Pages 225 - 230
History of Butler County: The Rebellion
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- Joseph L BUDD, promoted to major July 9, 1863. Lewis F
DAUGHERTY, promoted from first lieutenant August 9, 1863; killed in action
at Peachtree Creek, Georgia, July 20, 1864.
- James H BONE, promoted from second lieutenant August 9,
1863; promoted to captain March 30, 1864, and assigned to Company D. James
SABIN, promoted from sergeant to first sergeant July 1, 1862; second lieutenant, August 9,
1863; first lieutenant, March 30, 1864.
- Selby WILEY, promoted from ranks September 21, 1863; died
from wounds received in action at Pine Ridge, Georgia, June 16, 1864.
George W KEEVER, killed at battle of Chickamauga, September 20, 1863.
- Thomas STARRY, promoted from corporal September 3, 1863. Albert
S MERCER, promoted from the ranks July 1, 1862. Samuel A SPURGEON.
Archelus D STRICKLER, from corporal, August 20, 1862. John LINBER,
discharged August 9, 1862, for disability. Oliver H PARSHALL, promoted to
captain, and transferred to Company F, September, 1861. Perry GREGG,
promoted to first lieutenant, and transferred to the Mississippi marine
- John W BOGAR, October 1, 1862. James L MCLAIN, January 1, 1862.
Thomas GILLESPIE, July 1, 1862. Albert S BOOTH, July 1, 1862. Ira LACKEY,
August 30, 1862. John B SHAY, May 1, 1863. Thomas G STRICKLER, killed at
battle of Chickamauga. John D SMITH, discharged April 1, 1862. John ADAMS,
promoted to sergeant-major. Lemuel R STUMP, assigned to Company K.
- Thomas STONE, resigned June 6, 1862. Ransford SMITH, from first
lieutenant June 6, 1862; resigned February 28, 1863. Jonathan HENNINGER,
first lieutenant February 24, 1863; captain May 12, 1863.
- Samuel L HOUSER, corporal, October 16, 1861. sergeant,
October 16, 1862; second lieutenant, February 24, 1863; first lieutenant,
May 12, 1863.
- William H EACOTT, resigned January 30, 1863; Robert B
DAVIDSON, promoted from corporal to sergeant October 2, 1861; first
sergeant, February 24, 1863; second lieutenant, May 12, 1863; first
lieutenant, Company I, April 1, 1864.
- Alonzo FISK, May 12, 1863, wounded at Chickamauga.
- George W KIMBLE, from corporal, February 24, 1863. George W
LEITCH, commissary sergeant, August 20, 1861. Robert C NICHOLAS, assigned
to Company K; promoted to lieutenant September 2, 1861. Robert J
LIVINGSTON, corporal, October 2, 1861; promoted February 24, 1863; assigned
to Company K. James D RATCLIFF, corporal, November 12, 1861; sergeant,
March 12, 1863; assigned to Company K.
- John WEST, January 20, 1862. David W. BRADY, reduced to ranks
from sergeant; made corporal February 28, 1863; wounded at Chickamauga.
Enos WILSON, September 24, 1862; wounded at Chickamauga. George BAUR, May
12, 1863. Jacob W. HOUSER, July 16, 1863. William G MASS, February 28,
1864. Solomon W. SMITH, died in hospital at Nashville, Tennessee, November
14, 1863. Abraham S. BELL, discharged for disability September 16, 1861.
James W. COPPAGE, discharged for disability April 5, 1863, at Nashville,
Tennessee. George N. LEWIS, transferred to invalid corps March 15, 1864;
wounded at Chickamauga. Alonzo RUNYAN, transferred to invalid corps April
30, 1864; wounded at Chickamauga.
Mustered into service August 20, 1861 and entered Kentucky September 26,
1861. This company entered the field 102 strong- commissioned and
non-commissioned officers and privates- and received four recruits during
term of service. The losses were 16 discharged for disabilities; 2 discharged
to accept promotions; 13 died of diseases; 2 died of wounds received
in action; 6 killed in action. Sixty-seven commissioned and
non-commissioned officers and privates were mustered out at expiration of
service at Chattanooga, Tennessee, 1864. It was at the battles of Mill
Spring, Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Perryville, Chapel Hill, Hooverís Gap,
Tullahoma, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Buzzardís Roost, Tunnel Hill, Resaca,
Pine Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, and Siege of Atlanta.
- John S. EARHART, detached as topographical engineer on General
Steadmanís staff; died at Dechart, Tennessee, August, 1863. John VAN
DERVEER, never with the company; detailed as quartermaster of regiment. Fred
W. KEIL, first lieutenant; promoted to be captain June, 1864.
- Benj. F. MILLER, second lieutenant; promoted to be first
lieutenant February, 1864.
- Leonard ALLEN, first sergeant, discharged. Jos. S. CLAYPOOL,
sergeant; promoted to be second lieutenant. Jas. F. HAINS, sergeant;
promoted to be first lieutenant and adjutant of regiment. Jas. A. HUGININ,
sergeant, discharged. Saml. M. HIPPARD, sergeant; promoted to first
sergeant. Mark B. PRICE, color sergeant.
- Wm. BEACHLER. Jno. VAN DINE, discharged for disability. W. C.
STOKES, promoted to sergeant; killed at Missionary Ridge. John M. DAVIS,
promoted to sergeant. Francis BARNETT, discharged for disability. Jno.
HALLER, promoted to sergeant. Jos. ZELLER, discharged to enter regimental
band. Benj. F. KEIL, promoted to sergeant; killed at Chickamauga.
- Lucius B. POTTER, promoted to sergeant-major.
Frank A. LIGHTER, regimental postmaster Jno. M. BRADSTREET, commissary
Discharged for Disabilities
- Alfred H. BURR, October 28, 1861, Cynthiana,
Ky. Isaac H. DAVIS, May 3, 1862, Nashville, Tenn. Alex P. RICHARDSON, May
18, 1862, near Corinth, Miss. Jno. S. DAVIS, July 24, 1862, Tuscumbia,
Tenn. Benj, F. ARNOLD, July 24, 1862; Tuscumbia, Tenn. Fred. D. MCKASSON,
October 1, 1862, Camp Dennison. Hezekiah CARL, October 6, 1862, Louisville,
Ky. Jno. W. ENBODY, October 6, 1862, Camp Dennison. Benj. F. FOX, October
11, 1862, Camp Dennison. Hayward WOODHURST, February 18, 1863, Camp
Dennison. Jno. R. EMONS, February 20, 1863, Camp Dennison. W.B. MILLIKER,
March 9, 1863, Triune, Tenn. Leonard ALLEN, March 11, 1863, St Louis, Mo.
Chas. E. BICKMORE. Daniel COOPER, for wounds received at Chickamauga.
Died of Disease while in Service
.- Jonah DICKEY- November 19, 1861, Paris,
Ky. James DICKEY, March 10, 1862, Somerset, Ky. Isaac R. HENRY, March 16,
16, 1862, Nashville, Tenn. Jos. ROBINSON, April 14, 1862, Indian Creek
Hospital, Tenn. Geo. HINE, April 23, 1862, Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. Saml.
PARKER, May 17, 1862, Seven-Mile, Ohio. Jas. A. HUGININ, February 13, 1863,
Winchester, Ohio. Jno. HALLER, November 23, 1863, Nashville, Tenn. Jesse
G. MATTHEWS, January 12, 1864, Louisville, Ky. John WOLVERTON, January,
1864, Jacksonburg, Ohio. Squire H. VANATTA, 1864, on his way home from
rebel prison. John S. EARHART, captain, August, 1863, Decherd, Tenn.
Killed in Action
.- Benj. A. REED, Chickamauga. Henry C. RAY, Chickamauga.
B. F. KEIL, Chickamauga. Wm. C. STOKES, Missionary Ridge. Simon KUMLER,
Missionary Ridge. Peter KAPP, Missionary Ridge.Company A
Died of Wounds received in Action
.- Jos. H. VANNATTA, in field hospital,
Chickamauga. Cassius C. BROWN, Nashville, Tenn., wounded at Chickamauga.
- Nathaniel REEDER, dismissed the service by general court-martial,
August 24, 1863, for absence without leave; afterwards reinstated. James H.
BONE, first lieutenant Company A, July 19, 1863; adjutant, September 24,
1863; captain, March 19, 1864, and assigned to Company D, April 12, 1864.
.- William C. DINE, resigned February, 1863. Julian H.
FITCH, September 4, 1863. J. ADAMS, second lieutenant, October 16, 1862;
first lieutenant, March 19, 1864. J.F. SAUNDERS, second lieutenant, November
19. 1862; first lieutenant, March 19, 1864.
.- Albert S. MORGAN, discharged for disability, March 28, 1862.
Tipton W. CLARY, discharged for disability, December, 1863. Clark S.
THOMPSON, discharged , September 23, 1864, on expiration term of service.
John S. SHEDD, died March 14, 1864, at Hamilton. Joseph W. MYERS, promoted
to first sergeant. Hiram SHEDD, April 1, 1863.
.- William WALTERS, deserted. David S. PEGAN, seriously wounded
at Chickamauga. Hezekiah CAMPBELL, discharged for disability, March 28,
1862. William B. LONG. Charley S. WILSON. John SPENCER, seriously wounded
at Chickamauga, September 20, 1863. Samuel RUSSELL.
.- Corporal D. S. PEGAN, at Ringgold, May 7, 1864. C WILSON.
.- William H. C. STEELE, mustered as captain of Company E, May 16,
1864; in command Company G, from May 16, 1864. David M. GANS, died at
Eaton, Ohio, November 25, 1863.
.- Edward COTTINGHAM, captured at Chickamauga, September
.- Levi P. THOMPSON, wounded September 19, 1863, and taken
prisoner; paroled October 4th.
.- William B. MIKESELL.
.- Moses THOMPSON. Benjamin F. KEMP. William S. WARE. John W.
DUNKINS, died of wounds received at Chickamauga, October 10, 1863.
.- Andrew I. STAKBAKE, wounded at Mission Ridge. Philip BLADNER.
Charles C. GAVIN. William WILSON, captured September 17, 1863. John W.
COTTINGH, killed at Chickamauga. William H. BOWLES, died of wounds received
at Chickamauga, October 24, 1863. Charles H. THOMPSON, died at Chattanooga,
September 27, 1863, of wounds received at battle of Chattanooga. Joseph
.- Oliver H. PARSHALL, promoted from first sergeant of Company A,
September 5, 1861; killed at Chickamauga.
.- Joseph C. THOMAS, resigned November 3, 1862. Thomas M.
HARLAN, January 1, 1863; killed at Chickamauga.
.- Joseph H. TAYLOR, January 1, 1863.
.- James JACKSON, June 19, 1863, wounded at Chickamauga. James H.
FROST. Joseph HARRIS, wounded at Chickamauga. Morris GRATZ, reduced;
wounded at Chickamauga. Samuel M. DENNY, February 3, 1862; discharged
November 9, 1862. John D. VINSON.
.- Thomas W. ROSE, wounded and taken prisoner at Chickamauga.
Benjamin F. BOATMAN, died October 30, 1863, from wounds received at
Chickamauga. Sock HARLAN. William HAMILTON, promoted to sergeant November
1, 1862. John D. CORNELIUS. Jesse K. RANDALL, died in hospital, December 3, 1861. Henry RICHSTER, deserted from hospital. John W. KEMP. Wesley RANDALL. Franklin DRAKE. Andrew J. GRIFFIN.
.- Samuel LíHOMMEDIEU. William H. C. STEELE, promoted to captain
May 16, 1864, and assigned to Company E.
.- Levi P. THOMPSON, promoted from second lieutenant,
Company E, June 8, 1864.
.- George T. EARHART, resigned October 17, 1862, by
reason of disability. John ADAMS, promoted from sergeant-major, September
.- John H. HUBER, November 30, 1863. James CLONEY, January 20,
.- Lester SHAW, September 25, 1861, wounded at Chickamauga.
Calvin LEVINGOOD, October, 1861; taken prisoner at Chickamauga. Thomas
CONKLIN, June 9, 1864.
.- Peter A. BYERS, corporal, killed at Chickamauga, September 20,
1863. William NEWSOCK, corporal, killed at Mission Ridge, November 25,
.- Ephraim A. DAY, sergeant, at Chattanooga, September 26, 1861.
William O. PAINE, corporal, at Louisville, Ky., January 5, 1864. James M.
WYRICK, sergeant, at Nashville, Tenn., November 30, 1863.
.- Nelson THOMPSON, corporal, for disability, March 19, 1862.
Lorenzo BROWN, transferred. George W. GOVER, transferred to Veteran Reserve
.- Michael S. GUNCKEL, resigned on account of disability, October
24, 1862; afterwards paymaster. Samuel MARTINDALE, October 24, 1863;
dismissed by general court-martial, August 21, 1863. Theodore D. MATHER,
first lieutenant, October 24, 1864; captain, March 19, 1864.
.- David W SCHAEFFER, second lieutenant, October 24, 1862;
first lieutenant, March 19, 1864.
.- John GILLER, October 24, 1862.
.- William B. CAMPBELL, killed at Chickamauga. Charles HAMILTON,
reduced to ranks; killed by a shell at Bridgeport, Ala., September 30, 1863.
John A. LADD, February 9, 1863. Edward S. WEAKLEY, July 1, 1862. Richard
MILLER, October 12, 1862. Andrew BALL, November 1, 1863.
.- Charles T. SHIPMAN, reduced November 4, 1861; deserted,
November 1, 1862. William BRITTON, transferred to invalid corps. William
EARHART, reduced June 1, 1862; deserted June 10, 1862. Barney COVENS,
reduced December 1, 1862. David HUBER. Martin MILLER. Abia Z. HOFFMAN.
John G. SCHMELTZER. James GUNCKEL. Andrew J. HETZLER.
.- Henry MALLORY, resigned February 17, 1862. Andrew J. LEWIS,
promoted from first lieutenant to captain February 17, 1862; resigned
January 2, 1864, on account of disability; wounded at Chickamauga. Phil.
ROTHENBUSH, promoted from first sergeant to first lieutenant February 17,
1862; captain, March 30, 1864; wounded at Chickamauga.
.- Robert B. DAVIDSON, promoted from first sergeant Company
B to second lieutenant Company B, May 12, 1863; first lieutenant, March 30,
1864, assigned to Company I.
- William ANDREW, resigned March 23, 1863.
.- W.H.H. KIMBLE, reduced to ranks November 4, 1862; died
February 20, 1864, at Hamilton, Ohio.
Isaac L. FISHER, November 6, 1862; transferred to invalid corps, August 25,
1863. William K. VAN HORN, August 25, 1863; wounded November 25, 1863, at
Mission Ridge, Tennessee.
.- John A. WHITAKER, reduced to ranks August 9, 1862; transferred
to invalid corps, December 1, 1863. George JENKINS, reduced to ranks
November 6, 1862; deserted November 6, 1862, at Bowling Green, Ky. John S.
GIFFEN, August 9, 1862; died November 6, 1862, at Hamilton, Ohio. John M.
FENTON, May 25, 1863, taken prisoner at Chickamauga, September 20th, dying
in prison. Aaron MOORE, May 25, 1863. Louis D. HERMAN, May 25, 1863.
Daniel CASTATOR, May 25, 1863. George BOURRELL, November 6, 1862.
.-William ELARSON, transferred to invalid corps November 1, 1863.
Moses J. WETZEL. John HULL, died at Nashville, Tenn., March 20, 1862. John
P. BROOKS, wounded , captured at Chickamauga. Robert BLAIR. John SEITS.
John MILLER. Charles BITNER. Jeremiah BOATMAN.
.- Captain A. J. LEWIS, at Chickamauga. First Lieutenant Phil.
ROTHENBUSH, at Chickamauga. First Sergeant John M. FENTON, captured at
Chickamauga. John KAPP, at Chickamauga. Archey MCLEOD, captured at
Chickamauga. Alexander STERRET, at Chickamauga. Richard HERMAN, at
Chickamauga. William MCLAUGHLIN, at Chickamauga. Michael D. GARVER, at
Kenesaw Mountain. John P. BROOKS, corporal, taken prisoner at Chickamauga,
September 19, 1863. John BROOKS, private, taken prisoner at Chickamauga,
September 19, 1863. Daniel CASTATOR, at Chickamauga, September 19, 1863.
Charles DAUGHERTY, at Chickamauga, September 19, 1863. Robert DINE, taken
prisoner at Chickamauga, September 20, 1863. Emanuel GRATZ, died at
Stevenson, Ala., October 19, 1863, of wounds received at Chickamauga. Frank
W. HILLMAN, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., October 11, 1863, of wounds received
at Chickamauga, September 20, 1863. Thompson LEGGET, killed at Chickamauga,
September 20, 1863. John MILLER, taken prisoner at Chickamauga. David
RICHARDSON, taken prisoner at Chickamauga; died at Belle Island. Abraham
MARTINDALE, taken prisoner at Chickamauga; died at Belle Island.
.- John HULL, March 20, 1862, at Nashville, Tenn. James K. P.
GARVER, July 15, 1862, at Hamilton, Ohio. Isaac SHELLHOUSE, January 30,
1863, at Gallatin, Tenn. Jackson HARLMACK, February 8, 1862, at Somerset,
Ky. Sanford P. STITZELL, June 30, 1863, at Gallatin, Tenn. James H.
STRODE, January 2, 1863, at Hamilton, Ohio. W.H.H. KIMBLE, February 20,
1864, at Hamilton, Ohio.
.- Thomas H. PRICE, November 4, 1862; sentenced by court-martial to
be shot to death; the President mitigated his sentence to imprisonment
during the war at Dry Tortugas, Florida. Willison CUMONS, September 20,
1862; sentenced by court-martial to be confined at Jefferson, Ind.,
penitentiary during the war. Patrick DOIL, Cynthiana, Ky., September 29,
1861. George W. JENKINS, Bowling Green, Ky., November 6, 1862. Wm.
LEWELLEN, Bowling Green, KY., November 4, 1862. Solomon MANDELBAUM, Bowling
Green, Ky., November 6, 1862. Wakefield MARTINDILL, Bowling Green, Ky.,
November 6, 1862. Charles SCHEID, Bowling Green, Ky., November 6, 1862.
Jacob HOUSER, absent without leave, April 20, 1862.
.- Joel K. DEARDOFF, died October 8, 1863, of wounds received at
.- Lewis LAMBRIGHT, wounded at the storming of Mission
.- David STILES, brigade quartermaster after July 3, 1862.
.- Richard H. FORD, wounded and paroled at the battle of
.- Thomas C. PEARSON, wounded at Chickamauga; died in hospital of
small-pox at Nashville, December 11, 1863. James M. DENNY. Jacob LEIBES,
reduced to ranks May 28, 1862, at his own request; discharged for disability
June 18, 1862. James BLAIR, taken prisoner at Somerset, Ky., December 8,
1861; returned to duty February 22, 1862. Miles M. HALE, January 10, 1862;
deserted August 31, 1863. Harvey ELLIOTT, May 24, 1862; killed at
Chickamauga. Henry B. STELLER, May 28, 1862.
.- George W. GILLMORE, killed at Chickamauga. Charles R. HOWARD,
discharged for disability May 18, 1862. William C. MULLINIX, died in
hospital at Corinth, June 22, 1862.
During the Summer of 1861 a number of other organizations were begun, but
no other regiment than the Thirty-fifth went out from this county that
season. Captain Peter Murphy organized a company of some sixty rank and
file for State service in Liberty Township. They were all provided with
uniforms and performed their tactical operations with skill and accuracy.
On the 16th of May the Butler Pioneers reached ninety men, who had enlisted
for three years. They left on the seventeenth for Columbus, going to Camp
Jackson. There proved to be a misunderstanding about the orders to move,
and they returned to Camp Hamilton at midnight. On the 1st of June, Second
Lieutenant F.M. LEFLAR was the recipient of a sword, given him by his
friends in Hamilton. The presentation speech was made by Robert CHRISTY.
Mr. LEFLAR responded briefly as follows:
Sir, this valuable present indicates a feeling of respect and affection
for me of which I feel altogether unworthy. It creates within me a feeling
of pleasure and gratitude which I am unable properly to express. Be assured
that it will inspire me with renewed courage. In the defense of our country
I shall endeavor to use this sword in a manner that will be no disgrace to
its liberal and patriotic donors.
June 9th the Butler Pioneers went to Camp Jackson, Columbus. Previously
they were entertained by M.C. RYAN and Dr. MCELWEE.
Mr E.G. DYER forwarded one hundred dollars to the Jackson Guards, stationed
at Washington, to be divided among the men, which was done.
Company F, Second Regiment, were quartered on the 24th of June at Grafton,
Virginia. On the way they were treated with great kindness. At one village
the people turned out in crowds, and bountifully supplied the soldiers with
bread and butter, cakes, pies, and other delicacies. On their way they met
a company form Oxford. In West Virginia
they had their first experience in a march of any length. They found the
accouterments were heavy. It was pretty hard work to carry a knapsack as
full as it would hold, and forty rounds of ammunition, with a belt for
bayonet and caps, a haversack with two days' rations, a plate, knife, fork,
cup, and spoon, and gun weighing ten pounds; this formed a good load for a
A company called Anderson Grays was organized and uniformed in Hamilton as a
reserve company of Ohio Volunteers. It was under the command of Captain
Stone, of the First Ward, and exhibited remarkable proficiency. On the 8th
of August, 1861, the Butler Pioneers, or Company A, Twenty-sixth Ohio, were
at Summersville, West Virginia. They had seen some service. The company
had volunteered to break up a nest of rebels, some twenty miles from the
regimental camp. They were gone three days, returning successfully and
bringing back with them two prisoners of WISE's army, one a lieutenant.
General GARRISON was getting up a battalion of infantry. His camp was
established on the grounds of William BECKETT, south of the depot. The
first company was nearly full. As fast as the companies were filled up they
were to be sent to Camp Fremont, at St. Louis.
September 12th C. H. MURRAY had over fifty recruits for Captain WHITE's
Cavalry Company, Second Regiment Ohio Cavalry. Wilkeson BEATTY and J. A.
ZELLER had begun recruiting a company for the Fiftieth Regiment. Robert
CULLEN had received authority to raise a company for the Fiftieth. A. J.
LEWIS had also received the same authority.
Captain MARGEDANT, of the Engineering Corps, won the most favorable mention
from the press for his enthusiasm, personal exposure, and admirable services
in reconnoitering, at constant personal risk, the enemy's lines. Forty men
were in the Ninth Regiment which left under Captain MARGEDANT, and about
twenty-five men, under Lieutenant William H. MILLER, attached to the
Twelfth. It also contributed about forty men to the regular army.
Companies were in process of formation, on the 19th of September, as
Infantry.--Captain BEATTY, Captain HUBER, Captain A. J. LEWIS, Captain C. D.
SMITH, Captain CULLEN.
Cavalry.--Captain WHITE, Captain William MOORE.
Charles MURRAY's company went to Camp Dick Corwine on the 26th of September
with nearly a full company of cavalry. This was the fourteenth company from
A national fast was observed on the 26th of September, 1861.
The company of cavalry which left Hamilton for Camp Corwine held an election
on the 28th of September for officers, with the following result: Clement
MURPHY, Captain; C. H. MURRAY, First Lieutenant; and Alexander C. ROSSMAN,
From Hamilton several families sent more than one member to the army. Among
them were four sons of James WHITTAKER; three sons of Mrs. CASTATOR; W. H.
H. KIMBEL and two sons; J. HOUSER and two sons; L. W. MORRIS and two sons.
Henry S. EARHART had two sons in the army.
Colonel L. D. CAMPBELL was appointed colonel of the Sixty-ninth Regiment,
and a recruiting office was opened at Miami Hall.
Recruits were taken in Hamilton for the Martin Guards of the Fifty-eighth
Regiment. N. C. McLEAN, Colonel; William H. MARTIN, of the Hamilton and
Dayton Railroad, Lieutenant Colonel; and Robert REILY, of Cincinnati, Major.
W. T. TIBBITTS was the authorized recruiting agent.
The recruiting for the Sixty-ninth progressed rapidly.
Louis Ferree BERRY, son of Philip and Rachel S. BERRY, died at Camp Gauley,
West Virginia, of congestive fever. He was in the three months' service,
and afterwards enlisted for the three years' service. He served in a number
of skirmishes and displayed a gallantry and coolness wonderful in one so
young. He was probably the youngest of the victims from this county in the
civil war, lacking, at the time of his death, one month of sixteen years of
Captain MURPHY's company of cavalry visited Hamilton on the 6th of November,
and were handsomely entertained by the Sixty-ninth.
Robert CULLEN, captain, was engaged in Hamilton in recruiting men for
MEAGHER's ZOUAVES, Fiftieth Regiment, to be composed exclusively of
John FITCH, a member of Company D, Thirty-ninth Regiment, died in the
hospital at Camp Foster, near Macon, Missouri, on the 29th of November,
1861, aged twenty-four. He was from Butler County. He was buried with
honors. Colonel GROESBECK led the regiment to the graveyard, three volleys
were fired over his grave, and the chaplain, Rev. B. W. CHIDLAW, made an
eloquent address and offered up a fervent prayer.
Eleven hundred and forty-one men were enlisted in Butler County under the
calls of the first year.
The civil war had many opponents in this county, and the first year had not
passed without vigorous protests from them. The first burst of enthusiasm
had silenced every voice, but in the course of two or three months objectors
could again be heard in every part of the county. The Democratic party was
divided into two camps, but the peace faction obtained the preponderating
influence in the convention, which was duly held on the 2d of August, and
they used their power. M. N. MAGINNIS was the leading spirit. He
introduced a set of resolutions denouncing the war and reaffirming the
principles of the resolutions of 1798, of the most ultra kind. They were
warmly received, and were passed. But the sober sense of the party asserted
itself afterwards, and the convention reassembled on the 21st, at which the
previous resolutions were disavowed, and a more moderate series were passed.
Many of those who had not been present previously were on hand, and the
yeomanry were also in attendance, and it is safe to say that the latter
meeting more thoroughly reflected the feelings of the Democracy than the
former one did. There were then two newspapers published in Hamilton which
were nominally Democratic, but they really differing as far as the poles.
In the one controlled by Dr. McELWEE the most undisguised denunciations of
the war, its leaders and the abolitionists, were to be found. To be a
friend of the Union, as it was likely to be reconstructed, was bad enough;
but to have a sympathy for a man with a colored skin was enough to cause a
citizen's name to be written down among the most infamous of the human race.
The Union Party, as the Republicans entitled themselves for the campaign,
appealed to every patriotic sentiment of the country, and canvassed each
township with great spirit, and came very near carrying the election. Two
of the ticket were elected, the rest being defeated.
The Sixty-ninth Regiment was not wholly from this county. Besides Butler,
it counts upon its lists the names of Darke, Montgomery, Preble, Harrison,
and Fairfield. The first call for recruits was as follows:
TO ARMS! TO ARMS!
"If any man hauls down the American flag, shoot him on the spot." John A.