Bank Notes - poaching - South Canterbury. N.Z.

 Press, 17 March 1911, Page 9
To the visitor who is an angler, the Temuka district possesses a particular charm. Its rivers and streams provide the best fly fishing in the Dominion, outside of the Hot Lakes district in the North Island. Trout were liberated in the Winchester creek and Opihi and Temuka rivers many years ago, and Mr J. A. Young jealously guarded the first fry he liberated in the creek by his residence at Winchester. He lived to see Winchester the centre of trout fishing in Canterbury for many years, but as the fish spread, and the Opihi and Temuka rivers became famous for the baskets that could be made, Temuka attracted visiting anglers. The oldest and most experienced disciple of Izaak Walton in Temuka is Mr N. C. Nicholas, and what he does not know of the sport and where it can best be obtained is not worth troubling about. Beside the anglers attracted from many parts of the Dominion, visitors from Home and Australia, some of them making an annual trip, whip the streams in the district, for besides the main rivers, their numerous tributaries almost to their very source contain trout, and provide sport both for the experienced and for the novice.

Otago Witness 20 May 1908, Page 64
In regard to poaching, the report says: The appointment of rangers in different districts has checked poaching to a considerable degree, but until sportsmen themselves and land-owners unite with the society in a combined effort to put down the practice poaching will go on. The assistance of the police has been obtained in the matter, the Commissioner having issued the necessary instructions to his officers.

Timaru Herald, 8 June 1880, Page 2
We much regret to learn that a party of men were caught last Sunday in pursuit of game on an estate near Timaru. Their names having been mentioned to us, we are sorry to find among them one whom we have always hitherto considered a respectable member of society and with some pretensions to a sportsman, and it is to be regretted that he will now have to appear in the R.M. Court in connection with some other associates of lesser note.

Timaru Herald, 24 March 1881, Page 6
SOUTH CANTERBURY ACCLIMATISATION SOCIETY.
The annual meeting of the above Society was held at the offices of Mr James Granger, Timaru, on March 5th. Present Messrs F. Archer (Chairman), Bristol, T. Teschemaker, A. Turnbull, James Granger (Treasurer), A. Perry (Secretary), A. Barker, A. W. Wright, M. Godby, R. H. Rhodes, jun., D. M. Ross, and Drs Macintyre and Chilton. The Treasurer's annual statement and balance sheet, showing the sum of £103 2s to the credit of the Society were adopted. The following accounts were passed for payment -.—Timaru Herald, £4 14s 8d Evening Telegraph, 15s  Secretary, for 94 hawks' heads, £4 14s  A. Perry, for six pheasants, 5s A. Perry, for 300 trout at 15s, £2 6s. The Election of a Committee of Management for the ensuing year was then proceeded with. Proposed by Mr Teschemaker, seconded by Mr Wright, and carried "That the following gentlemen be the Committee Messrs T, H. Wigley, Archer, Bristol, Dennistoun, Elworthy, Ford, Gray, M. Studholme, Teschemaker, Turnbull, Or. F. Lovegrove, A. Perry, A. Barker, Cecil Perry, A. W. Wright, W. Smith, M. Godby, R. H. Rhodes, jun., J.. Stace Smith, D. M. Ross, John Raine, W. Postlethwaite, Granger, and Drs Chilton and Macintyre. The following were unanimously re-elected officers of the Society F. Archer, Chairman; Arthur Perry, Secretary James Granger, Treasurer. A letter was read from the Secretary of the South Canterbury Coursing Club, pointing out that poaching both game and trout was extensively carried on about Temuka, and requesting the Society to appoint Mr Boyd Thompson, Ranger for that district. It was resolved that His Excellency the Governor be requested to appoint Messrs Boyd Thompson, Arthur Perry, D. M. Ross, Alexander Boyle, and A. W. Wright, Rangers under the Animals Protection Act 1880. A long discussion then ensued as to the seasons for shooting and hunting native game, and game within the district. Mr Arthur Barker presented a petition from a number of landowners m the Geraldine district, requesting permission to shoot hares in that district from the 1st April next to the 3lst August following. The Secretary pointed out that under the Act the season for killing game could only be from the 1st May to the 31st July, in any year, It was resolved That the season for shooting native game should be from the 1st April to the 31st July for shooting cock pheasants, the month of June, license, fee £2 for shooting hares, from 1st May to 31st July, license fee £1 coursing and hunting hares, May, June, and July, coursing license 10s for the first dog, and 5s for each subsequent dog, the property of one owner, license fee for a pack of hounds £2 that licenses issued by the Christchurch Society should be available m this district during the open season on being countersigned by the Secretary of this Society." Dr Chilton reported that the salmon recently found in the Opihi gorge was a true Californian salmon. A letter was read from the Colonial Secretary, granting the Society permission to use nets in the rivers Opihi and Temuka, to  a certain whether salmon exists m those streams, the experiment to he carried out under the supervision of the Chairman and Secretary. It was resolved that the Society pay the necessary expenses of the experiment, and Dr Chilton was requested to conduct the expedition. It was resolved That on and after the 1st April next this Society discontinue paying Is per head for dead hawks." Mr Archer offered to purchase the old aviary in the Park for £2, which was agreed to. The meeting then terminated.

Evening Post
, 10 March 1891, Page 2 The native poaching cases at Kaiapoi
Christchurch, 9th March. The hearing of the Maori fishing cases was resumed at Kaiapoi to-day. Counsel for the natives contended that the native rights of fishery guaranteed by the Queen in the Treaty of Waitangi could not be interfered with by the Colonial Government that under these rights they were entitled to net all fish, and consequently to net trout. On the other side it was contended that the natives surrendered their right of Mahinga Kai (food gathering) by
Major Kemp's deed, and that under the decision of Judge Fenton in 1868 the Maoris here gave up their claims in consideration of a grant of land in the Timaru district. Judgment was reserved.

Timaru Herald, 3 June 1868, Page 2
The Native Lands Court concluded its sittings at Christchurch on the 7th ultimo. Amongst the claims settled were those of the natives of Arowhenua, Timaru, and Waitaki. The chief object of the court was to enable each individual native to take out a Crown grant for his land, and so for once to settle the constant disputes as individual native ownership. In closing the Court Chief Justice Fenton said that there was no mysterious knowledge necessary in dealing with the natives, an educated English gentleman, not a Maori doctor, was all that was required. He also thanked the Maoris for their orderly demeanour in Court, and intelligent attention to the business going on.

Timaru Herald, 21 March 1891, Page 3
THE MAORI FISHING CASES. The FISHING ILLEGAL. Christchurch, March 20. Mr Greenfield, R.M delivered judgment in the cases brought by the Acclimatisation Society against two natives taking trout, contrary to the fishing regulations, in the Waimakariri at Kaiapoi. The Magistrate held that the charges were proved, and on the legal points railed that there was nothing in the Fisheries Act limiting the right of laying informations by the officers appointed by the Collector of Customs or preventing a police officer or other person laying informations against persons committing a breach of the law, which was on offence against the public. He was of opinion that the regulations gazetted met the requirements of Interpretation Act 1888 Section 17. He was also of opinion that the claim or right of the Natives under the Treaty of Waitangi and Major Kemp's deed, to all rivers and fisheries within the area sold and conveyed by that deed was a mere pretence and not bona fide as the natives must have known that they had no legal claim under the treaty and that all fishery rights reserved by deed under the phrase mahinga kai were extinguished by the Native Land Court. A fine of £1 and cost in each, case was inflicted. On the application of counsel for the defence the fines were increased to £5 5s each, in order to give opportunity to appeal. Another case against a Native for a similar breach of the regulations is to be taken.

Timaru Herald, 14 May 1879, Page 2
Christchurch, May 13. The Royal Commissioners resumed their sittings at Kaiapoi this morning. The witnesses examined were Taare Wetere (Charley Wesley). Hone Topi, Patuki, and Wiremu Nahairi. Their evidence was mainly corroborative of what had been said by former witnesses. With regard to the boundaries of the block, and the promises made by Messrs Kemp and Mantell as to a further large payment m addition to the L2000 the establishment of schools and hospitals, and the granting of further reserves the restoration of eel weirs and other fisheries, landing places, cultivations, burial places and "mahinga kai," two words upon which the Maoris attach very great importance, as according to them "mahinga kai" embraces all the land from which they obtained the natural products of the soil, such as cabbage tree root, fern root, woodhens, forest berries, etc., it is remarkable how closely the story of one witness resembles that of another in the main particulars. Their evidence is very interesting as it refers to a period when the plains of Canterbury were almost unknown, except to the Maoris, and when the verbatim shorthand notes come to be published, the volume will no doubt evoke a considerable amount of curiosity. The Commissioners will sit again to-morrow, and it is probable that the inquiry as to the Ngaitahu purchase will terminate on Thursday. It will then become a question whether the Commissioners will at once proceed with the investigation as to the purchase of Bank's Peninsula, the Otago block and the Murihiku purchase in Southland, or postpone going further for a month or two.

Press, 3 June 1890, Page 3 Temuka.
Monday, June 2. (Before C. A. Wray, R.M.)
Thos, Egan and Henry Smallridge was charged with unlawfully taking and killing a trout, contrary to the regulations. Mr Salmond appeared for the informant, T.R. Roberts, the ranger of the Geraldine County Acclimatisation Society; Mr Hay for defendants. T. R. Roberts, ranger, gave evidence to seeing the defendants in a boat on the Opihi river, and he watched them land. Smallridge carried a flounder and Egan a kerosene tin, in which was a trout. He spoke to them, and they asked him to overlook the offence, as they were poor men. Defendants' were fined 60s each, costs 9s, and solicitor's fee 21s.

Star 8 November 1894, Page 3
There has been a good deal of poaching in. the Temuka district, and the Geraldine County Acclimatisation Society has employed a ranger for some time past. On the afternoon of Sunday, Oct. 28, he found two men poaching in Cooper's Creek, near Orari. They were charged at the Magistrate's Court, Temuka, on Tuesday convicted and fined £3 each, with costs. Mr Salmond appeared for the Society.

Otago Witness 10 January 1895, Page 33 A SUPPOSED SALMON.
Timaru, January 4. Mr O'Callaghan, of the Lands department, is sending to Christchurch to-morrow, in a block of ice, for examination by Captain Hutton and Mr Spackman, a fish caught in the Opihi on January 1, believed to be a true salmon. It has all the paints, so far as can be judged. The weight is 5½ lb.

Timaru Herald, 25 September 1895, Page 2
A meeting of the combined councils of the Waitaki and Waimate Acclimatisation Society was held at the Criterion Hotel, Waimate, on Monday last. Mr E. C. Studholme was in the chair. The balance sheet, which showed a credit of £20, was adopted. The fee for licenses was retained at 20s. Constables Parker and Gough were appointed rangers. An application from Sergeant Gilbert, for a grant for obtaining a conviction in the poaching case at Waihao, was considered, but it was decided to offer to pay the sergeant his out of pocket expenses only. This being all the business the meeting terminated.

Timaru Herald, 26 February 1896, Page 2
A Timaru resident admitted illegally attempting to take trout, he not being a license-holder. Mr Salmond, for the Geraldine County Acclimatisation Society, pressed for the full penalty as these cases were difficult to deal with. An immense amount of poaching was going on, and to secure convictions was expensive. His Worship inflicted a fine of 20s with costs £3 13s.

Timaru Herald, 20 August 1896, Page 3 THE PAREORA.
To the Editor of the Timaru Herald, Sir, Had your reporter exercised a I little more care m reporting what was said at the recent meeting of the Acclimatisation Society, Mr Brookland. would not have reason to complain of my remarks. What I said was this— "That had visited the Upper Pareora 50 or 60 times last season and only on three occasions did I meet a ranger." On four occasions I visited the mouth of the Pareora, and every time I met the ranger there. I am sorry to say the care bestowed on the lower part of the river by Mr Brookland is not supported by the other ranger as it should be. Poaching is rampant at, 5 the upper end, and yet the upper ranger never brought a charge home to any one during the whole season, I quite concur with what Mr Brookland says relative to giving a ranger a good salary to look after the river, and 1 hope that now the Geraldine and South Canterbury Societies have agreed to amalgamate, this will be done, and that some of those who systematically destroy fish by "poachers" means will get what they deserve. In conclusion I may say I regret that my remarks were wrongly reported thereby casting a reflection on one of the most energetic rangers in South Canterbury, I am, etc., C. N. Macintosh. Timaru, 19/8/96.

Timaru Herald, 24 February 1897, Page 4
Henry John Culmann aged 17 years, was charged with having, on the 9th January, attempted to take trout with out a license. Mr Salmon appeared for the the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society, the informants, and Mr Tripp for defendant. Claude Worthington, William Jack, and Herbert Jack, three lads, were changed with a similar offence on the 16th January. Worthington pleaded guilty, and the brothers Jack not guilty. Evidence in the first case was given by Walter Hessell, and in the second by Claude Worthington and H. T. Evans, a ranger employed; by the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society. Defendants were each fined 5s and costs, solicitor's fee being allowed in each case. 

Star 12 January 1898, Page 1
An amusing incident occurred at Temuka in connection with a recent poaching case. The Ranger secured the poached fish and handed them to the Secretary of the Acclimatisation Society, who forwarded them to the manager of the Timaru Freezing Works in order that they might be preserved for identification in court. It was a Saturday, and the fish, instead of being dropped off at the freezing works siding, were taken into Timaru. The manager was out of town, and the letter of advice did not reach him. The railway advised the office that a parcel of perishable goods awaited release, and the office telephoned to the manager's housekeeper. She, good soul, sent for the fish, and, not liking to waste them, cooked and ate them. On his return to town the manager was placed in possession of the facts, and he duly expressed his regret at not being in a position to produce the fish. The laugh over the incident fully compensated for any bother which had arisen in connection with it.

Timaru Herald, Wednesday 1 November 1899 pg3
Temuka - Tuesday, Oct. 31st. Before C.A. Wray, Esq., S.M.
Thomas Moss was charged on the information of Leonard Worthington, ranger for the South Canterbury Society, with illegally taking trout on October 22nd. Accused pleaded "Not guilty." In pursuance of his duties was in the neighbourhood of Mr James Young's, Kakahu road, on Sunday, October 22nd, and saw him throw some object away. He went across to accused and asked him to show him what he was carrying. This proved to be a towel with a piece of soap. Later on he examined the locality, and in the place where he had at first seen accused he found a trout which was produced. The accused offered objections to the ranger when his name was asked. The accused presence in the river-bed was accounted for, the evidence showing that he had gone there for the purpose of bathing. His Worship said that the case for the prosecution had not been clearly proved, and the charge would be dismissed. He would not allow costs
.  

Timaru Herald, 18 November 1899, Page 3
TROUT. To the Editor of the Timaru Herald, Sir,— A letter appeared in one of your late issues with regard to the prosecution of a young man for trout poaching. The evidence was a bather, a towel, and a piece of soap, and a trout afterwards collected in the vicinity. For this great capture, including the soap, the ranger was entitled to a reward of £5, which, however, he did not get. It may be said with certainty that, at the moment, the ranger's spare time might have been well applied to the transfer of fish from pools where they now lie in thousands, and are likely to die if rain is not shortly in evidence, to better water. Mr Langdon has been out to-day with a couple of traps, three men, and a bath or two, returning from a rescue from the Hae te- Moana with about 300, losing 50 on the return journey through want of proper appliances. The fish were liberated in deeper local water. It is a matter of speculation why the Acclimatisation Society, with ample funds in hand, should continue to proceed with their policy of "masterly inactivity." I am, etc.. Winchester.

Timaru Herald, 8 May 1900, Page 4 RIVER POACHING.
To the Editor of the Timaru Herald, Sir,— On Tuesday, 1st May, a case of illegally taking trout, was heard before the stipendiary Magistrate at Temuka, and, after the hearing of the evidence of both sides, the case was dismissed. Evidence for the prosecution showed that the person charged was watched by the ranger on the riverbed and seen to spear a trout. The ranger thereupon went towards him, but accused went round some gorse, and when he appeared again he had neither spear nor bag. However, these were subsequently found m the gorse through I which accused had passed. When accosted by the ranger, accused declined to give his name and offered to square it for £2. The defence was merely a blank denial; although accused admitted being on the riverbed on that date. In giving judgment His Worship said he would require some confirmatory evidence of the ranger's story. This we consider a very weak judgment. The evidence of a ranger, duly appointed by the Acclimatisation Society, has just as much right to be believed as that of a policeman. The latter walks into an hotel on Sunday morning and next day lays an information against the publican because he says he was serving drinks on a Sunday. The publican brings three or four witnesses to prove that the policeman's statement is not true, but without the slightest effect. The one policeman's word is believed before that of three or four civilians. We have always supposed that a ranger is, practically speaking, a policeman, or rather a defective. Now, if his evidence has to be corroborated it means that he will have to have somebody always with him. In this case somebody must have blundered, otherwise it is useless to form societies and clubs to promote sport and try to put a stop to poaching. We are, etc ANGLERS, Timaru, 5th May, 1900.

Ashburton Guardian, 13 February 1901, Page 2
Geraldine. Poaching. William Rowe was charged with taking trout on the 10th, 13ch, 29th, and 31st of December, 1900, from the Waihi river without a license. Mr Aspinall appeared for the S.C.A. Society. After hearing evidence the Bench convicted the accused and inflicted a fine of 10s, and costs 21s, in default three days' imprisonment. A similar charge on December 31, 1900, against Fredrick Wheeler was adjourned for further evidence.

Otago Witness 8 April 1903, Page 58
The Opihi. — Fishing in the Opihi recently, Mr Kitto captured a trout weighing 141b 2oz. A Timaru angler has had good sport in the Opihi lately. On Thursday he had five fish weighing 391b, on Friday five weighing 301b, and on Saturday he caught an eight pounder and a 16-poundor trout. The latter was a fine fish, and more like a salmon than a trout.
    Poaching in South Canterbury. A lengthy letter appears in a recent issue of the Timaru Herald from Mr F. A. Franks, ranger to the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society, in answer to "Spottie," who wrote a few days previously of the poaching that was carried on in the district. Mr Franks says: "The society does all in its power through its rangers to prevent poaching, but its income scarcely justifies the employment of more than four rangers, who are expected to exercise supervision over the Rangitata, Waihi and its tributaries, Temuka, Tengawai, Opihi, and Pareora Rivers, no small order when only one of the four rangers is on full time. The mistake which the society makes is that they rely upon the assistance which anglers themselves should give. Had Spottie and his friends acted in as sensible and sportsmanlike manner they would have, on the occasion referred to, taken some steps to identify the men who were using the net. Contrast their own conduct with that of Messrs Mahoney and and Flanagan, an account of .which appears in the same issue of the paper. Nearly all anglers are alike. They appear to think that the purchase of a License gives them the privilege not only of fishing but of growling without stint against the members of the society and its rangers. My notion is that poaching would  be readily suppressed if the society were backed up a little more. I have often received information of a vague kind that poaching is being blamed on, but never has an angler or other person assisted by giving names or reliable data upon which I can work. They seem always frightened of getting into a row, or perhaps it is that there is an underlying sympathy with poachers in general. I would like to make one remark upon the inadequacy of the fines inflicted upon conviction of poachers. From to the Bluff poachers appear to be let off lightly, and until one or two substantial penalties are imposed they will be pimply encouraged." The Timaru Herald has a long article on the matter, in the course "of which it says:— "It does not appear that Spottie,' the nom de plume adopted by our correspondent, remonstrated with the poachers or reported their rascally proceedings either to the ranger or to the secretary of the Acclimatisation Society. Inferentially Spottie censured the rangers, though he did not directly mention them. This implied censure brought Mr Franks into the field, and we must say that we endorse at least a part of what his letter contains, though we are inclined to think that the Acclimatisation Society might the something more than has been done in the past to stamp out, or at all events minimise, the poaching nuisance. It is a fact that the movements of the rangers are watched by those (their name is legion) who make a practice of poaching, and our strong impression that, as a rule, the ranger do not endeaour to attain a really useful degree of secrecy with regard to their proceedings. They ought to study and imitate the detective art, without which the police would fail a great deal oftener than they do. The poachers have favourite spots for carrying on their nefarious operations; and if one or two of those spots were secretly and persistently watched by a judiciously planted ranger, armed with field-glass, he could hardly fail to be rewarded for his trouble. Since the publication of Spottie's letter we have heard on good authority that information has been furnished to a member of the Council of the Acclimatisation Society that parties of poachers pay regular Sunday visits to the gorges of the Orari and Opuha, and to the head waters of the Opihi. These use both net and dynamite, and it is highly satisfactory to know that some of them have at length been caught in the act, that their names have been taken, and that they are likely to be proceeded against. The complaint with regard to the rangers is that their system is defective. We do not agree with what Mr Franks says about the society not being able to afford a larger expenditure with the object of putting down poaching. More patrolling rangers are not wanted, but the society could very well afford the cost of an occasional secret expedition in which several persons might take part. If the services of a policeman could be secured, he being specially paid for his trouble, so much the better. There is something in what Mr Franks says about the neglect of anglers to give information when oases of poaching come under their notice, and we agree with him that, in the case which Spottie mentions, the latter and his friends should have done something more than witness the poaching and write to a newspaper. But, on the other hand, it may be pointed out that there is no evidence whatever that these anglers knew the poachers or any of them, and it is too much to expect a man who is out for a day's fishing to leave his amusement and track the offenders to their homes, and find out their names. Near the end of his letter Mr Franks refers to the inadequacy of the fines imposed upon poachers when they chance to be convicted. Perhaps it is not exactly the correct thing for a man in his position to criticize the doings of the Bench. His duty is to catch the poachers and then leave the Court to deal with them. Nevertheless what he says is quite true. The fines are generally ridiculously small, and sometimes an offender gets off with a caution. A fine of two or three pounds ought to be the minimum, and it would be an excellent thing if the magistrates had the power to send netters and dynamiters to gaol, and also had the firmness to administer the law with fitting severity.

Otago Witness, 7 February 1906, Page 31
Charges of Poaching.— At the Magistrate's Court, Temuka, on January 30, before Mr C. A. Wray, S.M., F. A. Franks, ranger for the South Canterbury Acclimaisation Society, charged Gustave Henderson and F. Shearsby with fishing for trout the Orari river without a license. Henderson did not appear and Shearsby pleaded not guilty. Mr Aspinall prosecuted on behalf of the society. Ranger Franks gave evidence to the effect that he saw defendant, who was not possessed of a license, fishing in the Orari. There was a woman in company with defendant, but he did not observe her fishing. The defendant gave a distinct denial to the evidence given by Franks, and explained to the court that he was only preparing his wife's rod and line, his wife being the holder of a fishing license. Mrs Shearsby corroborated her husband's statements. The case was dismissed. The charge against Henderson was adjourned for a fortnight. — Thomas Boughen was proceeded against by Ranger Franks for illegally taking trout from the hae-hae-te-Moana River. Mr Aspinall appeared for the society and Mr Farnie for the defendant, who pleaded not guilty. Ranger Woofenden gave evidence that he saw defendant taking trout from the river with his hands (tickling). He knew defendant by sight and had a conversation with him in reference to the offence and took possession of the trout and a bag which defendant was carrying. Mr Farnie, nor the defence, submitted that no offence had been committed, defendant being on he bank of the river on a shooting expedition. The defendant gave evidence a support of his counsel's statement and denied that he took any trout from the river, as he merely went to get-a drink of water. He did not deny the existence of the trout, but explained that they were not his and had not been taken out of the stream by him. John Sugrue stated that it was not an uncommon occurrence to see trout lying on the banks of such streams as the Hae-te-Moana. The Magistrate, in summing up, commented upon the evidence. He said that Woofenden's evidence was Corroborated by the existence of the trout and he saw no reason to disbelieve it. Defendant was convicted, and fined £5, costs 7s and solicitor's fee £1 1s.

Otago Witness 13 February 1907, Page 64
The Opihi.— Mr D. Taylor and a friend, fishing in the Opihi on Saturday week, secured a very fine bag of 13 fish sealing in the aggregate 160 1b. The smallest fish weighed 8½ lb, and the largest was a monster of no less than 22 1b. Timaru Post.
Splendid sport is still being obtained by the anglers in the Lower Opihi. Mr C. Williams (Temuka) recently caught fish weighing 20 1b, 19 1b, 16 1b, 13 1b, and 9 1b respectively, all in first-class condition.

Colonist, 21 September 1911, Page 2
Poaching has been very rife in South Canterbury rivers of recent years (says the "Press") and all the efforts of rangers employed by the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society to put the practice down has proved practically useless. Last year only two convictions were obtained, and a majority of the members of the Council of the Society considering that the head ranger should have been more successful in tracking down poachers, decided at a meeting held on Thursday night last, to dispense with his services, and get a new ranger. The discussion on the subject of poaching was a warm one, members declaring that it was getting unbearable, and completely spoiling the fishing for legitimate sportsmen. It was said that the poachers carried it on for profit, and only looked for big fish which they secured for sale. Some of them carried firearms, to shoot not only fish, but anyone who might interfere with them. They were nothing short of criminals.

Ashburton Guardian, 15 September 1911, Page 5 FISHING AND POACHING.
A lively discussion took place at the meeting of the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society in Timaru yesterday, when the ever-green poaching question and the need for local regulations were under consideration. Mr Foster said that local regulations were urgently required for fish were taken by all manner of means. Poaching was rife. Acetylene gas lamps were used, as also was the rifle. He had seen it dozens of times, yet the ranger, seemed unable to catch the culprits. Mr Dorm said the lamps, were used to round the fish up- like sheep, and when they were all scared by the lights into one place, lines were cast and the fish were foul hooked. Mr Coira supported the ranker, saying that the gang of about 20 poachers carried on in such a systematic and well organised way as to make it most difficult to catch them. While some did the poaching others watched the ranger, mid the signals were passed along with lightning, rapidity.

Feilding Star, 7 August 1916, Page 2 POACHERS PINCHED.
It was reported on good authority in Timaru (says the Post), that, as a result of a raid by the ranger and other officers of the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society, several poachers had boon caught red-handed among the rainbow trout in Lake Alexandria. It has .for some time been reported to the Society that poaching in this sanctuary was rile, but it has always been most difficult to get a strong case. In this particular instance the Society is said to be able to sheet home one of the biggest cases of poaching that has ever occurred in the Dominion. The trout were brought into Timaru on Monday, and have been photographed, one of the specimens being among the finest ever seen. A motor car is said to have played an important part in the poaching.

Ashburton Guardian, 1 October 1917, Page 3 A bashful ranger
There was a strange happening on the Opihi River recently when some poaching was done right under the nose of the ranger of the Acclimatisation Society, (says the Timaru Herald) The strange aspect of the case was that, though the poacher; was suspected, the ranger would not search the person under suspicion, albeit he has a name for, marked impartiality in this respect. The circumstances, however, were unusual, and even the ranger admits that he was well duped. There was a woman in the case; in fact, there were several, and, under the guise of bathing in, the, river, at least one of them set to work to secure some trout before the season opened. She had on a regulation, bathing costume, and proved an expert in getting fish out of the water with her hands. On approaching the bathers, the ranger, from a sense of gallantry no doubt, felt in duty bound to sheer off as soon as he saw that they were women. He noticed that one of them looked extraordinary stout, but hastily looked the other way, and thought no more about the matter, till later on he received indisputable evidence, that she been poaching, and that her ''stoutness'' was caused the fine conditioned trout which she had secreted under her bathing costume.

Auckland Star, 11 February 1922, Page 6
An English tourist who has been angling in the Temuka and Opihi rivers is disappointed, and attributes the deterioration in the size of the fish to the form of poaching that occur. The illegal methods, he says, are dynamiting, liming, netting, and stall-holding. He looking forward to better fishing at Rotorua. The gentleman was attracted to the Dominion by reports of good fishing published in the Old Country. He says that if poaching is allowed to continue English anglers will not come here. He suggests that the licence should be increased in order to appoint more rangers, and that it should be illegal to fish after, say. 10 p.m. at the latest, because much of the poaching is done at night.

Auckland Star, 28 February 1923, Page 4
At the Temuka Police Court yesterday, the South Canterbury Acclimatisation Society prosecuted two farmers, L. J. Grant and C. Heweson on charges of stroke-hauling. The charge against Heweson was dismissed through lack of corroborative evidence, while Grant was convicted and fined £5 on one information and ordered to pay costs on another. The defendant Grant was detected by Ranger Main, but had no fish in his possession.   

The fish.
To the Rangitata I have come for years,
to fish for salmon despite the jeers.
I have fished and fished, in wind and rain,
Then stalked off home, vowing never again.
But come each year, at Christmas time,
back I would come to cast a line.
Down to the river. I went this day
and hooked a fish that was strong to play.
What seemed like hours we fought and battled,
until at last I had him rattled.
He pulled and struggled to no avail,
All was over when I grabbed his tail.
On to the beach. He slid quite fast.
I tapped his head, He breathed his last.
Home to show this disbelieving lot,
For me a salmon I have got.
No more fishing I have done,
since I caught that mighty one.
Believe me true, I do not lie.
All lesser fish can pass me by.

- By a Southland Fisherman

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project