Hall brothers of the Mackenzie 
South Canterbury, New Zealand 

The brothers Thomas, George and John Hall and their families came out to Lyttelton in the early 1850s and established themselves as large land holders.  It was common practice to lease adjoining runs as it made it easier to stock and to work the stations together.

On May 1 1864 the first list of runs in Canterbury was published officially.
No. Acreage Licensee Date of Original License  Locality
251 40,000 Hall, G.W. May 1858 Pukaki stream
269 20,000 Hall, G.W. Aug. 1858 Mackenzie country
273 10,000 Hall, T.W. Sept. 1858 Lake Tekapo
274 10,000 Hall, T.W. Sept. 1858 East stream running into Pukaki
275 10,000 Hall, T.W. Sept. 1858 West of lake Tekapo
290   8,000 Hall, J. Jan.   1859 McKenzie Plains
325 10,000 Hall, T.W. Dec.  1859 Lake Pukaki

George Hall b. 4 Jan. 1782 to John Hall. He went to sea as a cabin boy in 1795.  Master mariner and ship owner. His family had been merchants in Hull since 1657. Married Grace Williamson 21 Oct. 1817 in Holy Trinity, Kingston upon Hull, England. George wrote a book about his prison escapes from the French during the Napoleonic wars. Capt. Hall died 29 Aug. 1865 in Elloughton, England.

Children: 
1. George Williamson Hall 
2. Ann Williamson Hall 
3. Thomas Williamson Hall 
4. John Hall 
5. Grace Williamson Hall 

1.George Williamson Hall (1818 - 1896)
b.  7 Sep. 1818 in Sculcoates, Yorkshire, England  to Captain George Hall and Grace Williamson, George was a brother to Sir John Hall and Thomas Williamson Hall.  For a few years he served in the merchant service and rose to the rank of captain.  Married Agnes Emma Dryden about 1850 in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, ENG. Agnes was a sister of Sir John Hall's wife, Rose.

Children: 
1. Agnes Mildred Hall 
2. William Dryden Hall 
3. George Buceo Hall 

Both George and his brother Thomas were master mariners. George came to New Zealand in 1853 on the "Royal Albert" and acquired Highbank Station on the Rakaia River and later a property at Springfield, 'Springfield Station' with John & Thomas and had an interest in Balmoral Station, and Sawdon Station and possibly others in the Mackenzie. George W. Hall took up the 60,000 acre Braemar Station  May 1858.  Edward Glave Stericker  Stericker was in working partnership with George Hall in a station in the Ashburton Forks, 'Ringwood' when news of the great new sheep country in the South Island was noticed. George and E.G. Stericker took up Run 252, the Sawdon Flats, in August 1858 added the 20,000 acres Whalesback Flat and in November 1859 Sawdon hill run, No. 320, was added. Stericker's father John was from Sawdon near Scarborough, England.  The Halls and the Stericker dissolved partnership in 1862, the year following the great snowstorm. It was common practice to lease adjoining runs, made it easier to stock. Altogether the three Hall brothers owned or leased 130,000 acres in the Mackenzie Country. They leased all the land between the Haldon road and the Tekapo River but sold these interests at the end of the 1860s.  George was elected as the 1861-2 representative for Heathcote to the Christchurch Provincial Council.  G.W. Hall died 27 Feb. 1896 in Lyttelton and was buried at the Hororata Cemetery. 

Timaru Herald 29th July 1874
Married. Wakefield-Hall. On July 15th, at St Michael's Church, Christchurch, Edward, fifth on of Felix Wakefield, to Agnes Mildred, only child of George Williamson Hall.

Their daughter Agnes Mildred Hall  m. Edward Wakefield on 15 July 1874 in St. Michael's Anglican Church, Christchurch. Edward was a son of Felix Wakefield. Edward represented Geraldine as their first representative in Parliament in 1875 to 1881. He was at this time editor of the Timaru Herald.  Agnes as Mrs E. Wakefield opened the Timaru Borough Council office at a ceremony 10 July 1877. She later divorced him Second marriage to Edward Withers 12 Aug. 1886 in Wesleyan Church, Christchurch. 

Children by Wakefield: 
1. Edward Geoffrey H. St. George Wakefield
2. Agnes (Queenie) Milne Wakefield 

3. Thomas Williamson Hall (1819 -1895)
Born 18 Nov. 1819 in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England. He was the son of Captain George Hall and Grace Williamson of Elloughton near Hull, England. Thomas had been a sea captain as well as his brother George.
   
Thomas left England on the Mohammed Shah with his wife Sarah and his three children: Tom, John, and William (a new born baby). The ship caught fire near Australia, and Thomas was commended for his bravery in the rescue of some of the passengers. They were stranded on an island for three days before rescue, were left with out any possessions, and were landed at Hobart. The family arrived in New Zealand in 1853. One son was shot by the Boers a year after the Zulu war and another son, Tom, went wrong.

Thomas was one of the earliest men to take up land in the Mackenzie Country and was said to have name Irishman's Creek after the wild Irishman bushes growing there. Thomas Hall acquired 20,000 acres near the southern boundary of The Mistake. He also owned Glenmore with John. The 10,000 acre Run 274, on the Balmoral plateau, was taken up by T.W. Hall on 30 September 1858.  Runs 274, 325 and 326 formed the old Braemar Station.  In 1867 T.W. Hall sold runs 274 and 325 to Alfred Cox for £1000. On 1 December 1859 T.W. Hall applied for another 10,000 acres to the north.  They worked the stations together. 

After 1861 T.W. supervised the runs, George took a trip and John was in Christchurch.  In 1867 T.W. sold the Mackenzie runs: 
First sold the Braemar sections.
August 20 1867 sold 50,000 acres (The Mistake and run 275) and 7,000 sheep to A.B. Smith and William Saunders for £13,000.

Later Thomas lived at Elloughton Grange, Timaru which in those days was in Halls Road  now Pages Road. After selling the property to William Grant to moved to Le Cren's Terrace (now The Terrace.) He was a member of the first Timaru Road Board 1864, the Timaru and Gladstone Board of Works 1873, South Canterbury Education Board 1877, Timaru Harbour Board 1877 and the South Canterbury Hospital Board. Died: 12 Dec. 1895 in Invercargill. 

He married Sarah Young. Children: 
1a. Thomas Hall 
2a Richard Williamson Hall b. 9 Dec. 1856 in Rakaia
3a. John Hall 

1a. Thomas Hall b.1847 in Kingston upon Hull, England to Thomas Williamson Hall and Sarah Young.  As a youth Tom Hall managed a sheep station, Castle Hall Station, owned by his uncle, John Hall, later Sir John Hall, premier of NZ.  Married Kate Emily Epsie Cain  26 May 1885 in Timaru. Thomas Hall murdered her father, Capt. Cain in January 1886 and attempted to murdered Kate in August 1886 after the birth of their son Nigel Cuthbert Hall b. 19 June 1886. Kate divorced him  in 1902. Hall was released from Mount Eden prison, Auckland, in 1907. Sir John Hall granted him an annuity of £200 on condition that he live the remainder of his life out of New Zealand.

Star 28 December 1895, Page 7 OBITUARY.
A southern contemporary announces the death at Invercargill, at the age of 76, of Thomas Williamson Hall, who was one of the early settlers, and for many years a prominent public man in South Canterbury. The deceased, with his brothers, Sir John Hall and Mr George Hall, was a member of a well-known family of shipowners and shipmasters of Hull. He was educated in France and Germany, and at the age of sixteen went to sea, becoming an owner and master on his own account at an early age. In 1853, with his wife and two young children, he set sail for New Zealand. The vessel they came in as passengers, the Mohammed Shah, was burnt at sea off Australia, but the ship's company -were fortunate enough to be rescued by a brig belonging to Van Diemen's Land. Mr Hall, after a short look round, betook himself to pastoral pursuits. He took up a run on the Rakaia, and later became one of the pioneer pastoralists of the Mackenzie Country. He subsequently removed to Invercargill, where he resided until the time of his death. He was not a public man in. the same sense as his brother, Sir John, but he took an active interest in local affairs, being a member of the Timaru and Gladstone Board of Works, chairman of the Hospital Board, and member and some time chairman of the Timaru Harbour Board. He was one of the earliest and most energetic advocates for the construction of a harbour at Timaru, and had not a little to do with the selection of Mr Goodall's design for the work from among the competitive plans.

4. John Hall (1824 - 1907)
Sir John HallBorn at Hull, England, 18 Dec. 1824, and was baptised on 31 Jan. 1825. Educated on the Continent.  John served as a special constable during the Chartist riots in England in 1848.  He arrived in Lyttelton aboard the Samarang 31 July 1852.  His brothers George and Thomas arriving soon after.  The following year, he leased the land which would become the major part of his property in Mid Canterbury at Hororata, Rakaia Terrace Station on the north bank of Rakaia River (The Terrace Station.) In 1853 he was elected at its inception to the Canterbury Provincial Council and was a member until abolition of the Provinces more than twenty years later.  He was in the Mackenzie by 1858.  On 2nd May 1859 John claimed run 296, the Grampian Hills homestead run but transfer the title to John Tucker Ford or Harry Ford in 1860.  On the west side of Lake Tekapo, Joseph Beswick, a friend of John Hall, took up 20,000 acres in 1858 and named it Gristhorpe. John Hall took over Gristhorpe in 1867 and renamed it The Castle and later it became known as Castle Hall Station.  In March 1869 John sold Balmoral and Castle Hall which he worked as one to Alfred Cox.  The price was £13,500 and 20,000 sheep.  Cox also purchased from T.W. Hall and John Fraser the Braemar runs.  In 1873 John McGregor claimed country at the forks of the Cass river and named it Glenmore and incorporated Castle Hall into his holdings and retained the name Glenmore for both properties.  John leased The Mistake named became mistake in the boundary. 
     John Hall did not live on any of his Mackenzie country stations. J.W. Buller was the manger for all of Hall's stations.  At Burkes Pass is The Long Cutting.  Thomas Teschemaker, John Hall and John Hayhurst are credited with digging it out so bullock drays could drive over the Pass. John married Rose Anne Dryden in 1861 at Hull. She was the sister to Agnes Emma Dryden who married his brother George W. Hall.  Mr and Mrs John Hall returned to Christchurch in October 1861 in the Royal Stuart. He was a resident magistrate first at Lyttelton then Christchurch from 1856 to 1860. He became the first chairman of the Christchurch Town Council in 1862.  In 1863 he was elected the first Mayor of Christchurch but resigned within months as he needed time for his other public commitments.  He was represented the Mount Cook district from 1864-1866 on the Canterbury Provincial Council. John Hall was MP from 1855 to 1860, from 1862 to 1883 and from 1887 to his retirement from politics in November 1893. John became premier of New Zealand 8 Oct. 1879– 21 April 1882 succeeding Sir George Grey, and took the portfolios of Colonial Secretary, Post and Telegraph and Customs. He was knighted May 1882. Known most notably for his support of women's suffrage.  In 1893 his Female Franchise Bills passed and became law in Sept. 1893. Sir John Hall died 25 June 1907 at age 82. He had four sons and two daughters. His son Wilfred Hall had the house at “Gunyah”, Hororata, built in 1913. Gunyah was once part of Terrace Station. Mr John Dryden Hall was the second son of Sir John Hall.

Reference: 
Pinney, Robert b. 1907. Early South Canterbury Runs; Wellington: Reed, 1971 
Wendy Morton.  Thank you Wendy. Hall family in New Zealand (link broken) - daisymort55/Family_History_Section.html 

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project

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