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Golf was played in Cain's pasture, Timaru, 1894 

 Aorangi - Golf in South Canterbury 
"Denfield" Geraldine District, Orari Back Rd
Grande Vue, Gresham Street, Geraldine
Timaru, Lynch Road, Levels
Gleniti, Hadlow Rd & Pages Rd, Timaru
Highfield, 77 Douglas Street, Timaru
Pleasant Point, Butlers Road, Pleasant Point
Mt Nessing, Mt Nessing Road, Albury
Fairlie, Talbot Street, Fairlie
MacKenzie, State Highway 8, Lake Tekapo
Ben Ohau, McKenzie Drive, Twizel.
St Andrews, Main Road south, S.H 1
Maungati,Craigmore Valley Road, Maungati
Waimate, Parsonage Rd, Waimate
Temuka, Domain Ave, Temuka

Timaru Herald, 18 May 1894, Page 2
A preliminary meeting of those interested in forming a golf club at Timaru was held in the Sophia street hall last evening, there being present Mr D. Davies (the convenor), Major Bamfield, Messrs. West, Wake, Hart, Gunn, Anderson, Gow, and Waite. A conversational discussion took place on the game, and as a large area of ground was required, suggestions were made as to localities of suitable pieces. Mr Davies mentioned that a club would have no difficulty in getting a suitable piece at Saltwater Creek, and it was also remarked that but little attention was required for it. The names of those present were taken down as willing to join, and the meeting was adjourned so that enquiries could be further made as to the probable success of a golf club here.

Timaru Herald, 23 May 1894, Page 2
An initiation into some of the mysteries of Golf plating is to take place to-morrow, the Queen's Birthday, at Saltwater Creek in the forenoon, when an expert with a few clubs and balls is expected to walk over the proposed course, and pronounce as to the fitness of the ground for a Golf course.

Timaru Herald, 23 July 1894, Page 2
The Timaru Golf Club held their first annual meeting on Tuesday at the Sophia Street Hall. The object of the meeting it the election of officers, the adoption of rules, and the consideration of a day for the formal opening of the club. We understand that the committee appointed by the preliminary meeting has rented temporarily the paddock in North street owned by the trustees of the late Captain Cain, And that a few enthusiasts who have already obtained clubs have made the round of the "links " in company with experts from Dunedin who were en route to the Christchurch tournament.

Timaru Herald, 25 July 1894, Page 2 Wednesday
A good and representative meeting was held in the Sophia street hall last evening. Major Bamfield in the chair, to form a Golf Club. A committee was elected, consisting of Mr Lindsay, president; Major Bamfield, vice president; Mr Davies, captain; Mr Wake, Secretary; Mr Gunn, treasurer; Messrs. West, Hamilton, and Wake, ground committee. It was resolved to adopt; the rules of the Otago Golf Club, and authority was given to the ground committee to expend a certain sum improving the ground. The subscription was fixed at 21s for those joining before the 1st September; after that date an entrance fee of 10s 6d will be demanded, the election of members was left to the committee. Regulations were made relative to the employment of caddies and their remuneration. The club will formally open the "links", Cain's paddocks, on Thursday afternoon.

Timaru Herald, 27 July 1894, Page 2
The Timaru Golf Club had a disagreeably cold afternoon for the opening of the links, but the dozen or so of players who turned up enjoyed themselves greatly, in matches of two and one four.

A Texan played Grande Vue, Nov. 2011 while his wife and son enjoyed the annual Arts and Plants Festival downtown, Geraldine. That tall tree is a eucalyptus tree aka blue gum. Gary also played Pleasant Point x2, St. Andrews, Fairlie and Otematata, all in South Canterbury. Gary played 16 rounds on 15 courses in 18 days including Hagley Park, Methven, Wanaka, Kelvin Heights, Oreti Sands, Nelson and Greenacres all South Island courses and the visited the driving range at Frankton. Walking is the only option.  We quickly learned about the honesty box system on these golf courses.

Timaru Herald, 21 September 1894, Page 3
A regular match was played by members of the Golf Club yesterday afternoon, between sides chosen respectively by the president and the captain. The fact that holes and strokes were being recorded, lent additional interest to the varying luck of the players, which indeed varied very much. There were but few onlookers. The match was twice round the links— 18 holes, resulted as follows, the sides playing in pairs —
Lindsay (president) 10 holes, 139 strokes v Davis (captain) 4 holes, 153 strokes
Ronaldson 5—119, v Higginbotham 9-109
Hamilton 7— 118, v Oliver 3—126
McFarlane 4-132, v Gunn 11—113
Foden 4—157, v Bamfield 11—145
Shepherd 2— 182 v H G Wake, 10—111
Gray 18-110, v McGregor 2-137
F W Wake 4-150, v Fergusson 9—128
Total, President's side, 48 holes— 1057 strokes, Captain's side, 59 holes— 1022 strokes. The Captain's team therefore won by 11 holes.

Timaru Herald, 23 October 1894, Page 2
A golf match, town v country, will be played on Thursday next, play to commence at 2 o'clock. The following are the teams:— Country— Keddie, Higginbotham, Clissold, Elworthy, Francis, Macfarlane, Studholme, Teschemaker, Lindsay, Town — Mccgregor, Ronaldson, Gray, Davies, McLaren, Gunn, Ferguson, Hamilton, Wake.

Timaru Herald, 3 November 1894, Page 4
The first foreign match of the Timaru Golf Club was played off on Thursday on the links, North street, and results in an easy win for the Timaru team, both in the singles and the foursomes. As this is the first year of the club's existence, the victory is highly creditable to the local club. Mr Melville Grey showed the best form of the day, doing the 18 boles in 92 strokes. Mr Darling, for the visitors, took the honours with 103 strokes. Unfortunately Mr Brydone, captain of the Oamaru Club, had not an opportunity of displaying his skill in the singles, as his opponent, being detained by business, was late in turning up. The visitors appeared to be pleased with the course, though the bunkers in the upper paddock gave some of them a little trouble. Luncheon was provided on the ground, so that no time was lost in starting the foursomes in the afternoon. Rain came on, however, at 3 o'clock, which prevented more than one round being played.

Sunday at the Fairlie golf course, no crowds, while wife attended the Church Service at St. Columba. A hawthorn tree in bloom. White daisy and mushrooms were bountiful; a yellow ball would have helped.

Timaru Herald, 15 April 1913, Page 8 FAIRLIE GOLF CLUB. The annual meeting of the Fairlie Golf Club was held in the Technical School on Wednesday afternoon last, Mr J. Trotter in the chair. The financial side of the club was shown to be very satisfactory, the balance sheet showing a credit balance of £25 6s 9d. The election of officers resulted as follows:—Patron, Miss J. McLean; president, Mr F. R. Gillingham; vicepresident, Dr Bowe; secretary, Mr W. D. Charteris: treasurer, Rev. H.N. Roberts; general committee, Messrs Clarke. Trotter. O'Brien, Roberts, and Banks: match committee, Messrs Wigley, Banks and Trotter: ladies' committee, Mesdames Trotter, O'Dowd, Smith, West and Pilkington; ground committee, Messrs D. Clarke. F. R. Gillingham, and J. Trotter: handicappers. Messrs Trotter and Clarke. A vote of thanks was passed to Mr F. R. Gillingham who placed his Canfield grounds at the disposal of the club until they could set permanent links. Votes of thanks were also passed to the president, chairman, ladies of club, and the late secretary (Mr D. McCaskill) It was decided to have opening day on 17th April, and it was also decided to hold the annual ball near the same date as last year.  

Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand By Elvin Hatch. published 1992

Scientist Scores Hole-In-One [South Downs aka Fairlie]
Where’s the best place to do science? If you’re Elvin Hatch, it’s the golf course. Hatch, an anthropologist at the University of California, Santa Barbara, has long kept an eye on the greens in order to study the changing social standings of citizens in a small town in New Zealand. In earlier eras, golf was a game only for the upper crust. But as World War II brought labor shortages, and farmhands gained new status, farmers and laborers began joining their well-to-do neighbors on the fairway. Hatch, who has studied changing lifestyles of farmers in Fairlie, New Zealand, and near Paso Robles, Calif., is writing a book on the social history of rural communities. Hatch's reached conclusions through his discussion of stratification and social status and 'farmers' and 'workers', the two primary occupational groups, did not mix much. This may have reflected the decline in farm employment.

One notable feature of the local elite's social life was golf. The first golf club was formed in South Downs in 1906, when a ninehole course was laid out on the corner of a farm located very close to the township. The property was loaned to the club by a middling two-table family, who were also among the players; the links, a sheep paddock for most of the year, were transformed for play just before the golf season began. The grounds were shifted several times during the next few decades, and in the 1920s they were located on a corner of the property of one of the Parkinsons. Throughout most of this decade Bill and Adrian Thrower (from a one-table middling household) donated a week of their time each year to open the course, which included preparing the green and scything the rough. The links were busy with players every Saturday for the rest of the season.

Club membership was not restricted to elites, for the early members included the blacksmith (whose daughter married Charles Ladbrooke), the town librarian, and several farmers that no one thought of as toffs. Nevertheless, the two-table families dominated the club, and the game had very strong elite associations. As Adrian Thrower remarked, “My family always played golf, but they were almost on the outside looking in.” In an interview with a retired working man I made a comment about the rich people that used to live in the district, to which he replied: “And I can remember the day when the Parkinsons and all those used to go play golf. And the general run, no. And now everyone plays golf—there's no class distinction at all. It was said that the working class—I was a member of the working class—didn't play golf.” An elderly woman remarked that “at one time not a working person played golf—they all had their plus fours on.” A retired farmer said: “There was only a select few that used to play golf—the golf course used to be on the Parkinsons' property, part on the Freshneys' bottom paddock. Not everybody played golf. It was sort of something to belong to the golf club. You more or less had to be invited.”

This social life helped to define the elite in South Downs, and it is significant that the Freshneys and the Parkinsons, together with the Crawleys, Southwoods, and other middling two-table families, played a more central role in this circle of people than either Harry Donaldson or the McDonalds. Several one-table middling farmers were also included to an extent; for example, the Throwers were visible figures in the golf club, and the Ladbrookes attended such events as the garden parties at the Freshneys'. Nevertheless, the core of this social circle consisted of refined two-table farm families, both middling and wealthy.

Fairlie Golf Club -  a tree donated.

Timaru Herald, 10 November 1894, Page 3
The holiday-makers in South Canterbury had a beautiful summer morning to tempt them out of doors yesterday. A good many Timaru people took advantage of the special train service to get away for the day. About a hundred went to Christchurch for the Show by a special leaving at 7.20 a.m. At a quarter to nine a special train of eleven tarpaulin-topped trucks and a commissariat van started for Winchester, for the Navals picnic, the trucks being fairly filled. At nine a train left for Fairlie where sports were to be held. There were about three cars full of passengers; the Garrison Band being a large fraction of the whole. At 9.15 the Wesleyan Sunday School, with their pastor, and teachers left for the annual picnic at Seadown, filling eight seated trucks. At the same time that the trains were being despatched several three and four horse drags were traversing the streets picking up, parties for various picnic resorts, and numerous parties drove out to the Winchester gathering instead of going by train. The town Was very quiet all day, but Caroline Bay presented an animated scene all the afternoon. In the evening the railway station was lively when the holiday trains came in. Of the minor attractions in town the Golf ground and Trinity tennis ground were fairly patronitsed during the afternoon, but the weather was too, tropical for the players to thoroughly; enjoy such active games.

Timaru Herald, 30 November 1894, Page 2
The match for the presidents' trophy was played off by the local Golf Club yesterday and resulted in a win, for Mr James Ronaldson who did the 18 holes 92 strokes. Mr Ronaldson's handicap was 5 strokes, so that the round was nominally played in 87 strokes.

Timaru Herald, 7 September 1895, Page 3 SEASONAL CHANGES IN J. BALLANTYNE & COS.
Yesterday Messrs. J. Ballantyne and Co. invited the public to inspect their display of spring and summer materials and fashions at Victoria House, and as a result the premises were thronged all day. In the evening the windows were illuminated till 9 o'clock to give busier people an opportunity to see the excellent arrangement of first rate and novel goods there displayed, and there was almost constantly an admiring crowd in front of them. Lady devotees of golf are provided with appropriate costumes, and every variety of fine summer wear for ladies and children is displayed in profusion.

Barwoods, Easter Monday 2014 Fairlie Show 2014
Barwood Motors Ltd - a local livestock transportation firm and carrier sponsored a hole at the Fairlie Golf course, their business was across the road

Timaru Herald, 23 November 1895, Page 2
A foursome match will take place against Colonel Bogey by members of the Timaru Golf Club on Thursday next, the 28th inst. The following ladies and gentlemen take part in the match — Miss O'Brien and Mr Orbell v. Mrs Smithson and Mr P. Perry; Mrs Lindsay and Mr Smithson v. Miss L. O'Brien and Miss Hamilton ; Miss McLaren and Mr Higginbotham v. Mrs G. Rhodes and Mr Lindsay ; Miss Leech and Mr Gunn v. Mrs Turner and Mr Ferguson ; Mrs Foden and Mr Davies v. Miss Chisholm and Mr McFarlane; Mrs Howley and Mr Gray v. Mrs LeCren and Mr Perston. Afternoon tea will be provided by the ladies, and should the weather be fine, there should be a large attendance. Among the novelties are new tennis clothing, golf knickers and stockings— the latter calculated to double the golf club's membership— new straws m felt shapes and colours, and almost as flexible, club-colour hat bands to tie on, cashmere vests for the hot weather, and many new things in ties and scarves. For travellers nothing of the kind could be better than the Timaru rugs and the large stock of travelling bags.

Timaru Herald, 27 November 1894, Page 2
A lad named Anderson, aged 11, was hit on the left eye by a hard driven ball on the golf ground on Friday evening. The upper eyelid was cut, and it is feared that the boy will lose the sight of that eye.

Timaru Herald, 19 April 1895, Page 2
Several members of the Timaru Golf Club put in a good practice yesterday afternoon. The pavilion is found to be a great convenience, and is fitted with handy lockers wherein members can leave their clubs, etc. We hear that a return match with Oamaru on the links of the latter club is to be played at an early date.

Timaru Herald, 4 July 1895, Page 2
We learn that a small party of Timaru golfers accepted an invitation from Mr J. C. Thierens, junr., and visited the Otaio Estate on Monday last to try conclusions with the country votaries of golf. The links were excellent, and the country travelled over brought out all the best points of the players. The result of the game was a decisive win for the countrymen.

Timaru Herald, 22 July 1895, Page 2
The trophy presented by the president of the Timaru Golf Club for the best driving, was won by Mr Melville Gray, who made an aggregate of 444 yards in three drives.

Timaru Herald, 27 July 1895, Page 2
The annual meeting of the Timaru Golf Club was held at the Sophia Street Hall on Thursday evening. Major Bamfield, vice-president, was in the chair. The balance sheet showed a credit balance of £2 7s 11d. The treasurer's report showed that the Club had erected a pavilion during the year, which was absolutely free from debt. The roll of membership showed that there are 49 bona fide members of the Club, including 14 lady members. The officers for the year were re-elected as follows:— President, Mr W. S. Lindsay ; vice-president, Major Bamfield ; captain, Mr D. Davies ; treasurer, Mr W. Gunn ; secretary, Mr F. W. Wake. The following gentlemen were appointed as a committee of management:— Messrs. Ferguson, Gow, Hamilton and West. It was resolved that the financial year terminate on the 28th of February (in future), the annual meeting being held in the month of March. In consequence of this alteration the original members of the club will pay a half-year's subscription of half-a-guinea, and 1894 lady members, a half-year's subscription of four shillings. It was decided to construct a new dam at the southern extremity of the links, to obviate the necessity of caddies doing a retail trade in balls. Messrs. R. H. Ferguson, H. G. Wake, and Major Bamfield offered trophies to be competed for in the next three months, the scoring to be by holes. A vote of thanks to the president and captain, who had already given prizes, terminated the meeting.

Timaru Herald, 28 August 1895, Page 2
The ladies of the Timaru Golf Club have concluded their match for the captain's trophy. It was won by Miss G. O'Brien from scratch with 127 strokes, Mrs Lindsay proxime accessit. Mrs H. LeCren now gives a trophy for a handicap match for ladies, the match to be played by holes.

Timaru Herald 20 September 1895, Page 2
The final round for Mr R. H. Ferguson's trophy which was presented for competition among the members of the Timaru Golf Club, the competition having gone on for the last month or so, took place yesterday afternoon, Mr Perston meeting Mr Ferguson. The game was an excellent one, Mr Perston putting up a record by doing the first round in 39 and finally winning by three holes. Mr Ferguson was runner-up and Mr McGregor third man. The links are now almost daily engaged by those who are competing for Major Bamfield's trophy.

Timaru Herald, 4 March 1896, Page 2
The annual meeting of the Timaru Golf Club was held on Monday evening at the Mechanics' Institute. The following officers were appointed for this season:— President— Mr W. S. Lindsay ; vice-president, Major Bamfield ; captain, Mr Melville Gray; treasurer, Mr W. Gunn ; secretary, Mr K. G. Turner. The ground committee is to consist of Messrs. Gray, Perston, Higginbotham, and Ronaldson ; match committee, Messrs. Davis, Ronaldson, and Ferguson; general committee of management, Messrs. Ferguson, McLaren, and the officers. It was resolved to open the season on Thursday, the 12th March.

Timaru Herald, 13 March 1896, Page 2
The Timaru Golf Club had a most successful opening of the season yesterday, a great many ladies and gentlemen finding their way to the links in the course of the afternoon. The weather was fine, but at times rather cold; the players did not mind this ; but many of the visitors who hid no opportunity of swinging a club, felt the keen air a good deal. The play was ladies' and gentlemen's fours crats, and the form shown was in the majority of cases very fair. Delicious afternoon tea was dispensed m the pavilion by Mrs H. LeCren and Mrs Lindsay, and was very keenly appreciated. The links are in fine order just now, and judging by the numerous players the club starts the season with a record strength so far. The game is certainly a most interesting one, and with so many old votaries taking part in it, the club should soon have a very strong team.

Timaru Herald, 20 March 1897, Page 4 Magisterial.
Timaru — Friday, March 19th. (Before C. A . Wray, Esq., S.M.) CYCLING ON THE FOOTPATHS.
C. A. Jefferson was charged with riding a bicycle on a footpath and pleaded guilty. Sergeant Fraser called Constable Rings, who stated that he was told off for special duty from 5 to 9 p.m. on the 10th inst. He went to the suburban streets on horseback, and saw defendant riding along the footpath on the south side of North Street. That footpath is outside the Borough, on the outer side of the belt. Saw him first about, 500 yards away, walked his horse till they met, and defendant, was riding on the footpath all the way.
Defendant said the evidence was generally correct, but the constable had an elongated idea of distance. He was not on the footpath more than three chains, and there was no one in sight walking on it. He went on the footpath at Hamilton's corner to go to the golf ground.
His Worship: I suppose you don't deny that it is a footpath ?
Defendant: I do not know how a footpath is defined.
His Worship : A footpath is the portion of a road reserved for the use of foot passengers.
Witness: This path is separated from the road by a channel.
His Worship: You bring the charge under subsection 2 of section 3 of the Police Offences Act, I suppose : " Rides or drives, or wheels any truck, barrow, or carnage of any kind upon or along any public footpath."
Sergeant Fraser : A bicycle is a vehicle, a carriage, because a person is carried by it.
His Worship: I should like a definition of it ; there is no definition of " carriage" here. It may come under the definition "carriage of any kind."
Sergeant Fraser: I think so. It is called a bicycle, still it is a carriage. Even a perambulator is a carriage.
His Worship: We must get a dictionary and see what the definition of a carriage is.
Mr Hay, solicitor, who happened to be in Court, said— if he might interfere as amicus curie, - there were English cases in which a bicycle had been held to be a carriage. On the other hand Scotch courts had held that it is not a carriage, any more than a pair of skates.
His Worship said that the Borough bylaws specially provide against - riding bicycles on footpaths. He thought that in Christchurch and other Courts bicycles had been treated as carriages. Did defendant wish to raise this objection?
Defendant: Certainly.
His Worship: Then we shall have to adjourn the case until we see the case Mr Hay mentions. I think you will find it is a carriage. : The case was thereupon adjourned till next day.

Timaru Herald, 23 February 1898, Page 4
The annual general meeting of the Timaru Golf Club was held m the hall of the Mechanics Institute last evening. Mr S. F. Smithson, president, occupied the chair, and there was a good attendance of members. Mr W. Gunn, the honorary treasurer; presented the annual statement of accounts, the adoration of which was moved by the president and carried unanimously. The club had handled between £50 and £60 during the year, the finances generally were as the chairman stated in a satisfactory state, and there was a creditable balance to start the year with. Mr Smithson was unanimously re-elected president. It was unanimously carried that it be a recommendation to the general committee to endeavour to have the putting greens fenced. It was understood that the fencing was to be cattle proof, and various suggestions were made as to how this should be done. The election of officers was then taken— Mr W.R. McLaren was elected vice president, Mr Melville Gray captain, Mr R. C. Tennent hon. treasurer, and Mr K. G. Turner re-elected hon. secretary (Mr Turner expressed a sincere wish to be relieved of the duty, but no other gentleman would act, and Mr Turner at last said that he would act for this year only, a decision which was received with applause.

Timaru Herald, 10 February 1899, Page 2
The annual meeting of the Timaru Golf Club was held in the Mechanics' Institute Hall last evening. After disposing of routine business the following officers were elected for the new season :— President, Mr S. F. Smithson; vice-president, Mr W. Callender; captain, Mr R. Sommerville; hon. treasurer. Mr R. C. Tennent; hon. secretary, Mr W. J. Cotterill; general committee, the officers of the club and Messrs. McLaren and Stewart; ground and handicapping committee, Messrs. Sommerville and Jefferson. It was decided to lay the links off with a six hole course. The links will probably be ready for play in a fortnight, and the opening day be held on Thursday, 23rd March.

Evening Post, 28 August 1899, Page 2 THE NEW ZEALAND GOLF CHAMPIONSHIP.
WON BY MR. ARTHUR DUNCAN. In wretched weather, cold and rainy, the final round of .the Golf Championship of New Zealand was commenced on Saturday afternoon, between Mr. Arthur Duncan, of Wellington, and Mr. N. F. Perston, of Timaru. A small but enthusiastic crowd of spectators, amongst whom was His Excellency the Governor, followed the players round the links, and took a keen interest in the game. Messrs. L. Tripp and J. Webster acted as scorers and umpires, and Mr. Wilder as referee. New Zealand Championship (gold medal and championship cup). Mr. Arthur Duncan, Wellington second (gold medal), Mr. N. F. Preston, Timaru.

N.F. Perston nearly won the NZ Golf Championship in 1899, remember his club field was a pasture in Timaru.

Norman Matthew Fortescue PERSTON was christened on 02 Dec. 1860 in St Mark's Darling Point Colony of NSW and died on 29 Apr 1947 in Springfield, Darlinghurst Rd., East Sydney NSW AUST. age 86. An accountant for the BNZ. His wife died in 1902.
Children: George Fortescue PERSTON, born 13 Oct. 1886 in Dunedin
Killed 12/2/1917 (Bomb from hostile aircraft) Balkins Front, buried Karasouli Military Cemetery, Polykastro, Kilkis, Greece
Occupation: Farmer in 1910, Moki Rd, via Waitaia
2year Nelson College Vol. R. Corps
2½ years Nelson College and Boys Cycle Corps.
He arrived in UK from NZ in January 1916
Rank: 2nd Lieutenant
Unit: B Battery 99th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, British Army
NOK: His father working at the BNZ 339 George St. Sydney
He was a 2nd Lieutenant in the Palmerston North Rifles in 1910 then went to Sydney

Otago Daily Times 25 August 1902, Page 4
PERSTON. On Saturday, 9th August, 1902, at Bank of New Zealand, Nelson, Isabel, beloved wife of Norman F. Perston, and eldest daughter of William J. and Ellen Moffett, of Invercargill.

Another flat course. Gary played his while wife and son, Kevin, walked the Benmore Peninsula track.

Timaru Herald, 13 February 1900, Page 3
The annual meeting of the Timaru Golf Club was held in the Mechanics' Institute Hall last evening. There was a fair attendance, Mr Stewart presiding in the absence of the president, Mr S. F. Smithson. The report and balance sheet presented showed a cash balance of £4 0s 1d in the bank ; assets stood at £41 13s 1d, with liabilities £1 13s. The club had played six matches, of which they had lost four and won two. Mr Perston had won the championship and Mr Johnson the president's prize. New members were elected as follows :— Messrs. Bristol, B. A. Wright, H. Wright, R. L. Banks, A. McLean, and Dr Gabites. Officers of the club were elected for the ensuing season as follows :—President, Mr S. F. Smithson (re-elected) ; vice-president, Mr C. Perry ; captain, Mr R. Sommerville (re-elected) ; treasurer, Mr R. C. Tennent (re-elected) ; secretary, Mr Cotterill (re-elected) ; general committee, Messrs. W. R. McLaren, Stewart, and M. J. Knubley ; ground committee and handicappers, Messrs. Sommerville and Jefferson (reelected). The chairman said that proposals would be laid before the meeting to erect a separate building for the gentlemen, for about £25, and the old pavilion be retained for the use of the ladies. Some of the lockers would be removed from the old pavilion to the new. He proposed that the building be erected. Mr Knubley seconded the motion, which was carried. It was resolved that it be a recommendation that members surrender their lockers on the new pavilion being erected. The chairman reported that the committee had affiliated the Club to the New Zealand Golf Council, and Mr N. F. Perston was their representative on the Council. The ladies had resolved to separate from the Club and form a Club of their own, and were to pay 7s per member per annum. The actions of the committee were confirmed; Rules submitted by the committee were considered, and the meeting closed.

Timaru Herald, 27 February 1900, Page 2
We have been requested to call the attention of the local Board of Health - a filthy pool in the golf ground, the stagnant and stinking water in which— derived from the drainage of North street— appears to be the only drinking water of a number of cows. Whether these cows are milked for the supply of the town we do not know, but in any case the water is not fit for cows to drink. The attention of the Board should also be drawn (if the Borough Council does not attend to it) to the decidedly insanitary state of the channel in North street east of the Main School.

TIMARU GOLF LINKS - Highfield links, motto in 2014 - play in the middle of town

Taranaki Daily News, 20 July 1904, Page 4
The Timaru Golf Club has decided to acquire now links, extending over 60 acres, on the north side of the town.

Otago Witness 29 March 1905, Page 54 TIMARU, March 23.
The Timaru Golf Club to-day formally opened the new links, about a mile and a-half from town. They comprise picturesque country, and the varied contour makes them the hardest links in the colony. The Championship meeting will be held here three years hence, by which time the new links should be in first-rate order. A motor bus service to the vicinity was promised in the opening speeches.

Timaru Herald, 24 March 1905, Page 3 THE NEW GOLF LINKS.
OFFICIAL OPENING. A beautiful sunny afternoon favoured the formal opening of the Timaru Golf Club's new links at Highfield yesterday, and about a hundred members and friends, about hall, of whom half were ladies, assembled at the first, teeing post at half-past three, to hear the president, Mr W. R. McLaren, declare the links open, and see him make the opening drive. The links are laid out in picturesque country, which looked its best under the clear sunshine, and the gathering resembled a garden party more than anything else. The weather was too warm for golfing, but perfect for the occasion. The party were grouped about the first tee to be photographed, and Mr Ferrier and some ladies with cameras obtained a number of snapshots of the party streaming down to the spot, that should be even more interesting than the group. Mr McLaren made a brief address, welcoming the members and friends, and thanking the ladies for their assistance in providing tea. He made a few remarks on the financial aspect of their venture in purchasing the links, saying that the members should take pride in proving that the confidence of their mortgagees was not misplaced. The ground committee had worked very hard, yet had not been able to get all the course into fit order for playing, but the work would be completed before long. Another improvement which it was intended to carry out by degrees, was the erection of a golf house that would be an ornament to the links as well as useful to members. A portion of it would be built within a month or two. The courses now ready were still somewhat rough, and the remedy for this was plenty of play, and he hoped members would make much use of the links. It had been arranged by the Golf Clubs Association that a championship meeting shall be held at Timaru three and a half years hence, and he hoped that members would keep this fact steadily in view, and prepare to furnish among them a player able to win the champion cup for Timaru. He reminded them that when the Golf Club was in its infancy, Timaru furnished the runnerup at a championship meeting, in Mr Perston. He warned aspirants for championship honours that the cup was not to be won by occasional brilliant play, but by steady play, and the study of philosophy of the game. Mr McLaren read a letter from the Mayor of Timaru, who regretted that a prior engagement prevented him acceptance of the invitation to be present. He congratulated the Club on its acquisition of such splendid links, which would be an additional attraction to the town; and he hoped to see a motor bus service soon established on Wai-iti road, to make access to tie links themselves more convenient. He wished the Golf Club every success. The president asked for good wishes for the club from those present, and these were expressed by applause. Mr R. C.Tennent, the treasurer, then gave, some information regarding the finances of the club. He mentioned that they had £320 available, of which they proposed to spend £250 on part of the golf house; £40 must be paid in reduction of the mortgage, and that would leave £30 for further improvements. He remarked that the club was very greatly indebted to their secretary, Mr R. Leslie Orbell, for it was mainly to his exertions that they were indebted for the possession as freeholders of their admirable golf links. (Applause.) The president then teed a ball and made the official opening drive—a very poor one it happened, to be, but he mended it in a second stroke by a fine long drive. He then declared the links open for play. A number of foursomes were soon arranged and play at once began, the rest of the party adjourning to a marquee where  Mrs McLaren and other ladies provided and dispersed afternoon-tea. It is not much use trying to give a description of the links to those who do not know the ground, and description is useless to those who do. When completed, the course will contain 18 poles, but at present only nine are ready for use. The first hole is on a knob or steep spur estimated at between three and four hundred feet high, a good stiff climb, and 400 yards from the tee. The second hole is a "dive" from the top of the knob to the bottom (if a good stroke is made). The remaining seven holes are on almost flat ground which is intersected by a meandering and branched gully. This the ground committee have taken advantage of in laying-out the course, to provide "hazards" that will test the skill of the best players to avoid, if they try to cover the ground with long strokes and the result is a course that is believed to the the hardest in New Zealand, and one calculated to teach players to drive straight, the penalties for divergence from the straight line being almost certain bunkering. It will certainly, furnish a large amount of exercise, and the Timaru golfer who play regularly must become very "fit." The links are a picturesque bit of downland, and a pretty view of Waimataitai, with the sea and that ubiquitous Chalmers' Church, spire, in the view, is obtained from the knob The ground has been wonderfully improved since the Club only acquired it, and though there is still a good deal to be: done to make it satisfactory (especially the removal of old fences, which is to be done shortly), this is a trifle compared with what has already been  done. Plans were shown yesterday of a handsome and capacious golf house it is propose to erect by degrees, including a caretaker's dwelling, women's locker rooms, ladies sitting room and men's smoking room with a veranadah in front .The links may be expected to be popular a expected to be a popular resort for Thursday holiday makers on fine day as play can be well seen from the sunny golf house site and the picturesque country is itself an attraction. The Club has made progress in membership.  A few months ago it had 30.members at one guinea: it now has twice as many at two guineas: and has also affiliated to to it a ladies' club between 30 and 40 members. The links are open to members every day; the services. of a professional coach are available at a moderate fee, and the members are taking full advantage of his tuition.

Timaru Herald, 5 May 1905, Page 3
The rapid strides made by golf in Timaru since the acquisition of the Club's new property are shown by the fact that, forty players took part in the mixed foursome played on the Highfield links, yesterday afternoon. As is usual at the beginning of the season, the play of most of the competitors was somewhat erratic. The alteration of several of the teeing grounds has improted the course, and the greens are gradually getting into fair playing order. The winners of the competition, Mrs Oldham and Mr G. Hart, played very sound golf, as did the runnersup Miss L. Revell and Dr Cox. The following are some of the scores

				Gross 	Hp. 	Net 
Mrs Oldham and G. Hart 		ll3 	19 	94 
Miss L. Revell and Dr Cox 	108 	11 	97 

Timaru Herald,
16 March 1906, Page 7 Opening of the Season
The Timaru Golf Club formally opened the 1906 season yesterday. The weather was unfortunately unfavourable for the occasion, a misty rain prevailing throughout the afternoon, and this prevented nearly every number from attending except the enthusiastic players and a small number of enthusiastic admirers of the game, some forty or fifty in all putting in an appearance. The lady members showed their keenness for golf by attending in at least equal numbers with their brothers in the art. The grass on the links is well kept down by sheep, but the light rain made the ground damp to the feet. Otherwise the rain did not interfere with the players, who evidently enjoyed their games. Some of the men thought it was scarcely any sort of day for ladies to be out, but the latter with merry indignation repudiated the suggestion, even though their footsteps had a squish-squashy sound. Regret was felt that a fine day had not permitted and encouraged a larger attendance, and provided more enjoyable conditions for those who did assemble at the links, and the ladies who presided over the liberal provision of afternoon tea perhaps regretted more than others the comparatively small muster. The links now present a very different appearance from that of a year ago. A pretty mid roomy pavilion, has been erected, in a situation which affords from its windows and wide verandahs a good view of the greater portion of the links and it makes a nice addition to an interesting view from the higher part of the links, the "knob" which is worth climbing on a fine day for the sake of the prospect from it. The pavilion contains a good-sized central tearoom, with fire-place and necessary fittings and on each side of this is a members room, one for ladies the other for men, each fitted with numerous lockers and lavatory. The improvement to the ground is not less striking. The gullies which last year were full of rushes and broom have been cleaned out from end to end. They remain of course, one of the features of the course as good golfing hazards. At two points rustic bridges have been thrown across the principal gully, which carries a stream after heavy rain. These bridges were amateur constructions, in design and execution, and their builders are justifiably proud of them. One recently built has a span of forty or fifty feet, on girders of gum poles, with two supports besides the natural abutments and a stout wire cable for a hand-rail
    The course as originally laid out and used last, season, also extended by the acquisition of acres more land, on the lower side of the previous holding. The club now 18 hole course, 4840 yards, or nearly 2 3/4 miles, in total length and every hole is well guarded by natural bunkers, the whole forming "good sporting links." It is a feature of the course that anything but long and straight driving is severely punished. This is perhaps especially the case with the first hole, a new one of which the tee shot lies through an "avenue" cut through a group of tall gums. just beyond the trees a deep gully yawns obliquely across the line, one of the worst bunkers on the links, and those who faced it for the first time yesterday considered it a pretty good test of both nerves and skill. The same sort of ante-suggestion which makes the tyre on a bicycle run into the obstacle he wishes to avoid seems to affect golfers too, for quite a number of players yesterday drove into the gully instead of over it. The tees and putting greens have had a great deal of attention paid to them, and are in fair order, though not yet worked down to the smoothness of those on the old links. Altogether the club have good reason to be proud of their grounds, and now that everything is in order, all the hard work of preparing the links done, the club ought to count on a prosperous career. Handicap foursomes over twelve holes were arranged for the day, the president, Mr M. J. Knubley, offering trophies as prizes. Several other parties played independently. The following were the handicapped players and their scores :—Mrs Matheson and F. Barker, jun. (16), 79, v. Miss McLaren and M. J. Knubley (14), 72. Messrs K. Marchant and V. Wright (5), 83, v. Miss Douglass and R. L. Orbell (scr), 91. Miss R. Sealey and R. C. Tennent (8), 84, v. Mrs Johnson and N. MacFarlane (6). 81. Miss L. Knubley and A. L. Marshall (8). 77, v. Mrs Cox and G. Hart (10), 91. Miss Marchant and C. T. H. Perry (S), 88. v. Miss Howley and P. Barker, sen. (8), 95. Miss Buchanan and P. Wright (14). 74. v. Miss N. Knubley and W. H. Hay (14), 89. Mrs Wroughton and A. Forbes (20). 96. v. Mrs Costello and C. A. Jefferson (6). 80.

Star 30 July 1906, Page 3
A team from the Christchurch Ladies' Golf Club visited Timaru on Fridaylost and played a match against ladies of the Timaru Golf Club on the Highfield links. The Christchurch ladies were the guests of the Timaru ladies. After a keenly-contested game the match resulted in a draw. The scores were: Timaru Miss Sealy 7, Miss L. Revell 7, Miss Mendelson 5, Mrs Costello 7, Miss Howley 9, Mrs Cox 7, Miss Buchanan 9; total 61. Christchurch— Miss Campbell 8 Miss Wilson 7, Miss Symes 11, Miss Rutherford 6, Mrs Campbell 4, Mrs Pyne 7, Miss Denniston 8; total 51.

Star 25 May 1909, Page 3
A team from Shirley visited Timaru on Saturday, and played a match against the local club, on Monday, on the Highfield links. These were in excellent order. The hospitality of the Timaru club was highly appreciate. The match ended in a win for Timaru. The following are the scores, the Christchurch players being mentioned first in each instance : — Singles—
H. E. Wright v. F. Barker 0,
C. K. Sams 0 v. P. Wright 1,
A. M. Borthwick 1 v. Sometville 0,
P. Trolove 1 v. Tasker 0,
A. W. Humphreys 0 v. N. K. Cox 1,
C. P. Mackley 0 v. A. L. Marshall 1,
S. L. Thompson 0 v. P. Perry 1,
B. Douglas 0 v. Mannering 1,
F. L. Nancarrow 0 v. Kempthorne 1,
F. Barns3 0 v. Seymour 1; totals, Christchurch 3, Timaru 7.
Foursomes — Wright and Borthwick 1 v. Barker and Wright 0,
Sams and Mackley 0 v. Somerville and Tasker 1,
Trolove and Humphreys 0 v. Mannering and Cox 1
Nancarrow and Thompson 0 v. Perry and Marshall 1,
Douglas and Barns. 0 v. Kempthorne end Seymour 1 totals, Christchurch 1 Timaru 4.

Timaru Herald, 6 May 1911, Page 5
The following have been selected to represent the Timaru Golf Club v Waimate on Thursday, May 11th, on Highfield links (play to commence at 10.15 a.m.) Messrs Marker, Cox, Kempthorne, Perry, W. W. Baxter, Randrup, Gressen, Fisher, Knubley, LeCren, O'Callaghan, and Kerr. Any of the above who are unable to play must let the hon. secretary know as early as possible.

Timaru Herald, 20 December 1920, Page 9
Recently there have been several instances of mischief locally, but the latest case, which came before the Magistrate, Mr E. D. Mosley, S.M., at Timaru on Saturday, reveals tendencies of a dangerous nature. Three youthful offenders appeared in answer to a charge of breaking and entering the residence of Mr Hunter-Weston, at Gleniti, and stealing- there. from articles to the value of £l6- 7s 8d. The burglars were apparently of a sporting disposition, the articles stolen consisting of fishing minnows, golf clubs, a rifle, and about 600 rounds of .22 ammunition. There was also a sum of 2s 8d in money taken, probably to tip the caddie or pay a beater.
    It was not stated whether the sport obtained had been satisfactory or not, but the shooting of the would-be deer-stalker was very far from first-class. Instead of securing a head to adorn his room, he settled a bullet in the portion of a comrade's anatomy usually employed for the durability test of a cane or a paternal shoe. The wounded "brave" was conveyed to the Timaru Hospital to be attended to, and the bullet was extracted. The Magistrate severely reprimanded the mischief-makers. He pointed out the results of such conduct, and warned each defendant that if he got into trouble again he would be very severely dealt with. He admitted each to twelve months probation. It stated that most of the property had been recovered.

Evening Post, 23 February 1926, Page 12
22nd February. The Timaru professional golf championship was played here to-day, on the Highfield links. The weather and all other conditions were good. There were fifteen competitors. J. M'Intosh (Hutt), winner of the Otago professional championship, was disqualified for playing his opponent's ball. The winner was A. J. Shaw (Wellington), with a card of 73 for the first round and 75 for the second. G. Ritchie (New Plymouth) had the next best card, 76 and 76; and next in order was G. B. Forrest (Timaru), 78 and 75. The winner's afternoon card showed: Out: 445353344—35 in, 435356545—10. His morning card read: Out, 444432445-34; in, 535455544—40.

Evening Post, 7 August 1926, Page 22
B. V. Wright, the South Canterbury champion, has lowered his previous record of 69 on the Highfield links, done in the first round of the club championship on 4th July, 1924, by two strokes. He played faultless golf, as the figures themselves show, but had trouble at the last hole, where he pulled his second, and then played a bad mashie, the hole costing him 6. A 4 would have given him a perfect 65. His latest card has only once been beaten at Highfield by J. Kirkwood six years ago.

links- golf course

Evening Post, 25 June 1927, Page 22
Harry Manning, a very well-known and prominent: member of the Hutt Club, Wellington; made a name for himself on the Highfield links at Timaru by holing the fourth hole in one.

Evening Post 19 June 1926, Page 22
There was a record entry at the King's Birthday tournament of the Timaru Golf Club, which included the South Canterbury championship event. The games were played at the Highfield links, and the conditions were all that could have been wished for. The youthful B. V. Weight was again the outstanding golfer of the tournament, winning the championship for 1926 with the very fine aggregate score of 153. In the morning he went round in 81, and in the afternoon round he rose to great heights and handed in the splendid score of 72. This is the best amateur performance ever put up on the Highfield links. In the morning the greens were affected by the heavy frost, or it is probable that the young champion would have improved on his 81. H. E. Wright, an ex-member of the Christchurch Golf Club, was runner-up, with an aggregate score of 166 thirteen strokes behind the winner. He is a 2 handicap player.

Evening Post, 23 February 1928, Page 9 GOLF
Timaru, 22nd February. The New Zealand professional golf tournament opened on the Highfield links today in dull weather, with a light rain falling before noon. Conditions in the afternoon were ideal. The course was in splendid order, but the games were on the fiery side. There are fourteen competitors from all parts of New Zealand, and keen interest is shown in the tournament. The standard of play in the opening match was not high, only three or four good scores being made in the first stroke handicap. In the afternoon play was much better, and the spectators treated to an exhibition of high-class golf. Though most of the competitors had a try-out the previous day, some appeared unable to accommodate themselves to the links. Two events were concluded to-day. A. J. Shaw (Napier), open champion in 1926, was right off his game in the morning, and failed to pick up in the afternoon. F. Branch (Hamilton) played above his usual form in the bogey handicap, but fell Tight away in the' stroke handicap. J. Forrest (Dunedin) gave two consistent displays, and got into the prize list in both events. J. R. Galloway (Palmerston North) was unable to strike form in the early part of the day, but gave a brilliant exhibition in the afternoon. G. B. Forrest (Timaru), playing on his own course, was well up in the morning play, but failed to maintain top form in the stroke handicap. To-morrow the South Canterbury championship, the Myers Challenge Cup, and second stroke handicap will be played concurrently. The third and fourth rounds of the championship will be played on Friday, and also the third and fourth stroke, handicap. To-day's results are as follow: — Highfield Bogey Handicap (18 holes).— V. Branch (Hamilton), 1 up; B. J. Smith (Akaranal, 4 up; J. Forrest (Dunedin), 2 up; G. B. Forrest (Timaru), 1 up; J. Lambie (Wellington), all square; B. Stratmore (Wellington), all square. First Stroke Handicap (18 holes).—J. R. Galloway (Palmerston North), 77; J. A. Clements (Christchurch), 73; J. Forrest (Dunedin), 74; R. L. Butters (Miramar, 75; G. W. Melvin (Wellington), 7G; G. B. Forrest (Timaru). 76. Double Honors To R. L. Butters. The Annual Professional Tournament, arranged by the New Zealand Golf Council, was, this year, held on the Highfield links on February 23, 24 and 25. The final for the championship was fought out between A.J. Shaw and Butters. There was little to choose .between them and very few mistakes were made until the pair reached the 17th. Shaw was in the lead, but a faulty approach failed to reach the green. Butters was nicely on, and proceeded to sink a 20 yard putt, Shaw taking two putts. Butters now led by one stroke with a hole to go and the excitement was intense. Both played this last hole well and had 6 yard putts for 4's. Shaw holed out in fine style and the gallery held its breath as Butters took his line. He was quite equal to the occasion and holed a perfect putt.

Evening Post, 30 November 1934, Page 11
Timaru, November 29, The American professional golfer Gene Sarazen, who is touring the Dominion, played in an exhibition fourball match with the Highfield professional G. B. Forest against E. A. Scott and J. L. Mackay on the Highfield links today. Though Sarazen's score for the round was not as good as expected, his total being 73, one stroke more than bogey for the course, he gave the gallery a sample of first-class golf. The match finished all square, but the best medal round was returned by Mackay, who went, round in 71. Scott, the Timaru Club champion, returned a card of 72 and Forest took 75.

Albatross - Three under par (−3); also called a double eagle in the U.S. The first famous albatross was made by Gene Sarazen in 1935 on the 15th hole at Augusta National Golf Club during the final round of the Masters Tournament.


NZ Truth 8 March 1928, Page 14
For the enlightenment of beginners, the directions for computing par are as follows:
Holes up to 250 yards inclusive — par 3
Holes up to 251 to 445 yards inclusive — par 4
Holes 446 to 600 yards inclusive — par 5
Par means perfect play without flukes and under ordinary weather conditions, always allowing two strokes on each putting green. The above figures are not arbitrary, because some allowance should be made for the configuration of the ground and any other difficult or unusual conditions. So also should be considered the severity of the hazards, especially so; on a hole where par is doubtful. Each hole should be measured from the middle of the tee to the middle of the green, following an air line as nearly as possible. Working on the above lines, it is only a matter of time before bogey will cease to appear on the score-1 card. It should go now, for the object of every golfer is to go round the course in perfect figures. Bogey is not perfect. We have had bogey long enough; we now demand something better — and par fills the bill. Golf is making rapid strides throughout the world and the fame of the club which has the ; courage to dislodge bogey from its score-card and instal par in its place will live in the golfing world for ever. Is there not a club in the Dominion which will take this step? New Zealand clubs have the opportunity to give the world a lead. NINE HOLES After reading all about par, glance over these nine holes: 353333353 — 31. These are the first nine holes J. Clements rattled up during the pro. tournament at Timaru. He ought to frame that card and give it a place of honor in his shop. "Truth" wonders if Jim was exceptionally brilliant or — ?.

bogey - score of one stroke over par on a hole.

Evening Post, 11 January 1935, Page 13 British Golfers
Local opponents at the Highfield links (Canterbury) chose niblicks for their tee shots at the eleventh. Hon. Michael Scott was through the green -with a mashie. Bourn pushed his tee shot out of, bounds, and when he was handed a new ball for his second shot from the tee, it was wrapped in paper, and he remarked: "They go better with the paper on," and teed it up and played the ball out of the wrapper to a handy position near the pin. The incident created considerable amusement among the gallery.   

Grand Vue, golf course, Geraldine. It is not a flat course, a bit slippery when wet.  

Orbell Cup 
The Orbell Cup golf challenge between Christchurch and Timaru clubs held at Shirley, Christchurch

Star 7 August 1906, Page 1 The Canterbury Times
Golf match — Christchurch versus Timaru. A prettily arranged composite set of camera flashes of the play on the Highfield Links, Timaru, in the contest for the Orbell Cup.

Otago Witness 5 June 1907, Page 65
The Orbell Cup match was played on the Timaru Links this week, but the result has not yet been made known here. Those of the Shirley Club who went down to take part in the match were Misses Harley, Cowlishaw, Campbell, Symes. Rutherford, and Cracroft Wilson, and we are hoping that the cup may come north.

Otago Witness 16 September 1908, Page 57
The Timaru Club, which has challenged Otago for the Orbell Cup, is sending down its full strength, including A. L. Marshall, T. W. Lynch W. R. M'Laren. C. T. H. Perry, F. Tasker, V. C. Wright, and F. L. Barker. The Timaru Club were the original holders of the Orbell Cup, and after withstanding an onslaught by the Christchurch Club, succumbed to Otago, which club has since managed to hold the coveted trophy.

Otago Witness 9 June 1909, Page 67
The Christchurch Club has made three unsuccessful attempts to gain possession of the much-coveted Orbell Cup — once against Timaru, the original holders, and twice against Otago, who wrested it from Timaru the first season it was presented for competition. The conditions under which the Cup is played for are all in favour of the holders, as they not only have the advantage of playing on their own links, but are, as a general rule, enabled to put their strongest team in the field, whereas, as in the majority of cases, a visiting team is short of one or more of its strongest players. The scoring is by holes, six ladies and six gentlemen constituting the team. Singles matches are played in the morning and mixed foursomes in the afternoon. In their latest attempt Christchurch was badly beaten by the local club, and at present it looks as if this handsome trophy will remain in the possession of the Balmacewen players for some time. Otago won the Singles by 50 holes to 4, and the Foursomes by 17 to 3—67 to 7. Thus having a margin of 60 holes at the finish.

Evening Post, 25 September 1926, Page 22
"Pip" Wright (of Timaru), who has been playing a great game right through the season, again demonstrated his ability in the matches for the Orbell Cup, when he defeated Ewan MacFarlane, New Zealand open champion, by 2 up. MacFarlane has been slightly off his game of late, but nevertheless the performance of Wright was an excellent one.

The Bristol Cup is one of the most sought after South Canterbury golfing club trophies and was bequeathed by sporting benefactor Alfred Bristol in 1912.

Ladies' golf

Women played golf from its early days. By 1930 almost as many women as men played golf in NZ. Women were expected to play golf during the week, leaving the courses free for men on the weekend. Although both genders played together in mixed foursomes from 1896, such joint competitions were seen as largely social occasions.

Star 30 July 1906, Page 3
A team from the Christchurch Ladies' Golf Club visited Timaru on Friday last and played a match against ladies on the Timaru Golf Club on the Highfield links. The Christchurch ladies were the guests of the Timaru ladies. After a keenly-contested game the match resulted in a draw. The scores were: — Timaru — Miss Sealy 7, Miss L. Revell 7, Miss Mendelson 5, Mrs Costello 7, Miss Howley 9, Mrs Cox 7, Miss Buchanan 9; total 61. Christchurch— Miss Campbell 8 Miss Wilson 7, Miss Symes 11, Miss Rutherford 6, Mrs Campbell 4, Mrs Pyne 7, Miss Denniston 8; total 51.

Evening Post, 8 June 1912, Page 14
PALMERSTON N., 7th June. The golf Coronation Medal match, which, is played on the home greens, and is open for competition by twenty five clubs in the Dominion, has been won by Mrs. O'Callaghan, of Timaru. Mrs Wood (Christchurch) was second, and. Mrs. Bruce (Timaru) third. The weather conditions were very bad, especially in the middle districts of the Dominion. The majority of the clubs played in rain, and in many cases the courses were exceptionally heavy. This is the first time the home links medal goes to a South Island club.

Feilding Star, 28 October 1920, Page 1
Timaru, October 27. Playing on the Highfield links today against Miss N. E. Wright, the New Zealand lady champion, Kirkwood, who was in fine form, put up a record for the course, going round the 18 holes in 66. The bogey is 79, and P. Wright held the previous record in 72.

Evening Post, 18 May 1929, Page 11 Ladies Golf
Timaru, This Day. Playing in beautiful weather on the Highfield Links to-day, Miss Beadel defeated Mrs. Bannerman in the contest for the South Canterbury Ladies' Golf Championship, 3 and 2. The Highfield Vase competition resulted in a win for Miss M. Tizard who defeated Mrs E A. Scott. 6 and 5.

Evening Post, 11 October 1932, Page 12
Timaru, 10th October. The place-getters in the Challenge Bowl medal fortunately got an early start and completed their rounds before the rain came on. The greatest interest during the day centred in the morning match between Miss Jean Horwell, champion of the Timaru Club, and Mrs. Templer, who held the Dominion title in 1919 arid 1920. After the first five holes Mrs. Templer was 3 up, but the younger player reduced the lead to 1 up at the turn, and squared the match at the next hole. She lost two in succession later, however, due to faulty putting, and was 1 down at the seventeenth. The last was halved, giving Mrs. Templer the match, 1 up. Mrs. Templer's experience stood her in good stead. Participation in the tournament should do the younger player a lot of good. A surprise win was the defeat of Miss M. Beadel by Miss S. Watson after Miss Beadel's sensational win over the titleholder, Miss B. Gaisford, the previous day. Miss Beadel was expected to. go through to the fourth round, but she did not reproduce yesterday's form, lacking the brilliance she showed in the short game to beat Miss Gaisford. Miss Watson played up to her reputation as a fine iron player, and secured a meritorious win by sinking a loft putt for a 3 on the home green. Miss Barns-Graham had a hard fight against Mrs. Russell Grace, the game going to' the nineteenth hole. Miss Barns- Graham is playing good golf, and may find her way into the final. Miss Rutherford and Miss Kerr hail a keen struggle, over the first eleven holes, where they were all square. Miss Rutherford then took three holes in succession, due to lapses on the greens by her opponent. Mrs. Kerr won the sixteenth, making Miss Rutherford and Mrs. Kerr lost a great chance for a win at the next when she put her third over the boundary fence. Mrs. Collinson was fully extended to defeat Mrs. Dodgshun, who held the Dominion title in 1925 and 1929. Both gave fine exhibitions of driving, but their play through the green was hardly up to championship standard. Mrs. Collinson's win was fully deserved. The wins in the other - matches were fairly comfortable. The Ladies' Golf Union bowl match in the afternoon was won by Miss O. Smith, of Napier, with a net score of 73. Mrs. Lambert, of Ashburton, was runner-up with a net 75. Miss G. Browne, of Christchurch, also had a net 75. The best cards were:
A Division.
Mrs. McCarthy (Dunedin) 84-5—70
Mrs. E. G. Kerr (Timaru) .... 89-10—79)
Mrs. Grant (Timaru) 92-10—82
Mrs. W. A. SCott (Timaru) .... 89-7—82
Miss O. Kay ; 81-plus 2-83
Miss B. Gaisford 83-scr—83
Miss N. Morrish. (Rangiora) .. 93-10—33
The prize for the best net score in the division which did not win the Bowl (A division) goes to Mrs. McCarthy, whose score over the last nine holes was better than that of Mrs. Kerr, whose net figure for the round was the same. The prize for the best gross score goes to Miss Kay, 81. Miss Kay. also leads in the Mellsop Cup, which she has held since 1926. Her total for the two rounds is 162. Mrs. Dodgshun is next with 167. The final round of this cup will be played to-morrow. The Teams Match also takes place tomorrow.

Women's Golf Winners NZ Amateur Stroke Play Championship 
Year Winner 		Club 	Venue
1946 Miss Jean Horwell 	Timaru
1932 Mrs J.C. Templer 	Waimate Timaru
1926 Mrs E.G. Kerr 	Timaru Dunedin
1920 Miss N.E. Wright 	Timaru Christchurch
1920 Mrs N.E. Wright 	Timaru
1919 Mrs N.E. Wright 	Timaru
1914 Mrs N.E. Wright 	Timaru

Previous winners MacRae Salver 
Year Winner Club Venue
1938 Miss J. Horwell 	Timaru New Plymouth
1936 Mrs. W.A. Scott 	Timaru Dunedin
1932 Miss B. Rutherford ______ Timaru
1908 Miss Revell 	Timaru Dunedin

Previous winners New Zealand Championship Foursomes: 1936 V. Fleming and J. Horwell 

Before the Second World War golf was a game mainly for the wealthy and the professional classes, and many significant business transactions were conducted between strokes. Players dressed smartly on the course. Wheeled golf trundlers were unknown, and clubs were carried in a heavy canvas bag by a caddie, usually a young boy. 

Otago Witness 29 March 1905, Page 54
The Timaru Golf Club to-day formally opened the new links, about a mile and a-half from town. They comprise picturesque country, and the varied contour makes them the hardest links in the colony. The Championship meeting will be held here three years hence, by which time the new links should be in first-rate order. A motor bus service to the vicinity was promised in the opening speeches.

Timaru Herald, 24 August 1905, Page 2
J. Herd, the professional who is at present under engagement to the Christchurch Golf Club, came down to Timaru yesterday to lay out a course on the Highfield links for the Timaru Golf Club.

Evening Post, 28 April 1939, Page 20
Timaru, April 27. G. A. Ussher, who entered the semifinals of the New Zealand amateur golf championships at Balmacewan last year and who was runner-up in the South Island championships at Invercargill recently, established an unofficial record on the Highfield course with 65. The previous record was 66, held by J. Kirkwood and B. V. Wright, now of Roxburgh.

Timaru Herald 12/09/2009
Highfield Golf Club to celebrate 50th birthday
Alf Woodall knows plenty when it comes to the Highfield Golf Club as he has been around for 49 of its 50 years. The 76-year-old will be part of the club's jubilee celebrations this weekend, with former players from all over New Zealand attending. Woodall has seen the transformation from a "rough" 12- hole course to a top inner-city course. "It was pretty hairy at the start; if you got in one of the dongas you'd never get out." Woodall started playing with a couple of hickory-shafted clubs borrowed from his father-in-law. At his best he got down to a 10 but now plays off a 19. Selwyn Read, a member for 46 years, said it was a great club to be involved with. While many of the stories couldn't be retold he was happy to drop himself in it with one. "I was holidaying in Christchurch in a caravan and came back for the annual tournament but I was a day late. "It was the quickest trip back to Christchurch ever. I was so annoyed as I was the defending champion." Another long-time member, Arthur Dawes said he has had one or two close escapes over 45 years with the club. One that many who have played the 18th may be familiar with was a wayward drive headed towards the adjacent Timaru Town and Country Club. "I was waiting for the crack but it hit the concrete pillar between the windows." Dawes is one of the real workers at the club, as well. The 72-year-old spends every Tuesday on the course tidying it up. In fact, the volunteers play a big part in keeping the club going. The celebrations will christen a new outdoor bar leaner and seats made by Ray "Greenie" Grant, who used an old pine tree felled on the course to create the piece of art.

The Highfield Golf Club is set to celebrate its jubilee of `inner city golf'. The club is hoping to attract former members from all over New Zealand to their 50-year celebrations in early October. The main event would be a pairs stableford competition but other festivities are also planned. Wednesday, October 7, there would be a nine-hole game played for both men and women. "It will be followed by an afternoon tea, which is an opportunity for those no longer playing golf but wish to catch up with friends and past members." The final of the men's club championships was being played on the Sunday. The course was originally used by the Timaru Golf Club before it moved out to Levels. After its departure, some two dozen golfers banded together to form the Highfield Golf Club and Graham Foote was elected president. Highfield started with only 12 holes as the council had sold some of the land on Lindsay St that had been previously been used and their clubrooms were on the south side of Douglas St. At one stage the club became so popular, it had to close its membership for a period. In 1970 it returned to 18 holes and today has about 200 members. Over the 50 years it has been extensively developed, with improved drainage making it a far more attractive course to play on. South Canterbury's best-known golfer, John Lister, learned to play on it. Those who belong to the club rate it one of the best in the country. "If you can play Highfield, you can play anywhere, it's got everything." Another attraction is its location, in the heart of Timaru. "It's certainly handy and the people are really friendly." Years ago the annual subscription was only $16. while the golf was important, so were the people and Highfield was renowned for its hospitality. "Our proximity to the camping ground has also been a bonus over the summer, with many visitors taking up the opportunity to play." The was also an alternative 18-hole course on the flat for those who didn't fancy the hill.  

June 2012. The club house is in the background with one golfer to the right. The house on the right is on the lower end of Douglas St.

Highfield Golf Club Nov. 1962 Whites Aviation Collection, ATL.  Is hilly and challenging but enjoyable to play



Stableford - a scoring system in which points are awarded according to the number of strokes taken at each hole, whereby a hole completed in one stroke over par counts as one point, a hole completed in level par counts as two points, etc.

Gleniti Golf Club

Shillito, George Archibald, b 1907 (Creator) History of Gleniti Golf Club, Timaru 1971 Typescript. 81pgs. Traces the development of the club from its foundation and records title winners etc.

Merger may be way to get clubs out of the rough 03/03/2009 Timaru Herald
Working together: Gleniti Golf Club president Gary Gabites hopes a merger can save his club. Two of Timaru's biggest golf clubs are looking at a merger as tough times hit the golf industry. Gleniti Golf Club's committee is looking at the option of joining forces with Timaru Golf Club after a proposal was put forward to address declining membership and adopt cost-cutting measures. Gleniti club president Gary Gabites said the club had been discussing options, but the sale of the 38-hectare Oakwood Rd course would be highly unlikely because of the high cost of redeveloping the recreational-zoned land. The golf course land has a capital value of $1.7 million and a land value of $1.07 million. Mr Gabites said Gleniti was one of a number of clubs in the country which faced problems as membership declined. He considered both clubs could benefit from a merger with improvements to facilities and cheaper membership fees. "The problem with golf in New Zealand is that there are too many golf courses.  "There are still many people playing but they haven't got the money, inclination or time to be running the club," Mr Gabites said. "There is also the issue of an ageing population." Timaru Golf Club president Lindsay Hewitson refused to comment on the merger proposal when contacted. The streamlining proposal comes after a number of cost issues and financial problems struck Highfield Golf Club 18 months ago. The Timaru District Council threw Highfield a financial lifeline and agreed to contribute $15,000 annually towards maintaining the course's storm water culverts. In 2006, then Highfield club president Robert Vincent said the cost of running the golf club was beyond the existing membership. The club had previously approached the Town and Country Club in an attempt to join forces, but that offer had been rejected due to costs and conflicting interests. Highfield Golf Club president John Cannell said he had noticed a change in the golfing fraternity. "People don't have the time like they used to because of variable hours." He said nine-hole courses were increasing in popularity as they offered players faster games, but people now had so many opportunities to participate in other sports. New Zealand has the second highest number of golf courses per capita in the world with 419. Scotland has 543 courses for more than five million people. The average New Zealand green fee for non-affiliated members is $24, while for affiliated members it is $18. 

Par four 13th 293 metre hole (320yds) aka The Brow, 10 Jan. 2015 hole in one.
Other aces. A four rescue club on the 111-metre number 2.  A five iron on the 157m 18th. No. 2 & 7.

Timaru Herald 31/03/2009 Merger of golf clubs put on hold
Plans to merge two of Timaru's biggest golf clubs have been put on hold, with reports of membership numbers holding up. The Gleniti Golf Club had looked at the option of joining forces with the Timaru Golf Club, after a proposal from the Levels club suggested the option as a way to address declining membership and adopt cost-cutting measures. Gleniti club president Gary Gabites said the club had discussed the option of merging, although a decision had been made to stay put and focus on the positives. "Membership is holding up. A merger is not going to happen in the foreseeable future." Mr Gabites had previously said the club was facing problems with declining membership and a merger had been considered to improve facilities and create cheaper membership. Timaru Golf Club president Lindsay Hewitson said he intended meeting Mr Gabites and declined to comment further on a possible merger.
    The Highfield Golf Club was hit by financial problems 18 months ago when the Timaru District Council agreed to contribute $15,000 annually towards maintaining the course's stormwater culverts. In 2006, then Highfield club president Robert Vincent said the cost of running the club was beyond the existing membership. The club had previously approached the Timaru Town and Country Club in an attempt to join forces, but that offer was rejected.

Places in the Heart.
One place I don't sit down but where I regularly stop just to soak up the surrounds is three-quarters of the way down the 17th hole at the Gleniti golf course. Off to the right is the sea, to which I'm strangely drawn, despite having the swimming ability of a couch. In the distance to the left are the Southern Alps, and below them a smaller mountain range I should know the name of which, when covered in snow, is striking. In front and below is the green, beyond which the ground falls away quickly only to steadily rise again into more mountains in a cascade of colour and shade. So I stop among all this and I say, sometimes out loud, "hell, it's good to be alive". Oh, one more thing about this place. Just to the left of the green is a pond surrounded by trees. In the pond is my ball. But I don't care.  

Timaru Golf Club 

The Timaru Golf Club new Kotuka course was officially opened on Saturday 10th October 1959 at 2 p.m. with putting and approaching competitions. Afternoon tea was served at 3 p.m. Turn-off at signpost on Temuka Highway. (First road after Weeber's Service Station in 1959) Score card

Timaru Golf Club
President: A.D. Reid
Vice-president: H.N. Dyne
Immediate Past President: R.J. Carleton
Captain: D.W. Moyes
F.P. Fogarty
J.B. Forrest (Barry)
N.C. Martin
D.L. Philip
B. Watson
Secretary: E.H. Bray 
Ladies Golf Club
President: Mrs J.W.G. Wilson
Vice-President: Mrs A.F. Ellis
Captain: Mrs I.D. James
Mrs E.H. Bray
Mrs N.A. Keely
Mrs W.G. Kenealy
Mrs J.L. Ferrier
Miss M. Stewart
Secretary: Mrs C.E. Hassall  


John Malcolm Lister (born Temuka  9 March 1947), the professional golfer from New Zealand. Had 15 top-10 finishes during his 12 years on the PGA Tour Stats
Nov. 1976 – John Lister wins PGA Tour Ed McMahon-Jaycees Quad Cities Open; first-place prize money – $30,000


Timaru Herald, 20 June 1906, Page 5
In another column will be found an advertisement with reference to the behaviour of boys, on the golf links. Numerous complaints have been made as to boys stealing balls, they even going so far as to take them out of the caddy bags when the owners' backs are turned and also picking up and running away with balls actually in play. The Golf Club has decided that in future no boys except licensed caddies will be allowed on the links, and then only while actually engaged in caddying.

Timaru Herald, 20 June 1906, Page 1 Notice
Timaru Golf Club. Complaints having been made as to the Conduct of Boys on the Golf Links, any Boy or Person found TRESPASSING thereon after this date (unless he be actually engaged in Caddying) will be PROSECUTED. All Boys wishing to act as Caddies, must apply for a License to the Secretary of the Golf Club. No Boy, unless licensed-by the Secretary, will act as a Caddy. J. C. MILLEL, Hony. Secy., T.G.C.

Timaru Herald, 2 April 1909, Page 4
Several members of the Timaru Golf Club have been annoyed lately by the theft of articles, such as balls, from the lockers in the pavilion. In one instance at least a locker has been broken open and it is thought to be the work of some larrikins.

Timaru Herald, 14 April 1909, Page 5
Hockey and golf players will find all requirements for these games at Mr F. Tasker's, Stafford street. Both games are well catered for. 300 golf clubs from 7s upwards, 600 balls from 1s upwards, also caddie bags, ball cleaners, etc. Only the best makers' good kept in stock.

Until steel-shafted golf clubs appeared in the 1930s, hickory-shafted clubs were used, with descriptive names such as brassie, spoon, mashie and niblick rather than the numbering system used later.

mash·ie - a club with an iron head, the face having more slope than a mashie iron but less slope than a mashie niblick.
nib·lick  - a club with an iron head, the face of which has the greatest slope of all the irons, for hitting the ball with maximum loft.

Once upon a time hickory shafts were replaced by steel. The golf ball evolved from a wooden ball to a leather one to one made from rubber and to the modern dimpled ball we play today. The Gene Sarazen-designed sand wedge changed bunker play forever. If, as in the past, the distance to be gotten with the ball continues to increase, it will be necessary to go to 7500 and even 8000 yard courses and more yards means more acres to buy, more course to construct, more fairway to maintain and more money to fork out." I’m not advocating we go back to using hickory-shafted golf clubs. But winding back the technology in a golf ball would be a good start."

"If he was any cooler he would freeze to death"

New Zealand Herald, 27 December 1934, Page 12 GOLFER'S TRAVELS. AMERICAN PROFESSIONAL.
New Zealand Tour. WATERING COURSES NECESSARY. Dominion players fault. By Gene SARAZEN
That night I left for the South Island, accompanied by Shaw and my manager, and we thoroughly enjoyed the trip across. The rugged beauty of Lyttelton Harbour, shown to advantage in the early morning, was a great treat. I thought to myself that the people of New Zealand really did not know how lucky they are to have such peaceful surroundings. It was so unlike many of the countries I have just visited, where the atmosphere is so electric and warlike. New Zealauders should never think of travelling overseas on sight-seeing tours until they have first seen their own country. On arrival in Christchurch, I thought I was in old England again. It is certainly a beautiful city. That day we motored to Timaru and was I pleased with those trout streams. The Timaru people were fortunate they saw me that day, because, if I had had my fishing gear with me, I would have pulled up alongside one of those streams and cast for trout. The course there was interesting, but it was suffering from lack of water. I was greatly taken with the hospitality extended to me by the people of this and other smaller towns. The day I played at Shirley, which I consider one of the finest courses I have over played here. I was very pleased to see that this club has taken the initiative and installed a watering system for the fairways. This is a lead which other clubs in this country should follow. I cannot understand where New Zealanders get the idea that golf is a winter sport, as the game can never go ahead as it should when golfers put their clubs in the corner for six months of the year and let their courses burn up during the summer months.
    My next match was at Dunedin, where Shaw and myself were beaten by Ross and Wright, who combined excellently and proved themselves very fine exponents of the game. This match confirmed my contentions that amateur golf in this country was much higher than that in Australia, but the greatest fault among all your players in this country is that they have not learned to grip the club correctly, and I strongly advise them to overcome this trouble, because the hands are the generals in this game, and all the greatest players to-day and in the past have been great grippers.

Timaru Herald, 19 December 1916, Page 7 MR ALEXANDER FERREER HAMILTON.
Mr Alexander Ferrier Hamilton, who for over 24 years has been the manager of the Timaru Branch of the National Bank of New Zealand, died on Sunday, at the age of 69- Mr Hamilton was born in Edinburgh. At the age of 17 he entered the service of the Royal Bank of Scotland. Four years later he qualified as an actuary and joined the staff of the Chartered Mercantile Bank of India, London and China, in London. In 1873 Mr Hamilton came to New Zealand as a member of the staff of the National Bank of New Zealand. He was for some time accountant in the inspector's office at Wellington, and subsequently at Christchurch. He was appointed manager at Napier and later assistant manager at Dunedin and afterwards manager at Nelson, and in 1892 he was appointed manager at Timaru. During his residence in Timaru Mr Hamilton took a warm interest in agricultural and pastoral matters, and was instrumental in starting the Timaru Golf Club.

Pleasant Point Golf Club (Incorporated) 1921 - 1996. The history of the Pleasant Point Golf Club, largely on the 1960s-1990s. Author: Bowden, Rex.  76 pages.

I would rather have a big burden and a strong back than a weak back and a caddie to carry life's luggage.

Sheep grazing on the golf course is nothing new. If you want to see sheep on the golf course go through the Lindis to Tarras but there was not any grazing when I last drove by in April 2014.

Timaru Herald, 15 June 1901, Page 3
In response to an invitation kindly giver by Mr Studholme to the Timaru and Oamaru Golf Clubs, six members of each club met last Thursday morning on the links on the Waimate station, where a friendly contest for honours took place. This is a six holed course, which has been specially laid out for the meeting of the members of the above clubs, and is very judiciously interspersed with hazards throughout, the sheep yards forming a formidable example hard to negotiate successfully. Foursomes were, engaged in during the forenoon, when 12 holes were played. This preliminary gave the strangers a splendid opportunity of becoming familiar with the links prior to the singles, which were played after lunch, when 18 holes was the match. The weather was simply beautiful, and it is needless to add that the hospitable manner in which the visitors were entertained left' nothing to be desired, and helped very materially to make the day's outing most pleasant.

Oamaru Mail, 16 March 1906, Page 4 North Otago Golf Club
A new departure has been made this season, in the institution of summer golf. By the kindness of Mr Buckley we have been allowed to fence in eleven acres of the links, which have been granted to us on most liberal conditions. These we have been able to graze closely with sheep and to keep in good playing order, so that we have had during the summer six very fair holes on which play has been kept up quite vigorously, as during the winter, by those who have joined the membership of the summer golf club. There have been twenty members, and there is not the slightest doubt that the play of those who have stuck to the game during the summer has shown a marked improvement, and nothing has ever been done by the Club which is so well fitted to improve the standard of our play. We feel sure that summer golf has come to stay, and hope to see a much larger number taking advantage of the long evenings next year.

New Zealand Herald, 17 January 1942, Page 6 SHEEP REPLACE MOWERS
HAMILTON, Friday The Hamilton Golf Club has purchased 500 sheep to graze on the St. Andrews golf course to keep the grass down in view of the restriction on petrol supplies immobilising the club's motor-mowers. The greens have been fenced with wire-netting to keep the sheep off.  

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project

The golfer who boasts that he-is self-taught relieves the pro. of a great responsibility.