Military Ballots and Special Gazette - NZEF Reserve - South Canterbury, N.Z.

Conscription: 1st August 1916 conscription for military service was introduced to maintain New Zealand's supply of reinforcements. The Military Service Act 1916 passed by the wartime coalition government led by Prime Minister William Massey, initially imposed conscription on Pakeha only, but this was extended to Maori in June 1917. It made all men aged between 20 and 45 liable for service in the NZEF. Only those deemed medically unfit for overseas service, working in essential war industry jobs or officially recognised as conscientious objectors were granted exemptions. Total conscripted by end of war: more than 30,000. NZEF Reserve - Div. I - South Canterbury- 1916.  Resource: 14 Nov. 1916. The total number of reservist in Division 1 is 84,986. In the South Canterbury District there were 4,345 men. The South Canterbury recruiting district included Mid Canterbury. No. 10. South Canterbury — Comprising Ashburton, Geraldine, Levels, Waimate, and Mackenzie Counties, with headquarters at Timaru. The names marked with asterisk * being those of men who had previously volunteered and rejected for various reasons. 14 November 1916 conscription began for 23rd and 24th reinforcements and voluntary recruiting was over.

First Division were single men.  Second Division were married men.

1st Division   1st ballot
Nov. 1916
2nd ballot
Dec. 1916
186 names
3rd ballot
Jan. 1917
215 names
4th ballot
Feb. 1917
367 names
5th ballot
March 1917
297 names
6th ballot
 April 1917
351 names
7th ballot
May 1917
483 names
8th ballot
June 1917
375 names
9th ballot
June 1917
380 names
10th ballot
Aug. 1917
515 names
2nd Division
Class A.
11th ballot
Nov.1917
12th ballot
Dec. 1917
Gazette
Jan. 1918
Gazette
Feb. 1918
Gazette
Mar. 1918
Gazette
Apr. 1918
13th Class B
April 1918
Gazette
 May 1918
Class B.
Gazette
June 1918
 
2nd Division
Class C.
4th Class C.  June 1918  20th Class C.
Aug. 1918
Class C.
Sept. 1918
    Defaulters Appeals 45th Reinforcement    

Analysis of 1st Division: 1st ballot about 450 names. Total 3618 single young men.
From the First Division -  it is a war census -
3166 names in the 2nd to 10th ballot.
10 from Sherwood Downs, 5 Allandale, 3 Ashwick, 199 from Fairlie
512 from Timaru, 404 Ashburton, 298 Waimate, 141 Temuka, 134 Geraldine,  53 Pleasant Point, 43 St. Andrew's, 34 Cave, 31 Albury.
668 farmers, 617 labourers, 116 ploughmen, 112 farm hands, 59 teamsters, 39 shearers, 15 butchers, 10 chaffcutters, 8 musterers, 7 Catholic priests, 7 teachers, 2 solicitor, 1 doctor.
413 William, 280 James, 202 Thomas, 197 George, 147 Frederick, 144 Robert, 124 Charles, 58 Michael, 55 Richard.
93 Smith, 17 Stewart, 8 Jones, 8 Shaw, 6 Ross.
11 Wai-iti Road, 27 Otipua
*199 previously rejected, names redrawn.

The second roll also contains a classification based on how many children the reservist had.

The NZ Government created this list from August to October 1917. The classification is based on the number of children of a reservist:

Class A - Reservists who have no children or who failed to provide adequate maintenance for their children
Class B - Reservists who have one child
Class C - Reservists who have two children
Class D - Reservists who have three children
Class E - Reservists who have four children
Class F - Reservists who have more than four children
 

Name: Isaac Hairsine Smith
Residence : Albury
B Reservists who have one child
Year: 1917
 "The Pines" Albury
Reserve Roll: 2nd Division
Source Information: NZEF WWI Reserve Rolls, 1916-1917
Name: Thomas James Smith
Residence : Albury
Occupation: Engineer
C Reservists who have two children
Year: 1917
Reserve Roll: 2nd Division
Source Information: NZEF WWI Reserve Rolls, 1916-1917
Name: James Henry Smith
Residence : Albury
Occupation: Day labourer, Albury
D Reservists who have three children
Year: 1917
Reserve Roll: 2nd Division
Source Information: NZEF WWI Reserve Rolls, 1916-1917
Name: Edward Tapp
Residence : Timaru
Year: 1917
Reserve Roll: 2nd Division
Occupation: Builder
E Reservists who have four children

James Mclean
Record Category: Second Reserves
Last Address: Wolds Mackenzie
Occupation: Runholder
Classification: F
Year: 1918
Name: Frederick George Yates
Regimental Number: 6/578
Last Residence: Waterton
Relative Name: W M Yates
Embarkation: 1914-1915 Rangitata
Source Information: NZEF WWI Reserve Rolls, 1916-1917
James Richard Charteris  Residence: 1917 - Pukaki
Patrick Geehan                    Residence: 1916 - Lake Pukaki
Charles Maher                    Residence: 1917 - Lake Pukaki
John Albert Nelson            Residence: 1916 - Lake Pukaki
William Leonard Gilligan   Residence: 1916 - Lake Tekapo
James Fowler Kellas Johnstone Residence: 1916 - Lake Tekapo
Francis Lake McGregor      Residence: 1917 - Lake Tekapo
Angus John McKinnon     Residence: 1917 - Lake Tekapo
William Sutherland              Residence: 1916 - Lake Tekapo
Sherwood Downs farmers during WWI

William Allan
Last Address: Survey Camp Clayton Station Fairlie
Occupation: Chainman
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Kenneth Anderson
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: A
Year: 1918

S P Bray
Sherwood Downs Fairlie Mackenzie County
Occupation: Casual Labourer
Classification: D
Year: 1918

James Barron
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: F
Year: 1918

Joseph Butters
Regimental Number: 7/679
Rank Or Title: Trooper
Last Address: Sherwood Downs
Next Of Kin Title: Joseph BUTTERS
Next Of Kin Relationship: Father
Sherwood Downs
Year: 1918
Marital Status: S
Body Or Draft: Main Body
Unit Or Regiment: Canterbury Mounted Rifles

James Calder
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: D
Year: 1918

Daniel Alexander John Cuthbertson
Sherwood Downs Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

William John Dore
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

David Ewart
Record Category: Second Reserves
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: D
Year: 1918

Gerald Gallagher
Record Category: First Reserves
Sherwood Downs Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918

Henry William Hanson
Last Address: Sherwood Downs Timaru
Occupation: Farm Hand
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

William Hansen
Last Address: C/- J E Scott Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Alfred James Holland
Last Address: Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Labourer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: Christchurch

Charles Henry Holland
Regimental Number: 36443
Rank Or Title: Rifleman
Last Address: Sherwood Downs Fairlie
NoK: Frederick HOLLAND
NoK Relationship: Father
NoK Address: Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918

Christopher Howes
Record Category: Nominal Roll Vol. 1
Regimental Number: 7/1247
Rank Or Title: Trooper
Last Address: Sherwood Downs Fairlie
NoK: William HOWES
NoK Relationship: Father
NoK Address: Tahuna Nelson
Year: 1918
Marital Status: S
Body Or Draft: Sixth
Unit Or Regiment: Canterbury Mounted Rifles

Walter John Hutt
Record Category: Second Reserves
Sherwood Downs Settlement Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: A
Year: 1918

Hugh Alexander Kennedy
Last Address: Clayton Station Fairlie Mackenzie
Occupation: Station Hand
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

George McIlwraith
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Runholder
Classification: C
Year: 1918

John Joseph Brosnan
Record Category: First Reserves
Last Address: C/- McIlwrick Esq Ribbonwood Fairlie
Occupation: Sheep-run Manager
Year: 1918

Norman Maze
Sherwood Downs Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Gordon Sangster Maze
Sherwood Downs Mackenzie
Occupation: Farm Labourer
Classification: C
Year: 1918

Cornelius Mackintosh
Record Category: First Reserves
Last Address: Clayton Station Fairlie
Occupation: Shepherd
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Robert George Moir
Sherwood Downs
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: B
Year: 1918

Thomas Hamilton Moorhead
Record Category: First Reserves
Sherwood Downs Fairlie Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Thomas George Morris
Sherwood Downs Fairlie Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

George Moran
Record Category: First Reserves
Sherwood Downs Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Edward jun Opie
Record Category: First Reserves
Sherwood Downs Mackenzie
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

William John Opie
Record Category: First Reserves
Sherwood Downs Fairlie Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Andrew Ross
Sherwood Downs Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918

John Alexander Rowan
Sherwood Downs Fairlie Mackenzie
Occupation: Shepherd
Classification: F
Year: 1918

Thomas Ernest Thornley
Record Category: Second Reserves
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: F
Year: 1918

Oswald John White
Sherwood Downs Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: B
Year: 1918



Ashwick Flat farmers during WWI

Alexander Allan
Record Category:
Regimental Number: 22625
Rank Or Title: Sergeant
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
NoK: Mrs Alexander ALLAN
NoK Relationship: Wife
NoK: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Shepherd
Roll: 38 Page: 27
Year: 1918

George James Allan
Ashwick Flat Fairlie Mackenzie County
Occupation: Shepherd
Year: 1918
 
Walter Allan
Record Category: Nominal Roll Vol. 2
Regimental Number: 24122
Rank Or Title: Private
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
NoK Title: Robert ALLAN
NoK Relationship: Father
NoK Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Roll: 33 Page: 10
Year: 1918

William Chalmers
Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Ploughman
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Louis McIntosh Harvey
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Shepherd and Rouseabout
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Robert James Harvey
Regimental Number: 32336
Rank Or Title: Lance-Corpl
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
NoK: B HARVEY
NoK Relationship: Father
NoK Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Roll: 45 Page: 29
Year: 1918
 

Thomas Henry Harvey
Regimental Number: 2/1836
Rank Or Title: Gunner
Last Address: Corralyne Fairlie
NoK David HARVEY
NoK Relationship: Father
NoK Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Year: 1918
Marital Status: S
Body Or Draft: Fifth
Unit Or Regiment: Field Artillery

David Harvey
Rank: Private
Regiment Number: 5986
Occupation: Labourer
Soldier Address: Ashwick Flat, Fairlie
NoK Relation: Father
NoK Name: David Harvey
NoK Address: Ashwick Flat, Fairlie
Contingent: Eighth Contingent
Company: South Island Regiment G Squadron
Departure Port in New Zealand: Lyttelton
Troop Ship: SS Cornwall
Departure Date from NZ: 08 February 1902
New Zealand Boer War Servicemen

Alfred James Hornblow
Record Category: Roll of Honour Section 3
Regimental Number: 29168
Rank Or Title: Private
Last Address: Fairlie
NoK Title: Mr J HORNBLOW
NoK Relationship: Father
NoK Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Farming
Comment: Died 8 August 1916
Year: 1918
Last Employer: Own employer
Unit Or Regiment: Reinforcements

Benjamin Jones
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Farm Assistant
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury
Charles Jones
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Christmas Jones
Regimental Number: 7/1085
Rank Or Title: Trooper
Last Address: c/- Mrs C B Jones Ashwick Flat Fairlie
NoK: Charles Bright JONES
NoK Relationship: Father
NoK Address: Fairlie Canterbury
Year: 1918
Marital Status: S
Body Or Draft: Fifth
Unit Or Regiment: Canterbury Mounted Rifles

Charles William Pitt
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Year: 1918
Recruiting District: South Canterbury

Vincent Gabriel Symes
Regimental Number: 80024
Rank Or Title: Private
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
NoK: Mrs S M SYMES
NoK: Relationship: Mother
NoK: Address: Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Clerk
Roll: 88 Page: 9
Year: 1918

Dudley Waters
Last Address: Ashwick Flat Kimbell Mackenzie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: F
Year: 1918

Herbert Charles Whatman
Record Category: Second Reserves
Last Address: St Elmo Ashwick Flat Fairlie
Occupation: Farmer
Classification: C
Year: 1918


Northern Advocate 17 January 1918, Page 3
The first ballot under the Military Service Act was drawn in November, 1916. In all 12 ballots have been drawn, as the remaining members of the First Division were called up without a ballot in September last, and the latest list of men, called up without a ballot, is the 14th issued under the Act. The approximate number of men called up to date are:

 1st Ballot November 	1916 4000 (double ballot)
 2nd Ballot December 	1916 3000 
 3rd Ballot January 	1917 3600 
 4th Ballot February 	1917 6867 (double ballot)
 5th Ballot March 	1917 4503 
 6th Ballot April 	1917 4812 
 7th Ballot May 	1917 8530 
 8th Ballot June 	1917 8545 
 9th Ballot June 	1917 8117 
10th Ballot August 	1917 15,000 (double ballot)
By Special Gazette (without ballot) between Oct. 1917 and June 1918 15,148 
Total First Division         82,122
September 	1917 without ballot 	6757 
November 	1917 ballot and Gazette 6500 
December 	1917 ballot and Gazette 5700 
January 	1918 without ballot 	4500 
				Total 91,331 

SECOND DIVISION. 
11th Ballot 		(Class A) Nov. 1917 	 5,000 
12th Ballot 		(Class A) Dec. 1917 	 5,000 
By Special Gazette      (Class A) January 1918 	 3,800 
By Special Gazette 	(Class A) February 1918    235
By Special Gazette 	(Class A  March 1918        77 
By Special Gazette 	(Class A) April 1918 	    30 
By Special Gazette 	(Class A) May 1918 	    32 
By Special Gazette 	(Class A) June 1918 	    35 
13th Ballot 		(Class B) April 1918 	10,000 
By Special Gazette 	(Class B) May 1918 	 8,000 
By Special Gazette 	(Class B) June 1918 	    93 
14th Ballot 		(Class C) June 1918 	10,075
Total Second Division 				42,377 
Grand-Total 				       124,499 

The 124,499 men thus called up have been required to meet over 28,500 shortages in the Reinforcements from the 23rd draft (inclusive) onwards, such shortages being due to the failure of voluntary recruiting to supply the necessary number.


Press, 27 November 1916, Page 8
MEN who had previously VOLUNTEERED. The following men, whose names appeared in the ballot results published by us on Friday and Saturday mornings, had previously volunteered:
No. 10 (SOUTH CANTERBURY) RECRUITING DISTRICT.
Don, Charles Pownall, 80 Grey road, Timaru, life assurance
Donovan, Matthew, Ettrick Bank, Timaru, outfitter
Galletly, Harry, Maranon, farmer
Halkett, Leonard, Royal street, Saltwater Creek. Timaru, labourer
Petrie, Jack, Bank street. Timaru, motor mechanic.
Sparrow, Stanley Morley, c.o. R. H. Rhodes, "Bluecliffs" St. Andrews, Waimate, sheep farmer
Wood, Llewellyn Gordon. Timaru, bank clerk.


Timaru Herald, 24 February 1917, Page 9
YESTERDAY'S ENLISTMENTS. The following enlistment was received at the Defence Office, Timaru, yesterday
Hyland, T. labourer, Glenavy, single.

Timaru Herald, 25 May 1917, Page 2
YESTERDAY'S ENLISTMENTS. The following enlistments were received at the Timaru Defence Office yesterday:—
Clarke, T.G.L., tailor, Timaru single.
Travis, W. J., traveller, Ashburton, married.


Press, 18 February 1918, Page 7 Required to Parade. The latest list.
A notice is published in a Gazette Extraordinary, dated 13th inst., requiring and ordering a number of reservists to report to the Defence authorities at 10 a.m. on February 27th for medical examination. Section 13 of the Military Service Act 1916, provides that every man who' has been called up for service under that Act may be required from time to time by the Commandant, by notice in the "Gazette," to report at any time and place, and if he fails duly to present himself at the time and place notified he may be tried and punished under the Army Act for the offence of desertion or of absenting himself without leave, as the case may be. The following are the South Canterbury names which appear in the "Gazette'' notice:—
SOUTH CANTERBURY.
60729 Austin, James, labourer, Russell square, Timaru
63867 Barr, Stanley, labourer, Waitaki
60737 Bates, William, shearer, Orari
72142 Carroll, William, labourer, Ashburton
60802 Chester, Henry Lennox, farm hand, Levels
61440 Massey, Arthur, labourer, care of G.G. Ruddenklau, The Valley, Glenavy
72282 McCarthy, Patrick, hawker, Methven
61072 Murphy, Michael, farm hand, Rakaia
61186 Spillane, John, farm labourer, Temuka     


Northern Advocate 26 February 1918, Page 1
A well-known Hukerenui (114 miles n. of Auckland) man, Mr Harry Johnson, now on active service, writes to friends in the North with characteristic cheerfulness. He says:— Just a line to let my friends know that I am well on my way to the front, and I am having a royal time at poor old Bill Massey's expense. It goes to prove that he thinks a lot of me, to spend so much money sending me on a voyage round the world with such a strong body-guard and everything free. I always did think well of him, but I think more than ever now. We are having a splendid trip and I am enjoying it grand. I never felt better in my life. We get leave in the ports we call at and I need not tell you we have some fun. I am a policeman on the ship and everybody takes it as a joke. The first policeman in the Johnson family; but of course I will send in my resignation on arrival at our destination. I don't expect they will give me any superannuation when I resign. Never mind, I am like Paddy with the rent— I am very easy about it. I am in for a joke, and it won't be H.J. if I don't knock a bit of fun out of it. I made a wager this morning that when we get to where the rickshaws are I will pick a team to beat all comers. We have a lot of deep thinkers on board. They are talking about Christmas and the fine things they are leaving behind, but I say I am going to have a nice piece of young turkey, or the Turk will have a piece of Colonial goose and it won't be a young or tender one either. Well, we are well fed and well treated here—nothing to complain about at all.

South CanterburyGenWeb Project

The War Census - National Registration Act, 1915

The true test of civilisation is not the census, nor the size of cities, nor the crops; no, but the kind of man the country turns out.— R. W. Emerson.