The Cycling Craze in Canterbury  

Timaru Herald, 5 May 1900, Page 2
We were shown yesterday a chainless the Property of Mr F. Raymond, of Timaru. The machine, we believe, is the first chainless made in the colony, and was turned out in the Tourist Workshop by Mr Cecil Wood. The bicycle has a very trim appearance, and is giving the owner the fullest satisfaction.


Three wheeled motor vehicle built by Cecil Woods. Taken in Timaru where the vehicle ran for the first time on the 4th of June, 1901. Information from `Jubilee History of South Canterbury' by Johannes C Andersen, 1916, page 469. Original photographic prints and postcards from file print collection, Box 14. Ref: PAColl-6585-66. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, NZ.

The Velocipede Mania

Timaru Herald" of September 11, 1869, stated:— "We hear that a number, of gentlemen have formed themselves into a club for the purpose of velocipede riding, and have already sent to Melbourne for one of, the best bicycles to be obtained. It is proposed to introduce two or more bicycles, a tricycle, and probably a uncycle, or one-wheeled velocipede. It is also intended to have regular practices and occasional races."

"It appears that a velocipede club is in contemplation at, Timaru," says a Temuka message of September 22, 1869. Temuka town, if not beforehand with, is no far behind her elder sister, for a velocipede has been made here, and has undergone several trials within the last few days, attended with slight falls, and other mischances to the adventurous persons who attempted the management of it. No serious accident, however, has taken place, and no doubt when a little more experience has been gained in the use of the machine, it will take its place among the recognised institutions of the town. The maker is Mr D. Bryant, who I understand, is open to unlimited orders for the article."  

Bicycle Feat.

Timaru Herald, 20 December 1875, Page 3
There is being performed at the present time probably the greatest bicycle feat yet undertaken in this colony. The traveller is Dr Wales, and the journey is now on is from Oamaru to Christchurch. He arrived here on Friday night late, having left Oamaru at seven o'clock in the morning of that day. He thus accomplished what would be considered a very good day's journey for a horse. He left for Geraldine at about noon on Saturday, and intended to reach Christchurch yesterday. The bicycle is a fine piece of workmanship, being light and elegant, but strong. It is on the latest improved principles, including among other fittings, which make it very complete, a break and a lamp, for use during night travelling. Dr Wales has not long arrived in the colony, and previous to leaving England he states that he travelled about 2000 miles on a bicycle.

Timaru Herald, 4 January 1895, Page 3
PROGRESS OF CYCLING

The Christchurch Wheelman in a retrospective and prospective article says Cycling boomed considerably in 1892, but its progress last year has been even more marked. Christchurch, the hub of New Zealand cycling, commenced the year with five factories, apparently capable of coping with the demand for wheels, but since then more firms have been added to the list, and at present they are all as busy as bees, with the difference, however, that the bee, busy as he is, can always keep pace with his work, and that our cycle manufacturers, with all their high pressure steam on, cannot do. The other cities, though slow to be infected with the cycling craze, have now got it very badly and are making up for lost time. The most noticeable advance however, has been with the ladies. Since the Misses Lough, Mrs Harry Thompson and Mrs Frank Stage, the pioneers of lady cycling in New Zealand, a few years ago commenced to wheel through the streets of Christchurch, to the amazement of some, to the horror of a few, but to the approval of sensible people, cycling for ladies had been adopted but slowly. This year, however, saw a change. The pastime has advanced by leaps and bounds. On a fine summer's day a visitor walking through the streets of the Cathedral City is amazed at the large number of the fair sex who utilise this favourite means of locomotion. The progress has been the same, though perhaps in a lesser degree all over the colony. Like the advertising and insurance fiend, the cycle has found its way into the inmost recesses of the West Coast. It has explored the beauties of nature that are so bountifully provided from the North Cape to the Bluff, and the feminine cycler has been with it. We believe that few have any conception of the scope there is for further development. Hitherto only one portion of the destiny of the cycle has received attention. The wheel has been brought into requisition solely by those who in fulfilling their ordinary occupation find it convenient to have a swifter mode of progression than that which nature has provided them. With these both wheelmen and wheelwomen it has been a case of necessity, and the number who have purchased bicycles to ride for pleasure and pleasure alone is comparatively small. But now that our sisters have taken up the sport in real earnest its great possibilities from a social point of view will be opened up.


 A ladies bicycle at Orari, a museum display, the latest craze.
The Fairlie Heritage Museum even has a ladies bicycle hanging in the window.
Below a man's bicycle at the Temuka Courthouse Museum in April 2014 leaning against the old fireplace.

Timaru Herald, 25 November 1897, Page 4
Sir,— Who is responsible for the uncivilised and disgraceful state of the roads in the Timaru district? Cycle where you will within a radius of six miles of the town, and you come home with your machine looking as if it had been through a cyclone, and with your heart full of deadly hatred against the person or persons to whose asinine wisdom is due such a barbarous state of matters. Surely it has now been demonstrated beyond doubt that beach shingle is altogether unsuitable for roadmaking purposes. It is always rolling about and cuts the road into ruts with a loose top of several inches, to plough through which is trying alike to temper and tyres. Is it not time that our roads cease to be a bye-word throughout the length and breadth of the land? Go north, go south—nowhere will you find such awful throughfares as ours. Sir, you who so often utter lamentations about riding on footpaths, do, for any sake, suggest some way of avoiding the sinful practice I can see no way short of carrying the bicycle. I am, etc., Tourist. Timaru, 23rd November.

Timaru Herald, 10 November 1894, Page 3 The Cycle and Woman's Dress
The question of providing women with a rational, convenient, and healthy dress is being solved at last, says the Revieu of Reviews, which no one could have, dreamed of ten years ago. Petticoats, which have survived all other attacks, are perishing before the cycle. Petticoated cyclists carry their lives in the skirts of their unbifricated garments, and after one or two upseats the most prejudiced rider learns to see the virtue of kickerbockers. They will beautify them the absence of the petticoat.  

Inventions pneumatic sent Auntie then riding
She scorched in the Park though her Grandma sat chiding:
"It's shocking for girls to wear trousers like that!"


Stan and Freda Dale, South Canterbury 1937

Emma Jane JONES and George William DALE married in 1897. All the children were born in Hokitika.
1898 Dale George
1902 Dale William Allan
1902 Dale Myrtle Lucy
1903 Dale Hazel May
1906 Dale Stanley Walter
1907 Dale Leonard Leslie
1909 Dale Gwendoline

Timaru Herald, 24 August 1898, Page 3
We are amused to see a film who claim to deal in high-class cycles only, making themselves so prominent in forwarding the construction of asphalt cycle paths. If it were possible to contemplate such a Utopian scheme whereby a cycle path was laid beside every road there would be less advantage in being possessed of a high grade machine than there is at present, because cycle paths must naturally tend towards preserving the life of a bicycle. The action of the "Swift" people in contributing towards the formation of the first cycle track at St. Kilda goes to show that people can be unselfish even in the cycle trade.   

In 1902, Richard Pearse of Waitohi, patented a new style of bamboo framed bicycle whose pedals moved up and down instead of moving in a circle, and he equipped this bike with four speed gears.

Tourist Cycle Works and "Estb. 1894 Cycle Manufacturers"

Timaru Herald, 5 August 1896, Page 3
Until this week we were unaware that a cycle factory was in operation in Timaru, and it was with much pleasure that we accepted an invitation to look through the premises of Mr C. W. Wood, opposite Ballantyne and Cos., where the manufacture of cycles is now in progress. This example of one of the great industries of the day is as yet a small one, but there is room and it has the future to grow in, and Mr Wood appears to be well qualified to guide its expansion. He has had a good general training as a mechanical engineer, and a special training as a cycle manufacturer, as he graduated in a Christchurch factory and eventually was foreman of it for over a year. A very good looking specimen of the output of the Tourist Factory, as it is to be called, is on exhibition, and so far as we can judge it has no points to give to those of any other maker. Mr Wood showed us the various kinds of raw material he deals with, the steel tubing, spoke wires, castings, joint pieces, sprocket wheels, etc., tubing and wire in long lengths, and castings all in the rough, the only parts obtained in a finished state being the spindles with their ball-bearings, pedals, handles, chains, the rubber air tubes, and a few small pieces. The machinery required by a cycle maker is not so extensive as we had imagined. It is of course specially designed for the work, and much of it is extremely clever. It is most interesting to see the rough and rusty steel material, and then contrast with it the spick and span machine as bright as a news pin, that is made from it and ignorant wonder how this or that seemingly, difficult part of the work is done, gives place to a sort of half-displeased surprise on seeing it done, it is as easy as standing an egg on end Columbus-fashion, when you know how to do it, and have the special tools to do it with. Mr Wood does the whole of the work in the manufacture of cycles, as is done in the Christchurch factories, except the plating, which he has not yet got the plant for. The frames and wheels are built up, bright parts turned and burnished, and the rubber tires made, from the crude materials, and the result is a fine looking machine, of any stamp a customer may choose to order. It would be useless to go into a mass of technical details, which must be seen to be understood. One other generality we may mention to Mr Wood's credit, and that is that a good deal of the apparatus required in his business he has made himself. He has also a complete assortment of wheel men's furniture; and all sorts of material for effecting repairs and replacements. Some day, perhaps, the Timaru Tourist Factory may equal in importance some of the noted works at Home. That day, of course, is a long way off, but in the meantime we are convinced that Mr Wood deserves by his enterprise and sound workmanship, to see the present premises rapidly become too small for his business.

Timaru Herald, 15 August 1900, Page 3 TOURIST CYCLE WORKS
The business public generally, and all riders of the bicycle more particularly, know that the Tourist Cycle Works (Messrs C. W. Wood and Co.) are now thoroughly established as a leading local industry, and though it had been always a pleasure to look the courteous manager (Mr C. W. Wood) up in his old establishment, this pleasure is now increased by finding him and his staff in new premises, built and arranged generally to suit the requirements of a flourishing business. The new building is almost opposite the Arcade, in the centre of Stafford street, is of two storeys, of brick on concrete foundations. It was built by Mr Emil Hall, from designs furnished by Mr D. West, the well known architect. Has a frontage of 24 feet and a depth of 50 feet. The facade is substantial and good-looking, and the large plate glass windows give the show room proper a very fine appearance. The window to the left on entering is devoted to the exhibition of ladies' bicycles, and their parts while the window on the right is unobstructed in view, so that all the machines on the raised platform in the line of light can be well seen. The show room is well appointed, not the least detail being the racks into which machines are run and held firmly. At the back of the show room is a neat office, and a door to the left of it leads to the enamelling room. This room is fitted with enamelling furnace and benches, and is match lined, so that as little dust as possible can find its way in and interfere with the delicate processes carried on therein. Close to this is a large doorway leading to the side entry to the shop, and almost directly above this receiving door is a lift, by which bicycles go up to be repaired, etc., and come down ready for the road. At the back of the enamelling room is the gas engine plant and plating baths. The engine is a 4 h.p. Tangye, capable of driving a variety of machinery, and the plating plant is of the best and most useful kind. A neat stairway leads to the workshop, which includes the full length and breadth of the building, and is divided for utility purposes as machine shop and fitting shop. In the former are the lathes (for wood and iron), the case hardening furnace, a new branch, for working processes which put a steel shell on iron blacksmith's plant, brazing and jointing furnace, operated by a powerful gas blast emery wheels and polishing buffs, etc. In the fitting shop are the j necessary benches, vyces, etc., for carrying out the putting together of cycles in all branches. The works have a first class stock of all descriptions of fittings, and a customer has quite a bewildering choice of what are grouped as parts. Trade is very good, and we were shown documentary evidence that riders of the Tourist all over South Canterbury are being attended to. An excellent feature of the whole establishment is the very complete way in which it is lighted and townspeople have noticed from the Saturday night display that the gas burners in use are of the best. In a few weeks the shop will be lit by electric light, a complete installation having on the way from Home. As a cycling centre the Tourist works are most complete and well appointed, and promise to long continue on the high road of success.

Timaru Herald, 19 March 1898, Page 3 MAGISTERIAL.
A lad charged with the theft of bicycle material, value £2, from C.W. Wood, his employer, also with theft of similar material, value £1, from J. Gibson, a former employer, pleaded guilty. C. W. Wood, cycle manufacturer, said that he had been very busy, and though he had heard from accused's former ployer that he was dishonest, he had to employ him. He had not been able to detect accused, but other lads employed in his establishment had seen him take material. Accused was a good worker, and a lenient view of the case was requested. Accused said that he had not systematically robbed his employer, and had only taken the things the last two weeks he had been there. Several of the articles had been given to him by other boys in the shop. The lad's father gave him a good character this being the first charge he had heard against him. He thought if the lad were leniently punished he would act beneficially; Constable Weathered, the Probation Officer, was instructed by the Department to oppose probation in this kind of cases, where the thefts had been made systematically. Evidence was given, identifying several articles taken from Gibson's shop. His Worship said that he did not like to send accused to gaol, but warned him that if he appeared again he would be severely dealt with. He convicted him on both charges, and ordered him to pay the value of the goods stolen, in weekly instalments of 2s 6d, the total amounting to £3, £2 to Mr Wood and £1 to Mr Gibson.


7 Raymond St. West End, Timaru, 11 June 2014

Ads - Running true

Timaru Herald, 5 February 1907, Page 6
SECOND-HAND BICYCLES. You are requested to inspect. Adams, Ltd., the Arcade, Timaru.
B.S.A. STAR, 24in frame, a splendid machine for a heavy man, triple fork crown, new tyres, adjustable handle bus. price £7.
RUDGE-WHITWORTH — 22in frame, 26 inch wheels, a grand little road racer, a smart machine for fast road rider, tyres nearly new, grand value at £7
MASSEY-HARRIS.— 22in frame, fitted with Morrow-Coaster hub, free wheel and back-pedalling brake, adjustable bundle bars and a splendid machine for touring, price £9
B.S.A. STAR— A grand little road racer, drop frame, special light cycle, short head, a fast and easy running machine. price £0O.
MASSEY-HARRIS — Lady's cycle, a sound strong machine, very suitable for young girl attending school, £6 10s.

Timaru Herald, 16 March 1907, Page 2
Gold medal for best collective bicycle exhibit, gold medal for Edie Star cycles, gold medal for Swift cycles, silver medal for Humber cycles, silver medal for Triumph cycles. All these models on view. You are requested to inspect Adams, Ltd., The Arcade. Timaru.

Timaru Herald, 23 October 1907, Page 6 Tips for Bicycle Riders.
SEE that your Tyres are sufficiently inflated. Scott's can supply inflators.
Don't allow your chain to become rusty and stiff in the-links. Get, a 6d tin of oil to oil the links, and a 3d stick of chain grease from Scott's, and use with a little commonsense. Also get one of Scott's spanners from 9d to 3s 3d, and keep chain adjusted.
Preserve yourself by getting a free wheel at Scott's from 6s. 6d to £2.
Avoid risks and keep out of trouble by procuring a reliable rim brake for 5s.
If you hear your bearings cracking, go and C. W. Wood at once, and get his advice. If he-knows anything he knows a bicycle.
Keep your bearings in free running order, and remember that loose bearings and tight bearings cause broken balls and cones. If you cannot manage it yourself, call at Scott's.
Get your bicycle overhauled and cleaned throughout in all bearings at least once a year 5s to 10s. Take Scott's advice and do not neglect it.
When your covers are blistering and lumpy, get a new one at Scott's
If your cycle develops a mysterious screeching or squeaking noise, get C. W. Wood to examine it. Whatever he advises you to do, do it and without delay. When your-wheels are not true, extra tension is thrown on the spokes, possible result, three or four will snap at once.
If your cycle becomes hard to push even when the bearings are running freely, go down to C. W. Wood, and he will explain the trouble in two minutes. If your wheels are not running in alignment (trade term "tracking"), your bicycle is hard to push, and is wearing the tyres by their running in a scraping, sideway, fashion on the ground. When your cycle always wants to run to one side, go and C. W. Wood, he will show you what causes it, at Scott's Cycle Depot. We shall give you more valuable tips later on, but remember that C. W. Wood is a practical mechanic, has been connected with the bicycle trade for 17 years, and has been in Timaru for nearly 14 years, having in conjunction with Mr J. Gibson started the first bicycle shop in Timaru. Don't forget the old established business at Scott's.

Timaru Herald, 1 September 1908, Page 6 PASTIME v. BUSINESS.
Some people still persist in alluding to the bicycle as a luxury, and merely an article of pastime, but from enquiry at Scott's' Cycle Depot we find that not one in every hundred cyclists uses a bicycle for pleasure, but that bicycles are now a matter of necessity, and the more one rides a Speedwell cycle the more he has to ride, it, for the reason that its makes him cling to and treat it as part of himself...

Timaru Herald, 28 October 1908, Page 2 Motors for Bicycles.
A perfect little motor, developing 2.4 h.p., R.A.C, now greatly in use on the Continent, England, and North Island, can be obtained at Scott's, cycle depot. This wonderful little machine can be fitted to any ordinary standard roadster biccycle, and will reach 30 miles per hour; will climb the "Club hill'.' with a 10 stone rider without pedalling, and will run 130 miles to the gallon of benzine, costing about 1s 3s. Fitted up from 651bs to 801bs. Call at Scott's and inspect.

Timaru Herald, 2 July 1909, Page 6 AN OLD-ESTABLISHED FIRM
In 1893 there were very few bicycles in Timaru, a few solid tyre safeties, a few old time "high machines." In 1894 the first bicycle shop was established in Timaru, then trading as Gibson, Wood and Co., later as C. W. Wood and Co., and since 1903 as Scotts Cycle Depot. The business has continued under the present management since 1894, and now starts on another year. It is gratifying to learn that the majority of cyclists who first commenced dealing as far back as 1894, are still steady and regular customers. In one case one gentleman had had as many as fifteen cycles, in another family ten have been purchased; all from the same business. Scott's have the finest assortment of cycles, accessories, and repair materials in South Canterbury, you have merely to go and have a look round to be convinced. If you want value for money, just go and compare their cycles with any others before you decide. One striking feature at Scott's that all their secondhand cycles are thoroughly overhauled and repaired before being offered for sale, and further, you can exchange a second-hand cycle for another good sound solid second-hand machine, with pump and clips, bag and spanners, oil can, etc.. all given in with reasonable terms. Finally you can depend on a good deal and bargain at the pioneer shop...

Timaru Herald, 2 March 1910, Page 7 A REMARKABLE SALE.
For some weeks past Mark Higgins, the Cycle Man, has been running a bicycle sale, but the climax was reached on Monday last, when he disposed of the whole of his bicycle business in one lot to Messrs J. C. and G. W. Brehaut, who will continue the sale and carry on the business on the progressive lines followed by Mr Higgins. Messrs Brehaut Bros, are not strangers to the Timaru public. They were born and bred here, and served their time as cycle mechanics with local firms in fact they were both employed in the early days of their present shop, and therefore had a good grounding in mechanical work when Cycles were built from start to finish on the premises. It is safe to say that there is nothing about bicycles that they are not conversant with, while their skill as general mechanics is well known, and there is hardly any kind of mechanism that could get them down." As salesmen they have both had several years' experience—Mr J. C. (Charlie) with Mark Higgins, and Mr G. W. (George) with Scott's. Messrs Brehaut Bros, are fortunate in their present deal —the site is an ideal one, central and commodious, the stock is very large and of high grade, while the staff is noted for the promptitude and excellence of their work. Messrs Brehaut Bros, intend to keep the business up to the high standard attained by Mr Higgins, and we wish them every measure of success. We learn that Mr Higgins will make the old place his headquarters for some months, so his many friends will still know where to find the Cycle Man.

Timaru Herald, 28 March 1917, Page 11 BICYCLES AS A NECESSITY
Many years ago when the Bicycle was becoming a popular means of locomotion the writer well remembers listening to a sermon in the course of which cycle riding on. Sundays was denounced as a wicked sacrifice and in every way a trespass on the sanctity of the Sabbath. Further one can recollect the time when the members of the aimed Constabulary were forbidden to ride a cycle when in uniform; the same applied to police officers. However things have changed. We now discover that the cycle has wormed its way into our social system to such a degree that find the push bike an absolute necessity. The telegraph messengers are obliged to use them in their work; the police find they cannot get along without rem. Ministers Preachers and Church Officials would otherwise only get through one quarter of their work. Men who are employed on the water fronts find they cannot possibly do their work and get their meals unless they have a Cycle. We now come to the country worker and those away in the back-blocks. Farmers do not allow their employees to" keep hacks," so the Cycle- again fills the necessity. Workers on the Railway are supplied with a trolley as a means of locomotion, but the County Council and Road Board workers are compelled to resort to the Cycle. Parents will recollect the demands of their children for a Cycle for going to and from school. Business men would wonder what was wrong if their messengers were minus a Bicycle. One could give thousands of further instances but this is to show that Wood's recognise the requirements of all these riders and keep a full stock of Bicycles, accessories, and repair materials so that no Cyclist need be stuck up. After 23 years continuous business in Timaru you may be sure Wood's Cycle Depot knows how to cater for their particular trade. The finest and cheapest range of Cycle Tyres in Timaru is at Wood's.


Stafford Street. Timaru ca 1915-1916. FGR 5580

THE MOA CYCLE WORKS.

Timaru Herald, 12 June 1897, Page 2
Cyclists will find Mr R. Macdonald's notice of great interest to them. The Moa cycle works were opened in May, with two employees six are now employed four first class machines have been turned out, and a dozen are already in hand. A new enamelling oven is just built, there is a full stock of cycle accessories, and the cycle trade is brisk and healthy. Mr Macdonald is an electrical engineer, but finds the cycle trade better for him. He intends importing an electric motor car for next summer and to put the pleasure yacht Moa or the waters of Timaru harbour.

Timaru Herald, 3 May 1898, Page 3
 Though, perhaps, from a cyclist's point of view this is the beginning of the off season, it is from a maker's point of view the busiest in respect to placing and executing orders for new cycles and in repairing machines of all kinds. It is thus an opportune time to have a look round, and a visit to Mr R. MacDonald's Moa Cycle Works, a very a flourishing local industry, is just now of deep interest. The show room and workshops are situated in Ogilvie's buildings, Stafford street north, and the whole place has been very much enlarged of late. It is very gratifying to hear that the demand for machines and repairs is so great as to necessitate this enlargement: or, failing this, customers must be turned away. Mr Macdonald did not like to do the latter, and therefore decided to extend his premises. The first improvement to be noticed is the roomy and cosy office situate at the back of the showroom, in which those in want of a machine are shown the latest and best "parts," in chains, handles, bells, pumps and lamps, etc., and are enabled to choose just what their idea or fancy inclines them. Among the best of the chains may be noted the Appleby twin roller of lamps, the King of the Road, and among pumps, the latest especially for ladies, the pump being worked by the foot, and when closed up occupying very little more space than a reel of crochet cotton. Other parts are variety in pedals; coloured cords for lacing the guards of back wheels, and the aluminumess guard, all for ladies' machines. At the back of the office is the new workshop, roomy and well lighted; furnished with benches for general purposes and wheel-building, and forges for brazing, etc. Of course, the best of appliances are used, the chief of which is one of the finest lathes for cycle work ever imported into the colony. At present it is driven by a compound crank by foot, but will shortly be driven by power from a gas engine, one of 2½ h.p. being expected to hand shortly. Motive power will also be extended to other machines. In the workshop bicycles in all stages of construction are to be seen, a road racer being just about ready for enamelling. In it is to be found the very best parts, from the renowned B.S.A. and Eadie's factories, and it has the Appleby chain attached. Decidedly good points of the Moa are that a customer can see all the parts, and also see the machine tested before its final bath of plating or enamel—advantages which enable him to have his wishes in respect to any particular given full effect to. A half hour spent in the workshop is most interesting, and we were somewhat surprised to learn that the building and trueing of a wheel takes from one to three hours. On the first floor of the shop is situate the enamelling oven, where machines receive, three coats of colour, black, maroon, or any other desired tint, the frames, etc., being rubbed down with ground pumice between the first and second coats a process which, added to the fact that the colour is strained, through the finest muslin, gives a machine that glossy appearance which is so well known. In the showroom, we may add, are to be seen the latest pattern Dunlop, a splendid specimen also Singers and Atalantas (the latter a Christchurch machine) so that any unpatriotic wheelman, who does not care for the up-to-date and sterling Moa, can have instead his pick of one of the best of English machines.

Timaru Herald, 10 September 1898, Page 2
One of the prettiest miniatures mechanical handiwork is a cycle which is on view at the Moa works. The model is complete in every detail, from saddle to rubber tyre, and is the work of Mr W. Barrie, who is deservedly proud of it.


Pretty ladies bikes - Royal Arcade, Nov. 2011. 

Timaru Herald, 26 January 1895, Page 2
All lovers of cycling should not fail to pay Mr W. J. Tonkin a visit (next Shamrock Hotel) who has just imported a number of high class machines, bracing a large range of patterns. In addition to other novelties is a splendid tricycle (fitted with a detachable stay) for lady or gentleman, a lady's safety with detachable stay also, a varied selection of roadsters, road racers, and ball racers of the '95 patterns. Another item calling for special attention is an admirably constructed juvenile safety, the construction of which is equal to many of the high grade machines, being fitted with pneumatic tyres and ball bearings throughout.

Timaru Herald, 3 April 1897, Page 2
Mr Gibson, of the Reliance cycle works, Timaru, had on view yesterday a splendid specimen of a lady's cycle, built to order by the maker named. The machine was of the latest improved pattern of ladies' cycles, and was beautifully finished throughout. Capital features of it were the pretty lacing over the driving wheel and guard for driving chain, and an improved twisted pattern of the crank-irons. The straw-colour of the wheel-guards, and chain box gave the machine a very chic appearance, and added greatly to the finish of the whole machine. Mr Gibson, we may add, has a very complete plant for building or repairing machines, and all interested in the wheel can spend an enjoyable and interesting half-hour in looking over it. Bicycle building is now brought to such perfection as to almost come within the limit of a fine art, and Mr Gibson has everything of the latest pattern. His imported Roulette cycles are among the best in the market, and in making a machine to order he puts the highest class of work in it, and a customer can have his choice of a variety of excellent and splendidly got up fittings.

July 2012 Stafford St.
Stafford St.


Timaru Herald, 23 December 1897, Page 4
C. W. Wood, the plaintiff, was examined at considerable length by Mr Raymond. He had had about ten years' experience in bicycle manufacture. he had made 137 machines in Timaru, and had had no complaints except this one; The agreement was a 25 lb machine, and he weighed it at 26 lb a machine cannot be made to a pound without the extremest care, and the boys made no complaint that the machine was heavy Dunlop tyres were specified, but Dunlop "tyres" does not necessarily include the inney tubes. The Dunlop patents do not apply to the inner tubes, only to the coyer and valve, and the valve can be put on any tube. The tubes he used were equally good, and the same price as Dunlops.
    John Cabot, bicycle engineer, Christchurch, who had examined the machine, stated that it was well built, of excellent material, showing no unreasonable wear. It was not suited for trick riding, but could not say that it had been damaged by such use. The frame was well proportioned, and the running parts good. C. Donaldson, employed in plaintiffs shop, said the machine, was properly built, and the fork was not burnt in brazing. Special care was taken over it, as it was lighter than usual. Lloyd's fittings were good, and a number of gets had been used in the works since this machine was made. Witness effected the repairs for the boys, and told them the fork would not stand long, and when it broke he put in a new one. It was a light roadster, not suited for trick riding. J. Whitley, senr., employed at Gibson's cycle works, said he saw the machine brought in with the fork broken, and it was taken to pieces. McDonald was there then, and said the fork had been burnt...


Bikes - a trailer load

Observer, 20 December 1890, Page 4
You can never get into the good graces of a young woman by watching her mount a bicycle.

North Otago Times, 19 February 1891, Page 3
February 18. James Dickson, a lad of 16, and a cadet at the Orari railway station and post office, was remanded to-day till Friday on a charge of stealing a £5 note from a registered letter which contained two L 5 notes and a cheque, and one of the £5 note was abstracted. The letter was transmitted, and bore no mark of having been tampered with. The lad admitted the theft, and said that he sent the money away on part payment of a bicycle.

Taranaki Herald, 13 January 1894, Page 4
Wheeler: Doctor, I wish you'd make out my bill."
Doctor: I thought you weren't ready to pay it now."
Wheeler: I'm not, but a fellow just asked me what my new bicycle cost me, and I can't tell him until I hear from you.
 
Timaru Herald, 20 March 1897, Page 4  CYCLING ON THE FOOTPATHS. C. A. Jefferson was charged with riding a bicycle on a footpath and pleaded guilty. Sergeant Fraser called Constable Rings, who stated that he was told off for special duty from 5 to 9 p.m. on the 10th inst. He went to the suburban streets on horseback, and saw defendant riding along the footpath on the south side of North Street. That footpath is outside the Borough, on the outer side of the belt. Saw him first about, 500 yards away, walked his horse till they met, and defendant, was riding on the footpath all the way. Defendant said the evidence was generally correct, but the constable had an elongated idea of distance. He was not on the footpath more than three chains, and there was no one in sight walking on it. He went on the footpath at Hamilton's corner to go to the golf ground.
His Worship: I suppose you don't deny that it is a footpath
Defendant: I do not know how a footpath is defined.
His Worship: A footpath is the portion of a road reserved for the use of foot passengers.
Witness: This path is separated from the road by a channel.
His Worship: You bring the charge under subsection 2 of section 3 of the Police Offences Act, I suppose Rides or drives, or wheels any truck, barrow, or carnage of any kind upon or along any public footpath.
Sergeant Fraser: A bicycle is a vehicle, a carriage, because a person is carried by it.
His Worship: I should like a definition of it there is no definition of carriage here. It may come under the definition "carriage of any kind."
Sergeant Fraser: I think so. It is called a bicycle, still it is a carriage. Even a perambulator is a carriage.
His Worship: We must get a dictionary and see what the definition of a carriage is. Mr Hay, solicitor, who happened to be in Court, said — if he might interfere as amicus curie,— there were English cases in which a bicycle had been held to be a carriage. On the other hand Scotch courts had held that it is not a carriage, any more than a pair of skates. His Worship said that the Borough bylaws specially provide against riding bicycles on footpaths. He thought that in Christchurch and other Courts bicycles had been treated as carriages. Did defendant wish to raise this objection? Defendant: Certainly.
His Worship: Then we shall have to adjourn the case until we see the case Mr Hay mentions. I think you will find it is a carriage. The case was thereupon adjourned till next day. Three other cases of a similar kind riding on footpaths outside the Borough were likewise adjourned till today. Two defendants charged with riding bicycles on footpaths in the Borough, pleaded guilty, and were fined 5s and costs. In one case Constable Beddek testified that he saw the defendant, riding on a footpath in Sophia Street in the other Constable Rings was witness that defendant rode on to the footpath from Stafford Street to the Library, where he was going. Sergeant Fraser stated that before taking proceedings against anybody he instructed his men to warn bicyclists against riding on the footpaths, but this appeared to have no effect whatever, and he therefore instructed them to bring up anyone they found riding on the paths. The practice had become a great nuisance, there were a great many complaints made about it; it was a source of alarm and also of positive danger. He knew of one case in which a person had been injured in consequence of the practice. His Worship said it was very objectionable and must be stopped.
DRIVING WITHOUT LIGHTS. A young man named Scott, charged with driving a buggy in the Borough after dark without lights, was dismissed with a caution, as he had been driving out everyday for a fortnight, lamps being supplied, but on this day the stablekeeper neglected to furnish them and he did not notice this when starting. J. Scanlon, expressman, was fined 5s and costs for using his express in the Borough at night without lights.

Timaru Herald, 22 March 1897, Page 4 CYCLING ON FOOTPATHS.
At the Magistrates Court on Saturday the case was resumed against C. A. Jefferson, charged with riding a bicycle on a footpath m North Street, the said footpath being situated m the Levels County. Mr Raymond now appeared for the defendant, and said ho had looked into the question whether a bicycle is a carriage or not, and according to English cases it appeared that for the purposes of the Police Offences Act, a bicycle is a carriage. The real defence, however, was that no obstruction to any person had been proved. The clause on which the ease was founded, prohibits the use of a carriage of any kind "to the danger or obstruction of persons using such footpath. His Worship It is not alleged m the information there is no mention of any obstruction the question is whether there is any offence disclosed. Mr Raymond It is clear that a person may not proceed along a footpath m the Borough at all except by walking there is the by-law against it; but in the county, your Worship has to find that persons using the footpath were obstructed. There is no offence unless some one is obstructed. His Worship Anyone riding a bicycle on a footpath where there are people would necessarily obstruct them and be dangerous to them there is no doubt about that. In this particular case it is not alleged m the information that there was any obstruction or danger, there is no evidence that there was any person walking on the path, and defendant said there was no one m sight when he was on the path. Sergeant Fraser thought the sub-section was very plain. It was true that there was no obstruction at the time, but obstruction might arise at any moment. His Worship It appeared very doubtful whether there was any offence at all, and if there was it was not one calling for any penalty. But with regard to this and other cases, he would warn persons brought before him for using bicycles on footpaths, that he should require very little evidence to convince him that there had been obstruction. He held it to be a very dangerous practice, and persons took the risk they must remember that they were pretty sure to be convicted. Footpaths near town were much used, and persons might be coming out of gateways and be knocked over and the probability was that a person riding on a footpath would not get off on approaching a person on foot. There was no offence disclosed in this case, and the information would be dismissed, with advice to the defendant not to ride on footpaths either m or out of town m future. The other informations would be dismissed, with the same warning to the defendants, if the circumstances were the same. Sergeant Fraser said the circumstances were the same. Three other defendants were called up, and their cases dismissed.

Timaru Herald, 26 February 1898, Page 3
Timaru — (Before C. A. Wray, Esq., S.M.) BICYCLE BY-LAW. J. Cabot pleaded guilty to a charge of riding a bicycle on a footpath in North street, on the 17th. Constable Miller, who laid the information, said the road was very bad for cycling at that point, between Bank and Theodocia streets. His Worship took the state of the road into consideration, and imposed a fine of 5s without costs. J. Gibson pleaded guilty to riding a bicycle in the borough at night without lights. Constable Miller said it was about 9. 15, on a dark night. His Worship said it was a very dangerous practice, and imposed a fine of 5s and costs. Detective Livingstone, who conducted the cases, stated that the offence of riding without lights was very common, and there had been many complaints of cyclists bumping against people and then riding off without apology. His Worship said that if a fine of 5s was not sufficient to check the practice he must make it heavier.


A man's bike with a rear flat tyre and bicycle pump at the Arrowtown Museum, Nov. 2011

Timaru Herald, 8 March 1899, Page 3
A young man named Thomas Edwards met with a painful accident on Tuesday morning. He was driving the watercart belonging to Mr Meaclem's threshing mill through the Waimate Gorge, when on reaching forward to hit the leader he slipped off the tank and the dray passed over his right leg, breaking it near the thigh. He was taken to the Waimate hospital by Mr J. W. Freeman, where he was promptly attended by the hospital surgeon. A brother of the injured man who had set out on his bicycle, to get a doctor also came to grief, for on nearing town his bicycle struck a big stone, and he was thrown heavily to the ground, with the result that his hand was severely gashed and had to be stitched up. A lad named Berry, 10 years of age, while riding a bicycle got his leg stuck in the spokes, and the pedal revolving cut his leg to the bone. He had to be taken to the doctor. Mr E H. Cameron, of Studholme, was thrown from his horse while crossing the railway line at Studholme Junction on Saturday last, and was severely knocked about.

Timaru Herald, 8 April 1899, Page 3
Magisterial Temuka — Friday, April 7th. (Before Messrs J. T. M. Hayhurst and J. Fitzgerald, J.Ps.)
Nuamana (Norman) Tarawhata, a native boy about 14 years of age, was charged with stealing two bicycles, valued each at £20, the property of John Barrett and Fred J. Radford respectively. Mr Farnie appeared for accused who pleaded not guilty, and elected to be tried summarily. From the evidence it appeared that Mr John Barrett left his bicycle standing at the private entrance of the Wallingford Hotel on Thursday, 23rd March, between 8 and 9 in the evening, and missed it a few minutes afterwards. He next found it on the 25th in the Opihi riverbed, to which place he had been directed. He gave no person authority to take the bicycle. Fred J Radford's bicycle was taken from the back of the Royal Hotel on the evening of Thursday, and was next seen by him in the possession of the police. Evidence was given as to the recovery of the bicycles after the police had been communicated with. For the defence it was submitted that the boy had not committed theft which would imply an intention, to convert the bicycles to his own or any other person's use. He had simply, in a boyish freak, ridden a bicycle away, and as it appeared asked a mate to have a ride. The bicycle did not go well, and he went to get a wrench and came back with another bicycle. He would have returned one, but was frightened to do so until after dark, and the other which was discovered later, had been hid by a brother who had joined him in riding. The Bench looked upon the case as one of theft, as there was no evidence to show that the bicycles would have been returned unless there had been police interference; Mr Farnie then spoke in mitigation of sentence. Accused was dismissed, but ordered to pay the damage to the machines estimated at 18s, and 25s 6d costs The amount was paid by the boy's guardian.

Timaru Herald, 21 December 1899, Page 3
Judgment for amount claimed and costs, W. H. Welch v C Creemer, claim £1 2s, cost of repairs to a bicycle damaged in a collision. The evidence showed that the parties riding bicycles met and collided opposite Mr Hitch's shop on Nov. 10th. Plaintiff blamed defendant for the mishap, alleging that he crossed him, from the right to the wrong side of the road. Defendant admitted that he did so, but because plaintiff was crossing to his wrong side. The plaintiff denied this, and two onlookers supported him. His Worship concluded that defendant was to blame, and gave judgment for the amount claimed with costs.


This bike is still in use around Woodbury.

"Whites Aviation Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library" Ref. No. WA-10482-F
Outside the Timaru Aero Clubhouse Nov. 1947

Timaru Herald, 6 June 1900, Page 3
TEMUKA.— Tuesday June 5, 1900. (Before Messrs E. Richardson, jun., and Jas. Blythe, J.P.'s.) Edward Ryan was charged with assaulting John Healey, licensee of the Arowhenua Hotel. Accused pleaded Not Guilty. Constable Gillespie prosecuted, and calling John Healey, licensee of the Arowhenua Hotel, who stated that on the 13th May he saw the accused with another person at his hotel. They had drinks. Later on he refused to supply accused's friends, and some disturbance ensued. Accused then threatened to blow witness head off, and made a movement towards his pocket. Witness deemed it advisable to leave the bar. He saw no weapon. Mary Connohan, housekeeper for last witness, gave corroborative evidence. Accused, in defence, denied having committed any assault. His friend had a row with the landlord, and he may have said that he would blow someone's brains out, but the only weapon he possessed was a bicycle pump, and "wind doesn't hit hard." He had called later on at the hotel to explain that it was only a joke. The Bench considered that an assault within the meaning of the Act had been committed. Accused would be fined £3 and costs.

Timaru Herald, 28 November 1900, Page 4
Temuka (Before Mr C. A. Wray, S.M.) Alfred Tozer was charged with committing a breach of the Temuka borough bye-laws by riding a bicycle on the footpath in Denmark street. Mr T. Cheyne Farnie appeared for defendant, and mitigation of the penalty, called the accused, who stated that he was under the impression that this part of the borough was exempt from the operation of the by-law relating to vehicular traffic. Constable Gillespie stated that this was the first prosecution undertaken in connection with this part of the borough.

Otago Witness
, 9 January 1901, Page 20
In the first heat of the Mile Bicycle Race at Timaru, A. L. Finch's machine slipped, and the rider fell heavily, splintering his elbow and sustaining a compound commuted fracture of the left forearm. The doctors fear that he will have to loose his arm.

Otago Witness, 9 January 1901, Page 17
The Hon. J. M. Twomey, a member of the Legislative Council, was fined 5s and costs the other day at Temuka for riding his bike on the footpath.

Poverty Bay Herald, 2 January 1903, Page 2
Grey River Argus
, 2 January 1903, Page 2
Mr Brown, Manager of the Bank of New Zealand at Temuka, met with a bicycle accident on Saturday night. He collided with another cyclist, and was rendered unconscious for 24 hours by the fall. The many friends of Mr Walter Brown, who met with the bicycle accident at Temuka, will be pleased to learn that he is regaining consciousness.  

Press, 30 May 1913, Page 5
A. McDonald, for failing to close his shop at 11 p.m. on Saturday night, was convicted and fined 20s and costs.
For cycling without lights at night William McGillum, Patrick Greelish, George Henderson, William Venvill and Isaac Baxter were each fined 10s and costs.
J. O'Donoghue, M. Cainis, and Peter Garrity for driving carts without lights, were each fined 10s and costs;
Robert Wade was fined 6s and costs for cycling on a footpath.

NZ Truth 23 May 1929, Page 20 ON DUSTING.
A bicycle pump makes an excellent duster for carved furniture, wire mattresses, etc.


Crazy bikes

The bicycle development from the hobbyhorse through the velocipede, "boneshaker," and "penny-farthing" to the safety, pneumatic safety, and freewheeler.

Timaru Herald, 11 September 1869, Page 2 THE VELOCIPEDE MANIA.
The Oamaru Times of a recent date says considerable amusement was excited lately by a number of individuals successively trying their hands or shall we say feet, or both, in the management of the velocipedes just turned out from the works of Messrs Reid and Gray. These comprise a bicycle and a tricycle. The tyros in the art of velocipedestrianism could do nothing at all with the former, but a few of the more persevering managed to drive the latter at a very tolerable speed for a beginning. But somehow or other, with even the best of these, the machine played all sorts of erratic pranks at all times wabbly, it showed a tendency to all sorts of vices, such as shying, rearing, and and when its driver was careering triumphantly along, would every now and then get its front wheel on a stone or a little inequality of ground, and forthwith pitch him off sideways, backwards, or forwards. This is a difficulty necessarily appertaining to first efforts, but the machines themselves appear to be excellently made. The wheels are of American hickory, and all the blacksmiths' work is of the best steel. Although very light, they are wonderfully strong, or they never would have stood such v tremendous knocking and wrenching about. The diameter of the front wheel of the bicycle is 34 inches, and that of the tricycle 36 inches the weight of the two-wheeled velocipede being 44lbs, and that of the three wheeled 42lbs, which are the smallest weights we have yet seen given for similar vehicles.  

Bone shaker, Talbot St., Geraldine 1866.
Bone shaker, main street, Temuka, The photo was labelled Talbot St. Geraldine,1866.  Negative procession of William Ferrier.
W.H. WILCOX store - he was a saddler. RAYNER, Chemist & Druggist - Prescriptions, Horse & Cattle Medicines, Patent medicines & Perfumery, Stationery

Timaru Herald, 12 July 1895, Page 3 THE ALHAMBRA GAIETY COMPAY.
Though it was snowing at 4.30 yesterday afternoon, Allan Kerr gave an exhibition of one-wheel riding, which attracted the attention of a great many people, but the conditions were so infavourable that he was not seen at his best. At the Theatre Royal in the evening the attendance was fair, and though the company as a whole is not a strong one, what may be termed the athletic items on the programme were exceedingly good those who took part in them being Messrs Allan Kerr, Kingsley, Luelta, and Driscoll. In the first part Mr Kerr gave a clever balancing act on his cycle which was elevated on two chairs, and in the second part a splendid display of tricks, balancing, etc., on a moving cycle; Mr Kingsley joining him afterwards and doing some excellent posturing while his companion drove the machine. The dual show was exceedingly good. Others who call for special mention were Messrs Driscoll and Luella for their very good acrobatic work, and Miss Emma Markham for her singing and neat dancing. For this evening it is advertised that there will be a complete change of programme, and all fond of feats calling forth strength and nerve should give the company a call.

INVERTED.
Girl, bicycle;
Road, icicle.
Slip, whirl
Bicycle? - girl?

Otago Rail Trail 
Timaru's walking / bike & walkways
Share the road
Braemar Rd - another way to Pukaki

Timaru Herald, 10 March 1897, Page 2
It was mentioned at the meeting of the Mackenzie County Council on Monday that the report of Mr Brodrick, of the Survey Department, on a proposed road to Mount Cook via Mr Burnett's station with a bridge over the Tasman river, was an adverse one, on account of the cost, which was estimated at £5000 to £6000 and that as an alternative he recommended a road to the head of Lake Pukaki from Tekapo, with a steam launch on the lake.

The Alps 2 Ocean Cycle Trail 300km. maps  map
CTONZ Cycle Tour Operators NZ local standards

Timaru Herald Dec. 2011 First section of cycleway
STAGE one of the Alps 2 Ocean cycleway a joint initiative between the Mackenzie and Waitaki district councils, is at the Pukaki moraine near Mt Cook. Signs from the moraine along Hayman Rd to Twizel are in place. Alps 2 Ocean Cycle Trail Joint Committee chairman said people would be able to walk or cycle a combination of country roads, canal roads and sections of the trail in a loop from Twizel. ‘‘We’ve been working to get a loop available in time for the holidays. People can ride or walk out of Twizel from Glen Lyon Rd up over the Pukaki-Ohau Canal then up to State Highway 80 to join the trail to the southeastern corner of Lake Pukaki. From there, they’ll be able to double back to the info centre at Pukaki and follow the trail from there to the east of Pukaki airport then back to Twizel. The route is being designed where possible with continuously linked gentle curves to provide easier cycling, with some old roads and existing tracks used where possible. We will open a section of trail at the southern end of Lake Pukaki that’s easy for the public to access by bike or by foot. This will give people the opportunity to experience the quality of tracks, the gradient and to get an early look at our signage. The Department of Conservation is also in the process of updating the Mt Cook National Park Management Plan to allow cycling in the park on nominated trails. Mt Cook cyclists wanting to cross the Tasman River to link up with the start of the trail can book a helicopter crossing at a cost of $135 per person. The bikes will also be carried across by helicopter. An Alps 2 Ocean feasibility study found this was the most cost effective way to traverse the river and required no capital cost as the existing airport infrastructure was already in place. The helicopter crossing would give cyclists a scenic view and will be used until an alternative crossing option can be finalised. Construction is continuing on other sections along the trail with the Duntroon to Elephant Rocks section in the Waitaki Valley under way and the final approval stages in progress for the Ohau Weir to Lake Ohau Lodge section and the Lodge to Quailburn and Tambrae via Quailburn Road to Omarama. Work on the 312km trail to Oamaru is set to continue during the next year with the full trail scheduled for an official opening next November as part of the New Zealand Cycle Trail project

September 2012. The first stage of the trail - about 123 km long- would be newly constructed trail. Lake Ohau to Lake Ohau Lodge, Lake Ohau Lodge to Quailburn Road, Quailburn Rd to Omarama and Omarama to Otematata were all in their final stages of completion. 187kms of trail use existing road such as the canal roads and the road on the north side of Lake Aviemore. About 60 per cent of the 312km trail would be on-road. It would be a good ride for hybrid bikes, it shouldn't be too difficult for most riders.

A2O Trail opened Feb. 2013. Utube flicker
Aoraki/Mount Cook-to-Omarama section covers 163 kilometres completed Feb. 2013. The ride trends downhill, descending 760 metres along its route, and although the terrain is easy, there are complications. To cycle its entirety from Mount Cook Village, riders must take a helicopter across the Tasman River after just a few minutes of pedalling. Those who don't have the $550 to splash on a chopper ride can take a shuttle bus from Twizel up the eastern shore of Lake Pukaki to start at Tasman Point, by the head of the lake. Alps 2 Ocean is a combination of roads and purpose-built tracks, and from Tasman Point along a dirt road, round the shores of Pukaki, across the Pukaki Flats, overnight at Twizel, along canal roads and around the southern shores of Lake Ohau, Lake Ohau Lodge for lunch, towards Omarama and a hot tub, climb over Benmore Dam and down the backside and cross over again at the Aviemore dam to Kurow, on the highway for 20 kilometres, and Duntroon and The Elephant Rocks and country roads.

Aoraki/Mount Cook to Braemar Station [37 km] An expensive helicopter ride.
Another option. Take the road less travelled. Have someone drop you at the northern end of the Braemar Mt Cook Station Rd. 5kms after the top side of Tekapo turn on to the Braemar Rd and once you reach Lake Pukaki turn right. Enjoy the scenery map
Braemar Station to Twizel [45 km]
Twizel to Lake Ohau (18.4km) on-road. Around the southern shore of Lake Ohau (8.8km) off-road.
Quailburn to Omarama (18.5km) on-road
4km section around Omarama off-road
Otematata to Kurow (33.7km) on-road
Kurow to Duntroon (22.7km) on-road
Duntroon to Windsor (15km) on-road
Windsor to Weston (11.6km) on-road

Observer, 8 May 1897, Page 18
Observer, 8 May 1897, Page 18


Hagley Park, ChCh, Nov. 2009


Looks like this ladies bike is still in use in 2012 as the tyre is not flat. Note the carrier on the back and the dynamo light on the front. Also the bell and a new seat.

Nov. 2009. 

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project