Temuka War Memorial
South Canterbury, New Zealand

Photo taken April 2007 by Margaret Todd.

of the men of this district who in the Great War
Fought for righteousness and freedom
died the death of honour
"Through the storm and death agony they have attained the vision of the eternal."
"Their name Liveth for evermore."

Unveiled by
His Excellency the Governor General
Viscount J.R. Jellicoe, O.M., G.C.B., G.C.V.O.
10th August 1922
T. Gunnion 
Mayor           E.B. Cooper   Town Clerk

Aitken		J.
Aldred		E.
Annals		F.J.
Archer		E.
Aspinall	W.D.
Ashwell		S.H.
Barker		T.E.
Barrett		F.
Benbow		P.J.
Bird		T.H.
Booker		G.E.
Booker		T.E.
Brosnaham	T.J.
Brown		J.
Cain		A.
Campbell	D.
Carr		E.M.
Carr		J.J.
Carr		J.
Carr		O.P.
Charteris	M.
Clarke		J.
Clarke		P.
Connell		J.W.
Crannitch	J.
Davey		S.E.
Davey		W.J.
Donehue		A.T.
Elder		J.
Divan		G.
Fitzgerald	T.
Fothergill	J.S.
Frew		A.
Gason		W.H.
Gibson		S.
Gillespie	E.B.
Gould		E.J.
Greelish	J.
Guilford	W.
Haar		C.J.
Hamilton	J.
Hamilton	M.
Harrison	I.
Harte		W.G.
Hearn		J.T.
Hiddlestone	A.H.
Hill		L.W.
Histen		T.J.
Horgan		T.
Horseman	G.
Horseman	H.
Hoskins		W.W.
Hullen		H.C.
Huxford		W.T.
Johnson		C.
Joseph		J.H.
Kay		A.I.W.
Kennedy		T.R.
Lane		T.
Levens		G.W.
Lee		A.
Lee		L.
Lloyd		W.J.
Manihera	W.
Martin		E.
Maurice		F.D.
Middlemiss	D.
Miles		E.G.
Mills		A.
Mills		D.C.
Monahan		H.
Mulvaney	T.
Moore		G.
Moore		J.R.
Morgan		A.
Morgan		W.S.
McIver		C.
McCallum	J.
McClelland	S.
McClelland	W.T.
McClintock	A.S.
O'Connor	J.J.
O'Connell	J.
Oldfield	F.W.
O'Neill		J.B.
O'Shea		C.
O'Shea		D.
Overend		W.A.
Parker		A.
Perry		A.
Polascher	W.
Phillips	R.
Pohio		S.
Prattley	H.J.
Rainey		W.J.
Sanders		T.A.
Smith		G.J.
Spring		M.
Storey		H.
Sullivan	P.
Talbot		A.E.
Talbot		B.H.
Talke		A.
Tate		J.
Thomas		G.F.D.
Twomey		F.D.
Tooley		D.D.
Wade		J.
Wallace		S.P.
Webb		W.W.
Whitau		P.
Woodhead	G. (M.M.)
Wright		E.
Yates		F.G.		

The Names of the Men who Fell in World War II
1939 - 1945

Ackroyd		V.J.
Baxter		J.
Boyle		J.
Boyle		R.
Brown		M.C.
Burke		J.J.
Coffey		S.J.
Davis		B.W.
Eathorne	J.
Edge		H.J.
Fowler		R.
Gillies		B.
Gale		W.K.
Healy		M.J.
Hislop		D.
Hayhurst	A.J.
Johnson		V.T.
Jones		R.O.
Kennedy		S.G.
Leathem		S.
Low		G.A.
Mallet		H.
Morrison	F.W.
McClintock	A.J.
McDowell	A.J.
O'Connell	J.G.
O'Connell	J.J.
O'Neill		A.E.
Opie		A.A.
Paipete		J.
Paiki		J.
Preddy		S.S.
Reihana		T.
Robins		G.F.
Spillane	F.E.
Solomom		T.H.A.
Thompson	J.E.
Taylor		G.H.
Waaka		T.
Waters		G.
Watts		J.R.
Whaitiri	H.
Williams	L.L.

Temuka War Memorial, Temuka Domain.
Another old photo with at least 22 wreaths.
King St. RSA Rooms - offsite.
Temuka War Memorial bears 114 names of those killed in WWI. The town lost a further 43 men in WWII.


On the pillars at the entranceway to the domain in Temuka are the names of four local men who paid the supreme sacrifice during the South African War 1899-1902.  Also located at the domain is the Old Identities statue with the names of early settlers and year coming to the county etched in stone and the Temuka War Memorial.

Lance Corp W. RODDICK
Killed Bothasberg S.A.
24 Feb 1902

Trooper D. CLARKE
Killed Klerksdorp S.A.
14 Jan 1902

Killed Bothasberg S.A.
24 Feb 1902

Trooper W.G. MONAHAN
Killed Bothasberg S.A.
24 Feb 1902

LOCATION - These Memorial plaques are set into gate posts at the western entrance to the Temuka Domain, Domain Avenue, Temuka. Information courtesy of the South Canterbury Branch NZSG.

Memorial Gates, Temuka, NZ

Mrs A Butler Series - Card No:- 2883P

Winchester War Memorial

Anzac Day 25th April 2013. A howling nor-wester during the night would blown have the poppies away.  I count at least 122 poppies, seven bouquets of home grown garden flowers and one wreath. Photo taken by A.T. from his cell phone.
 This square obelisk memorial is located at the intersection of State Hwy 1, north of Temuka.

Winchester War Memorial 25 April 2007. Photo taken by Margaret Todd.
"We lie dead in many lands so that you may live here in peace."

Our Glorious Dead
from Winchester 1939 -1945

Sgt. B.W. Kain
L/Cpl. G.A.E. Smith
Dvr. A. Paterson
Sgt. Pilot G. Knight
Gnr. G. Scott

Our Glorious Dead
Also from Winchester 1914 - 1918

Srgt J. H. Joseph
L-Srgt. T. Hodgson
Priv. J. Aitken
R flm. J.S. Fothergill
Priv. W. Guilford
Priv. C.E. Scott

Our Glorious Dead
Ex-Pupils Winchester School 1914 -1918
poppy2.gif (15819 bytes)

Tpr 	G.E.	Booker
 "	F.G.	Hide
 "	T.R.	Kennedy
 "	A.H.	Maddren	
Gnr	J.R. D.	Andrews
Dvr	D.J.	McDonald
Lieut	F.D.	Maurice
 "	J.T.	Steven
Srgt	J.W.H.	Bryant
 "	S.	McClelland
 "	W.T.	McClelland
 "	B.A.	Smith
Corp	F.	Barrett
 "	W.W.	Hoskons
Priv	T.E.	Booker
 "	S.T.	Dunnage
 "	W.A.G.	Harte
 "	G.F.D.	Thomas
 "	S.P.	Wallace
Rflm	S.E.	Davey
 "	C.J.	Haar

Winchester War Memorial. Photo taken 2007 by Margaret Todd.   Winchester War Memorial. Photo taken 2007 by Margaret Todd.

Anzac Day 25th April 2013. A howling nor-wester during the night would blown have the poppies away. I count at least 122 poppies, seven bouquets of home grown garden flowers and one wreath. Photo taken by A.T. from his cell phone.

Note:Canterbury's double Victoria Cross recipient Charles H. Upham died in 1994 aged 86.  Obit. pdf
 Captain Charles Upham, V.C. and Bar, served in Crete and in  North Africa, attended the Waihi boarding school at Winchester. Twenty-five old boys gave their lives in W.W.II.  The Winchester Memorial is located at an intersection State Highway One at Winchester on the left as you head south. A total of 633 Victoria Crosses were awarded during World War I. A total of 182 Victoria Crosses were awarded during World War II.
In Christchurch April 24 2002 a headstone, a large natural stone from the North Canterbury back country, unveiled was on his grave in the churchyard of St Paul's Anglican Church, Papanui. The land and timber for the original St Paul's Church and graveyard were given by Mr Upham's great-grandfather, the settler William Guise Brittan. Upham was taken prisoner in 1942. He was scathing about the behaviour of the Italians who later took over responsibility for him. "We were over-run by the German 21st Panzer division, who behaved correctly, were then handed over two days later to Italians who robbed, abused, starved and behaved very badly in North Africa." wrote Charles Upham. Upham consistently stated that the credit for his VCs was not simply his, but shared with the men whom he led. At the end of the war he turned down a gift of �10,000 offered by the Canterbury province, which would have helped him buy a farm.  In a letter to the Mayor of Christchurch, he said: 'The military honours bestowed upon me are the property of the men of my unit as well as myself, and were obtained at considerable cost of the blood of this country.  Under no circumstances could I consent to any material gain for myself for my services.'  A bronze metal cannon captured from the Russian army during the Crimean War  is the only piece of metal from which the Victoria Cross can be hewn.

The Times, Thursday, Jun 27, 1935; pg. 11; col D
The Order Of St. John List Of Promotions And Appointment - Serving Brother
Charles Hazlitt Upham, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P.

Charles UphamThe Times, Saturday, May 12, 1945
Buckingham Palace, May 11
The King held an Investiture this morning, at which His Majesty decorated the following with the Victoria Cross:-

Captain Charles Upham, New Zealand Military Forces.
During the operations in Crete in 1941, he performed a series of remarkable exploits. In the attack on Maleme he displayed fearless leadership in desperate hand-to-hand fighting, and after carrying the wounded to safety he and a corporal went 600 yards through enemy territory, killing Germans on the way and brought in a Company which had become isolated. At Galatos, under severe mortar and machine-gun fire, he showed great tactical skill in the leadership of his platoon, forcing the enemy back. When fired on by two Germans, he fell and shammed death, then, crawling into position, with the use of only one arm and resting his rifle in the fork of a tree he killed both of them. During the whole period he was wounded several times, he was ill and could hardly eat, yet he showed superb coolness and complete disregard of danger and his conduct was an inspiration to the battalion.

The Times, Thursday, Sep 27, 1945; pg. 4
Bar To V.C. For N.Z. Officer Third Award In 89 Years
The first bar to the Victoria cross to be won in the late war and the third since the decoration was instituted in 1856 has been awarded to :
Captain Charles Hazlitt Upham, V.C., New Zealand Military Forces.
    The citation in a special issue of the London gazette last night stated:_
Captain C.H. Upham, V.C., was commanding a company of New Zealand troops in the Western Desert during the operations which culminated in the attack on El Ruweisat Ridge on the night of July 14-15, 1942. In spite of being wounded once when crossing open ground swept by enemy fire to inspect his forward sections guarding our minefields and again when he completely destroyed an entire truckload of German soldiers with hand grenades, Captain Upham insisted on remaining with his men to take part in the final assault.
During the opening stages of the attack on the ridge Captain Upham's company formed part of the reserve battalion, but, when communications with the forward troops broke down and he was instructed to send up an officer to report on the progress of the attack, he went out himself armed with a Spandau gun and, after several sharp encounters with the enemy machine-gun posts, succeeded in bringing back the required information.
Just before dawn the reserve battalion was ordered forward, but, when it had almost reached its objective, very heavy fire was encountered from a strongly defended enemy locality, consisting of four machine-gun posts and a number of tanks. Captain Upham, without hesitation, at once led his company in a determined attack on the two nearest strongpoint on the left flank of the sector. His voice could be heard above the din of battle cheering on his men and, in spite of heavy casualties on both sides, the objective was captured.

Taken Prisoner
    Captain Upham, during the engagement, himself destroyed a German tank and several guns and vehicles with grenades and although he was shot through the elbow by a machine-gun bullet and had his arm broken, he went on again to a forward position and brought back some of his men who had become isolated. He continued to dominate the situation until his men had beaten off a violent enemy counter-attack and consolidated the vital position which they had won under his inspiring leadership.
Exhausted from pain from his wound and weak from loss of blood Captain Upham was then removed to the Regimental Aid Post, but immediately his wound had been dresses he returned to his men, remaining with them all day long under heavy enemy artillery and mortar fire until he was again severely wounded and, being now unable to move, fell into the hands of the enemy when, his gallant company having been reduced to only six survivors, his position was  finally over-run, by superior enemy forces, in spite of the outstanding gallantry and magnificent leadership shown by Captain Upham.
    The Victoria cross was conferred on Captain Upham for conspicuous bravery during the operations in Crete in May, 1941, and the award was announced in the London Gazette of October 14, 1941.
Captain Upham was liberated from a German prisoner-of-war camp [he was a prisoner at Colditz] in April of this year by the American forces. He was re-united with his fianc�e, Miss Eileen McTamney, a New Zealand nurse, who had been serving with the Red Cross on the continent, and they were married in this country on June 20.  This is the sixth Victoria Cross to be awarded to the New Zealand Military Forces, and the 164th of the late war.

Tough land tamed
05 August 2006 by Mike Crean.
Claverley was tough country once, but today it is a special piece of coastal Mainland. When war hero Charles Upham took up land at Conway Flat, he had to carve his farm out of scrub. "It was like being a pioneer. The land was in its infancy," he said, looking back in 1994. World War 2 had shown he was tough. Farming was to reinforce the image. What a difference 60 years makes. The hills and gullies where Upham toiled are a picture of productive grazing land. The piece of country he called home is studded with homesteads in park-like settings, hemmed on one side by the Pacific Ocean and, on the other, by rugged hills. Upham's farm was subdivided from Hawkswood Station. It was hard country, but, with the help of aerial topdressing, he was able to tame it. Now a pile of its soil resides for ever in the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, in Wellington. Conway Flat was regarded as remote when Upham arrived. Now it is less than two hours from Christchurch, up State Highway 1 then along a 5km sealed road. A fork off the road to Conway Flat leads to Claverley. Here, on a small hill, lie the remains of a Maori pa from the 1600s. The building of the railway in the 1930s and '40s obliterated part of the pa site. In pioneering times, coastal vessels anchored close to the beach. Boats were lowered to deliver supplies and load wool bales from the great sheep stations. Now that was isolation.

Nominal Roll: 1939 - 31 Mar 1940

Charles Hazlitt Upham
Embarkation: 1940
Army Number: 8077
Sgt. 20 Canto.
Place of enlistment: Christchurch
Occupation; Government Land valuer
Last Residence: Lincoln College, Lincoln, New Zealand
Relative Name: Mr J H Upham, 32 Gloucester St, Christchurch C.1
Relationship: Father

Press, 19 March 1919, Page 3
A pleasant little gathering took place at the Coronation tea rooms, Temuka, when Mr and Mrs H. Ford welcomed home Private H. Toomey, Mrs Ford's brother, who has just returned from the front. It was intended to entertain all the men who returned on Sunday, but unfortunately this could not be done. Mr T. Gunnion was in the chair, and proposed the toast of Private Toomey.

These two brothers were KIA on the same day.

Press, 12 April 1918, Page 2
Sergeant J. J. Carr (killed in action in Palestine on March 30th) was the second son of Mr and Mrs E. Carr, Waihao Forks. He was 24 years of age, and was born in Temuka and educated at St. Joseph's School. Serjeant Carr left with the 8th South Canterbury Mounted Rifles, Main Body, being one of the first volunteers in the district. He served for some time as a farrier in Egypt, and was then transferred to Palestine for active service. Trooper Owen Carr (reported missing) is the third son of Mr and Mrs Carr. He was 22 years of ago, and was also born and educated at Temuka. He left with the 18th Reinforcements, and was serving in Palestine.

April 2013 

A time to remember. By 6am the section of Timaru's Queen St around the city's cenotaph was crammed with people, standing in the road, on footpaths, waiting for a service that is short, and simple, yet deeply moving. In numerous other locations around South Canterbury and New Zealand that scene was being repeated. Within a couple of hours, the same thing would be happening across the ditch. Numbers differed, as did weather conditions, but the reason for gathering was exactly the same. To remember. Wrote Grant Shimmin - Timaru


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