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The Pig n Whistle Albury, N.Z.

Opawa Accommodation House Butterworth Accommodation House (former).

William and Emma's Butterworth's Opawa Accommodation House, a sod, iron and wooden structure was originally a single room set up. The Butterworth's were separated from their guests by a curtain. This humble establishment opened in 1861, grew considerably, and at one time included a General Store. Flooding created some problems with due to it's proximity to the Opawa and Tengawai River junction. In March 1872 the Accommodation House, situate at Opawa, Mackenzie Country-road, thirty miles from Timaru, was for sale. On the 18th February 1873 the Opawa under the ownership of James McAlister, was burned down.

The accommodation house was rebuilt in 1873 from limestone quarried from Te Ngawai Gorge at Albury Park but by then the Butterworth's had left. They are buried at Timaru Cemetery. Emma died in Timaru March 1897 at the age of 65. William Butterworth died in 1906, aged 74. No headstones.

New Zealand Historic Places Trust Periodical -
Historic Places in New Zealand
Vol. 38 Sept. 1992. Albury - 1867 township, Opawa accommodation house.
Historic Places in New Zealand Vol. 58 May. 1996. The Accommodating Butterworths by Gordon Ogilvie. 


Timaru Herald, 2 March 1866, Page 2 Courtcase
About a year ago Mr. Butterworth (who was the owner of the Opawa Accommodation House) sold it to Mr. William Walden, the payments for which were to extend over a period of five years. William Walden, I am a publican, and reside at the Opawa River Accommodation House. 

Timaru Herald, 31 August 1867, Page 2 Death
On the 29th instant, at the Opawa Accommodation House, Mr William Walden, in his 46th year. The funeral left Mr Henry Walden's house on 1st Oct. for the Timaru Cemetery. William Bush was the untertaker.

On 9 October 1867 Jane P. Walden had the license of the Opawa accommodation house transferred to herself. She was still the owner in 1870. They had owned 20 acres there.

Timaru Herald, 20 January 1873, Page 2 Opawa Accommodation House Burnt Down.
On Saturday morning last as Mrs McAlister, wife of the proprietor of the above accommodation house was rendering down some fat over a stove, portions of the contents of the pot welled over, and caught fire, and unfortunately in her alarm, on seeing the flames, Mrs McAlister upset the whole concern, the contents of which immediately caught fire and set the place in a blaze. The furniture, floor and walls were quickly in a bright flame, and as there was no help at hand the entire building and all its contents were consumed. Mr McAlister was at work in a paddock some distance from the house, but he arrived too late to be of any service in saving anything. The building was insured in the New Zealand Insurance Company for £400 and £100 on the furniture in the same company.  

The Pig n Wistle

Albury's second hotel, the Opawa Hotel, was build 50 years west of the original, in limestone block, and was completed some time in the spring of 1873. It had 13 bedrooms and could seat 30 in its dining room. The original village was known as Opawa until the railway reached it from Timaru officially on 1st January 1877 and Albury stayed the railhead for the next eight years. Fred West purchased the Opawa Hotel in 1893 and farmed the surrounding ten acres. West named the building Westmere in 1911. In 1911 William Ward came into partnership with C.J O'Malley, followed in ownership, by Thomas Aspell in 1913 and Charlie Clark in 1917. It was also called the 'The Albury.' The building is now a private residence. Photo with a red roof. There is a sketch of the "Pig n Whistle, Albury" in the cookbook Mackenzie Muster pg 58

Timaru Herald, 3 September 1873, Page 3
William McAllister applied for a conditional license, for a house at Opawa. The police reported that the house as not finished, but there were four bedrooms provided, and six beds. The license was granted, subject to the house being completed within three months.  

Timaru Herald, 17 September 1873, Page 2
The following Public House Licences were granted:
Name of Applicant. License. Name of House. Situation.
Murphy, Michael Conditional Makikihi Hotel, Makikihi
M'Allister, Alexander, Opawa Hotel, Opawa   

Timaru Herald, 13 November 1877, Page 8
At the Opawa, or rather Albury terminus of the Point line, there is quite the appearance of a little township, what with the large passenger station and offices, goodshed and engine-shed, together with station master's residence and other employees' houses, a hotel, stables, blacksmith's shop, and mounted constable's quarters. 

Built to last! Photo take 13 Nov. 2011, 138 years old and climbing. photo.

Timaru Herald, 4 March 1874, Page 4
A transfer of license of the Opawa accommodation house, from J. McAllister to A. C. McLeod was granted.

Timaru Herald, 19 January 1877, Page 3
At the Opawa Accommodation House the flood on Tuesday evening rose to the bottom of the ground floor window-sills and the prospect for many miles around was vast sheets of water, varied here and there by knolls of rising ground. The water at length washed the ground from under one corner of the building a stone one and as it was then considered unsafe to remain any longer, the inmates, comprising the proprietor and his family and some, travellers made their way alter encountering serious difficulties to the police station, where they stayed for the night. Mr Orton's waggon, containing a ton of galvanized iron and an equal weight of coal, was undermined by the water and washed for about, a mile down the Tengawai, the material all being lost. A quantity of Messrs Derby and Philp's timber, with which they were completing their contract for the railway station at the Opawa, was. also washed away." When the flood had subsided it was found that, the accommodation house was not seriously injured, but the paving stones and the new stables on the premises were washed away. A good deal of damage was done in the township altogether.

Note the willows to the right and back- to the right is the Opawa River and at the back along the foot of The Brothers the Te Ngawai River. Looks like there has been an addition to the back. The roofline looks different when compared. Mature macrocarpa trees use to provide shelter and firewood. The Simpson family lived there. Logan France owns it in 2013 and is giving it TLC.

George Whyte, an Albury contractor. His McLaren is pulling an Albury crowd out of the Railway Station with the Albury Tavern in the background on the way to Mt. Nessing on the occasion of Richard Seddon's visit to Albury in March 1904, to inspect a 'gold discovery'. A picnic lunch was had at Mt Nessing, but unfortunately the gold find was found to be mica (fools gold), near the Wilfred Road bridge. The McLaren sprung wheels were fitted to some early engines. Unsuccessful as they cracked and broke.

Timaru Herald, 22 July 1874, Page 4
Mr White applied for a licence on behalf of Murdoch McLeod of the Opawa accommodation house, who failed to obtain one at the annual meeting through not having a sufficient number of signatures to the petition.
Transfers of licenses were granted as follows
Cave Arms, John Scott to John Hills
Fairlie Creek Accommodation House, D. Hamilton to J. D. Firth. The Court then rose. 

Timaru Herald, 6 March 1878, Page 4
A. C. McAllister applied for a transfer from McLeod, Opawa Hotel.

Timaru Herald, 13 November 1878, Page 2 BREACH of the Public House Ordinance.
John Lilly, proprietor of the Opawa Hotel, was charged with selling drink during prohibited hours on the 26th of October last. Inspector Fender prosecuted, and Mr Hamersley appeared for the defence. James Burtonshaw, sergeant of police, stationed at Opawa, produced the necessary legal documents. D. Cooper I know the defendant's hotel. I lire within one hundred yards of it. I went to the hotel between 8 and 9 o'clock on the evening of the 26th October last. It was about 12 o'clock when I left the home. I had drink after 11 o'clock. I have seen other men supplied with drinks, but can't say what they drank. We had not more than one drink after 11 o'clock. The bar was shut. A man named Fox supplied the drinks. Mr Lilly was in the room. Cross-examined by Mr Hamersley Mr Lilly was not present all the time. I laid the complaint on Saturday last. Frederick Fodden. I am a groom, and live at the Opawa Hotel. I remember being at the hotel with the last witness. We were playing cards for drinks. It was after 11 o'clock when Cooper left the hotel. We had drinks after 11 o'clock, but I can't say what they were. A. C. McAllisler: I live at Opawa. I believe I was in the hotel with Cooper after 1 o'clock on the 26th of October last. The drink I had was raspberry and cold water. This concluded the evidence, and after a few remarks, his Worship dismissed the case, on the ground that the allegations made in the information were not proved.

Timaru Herald, 4 June 1879, Page 3
The license of the Opawa Hotel was transferred from Mr Lilly to Mr T. Butler. 
A new license was granted to Mr M. McLeod for the Railway Hotel, which is a now one built recently near the railway station at Albury.

Timaru Herald, 8 December 1880, Page 2
The transfers granted Opawa Hotel, Albury — T. Butler to McLeod.

Timaru Herald, 3 May 1883, Page 3
On arrival at Albury, the sight which presented itself was anything but a pleasant one, the river Opawa having made sad havoc with no small portion of the township. In yesterday's issue it was mentioned that Mr D. Cooper and family had had to be rescued from their house, that the blacksmith's shop had been swept away and that the house itself was in danger. This was caused by the Opawa cutting through between Mr Cooper's and Mr Morris' store. During Tuesday night the river made still another channel for itself between the store and Fraser's Hotel, undermining a stable, and flooding the paddocks at the back of the hotel and the gardens attached, and placing Mr Morris' store in considerable danger. In fact the latter had to be deserted, and a quantity of its contents removed. Mr Cooper's house has half tumbled into one of the streams and is greatly injured. He has lost all his blacksmith tools and the greater portion of his household goods. During yesterday afternoon an attempt was made to divert the Opawa just above the bridge but without avail, one of the party of men who engaged in it nearly losing his life. His name was Adamson, and he was on horseback at the time. The current carried the horse off its legs and rolled it and its rider over several times, but eventually the pair landed on solid ground. The township is full of a number of men who have been driven to forsake their huts and tents. The southern approach to the Opawa railway bridge has been slightly damaged. The approaches to the Tengawai bridge about a mile beyond the Opawa have collapsed altogether. The river got behind the stone breakwater on the Albury side, washed it away, and made a new channel for itself clear of the bridge. The Fairlie Creek railway ex tension between the Tengawai and Coal Gully has also been damaged to no small extent. The banks of several cnttings have fallen it on the rails, and in several other places embankments have suffered, the rails hanging loose. It is reported that the line to Winscombe cannot be put in working order for fully a fortnight or three weeks. From Fairlie Creek itself it was reported that the township had been flooded but no damage done. Several families have had to be rescued from houses lying on the lower lands. Road traffic with Burkes Pas was out off up to yesterday morning, owing to the floods carrying away several small bridges It was also stated at Albury that a good deal of damage had been done to grain stacks in the Fairlie Creek district.  

In the matter of the Licensing Act 1881. I Donald MCLEOD, of Albury, Hotel-keeper, being the holder of a License in respect of the House and Premises situate at Albury, within the Mount Cook Licensing District, and known as the Opawa Hotel, do hereby give notice that I desire to obtain and will, at the next Licensing Meeting to be holden at Fairlie Creek, on the 9th day of June next, APPLY for a Certificate authorising the issue of a Publican's LICENSE to me for the above-described Premises. Dated this 10th Day of May, 1882 

Timaru Herald, 10 June 1886, Page 3
The annual meeting of the committee for the Mackenzie Licensing district was held at Fairlie Creek school-room yesterday. Present Messrs John McGregor, James Milne, Robert Rutherford, Wm. R. Keay, and S. R. Dickson. Mr Rutherford was elected chairman. The following renewals were granted Publicans licenses
John Dore, Railway Hotel, Albury
James Capil, Opawa Hotel, Albury
Adam Orr Gilmour, Gladstone Grand Hotel, Fairlie Creek
Jeremiah Egan, Fairlie Creek Hotel, Fairlie Creek.

Accommodation licenses:
Timothy Harnett, Silverstream
Donald McLeod, Burke's Pass
Donald McMillan, Lake Tekapo
Wm. Low, Pukaki Ferry, Pukaki Lake
F. F. C. Huddlestone "The Hermitage", Müller Glacier, Mount Cook.

Timaru Herald, 6 September 1886, Page 1
FOR SALE — The FREEHOLD of the OPAWA HOTEL, Albury. Substantial Stone Hotel of sixteen Rooms, Commodious Stables and Outhouses, and about 20 Acres of Land. License Paid up to June 30th, 1887. Price Low and Terms Easy. Apply to R. R. TAYLOR, Church Street. 

The Albury Railway Station Hotel - a wooden pub - history & Mrs Gibson

The village was growing along the north side of the new railway line and the new Main road, State Hwy 8, when publican Murdoch McLeod built a functional weatherboard two storied establishment. A good move, as it was higher ground. Less chance of flooding. The design was similar to many rural hotels built in New Zealand in the late 19th Century, real cold on the second story. Mrs Gibson renamed the pub in 1967 to the 'Albury Tavern.'

Timaru Herald 21 June 1999 SPRUCE UP FOR PUB.
A lick of paint seems to have given the Albury pub a new lease of life. The pub is the oldest wooden pub in the South Island and opened in December 1879. It closed in a poor state of repair for 10 weeks in late 1997 when the previous owners went bankrupt - forcing locals to run their own pub in a woolshed on Friday nights. Publican Warren Laffey reopened the pub after the short closure and is now sprucing it up. Local identity Jeremy Sutherland and Mr Laffey collaborated on the colour scheme, which was finished about Easter and was still drawing comments. "We thought if we sent out colour charts to the community it would end up a shambles and if we formed a committee it would take 20 years. We thought we would be brazen and paint it the Albury rugby club colours of blue and yellow. It is not an Otago supporters building, but it does make people slow down. The brighter the colours the more attractive they think they look," Mr Sutherland said. The paint job had been good for business, Mr Sutherland said. "A lot of people did not realise the pub was open again for business. It was only when people were going past to the Fairlie show at Easter." "It had not been painted since 1984. The last time the back wall was painted was in the 1960's, so it's been long overdue. "The local trade think the place is on the improve. There was an English couple who saw the place from the road and bought an Albury rugby jersey which are on sale, so it must be doing something. He's got the place all lit up at night as well," he said. Such is the community spirit behind the pub that the Albury garden club had donated hanging baskets for the verandah. Their next project was planter boxes for around the outside of the building, Mr Sutherland said.  

The Albury War Memorial is located on the main Timaru to Fairlie road , through the township oppostie the Albury Tavern. Looking south towards Timaru. Photo taken Easter 2000. 
"the oldest continually licensed pub in the south", having been built in 1879 as the Railway Hotel.  Easter 2000  colours 

Albury Tavern, 2008
2008 colours 

13 Nov. 2011 colours

A tavern in the town [summerised[
High Country Herald - Katarina Filipe 19/08/2010
The Railway Hotel was built in 1879 by George Joseph Palmer to service the former railway station. It was renamed in 1967 by then owner Mary Gibson. It was the third hotel built in Albury. The first was William and Emma Butterworth's Opawa Accommodation House, which was originally a single-room set-up. Albury's second hotel was completed some time in the spring of 1873, in the style of the Opawa Hotel. George Palmer owned the Railway Hotel until 1884 when he sold it to Leo Pastorelli. Other owners were John Dore, John Henkley, Timothy Twomey, Thomas Driscoll, Fred West, CJ O'Malley, Thomas Aspell and Charlie Clark. Mr Clark had the longest tenure of 19 years until he sold it to Mary Gibson in 1936. Mrs Gibson used to pour jugs of beer, ready for the afternoon rush of people from the ewe fair. However, by the time everyone got to the pub, the beer was warm and flat. Because Mrs Gibson was so well liked "no one used to say anything." Mrs Gibson renovated the pub replacing the old, dark-panelled walls and cream plaster ceilings with duck-egg green hardboard, chrome and mirrors. Two sash windows on the Main Rd side of the bar were removed. In 1981, Mrs Gibson sold the tavern to Charlie Davie. In 1984 Earl Corcoran took over, followed by Doug Budge in 1987 and Kevin Gray in 1990. In 1997 the pub closed for 10 weeks because the managers at the time went bankrupt. It reopened with former manager Warren Laffey and owner Ziggy Parfitt in charge. In 2002, Auckland man Pascal Brown bought the pub. Since he took over, a beer garden has been established at the back and is well used in summer.
A backpackers' kitchen had been installed upstairs, while the rooms were refurbished and gas showers were put in. The Albury Tavern has struggled to make money in recent years. Many businesses in Albury had closed and the population had dropped. There was a general store and a garage and old photos on the tavern walls showed there had been a butcher's shop as well. Most of the pub's customers nowadays were retired farmers and their families, while shearers, passersby, skiers and rugby players would also pop in, depending on the season. Nowadays, many people don't go to the pub if they don't have anyway of getting home after drinking.

There is still a ford across the Opawa River. Two bridges are on Hwy 8, on the main SH heading to Fairlie.

Hwy 8 and Chamberlain Rd just north of Albury. It is another way to Burkes Pass, through the Rollesby Valley, bypasses Fairlie, and you get to see some tussock country. It was an important route to the Mackenzie.

The pen is mightier than the sword

 Timaru Herald, 10 November 1866, Page 3 PROVINCIAL COUNCIL.
Mr Ormbsy in moving that his Honor the Superintendent be respectfully requested to place on the estimates a sum sufficient for the purpose of erecting a bridge over the Opihi river, in accordance with the suggestions of Mr Doyne, begged to make a few matter of fact observations, which would, he trust, have the effect of inducing hon. members to give a ready acquiescence to his motion. The Opihi was one of those unfortunate rivers which frequently caused such inconvenience and loss, and at the same time so comparatively small, that a bridge, as suggested by Mr Doyne, could be erected over it at the nominal cost of from £2000 to £2500. On one side of the river there was a large agricultural district in actual occupation, and which it was becoming a matter of pressing necessity to connect with Timaru. There were several large stations on the north bank of the river, with a rising township containing a school, brewery, and other buildings, besides what universally in Canterbury constituted a township, namely accommodation houses and blacksmiths' shops. The Opihi was a most desirable river to commence our practical experience of bridging rivers with, as the cost would he small, and the great knowledge to be acquired would be most advantageous. He felt assured that he might count on the support of the hon. member for the Rakaia, as, when, in office, he had written to the Geraldine Road Board, stating that his Government trusted to be enabled at an early date, to supply the necessary funds. Mr Rhodes seconded the motion.

Otago Witness 24 August 1861, Page 6 ACCOMMODATION HOUSES.
To the Editor of the Otago Witness.
Sir - Why are these "green spots" on a day's journey called by this enticing name when, in so many case's, un-accommodation houses would be a more correct description? Really it is time that in all cases where there are licensed houses, or houses in connection with ferries, that some regulations should be framed for the purpose of ensuring refreshment, as well as payment, for man and beast. I am quite aware that, to a liberal-minded man; the latter is a high privilege, but still the former is not undesirable. I hear that folks from other: Provinces represent that, while reasonable rates are insisted on, it is also insisted that abundance of good wholesome provisions should be obtainable, and that the price of a feed of oats is even fixed, and the license forfeited on any negligence reported and proved. Government should see to it that every licensed house has a certain amount of accommodation for man and beast. The proper remedy for existing evils, which press hard upon travellers, is to increase the number of licensed roadside houses, giving a preferment to those whose accommodation is good, and refusing licenses to the others. A monopoly of ill-treatment is what cannot be long endured indeed, our whole system of licensing requires revisal and if our united wisdom cannot devise something more satisfactory than what exists, let us invite tenders for Provincial and Executive Councillors. I am, &c. Traveller

Otago Daily Times 8 October 1862, Page 5
Sir, — I am a hotel keeper holding a publican's general license, which allows to sell wine, beer and spirits. Before I obtained this privilege I had to show to the satisfaction of the magistrates, that I was a person of good character, and also to pay into the Provincial Treasury the sum of £50. This was not all. It was made known to me that my house must contain a certain number of rooms, adequately furnished for public and private accommodation. I was compelled to enlarge my out offices, erect stabling, form a right-of-way, and make, no matter at what outlay, every improvement or extension required by the inspecting officer. At my own private cost I must maintain a lighted lamp outside my house from dusk till daylight; the police have authority to enter my house at any time of the day or night; and I am under the strictest regulations, which are enforced by heavy penalties. If my lamp goes out daring the night, no matter from what cause, I am fined, if my doors are not closed exactly at the hour required by the act I am fined. If a drunken man staggers into my bar and creates a disturbance, I am charged with keeping a disorderly house, am fined, and perhaps lose my license. If a customer gets into my debt for what he drinks I cannot recover. If I want to go into the country for a few days, I must first ask permission, and may be refused. Should I desire to dispose of my business, I must obtain the consent of the licensing authorities, or I should not be allowed to transfer. In fine, I am so tramelled with police regulations, and so drawn upon for license fees, that if I can possibly manage to obey the former and pay the latter, the least that I and my brother hotelkeepers may expect, is to be protected by the local authorities using proper vigilance in preventing others than those holding the requisite license from selling spirits. That we are not so protected I will explain....I am, Sir, &c., A LICENSED VICTUALLER.

Accommodation houses Regulations
Accommodation houses were established at river crossings and were required to comply with regulations drawn up by the Canterbury Provincial Council with a few alterations to suit local conditions. These were for the Ward's House, Macdonald's Crossing, on the Rangitata in 1863.

1. All premises to be kept in good repair. To provide in his house, besides a tap room or room answering as such, one public and one private sitting-room.
2. To provide not less than ten beds for travellers, in not less than three separate bedrooms.
3. To provide a shed sufficiently weather-tight, and fit for accommodation of at least six horses.
4. At all times to keep a proper supply of water for the horses, and for horses and cattle, and to provide in a convenient position, a proper trough for watering cattle.
5. To keep at all times a proper supply of oats and oaten or grass hay. Oats to be charged to travellers at not more than 6d per quart, and to be always served out with the authorised quart measure.
6. To provide and keep in repair a good and sufficient stockyard for cattle capable of holding not less than fifty head. Rate 2p per head for all cattle under 50 in number, and one penny per head for all over that number.
7. To provide and keep a good and sufficient moveable sheep=proof yard, capable of holding not less than 2000 sheep; or at the option of the licensee, to keep one acre of land enclosed by a permanent sheep proof fence... Rates 6d per score for all sheep under 300 in number, 4d per score for all over that number, and under 500, and 2d per score for all over 500.
8.To keep a lamp burning at night outside the house.
9. To be sworn in and act as Constable, especially when required by the Magistrates or Police.
10. On all occasions to render every assistance, and to supply information to Magistrates or to the Police in the execution of their duty.
11.To keep a clean and orderly house, and to render it as comfortable for accommodation of travellers as the circumstances of position and distance from towns will fairly allow.
12. To keep at all times a horse for conveyance of passengers across  the river between the hours of daylight in summer and winter. The fares to be a moderate charge...
13. To keep at all times a safe punt in good working order...
14. The licence to be cancelled by order of any three JPs if it proved.. not regularly fulfilled.
15. A printed or fairly written copy of these conditions, and a tariff of all charges to be kept at all times post up in some conspicuous place in the tap room, and in all sitting rooms, for the information of travellers.
16. To provide a Visitor's Book. The book to be opened at all times to inspection by Magistrates or Police and to be sent to the Clerk of the Bench, a week before the Annual Licensing Meeting.

The Opawa Hotel lanterns still there in Nov. 2011.                                 Is that chimney sound?

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