Departed London 10 Sept.1862 and arrived in Timaru 16 Dec. 1862 102 days. Capt. Cooper. Landed 130 immigrants. Dr Duncan McLean.
From the "Lyttelton Times" December 24, 1862
Arrived - Dec. 23, ship Echunga, 1007 tons, Cooper, from London, via Timaru.
Mr and Mrs Martin
Mr and Mrs Tipping
Mr and Mrs Sparrow and six children. Miss Sparrow
Messrs Tipping (4), H. Ingle, Sparrow
Misses Louisa Porter, Frances Burke, Dooden, Martin, Tipping (3)
Government ImmigrantsSurname First name Sex Sps Chd Occupation Abberseth Gilbert M Y Farm Labourer Adams Thomas M Farm Labourer Anderson Bessie F Domestic Servant Anderson Robert M Y 4 Farm Labourer Annandale Jessie F Domestic Servant Baker James G. M Y Schoolmaster Bargfredo Johann M Y Farm Labourer Barr John M Y Farm Servant Betson Caroline F Domestic Servant Blackmore Abraham M Y 1 Labourer Blunt Wm. M Y 6 Labourer Boyd Robert M Y Farm Labourer Bryant George M Y 2 Farm Labourer Burnett David M Y Shepherd Campbell Hugh M Ploughman Carter Benjamin M Y 1 Labourer Coffey Catherine F Domestic Servant Coffey James M Farm Labourer Collins Joseph M Y Labourer Connor Elizabeth F Domestic Servant Craigie Jane F Dairymaid Craigie Jesse F Dairymaid Duan James M Farm Labourer Edwin Margaret F Dairymaid Eord John M y 4 Cooper Fisher Joseph M Y Labourer Fitzgerald John M Labourer Fitzgerald Wm. M Labourer Forsfall Wm. M Y 3 Labourer Fox Benjamin M Y 3 Labourer Frejaring Bennett M Y 2 Farm Labourer Frejaring Michael M Y Farm Labourer Fyffe Thomas M Y Mechanic Galvin Julia F Dairymaid Garrett Anne F No occuptions Garrett Florence F No occupation Garrett Mary F No occupation Gathin Ann F Farm Labourer Gilfillan Robert M Y 2 Ploughman Gillandris Hector M Y Shepherd Gilmore John M Y 2 Shepherd Gilmour Ellen F Domestic Servant Gilmour Jane F Domestic Servant Gould Samuel M Gardner Grangey Eliza F Domestic Servant Groggin John M Farm Labourer Hamilton Thomas M Farm Labourer Hancock Thos M 2 Gardner Hayes Samuel M Y 2 Farm Labourer Henderson Wm. M Labourer Hislop Janet F Domestic Servant Hislop Jessie F Domestic Servant Hislop Joseph M Farm Labourer Hislop Maria F 2 Hoare Dennis M Farm Labourer Co. Kerry Hoare Patrick M Y 1 Farm Labourer Co. Kerry Hoft Hirman M Y 1 Farm Labourer Hogg Thomas M Shoemaker Hunter Agnes F Domestic Servant Hunter Margaret F Domestic Servant Irwin Henry M Farm Labourer Irwin Robert M Y Labourer Irwin Robert M Y Farm Labourer Jewell Wm. H. M Y Carpenter Jifford Abraham M Y Farm Labourer Jorvey Janet F Dairymaid Kennedy Judith F Domestic Servant Kerr Agnes F 2 No occupation Kerr Ellen F No occupation Kerr Margaret M Domestic Servant Kershaw Wm. M Y 3 Shoemaker King Wm. M Carpenter La Bar Ann F Dressmaker Letford Wm. M Lewis Joseph M Y 3 Farm Labourer Linard Esther F Domestic Servant Linme Jane F Domestic Servant Lodan John M Miller Luke George M Y 4 Farm Labourer Mahoney Denis M Farm Labourer Martin Jane F Domestic Servant McCann John M Ploughman McConnell John M Y 3 Shepherd McGin Edward M Labourer McGucken Esther F Domestic Servant McKay Donald M Ploughman McKensey Anor F Domestic Servant McKnight George M Y 1 Farm Labourer McQuilland Ellen F Dairymaid Miles Mary F Domestic Servant Miller James M Y 4 Labourer Miller Margaret F Laundress Milne David M Farm Labourer Missen Harriet F Needlewoman Missen James M Mitchell George M Farm Labourer Mobby Louisa F Domestic Servant Moore John M Y 4 Domestic Servant Morrison Alex. M Farm Labourer Murphy Johanna F Domestic Servant Murphy Margaret F Domestic Servant Newell Thomas M Y Labourer Palmer George M Y 1 Gardner Pope Mary F Domestic Servant Pope Mary F 2 No occupation Pope Patrick M boy Powell John M Y 7 Labourer Quin Judith F Dairymaid Rapsey James M Y 3 Labourer Reed Hannah F Nurse Rice Edward M Y 4 Labourer Richards Elizabeth F Farm Servant Rourke John M Y 4 Farm Labourer Rule Wm. R. M Y 2 Farm Labourer Saddler Thomas M Farm Labourer Shaw Wm. M Y 1 Shepherd Shea Margaret F Domestic Servant Shields James M Y 2 Ploughman Silverton Wm. C. M Y Bricklayer Smellie Wm. M Y 3 Ploughman Smith Elizabeth E. F Farm Servant Smith Emily E. F Farm Servant Smith Fanny F Domestic Servant Stewart Mary F Domestic Servant Sutherland Alex M Y 2 Ploughman Sutherland Angus M Y 5 Ploughman Tayler George M Y 2 Carpenter Thomson John M Y 2 Farm Servant Trew Alex. M Y 3 Ploughman Tyrrell Judith F Dairymaid Vallance Robert M Ploughman Walker James M Y Farm Servant Walker Margaret F 1 Domestic Servant Webster Alex M Blacksmith Webster Charles M Farm Labourer Wood James M. M Mason Young Alex. M Labourer (name appears in the newspaper but not on the passenger list)
Single adults with children:
Margaret Walker's son - James Walker
Maria Hislop's children - Geo. W. & Henry Hislop
Agnes Kerr - James & John Kerr
Mary Pope - John & Wm. Pope
Thom. Hancock was a single man with two sons.
Adults - 231
Children - 85 (between 1 and 12)
Infants - 16
Total- 332, equal to 273 1/2 statue adults.
The Echunga, from London (10 September 1862), via Timaru, arrived in Lyttelton on Saturday last. She arrives at Timaru on Tuesday morning, the 16th inst., after a fair passage of 102 days from Gravesend. Lost six at starting, having to beat down the Channel. Left Start Point astern on September on September 10. and sighted Stewart's Island on December 12. On the 14th inst. encountered a heavy gale from the north-west, and had to lay to under close reefed topsails. The passengers speak in the highest terms of kindness and attention experienced at the hands of the captain and doctor. The Echunga landed 130 of the immigrants at Timaru. Several of the others who intended to have been landed there declined to do so as they did not consider themselves bound to land where no sufficient provision had been made for their reception. The following births and deaths occurred during the voyage-
October 7, Mrs Robson, of a daughter
October 13, Mrs Carter, of a son
October 13, Mrs Jewell, of a son
November 7, Mrs Millar, of a son
November 21, Mrs Palmer, of a daughter
November 21, Mrs Rice, of a son
December 13, Mrs Rule, of a daughter
October 7, Martha Horsfell, an infant of acute hydrocephalus
October 29, Herman Hoft, an infant, of marasmums
November 24, Ann Sutherland, an infant, of aptha intantum
December 3, John Barr, aged 69 years, of bronchitis senilis
October 16, Edward Butters, the cook's mate, washed overboard and perished.
Total - Births 7, deaths 3 infants, 1 adult and 1 seaman lost overboard.
'South Canterbury - A Record Of Settlement' Oliver A. Gillespie, published by South Canterbury Centennial History Committee, 1958. Reports 121 landed at Timaru because accommodation had not been provided for.
Name Age County Occupation Blunt William 40 Glostershire Labourer Ann 37 Mary 11 Tom 10 Maria 7 Eliza 5 William 3
Otago Witness, 31 January 1863, Page 2
A melancholy and fatal accident occurred at Timaru on Wednesday the 14th inst. A party of public works people were engaged in widening and improving the Bench road at Timaru by cutting deeper into the fence; off the cliff near Mr Beswick's store. A huge mass of cliff suddenly gave way whilst a man named Henry Gillespie was in the act of undermining it and before he could escape crushed him to the ground ; when extricated he was found by Dr Butler (the district provincial surgeon), to have sustained such injury that no hope could be entertain of his recovery: all the ribs on one side being broken, besides suffering main severe contusion. The unfortunate man, who was a passenger by the Echunga, lingered between two and three hours, when death put an end to his sufferings; he leaves a wife and infant unprovided for. An inquest, we understand, will be held on the body. � Lyttelton Times.
Timaru Herald, 6 January 1900, Page 2 [Catherine Hoare]
One of South Canterbury's oldest identities has just passed away at the ripe old age of 95. The late Mrs Patrick Hoare was a native of Kerry, and came to the colony m the Echunga m 1862, landing m Timaru with her husband and two children. Their two sons had preceded them. In those days Timaru was but a name, and the new arrivals had to content themselves with a very primitive camp on the beach. An excavation m the cliff near Bruce's mill served as part of their home for some time. They afterwards took up land at Kerrytown, and Mrs Hoare during her whole life in Canterbury never went 20 miles from her homestead. At the death of her husband about five years ago she went to live with her daughter, Mrs J. B. Wareing, at Woodlands, near Temuka. There she died quite peacefully, retaining her faculties to the last. So strong, active, and intelligent was she that she was able to walk part of the way to Temuka to record her vote at the last election, and she was also able to take an intelligent interest in the last Boxing Day sports. The descendants number thirty-seven grand-children and twenty eight great grand-children. Her remains will be interred m the Temuka cemetery to-day.
New Zealand Tablet, 11 January 1900, Page 20
MRS. CATHERINE HOARE, KERRYTOWN.
I regret (writes an occasional correspondent) to record the death of Mrs. Catherine Hoare, relict of the late Mr. Patrick Hoare, of Kerrytown, which took place at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. J. B. Wareing, Woodlands, Temuka, on January 4. The late Mrs. Hoare, who was a native of Kerry, came to this Colony in 1862 with her husband and two children, her two sons, Messrs. Richard and Denis Hoare, having arrived in New Zealand some time previous. Shortly after his arrival the late Mr. Hoare took up land at Kerrytown, where the family remained till his death, about five years ago, after which the deceased lady went to live with her daughter, where her death occurred at the ripe old age of 95 years. Up to the time of her death Mrs. Hoare showed wonderful vitality, retaining her faculties to the last. She walked to Temuka on the occasion of the last General Election for the purpose of recording her vote, and was present at the Temuka Sports on Boxing Day. Her descendants number thirty-seven grandchildren and twenty eight great-grandchildren. The deceased lady lived a truly Christian life, and her funeral, which took place on Saturday, was one of the longest seen in Temuka. � R. I.P.
Timaru Herald, 14 October 1899, Page 2
The death was announced yesterday of an old settler, Mr G. McKnight, who has filled a useful place m Timaru as a corn and hay dialer. The deceased came to Timaru m the immigrant ship Echunga in 1862. For some years he was employed by Messrs Gibson, the chief contractors of the early days, and helped on the settlement of the district by his work on the main roads and then on the railways. About 1890 he commenced business as produce dealer m Quinn's buildings near the railway station and later in Stafford Street South, carrying it on till a few months ago when failing health compelled him to give it up. He leaves a widow, and five sons and three daughters born m Timaru except the eldest son. He was respected by all who knew him.
TREGONING, Michael b near Penzance, Cornwall 1832-33 son of Archelus(Miner) & Mary GOLDSERY. Came to New Zealand from the Australian Gold Mines, for the Gold Rush at Gabriel's Gully, Otago. Then went back to Cornwall to marry Mary Jane BOSANKO in 1861 of Redruth, Cornwall, landed at Timaru, ship "Echunga" 16 Dec 1862 & arrived Waimate in early 1863. One of the earliest settlers in Town and District. Road builder, Farmer, Brickmaker. Children Michael b Timaru 1868, William 1865, Mary Ann (Polly) 1868,Catherine Elizabeth (Bessie)1869 later Mrs G J Shackelton.
From Ballygawley to Timaru : the story of Robert & Elizabeth Irwin and
their descendents / Robert Wilson Irwin.
By: Irwin, Robert Wilson, 1939- Publisher: Auckland, N.Z. : Irwin Pub., 2009. 203 p. : ill. (some col.), col. maps ; 22 x 31 cm.
About: Irwin, Robert, 1841-1913 -- Family.
Irwin, Elizabeth, 1842-1911 -- Family.
Sutherlands railroad goods shed between Cave and Pleasant Point is named after Alexander Sutherland. Reference: 'High Endeavour' William Vance. Published by author 1965. The goods shed is no longer standing.
Thomas Francis Fyfe was a painter who lived at Heaton St., Timaru. His son Tom Fyfe took part in the first ascent of Mt Cook in Dec. 1894.
Shipboard Diaries at the Canterbury Museum.
Passenger ticket, embarkation order and a diary by Wm. H. Jewell are held at the Canterbury Museum archives. The diary can only be read at the Museum Library, and may not be photocopied.
Groves, James M: The Echunga Diaries : London to New Zealand by Sailing Ship 1862 (2004) [see www.echungadiaries.com] in index pages 140 - 149 are passenger names. In September 1862, the barque 'Echunga' sailed from London to Timaru and Port Lyttelton crowded with 332 passengers and a crew of 38. She was only 172 feet long and 36 feet wide. The book by James M Groves, is the story of the voyage. It is told through the diaries of two of the passengers - young Cornishmen who carefully kept daily accounts of their experiences. In addition to telling the daily stories of the voyage, this book contains biographical information about each passenger and the crew members.
Looks like the diaries are by Wm. H. Jewell and William Henry Rule.
From the "Lyttelton Times" December 24, 1862
It is stated that a considerable number of the immigrants on board refused to be landed at Timaru, in opposition to the wishes of the Resident Magistrate, who appears to have stood in place of the Government on this occasion. On the part of the immigrants, it is said that there was no accommodation provided, and that there contract tickets were made out for Canterbury and did not bind them to be landed at Timaru. We have heard it stated that the barracks which were supposed to have been provided for these same immigrants months ago, had only risen about three feet from the ground: that tents were begin put up only after the landing or the first batch, which took place during heavy rain; that no drains had been dug around these tents to carry off the surplus water; that no firewood had been provided; and that there was not even a proper supply of dry straw for the people to lay down and rest upon. We do not vouch for these particulars, though we have no reason to doubt the general tenor of our information, which goes to prove that though the authorities knew as far back as May last that a large batch of immigrants would be landed at Timaru, they were caught on December 16 almost totally unprepared. Under these circumstances if we had been in the position of these immigrants we should also have very firmly but respectfully declined to land.
From the "Lyttelton Times" December 13, 1862
Arrived - December 12, barque Waterlily, 595 tons,
Bolt, from London, via Nelson Passengers:-
Cabin- Miss Hoskeyns, Miss Cairns.
Steerage- Messrs Smith, Bromwick, Gammon, Barrett, Taafe, Otrance, M'Cann, Moon, Jones, M'Solven.
The barque Waterlily, from London, arrived at Lyttelton yesterday morning, having called in at Nelson to land seven valuable thoroughbred horses, shipped by Mr Robinson, which arrived at Nelson in perfect health and condition. She has made rather a long run, having been 115 days out between the Channel and Nelson. She brings a quantity of general cargo for this place.
Reference: Page 76, W.H. R. Dale Album, Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand (W.H. R. Dale Album is a book with newspaper clippings from The Lyttelton Times, passenger lists and voyage reports are in chronological order, photocopying is permitted from this album).
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