The Breakwater Celebration
The Timaru roadstead was known
as a ship's cemetery and if the area was going to flourish
the town needed a safe harbour so the citizens of South Canterbury demanded a harbour to safely load
and unload vessels. J.M. Balfour,
the Marine engineer for Otago, did the initial survey in 1865 and observed the
movement of shingle to the north. The Timaru Harbour Board formed January 1877
called for plans for a harbour. J.M.
for the Harbour Board proposed a solid mole. It was decided to build a
solid breakwater extending 900' near the foot of Strathallan St. and work
in 1878 on the first 300'. John Blackett,
marine engineer, reported on the progress in 1880. Shipwrecks with loss
of life distressed the community in 1882. By 1884 the harbour works
was a success. In 1886 F.M. Marchant was
appointed the engineer. By 1895 the harbour was fifty acres in
extent and the entire harbour works costing nearly �300,000. On the S.E. side
a concrete breakwater 30 feet wide at the top, and having a total length of 2,428
feet and was constructed between
1887 and 1890. On
the N.W. the harbour is enclosed by a rubble wall formed of large fragments of volcanic
rock. In 1898 the shipping channel started to fill up with shingle. J.P.
Maxwell was now engineer to the Harbour Board suggested
building the eastern breakwater 3000' long. Bluestone was quarried and
transported three miles by tramway to the waterfront from a quarry area later
known as Centennial Park. This eastern mole was a success and shingle still accumulates
to the south adding reclaimed land. The high water mark opposite
George Street was 1,450 feet seaward
by 1955. The third wharf was
constructed in 1908. The opening day of the Timaru No 3
Wharf was 30th
December 1910. Dredges were used to keep the channel clear of sand and shingle.
The breakwaters over the years have been realigned to make the inner
harbour larger, raised, extended, strengthen and repaired.
Evening Post, 29 August 1927, Page 11
The eastern mole of Timaru Harbour was built solely of huge junks of blue
stone, tipped from a railway staging into the sea, extending out over half a
mile in water up to thirty and forty feet deep. Many of these blocks came
down from the quarry, five miles back, in a truck to themselves; that is,
after they had been broken down sufficiently to go on a truck.
The first dredge was the 'Taniwha', an eighty ton hopper barge and
dredge to be purchased was the No. 350 in 1907. Dredges unlike other crafts
were often not named. A seagoing hopper dredge has a hull like an ocean vessel and its own
propulsion machinery, also equipped with special apparatus and machinery for
dredging material hydraulically, discharging material into built-in hoppers. The bottom material is raised by
dredge pumps through dragarms which are raised and lowered by tackle and
winches. As pumping continues the solid material settles in the hoppers while
the water passes overboard through troughs. When filled the dragarms are
raised and the dredge proceeds to the disposal site.
Dredge 350 was a seagoing hopper bucket ship of 1,000 tons which had been built at Paisley Scotland for �25,000 and brought up to a total
figure of �28,514 by extras and spares. She was commissioned in 1907 and of a total of 14 million tons of spoil dredged from the basin and the
channel more than 11 million tons had been lifted by Dredge 350. (From
A Short History of the Port of Timaru, pub 1955).
From 1923 onwards, discussions were held by the Timaru Harbour Board
regarding the cost effectiveness of Dredge 350. Timaru Herald Feb. 25 1919, page 4
Timaru Herald, 2 August 1888, Page 2
The Taniwha was busy dredging again yesterday, being swung to moorings
abreast of the steamers' berth. Owing to the bad weather last week she did
little or nothing, and now that a slant of fine weather is promised, she is
to be kept hard at it.
Dredge 350 - should it be sold - An Expensive Toy
The Marine Department said that it had an enquiry from Tasmania for a Dredge and asked if the Board had one to sell. The Chairman Mr D. C. Turnbull
said the letter raised a big question. Mr Isaac characterised the Dredge as an "expensive toy". It was costing �12,000 a year, whereas by
hiring the Lyttelton dredge they could do all the dredging necessary at the port for �6,000 a
year. He said that there was no further dredging of virgin ground required and the proposition of selling was good
business and should be thoroughly gone into. The Engineer Mr Clarke was called in and gave his opinion that it might be good business to sell
the Dredge if they could get a good price for it. The Lyttelton Dredge could do routine work at present but there might be important work in
the future which it could not do. Mr H. B. Johnston said that the improved climate might give rise to further dredging. Mr Isaac said
would not be for seven years or so and by that time they might have saved as much as would buy a new dredge. Mr T Garrick said the Dredge had been
advertised for sale all over the country and then the Board refused to sell.........
Press, 13 July
1916, Page 8
Timaru, July 12. H. Peterson, an elderly man had his right thigh shockingly
smashed this morning. He was attending a cable, when the dredge swung,
jamming Peterson between the cable and the drum. His leg was amputated close
to the trunk, and he died during the afternoon. He was a nephew of Captain
Tait, harbourmaster, and leaves a widow and six children.
September 1916, Page 5
Timaru, September 17. On Saturday night F. Duncan, watchman on the dredge,
was ran down by a shunting engine on the wharf and cut to pieces. It is not
known exactly how the tragedy happened. He was not on duty that night. He
was about 65 years of age, and for thirty years was the harbourmaster's
coxswain. He was a widower, and leaves a grown-up family.
Press, 24 November 1906, Page 8
The Timaru Harbour Board's new dredge is expected to arrive at Timaru from
Port Chalmers to-night. Regarding the dredge Timaru, for which, the Board
has now no further use, the following resolution was passed at a meeting of
the Board hold yesterday:� "That the dredge Timaru be offered for sate by
tender, tenders to be in by the next meeting of the Board, and all likely
buyers to be communicated with. If sold, delivery to be given on December
31st, in dock at Port Chalmers."
Each year Dredge 350 visited Port Chalmers for her annual refit:
Timaru Herald Monday Dec. 4 1933
DREDGE RETURNS - COMPLETE OVERHAUL MADE: To recommence this week.
"After a month spent at Port Chalmers in undergoing her annual overhaul and refit, Dredge 350 returned to Timaru yesterday. She left the port
at 7.20am on Saturday night and after a fine weather trip up the coast arrived here at 6.30am yesterday morning and was tied up at her old
berth on the northern side of No. 3 wharf. With her new paint glistening in the sun and her gear all spic and span, the Dredge was an object of
interest to visitors to the wharf yesterday afternoon. During the 6 weeks the Dredge was laid up in Timaru, extensive small repairs were
carried out and the vessel was given a good cleaning but there were several operations required which could
not be performed here and she was taken to Port Chalmers where the heavy work was done.
Extensive renewals were made in the gear of the top tumbler and gantry. The top
tumbler was the original one which was fitted when the Dredge was built in 1907 and as was the case with some of the other parts.
A great deal of the heavier gear had to be removed altogether to provide access to the parts needing attention and this made the task a fairly
heavy one. An indication of the work required is to be had from the fact that the tumbler itself weighs 20 tons. The survey just completed
was what was known as the 24 year survey and was a particularly detailed one which had to be made this year to conform with the new regulations.
The Inspector of Machinery expressed approval of the condition of the
vessel. A few minor adjustments remain to be made and it is expected that the Dredge will be recommissioned in about 4
days' time when she will begin her dredging programme". On the same trip south Dredge 350 carried out a programme of dredging
for the Oamaru Harbour Board. Amounts received for hire over several years included:
1928 �5829. 0.0
1929 �7011. 0.0
1931 �3138. 0.0
1932 �5964. 0.0
1935 �9338. 0.0
My Great Uncle Hal, H.C.B., an engineer, with his mate's certificate, worked on Dredge 350 from
c.1927 to 1941 as Captain. The only log books which have not been destroyed (Port Company) are for
the years 1923-4, 1927 and 1928. From the log books it seems that the men started work at 9am and finished at 5pm with a half hour for lunch and
they worked on Saturdays until noon. A watch was kept on the Dredge over the weekend and the men took it in turns to watch on a Sunday as well as
public holidays. The log books are very comprehensive as regards the condition of the weather, coal used and what they did every day, to the
In 1937 the question of a new dredge was again debated and the engineer
had to report on the condition of it. He recommended that the dredge be overhauled and painted.
By 1955 the Harbour Board again faced the problem of replacement after the dredge had been in continuous use for nearly 50 years and
it was finally decommissioned in the mid-1960s.
If my uncle worked on the Dredge 350 for the Timaru Harbour Board as an
engineer, I think he would have had a pretty comfortable position. There
would have only been two or three people working in the engine room. He
would have started at 7.30 am and finished at 4.30 pm. I think that there
was only about 10 men in the full crew. The Dredge also did charter work for
the Oamaru Harbour Board. Living in Dee Street he probably walked to work.
15 minutes would have been ample time. The dredge was always tied up to No.
3 wharf. They used to go out and dump the dredgings near the Seadown beach.
Today - 2002
Timaru is a central multipurpose bulk handling facility with the goal of
being the primary
export port for the South Island. September 2002 saw the The Port of Timaru company
name to PrimePort Timaru with a new logo design depicting shipping containers
grouped around a central axis. The port company plans to buy two heavy lift
forklifts, two new mobile cranes (a new Leibherr model), strengthen the wharves,
redevelop the container
handling facility on the North Mole quadrupling capacity, carry out more
sealing, install more lighting and power points, use two dredges to deepen channels
from the current 10.5 metres to 11 metres, and have deeper berth pocket all
within the year 2002.
The actual inner harbour area provides an extensive 1325m of
berthing space, though 165m of this is allocated to Fisheries and the Repair
Wharf accommodates a further 200m. There is a very large fishing/fish
processing industry located at the Port, and there are frequently a number
of fishing vessels in the harbour.
Sand from the pulverised shingle
accumulating at the harbour's entrance was carried by currents
to build up the fine sandy beach of Caroline Bay which now has a twelve
hectare landscaped park behind it and shingle accumulating
south of the breakwater has created reclaimed land, at the foot of George
well over 100 acres, used by various industries.
Timaru Herald, 12 September 1883,
A Trip for Nothing. � By the Express train from Christchurch yesterday
forenoon there arrived a gentleman well known in Insurance circles in the
City of the Plains. The object of his visit was, we are assured, to spy out
the land, or rather the water at Timaru, with a view of reporting on his
return the safely or otherwise of the ship Waimate while loading inside the
Breakwater. Our readers my judge of the surprise of the gentleman in
question at finding that the Waimate had gone, actually gone after lying
only four days and a half in Timaru, and he was chaffed most unmercifully
for not coming sooner, and sagely advised that the next time he wanted to
see a ship loading inside the Breakwater, he had better come in her, so as
to be in time to see her sail. In all fairness to our visitor we must say he
took the banter in the spirit it was given, and expressed himself as being
highly surprised as well as pleased at the despatch afforded the Waimate
Timaru Herald, 11 September 1883,
The Timaru Landing Service put 4461 sacks of grain besides a quantity o�
wool and sundries, the total being equal to fully 500 tons, on board the
ship Waimate yesterday, inside the Breakwater. This makes about 9160 sacks
of grain (total 8615 sacks of oats and 1138 sacks of wheat), besides
sundries, shipped to her in the three working days she has been in Timaru, �
a feat which the Service has every reason to be proud of. Had not rain
delayed work for four hours yesterday morning, she would have been a full
ship last night. Now requires about 800 sacks to fill her up, which she will
take in at the anchorage this morning. She was loaded down with safety to
18ft inside the Breakwater yesterday. The stevedoring was done by Mr F.
Scoringe. In the afternoon a donkey engine was sent off to her on the 6th to
assist in the work of loading. The Waimate was moored at the out buoys of
the Breakwater. Captain mosey expressed his great satisfaction. Sailed Sept.
11, Waimate, ship, 1123 tons, for London, direct.
Recalling an earlier Timaru port
The Timaru Herald | Tuesday, 13 November 2007
Timaru's Trevor Griffiths continues his occasional series about the Timaru he
grew up in. Here, he turns his memories and pen to the Port of Timaru. On the
right-hand side of the picture was No. 1 wharf with its extension and to the
left of it and left again were No. 2 and No. 3 wharves respectively and to the
left again was the Marine Parade. There were times when the port had nine or 10
ships moored with another waiting to enter the harbour. Many shipping lines came
to our port - The New Zealand Shipping Company, Shaw, Savill and Albion, The
Bibby Line and the Blue Star Line. The Union Steamship Company plied our coasts
with a number of ships. Also the Holmglen and the Holmdale who I
believe serviced the Chatham Islands. Another small visitor was the River City
trading mostly between Wanganui and Timaru. Now of course with the advent of
containers, visiting ships work in a completely different manner. The old
practice was overseas ships took on a pilot quite a way out and would be guided
into a safe and predestined mooring while the local shipping mostly came into
the harbour under their own steam.
The wharfside workers would usually work from 8am to 5pm and if
a wool or meat ship required, until 9pm. The workers would assemble outside the
Wharf Services building about 7.30am and each gang for each ship was carefully
chosen, in my time, by two men who knew the workforce very well. They were Snowy
Taylor and Doug Wallace. There was union and non union labour known as seagulls.
The above-mentioned men knew the requirements of each ship and chose their gangs
with great care. I had left my employment towards the end of 1959 where my
weekly pay was 6 a week and if you were lucky enough to be chosen for a freezer
ship loading mutton and lamb for the United Kingdom and had a full five days'
work from eight in the morning until nine at night you could take home 28 or
$56. A princely sum indeed. My three years working as a "seagull" were a real
learning curve. I am quite sure that the public in general had a totally
incorrect opinion of the "wharfies" as they were affectionately known. Their
work most times was quite difficult and strenuous. Sometimes you could pass by
and think they were lazy while sitting quietly in groups but I can assure you
that this was not their fault. When a ship was being loaded the cargo was
prearranged for different ports on the other side of the world and it had to be
loaded in a specific order. Sometimes a hold might be half full and the
following cargo was for a different overseas destination. This specific cargo
could have been loaded in freezer wagons from the Pareora Freezing Works the day
before it was required and by accident it had been linked up with a goods train
heading for Christchurch. The work force of course could not move a muscle until
that particular wagon was brought back to carry on with the predetermined
loading plan. The "wharfies" as such were a great bunch to work with and their
sense of humour saw nearly every member of the permanent group with a nick name.
There was "muleskinner", "elephant a***" and "mudguard" � because he was flash
on top and dirty underneath. Men from every walk of life could be found there
and during those frequent enforced spells it was amazing what subjects were
brought forward. One such time when waiting for cargo an argument developed as
to which directions the various wharves lay in. We were working on a New Zealand
Shipping Company ship moored to the No. 1 wharf extension and the debate got so
intense I was elected or rather pushed to go the bridge and get an official
reading. The second officer was on the bridge and he wrote the extension wharf
lay five degrees east of north. This of course meant that Nos 1, 2 and 3 wharves
were north east of Timaru. Most of the men would have bet they lay due east.
The port of Timaru for many years was home to a thriving fishing industry. There
must have been about 10 to 12 fishing launches all individually owned in the
local fleet. Generally there were two men on a boat and they would depart from
their moorings along the marine parade about 4am or 5am depending on the weather
and mostly head south-east from Timaru to the bountiful fishing grounds near
Oamaru. The day would be spent sending those big nets overboard with two otter
boards to keep the mouth of the net open. If they were fortunate they would
return with a good catch gutted and cased on the way back to port. The cases
were then hand trolleyed to the freezer unit operated by P Feron & Son to be
sent to various markets later. As a young lad I was present many times when the
boats came in and if you were lucky there would be a bucket of fish placed on
the wharf for the bystanders to take home as they wished. If you look carefully
at the photo of the harbour you can see the fisherman's wharf tucked in between
No. 3 wharf and the start of the marine parade and many times from that vantage
point you could see the boats as they turned around the eastern extension. On a
rare occasion a boat would return with the cod end of the net still in the water
and the vessel with a lean on. They had been fortunate enough to catch a very
heavy load and did not have the lifting gear on board strong enough to lift it
out of the water. I happened to be on one of the launches one day and after they
had unloaded their catch, returned to the moorings along the parade when one of
the co-owners leaned over to take the mooring rope from the marker buoy, and,
still having his thigh boots, on he somersaulted over the side into about 15
feet of water. He grabbed for a steel hawser which had an eyelet in it but also
an ugly frayed end of spliced steel threads. He surfaced quite quickly and we
pulled him back on board. His hand had been ripped badly and was bleeding
profusely. The first thing he did was take his wallet out of his hip pocket to
see if his paper money was still okay.
The marine parade in its early form was a narrow passageway. A short way along
on the northern side can be seen. Hansen's Store, which sold ice cream and
confections, and on the outer-most side a room that contained old fashioned
pinball machines where you inserted a penny or threepence and if you were lucky
enough you won a piece of chocolate or a packet of chewing gum. It was uncanny
being in the building when the tide was in and hearing the waves splashing on
the rocks underneath. Further along were the primitive bathing sheds of
corrugated iron, a wooden floor and no roof, and almost opposite was a jetty
used by the fishermen and the Harbour Board. The whole of the marine parade was
an excellent place for amateur fishermen. The extension of No. 1 wharf we knew
as the rubble wall and when it had improvements and rail lines added to it, was
known to the wharfies as Siberia for obvious reasons. I recall vividly a time
when quite young I was sitting in the sun with my old bamboo rod and line in the
water about half-way along the wall at a spot known as the pothole when suddenly
my line and rod were almost taken from me and on finally winding it in there was
a large barracuda, a mean looking specimen if ever I saw one. Another time at
the end of the wall I somehow managed to catch six medium to large crayfish. I
was about to learn a severe lesson as a 10-year-old. I put them in my sugar bag
and took them to a fish shop in the main street. I had visions of a small block
of ice cream and a bag of sweets. When the proprietor said he would give me
sixpence for them I thought he meant sixpence each. He placed the coin in my
hand and hurried me out the door.
The other photograph was taken of Timaru Main School standard three in 1938 on a
visit to the Union Company coastal freighter Waimairino. This standard
three class of 1938 very much enjoyed the visit to the Waimairino and our
teacher Hector Brown with his wife organised two separate train journeys to
Hokitika and Greymouth during the school holidays. We had a marvellous time in
both locations and were able to visit many interesting places like the Kaneiri
gold dredge, the Rewanui State Coal Mine and the Punakaiki rocks and blowholes.
I do not believe that the people of South Canterbury in general realise what a
wonderful facility we have on our doorstep. There are people I have met in the
United States, England and Europe who have never seen the sea. To be able to go
down to the beach or the harbour is a privilege.
To walk along Caroline Bay with your shoes off in the water is a
year-round pleasure. To park your car along the Marine Parade and watch the
activities of the various seabirds is a treat indeed. To walk the wharf areas is
a fascinating experience. Sometimes you may watch a shag skimming across the
surface of the harbour and you wonder how it can be so close to the water that
if a wing tip touched the water it must crash. Years ago the Timaru Rowing Club
and the Sea Scouts were active within the harbour area. Yachts and row boats
were popular too. More than once passing the Rowing Club shed I was called upon
to be a coxswain for a boat travelling out as far as the eastern extension and
back. An exhilarating experience. And best of all the smell of the fresh sea air
is a tonic for everyone. In the '30s, '40s and '50s it was comforting to hear
the sounds of the old bucket dredge No. 350 (you can see it beyond the eastern
extension in the photo) keeping the harbour at a reasonable depth for the
visiting ships. Those magical sounds which drifted across the city on the
prevailing north-easterly winds a constant reminder all is well in our beautiful
Wharfie from fifties rated job highly
The Timaru Herald | Saturday, 21 June 2008
Natasha Martin/ Timaru Herald
PORT RECOLLECTIONS: Keith Cullen started working at the port in 1954 as a
Being a watersider was a good job back in 1954 when Keith Cullen started at the
Timaru port, but it was no lark. People believed the wharfie had it easy, but
the work was often hard and dangerous. "People would joke and call you a witness
-- you're just sitting on a case." The work could be heavy, the conditions
unpleasant and there was danger from logs, trains and falling loads. In 35 years
Mr Cullen couldn't remember a fatality, but plenty of men lost limbs. Among his
workmates there was the odd bookie or hard case, but he rated them highly. As a
representative rugby player his gang would pick up his work to let him get to
practice. "They were the best bunch of blokes you could ever work with." The job
was well paid, with variety in what you did and no ships meant a break from work
on basic pay. Mr Cullen started as a seagull, a casual labourer who waited each
day and hoped to be picked from the flock.After six months he was allowed to
join the watersiders union. At this time there were around 280 watersiders and
up to 200 seagulls on the wharf. There were often several export ships in port
as well as coastal traders. Everything was shifted by hand and 120 men could be
in a hold. A working day often ran from 8am to 5pm and then from 6pm to 9pm.
There could be days of being in a hold stacking sacks or carcasses. "You'd do
that all day no sweat... it was carry, carry, carry all the time. "After a
couple of days you'd finish that coaster and be down in a freezer or you go back
on a winch. I tell you it was a good job." Wearing an oxygen suit in a hot,
dusty hold to load bulk peas or lucerne pellets was a tough job as was working
in minus 40C unloading Russian trawlers. Mr Cullen said the Timaru union acted
responsibly; he could not remember any outrageous demands or strikes. "But we
might have threatened it a few times." Conditions in Timaru were negotiated
directly with the port company. Rain didn't automatically mean work stopped and
smoko was on a rolling basis as four of the crew of 12 took a break. In terms of
pay a wharfie was probably on par with a tradesman. Mr Cullen started on a
retainer of 6 a week and once he had worked 40 hours the overtime went on top.
In 1958 he earned 1040 which was considered very good money. And two years later
he and his wife Margaret could put a deposit on a house in Coonoor Road which
cost them 3444. He said the pay was good, but not excessive. If there were no
ships it was common for wharfies to look for other work. Like most of his
workmates he biked home for lunch and tea and returned if there was a night
shift. In the 70s lucerne pellets, logging and meat meant plenty of overtime and
good pay, but by the mid 80s greater mechanisation and the arrival of containers
marked the end of an era. And in 1989, like many wharfies at this time, Mr
Cullen accepted voluntary redundancy.
"Gladstone Star", Blue Star Line, at Timaru.
Timaru Herald, 30 March 1882, Page 2
There is at present in harbor a little craft of considerable interest to Timaruvians, we refer to the ketch Lucy James. This little vessel of 28
tons, was an early, if not the earliest trader to this port, having been brought
over from Melbourne 25 years ago by a gentleman who is yet resident among us.
She is said to be almost as sound as ever, being built of hardwood, and if she
were capable of emotion, she would undoubtedly express unbounded surprise at the
city which has arisen over the ashes of the fires of the last generation of
Hassall, Charles E. A Short History of the Port of Timaru
1852-1955. Timaru Harbour Board, 1955 212pp. Plates b/w photos., maps. D/J.
History of people, boats, events in the history of South Canterbury.
The Port of Timaru A Bird's Eye View of South Canterbury's Busy Harbour
Timaru Harbour Board.
Port of Timaru - New Zealand Timaru 1985 1st Ed.
12pp with 12 colour photos. Inside front cover: Aerial photograph. Pictorial
soft cover. 27.5 x 21cm
Timaru Harbour Board, 1924 - Tide table
for year and other information. Published Timaru 1923. 16pp, plus 4 b/w
plates (2 of them folded) and 1 folded plan with soundings. Soft cover,
Timaru Harbour Board, 1930 - Tide table
for year and other information. Published Timaru. 1929. 16pp, plus 1
large folded plate (Timaru Harbour - 22nd Feb. 1928) and 1 folded plan with
soundings. Soft cover, illustrated front. 21.8 x 14.2.
BOOK REPRINT AFTER 50 YEARS.
20 April 2001 Timaru Herald
Almost half a century after a book dedicated to the Port of Timaru was first
printed, a reprint is under way. Christchurch publisher Robin Mitchell of
Cadsonbury Publications is preparing to reprint The Port of Timaru
1852-1955, compiled by Charles E Hassall, and originally published by the
Timaru Harbour Board in 1955. The company specialises in small print runs
(50 to 80 books) of historical books. Many of the books will end up in
public libraries around the country, Mr Mitchell said. The suggestion to
reprint the book came from the South Canterbury Historical Society as
members were keen to obtain copies. Those interested in marine history were
also the likely purchasers of the book. In spite of the probable interest he
doesn't expect the reprint will instantly run out. Usually such books sell a
handful a year, and at 76 years of age he isn't planning a second reprint.
The reprint, expected to be available in about six months, will differ from
the original in that it will include a biography of the author. What
surprised Mr Mitchell was the lack of information about Mr Hassall. A visit
to the South Canterbury Museum and discussions with members of the local
historical society proved fruitless. A death notice and obituary in The
Timaru Herald proved more useful, providing the information that he had been
president of the South Canterbury Historical Society when it had moved into
the present museum. Cadsonbury Publications has also republished a number of
other books with a South Canterbury flavour, including Johannes Andersen's
Jubilee History of South Canterbury and books by Herries Beattie on Maori
place names in Canterbury, and Beattie's Mackenzie of the Mackenzie Country.
NZ Historic Places May 1994 #47 page 8. Building a
Gillespie, Oliver A. South Canterbury A Record of Settlement; The South
Canterbury Centennial History Committee 1958. Chapter 8. Landing Place and
Contemplated Harbour Works at Milford
Otago Witness March 29 1879 page 12.
416 ships called in to Timaru for the 2002-2003 financial year
1858 Belfield Woollcombe - appointed 1858 beach
master. Lieutenant in the Royal Navy
1865 Captain William Cockerill Beswick - appointed 1865, an old ship
master, came to NZ on the "John Taylor" in 1853
1866 Alexander Mills - 1866-1882. Lost his life.
1883 Captain Charles A. Bascand
Google images Port of Timaru
KARETAI at Timaru
Our Earliest Aerial Photograph
22 July 2006 Timaru Herald
While most of the photographs featured in the Bird's Eye View exhibition at the
South Canterbury Museum are from the 1940s and 50s, there is one smaller image
on display that is dated as being taken in 1925. In fact, it may have been taken
at an earlier date than this. The image shows the downtown part of Timaru,
including the railway station. Clearly visible are two steam trains, along with
a number of buildings in the vicinity that are no longer standing, as well as a
few old landmarks still familiar to us today. The photograph was taken by
Havelock Williams, an enthusiastic photographer who had been based in Timaru for
some years. His journals, recently edited and published by his daughter Diana
Rhodes of Auckland, record his delight with the arrival of three ex-Air Force
DH9 biplane aeroplanes at the South Canterbury Aerial Transport Company premises
at Washdyke in 1921. Havelock was friends with Maurice Buckley, a pilot who flew
the photographer over Timaru. Dina Rhodes has located other images taken at the
same time, which indicate that these flights occurred in 1921 rather than 1925.
An image in her book, sourced from Canterbury Museum, reveals that two planes
must have flown together, as one of the aircraft is shown above Timaru with a
photographer at work in the cockpit.
"A Bird's Eye View", included 12, 1m x 1.5m images of
Timaru commissioned by the council in the 1940s and 1950s
Another photo shows a train shunting rocks down Quarry Road on its way to the
breakwater, which was a rare sight by the 1950s. Also featured are more recent
aerial images by Timaru Herald photographer John Bisset. The cameras used to
take the photographs were specially designed for surveillance during the war and
Mr Bisset said the scope of the images could not be replicated today.
Progress, Volume II, Issue 9, 1 July 1907, Page 334 - 336
TIMARU : The Breakwater City. & A Wonderful
Success. & Photographs for the illustrations of
this article, from the studios of Messrs A Hardy
and W. Ferrer. TIMARU HARBOUR BOARD Back Row
(from left to right)� C E. Wightman (clerk),
Captain _. N Clarkson (harbour master), C N.
Orbell, W. Hayman, R. Thew, C. H. Besley. Middle
Row � Press Reporter, J. B. Barnes (resident
engineer), J. Chisholm, F. J Rolleston, F. H.
Smith (junior). Front Row � W. J. Bardsley
(secretary), R. Skinner, J. Fraser, J. Craigie
(chairman), C. Bowker, J. Manchester, T. D.
21 Dec. 1973: Three hundred new Datsun 140J cars are offloaded at
the Port of Timaru. They are part of a shipment after the Government relaxed the
rules on importing new cars. Each of the 300 cars were already sold to South
9 March 1978: Kenton Trawling's vessel Leander
lands a record 930 cases of fish at the Port of Timaru. The catch was obtained
in only nine tows 50km south-east of Timaru.
30 May 1983: Five Soviet ships are in the Port of
Timaru. Three are fishing trawlers, one a fish carrier, and the other a meat
9 May 1989: The live sheep trade to the Middle
East through the Port of Timaru resumed after being temporarily suspended, with
the loading of 65,000 sheep.
The Timaru Harbour Board ceased to exist and in
1989 was the first year of the Port of Timaru company.
Timaru, Oct 5 - The $9 million Challenge fuel
terminal was officially opened at the Port of Timaru today. The company met its
aim of being operational on October 1, with the first tanker leaving the site
with an hour to spare at 11pm. The company aimed to sell 50 percent of the
terminal to local investors, 25 percent to South Island dealers and retain 25
13 January 2000 : Loading about 14,000
tonnes of woodchips on the 40,215 gross registered tonne Crimson Mercury began
at the Port of Timaru yesterday ahead of its scheduled departure for Kushiro,
Japan, tomorrow. The 200-metre long vessel was one of the biggest cargo ships
the port had handled to date. The woodchip pile on the wharf stood at about
20,000 tonnes, and whatever was left after the Crimson Mercury departed would be
trucked to Port Chalmers and exported from there.
1 February 2000 : The heavy-lift ship Fret Savoie will have a bit more heavy
lift than normal when it delivers the Port of Timaru's new $5 million crane
later this week. The vessel is due to arrive in port on Friday, it would have
three Austrian-made Liebherr cranes on board - one for Timaru, one for the Port
of Nelson and one for Patricks in Sydney. The port company bought the new crane
after it secured a huge dairy company contract to export product from the
Clandeboye dairy factory and container services returned to the port as a
result. Two of the three lines have already started at the port. The third,
Maersk, is due to kick off services on February 18 when the 178-metre Maersk
Wellington is scheduled to make the line's first visit. Meanwhile, the port's
channel dredging programme is set to finish next week. The programme, which has
run in December and January, had restored the harbour channel to a depth of 10
metres after a big storm in July.
10 February 2000 : The Port of Timaru's new $4.8m
mobile crane is taking shape on the waterfront, and should be assembled within
10 days. The new Austrian-made crane - a later model of an existing crane at the
port - was needed to handle a significant increase in container traffic. The
crane is fitted with castor wheels, allowing the crane to move in any direction.
As well, the boom is fitted with a camera to allow the operator to see over
loads. The Port of Timaru was beginning to service more international container
lines. Since many modern container ships did not have cranes, they must be
serviced from shore. He said container line Maersk Sealand would operate through
Timaru from the end of the month. The crane is a significant investment for the
port, which is handling an increasing amount of dairy product from Clandeboye.
The crane can also be used for bulk and break-bulk cargo.
8 April 2000: Timaruvians lined every vantage
point as HM Bark Endeavour rode a southerly swell into the calm of Timaru
The replica ship sailed slowly into the harbour yesterday afternoon after
sitting offshore for several hours, and thrilled a large crowd with two bursts
of cannon fire. A small flotilla of support craft - yachts, motorboats, and
fishing vessels - rode lumpy seas to see the Endeavour weigh anchor and begin
her stately ride to harbour, and three small planes flew over several times in
welcome. Timaru's tug Te Maru - Maori for place of shelter - and pilot
vessel Ohau guided the Endeavour in for her eight-day stay in Timaru, the
longest stay in the South Island. Also watching the $20m Endeavour move
gracefully into harbour were guests of Central South Island Tourism, who are in
South Canterbury on a familiarisation tour. Port of Timaru has waived berthage
charges for HM Endeavour.
15 April 2000: Timaru turned out last night to
officially welcome new shipping service Maersk Sealand to the Port of Timaru.
A new fortnightly service by Maersk Sealand from the Port of Timaru began in
February with a call by the Maersk Wellington, the result of an initial contact
by the port company in November 1996. Port company chairman Alastair Betts said
the company had focused on improving its infrastructure, and had been fortunate
to attract Maersk. When the Maersk Wellington arrived in February for the first
time, the port was able to provide two mobile cranes to work the ship, and
together with the shipboard cranes, handled more than 30 containers an hour. The
second mobile harbour crane is an Austrian-made Leibherr crane, worth $5
5 Dec. 2000: Members of the Waterfront Workers
Union stage a peaceful protest at Port of Timaru against the use of casual and
11 August 2001: The New Zealand Customs
Service is making some changes to the way it provides services in South
Canterbury by closing its Timaru office. The Timaru office had been open to the
public for four hours a day but from August 22 would be closed permanently.
25 May 2002: Multi-million dollar development is
continuing at the Port of Timaru with Polarcold Stores Ltd announcing yesterday
it has started construction of a 8500-tonne capacity cool store. It is being
built on the former Desmond Unwin site on Hayes Street and is expected to cost
more than $7 million. The latest development follows hard on the heels of the
1.6 hectare dry goods store built at the port by Port Dairy Stores Timaru Ltd at
a cost of $5 million, a large cool store being built by McCains Foods, and $8
million worth of upgrade work on the port itself. With the new buildings,
Polarcold will be able to store more than 30,000 tonnes of diary products across
a varied range of temperatures.
11 June 2003 : The departure of the ship Tasman
Sea from the Port of Timaru today marks an auspicious occasion in the movement
of logs. It is the first time since 1975 a ship has left Canterbury full of logs
from the province. The Tasman Sea left Lyttelton on Sunday with a record 20,000
tonnes of logs and has added a further 6000 tonnes at PrimePort Timaru. The
Tasman Sea shipment is being exported by Forestry Management Ltd, which is based
in both Christchurch and Timaru. The logs are bound for pulp and sawmilling
customers in Korea and China.
9 September 2004: The Rangatira makes a
stunning picture leaving the Port of Timaru on its voyage to the Chathams
yesterday. The ship has been servicing the Chathams for over four years and
carries general freight including groceries, hardware and animals.
6 November 2004: An unusual ship, the ice
breaker, Nathaniel B Palmer, is to make a brief call at the Port of Timaru,
tomorrow, to take on fuel. The vessel has returned from the deep south as it
needed to restore its fuel reserves before returning to carry out further ice
work and servicing of Antarctic stations. Commissioned in 1992 the Nathaniel B
Palmer was built in response to the United States national policy which calls
for maintaining an active presence in Antarctica through scientific research.
The vessel is able to break through ice up to one metre thick allowing research
to be done in previously inaccessible regions. The state-of-the-art,
oceanographic research vessel is capable of supporting marine biology, physical
and chemical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics, ice physics,
meteorology and other research. She carries a crew of 26 and 37 scientists. The
vessel was essentially a floating scientific research station that worked in the
southern ocean all year long.
24 February 2005 The departure of 4500 live
pedigree sheep for Mexico today is believed to be the largest shipment of its
kind in the world. Christchurch genetics exporter Arthur Blakely has taken 18
months to prepare the vessel-load of 4300 stud breeding ewes and 200 rams
leaving from the Port of Timaru. The sheep were sourced from 138 properties from
Invercargill to Whangarei. The shipment departs from the Port of Timaru for
Mexico today in what could be the start of a substantial earner for the region's
sheep breeders. Christchurch genetics exporter Arthur Blakely has taken 18
months to prepare the load of 4300 stud breeding ewes and 200 rams. About 700 of
the sheep have been sourced from South Canterbury farms. The remainder of the
sheep were sourced from more than 100 properties from Invercargill to just north
of Whangarei. The breeds on the shipment are suffolks, poll dorsets, hampshires
and texels. About 700 dairy heifers are also on the shipment, but that is being
organised by another company.
15 March 2005
The HMNZS Canterbury left Timaru's shores for the final time yesterday amid
scenes of sadness and reflection. A charter parade, which marked the farewell
visit for the vessel, was held outside the Landing Services building. After the
official ceremony the frigate's crew marched up Stafford Street. A number of
people lined the parade route, with many breaking into spontaneous applause as
the navy personnel marched past. Those gathered were given a special treat when
the sailors launched a volley of shots into the air with their guns. The HMNZS
Canterbury had been berthed at the Port of Timaru since Friday. Yesterday
afternoon the 113-metre frigate departed for Akaroa and Lyttelton before heading
to Auckland where it will be decommissioned at the Devonport Naval Baseat the
end of the month. No decision has been made as to what will happen with the hulk
of the frigate once it has been decommissioned. The crew will be reassigned to a
range of new vessels. Yesterday's charter parade was a celebration of the
frigate's 33-year history. HMNZS Canterbury commander Peter Kempster said he was
proud of the ship's achievements even though it had never engaged in battle.
26 January 2006 End of an era: Slowly the SGS terminal at the Port of Timaru
north mole is dismantled to make way for more container storage on the wharf.
Timaru Metal Recyclers pulled out wires from the old building. Twenty-one silos
will eventually be pulled down. SGS has relocated to the south- west side of the
Port using the silos adjacent to Primeport's offices and its offices are now in
the old port administration building on the corner of Hayes and Ritchie streets.
30 August 2007 HMNZS Te Mana, the second of the
Navy's Anzac class frigates, will arrive in Timaru today. The ship's commanding
officer Wilson Trumper, formerly of Temuka, said he was proud to be bringing the
ship to his home port of Timaru. Commander Trumper and his crew of 163 men and
women have invited the public to visit the ship on Saturday from 10am to 2pm.
5 July 2007: New Zealand's newest military
acquisition, the HMNZS Canterbury, was welcomed to South Canterbury yesterday.
The multi-role vessel is the first of the navy's seven new ships being built for
the force under the $500 million Project Protector. The 131m, 9000-tonne vessel
was a sight to behold as it slid effortlessly across the water while the New
Zealand Navy Band performed a medley of songs from the wharf. It is powered by
two diesel engines and two electric motors, giving 19 knots at full speed, and
has an operational range of 8000 nautical miles. Two landing craft are also on
board and are unloaded by powerful cranes. HMNZS Canterbury will be used to
patrol New Zealand's exclusive economic zone, the Southern Ocean and South
Pacific as well as delivering humanitarian and disaster relief aid and
supporting peacekeeping missions. The vessel shares its name with the navy's
last Leander class frigate, decommissioned on March 31, 2005. Affiliated to the
Canterbury region, the ship's home ports will be Lyttelton and Timaru.
In 2007, container capacity was reduced by 60 per
cent when two direct weekly services from Timaru using ships with capacity of
around 2500 containers were replaced by a single service with a capacity of 1000
20 March 2008 : Container lines Maersk and
Hamburg Sud have announced they will combine their container services currently
operating through Timaru on to the USA and Europe. They will be replaced with a
smaller service once a week feeding into Port Chalmers. Two direct weekly
services from Timaru using ships with capacity around 2500 containers would be
replaced by a single service with capacity of 1000 containers." The effects of
the decision would be wide-reaching, he said, but was unwilling to discuss the
fate of the 100 full- time and casual staff at the port or the new port's tug
presently being built in China. South Canterbury was the "food basket" of New
Zealand, she said, and needed capacity to ship the goods. Maersk Line group vice
president Jorgen Harling said the change of the Oceania Service was caused by
increasing fuel costs.
Timaru Herald 31 August 2009
PrimePort Timaru lost the Fonterra contract. It was a major blow to the port of
Timaru with dairy products making up about half the port's containerised cargo
and ended a 50-year relationship between the local dairy industry and the port.
The local cheese companies built the co-op coolstores at the port in 1959.
Fonterra is to ship product from its Clandeboye cheese factory by rail to
Lyttelton. . The port's company has a long container history, beginning Ro-ro
roll on, roll off vessels in the 1970s. Timaru was the first port in New Zealand
to install a mobile crane to handle containers. The port's container cargo and
while it is a significant trade, it's not the only cargo going across the
wharves. A container can go on a multi-purpose, or a container ship, on a ro-ro
ship. Bulk cargo is more likely to remain loyal or captive to its port of origin
Timaru Herald 11/07/2012
PrimePort is set to lose a third of its revenue following the announcement
global container lines Maersk and Hamburg Sud will withdraw their Timaru
service. The service will now operate direct to Napier from Otago, the change
taking effect in mid-September, slicing $6 million from the port company's
annual revenue. Timaru District Council's commercial arm, Timaru District
Holdings, has a 71.4 per cent shareholding in PrimePort. The Rail and Maritime
Transport Union says the move is expected to mean the loss of more than 50 jobs.
PrimePort chief executive Jeremy Boys said 90 per cent of PrimePort's operations
staff are involved in container handling and expected more than 50 jobs to be
lost. PrimePort employs 55 permanent and 30 casual staff. "This is the only
container service into Timaru and although the Port is at the epicentre of the
South Island's trade with perhaps the most direct logistics, it is difficult to
see that the container business can continue or be put into a holding scenario
without ships calling." After September, the containers would be offloaded at
Port Chalmers in Dunedin and sent to Timaru by rail.
Timaru Herald, 9 June 1882, Page 2
Accident to Mr Goodall. We regret to hear that Mr Goodall, Harbor Works
Engineer, met with a nasty accident on Saturday last. He was attending a meet of
the hounds, when his horse shying at something cannoned against another one, and
the shock unseated Mr Goodall, who fell heavily, the result being one or two
broken ribs. This accident is the more unfortunate since Mr Goodall's duties as
Engineer require special attention just now.
Timaru Herald, 10 January 1882, Page 2
Theatre Royal. There was crowded house at the Theatre Royal last evening to
greet Lyons' Tourist Party, on their second appearance in Timaru. The hit of the
evening was made by Miss Horton, when she gave the following impromptu verses :
Our Breakwater is very near completed,
Of its success there's not the slightest fear,
We soon will have a safe and handy harbor
If Captain Sutter does not choke the Engineer.
They quarrel over nothing every meeting,
And fight about the gravel and the Bills,
But their fuss about the harbor and the Cashmere,
Was blighted by our old friend Captain Mills.
Miss Horton had to repeat these verses twice before the audience
would allow her to finally retire.
The breakwater, Timaru, photographed by William Ferrier ca 1910-1913-
Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 25 August
1868, Page 3
Tsunami Earthquake wave at sea
The Comerang, from Timaru, arrived in harbour yesterday morning. The following
is the captain's report At Timaru, on the morning of the 15th instant, about
five o'clock, the men at the old Government landing service, whilst in the act
of preparing to launch a cargo-boat, in order to come off to the Comerang,
were washed up on the beach by a sudden rise of the sea about six feet which in
the course of five minutes fell to a lower level than has ever been witnessed at
Timaru. The sea rose and fell on the beach rapidly for the space of four hours
with a strong current, changing with the rise and fall of tide. In the offing,
the Comerang narrowly escaped parting from her anchors through a succession of
whirlpools, causing the vessel to turn round very frequently. There were no
signs of any eruption during the passage. Yesterday afternoon the tide had not
returned to its ordinary state, and there was still a strong current in the
Timaru Herald, 21 April 1898, Page 3 A NOVEL OFFER.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMARU HERALD. Sir, I am H. Kaahu, of Temuka (Maori),
sixty years of age; and I have had great experience of the Timaru port. The said
breakwater was wrongly established at first. I want one hundred and fifty pounds
per year for my plan, already made. I am, etc., H. Kaahu. Temuka, 17, IV., 1898.
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