Evening Post, 1 February 1930, Page 20 Conserving The Trees
Trees for soil conservation; trees for flood control; trees for the tempering of weather; tree's for beauty, for shade, for industry; and trees fostered for their calming influence on the affairs of men! This is the burden of the plea made by Mr. Richard St. Barbe Baker, of London.
Auckland Star, 18 November 1931, Page 19
Mr. St. Barbe Baker, of "Men of the Trees'' renown, has been telling England that New Zealand was the most tree minded of all the countries he visited, and he spoke enthusiastically of the heavy planting there of California pines.
The Grey pine tree, planted in 1860, is 154 feet tall or 8x the height of the school bus. It is thriving on private property near Kennedy St & SH79 in Geraldine, March 2013. Thought the bus might show how tall it actually is. That is a Geraldine school bus.
Some of New Zealand's greatest treasures are its trees.
Beautiful and significant trees are found through out South Canterbury. A few
have the district's protection and a plaque at the base of the tree.
NZ Tree Register. e.g.
The Asbury Park Woollcombe Ash was felled in 2010 because it was unsafe.
The Lovelock Oak at in the TBHS grounds planted in its present position in 1941.
One of my favorites is the The Golden Ash tree outside the Timaru Hospital Chapel.
The Timaru Botanic Gardens have the majority of the trees labelled including the grove of Blue Gum trees and there is a plaque for the Mountain Toatoa planted in 1994 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the first ascent of Mount Cook.
The "Champagne Tree" The Wellingtonia gigantica tree up Wai-iti Rd is probably one of the tallest trees in Timaru.
The Timaru District plan has controls on notable trees and forests.
Peel Forest has the Big Tree with a Champion tree score of 440 and a girth of 865cm in 2012 but a larger but a shorter totara is in Dennistoun Bush with a Champion tree score of 505 with a girth of 1,070cm in July 2012.
Known as the Big Tree. map
Champion Tree Score - This takes the height (m) = girth (cm) = ¼ of average spread (m) and converted to imperial to align with the USA champion tree scores. This calculation is only made for single stemmed trees.
a. Average crown spread = (longest + shortest)/2
b. Vertical height of tree
c. Girth is a measurement taken at a point 4.5. feet above average soil level. If a burl is encountered at this point the least distorted girth below this point is used.
Stand (A group of trees of the same species)
Group (A group of trees of mixed species)
South Canterbury has poplars, blue gum trees, cabbage trees, the Raincliff Forest, Talbot Forest in Geraldine, Peel Forest with the Big Tree, the Peace Avenue on the approach to Fairlie, an alpine forest of beech trees, English walnuts, fig trees, an apple tree on Galwey's that has real dark red apples larger than grapefruit, estates with formal gardens e.g. the Orari Estates, stations where hundred of trees have been planted, the shelter belts, macrocarpa hedges, townships with domains, willows along riverbanks and lakes, homestead with drives ways of Oregon and larches, exotic trees growing at 3000 feet around the Fox Peak Ski Club planted by club members and my father. The first recorded introduction of radiata pine to New Zealand was at Mt Peel Station in South Canterbury in 1859. The large exotic trees frame churches and cemeteries e.g. Woodbury, Fairlie, Pleasant Point. Wilding pines are causing a problem in the Mackenzie, they are getting out of hand. Arbor Day is still poplar.
Red Oak, 7N Park Lane Sept. 2009
The Croft Tree, Sept. 2009, the Common Oak.
The W.M. Matson tree, Ashbury Park
Dedicated to the memory of the late W.M. Matson by the N.E. IMP, Assoc. Oct. 1922
The Burnett Oak
The Burnett Oak, St. Mary's Timaru. Boulder from Mt. Cook Station, 1986. No. 74 map. 2009 photo
April 2014 photo.
In the grounds of the RSA, 21 Wai-iti Rd there are some trees with plaques:
Kowhai planted by Baron Freyberg, V.C. 13th Dec. 1951 Governor-General of NZ from 1946 until 1952 Red Beech planted by Sir for Sir Willoughby Norrie 1953 Governor-General of NZ 1952-1957 Oak planted by Viscount Cobham 17th Nov. 1958 Governor-General of NZ 1957-1962 Kaikawaka planted by Sir Denis Blundell GCMG GCVO KBE 24th Jan. 1977 Governor-General of NZ 1972-1977 Lace Bark planted by Sir David Beattie 2nd May 1981 Governor-General of NZ 1980-1985
Timaru Herald, 21 June 1887, Page 3
Winchester, June 20. The Queen's Jubilee was commemorated in Winchester to-day. At 3 p.m. the school children assembled at the schoolhouse, and followed by a goodly sprinkling of the townspeople, and headed by the oak, marched to the domain. On arriving m the centre of the park the procession halted, and formed a circle round the spot selected for the planting of the Jubilee Oak." The Chairman of the Domain Board, Mr J. A. Young, then addressed the assemblage as to the purpose for which they had met, and called upon Mr H. Cooke, master of the Winchester school, to address them on the historical events of Her Most Gracious Sovereign's reign. Mr Young next called upon Mrs Young to plant the Jubilee oak, remarking that Mrs Young had planted the first tree in Winchester, and that he, as chairman of the Domain Board, had been commissioned to request her to plant the oak m celebration of the Queen's Jubilee. Mrs J. A. Young then planted the tree m a most systematic manner, after which each child and many of the adults present took the spade and assisted in the work of covering the roots of the tree. The children then sang the following verses, composed for the occasion by Mr J. A. Young
Grow stately oak for ages grow
In memory of the past;
Stand many summers' gentle breeze,
And many wintry blast.
May the aged sit beneath thy boughs,
And little children play;
Tell why this oak was planted here
On this auspicious day.
We'll sing God bless our Noble Queen
As we stand round this tree
'Twas planted to commemorate Her year of Jubilee.
Geraldine - Beautiful trees are found throughout Geraldine - silver birch, poplar, eucalyptus, larch, pine, cabbage and other native trees just take a walk through the Domain, the river walkway along Waihi Tce, the streets, Grand Vue Golf Course on the hill or Denfield Golf Course on the flat and Talbot Forest and look for the native wood pigeons. Wood pigeons only lay one egg at a time. One possum can cause a lot of damage. They can fly up to 20km. The Hewlings Totara in Geraldine, planted on the occasional of the birth of the first child of European descent born in the Geraldine District. map
Geraldine -a land of streams and woods Press, 3 March 1911, Page 9
Timaru Herald, 16 August 1910, Page 5
A good example of the vigorous growth of pinus insiguis is to be seen at the north end of Geraldine where a plantation is being cut out for timber and firewood. The trees were planted some 33 years ago, and the largest were between 90 and 100 feet high and over 3 feet in diameter at the stump.
Kennedy Street, Geraldine. The pinus radiata is massive.
Locally known as the Grey Pine, planted in 1860. In 2012 the height was 47.4 m. On private property, but easily visible from the intersection of Kennedy Road and SH79. Considered to be the largest 'normal formed' specimen of Pinus radiata in New Zealand. Burstall and Sale noted that a P. radiata at nearby Mt. Peel Station (understood to be the first of the species planted in New Zealand in 1859) was larger and taller than this tree (in 1984), but was obviously not considered of "normal" form. Source. map
Great trees of New Zealand / S.W. Burstall & E.V. Sale.
Main Author: Burstall, S. W. 1904- Other Authors: Sale, E. V. 1919-
Published: Wellington : Reed, c1984. Published in association with the New Zealand Forest Service. Includes index. 288 p.,  p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm.
Significant trees in the Timaru District
Tasmanian Blue Gum (Eucalyptus globulus ssp. Globulus) Pt Lot DP 18883 State
Lombardy Poplar (Populus nigra "Italica" Lot 2 DP 1209 Rolling Ridges Rd
Manna Gum (Eucalyptus gunnii), Pinus radiata, Cider Gum (Eucalyptus vinimalis) State Hwy 8
Manna Ash (Fraxinus omus) Lot DP 558 Racecourse Rd (State Hwy 8) map
Pinus radiata & Cupressus macrocarpa (Monterey Cypress) Station Rd map
Walnut (Juglans regia) Raincliff Rd & Kowhai (Sophpra micophylla) Winchester Hanging Rock Rd. map
Mountain Beech School Road map up the Te Moana Rd.
Group of Douglas Fir Woodside Rd. map
Copper Beach. Houhi Puruhi, Manna Gum. Orari Gorge Station, Tripp Settlement Rd map
Weeping Totara 52 Rae Rd
The beautiful Golden Radiata Pinus originated in NZ. The tips of the needles are golden-yellow. Golden Monterey Pine = Pinus radiata 'Aurea' Seedlings were from a tree first found at Gleniti Golf Course, Timaru.
318 Gleniti Rd. Lot 1 DP80996. map
Flowering Cherry (Prunus subhirtella) 20 Gleniti Rd (Gleniti School Lirbrary Building) map
Kauri 318 Wai-iti Rd & Five Finger Tree 77 Douglas St. map
Ribbonwood & Sliver Birch Caroline Bay map
Pin Oaks, Dutch Elm, Common oak, Sycamore, Japanese Cheery, Kowhai - Centennial Park map
Dove Tree & Lime Tree Cain St. (Secondary School)
This Sequoiadendron giganteum or giant sequoia is at the Mt Peel Cemetery. It is tall. The garden at Mt Peel contains some of the oldest exotic trees in South Canterbury - a Douglas fir planted in 1859, Pinus ingnis planted in 1859, and oaks, cedars, spruce and poplars planted in 1862.
Geraldine Domain. Planted by Mrs. B.R. Macdonald, mayoress 19th July 1919 to commemorate signing of treaty ending World War 28th June 1919
Richard St. Barbe Baker, 1889-1982
Born October 9, 1889 near Southhampton, England. Richard Edward St. Barbe Baker
was educated University of Saskatchewan; and Cambridge University where he
completed forestry studies. Following service in World War II, and a brief stint
with the British civil service, St. Barbe was appointed Assistant Conservator of
Forests in Kenya. There in 1922, he founded the Men of the Trees, enlisting the
help of 9,000 voluntary tree planters in an attempt to arrest the invading
Sahara. This society, which grew into an international organization, became the
central cause of St. Barbe's life. He became a renowned forestry consultant, and
over the years was called upon to advise governments in many nations on forestry
and conservation matters, including Palestine, New Zealand, the United States,
Africa, and India. While much of his writing is autobiographical in nature, he
also wrote about tree, forestry and conservation concerns, spiritual and
religious topics, health matters, and horses, and also produced some material
specifically for children. Throughout his life St. Barbe was constantly in
demand as a public lecturer, speaking to numerous audiences in many countries,
and gave talks in schools all over Britain and New Zealand. His radio talks were
featured on the BBC in Britain, and he was also heard on radio in the U.S., New
Zealand, Australia, Canada, and Africa. He received an honorary Doctor of Laws
from the University of Saskatchewan in 1972, and in 1977 the Order of the
British Empire was bestowed upon him. Richard St. Barbe Baker was married twice.
In 1959, his second marriage,
Baker married Catriona Burnett. Her home at
Mount Cook Station, New Zealand remained his residence until his death, which
occurred on June 9, 1982 in Saskatoon while on a visit to the University of
Saskatchewan. There is a plaque on a large rock in
Centennial Park in memory of St. Barbe Baker.
Famous Trees of New Zealand by Richard St. Barbe Baker. A. H. & A. W. Reed, Wellington, 1965 - 150 pages. Hardcover. DJ. 1st edition. 22cm. 53 b/w photos. Native and exotic. The author's study of NZ's unique trees was an early plea for the preservation of the native vegetation, as well as commenting on introduced species. Foreword by Sir Eruera Tirikatene. Introduction by The Earl of Bessborough.
New Zealand Herald, 1 June 1931, Page 12 PRESERVING
FORESTRY EXPERT'S ADVICE. AN OPTIMISTIC OUTLOOK. The carrying out of experiments to discover the best means of perpetuating New Zealand's natural forests was urged by Mr. R. St. Barbe Baker, a noted authority on afforestation, and for some years assistant Conservator of Forests in Kenya and Nigeria, who arrived from Waitomo and Rotorua on Saturday after making an extensive tour of the forest plantations and bush reserves of the North and South Islands. Mr. St., Barbe Baker was largely responsible for the substitution of Kenya pencil cedar to replace the almost exhausted supplies from America. He attended the World Forestry Conference in Rome in 1926, he has written extensively on African forest lore, and is the founder of the forest scout movement known throughout the world as "The Men of the Trees." The New Zealand bush contains many valuable species of timber which will increase in commercial significance as time goes on," said Mr. St. Barbe Baker, "but I would strongly urge that extensive silvicultural experiments be carried out with a view to discovering the best cultural operations which will preserve it for all time. Once you destroy the indigenous trees or clear-fell the bush it will not, in my opinion, replace itself in its original form, so felling should be controlled with a view to increasing the yield and improving the standard of the timbers which are of economic value.
Rapid Growth of Trees. I have been immensely impressed with the extraordinarily rapid growth of forests in New Zealand," added the visitor. Pinus insignis, known to me as the Monterey pine, which I have studied in its own environment on the Monterey Peninsula, California, grows four or five limes as fast in this country as it does in California. This should give cause for thought. After all, in times like the present, one needs to look to the future.
It has been said that a pessimist is one who sees difficulty in every opportunity, and an optimist one who sees opportunity in every difficulty. In the rapid growth of exotics in this country lies a wonderful asset."
New Zealand was undoubtedly leading the way in the matter of tree planting, said Mr. St. Barbe Baker. At Rotorua he had spent two days inspecting one company's plantations and it was a sight he would not have missed. Last year New Zealand had planted 100,000 acres of land, which was more than America had planted in the same period, and one company alone had planted more trees than any other company ho knew in any part of the world. So far as planting and field work was concerned he was delighted with everything he had seen. Uses of English Ash.
The speaker said he would recommend New Zealand farmers to plant English ash for wind-breaks and felling purposes, as it seemed to grow well in this country and was always useful for farm requirements, such as building and fencing. He was particularly struck with the way this tree was growing on Mr. James Dean's property at Homebush, near Christchurch.
When I was fairly young I planted trees,
Not just a few but many, many thousands,
Enough to leave the saintly St. Barbe Baker in the shade
wrote Raymond Foster
Oh ye who enter the portals of the Mackenzie to found homes, take the word of a child of the misty gorges and plant forest trees for your lives. So shall your mountain facings and river flats be preserved to your children's Children and for evermore. 1917 T.D. Burnett
Timaru Herald 9 Sept. 2013.
She went down with a bang. Had a red glow, split in half and the bark peeled off. The tree was irreparable. A Burkes Pass landmark fell victim to last night's storm, when a lightning strike split in two the historic oak tree outside the former Burkes Pass Hotel. The tree was moved to the site in 1897 to mark Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. Prior to that it had been in the Burkes Pass Cemetery for 20 years. She will be sadly missed as this was shelter for many cyclists in the heat of the summer and photographed by many when covered in snow in the winter. In in its earlier years, "many" pints were poured around the young plant to help it grow. The oak tree's history spans 136 years, a period in which it has seen more than one explosion. In the first event a local blacksmith had been experimenting with gunpowder to make a flare.
Timaru Herald, 3 August 1897, Page 3
The monthly meeting of the Mackenzie County Council was held yesterday. Present— Messrs F. K. Gillingham (chairman), W, Wreford, M. McLeod, A. H. McLean, and J. S. Rutherford. The ordinary business being concluded, Mr Rutherford suggested that Mr McLeod should give some explanation regarding the removal of an oak tree from the Burkes Pass cemetery, and the planting of it on the public road near the Burkes Pass hotel, without the permission of the Cemetery Board on the one hand, or of the Council on the other, and without even communicating with the chairman. Mr McLeod explained at length. The Council gave permission to the Record Reign Committee at Fairlie to plant trees in the main road, besides giving other valuable concessions, and it was stated that the trees would be got out of the Fairlie cemetery. He claimed that, as a resident member of the Council, he had a right to authorise the removal and planting of the tree, especially; as he mentioned beforehand at the Council table that an oak might be moved from the cemetery for planting at Burkes Pass. In conclusion he asked that his action be approved, or that a vote of censure be passed. He was willing to bear all the blame. It was pointed out that the oaks proposed to be taken from the Fairlie cemetery were in a nursery bed, not planted out. Mr Rutherford insisted on the impropriety of any individual member of the Council taking upon himself to remove property or to place obstructions on the public roads.
The oak with a mower underneath and an old caravan, June 2012.
Timaru Herald, 24 February 1875, Page 4
FOREST TREES PLANTING. About five miles west of Timaru, on the Downs, is Glengummel, the forest plantation of Messrs Sealy Bros., and Davidson. Its area contains 250 acres, and the timber is principally blue gum, mixed with, red gum, stringy bark and silver wattle, with cuttings of willows and poplars along the gullies. These trees have been planted as follows Seventy acres in 1871 in rows 9ft rows apart, 6ft. between. The trees have attained a considerable height, especially where the ground is more moist than other parts of it, the rest of the plantation was sown in 1873-4, so that nearly all stages of growth are to be seen. The owners have had the good taste to preserve the cabbage trees, and scatter broom amongst the gums as shelter for the game they purpose to stock the plantation with, and intend to add the Californian malva, which will supply them with food. The whole property is fenced with ditch, bank and gorse, with an inner edge of Cape broom. The plantation is surrounded with roads, which tends to make it a more valuable and desirable property, the amount of trees contained in this area is 200,000 these the proprietors consider to be worth for posts and rails, at six years' old, 2s each (a very modest calculation), which brings the total value to £20,000, to which may be added £2000 for the firewood contained in the tops and branches. Further, if this timber be cut at the proper time of year there is every reason to believe that a fresh growth will be made from the stump, and that the tree will thus become reproductive, and sprout like the cabbage in which case who can say what a blue gum plantation may be worth. However, one thing is well known, that such plantations are profitable in timberless districts; and there is no doubt these gentlemen will reap a considerable profit there from. The view from this point is very fine, the eye embracing the whole expanse of country as far as the Waiwera hills on the back of Christchurch, to the east and north while to the south and west the far-off blue line of low ridges defines the Papakaio western boundary. The back country, as far as Mount Horrible, is of the same undulating character, and is really splendid land. I think that Timaru has good prospects of becoming one of the first of coast line cities at any rate when she has a breakwater to facilitate her export and import trade. Considering the extent of country behind and around Timaru, which is gradually yielding increasing stores of grain, wool and beef, it is a matter of wonder that harbor improvements were not agitated long since.
Timaru Herald,30 Sept. 2014 WILD THINGS
The problem of wildings. Introduced to New Zealand before 1860, pines' wind-blown seeds are widely distributed and take root easily in our favourable conditions. Considered a nuisance in areas where they compete for space with natives. Source: Department of Conservation. The days of wilding pines remaining and regenerating on the shore tarns of Lake Pukaki are numbered thanks to Upper Waitaki Water Management Zone Committee funding. Immediate Steps funding has been allocated through Environment Canterbury to clear wilding pines within a buffer zone of 50 metres and to maintain the clear areas to preserve the natural state of the tarns. The kettle hole tarns on the south-western edge of the lake are listed as land of national significance and a site of significant wildlife importance (a kettle hole is a hollow created when buried blocks of glacial ice melt). The tarns were part of a conservation covenant on the Pukaki Downs property and were near the Pukaki Scientific Reserve, a Department of Conservation reserve.
Genealogy is like branches of a tree - wild, sprawling, beautiful, determined to grow in all conditions.
by Joyce Kilmer, 1913 (1886–1918)
I THINK that I shall never see
A poem lovely as a tree.
A tree whose hungry mouth is prest
Against the sweet earth's flowing breast;
A tree that looks at God all day,
And lifts her leafy arms to pray;
A tree that may in summer wear
A nest of robins in her hair;
Upon whose bosom snow has lain;
Who intimately lives with rain.
Poems are made by fools like me,
But only God can make a tree.
What do you remember about the big wind? 1 August 1975
Severe nor-west gale causes serious damage throughout Canterbury. Winds gust to a record 172 kilometres per hour (107 miles per hour). Over 250 injuries in Canterbury, and many forests devastated.
The big blow. It happened at night. The wind,
Unusually violent northwesterly gales buffeted Canterbury and Otago over night, reaching a peak between 1am to 5 am on the 11th September 1971, with considerable damage in some inland districts. The gale was recorded at Tekapo averaging 92 mph with guts up to 114 mph. Tekapo is approx. 30 miles from Sherwood Downs.
After a howler, with 100mph winds, it took us nine days to clear the drive as many pine trees and larches were uprooted. The logs were pulled to the paddock to the right and transported to Timaru wharf. Trees surrounded the homestead and there were shelter belts throughout the farm, plenty of logs for Timaru. On Sherwood Downs I slept through the gale but everyone else was up unable to sleep. It was up about seven o'clock when I looked out the living room window and just in time to see the top of a large tree on the front lawn take off, the lower branches had been trimmed off many years ago so the tree was top heavy. The wagon wheel round-about on the lawn spinning around at great knots. On Monday we had to drive through the cattle yards to get to school. Our buildings didn't have any damage but woolsheds with corrugated iron roofs, hay barns, chimneys, fences, plantations all took a hard hit in a line from the Tekapo Saddle to Burkes Pass across Ashwick Flat and Sherwood Downs to Clayton Station and out pass Lochaber Station at the headwaters of the Orari. Many with roofs off or trees through them and 50 sheds sustained considerable damage and some were a total write-off. Lance Ibbestson, on Plantation Rd, Sherwood Downs, had worked a paddock, and below this paddock was a mob of hoggets. They took shelter in a corner and the worked paddock took off and smothered the sheep with dirt and then it rained on Saturday, a torrential rain, and with the weight of the soil the sheep could not get to their feet. Many suffocated. All was done to try and save them, neighbours helping to shear the sheep. Dogs suffered the same fate and suffocated their kennels. The same thing happened on Clayton with a mob of sheep loosing over 200 head out of 700. 80 to 100 tons of superphosphate was blown away on Sherwood Downs. Butters' on "Deep Burn" lost 26 sheep from falling trees. Swann's on "Leslie Downs" lost a prize bullock when a tree fell. The bullock was part of a team trained to pull a wagon in the New Year's Day Carnival Parade at Fairlie. There were 90 pine trees uprooted down Plantation Rd., trees that had been planted c.1900. I remember three huge pines had uprooted and their extensive root system splayed out of the soil, 30ft long, x12ft high, lay at 90 ° and hundreds of sparrows made their nests in mass of roots and clay, for years, in open air. OW. 2012
Sherwood wind, yes the noise was horrific at the time, have never forgotten that sound. As for the trees along Plantation Rd, they were still lying where they fell.! CR. 2015
Our driveway with many larches and Oregon Pine (Douglas spruce or Douglas fir) snow fall 18 August 1950.
District plan - Mackenzie
Take your time choosing trees and shrubs and even more time to decide where to plant, this is very important as trees can be a treasure or a hindrance depending on you.