John Bray's property, "Langdon", Cricklewood, Fairlie.
Help to describe the scene. Thanks.
What is written on the mill ? _________, Otaio
What is the name on the chaff thresher?
What year, season, crop?
Make of mill and traction engine?
In the Court of Arbitration of New Zealand, Canterbury Industrial District -
In the matter of "The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act, 1905," and
its amendments, and in the matter of an industrial dispute between the Waimate
Workers' Industrial Union of Workers and the under mentioned persons, firms and
companies (hereinafter called "the employers"):- pg 353.
Albury Farmers' Threshing Company (Limited), Albury
Brodgen, M., Temuka
Buckingham, W.T., Waimate
Batchelor, Henry, Fairlie
Beattoe Bros.., Orari
Buxton, R.C., Peel Forest
Benbow and Barney, Temuka
Chapman and Fleming, Geraldine
Clarke, J. Seadown
Cumming Bros., Waimate
Clough, R., Morven
Fleming, J.C., Geraldine
Fitzgerald Bros., Orari Bridge
Gregan, W. Geraldine
Guthrie, Peter, Waihao Downs
Hughes and Johnston, Waitohi Flat
Herron, James, Temuka
Harmer Bros., Belfield
Hearn, Stevens and Watts, Rangitata
Hawkins Bros., Waimate
Hayman, Walter, Studholme
Hayman, Henry, Studholme
Keane, John, Pleasant Point
Mitchell, John, H. Studholme
Norrish, R., Otaio
Neilson, John Peter, Pleasant Point
Orr Bros., Waitohi
Pelvin, Fred, Waimate
Preddy, Mark, Temuka
Prew, Thomas, Waimate
Robertson, James, Winchester
Rodgers Bros., Makikihi
Ruddenklau, Henry, Waimate
Ross and McClintock, Waimate
Stewart, James, Hakataramea
South Canterbury Threshing-mill owners' Industrial Union of Employers, Timaru
Sherratt Bros., Geraldine
Slee, F.J., Waimate
Stocker, Frank, Washdyke
Snell, J. Rangitata
Thornley, Thomas, Temuka
Wilson, James, Fairlie
Whyte, George, Albury
Walker, James, Temuka
Walker, J.C., Geraldine
Wilson and Horner, Geraldine
1. The hours of labour shall be left to the discretion of the mill-owner, but he shall not require employees to work by lamplight or other artificial light, except in cases of emergency, when one hour shall be allowed.
2. When employees are engaged to work by the hour their rate of pay shall not be less than 1s per hour.
3. Any employee may agree with his employees to employ them on piecework, and in such cases the piecework rates shall be as follows: For ordinary workers, 12s per 1,000 bushels wheat or barley, and 10s per 1,000 bushels oats. Three bagman shall be employed in all cases, and shall be paid at the same rate as those fixed for ordinary workers, but it shall be at the option of the employer to get one of the three to assist the stackman when required.
4. Nothing in this award contained shall apply to any driver or feeder.
5. It shall be the duty of the waterman to attend to his horses whether the mill is working or not.
6. Men employed at piecework rates who are required to be on duty to assist in shifting the mill from camp to camp shall be paid at the rate of 1s per hour for the time during which they shall be required to be on duty for such purposes, but they shall not be entitled to any payment for shifting the mill from stack to stack.
8. A weeks notice of termination of employment shall be given by the employer to his men, and of the intention to leave the employment shall be given by the men of the employer.
9. All food shall be supplied on the co-operative system; the employer to supply the galley, cooking utensils and coals only, at a charge of 15s per week, and the cook, food and al other requirements to be paid for by the employees. The galley and cook shall be under the control of the employer, and a pass-book containing a record of the provisions purchased shall always be kept in the galley for the inspection of the men.
10. This award shall apply to all threshing-machines working in South Canterbury....
Frederick R. Chapman, J., President.
Reference: Awards, Agreements, Orders, Etc., Made Under the Industrial Conciliation, by New Zealand Dept. of Labour - 1907 - Page 352
Auckland Weekly News June 20 1907 Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, AWNS-19070620-12-2
Otago Witness 29 April 1897, Page 47
TUSSOCK AND ASPHALT RHYMES.
By David M'Kee Wright.
No. II — AFTER HARVEST.
He came down after harvest, he ain't been here three days,
The bloke that does the shouting, the bloke that always pays ;
They chewed his ear in dozens, he made his money fly,
And now he's bumming round for beer with coppers hot and dry.
For it's up with bluey boys and out upon the track,
There's a mill or two short handed still a-threshing at the back.
There's the bunnies fit for killing, and the poison gangs are filling.
And we'll waltz around Matilda till we make another cheque.
He was up about Waimate working fairly night and day,
He'd forked in eighty bushels wheat — that wasn't no child's play —
He'd wallabied right into town to save his blooming fare,
And now if he'd a thrummer left he says he wouldn't care.
For it's up with bluey boys and start to travel back,
There ain't do points in starving here with tucker on the track,
We'll soon be fit and willing, and the poison gangs are filling,
So we'll waltz around Matilda till we make another cheque.
There are longish tramps and weary in the land where tussocks grow,
The frosts are pretty keen at night, the hills have copp'd the snow ;
There's a fairish bit of hunger and the rabbits aren't there,
If he had a plug of Juno now he says he wouldn't care.
For it's hump your bluey boys with the billy in your hand,
There's, a lot of men amoving round about the blooming land ;
There's plenty blokes is willing, but there ain't no rabbit killing,
And the waltzing round Matilda in the winter will be grand!
Dunedin, April 1897.
Billy - a tin can with lid and wire handle used to boil food or water over an open fire
Boil the billy - stop for a meal
Bluey- a blue blanket - commonly used by swagmen for wrapping their processions, now swag
To hump the bluey -to go on a tramp, carrying a swag on your back
Matilda - a swag
Waltzing Matilda -carrying a swag
South Canterbury NZGenWeb Project
April 28, 1889 NYT
What with the hedge and the hay and grain ricks, the willow-bordered streams, the mills with water wheels and the solid styles of architecture, both in town and country, the traveller at times fancies himself in Yorkshire or Devon. The stacks like huge beehives await the coming of the thrashers. All the reaping in NZ is done with American reapers and binders, of which as many as forty may be seen at work in a field at once, and the thrashing is also accomplished by machinery, which is not generally owned by the farmers, but is taken from one station to another by a company which owns them and thrashes out the grain by contract.
Otago Witness 21 March 1906, Page 75
Dear Dot, — Since I last wrote I have had a pleasant six weeks' holiday up Fairlie way and at Waimate. We are having splendid harvest weather, and the farmers are very busy getting their harvest all over. There was a mill and about dozen men camped at our gate for two days, and they were a. rowdy lot of fellows. Yours truly, SILVERY EYE.
Timaru Herald, 14 May 1881, Page 2
Fire at Waiho.— A stack of wheat belonging to Mr Studholme, and a threshing mill belonging to Messrs Quinn Brothers of Makikihi, were burned at Waiho Downs on Thursday night. The threshing mill had been engaged threshing Mr Studholme's wheat. The origin of the fire is unknown.
Timaru Herald, 16 October 1893, Page 3
A special meeting of the committee of the Timaru branch of the Shearers and Labourers' Union was held in the Oddfellows' Hall on Saturday afternoon. The meeting was called for the purpose of discussing with the threshing mill owners of the district a scale of wages that was drawn up, and submitted to them, by the members of the Union to their general meeting held in August last. There was a good attendance of members, but the mill owners were poorly represented, only six attending— namely, Messrs J. Talbot, W G. Campbell, W. S. Harkness, B. Pelvin, W Pulford, and Preddy. Mr Talbot said that he had been connected with threshing mills for the past twenty years, and he found the system of paying by the hour to work the best. He had always paid one shilling per hour to all his men, cook included, the men finding all the provisions, and he always found that after everything was paid it cost the men 10s 6d per week per man for their food. He considered that it was absolutely necessary that the Union all over South Canterbury should be unanimous in fixing a scale.
Timaru Herald, 24 August 1897, Page 3
IN BANKRUPTCY. J. F. DOUGLAS, THRESHING MACHINE OWNER. A first meeting of the creditors of James Ferguson Douglas, threshing-machine owner, Studholme,
Sworn and examined by Mr Montgomery, the bankrupt stated that he was a threshing machine owner, residing at Studholme since last April. Before that had lived at Temuka for about 18 years Attributed his difficulties to small profits obtained for threshing. Had his combine burned last year. It was mortgaged to Mr Anderson, who got the insurance money. Lost some threshing through the combine being burned, and had a very poor season. Was sued by four creditors, and therefore filed. One of his sons had also been sued, as a partner, as he had carried on as J. F. Douglas and Son since he began chaff-cutting, but his son had no money in it. His name was put m m order to enable him to collect debts. Produced the two books he had kept, and bank pass-book. Had butts of cheques at home. Could make no offer, To Mr Tennent : Had an interview with you on 31st May last, and gave you a statement of my position. Mr Tennent read a statement showing assets £1170, liabilities £440, showing a surplus of £730. The items were : Assets —Goodwill of leasehold sections, Temuka, £60, threshing mill £650, galley, horses, dray, cart, £100, freehold sections, Temuka, £200, leaseholds, Waimate,£20, book debts for threshing done £140; total £1170. Liabilities— due on mill £360, on sections at Temuka. £80; total £440.
Ashburton Guardian, 3 February 1900,
Threshing Facilities.—Messrs Wooding Bros., of Woodbury, W Greig, of Gleniti, and Messrs Preddy Bros., of Temuka, have each imported one of Clayton and Shuttleworth's latest improved machines for the coming season.
Otago Witness 14 April 1883, Page 17
Thresher, Timaru, writes: Having noticed in one of your issues a statement about threshing-machines, I would like to give you my experience of the Marshall. I have wrought [sic] one for the last 10 years, and am now working two of the firm's latest improved, and I can safely say that I can thresh 64 bags an hour and have the grain dressed to compete with any other maker. As regards shaking the grain, and strength and durability of machinery, Marshall's is far superior to any machine I have seen working.
Chaff cutter throws a belt - it is a dusty job