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South Canterbury Volunteer Units  

Troopers Memorial in its original location adjacent to Alexandra Square because the drill hall was nearby. Note the Drill Hall in the background on High Street. The undivided verso includes the credit "Published by H J Anderson, No.1". Photographer William Ferrier. The Troopers memorial was unveiled on 23 February 1905. Following the First World War the memorial was moved to its present site about 1929 to a triangle of grass bounded by King Street, Catherine Street and Memorial Avenue. On Anzac Days in the past the parade walked up Memorial Ave (previously Charles Street) past the Troopers Memorial to the cenotaph commemorating those lost in the Great War. The contractor was Mr McBride.

The infantry had its beginnings with the Timaru Rifle Volunteers of 1865. They, with other companies, formed the South Canterbury Infantry Volunteers in May of 1901 and consisted of eight companies, scattered between Ashburton and Waimate. An Act of Parliament in 1910 transformed the volunteers into territorial units, and this took effect in March of 1911 with the formation of the 2nd (South Canterbury) Infantry Regiment (2 SCIR). Most of South Canterbury's men who served in World War I were members of the 2 SCIR. Helmet plate.

Timaru Herald, 26 June 1911, Page 7 Waimate
Speaking at the Volunteer meeting connection with the Coronation celebrations at Waimate, the Mayor (Mr N. Francis) said:—Advantage has been taken of the gathering together of so many ex-volunteers and territorials to carry out a proposition which has been talked about for some time with reference to the passing out of our old volunteer system, and the substitution of compulsory universal training. It was thought that we could not let the old system disappear without some expression of appreciation for the very valuable services its members have rendered for so many years.
    The New Zealand Volunteer system was first started in North Canterbury sometime in the sixties. To-day, North Canterbury men form the first regiment New Zealand Infantry, and South Canterbury, to which of course our local men are attached, the second regiment New Zealand Infantry. Our local corps date back as follows: —Waimate Rifles, formed in May 1885, and the Studholme Mounted Rifles, now part of the C Squadron of 3rd regiment New Zealand Mounted Rifles, in May 1900 and the parade to-day of so many ex-members of these two corps will always help to mark this memorable event. With the exception of the South African War, when our men proved what splendid material New Zealand possessed for national defence when occasion arose, there has fortunately been no necessity for our volunteers to take the field in their country's defence, and consequently many of us have been apt to forget the unselfish devotion of much leisure time so willingly given by all members of corps. Nearly every year the Easter holidays were spent at manoeuvres; in addition, there were many parades, and usually a week in a local camp, whilst rifle shooting occupied much time. I have always much regretted that circumstances prevented me from taking any active part in the service, and the only record I hold is that during the past fifteen years I have certainly heard more shots fired at the local "butts" than anyone else. It must be very pleasing to the authorities to see so many of the noncommissioned officers staying on with their old corps, and doubtless if the regulations permitted many of the old members would still be seen in the ranks. The new system will be unahle for some time to put a fully trained force into the field, and were occasion to arise in the immediate future for the protection of our homes it is to the trained reserve, consisting of our old volunteers, that we should turn for support. Although the scheme is by no moans perfect it must in my opinion prove of grant benefit to the rising generation, for should they, as we all sincerely trust, never have to face an enemy, the physical development and discipline must benefit our young men on greatly as in other countries where the system is in force.

Timaru Herald, 9 November 1886, Page 1
South Canterbury district. Head- Quarters, Timaru, 8th November, 1886. 1. THE FOLLOWING CORPS in South Canterbury WILL PARADE in Review Order at the School Grounds, Timaru, AT 2 P.M. ON WEDNESDAY, the 17th instant, for the Yearly Inspection by Colonel the Hon. Sir G. S. Whitmore:
Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry
Timaru Naval Artillery
C Battery, N.Z. Regiment of Artillery
Timaru Rifles
Temuka Rifles
Geraldine Rifles
Waimate Rifles
Timaru Cadets
Temuka Cadets.
2. The Corps North of Timaru will proceed by Express Train on the Day named, returning to their homes by the 4.35 p.m. Train. The Waimate Rifles will proceed by the 8.40 a.m. Train, returning by the 4.25 p.m. Train. By Order. STUART NEWALL, 11-9 2678 Major, Dist. Adjt.

Timaru Herald, 28 March 1899, Page 3 VOLUNTEERS.
The following are the capitation returns for the South Canterbury sub-district
There being only 14 non-efficient, the average is 96.96. In the North Canterbury district the figures are— Strength 968, efficient 889 there being 79 nonefficients, the average is 91.81.

Name of Corps. 			 Strength   Efficient 
Staff 						  7 	7 
South Canterbury Mounted Rifles 	 57  53 
City Rifles 					 67  66 
Temuka Rifles 				 67  63 
Ashburton Rifles 				 64  62 
Port Guards 					 63  62 
Timaru Rifles 				 68  66 
Waimate Rifles 				 68  68 
						461 447

The Statues of New Zealand The Fourth Session of the Fourteenth Parliament 1900
Forces Enrolled in NZ -No. 14 Company (Canterbury section)

Rank 				NOK
Lieutenant Bailey, G. 		Colonel C.S. Bailey, Timaru
Lindsay, P. 			Captain Lindsay, Timaru
Barker, F.L. 			Mr F.H. Barker, Orari
Caryle, J.T. 			Mr J. Caryle, Waimate
Gosling, W.C. 			Mr W. Gosling, Timaru
Gould, J.W. 			Mr S. Gould, Timaru
Hobbs, J.B. 			Mr W.A. Hobbs, Timaru
MacKay, D. 			Mr D. MacKay, Geraldine
Taylor, L.A. 			Mr G. Taylor, Geraldine
Williams, G.S. 			Mr W. Williams, Wilson St. Timaru

First Contingent No. 1 Company
Lieutenant Lindsay, Michael Egan 	Mr William Stewart Lindsay, Timaru
No.16 Bugler Bowe, William Alexander 	Mr Bowie, Timaru
No. 60 Private Hedges, Alfred Ernest 	Mrs Sarah Hedges, 25 Barnard St., Timaru

Company 2
No. 203 Private Byrne, William		Mother: Mrs Byrne, Timaru
No. 121 Private Cabot, John 		Mr Thomas Cabot
No. 501 Private Bourn, F.P. 		Father: Mr C. Bourn, Timaru
No. 417 Private Ling, John Duncan 	Mr James King, Livery-stable, Timaru
No. 375 Knapp, Edward Cissold 		Father: Mr Miles Jefferson Knubley, Timaru

Mackenzie Mounted Rifles 1907

Rear (left to right) W. Milne, R. Pinkerton, A. Burgess, J. Braddick, H. Welsh
Front: J. Hamilton, Sergeant Major-Burn,  Sergeant-Major Morgan, Staff Sergeant C.J. Talbot, A. Smith

Timaru Herald, 28 May 1900, Page 3
A meeting was held in the public hall, Fairlie, on Friday, for the purpose of enrolling members of the Mounted Rifle Company in the Mackenzie district. Lieut. - Col. Bailey was in the chair, and then were also present Lieutenant Bruce Gillis, of the South Canterbury Company and Sergeant- Major Jones. Colonel Bailey informed the meeting that the Government has accepted the offer of the proposed company, and that the meeting was called for the enrolment of those desirous of joining. He went on to say that it was of no use anyone to join who did not intend to see it through, and would attend sufficient drills and parades to qualify for capitation allowance. It was not fair to the other members and seriously impaired the finances of the company, for a man to enter and fail to do his duty in respect of drills and parades. He explained the duties necessary for obtaining capitation, and said that a substantial entry subscription was advisable, not only as a guarantee of bona fides, but also in order to put the finances in good position. The first matter to deal with was the amount of entry subscription, and the meeting decided that it should be £1 Is, each member to find his own military bridle, tie-rope, and spurs. The enrolment of members was then proceeded with, and the greater number of those came forward. Messrs A. H. McLean and F. R. Gillingham being present their services were requisitioned for taking the oath of allegiance from recruits. On the conclusion of the enrolment the members proceeded to elect officers. The position of captain was left open for the present. Mr R. L. Banks was elected Ist lieutenant, Mr F. H. Smith 2nd, and Mr Wilfred Rutherford third. Messrs Ballantyne's representative was present with a specimen uniform, which appeared to meet with the approval of the majority of the company. Colonel Bailey read a telegram from Col.- Poae-Penton, the New Zealand Commandant, recommending a plain tunic with no facings, except the shoulder straps and puttee-gaiters. The majority were in favour of yellow, facings for the shoulder straps, and that colour was decided upon. The first drill is to be held on Tuesday evening next.

Otago Witness
, 26 July 1900, Page 32
FAIRLIE, July 16. The Mackenzie Country Mounted Rifles, whose services were accepted on the 8th, May last, have been hard at work since their formation. For the first fortnight the roll number increased rather slowly, and then the men began to pour in till the ''corps is almost at full strength (80). The weekly foot drill has been under Sergeant-major Jones, and has had an attendance of nearly 50 every night, and besides the drill at Fairlie there have been squads drilling at outlying centres under the officers of the corps. Lieutenant Gillies, S.C.M.R., has been of great assistance in many ways in acting as instructor, and in advising on many matters concerning the business of the corps. The first mounted parade was held on Saturday, 14th inst. The day was mild and bright and so favovourable to a good turn-out. Shortly before 3 o'clock the usually quiet township of Fairlie became very animated. Horsemen came in from all parts of the district, and vehicles crowded with fair sympathisers with the volunteer movement were seen in numbers. The Burkes Pass detachment (16) marched down the 13 miles under Lieutenant Smith. The Albury men (16) marched up their 10 or 12 miles under Lieutenant Rutherford, and the Fairlie men fell in at the township. At 3 o'clock the company fell in on the .street in front of the Catholic Church : present - Lieutenants Banks, Smith, and Rutherford, and 66 non-coms, and men. Lieutenant Gillies, S.C.M.R., took charge of the parade, and marched the men to the racecourse paddock where two hours' drill was gone through. The horses, with few exceptions, were wonderfully steady, and the men acquitted themselves well. Though not in uniform the - men looked well. The horses were mostly of a good stamp, and the drill pleased the instructor greatly. The left division, composed of the Pass and Albury men, showed to best advantage, the horses being steadier, but the right division (Fairlie men) was not far, behind, and the whole turn-out could not have disgraced a much older corps than the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles. The men were marched back to the parade ground at the trot, formed up, and dismissed to partake of some light refreshment, before returning home. The company has 60 rifles on issue, and has had to apply for another 20. The uniforms, leggings, bridles, etc., are all in hand and are expected to be supplied shortly, so that the next mounted parade will probably be in full equipment.

Photo courtesy of Moira Hunt, April 2010
Capt. Alexander Searle Smith (of Mona Vale), wearing the sober khaki of the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles, on "Sooty" 1908-1910 looking south towards Timaru with The Brothers in the background so the photo was taken near Fairlie in an orchard in winter. MMR initialed on the saddle cloth stands for the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles. The MMR was 'C Squadron' of the 1st Regiment (South Canterbury) Mounted Rifles. They were operational from 1901 - 1907, and were disbanded when the SCMR was reorganised to become the 8th Regiment.  Capt. Smith is wearing the standard Mounted Officers uniform of the time, and armed with a 1897 pattern sword and a .445 cal. Webley revolver (probably a Mark 4 or 5).  Photo courtesy of Moira Hunt, April 2010.  

Star 21 September 1901, Page 7
The Mackenzie Mounted Rifles will soon be provided with a very welcome addition to their equipment. At the Christchurch review the corps was complimented upon its smart appearance, and critics maintained that if the men had saddle cloths the Mackenzie, Mounted Rifles would compare very favourably with any mounted corps present. Through the generosity, of Mr. J. S. Rutherford, Opawa Station, saddle cloths have now been ordered. Mr Rutherford has offered to pay half the cost of this equipment and it is hoped that some other gentleman will come forward with an offer to defray the, balance. Mr W. G. Rutherford, the eldest son of Mr J. S. Rutherford, is lieutenant in charge of the Albury division. The saddle cloths decided upon are neat and attractive in appearance. The corps is to be congratulated upon possessing among its friends such a public-spirited gentleman, as Mr J. S. Rutherford.

Timaru Herald, 21 August 1900, Page 3 SHOOTING.
MACKENZIE MOUNTED RIFLES. The range of the above corps was opened at Fairlie on Saturday last. The weather was fine, but a nasty nor'wester was blowing across the range, and the glare off the new targets was very trying at times. The range, for which the corps is indebted to the kindness of the Misses McLean, is pleasantly situated just beyond the Sports' ground, running from north to south, where a range of 800 yards can be got with comfort. Firing commenced at 10.30, Mr Hervey having the honour of first shot at 200 yards, and was continued up to 5 o'clock, nearly two-thirds of the members of the corps taking part in the match, which was 10 shots at 200 yards (5 lying and 5 sitting) for trophies presented by Messrs J. L. Gillies, F. J. Fuchs, and others. Appended are a few of the scores of those who made 25 and over out of a possible 40, and taking the scores as a whole the shooting must be considered very good as hardly any of the members have fired from a Martini rifle before, and with a, little practice the corps will turn out a first class shooting team : —
Trooper W. J. Binney 34
Trooper W. J. Dick 33
Trooper B. E. Gillingham ... 33
Trooper W. O. Gilmour 32
Captain Gillies 32
Trooper W. T. Smith 31
Quar.-Mast. Sergt. Talbot ... 30
Trooper R. Connor 28
Corporal E. Cross 28
Sergeant C. J. R. Ferens ... 27
Sergeant W. R. MacKay 27
Trooper A. Wilson 26
Trooper W. Loomes 26
Sergeant-Major Burn 25
Sergeant A. S. Smith 25
Trooper J. McMillan 25
Trooper A. McKay 25
Lance-Sergeant Burrows 25
In the evening Captain Gillies held a class of instruction for the non-coms., which was well attended, and a lot of useful knowledge was imparted to those present by their energetic captain.

Otago Witness, 23 August 1900, Page 34
Volunteering. This has become quite an important factor in our daily concerns, so much so that really everything else seems to pale into insignificance whenever enthusiastic youth congregate. The local division is now established, numbering six sections strong, officered by Lieutenant Rutherford (in command), assisted by Sergeants W. M'Kay and A. S. Smith, supported by Corporals W. Couper and F. Charles. Needless to say, one and all of the local men are bent on keeping upside with the senior (or main) division, Fairlie, with its seven sections, under Captain B. Gillies and Lieutenant R. L. Banks, and also the more northern division, Burkes I Pass, of six sections, under Lieutenant F. H. Smith. The corps first field day was held at Fairlie, on the 18th inst., when the firing range was opened, with a match covering the 200 yds distance of the Minor Class Firing, when a strong muster of the local division, and also of the Albury men, was the result, the Pass being but poorly represented, Troopers R. Cowan and J. M'Millan only attending. The friendly, rivalry was consequently confined to the two divisions, Fairlie proving the winner. The individual winner turned up in Trooper J. Binney, with the very creditable score of 34 out of p, possible 40 points, this register showing  four bulls and six inners, closely followed by Troopers J. Dick and Robert Gillingham with 33 points, the former securing second prize with his extra " bull." Captain Gillies and Trooper Gilmour 32, several at 31, and many at 30 indicate that the average shooting was high throughout. On the completion of the class firing the average score was nearly 50, as against 30 as required by regulation. This high order of marksmanship is the more praiseworthy when it is considered that fully half of the recruits had not had an opportunity of trying their Martini-Henris ere opening on the range-in fact, had never done any rifle shooting at all. So with "careful coaching and steady practising some good shots should come out of the corps. The corps are under a deep sense of gratitude to Messrs M'Lean, of Strathcommon [sic: Strathconan], for placing at their disposal such a capital site their butts, which are most conveniently situated adjacent to the township. Thanks are also due to the several donators of prizes for the recent match, which no doubt played no small part in instigating the enthusiasm so manifest. Our soldiers go into camp for their first week's training early next month, for which purpose I understand the sports ground at Fairlie has been secured for a site to camp. A capital place, too, well planted round, with plenty of shelter, is secured for the horses as well as tents, etc.. ,so given fine weather, our soldiers should have a pleasant time of it.

Albury men in 1935

Otago Witness, 5 December 1900, Page 20
Mr John Nixon, a member of the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles, left Fairlie on Wednesday morning for South Africa.

Otago Witness 1 January 1902, Page 23
Mr H. W. Baron, of Nevada, on Thursday received the following telegram from Lord Ranfurly: —"I much regret to inform you that I have received a cable from South Africa informing me that your son, Sergeant Francis Arthur Baron, South African Light Horse, died of enteric fever at Kroonstadt on 16th  December." We are informed that Sergeant Baron was accepted for the sixth New Zealand contingent, but being unable to join it at the proper time, paid his own passage to South Africa, and joined the South African Light Horse. He was 24 years of age, and was formerly a member of the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles, South Canterbury.

Star 12 July 1902, Page 5
The resignation of Lieutenant W. G. Rutherford, of the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles, is gazetted.

Star 31 October 1903, Page 7
The Timaru Garrison Band, with the usual willingness of its members to assist the various corps in the district, is sending a detachment to Fairlie to play for the "Macs," otherwise the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles, on November - 8 and 9. The "Macs"' will entertain the bandsmen, the latter sleeping in camp and joining the mess of the corps. The detachment will go up by the evening train on, Saturday, and will play the corps to church on Sunday, and play at the sports on Monday. The action of the band is highly appreciated by the Mackenzie Mounted Rifles.

Grey River Argus, 20 November 1914, Page 6
A curious accident happened this evening to two trooper of the 8th Regiment (200 of whom are now in camp). A number of men were exercising horses on Caroline Bay sands, when two horses going fast in opposite directions had a head, to head collision. Both broke their neck, and died immediately. Trooper Turnbull, of Rakaia, was taken to the Hospital rather seriously injured. The other was but little hurt.

The Militia Act of 1858 officially sanctioned the the NZ Volunteer Corps, amended by the Volunteer Act of 1865. Over ninety volunteer units had been formed up to 1872. Then there was a decline until 1881 when the Government renewed support. After the end of the South African War there were two volunteer units in between Ashburton and the Waitaki. They trained in their own districts but once a year met, often at the Temuka Domain, for their annual camp.

The 1st Squadron, South Canterbury Mounted Rifles, commanded by Major J.T.M. Hayhurst with the HQ at Timaru: 
A Co. South Canterbury Mounted Rifle Volunteers at Timaru, Capt G.P. Wood 
B Co. Ashburton Mounted Rifle Volunteers  
C Co. Mackenzie Mounted Rifle Volunteers at Fairlie. Disbanded 1908.  Capt. Bruce Gillies.
D Co. Studholme Mounted Rifle Volunteers at Waimate, Capt. A. Garland 
E Co.  Geraldine Mounted Rifle Volunteers, Capt T.J. Maling 

The South Canterbury Infantry Battalion commanded by Lt. Col. W.M. Moore of Geraldine. 
A Co. Timaru City Rifles, Capt John Gillis
B Co. Temuka Rifles, Capt E. Richardson  
C Co. Ashburton
D Co. Port Rifle Guards, Capt Frank Raymond 
E Co.  Timaru Rifles Capt. W. Beckingham
E Co. Waimate Rifles, Capt. H.C. Barclay
G Co. Geraldine Rifles, Capt. Kenneth Mackenzie 

THE GERALDINE RIFLES were first formed on the 17th of April, 1885, and their first officers were Captain Walter Montague Moore, Lieutenant George Ward and Lieutenant Robert Henry Pearpoint.  Dr. Robert Fish was honorary surgeon, and the Rev. James Preston the honorary chaplain.  In 1886, on the formation of the South Canterbury Rifle Battalion, Captain Moore was appointed Major.  Lieutenant Pearpoint was elected Captain, and Sergeant Kenneth Mackenzie, Lieutenant.  The first-non-commissioned officers were Colour-Sergeant Thomas Hughes, Sergeants W. Stonehouse, Fred Worner, A. Penny; Corporals Edward Hardcastle, George Porteous and Edward Mellard.  In 1890, Lieutenant George Ward resigned his commission, and Mr B.R. Macdonald was appointed in his stead. When first formed the company was one of the smartest in the Battalion, and continued to do good work until the 11th of November, 1894, when, from various causes, the corps was disbanded.  In 1898, there was a movement to re-establish the corps, and on the 5th May, 1899, its services were again accepted; the officers begin Captain Kenneth Mackenzie, and Lieutenants John Rogerson Montgomery and Guy MacDonald. The corps started with its full strength of sixty-three officers and men, and is doing excellent work.  Shortly after it was re-formed Lieutenant MacDonald resigned, and Mr. Ernest Edward Tasker was elected in his stead. Reference: Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition. Vol. 3 pages 872 Published 1903

Timaru Herald, 9 June 1914, Page 9
When the Territorial forces came into existence the flag owned by the old Temuka Rifle Volunteers was deposited in the Drill Hall, Temuka, and there it remained until last Sunday, when, as a result of the action taken by some of those associated with the early volunteers, it was handed over for safe keeping to St. Peter's Church. The flag is a very old one, having been presented to the volunteers in 1881 by Mr Woodhead, a military enthusiast, and a gentleman still remembered for his strong patriotic sentiment, which apparently as shared by his immediate descendants, for at the time the gift was made two of his sons were in the Canterbury Cavalry and a third in the Temuka No. 1 company of volunteers. The flag is of blue silk bordered with silver bullion fringe. In the centre are the words "Temuka Rifle Volunteers, N.Z., No. 1 Company," worked in gold and surmounted by a crown beautifully worked in various coloured silks. The officer who received the flag after it had been accepted on behalf of the Company by Captain Young was Sergeant Coira, who was present at and took a deep interest in the ceremony on Sunday. The old volunteers are unfeignedly proud of their flag, and with it are associated the most treasured memories. The ceremony took place in the morning, and before the church service, excontingenter's, old volunteers, Territorials, senior cadets, and the Band of the 2nd (S.C.) Regiment met at the Drill Hall and marched through King street to the church. Those on parade numbered 178, made up as follows :—Ex-contingenters-35, old volunteers 30, B Coy. 2nd (S.C.) Regiment 37, senior cadets' No. 38. and 39 Coys 42, Band 34. The officers present were:—Major Childs, Captain Hafford, Captain Orr and Lieut. Jones (Ashburton); Major Heard, Captain Grant, Leiut. Fraser and Captain Jackson (Timaru); Lieut. McCatium (retired list, Temuka); Captain Chapman and Lieut. Purdom (in charge of parade, Temuka); Lient. Fielden, (retired list, Geraldine); and Captain Robinson, adjutant 2nd S.C. Regiment. The flag was carried by Lieut. Purdom and the Colour party consisted of Col-sergeant Coira and Col-sergeant Radburnd, both on the retired list. By the time the service was commenced the church was crowded and many had to be turned away. Before the address Lieut. Purdom advanced to the chancel steps and said: "Reverend sir, we present and entrust to you this flag which was presented to Temuka. The Bandsmen were entertained at luncheon by Col. Hayhurst, Mayor of Temuka, and in the afternoon gave a sacred concert in the Parle, which was largely attended and much appreciated.

Press, 3 March 1911, Page 9 VOLUNTEERING.
At the time of the Russian scare, in 1885, Geraldine raised a volunteer corps and a brass band was also started, an interest in the volunteer movement has been maintained ever since. Two of the original members of the corps, Mr. W. M. Moore and Mr K. McKenzie, the former being the first captain corps, and the latter occupying the position later, have risen to the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the volunteer services, and it was largely through the interest and enthusiasm of those to officers that the volunteer spirit has been kept up. During the South, African war the district sent its quota men to the front. The present office in charge of the Geraldine Rifles is Captain Gresham. There is a cadet corps in connection with the District High School, under Captain Montgomery, and its shooting team is note for its scoring abilities on the range. A strong mounted rifle corps has recently been formed in they district, Captain Kennedy being in command.

Major YoungMajor John Albert Young has always retained his interest in volunteering, and was one of the prompters of the Temuka Rifles, which were enrolled in 1868.  He was promoted to ensign in that year, lieutenant in 1870, captain in 1875 and major (unattached) in 1883, and has received the long service and imperial medals.  He was quarter-master of the South Canterbury battalion until it was disbanded in 1888, and has served the full limit of service for an officer allowed by the volunteer regulations. Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Canterbury edition.  

Otago Witness, 24 January 1895, Page 19
Major Young, of Winchester, South Canterbury, hasten awarded the Imperial decoration for volunteer officer. This decoration was instituted in 1892 for the volunteers in the United Kingdom, and was subsequently extended to the volunteers in Canada and the colonies. The Timaru Herald understands that length of service is one of the qualifications for the reward, and in this respect there are very few volunteer officers in New Zealand ahead of Major Young.

Timaru Herald, 20 August 1910, Page 6
A very fine, spring afternoon permitted a large attendance at the funeral of the late Major Young at Temuka yesterday, and this was the more gratifying in that the line weather allowed most of the older residents of the neighbourhood to take part in the last rights over one of their number, consequently there were many whitehaired men present, who, like the deceased, had seen Winchester his home, and Temuka that was passed through by the cortege, developed out of a state of native tussock and flax to their present condition. The deceased having been from 1867 to the close of his active life identified with the volunteers, a military funeral was accorded him, and among the wreaths was one sent by. the S.C. Battalion Staff. The Temuka Territorials, furnished between thirty and forty men under Captain Chapman and Lieut. McCallum. The local staff officers were represented liv Lieut.-Col. Beckingham. Major Raymond, Captain and Adjutant Fodeli, and Sergt.-Major Thompson, the Canterbury District Staff by Captain Ale- Gee; Captain McNab represented the Timaru Rifles; the uniform of the S.C.M.R, and the Reserve Corps were also in evidence also those of retired officers, Color-Sergt. Coira and Sergt. Levens, the Timaru Garrison Band furnished the military funeral march; and a gun carriage was taken out from Timaru to displace the usual hearse.  The deceased leaves a widow, two sons and four daughters, twenty-six grand children and one great-grandchild.

Poverty Bay Herald, 11 November 1916, Page 3
Up to noon today the following were the names of recruits who leave with tomorrow's draft:- Gillingham, Stephen England, married, 35 years, sheepfarmer, Mangakori, Gisborne (Legion of Frontiersmen, Mackenzie Mounted Rifles). S.E. Gillingham and H.C. Williams (Muriwai) are going to the n.c.o. camp.

By 1903 there were some 277 volunteer units in NZ. These officers and men formed the backbone of the ten New Zealand contingents to South Africa. On 17 March 1911 the Volunteer Corps was officially disbanded and members were absorbed into the Territorial Force.  Archives NZ, Wellington, holds capitation rolls for a number of the Volunteer Corps. The volunteer corps were the foremost component in New Zealand defence forces until transformed the Territorial Army in 1910-1911. Each corps was local in character and very self contained. Capitation rolls list all members of the unit for a particular year. The rolls held are incomplete, and are indexed by the name of the unit only.

The CYC cap badge is a surmounted by a ram's head, with two ferns fronds and the letters CYC in the centre, the motto Pro Focis et Patria (For our home and country) with the date 1864 at the bottom.  The 1910 Defence Act ushered in the territorial system of training.  In 1911 Mounted Rifles (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry) was formed by amalgamation of 2nd Regiment, North Canterbury Mounted Rifles, and 1st Regiment, North Canterbury Mounted Rifle Volunteers.  In 1921 amalgamated with 8th (South Canterbury) Mounted Rifles, to form The Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry.

Timaru Herald, 21 March 1898, Page 2
The remains of Mr Robert White [aged 58], of Temuka, who died in the Timaru Hospital on Monday, were interred in the Temuka cemetery on Friday. The deceased was a resident at Temuka for upwards of thirty years, and was for over twenty of these actively associated with the Temuka Rifles, in which company he held a lieutenant's commission, dating from 1875. About ten years ago he retired from active service and went upon the unattached list. In early life Mr White served in the Imperial Army, and whilst in the 83rd Regiment of the Line, saw service in the East. He took his discharge in 1888 and came to Temuka where he had relatives in 1869. He was of a kindly disposition and made many friends. In recognition of his rank his remains were accorded a military funeral. There was a good muster of his old comrades, and the bearers were Captains Findlay and Cutten, Lieutenant Whitehead and ex-Colour-Sergeant Coira. Lieutenant Campbell was in charge of the firing party. The Timaru Garrison Band attended the funeral and played the Dead March as the funeral cortege proceeded to the cemetery.

Lieutenant-Colonel C. S. Bailey, late H.M.'s 11th Devonshire Regiment
Christopher S Bailey.
Regiments: 16th Foot; 11th Foot (Devonshire Regiment).
Dates of Service: 1859-1876.
Born: 15 December 1841, Mount Mellick, Queen's County, Ireland.
Deed Type Fee Farm Grant 1901-1907  Pound St, Mountmellick, Rosenallis, County Laois formerly Queen's Co. IRE.

The London Gazette, July 26, 1881. The Devonshire Regiment. To be Lieutenant-Colonels. Captain S. Bailey.
The London Gazette
, November 17, 1882, 5107
The Devonshire Regiment. Major Christopher S. Bailey retires on retired pay with the honorary rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. Dated 18th November 1882.

CS Bailey (age 24) m. 1866 Fort St George, Madras, India, Charlotte Wilhelmina Bushe, age 19. Her father was named as Arthur.
1867 Arthur Wellesley b. Fyzabad, Bengal India. Died 15 Sept. 1897 India
1868 Thomas Alfred Bushe b. Fyzabad, Bengal, India. Died July 1922 Wanganui
1870 Christine Mary, b. Dublin, Ireland
1871 Robert Henry b. Ireland
1874 Herbert b. Sabathoo, Bengal, India. Died 19 Jan. 1954
1875 Mildred b. Lahore, Bengal, India
1879 Rosamund Seymour, b. 7 July Simla, Bengal, India. Died 10 July 1923
1879 Harold Desmond, b. July, India. Died 4 July 1948, Timaru
1881 Geoffrey, b 3 Aug. Simla, Bengal, India. Died 3 Jan. 1945 England
1883 Cecily Margaret, NZ. Died 11 July 1968, South Canterbury, N.Z.

Timaru Herald, 5 September 1882, Page 2
Bluff, Sept. 4. The Manapouri arrived at 6 a.m. She left Melbourne at 6 p.m. on the 29th ; arrived at Hobart at 8.30 a.m. on the 31st, left at 4.45 p.m., and experienced light variable winds throughout. She sailed at 5 p.m. for Dunedin. Saloon passengers for Lyttelton - Mrs Bailey and 6 children.

Colonel C. S. Bailey came to New Zealand in 1882 and left for England in June 1914, presumably not anticipating WWI. Christopher Samuel Bailey was found in the NZ electoral rolls 1890, 1896, 1900, 1905/6 Bailey's living in Wai-iti Road are Christopher Samuel, Edith Vernon, Cicely Margaret.
1911 all these years living in Wai-iti Road. 1911 Bailey's living in Wai-iti Road are Christopher Samuel, Edith Vernon, Gerald Deighton (student) and Rosamund Seymour (spinster).

Timaru Herald, 10 December 1888, Page 2
High School Cadet Bailey, son of Lieutenant-Colonel Bailey, had a narrow escape of death at the rifle range, Patiti Point, on Saturday morning. The High School Cadets were engaged firing, and young Bailey was on duty in the marker's butt. While thus engaged, a carbine bullet struck the butt, and a splinter of the bullet, finding its way through a weak place in his shelter, cut through the lobe of Bailey's right ear. The escape from most serious, if not fatal injury, was a miraculous one. The accident was a painful one, but is not likely to have any serious result. The butt was seen to at once, and it is paid that all danger of accident is now done away with.

Timaru Herald, 9 June 1891, Page 1
LOST. ON Wai-iti Road, a BROWN PAPER PARCEL containing a Pair of child's BOOTS. Finder please return to COLONEL BAILEY, Wai-iti Road.

Timaru Herald, 28 December 1893, Page 3
Wai-iti. The annual treat and distribution of prizes to the pupils of the Wai-iti School took place on Thursday last.
Standard VI— Proficiency, Rosie Bailey ; sewing, Rosie Bailey
Standard IV — mapping, Geoffrey Bailey
Attendance certificates— First class, Cicely Bailey

Timaru Herald, 11 June 1895, Page 1
Lost from Highfield Farm, Wai-iti Road -2 large GREY GEESE. Anyone returning same to Colonel Bailey will be rewarded.

Minnie died 1885, and is shown in the RG deaths as Minnie, 38y, died 3 February 1885. The Timaru Herald of 6 Feb 1885 says that she was to be buried in the churchyard of St Mary's Church, Upper Otaio and one of her daughters is also buried there. Colonel Bailey is the father of Cicely Margaret BAILEY born 5 September 1883, with her mother his first wife Charlotte Wilhelmina; see Star (i.e. Christchurch Star) of 12 Sept 1883. Presumably she was called Minnie. Cicely, the youngest child, is also buried at Esk Valley, 11th July 1968 aged 84 years.

Star 4 February 1885, Page 2
Feb. 8, at Bourndale, Makikihi, Minnie, the dearly loved wife of Colonel C. S. Bailey, late H.M. Devonshire Regiment aged 38 years. [Minnie is buried at St. Mary's Church, Esk Valley]

Edith Vernon PEARSON of Melbourne and Christopher Samuel BAILEY married 3rd January 1889. She had two sons to the Lt-Col. Bailey;
Gerald Deighton Bailey born 10 April 1890
Lancelot Dermot Bailey born 7 December 1891

Taranaki Herald, 22 December 1886, Page 2
With a view to the proficiency of our Volunteer forces, we presume, a Council of Military Education has been established  in the colony, the President of it being Lieutenant-Colonel S. Bailey. This gentleman was in New Plymouth the other day, and as little is known of him by the general public, or even the Volunteers, the following information may be acceptable. We learn that Lieutenant-Colonel Bailey is one of the best marksmen in the British army. He is, we believe, the champion shot of India. He is the winner of the Viceroy's Cup, scoring 147 out of a possible 150 at 900 yards. He joined the 16th Foot as ensign in 1859; exchanged to the 11th foot as lieutenant in 1864; retired from the 11th Foot (H.M.'s Devon Regiment) with the rank of lieutenant-colonel in 1882. He served in Africa 7 years, and in India 8 years. The following is a record of his staff service: — Adjutant of the 11th one year, paymaster of the 11th one year, station officer in the Punjaub two years, inspector and adjutant of the Punjab volunteers six years. In all matters relating to the details of military education he spoken of as a very high authority. Whilst in New Plymouth, Lieut.-Colonel Bailey made enquiries respecting everything connected with the place, regarding the district as one that had a military interest about it. He also left a list of military books which he recommends officers and sergeants of Volunteers to obtain in addition to the ones already in use by them. They are as follows : "On Outpost Duty;" "Orders for Volunteers in Camp:" " Trifles and little things Volunteers ought to know." " What to observe, and how to report it;" " Catechism of Military Training;" " Elementary Field Engineering." They are all, we learn, to be obtained from Major Webb, Adjutant, Nelson District.

Evening Post, 19 June 1885, Page 3
The following Militia and Volunteer notices appear in the Gazette:— New Zealand Militia. Lieutenant-Colonel Christopher S. Bailey, late H. M. Devon Regiment, to be Lieutenant Colonel, and to command the South Canterbury Militia and Volunteer District. Captain Alfred St. George Hamersley, New Zealand Artillery Volunteers, to be Major.

Press, 13 October 1900, Page 9 Volunteers
A Mounted Rifle Corps has been formed at Geraldine. At the meeting called for the purpose, Colonel Bailey explained that the district over which the present South Canterbury Mounted Company was spread was too wide to allow men to meet with facility, and it was thought wise to divide the old corps into two, one taking in Temuka and Geraldine from the Washdyke up and the other Timaru and St. Andrews districts.

Otago Daily Times 13 June 1914, Page 10
A Timaru Press Association message states that last evening a presentation of a purse of sovereigns and a farewell address were made to Colonel and Mrs C. S. Bailey by the public of South Canterbury. The Mayor (Mr Guinness) presided over large gathering of residents. Many eulogistic references were made to the colonel's sterling qualities, both as a military man and as a citizen. Colonel Bailey resided in Timaru for 32 years as officer commanding the South Canterbury volunteer district. He is leaving for England next week to reside. Four of Colonel Bailey's sons served in the Boer war, one being killed. Another is now in the regular army in India. The ladies of Timaru farewelled Mrs Bailey during the afternoon.

Press, 23 June 1914, Page 6
Colonel C. S. Bailey, of Timaru is staying with Mr T. A. B. Bailey, S.M.

UK incoming passenger lists - s.s. Nellore - arriving London 12.1.1915
Samuel Christopher Bailey aged 73 Retired Officer - English
Edith Vernon Bailey aged 49 NZ-er heading for 28 Marchmont Street, Russell Square, London

Probate: Bailey, Edith Vernon, of Chasedale, Walford Road, Ross-on-Wye, Hertfordshire, widow, died 9/10/1941 at 4 College Road, Cheltenham, probate Liandudno 16 March to Gerald Dighton Bailey, Licenced Victualler and Lancelot Dermot Bailey, retired captain HM Army - Effects (pounds) 2918.17s.8d

SC and EV along with Lancelot Dermot were listed together in the London electoral registers for the years
1918 CS and EV
1919 CS and EV
1920 CS, EV and LD
1921 CS, EV and LD

The Times Thursday, Oct 04, 1928
Bailey - On Oct. 1 1928, at "Ashcroft," Rotherfield, Sussex, Col. Christopher Samuel Bailey, late The Devonshire Regt., formerly of Timaru, NZ, aged 86. [Probate (except land settled) London 8 November to Edith Vernon Bailey, widow, Effects 238.18s.2d] [Col. C.S. Bailey obituary is in the Timaru Herald 13 Oct. 1928]

Lieut. Arthur Wellesley Bailey, India

North Otago Times, 28 May 1890, Page 3
A. W. Bailey, eldest son of the colonel commanding South Canterbury, has passed a competitive examination for commissions granted to officers in colonial forces, and has been gazetted second lieutenant of the 2nd Battalion Middlesex Regiment, now stationed at Kamptee, Central India.  [He was sent out to India as an officer of the 38th Bengal Infantry, and there, his career has been brought to an early termination while nobly doing the duty of an officer regardless of danger.]

Marlborough Express, 23 December 1895, Page 4
A letter received from Lieutenant Andrew says that some of the New Zealanders serving in the British army in India have been smelling powder lately. Mr Bailey, son of Colonel Bailey, of Timaru, was invalided from the Waziristan field force, and Mr Davidson, son of another Canterbury settler, General Davidson, accompanied the Gwalior transport corps to Chitral.

Timaru Herald September 1897
BAILEY. In action, on the Rambat Pass, North-Western frontier, India, Arthur Wellesley Bailey, Lieut. 38th (Dogra) Regt. of Bengal Infantry, eldest son of Lieut. Col. C.S. Bailey, late H.M. 11th (Devon) Regt; aged 30 years. Deeply regretted.

Poverty Bay Herald, 18 September 1897, Page 2
Lieutenant A. W. Bailey, reported killed at Rambat, was the son of Lieutenant- Colonel Bailey, the officer commanding the South Canterbury volunteer district. He went to India between two and thee years ago.  Calcutta, Sept. 16. Details of the relief of Fort Gulistan show that the fort was heroically defended by the garrison, and that the tribesmen were repeatedly repulsed at the point of the bayonet. A night attack has been made on Colonel P. D. Jeffrey's camp at Rambat. Lieutenants W. E. Tomkins and A. W. Bailey, of the 30th Bengal Infantry, were amongst those killed. September 17— Brigadier-General Ellis is making an advance into the Mohmand country, and the force under his command has occupied Port Gundab unopposed, after a toilsome march through barren, hilly country devoid of roads and impracticable for artillery. He lost 30 killed in the recent fighting on the Samana Range. The Orakzais and Afridis have dispersed and returned to their homes. A later report shows that Fort Gulistan was relieved by Brigadier-General Biggs' force after three days' continuous fighting. The commandant's wife and four children were living in the fort, and underwent the siege along with the garrison. Lieutenant Bailey was killed on the night of the attack on Colonel Jeffrey's camp, in the Rambat Pass. He was a New Zealander, and along with Lieutenant Tomkins was exposed in directing the infantry against the attack. A light from the camp fire and the bright moonlight enabled the -tribesmen to aim from behind the rocks. The British casualties totalled 10 men.

Timaru Herald, 20 September 1897, Page 2
Our readers will have seen with very great regret that Lieutenant- Colonel Bailey has suffered a sad bereavement in the death of his eldest son, Lieutenant Arthur Wellesley Bailey, of the 38th (Dogra) Regiment, Bengal Infantry, who was killed in a night attack on Colonel Jeffreys' camp at the Rambat Pass, on the 15th instant. The particulars at present to hand are necessarily very meagre, but the cablegrams disclose enough to show that this promising and meritorious young officer fell in the faithful discharge of his duty, he and a brother officer, Lieutenant Tomkins, having been shot whilst taking a prominent part m the successful defence of the camp against the tribesmen. Even in the first hour of his relatives' sorrow, they must have derived some consolation from the thought that Lieutenant Bailey met a soldier's death, whilst encouraging his men m their efforts to repel the enemy. Such a consideration cannot avert the initial shock of the sad intelligence, or prevent a long-lasting regret that a career begun and continued so well, should have been cut short just at the moment when the future seemed even brighter than the past, and gave hope of further professional distinction and of well deserved recognition. Nevertheless; the manner of the death — in action, doing an officer's duty — is in all such cases a substantial source of comfort and even of pride to those who are left behind, and the memory of it grows stronger and brighter, whilst the sorrow and regret at the loss are mercifully softened as time lengthens out. We are sure that Colonel Bailey has the profound sympathy of the community in which he has resided for so many years, and m which his son had a multitude of friends. The subject of this notice was the eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel C. S. Bailey, late of Her Majesty's 11th (Devonshire) Regiment, and was born at Faisabad, in India, on the 30th August, 1867. After the family came to New Zealand he was educated at the Waitaki High School (Oamaru) and the Timaru High School. His connection with the profession of arms began when he was very young, for he served as bugler to the Ist Punjab Volunteers from 1875 to 1879. He was a private in the 2nd Punjab Volunteers from 1880 to 1882. Lieutenant of the Timaru High School Cadets, 1888; Lieutenant of the Timaru Rifle Volunteers, 1889. In the following year he was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant m the 2nd Battalion of Her Majesty's Middlesex Regiment (77th Foot), after a competitive examination in which he came out first. This commission was one of two which are offered annually to be competed for by officers of the colonial forces in New Zealand. On 17th February, 1892, he was gazetted Lieutenant of the Middlesex Regiment (77th Foot), and on the 2nd June in the same year, having joined the Indian Staff Corps, he was gazetted Lieutenant of the 38th (Dogra) Regiment, Bengal Infantry. Lieutenant Bailey served with the 38th Dogras in the 2nd Brigade of the Waziristan Field Force in the Waziri expedition on the North-West frontier of India, in 1895 ; served with the 38th Dogras in the 2nd Brigade of the Malakand Field Force in the relief of the Malakand garrison, on the 29th July, 1897, and again at the relief of Chalidara, on the 2nd August, 1897. Finally, as has been already related, he was killed in the course of last week in a night attack on Colonel Jeffreys' camp at the Rarabat Pass. Altogether Lieutenant Bailey served for seven years and five months from the date of his first commission in Her Majesty's Middlesex Regiment, and it will be seen that upon several occasions latterly he was in action with the brigades to which his regiment was successively attached. It was a comparatively short career, but entirely creditable to the young soldier who has now found his last resting place under the shadow of the Indian frontier ranges.

Timaru Herald, 8 November 1897, Page 3
, 9 November 1897, Page 5 MEMORIAL TABLET.
The memorial tablet to the late Lieut. A. W. Bailey, who was killed in the Indian Frontier conflict, and a son of Lieut. -Colonel Bailey, Timaru, was unveiled on Sunday in St. Mary's Church, Timaru, by Colonel Moore, the Volunteers holding a church parade for the purpose.  The tablet is in the shape of a shield, a plain flat plate, bearing the following inscription In memory of Arthur Wellesley Bailey, Lieutenant 38th Bengal Infantry, and formerly Lieut. Timaru Rifle Volunteers. Killed in action near Markhanai, N.W. Frontier, India, 14th September, 1897; aetat 30. Erected by the Officers and Volunteers of South Canterbury." The name is in red, the rest of the lettering in black, in various forms of plain and simply ornamented letter. The tablet has been let into the east end of the south wall, near the vestry door, window separating it from the tablet erected to the memory of Mr Richard Turnbull. The Ven. Archdeacon Harper preached an excellent sermon appropriate to the occasion, from St. Paul's second epistle to Timothy, iv., 7, "I have fought a good fight." He pointed out that there is a real meaning for most men in the familiar term the battle of life, though the nature of the battle is infinitely varied. The one final measure of success in the temporal fight is not the obvious temporal result, but the having fought nobly and well. It would help them much to understand St. Paul's words if they realised what manner of man he was, and the preacher drew some graphic word sketches of the experiences of the great Apostle among the famous Roman soldiers, which experiences had so much affected his mind that he frequently expressed himself in military phrases.

Can only find two sons who served in New Zealand contingents in the South African or Boer War and neither was killed perhaps the report of a death actually refers to the son Lieut. A.W. Bailey who died in India in 1897. They are:
Geoffrey Bailey, Lieutenant in the 5th Contingent, then commissioned in the 2 Batt. Manchester Regiment.
Harold Desmond Bailey; No 5636, Lance-Sergeant in the 8th Contingent, then in 9 months in E. Co. Kitchener's Light Horse (Reg. No. 23431)
Other sons served in the war either in British regiments or in local regiments recruited in South Africa like Kitchener's Horse (as there were many more volunteers than required for the New Zealand contingents so some volunteers went to South Africa and enlisted there).

Press, 22 May 1915, Page 15
Lieut. G. D. Bailey (Timaru) of the Leinster Regiment, was an invalid at the outbreak of the war, and on returning from India underwent an operation for appendicitis. He then joined the 3rd Battalion of his Regiment at Cork, and has just gone to the front with a draft. His brother, Mr L. D. Bailey, who was on a rubber estate in Malaya, came to England and obtained a commission in the 8th York and Lancaster Regiment. He is at present doing special training at Chelsea Barracks. Another brother, Mr Herbert Bailey who is practising dentistry, in Park Lane, joined the City of London Police Reserve at the outbreak of the war and now has command of a company. All these officers are sons of Colonel C.S. Bailey, of Timaru, who is at present visiting relatives in Ireland.

Press, 11 October 1915, Page 9
Under date of August 18th, our London correspondent writes Lieutenant Gerald Deighton Bailey (son of Colonel C. S. Bailey, Timaru), Leinster Regiment (R. Canadians) has been promoted captain as from the end of May last. After his return from India upon the declaration of war, Captain Bailey was obliged to undergo an operation for appendicitis, and when convalescent he was sent to Cork, attached to the 3rd Battalion. He went to France early this year.

Harold Desmond Bailey
Reg No: 5636.
Rank: private.
Unit: South Island Regiment - E Squadron.
Contingent: Eighth.
County/City: Levels.
Occupation: farm-hand, worked for J.D. Hamilton, Clayton Station, Fairlie.
Religion: COE 12 stone
Height 5' 10"
Age: 23 years nine months in Jan. 1902
Ship: Cornwall 8 February 1902.
Address: Timaru.
Next of Kin: Bailey Colonel C S Mr.
Relationship to Soldier: father.
G. Bailey.
Reg No: 0.
Rank: lieutenant.
Unit: no 14 company (Canterbury section).
Contingent: fifth.
Occupation: farmer.
Ship: Maori 31 March 1900.
County/City: Levels, Timaru.
Next of Kin: Bailey Colonel C S Mr

Harold Desmond Bailey married Muriel Margaret Smith in 1914. He farmed at Fairview. Died  4 July 1948.

Taranaki Herald, 10 April 1909, Page 4
Mr. Thomas Alfred Bushe Bailey, of Palmerston South, who has accepted an appointment to the magistracy of the Dominion, is a son of Colonel Bailey, late of the Devonshire Regiment, and for many years commandant of the South Canterbury Volunteers. Mr. Bailey, was born in India in 1868, and came to New Zealand with his parents in 1882. He completed his education at the Boys' High School, Christchurch, and the Waitaki Boys' High School. He served articles under Mr. E. G. Jellicoe, of Wellington, and was admitted as a solicitor in 1891. He was admitted as a barrister in 1899, and for some months he acted as locum tenens to Mr. H. B. Crawford, Oamaru. In December, 1900, he purchased Mr. D. M. Findlay's practice at Palmerston South. During the eight years he has resided at Palmerston South, Mr. Bailey has taken an active interest in local institutions.

New Zealand Herald, 7 July 1922, Page 8 [Auckland Star, 17 April 1909, Page 5]
Wanganui. Thursday. The death of Mr. T. A. Bailey, S.M., which occurred yesterday as the result of the effect of typhoid fever contracted a few months ago, is deeply regretted by all sections of the community. The deceased was born [at Onda], India, his father being Colonel C. S. Bailey, 11th Regiment. After attending several schools in India he completed his education at the Waitaki Boys' High School. In 1888 he was articled to Mr. E. G. Jellicoe, solicitor, at Wellington, and qualified in 1893. He practised law in Palmerston South and was afterwards appointed second magistrate in the Christchurch circuit, where he worked with the late Mr. Bishop, S.M. He was then transferred to New Plymouth, where he presided over the Court for five years, and on Mr. Wyvern Wilson being sent to Christchurch Mr. Bailey succeeded him at Wanganui. A tribute to the deceased was paid by the members of the Wanganui Law Society at the Court this morning. [Married 1900 to Clara Isabella Randolph was born at Bradford, England]

Rank: Civilian
Date of Death: 3rd January 1945, killed by a V2 Rocket Age: 63
Regiment/Service: Civilian War Dead
Additional Information: Captain of Invalids at Royal Hospital. Son of Col. Christopher Bailey, of Bushe, Timaru, New Zealand; husband of Frances May Bailey, of Royal Hospital. Died at Royal Hospital. Memorial.

Timaru Herald, 23 November 1898, Page 2
A Gazette list of Volunteer officers appointed includes the following :—
Timaru City Rifles, Geoffrey Bailey to be Lieutenant
Timaru Rifles, George Crawshaw to be Lieutenant
Waimate Rifles, Lieutenant W. Coltman to be Captain — all of date September 7th.

Ashburton Guardian, 10 May 1917, Page 4
AT TIMARU SHOWGROUNDS. The Casual Camp for members of the Eighth (S.C.) Mounted Rifles and Second (S.C.) Regiment, who failed to attend the annual camp at Orari, commenced on Monday last, and will conclude on May 15. The site again, chosen, was the Timaru A. and P. show-grounds, whore about 250 men are under canvas. There are about 40 tents, which were pitched by an advance party and members of the A.S.C. and ample shelter is provided. Despite the very wet weather experienced, it has caused little inconvenience, and the work has not been interfered with. Most of the men, who comprise 175 infantry and some 85 mounteds, arrived in camp on Monday, but owing to the railway curtailments, many did not report till Tuesday. The syllabus is similar to that carried out at the Orari Camp, and is on the lines of the work given the men at Featherston and Trentham.
    It consists chiefly of squad and platoon drill, and musketry (firing practice). Much importance is being attached to extended order drill in sections, and N.CO.'s and men will, at the end of the camp, have mastered the intricacies of the harder drill.
    The important factor in keeping men in good spirits—namely, amusements has not been forgotten, and a large C.E.M.S. marquee, under the supervision of Mr W. G. Adams, is capable of accommodating all the men in the camp. The officers in camp are as follow Camp Commandant, Captain A. N. Oakey, M.C., N.Z.E.; Camp Adjutant, Lieutenant d'A. S. L. Grut, N.Z.I., Assistant Adjutant, Lieutenant M. W. P. Blathwayt; Camp Q.M.S. Sergeant-Major (W.O.) A. H. Thatcher; Camp Sergeant-Major, Staff Sergeant-Major- G. G. Johnston; Sergeant Instructors, Sergeants-Major Gracie and Tozer. The officers in camp are: —Captains W. G. Marriott and Buist; Lieutenants' Martin, Cave, Scott, Sherratt, Johnston, Harper, Orbell, Hodges, Friedlander, McIiwraith, and Jones (Ashburton); Chaplains, Rev. A. H. Norris (Church of England), and Rev. W. Marshall (Presbyterian).

Suggested Reading:

Tobin, Christopher. Gone to Gallipoli : Anzacs of small town New Zealand go to war / Christopher Tobin. 1st ed. c2001. Publisher : Timaru. Bosco Press, c2001.  ANZAC -   2nd South Canterbury Infantry Company, South Canterbury Mounted Rifles. Personal narratives. 154 p. ill.  Includes bibliographical references p. 151. ISBN : 0473075156 pbk. The book is completely out of print, and unfortunately, the files were destroyed in an accident with the printer, so it won't be republished.

Corbett, D. A.- The regimental badges of New Zealand : being a concise and illustrated history of the badges worn by the militia, volunteer and territorial corps which were the proud forerunners of the New Zealand army. 1970 
Early CYC badgeNZMR badges  more badges badges Soldier in Egypt - NZMR

Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry

Pre WW2. Bell tents with vents at the top. Look at those hobnail boots.  A hobnail is a short nail with a thick head used to increase the durability of boot soles. Hobnails inserted into the soles of the boots, usually installed in a regular pattern, over the sole. "He thundered off in his hobnail boots."

Motto: Pro Focis et Patria (For our home and country)
    Raised in Nov. 1864. Disbanded in 1871. In August 1881 the CYC was divided into two troops: the A or North Canterbury Troop and the B or South Canterbury Troop but in 1883 reduced to one troop. Saw service in WW1 as part of the Canterbury Mounted Rifle Regiment comprising of 1st (Canterbury Yoemanry Calvalry), 8th (South Canterbury), 10th (Nelson and Marlborough) Mounted Rifles.
    In 1921 amalgmated with the 8th (South Canterbury) to form the Canterbury Yoemanry Cavalry. In January 1942 all Mounted Rifle Regiments added to their name 'Light Armoured Fighting Vehicles Regiment.' In March 1944 the NZ Armoured Corps reorganized into three Regiments. The 3rd Armoured Regiment comprised the 1st CYC, 5th(Otago) and 10th(Nelson and Marlborough) LAFV Regiments. The 3rd Armoured Regiment went into recess in 1956

"I would not say the CYC prepared me for war.  Being in the CYC involved camping together a couple of times a year.  We would ride around with our horses, and fire blank ammunition. It was a good opportunity to get away from the farm with your mates, but nothing like the real thing. The CYC did not take part in the war - somebody realised that there was no place for horses and cavalry in World War II" wrote NTB.  He spent five years with the CYC during the mid thirties.  Two weeks each year of those five years at various camps.  These summer camps were at Wingatui near Dunedin, Mt Summers, twice, Motukara, and the Christchurch Showgrounds.  They were all volunteers and had to supply their own horses which had to be shod.  A special train was supplied to transport the horses and the members.  Besides these annual summer camps sometimes a weekend camp would occur at the Washdyke Racecourse.

It is interesting to note that when in camp at the Christchurch Showgrounds they put on a display of riding around the Cathedral in the Cathedral Square. There were approximately 360 horses involved in this, being lead by a brass band. Banners were also display by the lead troopers. 

"The three boys would take turns going camps as they all couldn't be spared from farm duties at one time.  They would ride their horses to the closest railway station, for NTB that was eleven miles, catch the steam train to Dunedin or elsewhere with their horse and tack.  The Army supplied the uniforms, rifles, tents etc.  The tents were the large bell shaped tent with a centre pole and the men would sleep on a palliasse, a bag filled with straw, all with their feet to the middle."

C.Y.C. at Wingatui, Dunedin, late 1930s. They had to supply their own horses.

Pre WW2 - CYC on the saddle blankets

Albury contingent 1935

Before WWII, the territorials were short of members and the legal age was 18 to join but they would take youths at 17½ and when war broke out they knew their age, and men couldn't go overseas until they were 21. Some during the following year, chose to take a course for officer's commission, and on became an officer in the local forces. That gave them a taste for army life. Once the Japanese came into the war, the army established a camp in the Ashburton area, Westerfield. Once they were 21, they were sent overseas. My father went away on a large vessel called the Nieuw Amsterdam. There were 6000 troops on that ship; nine in a two-berth cabin.

Aquitania leaving Wellington 1940

VOYAGE ACCOUNT - letter home

Reg. No 42151
5th Reinforcement 5 /14/41

As we are unable to send cables home to NZ; as we are told, I thought I would drop you a note to let you know a bit about the voyage.

Amsterdam and the Mauritania were two the two troopships that left NZ and on the trip on the Amsterdam I only feed the fish once, that was crossing the Tasman so that was not so bad for me.

10th April we sailed into the Sydney harbour and passed the Queen Elizabeth loaded with Aussies; then pulled into the wharf opposite to where the Isle of France was tired up. There we loaded on more food supply plus twelve hundred Aussies and by joves they are great lads, and there was no leave for us there so we were very disappointed as Sydney was a town where we wanted leave.

11th Set sail for Fremantle, and just out side the heads of the Sydney harbour we picked up the Queen Mary so by this time we had with us the biggest convoy that has ever left NZ or Australia. As we were told by the Aussies that came on board our boat, it was the first trip for the Queen Elizabeth out to Australia so the troopships were Amsterdam, Mauritania, Isle of France, Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth.

16th Sailed into Fremantle harbour where the two Queen 's and the Isle of France anchored outside while the Amsterdam and the Mauritania sailed on and tired up to the wharf. There we managed to capture two days leave and the people of Perth gave us a great welcome to their town. Showing us the town in their cars, free rides on the buses, trams, boats, etc., also cup of tea and dance arranged for us at different places. There were boys scouts scattered all over the town to give us any information what we wanted to know.

19th Set sail again up the coast of Australia and after three days out from Fremantle we left the main convoy and set off for the Singapore Naval Base and arrived there on the 24th of April.

Anzac morning was spent transhipping on to the Acquitania, a cattle boat what we called her when we went on board but we soon got settled down. The afternoon was spent on a small route march to a swimming bath about two miles from the boat, I will say the swim was good, but the march had me beat, it was too hot, enough to melt a man into a grease spot. There was no leave for us so one night we rushed the gangway and made an escape onto land where we could get a bit of fresh air. Myself I never want to see the place again, too hot and the water is rotten so the climate does not suit me. I cannot say I have been to Singapore though I was within 15 miles of it, and I saw the town when we were sailing for Colombo.

Left the Aussies at Singapore and on the 26th set sail for Colombo and arriving there on the 1st May where we picked up part of the old convoy, Mauritania and the Isle of France while the two Queens sailed straight for Egypt. At Colombo I captured three days leave so I had quite a good look around the town. One trip I did was 60 miles out to the rubber plantation and the rice field etc., it was very interesting trip. The roads are very narrow there, a two way road there we would use as a one way road in NZ. You should see them drive their cars in town, if we drove ours in town in NZ how they do there traffic inspectors would have a job to control the traffic, an inch is nothing to them.

6th May set sail for Suez and just before we struck the Red Sea we passed the Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth on their return trip. Just at present I am writing this at Suez, waiting to go ashore to catch a train to go into camp near Cairo.....

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