabin;
Mr Walter Askin, wife, Sophia and family, Emma. Bound for Wellington.
Mr James Esdale
Miss Hannon
Mr Robert Kidd
Mr Master
Mr Magee
Mr Morris
Mrs Rutherford [She was the Captain J H Rutherford's wife.]

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 6 November 1873, Page 3 Marriage.
Rutherford — Askin — On October 14, at St. Mary's, Timaru, by the Rev. George Foster, Robert, fourth son of George Rutherford, Esq., Amuri, to Charlotte Elizabeth, second daughter of the late Walter Askin, Esq., of Bally boy, County Meath, Ireland.

Evening Post, 23 July 1873, Page 2 Marriage.
On the 17th, inst., at St. Mary's Church, Timaru, by the Rev. George Foster, Henry John, eldest son of the late T.H. Sealy Esq., of Clifton, Bristol, to Emma Booker, eldest daughter of the late Walter Askin Esq., of Bally boy, County Meath, Ireland.

Timaru Herald, 26 January 1882, Page 2 Death
Rutherford. — On the 18th January, at the residence of Mr Tate, Elizabeth street, Timaru, Rita Merrial, infant daughter of Robert and Charlotte Elizabeth Rutherford, of Mountnessing, aged eleven months and twenty-two days.

Grey River Argus, 24 January 1920, Page 4
A Timaru Press Association telegram records the death of a well known South Canterbury man, which occurred yesterday morning in the person of Mr Robert Guthrie, who was 64 years of age. For many years he was prominent among the settlers of the Mackenzie Country, as a manager of sheep, stations. He later became the lessee of a grazing run near Burkes Pass, and subsequently of another at Mount Nessing. He was a vigorous member of the County Council and other local bodies for many years, and was also a member of the first Government' Commission on the cutting up of the Hill runs. Ever since he had been a strenuous advocate of the "cutting up" policy. A native of Ayrshire, as a, youth he was articled to the law, but his health required outdoor life, and he came to New Zealand in 1876.

Timaru Herald, 1 December 1920, Page 6
KIDD —On November 30th, at Albury, Doreen Hope, beloved daughter of Peter and Mabel Kidd; aged 3½ years. Private interment.

The Chamberlain Settlement

Hawera & Normanby Star, 7 October 1902, Page 2
ANOTHER ESTATE SOLD TO GOVERNMENT.
Timaru, October Mr J. C. Rutherford has accepted the offer of the Government for Opawa Estate, of 10,400 acres, adjoining the Albury Settlement on eastern side, under the Land for Settlements Act. A considerable property with good agricultural land, and a brown coal mine is now worked on the property. The price was not transpired.

Otago Witness, 15 October 1902, Page 7
Mr J. S. Rutherford informs the Timaru Herald that, besides having accepted the offer of the Government for the purchase of the 10,400 acres of freehold in the Opawa estate (the price accepted is £4 per acre), he has offered to surrender the lease of 9200 acres of pastoral country, the lease expiring in 1904, so that the two lots of land can be dealt with together, and bettor use be made of the hill country by combining blocks of it with the agricultural land. Delivery of the freehold is to be given next March. It would be wise for the Land Board to accept a suggestion which has been made in connection with previous cases of the kind, and conserve the interests of their future tenants by holding the ballot for the land before the clearing sale of the present owner takes place, so that the new settlers could meet their requirements in live stock and implements to some extent by purchases at that sale.

Otago Witness, 14 January 1903, Page 35
Land Settlement. — The work of cutting up the recently acquired Opawa estate by the Government surveyors has been completed, and no doubt the department will soon have the sale catalogues, with maps and conditions, available for the public, who are manifesting no small amount of interest in this projected settlement. I am sorry to say that, though on the whole satisfaction is expressed with the general plan of subdivision, there is only too evident cause for complaint that the department has erred in making many of the holdings too small— a fault wholly attributable to the department, as in the first case the surveyors had laid the sections off on a larger and more practical scale. One would have thought, after the sad experience of this office interfering with the cutting up of the neighbouring estate of Albury, that better judgment would have been displayed. No doubt good reasons can be advanced for reducing some of the holdings, but I fear the chief factor is listening to those whose interest it is to put a somewhat fictitious value on the land. The sections should have been made of such size that a farmer with an average family, and with experience and means, could make in average seasons a decent income out of his holding, enabling him to improve his steadings, etc., and not having to endure a pure hand-to-mouth existence, and being compelled to throw his family out into the labour market while they still should be at school.

Otago Witness, 25 February 1903, Page 9
The Chamberlain Estate, comprising 19,112 acres, will be open for application under the Land Act on March 9. The Chamberlain Settlement, formerly known as the, Opawa Estate, is situated in Mackenzie County, South Canterbury, six miles from the Albury station, on the Timaru-Fairlie railway line, and 36 miles from the seaport of Timaru. It contains altogether about 20,060 acres, 10,466 acres of which have been acquired by the Government, under the Land for Settlements Consolidation Act of 1900, from Mr J. S. Rutherford and Mr A. L. Haylock, 10,429 acres from the former and 37 acres from the latter. The remainder of the settlement is pastoral land, formerly held by Mr Rutherford under lease from the Crown, but surrendered for closer settlement by agreement with the Land Board at the time Mr Rutherford's freehold was acquired. The property has now been sub-divided into 20 farms and three small grazing runs, inclusive of the homestead block of 640 acres, which has been retained by Mr Rutherford.

Tuapeka Times, 11 March 1903, Page 2
During four years, from April 1, 1898, to March 31, 1902, under the Lands for Settlement Act alone, sixteen estates had been sub-divided and thrown open for selection in Canterbury, on which there were at the latter date 357 lessees, holding 84,826 acres. Since April 1, 1902, five settlements, comprising 23,553 acres, bad been disposed of and they were now occupied by 57 settlers, while the Chamberlain Settlement, which will be thrown open for selection during the present month, will provide 19,112 acres for 20 holders. The total for the five years will therefore be 22 settlements, with 434 lessees, occupying 127,492 acres, exclusive of m few transactions under the Land Acts, and the sale of leases of 30 pastoral runs, with an aggregate area of 628,240 acres.

Otago Witness, 15 July 1903, Page 6
Mr J. S. Rutherford, the late owner of the estate which has been cut up to form the Chamberlain settlement, has promised to give 10 guineas as a wedding present to the bride of every bachelor settler who marries within 18 months of acquiring an allotment in the settlement. One of these presents has already been made.

New Zealand Free Lance, 25 July 1903, Page 26
That Mr. J. C. Rutherford, who is forming the Chamberlain settlement, gives an allotment to every bachelor settler who marries within eighteen months.

Schools

The Albury village has a two classroom primary school. High school students are bussed to Fairlie. In the 1970s the high school pupils from Albury districts attending Fairlie D.H.S. were: Divan, Groundwater, Milne, Pollard and Rowling with Anderson, Cole, and Willetts children coming in from Winscombe. 1960 primer 1, std 1 1956, primer class 1955, room 1 1988.

Albury - opened 1882 and still open.
Chamberlain - closed 31 January 1938
Cricklewood - closed 31 January 1948
Mt Nessing - closed 5 Sept. 1937
Monavale    - closed 31 January 1940 children
Te Ngawai  - closed 31 January 1940. Consolidated with Albury.


Albury School, 25 April 2014. The original building was demolished in 1969. 1967

Albury Primary School Photo courtesy of Gail Woods (nee Rowland). Taken Easter 2000. Albury School about 2006

The small Cricklewood school opened in 1898 with a school roll of seven including William John Henry Bray, s/o John Bray of "Langdon."  Each Christmas was the annual prize giving and concert.

Otago Witness, 18 November 1887, Page 35
Dear Dot — My father took me to the Timaru Show. I saw such a lot of pretty sheep and dogs, and such a big pig. I go to school every day. I have just passed into the Fourth Standard. I have four brothers and one sister. Their names are Willie, Alick, Duncan, and James. My sister's name is Marjory.—
Yours truly, Jessie Jane Couper. (aged 10 years and 4 months.) Albury.

Otago Witness, 13 July 1888, Page 34
Dear Dot, — We live near the school. We used to have a schoolmaster, but we have a school mistress now. I get the cane sometimes, because I talk in school. We have Sunday school up here now since our school mistress came. My brother went up to Mr Sutherland's to stay from Friday till Sunday. They came down on Sunday to go to church. — Yours truly, W. Couper. Albury, June 25.

Otago Witness, 12 October 1888, Page 35
Dear Dot,— I am going to tell you about & concert that was held on Friday night. A lot of people were present. All the singers came from a distance except two. There was a dance afterwards, which mother let me stay to ; but there was such a crush that there was not much pleasure. Our schoolmistress' mother is very ill, and she had to go to Christchurch to see her, and I am minding her fowls. She set four geese eggs under one hen and three young goslings came out, and I will take great care of them. I got a present of a very nice side-saddle recently. We have a very quiet mare called Peg, and I have had three rides on her, and I like it very much. Our examination will be held sometime this month, and I hope to pass, as there will be prizes this year.— Yours truly, Albury, October 1. Jessie Jane Copper.

Otago Witness, 21 February 1889, Page 35
Dear Dot, — We are having our harvest holidays just now, and I am going to Timaru with mother. My brother Willie has gone up to Mr Sutherland's to-day to stay for a week. My brother Alick was in Timaru on Saturday with father, and I went over to the station to meet them at night. I have got another little sister. She is 10 weeks old, and her name is Henrietta. We got our school prizes on Boxing Day ; Mr Dickson gave them out. I was first in the Fourth Standard. My prize was called " A Tale of the Luddits Riots." Willies was "The Crusades and the Crusaders," and Alick's was "Anderson's Fairy Tales." — Yours truly, Jessie Jane Couper, Albury, February 11.

Otago Witness, 4 July 1889, Page 34
Dear Dot, — It was snowing very hard yesterday, and I made a snow man to-day. I did not make it very high but my father did. We have got a new cow. She has no horns, and we call her Poley. We have a pony named Peggy. She is very hard to keep the cover on, and hard to catch. She will go into harness, and anybody can ride, on her. We have had our Jubilee Testaments' given to us by Mr Smyth. I am in the Fourth Standard, and we expect to get our midwinter holidays soon. — Yours truly, William Couper, Albury, June 22.

Otago Witness, 15 August 1889, Page 35
Dear Dot,— -Our examination will soon take place, and I hope I shall pass, I am in the Third Standard. My birthday was a few days ago, and I was nine years old. We killed our pig last Saturday. We have been having heavy frost here. The ice has been so strong that we were sliding on it. There is a little boy here who has a goat, and we have such fun with it that we forget about our lessons, and we get the stick. He caught it in the gorge near Fairlie Creek.— Yours truly, Albury, August 6. Alick Couper

Otago Witness, 31 October 1889, Page 35
Dear Dot,— Our examination was held on Friday, and I passed into the Fourth Standard. My sister passed into the Fifth, and my brother failed. We have five cows, and we are milking two. We have not got far to go to school. We have a horse, and its name is Peggy. We had a young filly, which we changed for another, and the one we changed for tumbled over a cliff and was killed. My brother was up at the Burke's Pass sports, and he went to the dance at night.— Yours truly, Alick Couper, Albury, October 22.

Otago Witness, 31 October 1889, Page 35
Dear Dot,— Our examination was held on Friday, and I think I have passed. We have a pet lamb. We have a dog which we call Fan, and she has eight puppies. We have 10 cows milking. I think we shall have a lot of fruit this year. The trees are all covered with blossom. We drive to school with a cart and horse. The horse is quiet and is grey. We have a great many lambs in the fields. — Yours truly, Annie Irving (aged 10 years). Brownhill, Albury, October 22

Otago Witness, 16 January 1890, Page 43
Dear Dot,— Our school treat, at which the prizes were awarded, was held the day before Christmas. I got the second prize, and I passed into the Fourth Standard. I got the special prize for industry during the year. The name of the book is "The Boy's Own Annual." My father was down at the Exhibition, and he thought it was grand. He was on the Switchback railway. My aunt sent me up a small cornet. We all went for a picnic on New Year's Day to the top of The Brothers. From the top we went down the other side into a bush, and we saw Pleasant Point. When we got up on the top again we saw a steamer away out on the sea. — Yours truly, Alex Couper, Albury

Otago Witness, 13 February 1890, Page 42
Dear Dot,— We are having five weeks' holidays just now. We have two cows newly calved, and mother is going to make cheese. We got Home pretty Christmas cards from Home. They are all frosted. Our school treat came off at Christmas, and the prizes were given out at it. The name of my prize is "The Story of a City Arab." My father was at the Exhibition, and he brought me a bracelet and a handkerchief with my names on it.— Yours truly, Jessie J. Couper, Albury

Otago Witness, 23 October 1890, Page 35
Dear Dot, — Our examination came off last Tuesday, and I failed, but my brother passed. Six failed altogether. We have a pup, and its name is Flora. We have 16 young goslings, and they look so pretty when they are swimming. Our schoolmistress promised to give us a dance this week. I have been fishing these last four nights with some other boys, and we caught nine eels one night. — Yours truly, Alick Couper, Albury, October 13.

Otago Witness, 21 October 1897, Page 51
Dear Dot,— I once lived at Otakia, but I now live at Albury. My father bought my sister and me a pony, so we drive 11 miles every day to school — five and a-half miles going and the same coming home. We have a nice garden and a big plantation here, with a skating pond. My brother stays in Mosgiel, and goes to the Normal School, Dunedin. He is going to be a teacher. He is coming up al Christmas. He will be sure to like this place, and we shall have some fine games. My sister has one doll dressed in blue silk, and hat to match. She calls her Blue Bell. I hope to write again truly, W. Lyle THOMPSON, Albury, October 11. (aged 8 years).

Otago Witness, 8 December 1898, Page 30
Educational. — Everything in connection with the newly-appointed Te Ngawai School ran on like clockwork, until quite recently, in a temporarily furnished apartment granted by Mr A. C. Thompson, chairman of the committee, who has all along been a good friend to the school and those participating in the benefits accruing there from. Seeing that the reserved site for the district school was adjacent to his holding, "the original homestead," and being conveniently under his kindly eyes, besides having been unanimously chosen as chairman, he naturally came to look upon the school as his school, so to speak. Naturally enough, however, "circumstances alter cases," and when the Board of Education, on being requested to push on with the erection of the permanent school proper, asked the advice of the committee as to which was the most suitable site for the school, the chairman was evidently somewhat aggrieved to find that he was singularly in the minority in wanting the building to be erected on the reserved site, the remaining four members of the committee being united in favour of the junction of the Camp Valley and Limestone roads, and the secretary was instructed to notify the governing body accordingly. The general opinion is that, though the vote of the committee fairly represents the wish of the settlers in the school district, the site will not be shifted without causing considerable friction, and no doubt the proposal will prove a bone of contention among the settlers.

Otago Witness, 5 January 1899, Page 26
The Cricklewood and Te Ngawai Schools broke up on the 22nd, and held their respective breakup gatherings the following day, when the weather smiled down "good cheer" on the youngsters, who had chosen sites in that picturesque little valley "at the back of the limestone, with the permission of Mr A. C. Thompson, of Albury Park, whose kindness met with appreciation on all hands, for such ideal spots are rarely found. The Cricklewood, though the smaller, school, certainly, had the larger gathering. Albury township was en fete on Boxing Day, commemorating its school annual treat and picnic, and as the quiet little township was reached one could not avoid being struck with the important part the wee folk play in a district — bunting flying, vehicles of all descriptions plying, folk on the move, all presenting a picture of real "good cheer."

Timaru Herald, 6 November 1899, Page 3 PRESENTATION TO MR W. RUTHERFORD.
On Friday evening last the quiet township of Albury was enlivened by the presence of a numerous party of settlers from the surrounding districts, assembled to do honour to one of the younger generation on his joining the ranks of the Benedicts, the occasion being the making of a wedding present to Mr Wilfred G. Rutherford, on his marriage and settlement in the district. About, forty persons attended a social gathering for the purpose, Mr John S. Rutherford, the young man's father, being also an honoured guest. Mr Frank H. Smith was unanimously elected chairman, and Mr D. Stewart vice-chairman. Apologies were sent by Messrs Richards, Irving, and Wreford, with regrets at their inability to be present at a gathering the purpose of which had their fullest sympathy. The Albury Football Club was acknowledged by the captain, Mr Hart, and Mr Simpson. The chairman made some pleasant references to Mrs Rutherford's recorded prowess as an athlete as a High School girl, and he was sure they could look to her to share in her husband's interest in masculine outdoor amusements. On behalf of the various local athletic societies he asked Mr Rutherford to accept this token of esteem and appreciation from his associates in outdoor sports, and presented him with a handsome massive silver-mounted oak waiter, tastefully engraved, and bearing the inscription "Presented to Mr W. G. Rutherford by the Athletic Clubs of Albury on the occasion of his marriage, 1899." (The trophy was procured from Messrs G. and T. Young.)

Timaru Herald, 23 January 1900, Page 4 PRESENTATION AT THE CAVE.
On Friday night Mr Dickson, manager of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company at the Cave, was the recipient of a valuable present from his friends and the station employees on the occasion of his departure from the district. The meeting, which was held in the dining-roam of Mr Finch's Hotel, was largely attended, friends from all parts of the district being present, and visitors from Timaru and Albury. Mr W. Wreford occupied the chair, and Mr A. C. Thompson, of Albury, the vice chair. Mr Wreford, in a brief opening address, referred in kindly terms to Mr Dickson, who was a good neighbour and a sterling friend. The chairman proposed the toast of The Queen, which was drunk with much enthusiasm. "The Army and Navy" was the next toast, coupled with the names of Messrs Cochrane and Macpherson, the latter replying in a very neat speech. He said that he was proud to have to say that he had belonged to the volunteers, and his only regret was that he did not belong to them at present. The Chairman was the next toast responded to by Mr Wreford. Mr J. Graham, as the oldest employee on the station, then made the presentation, which consisted of a valuable riding saddle and bridle and a handsome whisky flask, the latter article being purchased at Messrs G. and T. Young's, Timaru. In the course of his remarks Mr Graham referred to the good terms always existing between Mr Dickson and his employees, and he trusted that their guest would live to wear out the presents given to him that night. Mr Dickson replied in a feeling speech. He said that he had been in the Land Company's service for 18 years, ten of which had been spent among them at the Cave. He was surprised at getting such valuable present's, for which he deeply and heartily thanked them. He was sorry to leave the Cave, but duty called him elsewhere.

Otago Witness, 1 January 1902, Page 31
School Vacations.— With the approach o£ the holiday season comes the period for school treats, distribution of prizes, etc.; and such has been, the lot of the several schools hereabouts. Our local institution broke up our Friday, when Mr West, the chairman, distributed the prizes to the more diligent of the pupils, and addressed a few pleasant words to the children. He also intimated that the committee wished them all to roll up on New Year's Day, when the committee intended holding school sports in connection with a children's treat, to be followed in the evening with a social, to dance the old year out and new year in. Before breaking up three cheers were given for Miss Kernahan, the teacher, and the chairman. At Cricklewood the same function was gone through with the closing of that school for the Christmas vacation of five weeks. Miss Smart, the teacher, Mr Gillingham (chairman), and others were in attendance at this school. The good folk of Te Ngawai were more pretentious, and, being supported most liberally by parents and others taking tickets, the committee were able to indulge the children attending school and their young friends in a very liberal manner. On Friday afternoon about 150 persons, young and old, participated in the annual treat and social. During the afternoon, which was favourable, a long and varied programme of children's sports was gone through, and greatly appreciated. Some of the more rural feats were quite amusing and mirth-proving. The teachers had erected a Christmas tree for the occasion, from which every child in attendance received some small present ere leaving. The school prizes for the most part were capital books. The social held at night was no less successful than the afternoon function proved; Sir F. Charles performed the duties of M.C. satisfactorily, and Messrs Alick Lorie (violin) and J. Keilleran (accordion) supplied splendid music. The committee are are also indebted to Messrs Woods, Hart, and Townsend for songs, and Messrs Woods, Shea, and Sullivan for dances. The refreshments procured from town were good, and the catering, under the car of Mesdames Shea, Gallen, and McCourt, with the assistance of willing volunteers, most efficient. The Misses Meredith also were indefatigable in assisting to make all go pleasantly.

1904

Otago Witness, 3 July 1907, Page 83
Dear Dot,— I am nearly 15 years old, and left school about six months ago. I have seven brothers and four sisters. We live on a farm near a little township called Albury, about 30 miles from Timaru. There is to be a concert here in about a week, but I don't think I am going to it. It was very cold all last week, and finished up with a fall of snow. My sister is very ill, and we have had a doctor coming to see her for the past fortnight.— Yours truly, OYAMA.

North Otago Times, 22 May 1889. This is only the first third of the runs listed.Newspaper Snippets from Papers Past

North Otago Times, 10 April 1879, Page 2
Mr A. McAlister, of Albury, was seriously injured yesterday, while riding home, as he has been insensible ever since.

Grey River Argus, 24 November 1880, Page 2
Owing to the Albury line which already extends 25 miles inland, not being extended to Fairlie Creek, 13 miles further, the majority of runholders and farmers in the McKenzie country have decided to cart their wool direct into Timaru. The formation of the extension with the exception of one cutting was completed some time past. It is estimated that 13,000 bales of wool come from this district, and in the season the Albury line so far has been the best paying one in the Colony.

[The Te Ngawai community was established in 1897, but dispersed after the Second World War. In 1963 Te Ngawai was replaced on the map by Camp Valley and Limestone Valley. It even had a school even a district rugby team and there is still a war memorial. The Tengawai river was incorrectly recorded in the 1860s by a surveyor and it has never been corrected. It is really Te Ana a Wai, the water cavern. The river passed caves in the gorge through the Albury Ranges. Tengawai in Maori would mean "the the water" which is poor grammar.]

North Otago Times, 11 February 1868, Page 3
MACKENZIE COUNTRY. From the mailman who arrived last night from Burkes' Pass, we have accounts of the heavy character of the flood. A great length — our informant states three or four miles — of the metalled and costly road through Burkes' Pass has been washed away, and it is likely to cost hundreds of pounds to replace. The newly-formed road beyond the Cave has also been washed away, and the approaches to every culvert on the road have disappeared, leaving largo gaps of many feet in width. The Tengawai was in heavy flood, and all the creeks were turned into rivers.

Otago Witness, 7 June 1879, Page 13
Timaru, June 3rd. At the Licensing Court to-day, one new license for a hotel at Albury was granted.

Timaru Herald, 2 May 1883, Page 3
Shortly before 5 p.m. yesterday our correspondent at Albury telegraphed. The river at Albury was very high last evening, and kept rising all night. At 9.30 a.m. today Couper, a blacksmith, and family, were rescued in a wagon from their house, and shortly afterwards the shop, which is attached to the house was washed away. The house itself is now in great danger. Some of the cuttings and embankments on the Albury extension at Coal Gully are damaged. This work was out of the contractor's hands. At Fairlie Creek some of the foot-bridges are reported washed away, and other damage done. The Tengawai has never been so high since the flood of 1868. The rivers are still rising."

North Otago Times, 20 June 1883, Page 2
Timaru. June 19. The half-yearly sitting of the Supreme Court were opened to-day by Judge Johnston, who, in his address to the grand jury, congratulated them on the criminal calendar being the lightest yet held in Timaru, there being only three cases for trial. The grand jury returned true bills in each case. Robert Innes was found guilty of arson by setting fire to grain stacks, and sentenced to three years. [Feb. 7. Frank Rossiter was committed for trial at the .Supreme Court to-day, for attempted rape on Mrs Bott, at Albury, on January 26th.] Frank Rossiter was found not guilty of attempted rape. In the case against Thomas Newell for placing stones on the railway line, medical evidence was given that accused was insane, and his Honor directed that he should be brought up at the next sitting of the Supreme Court.

North Otago Times, 31 January 1884, Page 2
Timaru January 30. The opening of the railway extension from Albury to Fairlie Creek was celebrated today by a public holiday in town, and special excursion trains. The weather is tolerably good, and the holiday is generally observed. Two trains, crowded with excursionists, loft at between 10 and 11 this morning. The sale of sections is to take place on arrival at the township. The Fairlie line when continued, will open up the Mackenzie country, the greatest wool-growing district in the colony.

Timaru Herald, 31 January 1884, Page 3
The extension of the Albury branch railway from Albury to Fairlie Creek was opened for general traffic on Monday last, and this event was celebrated yesterday. yesterday morning a train was made up consisting of fourteen carriages and brake van and two engines - an American, the "Washington" and one of the F class. The train was no means full. The total number pf passengers disembarking at Fairlie Creek being estimated at about 600. A finer day could not have been desired. Mr J. Jones, Stationmaster at Timaru and Mr Dickenson, Locomotive Foreman, accompanied the train. Excursionists were the mayor of Timaru, Mr Sutter, M.H.R. for Gladstone, and a large number of business men. At Albury about a score of adults and school children in a body, were added to the load, and the place was left apparently deserted and most desolate looking. A mist obscured the distant hills. On the right rises the steep, slip-scarred western face of The Brothers, its general brown tints relived by many strips and patches of green scrub in its narrow gullies, by the black or yellow stripes of water channels running straight from top to bottom. Half way from Albury to Fairlie Creek the line enters Mr Gillingham's downs, through which it passes by a series of heavy cuttings. The stations of Cricklewood and Winscombe, one at each end of the series of cuttings, were passed at full speed. Each station consists of a siding and a single platform, a small portion of the latter covered by a lean-to shed - forming a "sixth class," not a first class station. Mounting the up grade made the engines puff; descending the down grade, which is continued over a long embankment across Coal Gully, steam was shut off, and gravity took the train down flying. Right ahead lay the Two Thumb range.

Timaru Herald 2 January 1877Timaru Herald, 1 February 1884, Page 3
The land in the Opawa Valley is in the hands of a few large proprietors. For the past few years they have let large blocks for cropping.

Otago Witness, 16 January 1886, Page 17
1876 - February 5 : Christchurch to Timaru opened. One hundred and two miles.
1877 - February 1 : Waitaki to Timaru opened. Fifty-three miles.
1879 - June: Tender accepted for Albury section of Opawa Railway, one mile 28 chains ; and bridge over Opawa River, 131 feet.

Otago Witness, 10 August 1888, Page 34
Dear Dot,— I have two little pups, I am to get one for looking after the other for Mr Pringle. The snow is about 10in deep here. It is deeper in some of the cuttings, and the train could not pass through yesterday, but it came this morning, and the cowcatcher was covered with snow. It passed very slowly. It was raining all night. The rivers are very high. — Yours truly, W. Couper, Albury, July 27.

Otago Witness, 28 September 1888, Page 34
Dear Dot, — I was at a hunt on the 8th of this month at Mr J. S. Rutherford's, master of the hounds. It was the last hunt of the season, and there was a great turn out ; there were over 40 ladies and gentlemen present. They killed two hares before lunch. I was not in at the first kill, but I was at the second. There were five spills, but none of them were serious. I was riding a mare, and she shied at a piece of tin and nearly threw me off. There was a splendid lunch for all, and everybody seemed to enjoy themselves. — Yours truly, William Couper, Albury.

A Kids column. Dear Dot Members were little folk who wrote to the Otago Witness e.g.
Eddie J. Fraser, Opawa Downs, Albury, August 17 1886
Dorrie Austin, Albury (Pink Carnation) 24 Feb. 1909
May Bowman (Red Carnation), Albury 24 Feb. 1909

New Zealand Tablet, 26 July 1889, Page 11
Patrick Egan joined the ranks of the benedicts during the past week and with his bride has taken charge of the Albury Hotel, where he hopes to assist the visitors to that cold locality to keep the cold out.

Otago Witness, 28 November 1889, Page 50
Dear Dot, We have started to shear now, and we have a good few sheep shorn. We have three shearers. I told you we had one pet lamb the last time I wrote, but we have three now, and one died.— Yours truly, Annie Irving (aged 10 years). Brownhill, Albury

North Otago Times, 14 June 1890, Page 2
There were 13,718 acres of rural lands in the Albury district sold for cash under the Land Act, in eighteen lots, by ballot.

Otago Witness, 17 July 1890, Page 39
Dear Dot,— Mother got a present of a goldfinch and a pretty cage. We gave away all our young canaries, but we kept the two old ones. I have a pup, and I call it Flora. We are milking three cows. I go for them every morning, and sometimes have to go as far as the Tengawa, and I see lots of hares, but very few ducks. We have such a flock of geese - I sometimes put the pup after them, and they all fly to the river, and we have such fun with them. There is a lot of snow on the hills around, but there is none down on the flats. The hounds have not been up this season yet, but I hope they will come.— Yours truly, William Couper, Albury, July 8.

North Otago Times, 27 June 1891, Page 2
Timaru. June 26.
A case of sheep stealing (a private prosecution) occupied two justices all day till 9 p.m. David Campbell, an Otago man, who lately took up a small grazing run on Mount Nessing station, was charged with stealing 16 sheep from Robert Rutherford, of Mount Nessing. These were found on his premises, bearing prisoner's brand (station brand invisible) and the station earmark altered. The case for the prosecution goes further, and showed that 325 of Rutherford's young ewes had their earmarks altered to accused's for the alleged purpose of claiming them by the earmark at the next shearing, when the brand would be indistinct or invisible. Accused was committed for trial at Oamaru. Another information in pending of stealing 64 sheep from M. D. McLeod, who took up the adjoining" email run, but sold it, and left a number of sheep behind. These were found bearing prisoner's brand and ear mark altered to his though M'Leod's brand was quite plain on them.

Otago Witness, 5 November 1891, Page 21
The North Otago Times says that D, Campbell, who was recently tried at Oamaru for sheep-stealing at Albury, was fined £10 on Friday last, in the Resident Magistrate's Court, for sending in a false return under the Sheep Act of the number of sheep. In his possession. Defendant had given the number as 1000, whereas he stated in the evidence given by him in court that he had bought 1504 to put on his run. He also stated that it was owing to partnership affairs and the trouble over his arrest that had caused, him to neglect sending in a return of the other 500 sheep.

Otago Witness, 3 March 1892, Page 28
Messrs Wright, Stephenson, and Co. held a sale of horses at their yards yesterday. The stallion Artillery, by Musket Ouida, a Canterbury Cup winner, was passed in at 2000gs (the highest bid, made by Mr Learmouth, of New South Wales), the reserve fixed by the owner, Mr Rutherford, of Albury, not being reached.

Otago Witness, 25 August 1892, Page 25
Richardson — On the 22nd August, at Dunedin, the wife of E. Richardson, Albury, Timaru, of a daughter.

Otago Witness, 19 January 1893, Page 19
A seam of brown coal, 18ft to 20ft thick, of good quality, has been opened up on Mr J. S. Rutherford's property, six miles from the Albury railway station. The coal is being got by a level drive and a clip drive, and is alongside a good road. Mr Rutherford has offered 3000 acres, including the coal mine, to Government for settlement at £4 10s per acre. The land is of good quality, and will make good farms.

North Otago Times, 8 July 1893, Page 3 
Mr R. Rutherford, of Mount Nessing Station, was fined £10 for failing to comply with a notice to destroy rabbits on run 28, Hakateratmea watershed. The defendant denied that there were many rabbits, and said the time of year was unsuitable. Inspector Empson stated that he had killed 26 one day, and saw 30 or 40 more.

Timaru Herald, 28 December 1895, Page 2
The Albury Tennis Club arranged a gentlemen's single handicap tournament on the court on Christmas day. The first prize, a racquet, was won by Mr A. E. Stone ; the second, a pair of handsome serviette rings, presented by Messrs Mason and Struthers, Christchurch, was won by Mr A. Smith, Waratah. There was a large attendance of visitors and members. Mrs J. S. Rutherford of Opawa kindly provided afternoon tea, which was duly appreciated by all present.

West Coast Times, 3 June 1896, Page 2
Mr J. S. Rutherford, of Opawa Station, informs the Timaru Herald that his emus have laid ten eggs, and, as before, the male bird is sitting on the eggs. He hatched the eggs before, and the one chick produced was looked after by him until last March, when he left it and paired with the hen bird again. During the whole of this time the hen had to keep to herself and had rather a lonesome time of it, for whenever she happened to come near her consort and his "baby," he chased her away.

Wanganui Herald, 3 August 1896, Page 2
Mr J.S. Rutherford, of Opawa Station, Albury, has had good luck with his emus. Last winter in spite of the severity of the season, two or three young ones were hatched out, and last week the male bird, who does the incubating, brought nine chicks out of ten eggs.

Otago Witness, 6 August 1896, Page 51
Dear Dot,— Our examination is to be held in September. We are having very wet weather here just now, and the rivers are very high. We have four cows and three calves. I have a dog, and we call him Smart. He will go for the cows, and so I have not to go out in the wet. I have three sisters and three brothers, but only four of us go to school. Dear Dot, we get the Witness, and I like to read the little folks' letters. — Yours truly, Albury, July 26. Duncan Couper.

New Zealand Tablet, 19 March 1897, Page 20 CANTERBURY ESTATES.
The Arowhenua Estate is situated, 1.100 acres of it. within two miles of Temuka, and 3,500 acres from ten to twelve miles train Temuka. Both the properties consist of level and down lands, suited for cropping, dairying-, etc., and will be surveyed into suitable farms.
The Albury Estate is twenty-nine to thirty the miles from Timaru by rail, and consists of down flats. About half is suitable for agriculture and the rest is good hillside pastoral land partly on good limestone formation, and is well watered. There is also coal on the property. There are 110 acres of plantations, and as a whole, it is well adapted for mixed farms, being at present well fenced, and within easy distance of a school and other conveniences. The Timaru-Fairlie Railway intersects the lower end of the Estate for several miles and there are three railway stations near, These two properties have not been over-cropped ; they are well fenced and ready for immediate return. Paddock fences will be made boundaries of farms, so as to permit of immediate settlement.

Otago Witness, 17 June 1897, Page 25
Myers — On the 8th June, at Albury, South Canterbury, the wife of J. T. Myers, of a daughter.

Taranaki Herald, 18 October 1888, Page 2
Mr Barron, small farmer, who occupies 100 acres of land about five miles from Cricklewood station on the Fairlie Creek line. On the Wednesday night (October 8) with his wife and three children retired to rest in a well built two-roomed cottage of wood, surrounded by the usual furniture of a small country farmhouse. Next morning hardly a wrack remained behind. The house was not supposed to be in a particularly exposed situation, and possibly some unusual concentration of the gale was by some means caused.

Otago Witness, 27 January 1898, Page 26
Albury, South Canterbury
Wedding Bells.— As the 3rd of January drew near so the interest increased and the one socialistic theme of conversation strengthened, and many were the hearty handshakings and expressions of goodwill which Miss [Marion] Irving received. This young lady's quite unassuming yet ever thoughtful and pleasant, attentive manner to those who were brought in contact with her give her such a host of friends that it is needless to dilate on her popularity and the numerous congratulations Mr James [Wilson] Annan received. The young couple were married by our local pastor, the Rev. J. Cromie, at the residence of the bride's father, Mr R. Irving, the well-known successful proprietor of Brownhill. Miss Agnes attended her sister as bridesmaid, and Mr J. E. Thompson accompanied his friend as best man. A considerable number of friends congregated at the railway station and bade the happy couple "Godspeed" to their new home in North Canterbury and all sorts of good luck for the future. At present Mr Annan is interested in pastoral pursuits.
    Progress. — Mr James Austin, of Temuka, as well known for his Clydesdales as for being second to as a shrew and practical farmer, hail, after having a good look round about him, decided that our district was not to be denied, acquired a thousand-acre block of the New Zealand and Australian Land Company, situated a few miles west of the township, where a very considerable amount of improvement has already been effected. Looking from the railway platform, particularly as it stands out in immediate relief to the somewhat sombre foreground of the newly-erected, freshly-tarred yards of our Saleyards Company.
January 20.— In my last notes I greatly regret a rather lamentable error appeared by the simple omission of a short sentence — viz , after "December 18, at the residence of Mr M'Millan, the oldest resident of the district," etc. The many friends of the genial proprietor of "Rona" will receive with gratification the pleasing intelligence that that gentleman is hale and hearty and as free to welcome as ever. This gentleman, by the bye, has recently bought the local hotel and properties connected therewith, and, I understand, will from June be host thereof.
    OBITUARY. — The death of Mrs George Shaw was wired out from the Timaru Hospital on the 13th and great sympathy is felt for Mr Shaw in his sad bereavement. I understand there are five of a family the youngest an infant only three months old. The deceased lady was a daughter of Mr Mrs Mrs P. Sinclair, Timaru. The burial took place at Fairlie on Sunday, when a large concourse of friends gathered round the grave.

Otago Witness, 14 April 1898, Page 25
Harvest. — Threshing in the district is about finished, and all round one hears expressions of disappointment with the scores, the register by the mills in some places not being more than half what was expected. The best yields I've heard of are Messrs Askin, Rutherford, Irving, D. Elliot, Smith and McCort, and Angland. Twenty-six bushels of wheat and 42 of oats are the most satisfactory crops just about 10 bushels under what would have been the case but for the " big man with the bellows."
    Mr R. Mahoney, local blacksmith, who has of late experienced considerable adversity, has been further afflicted by the loss of his wife. Deceased, who had been ailing for a considerable time, leaves an infant only a few weeks old and two elder children and a large circle of friends to mourn the loss of one who endeared herself to one and all who were brought into contact with her. Nobody sought assistance from her in vain. Mr Mahoney has a very large number of sympathisers in his sad bereavement, as there are few better known in South Canterbury than he.

Otago Witness, 12 May 1898, Page 35
A postal service has been instituted between Albury and Te Ngawai thrice weekly. This connects with the school, thus allowing the children attending to get the letters. This must be a source of convenience to a lot of the further back settlers.

New Zealand Tablet, 26 August 1898, Page 5
For Sale by Public Auction at Timaru on 6th September. 17 Town Sections and 5 Village Allotments in Town of Opawa. The town sections are one rood each, the Upset Price being £5 to £8 per section. The Village Allotments are from 5 acres to 7 acres, the Upset Price from £16 10s to £22 per allotment. Opawa Town is adjacent to the Albury Station on the Timaru - Fairlie line of Railway.

Otago Witness, 15 December 1898, Page 34
Departure. — His many friends will regret to learn that "mine host" of the Albury Hotel is about to leave that hostelry, having sold out to Mr [Fred] West, who has previously been employed in connection with a Christchurch paper, but now turns boniface. Mr and Mrs O'Driscoll intend making a genuine holiday of the festive season, and then reporting to the more congenial though perhaps more exotic pursuit of farming. Before settling elsewhere Mr O'Driscoll intends thoroughly looking over Waikakihi. Mr and Mrs West, also Miss West, are ardent cyclists, and I believe they also take an active interest in sport generally ; so perhaps they will give our local tennis and cricket clubs a much required rousing up.

Otago Witness, 12 January 1899, Page 30
Obituary. — As the year just passed closed, so did the existence of a very highly esteemed old resident of this district, and one who, though having attained the advanced age of 74 years, carried to the grave the highest respect possible, having, if ever it could be truly said, ne'er an enemy in the world. Anyone with whom "poor old Donald" came in contact ever afterward_ had a good word for him ; and it was proverbial that -Donald Sutherland spoke ill of nobody. The many friends of Mr Alex. Sutherland will undoubtedly truly sympathise with him in his further loss — it being but a short while ago that he lost another brother, though in this case death came as a relief that — fell disease cancer being the fatal ailment in this case

Otago Witness, 9 February 1899, Page 30
Wheat. fine crop of Mr Christopher Bracken, estimated to thresh all 40 bushels, against seven last season.

Otago Witness, 20 April 1899, Page 29
One of our oldest settlers has at last decided on taking a holiday, deservedly earned by over 30 years hard work. Quite a stir was occasioned in the district last week when Mr Richard Irving's intention became known, and a movement was at once initiated to give him a fitting send-off. Accordingly it was arranged to banquet him on Saturday evening, prior to his leaving to join some old friends in the south, including his brother-in- law (Mr Young), who intend visiting the old country during its show season. About 50 sat down to the complimentary dinner tendered to Mr Irving, and a large number of apologies were received from gentlemen who were unable to be present.

Otago Witness, 18 May 1899, Page 34
Bunny. — Another thing our squatters can congratulate themselves on is that the rabbit pest is a thing of the past. This circumstance is attributable to several factors — the severe winter of '95, the introduction of pollard poisoning at the same time, and the universal onslaughts that were persistently and consistently waged against the survivors, which, though few, would no doubt ere this have asserted themselves if our vigilant inspector had not kept a commanding eye on his district. The removal of Mr J.W. Deem, from the locality will, I fear, be felt without his successor proves an exceptionally good man. However, the task he has before him is mere "beer and skittles " compared with that of Mr Deem five years ago. Though favoured by Fortune, the latter never lost an opportunity that presented itself in the advancement of the task of exterminating bunny. One fortunate thing was that trapping never got a foothold in this locality.

Otago Witness, 17 August 1899, Page 34
A Generous Gift. — Some months ago at a Government sale of village allotments in the township, Mr Rutherford intimated that he was willing to buy the allotment most adapted for the purpose of a recreation ground in the interest of sport, an object this ardent sportsman has ever in view. He secured the section, and has even supplied material to fence it in, an area of seven acres. This is a magnanimous action that no doubt will be highly appreciated. It now behoves all those interested to roll up and form a workings bee and erect the fence. The ladies of the district with their usual good nature are certain to look after the refreshments, etc.

Otago Witness, 23 November 1899, Page 30
A gathering of representative residents and other mends of Mr Rutherford, jun., assembled on the eve of the 3rd inst, and entertained him and his father to a supper at the Railway Hotel, Albury. The members of the various athletic clubs availed themselves of the opportunity to present their comrade with a memento in commemoration of his recent wedding, also, in recognition of his many good qualities, and his untiring support of, the different blanches of sport. The present was a very pretty silver - mounted oaktray, suitably engraved. Mr Rutherford was congratulated on the success attending his efforts as a sportsman. His name has ever been a password in  local sports circles, for no other name in the land carries with it such an association of fair dealing. Some capital songs were given and speeches made during the evening, and it goes without saying that full justice was done the many good things provided by Host West, whose capital spread was in keeping with the requirement of the occasion.

Otago Witness, 23 November 1899, Page 57
Dear Dot, — It is raining to-day, and so I am not at school. I have a little white mouse with pink eyes, and I am going to call it Pinkie. We were threshing last week, and I was killing mice, and got about one hundred. I am in the Fourth Standard, and am 10 years old. My goose brought out four goslings, and they are pretty big now. Old Jack, the dog, is getting on all right. One wee dog called Tiny had pups a while ago — three like herself and two black ones. We drowned three and kept one of each kind. We have a little dog that is always clearing out and going to my uncle's. There is going to be a social up here on the 17th of this month in aid of the school funds. Yours truly, LYLE. Albury Park, Te Ngawai, November 13.

Evening Post, 28 December 1899, Page 5
27th December. Mr. J. S. Rutherford, of Albury, has given two hurdle racers, and invites the Stock Inspector to select six more of his horses for the Second Contingent.

Otago Witness, 1 March 1900, Page 29
A large gathering of friends and settlers entertained Mr Dale, our late stationmaster, at a smoke concert prior to his taking a hurried departure from our midst. Mr Dale received many compliments, and was presented with a slight token of the esteem in which the public hold him. Mr Dale has been transferred south. I understand his successor hails from Invercargill. Mr Dale was exceedingly popular socially, and the Misses Dale will be equally missed with their brother.

Otago Witness, 26 April 1900, Page 28
Autumn Show. — The great event of the month has been the Mackenzie County A. and P. Society's show, held at Fairlie, on Easter Monday, under the most favourable auspices. It is, however, quite the home of "Prime Canterburies," and, with such noted draught stock men as Messrs Austin, Irving, Wilson, Rutherford, and Jones in the locality, it could hardly be expected that competition, in the heavy horses would be left wholly to Messrs Bray and Robinson to grace the ring; with the pride of their paddocks, which, though not forward with numerical strength, carried plenty of quality to command attention, Mr Bray securing pride of honours. In sheep competition was chiefly confined to fat lambs. Thanks to Mr J. E. Goodman's special, a handsome silver goblet valued at 5 guineas was offered for competition as a challenge cup for two years' competition. Besides several cows in the cotters' classes and a couple of fats, the yards were occupied by a lot of fine Herefords, from Opawa estate, which attracted considerable attention,, and gained a lot of admiration.

Otago Witness, 3 October 1900, Page 34
The wedding of Miss Bella Sutherland to Mr Donald Stuart was a subject of great local interest, as both bride and bridegroom are well and favourably known, and correspondingly popular. The happy couple are now spending their honeymoon in the North Island.
Our Volunteers. — Our local corps have at just got their uniform, and seem more like soldiers. The company has its complement of 73 members, and there are a number of most suitable young fellows at the various centres anxious to join. In the second-class firing match recently carried out, excellent shooting was again registered. On this occasion the local division had the satisfaction of scoring well. The first prize fell to Sergeant A. S. Smith, with a total of 68. Trooper Jack __agam appropriated the second prize with 66, and Corporal Cross and W. Binny (61) tied with Trooper F. Batchelor, of Albury, for third place. A valuable trophy given for the highest score at 400yds, also fell to Sergeant Smith, of Albury.

Otago Witness, 17 October 1900, Page 14
Several cases of interest to farmers have been dealt with in the various The Law courts during the last few Courts. weeks. In the Supreme Court, Mr Edgar Jones, who recently purchased the Mount Nessing station, Mackenzie County, with 14,023 sheep "more or less," claimed from the vendors, the New Zealand Trust and Loan Company, for 850 sheep short delivered. The company's manager was continued in that position from the date of taking possession by Jones until the muster for shearing, about two or three months, and all the sheep brought in were 13,051. Jones allowed what he thought fair for loss during the period, and claimed for 850 at 16s 6d ; the jury allowed him 560 at 12s 6d each.
    Two men, convicted at the Supreme Court, Timaru, of sheep-stealing in a daring and systematic manner, got 12 and 18 months, sentences at which there was indignation, sheep-stealing having been very prevalent in the district and some suspected culprits, against whom the evidence was considered to be very clear, having got off when their cases came before a jury.

Evening Post, 24 October 1900, Page 6
This morning argument was begun in the case Edgar Jones, of Mount Nessing, sheep farmer, v. the New Zealand Trust and Loan Company. Plaintiff purchased the Mount Nessing property from the defendant company for £23,000, and alleged that there was short delivery of 977 sheep, and he claimed a refund of £660. In the Supreme Court action which followed the jury gave plaintiff a verdict for £406. The present motion is for judgment for plaintiff with costs in accordance with the finding of the jury. Messrs. Stringer and Levi appeared for plaintiff, and Messrs. Hosking and Beswick for defendant company. Argument is still proceeding as we go to press.

Otago Witness, 30 January 1901, Page 3
A Settlers' Association has been formed in Albury (South Canterbury) on similar lines to those formed at Waikakahi and Cheviot.

Otago Witness, 13 February 1901, Page 5
A special train of 15 sheep trucks came down from Fairlie last Wednesday morning, containing 1300 forward store lambs, consigned to Ashburton by Messrs Gillingham Bros., Fairlie.

Otago Witness, 5 June 1901, Page 31
A satisfactory recovery made by Mr Alick Curtis, who had his leg broke a while back. I also hear that the little girl Burgess, who was thrown from her horse at Cricklewood last week, and sustained fractures of several ribs and a general bruising, is getting on well. Mr. McVey, who lost his foot a month ago through a very distressing gun accident, is also making a satisfactory recovery in the Timaru Hospital and should soon be about.
    School Entertainment — The committee of Te Ngawai school held the first proposed socials of three socials in the school. Messrs J. Benson, M.C. Messrs Lowe, Clulee, and other volunteers for music, and to Misses Waters, Packer, Woods, Howell, and Hart for songs while Mr W. R. McKay assisted not a little in enlivening proceedings with a capital gramaphone, kindly lent for the occasion by his friend. M. D. Malloch of Waikouaiti. Mesdames Braddock and Kane, assisted by many young ladies present, gave considerable assistance in the dispensing of refreshment.

Otago Witness, 24 July 1901, Page 73
Dear Dot, — We had beautiful weather when the Duke and Duchess were here, had we not? We had a window in Manor place, from which we got a lovely view. Not so very long ago I went to stay at Albury for a fortnight. It is such a pretty little place, but very lonely. It, has a great deal of bush round about it, with deer in it. There used to be wild boars there a long time ago. One day, when my uncle was out for a walk, he saw a boar coming towards him, and as he had no gun, he limbed a big tree. The horrid animal stayed at the bottom of the tree all night, and did not go away till the morning, when my uncle climbed down and got home safely. — Yours truly, NEUJAHR

Otago Witness, 7 August 1901, Page 32
In connection with corps matters, a generous action may be mentioned on the part of Mr J. S. Rutherford, father of Lieut. Rutherford, in again providing the Albury division, which is under the district command of his son, with saddle cloths.

Otago Witness, 23 October 1901, Page 32
STUD MERINOS AND HALFBRED RAMS FROM VICTORIA.
The following stud merinos,- arriving by the Westralia to-day, were shipped by Messrs Dalgety and Co. (Limited), of Geelong, to the order of their Christchurch branch. From Carr's Plains Estate, North-West Victoria : One four-tooth stud merino ram for Mr John: Rutherford, of Opawa Station, South Canterbury. The other sheep consist of 25 two-tooth stud merino ewes from the flock of Messrs Begg Bros., Eurambeen estate, West Victoria, for Mr John Eutherford, of Opawa station, and five ewes from the same flock for Mr Gideon Rutherford, of Castle Rock station, Canterbury. The ewes are of good frame and constitution, and carry big fleeces of long combing wool of excellent quality and character. The Eurambeen is a very old established flock, and the wool clip is one of the best in Victoria.

Otago Witness, 19 February 1902, Page 45
Mr E. Cowan, of Cricklewood, has the sole honour of representing the district in the ninth, and no better could have the honour. Trooper Ted Cowan makes about the tenth, I understand, out of local corps, away to the front.

Otago Witness, 4 March 1903, Page 32
Creamery.— Already the milk is flowing in very satisfactorily to the local creamery, and the ready money is very encouraging, one supplier getting back a £25 cheque last month from 28 cows and heifers.
Chamberlain Settlement.— This settlement is attracting considerable attention from critics Ms well as from intending applicants, who are daily arriving from far and near to inspect the sections composing the settlement.
Church Matters. — Following the commendable example of the Presbyterians of the district, the Roman Catholics are erecting a chapel. The stone has been carted, and the building contractor, Mr Walker, has prepared most Of the material. The ceremony of laying the foundation stones to take place on Sunday next. In connection with the new Presbyterian Church, on which remains some £70 or £80 of a mortgage, the committee of management is organising a bazaar and sale of work to be held towards end of May and run concurrent with the local dog trials. Our late pastor, the Rev. Mr Lawrie, initiated a move before he left the charge that the services of a missionary student should be secured to assist during the summer months, consequently the Rev. Dr Black and his charge have had the benefit of Mr Calder's services, a fact which .carried with it a source of very considerable satisfaction.

Otago Witness, 8 April 1903, Page 49
The Chamberlain Settlement. — Such is the title given to Rutherford's, much to the disgust of old residents in the neighbourhood, who not only have been accustomed to associate the Opawa estate with the well-being of the district, but are unanimously of opinion that Opawa has much more to commend itself to colonials than the somewhat cumbersome name "Chamberlain."
    Changes. — Mr J. R. Thompson has disposed of his holding to Mr T. McDonald., formerly long associated with the Wolds station, so long owned by Mr Wm. Sanders.

Otago Witness, 20 May 1903, Page 32
Successful Settlements. That the Government system of close settlement has been a success so far as this district is concerned must be patent to every impartial, intelligent observer. The Albury settlement contains 70 families, all doing well. One holder of 300 acres informed me that he had cleared over £500 net this year. As his wheat ran 52 bushels, oats 70, and barley 56, he had a fair opportunity. He refused £1100 for the goodwill of his lease. Changes.— Not a few think that things are as prosperous as they are likely to be for some time, and are consequently taking time by the forelock and selling out. The two largest holdings on the Albury Estate recently changed hands, while some of the smaller ones have changed ownership.
    Duck Shooting. — The shooting season opened on the 1st of the month. The largest number obtained in the immediate neighbourhood fell to the gun of Mr James Austin, who is an early riser, and a careful shot - two necessary qualifications in duck-shooting.

Otago Witness, 3 June 1903, Page 31
On the 20th inst. Mr W. Tasman Smith was the recipient of a present from the residents of Albury and assured the donors that he would always cherish this token of their regard and endeavor to maintain the happy relations that had always existed since he had been a resident of the district.
    Rabbits and hares are plentiful this season, and are in prime condition on the Brothers Range, opposite the township, a good shot secured a mixed bag of 64 in one day. On the low-lying land bunny is not so numerous, though hares seem to have a fondness for turnips that settlers do not approve of.

Otago Witness, 8 July 1903, Page 39
The Albury Collie Dog Club had a meeting at the Railway Hotel after the sale on the 29th ult.
The Education Board declined to supply some simple gymnastic apparatus.
Board of Education.— Mr J. S. Rutherford, of Opawa, has consented to be nominated for one of the vacancies on the South Canterbury Board of Education. As Mr Rutherford has been generous both with his money and his time in forwarding the best interests of education in this district, it is certain that he will have very hearty support, and will be by no means lowest on the poll. The election take place on Monday, July 27. Mr Rutherford was nominated by Mr James Austin and Mr Donald Stewart, of Albury.
A meeting was hold on Monday last, in the Railway Hotel, to consider some proposals for the formation of a co-operative company to do the threshing for the farmers of the Albury-Te Ngawai district. There was a large attendance. Mr Edgar Jones, of Mount Nessing Station, was voted to the chair, and he called upon Mr James Annan to address the meeting. The proposal submitted was that a limited liability company should be formed of 20 shareholders, each to apply for one share of £50 each, making a total paid-up capital of £1000. A committee consisting of Messrs F. H. Smith, J. Annan, Thos. Simpson, and J. Hart was appointed to fix up some preliminaries connected with bringing the company into existence.

Otago Witness, 22 July 1903, Page 4
The Timaru Herald contains the following: An indication of the keenness of the frost in the Albury district during Thursday afternoon may be gathered from the condition of a horse which was observed being ridden along the Mackenzie road between Albury and Cricklewood. During some part of its journey the horse had apparently had to ford some creeks, or a river, and the water, splashing up, had frozen on its body, and when seen it was carrying numerous bunches of long icicles under its belly.

Otago Witness 26 August 1903, Page 44
New Store. A much-felt want is about to be supplied by the new store which, with commendable enterprise, Mr William Couper is about to stock with general merchandise, As Mr Couper possesses considerable energy and is of an obliging disposition, he is sure to obtain a large share of the trade which has of late been done with Timaru.

Otago Witness, 26 August 1903, Page 31
Mr Richard Mahoney, who lately sold his farm at Ascotvale to concentrate his attention on horse-breeding, has this week purchased from Sir George Clifford the stallion Deerstalker. Mr Mark Caswell, of the Albury Settlement, has purchased from. Mr Mahoney the well-known draught stallion Athelstan, who was in past years champion, in several Otago show rings.
    New School.— At its last meeting the South Canterbury Education Board resolved to build a new school on the Chamberlain Settlement. The site chosen is about three-quarters of a mile from the coal pit on the road towards Mr Rutherford's homestead.

Otago Witness, 7 October 1903, Page 33
Social and Dance. — Our school social and dance took place last Friday, and was a great success. The attendance, large as it was, would have been considerable larger had not the swollen state of the streams precluded a contingent from Cricklewood and Fairlie from putting in an appearance. Dancing was indulged in by the younger members of the community until well after midnight. Much of the credit for the successful carrying out of the details is due to Mr William Couper, the popular secretary of the local School Committee.

Otago Witness, 2 December 1903, Page 37
Roman Catholic Church, which the contractors, Messrs Walker (masonry) and Riddle (carpentry), hare satisfactorily completed. This edifice was opened on Sunday.
Educational.— Miss Bertha Selby, late of the South School, Invercargill, has entered upon her duties as teacher of the Te Ngawai School.

Otago Witness, 30 December 1903, Page 81
Notes from South Africa.
Sir J. D. Hamilton, who was farming near Timaru, is a recent arrival here. He has some friends settled on the lend at Lake Crissie, in the Ermelo district, and his present intention is to get a holding there. It is in the Ermelo district that Mr R. E. McRae has the option over a big stretch of good country. Mr M'Rae who returned to New Zealand to secure settlers for his block, is expected back here very shortly. Mr William Kidd, from Albury, a Third Contingent man, is now in the employment of the Langlaagte Estate Mining Company.

Otago Witness, 27 April 1904, Page 35
On May Mr Hugh Corbett's farm, of 1200 acres, at Cricklewood, will be submitted for sale, as the owner is leaving for the Old Country.

Otago Witness, 23 November 1904, Page 9
OTAGO AGRICULTURAL AND PASTORAL SOCIETY. THE SUMMER SHOW
A new feature at the Otago Agricultural and Pastoral Society's forthcoming show will be the exhibition of horsemanship, for which Mr J. S. Rutherford, of Opawa Station, Albury, is procuring some 15 or 20 unbroken Maori horses from the North Island. These horses will subsequently be sold in Dunedin. The exhibition, moreover, will not cost the society anything, as Mr Rutherford has generously offered to find all the horses required, and he has forwarded a cheque for £10 10s to fee disposed of in prize-money for the competition as the society may think fit. Probably three prizes will be awarded, and this event-should prove a great attraction to the general public.

Otago Witness, 16 March 1904, Page 59
Miss McCarthy, of the Normal School, has been appointed to the Chamberlain School, near Albury, South Canterbury.

Evening Post, 17 March 1904, Page 5
THE PREMIER IN THE SOUTH.
FAIRLIE, 16th March. The Premier, accompanied by two of his daughters — Mrs. Bean and Miss Seddon — the Mayor of Timaru, and the Chairman of the Harbour Board, visited Albury and Fairlie districts to-day, driving from Albury through the Chamberlain and Albury settlements. A halt was made at the scene of an alleged find of auriferous quartz above Mount Nessing station, Opawa Stream, where Mr. J. S. Rutherford (who drove the Premier) had arranged luncheon for 150. There was quite a large gathering of settlers. The Premier examined specimens of the stone, and promised to have a test made. In the afternoon there was a twenty miles drive over rather rough road. Signs of prosperity were on every hand, and abundance of feed. The party arrived at Fairlie at 4.30 and were met by two hundred or two hundred and fifty people, and welcomed with cheers. School children were gathered in the street, and the Premier made some remarks in regard to recent reform in the education system, and dwelt on the importance of education to the community. He then drove six miles further to Silverstream to view the Punaroa settlements and the site for a proposed bridge over the Opihi. This evening he will receive deputation and attend a public "social."

Otago Witness, 27 April 1904, Page 35
There have been a number of transfers of leases in perpetuity on the Albury Settlement. The prices paid for the goodwill are extremely gratifying. On May Mr Hugh Corbett's farm, of 1200 acres, at Cricklewood, will be submitted for sale, as the owner is leaving for the Old Country.
    A social to celebrate the opening of the Chamberlain School was held in the schoolroom on Friday evening. There was a very large attendance.

Otago Witness 11 May 1904, Page 31 ALBURY
May 9. Our little township has been quite busy, and begins to assume an air of activity and industry. Mr. Wm. Couper has sold his blacksmith business to Mr Owen 'O'Neill, of Palmerston South, who takes possession as from the 1st inst. Mr Wm. Couper is giving has undivided attention to the general storekeeping business which he started some months ago. Six workmen arrived on Friday night to build a new store for Mr Bloxham. As it a rare occurrence to see so many artisans in the township at one time their arrival caused quite a stir amongst the juveniles. A saddlery business has been opened by Mr Rowland, late of Hilton. Mr Rowland also supplies a much felt want in the boot-repairing line.
    Changes. Land seem to be changing hands at a very rapid, rate in this district. Mr m. Snushall and Mr E. Gallen have bought out the leasehold of Messrs Elston Bros. Mr J. M'Court takes Mr E. Gallen's farm. Mr Jas. Austin, sen., retires from farming in the Albury district to devote his attention 'to his large place at Mayfield. His Albury farm has been leased by his two sons, James and Andrew (accountant to the Farmers' Co-operative Association), who will work it in partnership and in connection with the farm held by Mr James Austin, jun.

Otago Witness, 5 October 1904, Page 36
Social. A most successful concert and dance was recently held-in the Albury railway goods shed in aid of the school funds. A number of musicians from the surrounding districts generously gave their services, and these were assisted by Mrs Pilkington and Miss Couper, Messrs Murray, Rowland, and Buckley. A band consisting of Messrs Pilkington, Buckley, Mrs Pilkington and Miss Selby assisted the pianist at the dance. The financial result was exceedingly, good, and with the gift of the timber, which the generosity of Mr J.T. [sic] Rutherford supplies, a shelter shed rather above the the ordinary will be the result of the Concert Committee labours.

Otago Witness, 2 November 1904, Page 36
Shearing. Mr E. Irving, of Brownhill, who is always well forward with his work, has the greater part of his flock shorn. He started on the 17th, and although interrupted by the rain in the middle of the week, has made good progress.
    Public Hall. — Tenders are being called by Mr D. West, Timaru, for the erection of our hall. The hall is to be 60ft long, 30ft wide, end 18ft high. At the rear there is provision for a library 20ft by 12ft, and a ladies room 12ft by 12ft. The directors have met with very encouraging support in their canvass for shares, 480 out of 550 having been already taken up. It is almost certain, that the balance will be subscribed before the hall is built.
    New Buildings. — Carpenters are busy in various parts of the district building homes for the new settlers and making additions for those already settled. At the last meeting of the Education Board it was resolved to ask the Central Department to add a classroom to the Albury School. Mr Owen O'Neill, our local blacksmith, intends making an addition to his smithy.

Otago Witness, 16 November 1904, Page 52
Summer Show. Otago A and P. In the exhibition of horsemanship, Mr J. S. Rutherford, of Opawa Station, Albury, gives £5 5s as a special prize, and is forwarding two horses from South Canterbury, which will give interesting performances.

Otago Witness, 30 November 1904, Page 24
Messrs Wright, Stephenson, and Co. reports -On account of Mr J. S. Rutherford (of Opawa Station) we sold 12 unbroken light colts and fillies.

Otago Witness, 7 December 1904, Page 35
Mr Owen O'Neill, blacksmith, has sold his business. As Mr O'Neill has been a good workman and citizen, he will be missed in our little community.
    Mr J. S. Rutherford, in thinning his plantations, cut into timber many thousands of feet of Pinus insignis, which makes excellent - woolsheds, _ stables, etc. Mr Rutherford generously donated 2200 ft to build a shelter shed and workshop for the Albury School. The timber was beautifully cut, and as Mr James Hamilton made a good job in erecting the building the school now possesses a shed a bit above the common. Mr Frank Smith has lately cut some fine trees at the Albury Homestead.

Otago Witness, 1 March 1905, Page 21
Mr J. S. Rutherford, of Opawa Station, has just made a valuable addition to his stock of breeding ewes at Opawa Station, Albury, and at his Mistake Station, beyond Tekapo. When at the Dunedin show in November, Mr Rutherford purchased over 4000 well-bred merino ewes from three stations in Central Otago, and the sheep were all landed at Albury on Wednesday in good condition, having suffered nothing on the long railway journey.

Otago Witness, 5 April 1905, Page 5
An emu hunt, in which the Mayor and councillors of Timaru took part, as the outcome of Mr J. S. Rutherford's offer to present two of the birds to the Timaru Park if the city councillors would catch them, was of a very diverting nature (says the Timaru Post). The hunt took place at Mr Rutherford's Opawa Station, and with one exception the councillors were on foot. The huntsmen spread themselves out over the fields to round up the game, and walked for a couple of miles, ever on the quivere. At last they were rewarded with a sight of the game ; emus being seen feeding in a deep valley. On coming closer the birds, which were being driven, were seen to consist of two young emus and one old one. Then the fun began, and for a time was fast and furious. To recount all that happened in the attempt to yard the, birds would serve no useful end suffice it to say that the scenes when the birds got a "break" on and the councillors went in hot pursuit were of an intensely exciting, not to say hilarious, nature. At last the refractory emus consented to be yarded, and in a sheep pen about two miles from the starting point they were left for the night, Mr Rutherford undertaking to truck them to Timaru the next morning.

Otago Witness, 19 April 1905, Page 15
The accommodation at Fairlie was very severely taxed, as many as three persons having to sleep in one room. The two local hotelkeepers, however, did all in their power to make members as comfortable as possible. This morning there was a decided vagueness about the arrangements for the day. The majority of the commission started in a thick fog on a drive from Fairlie to Albury. Two commissioners, the press representatives, and four members of the staff came on by train.
    At 20 minutes past 10 the commission went to take the Albury evidence. John Scott Rutherford said he held the Mistake Run, of 62,000 acres, in the Mackenzie Country. Some 32,000 acres was grass land, the rest practically barren. He had also a lease in perpetuity at Chamberlain. He advocated a longer lease, surface, sowing on the runs, and planting of trees for shelter. He thought in some cases the natural pastures were going back. Late burning was largely responsible for this. Spelling would result in an improvement. The Mackenzie Country could only be worked in large holdings. The losses were so great in some winters that only a capalist could stand them. The local Crown settlements were prosperous. Some tenants were agitating for the freehold, but most were contented with the leasehold. The ranger did not harass, the settlers; in fact, witness thought he should be round a little oftener. If concessions were made in the cropping regulations there was danger that the ground would be worked out.
    Isaac Curtis, a Crown tenant on the Albury Settlement, objected to the cropping restrictions and the flooding of his land, which drowned hundreds of his sheep. He favoured the freehold options because he did not think a Government lease was worth the paper it was written on. Government could pass any act it liked. He complained of the Advances to Settlers Department. It took him six months to get a small loan. Witness was paying too much rent. In regard to the freehold, witness was not speaking for himself alone. He knew several who wanted the option to purchase their properties. Californian thistle was very bad on his section when he took it up. He was getting rid of it by growing mangels and turnips and hoeing the thistles out.
    Henry Kidd, holder of a grazing section on lease in perpetuity, said he was well pleased with his tenure. He advocated a continuation of the land for settlements .policy. It would be dishonouring Sir John M'Kenzie's name to alter this. Settlers should have a free hand in cropping, as the land in the district was full of yarr and couch grass. He thought that settlers were like the Children of Israel going to the Promised Land : they were always crying out for something more. They should be satisfied with their present prosperity. It was a great mistake that the commission did not take a tour through the settlement in which his land was. Ragween was spreading on the road in the district, and the County Council was shutting its eyes to the fact. It was a different ragweed from that in Southland, and was worse than the Californian thistle. Though he said it was a shame to alter the act in any way, he admitted afterwards that he wanted it altered himself in regard to cropping ; also, though he belauded the late Sir John M'Kenzie, he was opposed to his Fair Rent Bill.
    Thomas Robertson, holder of a small grazing run, said valuation for grassing should be regulated according to the increased carrying capacity of the runs.
James M'Cort, farmer on Albury settlement, thought the cropping restrictions should be modified. Owing to the wet seasons he had worked 70 acres of his land for three years without getting anything from it. From all he heard from the settlers in the district, the Advances to Settlers Department was likely to be- a failure, as it would not advance enough money. He was satisfied with the lease-in-perpetuity tenure. Some of the farms in the settlement were too small, and a number had been grouped. He wanted the rebate for rent extended for six months. The Chairman suggested that witness should not look a gift horse too much in the mouth. The commission closed its sittings at about half-past 12. Afterwards amongst a number of settlers present there was some dissatisfaction expressed that they did not get a hearing. The chairman, however, before closing the meeting had invited anyone present to give evidence. One settler who had driven in post haste only to find the meeting at an end complained that although the Albury settlers had been talking in favour of the freehold a few days ago they now appeared to have gone back on their expressed opinions.
    TIMARU, April 7. The commission reached Pleasant Point at half-past 3 discussed the minutes of a previous meeting, and then kicked its heels in idleness till dinner time. A meeting was advertised for the evening, but two or three intending witnesses were a little late in appearing, on the scene, and the commission drove into Timaru without taking any evidence. The journey of 13 miles was made in the dark, Timaru being reached at 8 p.m. Evidence will be taken here tomorrow.

Otago Witness, 2 August 1905, Page 23
We sold a pair of superior geldings, four and five years old respectively, and sired by the well-known Clydesdale stallion Clydebank, on account of Mr James Wyllie, of Outram, to Mr J. S. Rutherford, of Albury, for £110. We may say that this pair of fine geldings were bred and reared by Mr Wyllie, and, without doubt, they are a credit to the breeder and the buyer.

Otago Witness, 22 November 1905, Page 40
    Entertainments.— The Black Diamond Co., a local organisation at whose head stands Messrs West, Pilkington, and Rowland, gave a very successful entertainment in the Albury Hall in aid of the funds for the purchase of a piano. There was a very large attendance, and those present evidently enjoyed to the full the fun was so liberally provided for them. The services of this band of negro minstrels is to be requisitioned for next Friday when an entertainment in aid of the school prize fund is to be given at Tengawai.
    Elections. — There has been quite a flutter of excitement in connection with the county elections, which created more than usual interest. Messrs Wreford and Irving, the sitting members, were re-elected, and Mr Donald Stewart filled the third place. Our next excitement will be in voting for the member for Waitaki. We are to have Mr J. B. Nichol to-night, and Sir W. J. Steward next week.
    Public Library. — That the district is forging ahead is evidenced by its increasing needs. It has been found that we can no longer do without books end magazine literature to keep us abreast of the times. Consequently, a library, is projected. Already £70 has been promised, and £100 will doubtless be subscribed. As usual, in all movements making for the mental or social, welfare of the district, Mr J.S. Rutherford is taking a leading part in establishing a library. The success of this institution is assured.

Wanganui Herald, 2 December 1905, Page 5
December 1. Robert French, a gardener employed at the Mount Nessing Station, committed suicide by cutting his throat. The deceased had been in in ill health lately, and it is thought that this prompted the deed.

Otago Witness, 14 February 1906, Page 34
Mr Charles Pilkington, who has for six years acted as stationmaster at Albury, retires at the end of this month. He has acquired the old-established general storekeeping business of Messrs Kernohan, McCahon, and Co. (Limited), Fairlie. Mr Alfred Bloxham, who has also been in the store-keeping line for some time contemplates retiring at the end of this month.
    Threshing Mill Co. — The annual meting of the Albury Threshing Mill Co. (Limited) was held last week. The position of the company had improved to the extent of about £200 since last year and the finance seems to be in a sound condition. The retiring directors, Messrs Irving and Hart, were re-elected, as were also the secretary, Mr Wm. Couper, and the auditor, Mr Alex. Lindsay, at the same remuneration as formerly. A vote of thanks to the chairman of directors. Mr Frank H. Smith, brought the meeting to a close.

Surnames on passenger list were often misspelled
Duncan Cowper, at age 29, from Midlothian, a blacksmith, arrived in Lyttelton by the ship St. Lawrence, 29 August, 1874

Duncan Couper, general blacksmith and machinist, opened a forge at Cave in October 1882. In 1894 he took over the Albury Livery Stables from Messrs Burgess and Manton
Duncan McEwan Carmichael Couper married Elizabeth Stewart 31 August 1876 in United Presbyterian Church, Timaru. [Folio 2235 Eliza Stewart and Duncan Cooper]
Their children were:
Jessey (Jessie) Jane Couper b. 1877 Albury m. John Sutherland in 1901
William Couper b. 1878 Albury
Alexander Hume Couper b. 1880 Albury
Duncan Thomas Couper b.1882 Albury m. Catherine Jane Tomkins in 1908
James Robert Couper b. 1884 Albury KIA 4 Oct. 1917 Ypres, Belgium
Marjory Lindsay Carmichael Couper b. 1886 Albury. m. Wm John LEWIS in 1908
Henrietta Couper b. 1888. d. 1942. Headstone at Timaru.

Otago Witness, 28 March 1906, Page 35
A good deal of building has been going on in and around the Cave lately. Our storekeeper, Mrs Kilpatrick, has made great additions to her store, and the Railway Department have put up new yards at the Cave for trucking fat lambs to the freezing works, so we are getting our share of attention.
    On the 16th the members of the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society visited one of the reserves that are set aside for rearing imported game, to see if it would suit wallaby, opossum, and scare other of the importations that will probably cause in the end as much trouble to get cleared out as it has done to get them imported. Mr J. S. Rutherford met about 20 of the members- of the society of the Cave on Thursday morning, with two coaches, one of which had six horses in it and one four horses. He drove to the reserve at the foot of Mount Nimrod, and they camped for the night with Mr T. Pringle, and had a good look round. The two days were very misty, however, so they could not see very far. They returned to the Cave on Friday afternoon at about 3 o'clock.

Otago Witness, 4 April 1906, Page 6
The Timaru Post of the 26th ult. says: — Mr J. S. Rutherford, of Opawa Station, Albury was the recipient of a very appropriate present on Saturday, when he was met at the Timaru railway station by the president of the Southland Agricultural and Pastoral Association, who handed to him a handsome gold pendant artistically engraved, its striking features being a quartette of horseshoes worked on gold, at the top and bottom and on either side, while the centrepiece bears a representation of a horse and rider — a true buck-jumper. The pendant was accompanied by the following letter from the secretary to the Southland Agricultural and Pastoral Association: — "I have very much pleasure in advising you that my directors desire me to express their very hearty appreciation of the kindly interest you have so often taken in the success of our summer show...

Otago Witness
, 9 May 1906, Page 36
Changes. — Land is changing hands very freely, and prices are at such a pitch that one could say that we were in the midst of a, mild boom. Mr Frank Smith, of "The Homestead," Albury, has sold his run, freehold and leasehold, to Mr Foster Neill, of Tumai, Otago. Mr Mitchell sold the Waratah property of nearly 5000 acres to Mr William Cunningham as a going concern for over £20,000. Mr Cunningham a few days afterwards sold the land to Mr Frank Smith: The stock was sold 10 days ago, and one of the most successful sales we have had in the district resulted. Sheep brought up to 235, and horses sold equally well. Mr Smith sold his stock last .Wednesday, and very good prices were obtained. Mr Frederick Crowle, whose lease of the farm, 207 acres, adjoining the township, has expired, holds a clearing sale on the 9th. I learn that Mr George Hall's farm on the Albury Estate has also changed hands at a very good figure, and as negotiations are pending for the purchase of other properties business in land may be said to be brisk.
    Dog Trials.— The annual trials of the Albury Collie Dog Club will be held on May 24 and 25. On the evening of the 24th inst.     
Football Club held a social, so that the visitors need not allow time to hang heavily on their hands after the day's sport is over.
    County Council. — The county election for the return of two members brought out four candidate — Messrs D. Stewart. R. Irving, D. Angland, and W. J. Lewis. The sitting members, Messrs Irving and Stewart, were returned.
Social. — A very successful social was lately given by Mr Richard Irving and his family to their friends in Albury and surrounding districts. The spacious barn lately erected at Brownhill was filled by a joyous crowd, who, young and old, did what they could to entertain and be entertained by their neighbours. Excellent music was supplied By Mr Cooper (violin), Mr Wright (piano), and Mr Barrett {bagpipes). Dancing was kept up with spirit until the early hours of the morning. Mr James Austin took occasion, on behalf of the numerous guests, to thank Mr Irving for his generous hospitality, and to wish him and his family every success.

New Zealand Tablet, 10 May 1906, Page 5
Mr D. Angland of Albury and Mr T. Harney, of Timaru have been recently made JPs.

Otago Witness, 13 June 1906, Page 35
ALBURY SHEEP DOG TRIAL. The Albury Club were most fortunate in the bringing off of their ninth annual competition last week. Very gratifying entries had been all parts of South Canterbury being well represented, while quite an invasion of southern knights of the "crooked stick" craft had nominated, and, what is more, competed to some purpose, scoring the three premier places in class 1 (Huntaway), Ist, 2nd. and 4th in class 2 (yarding), Ist and 2nd in yarding (maiden,), 4th long pull, and Ist in a sweepstake driving competition — a truly meritorious performance. . especially when such well-known competitors as Messrs R. Fraser, Jas. Burnett, and A. Smith. Mr R. Guthrie did most of the judging — i.e., classes 2, 3, and 4. — and, on the whole, his verdicts were well received, but it must be said that his placing of the first dog in the Long Pull was a bit of a surprise to those who closely watched the running. Messrs Armstrong, Lewis, and Woods adjudicated on the other runs. The final results of the various classes were as follows: Huntaway.— R. Trotter's Gem Ist. with A. M'Keller's Help 2nd and Lassie 3rd.
In class 2 Mr M'Intyre (Waikaka Valley) was Ist, with his maiden slut Beta, who also consequently won the Maiden, class 4. run in conjunction with class 2, same conditions. Mr R. Trotter's Help followed in the open class, with Mr J. Bennett's Tip filling for third position. Mr Trotter also got second place in Maiden, with his kelpie Lady Mac, while Mr Smith's Rover came next. The Farmers' Driving Competition was some what poorly patronised, only five dogs entering. Mr D. Augland getting Ist, B. Gillies 2nd. and E. Anderson 3rd. At the conclusion of this event a Sweepstake was got up, no less than 17, entering but in the former class, no real good work was shown, though the three winning dogs put up very creditable runs — viz., Mr J. P. M'Intyre's Lass Ist, and Mr R. Fraser's ; Lillico and Marvel 2nd and 3rd. These two dogs secured first and second at Burkes Pass trial some weeks ago against keen competition, and against work of a really high order. The Long Pull brought the trials to an end. The principal positions in this we're secured by Mr J. Annan Freehold Ist, Fraser's Lillico 2nd, A. Jones's Lassie 3rd, and V. Purdue's Loy 4th.

Otago Witness, 29 August 1906, Page 36
Presentation.— Our storekeeper, Mr Wm. Couper, who has recently sold his business to Mr W. M. Bolt, jun., of Dunedin, was entertained by over a hundred residents from all parts of this widely-scattered district.
Changes.— There seems a feeling of unrest abroad. Several of our best settlers have betaken themselves to fresh fields and pastures new during the last six months. Mr Fred Crowle has bought a farm at Waimate, and has now settled upon it. Messrs Hall and Hart have likewise settled on lower levels and larger areas. Mr Willetts has sold the coal mine at Chamberlain to his brother, and is residing at Albury. Mr John Sutherland has purchased half an acre in Albury, with buildings thereon, lately used as a store by Mr A. M. Bloxham. The price paid as £300.

Wanganui Herald, 20 October 1906, Page 4
Mr Henry Kidd, of Albury, has just returned from an extensive tour of the Home Lands, and to a representative of the Timaru Post gave some interesting particulars regarding the way New Zealand meat is dealt with at Home. In his travels abroad, Mr Kidd was accompanied by Mr Hugh Corbett, late of Cricklewood, but now of Timaru.

Otago Witness, 23 January 1907, Page 40
Buildings — Mr J. S. Rutherford has erected two neat cottages on the Mount Nessing road.
The Church of England congregation are taking for tenders for the erection of a new church. The new building will be on the site presented by Mr William Wreford, of Coal Creek. The Presbyterian Church has engaged Mr Old of the Theological College, as assistant to Rev. Dr Black for the summer months.

Otago Witness, 22 May 1907, Page 35
The Presbyterian Church services at Cricklewood and Chamberlain have been discontinued and as a result the attendance at the Albury Church is much greater. Dr Black, whose parish is 20 miles in length, must have a vast amount of travelling to overtake the needs of his scattered charge.
    The annual general meeting of the Albury Public Hall Company Limited, was held in the Public Hall on Saturday, 18th mat. There was a large attendance of members, presided over by Mr I S. Rutherford, the chairman of directors. The retiring directors, Messrs J. S. Rutherford and R. Irving, were reelected, as was the auditor. Mr A. Austin, his remuneration being fixed at the same sum as last year.

Otago Witness, 11 September 1907, Page 40
I understand that Mr H. D. Lowry, who is at present in charge of the Albury Railway Station, is to take charge of the Pleasant Point Station, the officer there taking over one of the stations in Otago. — Mr C. Pilkington, who had a branch store here, has sold out to Mr E. Costello, of Waimate.
Buildings. — We keep advancing in the - matter of buildings. Mr Bolt has added a butchery and a bakery to his business.
The County Council has also erected a corrugated iron building in which to store materials required by its workmen.
The Anglican Church is almost complete and service will be held there next Sunday. A bazaar in aid of the building fund will take place early in October, and as the ladies have been assiduously working, it is hoped that abundant success will crown their efforts.
Races. — The Albury Racing Club .purposes holding lie annual meeting on Labour Day.

Otago Witness, 5 February 1908, Page 53
Land Sales. — Places are changing hands at very satisfactory figures. Mr J. J. Milne has sold his L.I.P. farm to Mr J. T. Anderson, and Mr J.T. Drake has disposed of his 104-acre farm, adjoining the township, on the Rosewill Settlement, to Mr C. Brosnahan, of the Levels Plains. Both Mr Milne and Mr Drake will be much missed, as they were settlers of a good type, and anxious to forwards the best interests of the district. Mr Milne was senior elder in the Presbyterian church, and superintendent of the Sabbath School since its establishment.
Sheep-dipping Company. — A number of settlers the vicinity of Rocky Gully have determined to form themselves into a private company for the purpose of erecting and maintaining a sheep dip in, a convenient position. Mr G. T. Baker has agreed to surrender two acres of his run, and the Government has granted this area to the proposed company. It is estimated that this venture will cost each of the subscribers about £10. With careful co-operative management and a good
executive there is little doubt that that success will be attained
New Bridge.— The Government has granted £550 for a new bridge over the Rocky Gully stream on the main road conditional on the county raising £550 additional. A poll is to be taken on Wednesday, 29th inst., to test whether the majority are in favour of the proposal. As the advantages are so great and the cost relatively so small — £22 per annum for 32 years will wipe out loan of £550— it is almost certain that the proposal will be carried.
Saleyards Co. — The Saleyards Company has had a very good year, and the directors intend increasing the facilities for handling stock. A new race is to be built, and several additional yards are to be erected. The Pareora yards are to be built on the plans of the Albury yards. The Cave, eight miles distant, has new yards, which will be opened on Friday, February 7.

Evening Post, 13 February 1908, Page 4
Mr. J. S. Rutherford, of Opawa Station, Albury, has hit upon a novel scheme for getting sheep over streams in the back country, says the Timaru Post. The device he has invented and had made, consists of a movable bridge, which is drawn by two horses and shifted from stream to stream as desired. The bridge is 30 feet in length, and 4 feet wideband in practical use in different parts of the Mackenzie Country it has been found to answer its purpose admirably.

Otago Witness, 25 March 1908, Page 39
Saleyards Company.— The annual meeting of the Albury Saleyards Company (Ltd.) was held in the Public Hall on the 14th inst. There were 20 shareholders present, and Mr J. S. Rutherford (chairman of the company) presided. The chairman paid that, in his opinion, the secretary should be granted a bonus for his services, and this suggestion, the meeting adopted. The retiring directors- Messrs James Austin and Thomas Simpson were re-elected, as was the auditor (Mr Andrew Austin). Mr J. S. Rutherford was re-elected chairman for the tenth year in succession, and a hearty vote of thanks accorded him for his past services.
Cricket Match.— A match between Fairlie and Albury was played on the Recreation- Ground, Albury, on the 19th inst. Albury, batted first, and made 51, Lindsay (19), Stephens (11), and Simpson (8) being the highest scorers. Fairlie replied with 103 Rev. T. Addenbrooke (27, not out), O'Dowd (19), and Bussell (15) being most successful for Fairlie. Culverhouse and O'Dowd bowled well for Fairlie, and Corbett and Simpson did a similar service for Albury.
Fire — On the 16th a fire broke out in the house of Mr Robert Yates at Albury. A spark from a boiler ignited some straw beneath the house, and soon the whole place was a blaze. Mr Yates, who lost everything, was insured in the State Fire Office for £80. By a strange coincidence the house of Mr George Boddye, ganger for the Mackenzie County Council, for whom Mr Yates also works was burned down in the early morning a few weeks ago, while the hut they occupy was partially burned about a fortnight ago.

Otago Witness, 26 August 1908, Page 83
Dear Dot, I am 11 years old, and I am in the Third Standard. I go to the Albury School. We had a football match with Cricklewood on Saturday, and Albury won by 17 points to nil. I scored twice — 3 points each time. I nave no pets to tell you about. —Yours truly, PUKAKI.

New Zealand Tablet, 8 October 1908, Page 10
THE CHURCH IN NEW ZEALAND MEMOIRS OF THE EARLY DAYS
(Contributed.) SOUTH CANTERBURY. Among the pioneer Catholics who came to Canterbury in the early days of settlement, and whose name deserves an honored place in any records treating of the foundation and progress of the Church in this province, is that of Mr J B Sheath, head of the well-known family of that name-a family that has done so much to advance religion, and the prosperity of the community generally. Mr. Sheath, who departed this life a few years ago at an advanced age, came from Birmingham England, and arrived at Lyttelton in July, 1861. In his native land he was principal of the famed gunmaking firm of Hollis and Sheath, of Birmingham, who manufactured the armaments used in the Crimean War, and large quantities of which went to America and other countries. After a varied and considerable amount of colonising experience, principally about the growing city of Christchurch, Mr. Sheath and family settled on the Opawa station in the Albury district, South Canterbury, now occupied by Mr. John Rutherford. The dwelling house, which formed the homestead, and is still in existence, was built in sections by a Mr. Dartnell in his yard at Christchurch, and before being despatched to its permanent site was erected in every detail to make certain that no part was missing. As showing the primitive and roundabout method of transit in those days, the sectional parts of the structure were carted to the old Ferry Wharf at Heathcote, thence taken by water round to Lyttelton, again shipped to Timaru, and, in completion of the journey conveyed to its final destination by Sheath's team of twenty station bullocks. An historical land-mark on the road is still known as the Level, or Sheath's Mound, where the conveyance became, fast embedded in the mud on its way to the Opawa station. It is interesting to learn that the late Mr. George Rhodes, of the Levels station, gave the first site for the Catholic Church buildings at Timaru. This proving unsuitable, Mr. Sheath successfully negotiated an exchange for the present splendid site. When Father Chataignier first settled in Timaru he was periodically (about once a year) conveyed out by Mr. Sheath from Timaru to the back-block's. Mr. Sheath also guided him about from house to house wherever Catholics were to be found in the Mackenzie Country. Mass being always celebrated at Mr. Sheath's house, sets of vestments and other necessaries for the celebration of Mass were always possessed by the family. The first bell used in connection with the Church in Timaru did service previously on the station in directing the men from distant parts. This was given to the Church, and very many other necessaries were also supplied by the family. Mr. Alfred Sheath, a brother of Mr. J. B. Sheath, erected the first telegraph line in Canterbury— that between Christchurch and Lyttelton— and afterwards lines nearly all over New Zealand in the early sixties. The first telegram sent on the wires is now in possession of a lady of the family.

Otago Witness, 27 January 1909, Page 83
Dear Dot — I am staying at Albury for my school holidays, and have been spending most of the days down at the river catching fish and paddling. Red Carnation is my cousin. It is raining here to-day, and I am so sorry, because 1 cannot go out to play. The men are not working to-day as it is raining too hard. We are milking two cows, and we make about 12 lb of butter. Their names are Beauty and Strawberry. I have two brothers and one sister I am 11 years and if I pass I shall be in the Fourth Standard at school. Albury is a hilly place, but it is a nice change from the town. I was up the paddocks on Sunday, and as I was running down the hills I lost a good brooch which was brought from the North Island to me. Yours truly, HIGHLAND LASSIE.

Otago Witness, 23 June 1909, Page 39
    Sickness.-The district has experienced an epidemic of measles and influenza. The latter we have often, but it is nine years since the former swept the district. The school became so thinned that it had to be closed, and will not reopen for some time. A few adults here, along with the youth of the place, been laid aside, but it is pleasing to record that we hare not had any deaths. Mr C.E. Bonnett, a respected settler on Chamberlain Settlement, succumbed last Tuesday to an attack of pneumonia.
    Saleyards Company.— The annual meeting look place at the end of last month. The yards would be closed for the winter after the June sale. Messrs Rutherford and Irving, the retiring directors, were re-elected, as was the auditor, Mr Andrew Austin. Mr J.S. Rutherford was re-elected chairman of the company. The directors afterwards interviewed the stock agents, and the latter agreed to hold two more sales.
    School.— The Albury School Committee wrote to the Education Board asking for an enlargement of the school on the ground that the number attending was too great for the space afforded. The Inspector reported that the overcrowding was due to pupils coming to Albury School from other school districts. He could not therefore recommend the board to enlarge the school. The board adopted the inspector's report, and declined the application of the committee.
    Church Affairs —  The Presbyterian Church has called the Rev. Peter Wilson, of Taranaki, to be the first minister of the newly-sanctioned charge at Albury. The call has been forwarded to the Taranaki Presbytery for its consideration. In the meantime the Rev. J. Ellis, late of Hokitika Wesleyan Church, is supplying till the end of the month. The stipend to be paid to the new minister is £175, and if the funds permit £200 will be given.

Grey River Argus, 19 July 1909, Page 4
The Albury School Committee, waited on the South Canterbury Education Board and demanded increased accommodation at the Albury School, where 50 infants are daily gathered in a room 20ft -by 20ft.

Otago Witness, 22 September 1909, Page 39
School. — The school has now a roll number of 96. The average attendance for the past month has been 90.
Social — The Football Club wound up the season with a social and dance. The patron, Mr J. S. Rutherford, in recognition of his services and his accustomed generosity, was presented with an enlarged photograph of the First Fifteen and the office-bearers.
Church. — The new minister, Rev. Peter Wilson, late of Manaia, Taranaki, has got to work and is making a favourable impression.

Otago Witness, 6 October 1909, Page 40
The Presbyterian Church intend shortly to erect a manse on the block of land at Albury recently purchased from the Crown.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 24 December 1910, Page 5
The wife of Mr J. S. Rutherford, well-known station-owner at Albury, died this morning.

Evening Post, 30 August 1911, Page 3 ALLEGED SHEEP THEFTS.
Timaru, 29th August. Daniel Sargent, a settler on the Brothers Downs, near Cricklewood, was charged at the Magistrate's Court with stealing six sheep belonging to a new neighbour, F. W. Wain, on different dates, from May to August. Their farms adjoin. Wain stated that he missed fifteen sheep previously. On the 17th inst. he was working in one of his paddocks next accused's farm, and came across several paunches and heads, some of them freshly killed, and near to the boundary fence a temporary gallows, where more sheep had been killed. Paunches were lying about on both sides of the fence, and on accused's side, and a skin bearing witness's brand and earmarks. Meeting accused that day, the latter offered to pay for any sheep that were missing. When a constable went up some of complainant's skins were produced by accused at his house. Accused was committed for trial. Bail was allowed in bonds of £150, which were forthcoming.

Evening Post, 13 June 1912, Page 8
John Williams pleaded guilty to the theft of an overcoat from a fellow employee on the Mount Nessing Station, Canterbury. He wan fined £1, in default seven days imprisonment, and the return of the coat to the owner was ordered.

Evening Post, 17 August 1912, Page 9 CHILD SEVERELY SCALDED
Timaru, l0th January. Bruce Paterson, three years old, son of the Albury stationmaster, was severely scalded by tripping into a pail of boiling water, in which caustic soda was dissolved. He was removed to a private hospital at Fairlie.

Grey River Argus, 30 May 1913, Page 6 H.M.S. NEW ZEALAND VISIT TO TIMARU.
The flags, which were enclosed in a neat oak casket, were presented by Mrs Edgar Jones (late of Mount Nessing,) president of the women is branch of the Timaru Navy League, on behalf of the women of New Zealand. Mrs Jones made a short address appropriate to the purpose and General Godley, in accepting the gift on behalf of Captain Halsey, expressed the latter regret that he was unable to be present, and his own pride an having the honor to act as a substitute in so interesting and patriotic a ceremony.

Evening Post, 26 February 1914, Page 8
Timaru, 25th February. Howitt, a farmer at Cricklewood, was pinned down by his car capsizing on him a mile out of town on his way home. He was recently vaccinated preparatory to a trip to England, and his arm was so painful that he could only steer with one hand. The car seems to have mastered him, run into a big stone on the side of the road, and smashed the front and turned over. Howitt was removed to the hospital suffering from concussion of the brain.

Grey River Argus, 29 May 1914, Page 5 SHEEP WORRYING.
Timaru, May 28. At the Magistrate's Court a grazing run-holder at Mount Nessing recovered. £20 and £7 costs from a neighbour for lambs worried by a dog. The damage was all done in one day.

Evening Post, 23 January 1915, Page 15
CHARGE OF SHEEP-STEALING
WELL-KNOWN FARMER COMMITTED FOR TRIAL. Timaru, 22nd January. At Fairlie to-day, before Mr. Day, S.M. Robert Guthrie, a well-known sheep farmer of Mount Nessing, Albury, was committed for trial on three charges of sheep-stealing on or about 24th December, namely, forty-eight sheep from a neighbour, J. Maxwell ; two sheep of N.Z. and A. Land Co. (Akatarana) ; one sheep of a neighbour, Edgar Jones. An inspection of the sheep disclosed that the sheep claimed had been shorn and branded and the ear-marks altered. The accused pleaded "not guilty." Bail was fixed at £300, and £300 in one or two sureties.  

Timaru Herald, 16 October 1918, Page 2
Mr H. Kidd, Brown Street, Timaru has received a letter dated August 13, from Scrgt. D. C. Kidd, the youngest of his ten sons, who is now in Palestine.

Timaru Herald, 18 August 1919, Page 9 A FAREWELL GATHERING.
When the people of the Albury district do anything they do it well; and their action on last Monday night was no exception to this rule when residents of Albury and Mt. Nessing assembled at Gould Bros.' residents for the purpose of farwelling Mr and Mrs H Rose. Mr D. Angland presided. Mr W. Wall made the presentation, which consisted of a purse of sovereigns. Messrs Kidd, Field, Campbell, Guthrie and Page all spoke. After the presentation a dance was held. Games were provided, for those who did not dance, and some vocal items were given. The ladies provided a bountiful supper, and a very pleasant evening was brought to a close about midnight.

Mount Nessing

Oamaru Mail, 14 March 1913, Page 4 LAND SETTLEMENT.
Timaru, March At the ballot the Mount Nesting lands were disposed of this morning as follows:
Section 3, 403 acres — John Henry Wright, Woodgrove
Section 4, 416 acres — Thomas Peach, Anderson's Bay, Dunedin
Section 5, 326 acres — William C. Brown, Waihao Downs
Section 6, 476 acres — Gavin C. Kidd, Albury
Second-class Land.
Sections and la. 8740 acres, Homestead Block —Jessie Guthrie, Timaru
Section 2, 3370 acres —James Maxwell, Christchurch
Section 7, 637 acres — Edward L. Harris, Aramoho, Wanganui
Section 8, 4650 acres — William Gould, Pleasant Point
Section 9, 1170 acres — Sarah Power, Woodgrove
Section 10, 9930 acres —John Holden, Alexandra South.
Sections 11 and 11a - 4664 acres — John White, Sumner, Christchurch


References:

Papers Past

Pinney, Robert Early South Canterbury Runs; Wellington: First edition Reed, 1971 330 pages plus b/w plates; hard cover book with dust jacket.  Covers Albury, Opawa and Mount Nessing runs.  

Vance, William, High Endeavour: the Story of the Mackenzie Country. Covers the Albury Range stations and lists the original settlers for the Chamberlain settlement (Opawa subdivision) page 231  and the Mount Nessing settlement pg 234.

Books, maps, paintings etc:

Albury school 125th Jubilee Committee, 2006 Albury School 125th jubilee : 1882-2007 Sutherland, Jeremy. Albury, N.Z  Te Ngawai, Chamberlain, Mona Vale, Mt Nessing and onto the Albury School.The local schools were consolidated between 1937 - 1949. Edited by Jeremy Sutherland.

Crawford, Juliet Laures The Centennial History, Albury-Pleasant Point parish, 1879-1979. [Pleasant Point, N.Z. : Albury-Pleasant Point Parish Centennial Committee, 1979] (Timaru : Pope Print)

Glass,Yshbel  Albury & District 1850-1994

Reference: Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition. Vol. 3 pages 946-950  Published 1903

Alexander Turnbull Library - Timeframes
Panoramic photograph of Albury Park, South Canterbury, taken by Robert Percy Moore ca. 1925. ATL Reference number: Pan-0118-F

Albury Park (Farm) House and property owned in the 1920s by Foster Neill at Albury, a farming community, South Canterbury, inland from Temuka. Panoramic photograph of Albury Park, South Canterbury, taken by R P Moore in 1925. Dark red roofs, white house, dark brown facings. Red tulips, green lawn, dark tree background.  Who built it? When? There is a roller on the croquet lawn out the back. Woolshed to the left.  Probably a wood shed behind the house and a vegetable garden out of sight. Weeping willow to the left with another small pond. Josephine Barton Gillingham married Foster Fyans Neill in 1920. 1908 Darracq car.

Timaru Herald, 23 February 1920, Page 6
NEILL — GIILLINGHAM —On January 27th, 1920, at St. Stephen's Church, Fairlie, by the Rev. H.O. T. Hanby, Foster Fyans Neill to Josephine Barton Gillingham.

Sunshine Advocate (Vic.) Friday 8 December 1944 p 1 NEIL-McFADYEN
The marriage of Jean, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. H. McFadyen, of 138 Morris Street, 9 Sunshine, to Gnr. Frederick Fyans Neil, A.I.F. eldest son of Mrs. Elmslie and the late Mr. Neil, of Wai-iti Timaru, New Zealand, was celebrated at St. John's Cathedral, Brisbane, on 26th October, by Dean Barrett. The bride was given away by her brother, Gnr. G. McFadyen (returned M.E. and N.G.). She wore an off white silk net frock over tafferta with embroidered tulle veil and coronet of orange blossom. Her bouquet was of white gladioli, roses and maiden hair fern.

Christchurch Central Library

Farm location map of South Canterbury produced by Methven Jaycee, 1977 ; [compiled by] Aerial Surveys Ltd. Scale [1:1,000. 1 cm. to 1,000 metres]. Map 2 of Mid and South Canterbury farm location maps. Includes inset maps of Milford Clandeboye Road area, Seadown Road area, Albury Mt. Nessing, and Rollesby Valley.

Archives NZ - Christchurch -Archways

Albury Post Office in 2008 is now a private home.
The old Albury Post Office is now a private residence. Opened in 1936.  1967. It still has the original rimu doors and picture rail in most rooms along with a couple of leadlight windows. The post office probably closed around 1989 due to restructuring of Government services.

NZ Historic Places Trust On the register in the Albury district down Mt Nessing Rd, ALBURY
Registration Type: Historic Place - Category II [places of ‘historical or cultural heritage significance or value’ ]
Date Registered: 23/6/83

  1. Butterworth Accommodation House (former). The Albury accommodation house, made from local limestone, on State Hwy 8 was built by William Butterworth in 1867. It had 13 bedrooms and could seat 30 in its dining room. It was burnt down and rebuilt in 1873 after the Butterworth's had moved on. Was it called the 'Pig n Whistle'? There is a sketch of the "Pig and Whistle, Albury" in the cookbook Mackenzie Muster pg 58 

  2. Mount Nessing Homestead Entrance Gate & Picket Fence

  3. Mt Nessing Homestead   

    New Zealand Historic Places Trust Periodical - Historic Places in New Zealand
    Vol. 47 - May 1994 -  Enduring Walls; Homesteads - Opawa Station, Mount Nessing Station, Rutherford by Janet Holm.
    Vol. 38 Sept. 1992.    Albury - 1867 township, Opawa accommodation house:
    Vol. 58 May 1996      The Accommodating Butterworths; Hospitality in 1859 pioneer, South Canterbury family, Pareora, Opawa, 1873 by Gordon Ogilvie:

    Janet Rutherford Holm wrote Nothing but Grass and Wind: the Rutherfords of Canterbury (1992) a history of her run-holding family and Caught Mapping: the Life and Times of New Zealand's Early Surveyors (2005). Made regular contributions to periodicals including New Zealand Historic Places, the Canterbury Mountaineer, History Now, the New Zealand Alpine Journal and Survey Quarterly, magazine of the New Zealand Institute of Surveyors, and to The Press' Museum Pieces. She catalogued major photographic collections in the Canterbury Museum, making them accessible to researchers.

Photo taken by Sonia, Jan. 2009.
Mt. Nessing gates. Homestead.

Colonist, 24 January 1920, Page 5 DEATH OF WELL-KNOWN SETTLER.
Timaru, Jan. 23. The death occurred this morning, at the age of 64 of Robert Guthrie, for many years a prominent settler in the McKenzie country as manager of sheep stations. Later he became the lessee of a grazing run near Burkes Pass, and, subsequently, of another at Mount Nessing. He was a vigorous member-of the County Council and other local bodies. For many years he was a member of the first Government Commission on the cutting-up of hill runs, and, over since has been a strenuous advocate of the cutting-up policy. He was a native of Ayrshire. As a youth he was articled to law, but his health required an outdoor life, and he came to New Zealand in 1876.

Geographic Place names within 4km of Albury
Albury Park - a homestead
Bunny Hill - a homestead
Camp Valley - a locality
Chetwynd - a homestead
Cricklewood - a locality
Glen Erin - a homestead
Glencraig - a homestead
Glengarragh - a homestead
Hollybank - a homestead
Limestone Valley - a locality
Rosebank - a homestead
Silver Hill - a homestead
Spring Terrace - a homestead
Strathbrae - a homestead
Te Ngawai Reserve - a park
Tengawai River - a natural stream
Tramway Stream - a stream
Wyndale - a homestead

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project


Star 29 May 1895, Page 4
DEAR MUTTON.
The Temuka Leader says — We learn that Mr Gideon Rutherford, of Kakanui, has lost under peculiar circumstances a prize ewe, for which he had refused 100 guineas a few weeks ago. Mr Rutherford was away from home, and the household, running  short of meat, made an application to the shepherd for some mutton. The shepherd directed the boy to a paddock in which he said he could find some sheep, and told him to catch and kill one of them. The boy did as he was told, and selected the 100-guinea ewe, which he had very soon prepared for the pot. Mr Rutherford on returning home discovered what had happened, and his state of mind maybe easier imagined than described. He had named the ewe " Perfection", and would not have taken any money for her. The boy left unceremoniously, and has not been heard of since.