Lancashire Immigrants per
|The Lyttelton Times
Tuesday October 20, 1863
|The Lyttelton Times
Tuesday October 20, 1863
The barque Victory, Captain Gregory commander, after
a passage of 119 days from London, brought up off the Quarantine Ground on Saturday
afternoon. On her previous visit to this port (Lyttelton) in 1860 she was in command
of Captain Stevens, but since that time has changed owners, and on this voyage brings out
a batch of Lancashire immigrants for Canterbury; a large number of them were landed at
Timaru on Wednesday last and the remainder brought on here and landed in Camp Bay on
Monday morning. Since her last visit her arrangements for accommodation of
passengers has been completely altered. She has now a deckhouse amidships, with a
patent distillery and cooking apparatus attached. Only one death occurred during the
passage and four births. Her cargo is not very extensive and the bulk of it is consigned
to the agents, Messrs. Dalgety, Buckley and Co. It is a singular coincidence that
her passage in 1860 was made in 112 days, and she arrived on Saturday evening and the
passengers were landed on Monday. She presents another specimen of the advantages of
sending our ships out under her Majesty's emigration commissioners. Her
arrangements are perfect, and the between decks a pattern of cleanliness. Dr.
Holman is the surgeon in charge.
| In all new colonies to which the tide
of emigration from the old county does not naturally set, it is necessary to incur a
considerable expenditure for the purpose of introducing labour. Without a constant
stream of immigration, the the resource of the county could not be developed and capital
would either be wasted or withdrawn from a field where it could not be profitably
employed. In most colonies this necessity is not fully recognised yet in many
When a Government so far interferes with the natural influx of population as to give assisted passages to immigrants, it is an implied part of the duty it undertakes to see that the newly arrived labourer is received as a valuable addition to the community, and that his services are made available as soon as possible. In, short, the responsibility of the Government does not end, when its agent in England has collected and shipped the immigrants-then remain the important tasks of receiving them and distributing them over the county in the manner most likely to incorporate them with the population already established. All this is not to be done without proper organization, and without a cost which must be considerable part of the whole expense of immigration.
In the United States of America, which absorb by far the largest proportion of emigrants from the old world, it is found that notwithstanding the best field open for labour in the interior, and the scarcity of working hands where they are not wanted, the seaboard towns are often swamped by a pauper population. The States Government do not interfere with Immigration, no bonus in the shape of assisted passages is needed to bring labour to their shores, and they do not of course conceive themselves to be directly responsible for the distribution of a population which comes uninvited to New York or Boston, or Philadelphia. But the difficulty is very apparent in America of bringing together the half-starving population, flowing into sea-board towns, and the employers of labour whose properties are lying unoccupied and untilled for want of hands.
On a smaller scale the same difficulty is met in Victoria, where the Government has interfered to invite immigrants....
The Press October 19, 1863
Timaru, Oct 13
Timaru, Oct 14
It was common in the clipper days to have two or three vessels sailing the oceans with the same name.
There were three vessels that sailed the UK -NZ route named Victory.
1) Victory, 579 tons, built by Willis, Gunn and Co., arrived in Auckland 1 February 1851, and arrived Lyttelton 14 May 1859 with 174 passengers, and arrived Lyttelton March 20 1862 as well as the above voyage.Victory, 579 tons, sailed from Gravesend and arrived at Port Chalmers on 8 July 1848.
2) Victory, 700 tons, arrived at New Plymouth May 1st, 1851.
3) Victory,1119 tons built in 1863 and made her maiden voyage to Port Chalmers in 77 days. She also sailed into Auckland Jan 4 1865 and Lyttelton March 25 1866. Reference; "White Wings" by Brett.
Victory - Sailed from London 28 June 1863. Called at Southampton en route with 240 immigrants, all from depressed county of Lancashire and all bound for Canterbury. "The cotton operatives in the Midlands of England were thrown out of work because the supply of raw material dried up with the onset of the American Civil War. Some operatives were brought out to Canterbury, as assisted immigrants, by the provincial government on the British Crown and Victory. Her Majesty's Emigration Commission, the Park Street Commissioners, not Canterbury's emigration agent, arranged for the people to come out. The provincial government archives, in the Canterbury Museum, has photocopies of important letters from the Henry Selfe papers (originals and a manuscript are at the Hocken Library, Dunedin) that describes Henry Selfe's experiences of wealthy men in charge of giving help to poverty-stricken cotton operatives. " Reference: Genealogical Advice Notes New Zealand Collection Canterbury Public Library by Robert Greenway.
Reference: The Lyttelton Times Oct 20 1863 and The Press October 19, 1863. Available on microfilm at the New Zealand Room, Christchurch City Central Library and they have lists of a large number of immigrants from Europe to Timaru and the vessels on which they came. The National Archives has the passenger list.
( ) indicates spelling in The Press October 19, 1863
CATLOW: In the spring of 1834 Blackburn Catlow and Ann Whalley gave birth to William Catlow in Great Marsden (Colne), Lancashire. William was the eldest of 9 children, and as of most poor families in the area, started work in in the cotton weaving factories. In the mid nineteenth century the Catlow family moved 13 km South west to the the most important cotton weaving town in Lancashire, and perhaps England, Burnley! In 1850 there were some 9,000 looms in the town, all belonging to firms whose main business was spinning. Working conditions were dreadful. The new mills were frequently dark, badly ventilated and crowded with unguarded machinery. Working hours were long � commonly between 12 and 18 hours a day. Young children were often employed, and there is a record of one Burnley seven-year-old child working 12 hours a day sometimes from 4 am.
In 1861 William can be seen in the census working the coal mines. This may be because he didn't like working in the cotton mills, but it is more likely because of Mill unemployment due to the US civil war. The US civil war put a halt to production as the cotton supply dried up in England and many people lost their jobs in and around the Burnley area. In September of that year William married the heavily pregnant Martha Sagar in Manchester, and in November of the same year they had their first child named after William's father, Blackburn Catlow.
Two years after Blackburn Catlow was born, the family upped and left England for a new life in New Zealand. After 115 days at sea on the Victory, they arrived in Timaru. In 1865 William can be seen on the voters register living in Sandietown (freehold, section No. 1954) near Timaru, and sometime around 1872 William and Martha gave birth to a daughter named Annie. Annie married George Hosie of Scotland in 1886, and around the same period Blackburn Catlow married woman named Clara. As far as I can tell Blackburn and Clara had at least 3 children, Gordon, who died in infancy, Thomas Segar who was killed in WW1 and George who had at least 14 children. William d. 1910, Martha d. 1893, Blackburn d.1899 and Annie d. 1902. They are all buried at Timaru cemetery. Information courtesy Kris Baxter. of Posted: 9 November 2006.
Evening Post, 11 March 1938, Page 11
Hastings, This Day.
The death has occurred of Mrs. Mary Ellen Epps, aged 75. She arrived at Timaru in 1863 as the infant child of Mr. and Mrs Henry Whittaker in the Victory, one of the first four vessels to call at Timaru. Mrs. Epps leaves a family of four children.
James Collinge WHITTAKER b 7 Oct 1837, Meadowhead, Haslingden, Lancashire m Mary PICKUP b 29 Aug 1839. They were married 1 Oct 1859 Goodshaw, Haslingden, Lanc. Had 2 children born in Burnley, Lanc. before coming to Timaru on the Victory . Alice b 9 Apr 1860 and Edward 14 Nov 1861. They settled in Wiltons Gully, Geraldine. They were indentured to Mr. Tripp of the Orari Gorge Station at Geraldine. They had 10 children in all.
Henry WHITTAKER b 4 Oct 1836 Burnley m Fanny HODGSON and daughter Mary Ellen who was born on voyage. Had 8 children and settled in Timaru and ran a bootmaking business.
John and Mary Ann WHITTAKER nee INGHAM and their children John Thomas b 1860 Burnley and Sarah Ann. Contact: Allana Inglis for information on the Whittaker family. Henry and James Whittaker parents were James Whittaker and Alice Collinge.
Note: The Acland Papers are at the Macmillian Brown Library, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NZL
HOLLAND: The family immigrated to NZ on two ships. Agnes, Mary & Catherine Holland all from Londonderry, IRE and came across as assisted immigrants came out on the 'Victory' in 1863 while their parents Hugh & Mary Anne, and two other sisters Margaret & Elizabeth came out on the 'Lincoln' in 1867.
Mary m. Cornelius SEXTON on 18 Sep 1864.
Agnes m. Thomas RAINE on 20 Dec 1865. Known child was Margueritt RAINE.
Margaret m. John William BEAN on 5 Jul 1870.
Catherine m. Robert OGDEN on 22 Apr 1867. Known child was Harold OGDEN.
Elizabeth m. Charles Thomas BARNARD on 12 May 1870.
Sarah Holland married ? BRADSHAW in NZ. Mr Bradshaw died on 27 June 1893. Sarah Bradshaw (Holland) remarried to John George PLOWMAN on 22 Jan 1900 in Paeroa, NZ. A copy of her 2nd marriage cert. shows she is a descendent of Hugh and Mary Anne Holland (O'CONNOR) who arrived in Christchurch with other members of their family in 1863 and 1867.
According to the shipping list there was a Cornelius SEXTON as a passenger and there is a big chance he would be the one to have gone on to be the husband of Mary HOLLAND. There were also OGDEN's on board but the list doesn't show a Robert Henry OGDEN who later might have married Catherine HOLLAND. We also don't know if Thomas HOLLAND, wife and 3 children that were on the same voyage were related to Agnes, Mary and Catherine.
Information courtesy of Steve. Please contact Steve and visit his website if you would like any information or have any information on the above families. Posted 16 April 2000, updated August 2010.
Evening Post, 17 July 1909, Page 6
Ashburton Guardian, 17 July 1909, Page 3
DEATH OF AN OLD IDENTITY.
Timaru, This Day. Mr. John Jackson, aged 72, an old identity and prominent citizen, died this morning. Deceased had extensive sawmilling, timber and coal interest in South Canterbury. He was born in Derbyshire, England, in 1837, and came to Timaru in 1863 in the ship Victory. In 1867 he started as a timber merchant, and his ably-guided business became one of the largest in the town. Mr. Jackson was agent for the Westport Cardiff Coal Company and Commercial Union Assurance. In 1890, along with two others, he bought out the Belford Flour Mills. Mr. Jackson served on the Timaru Borough Council for 17 years, being a councillor, and also for four years Mayor. He was a member of different school committees, a governor of the Timaru High School Board, chairman of the South Canterbury Education Board, chairman of the Hospital and Charitable Aid Board, chairman of the Timaru Cemetery Board, and a member of the Board of Governors of the Canterbury College. His death is a severe loss to South Canterbury, and is much regretted.
Timaru Herald, 15 March 1907, Page 5 JOHN WHITTAKER
Mr John Whittaker, whose funeral look place yesterday afternoon, was one of the early settlers of Timaru, having arrived here in the ship Victory in Among his shipmates were his brother, Henry, Messrs John Jackson, J. and E. Brown, of Temuka., and the senior Priest families. The whole shipload by the Victory were booked for Timaru, but the Lancashire Witch arrived two or three days before the Victory, and her passengers occupied the barracks. This "Victories" were, therefore, given the option of landing and going into tents or going, on to Lyttelton. Some of them preferred to try their fortunes in the newer settlement, and those above named were among them. John Whittaker obtained employment, in charge of the boot department of Clarkson and Turnbill's general store at "The Corner," Mr C. Bowker being in charge of the drapery. When the business was broken up, Mr Bowker took the boot trade, established a shop on the site of the present Bowker's buildings, and Mr Whittaker joined him as foreman. Eight years later the latter took over the business, as Mr Bowker's tenant, and he carried it on in the same premises for fifteen years arid then removed further down the street. Every old identity had a. good word for John Whittaker, an unassuming, upright, and in every way, a sterling character, a. good stamp of colonist. By industry and frugality he obtained a moderate competency; and was able to give his sons a better start in life than he himself had. Mrs Whittaker predeceased her husband a short time and he leaves four sons and four daughters to mourn the loss of their father.
Hiram Rawstorn wife and child family arrived in South Canterbury on the "Victory" in 1863. His son Harold Rawstorn 1869-1949, married twice, 2nd wife Dora Kenneth PACKMAN 1870-1928 of 28 King St., Timaru, had two known children: Cecil Harold Rawstorn b. 1898 d. 24 Nov. 1918 - buried Cannock Chase War Cemetery,, Staffordshire, England. He died at the age of 20 while on active service with the NZ Rifle Brigade. Service # 80113
Gordon Clealand Packman Rawstorn 1898-1906
Born: 2 MAR 1839 - Chestergate, England
Marr: 5 DEC 1858 - St Marks, Bredbury, Chester, England
Died: 11 MAY 1905 - Timaru, South Canterbury, NZ
Father: Joseph Rawstorn
Mother: Susanna(h) Clark(e)
Wife: Elizabeth Berresford
Born: 1840 - England
Died: 12 SEP 1906 - Timaru
Father: William Berresford
Mother: Mary Smith
1. William Rawstorn
Born: 1861 - England
Marr: 1888 - Janet Irene Petrie
Died: 16 NOV 1943 - ?
2. Maude Mary Rawstorn
Born: 1864 - Timaru
Marr: 1892 - William Charles Rapsey
Died: 7 DEC 1949 - ?
3. Hiram Edwin Rawstorn
Born: 19 Dec. 1873 - Timaru
Marr: 1888 - Elizabeth Rock (other spouses)
Died: 13 MAR 1964 - Timaru
4. Elizabeth Ellen Rawstorn
Born: 1876 - Timaru
Marr: 1897 - Alec John McDuff
Died: 1956 - ?
5. Harold Rawstorn
Born: WFT Est. 1856-1880 - Timaru
Marr: 1897 - Dora Kennett Packman
Died: 25 FEB 1949 - Christchurch
6. John Rawstorn
Born: WFT Est. 1856-1880 - Timaru
Marr: 1897 - Louisa Naumann
Died: 31 AUG 1936 - ?
Other early passenger ships to Timaru were: "Strathallan" arriving in 1859, "Echunga" arriving 16 December 1862 with 310 immigrants but only 121 landed at Timaru because accommodation had not been provided for. "Lancashire Witch" arrived 13 October 1863 with 125 immigrants. "Victory" arrived 16 October 1863 with 113 passengers. Reference: South Canterbury A Record of Settlement
The Illustrated London News June 27, 1863
"The 'Victory', 579 tons, sailed from Southampton on the 20th inst., for Timaru and Lyttelton, NZ, with 50 married couples, 31 single men, 50 single women, and 56 children, in all 237 souls- under the care of William Holman, Esq., Surgeon Superintendent. This number, with 406 persons who sailed in the 'British Crown', in May, makes a total of 643 emigrants selected from the Lancashire cotton districts, to whom the Provincial Government of Canterbury have granted free passages through the instrumentality on emigration commissioners."
Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian, Glamorgan, Monmouth, and Brecon Gazette 26 June 1863
Government Emigration - Southampton, Sunday.
The bark Victory, belonging to Mr E.A. Bowen, of London, sailed today for Timaru, Canterbury, New Zealand with 237 Government emigrants, equal to 206 statue adults. They consist of 50 married couples, 31 single men, 50 single women, 22 boys and 28 girls under the age of 12 years age, and 6 infants. The emigrants are mostly Lancashire operatives, are under the charge of Surgeon-Superintendent William Holman. The Victory is fitted with Gravely's steam apparatus for the comfort and convenience of her passengers. Before she left the usual distribution of money from Kelsall's Emigration Fund was made to the emigrants.
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