South Canterbury, New Zealand
How does someone find a
The online database can be searched by cemetery using the advance search and by first names or even by sections e.g. RSA, General, Lawn, Free Ground, Children's. The Timaru District Council has made available on line its database of burial records for the Arundel, Geraldine, Pareora West, Pleasant Point, Temuka and Timaru cemeteries. Covers burials records not monument inscriptions. Many entries have good photographs. If there is a headstone there will be a photo for it. The council had a guy on a work scheme taking photos for nine months. He finished the project in August 2007. There are over 30,000 photos that complement the council's online cemetery database and probably around 26,000 headstones. The monumental masons that work in the cemeteries take a photo of all headstones they create and this may be a way to keep the database up to date with photographs as there are about 400 to 500 burials a year. There are interesting headstones are out there. If you find any, please let me know. Example:
John Landsborough, Timaru, Block D Lot 281 and 282. Died 18 Aug. 1880.
John Mowbray Howard Tripp, Arundel, 1940 "Under the wide and starry sky dig the grave and let me lie"
Jane Satterwaite Timaru, 1910. Angel
An enquiry can be made through either :
1. Email firstname.lastname@example.org
2. At the counter, walk in to the District Council Office. Timaru District Council, 2 King George Place, Timaru.
3. Or phone. Phone (03) 684-8199
The name and year of death is sufficient to search on sometimes. The more information given, the easier to narrow down the search. Fee. Generally no charge if you are enquiring about one name but if you have a few names there may be a five dollar fee. You will be given a plot map with the grave location highlighted by surname then listed then a detailed plan of the cemetery. Gravesites, by surname, in the vicinity will be on the plot map. Makes the gravesite very easy you find. The Timaru District Council staff are very helpful and pleasant. Map pdf map find a grave
Their very comprehensive databases are current, within a week, and as accurate as possible but there are mistakes e.g. Row D instead of Row G. Funeral directors are responsible for completing a warrant within a certain time period with the details and forwarding that to the District Council Office. There is a clerk assigned to look after the records. The database is dynamically updated when plots are sold these days so some of the names in the database will be plot purchase records. There's bound to be at least a few unmarked ones missing from the early days. From July 1st 2012 Plot and interment prices throughout the district will increase by about 10 per cent from July 1, with the new adult fees being $770 for a plot, $860 for interment and concrete berms going from $155 to $230. A Saturday afternoon funeral will cost an additional $50 at $400, while a funeral on Sunday or public holidays incurs a $700 fee.
Any transcription work contains some kind of inaccuracy. A typo, a transcription error or a transposition error, could get you another month, another year, another row, another name, another gravesite or another goose chase. Double check.
Online & Lookups
Betts Funeral Notices online
NZSG South Canterbury Branch and the NZSG council has given approval for lookups from the monument inscription microfiche which was compiled by members prior to 1982.
Timaru's cemetery was set aside the land when
Timaru was first surveyed and has developed into a very large cemetery consisting of 24,242 graves in the
cemetery and 2,618 ashes plots, as of 7 April 2002, bearing in mind some graves
have multiple burials in them. The first grave was Morris Clayton who was buried 16
October 1860. Thomas Augustus Purnell was interred at Timaru Aug. 31 May
1861. In 1863 the cemetery was fenced and the land cleared. A
grave of historic importance for Timaru is that of
There's a statue of Capt. Cain in front of the old landing services building,
which now serves as the Timaru visitor information centre and a bar. He went to sea at age thirteen, owned a bar in California and arrived in New
Zealand in 1851 aboard the schooner Pauline which he owned, settled in
Timaru in 1857, in 1859 opened the first landing service, owned stores in Cain's
Terrace, mayor and harbour pilot and was buried in the Timaru Cemetery in 1886
after being murdered by being poisoned.
CARRINGTON, ISABELLA Address RECORD = UNPURCHASED
Age at Death 15 Months Date of Interment Friday, 29 May 1863
Timaru Cemetery Section General Block F Plot 32 New Row 8 New Plot 32 Clergy Name FOSTER
Today the new lawn sections are not segregated for religion but in the past the cemetery was divided into sections. Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Anglican, Old, cremations and the veterans section is divided into two parts with one area, by flagpole and rose garden, lined with granite headstones. The other section has brass plaques, set on concrete at ground level, which is where, returned soldiers are buried. Children's and stillborns sections are quite recent when compared with the old section. Apparently there's a green section that was used for burying stillborns up until the early 1980s or so that's unmarked.
Timaru Herald, 12 December 1882, Page 2
We observe in the Gazette, a proclamation under the Cemeteries Act 1882, purporting to appoint Frederick LeCren a Trustee of the Timaru Cemetery, "in the place of Arthur Ormsby, deceased." Mr Ormsby, we are happy to say, is still in robust health, and Mr LeCren's appointment to his place on the Cemetery Board, on the ground of his decease, there-fore, is, to say the least, a little premature. On enquiry, we learn that Mr Ormsby recently resigned the office in question, and we have no doubt that Mr LcCren's appointment is all in order, but for an error on the part of a clerk in Wellington. It occurs to us, nevertheless, that some legal difficulties may arise out of the fact of Mr Ormsby having been formally proclaimed " deceased." Has he any lawful right to be walking about and performing all the functions of a living man, and a lawyer into the bargain, after the Administrator of the Government has proclaimed his decease, and the Minister of Lands who ought to have known better, by the bye � has counter signed the proclamation.' We are inclined to think that until the proclamation is rescinded, and Mr Ormsby is officially resuscitated, he must be regarded merely as a highly respectable host.
Star 10 February 1905, Page 3
At a meeting of the Timaru Cemetery Board on Wednesday it was stated that 3127 burials had taken place in the Timaru cemetery, including 107 during 1904. Additional land has recently been purchased, the cemetery being nearly full.
Timaru Herald 12 Nov. 2002
Depending on the number of burials, it's estimated the cemetery can continue on the current site for 12 to 16 years, by using vacant land along Collins Street. Up to 500 burials could be accommodated at the eastern end of the cemetery, and about 600 ashes plots in the newly developed memorial garden. The average number of burials for 1990-2000 was 121 burials per year, and 64 ashes or stillborn interments. There also appeared to be a slightly increasing trend towards cremation. Statistics New Zealand had identified that the death rate will continue to increase and will remain high across New Zealand until the passing of the `baby boom' generation. Because of greater life expectancy it is not expected that death rates will reduce until around 2050 on average, but that could vary from locality to locality.
There is a concern for running out of space in about ten years from 2004. The Timaru City Council is searching for an appropriate site. There's still quite a lot of green space there. They've started making roundels for cremation and memorial plots recently, and some sections are getting a bit tight, but overall there's plenty of space for a few years yet. There's a restriction on the size of markers these days too probably due to the safety aspect and space allotment. Some headstones in the old section have fallen into disrepair.
Timaru Herald Cemetery space fast running out
16 November 2006
There is very little life left in two South Canterbury cemeteries � literally. Burial space at both the Temuka and Timaru cemeteries is at a premium. Forecasts estimate the Timaru cemetery may have less than 10 years left to accommodate the burial needs of the district. Cr Pat Mulvey said there was "very little life left in the Temuka Cemetery". "It's getting smaller and smaller." A meeting had been held to look at a proposed site for the extension of the cemetery. "The conclusion was that the site was unsuitable and other options will be looked at." Money had been budgeted for extensions to the cemetery. Meanwhile, the search continues for a new Timaru cemetery site. In the 2005/06 budget the council allocated $15,000 to aid the search for an appropriate site. In the council's 2008/09 budget $500,000 has been allocated for a new cemetery. Apart from the Timaru and Temuka cemeteries there are three other cemeteries in the district � Pleasant Point, Geraldine and Arundel. The Pareora West cemetery is closed.
Timaru Herald 19 Nov. 2006
Proposed expansion of Temuka's cemetery to the north is unlikely because of the risk of pollution. A report has found discharge would pass through the shingle soils into the water table and the nearby Taumatakaha Stream. Any area chosen as a cemetery site will require a regional council (Environment Canterbury) resource consent to discharge contaminants, including formaldehyde, organic compounds, ammonical nitrogen, various anions and alkali earth metals to the earth. Over the last 15 years on average 118 people were buried and 65 left their ashes at the Timaru cemetery. In Temuka the ratio was 44 burials to 15 leaving ashes. South Canterbury Crematorium director said there were about 400 cremations a year in South Canterbury and most of these people's ashes remained in crematorium plots. Scattering ashes was not that common. A practical stage of the grief cycle it was good to visit a specific location where the deceased remained.
The NZSG Cemetery microfiche covers monument inscriptions. The South Canterbury Museum holds a paper records for most of the South Canterbury cemeteries with and a surname index to search across all of them but the NZSG South Canterbury Branch monument inscriptions records were created before 1982 by their members who spent many hours transcribing the stones and created the records to ensure that the inscription will never be lost through deterioration or vandalism but the council has changed the numbering scheme, so you first have to look up the site and then look up the reference in a translation chart. Going direct to the council gets you the current reference. The museum admission is free, both for entry and archive use, although donations are appreciated, and there's a $2 charge for using the NZSG files that are also housed in the archives there. The museum also has a CD database of much the same material. The council probably has the same information.
|Cemetery #||Fiche #||Cemetery||Dates Covered||No. of pages||Description|
|12||294-6||Timaru Vol. 1||1860-1980||163||MI|
|13||296-7||Timaru Vol. 2||1890-1981||154||MI|
|14||298-9||Timaru Vol. 3||1933-1982||175||MI|
|15||299-300||Timaru Vol. 4a||1927-1981||43||MI RSA section|
|15||299-300||Timaru Vol. 4b||1958-1981||18||MI children's section|
|16||300-303||Salisbury Park Crematorium||a.1964-1981
||Wall of Remembrance|
|16||300-303||Salisbury Park||b. 1950-1981||92||Plaque inscriptions|
|16||300-303||Salisbury Park||c. 1967-1981||104||Cremation records|
Before 1967 all local cremations in Timaru were transferred to Christchurch. Linwood Crematorium and Harewood Crematorium in Christchurch are now run by the same owners. There is a wall of remembrance at Linwood Crematorium.
Betts Funeral Service Only keeps a database on the people that it has conducted funerals/cremations for.
New Zealand Cemetery Records (NZSG) - District U
This section, on page 46 of the List of Holdings, comprises some miscellaneous transcriptions not particularly relating to cemeteries. For example, there are some births, deaths and marriages notices extracted from The Lyttelton Times in the 1860s; fatal accidents in the South Canterbury Alpine area 1914-1983. Many of the records are extractions from newspapers.
Timaru Cemetery Tours - connecting the dots
Timaru Herald, 2 May 1910, Page 6 MR E. DRAKE
The funeral of the late Edward Drake, who died during Friday night, took place yesterday afternoon, and was very largely attended. Mr Drake had. been just thirty years in charge of the Cemetery, and was respected and esteemed by the Trustees and the public as a careful; conscientious officer. He was a native of Selborne. England and came to New Zealand as a youth in 1875, and was quite a young man when he was given charge of the Cemetery. He lived to see first one and then a second extension of the grounds. He leaves a widow, five sons and four daughters, the eldest son being a well-known member of the Timn.ru telegraph staff. Mrs Binskin, of Timaru, is a sister of the deceased.
Cemeteries were places of beauty, which revealed the architecture, art, religious symbolism and social history of the era in which they were created.
The South Canterbury Museum in 2003 printed a booklet Timaru Cemetery: Notable Nineteenth Century Characters with research and text by retired school teacher and local historian Alan McKenzie and the museum staff members. All the portrait photos in the booklet are from the museum collection. Alan guided the tour parties through the old section of the cemetery, telling some of the fascinating stories behind the monuments. Tours in the past were the first two weeks in March at 2pm and run on Sundays and Wednesdays. Bookings for the recently resurrected cemetery tours can be made by contacting the museum. The gold coin donation for the tours goes to the South Canterbury Museum Development Trust. The 20-25 people, hour plus, tours continued in 2004, 2005 and 2006 with added tour programmes.
Timaru cemetery : notable nineteenth century characters / Alan McKenzie. 2003
Messages in Stone - Lynda Seaton, 2004, 32 pages
Timaru Cemetery - Stories Beyond the Stones - Alan McKenzie, 2005, 24 pages
Timaru Cemetery - Monumental Tales - Alan McKenzie 2006
Timaru Cemetery - Passing Memories - Alan McKenzie 2007
The South Canterbury Genealogy Branch will be notified of upcoming tours, which will also be advertised at the appropriate time in the Timaru District Council Notice board, which appears on Saturdays in The Timaru Herald. The booklets, available from the museum for approx. $10, includes a map identifying the locations of the monuments can be used for a self-guided tour. 28 pages.
Timaru Cemetery: Notable Nineteenth Century Characters - photos are on the Timaru Cemetery website Dr Edward Butler (1834-1870)
Captain Henry Cain (1816-1886)
Captain Thomas Nicholson Clarkson (1836-1909)
James Craigie - native of Perthshire, Scotland (1851-1935)
Edward Elworthy (1836- 1899)
Bob Fitzsimmons (1819-1917)
Philip Javis Foster (c.1824-1899)
Thomas Webster Fyfe (1836-1926)
Samuel Hewlings (1819-1896)
Henry Le Cren (1828-1895)
Edwin Henry Lough (1833-1905)
Dr Patrick McIntyre (1846-1890)
Dr Duncan McLean (1840-1871)
Janet Meikle (1870-1906)
Captain Alexander Mills (1835-1882)
Strong Work Morrison (1833-1897)
Elizabeth Perry (1835-1890)
John Lishman Potter (1834-1931)
Joseph John Griffith Rowley (1864-1873)
Edward Percival Sealy (1864-1873)
Alfred Beaumont Smallwood (1846- (1869)
Edward Henry Tate (1829-1882)
Richard Turnbull (1826-1890)
Samuel Williams (1817-1883)
Richard Turnbull arrived in Timaru in 1864. He was elected to the Provincial Council, served as a member of the first Timaru Town Council and was later a member of Parliament. He built a large hall in Stafford Street, where in 1876 six hundred people attended a meeting which appointed a committee of 12 to investigate the building of a harbour breakwater. The hall was later rebuilt and converted to become the Theatre Royal. A son founded the firm DC Turnbull and Co., grain and shipping agents.
His headstone is under a tree near the entrance to the cemetery. Inscription: Erected by the friends of the late Richard Turnbull, M.H.R. for Timaru. To commemorate the many valuable public and private services rendered by him to South Canterbury and the country.
Born Jan. 17th 1826.
Died July 17th 1890.
From Timaru Cemetery, Notable Nineteenth Century Characters.
Hawera & Normanby Star, 30 October 1891, Page 2
Evening Post, 28 October 1891, Page 2
About 300 people witnessed the unveiling by the Premier of the memorial stone to the late Mr Richard Turnbull in Timaru cemetery on Wednesday. Major Steward and Messrs Hall - Jones and Rhodes, M.H.R., also spoke in eulogy of the departed. The Premier was introduced by Mr Ross, the mayor, who also gave a tribute of praise. The stone is a white marble obelisk, and was paid for by shilling subscriptions.
Western Argus (Kalgoorlie, WA) Tuesday
30 August 1927 p9
Oldest Gold Digger. Mr. John D. [sic] Potter of Timaru, N.Z. who has just celebrated his ninety third birth day, claims to be "The Oldest Gold digger under the Southern Cross and the Union Jack." Mr. Potter was born in Sunderland, Durham (Eng.), on July 25, 1834. He was on the Ballarat diggings in 1854, and Aug. last was the 71st anniversary of Miner's Right No 16 which was issued to him on August 1, 1856. Mr. Potter was at Gabriel's Gully (Otago) in 1861, and is still hale and hearty, despite his advancing years.
The Canberra Times Tuesday 27 October 1931
LAST OF EUREKA STOCKADE
SYDNEY, Monday. The last survivor of the famous battle of the Eureka Stockade, John Lishman Potter, died at Timaru, aged 98.
John L. Potter
Father of the above
July 25th 1834 - Oct. 24 1931
In his 98th year.
The Last survivor of the Eureka stockade fight of 1854.
"Peace perfect Peace"
[John Lishman Potter proclaimed himself to be at Eureka
Stockade, though he did not arrived until it was over. John and Matthew arrived
together arrived two weeks after the rebellion.]
Captain Henry Cain. A sorrowing woman.
Duncan McLean MD
Died 11th September 1871
Aged 32 years
Erected by a number of friends as a tribute of respect to his memory. (W. Torrence, mason)
Intriguing stories lay behind some of the headstones in the Timaru cemetery. In 1906, Janet Meikle became the first of thousands of New Zealanders to do what? Die in a car crash, when her vehicle hit a bank near Timaru.
Grey River Argus, 28 February 1879, Page
Timaru, Feb. 26. The bodies of several apparently stillborn children have been found buried by stealth beneath the footpaths in the Cemetery. Inquiries are being made.
Walking around the cemetery you can spot places of origin or the ship they came out on.
In memory of William Couch, native of Cornwall
England died 26th Oct. 1892 aged 78
William RICHARDS born at Penzance, Cornwall. Died Salisbury, May 16th 1933, aged 85 years.
From Timaru Cemetery MI transcripts:
"John COWLEY native of the Isle of Man d. 21st Feb, 1887 at 31, also Aggie SCRIMGEOUR d. Aug 21, 1895, at 16yrs."
It appears this headstone has been removed before 2004 from the cemetery plot since the transcript was done.
Grey River Argus, 12 March 1908, Page 2
A Sailor's Epitaph
In the churchyard of St. Andrew's, Hertford may be seen the following quaint epitaph over the grave of a sailor:
"Blow, Boreas, blow; let Neptune's billows roar;
Here lies a sailor safe stranded on the shore,
Though Neptune's waves have tossed him to and fro.
By God's decree he 'harbours here below ;
He now at anchor lies amid the fleet
Awaiting orders, Admiral Christ to meet."
A beautiful headstone -ship's wheel, anchor and rope.
Captain Thomas Nicholson Clarkson - He steered a straight course through many a gale and reached the haven at last.
Harbourmaster Timaru for 23 years.
Died 27th September 1909. Age 73
"Rock of ages, cleft me let me hide my-self in thee."
Harbourmaster and Pilot at Timaru, was born in London, and went to sea as a lad. At the age of twenty he took his master's certificate. He has been harbourmaster at Timaru since 1886. In 1856 Captain Clarkson married Miss Brighton, of Lyttelton, and has had seven sons and seven daughters; three sons and one daughter have died. The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Canterbury Provincial District] & Taranaki Herald, 29 September 1909, Page 2
Star 28 September 1909, Page 3
CLARKSON. On September 27th. at his residence, Le Cren's Terrace, Timaru, Captain T. N. Clarkson, harbourmaster, Timaru; aged seventy-three years. At rest.
Bush Advocate, 8 September 1902, Page 2
Timaru, This day. Captain Raddon, an old identity, aged 86.
Captain John Morgan
Born at Cardigan, Wales December 25th 1853
Died Timaru, October 23rd, 1901. Age 48.
Also John Cameron. Born at Ballymena, County Antrim, Ireland, October 11th 1864; Died April 1st 1904
Philip Jarvis Foster died 1st May 1899. Also has an anchor. He was a deal boatman.
John Tennant Wallace, Timaru, Block D Lot 68. John has a crypt with a large carved marble anchor sitting on top. Why an anchor? Was he a midshipman in the Royal Navy like his friend G.J. Dennistoun? His friends must have arranged his for the inscription and tomb! John Tennet Wallace was born on 26 March 1845. Two brothers, Charles Tennant Wallace, Robert Hugh Wallace had sound careers in the army. Their parents were Robert Wallace, Writer, Woodside Terrace and Catherine Tennant, whose father was Henry Ritchie Tennant, and their city was Glasgow. They were indirectly descended from William Wallace, and that it represented the ancient house of Ellersile. Wallace, Cunningham Smith and Dennistoun purchased Haldon Station in the Mackenzie in 1868. John became ill in Timaru and his friends Dennistoun, Kimbell, Andrew Turnbull, Fred Teshemaker, Martelli, Orbell and "the Doctor" all took turns to nurse him and on Sunday 2nd August 1874 at 11:30 a.m. , poor old Wallace breathed his last." Cunningham Smith was with him to the last. He had frightful agony and finally violent delirium. He died in Timaru unmarried at the age of 29 years. John was very short, comic, and too full of fun wrote Robert Pinney in Early South Canterbury Runs page 138.
To the Memory of John Tennant Wallace
Haldon Station, Mackenzie Country
was born in Glasgow on March 26 1816
and died at Timaru on _ August 1874
Blessed are they dead who die in the Lord.
Wanganui Herald, 8 September 1902, Page 3 DEATH OF OLD SEA CAPTAIN.
Timaru, September 8. Another old identity has just passed away here, in the person of Captain E. Raddon. The deceased was well-known as a seafaring man, and for many years was captain of the Whitehall, trading between the colonies and England. He has been living a retired life on a small farm at Kingsdown for some, years. He died of inflammation of the lung, aged 85. Died Sept. 6th 1902, aged 85 years. Edwin Raddon "Safe Beyond the Harbour Bay"
Star 30 October 1882, Page 3
Timaru, Oct. 30. Captain White, of Timaru, sailmaker, an old resident, died suddenly in the Resident Magistrate's Court to-day. He was seized with an apoplectic fit, and died before medical aid arrived.
Evening Post, 28 June 1888, Page 2
The Timaru Herald notes that some lambs made their appearance in the flocks of Captain Raddon, of Kingsdown, during the first week of June.
Captain Charles Stephen BASCAND, late harbourmaster of Timaru, who was so long and favorably known on the Coast as master of the s.s. Waipara and other steamers
Age at Death 52 (Years )
Date of Interment 01/Jul/1883 Timaru Cemetery
Captain Robert Hardie buried at Timaru
Grey River Argus, 6 November 1917, Page 2
TIMARU, November 5. Captain James Tait, who has been Harbourmaster at Timaru since 1909 and previously from 1897, was master of the Harbour Board's dredges, died on Sunday afternoon, following a paralytic stroke on Wednesday night, aged 60. He was a native of Shetlands and followed the sea all his life. He was a master in the Union Co.'s employ before taking a harbour appointment at Timaru. He was a kindly man and well liked by all. He leaves a widow, four sons and two daughters.
Messages in stone : a guide to the meanings of
the symbols on headstones / author, Lynda Seaton ; editing/Layout, South
Canterbury Museum. Personal Author : Seaton, Lynda M. Corporate Author : South
Canterbury Museum (Timaru, N.Z.) Imprint : Timaru, N.Z.: South Canterbury
Museum, 2004. Notes : At the head of cover title: Timaru Cemetery.
by L M Seaton
Understanding Headstones by L M Seaton
Timaru Cemetery : Stories beyond the Stones McKenzie, Alan. Imprint : Timaru, N.Z.: South Canterbury Museum, 2005.
The 2006 new tour Monumental Tales, looks at graves in the south-west section of the cemetery and includes visits to the grave of former Timaru mayor and auctioneer Moss Jonas; William Nichols, the boy who started the fire which wiped out much of central Timaru in 1868; James Dorgan, a police officer who was shot while on duty in Timaru and Mackenzie pioneer Andrew Burnett. The dead centre of town is proving a popular destination.
March 2004: Ms Lynda Seaton conducted Timaru cemetery tours focusing on 29 symbols. For instance, the rose was said to be one of the flowers of the Garden of Eden - the first paradise. It grew there without thorns, but after Adam and Eve's fall from grace the rose took on thorns to remind humankind of their sins. However, it retained its fragrant beauty to remind people of the joys of paradise. The roses on memorials, whether in a crown or on their own, are symbols of the paradise now enjoyed by the deceased and are portrayed thornless. The butterfly is another symbol found on 19th century graves. The butterfly, which lives, mates, and then dies in such a short time, symbolises the brevity of life. style
Near a shady wall a rose once grew
Budded and blossomed in God's free light.
Watered and fed, by morning dew
Shedding its sweetness day and night.
As it grew and blossomed fair and tall,
Slowly rising to loftier height,
It came to a crevice in the wall
Through which there shone a beam of light.
Onward it crept with added strength,
With never a thought of fear or pride;
It followed the light thro' the crevice length
And unfolded itself on the other side.
The light, the dew, the broadening view,
Were found the same as they were before;
And it lost itself in beauty anew,
Breathing its fragrance, more and more.
Shall claim of death cause us more to grieve?
And make our courage faint or fall?
Nay, let us faith and hope receive;
The rose still grows beyond the wall.
Scattering fragrance far and wide,
Just as it did in days of yore
Just as it did on the other side
Just as it will forevermore.
May your heart in its wisdom know love endures and life is everlasting.
The Draped Urn
After the cross, the urn is one of the most commonly used cemetery monuments. The design represents a funeral urn, and is thought to symbolize immortality. Cremation was an early form of preparing the dead for burial. In some cultures, especially in classical times, it was more common than burial. The shape of the container in which the ashes were placed may have taken the form of a simple box or a marble vase, but no matter what it looked like it was called an "urn," derived from the Latin uro, meaning "to burn." As burial became a more common-practice, the urn continued to be closely associated with death. The urn is commonly believed to testify to the death of the body and the dust into which the dead body will change, while the spirit of the departed eternally rests with God. The cloth draping the urn symbolically guarded the ashes. The shroud-draped urn is believed by some to mean that the soul has departed the shrouded body for its trip to heaven. Others say that the drape signifies the last partition between life and death.
A cemetery is a story better than a book. Making memorials is one way we can give someone some individuality. A flat grass marker does not cut it. There are two things for sure on earth - you have to pay your taxes and you are going to die.
Immortelle - memorial wreath under a glass dome.
1943 example at Temuka
In cemeteries the word
usually applies to an arrangement of artificial flowers of tin or ceramic within
a glass dome placed on top of a grave. Dried flowers, everlastings, were used as
memorial objects were replaced with silk, ceramic, wax, silver and tin
reproductions toward the end of the nineteenth century. Sculptured tin painted
to look like leaves and flowers and placed under a glass shade cost 30s in 1890
in NZ. They were also called a memorial wreath. Sometimes up to three on a
gravestone. A few might have a message inside the glass domes on paper, and the
hand writing maybe faded. Over time some of the dome have been damaged.
Author Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) (1835–1910), finding their placement at gravesites an expression of almost lazy affect. In his Life on the Mississippi (1883), he wrote "The immortelle requires no attention: you just hang it up, and there you are; just leave it alone, it will take care of your grief for you, and keep it in mind better than you can; stands weather first-rate, and lasts like boiler-iron."
Otago Witness 18 March 1871,
THY WILL BE DONE."
'Twas evening and I wandered sad
'Mong tombstones in an old churchyard,
Where many lay in last deep sleep
In narrow lonely beds so hard.
Here and there a stately pillar,
Raised by friends for memory's sake,
Struck the eye and made me wonder
Why for dead such pairs they take.
On I wandered, scarcely heeding
The slowly sinking golden sun,
Till suddenly on tombstone lowly
I read the words, " Thy will be done."
No gilded pomp nor graven cross
Marked now this tiny grave,
Yet still to read these simple words
A pang of pity gave.
No gaudy flowers adorned the spot
No wreath of immortelle,
But one sweet bunch of violets
Lay with'ring where it fell.
No name was graven, and no date
On that pure snow-white stone,
But only this one humble verse,
I read, "Thy will be done."
It told its tale beneath the sod,
Some buried darling lay
"Thy will be done" was carved in grief,
When all words fled away.
Home then I turned. A feeling sad
About my heart will run,
Whene'er I think of that small stone
Inscribed "Thy will be done."
A cemetery is a symbolic landscape - heaven on earth, the dead ask to be visited.
Entrance - A lot of history
The cemetery is bounded by Domain Ave in the north, Collins Street to the west and the railway line to the east with the entrance is on Domain Ave. This street runs between the Timaru Gardens and the cemetery with an avenue of trees on the boundary. The cemetery has a small gully running through its centre with most of the graves located on the eastern side. There are a number of unmarked graves in the gully by the hedge. There was a plan of the layout with rows well numbered near the office. The Timaru City Council employs a contractor who carries out the interments, mows the grass, general tidying and maintenance duties and the council does the balance.
Headstone Repairs - Feb. 2005
During 2002, The Timaru District Council was advised by a grounds maintenance contractor that a headstone had toppled onto a ride on mower unit. As a consequence, visits were made to the six cemeteries the Council administers and where possible, any unsafe monuments were placed on the ground. However, in the Timaru Cemetery alone, there were approximately 45 headstones that were in an unsafe state, but requiring mechanical lifting to fix. At this stage a review of a number of issues (including headstone deterioration) was undertaken by a Committee comprising councillors, community board members and council staff. One of the recommendations from the review was that $4,000 should be allocated from the Contingency Fund to make immediate structural repairs to the 45 headstones which were identified as being unstable. A donation of $3,000 was received from the South Canterbury Historical Society and the combined total of $7,000 was used to start the headstone reinstatement. A further amount of $7,000 was included in the Cemeteries budget during the last financial year. To date these modest funds have allowed us to use services from our three local monumental masons to work on approximately 350 headstones. The majority have been able to be reinstated to �as before�, but a small proportion which were significantly broken has been re-laid horizontal in a �jigsaw� configuration. These repairs have only been of a structural nature and do not include lettering or decoration repairs. With respect to headstone work, the rural cemeteries of Geraldine, Pleasant Point, Temuka, Arundel and Pareora West are practically complete. This year the focus will return to Timaru where there are a significant number of headstones requiring work. Sometime in the future, consideration will be given to the tidying of gravesite surrounds. At that stage local interest groups and service clubs may become involved to speed up the process. Whilst the headstones are the families� responsibility to maintain, a legal opinion sought by this Council suggests the headstones are a fixture, therefore defaulting in ownership to the Council. Rather than try the onerous task of contacting descendants and the delays involved, this Council has adopted a proactive stance and is progressing with headstone reinstatements. Hopefully this approach will eliminate any future need to remove broken pieces of headstones from their original sites.
Neville Rawstorn, Parks Administration Officer, Timaru District Council,
Telephone 03 684 8199 Fax 03 684 2206 Email email@example.com
There are many broken headstones and trees that need to be trimmed at the Timaru Cemetery.
New Zealand Tablet, 14 May 1903, Page 15
Mr. S. McBride, Timaru, is a direct importer of marble and granite monuments from the best Italian and Scotch quarries. He has a large stock of the latest designs to select from at lowest prices.
Timaru Herald, 28 August 1895, Page 2
Mr S. McBride has shown us a new shape of tombstone, a massive rustic cross, with twining ivy and a heavy base, in red Peterhead granite, a specimen of which he has just imported. He has also received some American marble slabs, nicely finished. The duty on such things is 25 per cent. It ought to be 250. The Timaru stone is more suitable for funeral purposes than any granite or marble, and something ought to be done to check the waste of New Zealand products sent Home every year in exchange for tombstones. New Zealanders ought to be patriotic enough to prefer the local stone for their last ornament, and to encourage local industry instead of the steam machinery of other countries.
Timaru Herald, 30 March 1916, Page 2 SAMUEL McBRIDE
The death occurred on Tuesday of Mr Samuel McBride, the well-known builder and monumental mason, at the age of 68. Mr McBride had been in poor health for the past year or two. The deceased was a man sterling character, of the highest repute as a tradesman, and he leaves in Timaru many monuments to his skill, enterprise, and integrity, in public buildings and memorials erected by or for the citizens, from the date of the Wreck Monument (to go no further back), to the recently erected Burns statue in the Park. The chancel and tower of St. Mary's Church are other standing testimonies to his ability as a builder. Mr McBride, a native of Dumfries, came to New Zealand as a young man and settled in Timaru in 1871. For some years he was employed in building stone houses, and then commenced business as a monumental mason, and among his erections are the Wreck Monument and the Boer War Memorial. Mr McBride was for some time a member of the Timaru School Committee, and after taking up his residence on Wai-iti Road he became chairman of the Gleniti Committee, and as he took great interest in the school he was re-elected chairman year after year for many years. He was an elder of Chalmers Church, a Past Master of Caledonian Lodge, and an early president of the Caledonian Society. Mr McBride was married twice, and is survived by widow and a family of eight sons and seven daughters.
Was he a McKay then a McCoy? So are both surnames right?
W.J. McCoy had a Funeral Notice in the Timaru Herald of the 3rd February 1917 and a Funeral Report was printed on the 5th February 1917. He was issued with a death certificate under the McCoy surname No. 704/1917 and W.J. McKay was issued with a death certificate No. 706/1917. These numbers are from the BDM Fiche. Now the unusual thing is that a James McCoy died a couple of days later, age 67, also recorded in the Timaru Herald as McCoy, given a death certificate as a McCoy, but both are recorded in the Timaru Cemetery as McKay's. Unfortunately only the soldier has a tombstone.
Otago Daily Times 16 February 1917, Page 3 MILITARY
CORPORAL W. J. M'COY. A funeral was accorded the remains of the late William Joseph McCoy, who died in the Timaru Hospital of cerebrospinal meningitis. The deceased enlisted at Mosgiel, and went into camp with the Nineteenth Reinforcements. He was taken ill at Timaru in October, when on his way south on final leave, and was in the hospital from October 12 till his death. The 2nd (South Canterbury) Regimental Band was in attendance, with 12 members of No. 45 Company of Senior Cadets, under Sergeant Woodham and Corporal G. C. Webster, as the firing party. The parade was in charge of Lieut. R. S. P. Hopkins, and marched to the Catholic Church, where the pall-bearers (six returned soldier, under Sergeant Davey) received the coffin, which was placed on a gun-carriage. The firing party, with arms reversed, led the cortege to the cemetery, the band playing the "Dead March." At the graveside the Rev. Father Herbert read the burial service, and three volleys were fired over the grave, Bugler Taylor, of the Senior Cadet Bugle Band, played the "Last Post." The whole proceedings were very impressive. The deceased was the second son of Mrs and the late John M'Coy, of North Otago, and a brother of Mrs P. W. Hayden, of this city. He was well known as an athlete, having won, amongst other trophies, a champion medal for wrestling at the Caledonian sports at Timaru, and was respected by all who knew him.
Dominion, 18 April 1912, Page 6
Dunedin, April 17. About 5.30 p.m. to-day John M'Coy, 55 years of age, who was lately employed on a farm at Enfield near, Oamaru, was found dead in bed in his room at the Shamrock Hotel. Deceased came to town on April 1, and had been staying with a married daughter at the hotel. During that time he had been in good health. The cause of death is unknown at present.
Timaru Cemetery headstone spruce up Jan. 2014.
Mckay William Joseph
32878 Pte. 19th Reinforcements
Age at Death: 29
Date of Death: Wednesday, 31 January 1917
Date of Interment: Saturday, 3 February 1917
Section: General Block B Plot 435
Clergy Name: PRIEST
Age at Death 67
Date of Interment Tuesday, 6 February 1917
Section General Block B Plot 200
Clergy Name PRIEST
Auckland WMM Cenotaph Database
William J. McKay
Serial No. 32878
Last Unit Served New Zealand Rifle Brigade
Place of Death New Zealand
Date of Death 17 January 1917
Featherston Cemetery Memorial, Featherston, NZ
On the South Canterbury Memorial Wall his name is recorded as McCoy, W.J.
McCoy, Maggie of Whitstone, a farming settlement near Weston. Weston. Mixed farming district and township, four miles W. from Oamaru.
His birth was recorded under McKay. (look under still births) In 1881 John McCoy married Margaret Knight.
Parents Maggie and John McCoy / McKay. Births
1885 McKay William Joseph
1889 McCoy Mary Anne
1891 McCoy, Susannah Susanna McCoy married Percy William Hayden in 1911
1893 McCoy John Patrick
1898 McCoy Margaret Fanny
1895 McKay Richard Thomas
Name: ADAMS, ARCHIBALD GORDON
Rank: Leading Aircraftman
Regiment/Service: Royal New Zealand Air Force
Date of Death: 22/02/1947
Service No: 4216493
S/o Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Adams; nephew of Forester Adams, of Lake Tekapo. Also served in 1914-18 War.
Name: BAILLIE, GEORGE
Regiment/Service: Royal New Zealand Air Force
Date of Death: 05/07/1944
Service No: 4212805
S/o William Southworth Baillie and Agnes Russell Baillie, of Timaru.
Grave/Memorial Reference: Soldiers Area.7E.
Name: BELLAM, ROBERT CHAMBERS
Rank: Trooper N.Z.T.S.
Regiment/Service: New Zealand Military Forces
Date of Death: 16/02/1942
Service No: 5/10/122
S/o Robert Chambers Bellam & Isabella Bellam, of Leeton, NSW, AUS.; husband of Ruth Annie Bellam, of Riccarton, CHCH. Also served in 1914-18 War.
Grave/Memorial Reference: Soldiers Area.E14.
BLACKMORE, HENRY JOHN
Regiment/Service: New Zealand Medical Corps
Date of Death: 03/08/1918
Service No: 3/1824
S/o the late Joseph and Nancy Blackmore. Born at Timaru.
Grave/Memorial Reference: Plot 332/S
If a cemetery is not used it will become a dead horse - six feet under. Bring people into a cemetery and raise money for a cemetery. An arts festival with a Wacky Grave Digger comedy skit or a Daffodil Sunday, Decoration Day, Memorial Day, Anzac Day, Remembrance Day can draw people to a cemetery. Some cemeteries have hundreds of visitors and they come to a cemetery to take pictures and hob knob with the rich, famous & dead.
This section is called the 'Lawn Section'. Photos, double border, taken on a wet April 28, 2002. Courtesy of Han Freeke.
Evening Post, 27 May 1875, Page 2
An attempt on the part of a prisoner to is thus described by the South Canterbury Times of Saturday : On Friday last, 21st May, whilst the hard labor gang were at work in the triangular portion of the Timaru domain, on the left hand side of the cemetery road, James Tucker, a prisoner who had been committed for trial on a charge of horse-stealing, escaped whilst one of the warders had his back turned, looking with another prisoner amongst the heavy grown weeds for plants. He was missed a few minutes afterwards, and the gang was knocked off their work, whilst the other warder in charge was sent with them back to the gaol. The head warder then went to the police and reported the escape. A party of the police then went in search for the runaway, and he was at about 4 p.m. found secreted in the house occupied by one Anderson, at Peeress town, by Sergeant Macdonald. He had hidden himself under a bed, and when discovered had changed his prison clothes for a suit of black, and the former were wrapped up in a bundle close to him.
14 February 1883, Page 2
Timaru Cemetery. Mr John Mee has been appointed a Trustee of the Timaru Cemetery in the place of Mr Herbert Belfield, resigned.
Timaru Herald, 26 February 1875, Page 4
FUNERAL CUSTOM� WHY IT SHOULD BE ABOLISHED AND NOT RETAINIED.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMARU HEARLD. Sir, Holding a strong opinion in favor of the abolition of funeral pomp and display, with its accompaniments of hearse, mute and nodding plumes, I trust you will pardon my presumption, and excuse my puny efforts in drawing attention to the evil effects of the funeral system, evil in so far, as in numerous instances it produced poverty. Another instance has lately occurred of a widow and children being left comparatively destitute by the death of the head of the family, and the destitution increased, partly by a natural desire to pay the customary respects to the dead, and partly by a slavish adherence to custom, the continuance of which has very little to recommend it, and therefore the sooner abolished the better. From what has come to my knowledge of the case I am referring to, the deceased was a member of one of the friendly societies of this town, consequently will be entitled to a specific sum of money. I state upon good authority, that after defraying the expense of the burial, one solitary figure will represent the number of shillings left to the widow. I mention this case, not with, a view to solicit assistance (although I have reason to believe that will be given by the Order to which he belonged), but to show more forcibly the folly of perpetuating a custom, the effect of which is to swell the profits of the undertaker at the expense of the survivors, in some cases a widow and children, or, perhaps, what is worse, destitute orphans. I know that the thought which will first suggest itself to the mind is, that instances are occurring daily of persons dying and leaving those who have been dependent on them similarly circumstanced, proving conclusively that reform, if not abolition, is needed. I would have the heads of families ask themselves, would they be willing, more especially if they are not blest with an over-abundance of wealth, that their survivors should incur an expense in following their remains to the grave ? an expense which could be ill borne, and entail suffering and want. There is no question that grief could be as heartfelt and sincere, and a due amount of respect observed in a simpler and less expensive manner. We have evidence of many laudably desirous of making provision for their wives and family, as instanced in the number of policies taken up in the Government Life Insurance ; why not go a step further towards reducing the chances of poverty by discountenancing a useless expenditure, necessitated only by the force of custom. This question will perhaps not so much interest the upper stratum of society, as the expense is of less moment to them than to their poorer brethren. Sir, I venture to hope and predict that the end of the present decade will not witness such meaningless exhibitions to advertise grief. I can only wish I had the genius and pen of Dickens to deal with the subject as I would wish. I am, &c, W. J. February 25, 1875.
NZ Truth 1 June 1907, Page 1
The Timaru paper says "The Dead March was heard in town yesterday. the Salvation Army giving a soldier's funeral to a late member, W. Culliimore. If anything will kill the military funeral as dead as the respected corpse, it is the Salvation Army. Some of the most magnificent songs have been slain by parodies. Booth's blood and boodle boobies are worse than a parody; they are the dog howling at the moon.
Grave Charges - undertaker's fees.
Monumental Inscriptions in Essex, England
Elizabeth and John PANTON erected by their son Walter PANTON, Timaru, New Zealand, 1920
Anne and Thomas WRIGHT; and son Charles died at Timaru, New Zealand, 1888
Sir John HALL, KCMG, of Hororata, New Zealand, 1889 restoring bells.
Otago Witness, 6 March 1875, Page 17
Mr Munro has just completed, at his Monumental Works, Moray place, a monument to be erected over the grave of the late Mr J. T. Wallace (station-holder, Mackenzie country), in the Timaru Cemetery. The monument is tomb-shaped. It is of Port Chalmers stone, fine-dressed, with a panel in each side of polished marble, and is surmounted by an anchor of marble, with polished bands. The design is very elegant.
North Otago Times, 26 February 1879, Page 2
Timaru. February 25. The bodies of number of apparently still-born children have been found buried in the footpaths and graves in the Timaru cemetery, having been placed there by stealth daring the night time.
Wanganui Herald, 30 September 1886, Page 2
At present the Timaru Cemetery is under guard of the police day and night. Pleasant occupation at night for the police.
A few old cemetery monumental inscriptions Timaru & Waimate
Cemeteries are microcosms of communities that created them.
South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project
Tuapeka Times, 1 June 1889, Page 6
A Dentist's Monument.
They have just put up an epitaph in one of the London cemeteries
which equals in pith and exactitude anything of the olden time.
Over the grave of a dentist there runs the lines :
"View this gravestone with all gravity,
J � is filling his last cavity."
M = War Memorial H =hospital
The Timaru Cemetery is like those in Scotland, located on a high point overlooking the sea.
Lets continue to preserve. Patiti Point coastal walkway along beach. There are basalt cliffs, sand dunes, shags , black backed gulls, swallows and native plants in the area and a view of Jack's Point. A beautiful viewpoint but not a safe area for swimming. Near here moa bones and a moa-hunter necklace reel were found beneath an oven in 1941 so this site predates Maori habitation by 250 years. The bones were found about 80cm below the surface but an updated survey in 2000 noted that the site was not able to be found again as the area of the small valley has since been redeveloped, part as an industrial plant and part as a small grassy area beside the road. In the past the area has been a Maori encampment, whalers' lookout 1838-1845, and the grassy hollow where Bishop Selwyn held the first divine service in South Canterbury, a small village, Peeress Town, to house newly-arrived immigrants commenced in 1874. It developed a reputation as a place of squalor and hardship and was quarantined off for some time due an outbreak of typhoid. "The immigrants had allowed offal and filth of all kinds, from their own houses and from their pigs, to flow down into the well in the gully. There were 24 families living there and the men reused to sink another well even though all the materials were supplied " wrote Johannes C. Anderson in Jubilee History of South Canterbury. The town was razed in August 1883, all unoccupied cottages wee burnt and the other as they became untenanted and sowing the land with English grasses and finally demolished in 1888 but a number of bodies remain interred at that site.
Timaru District Walkways 10 walks