Blacksmiths in South Canterbury, N.Z.  A to Zed.

Reference: Papers Past unless otherwise noted.  Under construction.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U W Y

Blacksmiths of Australia & New Zealand
NZ Blacksmiths

Auckland Star, 14 January 1926, Page 11 Forge Fires Dying
PICTURESQUE CRAFT PASSING. ONLY FOUR SMITHIES IN AUCKLAND CITY. PETROL SILENCEs ANVIL'S MUSIC.
To a town-bred man a smithy does not mean so much as it does to a man whose youth was passed in the country, but the vivid appeal the blacksmith's craft makes to all our race seems to link us all townsmen and country folk with the days when "every rood of ground maintained its man." Smithies are dark and cavernous places —the darkness being deliberate not accidental, as the gloom makes it easier to judge whether the glowing iron has reached the correct heat—and the fire glimmering or blazing at the back stands out all the more in contrast. Then the aproned figure of the smith, one arm working the bellows handle, which ended often in a cow's horn, and the other tending the fire, one minute a black heap of coal from which issues thick yellow acrid smoke, the next a roaring pyramid of flame from which the grimy tender would from time to time draw out the iron bar to see how it was getting on.
    Most of us as children have waited breathlessly for the supreme moment when the wonderful man drew it out for the last time, and turning quickly to the anvil with the glowing mass that sputtered golden sparks around, he proceeded to beat it into a horse-shoe. In itself the shoe combines some of the most beautiful lines in architecture, and apart from its own beauty it is the symbol of good luck. So that the forge is really a concatenation of sights and sounds that perhaps explain the remarkable appeal the smith's craft has made to poets, painters, and even musicians. Probably no single poem is so popular with the ordinary people as Longfellow's well known lines.
    There are other things connected with the forge that are rather attractive— the ease with which the smith handles recalcitrant horses, the trying on of the hot shoe held by a sharp punch driven into one of the nail-holes, the white smoke that rises from the burning hoof, emitting a smell that is decidedly peculiar, and sort of pleasantly unpleasant. Every country child is familiar enough with the charm of the peep through the smithy-door, and can well remember the thrill of importance the first day he was trusted to take Dobbin or Maggie to be shod. Unfortunately this picturesque old trade is going the way of all handcrafts; the motor is driving it right out of the world. Of all hand-crafts it has held its own the longest, for men have been heating metal in fire and beating it out into tools or weapons for untold centuries, and the smith of to-day goes through just the same processes" as "his forerunners who used to beat out rude implements beside the Nile before Father Abraham went journeying with his flocks. Many a fire has gone out since petrol came to the front. People who love old things and old customs cannot but regret the passing of these old trades that are so closely connected with our lives, our literature and our art. There is something peculiarly satisfying and appealing about the work of human hands, something that can never be caught by the machine made article.

Timaru Herald, 24 January 1895, Page 3 Magisterial.
Wednesday, January 23rd. (Before C.A. Wray, Esq., S.M.)
Donald Munro v. J. Russell, claim £37 13s for wages, £7 15s paid into court. Mr Hay for plaintiff Mr White for defendant: This was a claim for wages as blacksmith, from April 1892 to July 1833. Nothing was said about the rate of wages until the plaintiff left defendant's employment, when the parties differed as to the rate. Plaintiff claimed 8s a day, as the usual rate of wages for blacksmiths. A deduction of 13s a week was made for board: holidays, and lost time had also been deducted, and nothing was claimed for overtime, of which there had been a good deal, and cash received left the amount sued for. Plaintiff said he had an offer of 8s 6d a day before going to defendant. To Mr White; was not employed chiefly as striker. Learned the business with defendant seven years ago; paid him 5s a week at first, and was paid 20s the last year. To His Worship: Could give no reason for not inquiring, during 63 weeks what his wages were to be. Claimed 35s a week because a man who had been there before had that amount. Admitted that it was a mistake not to ask what he was to get. Offered to take 30s a week to settle without expense.
    J. Smith, blacksmith, Timaru, stated that the regular rate of wages in the trade was 8s or 9s a day, or 1s an hour ; over-time 1s an hour. Would expect to pay 8s a day if there was no bargain - To Mr White: 7s a day would be the lowest he would offer an inferior man, if he was any good, at all. Strikers are worth about £2 2s a week.
    W. Scarfe gave similar evidence. A tradesman would not take less than 8s. Plaintiff had worked for him satisfactorily. „Defendant said the plaintiff was not a fully competent workman. When became back, at witness's request, nothing was said about wages, but it was understood that they should be what was usual in the district. He named two competent men who had worked for him for 25s a week and found, and another, as good as plaintiff, for 22s 6d. When plaintiff left he demanded 30s a week, not 35s a week. Offered him 25s all along, and that was as much as he was entitled to.— To Mr Hay: None of the men were for overtime; they were paid for holidays, and one went against the other. Seven years ago paid a much better man 35s week. He did not consider plaintiff a blacksmith ; he was only a helper. Offered £10 in settlement and plaintiff offered to take £22. Brought a specimen of plaintiffs work to show how rough a workman he was.— To His Worship: Thought plaintiff understood what wages were going ; he knew what his predecessors were paid — 25s and found. Could not swear that he knew this, believed he did. Never had any conversation with him about wages. Paid him so much each month, and thought he was satisfied. G. Irvine, had worked, for defendant at 25s, and plaintiff knew that. That was very good wages for a "helper," which was all that defendant wanted. Was getting 7s a day now, in another shop in St. Andrews. A country blacksmith cannot afford to pay 8s a day ; he does not get the business to do it.
    John Drysdale, manager for Reid and Gray, said the wages for a helper were 6s a day, and 7s for a good one. There was no such thing as "ordinary blacksmith's wages," as they varied so much, from 6s upwards, in town.
    F. Childs, blacksmith, Makikihi: Could not say what a man was worth as helper unless he saw him at work. Paid 15s a week and found to a helper in 1893, and two at 10s. Paid a smith then 30s. Men were plentiful then, and one could get a good helper at 25s and found. Had an experienced workman (his own son) now at this rate. A competent man now was worth 30s and found. His Worship said the prudent course would  have been to have a proper understanding beforehand. He must be guided by the ordinary rate of wages, m the absence of an Plaintiff did not appear to be a first rate workman but rather a helper, and probably 7s a day would be a fair rate of payment .to allow. He would deduct 15s a week as a fair charge for board and lodging, which brings the wages down to 27s a week. Judgment for £11 6s, including the amount paid into court.


A
AIKEN
Otago Witness 31 March 1898, Page 11
Aitken, William, born Edinburgh May, 1855 ; arrived Strathallan 1858 ; has been engaged farming, blacksmithing, contracting, and cropping in Oamaru and Timaru districts ; some years past binder expert. Family, five sons, four daughters.

ALLAN, W. Waimate pg1072

ANDERSON
Timaru Herald
, 29 August 1911, Page 5
Old residents of Pleasant Point will remember Mr David Anderson, who carried on business as blacksmith and coachbuilder in the township from some time in the sixties till 1886, when he moved to Napier and later to Dannevirke. News has been received of the death of Mr Anderson a few days ago. He was a native of Clatt, Aberdeenshire, and had reached the age of 80 years. The local paper states that the late Mr Anderson was a popular townsman. He possessed a fond of humour, and was always ready with a smart retort or witty reply. He took a keen and intelligent interest in all local and political matters, and in death removes a very familiar figure among the old identities of the place. Deceased is survived by four sons and five daughters. Two of the latter are Mrs G. Saunders and Mrs W. B. Andrew of Pleasant Point. The interment took place at Napier, on Saturday, where the remains of deceased's wife, who died some years ago, were interred.

Timaru Herald, 29 January 1887, Page 2
Herbert Anderson, the infant son of John Anderson, blacksmith, Sandietown, died some time during Thursday night or yesterday morning early, it is supposed from being overlaid or from suffocation. The mother went to bed at 11 p.m., and the child then appeared to be in good health. The father was up during the night, and it was then all right, but when the parents awoke in the morning the child was dead. Dr Lovegrove was at once called in to examine the child, and found the body warm, but life was extinct. As the doctor could of course give no certificate us to the cause of death, an inquest will be held this afternoon at 3 o'clock, at the parents' residence.

Timaru Herald, 12 March 1879, Page 4
The Undersigned, hitherto carrying on business as Blacksmiths, at Winchester and Geraldine, have DISSOLVED PARTNERSHIP by mutual consent, as from this date. All Accounts owing to the Firm to be sent in to Mr James Anderson, Geraldine, for immediate settlement; and all ACCOUNTS OWING to the Firm must be PAID not later than the 1st APRIL next to Mr C. E. Sherratt, of Geraldine, whose receipt will be binding on us after that date all Accounts due will be placed in the hands of our solicitor for recovery.
JAMES ANDERSON
ANDREW BEATSON
Timaru, 8th March, 1879
Signed in the presence of D. Maclean, Auctioneer, Timaru
With reference to the above notice, the business at Winchester will be carried on by Andrew Beatson, and that at Geraldine by James Anderson. At both places they hope to receive the support of former constituents.

Timaru Herald, 4 March 1880, Page 3
BLACKSMITH AND WHEELWRIGHT BUSINESS FOR SALE AT GERALDINE, TUESDAY, MARCH 9th, 1880. J MUNDELL AND CO. have been favored with instructions from Mr James Anderson to sell by Public Auction, on his premises at Geraldine, on the above date, The whole of his well selected Stock-in-Trade, consisting of
1 3-horse Dray,
1 do do second hand
1 Pair of new Dray Wheels
2 new Double-furrow Ploughs
Also —
A quantity of sawn and cut timber,
2 patent Anvils, as good as new;
2 pair Onion's bellows, new ;
1 pair second hand Swidge Blocks,
Forging Tools, Boring Apparatus, Bracing Bits, and a large quantity of material for satisfactorily working the business in all its branches.
Also —
The Good-will of Business.
Sale at 11 o'clock sharp.
The Auctioneers would remind intending purchasers that as this shop has a splendid stand in the centre of the township, and doing a goad trade, and as Mr Anderson is going out of the business, therefore all will be sold without the slightest reserve, J. MUNDELL & CO., Auctioneers.

ANDREW
Timaru Herald, 27 November 1885, Page 1
NOTICE. TO THE INHABITANTS OF P. POINT AND SURROUNDING DISTRICT. The undersigned having started business in GAMMIE'S OLD BLACKSMITH SHOP, hopes by Strict Attention and First- class Workmanship, combined with Prices to suit the times, that he may merit a share of their patronage. W. B. ANDREW, BLACKSMITH.

ARMSTRONG
Timaru Herald, 22 January 1904, Page 3
Probate will be asked for in respect of the wills of
Isaac Armstrong, late blacksmith, Peel Forest
Thomas A. Walker, late blacksmith, Timaru

Timaru Herald, 10 March 1886, Page 2
The township at Peel Forest is improving and extending very rapidly. Mr Armstrong is putting up a new blacksmith's shop, which will be found of great use; and Mr W. I Smith is enlarging his fruit shop. Altogether things are looking fairly "rosy" at the Forest just now!


B
BARRETT

Timaru Herald, 1 March 1910, Page 7
WANTED- A FLOORMAN, able to drive on shoes. Apply W. C. BARRETT, Blacksmith, Winchester.

Councillor Arthur James Hawke who was elected to the Kaitangata Borough Council, in April, 1903, serves on the works committee. He is also a member of the school committee, and of the committee of the local Horticultural Society. Mr. Hawke was born at Geraldine, Canterbury, in 1876, and educated at the Geraldine public school. He served a five years' apprenticeship to the blacksmithing trade, with Mr. W. Barrett, of Winchester, and subsequently was in business on his own account at Hampden, Otago, for a year before removing to Kaitangata, where he has already built up a large connection as a wheelwright and blacksmith.

6/3617 Lance Corporal Francis Barrett
Next of Kin: W.C. Barrett (father), Winchester, Canterbury, New Zealand
Occupation: Blacksmith
NZEF, Canterbury Regiment, 2 Battalion
Son of William Charles and Catherine Barrett, of Winchester, South Canterbury.

BATCHELOR
Timaru Herald,
30 June 1881, Page 1
H. BATCHELOR, Carpenter, Wheelwright, Shoeing and General Blacksmith, begs respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Albury and surrounding districts, that having taken H. CUTHBERTSON'S business, he has REDUCED the PRICE of Work in every Branch, and hopes by strict attention and moderate charges to merit a share of support.

Timaru Herald
, 10 February 1883, Page 4
WANTED — Immediately, Good General BLACKSMITH must be first-class Shoer. H. Batchelor, Blacksmith, Albury.

Timaru Herald, 13 April 1901, Page 2 Death
BATCHELOR.—At Albury, on Thursday, 11th inst., Henry Batchelor; aged; 68.

BINNEY - Fairlie blacksmith

The smith of bygone days was often more than a mere craftsman: he an artist and in many an old church are evidences of his skill — screens and prills, tomb decorations, escutcheons. He also specialised in beautifully-wrought lanterns, ornamental gates, beside such necessary articles as fire irons, fire backs and shovels, all now being eagerly sought after by the collector.

BOWKETT
Timaru Herald, 17 March 1875, Page 3
NOTICE. We the Undersigned, beg to inform the Public of Timaru and surrounding districts, that we have started Business as General Blacksmiths and Shoeing Smiths. Kitchen Ranges made and repaired. All kinds of Implements repaired. SIMMONS & BOWKETT, Next to the Albion Hotel, Great South-road

BRESLIN
Oamaru Mail, 10 January 1905, Page 4 Glenavy Notes.
A new blacksmith's shop is now in course of erection at Morven for Mr Breslin. It is most centrally situated on the main road between Messrs Manchester's and Nicholl's shops, and should prove a good business stand.

BRYANT
Timaru Herald, 26 June 1869, Page 3
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF NEW ZEALAND. CANTERBURY DISTRICT. The Bankruptcy Act 1867 and the Bankruptcy Act Amendment Act 1868 the matter of William Bryant of Temuka in the Canterbury district aforesaid blacksmith a bankrupt.

Timaru Herald,
27 March 1869, Page 3
IN THE RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT, TIMARU. UNDER DISTRESS WARRANT. TAIT V. BRYANT, and REECE V. BRYANT, To BE SOLD BY PUBLIC AUCTION, (Unless the above actions are previously settled,) On the premises of Mr W. Bryant, Temuka, ON WEDNESDAY, THE 31st INSTANT, All the Stock-in-Trade, consisting of Ploughs, Harrows, Anvils, Forges, Vices, a large quantity of Tire, Bar, Rod, and Sheet Iron, about 150 pairs Horse Shoes, 2 Pumps, 60 Corn Sacks, Double-barrelled Gun, Swingletrees, Iron Piping, Coals, Grindstones, Saddles, a quantity of lumber, a large quantity of Screws, Nails, and Bolts, Dray Wheels, 30 sacks Prairie Grass Seed, Dray Boxes, Cart Shafts Felloes, about 10 tons of Iron (various), all the Wheelwright's and Blacksmith's Tools necessary to carry on an extensive business, and a large quantity of other articles too numerous to mention. Sale at 12 o'clock. WM. BUTTERWORTH. Bailiff. Temuka, March 25, 1869.

Timaru Herald, 17 July 1869, Page 1
The Undersigned begs to give notice that from the 5th of April 1869, he took over the Blacksmith's and Wheelwright's Business carried on at Temuka up to the aforesaid date by William Bryant. DANIEL BRYANT.


Timaru Herald
, 25 June 1870, Page 3
ALL Parties indebted to Mr William Bryant, Blacksmith, Temuka, must pay their accounts forthwith to Mr T. G. Cork, of Timaru, who is authorised to collect the same by me, DANIEL BRYANT.


C

CALLAGHAN
Timaru Herald
, 15 July 1904, Page 1
NOTICE. I  D. CALLAGHAN, beg to intimate to the Residents of ST. ANDREWS and Surrounding Districts that I have bought the old established BLACKSMITH AND WHEELWRIGHT BUSINESS of A. YOUNG'S, lately carried on by D. CUNNINGHAM, and by strict attention to business, combined with Good Workmanship and Reasonable Prices, I beg to solicit a fair share of your kind patronage.  All work entrusted to my care will be quickly and neatly executed.  PLOUGH SETTING AND HORSESHOEING ARE SPECIALITIES. D. CALLAGHAN

CARTWRIGHT, George, Milford pg919 Cyclops

CARSTON

Timaru Herald
, 22 June 1891, Page 3
Have received instructions from Messrs Carston Bros., to Sell by Public Auction on the Premises at Winchester on the above date, — Goodwill of Blacksmith Business.


CHAPMAN
Timaru Herald
, 30 June 1886, Page 3
Stealing files. James Chapman, blacksmith, Makikihi, was charged, on remand, with stealing a parcel containing six blacksmith's iron files from the railway station, Makikihi, on the 6th March last. Alex. Cowie, hotelkeeper, Makikihi, gave evidence to the effect that he was in Chapman's shop sometime ago. Sergeant Gilbert stated to the Bench that Chapman had served a sentence of eighteen months in Invercargill Gaol for robbery.

COCKROFT
Timaru Herald, 12 April 1871, Page 3
ALL CLAIMS against the Estate of William Cockroft, late Blacksmith, Timaru, must be lodged with the undersigned on or before the 25th of APRIL, after which date they will not be recognised. T. C. CORK.
 

COLES
Henry Coles who had been blacksmith at HILTON became a farmer here when the government subdivision of James Sullivan's property Rapuwai was made in 1901. Henry Coles married daughter of George and Mary CROSS. Coles Road, Geraldine County. Joseph Lewis, farmer, Winchester, is listed in Wise's directory for 1887. Margaret and Joseph Lewis came from Wales, by "Echunga". Their granddaughter Margaret married Henry Coles, blacksmith of Hilton who became a farmer at Rapuwai. Joseph Lewis lived at "Blannant" farm on the main road. Section 13650 of 20 acres. He died 25/05/1911. Buried Temuka cemetery. Lewis Road. Hamilton File, S.C. Museum

Timaru Herald,
14 November 1901, Page 1
Wanted. An IMPROVER for the Blacksmithing. Apply, H. W. COLES, Blacksmith, Hilton.

Timaru Herald, 15 September 1913, Page 7SUDDEN DEATH IN BESWICK STREET. MR RICHARD COLES.
A death occurred with tragic suddenness in Timaru on Saturday about 1.30 p.m. when Mr Richard Coles, farmer, of Levels, dropped dead at the entrance to Tattersall's, in Beswick street. Deceased was about to speak to a friend when he suddenly collapsed. Medical aid was immediately summoned, but the doctor could only pronounce life extinct. It bring safe day there was a large number of people about at the time, and for the rest of the afternoon a gloom was cast over the town. The deceased, who was a man of jovial disposition, and held the enviable record of never having had a day's illness in his life. Though well up in years, he still appeared hale and hearty, and was able to work about his farm freely. He was working as usual on Friday, and when he left to come into town on Saturday morning he appeared in his usual health and spirits. For many years Mr Coles was a blacksmith at Orari, throughout which district he was very well known. On deciding to relinquish this heavy work he took up a farm on the Rosewill settlement, about a mile and a half from Levels Station. He also had a farm at Tycho Flat. Deceased was a well read man. The deceased leaves a widow and five daughters and three sons. One of the sons, Gilbert, who is a stock agent at St. Andrews is a well known South Canterbury representative footballer, and Jack son, played half-back for South Canterbury until a couple of years ago when he met with an which caused him to give up the game caused inquest will be held at 10 o'clock this morning. In addition to the names of his children mentioned he had two married daughters, Mrs Palmer of Rangitata, and Mrs Aitken, of Morven. [He is buried in the Timaru Cemetery. In the midst of life we are in death, headstone reads aged 68. Registration reads 69]

Timaru Herald, 16 September 1913, Page 9 Inquest
Ernest Gilbert Coles stated that the deceased Richard Coles, was his father. He had been a farmer residing at Levels. He was sixty-nine years of age. On Saturday last he had come into town by himself. Witness had met his father in Beswick Street, about a quarter of an hour before the latter died. He (witness) was standing talking to Mr Jones in Beswick Street, about ten yards from deceased. Deceased suddenly fell after turning round. Witness rushed across to him and picked him up. He did not speak. Dr. Thomas was at once sent for and came about three minutes later. Of late his father had been in extra good health, and the morning he left home he remarked how well he was. So far witness knew, deceased had never consulted a doctor at any time. The Coroner brought in a verdict that deceased had met his death from heart failure.

COLLINS
Timaru Herald
, 8 December 1866, Page 3
JAMES COLLINS
MILLWRIGHT, & WHEELWRIGHT,
Shoeing and General Blacksmith,
Begs to inform the inhabitants of Waimate and surrounding districts, that he intends to carry on the above businesses in all their branches. All orders entrusted to his care will be executed with neatness and despatch, and hopes by good workmanship and moderate charges, to merit a share of public patronage. N. B. — Agricultural Implements of every description made to order.
Waimate, January 1, 1867.

COUPER

Timaru Herald,
30 October 1882, Page 1
I WISH to inform Farmers and the General Public that, on and after the 2nd Oct., I shall OPEN a FORGE at the CAVE, when I shall be prepared to undertake REPAIRS to all kinds of Farm Implements and Machinery. Having secured the services of a First-class Shoer, Farmers and others can rely on their HORSES being CAREFULLY SHOD. DUNCAN COUPER, General Blacksmith and Machinist, Albury and Cave.

Timaru Herald, 3 May 1883, Page 3
On arrival at Albury, the sight which presented itself was anything but a pleasant one, the river Opawa having made sad havoc with no small portion of the township. In yesterday's issue it was mentioned that Mr D. Cooper and family had had to be rescued from their house, that the blacksmith's shop had been swept away and that the house itself was in Mr Morris' store in considerable danger. In fact the latter had to be deserted, and a quantity of its contents removed. Mr Cooper's house has half tumbled into one of the streams and is greatly injured. He has lost all his blacksmith tools and the greater portion of his household goods.

Timaru Herald, 29 November 1901, Page 3 MACKENZIE COUNTY COUNCIL.
From Mr J. McCullough, the county Poundkeeper and ranger, informing that he had arranged with Mr John McGregor and Mr Duncan Couper to take charge of Burke's Pass and Albury pounds respectively.

Timaru Herald, 20 October 1899, Page 2
SUBSCRIBERS to the Timaru Herald in the Albury District will receive their Papers at the Shop of Mr W. Couper, Blacksmith, instead of at the Railway Station, as heretofore.

Timaru Herald, 14 April 1903, Page 3 MACKENZIE COUNTY SHOW
President- Mr John Bray vice-president, Mr C. J. Talbot; secretary, Mr E H. Burn. There was but a small show of implements, the larger firms represented being Cooper and Duncan (Mr H. H. Benney), Massey Harris (Mr Moore), and Booth, Macdonald and Co. (Mr Whyte), who sent up some of their chief stock lines. Mr W. Couper, wheelwright, of Albury, showed a substantially built heavy farm dray and frame, of his own make. The D.I.C. (Mr W. Waite) showed samples of Anglo-Special bicycles. The Fairlie agent of the Rudge-Whitworth was to have shown some, but his consignment failed to arrive.

Otago Witness 11 May 1904, Page 31 Albury
Mr Wm. Couper has sold his old-established blacksmith's business Mr Owen 'O'Neill, of Palmerston South, who takes possession as from the 1st inst. Mr Wm. Couper is giving has undivided attention to the general storekeeping business which he started some months ago.  Six workmen arrived on Friday night to build a new store for Mr Bloxhain. As it is a rare occurrence to see so many artisans in the township at one time their arrival caused quite a stir amongst the juveniles. A saddlery business has been opened by Mr Rowland, late of Hilton. Mr Rowland also supplies a much felt want in the boot-repairing line.

CRAMOND
Timaru Herald,
2 September 1874, Page 1 Pleasant Point
WILLIAM CRAMOND, Blacksmith and Wheelwright.
W.C., having just taken the Shop lately occupied by Mr. John Drew, hopes to receive a fair share of Public patronage. All kinds of Agricultural Machinery repaired. N.B. — Horses carefully shod.

Timaru Herald, 23 May 1879, Page 2
We regret to have to chronicle the death of Mr John Cramond, which occurred about six o'clock yesterday evening, at his residence, Timaru. Mr Cramond had been ailing for the last week, but did not keep to his bed until yesterday, when he took a turn for the worse. He was for the most part of the day sleeping m apparent tranquility, until about five o'clock, when it became evident that life was ebbing fast, and in about an hour afterwards he expired. Mr Cramond was about thirty-nine years of age, and came to New Zealand with his father in the year 1847. The family landed in Otago, and for some years Mr Cramond worked with his father, who was a blacksmith by trade. When, the rush to Gabriel's Gully took place, he was one of the first on the scone, and was pretty successful as a digger. After leaving the diggings he built the East Taieri Hotel, and shortly afterwards bought several teams, and commenced carting to the diggings. In 1868 he became contractor for carrying the mail from Christchurch to the Waitaki, at which he employed as many as 10 horses at a time, and only gave it up when coaches were superseded by the railway. Since then he has been speculating very largely in land, and was very successful in that respect also. Mr Cramond has been living m Timaru since 1868, during which time he has earned the respect and esteem of every one who knew him. His life has been one of activity, energy, and industry, and well-deserved success crowned all his undertakings. The manner in which he earned out his mail contract from Christchurch to Waitaki was characterised by the energy and indomitable pluck for which he was distinguished, and while it was entrusted to him no one had any cause to complain.

CREBA
Charlie Creba arrived in Waimate in 1880 after emigrating from Cornwall at age 21 on the ship Rakaia to Lyttelton in Feb. 1875 and set up shop as a blacksmith. After the death of Charlie Creba his four sons (out of 12 children) took over the business until they were eventually forced to sell the business in 1952. Most of them retired, but Freddie the only surviving member of the foursome, keep up the skills and even now will still shoe a horse if the need arises. Hamilton File, S.C. Museum

Oamaru Mail, 25 September 1914, Page 3
William Creba, blacksmith in the employ of Morris Sheehan, of Georgetown, recollected that at 3 p.m. on the afternoon of January 30th Freeman was in witness' shop. The scoop handle produced was from his yard. Accused: was quite sober. Accused: Don't you remember my bringing a gallon of beer back to the blacksmith's shop? There is always a glass of beer in any shop, but I don't remember you bringing any that afternoon. William also came out from Cornwall on the Rakaia when he was 22 with his brother Joseph aged 24.

Timaru Herald, 23 June 1885, Page 2
Makikihi. As Mr Wm. Creba, of the firm of Vale and Creba, blacksmiths, of this place was returning home on Sunday night last, after being out for a day's pleasure in company with some others, the horse that was attached to the buggy in which Mr Creba was sitting, started kicking. Mr Creba in jumping out of it fell on a stone, causing one of his legs to be broken about six inches below the knee. The fracture was so great that the bone protruded through the skin. The sufferer was conveyed to the Waimate Hospital where he was attended to by Dr Hassel, who set the limb immediately. Mr Creba is progressing as well as might be expected.

Champion Forge blower 400


D


Otago Witness 7 October 1882, Page 9
The man who sustained concussion of the brain by being thrown off the railway-line by the cowcatcher near Orari last week was a blacksmith from Timaru. The engine driver says that the man was sitting on the rails, and as he smell strongly of drink, it is surmised that he had boon at the Geraldine races, and missing the special train had started to walk to Winchester, but before going far sat down on the line and fell into a drunken sleep.

DALTON
W. Dalton, blacksmith Timaru 1909.
J. Workman, saddler Timaru
Walter Smith blacksmith, Timaru

DOIG
Timaru Herald, 26 July 1886, Page 1
W. DOIG, General Blacksmith and Wheelwright. Arcade Workshops, near Timaru Herald Office. Estimates Given for every description of Iron and Wood-work. Horses Shod from 6 Shillings.
 

Timaru Herald, 1 April 1886, Page 3
RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT
TIMARU — Tuesday, April 20th (Before J. S. Beswick, Esq., R.M.)
Ennis v. Doig— Claim £10, for injury to a horse, was called on. Mr Lynch appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr Hamersley for the defendant. G.E. Ennis called, said he took a horse to defendant on the 29th January. He saw Doig, and asked Doig to put two front shoes on a horse. The horse was shod, and he. took it away. He put the horse in the cab about an hour afterwards, and he went very lame. He saw Doig on the same day, and he asked him how the horse was. He replied, "Like a oat on hot bricks." Doig then said that the horse would be nil right shortly; that it was a bit tender-footed. He had pared the horse rather close. He saw him later on m the afternoon, at his shop, and he (defendant) brought out his tools, and clenched a nail of one of the shoes. Plaintiff told him he thought he had put the shoes on too tight, to which he replied there was plenty of spring m thorn. He worked the horse on a Sunday, but was almost ashamed to, became he was going to lame. The next morning the horse was as lame as ever. He then took him to Fitzsimmons, the blacksmith's, on Monday morning, who took the shoes off. It was the off fore foot that he was the most lame on. Ho took the horse to Doig afterwards, and he was surprised that he (plaintiff) had not taken the horse to him to let him take the shoes off. He looked at the foot, and said he was sorry that the horse had gone lame. Witness took the horse home, and expected Doig to get him another one to work m its place. Doig laughed at the idea of getting another horse in its place. Witness told him he could get a horse for 15s a week, and if he put him on a pair of shoes he would only have to pay 7s 6d. He spoke to a veterinary surgeon about the horse. He lost the services of his horse for some time. He was not now fit for working regularly. He had worked him alternately from March 21st and had hired a horse in his place for which he was liable. He valued the horse at £25 before the injury, but now it was worth only about £14 or £15. He was permanently injured. To Mr Hamersley.  He did not want to sell the horse. He had him about a month before he was crippled. The reason he went to Doig to have the horse shod was because Fitzsimmons' shop was full of horses at the time. He saw him nail the shoe on and saw his man cut the hoof. Ennis gave instructions as to how it was to be done. Both Doig and his man were doing the work. The man took the old shoes off and cut the hoof down afterwards. Doig said he thought he was taking too much off, but witness said he would take his chance of that. The horse never went lame when it was shod for the first time, while ho possessed it. Jarrett Fitzsimmons, who was called as an expert, deposed he was a blacksmith and horse-shoer. He remembered Ennis bringing him a horse on the 31st January. He said he had got the horse crippled. He took the off fore shoe off, and found the nails were driven right into the foot, which caused festering. To Mr Hamersley: The hoof was pared down too much. To the Bench: The shoeing of the horse was very bad. N. Marquis, a veterinary surgeon, said lie prescribed for the horse, and would charge for it. Mr Hamersley stated the facts of the case for the defendant, and called William Doig, blacksmith, defendant, who said he had been shoeing horses for ten years. He was never accused of having shod carelessly before. His man took off the shoes and pared down the hoofs. This did not satisfy plaintiff, so he instructed his man to take more off. His man warned him not to have it off, but he said he would chance it. The next time he saw the horse was on the following Monday, when the plaintiff brought it to him with the shoes off. He said very little about the horse then, because he know it would go lame. He put the shoes on carefully. It he pricked the horse he would draw the nail immediately from his experience he could tell at once whether the horse was pricked or not. To Mr Lynch: Plaintiff was absent a few minutes while the shoeing was going on. He did not see him nail on the off shoo. Ho heard him instruct his man to do the paring to the hoof, and also heard his man warning him about it. He did not remember calling Ennis and asking him how the horse was getting on. He was too busy to go and get a horse in place of the lame one for plaintiff. To the Bench : He never offered to pay 7s 6d towards the hire of another horse. William Torrence deposed that he was an employee of Mr Doig. He had been five years in the shoeing trade. He took the shoes off Ennis' horse, and pared its feet. After he had pared it sufficient, Ennis told him to take more off, but he replied that it would stand a chance of injuring the horse. He was careful over nailing the shoe on. To Mr Lynch: Doig told Ennis that the horse might go lame, and if it did to bring it back to him. Ennis was away from the shop about a quarter of an hour. Ennis was not in the shop when Doig was putting on the shoe, only when he was "using the clinchers." Mark Hope said he was a wheelwright, and his shop adjoined Doig's. He corroborated last witness' evidence. In answer to Mr Lynch he said he followed the horse into the shop. Ennis, recalled, in answer to the Bench said he saw the shoe fitted on the horse. He was away about ten minutes. This was the case. Counsel for both side addressed the Court at considerable length, after which His Worship nonsuited the plaintiff with costs. The Court then adjourned to the 4th May.

DOW
Timaru Herald
, 15 July 1904, Page 1
CAVE BLACKSMITH. P. DOW, (Late with T. Gorman, Timaru), BEGS to inform the Residents of CAVE and Surrounding District that he has commenced Business as HORSESHOER AND GENERAL BLACKSMITH, And hopes by strict attention to business, combined with Moderate Charges, to insure a fair amount of public patronage.

DRAYTON
Otago Daily Times
12 April 1888, Page 2
Waimate, April 11. A master blacksmith named Alfred Drayton, who has been in business in Waimate for about 12 years, died suddenly this afternoon. An inquest will be held to-morrow. It is believed that Drayton took an overdose of chloral hydra, or chlorodyne. When he was first noticed to be ill he was in a comatose condition, and upon removal to the hospital he died just after being admitted. Drayton was 60 years of age, and was well known, in Christchurch and Oamaru. He has been in the colony since 1858, and he leaves a widow and 10 children nearly all grownup.

Press, 13 April 1888, Page 5
Waimate, April 12. An inquest was held to-day at the Hospital before Mr Stratford, coroner, and a jury of whom Mr James Sinclair was chosen foreman, touching the death of Alfred Drayton, a blacksmith, who died suddenly on Wednesday afternoon. From the evidence adduced it appeared that for the past month deceased had been drinking rather heavily, but during the last two or three days he had been more temperate in his habits. On Wednesday morning deceased got up at about his usual time, and went to his shop in Queen street. He returned for breakfast shortly afterwards, and after the lapse of a few minutes again left the house presumably to go to work, but instead went to Manchester's store and purchased a 2oz bottle of chlorodyne, which he took home. A short while afterwards he told his wife that he was going to bed to rest himself, and about fifteen minutes later Mrs Drayton went into the bedroom and there smelt chlorodyne, and at the same time observed an empty bottle and a cup near the bed, the deceased being in bed fast asleep. Mrs Drayton at once sent her son to Dr. Nicholls, and told him to ask if "deceased had taken the contents of the bottle, would it do him any injury." The doctor replied " Yes, it was enough to kill an elephant." The boy also asked the doctor to go to the house. The latter told young Drayton that his mother should give deceased an emetic of mustard and water. This was administered, but it took no effect. The boy was sent a second time for Dr. Nicholls, and the latter then gave him a powder, adding that he would follow the boy to the house. After waiting some time, the doctor did not arrive, and young Drayton was despatched the third time, and met the Doctor on his road. The time occupied by the latter arriving at Drayton's house after first being sent for was about two hours. On seeing deceased Dr. Nicholls at once ordered his removal to the Hospital, where he expired shortly after admission...  The jury also added the following rider: —"That the jurors are unanimously of opinion that Dr. Nicholls is worthy of the gravest censure for neglecting to proceed forthwith to the deceased, when it came to his knowledge that the said Alfred Drayton had taken an overdose of chlorodyne." The jury sat for about five hours.

E
ELDER
Donald Elder Pleasant Point, Coach Painter, Wheelright, Coach Builder, Agricultural Implement Maker and Undertaker. Funerals conducted and arranged for the shortest notice. 1899

Timaru Herald, 22 April 1871, Page 1
NOTICE TO FARMERS AND OTHERS. JOHN ELDER, Coach and Waggon Builder, Wheelwright, and General Blacksmith, Begs to inform the inhabitants of Timaru and surrounding district that he has commenced business in those Premises formerly occupied by Mr R. Wilson, and trusts, by Moderate Charges, and First-class Workmanship, to merit a share of public patronage. Having secured the services of a First-class Blacksmith, Farmers and Carriers can rely upon having their work done well. From J. Elder's well-known capabilities as a First-class Tradesman, all Order en trusted to him will be executed with Promptness and Despatch. Carriages, Buggies, &c., Repaired, Painted, &c. Horses Carefully Shod.

Timaru Herald, 30 August 1904, Page 3
A fatal trap accident occurred on Saturday night near Pleasant Point. Mrs Elder, about 60 years of age, set out to walk from Temuka, where she lives, to see her son, a blacksmith at the Point. She was given a lift by a Mr Goodwin, who was driving to the Point. About two miles from the township, another trap was met, and through the bad light a misjudgement caused them to collide and the wheels locked. Mr Goodwin's horse plunged, and the harness not being over strong, gave way. The trap fell forward, and threw both occupants out, Mrs Elder falling on her head. Mr Goodwin was not seriously hurt, but Mrs Elder was picked up unconscious, and was carried to the Point, where Dr. Heard attended to her. She did not regain consciousness, and died on Sunday night Dr. Heard gave a certificate as to the cause of death and Mr Acton, acting coroner, after hearing the facts of the case, decided that an inquest was unnecessary, the death being evidently purely accidental. [Elspeth Elder]

Timaru Herald, 1 May 1905, Page 3
CLEARING AT PLEASANT POINT, On WEDNESDAY, MAY 3rd, 1905. WE have received instructions from Mr Donald Elder, to sell by-Public Auction, at the Shop, next, to Murphy's Hotel, as above: 3 Spring Carts, 1 American-Waggon, 4 Pair Trap and Buggy Wheels, 1 3-feet Treadle Grindstone, 5 Pair Buggy Lamps, One Trimmer's Singing Sewing Machine, Spokes, Naves, Rims and Felloes, Wheelbarrow, Quantity Tow, Bolts and Axles of all descriptions, Lot Timber and Coachbuilding Material, Paints, Oils and Varnishes, Wheelwright's Tools, Springs, Large Quantity of Picture Frame Moulding, and Sundries too numerous to particularise in Advertisement. 12 clock. J MUNDELL, Auctioneer.

ELLIOT
Timaru Herald, 28 November 1881, Page 1
SILVERSTREAM. HAVING DISPOSED of my BUSINESS to Mr John Elliot, I take this opportunity of thanking my customers for their kind patronage, and would ask the same for my successor. As I purpose leaving for Sydney shortly, I would ask a Settlement of outstanding Accounts.
    JAMES L. ROWE. With reference to the above, I wish to state that I shall do my utmost by strict attention to business and moderate, charges to merit a continuance of the favors of my predecessor's customs. JOHN ELLIOT.

Will John Elliot Blacksmith of Sliverstream
John Elliot resident at Silverstream died on 25th April 1883.
Mary Honeyman Elliot of Silverstream
William Service Bell of Silverstream, shepherd
James Blackwood Moles of Silverstream, farrier
Thomas Howley Clerk of District Court
Melville Gray, J.P, Ashwick residence
A. St. G. Hamersley, Solicitor

JOHN  ELLIOT Age: 31 years
Address: Interment Date: 27/04/1883
Occupation: BLACKSMITH
Cemetery: BURKES PASS
Plot 3 & 4  Block: P1
Clergyman: MELVILLE GRAY
GRAVE DUG BETWEEN PLOTS 3 & 4


FARRIER - a blacksmith, a person who shoes horses. [Latin ferrārius smith from ferrum iron]


A farrier around Fairlie. Photographer C.A Tomlinson, ChCh - photo courtesy of Vicki Slow.

F
FIFIELD
, J. Woodbury pg 885 Cyclops

FINCH
Timaru Herald
, 7 January 1915, Page 3
Timaru Herald, 8 January 1915, Page 3
THE LATE MR G. F. FINCH aged 71
Many people throughout Canterbury will regret to heart of the death of Mr George Finch, proprietor of the Cave Hotel, who passed away at his home in the early hours of yesterday morning. Of a quiet disposition, the late Mr Finch was a popular publican, and was one of the oldest hotelkeepers in the Dominion, having owned the Cave Hotel for about thirty years. For many years Mr Finch had a blacksmith's shop at Cave which he worked in conjunction with the hotel, and he proved himself first-class tradesman by the work he used to turn out. He was born within a mile of London Bridge, and was educated in Kent, where he was apprenticed to the blacksmith's trade. He came to New Zealand in 1872 by the ship Isles of the South, and worked at his trade on the railway and at Mr John Anderson's foundry in Christchurch. He was a member of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, was a Freemason, and an Oddfellow. The funeral will leave his late residence, Cave, at 8.45 a.m. to-day, and thence by rail to Christchurch, and will leave the residence of Mr T. Flannigan, Kent Villa, Ferry Road, at 10 a.m. tomorrow, for the Linwood Cemetery. Mr Finch was a widower, having lost his wife twenty-two years ago and had no family. He has some relatives who reside in Christchurch and as his wife was buried in the Linwood Cemetery he is also being interred there.

FINDLAY
James Findley
Engineer, Blacksmith and wheelwright, Temuka. 1899

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1882, Page 1
TO FARMERS AND CONTRACTORS. WE, the Undersigned, are prepared to SUPPLY CAMBRIDGE ROLLERS, 8ft x 24in, and all other sizes, at prices that have not been offered to the Farmers in South Canterbury before. All correspondence will receive prompt attention. HENRY & FINDLAY, Blacksmiths, Temuka.

Finlay's Blacksmith shop, Gleniti. Polling place. May 1911

FISHER
Fisher, blacksmith, Temuka 1909. A.J. McLaughlin stable keeper, Temuka went bankrupt, 12 May 1909, Fisher was an unsecured creditor.


FITZSIMMONS

Timaru Herald
, 19 February 1889, Page 2
Bankruptcy - Jarrett Fitzsimmons, blacksmith.

Timaru Herald, 24 October 1917, Page 7
Robert Fitzsimmons was born in Cornwall on June 4, 1862, and came to Timaru as a young boy with his parents. He was educated in Timaru, and after leaving school was apprenticed with his brother to the blacksmith trade, which he followed for some time in Timaru, during which he took on the boxing game. About 35 years ago he went to Australia and later on to the United States, where he resided to the time of his death. He is survived by his widow and one son.

"The smith, a mighty man is he.
With large and sinewy hands;
And the muscles of his brawny arms
Are as strong as iron bands,
His hair is crisp, and black, and long,
His face is like the tan;
His brow is wet with honest sweat,
He earns whate'er he can."

FLEMING
Timaru Herald
, 29 January 1870, Page 1
To be solded privately - STOCK-IN-TRADE OF HENRY FLEMING, of Timaru, Blacksmith, consisting of two Forges with bellows, Anvils, Iron, and a complete set of Blacksmith's Tools. Together with the Lease of the premises now occupied by Henry Fleming for the remainder of a term of ten years. Mr John Jackson, trustee of Henry Fleming's Estate.

FLOCKTON
Press, 26 August 1870, Page 3 SUPREME COURT.
In Bankruptcy. Thursday, August 25. His Honor took his seat in the new Courthouse, at eleven a.m.
re CHARLES FLOCKTON. Mr Joynt for Mr Cottrell, moved for the final discharge. In reply to His Honor, bankrupt said that he had given up and and house, together with tools and stock, to his trustee he gave an acceptance for £280 for a portion of that property, but the property was seized by the trustees of Wilson's estate, and therefore witness could never deal with the property. There was a mortgage over witness house and workshop, the mortgagee had foreclosed that mortgage. The competition in Timaru was too great to allow a blacksmith's business being very remunerative. His Honor said that the report of the trustee was by no means favorable, and as he (the Judge) did not feel himself in a position to make an order, he should adjourn the case until 22nd September.

FRASER
Timaru Herald
, 5 September 1896, Page 1
IMPORTANT TO COACH BUILDERS AND BLACKSMITHS. TO LET- In the rising town of Fairlie BLACKSMITH AND WHEELWRIGHT SHOPS and DWELLING. A Good General Business carried on for Eight Years. Very good opening for Coachbuilder. Apply, H. FRASER, Wheelwright and Blacksmith, Fairlie.

H. Fraser, Blacksmith & wheelwright, Fairlie in 1899. Hugh Fraser and Ted Miles had the smithy on Allandale road.

See Miles. My understanding is that the smithy was originally operated by Jack Fraser's father (ref p42 Memories of Fairlie, Hanifin) who was also a blacksmith and I suspect that the triangle of land from the Allen house opposite Gray St. and along Denmark St for a distance belonged to the Fraser family. Mrs Allen, Aunty Cathy, was a Fraser and I can remember Fred building a house as a sort of a hobby after he had stopped driving about 1960ish on what I remembered as a paddock where I saw my first ever elephant when a circus came to town. John Shears, ex Fairlie. Jan. 2014.

FYFE
Fyfe blacksmith Orari 1913

G
GAMMIE
, James.
He arrived on the "Lancashere Witch" in Timaru in 1863. Owned 50 acres at Pleasant Point when it was known as "Hodsock." Was a Blacksmith at "The Levels" and was Postmaster at Pleasant Point. His daughter, Margaret, was a governess at "The Levels" in 1881-86. She met Richard Marfell and left the district to marry him in the North Island.

Timaru Herald
, 20 November 1872, Page 1
TO BLACKSMITHS LET — The Blacksmith's Shop at Pleasant Point, doing a good trade. Rent moderate. Terms easy. Apply to JAMES GAMMIE, Blacksmith, Pleasant Point.

GARDNER
Timaru Herald
, 11 March 1872, Page 1
JOHN GARDNER, (late of Timaru). T.B. Jones, (Late of Atlas Foundry), Shoeing and General Blacksmith, Strathallan-street, (Opposite Mr Bruce's Timber Yards), Timaru. N.B. — Horses shod with great care. 

Timaru Herald, 27 March 1872, Page 1
NOTICE TO FARMERS, ETC. The undersigned has just OPENED a BLACKSMITH'S SHOP, at the Washdyke, opposite the Hotel; and he respectfully begs to intimate that he is prepared to execute all kinds of Smith Work, &c, and solicits the patronage of residents in the neighbourhood. Horses carefully shod. JOHN GARDNER, (late of Timaru).  

Timaru Herald, 28 April 1881, Page 1
JOHN GARDNER, AGRICULTURAL AND GENERAL BLACKSMITH, Begs to Thank the Public generally for the very liberal support accorded him during the many years he has been in business, and hopes for a continuance of the same. He takes this opportunity to intimate that be HAS REDUCED SHOEING AND ALL KINDS of SMITH WORK for Cash TO A VERY LOW PRICE to meet the times and that will defy completion. JOHN GARDNER, Blacksmith, Washdyke, opposite the Hotel. (opened here March 1872, late of Timaru)

Timaru Herald, 9 August 1898, Page 3
CLEARING SALE AT Washdyke, on MONDAY, 15th AUGUST, 1898. The undersigned, favoured with instructions from Mr John Gardner, will Sell by Public Auction at his shop, the whole of his Blacksmith's Tools, etc., consisting of 2 pairs Bellows, 2 Anvils, 2 Vyces, 1 swedge Block, 2 Sledge Hammers, 8 Hand Hammers, 4 Shoeing Hammers, 1 Drilling Stand with, 13 Drills, 2 Sets Stocks and Dies with Tap Wrenches, 1 Grindstone, 26 Pair Tongs, Lot Iron, and a Large Quantity of Blacksmith's Utensils. Also Spring Trap and Harness. Sale at 2 o'clock sharp. J. MUNDELL, Auctioneer.

Timaru Herald, 13 August 1898, Page 1
HAVING sold my Blacksmith's Business to GEORGE ROBINSON, I take this opportunity to thank my numerous customers for the hearty support accorded me in the past, and trust that the same will be bestowed upon my successor. JOHN GARDNER. Blacksmith, Washdyke.    

GIBSON
Gibson, William John, of Pleasant Point, blacksmith

Timaru Herald, 15 November 1879, Page 4
NOTICE. TO FARMERS AND OTHERS IN CAVE AND VICINITY. The BLACKSMITH's SHOP, lately erected by the Proprietor of the Cave Hotel, will, on and after this date, COMMENCE WORK under the able management of MR W. J. GIBSON, late of Messrs Welsh and Smith. As a good Shoer, Mr Gibson is well known in the district. Terms - Three Months. J. Wildermoth.

Timaru Herald, 21 February 1890, Page 4
IN BANKRUPTCY. In the matter of the bankruptcy act 1883 and the Acts amending the same. Notice is hereby given that I have this day filed in the District Court at Timaru a statement of accounts showing the receipts and Expenditure in respect of the following Bankrupt Estates
Gibson, William John, of Pleasant Point, blacksmith
Grant, James, of Temuka, blacksmith

Timaru Herald,
18 March 1899, Page 3
A sitting of the District Court will be held at Timaru to-day by. His Honour Judge Ward, for which the following business is set down :— IN BANKRUPTCY. Orders of discharge will be applied for on behalf of
Timothy Cronin, hotelkeeper, Timaru
W. J. Whitley, bootmaker, Timaru
F. W. Worner, butcher, Geraldine
J. Dockrill, baker, Fairlie
W. J. Gibson, blacksmith, Pleasant Point
A. S. Waddell, tailor, Temuka
M. Scannell, contractor, Temuka
PROBATE. Probate of wills of the following persons to be applied for :—
H. Coulter, farmer, Rangitata
A. Hayes, farmer, Waimate

Timaru Herald
, 27 November 1901, Page 3
AT PLEASANT POINT SALEYARDS. MONDAY, 2nd DECEMBER, 1901. Account Mr James Keane — WE shall Sell by Public Auction, 1 Rood 18 Perches, together with Blacksmith Shop and other improvements thereon, situated close to the Railway Station, and at present occupied by Mr W. Gibson. Sale at 1 o'clock. J. MUNDELL, Auctioneer.


Probably taken from St. Mary's bell tower. c.1910

GLASSON
Timaru Herald, 23 December 1887, Page 4
A blacksmith at Hilton, named Paul Glasson, met his death on Wednesday evening last, at about half-past eight o'clock, under very painful circumstances. It appears he had been out shooting, and was standing talking to Mr Woodley, in Twomey's road, with the butt end of the gun on the ground, the muzzle protruding upwards in front of him. It is supposed that one of his children, who was with him at the time, touched the trigger. The gun went off and the contents blew the right side of his face to pieces, part of his brains being scattered on the road. Death ensued almost immediately. An inquest was to have been held at Hilton yesterday at 6 p.m. Glasson leaves a widow and three children, aged four years, three years, and four months, respectively, to mourn his loss.

GORMAN
Timaru Herald
, 19 November 1886, Page 1
THOMAS GORMAN, General Blacksmith and Horse shoer, Engineer and Wheelwright, North Road, Timaru.
WANTED— A strong YOUTH as Apprentice to the Blacksmith trade. Apply to JOSEPH MILLER, Blacksmith, Totara Valley.
WANTED— To sell out a good BLACKSMITH'S and WHEEL- WRIGHT'S BUSINESS, Tools, Stock-in-Trade, etc., doing a good trade. Apply Ross, Sims & Co., Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 12 March 1904, Page 2 Death.
On March 11th, at Timaru, Thomas Gorman blacksmith, beloved husband of Ann Gorman; aged 64 years. R.I.P.

Timaru Herald, 2 October 1886, Page 1
WANTED KNOWN— That Thomas Gorman (for the last eight years with Messrs Ogilvie and Byers) has taken the Premises formerly occupied by Messrs Parsons and Henderson, Main North Road, where he intends carrying on business on his own account, as Horse shoer and General Blacksmith, and hopes by strict attention to business, and good workmanship, to merit a share of public patronage.

GOULD
Star 24 June 1896, Page 3
Waimate, June 23. An inquest was commenced to-day on the body of Duncan Gould, an old man aged seventy five, who died in the hospital on Sunday morning from the effects of frost bite. Both feet and hands were terribly, frost bitten. Deceased was a blacksmith, and is thought to have relations in Southland. The inquest was adjourned till to-morrow.

GRANT
J. & W. Grant
Coach builders, blacksmiths and wheelwright, Temuka. We make a specialty of turning out vehicles of all descriptions, from a dray to a wagonette. Our stylish Dog-carts are to be seen all over the district. Good honest work put into them.  Our head Wheelwright and coach painter have each secured Exhibition awards. See their work.  Vehicles repaired and repainted-made equal to new. Shoeing and General repair work. Charges moderate. 1899

James Grant, of Temuka, blacksmith, bankrupted 7 Oct. 1884

GRAY

Oamaru Mail,
11 July 1893, Page 3
PERSONS INDEBTED to JOHN GRAY, of Glenavy, Blacksmith, are notified that his Blacksmith's business and all moneys owing to him have been absolutely ASSIGNED, by deed to MRS M. J. GRAY, of Glenavy, with all legal and equitable remedies for the recovery thereof, and her receipt will be a good discharge. Dated the 8th day of July, 1893. JOHN GRAY.
    MRS GRAY begs to announce to the old customers and the public generally that she has SECURED the services of a FIRST-RATE BLACKSMITH, and the business will in future be carried on by her.


Press,
17 March 1911, Page 9 Development of Temuka.
The earliest blacksmith was Mr W. Bryant. Mr K. F. Gray for many years carried on a similar business, particularly in connection with farm implements, and Messrs D. and J. Findlay were also in the blacksmith and engineering trade.


Timaru Herald
, 20 August 1870, Page 1
K. F. GRAY, Machinist, Engineer, Ironfounder, and Blacksmith, Temuka, Specifications and Drawings prepared, if required, for Steam, Water, or Horse-power Machinery, in agriculture, &c, &c.

Timaru Herald, 6 October 1905, Page 4
TO THE FARMERS in AND AROUND ST. ANDREWS. Having taken over Blacksmith's Shop at Corner Main and Bluecliffs Road, as WHEELWRIGHT AND GENERAL SMITH, I have retained the services as Wheelwright of Mr Anderson, who is well known in the district as a first-class man. I have had several years' experience at Messers P. and D. Duncan, Ashburton, and late of Cooper and Duncan, Christchurch; and I am prepared to do all classes of Plough and Farm Implement REPAIRS. I also had seven years' experience under a first-class Shoeing Smith. All Horses will receive care. P. M. GRAY, BLACKSMITH, ST. ANDREWs.

Timaru Herald, 14 December 1909, Page 3
A change of business has taken place in the township. Mr Peter Gray, blacksmith, having sold his business to Mr James Riddle, of Fairlie.
 

One day Old Jake walked into a blacksmith shop and picked up a horseshoe, not realizing that it had just come from the forge. He immediately dropped it and jammed his hand into his pocket, trying to act as if nothing had happened. The blacksmith noticed and asked with a grin, "Kind of hot, wasn't it?"
"Nope," answered Old Jake through clenched teeth, "it just doesn't take me long to look at a horseshoe."

H
HAY
Timaru Herald, 29 May 1901, Page 1
WILLIAM HAY, BLACKSMITH, Pleasant Point. BEGS to announce to the Residents of the Township and Surrounding Districts, that in moving into his new and commodious Shop, he has taken into partnership Arthur Jones, and that in future the Business will be carried on under the style of HAY AND JONES.

Timaru Herald, 23 July 1907, Page 2
To let — A BLACKSMITH'S SHOP at Pleasant, Point lately occupied by William Hay. Apply J. MURPHY. Pleasant. Point.
 

HENDERSON
Timaru Herald
, 31 August 1880, Page 1
JAMES HENDERSON Begs to intimate to the Public generally that he has started business as a GENERAL BLACKSMITH AND FARRIER, In New Premises, opposite the New Post- Office, Sophia street, And all orders entrusted to his care will receive prompt attention. Note the Address— JAMES HENDERSON, BLACKSMITH AND FARRIER, Sophia Street, Opposite the New Post-office.

Timaru Herald, 22 September 1900, Page 2
Mr James Henderson, blacksmith, of Pareora, has applied for a patent for an improvement in the mounting of horse trees or yokes.

Oamaru Mail, 24 April 1899, Page 4 Waihao
Mr P. Henderson, our well-known blacksmith, and chairman of our school committee, had, last San Francisco mail, a letter from his father, Mr D. Henderson, who left Waimate for Klondyke about the same time as the late Mr A. Hayes, and was, up to the time of his lamented death, in communication with that gentleman. Born in the early thirties, Mr Henderson is now nearly 70 years old, but, as you will see, he is still strong and hearty and has not had a day's illness since he left. Having lived about 20 years in Waimate his many friends and acquaintances in South Canterbury will be glad to hear of his welfare, and will read with interest what he says of his experiences. He says: "My mate and I have been about 20 miles up Henderson Creek, representing two claims for half an interest. That; is, you have to build a log cabin and sink one hole and live on the claim for three months. Last year you could get l000dol for representing, now you cannot get half that... he letter is dated Stewart River, 27th January, 1899.

HENDRY
Timaru Herald
, 7 October 1887, Page 1
Mr HENDRY'S, Blacksmith, Temuka.

HOPKINS
Timaru Herald
, 1 August 1917, Page 6 Birth.
On July 31st, at Te Rata Hospital, Temuka, the wife of Harry Hopkins, Blacksmith, H.M.S. Pyramus, on active service — a son. Both well.

HOSKING
W. Hosking, blacksmith, Fairlie 1910

HUGHAN
Timaru Herald, 5 August 1914, Page 10 For sale. A good light spring dray with frame; will carry, up to 30cwt. It is in perfect order, and has a brake. Very suitable for farmer or carrier. May be seen at HUGHAN AND JOSEPH'S, Blacksmiths, Cave.

Timaru Herald, 19 August 1916, Page 10 RECRUITS' FAREWELLS
AT CAVE. A large number of residents met in the Cave Hall on Wednesday evening to make a presentation and say good-bye to Mr Gordon Hughan, who leaves for Trentham in a few days. Mr Hughan goes as a general blacksmith for the engineers, and as there is said to be a shortage of blacksmiths, he will probably leave with the next draft. Mr C. E. Kerr presided, and in speaking of the guest referred to him as a typical specimen of "The Village Blacksmith." He was as tough and hard as nails, and had just successfully come through a dangerous operation with the result that he was fitter than ever. He spoke of him as an excellent tradesman, and said that the way he had come forward should be an incentive to others. Mr Hughan would go away with the best wishes of everyone in the district, and they sincerely hoped he would be spared to return to his forge again. Several others also spoke in flattering terms of the geniality and popularity of their guest and of his grit in coming forward at this time of life to uphold, the cause of freedom. Mr P. Flynn, in a few appropriate remarks, then presented Mr Hughan with a case of razors, and added that as a neighbour he could not speak too highly Hughan. The recipient cordially thanked them for their present, and their kind expressions. He hoped to give his best for his country. With songs and recitations a most enjoyable evening was spent, the proceedings being brought to a close with the singing of Auld Lang Syne.

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1918, Page 7
WELLINGTON, Oct, 29. The following is Casualty List No. 988 for Canterbury Military District: KILLED IN ACTION. October 8—10. Bennett, J. (Mrs S. Bennett, Orari). Hughan, T. L. (Miss H. M. Hughan, Cave)

Evening Post, 20 September 1919, Page 5 ROLL OF HONOUR
NEW ZEALAND CASUALTIES. The latest casualty list issued states: CANTERBURY DISTRICT. Died En Route to New Zealand. Joseph, J. H., 23707, N.Z.E., Farrier- Sergt. (Mrs. C. M. Hughan, Cave, s.), 14th Sept. [Catherine Marguereta Joseph married Gordon Hughen in 1897]

Press, 23 September 1919, Page 7
Sergeant J. H. Joseph who was lost overboard from the transport Tainui, was the youngest son of the late Mr A. Joseph, of Taieri Mouth. He left New Zealand in May, 1916, in the Reinforcements. Attached to the Divisional Signalling Company of the New Zealand Engineers, he served continuously in France, and subsequently with his unit in the occupation of the Rhine provinces until the general demobilisation. Prior to enlisting be was employed in the Timaru district as a blacksmith, and was highly esteemed by all who knew him.

Timaru Herald, 31 March 1919, Page 8 RETURNED SOLDIERS
The welcome home social held at Cave on Wednesday last in honour of a number of returned soldiers and it was estimated that 200 were present. Mr C. E Kerr presided. He then called upon Mr T. D. Burnett to present the medals. In the course of a most interesting speech Mr Burnett referred to the event that Evening as making a red letter a day, in the history of Cave district. Other red letter days were the capture of James Mackenzie, on March 4th 1855, when Sidebottom, manager of Cave station and the station hands took a prominent part. Secondly the sale of the Levels and Cave stations by Mr Geo. Rhodes to the New Zealand and Australian Land Company on March 14th, 1865 when 80,000 sheep were delivered. Thirdly, the railway opened to Cave in 1876. Fourthly, the ballot and disposal sale of the Levels estate, in March 1904. In honouring their returned men they could not forgot those who would never return. Mr Burnett mentioned the fallen men who belonged to the district, name — Tom Nelson. Alex. McInnes, Fred Aymes, Geo. Alexander, Laurie Hughan, Allan Murphy, Ernest Murphy, and Dave Martin. The following soldiers were then presented with medals — Corporal R. Hyndman, Gunner J. Newson, Driver E. Auld, Privates C. Walker, W. Wingham, and G. Hughan, Sapper J. Walker, M.M., was also presented with an engraved cigarette case. He belonged to the district when he enlisted, but received a medal at Pleasant Point, where his mother resided when he returned. A medal was to be presented to Gunner H Winter, Hut he was unable to be present, and will receive it on another occasion. During the evening splendid dance music was dispensed by the Wall family band, several ladies and gentlemen assisting with extras. Excellent supper was provided by the ladies of the district.  Cave Hall, March 26th, commencing at 8 pm. Admission: Gents 2s 6d, Ladies a basket. Soldiers in Uniform cordially invited. M. BRULAND, Hon. Secretary.

HUGHES

Timaru Herald, 5 August 1884, Page 3
In the matter of "The Bankruptcy Act 1883." NOTICE is hereby given that I, Robert Hughes, of Saltwater Creek, in the Provincial District of Canterbury, New Zealand, Blacksmith, have this day filed in the said Court at Timaru, a petition to be adjudged a bankrupt. Dated this 4th day of August, 1884. R. HUGHES

In the matter of The Bankruptcy Act 1883." NOTICE is hereby given that I, William Hughes, of Fairlie Creek, in the Provincial District of Canterbury, New Zealand, Wheelwright, have this day filed in the said Court at Timaru a petition to be adjudged a bankrupt. Dated this 4th day of August, 1884. WILLIAM HUGHES. White & Smithson, Solicitors for the Bankrupt.

Timaru Herald, 30 October 1882, Page 1
R. & W. HUGHES, General and Agricultural Smith, SALTWATER CREEK, beg to announce to Farmers and others that they are now prepared to EXECUTE FORGK WORK cheaper than any others in the trade. They call special attention to their Carts and Drays, Manufactured on the Premises. The great number to be seen about the country with their names attached show that they are well patronised on account of their Superiority and Cheapness. THEY HAVE REDUCED THEIR SHOEING TO 6s, 7s and 8s PER SET, AND OTHER WORK IN PROPORTION. Reapers and Binders and other Implements Repaired with Quick Despatch.

HUTTON, R., Beaconsfield pg1028 Cyclops

I
IRVINE
Timaru Herald
, 1 November 1910, Page 2
NOTICE OF REMOVAL. J. STORRIER & CO., BLACKSMITHS. ENGINEERS, AND BRASS FOUNDERS, Beg to notify that the Blacksmith's Business has been removed to the FOUNDRY at CORNER KING AND EDWARD STREETS, where they have built a New and Convenient Smithy, to which branch has been added a COACH BUILDING AND WHEELWRIGHT'S DEPARTMENT, under the supervision of Mr J. Miller, who is well known in Timaru and district as a first-class tradesman. Mr A. Irvine is still in charge of the Blacksmith's Department. J. STORRIER AND CO.

J
JACKSON
Timaru Herald
, 21 February 1894, Page 2
Jowsey Jackson — Has blacksmith's business at Saltwater Creek to let or sell.

JONES
Timaru Herald, 22 January 1872, Page 1
T. B. Jones, (Late of Atlas Foundry), Shoeing and General Blacksmith, Strathallan-street, (Opposite Mr Bruce's Timber Yards), Timaru N.B.— Horses shod with great care.

Thomas Bell Jones, late of Timaru, in the said district, blacksmith, but at present absent from the colony. In Bankruptcy. TH 7 July 1875, Page 2

Why Does a Blacksmith wet his coal? To prevent the escape of heat into the air. Fine, wet coal cakes when burning; a layer is, formed over the fire and the heat is imprisoned.

K
KAY

James Kay, Wheelwright, shoeing and general smith, Great South Road, Timaru

KENNEDY
Mr D. Taylor, at Orari, was the first blacksmith in the district, and later on Mr J. Kennedy commenced business in Geraldine, Mr D. Clouston being the first wheelwright.

John Kennedy was secretary of the NZ Axemen's and Athletics Union and later Mayor of Geraldine. He knew his stock. Loved horses.

Press, 8 December 1911, Page 9 New members of Parliament
ASHBURTON. Mr W. Nosworthy was in the last Parliament.
Mr John Kennedy, who contested the Ashburton seat as a straight-out supporter of the Ward Government, was born in Geraldine, on January, 10th, 1875, and is therefore 36 years of age. He was educated in the Geraldine public school, but he continued his studies long after leaving the public school, and is to a large extent a self educated man. He followed the occupation of his father, that of a shoeing and general smith, serving his apprenticeship with Messrs Reid and Gray, Dunedin. When Messrs Reid and Gray gave up the manufacturing and repairing branch of their business in Ashburton, Mr Kennedy, in partnership with the late Mr Muir, took over the premises and carried on the business for a considerable time. Mr Kennedy then went back to Geraldine, and for several years carried on a general smith's and blacksmith's business on his own account, after which he took a responsible position with the National Mortgage and Agency Company in Geraldine. He has for many years taken a keen interest in local politics, and made a close study of general politics. He has also taken a keen interest in sport of all kinds, in fire brigade matters, and volunteering. He is the popular and capable commander of the Geraldine Mounted Rifles, and is also the Mayor and Chief Magistrate of Geraldine. He is not a fluent speaker, though when he takes a good grip of his subject he speaks with a considerable amount of force and conviction. A man, just in the prime of life, he is full of energy, and while he is of a most genial nature and pleasant address, he is by no means lacking in firmness of character.

Timaru Herald, 27 May 1885, Page 3
TENDERS WANTED for the LEASE of A the BLACKSMITH'S SHOP and 4-ROOMED HOUSE in Geraldine lately occupied by John Kennedy (deceased). This Shop has a splendid business connection, and will be let for six years; the stand is a really good one. This is a grand opportunity for a good tradesman. Full particulars can be obtained from the undersigned, and Tenders will be received by them till 5 o'clock on Wednesday, 27th May, 1885. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted. J. MUNDELL & CO., Auctioneers.

William Kennedy, Pleasant Point. Horse-shoer and general blacksmith. Repairing ploughs, harrows, rollers, and all other agricultural machinery. The Veterinary department is under the charge of Mr Gibson who has had a long and successful experience in the treatment of horses. 1899

Timaru Herald, 23 July 1907, Page 2
I BEG to inform the Public of Pleasant- Point and surrounding districts that I have purchased the BLACKSMITH'S BUSINESS carried on by Wm. Kennedy at PLEASANT POINT, and trust, by good workmanship and strict attention to business, to merit a fair share of public patronage. J.M. CAMERON
WITH reference to the above, I wish to thank my Customers for their support in the past, and solicit a continuance of the same for my successor in the future, ALL ACCOUNTS owing to me may be paid to J. S. CHISHOLM, Storekeeper, Pleasant Point, and this receipt will be a sufficient discharge, WM. KENNEDY.

KIRBY
Timaru Herald,
12 August 1865, Page 1
M. Kurby begs to inform the Inhabitants of Arowhenua and the surrounding District that he has commenced Blacksmithing in all its Branches, at the Arowhenua.

L

LEE
Timaru Herald, 9 September 1865, Page 5 RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT.
Timaru Tuesday, September 5th, 186.1. Before B. Woollcombe, Esq., R.M., and G. Hall, Esq., J.P.] DEBT. Lee v. Jacob Hill.— Debt, £20 16s. 4d.
Mr. Edward Cardale appeared for plaintiff, Mr. D'Oyly for defendant.
Samuel Lee, sworn, deposed: I purchased in 1863 the right of cutting timber at Waimate. I was at that time in partnership with the defendant. I had no agreement when we went into the bush. We worked together. After a short time went into my own business as blacksmith, and he said he would take to the bush. I did not want to part with my share of the bush. I told defendant I did not wish to knock him off work. He paid me no money for my part of the bush; he had no money to pay me. It was £20 16s 4d for his share of the rent. I have not had half of the timber cut for my share. We had one man working for us when we dissolved partnership; his name is Benjamin Fox. I did not pay him. The money was left with defendant to pay Fox up to the time we dissolved partnership. The defendant has taken about £140 worth of royalty timber out of the bush. I gave no formal delivery of the bush to defendant. Defendant was working about fourteen months in the bush. I was applied to in the latter part of 1864 by Messrs. Rhodes' agent for payment of rent. I had reason to think that defendant would not pay the rent. I applied to defendant for the rent in company with Mr. Ralph Simpson. Defendant said he would pay his part of the rent, and no more. He gave no reason for saying so.
Cross-examined by Mr. D'Oyly: I was a partner with defendant in 1863 in a purchase of one acre of land. We did not build two houses on that acre. There are two houses on that acre; I live in one defendant in the other. It was 30,000 feet only, and not 60,000 feet we divided. ...
By Mr. Cardale: The profits from the timber that was cut was equally divided. I paid one-half the men of labor and in building the blacksmiths shop. I never paid for any of the tools for the shop. We were at work together in the bush. I worked about five months after we dissolved partnership. We squared up all accounts at the end of our partnership. Two-thirds of the bush was cut up when we dissolved partnership. Two men were working with me in the bush. I paid the deposit money out of my own pocket. I was repaid. I don't know how much money I have received for timber. ...This closed the case, and the Bench gave judgment for plaintiff for £12 and the costs to be divided.

Timaru Herald
, 26 December 1866, Page 1
NOTICE. TOWNSHIP OF WAIMATE - FOR SALE OR ON LEASE, A BLACKSMITH'S BUSINESS
And premises, consisting of a large shop, 38x18, a six-roomed dwelling-house standing on half-acre and 25 links of freehold land. There is a good well of water on the premises. The above is only being offered on account of the present owner being about to return to England. For further particulars apply to SAMUEL LEE, Blacksmith, Waimate.

Timaru Herald, 4 December 1867, Page 1
Messrs WELLS AND THOMPSON beg to thank the inhabitants in and around Waimate for past favours, and to state. that having taken the premises and goodwill of the business of Mr Samuel Lee they hope by good work and moderate charges to give every satisfaction. Wells & Thompson, Waimate, October 5, 1867

LOCK
Oamaru Mail, 21 June 1909, Page 4
On Thursday evening the members of the Presbyterian denomination in this district mustered in considerable force in the schoolroom along with members of other churches, to bid farewell to Mr Lock, blacksmith, of Waimate, who is leaving here to start business in Gore. During the time Mr Lock has been in business in Waimate he has acquired a considerable, connection with Willowbridge settlers, but he is perhaps best known as one of the lay preachers of Knox Church,...

M
M'ALISTER
North Otago Times, 24 January 1879, Page 2
A man named Duncan M'Alister, a blacksmith at Waitohi, was fined L5, and costs L4, for causing the death of a horse by beating it over the head with a heavy stick.

M'INERNEY
Mr T. M'Inerney, Glenavy, asked that a hole in the road, near his blacksmith's shop should be filled up. The engineer was instructed, to attend to the application.
Mr A. S. Elworthy wrote asking permission to place two electric wires across St. Andrew's road from his blacksmith's shop to the woolshed. — Application granted, subject to the engineer's approval.

McINTOSH
Timaru Herald, 1 October 1906, Page 1
IN BANKRUPTCY. IN THE ESTATE OF PETER McINTOSH, OF TIMARU, BLACKSMITH. A FIRST AND FINAL DIVIDEND of 5s 8d per £ on all Accepted Proved Claims is NOW PAYABLE at my Office, Arcade, Timaru. ALEX. MONTGOMERY,. Deputy Official Assignee. Timaru, 29th September, 1906

Timaru Herald, 27 February 1906, Page 6 Re Peter McIntosh
Bankrupt stated that he had been in business as a coachbuilder and blacksmith since the beginning of September last. He then had £156 6s 1id; capital, owing £6. He attributed his difficulties to going into a place where there was no business. Was in business at Charing Cross, near Darfield. He bought the business of MacNeil and Cromwell, Timaru through Craddock, Orr, and Co.; who advised him of the business and financed him. He inspected the place and its books, and told Craddock, Orr and Co. he considered it a a good business. Bought the business, goodwill and plant, for £325. Took possession in the middle of September. For a month got very little business, then a little more by canvassing. Came to the conclusion at New Year that the business would not pay; as a matter of fact did not do a good week's business at any time. Wrote complaining of this to Orr. and Co.. About Christmas they sent down a bill of sale over their property, for, £250, representing moneys advanced and goods supplied. He signed this. He offered them
if they would discharge his debts in Timaru. They refused the offer. He had enough outside the bill of sale to pay his other creditors. Was then advised to file, a step he would have taken sooner but for the protracted correspondence between Craddock, Orr and Co. and himself. No one took possession under of sale; Craddock, Orr and Co. wanted to be allowed to put some one in charge to work the shop on their account, but he had not allowed this. Mr F. Walker had been at the shop, on behalf of Craddock, Orr and Co. before he filed, and had been about the place since; but did not tell bankrupt he had come to take for them. Thought it rather unusual for a man to come to the shop as Walker did without any authority; he produced no letter. He knew, however, that he was coming, through correspondence. Craddock, Orr's traveller informed him that a man was coming down to take possession. When Walker arrived, told him he could not take possession. He could stay there if he liked, but must transact any business. Took a billet himself, and wrote to Craddock, Orr and Co. to that effect...

M'PHERSON
Otago Witness
, 17 June 1897, Page 15
A little boy two years old, the son of Mr John M'Pherson, blacksmith, at Studholme Junction, met with a nasty accident. He was (the Timaru Herald reports) reaching up to the mantelpiece for his father's pipe when he slipped forward and fell into the fire. His brother quickly pulled him out, but in so doing overturned a kettle of boiling water, which poured right down the boy's shoulders and legs and scalded him frightfully.

McTAGGART
Timaru Herald
, 20 March 1883, Page 2
While Mr McTaggart, blacksmith, was shoeing a horse in his shop at Waimate yesterday, the animal commenced kicking and plunging, inflicting some nasty wounds on the hip and both legs. Dr Chilton was at once in attendance, but Mr McTaggart will be unable to resume work for a few days in consequence of the injuries he has sustained.

MAHONEY

Timaru Herald
, 8 March 1898, Page 3 IN BANKRUPTCY.
The first meeting of creditors of Richard Mahoney, general blacksmith, Albury, was held yesterday morning at the Deputy Assignee's office. Mr Alex Montgomery, Deputy Assignee, presided. There were present Messrs W. Mahony, D. Shea and D. Stewart. Mr M. J. Knubley was present representing the bankrupt. The bankrupt, in his examination, said that he had been a blacksmith at Albury for five years, beginning with a capital of £30. He held a lease in perpetuity of one of the Albury sections. He had 37 acres in wheat and oats, but owing to the drought and the winds the crop turned out almost a total failure. The land, cropping, etc., had cost him £64 15s; the crop produced £17 6s, the loss being £77 9s. Serious illness had also occurred m his family, causing him an expense of £100, and his wife was still ill in Christchurch. He had lost £30 by the horse Ravenacraig.


MARTIN
Press, 19 May 1927, Page 7
Mr C. E. Orr Walker, S.M., in the Magistrate's Court, Temuka, on Tuesday, when Hugh Martin, blacksmith, of Orari, was charged with having failed to notify to the Deputy-Registrar the disposal of a motor-car. Formal evidence was given by Morris Leah Applegarth as to the first registration of the car in the name of Martin on August 28th, 1926. The first notification of any change came from the South Canterbury Rugby Motors, but they had no particulars in regard to the registration, and the issue of the certificate was delayed until enquiry had been made at Orari.

MILES
Fred Miles of Denmark St. Fairlie in the 1930s. He was a solid average sized man who operated the smithy roughly opposite the Library, he did all sorts of work general blacksmithing - farrier work mainly on draught horses and wheelwrighting, John Shears can remember watching a steel tyre being fitted to a new cart wheel. The wooden wheel would be place on a steel sheet outside the smithy which had a hole to take the hub and then several men would help Fred bring out the heated iron tyre holding it with tongs, quickly slip it over the wheel and then very quickly quench with containers of water which they had placed ready. Great clouds of steam mixed with a charred wood smell and it would all be over. However this was a very skilled process as if the shrunk tyre was too small for the wheel the wheel would collapse and if too big the tyre would soon come loose. I recall on another occasion watching out on the street as he approached a large draught horse which had a bad tooth. The Farmer held the horse with a halter and Fred offered a sharp wood chisel to the horse mouth, a sharp tap with his hammer and the offending tooth was out, the horse gave a shake of his head and a brief whinny and it was all over. John Shears ex Fairlie. Jan. 2014.

MILLER, J. pg 940 Cyclops
Timaru Herald, 29 August 1900, Page 1 Wanted
AN IMPROVER to the Blacksmith Trade or a Strong Lad as Apprentice. Apply to JOSEPH MILLER, Blacksmith, Totara Valley, By Point.

MOLLY
Oamaru Mail, 29 November 1911, Page 4 WAIMATE COUNTY COUNCIL.
The General Committee reported that it had no recommendation to make re the application of J. Molloy for a permit to build a stable. Several councillors considered that an attempt was being made to evade the by-law by erecting a blacksmith's shop in the shape of a stable, but after a long discussion the permit was granted on a motion by 5 votes to 4.

MOIR
Timaru Herald
, 31 January 1888, Page 1
Notice is hereby given that the PARTNERSHIP, hitherto existing between MOIR and MACKAY, Blacksmiths, of Fairlie Creek, has been DISSOLVED by mutual consent, and in future the Business will be carried on by BRAY and MOIR (George Bray having bought Duncan Mackay, junr., interest in it) who will receive all Outstanding Accounts, and Pay fill Debts due to the late Firm. Dated at Fairlie Creek this 24th day of January, 1888. JAMES MOIR, DUNCAN MACKAY, Junr., GEORGE BRAY. Witness to signatures H. O. Smith, Postmaster, Fairlie Creek.

Star 5 October 1888, Page 3
FAIRLIE CREEK, Oct. 4. One of the heaviest nor'- westers that has occurred for some years past blew here last night, doing a tremendous amount of damage. A saddler's shop, the property of Mr Caskey, a very heavy structure, was shifted off the piles. Fortunately, the, damage was noticed, and the owner had the place secured with stout ropes. The roof of the store of Morris and Gall had a few sheets of iron stripped off. The horse-shoeing part of the blacksmith's shop, occupied by Moir and Bray, was blown to the ground, a complete wreck. A little damage was done to Mr Welsh's blacksmith's shop. At Egan's Hotel the bedroom window was blown in, and a part, of the roof of the wash house blown off, and most of the plaster of the kitchen ceiling fell to the floor. An iron stable belonging to Mr Close was also levelled to the ground. The shearing shed at M'Colloch's farm, close to the township, had the roof blown off.

MURRAY

Timaru Herald,
2 January 1874, Page 1
DONALD MURRAY, Blacksmith, Wheelwright, Shoeing Smith, and Coach Builder. Opposite Woollcombe-street, Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 9 February 1876, Page 2
IMPORTANT SALE OF BLACKSMITH, WHEELWRIGHT'S SHOP, AND DWELLING HOUSE, TOOLS, PLANT, AND MATERIAL. from the estate of the late, Donald Murray (deceased), Blacksmith and Wheelwright, Temuka, to Sell by Public Auction, on the Premises. The premises are situated in a central position, second to none in the rising Township of Temuka, and within five minutes walk of the Railway Station, and are in every way adapted for carrying on a large business, such as the district requires, the Shops and House occupying Half-an-Acre of Ground.

In 1861 there were five blacksmiths in South Canterbury.

N
NAISMITH
Timaru Herald, 11 July 1901, Page 2
Mr N. Naismith notifies the residents of St. Andrews and district that he has taken Mr J. T. Read's premises, and intends carrying on the trades of wheelwright and general blacksmith in all their branches. He guarantees to give satisfaction in any trial.

Timaru Herald, 15 January 1902, Page 1
WANTED— An IMPROVER to the BLACKSMITHING, must be a good Nailer on. Apply, NAISMITH, St, Andrews.

Timaru Herald, 15 May 1897, Page 1
TO THE FARMERS OF ST. ANDREWS AND DISTRICT. HAVING SOLD my Business to MR J. READ I have much pleasure in Thanking my Friends and Customers for their Support during the last 15 years. I would respectfully solicit a continuance of the same to my successor. JOHN RUSSELL. St. Andrews, May 11th, 1897

NEWMAN
F. Newman, blacksmith Peel Forest. Probate TH 23 May 1893

Nicol's Blacksmith Shop - Duntroon

O
OGILVIE

Timaru Herald
, 20 June 1866, Page 3
For sale — A strong three-horse DRAY, capable of carrying about three tons.
Apply to D. OGILVIE, blacksmith, Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 2 February 1866, Page 2
David Ogilvie, who, on being sworn, deposed: I am a blacksmith, residing in Timaru.

Star 9 May 1894, Page 1
A meeting of the creditors of Joseph Ogilvie, blacksmith, Timaru, surviving partner of the firm of Ogilvie and Byers, was held on Monday at the office of the Deputy Assignee. The debtor's filed statement showed liabilities, unsecured, amounting to £231 secured liabilities, £545 other liabilities brought the total to £829 2s 9d. The assets were £720, leaving a deficiency of £109. The bankrupt stated that he fell ill years ago, since when he had been unable to do any work or to look properly after his business. His business had been carried on on a leasehold, which was mortgaged for £650, and about a month ago he handed the property over to the mortgagees, as there was £75 of interest owing and they threatened to foreclose, and he could not sell his interest. His property consisted of half an acre of land with house valued at £400, but was under a first mortgage for £300 to a Miss Renwick, of Scotland, and a second mortgage to D. Munro. He also had an eight horse power engine and trade plant which was under bill of sale to D. Munro (the second mortgage on the house being collateral security) for £245, for money lent. The bill of sale was given in March last for £75 then owing, £70 then advanced and further advances, £00 more advanced early in April (though it was agreed to be given in March), and the mortgage was then given. Other assets came to £100, of which £20 was put down for furniture.


P
PALMER,
W.J. pg 1005 Cyclops
Timaru Herald, 4 October 1899, Page 4
W. J. PALMER, GENERAL BLACKSMITH AND HORSESHOER,
Stafford Street. (Late Ogilvie and Byers) Timaru.
Horseshoeing a specialty — all kinds of Plough Fittings in stock.


Timaru Herald, 23 July 1904, Page 2
A NEW FIRM. Messrs George Walker and Co. announce that they have taken over the old-established business of Mr W. J. Palmer, as blacksmiths and carriage-builders. Mr Walker comes to Timaru from Pahiatua, where he had been a very popular resident. Handsome presentations were made to hint by the residents and by the Pahiatua Athletic Club. At the public meeting-the chairman referred to good qualities of Mr Walker as an enthusiast in athletics and cycling, as a public man, and as a townsman. As a Borough Councillor, Mr Walker had done his utmost to promote the interests of Pahiatua. The members of the Athletic Club: regretted Mr Walker's departure, but sincerely hoped that success would still attend him in his new home at Timaru. Here Mr Walker, as George Walker and Co., enters upon a well-established and flourishing business, and the firm is prepared to undertake any class of work relating to the trades of blacksmithing and carriage-building.

Timaru Herald, 5 August 1910, Page 7
A case of a certain amount of interest to farmers generally, came up at the Magistrate's Court yesterday when A. S. Elworthy was charged with a breach of the Truck Act, in failling to pay the entire amount of wages earned by William Palmer in money, having deducted from such wages certain money for goods supplied. Mr Rolleston appeared for defendant, who pleaded not guilty. The Inspector of Factories, Air Lightfoot, said that Palmer was employed by Mr Elworthy as a. blacksmith. To admitted that under section 47 of the Act. agricultural and pastoral labourers were exempted, but blacksmiths did not come under that exemption, and should be paid full wages. His Worship: Why not? On all large stations there is a certain amount of blacksmithing work to be done. Air Lightfoot said that Palmer also did work for other people. Mr Rolleston said that Palmer was a blacksmith primarily employed for station work, and he sometimes obliged farmers by doing work for them....On Mr Elworthy's farm it was necessary that one man should be specially employed to shoe horses. The fact that. Palmer did outside work did not affect the question, Mr Elworthy was merely obliging his neighbours, it was not likely that Mr Elworthy would run a blacksmith's shop if he did not have a farm, and therefore it was clear that Palmer was employed in connection with the business of the farm. Mr Lightfoot said that the man was not actually engaged in work on the farm, and the exemption only applied to those tilling the soil, minding stock, etc. The case of a blacksmith employed on a farm no more came under the exemption than that of a blacksmith employed in Booth McDonald's or Reid and Gray's. His Worship reserved his decision.

PEEBLES
Robert Peebles, of Fairlie, blacksmith, bankrupt 1 November 1898

PELVIN
Oamaru Mail, 15 June 1891, Page 3
A. PELVIN Begs to Announce that he has COMMENCED BUSINESS as Horse-Shoer, GENERAL BLACKSMITH, Wheelwright, and Machinest, Next Door to Shamrock Hotel, Thames-street. All kinds of Implements Made and Repaired. Horses Carefully Shod.

Oamaru Mail, 9 May 1894, Page 1
Messrs Vallange, Christie, and Co. report holding a sale of freehold properties and stock at Waitaki North yesterday, when they sold, on account of Mr J. Gray, sections 42, 43, and 44, town of Glenavy, with blacksmith's shop, store, and other improvements, ac L200, to Mr Richard Pelvin.

North Otago Times, 12 May 1903, Page 2
Messrs Guinness and LeCren (Limited) report having hold an auction sale of town properties at Waimate on Saturday last, when they sold the following
Lot 1, containing three sections at Glenavy, on account of Mr A.E. Pelvin, to Mr M'Innerny, together, with blacksmith's shop, etc., and house, at £285; and the same buyer purchased lot 2, ¼acre section adjoining, for £l8.

Ashburton Guardian, 7 April 1921, Page 5
IMPALED ON CROWBAR. Waimate This Day. Yesterday Alfred Pelvin, formerly a blacksmith, married, aged 58, with grown-up family, fell from the top of a ladder, and became impaled on a crowbar stuck in the ground, the point entering the lower abdomen. He died at the hospital this morning.

PRATT
Timaru Herald, 7 August 1909, Page 3
Lot 13, II, Orari township, 1r, J. Walker to H.S. Pratt, of, Orari, blacksmith

Why are Horseshoes Supposed to be Lucky? Old horseshoes usually had seven nail holes. From the earliest times seven was regarded as a lucky number, and anything which naturally had seven holes or spots was supposed to bring good fortune. In the 1920s horseshoes of white heather were a favourite emblem at wedding breakfasts and on bridal cakes.

Evening Post, 11 June 1925, Page 13
The wedding of Miss Dorothy Hardcastle, M.A., of the staff of the Timaru Girls' High School, and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Hardcastle, of Timaru, to Mr. Thomas Wooding, son of Mr and Mrs. J. Wooding, of Woodbury, South Canterbury, took place at St. Mary's Church, Timaru, recently. The bridesmaid was Miss Frances Wooding. Two little maids, who were flower girls, Winsome and Naumai Squire, were in charming frocks of embroidered white organdi, and had bandeaux and butterfly bows of mauve tulle tied at the side of the head, their posies being of white and lemon chrysanthemums tied with mauve ribbons. They also wore pearl necklets, the presents of the bridegroom. The wedding reception was held at the Goode Intente Rooms. Later the bride and bridegroom left for the North, the bride wearing a brown and fawn tweed costume, smart brown hat, fur-trimmed coat, and with a lovely bouquet of violets tied with purple ribbons, presented by the girls of Form IV. of the High School. A pretty attention offered to the bride at the church by the girls of the school was the presentation to her of a silver horseshoe tied with white satin ribbons. Mr. and Mrs. T. Wooding are taking a motor tour in Marlborough before returning South.

Evening Post, 14 January 1937, Page 18
HORNE—RADBURND. The wedding was solemnised recently by the Rev. W. Gilmour at the Presbyterian Church, Kent Terrace, Wellington, of Irene Ridgway, only daughter of Mrs. E. Lilley, Coromandel Street, and the late Mr. W. E. Radburnd, of Temuka, and James William, only son of Mr. and Mrs. G. Horne, Timaru. The church was tastefully decorated by girl friends of the bride. The bridesmaids, Miss Joyce Hamilton (cousin of the bride) and Miss Evelyn Home (sister of the bridegroom)-were dressed in frocks of cornflower blue cloque threaded with silver. Mr. John Gunn, Pahiatua, was best man, and Mr. Arthur Cook, Hamilton, was groomsman. On leaving the church the bride was presented with two lucky horseshoes by Miss Rae Hamilton and Miss Lexie Conniahan.

Q
R
ROBINSON
Timaru Herald
, 8 June 1899, Page 2
John Robertson —Has opened blacksmith business at Washdyke. [Still in business in 1914]

ROWE
Timaru Herald, 28 November 1881, Page 2
Mr J. L. Rowe has disposed of his busmen at Silverstream to Mr John Elliot.

Timaru Herald, 5 March 1881, Page 4
IT is hereby requested that all OUTSTANDING ACCOUNTS due to Messrs ROWE & HULSMANN or to Mr JAS. L. ROWE, of Silverstream, Blacksmith, be paid to up before the 15th March proximo, in order to close accounts. REID & KNUBLEY, Solicitors, Timaru. 26th February, 1881

James Landner Rowe's blacksmith shop operated in Kimbell over the creek from the stone House. When this was pulled down the material was used to build a fence around the Ashwick Station homestead. Fairlie 1866-2000.

Edith Rowe born in 1882 to Jane Elizabeth and James Ledner Rowe was buried at Burkes pass died 3rd July 1883.  Clergyman: George Parker.
Jane McCracken married James Ladner in 1884.

Births - parents names
1882 Rowe Edith 	Jane Elizabeth 	James Ledner 
1884 Rowe Esther Jane 	Jane Elizabeth 	James Ladner
1886 Rowe Clara Eveline Jane Elizabeth 	James Ladnor 
1888 Rowe Maud Emma 	Elizabeth Jane 	James Ladner 
1892 Rowe Mabel Annie 	Jane Elizabeth 	James Ladineo 


1891/1745 Rowe James Ladner 11Y 

Rowe, James Leander
Age at Death 11 
Date of Death 9 Jan 1891 
Date of Interment 10 Jan 1891 
Temuka Cemetery Section General 

Timaru Herald, 7 April 1888, Page 1
TO LET BY TENDER. DWELLING HOUSE and BLACKSMITH'S SHOP at Silverstream, also Blacksmith's Shop together with Tools at Burke's Pass. Tenders to be in by 30th April. For full particulars apply, J. L. ROWE, 4 Silverstream.

Timaru Herald 11 August 1900 pg2 col. 5 Death
ROWE. On the 10th August, at Timaru, George Rowe, blacksmith, aged 87 years.

Timaru Herald, 1 July 1897, Page 3 THE IRON WORKERS' JAMBEREE.
The Jamberee (blackfellows' social) as arranged by the Ironworkers of Timaru took place at the Old Bank Hotel on Tuesday evening, and was a great success. The firing of a rocket was the signal of the start. The chair was occupied by the Mayor of Timaru (Mr John J. Grandi), who was supported on his right by Mr J.H. Smith and on his left by Mr McCormick (president and hon. secretary, respectively, of the Ironworkers' Record Reign Committee), and the vice-chair by Mr T Ferguson. Among the many present was Mr Rowe, a blacksmith for 60 years, and who was highly honoured with a special toast. Mr M. O'Meeghan, the well-known proprietor of the Old Bank, provided a splendid dinner which starting with the soup "good iron," ran through nine courses, and was done every justice to. Along toast list followed, opening with the loyal and patriotic one, The Queen and Royal Family." The principal toasts were as follows:— "The Blacksmiths and Ironworkers," the mover dwelling, on the great importance of the trade and industry which was one of the oldest and principal in the world. Various phases of the trade were touched upon, an it was reckoned that they could not do without it. Personally blacksmiths were sterling splendid fellows, though some of them were inclined to be of hasty temper. Messrs Palmer and Walker made very happy replies. The Farmer and the Plough was replied to by Mr James Henderson, the choice being a particularly good one, and Mr Henderson made a characteristically good reply. His experience was that they could not do without the farmer, nor could the latter do without the plough. "The Carriers" was replied to by Messrs Hunter and J. Dick, the former making a very good speech in reply. Trade and Commerce was entrusted to Mr T. Gorman, who expressed the hope that they would all rise to be merchants," and dwelt generally on the importance of the toast to all hands. The Volunteers was replied to by Mr Byers (T.R.V.), who being at the time at a peaceful gathering fitted his remarks to the occasion. Songs were capitally rendered by Messrs R. Hutton, McKnight, Passmore, Byers, Walker, McCormick, Hunter, and Grandi, all jolly good," and Mr Gorman was heard at his T best in a stump speech. The toasts of The Chairman and The Press (Mr Smith ably responded to the latter) brought a splendid social to a close at ten minutes to 11 o'clock, everyone having spent a "grand evening."

RUGG
Oamaru Mail, 25 March 1882, Page 3
In the District Court of Timaru and Oamaru, holden at Waimate. In the matter of "The Debtors and Creditors Act, 1876," and of every Act amending the same, and of the Bankruptcy of ALEXANDER RUGG and DANIEL RUGG, of Waimate, Blacksmiths, Debtors.

May 2009
Heating a piece of iron to a cherry hue then thrusting it into a tank of cold water. The blacksmith has plunged a product of his art into a bath beside his forge to lower the temperature of a piece of metal which has already been heated in the fire.

There is fire in the forge
Smoke in the chimney—
Hammer in hand—
The anvil is ringing—
The blacksmith is well.

S
SCRAF
Walter Scraf, of Timaru, blacksmith. bankrupt 6 May 1983

SCOTT

Timaru Herald
, 13 April 1911, Page 3
James Scott, senr., plaintiff, said that he was a blacksmith in business at Timaru. Until August 1910, he had been in business at Pleasant Point. Mrs Heffernan was a farmer at Kerrytown, and her daughter Mary and sons James and Denis lived with her. The work done by him had all been for the mother. Accounts had been sent to her every three months, and she had never questioned them.

Timaru Herald, 1 October 1910, Page 5
On Thursday evening the residents of Pleasant Point assembled together in Nelligan's Hotel for the purpose of making a presentation to Mr James Scott, blacksmith, as he is leaving the district and starting business in Timaru. Mr F. Nelligan, as chairman, on behalf of the company, wished Mr Scott every success in his new business; and Mr T. McCormack presented him with an inscribed gold ring as a mark of esteem and a reminder of his stay in Pleasant Point. All present spoke highly of Mr Scott's ability as a tradesman, and his health was drunk with "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow".
 

SHEEHAN
Oamaru Mail, 16 September 1918, Page 3
Mrs Sheehan, Esk street, on Friday morning received the sad news of the death of her son, Rifleman John Maurice Sheehan. Born and educated at Fairlie, he learned the blacksmithing trade from the late Mr Joseph Binney, Fairlie, later taking up business for himself in Georgetown, which be sold before leaving for active service with the Twenty - ninth Reinforcements. Rifleman Sheehan was of a kind and genial disposition, and had many friend's.

SMITH
Timaru Herald
, 9 May 1899, Page 2
Mr J.H. Smith, well-known for the last thirty years or so in Timaru as a blacksmith and farrier, has flitted to Masterton and started business there.

Timaru Herald, 25 March 1909, Page 3
Mr Walter Smith, of Timaru, received word by cable from Melbourne yesterday, informing him of the death of his mother, widow of the late Mr J. Smith, who carried on business as a farrier here for a lengthened period. Mrs Smith was well known in Timaru, and on leaving for Australia she left behind her many friends, all of whom will regret to hear of her death.

Smithy - Orari Gorge

STEWART
Colonist
, 19 July 1904, Page 4
Timaru, July 18, William Stewart, a blacksmith, aged 66 years, died suddenly at Geraldine on Saturday night.

STOCK
In 1947 there were no longer any blacksmiths in the Geraldine District. Mr C. Stock retired. S.C. Museum

STRINGER, James
Timaru Herald, 4 March 1907, Page 7
People of Geraldine and District. THE BLACK SMITHING AND GENERAL REPAIRS BUSINESS, so long and favourably carried on by Mr Stringer, has just been acquired by me, and I intend to uphold and if possible increase the reputation and patronage already obtained. Farm Implement repairs, and Tyre and Shoeing work of, all kinds will receive expert attention, and at reasonable prices. C C. McPhedran, GENERAL BLACKSMITH, GERALDINE.

SUTHERLAND

STUMBLES
Timaru Herald
, 30 September 1878, Page 2
Abstract of sales by auction , This Day. By Messrs D. and L. Maclean, at Messrs Allan and Stumbles' Smithy, at 11 o'clock, stock-in-trade of a blacksmith at Geraldine, at 11 o'clock.

STURROCK
Timaru Herald, 23 December 1893, Page 1
AS I HAVE SOLD my Blacksmith and Wheelwright's Business to Mr WM. DAVIDSON, of Gore, I beg to tender my sincere thanks to my Customers and the Public Generally for the Liberal Patronage hitherto bestowed on me, and trust they will continue the same to my Successor. DAVID STURROOK WITH reference to the above, I have PURCHASED the BUSINESS and PREMISES of Mr Sturrock. Having a thorough knowledge and over Fifteen Years' Experience of Veterinary Shoeing, General Blacksmith and Wheelwright Work, I trust, by MODERATE CHARGES, and First class workmanship, to merit a fair share of patronage. SHOEING A SPECIALITY. WILLIAM DAVIDSON
 

SUTHERLAND
J.M. Sutherland, blacksmith, Geraldine 1913

Wairarapa Daily Times, 6 June 1908, Page 5
Mr R. Sutherland, of Hope-street, has received word of the death of his aged father, he having passed away on Thursday last at Geraldine, where he had been residing for some years. The late Mr Sutherland was born at Leatheron, Caithness, Scotland, and he was in his 78th year at the time of his death. He arrived at Lyttelton by the ship Metropolis, in March 1863 [sic: ship arrived in June, had left in March], and for the first few years he worked on Mr Buchanan's sheep station at Little River, Akaroa. Afterwards he bought a farm in the Blueskin district, Otago, where he resided until about eight years ago. For over thirty years the late Mr Sutherland was actively associated as a local preacher and Sunday school teacher with the Presbyterian Church at Waitati, and being of an upright, conscientious, and kindly nature was greatly respected in the Blueskin district. About eight years ago Mr Sutherland retired from active work and lived quietly in Geraldine. About two years ago he was attacked by an insidious malady, which, although of an almost painless nature, was a great drain upon his once strong and vigorous constitution, and together with his old age, gradually sapped his energies. He was only totally laid aside for a week previous to his death. The late Mr Sutherland leaves a widow and six sons — Mr James Sutherland, manager of Ben More station, Mr John M. Sutherland, blacksmith and wheelwright, Geraldine, Mr George Sutherland, town clerk and engineer, Taihape, Mr Donald Sutherland, dredgemaster, Hokitika, Mr William Sutherland, Pahiatua, and Mr Robert Sutherland, machinist at Daily Times office, Masterton.

John Mason Sutherland (1862-1941) was a Member of the Geraldine Town Board.
Married Mary Coombs in 1883. He died Dec. 4 1941 and is buried with his wife Mary nee Coombs. Mary died Mary 31 1934 aged 69.
Children:
1884 Sutherland Robert
1886 Sutherland Mark
1892 Sutherland John Manson
1895 Sutherland Catherine Mary
1898 Sutherland Jessie
1890 Sutherland Andrew
1901 Sutherland James
1903 Sutherland George

Timaru Herald, 2 September 1913, Page 5
A meeting of creditors in the estate of Messrs J. W. Campbell and A. Weaver, contractors, Geraldine, was held in the office of the Deputy-Official Assignee (Mr Alex. Montgomery) yesterday forenoon. There were present the bankrupts and their solicitor. The filed statement by bankrupts showed:—Unsecured creditors
W. Weaver, farmer, Belfield
W. T. Booth, Arundel
G. Taylor, farmer, Orari
W. Fyfe, blacksmith, Orari
E. J. Burke, storekeeper, Orari
C. Ray, saddler, Geraldine
F. Walker, chaff cutter
W, Mason, Orari
Canterbury Farmers' Cooperative, Geraldine
Farmers' Co-operative, Timaru
J. Jaxon, labour agent
J. M. Sutherland, blacksmith, Geraldine
D. Miller, storekeeper, Hinds
W. A. Sherratt, Geraldine
E. H.. Logan, Geraldine
E. Carter, horse-breaker, Orari
C. Burrell, saddler, Geraldine

A. Weaver showed personal debts amounting to £89 2s 3d; The unsecured creditors were:—
Dr. Paterson, Geraldine
T. Sherratt
J. C. Martin
Farmers' Co-operative, Geraldine
C. Cliff
R. P. Craig, butcher
E H. Logan
J. H. Woodhouse baker, Geraldine
G. Broadhead, jeweller
E. Blackmore Geraldine
Executors A. Kelman Geraldine
Hondai Lanka Tea. Co., Dunedin
Opie and Son Winchester
Archie Weaver said that he entered into partnership with J. W. Campbell, as contractors in August, 1911. He borrowed £100 from his brother, William Weaver, as capital for himself and Campbell. They worked through Guinness and LeCren; took contracts, and lost money through the price of feed being too high, paying as much as 3s 3d for oats per bushel, and 1s 2d for hay for chaff. They never paid less than 2s a bushel for oats and 9d to 11d for chaff. They had thirteen draught horses, and two hacks. His wife took ill and died in April, 1913. He had two children, and after his wife's death he had to rely on friends to look after the children. He had a fire on May 23, and lost everything. The property was insured for £l50, which was considerably below its value. The insurance was with the Atlas Company for which Guinness and LeCren were, agents. They received £IOO, and placed it to the credit of the bankrupt firm. The £50 balance was said to witness. He attributed his bankruptcy to the facts that they had lost on their contracts, illness in his family, and to the fire which left him with practically nothing. Out of the £SO which he receded, he had to pay the cost of his wife's funeral and family expenses: The fire took place on May 23, 1913. He could make no offer."

Press, 29 November 1928, Page 8
On Tuesday morning the Geraldine Fire Brigade received a call to an outbreak of fire in the rear of Mr J. Sutherland's blacksmith shop. The brigade was quickly on the scene and soon had the fire under control, but not before considerable damage had been done. The premises where the fire originated are occupied by Mr D. Brett. A. motor-car, the property of Mr E. Undrill, which was being re-painted, was destroyed. The buildings were, cohered by insurance, but both Mr Sutherland and Mr Brett are heavy losers. Mr Brett was working on the car at the time, and the origin of the fire is a mystery.

The most common reason people moved is for work.

blacksmiths spare parts

T
TAAFE

Timaru Herald
, 2 November 1895, Page 2
A.M. Taafe, Waimate - Has blacksmith's business for sale. 

TAIT
Timaru Herald
, 22 November 1872, Page 1
GEORGE TAIT, Blacksmith, Point, in returning thanks to the public for past favours, begs to inform, them; that he has disposed of his business to Messrs Veruum and Comrie, who will carry on the business as heretofore. All Accounts due to Mr George Tait, late Blacksmith, Point, must be paid to me within Fourteen Days from this date, otherwise they will be sued for without further notice. T.G. Cork.

TAYLOR, Arthur Edward
His father was Charles Taylor b. 1842- died 1899, Temuka. Mother Charlotte Hobbs Taylor born 1839- died 1934. They came out on the Waimate landing in Lyttelton January 1875.  SS Beautiful Star to Timaru then by bullock dray to Temuka.
Timaru Herald, 26 October 1912, Page 8
Birth. TAYLOR.— On October 18th, 1912, at Main Street, Temuka, the wife of Mr A. E. Taylor, blacksmith, of a daughter.

Taylor, Arthur Edward
Age at Death 46
Date of Interment 17 Jul 1918
Temuka Cemetery Section General Row 161 Plot 46  no headstone

TAYLOR
Timaru Herald
, 5 December 1911, Page 7 OLD IDENTITIES. Duncan Taylor was the first blacksmith in the district.
PASSING AWAY, Two old identities of South Canterbury passed away last week— Mr Duncan Taylor, who in the early sixties opened the first blacksmith's shop, in the second building put up, in Temuka, and Mr Charles Wedrell, also a blacksmith in his youth, who in or before 1860 was "bullock-punching" in the Mackenzie Country. Mr. Duncan Taylor was a young man of eight-and-twenty when he came out, landing at Dunedin in 1860. Soon after he came up to Temuka and started in his trade there. Probably his doing so helped not a little to give Temuka the preference as a halting place over the already decading Georgetown, across the river, the bush being worked out, and to give Temuka a start towards the future municipal career. A year or so later he removed to Orari (then known as Stranks', from the owner of the solitary accommodation house, built a shop there, and did blacksmithing for Geraldine and Orari and other northern districts for about fourteen years. In 1876 Mr Taylor purchased land at Rangitata and there forward devoted himself to farming it until he retired to the end of his days in Christchurch. He married a daughter of Mr Dunn of the "Stumps" and brought up two sons and eight daughters.
 

THOMSON
William Thomson was born 28 Oct. 1860 in Kaiapoi and was smithing at the Pass. His Aunt was Georgina Burgess wife of John Burgess the proprietor at the Burkes Pass Hotel. William was a blacksmith and met his wife when she worked at the Burkes Pass Hotel, they were married at Fairlie Creek in 1888 and raised 12 children, five being born in the Mackenzie. The Thomson family lived at Burkes Pass from the mid 1800s until about 1896 when they moved to North Otago. Information courtesy of John Shears, June 2014.

TRENGROVE
New Zealand Herald, 25 May 1885, Page 2
At Geraldine on May 13, Chas. Trengrove, a blacksmith, was committed for trial at the Supreme Court, for the murder of his wife, Hannah Trengrove.

U

V

VALE
Timaru Herald, 29 January 1883, Page 4
Collins and Co. MAKIKIHI. MAKIKIHI. STOCK-IN-TRADE OF A BLACKSMITH, COACH BUILDER AND WHEEL- WRIGHT. WILLIAM COLLINS AND CO. have received instructions from Mr G. Vale, to Sell by Public Auction, on his Premises, Makikihi, THE WHOLE OF HIS STOCK-IN- TRADE AND PLANT. Without Reserve, on a Date to be Named.

Timaru Herald, 14 April 1886, Page 1
All ACCOUNTS DUE to the firm of G. VALE AND CREBA, Blacksmiths, to be paid to Mr G. Vale only, and his receipt will be a sufficient discharge. (Signed) G. VALE, Makikihi.

VERNUM
Timaru Herald, 20 August 1873, Page 2
ALL ACCOUNTS due to the Undersigned for Work done in connection with the Blacksmith Shop, Pleasant Point, must be PAID within fourteen days from date to MESSES. McLEOD & CO., Storekeepers, (whose discharge will be a sufficient receipt), otherwise legal proceedings will be taken to enforce the same. All Claims against the Undersigned must be rendered by the same date to ensure their being recognised.
ALFRED VERNUM
WILLIAM COMEIE. Pleasant Point, August 18, 1873.

Everybody knows it is unlucky to pass a horseshoe on the road without picking it up. It is necessary to notice how the horseshoe lies before picking it up. The right thing to do is to turn the horseshoe round, so that the ends are toward the finder, before picking it up. And, in carrying it home, it is correct to hold it with the ends upward, or the earth will attract to itself all the promised fortune. When the shoe is nailed up on the door or window, in its destined place, the end must be upward, or the whole luck emblem will be nullified.

W
WALKER

Timaru Herald,
3 September 1904, Page 2
Although only new arrivals to Timaru, they are making things "hum," in every branch of the business. The blacksmiths are as busy as bees ; anvils dinging and rinking, ironwork flying out in every direction, finished in perfect style and dispatch. The wheelwright department, too, looks as busy as possible; —new carts and gigs strewn about in every direction. This speaks volumes for Geo. Walker and Co., the new proprietors of that well-known blacksmithing business, Stafford street. Geo. Walker anticipates doing a big business in carriage building this season so those requiring anything done should give their orders early, and save being disappointed. Write-for quotations. Call and inspect our work. We do not slump. Note the address — Geo. Walker and Co., Stafford street.—(Advt).

Timaru Herald, 15 August 1893, Page 4
ANDREWVILLE MILLS, TEMUKA, NOW OPEN. GRISTING and CRUSHING of all description at Lowest Rates. Timber Sawing and General Blacksmith and Engineering Work done as usual. J. H. WALKER, Proprietor.

Timaru Herald, 4 May 1895, Page 2
J. Walker— Has commenced business as blacksmith next Shamrock hotel.  

Timaru Herald, 30 September 1903, Page 3
Yesterday morning one of the wharf hands, Charles King, in rowing round the harbour, discovered a body floating inside-the harbour near the North Mole, and on investigation it proved to be that of Thomas Amos Walker, a blacksmith of Timaru. Deceased was a widower, 63 years of age, who had resided with his son. The body was removed by the police to the -Royal Hotel, where an inquest was held in the afternoon. Mr C. A. Wray, Coroner, conducted the inquest, and the jury were: Messrs A. Mills (Foreman), R. Crerar, T. Barron, H. C. Grahame, E. Goodman, and A. W. Mackenzie. The witnesses called were John Walker, son of the deceased, John Coppin, labourer, Charles King, wharf labourer, and Constable Lewin. The deceased was at work till about midday on Monday. He left home about 3 p.m. and at 5:30 his son John went to look for him. visiting the various hotels, but was unable to find him. He returned home at 6 p.m., and found his father in the blacksmith's shop. When asked where he had been, he said he had been having a sleep, as his head was troubling him. He had a good tea although he still complained of pain in his head; and after tea he followed his usual custom of going for a walk, without saying where he was going. He was quite sober when he left home. About three weeks ago he had a bad attack of rheumatism, and for the past three weeks had been drinking to some extent. His son applied on Monday for a warrant for the renewal of a recently-expired prohibition order. His son explained that by an accident about 10 years ago his father had fractured his skull, and since then a little liquor stupefied him.

Timaru Herald, 20 May 1902, Page 1
WANTED — A Strong Lad for the Blacksmithing. Apply T. J. Walker, Stafford Street.

William Walker b.1868 London. Arrived at Lyttelton 1875. Married in 1890 in CHCH to Margaret Colbourne Webster 1867 in Leeston - died 1905 in Orari. Bill died 2 August 1946 at Orari. Buried Timaru in the same plot as Margaret. No headstone. Presbyterian. Occupation: Blacksmith.

WATSON, A.
Timaru Herald, 14 Nov. 1914. Temuka.
The business combines blacksmithing, horseshoeing and coachbuilding, its close relation to the chief industry of the province is at once apparent. The advent of the motor car has a new class of business for coachbuilders, some of whom have been badly left; not so Mr Watson. Fully awake when farmers and others showed a tendency to abandon horses for motors, he was ready to meet the new demand. He carries stocks of materials for the bodies he is prepared to build, and painting and upholstering are done as well by his special workmen as they can be done at the great manufacturing establishments, while this district advantage is offered, the man placing the order has his tastes and wishes in colours and materials considered.

WEDERELL
Timaru Herald
, 5 December 1911, Page 7 OLD IDENTITIES.
Mr Charles Wedrell better known for hotel keeping. He took possession of the Masonic Hotel at St Andrews. in 1885 until he retired He was apprenticed as a blacksmith as a boy, came out to New Zealand in 1857, when 19, and took the first job offering, which was cutting grain at Heathcote with a sickle; next worked in Mr John Anderson's smithy for a while; worked on a farm at Rakaia, helped to form Papanui road; came down to South Canterbury and was "bullock punching" there, first for Mr F.G. Stericker at Tekapo station, and then on his own account with a team bought from Mr Stericker. In 1864 he married "settled down," by leasing a farm at Milford from Mr John Hayhurst. Tired, of farming he tried an express business in Timaru; then kept the Fairlie accommodation house from '75 to '82; tried the butchering business for a year; and then in 1885 returned to the calling for which both he and Mrs Wederell were well fitted, by taking the Masonic Hotel, St. Andrews, where he won a creditable reputation as a genial host of a well-kept hotel. A few years ago he transferred the hotel to one of his sons, who still carries it on.

WELSH
Hubert Welsh, Fairlie Creek Forge. Established 1874. General Blacksmith and wheelwright on the corner of Princes St. and Main street.  Agricultural Implements repaired. Horses carefully shod. Horse medicine always at hand. Duplicates of Mercer's Reapers and Binders always at hand. Iron and brass castings kept in stock. 1899

Timaru Herald, 15 November 1879, Page 4
NOTICE TO FARMERS AND OTHERS IN CAVE AND VICINITY. The BLACKSMITH'S SHOP , lately erected by the Proprietor of the Cave Hotel, will, on and after this date, commence work under the able management of MR W. J. GIBSON, late of Messrs Welsh and Smith. As a good Shoer, Mr Gibson is well known in the district. Terms - Three Months. J. Wildermoth.

Timaru Herald, 2 October 1886, Page 1
WANTED, at Once— A Good Shoeing and General BLACKSMITH. Constant Employment to a Good Hand. Apply to H. [Hubert] Welsh, Blacksmith and Wheelwright, Fairlie Creek.

Marlborough Express, 26 May 1900, Page 3
May 25. At Fairlie yesterday a blacksmith named Walsh was injured in the face by the premature explosion of a cannon, improvised from a perforation in an anvil.

Timaru Herald 2 July 1887 pg 1
All Accounts owing to the late firm of WELSH & SMITH, Blacksmiths, Pleasant Point, must be paid on or before the 9th inst. or legal proceedings will be taken without further legal notice. Accounts to be paid to either
Wm. WELSH, Pleasant Point
J.H. Smith, Timaru

Star, 25 May 1900, Page 3
May 25. At Fairlie, yesterday, a blacksmith named Walsh was injured in the face by the premature explosion of a cannon improvised from a perforation on an anvil.

Press, 27 May 1926, Page 5
Robert Welsh was sued for the possession of a house by the TimaruBorough Council. Mr Finch stated that defendant, who was blacksmith to the Borough Council until recently, had been given a fortnight to vacate the premises, but had not done so.

WILLS, William John pg 1072 Cyclops
Timaru Herald,
16 February 1867, Page 1
ADVANCE WAIMATE! WILLS & THOMPSON, Shoeing and General Blacksmiths, Respectfully intimate to the settlers m the Waimate District that they have commenced business in the above line, and will be prepared to execute all work entrusted to them in a satisfactory and workmanlike manner, combined with moderate charges and dispatch. 

Timaru Herald, 29 January 1870, Page 1
DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP. All debts due to the late firm of Wills and Thomson are requested to be paid at once, or before the 28th February, 1879, Richard Wills, Blacksmith, Waimate. Robert Thomson, Blacksmith. 

Timaru Herald, 16 August 1872, Page 3 Waimate
For sale. Lot 4— That valuable section fronting on the Main South-road, now in the occupation of Mr Richard Wills, blacksmith, containing Three-quarters of an Acre of Land, together with Six-roomed Dwelling-house, Blacksmith's Shop with two forges, Outhouses, and good Well of water thereon.

 The anvil in the blacksmith's shop remains when the hammers that have struck it are worn out.


WILSON
Timaru Herald,
1 September 1869, Page 1
Donald Murray, Wheelwright, Opposite Mr Stubbs' Auction Rooms, Timaru. D. M. is prepared to execute all sorts of Wheelwright work on the premises of Mr R. Wilson, Blacksmith. Buggy Shafts, Poles, &c., made or repaired with great neatness, at Dunedin prices.

Timaru Herald, 3 December 1892, Page 1
HENRY WILSON
HAVING STARTED BUSINESS as GENERAL BLACKSMITH and HORSE-SHOER, at Makikihi, hopes with strict attention to business, and Moderate Charges, to meet a fair share of Public Patronage.

WINTER Timaru Herald, 18 November 1874, Page 3
Farewell Dinner to Mr Thomas Winter at Burkes' Pass.—
From time immemorial the trade of the blacksmith hat been held in high repute, but perhaps under no circumstances was it ever more justly respected than in the first settlement of a new and rough-and-tumble country. Only those who have seen New Zealand, or a colony resembling it in character, in the earliest years of its civilisation, can to the full appreciate the value of a good, sterling, hard-forking, ready-handed, kind-hearted blacksmith. Come friend, come stranger, rich or poor, late or early, m fair weather or foul, the worthy smith is at his- post, ready and willing with brawny arm and skilful hammer to help him out of his difficulties and send him on his. way rejoicing. A cast shoe, a broken waggon, a lost bullock chain, these things look very small on paper, but on a long wearisome journey they are dire misfortunes to the traveller; and when these occur, an active, friendly, man with, the mysteries of the forge at his fingers' ends, is found to be a real blessing. Such a man was Mr Thomas Winter, the blacksmith, at Burkes Pass, and it was therefore only natural and right that on his leaving the district where he had been pioneer of settlement, had toiled most usefully for eight long years, and had endeared himself to all who came in contact with him, from the squatter to the shepherd, his neighbors should make a little fuss. A farewell dinner; was therefore arranged, and came so last week with the greatest success at Mr Burgess' Accommodation House. Mr Goldson occupied the chair, Mr Macleod, of Tekapo, acting as croupier. After an excellent dinner, which about a hundred people from the Mackenzie Country partook of, as only mountaineers are able to do the chairman proposed the health of Mr Winter, who, he said, deserved all the praise and happiness and ease which followed on the hard and sometimes doubtful services of the pioneer in New Zealand. Mr Winter's success proved that patience and perseverance in this colony were always rewarded by fortune. Mr Winter started in a wild, cold, dreary, out-of-the way place, but in a short time be made a flourishing trade, one at all times useful, but specially required in the commencement of a colony such as New Zealand. Mr Winter's success, which all present knew would enable him to lire hereafter in ease and free from care, was only the reward which every industrious artisan in New Zealand might count upon, Mr Goldson concluded by wishing Mr Winter all the success his sterling kindness and worth deserve. The evening's proceedings ended with a variety of social toasts, including that of the host and hostess.


There is a photo of Tom Winter's smithy at Burkes Pss in "South Canterbury"  A Record of Settlement pg 200

Timaru Herald, 12 September 1873, Page 2
I, THE UNDERSIGNED, beg to inform the Inhabitants of the Mackenzie Country, and the surrounding district, that I will be at the Tekapo Ferry every alternate Monday, commencing on September 8, 1873. The Burkes Pass Smithy will be closed on that day in consequence. N.B. — The Price of Shoeing at the Ferry will be — Hacks, 10s per set; Draughts, 12s 1 per ditto. THOMAS WINTER, Shoeing and General Smith, Burkes Pass.
 

Y
YOUNG
Timaru Herald
, 30 December 1920, Page 7 OBITUARY.
MR JAMES YOUNG. Full of years and after a long and useful life, the late Mr James Young, well known in the early days as a storekeeper at St. Andrews, passed to his rest on Sunday last at the residence of his eldest daughter, Nurse Lawrie, Elizabeth Street, Timaru. The deceased was born in 1834, in Haddingtonshire, East Lothian, Scotland. He learned the trade of a black; smith at Home, and came to New Zealand in the ship Cartsburn in 1874, landing at Port Chalmers, where he found his first employment in this country. From Port Chalmers he came to Timaru, where he worked for a few years, and in 1878 he set up in business as a blacksmith at St. Andrews. He carried on this business till 1887, when he sold it to one of his sons, and in partnership with another son went into the grocery business at St. Andrews, the firm being known as J. Young and Son, general storekeepers. When Mr Young first went to St. Andrews the township consisted of a small public, house and the stationmaster's residence, Mr Young, who had been living retired for many years, was married in 1858 to Miss Strain, of Lanarkshire, Scotland. His wife died in 1897. Mr and Mrs Young are survived by four sons and four daughters, twenty grandchildren, and six great-grandchildren.


Z

Otago Witness, 2 December 1908, Page 91
Would Have It Mended

One day as a farmer of extraordinary meanness was starting out for the town to do his weekly shopping — for even he had to buy something for the support of his family — his wife came out and asked him to buy her a darning needle. "What's the matter with the one I bought you last winter?" asked the farmer. "The eye's is broken out," she replied. "Bring the needle here," he said. "I'm not going to allow such extravagance. I'll have the needle mended." The woman, was wise in her generation, and made no protest. She brought out the broken needle. The economical farmer rode away into the town, and stopped first of all at the blacksmith's shop. He took out the needle and handed it to the blacksmith. "I want that mended," he said. The blacksmith knew his customer, and, keeping his face perfectly straight, said the eye should be mended in an hour's time. The farmer rode away, and the blacksmith walked across the street and bought a new needle for a farthing. When the farmer called again the blacksmith gave him the new needle. The farmer looked at the smooth, polished surface of the stool, and remarked that it was a good job. "How much will it be?" said he. "Twopence," said the blacksmith, and the farmer as he paid it remarked that he knew that the needle could be mended, but his wife would have gone to the expense of buying a new one if he hadn't interfered.

The Blacksmith Memorial, Orari at SH1.

Photo taken 13 Nov. 2009 by Olwyn
The blacksmith, represents old skills and hard work of the people of yesteryear, is ideal as a memorial to the early settlers of the district as a ‘smithy’ was an indispensable member of the farming community in those days. Located at Orari outside the old post office now Cafe Mes Amis, near the corner of  Corner Orari Station Road & State Highway 1.

Timaru Herald (May 27, 2004) Pioneer Statue Suggested for Orari.
The request by Rodger Payne to erect the $10,000 Trevor Askin memorial sculpture will be considered by the Geraldine Community Board next week.

Sunday 29 Jan 2006 photos - Trevor Askin and Timaru Mayor Janie Annear at the unveiling of the Orari Blacksmith Memorial. The three-quarter life-size bronze sculpture of a blacksmith was installed at Orari in January 2006 beside the Orari War Memorial as a tribute to the pioneers of the district. There is an item about the Orari blacksmith sculpture in "Geraldine-the first 150years" by John Buttton at the bottom of page 348 and page 349 with a photo of the sculpture taken from the opposite side and a photo of Richard and Charlotte Coles who came out on the Peeress which arrived in Lyttelton on July 24 1874 along with the Payne family. Richard Coles was the son of a blacksmith and became a partner of a smithy in Essex. He broke his arm so decided to emigrate with his wife and three children and by the time he got to New Zealand was fit to work again. Charlotte broke her arm on the voyage as the seas were rough. Richard first worked at Collins' blacksmith-engineers in Timaru and later purchase thirty acres at Orari where he built his own 'smithy. Richard Coles died Sep. 13 1913 at the age of 68 and is buried in the Timaru Cemetery. His wife Charlotte Maria Coles died 27 March 1925 at the age of 76. Bob Fitzsimmons, the boxer, did an apprenticeship at Collins' blacksmith, work at the forge, and developed powerful arms and shoulders. Bob and his parents from Cornwall had arrived in Lyttelton on October 17, 1873 on the ship Adamant. Orari was authorised as a township in 1857 by Canterbury surveyor Thomas Cass on two conditions: that it had an accommodation house for travellers and horses, and an Orari River ferry crossing facility. Giles Accommodation house opened in 1858. Duncan Taylor opened the first blacksmith shop in Orari in 1862. Richard Coles relocated to Orari establishing a blacksmith business in 1877, shortly after the opening of the Orari railway station. It was one of several blacksmiths the district during that era. 

The Timaru Courier 29 April 2010 page 6
 Blacksmiths were indispensable in early South Canterbury. They shod horses, repaired farm implements, made ploughs, grubbers, harrows, carts and drays and, as farm machinery become more common, made replacement parts when necessary. Records are sparse but the story of the smithy at Orari has fortunately been preserved and provides an interesting insight into the lives of immigrants to this country. The first smithy was set up in 1862, when Duncan Taylor, the blacksmith in Temuka, was asked by W.K. Macdonald, of the Orari Estate, to set up a smithy at Orari. He did better than this and set up two shops, one by the present hotel and one a little off the main road by the present Orari Hall. In 1877, one, possibly both, were taken over by Richard Coles, and he and his sons continued working there until 1901, when they moved to the Levels to farm. Richard Coles, the son of a blacksmith, was born in Somerset in 1844. At the age of 8 he worked in a brickyard for two shillings a week, eating his breakfast of bread and cheese and Somerset cider while walking the four miles (6.5km) to work, which started at 7am. When times became hard he lost his job so learned the blacksmith’s trade and in 1868, aged 24, married Charlotte, the only child of an aristocratic remittance man who spent his time and legacy drinking. Richard became a partner in a smithy in Essex, where his first three children were born. In 1874 he broke his arm and decided to emigrate, his theory being that by the time he arrived in his new country he would be fit for work again. The family sailed on the Peeress in 1874 with 300 immigrants all bound for Timaru. In the Bay of Biscay the ship struck mountainous seas for three days and was lucky to survive, passengers being forced to shovel tonnes of coal overboard to be able to bail out the hold. During this ordeal Charlotte’s arm was broken so two one armed parents had to cope with three children for the four months of the voyage. In Timaru they lived in the immigration barracks in Le Crens Terrace, sleeping on the floor. Richard then worked at Collins blacksmith engineers, where Bob Fitzsimmons, later to become world heavyweight boxing champion, was an apprentice. Wages were good at the time so Richard built a sod hut at Peeress Town by Patiti Point, the Government giving a grant of 10 shillings to immigrants who did this. Unfortunately, a wall fell in the first night it rained. A slump meant unemployment once again, so Charlotte took in washing and Richard eventually found work on Christchurch Drainage. Then, in 1877, they moved to some 30 acres (12ha) of land at Orari along with the blacksmith shop. Four acres (1.6ha) were planted in apples, pears and cherries and the rest was used for vegetables for the family and potatoes as a cash crop. The fruit from the orchard was taken to Timaru by horse and spring cart in loads of 13 hundredweight (650kg), which meant a 7am start on winter mornings in order to get over the wooden bridges before the frost thawed. The sale of fruit brought in about 240 shillings a year but had its hazards. On one trip the horse shied and Amy, one of the daughters, was tipped off and dragged underneath the cart with a broken leg. Her sister, Fanny, still on the runaway cart, had to climb along the shafts to retrieve the reins and steady the horse. There was a hotel beside the smithy and drunkenness and fighting were common. Sometimes, men leaving the hotel would roll into the blacksmith’s shop looking for someone to fight. This brightened up the day for Richard and Henry who, after a round with them, threw them out on to the road and got back to work. According to Charlotte the work in the smithy was hot and the men drank beer by the bucket and Richard, too, had his moment of weakness: shortly after his son, Gil, was born, Richard went to a sale and had to be carted home by a neighbour. Charlotte apparently had something to say about it all as Richard joined the Good Templars Lodge and became a staunch prohibitionist.
    Over Easter 2004, at the traditional reunion of the Coles family, this time celebrating 130 years of family history in the Orari district, it was decided to commission a statue of a blacksmith to commemorate the family’s pioneer settlers. The bronze statue, almost 2m in height, was cast by Timaru sculptor Trevor Askin and was unveiled by mayor Janie Annear to a crowd of 300 on January 29, 2006. The statue was funded by the Coles descendants, the Aitken, Coles, Payne and Pearce families, supplemented by grants from the Timaru District Council, the Creative Communities NZ art scheme and the Thomas Hobson Trust. Local businesses provided materials and labour for the base of the statue. 

Other commissioned public work [opens in a new window] by Trevor J. Askin in his “curvilinear” style of sculpture includes the life-size bronze Paper Boy outside the old Timaru Herald office in Timaru and "Eros" in the gardens at Mona Vale, Christchurch (photo below, Nov. 2009). It was commissioned to be a centrepiece for Roseworld ‘94, the 10th World Rose Convention of the World Federation of Rose Societies. 

Mona Vale Gardens, Christchurch, 28 Oct. 2009, springtime. "Eros" with a Japanese maple in the background.  

Timaru Herald, 24 September 1919, Page 9
Count Girolamo Nerli's oil painting of an old blacksmith, entitled "The Close of Day." was exhibited at the Timaru Art Gallery.

Otago Witness 19 January 1878, Page 17 THE BLACKSMITH MAN.
My mother puts an apron on to keep my coaties clean,
And wubbers on my little boots and then I go and lean
Against the blacksmith's doorway, to watch the coal fire shine,
The bellows heave, the hammer swing I wish they all were mine!
The horses bend their legs and stand; I don't see how they can
But I would love to shoe their feet, just like the blacksmith man.
Tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
What a jolly noise he makes, the blacksmith man!

When I grow up an old big man, with whiskers on my chin,
I will not have a grocery store, or dry goods store, or tin
I will not be a farmer or a lawyer, not a bit;
Or Premier all the other boys are meaning to be it.
Or a banker, with the money bills piled high upon the stan'
I'd rather hold the red-hot iron, and be a blacksmith man
Tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
Oh, what a jolly noise he makes, the blacksmith man!

The blacksmith man has got such arms; his shop is such a place;
He gets as dirty as he likes, and no one cleans his face!
And when the lightning's in the sky, he makes his bellows blow,
And all his fires flare up quick, like lightning down below.
Oh, he must have the nicest time that any person can;
I wish I could grow up to-day, and be a blacksmith man!
Tang tiddle, ting-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
I wish I could grow up to day, and be a blacksmith man!

I mean to have a little house with vines and porches to't,
All fixed up nice and clean for me when I get tired of soot.
I'd marry little Susie, and have her for my wife— W
We've been so well acquainted with each other all our life
Oh, I mean to be as hearty and as happy as I can,
And an honest, good, hard working, jolly, rosy blacksmith man!
Tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle, tang-tiddle-tan!
Here goes the honest, good, hard working, jolly blacksmith man!



The Sturdy Blacksmith

Oh, the blacksmith’s a fine sturd-y fel-low!
Hard his hand, but his heart’s true and mel-low.
See him stand there, his huge bel-lows blow-ing,
With his strong brawn-y arms free and bare.
See the fire in the fur-nace a glow-ing;
Bright its spar-kle and flash, loud its road.

Blow the fire, stir the coals, heaping more on;
Till the iron’s all aglow, let it roar on!
While the smith high his hammer’s a-swinging,
Fiery sparks fall in showers all around.
And the sledge on the anvil is ringing;
Fills the air with its clanging sound.

Let the blows, strong and sure, quickly falling,
Haste the work, for the iron fast is cooling.
Oh, the smith he’s a fine sturdy fellow!
Bravely working from morning till night;
Hard his hand, but his heart’s true and mellow;
Like his anvil, he stands for the right.

While the smith high his hammer’s a-swinging,
Fiery sparks fall in showers all around.
And the sledge on the anvil is ringing;
Fills the air with its clanging sound.


North Otago Times, 26 July 1913, Page 1 A VIVID DESCRIPTION.
Miss Brown was, giving an elaborate description of a blacksmith preparatory to teaching Longfellow's poem to her; pupils. "Now, children,"' she said, "we are going to learn a poem to-day about someone who works very hard. He is very large and has, great arms that can lift such heavy things. His face is blackened with soot that comes from his great, blazing fires ! And he wear a dirty black apron, and he has a fire that glows oh, so red, and whenover he makes anything he puts it into his fire and then pounds it with a great big hammer, which makes the loudest clanging noise and makes the sparks fly about in every direction. Now, who can tell me what I have been describing? A little maid, who had listened to these vivid details with eyes twice their natural size, sprang to her feet and said in and awed whisper: "The devil!"

Auckland Star, 1 April 1882, Page 5
What do we want in this rapid age but the essence, the soul, so to speak, of a poem? "The Village Blacksmith;" why, five sixths of it are made up of mere adjectives and ornamental expressions!

Under a tree
A smithy stands,
The smith is muscular
And has large hands,

His hair is black and long
Face colour of tan
He perspires at work.
And earns all he can;
And is independent,
Cash down being his plan.

3 & 4.

His hammer and bellows
Swing and roar,
Pleasing the youngsters
Who look in at his door;
And lurk so much-
He finds it a bore.

5 & 6.

He goes to church on Sunday.
And hears his daughter sing
Thinks, "How like her mother
Who's dead, poor thing!
And cries, for such thoughts
His feelings wring.

7 & 8.

Being a blacksmith,
He works the week through;
Being a man, he has ups and downs
And must we too,
And must always expect them
Whatever we do !

South Canterbury NZGenWeb