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Teachers in South Canterbury, N.Z. in 1913

Education - Thirty-Seventh Annual Report of the Minister of Education, New Zealand, 1914.
During the year 1913-1914 in South Canterbury one school was closed and two schools opened. The average attendence for the education district of South Canterbury was 5,251.

Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1914 Session I, E-02

J.S. Rutherford, Chairman of the South Canterbury Education Board. His report is in  Appendix A E-2 xvii.
Annual report for the year ending 31st December 1913.
At the beginning the board consisted of the following members: Messrs W.H. Hamilton (Chairman), G.W. Armitage, C.S. Howard, W. Lindsay, George Lyall, John Maze, J.S. Rutherford, G.J. Sealey and Thomas Sherratt. In January Mr Hamilton was granted LOA to visit Great Britain and Europe. In April Mr A. Bell, M.A.., who had since 1899 been one of Board officers tendered his registration as Secretary and Assistant Inspector. Mr J.A. Valentine, B.A., for many years headmaster of the Timaru South School, was appointed successor to Mr Bell. The Board made grants for new schools at Timaru West and Timaunga, and additions at Temuka, Waimataitai, Washdyke and St. Andrew's and for residences at Pleasant Point and Orari Gorge. On 31st December there were in the Board's services 191 teachers, of whom 155 were adult teachers, 25 were pupil teachers and 11 were probationers. The 155 teachers were in positions thus: Head teachers 26, sole teachers 60, assistants 69. Of the adult teachers 25 were uncertificated.

Monavale School  roll 1913-1942 doc. is a sample of the the school indexes at the South Canterbury Museum, Timaru.
Source of photo - Monavale 2007 

Appendix E-2 List of public schools and teachers in 1913.

Source: The Silver Tussock, Allister Evans and Timaru Herald 20/03/2012 Maungati to celebrate 100 years and Geraldine Cemetery records online & Papers Past.

The settlement of Maungati was formed in 1912 when the area was divided up by the Government. Maungati was originally part of Holme Station, owned by Edward Elworthy, who, when dividing up his property among his three sons, gave Herbert the run known as Craigmore, Percy the run known as Gordons Valley and Arthur the run known as Holme Station. Parts of these three runs were later taken over for closer settlement. One of the first sales of land in Maungati was that of 4000 acres (1620 hectares) to two land dealers, Messrs Knight and Cotterill, of Christchurch. This area included the Cabbage Tree Point area. The two men employed Jack Combs to fence and manage the block, but being land speculators, they did not wish to settle and sold out to Kenneth McLennan. McLennan settled on the property and erected a sheep shed with a board for five shearers and built a workman's cottage. In 1911 this land was sold by McLennan to the Government for even closer settlement, now with about six owners. When Robert Cross drew the block with the woolshed and the cottage he enlarged the cottage considerably to accommodate his family. Buildings, especially shearing sheds, were very scarce among settlers so that many of them used Cross' shed for years until they could construct sheds of their own. Another early sale was land bought from Percy Elworthy, of Gordons Valley. Mr Simon McKenzie, of Scott and McKenzie, bought the area from Hepburn's present farm to Patterson's Rd. He later sold it to the Government to be surveyed as a settlement. In 1912 these new farms were balloted for. Land to the west of Pattersons, previously part of Gordons Valley run, was bought by Messrs G and W Scott. Two more speculators who entered the land market in this area were Swan and Tisch. In 1905 they bought land from Percy Elworthy, but in November 1906 they sold to W Scott. Finally, on March 31, 1911, Scott sold to the Government. It was in 1912, that the main areas of Timaunga were offered by way of ballot, and about this time, too, the name "Timaunga" was applied to the district. Many young would-be farmers, anticipating matrimony, made their way to the district. Known as the Timaunga settlement, it was balloted for on April 18, 1912, the Timaunga Extension on September 19, 1912, and the Craigmore Downs on June 14, 1917.

Hawera & Normanby Star, 18 April 1912, Page 7 Land Settlement
Timaru, April 18. The Timaunga settlement was balloted for this morning, when 16 sections, aggregating 4987 acres, were disposed of, but there were no applications for the other three sections, aggregating 1051 acres.

Press, 17 September 1912, Page 6
Applications for the Timaunga settlement extension, consisting of six sections of first-class land (2122 acres 3 roods), closed at Land Offices at Christchurch and Timaru yesterday. The number of applicants was unusually meager, there being only one at Timaru and one at Christchurch.

Ashburton Guardian, 24 May 1913, Page 3 LAND PURCHASES. Cost of Settlement Estates.
Wellington; May 23, The Government's purchases under the Land for Settlements Act-during the last financial year
Purchase prices of the various estates are shown as follows:—
Ashwick (W. F. Hamilton), £30,918;
Claremont (H. T. Rosendale), £30,367
Mount Nessing (E. Jones), £43,000
Timaunga extension (W. J. and E. B. Levers, D. J. Blair, J. Patterson, and W. Scott), £26,552;
Waimate. (E. M. L. Studholme)

Maungati (was Timaunga)
The Government acquired for settlement a block of land  twenty miles west of Timaru which had been named Timaunga by the owner, who intended the name to mean 'cabbage tree hill.' For this meaning the form is incorrect; it should have been Maungati. When later a post office was to be opened in the locality, Johnnes Carl Anderson was approached by the Department and asked if the form was correct. He said No ; the place was a hill so it was not grammatically correct as a Maori word, and the Post Office changed it to Maungati and that name has been used for the school and the district generally, although the post office closed after only a few years of service.

Timaunga School was opened in a private house before the education board building was ready. Mr W O'Brien allowed the use of a room in his house for the first school, which was opened in October 8, 1913, the year that Maungati became a separate district. Miss Jefferson was the first teacher and her first pupils were John Edward Brake, Lionel Augustus Cross, Standerton Robert Cross, Herbert Hoare, Thomas McAlwee, Margarita Brake, Elizabeth Hoare, Katherine Edith Cross, Harold Thomas Hoare, Mary Myrtle Cross, Eileen Lucy Cross, Mavis Catherine McAlwee and Nellie Elizabeth McAlwee. In order to set things going, a householders' meeting was held in Mr W McDonald's woolshed, where the first committee was elected: R Cross (chairman), Messrs A McEwan, M Costello, W McDonald and H S Wagstaff (secretary). The first things asked for and approved by the committee were a clock, modulator and drawing and exercise books. On May 18, 1914, Miss Jefferson asked for two more forms, two roller towels, a poker and fire shovel, an axe, coal and coal bucket, wood and some stools or boxes so the small children could sit by the fire.

Northern Advocate, 25 May 1914, Page 2
The Timaunga, South Canterbury, school district can claim the distinction of having the youngest chairman of a school committee in New Zealand, the gentleman who was elected to that position at the annual meeting being but 23 years of age. He is probably also the youngest householder in the Timaunga district, which is one of the largest in South Canterbury.


Lionel, Standerton and Mary and lie together in the Geraldine Cemetery. Myrtle Mary died at age 16 in 26 May 1920 and intern the same day. Standerton Robert Cross died 4th March 1922 age 20 and two months later. Lionel Augustine Cross, husband of Lilian, died 12 May 1922 age 22. Lionel had married Lilian Myrtle Rooke  in 1919. Pvt. Herbert Henry Cross 6/2588 C.I.R. was killed in action at Messines at the age of 21 on Saturday, 9 June 1917 (Messines Ridge (N.Z.) Memorial, Belgium). Robert went on to set up the first motorised transport company in South Canterbury and operated out of Makikihi. He died in 1948 in Timaru.

Fenn, Harold

Teachers in South Canterbury, NZ in 1878, 1881, 1885, 1903, 1905, 1909 1913 1920

South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project

Southland Times 12 January 1888, Page 4 Daughters of To-Day
Hurrah school's over I've graduated. No more lessons to learn and the emancipated pupil throws her books into a corner and expresses aloud her joy at being done with lessons. But is she done with them? She has learned grammar, geography, rhetoric, philosophy, languages, chemistry, geometry, and a number of other studies. That is, she has studied to acquire them, and has really absorbed a quantity of miscellaneous knowledge. It is the fashion to be intellectual, and she would not be out of the fashion for the world. It is the fashion to be musical, and she plays the piano divinely and frets the violin. It is the fashion to paint. She does very creditable landscapes on plaques. Her trees are disjointed like Corot's. She gays she belongs to the impressionist school. She speaks German and French, and make? her English a little uneven, with a foreign twinge. But she does not know any of the lessons of life, and could not make a loaf of bread if the welfare of the whole family depended on it. She is young and pretty. Has style. Her waist measures eighteen inches. A young man falls in love with her. If the wisest men are fool's in love, what chance is there for the average young man. He does not ask if she can cook, If she fed him on pound cake as heavy as lead he would declare it agreed with him now. She cannot sweep a room to make it fine. The broom would blister her dainty hands. She does not know whether beefsteak is sold by the yard or the quarter section. But she marries, and no one has the heart to laugh over the mistakes she makes trying to learn principles that should have been instilled into her from childhood. If financial or domestic ruin overtakes her, she goes out idle the world, and in the great over-crowded school of life begins to learn her untaught lessons. Late in life she secures a diploma. It is tear' stained and passion-rent, but it means success success at last. She has learned to do one thing well. She has learned— excellent study —not to be ashamed of work. She can still play the piano, but she can roast meat, sweep a room, make a bed that will not give one a nightmare to sleep in it, and keep the whole domestic system revolving perfectly around her, its sun and centre.  She is bringing up her daughters to trades and professions. No useless, logic-crammed theorists usurp dominion under her roof. No novel-reading, gum chewing idlers will call her mother. There are now over 300 professions by which a woman can learn to earn her own living when she is compelled to, without going to school to her own husband or her mother-in law. The mother's kitchen it the girl's best cooking school. The same hands that make crazy quilts for amusement can make rag carpets to cover home floors. Bag carpets are just as aesthetic as crazy quilts. The washtub is an excellent gymnasium were it only a craze every girl in the land, would be taking lessons on the washboard. If these are menial occupations, we have made them so. They hurt the pride more than they do the physical powers. These duties distributed in a family would not fall hard upon any one member. It will be remembered that Mrs Whitney in 'We' Girls' makes one of them say of their, neat housekeeping, 'We could not tell whether we dined in the kitchen or kitched in the diningroom. But if the daughters of to-day are too puny to do the work that the Pricillas' of the past did, teach them some of the useful arts, by which they can ennoble themselves, and rise above a mere butterfly, and grub existence. Let them leave the drudgery, as they call it, to the one little woman who props up the domestic concern at two dollars fifty cents to three dollars a week, and strikes a panic through the entire family when she asks a Sunday off to see her cousin married.' Teach the daughters to do their own sewing. When your, girl is twelve years of age, make her a birthday present of a sewing machine instead of a piano, and a bolt of white cotton to practise on. She will spoil the cotton without doubt, but it will be a cheap investment in the end. When she is fourteen, apprentice her to a dressmaker under your own roof. Have her instructed how to cut, fit, drape, and finish her own dress. Teach her to wear simple clothes. The dress of youth needs not to be adorned. Have her instructed how to make her own bonnets and save milliners' fees, and disfiguring headgear. Teach her how to buy so that she will never become a 'shopper.' And when she looks into a shop window let her learn to say with Dean Swift, 'How many things there are that I do not want' Teach her deportment. Not that which is found in books, but the fine ladyhood that is born, of simple tastes and a good heart. If she has one talent give it special training. In these days trained labor produces capital. It is equivalent to wealth. And it is no longer unfashionable for a woman to earn her own living and maintain herself in honourable independence. I don't have to work,' said a young woman recently, in the hearing of some girls who were busily engaged. Poor thing! was the unflattering comment.
Charles Kingsley embodies a grand philosophy in a quatrain of verse
Be good, dear maid, and let who will be clever,
Do noble things, not dream them all day long.
And so make life, death, and that vast for ever,
One grand sweet song.
Mrs M. L. PAYNE, in Detroit Free Press.

School Certificate Timaru Herald 8 Jan. 1913 wayback