At least once every three years New Zealand holds a general election to choose its Parliament. Electoral boundaries changed through the years based on population. The rolls are alphabetical. The electoral roll is a publicly available publication listing everyone in the electorate who is enrolled. A new roll comes out every year, and in Parliamentary election years there are two rolls printed. The first roll is produced for registered electors to check they're listed correctly. The second roll is used on Election Day. Genealogists will be delighted with the amount of information which exists about those who made it onto the rolls. Only those with 'a stake in the country' were granted the franchise. Such people would be at least 21, male and householders, leaseholders and freeholders of real estate worth a certain amount of money.
Lyttelton Times, 23 April 1864, Page 7
Zealand, Electoral Rolls, 1853-1981
The original collections of electoral rolls are held in the Parliamentary Library in Wellington, New Zealand.
South Canterbury early rolls: 1857 1861 1862 (online Lyttelton Times) 1864
Lyttelton Times, 10 April 1861, Page 5
To the Editor' of the Lyttelton Times.
Sir, As an elector of the Timaru district I wish to suggest, if you will permit me, through you to one proper authorities the very great inconvenience of the present arrangements for polling that portion ying to the N.W. The polling place was at the station of Mr. Thomas Moorhouse; 9 votes I believe were recorded, of these two were travellers, one the master of the house, and one the returning officer, a Timaru townsman. I leave the apathetic absentees to your argument, your sarcasm, or if you think proper your solemnity, according to the context of your next remarks on pastoral elections, perfectly satisfied it will be useless. But in your judgment please to consider that the nearest portion of the upper Ashburton and Rangitata district is a fair day's ride in fine weather, and on such a day as last Monday was in the hills, perfectly shut off from the present polling place. The consequence of this will be to cause the member for Timaru, in all probability, to be returned by the town and not by the district. If town and country are to be fairly represented, it is not too much to ask that polling places be appointed of easier access than by a ride of 35 miles, 20 of which may be in rain, as was the experience of your humble servant, SUBSCRIBER
The first New Zealand-wide Electoral Rolls are for 1865 although Provincial
Rolls are available from the mid 1850s
Timaru Herald, Volume I, Issue 46, 20 April 1865, Page 2 Papers Past April 22
Abbenseth to Harding Harris to Reed Reilly to Younghusband
Search 1881 1893 1896 1911 1853-64
Lyttelton Times 4 May 1861 Persons claiming to have their names placed on the electoral roll for the Timaru District
Timaru Herald, 18 May 1866, Page 5
Timaru Herald, 8 May 1872, Page 3 1872 objections
Timaru Herald, 9 May 1878, Page 2 Objections and May 9th, May 9th cont., May 13
Gladstone District 1876-77 A to L M to Z
1876-1877 Electoral Districts were Gladstone, Geraldine and Timaru. Aotearoa New Zealand Centre located at the Central City Library Christchurch has all the electoral rolls on microfilm up to 1972 there after in book form. and Alan McRobie's New Zealand Electoral Atlas. Check the atlas first to see which electoral district to look for. The spelling of the names conforms with that on the rolls. There are variations for spelling of both localities and Christian names e.g.:
Waihi Bush is Woodbury
Wallingford is Temuka
River Eyre. Probably River Hare, an early name for Hae Hae Te Moana
Timaru District 1876-1877 Returning Officer: Belfield Woollcombe (images large) A - Barry
Beavan - Brosnahan
Brosbahan - Cliff
Clough - Devine
Dillon - Fussell
Fyfe - Hall
Hall - Holmes
Hope - Knight
Lake - Mathews
Mathews - Newton
Newton - Power
Prentice - Sams
Sanderson - Storey
House of Representatives.
Electoral District of Geraldine.
Roll of Persons Qualified to Vote at the Election of Members for the House of Representatives between the Last Day of August, 1876, and the First Day of September 1877.
1. A -Beattie
2. Beetham - Cain
3. Cain - Curran
4. Currie - Farquarson
136 Farquarson, David Temuka household Part town section 42, Temuka
137 Farquarson, Daniel Arowhenua household George town Arowhenua Geraldine
5. Fergusson - Grigg
181- Griffiths, Charles Orari freehold Section 8202, 80 acres, Orari
181 Grigg, John Ashburton leasehold Section 5487, 50 acres, Orari
6. Grilish - Hullen
7. Hullen - Leary
258 Leary, John Kakahu freehold Section 17279 Kakahu, Geraldine
8. LeCren - McKenzie
9. McKenzie - Ormsby
10. Padget - Raine
11. Rawlings - Smith
12. Smith - Uprichard
13. Velvin - Wright
494 Wright, William Temuka freehold Waitohi Downs 108 acres, section 13587
14. Wyatt - Young
Persons Qualified to Vote
Election of Members
The House of Representatives
Province of Canterbury, New Zealand
Printed by A.G. Horton, South Road
List of persons claiming to vote in the 1866 election
Timaru Herald 6 May 1865 pg 5 1865 objections
TIMARU 1865 - 1866 (326 electors) (Alfred Cox elected) (images large)
1866 (opens in a new window)
3. Akroyd - Cullman
4. Dean - Goldsmith
5. Gosling - Jones
6. Kalagher - Meyer
7. Mills - Simpson
8. Simpson - Wilds
9. Wilkin - Young
GLADSTONE 1865 - 1866 (202 electors) (Francis Jollie elected) (images large)
3. Abbemseth - Fraser
4. Fraser - Maude
5. Maude - Studholme
6.Taylor - Young
Grey River Argus, 19 May 1866, Page 3
ELECTORAL DISTRICT OF PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY. In Pursuance of the Provisions of The following places are Polling Places for the Electoral District of Province of Canterbury :
Geraldine Resident Magistrate's Office, Arowhenua.
Geraldine. Mr A. Cox's woolshed.
Town of Timaru.-Resident Magistrate's Office, Timaru.
Waitangi - Mr Sheath's woolshed, River Te Ngawai and Mr F. Jollie's woolshed.
Mount Cook. Mr Teschmaker's woolshed.
Waimate.- Mr Studholme's woolshed.
Seadown. The Levels woolshed.
Press, 5 December 1881, Page 3
Timaru � The Court-house, Timaru.
Gladstone � N.Z. Meat Preserving Company's office, Washdyke (principal) Road Board office, Levels;
school-house, Fairlie Creek;
Mount Cook Board Board office, Burkes Pass
Mount Peel Board office, Peel Forest
Geraldine�RM. Court-house, Temuka;
schoolhouse, Waitohi Flat;
school-houses at Woodbury, South Rangitata, and Kakahu;
Mechanics' Institute, Winchester.
Waimate County Chambers, Waimate;
N.Z. and A.L. Co.'s Homestead, Pareora;
Hon. B. Campbell's Homestead, Station Peak.
Star 18 July 1884, Page 3
Polling Places for Canterbury.
GERALDINE. Polling-booth, Temuka (principal)
Schoolhouse, Waitohi Flat
Schoolhouses: Woodbury, South Rangitata, Kakahu
Mechanics' Institute, Winchester
TIMARU. Courthouse, Timaru (principal)
Office of Wood, Sinclair and Co., Timaru.
Office of the N.Z. Meat Preserving Company, Washdyke (principal)
Office of the Levels Road Board, Point
Schoolhouse, Fairlie Creek
Office of Mount Cook Road Board, Burkes Pass
Office of Mount Peel Road Board, Mount Peel
County Chambers, Waimate (principal)
N.Z. and A.L. Co.s Homestead, Pareora
Woolshed, Station Peak
Woolshed, Hakateramea Downs
Station Buildings, Waihao Forks
Schoolhouses: Waihao, Redcliffe, Waituna, Hunter, Makihikihi, Hook, Otaio, St Andrew's.
Press, 10 November 1890, Page 6 List of Polling places
Geraldine�Courthouse, Temuka (principal);
office of Levels Road Board, Pleasant Point;
Mount Peel Road Board office, Scotsburn;
Schoolhouses, Hilton, Waitohi Flat, Woodbury, Orari Station, Milford, and Rangitata Station;
Mr Charles Pye's house, near Fairlie Creek;
Mr Kee's house, Opihl river-bed;
Timaru� Courthouse Timaru (principal),
William Evans's old office, Stafford street,
Timaru; Borough Council Chambers, Timaru;
office of the late Meat Preserving Works. Washdyke;
office at Homestead, Levels Station.
Waimate � Courthouse, Waimate (principal);
schoolhouses, Pareora, Hunter, Makikihi, St. Andrews, Upper Otaio, Kingsdown, Waltaki North, Redcliff, Fairlie Creek, Albury, and Cave;
office of Mackenzie County Council, Burkes Pass;
goods shed, Tekapo Bridge station;
town hall, Sandhurst;
railway shed, Waihao Forks;
County Chambers, Wiamate;
Shepherds' house, Hakateramea Downs.
Timaru Herald, 21 February 1885, Page 3 RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT. WAIMATE
Thirty-nine summonses had been issued at the instance of the Registrar of Electors for persons whose names on the electoral roll of Waimate were objected to, in consequence of removal from the district or having parted with their freehold qualification. Mr Graham, Registrar of Electors, produced his appointment, and said ho was revising the roll by directions received from Government. In each of the cases of objection, notice had been forwarded, registered through the post-office, addressed to the person whose name was objected to. A summons m each case had then been issued and served, by the bailiff leaving summonses at the residence as described m the roll. There was no appearance of persons whoso names were objected to when the cases were called. The bailiff had ascertained that three whose names were objected to were denied, viz., Richard Green, of Timaru ; Win. Maclean, of Pareora, and George Riddle, of Pareora. Three cases were withdrawn, on it being ascertained the persons were still residing in the district. The following names were ordered to be struck off the roll : Jno. Annand, Wm. Black, F. Walter Coe, Jno. J. Dailey, Jos. Goulding, W. Heatley, Thomas Hunt, Thomas Hunt junr., Geo. Ingram, Jos. Kerr, H. N. Luncell, Robert Lubrey, H. Oxley, Alex. Robertson, Richard Robertson, Thomas Scott, George Shave, and E. C. Woollven, all of St. Andrews ; Jno. Campbell, E. J. Collins, Jno. Cormack, Jno. Loudon, Archibald Mahan, Malcolm McInnis, Vernon Musgrave, Richard Roland Pitt, Geo. J.R. Smith, Jno. Stace Smith, Jno. Stace Smith, junr., and Henry Stowell, all of Otaio ; Jas. Taylor; of Pareora, and H. W. Hammond, of Timaru.
- Male over 21. Women received the vote on on 19 Sept. 1893. 110,508 women enrolled to become electors. Suffrage Petition 23,853 signatures. and of those 1312 were from South Canterbury. It was signed by close to one quarter of the female adult population and was, at that time, the largest petition of its kind signed in NZ and other western countries. South Taranaki women who signed (247 names). When Governor Glasgow signed the Electoral Bill on 19 September 1893 New Zealand became the first self-governing nation in the world where women had won the right to vote.
Prior to WWI, only four nations in the world granted Women's Suffrage - NZ in 1893, followed by Australia in 1902, Finland in 1906 and Norway in 1913.
In 1993 the St Johns Branch NZSG released 1893 Women on First NZ Electoral Roll for the celebration of NZ being the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote. The roll contained 110,508 women in the 1893. Petition The New Zealand Collection in Christchurch Library has has a microfiche, 'Index of first women electors', which names individuals on the roll and gives occupations and the electorate in which the ladies were entitled to vote. The researcher can go from this to the relevant roll and extract information on male members of a family. At ArchivesNZ in Christchurch, there are transcripts of the Women's Suffrage Petition. Women gained the right to stand for Parliament in 1919 though none was elected till 1933.
- Owners of freehold land with a value > �50
- Tenure of leasehold property for a term at least three years to run with an annual rental >�10
- Householder occupying a tenement for at least 6 months previously having an annual rental value >�10 in town or >�5 in the country
- Aliens and felons were denied the vote.
- St Johns Branch NZSG released in Nov. 2001 on microfiche an alpha Index to the 1881 Electoral Roll for New Zealand. This was the first time that all men aged 21 and over who either owned property or had lived in New Zealand for at least one year and in an electorate for at least six months before registering as an elector, had the right to vote. Maori who owned property on individual title were also eligible to enroll as electors in any European Electorate where they were so qualified. So the 1881 election was the first to be held in New Zealand using Universal Male Suffrage. The fiche are available for sale as $20 per set posted. The index gives surname, given names, occupation whether a freeholder or residential, address and electorate for 121356 men.
- Make note of the years you have checked whether or not or found anything
- There are not zillions of electorates, it is quite feasible to look for your name in every electorate.
- Check supplementary rolls. When looking at a particular electorate, always look also at the "supplemental" roll for that electorate - sometimes there are two supplements, plus the main roll.
- Check subsequent rolls to determine when someone first appears in the roll and last appears in roll to try and determine arrival in NZ and death dates.
- The rolls are useful for tracing people's movements.
- For current Electoral Roll searching - do a search on the Telecom whitepages site first - this gives initials and an address, which gives a better idea of what area Electoral Rolls to look at in the local library.
- There have never been master electoral rolls compiled, but the Post Office Directories (Wise's) act as an unofficial master list. They do tend to be a bit out of date.
- Parliamentary Electoral Rolls record full names of adult males in the district.
- Refer to Alan McRobie's New Zealand Electoral Atlas to give you an idea of electoral expansion. Covers the years 1853-1987.
- Denis Hampton's Locality guide to Canterbury electorates, 1865-1925 will pinpoint the roll in which an elusive local antecedent should be found.
- NZ electoral rolls are on microfiche at the State Library in Sydney
- At the start of each roll, there is a table showing what towns etc. fall into what electorates. This can change over time due to population growth.
- Ancestors may appear on more than one roll up to 1893.
- Many did not enroll.
- Electors who did not live in the district were entitled to vote because they held property there.
- From 1879 occupations were listed
- People could have died or moved before roll was published
- Electoral boundaries changed frequently in the early years due to population increases even though person might have had the same address
- Election Days
- From 1853 to 1879 general elections took place over a period of weeks or months.
- Gold miners, who were entitled to vote without registration
- Deceased names are found on the objections list
- The right to vote
- NZ Electoral Roll: Check your own entries by entering your full name and birth date.
- Aoraki- electorate
all New Zealand
Electoral rolls 1881 was the first election with universal male suffrage; before then there were property qualifications to vote.
covering all New Zealand
Conservative Premier Sir John Hall passed the legislation which, in 1881,
gave the parliamentary franchise to adult males irrespective of whether they
held property. He advised Kate Sheppard to gather support for women's suffrage
through the circulation of mass petitions and on how these might best be
presented to Parliament. Genealogists should honour Hall who twice boosted the
number of ancestral names on the electoral roll.
Conservative Premier Sir John Hall passed the legislation which, in 1881, gave the parliamentary franchise to adult males irrespective of whether they held property. He advised Kate Sheppard to gather support for women's suffrage through the circulation of mass petitions and on how these might best be presented to Parliament. Genealogists should honour Hall who twice boosted the number of ancestral names on the electoral roll.
was the first year in NZ when men went on the roll without having to have a
property qualification. This CD is an alphabetical list of over 121,000 names and
addresses and occupations of all the men enrolled to vote in 1881. The
1881 Roll is alphabetically indexed for the whole country.
The 1881 Roll is alphabetically indexed for the whole country.Set of Fiche, at the cost of $20.00 posted, available from:
Johns Branch NZSG
PO Box 74212
New Zealand Electoral Rolls (2000)
New Zealand Electoral
Rolls 2004 Microfiches: 1902,1972, 1981 New Zealand Electoral Rolls
Geraldine Electoral Main Roll (13 October 1881)
New Zealand Electoral
Microfiches: 1902,1972, 1981 New Zealand Electoral Rolls
Hint: If you can't find someone check the Maori electoral rolls even if his surname is very European
Otago Witness March 14 1868 page 10 column 1
The population of the Timaru district is as follows:
Electoral district of Timaru, males 1662; females 1312.
Gladstone males 1170; females 512. The total population is 4656.
Timaru Herald 19 May 1881:
The census returns for the district of South Canterbury show the total population to be 21,803 as against 17,489 in 1878.
Bay of Plenty Times 12 March 1881:
The New Zealand census was to be held on the 3 April 1881 and similar information will be collected in all parts of the United Kingdom so that when the census returns are made known, a very close approximation will be made of the number reigned over by the Queen.
Timaru Herald Tuesday 5 July 1887 page 3
The New Electorates, Wellington, July 4
There have been many changes in the electoral boundaries in adjusting districts to the quota of the population, resulting in the number of the electorates in the North Island being increased by three, and those of the Middle Island decreased by the same number. The numbers now are respectively 39 and 52 or in all 91 for the Colony.
Waimate: From the old electorate all the country south of the Waihoa river as well as the Hakateramea Riding has been cut off and added to the new Waitaki electorate....
The Timaru old electorate is increased by the extension south to Otipua or Saltwater Creek by the assertion of land at Washdyke. The boundaries of the new electorate are as follows:...[ see image to right.]
Rangitata electorate Timaru Herald July 6 pg3
The following is the population of the various electorates:
Star 21 August 1893, Page 3
Registrars of Electors. The appointment of the following persons as Registrars of Electors in Canterbury is gazetted :�
William Henry Rhodes, Ashley
Joseph Ward, Ashburton and Rangitata
Francis Worcester Stubbs, Pareora
Thomas Howley, Timaru
Richard Capstick, Waimate.
Timaru Herald Thursday 12 October 1899 pg2
The roll for the coming election in the Timaru electorate is now published and available for inspection at the Courthouse. So far 3878 names appear upon it against 4808 names on the lat roll at the last General Election in 1896, and 3850 at the Licensing Election in March 1897; but we learn that the registrar has a few hundred additional names, which will appear on a supplementary roll. The adjoining districts of Geraldine and Waitaki have respectively 3931 and 4120 voters enrolled.
Timaru Herald Thursday 7 December 1899
The General Election
The weather yesterday being beautifully fine, was a great factor towards the success of the polling, and the poll was heavier than at the last election - 4190 voters going to the poll, as compared with 3721 in 1896. Vehicles of almost every description were pressed into service, and the ladies especially took full advantage of them. The offices were most of them closed in the afternoon, while the shops and factories remained open. Messrs J. Ballantyne and Co., closed both their shop and factory between 12 and 2 to enable their employees to go to the poll. Mr Hall-Jones majority was so great as to completely overcome his opponents. His secretary is Mr Horneman. Mr Hickson, the Returning Officer.
Geraldine - Mr Flatman's supporters worked like Trojans from the opening of the booth, and fairly swamped Mr Macintosh's chances.
William Hall-Jones was born in Kent and migrated to New Zealand in 1874. He established himself as a builder in Timaru. He served on the local council and road board, and was a Member of the House of Representatives from 1890 to 1908. He was a minister for the Liberal government, acting briefly as Prime Minister in 1906. On his retirement from parliament in 1908 he became New Zealand High Commissioner in London. After retiring from this post in 1912 he returned to New Zealand, serving on the Legislative Council until 1936.
Timaru Herald Friday 8 December 1899 page 3 General
Mr Alfred Richard Barclay, B.A., LLB, (Dunedin City) is the eldest son of the Rev. George Barclay, whose name is a household word in South Canterbury as the pioneer Presbyterian minister in that district, and who has probably done more in educational matters there than any other resident. Mr Barclay came to New Zealand with his parents in 1865, he being five years old. He was educated at the Timaru Public school, Christ's College and Otago University. he obtained his B.A. degree in 1878, being the third in New Zealand to achieve that distinction. Later he obtained the LLB degree, and having passed the additional examination was admitted a barrister and solicitor of the Supreme Court of New Zealand, and in 1885 commenced practice in Dunedin. ...Mr Barclay is an out and out supporter of Mr Seddon....
Mr C.A. C. Hardy (Selwyn) is the son of Mr Robert Boyd Hardy, of Cooley Hill, Co. Armagh, Ireland. He was born on September 23rd 1843, and was trained to business in Portasown. He arrived in Dunedin on July 4 1863, and his first employment was driving sheep from Oamaru to Invercargill for Douglas, Alderson and CO. He was afterwards bookeeper for the late H. Kirkpatrick. In 1868 he went to the Charlestown on the Nelson south-west goldfields. and there to Greymouth and for nine years employed by Thompson, Smith and Barkley. He went to Rakaia in 1879 and since then has been engaged as an importer and general merchant....
Parliament was inept at keeping records of voters. Many pioneers did not make it onto electoral rolls. Rolls appeared in the the central government's newspaper, the New Zealand Gazette. The early rolls contain so few names that both North Island and South Island rolls are to be found on one reel of film. Christchurch City Libraries has, on microfiche, most 1853-64 electoral rolls. The New Zealand Collection at the Christchurch Library holds bound volumes of 1850s-70s Canterbury Provincial Council electoral rolls, and 1865-1957 parliamentary electoral rolls on microfilm, including the roll for the 1941 election which was deferred for two years because of World War II and oddments. There are microfiche of the 1943, 1960, 1963, 1966 and 1969 rolls. As well, there for The Christchurch-and-environs area from 1949-57 are in bound volumes. Nation-wide volumes for the period from 1972 to the present. Rolls are not an A to Z list of those entitled to vote in each election but an A to Z list of people in each electorate. At the end of each roll there is a supplementary roll and an 'errata' page of names which have been incorrectly spelt. From 1875 - 1928 the North Island rolls have been filmed in alphabetical sequence. South Island rolls have been filmed. From 1931 rolls have been filmed in alphabetical order; thus Avon in Christchurch is beside Auckland Central.
The New Zealand Constitution Act was passed in 1852. Power gradually slipped from the hands of an autocratic governor into that section of society to whom the franchise was granted. A quasi-federal system of government was established. The provinces were led by superintendents. These territorial authorities were in charge of, or associated with, immigration, public works, hospitals, policing, primary schooling, museum establishment and the sale of Crown land. The provinces set up, within their boundaries, smaller entities, road boards and city councils. A disgruntled outlying district could easily break away from its parent should it use the provisions of the New Provinces Act; Hawkes Bay, Marlborough, Southland and Westland were to become separate entities through the 1858 act. In 1870, central government politician Sir Julius Vogel sought to shock new life into the ailing national economy. Associated with his policy of bold borrowing was the take-over of provincial duties, immigration and public works. In 1876 the provinces were abolished. To replace the provinces, central government established a large number of counties and there came into existence special purpose local authorities � hospital, drainage and harbour boards. In 1950, Sidney Holland's conservative government had taken the radical step of abolishing Parliament's Upper House. MLCs (Members of the Legislative Council) followed MPCs (Members of the Provincial Council) into oblivion and M HRs (Members of the House of Representatives) re-invented themselves as MPs.
Members of Parliament
Temuka was a parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of NZ from 1911 to 1946.
Name Elected Left Office Reason Thomas Buxton (Liberal) 1911 - 1914 retired Charles John Talbot (Liberal) 1914 - 1919 defeated Thomas David Burnett (Reform; National) 1919 - 1941 died Hugh Acland (National) 1941 - 1946 electorate abolished, defeated for Timaru
Waimate was a parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of NZ from 1881 to 1893 and from 1946 to 1957.
Name Elected Left Office Reason William Steward (Independent then Liberal) 1881 1893 electorate abolished, elected for Waitaki David Campbell Kidd (National) 1946 1954 died Alfred James Davey (National) 1954 1957 electorate abolished; defeated for Timaru
The Geraldine electorate was abolished for the 1887 election and the town of Geraldine was covered by the Rangitata electorate.
1875 election Edward Wakefield 1879 election 1881 election William Postlethwaite 1884 election William Rolleston Geraldine was re-established for the 1890 election, and replaced again for the 1893 election; this time by the Pareora electorate. At the 1893 general election Frederick Flatman won Pareora from Arthur Rhodes the former Geraldine MP. 1890 election Arthur Edgar Gravenor Rhodes Geraldine was established for the third time for the 1896 election. It existed until 1911. Election Winner 1896 election Frederick Flatman 1899 election 1902 election 1905 election 1908 election Thomas Buxton
Otago Daily Times 1 Sept. 1911
News has been received of the retirement of Sir Wm. Steward, the father of the House, who for many years has represented the district of Waitaki in the House of Representatives. Sir William, to use his own words, does not want to fight any more elections, as he is not so young as he was. He will take up his residence in Johnsonville, a suburb of Wellington. The probabilities are, that he will be given a seat in the Legislative Council. Sir Wm. Steward first entered the House in 1870 as member for Waitaki. In those years there were five-year Parliaments, and he remained in the House till 1875. During that Parliament, which was known as the Abolition Parliament, he carried through the North Otago Public Works Bill, which provided for the setting aside of 70,000 for public works in North Otago. There was at that time only about a mile of metalled road in the district, and this led from the town of Oamaru to the late Matthew Holmes's gate. There was no bridge over the Otepopo River, and the coaches were often stuck up on the main road. Cargo was landed at Oamaru in surf boats, and the bill provided for the building of a jetty there. It also resulted in the starting of the tramway up the Papakaio Valley, this work being years afterwards converted into the Kurow railway. At the next election Mr Steward was defeated. The reason of Mr Steward's defeat was that he had succeeded in getting two representatives for the Waitaki electorate. He was, however, unable to carry the other Liberal member on his back, so to speak, and Messrs Shrimski and Hislop won the two seats. Mr Steward was then elected Mayor of Oamaru during three successive years until he left for Waimate. Those were strenuous days for young Steward. He was running a daily newspaper - the North Otago Times - in partnership with Messrs Frew and Glenn, writing nine leading articles a week, acting as Mayor, and also as representative of the district in Wellington. He sold out his interest, and bought the Waitaki Tribune, which he converted into the Waimate Times, and which he ran for about 12 years. At the general election of 1881 Mr Steward was again elected for Waitaki, and he won the seat at 10 successive general elections, so that altogether he has a total of five years in Parliament during his first innings and 30 years in his second innings. Sir William (then Major Steward) was elected Speaker in 1891, and held the office till 1893. He was subsequently knighted in consequence of his political services. Altogether Sir William has been an interesting figure in the Lower House, and his tall spare figure will be much missed next session.
Press, 8 December 1911, Page 9 New members of
Mr W. Nosworthy was in the last Parliament.
Mr John Kennedy, who contested the Ashburton seat as a straight-out supporter of the Ward Government, was born in Geraldine, on January, 10th, 1875, and is therefore 36 years of age. He was educated in the Geraldine public school, but he continued his studies long after leaving the public school, and is to a large extent a self educated man. He followed the occupation of his father, that of a shoeing and general smith, serving his apprenticeship with Messrs Reid and Gray, Dunedin. When Messrs Reid and Gray gave up the manufacturing and repairing branch of their business in Ashburton, Mr Kennedy, in partnership with the late Mr Muir, took over the premises and carried on the business for a considerable time. Mr Kennedy then went back to Geraldine, and for several years carried on a general smith's and blacksmith's business on his own account, after which he took a responsible position with the National Mortgage and Agency Company in Geraldine. He has for many years taken a keen interest in local politics, and made a close study of general politics. He has also taken a keen interest in sport of all kinds, in fire brigade matters, and volunteering. He is the popular and capable commander of the Geraldine Mounted Rifles, and is also the Mayor and Chief Magistrate of Geraldine. He is not a fluent speaker, though when he takes a good grip of his subject he speaks with a considerable amount of force and conviction. A man, just in the prime of life, he is full of energy, and while he is of a most genial nature and pleasant address, he is by no means lacking in firmness of character.
Mr J. Craigie was in the last Parliament.
Mr Joseph Harold Moore was born in Nelson, and is the son of the late Mr Ambrose E. Moore, of that city. Mr Moore was educated at a private school and at Nelson College, and he is now well-known to the old Nelsonians as the compiler and editor of the "Nelson College Old Boys' Register," published in 1901, and again in 1909. He was elected a member of the Nelson College Old Boys' Association for his services to the school. Mr Moore entered the legal office of the Crown solicitors of Nelson in 1890, and took his B.A. and LL.B. degrees at the New Zealanel University. He was later employed by a legal firm in Wellington, and was admitted as a barrister and solicitor in 1897. He removed to Timaru in 1902, as managing clerk for Messrs Smithson and Raymond, and, then went to Waimate, where he practised for five years in partnership with Mr W. Hamilton. He returned to Timaru eighteen months ago to practise on his own account. While in Waimate he was elected as the representative of that borough on the Timaru High School Board. Mr Moore has always taken a keen interest in volunteering, holding a commission for some years as lieutenant in the Wellington Battalion, and again in Timaru as captain of the Timaru City Rifles, and at present in the Reserve of Officers.
Mr John Andrew Macpherson is a Scotchman, and 47 years of age, having been born at Clephanton, Nairnshire, in 1864. He was educated at the Royal Academy, Inverness, and in 1882 he came to New Zealand with his mother. Here he joined the railway service, but soon relinquished his position, and bought a partnership in a stock and station agency in South Canterbury. He sold out in 1887, and became a farmer in North Otago following that business ever since. He took an active part in the establishment of the North Otago Farmers' Association of which he is director. Mr Macpherson is a member of the Otago Land Board, and has been a member of several school committees. He twice unsuccessfully contested the Oamaru seat against the Hon. T. Y. Duncan, and in 1905 he defeated Mr A. L. Herdman for Mount Ida, but at the last election, though he topped the nail a the first ballot, he was beaten by Mr Scott in the second ballot for Tuapeka, which embraced a large part of his former electorate.
Mr F. H. Smith, of "Waratah." Albany, is the fourth son of the late A. B. Smith, of Mona Vale, Albury. He was born in New Zealand, and is 43 years of age married, but with no family. All his life has been spent on the land, and at the present time he has a fine sheep property, on which he resides, at Albury. He is a well known breeder of merinos, and was one of the judges in this class at the last Christchurch Show. For a good many years past he has taken a keen interest in public affairs, serving on the Timaru High School Board of Governors, and on the Timaru Harbour Board. He also took an interest in volunteering when the Mounted Rifles were in existence, and used to ride many miles to attend parades as an officer of the troop in his district. He opposed Mr Hall-Jones for the Timaru seat when first he stood for Parliamentary honours, and though he was not widely known then, he was only beaten by 562 votes. At last election he opposed Sir William Steward for the Waitaki seat, and was less than 300 votes behind that veteran. He has been a consistent supporter of the Opposition. Like his father, Mr F. H. Smith is a man word is his bond, genial in disposition, one who would scorn to do a mean action, and he is respected and liked even by his political opponents.
The electoral rolls are helpful in tracking people through the decades.
"Good old Clyde", Clyde Carr, M.P. : Timaru and the art of incumbency, 1928-1962. Thesis
South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project