Timaru Hospital - Past Trivia

Photo taken Jan. 2008 by Margaret Todd. The House Surgeon's Residence 1970s
The Old Superintendent's Residence, later the House Surgeon's Residence. Corner of High St. and right to Queen St. was build in the 1930s with the Timaru Hospital Clinical Services Building in the background. map pdf

"The Board was established by the Act of 1885 ; and, in its estimate of expenditure for the first year of its administration, 1896-87, what do I find? The sum of £3,500 for additions to the buildings at Timaru. Amongst those additions were, I understand, a very elegant and comfortable house for the doctor, which appears not to have been at all a necessity ; and for these a tender for £3,416. Timaru Hospital has no fewer than fourteen paid servants."

History

1862
- 18th Oct. Woollcombe to Provincial Secretary (P. Sec.) - Doctor Butler applies for situation, Timaru Hospital
1862
- 11 Nov. B. Woollcombe (RM) to (P. Sec.) - a 4-roomed cob house secured as temporary Timaru Hospital
1864 - The first public hospital in South Canterbury was erected near a swamp gully, a bad site.
1864 - 24 Dec. Belfield to (P. Sec.) - account of Doctor McLean for assisting Doctor Butler at Timaru Hospital
1865
- May 1st Doctor McLean to (P. Sec.) - Giving over charge of Timaru Hospital to Doctor W.B.C. Christy
1865
- 14th June Dr Christie to (P. Sec.)  - Accepts financial management Timaru Hospital
1865
- 15 Nov. Doctor W.B.C. Christy to (P. Sec.) - salary due to Mrs Elizabeth Blanket ex matron Timaru Hospital. 
1865
- Miss Mary Tattersall resigned as matron, Timaru Hospital 13 Dec.
1868 - Land that was reserved for the park was obtain and building commenced in December in the NW corner of the Timaru Gardens for a hospital based on the ward system.
1870 15 Nov. G. Beckingham to Provincial Secretary - account for chimney sweeping old Timaru Hospital
1872 - 32 patients were admitted of whom seven died.
1875 -The hospital at Timaru is maintained by the Government at a present annual cost of about £1,200. Additions were completed on 22nd Oct. 1875 and a new wing added on 21 Aug. 1877 and 14 Oct. 1880
1885 - 5th November the 'Hospitals and Charitable Aid Board' formed, until then managed from Christchurch
1902 - New Nurses' Quarters and new ward for infectious cases.
1906 - August opened Talbot Fever Hospital, Otipua Rd - for the treatment of infectious diseases
1907 - Miss MacArthur - matron of Timaru Public Hospital, was followed by Miss Todd, Miss Pascoe, Miss Finlayson
1910 - Timaru 74 beds, Waimate 33 beds.
1911 -  photo
1915 -1924 The unfortunate affair in the hospital's history, Miss Jean Todd (TH June 1993), a former matron was wrongly accused of stealing.
1915-20 Miss Alice Blanche Finlayson, ARRC, matron Timaru Hospital. Trained at Wellington. (exam. 1913); mil. nursing  NZMC 22/281.
1918 - Mrs Mary Raymond  formed the District Nursing Service, took over by the S.C. Hospital Board in 1945
1920 - Miss Lindsay, matron at Waimate.
1921-  Nurses Home erected.
1922 - Sister Adams took over the district nursing services until 1945, followed by Sister Irving until 1955 then Sister Marsh until 1963.
1939 - Turnbull & Rule won a gold medal of the Institute of Architects for the main ward block
1948 - The maternity ward in Waimate Hospital was named for Dr Margaret Cruickshank
1952 - Proposed Private Hospital - Home of Compassion (Roman Catholic) Timaru.

Photo contributed by Dorothy (Dot) Hampton nee Williams. 1957 Prelim Class - South Canterbury Hospital Board.

1957 Prelim Class 
Back Row from L: Jill Harris, Mary Crowe, Sister 'Annie' Atkinson, Sister Dorothy Talbot, Sister Margaret Kerr, Pat Seeler, Kath Wards.
Centre Row from L: Margaret Gibson, Dorothy Williams, Kathleen Paterson, Beverley Cook, Marie Evans - McLeod, Lynley Johnstone, Margaret Brosnahan.
Front Row from L: Noeline Blyth, Elizabeth Gibson, Fay Jacobs, Marjory Roberts, Ellen McLaren, Dawne Roderick, Rhonda Delahunt.
 


Taken 21 May 1974. Whites Aviation Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library, Clinical block being built. In 1998 the old Nurses Home and kitchen, along Queen St, see the single carport,  was demolished.  The three story red brick surgical block, across High St. and the the lawn,  had the Pharmacy in the basement, Wards 2, 4, 4A, 3 and 3A) . Jean Todd Maternity, behind the smoke stack, with the medical ward 7 on top.

Whites Aviation Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library
May 1951. Whites Aviation Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library

1959 - 1988 Nurse's Home - Nurses Accommodation and Tutorial Department "Lindsay Wing" - upper right- six story building
1961 - Jean Todd opened in June.
The first maternity ward had six beds and an antenatal clinic. It was superceded by a 24 bed ward in 1939 and the present block was opened in June 1961.
1969 - Hospital Chapel built
1971 - Timaru Hospital - Clinical Block (J C McKenzie Block)
1970s- The rescue helicopter lands in the botanic gardens and still in 2012 still landing there.
2000 - Health South Canterbury redesigned their service delivery model which allowed for a 47% reduction of total floor space and the complete refurbishment of retained buildings - included detailed concept planning, project documentation and management of the NZ$12 million site redevelopment which included theatres, day surgery, radiology, medical and surgical wards, pharmacy, mortuary, emergency departments and outpatients.
2004: The South Canterbury District Health Board agrees to gift the, the former Waimate Nurses Home, Hunters Hills Lodge at the former Waimate Hospital site to Waimate Health Developments.
2006 - 131 bed facility with 12,000 hospital discharges and employing about 800 people.

January 2008. Photo taken by Margaret Todd.
"The tunnel" leading from the hospital toward the hospital chapel and in the past to the old nurses home
were we had to hang our aprons on the hooks there before we went for meals.

1958:

Ward 1 - Sister Blackwood (later Strang) was in charge and it was men's medical and surgical overflow.
Ward 2 - Colleen Briggs was thereafter Fluff
Ward 4 - Sister Milne took over from Mary Cummings, who was our tutor sister before that
Theatre - 1954 to 60 Helen Smith, July 72 -76, Jan Watson, then Kay Hall
Children's Wd - Ruth Armstrong took over from Sister Hogan
Med. Supt. Dr J C McKenzie "Daddy Mac" was there when we started and wrote a book History of Timaru Hospital.
Outpatients - Sister Tew was in charge all the time I was there, 1959 - 1975, and was the 1st recipient of QSM in1974.
The House surgeons used to live above O/P then.
Matron - Miss Moore was Matron when we were there (1949 - 60), but Miss Lindsay (who was awarded OBE in 1941 was before her, followed by Miss White. After Mrs Strang, a few relieved, then there was Shona Carey.
Jean Todd, the maternity unit was moved to it's present place in 1961, the powers that be decided to drop the name, but due to pressure from nursing circles have kept it.
Other matrons were Mavis Hall, Sarah Cowan, Joy Sewell, Helen Scott, Gwen Sides, and Cynthia Scrivener. Information courtesy of Margaret Bates April 2008.


Photo courtesy of Margaret Bates.

September 1958 Prelim class: Front Row: from left to right, Joan Hole, Jan Kane, Jenny Manchester, Judy Goulding, Cecily Gerrard, Norah Hanson
Next Row L to R, Mary Glassey, Margaret Bush, Sister Marsh, Sister Cumming, Merle Glanville, Jackie Burrows, Jennifer Fraser
3rd R back, Janet Hamilton, Anne Bishop, Patricia Meikle, Elspbeth McLean, Ruth Drennan, Elizabeth Morrison
2nd Row from back, June Hopkins, Lynn Roberts, Valerie Paynter May Payne, Lynette Tripney
Back Row, Helen Moorhouse, Rosalie Slade, Pamela Watson, Juliet Chamberlain, Joanne Meehan, Rosa Baird
Sixteen graduated out of twenty-nine = 55%.


Timaru Hospital Prelim Class 1959
Back Row form L: Sister ATKINSON, Rosemary McLAREN, Maureen TAYLOR, Denise FITZGERALD, Ann ARMSTRONG, Sister Mary CUMMING
Next Row: Sue BALL, Jenny MALLINSON, Beryl NEUTZE, Vivian ALLAN, Helen SHANAHAN, Helen PERKINS
Next Row: Katie JONES, Alison WATERS, Ruth FERGUSON, June BILEY, Kath GIBSON
Front Row: Bernie COONEY, Gaynor EGAN, Pat MARRA, Lorraine DAVIES, Pat SHEARS, Paulene HISLOP
Submitted by Rosemary HUNTER (nee McLAREN)


Early 1960's:

Ward 1-  Sister Blakely  
Ward 2 - Sister Dowling- Mens' surgical (we called her "Fluff," unbeknown to her)
Ward 3 - Sister Porter - Medical (she was 'a bubbly lady' and drove a baby Austin car)
Ward 4 - Sister Milne - Women's surgical
Theatre - Sister Shand
Children's - Sister Hogan (very strict but loved the kids.. never married)
Ward 5 & 6 - Mens' and Womens' Medical  They were above each other on right at entrance to wards from tunnel. Men and women were kept apart in those days. The upstairs one was later a gynaecological ward.
Jean Todd - Dr Benny and Dr Smedly specialists. Jean Todd was above Wd 4 pre 1961 with the nursery around the passage where the babies were kept. There was no rooming-in then.
On top of Jean Todd later became Ward 7 and was assessment unit for the elderly.
Sister Caskey on afternoons, radio plugged in her ear listening to the Washdyke horse races, wheeling the trolleys to Theatre with the orderly!
No ICU in those days..we 'specialed' in the by-wards.
Days off were precious. We only got one day off a week!
E R Mackenzie was there and Dr Hawes was there too.
Matron - Miss Marjorie Moore later Miss White.
Alma Blackwood (later to become Strang) was our tutor sister with Sister Cotter
The House surgeons lived in flats across the road near Nissan Hut. The night nurses' quarters were over there too. Came to Timaru early 1950s to do nurses training and were put into little huts - Utterly prehistoric! Left and went to Oamaru!
Nurses Home Supervisor - Mrs Anderson. 'Night Snoop' did room rounds. Nurses had to sign in and out. Leave was 12midnight in those days. Picture leave was 10.30pm.

Late 1950s

Tutor sisters: Dorothy Talbot and Anna Atkinson and the Maternity one was not only a real lady - in the best use of the word but unflappable.
Matron: Miss Marjorie Moore and the Assistant was Miss Jessie Moore no relation to each other. MGM had been in the army, was very good looking and way ahead of her day in realising that her nurses were human.
Medical Doctors and surgeons: J.C. McKenzie was Superintendent and his deputy Sid Hawes. Also on the staff were Pete Thodey, Melvin Brookfield, Chas Halstead, A.W. Sutherland, Hugh Densem, Mill Meldrum and Alan Roberts from Geraldine. Dear old Geo Kingston was a surgeon, as well as Cliff Benny who was the O&G specialist. Very early on Darcy Moir retired as a physician.
Molly Hogan was in charge in Children's and that Fluff Dowling was in Ward 2, Alma Blackwood took over Wd 1 soon after we started, Ru y Searle was in Wd 4.
Geriatric wards which were the old brick ones next door to the Nurses Home: Five had Sister Ryan and Sister Hungerford was in ward 6. Miss Hall was in Jean Todd

Photo courtesy of Margaret Todd.

1960 Prelim Class at Timaru : Back Row from Left: Sister Cotter, Sister Heffinan, Sister Blackwood (later Mrs Strang, the tall lady), Sister Atkinson.
3rd Row from Left: Helen Cardwell, Kay Palmer, Heather Campbell, Helen Jackson, Jennifer Gillespie, Judy Anderson, Margaret Smith, Wendy Pillinger, Sally Morgan, Kathy Gardiner, Nell Keyzer (sp)
2nd Row from Left: Adrienne Bailey, Margaret Gray, June Campbell, Anita Stevens, Diana Hawke, Jenny North, Frances Skinner, Beverley Isbister, Janice Thompson
Front Row from Left: Ruth Gander, Dorothy Nisbet, Margaret Stocker, Shirley Millar, Anne Gregan, Marie Gresham, Marion Robertson, Barbara Dwan, Marie McKay, Connie Twist.

Nursing some fond Memories
13 September 2005 Timaru Herald

The memories came flooding back at Seven Oaks on Friday when the Timaru Hospital's nursing class of '55 met up again. For some their memories of their first days in the nurses' hostel were peppered with thoughts of homesickness as it was their first time away from home. Even when they could go home that wasn't as easy as it would be today as none of the students had cars. Many of the young women brought their bicycles with them to Timaru. Ask about matron and there are nods of agreement, Matron Marjory Moore was very fair. Then there was talk of the uniform they used to wear and how practical the blue and white dress with its starched white apron was. The red capes were also a favourite and were a warm, practical piece of clothing. Caps, cuffs and black lace-up shoes with black stockings completed the uniform.

Nurses were popular partners for the Saturday night dances at the Bay Hall, and it wasn't uncommon for men to ring up asking if any of the nurses wanted to go on a blind date. A trio of classmates agreed to just such a night out -- until they saw the men. They instantly decided against the evening, claiming to be someone else when questioned by their would-be partners. While boyfriends and fiancees were allowed, husbands and nursing just didn't go together. A woman who chose to marry could no longer be a nurse. While only classmate Unity Nutsford of Masterton is still nursing, none of the women regret the career choice they made.

54 Years a nurse, and Jean loves it!
10 September 2005 Timaru Herald

Jean Adams loves nursing. So much so that the 75-year-old has now been on the ward for 54 years. Mrs Adams was in Timaru yesterday to attend the annual luncheon for nurses who trained at Timaru Hospital. But unlike most of those she trained with, Mrs Adams has not retired. Chances are if you visit Greymouth's public hospital, or the hospital wing of one of the town's rest homes, Mrs Adams will be on duty. Her reason for still working is simple -- she loves nursing. After her three years' training in Timaru the young woman from the West Coast returned to the Coast. She married, had a family, took 10 years off while her children were young, and then went back nursing.

Greymouth Hospital ran a refresher course for nurses in August 1969. Mrs Adams took part and the "retread" as the course members were nicknamed, has been on the staff ever since. Initially she would go on duty when her husband was at home to look after the children. At 65 it was time to retire, something Mrs Adams hadn't been looking forward to. "I love nursing, it would have been like a death, a trauma," she said of the thought of having to give it up. Mrs Adams was asked whether she would consider going on-call, working when the hospital was short-staffed. She agreed and has done so ever since. A local rest home also has her on its on-call list for its hospital wing. And while today's nurse might go on the ward dressed rather differently from her contemporaries half a century ago, Mrs Adams took a step back in time yesterday. She arrived at the luncheon in the same uniform, complete with cap, she wore during her Timaru training days.

A NURSE ALL HER WORKING LIFE.
By Peter KITCHIN. 18 December 2003 Dominion Post

Thelma Patricia Burton, nurse: B Newtown, 1916; MBE 1979; d Lower Hutt, November 12, 2003. Thelma Burton, 87, was a straight-shooting nurse whose last public act was to tell Finance Minister Michael Cullen that nurses needed more pay. She did it in September by signing the first postcard of a campaign urging the Government to bring pay into line with that of teachers and police. "There's justice in nurses being paid as much as those in similar professions," she said. Miss Burton, a nurse all her working life, knew what she was talking about. She was a former executive director of the New Zealand Nurses Association and secretary of the Nurses Union, and spent four years till her retirement in 1976 watching wage rate relativities erode. It gave her no pleasure, because paltry rewards did not sit well with a calling in which new technology and qualifications requirements were rapidly changing nursing practices. Miss Burton was herself qualified for just about every job going in the nursing business. She became a registered nurse in 1947, then a maternity nurse, a midwife and a Plunket nurse. She was a registered nurse administrator, and did other post-graduate study. She was also a ward sister, tutor sister and later nurse adviser at the Department of Health's post-graduate school. In 1955, she became matron at St Helen's Hospital in Auckland. She trained and registered as a nurse at Timaru Hospital's School of Nursing in 1947, and as a midwife at Lower Hutt Hospital. In 1950, she received her post-graduate Diploma of Nursing and in 1956, her Plunket Certificate at Karitane Hospital in Dunedin. Miss Burton was also a secretary of the Nursing Education and Research Foundation and was a former president of the Catholic Nurses Guild. In 1959, she was awarded the British Commonwealth Nurses Memorial Fund Scholarship, and studied for the Certificate of Hospital Administration at the Royal College of Nursing in London. She was made an MBE in 1976 for services to nursing, and given the Nurses Association honour award in 1986. In retirement, she was made a life member of the Government Superannuitants Association, and was its first woman vice-president. She was once vice-president of the United Nations Association of NZ.  She co-founded Pregnancy Help with Bernadette Chambers in 1976, and became its first national president. She was also a member of the Cowling Nurses Trust and the national commission for the International Year of the Child. Miss Burton was involved in numerous community organisations in Lower Hutt. She never married. - Compiled by Peter Kitchin. Sources: Dominion Post library, J Pfahlert, and others.


Timaru Hospital prelim class.  S. Smith in front with glasses. Year _

Mavis Hall 18 February 2004
Timaru Herald by Sarah Jarvis, Staff Reporter

Many thousands of South Cantabrian lives got off to the best possible start thanks to the efforts of Mavis Hall who died on December 27 last year aged 86. Best remembered as a devoted sister-in-charge of Jean Todd ward from 1952-77, Mavis helped deliver 18,000 babies during her 30-year nursing career. Born in Timaru on August 7, 1917 to John and Gertrude Hall, Mavis was the third child in a family of seven. She grew up on the family farm in Otaio and attended Otaio School before Timaru Technical College. After two years of study, her parents decided her services were needed on the farm so her secondary schooling stopped. Mavis had a hankering to follow her big sisters into nursing, but her father would not allow this as she was a valuable farm worker. When her father died, Mavis, then 23, began nursing training in 1941 in Napier. She soon discovered life as a nursing student was not easy. Students were expected to clean and sterilise all enamel bowls and bedpans, sponge bath patients, sort and clean linen, serve meals, make beds and carry out general cleaning. In the final two years of training, Mavis was able to carry out more advanced tasks such as injections, changing dressings, setting trays and keeping patients charts. After a long and demanding three and a half years Mavis passed her State Examination in December 1944. In her final year she was awarded the Florence Nightingale Medal for the most promising nurse. Mavis decided she wanted to specialise in maternity nursing and undertook six months training at Ashburton Hospital. She became a relieving nurse at St Georges Private Hospital in Christchurch and then at Nelson Hospital. She returned home when her mother fell ill and spent the next two years working in the women's ward at Waimate Hospital. In 1949 Mavis shifted to the Karitane Hospital near Dunedin where she undertook her Plunket nurse training. She returned to Timaru after six months and worked as a relieving Plunket nurse for a short period. Midwifery training at Christchurch Womens completed her qualifications. In December 1952 Mavis returned home to Timaru to take up the position of sister in charge of Jean Todd ward. While it had been built in 1939 the maternity ward was woefully inadequate, having only 26 beds. She said it was not uncommon to have 46 patients crammed into all available spaces, with women on stretchers and babies in baskets. Mothers in the 1950s stayed for two weeks being kept in bed for nine days. Mavis welcomed the move to the Jean Todd Maternity Annexe in August 1961. It was designed to meet the changing needs of mothers and babies. There were new theatres, single rooms and a lot more space. New ideas were also introduced such as rooming in (whereby babies slept in the same room as their mothers), greater father participation and mothers becoming mobile soon after childbirth. Mavis was quoted in The Timaru Herald as saying "I wouldn't go back to the other way. This seems more natural for the mother and baby." Mavis retired from her position from Jean Todd on August 7, 1977. She was quoted saying in her farewell presentation: "I have been here so long I now find babies I helped deliver coming in as mothers to have their own babies." In her active days she was a keen indoor and outdoor bowler and was made an honorary member of the West End Women's Bowling Club. She was a founding member and secretary of the Otaio section of the Women's Division of the Federated Farmers and also the secretary of the St Andrews flower shows. Mavis also enjoyed crafts and loved attending Probus meetings and her church. She was involved with the Arthritis Foundation and loved her garden - in particular her roses. Although ill health prevented her from doing the things she wanted she remained positive and was always concerned about the well-being of others. Mavis is survived by one brother and two sisters.

MYSTERY OF QSM MEDAL SOLVED By COMER
7 March 2008 Timaru Herald

The mystery of a Queen's Service Medal (QSM) discovered at Timaru Hospital has been solved.
The medal, presented for public services and belonging to a former nursing sister, Violet May Tew, was recently discovered in a room on the sixth floor of the hospital's gardens block, sparking a hunt for the women's family. The block was originally a home for nurses. "The medal was found when we were relocating items from our library for the hospital's new education facility," Mr Taylor said. The medal has the recipient's name engraved on it, and Mr Taylor had taken his search from there. After a discussion with the Prime Minister's Department he learnt the nurse had been one of the first people to receive the award. "She retired in 1975 and that was also the inaugural year of the QSM set up," he said. In 1989 the medal was bequeathed to Timaru Hospital, family members said. Mr Taylor said a cabinet will be made for the medal and it will take pride of place in the new education facility.

Advocate for the elderly Ailsa Bailey
Timaru Herald  7 August 2012
 Mrs Bailey was born in Sydney on July 17, 1925 and started nursing with the Australian Women's Land Army in 1942. She trained as a nurse at St Luke's Hospital in Kings Cross, Sydney, from 1943 to 1947. She married a New Zealand soldier just after the war. In 1963 Mrs Ailsa Bailey began work at Talbot Hospital as a geriatric nurse. In 1974 she had geriatric nursing training in Australia and in 1981, became principal nurse at Talbot. She retired in 1987, after 23 years at the hospital. She died on July 31, aged 87. Received OBE in 1992, a suffrage medal in 1993 and a senior achievers award in 1995.

Timaru Herald 4 June 2002
Nursing – a challenging, rewarding profession

The work nurses do, both in the hospital setting and in the community, is often taken for granted. While we know they care for the sick, few of us may realise the training and dedication required by the men and women in the profession. Janine Burgess spoke to four nurses about their work. As nursing becomes an increasingly demanding profession and many are opting to leave or travel overseas in search of higher wages, there are plenty who are still finding their careers rewarding. "Working with Families" was the theme of this year's International Day of the Nurse on May 12, a day set aside each year to celebrate and recognise the good work nurses do in out communities every day.

Karen Fensom – Paediatric Nurse
A background working as a St John volunteer saw Karen Fensom enter the nursing profession. "I enjoyed helping people and liked the idea of working with a big group of people," she said. After school Karen started her three years' training at Timaru Hospital in 1975. These days young people have to move away to train as a nurse and they miss out on a lot of the on-the-job experience training in a hospital provides, she said. During her time at the hospital Karen has worked in most areas but has spent the last 22 years in the children's ward. When she first started working in the ward she intended to try it for about six months, but liked it so much she stayed on. "I love working with families but it can also be sad at times. It can be the saddest ward but it can be also be the most rewarding. Kids are really positive." Karen says developing a rapport with patients can be more difficult in modern times given hospital stays are considerably shorter than they used to be. Karen works shifts, and admits she rarely has a weekend. If she's on a morning shift her day begins at 7am with a changeover meeting with ward staff where each patient is discussed. After that Karen reads over the notes of each of her charges for the day and visits them to introduce herself. She will then accompany a doctor on ward rounds. Surgical patients are admitted at 7.30am and they too have to be seen to. "We have a great relationship with our doctors. In the old days they would just talk to the charge nurse about the patients but now they come to the nurse in charge of that patient. It's good to know they have confidence in us and in what we're doing." Patients in the children's ward often range from premature babies through to 15-year-olds and the range of treatments and skills needed to work with such a diverse group are huge. "It's a challenge. You're doing different things every day." Training is never-ending. Nursing staff are constantly required to up-skill and keep up with changes in medical technology. Karen completed her nursing degree a couple of years ago and has attended three specialist paediatric courses in the last three years. She also tries to do as much reading in her own time as she can to keep up with medical advances. While she admits no one is going to get rich nursing, and she sees many young nurses move on overseas, she has no intentions of leaving the profession. Working with families is an important part of the job, but sometimes it's hard to explain that what you are doing is in the best interest of the child. And at the end of the day that's all that matters, she said.

Claire Neilson – Public Health Nurse
Claire Neilson's role is all about working with families. As a public health nurse her work can take her to schools and homes throughout the region. While Plunket caters for the under fives, it's the public health nurses who pick up children's health care needs when they enter the school system. They also look after the needs of young people who have left school and are in training programmes. Claire admits when she left school she didn't really know what career path she intended to follow. She started out working in an office but quickly realised it was not for her. She had family members who were nurses and followed their lead, completing her Bachelor of Nursing. She trained in Christchurch before staffing at Waimate Hospital then moved to Timaru Hospital. "It was during that time I realised it was the community where I wanted to be based." She took on her role with the public health team eight years ago and has found public health nursing tremendously rewarding and challenging. Her job enables her not only to see to the needs of the children and young people she meets through the school system, but also enables her to meet the families involved and assist them in identifying their needs. "We are able to talk to the parents and offer them health information and advice." She is also in a position to refer clients to different agencies if required.
She sees her role as one of assisting families. This involves physical, social and emotional needs. Her role can also bring her into contact with areas of child abuse and neglect. Her average day can see her visiting schools, visiting families in their homes, meetings with other health professionals, and at times her planned schedule can be altered if she is required to attend to an urgent situation. "It's a very interesting career and there's certainly no regrets."

Patricia Allan – Diabetes Nurse Specialist
Becoming a nurse was almost a foregone conclusion for diabetes nurse specialist Patricia Allan. At the time, women looking for a career were offered a choice of teaching or nursing, she chose nursing and it was a decision she doesn't regret. A registered nurse Patricia also holds a bachelors degree in social sciences, a teaching certificate, a graduate certificate in diabetes education, she is a clinical nurse specialist and an accredited diabetes nurse specialist. She is also studying towards her Master degree. Updating her qualifications and staying at the forefront in her field is just part of the job, she says. She starts work each day at 8am. Usually she will arrive at work to discover about a dozen messages on her phone to attend to. She then conducts ward rounds and clinics. Her day usually ends at about 4.30pm. However she remains on call 24 hours a day for her clients. A major part of her job is staff and community education on diabetes. She is South Canterbury's sole diabetes nurse specialist. Her career began in general nursing practice. After 10 years away, to have a family, she returned to nursing as a tutor. Ten years later the opportunity presented itself for her to specialise in the diabetes field. It took five years to train as a diabetes nurse specialist. She saw diabetes as an area where she could follow people through from the diagnosis to a stage where they were able to support themselves.
While she works partially in isolation, she is also part of a wider team of health professionals in the primary and secondary areas. "The consultants I work with are great.They're really supportive. Without them I would not be able to do the work I do. Our roles are complimentary." Her job gives her considerable rewards, one of which is seeing the baby of a diabetic mother successfully delivered. "Every one of these is a tiny miracle that's really special." Seeing children learn to manage their own diabetes, including administering their own insulin, is also a highlight. She works with patients as young as 11-months through to patients in their 90s and they all have very different needs. This involves taking a holistic approach to their care and often involving the entire family. Patricia does face some challenges in her job. The Timaru Hospital and Community Services diabetes service caters to some 850 patients on limited resources.

Gwen Mayo – Midwife
Describing an ordinary day proved difficult for hospital midwife Gwen Mayo – there just isn't one. She chose nursing as a career she thinks as a result of a short stay in hospital when she was a child. She is now a registered obstetric nurse, a trained midwife, she holds a Plunket qualification and has completed her advanced diploma in nursing. She hoped to specialise in the field of paediatrics but there were no specific courses in the field so decided working with babies and their families was a good place to start. She works eight hour shifts at the hospital and her roles includes ward rounds, assisting mothers and fathers with their babies, teaching the skills they need to care for their babies, monitoring women who are near delivery, giving epidurals and working alongside independent midwives. While Gwen was reluctant to say just how many years she has been a nurse she did admit to seeing many changes in the profession. These changes have been for the better. Midwives now work more in a partnership with women and their partners to help them make the informed decisions about their baby's health and care. The highlight of her job is being able to assist parents to get to know their babies and be confident in caring for them. "It's great to be able to support them and see that relationship build between the parents, the baby and the family." The only difficulty with the job is often not knowing what each day will bring, but Gwen admits she would probably miss that adrenaline rush if she were to take on any other job.

May 1976 - South Canterbury School of Nursing Prelim class. Photograph taken by Langwood Studio, 175A Stafford St, Timaru on the tennis courts.
Back row: Karyl Smith, Jenny Green, Stephanie Donehue (Maungati), Robin Palliser (Timaru), Rosemary Seyb (Claremont), Karen Officer (Timaru), Lyn Thompson, Jennifer Pierce (Timaru), Chris Fenby, Debra Askey (Timaru), Christina Morrison, Jenny Blue (Ohau Downs), Jillian Ward (Claremont), Evelyn Sherriff.
Middle row: M. Wilson, Wendy Jackson, Lin Shaw, Helen Datlen, L. Cowles, Diane Bradley (Oamaru), Catherine Murray (Timaru), Ann O'Connell, Clare Wilson (Waimate), Judith Harris (Waimate), Shirley Effie, Kay Muldrew (Oamaru), Glenis Kinsman (Fairlie), Alan Herd.
Sitting: Christine Douglas (Kingsdown), Olwyn Bray (Fairlie), Sally Davidson (Temuka), Helen Davies (Waimate), Jenny McKye, Sister Shona Butterfield, Sue Wallace (Waimate), Winsome Pearce (Christchurch), Denise Braid (Timaru), Jenny Porter, Anne Moore, Lyn Berry (Christchurch).
 The graduation photo was published in the Timaru Herald Saturday 8, 1979, a day after the graduation ceremony.  page 3.  24 nurses  graduated out of 39 who started = 61.5% graduated.

1970s - 1980s - 1990s -2000s

Old Ward 1 - Men's Medical - Sister Helen Blakely in charge, then when Helen went off to do a Diploma of Nursing [SANDS] in Wellington, Jenny McLaughlin [TPH trained] took over as Charge Nurse and was in charge in 1975.
Ward 1 - Paediatrics - Sister Molly Hogan was in charge of children's ward when in 1975. Children's ward was at that time in old Ward 3 up on top floor about Ward 4. Ward 3 was then turned into the Orthopaedic Ward and the Charge Nurse of that ward was Sister Rae. The Paediatric ward was shifted to old Ward 1. When Molly Hogan retired as the Paediatric Sister, Ruth Armstrong became the charge nurse there and was in that role for many years. Ann Shaw [TPH trained], took over as charge nurse when Ruth retired. Later, the Paediatric ward shifted to a new purpose built ward on the first floor of the Clinical Services Block with Mark Liddy [TPH trained] in charge. Mark remains in charge there but is called Clinical Nurse Manager of Paediatrics now.
Kensington Unit - Psychiatric Services Kensington is across Edward Street opposite Dr McKenzies's house.

Ward 2 - Medical with CCU ¼ way down on the left (The MacDonald Ward) - Dr John Doran and Dr Sid Hawes (31 yrs at Timaru Hospital - Medical Superintendent)
Ward 2 which was previously Men's Surgical and run by Sister Colleen Briggs, became a Medical Ward , 1975, and was run by Sister Renwick, retired soon after.  Sue McLeod [a friend of mine] was in charge later for a year and when Jenny Ryan [nee Pearce] [TPH trained] had finished her Advanced Diploma of Nursing in Christchurch, she came back and took over the position which she held for some years. Colleen Coffey [TPH trained] took over after Jenny.

Ward 3 and 3A - Orthopaedics - Mr Poplawski, Mr V. Rasanayakam.
In 1975, Ward 3 was the children's ward run by Sister Molly Hogan. Ward 3A was the Orthopaedic ward and at that time Vicki Low [TPH trained] was in charge. Then during the restructuring in the 70's, Ward 3 became the Orthopaedic ward run by Sister Rae. After Sister Rae was Charge Nurse Viv Eggleton. Ward 3a became the ENT ward and Lillian Waters [[TPH trained] became charge nurse of that ward.

Ward 4  - General Surgery - Sister Colleen Briggs - Mr Bill Greenslade and Mr Gavin Wilton
Ward 4 was Women's surgical ward run by Sister Eileen Milne in 1975, then it became a mixed Surgical ward which Colleen Briggs took over as Sister in charge and remained in that post for many years.

Ward 5 - Gynaecology - Sister Eileen Milne - Mr Smedley & Dr Benny.
Sister moved from Ward 4 into Ward 5 during the l 970's restructuring. Ward 5 used to be a Men's Surgical ward before it was turned into a Gynae Ward. After Ms Milne retired, Colleen Walker who took over as Charge Nurse. During the big storm of August 1975, part of the outside wall of Ward 5 fell down and many windows in that block [wd 5 & 6] were blown in. The Gynae ward was later moved to the 2nd floor of the Jean Todd block [below Ward 7] and remained there until the Gynae patients incorporated into the Surgical unit on the 4th floor of the clinical services block.

Ward 6 - Psychiatric - Sister  Robin Hamilton. Remained the Psychiatric ward until that block was pulled down. Robin Hamilton remained the charge nurse for years and when the Psychiatric Dept moved into a purpose built building across the road from the hospital on Queen Street, she remained Clinical Nurse Manager of  'Kensington', the name given to the Psychiatric Dept.

Ward 7 - On top of Jean Todd - Geriatric. - Sister Nancy Bennett [nee Baker] in charge - Dr Brookfield & Dr Thodey. Known as the Assessment, Treatment & Rehabilitation Unit [AT&R].

Jean Todd Maternity Unit - a free standing four story building completed in 1961
Maternity wing had the first three floors - two operating rooms and labour rooms on the ground flour, post partum on the next two floors with Ward 7 on top.
Jean Todd - Sister Hall, Sister Scott, Sister Andrews, Sister Sarah Cowan (died recently ?2007, age 90 years), Sister Scrivener -
Jean Todd moved over to the clinical services block with the last restructuring in 1999 and into the wing where Physiotherapy dept was previously. At the time it was decided to call it the Maternity Ward, but a public outcry caused the powers that be to re-name the ward Jean Todd after the first matron of Timaru hospital.

Ward 8 - General Surgery Sister Helen Blakely. Mr E.R. Mackenzie & Mr Ellingham [Eye surgeon], Mr J. Gilbert [ENT].  Top floor upper right of photo.
When Helen Blakely came back from doing her post grad studies in Wellington, the new TPH Clinical services block was completed. She became Charge Nurse of Ward 8 and remained in that positions for many years. Belinda Dore nee Marshall [TPH trained] took on the roll of Clinical Nurse Manager after Helen but was only in the job less than a year before going on Maternity Leave for a year. Andrea Patrick filled the roll of CNM of surgical services [in charge of both wd 4 & wd 8] for that year until Belinda returned. Belinda is now Manager of Surgical & Operative Services.

Ground Floor: A& E & OPD - Charge Nurse Frances Gallagher - Dr Todd & OPD Dept - Charge Nurse Margaret O'Connell ground floor of same building as Ward 8
A&E used to be in the old part of the hospital just inside the old main entrance which used to be opposite the store on Edwards Street.
The new block was finally opened beginning of 1976 and A&E was moved into the new purpose built dept.

Clinical Services Building 1980s.
1st Floor: Physiotherapy dept, to the right of the stairwell. To the left of the stairwell, was  where medical records were stored.
2nd Floor: This was the floor where the Laboratory was [to the right of the stairwell] and to the left of the stairwell was and still is, the x-ray dept.
During the last restructuring of the building, the Laboratory [run by MEDLAB] was moved to a new building build on the site of the old Ward 6 and accessible via the corridor with goes down to the Chapel. The chapel opened in 1969. After being gutted and rebuilt, the medical ward then moved into where the old Laboratory was.
3rd Floor: Operating Suites, Recovery unit down one end and Surgical Day Patients Dept including the Endoscopy suite down the other.
The old Operating suite used to be where old 3A used to be and was moved over to the new block when it opened in 1976.
The old medical library used to be where the Day Patient Dept is. A further expansion saw the corridor down the back of the Operating Theatres being turned into further space which is used as the holding bay for all the day patients.
4th Floor: Later ICU / CCU 8 beds moved to the 4th floor Clinical Services Building [to the left of the stairwell]
 The Clinical Services block was again reconstructed in 1999 to house all the Inpatient wards and services and the old three storey wards 2, 4, 3 & 3A block was pulled down.
All of Surgical inpatients is in the reconstructed old Ward 8 [General, ENT, Gynae & Orthopaedic] on the 4th floor of the clinical services block. ICU/CCU remains in the same place on the same floor.
All of Medical inpatients is in the reconstructed old Laboratory floor on the 2nd floor of the Clinical services block.

Clinical Services Building 2014. A 131 bed facility
Level 5 Surgical / Orthopeadic 40 beds
Level 4 Day wad, endoscopic and recovery. Theatres (4). ICU /Cardiac Care 7 beds (Levels 4&5 ).
Level 3- Medical Ward 24 beds, restaurant, x-rad., Whanau room (couches, tee & coffee, TV)
Level 3- Jean Todd 10 beds / Paediatric 11 beds, neonatal unit (2 beds). Physio and occupational therapy
Level 2 Pharmacy and MRI suite. map map Ward 6 is the Med lab. Chapel still in the same place.
Level 1 ED. Main entrance. Outpatients. Appointments.
Across Queen St. is the Kensington Centre inpatient unit – 14 beds


Matron - Miss Moore, the matron there when I first started in the 1970s then Mrs Alma Strang
after Mrs Strang, Shona Carey then Rowan Thompson.
Assistant Matron: Sister Morgan
after which Rowan Thompson [ex midwife from Jean Todd] was assistant principal nurse to Shona Carey. Then Frances Ancell was second in line to Rowan Thompson when she was Principal Nurse.
Afternoon Nurse Supervisor  - Miss Robyn Caskey.
After which many Reg. Nurses have filled this roll on numerous occasions.
Hospital Chaplain - Rev. Ken Davy and later Doug Boyd.
During the 1970s the Rev. Michael Kerr was the hospital chaplain. After many years, Rev. Kerr was back at Timaru Hospital where he held the position of Hospital Chaplain for more four years until he retired in 2008. In 2012 Rev. Alan Cummins was the chaplain, his wife, a nurse had previously worked at the Timaru hospital.
1979 class tutor sisters - Shona Butterfield, Mrs Annette Knowles, Miss Colleen Moore, Ms Wendy Halstead, Mrs Margaret Richards nee Brosnahan (trained at Timaru)
1980 tutor sisters - Faye Blakemore, Ngaire Whytock, Chris McDowell
2014 - Director of Nursing Jane Brosnahan, was a staff nurse at Timaru. Returned to Timaru in 2006. She replaced Sam Powell in Oct. 2012.


Before the Nurses' Home was demolished. Photos taken on a rainy day -looking towards the new  McKenzie Clinical Services Block - 1977 -looking south -south-east. I never climbed the fire escapes to get into the old nurses home. It was a regular occurrence for some of the girls!  Many were terrified that they would get caught.

Kai Tiaki : the journal of the nurses of New Zealand, Volume XIV, Issue 3, July 1921, Page 153
Nurses' Home, Timaru Hospital. In May, the Nurses' Home recently erected at Timaru was opened by the Minister of Health (Mr. Parr). It is n beautiful building, each nurse having a bedroom to herself. Many of these rooms open on to a wide balcony, and the balcony is used a good deal for sleeping out. There are delightful sitting-rooms for nurses and sisters, most comfortably and artistically furnished, with an ample supply of easy chairs and chesterfields upholstered m the latest designs. The lecture and study rooms are of the most modern style. The dining-room is a spacious and beautiful room, well furnished. The matron has a suite of rooms, with bathroom, also beautifully-furnished. The Home sister has her sitting-room and bedroom. There is an ample number of bathrooms, upstairs and downstairs. On the occasion of the opening there was a dance in the dining-room, which was much enjoyed. The whole house is like a private residence of well-to-do people, the liberal furnishing having been made possible by the generosity of a resident of the district, who donated a sum of £1000, which it was specially desired to be used for the comfort of the nursing staff.

Evening Post, 22 December 1936, Page 22
Timaru, December 21
The South Canterbury Hospital Board today accepted the tender of Mr. A. Kennedy, £35,990, for the erection of a three-storey surgical- ward block at Timaru Hospital. Additions to the nurses' home are now nearing completion, and the new block is to be started at an early date and will take 20 months to build.

7 July 1997 Timaru Herald What a difference a day makes.
The old Timaru Nurses' Home (above) as it was on Friday - a shadow of its former glory, but definitely still standing ... and on Saturday (below), a mere pile of rubble was all that marked the site that was, over the years, home to hundreds of nurses. The early 1920's brick building was demolished to make way for Health South Canterbury's $16 million redevelopment for the hospital. Although the building held fond memories for many, it was, according to the CHE, an earthquake risk, and very expensive to heat.


The Old Nurses Home between the Clinical block (built in 1971) and the new nurses Home -Lindsay wing (built 1958) to the right.
Taken from Queen Street, by Margaret Bates while attending her 1977 Nurses Reunion. The dinning room was below the balcony. The main entrance to the Nurses Home was up the steps to the left. There were beautiful wooden stairs cases inside. The Matron's flat is behind the tree at the street level. There were steps out just behind the tree.

Kai Tiaki: the Journal of the Nurses of New Zealand, July 1921, Page 153 New Hospitals and Homes
Nurses' Home, Timaru Hospital, In May, the Nurses' Home recently erected at Timaru was opened by the Minister of Health (Mr. Parr). It is a beautiful building, each nurse having a bedroom to herself. Many of these rooms open on to a wide balcony, and the balcony is used a good deal for sleeping out. There are delightful sitting-rooms for nurses and sisters, most comfortably and artistically furnished, with an ample supply of easy chairs and chesterfields upholstered m the latest designs. The lecture and study rooms are of the most modern style. The dining-room is a spacious and beautiful room, well furnished. The matron has a suite of rooms, with bathroom, also beautifully-furnished. The Home sister has her sitting-room and bedroom. There is an ample number of bathrooms, upstairs and downstairs. On the occasion of the opening there was a dance in the dining-room, which was much enjoyed. The whole house is like a private residence of well-to-do people, the liberal furnishing having been made possible by the generosity of a resident of the district, who donated a sum of £1000, which it was specially desired to be used for the comfort of the nursing staff.

Lindsay Wing
It was the 'new nurses home', named after a former matron. It is now called the 'Garden Block'. The top floor [5th floor] still has rooms for student nurses when they are working at the hospital. The top corner flat used to be the accommodation for Shona Carey [former Principal Nurse]. It's the highest residential flat in South Canterbury! and has great views of the mountains.
The 4th floor has the offices of the Otago Polytech Tutorial staff. Otago Polytech nursing students come to Timaru for their placements.
The 3rd floor has all the nurse educators and Social Work services.
The 2nd floor where the old common room used to be, has been turned into a medical/nursing library.
The 1st floor which used to have two nursing school rooms is now where Public Health Services are.
The ground floor where a nursing school room was now has Audiology and Diatetics Depts.
The lovely old nurses home with its oak staircase, carpeting, dry room, changing rooms for staff who did not live in the Nurses Home, and dinning room was demolished and in it's place is the new entrance to the clinical services block.

The tennis couts outside the "new" nurses home, Jan. 2008. Photo taken by Margaret Todd.
The Lindsay Wing - former nurses home.  Prelim class photo above was taken on the tennis courts.
The Timaru Cenotaph is just out of the photo to the left.

Evening Post, 5 January 1912, Page 8 NURSES EXAMINATION RESULTS.
The following nurses were successful in passing the recent examination under the Nurses Registration Act. Their names are given, in, order of merit: Sutherland, Timaru. Robin
Lochhead, Timaru.

Evening Post, 25 July 1918, Page 8
QUALIFIED NURSES STATE EXAMINATION.
The following candidates were successful in passing the recent State examination of nurses:—
Kath. Cookley (Timaru);

Evening Post, 7 February 1927, Page 10
The following nurses also passed: Sanders, Jessie C, RN., Timaru Hospital.

Evening Post,
7 May 1929, Page 11
MATERNITY NURSING STATE EXAMINATION RESULTS
Following are the results of the recent State maternity nurses examinations:—
State Maternity Nurses' Examination. Passed: Williams, Constance M. (Timaru Maternity ; Burton, Marie M. (Timaru Maternity);

Evening Post, 23 December 1929, Page 13
MATERNITY NURSES. First in New Zealand, 89.5 %., Pryor, Elsie, E., Timaru.

Evening Post, 6 May 1930, Page 14
The following candidates were successful in passing the recent examinations for the State Registration of Maternity Nurses. Sorenson, Ora Kita, Timaru Maternity Hospital

Evening Post, 21 March 1931, Page 6
MATERNITY NURSES EXAMINATION PASSES
The following candidates were successful in passing the State; examination for maternity nurses hold on 18th and 19th February, 1931:— Passed: Leslie, Dorothy, Timaru Hospital

Evening Post, 9 October 1931, Page 14
NURSES STATE EXAMINATIONS
The following candidates were successful in passing the State examination for Maternity Nurses held on 9th and 10th September, 1931:
Griffiths, Frances, Timaru Hospital.
 

NURSING TRAINING IN TIMARU AGAIN AFTER 16-YEAR BREAK.
2 September 2003 Timaru Herald

Prospective South Canterbury nursing students are able to train in Timaru again. The last nursing graduation in Timaru was held in 1987 when students trained through the Timaru Hospital's School of Nursing to become registered general obstetric nurses (RGON). The hospital stopped training nurses when diplomas and degrees through polytechnics became the standard required. However a three-year undergraduate degree based in Timaru is now being offered as part of a joint initiative by the Otago Polytechnic, Aoraki Polytechnic and Timaru Hospital and Community Services. The course caters specifically for people who want to become registered nurses but cannot relocate to Otago or Christchurch to train. The first 13 of 26 students accepted into the programme attended their first day of orientation at Timaru Hospital yesterday. The second group of 13 will begin their training in February of next year. Otago Polytechnic School of Nursing Faculty head Dr Alison Dixon said Aoraki Polytechnic's trades, cuisine and community faculty head Stella Sweney had contacted her about 18 months ago to see if the polytechnic would consider teaching the degree programme in South Canterbury as she had received many requests.

Dr Dixon said Otago Polytechnic had to consult with the South Canterbury District Health Board as to whether there would a need for more nurses in the region given that this was where the majority of students would want to work. "When the board did its workforce planning for 2006/7 they predicted they would need more nurses - which is when our students will be finishing their degree." Ms Sweney said she was absolutely delighted the programme had been made available. "A lot of our students couldn't move because of family commitments and similar circumstances. "This course has been a dream for some of them for a very long time." The new recruits will receive the majority of their first year training in Timaru, using the teaching resources of the SCDHB and Aoraki Polytechnic. Dr Dixon says five first year papers will be taught by Aoraki Polytechnic and cross-credited towards the Otago degree. In the second half of the year the students will travel to Dunedin for a day and a half a week for a clinical skills paper while the remainder of papers will be taught by distance learning. In their second and third years the students will spend the majority of their time completing their clinical training in the Timaru district and theory training in Dunedin. SCDHB director of clinical services Kim Carter said in the face of a national and international shortage of nurses, the new joint initiative offered an innovative approach to training nursing students locally and retaining them in South Canterbury once their training was completed.
 

Your head nurse tells you - you-re not doing your best
Your relief nurse tells you -you're rooms a mess!

Don't Worry - Be Happy

The Dr walks in and begins to shout
Your patient just pulled his IV out!

Don't Worry - Be Happy

Day shift's here and with a pout
Because the coffee just ran out!

Don't Worry - Be Happy

It's finally time to leave and you're feeling low
But your relief nurse is a no show!

Don't Worry - Be Happy
Don't Worry - Be Happy

written by one of my coworkers, Barbara Iverson, RN, WHMC, night shift, in the communications book, 1986

Sept. 2009
Admin where Ward 1 used to be. Photo taken in Sept. 2009. Interesting the old chimney is still there. It was a large Paediatric ward and very busy.
I worked in Ward I for a year in 1980 as a staff nurse with Sister Ruth Armstrong and later Sister Ancell as charge.


Photo taken by MT in Sept. 2009. The Laundry from Lindsay Wing. They did an excellent job starching our pin striped uniforms and white aprons.
The three tall smoke stacks are out of the photo just to the left.

HOSPITAL

Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1903 Session I, H-22

Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1904 Session I, H-22

Timaru Herald, 26 March 1870, Page 2
Timaru Hospital. — The patients from the old hospital were removed into the new building on Thursday morning last.

Timaru Herald, 4 November 1880, Page 8 TIMARU HOSPITAL IMPROVEMENTS.
Within the post few days extensive end valuable additions to the Timaru Hospital have been completed, increasing the nominal accommodation of the Institution from about forty-five to about seventy beds. By the courtesy of Mr Roberts, Architect to the Hospital Commissioners, who supplied us with particulars, we are enabled to give our readers the following account of them.
     As the additions recently completed, together with most of the buildings previously erected, form parts of a definite and consistent whole not yet completed, it may be well in the first place to indicate briefly the nature of the plans adopted by the Hospital Commissioners, which it is intended to carry out in their entirety as funds become available for the purpose. These plans provide for four long parallel wards of one storey, separated throughout most of their length by open spaces, and a central portion of two storeys, occupying the site of the building first erected and connecting the two inner wards. The general arrangement of the buildings, in parallel sections of the width of a single room separated by open spaces, is known as the pavilion system, and is an arrangement which affords a maximum of facilities for lighting and ventilation. In 1875 the first instalment of the complete building was erected, consisting of a portion of a complete pavilion to the westward of the old Hospital, and in 1877 a second instalment was added, consisting of the complete eastern pavilion. It was decided that the names of the first body of Commissioners should be assigned to the several portions of the building, and m accordance with that decision the portion first built was named the Luxmoore Ward, and the second the Belfield Ward. The additions recently completed consist of a complete pavilion between the eastern or Selfield Ward and the old building, adjoining the latter and separated from the former throughout the greater part of its length by a space of 26 feet, and called the Hall Ward, and an extension of the western pavilion towards the south by the addition of a separate ward, named the LeCren Ward, and towards the north by an addition which forms a convalescents' room, and finishes this end of the ward in keeping with the others. The portions remaining to be carried out in order to complete the Hospital buildings according to the adopted design comprise the inner pavilion to the west of the old building (which will be named the Archer Ward), and the addition of a second storey to the central or old building, with minor alterations at the back. The building has now a good appearance, and when completed will be one of the best buildings of its class in the colony. The style of architecture is plain Italian, neatness and substantialness being its most prominent features.
    The new Hall Ward is 90ft long, 26ft wide, and 16ft high, inside measurement. It contains a main word of twelve beds, a bye ward of two beds, ward kitchen, warders' room, convalescent room, and lavatories, &c. The walls are of concrete up to the window sills, find above these of brick, cemented on both sides, the inside being finished in Keene's pure white cement. The windows are surrounded by architraves moulded in cement, rounded off so as to afford as little lodgment for dust as possible. A painted dado 3ft high, in indigo with a black upper margin, runs round the ward. The floor is of varnished kauri, under which is a second flooring of concrete, which prevents moisture from rising and preserves the air circulating above it for ventilating purposes free from contamination. In the centre of the ward rises a massive chimney, with two fireplaces. A good deal of ingenuity has been exercised in the construction of these fire places. The flues can be swept from a cupboard-like recess built between the grates, so that no soot need find its way into the ward daring the operation of sweeping the chimneys. The back, sides, and bottom also of each fireplace are of fire brick, and the whole grate is of a form calculated to give a maximum of heating power. At the back of each grate is an air channel, with a grated opening about six feet from the floor, by which air finds its way into the room from the space between the two floors — cool when the fires are not lighted, hot when they are. The outer air is also admitted by the upper sashes of the windows. These are hung on hinges at the upper corners, and on being pushed slightly outward the current of fresh air rushes in in an upward, direction, striking the ceiling, and causing no sensible draught near the floor. The vitiated air of the room it got rid of by means of several syphon ventilators, the grated openings of which are placed in short pedestals projecting from the walls, the tops of which form convenient little tables. The air travels through these passages into the space between the ceiling and the roof, whence it is removed by neat exhaust ventilators. At the north end of the main room a space 12ft by 8ft is cut off by a light partition, partly glazed and the rest in picked panel work, to form a convalescents' room, in which a large bay window overlooks the town and the roadstead. Here patients who are able to leave their beds, but are not yet able to go outside, may sit and enjoy the sunshine and a good prospect of the outer world, or may utilise it as a reading-room. At this end of the building are arranged a bath-room and lavatory and other necessary, offices, with water laid on from a water, tower 25ft high, in the rear of the building. At the south end of the main ward are a bye ward, finished in the same style as the main ward, 13ft by 12ft, for isolating special cases, a warder's room of the same size, a small store room and a kitchen, also 18ft by 12ft. This kitchen is only intended for the preparation of smaller dishes, &c., specialty required in the ward. It is fitted with a small range with oven and hot-water boiler, and in one corner is a washing sink with water laid on.
    The westernmost pavilion is intended for fever patients, and is therefore more completely separated from the other portions of the building than these from each other. The Luxmoore Ward, built in 1875, forming the northern portion of this pavilion, has now been extended northward by the addition of a convalescents' room and offices similar to those described in the Hall Ward, and southward by the addition of the LeCren Ward. This new section comprises a main ward 65ft long by 24ft wide, convalescents' room, warder's room, kitchen, storeroom, lavatories, etc., as in the ward described, except that the convalescents' and other smaller rooms are differently disposed. The Luxmoore Ward is designed to hold sixteen beds, and the LeCren Ward ten, the former will be devoted to male and the latter to female fever patients. The LeCren Ward is finished in the same manner as the ward already described. The two sections of this pavilion have no direct communication, but are connected by a covered way outside the building. A second water tower has been built near this covered way, from which the offices are supplied with water, the tanks in the tower being filled from underground tanks by force pump. The whole of the sanitary arrangements of an hospital ought to be of the very best, and the question of the disposal of sewage is an important one. The architect appears to have it upon a very efficient plan for dealing with this question, one which would seem to be worthy of adoption by towns where circumstances are at all favorable to its adoption.
    A comparison of the cost of the Timaru Hospital with that of similar institutions elsewhere shows that the money expended upon it has been economically laid out. Probably one of the fairest ways, if not the fairest and best way, of reckoning the cost of such a building, is to take a bed provided for as the unit of cost. Calculating on this basis, the cost hitherto of the enlargement of the Timaru Hospital, according to Mr Roberts' plan, has not exceeded £150 per bed, while the cost of the recent additions (£2910), reckoning only one bed in each bye ward, is only about £120 per bed. These, price, we believe, will compare very favorably with any other of the same kind in the colony, and probably in the world. The recently completed Wellington Hospital, for instance, cost, we are informed, about £300 per bed.
    The nominal accommodation of the Timaru Hospital is now seventy-two beds, and though it is to be hoped this amount of accommodation for patients will prove sufficient for a long time to come, still further improvements are almost imperatively called for at the present time. One pressing requirement is more convenient quarters for the Resident Surgeon and the servants of the establishment. The latter, at present, find private rooms almost where they can. These quarters it is intended to provide by adding a second storey to the central and oldest portion of the buildings. Another much-needed addition is a new kitchen, the present one having now become, through the development of the Hospital, inadequate to its purpose. This, the plan proposes, should be erected at the back of the present one, where it could be placed m communication with the several wards by convenient corridors. The cost of completing the present plan — including the erection of the Archer Ward, a facsimile, or nearly so, of the Hall Ward, as well as the additions spoken of as immediately required — is estimated at about £2500, not a very large sum.
    Mr T. Roberts has already been referred to as the architect, and it now remains to record the names of those who have carried out the work of the recent additions. Mr McGill was the contractor for the whole work, the sub-contractors being Mr T. B. Jones for the carpenter's and joiner's work ; Messrs Butt and Johns for the plastering ; Mr Amos for the painting and glazing ; and Messrs Mackay and McBride for the plumbing. Mr John Blackmore supervised the, work during its progress on behalf of the Commissioners. The whole of the workmanship has been done in a very satisfactory manner, and the work was carried on with as much consideration for the patients in the Hospital as was possible. The contractor was somewhat unfortunate in the season, the walls having dried very slowly, and as a consequence a good deal of efflorescence from the finishing cement has occurred on the inner surface of the walls, retarding the work of painting, and in some places spoiling work already done.

Timaru Herald, 5 March 1881, Page 3
A meeting of the Hospital Commissioners was hold at the Borough Council Chamber. Present - Messrs T.W. Hall (in the chair), H. Belfield, and P. Archer. Dr Chilton and Mr Jowsey, the Steward, were also present. From the Hospital and Charitable Aid Board of Christchurch, enclosing a letter from Mr A. Lean, Deputy Inspector of Asylums, re Cornelius Sullivan, who was committed from the Timaru Hospital to the Sunyside Lunatic Asylum during February 1881. The Board's letter expressed their willingness to sanction his reception into the Christchurch Hospital providing the Timaru Hospital authorities made arrangements to pay for his maintenance while there, otherwise the patient would be forwarded back to Timaru. Mr A. Lean's letter stated he had seen the patient, and considered his case to be a surgical one rather than lunacy.

North Otago Times, 16 October 1885, Page 2
Timaru. October 15. The Geraldine County Council today elected Mr J. Talbot, the Chairman, and Mr R. A. Barker, a member, to represent the Council on the Hospitals and Charitable Aid Board. The Chairman, in accepting the position, highly eulogised the new Act.

Timaru Herald, 6 November 1885, Page 3
Hospital Board - The first meeting of the South Canterbury Hospital and Charitable Aid Board was held at the Council Chambers, George Street. There were present Messrs John Jackson (Chairman), G.F. Clulee, A. Hayes, J. Talbot, R.A. Barker and C.V. Clarke, Mr T. Jowsey, Steward of the Hospital, Dr Drew, Resident Surgeon and Mr E. H. Lough, Secretary to the Charitable Aid Board, were also in attendence. A letter was received from the Clerk of Waimate County Council stating that the council had decided to have the control of the Waimate Hospital placed under a separate Board.

The doctor in charge of the Waimate Hospital, I may say that I was informed that the total number of patients treated in the year ending in October last would be 100 in-patients and 80 out-patients. I find that in the Timaru Hospital the numbers were 200 in-patients and 287 out-patients. ?Year

West Coast Times, 8 February 1883, Page 2
The Steward of the Timaru Hospital desires to thank Sir John Hall for his donation of a potato washer, which is found to be a great convenience and much appreciated by the staff.

Evening Post, 8 January 1886, Page 2
Mr. A. Thompson, carpenter, of this city, has lately completed a surgical table, which has been made to the order of the Steward (Mr. Jowsey) of the Timaru Hospital. It is a decided improvement on the one at present in use in the Wellington Hospital, which was an imported article. From a letter received by Mr. Thompson on 4th January, acknowledging the safe arrival of the table in Timaru, we extract the following: — "The operating table arrived yesterday without injury. We are very pleased with it. It reflects the greatest credit on you as a tradesman." Such praise must be very gratifying to Mr. Thompson, and should lead to fresh openings in his trade, besides being satisfactory evidence of the starting of another local industry.

Timaru Herald, 4 June 1888, Page 2
Mr Emil Hall, contractor for building the morgue at the hospital, is getting on well with his work. The morgue is situated to the south of the operating room; is of brick on concrete foundations, and was designed principally on lines supplied by Mr Jowsey, the steward. The morgue will be furnished in a style embodying the latest improvements.

West Coast Times, 26 November 1888, Page 2
The Timaru Hospital Board have resolved that the charge for patients be 4s per day if prompt payment be made, and 5s if it is not. For some time the daily charge at the hospital has been too high, and general protests have been made against it.

Wanganui Herald, 27 May 1890, Page 2
"Colonial ventilation" is the term applied by a Timaru Hospital Board member for the delusive system which is so common, of making holes in a ceiling and fixing cowls on the ridge, with no trunk or pipe to connect them.

Wanganui Herald, 20 March 1891, Page 2
The Timaru Hospital Board have received notice of a bequest by JR. A. Barker, deceased, a late member of the Board, of £2000, subject to a life interest in the income, with a letter expressing the wish that it be devoted to the erection and maintenance of a special ward for the treatment of suffers from septic diseases. The Board acknowledged the bequest with thanks.

Taranaki Herald, 24 June 1899, Page 2
The Timaru Hospital Board has decided to terminate the system of having an honorary medical staff of three town doctors in favour of a resident officer. The present system was declared to have worked unsatisfactorily, and the recent friction led to the Board's resolution to terminate it.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 4 January 1900, Page 2
The staff of the Timaru Hospital has given a horse for the use of Private Brown, who left the institution for the purpose of joining the contingent.

New Zealand Tablet, 26 March 1897, Page 17
Mr. Jowsey, the steward of the hospital.

Waimate Daily Advertiser, 13 March 1900, Page 2
Nurse Carston of the Timaru Hospital left for the Transvaal Friday evening. Prior to her departure she was presented with a purse of Sovereigns by the nurses of the staff and a few friends.

The New Zealand Gazette
Names of Nurses Registered under "The Nurses Registration Act, 1901."
Jan. 1902 - Carston, Margaret E. Timaru Hospital, 1892-94; Ashburton Hospital, 1894-97; Waipawa Hospital, 1898-1900; military nursing, South Africa 1900-1; Pahiatua Hospital (matron) 1902. Holds the South African medal. Her photo is in the Canterbury Times, 10 April 1900.  Nurse Carston and Miss Godfrey arrived at Capetown on May 7, 1900
 July August Letters from Nurse Carston - Timaru Herald, 18 September 1900, Page 3.
Approximately 29 NZ Nurses served in the Boer war.

Evening Post, 23 May 1901, Page 6
Lieutenant - Colonel Jowsey, C.M.G., and Mrs. Jowsey are on a visit to Wellington. The colonel, who had the command of our Third Contingent (Rough Riders) is Secretary of the Timaru Hospital Trustees.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 23 April 1902, Page 2
There was a good deal of chaff and laughing at the Timaru Hospital Board's luncheon over two items in the steward's accounts— quarter-dozen razors and one twelfth gross of ping-pong balls. The resident surgeon said that razors were used in the operating-room ; but not pingpong balls ; he knew nothing about them. Inquiry was made, and the information obtained that the ping-pong balls were obtained for the recreation of the nurses.

Otago Witness, 24 June 1903, Page 21
The Timaru Hospital Board have resolved to buy an X-rays apparatus offered at £75.

Poverty Bay Herald, 22 August 1904, Page 3
The Timaru Hospital nurses are given three lectures per week, one by the matron, and two by the resident surgeon.

Taranaki Herald, 8 December 1904, Page 4
The Timaru Hospital Board had a conference with Drs. Mason and Finch regarding the infectious diseases hospital and provision for consumptives. In regard to the former question was as to the area to be included in the contributing by the casting vote of the chairman a resolution was carried that all the South Canterbury district should be included. It was stated that the matter will be closely before a magistrate. In regard to consumptives, Dr. Mason recommended provision connected with the Timaru hospital, and also at Waimate, as an independent sanatorium would be too expensive. Finally it was agreed that Dr. Finch; District Health Officer, and the resident surgeon see if a suitable site for the annex at Timaru is available. Three or four consumptives are now treated in "sun rooms" at Timaru, and two in tents at Waimate.

Otago Witness, 20 June 1906, Page 16
Messrs J. Robin and Co. have just finished an ambulance for the Timaru Hospital Beard somewhat similar to that built by the firm for the St. John Ambulance Association of this city, which has proved an eminent success, and is in so much demand throughout the city and suburbs. The one just finished is framed with English ash, and the panels are cedar, nicely and strikingly figured. The springs are long, flat, and easy riding; the stretcher also rests on springs, and the wheels are rubber-tyred to prevent any jarring or jolting. The whole inside is fitted up with those accessories which have been found by those who have had experience to be so useful. We congratulate the Timaru Hospital Board on having gone in for an up-to-date ambulance.

Otago Witness, 7 November 1906, Page 89
A new operating theatre is to be erected at Timaru Hospital at an estimated cost of £750. The theatre will cost the board nothing, as £500 of the sum named is a bequest from the late Mr Jeremiah Dwyer of Temuka and the balance is a Government subsidy on the bequest. Mr Dwyer, who was unmarried, left instructions that his will should be read at the graveside.

Otago Witness, 7 August 1907, Page 12
An elaborate and expensive steam laundry has been installed at the Timaru Hospital. A 14 horse-power boiler supplies steam for heating and for driving a 10 horse-power engine. The hospital is also being fitted with a new and larger operating theatre, the building originally planned being not yet completed.

Evening Post, 21 September 1907, Page 11
The Children's Ward which is to be erected at the Timaru Hospital as a memorial to the late Mr. Seddon, is to cost between £650 and £700. It is to be located on the sunniest spot on the hospital grounds. It will have accommodation for eight beds, and it is to be provided with a large extent of verandah space, a playground for convalescent children.

Otago Witness, 6 May 1908, Page 31
The resident medical officer at the Timaru Hospital reported to a meeting of the South Canterbury Hospital Board on April 29 at there are at the present; time a larger number of consumptives at the hospital than can be conveniently found room for. The board decided to erect shelters to accommodate 10 consumptive patients on the hospital grounds, a sanatorium proper to be erected later on in some suitable locality away from the seaboard.

Kai Tiaki : the journal of the nurses of New Zealand, Volume I, Issue 3, July 1908, Page 90
Nurses Scott and Nixon, of the Timaru Hospital, have been appointed sisters the Dunedin Hospital. Sister Scott having charge of the children's ward ; Sister Nixon of the Women's surgical.

Otago Witness, 14 October 1908, Page 47
The Seddon Memorial Children's Ward, Timaru Hospital, opened by Lady Plunket on September 23. photo.

Kai Tiaki : the journal of the nurses of New Zealand, Volume II, Issue 1, January 1909, Page 33
Nurse Leonora Kelly, trained at Timaru, has been appointed night sister at Dunedin Hospital

R & R Glover series real photograph postcard

Taranaki Herald, 24 September 1908, Page 5
TIMARU, Sept. 23. Lady Plunket visited Timaru to-day and was the guest of the Mayor and Mayoress. In the afternoon she opened the Seddon memorial children's ward of eight cots, added to Timaru hospital by means of subscriptions and donations, plus Government subsidy. The weather was not pleasant, being showery and cold, but there, was a good attendance, and the ceremony passed off well. Her Excellency afterwards gave a lecture on motherhood to an audience of women only that crowded the assembly rooms. Her Ladyship and party returned to Christchurch in the evening.

Otago Witness, 28 November 1906, Page 66
We understand that Mr H. S. Russell, formerly accountant with the Manchester Insurance Company and Messrs J. G. Ward and Co.'s Dunedin office, has been appointed secretary to the Timaru Hospital and Charitable Aid Board, in succession, to Mr Orwin, who retires after 17 years service, to take up the local managership of the New Zealand Insurance Company. There were no less than 71 applications for the secretaryship.

Evening Post, 12 March 1909, Page 8 CONSUMPTIVE SANATORIUM.
ASHBURTON, This Day. At a meeting of the representatives of the South Canterbury and Ashburton Hospital Boards to-day, it was unanimously agreed that Ashburton should join with South Canterbury in the establishment (at an estimated cost of £2000) and maintenance of a consumptive sanatorium on a site, 76½ acres in. area, at Winscombe near Fairlie, the board of management to consist of seven members, four representing South Canterbury (including Waimate), and three Ashburton. The district served will be from the Waitaki River to the Rakaia River, and from the Alps to the sea.

Timaru Herald, 1 December 1919, Page 6
DAVISON. In ever loving memory of Margaret-Cicely Davison, probationer nurse at Timaru Hospital, died December 1st. 1918; aged 20 years and of Private George Davison, l4th Reinforcements, killed in action, December 17th, 1917; aged 22 years.

Kai Tiaki: the Journal of the Nurses of New Zealand April 1925, Page 56 Timaru Hospital
The many friends of Miss Jean Todd, formerly matron of the Timaru Hospital, will be pleased to hoar that, as a sequel to the tragedy of the late secretary, who committed suicide rather than face an enquiry, the Board has written to her conveying the resolution carried at a meeting held m February last : 'That this Board place on record its great appreciation of the faithful services rendered by Miss Todd, a former matron, during her twelve years term, and that we name the new Maternity Ward, 'Todd Ward/ and that a copy of' this resolution be sent to Miss Todd." It will be remembered that m consequence of the late secretary's innuendoes concerning Miss Todd's management, she felt so much the imputations upon her honesty and rectitude, although no direct charge was made, that she sent m her resignation, and despite the efforts of the honorary medical staff, the nursing staff, and many influential members of the community who fully appreciated and absolutely refused to believe anything against her, the resignation was accepted. This was live years ago, and only quite recently was i1 discovered that for years the secretary had been carrying on a system of dishonest dealings. Now that this has come out m so tragic a manner, the Board has endeavoured in this way to vindicate and make some reparation to their matron. We hope, however, that some more tangible compensation may be made, and a pension granted to one whose career as a matron was thus unjustly cut short. Miss Todd, who is now Secretary of the Wellington Branch, has had many congratulations from her friends and supporters m Timaru. It is suggested that instead of the ward being called the "Todd Ward," is should be the "Jean Todd," thus being more distinctly connected with the matron as well as being more emphonious.

Kai Tiaki: the Journal of the Nurses of New Zealand, November 1929, Page 156 Obituary
The death of Sister Jean Todd, which took place in August, in Masterton, was a great shock to her many friends. Although never strong, she had been in better health till an attack of influenza caused her death. Sister Jean, as she was always affectionately known, was trained at the Wellington Hospital, and was Matron of Timaru Hospital. Later she was Secretary of the Wellington Branch of the N.Z.T.N.A., and assisted with at Kai Tiaki," residing at the Club. She was beloved by the many nurses who passed through there, as well as by those with whom she trained and those she trained at Timaru. Great sympathy is felt for her sister, Nurse Ida Todd. Large numbers of beautiful wreaths and flowers were sent, among others one from the Wellington Branch.

Sister Elie Richardson, late N.Z.A.N.S., passed away on 22nd September, at a private hospital in Wellington. She had been in bad health for some time and her many friends could not have wished her to linger on a hopeless invalid. She was trained at the Timaru Hospital, and took her Plunket training at Karitane, after acting as a Plunket nurse. When the Great War broke out she volunteered at once, and was sent away on the hospital ship Braeama. She afterwards worked at Trentham, and during the influenza epidemic worked devotedly until she herself contracted the disease and was very ill. Later she went to a sister in America, where she nursed for a time before returning to New Zealand. Her sweet unselfish disposition endeared her to all who knew her, and she will be much missed. A service was held at held at the residence of her cousin, Mrs. Meeks. at which Miss Bicknell. A.R.R.C, Matron-in-Chief, Miss Speedy and Miss Lea attended. Among many beautiful flowers was a wreath from the N.Z.O.W.W. Association.  

Photo taken Feb. 2008 by Margaret Todd.
The Clinical Services Block, b.1971, the Nissen Hut (?WWII), The Lindsay Wing, b.1959. It doesn't become a hospital until we show up.

There has been a "Nissen Hut" at the hospital for years. Looks like there have been three 'huts' joined together. A Nissen Hut was were mass produced during WW1 and again during WW2.  They were economic, an arched insulated temporary shelter, a prefab building, constructed on site, with steel girders and corrugated iron for the roofing material and quickly assembled in about four hours. The hospital is to the left of the photo and the Lindsay wing to the right, the 'new nurses home.' In the 1960s the Nissen Hut, across the street from the nurses home and was used for socials and nurses' dances. It was fun and supervised strictly. Some sailors even came one night.  Later used by Kensington for activities for patients. Behind where the tree was the 'old nurses home' and the dinning room. The one storey building to the left of the 'Hut' is part of the old wooden night annex where the night nurses slept. When SB trained, the students used to have to go over there every day to the Nisan Hut at the start of school during Prelim for exercises!

When a student nurse first started here training at Timaru she stayed the first year in the old nurses home then was allocated a room in the 'new nurses home', the Lindsay Wing (to the right in the photo). Room and board was $8 a pay period in the 1970s.  Today the Lindsay Wing holds the Audiology Department was on the bottom floor and also lecture rooms, where the student nurses use to have classes.

New Theatre for Bidwill
5 October 2005 Timaru Herald
Bidwill Hospital, Elizabeth St.,  is to have a second theatre after the trust board approved its development yesterday. Manager Val Flynn said when the hospital was built on the new site in Elizabeth Street in 2001, two theatres were built. However, at that time the second theatre was not fully commissioned as one theatre was sufficient for the surgical demand. "Bidwill Trust Hospital is having its busiest year ever with demand for surgery exceeding the present theatre's capacity. The new theatre will be developed over the Christmas closedown period and will be fully operational by February 1, 2006. This is good news for South Canterbury people as Bidwill will be able to meet the increasing demand for private surgery and also be in a strong position to assist Timaru Hospital should they need our facilities for contracts in the New Year."

April 2011. The 14 bed Bidwill Trust Hospital, owned by the Bidwill Trust Hospital Foundation, not-for-profit trust, operates in competition with Timaru Public Hospital. It has has three fully equipped operating theatres and another and operating theatre will opened in February 2012.

LOCAL HOSPITAL TARGETS FOR EMERGENCIES
15 March 2006 Timaru Herald
Patients at Timaru Hospital's emergency department can expect some of the quickest service in the country but a large number of people are still turning up at the hospital when they should be seeing their GP. National health spokesman Tony Ryall said last week that all of New Zealand's major hospitals were failing to see emergency patients soon enough, after the release of the hospital benchmark report for the last quarter of 2005. But figures so far this year show Timaru's emergency department is meeting its targets. Since January all life- threatening cases (triage one) have been seen immediately while patients with a critical illness who needed to be seen within 10 minutes (triage two) were seen in that time frame in 83.3 per cent of cases, safely above the target of 80 per cent. Almost 78 per cent of patients in the triage three category were seen in the recommended time frame -- above the 70 per cent government standard target. 68 per cent of people attending the emergency department were assessed as triage four or five, which involve less urgent conditions and could have had faster care if they had seen their GP. The SCDHB is trying to educate the public about when they should visit the emergency ward or if they would be better seeing a GP. It had always been the case that people went straight to the emergency department for after hours care as services were free at the hospital. "GPs cannot provide a free service." Nearly 17,000 people visited the Timaru Hospital emergency department in 2005. The emergency department was busy for the size of the hospital, with attendances increasing by 11.5 per cent in 2005. December was the busiest month ever recorded in the emergency department at the hospital.

7 Jan. 1992: Timaru police say that only luck, rather than evacuation drills, saved lives in a fire at Talbot Hospital. The fire was caused by a light bulb igniting a curtain and police, firemen and staff had a battle to get 35 patients out safely.

15 January 1992: As a result of the fire at Talbot Hospital, it is decided to install sprinklers in three wards at Timaru Hospital.

October 23, 1999 Daily News, Wellington
RECIPIENTS of the inaugural list of New Zealand gallantry and bravery awards and their citations: Bravery awards, the New Zealand Cross (NZC): Tracey Lee-Anne Chapman, of Timaru. Karen Ruth Foster, of Timaru. Jan Yvonne McCrea, of Ashburton.
In the early evening of January 4, 1992, a fire broke out in Otipua Block at Talbot Hospital, Timaru. Mrs Chapman, a hospital aide, Mrs Foster and Mrs McCrea, both staff nurses, calmly safely evacuated. Mrs Chapman and Mrs McCrea were on duty in Otipua Block when the fire broke out. With no regard for personal safety, Mrs Chapman and Mrs McCrea removed the three patients in the room where the fire started. Immediately after the patients were removed, the windows blew out. Mrs Chapman continued to remove patients, while Mrs McCrea advised Mrs Foster, on duty in the other building, of the fire, and closed smoke stop doors. Eleven patients were evacuated by the three women before the fire brigade and police arrived. They then assisted with the evacuation of the remainder of the 35 patients by repeatedly entering the smoke-filled building until all were safely removed.

July 1 2005: Karen Foster  left her position as clinical leader for the District Nursing and began her new role as manger of Talbot Park .

Snow hampers hospital more than doctor strike
17 June 2006 By Helen Pickering, Timaru Herald
The snow is causing more operational problems for Timaru Hospital than the junior doctors' strike, South Canterbury District health Board communications adviser Michele Keggenhoff said yesterday. She said because there was some uncertainty as to whether some patients in the assessment, treatment and rehabilitation department had power on at home, they have been kept in hospital as a precautionary measure. "There were three or four people who were ready to be discharged but with the weather we are not sure if they should be at home. "We are just being cautious but we decided it was best for them to be kept in hospital in the meantime." Ms Keggenhoff said the accident and emergency department was now seeing more bruises and bumps, the sort of injuries expected when there is a lot of snow and slush around. However, the hospital had become unseasonably busy late on Thursday with a high number of admissions which had seen the medical ward overflow. "We currently have medical patients in the surgical ward and we are seeing some of those types of illnesses which we would usually see a month or so later, when the winter has really set in. "We have 99 in-patients and 139 beds all together but it is not unusual to be 80 to 90 per cent full. She said apart from the strike there were still staff that could not get to work because of road conditions and four-wheel-drives were being used to take some staff to and from work. "We just thank our staff for going above and beyond just to get to work at times, to keep things running. "We have made showers in the garden block available for staff who don't have water or electricity, and the laundry is offering to do washing for those people."

21 February 2008 Timaru Herald RToday in SC History.
2003: One of Timaru Hospital's longest serving doctors, John Doran, resigns because he believes he can no longer safely work there. He said his 31 years at the hospital had been very satisfying until recently. "The difference now is that the workload is heavier but the satisfaction is sadly non-existent for most staff."

1 March 2008 The Press (Christchurch)
Attendances at Timaru Hospital's emergency department were at a record high in January, with more than three-quarters of the 1636 patients seen in low priority categories.

7 March 2008 Timaru Herald
The opening of the new education facility at Timaru Hospital was celebrated yesterday with congratulations from all sides on a project largely funded by the community. The board chairman Joe Butterfield said a significant contribution of the $960,000 cost had come from bequests and special donations and not from the health funding system. The building houses three seminar rooms, waiting rooms, a staff library and a kitchen. It is situated on the east side of the main hospital block. Special features include a clinical lab environment where hospital beds and a similar ward environment assist with professional development. The facility is also available for community health providers. Special acknowledgement was made of the donation of the audio visual equipment from the South Canterbury Charitable Trust.

End of An Era
Photo taken 10th June 2011 by MT Photo taken 10th June 2011 by MT

End of an Era
In recognition of 87 years of Nurse Training at Timaru Hospital.
Commissioned by Nurses Reunion Committee 1987

BOOKS

A History of Timaru Hospital by John Campbell McKenzie. Published by Pegasus Press (1974) 192 pages. hardcover, dj.  The personalities, health and lay, who made the hospital happen, and the events over the last century. The story of Timaru Hospital, from its official beginnings as a small wooden building, capable of holding six beds, that was built in 1864. The author, who has had an association of thirty-six years with Timaru Hospital as both surgeon and medical superintendent, writes from thorough knowledge of behind-the-scenes politics, public controversies, and administrative hassles, and also of the varied personalities involved - the doctors, matrons, nurses, patients, board and staff members , who together made up the hospital. Foreword by Sir John Acland.

The End of a Era 1964-1989. South Canterbury Hospital Board, the final 25 years of the board, publ.1994, 202 pp. plates, by Ella Williamson. Dj. Hb.

The Bidwill Story: Sixty-five Years of a Private Hospital in Timaru by Douglas Edward Drake - 2001. 120 pages. Brings together some of the men and women who have contributed much to the life and the wellbeing of the community of Timaru. The Bidwill Story traces the history of the original Timaru Private Hospital Company in 1935 through to Bidwill Hospital Trust today, also profiling a number of the doctors and staff who have worked there. Mr Doug Drake said it was a laborious task going through the years of minutes but the interviews with the doctors and a matron brought the project to life. When the hospital was first mooted it was a very big job for the company to encourage the public there was something in it, he said. History shows that the private hospital facility was able to attract some top surgical staff to Timaru and that remains the case today. Bidwill chairman Kevin Cosgrove said that without Bidwill's presence the city could not support the number of specialists it had with only a public hospital. "We remain an important institution for medical care in South Canterbury." The original hospital was built in October 1936 and was being demolished as the book went on sale. The book took Mr Drake six months to complete. In May 2011 a revised and updated version of The Bidwill Story was reprinted to record the hospital's history up to the present day. $10.  Centennial celebrations. July 13, 1912 Sister M. McArthur opened the original hospital. The two-storeyed brick building, designed and built by Lust and Moriarty, had several patient rooms and one operating theatre. In the early 1930s, a group of business people formed the Timaru Private Hospital Company in an attempt to expand services. A medical syndicate was established by Dr Talbot, the company's first chairman and director with the majority of local practitioners contributing. A new hospital was built and was officially opened on October 30, 1936 incorporating 26 beds, an X-ray facility and an operating theatre.  A charitable trust was formed in 1977 with Dr Charles Halstead as the trust's first chairman. Under the terms of the Charitable Trusts Act the new Bidwill Trust would have no shareholders and it would pay no dividend. This holds true today as the hospital continues to operate as a charitable trust. The trustees gave serious thought to providing a surgery only facility and by November 1999 they had relinquished their licence for the care of the elderly. On March 30, 2001 the new hospital opened.  In 2011 extensions included a 14-bed inpatient ward, a 14-bed day surgery unit and three operating theatres. TH 11 Dec. 2012.

                  


West Coast Times, 19 August 1903, Page 3
AN HOSPITAL APPOINTMENT
Timaru, Aug 18. Miss Ewart of Christchurch hospital, has been appointed matron of the Timaru hospital among eight applicants.

New Zealand Free Lance, 29 August 1903, Page 3
A telegram from the South last week stated that Miss Jane Ewart had been appointed matron of the Timaru Hospital. This lady, who hails from Nelson, and was on the nursing staff of the Christchurch Hospital when she was the selected of eight candidates, is a sister of Dr. Ewart, who is in charge of the Wellington Hospital. It is an interesting coincidence in the history of the Ewart family that Matron Ewarts elder brother was in charge of the Timaru Hospital before receiving his appointment in Wellington. Miss Ewart, who had been with the Christchurch Hospital for a term of seven years, received the whole of her experience in that institution, bears very high credentials, and worthily represents a family which has produced three medical men.

Evening Post, 12 February 1904, Page 5
Miss Kitto recently appointed matron of the Wairau Hospital, has been selected for the position of matron in the Timaru Hospital.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 30 March 1904, Page 2
At the last meeting of the Hawera District Hospital and Charitable Aid Board the House Committee was commissioned to personally interview one of the applicants for the position of Matron (Miss Dunsford), and, if satisfied, to appoint her. In pursuance of this Miss Dunsford was asked to visit Hawera, and as the result of an interview with the House Committee and the hospital surgeon has been appointed. Nurse Dunsford, who for five years was Matron of the Strathmore Hospital in Christchurch, and for three years in the Timaru Hospital, has exceptionally good credentials She will enter upon her duties on Thursday.

Evening Post, 21 June 1904, Page 5
Nurse L. Renouf, of the Napier Hospital, has been appointed head nurse of the Timaru Hospital.

Evening Post, 30 January 1906, Page 8
Miss Tuesley, formerly Matron of the Porirua Asylum, was to-day appointed by the Hospital Trustees to succeed Sister Jean (Miss Todd) as Matron of the Victoria Home for Chronic Invalids. Miss Todd has been appointed Matron of the Timaru Hospital. Miss Tuesley was on the nursing staff of the Wellington Hospital some years ago.

Otago Witness, 28 March 1906, Page 2
At a meeting of the Timaru Hospital Board on Tuesday it was resolved to increase the salaries of sisters, or nurses in charge of wards, from £45 to £52 a year, as no applications had been received for a vacancy on account of the low salary offered. These sisters have a 12-hour day, and subordinate nurses eight hours.

History of Nursing v. 2 1907 - Page 195 by Mary Adelaide Nutting - 1912
The hospitals which train nurses are thirty, in all. Some of the medium sized ones, as Wanganui, Palmerston North, Waikato, Timaru, Napier, and Invercargill, are fine institutions, well equipped and staffed, and send out excellent nurses. With state registration, their training has come into line with the larger hospitals, and it is often a nurse from one of these schools who tops the list of examination.

Press, 8 December 1911, Page 4
Annie Green, aged 41 years, a nurse who has been three years in Timaru, and who has no relatives in the colony, was admitted to the hospital this morning with a cut in her throat. She attempted to commit suicide because of overwork and worry. The wound is not serious.

Evening Post, 8 January 1915, Page 8 NURSES' EXAMINATIONS
SUCCESSFUL CANDIDATES. The following is a list of successful candidates in the recent examinations for the State registration of nurses : Alice J. Walley (Auckland Hospital) passed first for the Dominion. Those who passed with credit (obtaining 75 per cent, or over) were: — Doris Thompson (Timaru)

Grey River Argus, 23 August 1915, Page 5
Miss Lockhead, of Timaru has been appointed Matron of the Kumara Hospital.

WW1

Sister Isabella SCOTT
Category Nominal Roll Vol. 1
Regimental Number 22/9
Left New Zealand 8/4/15
Unit or Regiment NZANS
Marital Status S
Last NZ Address Timaru
Next of Kin Alexander SCOTT, National Mortgage Company Timaru

Hospital Ship Gascoyn
Miss E Richardson Timaru Hospital
Miss B Rawlings Timaru Hospital

Evening Post
, 6 July 1915, Page 8
Sixty-nine New Zealand nurses for service in the military hospitals in England are leaving on Saturday in the Hospital Ship. This completes the quota of 100 which this Dominion was asked to raise, and of which number 31 left on 21st May for service in Egypt and the Dardanelles.
Kathleen Noonan, Timaru, private nursing [22/154 Staff Nurse Kathleen Mary Noonan]
Elizabeth Wilson, Timaru, trainee, St. Helens Hospital. ....
In addition, the following have been selected for the staff of the hospital ship : Violet McCosh Smith, Naseby (Timaru Hospital staff). In addition to the nurses mentioned above, fifty left for England on 8th April, and later went to Egypt and the Dardanelles.

Evening Post, 25 November 1915, Page 2 NURSES SELECTED FOR SERVICE ABROAD
Selection has been made, of the following nurses for the Hospital Ship Marama : —
Miss E. Richardson, Timaru Hospital  


Photo taken in Sept. 2009. Why a wool fladge to the right?

MEDICAL STAFF 

Doctor E. Butler was appointed to the Timaru Hospital in June, 1864 and resigned in February 1865.

Timaru Herald, 2 September 1865, Page 6
Dr. Christy, the Hospital surgeon

Evening Post, 29 April 1870, Page 2
We learn from the Timaru Herald that Dr. Butler expired at his residence at Timaru on the l0th inst. Dr. Butler was one of the oldest settlers in Timaru, having arrived there upwards of eleven years ago. His loss will be much regretted, as he made for himself many friends through his geniality and kind disposition. For some time past the deceased gentleman held the office of Provincial surgeon in the Timaru hospital.

Edward Butler:  Registered under New Munster Ordinance. Registered under medical practitioners Act, 1867. Residence: Timaru

Nottinghamshire Guardian (London, England), Friday, July 01, 1870; pg. 3;
The Timaru Gazette, NZ of April 18th contains the following; We regret to have to record the death of a highly esteemed fellow-townsman - Dr Edward butler, who died at his residence, Timaru on the 15th inst. Dr Butler was the son of the Rev. W.J. Butler, rector of the parish of St. Nicholas, Nottingham, and of the parish of Thwing, Yorkshire, and was at the time of his death in his 36th year. He was one of the early pioneers in Timaru, and came to settle in the district in 1858, since which time he has continued to practice at his profession. He held the appointment most worthily of District Provincial surgeon; he has always been closely connected with the several benevolent societies in the district from their commencement. The pall bearers three on each side, viz. H. J. LeCren, Shrimpton, W. Hornbrook, Turnbull, T.W. hall and Dr McLean. At least 160 people followed the hearse. On arrival at St. Mary's church the procession was met by the Rev. Mr Foster. At last all assembled round the grave and Rev. Foster read the concluding portion of the impressive Burial Service of the English church; after which the Rev. L.L. Brown, on part of the Freemasons, read the short but beautiful service of the Order and concluded by stepping over the grave and throwing in a sprig of acacia, saying solemnly three times the word 'farewell." Each Mason then cast into the grave his sprig of acacia as a last tribute to the departed. After this service of the Old Fellows was read by P.V.G. Anderson. At its conclusion every member of the Order defiled past the grave and threw in a sprig of thyme. This is the largest funeral ever held in Timaru.

North Otago Times, 26 February 1879, Page 2
Timaru. February 25.
 Dr. R. B. Hogg has been appointed resident surgeon to the Hospital, out of five applicants. The Commissioners passed a resolution warmly thanking Dr. McIntyre for his services as resident surgeon during the many years be filled the post.

West Coast Times, 4 March 1882, Page 2
Timaru, March 3. Dr Wray Hassell, a young colonial, has been appointed resident surgeon of the Timaru Hospital.

Timaru Herald, 6 April 1882, Page 3
The staff at present consisting of the following medical practitioners :
P. McIntyre, M.B.M.C. Glasgow
S. Hammond, L.R.C.P.E., M.R.C.S..L.S.A., London;
J. F. Lovegrove, M.R.C.S., L.S.A., London ;
R. B. Hogg, M.R.C.S., L.S.A., London, Resident Medical Officer for the time being.

North Otago Times, 9 June 1883, Page 2
Dr Drew was appointed to the Timaru hospital, The applications for the post of surgeon to the Waimate hospital will be considered on the 28th inst.

Evening Post, 25 July 1884, Page 2
Dr. Chilton, the newly-appointed Resident Surgeon to the Hospital, arrived here by the Wanaka on Wednesday. Dr. Chilton has had plenty of experience to qualify him for his new post, as he was for some time Resident Surgeon at Timaru Hospital, and has been recently in the same position at Christchurch Hospital.

Timaru Herald, 7 October 1885, Page 6
THE WELLINGTON HOSPITAL. REPORT OP THE COMMISSION. Sept. 18. The following is the report of the Wellington Hospital Commission: — The Commissioners consider the the evidence proves that Maurice Alfred Chilton was unfit properly to perform the duties of his office, owing to his having contracted intemperate habits. They think, therefore, his dismissal fully justified.
Maurice Alfred CHILTON
1878 ... .. Lic. R. Coll. Surg. Edin., Lic. Midwif. Edin.,
Lic. R. Coll. Phys. Edin. (2)
1878 Dec 12 Registered as a Medical Practitioner (2)
1882 ... .. Resident at Christchurch (2) NZ Gazette 1882: Register of Medical Practitioners
1888 May 21 Appointed Public Vaccinator at Opunake (1) NZ Gazette

Australasian medical gazette: the journal of the Australasian ..., Volume 9
June 1890 The death is announced of Mr Maurice Alfred Chilton, L. et L. Mid. R.C.S. et R.C.P. Edin. 1878, formerly medical officer of the Waimate, Christchurch and wellington hospitals, who died at Manaia (Taranaki) on April 18.

West Coast Times, 11 March 1887, Page 3
Dr Ewart, of Lyttelton, was to day appointed resident surgeon of the Timaru Hospital, vice Dr Drew, resigned.

Dr John Ewart (1858-1938) was born and educated in Scotland in 1858. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1885 and, after several positions in British hospitals, emigrated to New Zealand in 1887. His first appointment was as medical superintendent of Timaru Hospital and just two years later, in 1889 - the year he married - he was appointed to the same position at Wellington Hospital.

Evening Post, 5 December 1889, Page 2
Ewart — Brandon — On the 4th December, at Wellington, John Ewart, M.D., CM., Edinburgh, to Grace Brandon.

Evening Post, 8 March 1889, Page 3
Timaru, This Day. Dr. Bernard Sloane Lawson, late of the s.s. Tongariro, has been selected from five to be resident surgeon of Timaru Hospital.

Evening Post, 27 March 1889, Page 2
Timaru, 26th March. An address and a purse of sovereigns was presented to Dr. J. Ewart to-night, on relinquishing the post of Resident Surgeon at the Timaru Hospital, which post he has held for about two years. The Mayor and the Chairman of the Hospital Board presided, and all members of the profession in town and numerous others spoke at the gathering in the highest terms of Dr. Ewart.

Tuapeka Times
, 17 April 1889, Page 2
The vacancy in the Wellington Hospital, caused by the resignation of Dr Truby King in order to take charge of the Seacliff Asylum, has been temporarily filled by Dr Ewart, late of the Timaru Hospital. Applications for the permanent position are to be invited at once. The salary has been fixed at £300 a year, with board and lodging and attendence, or £50 less than what the late resident doctor had been receiving.

Otago Witness
, 1 August 1889, Page 41
The Lancet says that Dr Drew, the late resident surgeon of Timaru Hospital, who is now iv London, passed the first professional examination for the diploma of Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, England, on the 17th May. On the previous day a brother of Dr Lawson, the present resident surgeon, passed the same examination.

Otago Witness, 15 January 1891, Page 17
Dr John Somervill, who recently took up his residence at Mataura, has been appointed resident surgeon of Timaru Hospital.

Timaru Herald, 2 March 1898, Page 2
We notice by the Gazette of February 24th, that the Governor has been pleased to appoint Surgeon-Captain Richard Bowen Hogg, of Timaru, to be Surgeon- Major, the commission to date from the 25th May, 1897. Mr Leonard Worthington is gazetted a ranger for the South Canterbury Acclimatisation district.

Wanganui Herald, 10 August 1899, Page 2
Dr Gabites, at present in Scotland, has been appointed resident surgeon at the Timaru Hospital.

Evening Post, 6 April 1901, Page 4
Dr. Munro, of Edinburgh, will fill Dr. Gabites' place at the Timaru Hospital during his absence in South Africa with the Seventh Contingent.

Evening Post, 21 June 1901, Page 6
Dr. Munro, acting resident surgeon at the Timaru Hospital, has resigned his appointment, owing to ill-health.

Otago Witness, 29 January 1902, Page 12
Dr W. A. Logan, temporary resident surgeon, at the Timaru Hospital, has been compelled to resign owing to ill-health

Otago Witness, 8 April 1903, Page 48
Dr John G. Munro, quondam house surgeon at the Timaru Hospital, died recently at Thurso, in Scotland.

New Zealand Free Lance, 11 July 1903, Page 10
The engagement has been announced of Miss M. McLaughlan and Dr. Gabites, of the Timaru Hospital.

Evening Post, 5 January 1904, Page 5
Dr Talbot, who has been for some time assistant medical officer at the Timaru Hospital, has left that institution in order to go to London to gain there a larger experience in the practice of his profession.

1904. Dr. Talbot, who has been for some time assistant medical officer at the Timaru Hospital, left that institution at the beginning of January in order to go to in order to go to London for further study. Previous to his departure he was presented by the staff of the hospital with a handsome dressing-case.

Taranaki Herald, 18 May 1904, Page 5
Dr Gabites, resident surgeon at the Timaru Hospital, has resigned his position.

Wanganui Herald, 22 June 1904, Page 5 A Hospital Appointment.
Timaru, June 21.
Dr Urwin, of Wellington, who has recently arrived from Home, was to-day appointed from among seven applicants, to the position of resident medical officer of the 'Timaru Hospital.

Taranaki Herald, 6 December 1909, Page 2
The South Canterbury Hospital Board has appointed Dr. F. A. Ulrich to the position of resident surgeon at the Timaru Hospital. He is a son of the late Professor Ulrich, of Otago University, and is at present on his way out to the dominion from London. There were eleven applicants for the position, including two from London. One of the applicants was a lady.

 Press, 24 February 1911, Page 7
Dr. G.E. Gabites, of Timaru, and Mrs Gabites leave on the Karamea for England - where they intend to remain for about 18 months.

Evening Post, 2 September 1915, Page 6
News has been received that Lieut.- Col. Surgeon C. E. Thomas was killed in action, at the Dardanelles. The Surgeon Thomas was born in Bangalore, India 1864, came to New Zealand in 1890, obtained the post of resident surgeon a the Timaru Hospital. The next year he began private practice, and had resided at Timaru since. Soon after his arrival he joined the volunteers as a lieutenant in the Timaru Navals, and later became captain of the same corps, which was renamed the Port Guards. He was an enthusiastic and popular officer, and went through the Boer war with the Fifth Contingent. After his return he continued to be identified with military matters. He was keen to get away with the Expeditionary Force, and was accepted on the medical staff. Letters show that he had been engaged on the transport ships between Gallipoli, Malta, and Alexandria. Dr. Thomas married the widow of the late Timaru Rhodes, and leaves also one son, a boy, about twelve.

Name: THOMAS, Charles Ernest
Nationality: New Zealand
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Regiment/Service: New Zealand Medical Corps
Age: 50
Date of Death: Killed in action at Hill 60, northern Anzac, on 28 August 1915
Service No: 3/118A
S/o H. Thomas, of Devon, England; husband of Mildred Julia Thomas (nee Rhodes), of  Sophia Street, Timaru, New Zealand.
Grave/Memorial Reference: I. A. 17.
Cemetery: Embarkation Pier Cemetery.
Occupation: Doctor, of, Timaru,  aged 50.
photo

Evening Post, 13 September 1915, Page 8
The Timaru Hospital Board has selected Dr Ewen, at present one of the house surgeons at Wellington Hospital, for the post of resident medical officer at Timaru Hospital, as from the end of this month.

Evening Post, 23 September 1915, Page 8
Dr. Ewen, who has resigned from the Wellington Hospital staff to become medical superintendent of the Timaru Hospital, will leave for the South tonight to enter upon his new duties.

Evening Post, 24 November 1915, Page 8
Dr. F. F. A. Ulrich, of Timaru, has accepted a position at one of the base hospitals in Egypt, and will leave for Egypt by the hospital ship Marama about 7th December.

Dominion, 28 February 1919, Page 6
Dr. D. M. Paterson, who is about to take up practice in Geraldine, intends to leave for the south today.

Evening Post, 3 June 1940, Page 9
Dr. R. G. Kingston, of Timaru, has been appointed a surgeon in the 2nd New Zealand Base Hospital, and will go overseas with the Third Echelon. He will go into camp at Trentham this month.

Australasian medical directory and hand book - 1886

DREW, Hedley Vicars, Res. Surg. Timaru Hospital., Timaru. M.R.C.S., England, 1882.

HASSELL, Grey, Waimate M.B. er Ch.M. Aberdeen 1881. Surg. Gaol and Pol.; Surg. Superint. Waimate Co. Hosp. Health Off. late Res. Surg. Timaru Hosp.

HOGG, Richard Bowen, Barnard-st., Timaru (Canterbury), N.Z. —M.R.C.S. Eng. 1869; L.S.A. Lond. 1868; Hon. Surg. Timaru Rifle Vol. ; late Act. Surg. Timaru Hosp., Gaol, and Constab.; formerly House Surg. Bucks. Co. Hosp. ; lles. Med. Off. Childr. Hosp. Pendlebury, Mauch. ; Asst. Med. Off. Kent Co. Asyl., and Ophth. Asst. Guy's.

LOVEGROVE, James Francis, Sophia-st., Timaru, Prov. Canterbury, N.Z. M.R.C.S. Eng. et L.S.A. Loifd. 1860.

MACDONALD, Robert Gordon, High- st., Dunedin, N.Z.—L.F.P.S. Glas. 1876 ; L.R.C.P. Edin. 1881 ; late Res. Surg. Timaru Hosp.

Harrow School Register 1888 - 1949
WH St. John-Brooks, Esq., MRCP, Timaru Hospital, Timaru, ...

Australasian medical gazette: the journal of the Australasian ..., Volume 9
November 1889. Dr. W. Morris, a new arrival from Germany, has commenced practice at Pleasant Point.
August 1890. Dr C.E. Thomas has commenced practice at Timaru. (President of the NZCC (cricket club)  in 1905-06, was a resident surgeon at Timaru Hospital)

Australasian medical gazette: the journal of the Australasian ..., Volume 22‎ 1908
Sept. 1903 Thomas, Charles Ernest, M.R.C.S. (Eng.) L.S.A. (Lond.), to be a District health officer for the Port of Timaru, vice Dr Reid resigned. 
Sept. 1903. Miss Bessie Gunn of Timaru has secured her diplomas in medicine and surgery at Edinburgh University.

Loxton's medical directory of Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, Pacific ... By F. W. Loxton, 1910

Barclay, Herbert Clifford, Waimate
Belt, DH, Timaru
Blunden, William, Temuka  - Dec. 3 1877 M.B. (Univ. Dublin) 1876; L.R.C.S (Irel.); L.M.K. K.Q.C.P. (Irel.) 1877
Bowe, F. Timaru
Burns, W.C. Timaru
Cook, Sydney John, Fairlie - M.B., Ch. B. April 27 1901
Cox, N.K., Timaru
Crawshaw, J.H., Temuka
Cruickshank, Margaret, Waimate
Curtis, A.H., Temuka
Drew, H.V. Timaru
Dryden, D.D., Timaru
Gabites, G.E, Timaru
Gibson, W.E, Timaru
Hayes, E.C, Waimate
Hayes, J.S, Geraldine  [Educated at Trinity college, Dublin and ran a private hospital in Temuka.]
Hislop, P.W. Geraldine
Hogg, R.B., Timaru
Loughman, JR, Timaru
Lyon, G. Timaru
McCahon, Margaret, Timaru
Mill, T. Geraldine
Paterson, Charles Austin. Pleasant Point - Sept. 14, 1908, L.R.C.P. (Edin), 1908; L.F.P.S. (Glas.), 1908
Paterson, W. Fergus, Geraldine
Pitts, Edith, Waimate
Rigg, H., Temuka
Talbot, L.S., Timaru
Thomas, C.E. Timaru
Unwin V. Timaru
Unwin, W.H. Timaru

1975 Electoral Roll.
Henry Robert Clifford BENNY Med Practitioner
Michael Graham SMEDLEY Med Practitioner


Duncan McLean, LFPS 1861.
Regd under NMO in Timaru 6 Feb 1864; under 1867 Act 14 May 1869: Timaru. Came from Springburn, near Glasgow. Died in Timaru from TB 12 Sept 1871 aged 31. Father of Dr HJ McLean. Collection includes newspaper clipping from Timaru Herald (18.11.1948) describing Dr McLean's voyage to NZ as ship's surgeon on the Echunga, and his medical practice at Timaru until his death. Collection held at The Cotter Medical History Trust 

The Cyclopedia of New Zealand Canterbury 1903
Gabites, George Edward B.Sc. M.B. C.M., F.R.C.S. (Ed.), Surgeon Superintendent of the Timaru Hospital. Dr Gabites was born in Christchurch in 1867. He was educated privately, and at the Timaru High School, and went to Edinburgh to study for his profession in 1888. He graduated B.Sc. in 1891, took his M.B. and C.M. diplomas in 1894, and in 1898, he took his F.R.C.S. For six months he was Resident Physician at the Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, and for three months Resident Surgeon at the Royal Maternity and Simpson Memorial Hospital; he was also for a year afterwards, Medical Superintendent of the Edinburgh Provident Dispensary, and during that period was Demonstrator in Anatomy at Surgeons' Hall, Edinburgh. Dr Gabites returned to New Zealand in 1899, and was appointed in October of that year to his present position at Timaru. Since taking up his duties, Dr Gabites has been absent for a year as Surgeon-Captain to the New Zealand Seventh Contingent in South Africa

Evening Post, 13 July 1938, Page 19
DR. WILLIAM LITTLE
The death of Dr, William Little, occurred at Hilton (Geraldine) on July 3, in his seventy-seventh year. Born in 1861, at Liverpool, Dr. Little was a son of Mr. Gilbert Little, of the British India Company. He studied at Glasgow University, where he qualified at the age of 21. He practised at Upwell, Cambridgeshire, and later in London, Vienna, and Brisbane, and travelled extensively in Australia. Returning to Scotland he practised at Dumbarton for 23 years. At the end of 1912 Dr. Little came to New Zealand and began to practise in Timaru. At the outbreak of war, Dr. Little, who held his commission in the Argyle and Sutherland Highlanders and later in the Clyde Bearer Company as a volunteer, offered his services. He was over age, but was accepted in December, 1915, and left in January, 1916, on the troopship Tahiti. For 18 months he was convoy doctor on that ship. He was recalled to New Zealand to train medical orderlies at Tauherenikau camp, and later was transferred to Featherston, where for a time he was Principal Medical Officer. He was at Featherston during the whole of the influenza epidemic, and for services rendered he received the O.B.E. (Military Division). He received his discharge in September, l9l9, and for six years was at Paparoa and Blackball (West Coast) where he was mine doctor. In 1924 he went for a trip to England, and on his return started to practise at Lower Hutt, Wellington, where his health failed. For the last 11 years, Dr. Little lived in retirement with his son, Mr. J. M. Little, Stowe Farm, Hilton. Dr. Little is survived by a widow, one son (Mr. J. M. Little, Hilton), and one daughter (Mrs. B. D. King, Timaru).

Evening Post, 5 August 1939, Page 11
NOTED SURGEON DR. JOHN EWART who died on July 1, 1938; FORMER SUPERINTENDENT OF HOSPITAL
Brilliant service to medicine of world recognition is recalled today by the death of Dr. John Ewart, superintendent of the Wellington Public Hospital from 1889 to 1909, whose name is perpetuated in the Ewart Hospital. . Dr. Ewart was born in Ecclefechan, Dumfries-shire, Scotland, on May 14, .1858, the son of Robert Ewart, of "Caldron Lee," Hall Morton, Dumfries-shire, and was educated at- Annan Academy (which the celebrated Thomas Carlyle attended) and Edinburgh University. He qualified with M.B., Ch.M. in 1880, and M.D. with distinction in 1885.
After qualification Dr. Ewart held several hospital appointments in England, and then acted as an assistant in Aberdare, Glamorganshire. The Ewart family came to New Zealand from Scotland in 1885 and settled in Nelson, but Dr. Ewart did not arrive until 1887. He was appointed medical superintendent of the Timaru Hospital, and in 1889 was appointed superintendent of the Wellington Hospital. He held the latter position until 1909, when he entered private practice, largely devoted to general surgery, in Wellington. Dr. Ewart married Grace Brandon, daughter of Richard Brandon, of Kent, in 1889, and of the marriage there were one son, Dr. Ian Ewart (Wellington) and two daughters, Mrs. Stephen Gillingham (Fairlie, South Canterbury) and Miss E. Ewart (Wellington). Mrs. Ewart died about sixteen years ago. Miss Jessie Ewart, of Auckland, who was matron of the Invercargill Hospital for twenty years, is a sister. Dr. Ewart's two brothers, Dr. David Ewart, of Chichester, Sussex, England, and Dr. William Ewart, of Wellington, predeceased him, as also did his sisters, Miss E Ewart and Miss I. Ewart, both of Nelson, and Mrs. B. Crawford, of Sumner, Christchurch.  

Evening Post,
24 May 1945, Page 8 OBITUARY
DR. B. H. GILMOUR
Christchurch, This Day. Dr. Bertram Hazelwood Gilmour, who practised medicine in Lyttelton for the last 25 years, died suddenly at his home this evening. He was born near Invercargill and educated at the Southland Boys' High School and Otago University. After graduating in 1914 he joined the staff of the Timaru Public Hospital, and later served as a medical officer in the 1st N.Z. Expeditionary Force. On returning Dr. Gilmour practised at Roxburgh, Otago, till 1920, when he took up his practice in Lyttelton. He was appointed Port Health Officer about two years ago. He was a member of the advisory board of the Lyttelton branch of the Plunket Society, and was associated with the St. John Ambulance Brigade. He is survived by his wife and three sons, of whom two are serving overseas and one was recently reported wounded, and one daughter.

Evening Post, 26 December 1945, Page 6 DR. W. H. UNWIN
Dr. William Howard Unwin, one of Timaru's best-known and respected citizens died yesterday, says a Press Association telegram from Timaru. For 40 years Dr. Unwin served the public with distinction and ability and closely identified himself with the cultural life of the town. In 1904 he was appointed medical superintendent of the Timaru Public Hospital, but in 1907 relinquished this post to enter private practice. He went overseas in the war of 1914-18 and was placed in charge of the surgical division of No. 2 Hospital at Walton-on-Thames. Throughout his stay in Timaru he served, on the honorary staff of the hospital, and for many years was senior consulting surgeon. He is survived by a daughter and two sons. Last year he was president of the New Zealand branch of the British Medical Association. [ He arrived in Timaru in June 1904. He acquired the practice of Dr. Hogg in April, 1907. In October 1908 he joined the practice of Dr. Burns, an association he continued for 35 years until he retired. In 1939, a bronze profile of Dr Unwin was unveiled by Sir Hugh Acland, of CHCH, at the opening of the Timaru Public Hospital surgical block. The sculptor was E. Pibworth. "In recognition of the services to South Canterbury of William Howard Unwin, M.D., F.R.C.S. Eng., Surgeon 1904-1938, and of his wife Phyllis Unwin, member of the S.C. Hospital Board, 1923 -1929." In 1927 Dr Unwin was a founding member of the South Canterbury Drama League.  He was also a mountaineer. Climbed with Dr Truby King, before the days of motor cars. Once he broke his leg and crawled for miles towards the Hermitage before guides found him on the Hooker Flat. He and his son, Dr. Peter Unwin, and guide Vic Williams in 1937 crossed the Whitcombe Pass and back through the Browning Pass. He radiated enthusiasm and good nature, wrote Evelyn Hosken, in Life on a Five Pound Note, in 1964.]

Dr Eily Elaine Gurr
Eily Elaine Gurr was born in Wellington [1898]. She was educated at Woodford House, Havelock North, and Wellington Girls College. After graduating from Otago Medical School in 1922 she worked as a house surgeon at Timaru Hospital before going to Britain for postgraduate experience. On returning to Auckland she set up a practice in Symonds Street. The Minister of Health, Sir Apirana Ngati, asked her to set up ante-natal clinics throughout NZ. After World War 2 she again went overseas to gain more postgraduate experience. She funded 2 chairs in General Practice at Otago Medical School.

21 August 2004 The Christchurch Press
Dr Sid Hawes

Sidney Caslake (Sid) Hawes, who had a long and varied career in medicine, much of it associated with Timaru Hospital, has died at the age of 83. The impetus for studying medicine was his father, who died during his final year of medical school studies in Dunedin when Sid was six years old. Sid Hawes was born on January 29, 1921, and educated at George Street School in Dunedin and Otago Boys' High School. He went on to study medicine at the University of Otago and graduated in 1943 at the age of 22. He then joined the staff of Dunedin Hospital before spending two years as a flight-lieutenant in the Royal New Zealand Air Force during World War 2. He served in the Pacific as a medical officer on the vessel Wanganella. Following a further period at Dunedin Hospital and 18 months' general practice in Outram, he became a senior house physician at the Central Middlesex and West Middlesex hospitals in England. He was made a Member of the Royal College of Physicians, London, before being appointed to Timaru Hospital. In 1951 he became a Member of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians. He embarked on further overseas study in 1954, and spent periods of time in England at the Hammersmith Hospital, the National Heart Hospital and the National Hospital for Diseases of the Nervous System, and in Scandinavia. Graded a senior specialist, he was subsequently elected a Fellow of both the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

Appointed medical superintendent of Timaru Hospital in 1963, he held that post for the next 18 years. During the early years of his career, there was a strong emphasis on chest medicine because of the high incidence of tuberculosis. It was also Hawes' major field of interest, and he devoted much time to the chest block in Timaru as well as travelling to the Waimate chest clinic. Polio was also a scourge at the time, and in 1953 there were about 40 cases at Timaru Hospital. Only supportive treatment could be offered, with several iron lungs operating simultaneously. As such diseases disappeared, Hawes' focus shifted to the degenerative diseases such as coronary artery disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer. He considered that modern breakthroughs in technology such as antibiotics (used conservatively), the monitoring of respiratory and circulatory functions and organ-imaging were crucial advances. With his clear memory of the fear that had gripped the community during the polio epidemics and other disastrous childhood diseases, he strongly advocated the vaccination of children for preventable diseases. His philosophy that prevention was very much better than cure extended to the hospital staff, and he supported the young house surgeons who kept fit by jogging in their lunch breaks. Sid Hawes gave 31 years of full- time service to Timaru Hospital. Working as a physician and undertaking demanding administration, he taught medical and nursing staff and wrote academic papers on a variety of subjects, including tetanus, tuberculosis and hydatids.

He was for 11 years a member of the Abortion Supervisory Committee and physician to the Claremont Trust, an organisation established to assist people with drug and alcohol problems. He was a foundation committee member of the Tuberculosis Association, and was involved in Alcoholics Anonymous, the Association for Mental Health, the Parents' Association and Full-time Medical Officers' Association. For several months in Vietnam he served at the Qui Nhon Hospital as medical officer of the New Zealand Colombo Plan surgical team, as well as a period in Tonga for the World Health Organisation. After retiring as medical superintendent of Timaru Hospital, he continued to work part-time at the hospital. Apart from his enduring interest in his profession, he had a great love of the outdoors, particularly the Canterbury landscape. For many years he owned a small bach at Lake Clearwater. He enjoyed climbing and hunting, especially with his sons, and participated in search-and-rescue expeditions for injured climbers. He was honorary medical officer and vice- president of the South Canterbury Deerstalkers' Association and the South Canterbury Gliding Club. He had a life-long interest in radio, having gained his radio operator's licence when he was 14, and he also continued his membership of the South Canterbury Air Force Association.

Sid Hawes' experiences of growing up during the Depression and practising medicine during the World War 2 and in Vietnam instilled in him a horror of war and a strong hope that rational values would eventually prevail in human affairs. He will be remembered by his colleagues, friends and patients as a compassionate and intelligent doctor, as well as a man of broad interests and knowledge. He is survived by his four children, his sister, his grandchildren and great-grandchildren.


A TRUE CHRISTIAN SCHOLAR, PHYSICIAN AND GENTLEMAN
4 January 2005 Timaru Herald

Melville Brookfield, a retired Timaru physician, known as Melville or Brooky, has died aged 90. His was a life lived fully and thoughtfully, with simplicity and dignity. He will be remembered not only for his professional care and concern, but also for his ability to relate to his patients. His dedication to their care often meant that his ward rounds, which started early in the morning, extended to well after lunch time, sometimes testing the patience of house surgeons and nurses alike. He not only treated his patients medically, but often became a trusted and respected friend. ..Melville was born in Auckland, descended from a long line of medical practitioners (both parents, and his mother's father). His own father died when Melville was aged 6, and he became the only man in the family expected to help look after his mother and two younger sisters. This perhaps helps to explain Melville's strong sense of duty that persisted throughout his life. He was a boarder from the age of 6 at John McGlashan College, Dunedin, where he was dux, head prefect, and a member of both the 1st XV, and the 1st XI. His medical training was in Otago, where he graduated as a doctor in 1937. He met his future wife Inez Herrick there at Otago, through their mutual involvement in the Student Christian Movement. They were married in 1939, and almost straight after their honeymoon, they set off for China, where Melville was to become a medical missionary at the Presbyterian Mission, Kong Cheun, in South China. However they only got as far as Townsville, Australia, when the outbreak of war with Japan abruptly interrupted their plans. They remained at Townsville for the next two years with Melville working in the hospital there. Returning to NZ, Melville became a Medical Officer with the NZ Armed Services for the rest of the war. By now, he had become a family man, with a daughter Janet, and twins, Athol and Ann. From 1946-64 Melville worked as a GP from his rooms in his own home in Timaru, thus allowing him more time with his family. As part of his GP practice he set up a surgery at Pleasant Point, visiting there for three half days each week. He had a high regard for the stoic and generous nature of the rural community, often returning home laden with eggs, meat, and salmon; gifts as payment from his patients. In 1954 he left Timaru for one year to train as a physician in Melbourne. Returning to Timaru with his MRACP, he carried on as a GP, but also now acted as part time visiting physician to the Timaru Hospital as well. In 1963 his son Athol aged 18, died of leukemia. Melville's own health began giving him concern at that time too, and these events caused him to reconsider his priorities. Amongst other decisions he shifted to Dunedin to work as a registrar in Pathology at the hospital. In 1969 he moved back to Timaru, buying back his old family home as well as his old GP practice. He also rejoined Timaru Hospital, doubling as part time visiting physician and part time Clinical Pathologist. He continued in these roles until his final retirement in 1984, aged 70. He was a real lover of nature, and made sure that his own children experienced this too, through many camping trips and picnics to the lakes and rivers of South Canterbury and Otago. Many weekends were spent happily pottering in his garden both at the bach in Karitane, and at his home in Timaru. Bridge, Probus, and amateur carpentry were also enthusiastically embraced in his retirement years. ....

31 December 2003 Timaru Herald
Mr Wilton

Timaru surgeon Gavin Wilton is reluctant to say too much about being made an Officer of The New Zealand Order of Merit (ONZM). The citation reads "for services to surgery" which Mr Wilton can live with. However, he dismisses the other details provided by Government House as "embarrassingly flowery". He finds it slightly ironic that after more than 30 years of avoiding the limelight, let alone having his photograph in the newspaper, that publicity has now well and truly caught up with him. "Timaru has lots of people doing what I do and I don't really know why I'm being picked out," he said, adding that he was completely surprised to have had his name put forward. "I know everyone says that but it's true." Mr Wilton first came to Timaru Hospital as a house surgeon in 1971 and apart from six years away training as surgeon, has worked in the city ever since. He says there have been opportunities to have moved somewhere else but he's never wanted to. "Timaru has great hospitals with great teams of workers and the people of South Canterbury have been wonderful patients. "And I've been well supported by Bev, my wife, and family."


A DAY IN THE LIFE OF A JUNIOR DOCTOR
11 April 2008 Timaru Herald

Dr Scott Newburn's day starts at 8am. The junior doctor arrives at Timaru Hospital for handover, where all the junior doctors are briefed on acute patients and the day ahead. After ward rounds, he is in the operating theatre, typically from 8.30am until midday for an average of five operations. Lunchtime is a date with his pager, where he has half an hour to grab a bite supplied by the hospital, but is required to respond if his pager goes off. The afternoon is also spent in pre- admission clinics, seeing patients who are booked in for surgery and assessing their fitness for theatre. The afternoon involves admitting acute patients and the paperwork, which surround patients and speaking to his consultant about the best course of action for each patient. Officially, the junior doctors are meant to finish at 4pm but this is more likely 5pm. Once a week, Dr Newman will be required to continue working through to 11pm as the on call doctor, making it a 15 to 16 hour day. "By the time you hand over to the night house officer, it is closer to 12 when you finish". After the late finish, it is back to work at 8am the next day. Once every five weeks, he will be required to work the weekend shift which involves working from 8am until 11pm both days and working the weeks both sides of this, all up 12 days in a row. Today, Dr Newburn will start work at 11pm working through until 8am as the sole doctor on overnight, he will do this shift until Friday next week. "The nights are great experience, it is scary being in charge of 100 plus beds in the hospital but you are using what you have learned." He spent six years at university studying to become a doctor and has been working at Timaru Hospital for 3½ years. In May he will leave to go overseas for better pay.

24 hours in Wellington Hospital's emergency department 12/09/2009
The ED doctors have their handover meeting and read through case notes. Scott Bomann from Connecticut is the consultant today. He has a bandanna printed with the American flag wrapped around his stethoscope to let patients know he has an accent. He's two months into a three-month locum stint and already plans to return permanently next year with the whole family: "I went into medicine to care for sick people, and emergency is where you find the really sick people," he says. Having spent nine years working in an emergency room in the South Bronx, he says New Zealand traumas are "a little less acute" ... with fewer gunshot wounds, for instance. "But it's always interesting. I worked in Timaru and there were lots of strange 'sheep-related injuries', for which the explanations didn't stack up quite right."

BIDWELL
27 January 2010 Timaru Herald

Hospital upgrade caters for more patients
Work has started on a $5 million upgrade of Bidwill Trust Hospital which will nearly double its size. The development will cater for significantly increased patient numbers, manager Val Flynn said. "Patients numbers have increased by 25 per cent over the last four years ... the increase is predominantly in day surgery." Currently the hospital has 14 in-patient beds and a four-bed day surgery unit. The new extension will increase the hospital's size by 70 per cent and will include a 14-bed purpose-built day surgery unit and a new theatre. Construction was expected to be finished by June next year. "... we will keep operating at the same time as the work is being carried out, so we have to work around that," Mrs Flynn said. She envisions the upgrade will see the hospital through for a further 20 years. The hospital employs 20 specialists and undertakes orthopaedic, gynaecological, ophthalmological, general, ear, nose and throat and oral surgery procedures. Some elective surgery is done on behalf of the South Canterbury District Health Board if it cannot be done at Timaru Hospital. The original hospital was built in 1912.

HOSPITAL RECORD

17 December 2005 Timaru Herald
Chief executive of Timaru Hospital, Craig Climo, he provides advice to the board and management. Last year the hospital performed 12,000 discharges, saw 17,000 people in the emergency department, had 73,000 outpatients and community services made 62,000 home and school visits.

1 March 2008 The Press (Christchurch)
Timaru -- Attendances at Timaru Hospital's emergency department were at a record high in January, with more than three-quarters of the 1636 patients seen in low priority categories.

Three Stacks

In 1979 the hospital steam generating plant was completed out the back by the laundry. The tallest part of the building held the coal elevator which transfers coal dumped at ground level to a horizontal conveyor which feeds the concrete bunkers above the boilers through a pneumatically operated system. There is a large silo that stores the coal ash. The height of the tower is 67.5ft and the stakes measure 115ft above ground. One stack per boiler is meant to reduce the weight of exhaust gas to be lifted out and keep a warm temperature to help the draught from the furnaces. An automatic mixture of coal and air eliminates waste of fuel and excessive smoke from the stacks. The oil burning incinerator burns rubbish and discharges into one of the stacks after gases pass through a fly ash separator. Builders - C. Lund & Sons. Engineering Contractors - Parr & Co. Electrical contractors Annear & Thompson and Dore Brothers. Source: 3 pages from South Canterbury Nurses' Journal 1979.

The hospital aministration building in August 2013.

AUgust 2013.A traditional door design. This was the main entrance to the hospital years ago. Timaru Herald 1 August. 2013. Recessed entrance, original joinery was almost always painted, the letter box is probably original hardware. The window glass is not reflective, opaque or "mirrored" glazing as this was not permitted on the public frontages of commercial buildings, whether front or rear. Windows are a dominant design feature, have a vertical proportion. No large single areas of glass. The windows have a punched appearance, where the opening have been made in a solid wall. Signage is in portioned to the doorway. 


Timaru Nurses

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Page created Feb. 2008. Page last update 03 December, 2014

End of an era as St Josephs Home of Compassion, Timaru closes @ 27 May 2003 05:05 PM

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