The governor of Ohio has authorized the undersigned to recruit the Sixty-ninth Regiment of Infantry for service for three years or the war, and has established the rendezvous at Hamilton. It is important that this duty should be promptly executed, and I therefore invoke the active aid of all patriotic people. The vile traitors who have sacriligiously defied the Constitution of our country, trampled the stars and stripes in the dust, and attempted to dissever the Union purchased by the blood of our fathers, are now rapidly approaching the borders of our State in battle array. These infamous miscreants bring in their train desolation and woe, and we can no longer hope for peace to our country or safety to our homes and firesides except by flying speedily to arms. Already our sister State, Kentucky, whose gallant sons came to our relief when we were weak, and watered the soil of Ohio with their best blood in the war of 1812, supplicates us for aid. Let us not prove ungrateful to them in this their hour of peril, or forget our high duties to ourselves and to posterity. Let the alarm cry be sounded and -
To Arms! To Arms!!
Recruiting officers have been appointed by the adjutant-general, and volunteers will be paid and subsisted from the date of enlistment.
The fair-grounds and buildings of the Agricultural Society will be immediately occupied as an encampment, where companies, squads, or single volunteers will be received and provided for.
LEWIS D. CAMPBELL, Hamilton, O., October 5, 1861.
The people responded enthusiastically. Recruiting went on all the latter part of 1861, and on the 19th of February the regiment, which had been organized in camp near Hamilton, took the railroad for Camp Chase. It was under the command of Colonel Lewis D. CAMPBELL, long and favorably known as the congressman from this district. On the 19th of February the Sixty-ninth was sent to Nashville, Tennessee, arriving there on the 22d. It went into camp on the grounds of Major Lewis, and was reviewed by Andrew JOHNSON, the warm personal friend of the colonel, then the military governor of Tennessee, and afterwards the Vice-president and President of the United States. On the 1st of May it went to Franklin, where it acted as the guard for forty miles of the Tennessee and Alabama Railroad. The rebel women of Franklin were especially bitter, and on one occasion evinced their venom against the national dead buried in the cemetery by dancing on their graves. Colonel CAMPBELL issued an order commenting in severe terms upon this indignity, and warning the people of Franklin against a repetition of such dastardly insults.
The regiment returned to Nashville on the 8th of June, going from that place by rail to Murfreesboro, and joining an expedition across the Cumberland Mountains. It returned to Murfreesboro at its close, having given a good illustration of its powers of marching. The troops suffered severely, and the rations proved to be in very short supply.
On the 20th of June it again entered Nashville, where it remained, doing provost duty until the last of July, Colonel CAMPBELL acting as provost marshall. General MORGAN, the rebel cavalry officer, made a descent upon Gallatin while the Sixty-ninth was in Nashville, and that regiment, with the Eleventh Michigan, went out to meet them, which they did with success, driving the enemy away, but losing one man, Isaas REPP, of Dayton. This was the first loss of the Sixty-ninth in battle.
Colonel CAMPBELL resigned on the 9th of August, and was succeeded by Lieutenant-colonel William B. CASSILLY. When BRAGG's army attempted a flank movement towards Louisville, the Sixty-ninth and other regiments were left in Nashville as a garrison for the city, a duty that proved very arduous, as there were not enough men to do it properly. Skirmishes were constantly taking place, and the men were becoming inured to military duty.
December 26th the regiment moved, with the army under General ROSECRANS, towards Murfreesboro. On the first day of the battle of Stone River the regiment was engaged with the enemy, taking position in the advance liine of General Georgh H. THOMAS's corps. It became involved in the disaster on the right, and was compelled to fight its enemy back to the Nashville Turnpike, suffering severely both in killed and wounded. On Friday, January 2d, the Sixty-ninth took part in the brilliant and desperate charge across Stone River against BRECKINRIDGE's rebel corps, in which the enemy were driven back with heavy loss. In this charge it captured a part of the famous Washington Battery, from New Orleans, the flag being taken by Seargeant Frederick WILSON, of Company E. The fight lasted until after dark, and proved to be the end of the battle, as on the morning the rebel army was not to be seen. Many were killed and wounded.
Colonel ELLIOTT wrote, shortly after the battle of Murfreesboro, as follows:
"We have passed through a terrible struggle, lasting five days. Most of that time it was raining hard and we were without tents and blankets, and had but little to eat. But the Sixty-ninth passed through all this without a murmur, and with few exceptions both officers and men behaved with great gallantry and bravery. I did not see an officer who had not done his whole duty, and I doubt if a braver set of men can be found in this army. Our loss, though not large, we feel deeply. The wounded are as well cared for as circumstances will admit of, and we hope soon to be able to provide for all their wants. But, amid the confusion, death, and carnage, it is hard to do any thing. It is but fair to add that the enemy treated all of our men who were wounded and taken prisoners most kindly. Some of the Sixty-ninth I found in private houses and tenderly waited on. Below find a list of killed and wounded:
"Captain COUNCELLOR, Company H, whilst bravely leading his company; at the same time and place, Seargeant MCGILLAN, Company B; Corporal ALLBRIGHT, Company E; Corporal J.C. BROWN, Company G; Private H. AIKENS, Company D; December 31, Benj. STEWARD, Company A.
"Colonel CASSILLY, arm; Major HICKCOX, horse shot and fell on him; Captain W. PATTON, Company G, in back and foot; Adjutant BOYNTON, leg; Captain DEVOR, Company D, neck, slightly; Lieutenant HICKS, Company A, arm; Lieutenant TUCKER, Company B., shoulder.
"Company A. - First Sergeant J.S. SCOTT, shoulder (missing); Corporal D. S. TETRICK, leg (prisoner); Private Lewis HULSE, leg; W. COULSON, ankle; J. BRAGG, leg; J. SIMPSON, arm (prisoner); R. MARCHANT, leg; W. MCLELLAN (prisoner); Geo. BALLARD (missing).
"Company B. - W. PORTER, cheek (prisoner); J. BULGER, hand; D. STEBBINS, ankle.
"Company C. - Captain Geo. B. HUBBARD, hand; W. LONGFELLOW, side; P. BIRCH, cheek, slight; J. R. MCGILL, shoulder, slight; V. HELLFERICK, shoulder, slight.
"Company D. - Sergeant Tipton KING, hand; C. C. WILSON, thigh; Henry STOLTE, thigh; Henry ZUMI, hand; Abram HAWKINS, shoulder.
"Company E. - Sergeant Thomas PERRY, hand; James REA, side; Geo. A. DAVIS, arm (prisoner); Isiah VENABLE, knee; Nathan JONES, face and shoulder.
"Company F. - Sergeant George SHEDD, shoulder; Corporal Jesse M. HOVENS, leg; John J. SIMMONDS, foot.
"Company G. - Corporal F. BUCK, arm; Corporal George PRITZ, leg (prisoner); Jacob HOLLER, neck; Joseph HOWELL, hand; Frank CASTOR, head; Joel WAGONER, shoulder.
"Company H. - Sergeant G. W. ESTRIDGE, thigh; Corporal Jacob BROBECK, abdomen; G. WEIDERLICH, back; C. PETERSON, thigh.
"Company I. - Sergeant J. C. CLARK, hand, slight; Corporal J. M. WILLIAMS, heel (leg amputated); Corporal R. MCKELORS, heel; J. MCALISTER, hand (prisoner); J. KILDON, heel; R. WELLS, shoulder, slightly.
"Company K. - Corporal G. M. JONES, back; Ch. GRAHAM, thigh; D. GAVERN, slightly; N. JOHNSON, slightly.
"The above is a full list of our killed and wounded. Colonel CASSILY, Major HICKCOX, and Adjutant BOYNTON, were wounded seriously in the commencement of the fight, on Wednesday, the 31st, while we were attempting to get position. The adjutant was taken prisoner. I found him and Captain PATTON in private houses, well cared for."
Lieutenant LARZALERE communicates an account of the conduct of Company F in the battle of Murfreesboro:
"The fight commenced early on Wednesday morning. Company F was ordered into the woods as a reserve to support the skirmishers, who were hotly engaged, sometimes our boys driving the enemy to their rifle-pits. Company F behaved most gallantly, while the tops of trees were falling and bombs bursting, grape and canister plowing through the woods, and the roar of the musketry was dreadful. Such a sight we never witnessed before, but with all this the boys behaved splendily and every man was at his post. It was then that Sergeant George SHEDD was wounded with a cannon ball. He stood directly in front of the company, the ball striking a stump close by me and glancing, striking Sergeant SHEDD on the shoulder. I supposed he was killed at the time, being carried off the field. I am proud to say he was not, for he is a brave boy and woudl never turn his back to the enemy. A number of the company distinguished themselves on that day. I had four men wounded and four missing. Sergeant SHEDD, Pat MURPHY, James HAVENS, and John SIMMONS were wounded. S. P. MILLER, Geo. SEARGRIST, Simon WATERS, and Oscar BRUIN were missing. I have entertained the idea that the missing were taken prisoners. I will give a short account of Friday's fight. In the charge across Stone River Company F were in the hottest. They fought with desperation. They were in advance, or at least the whole regiment was in advance. The enemy was on the one side of the river, and we on the other, but our boys were determined to cross the river, which they did. Now the fight became terrible. Every time the boys pulled trigger down came a rebel, till they could not stand the storm any longer, so off they went, throwing away guns, knapsacks, and accouterments, our boys pressing, capturing, and killing them by hundreds. The field was strewn with the dead and dying of the enemy, but still our boys pursued them nearly a mile, capturing one battery - the Washington Battery - said to be the best one in the service. I did not lose a man. Company F behaved most gallantly in this dreadful fight and deserved a great deal of credit for it, and they are ready and anxious for another fight. They are all well and in good condition. We are encamped one mile south of Murfreesboro at the present time."
The Tullahoma campaign was begun on the 24th of June, 1863. The regiment moved with the Fourteenth Corps, meeting no trouble until in the passage through Hoover's Gap, the enemy was engaged in a brisk fight. The enemy also made a stand at Elk River, but was quickly driven forward. A little further on they went into camp, it being impossible to make further progress in that deep mud and the impassable roads of that region. This was at Cowan's Station, and the army then remained until the 8th of September. It was detailed at that time as a guard to an ammunition train of four hundred and fifty wagons, going to Bridgeport, on the Tennessee River. It then marched to Chattanooga.
Joseph W. BOYNTON, the adjutant, died on the 5th of June, of wounds received at the battle of Stone River. The funeral services were performed by Rev. Mr. MCMILLAN, at the Presbyterian Church, at 2 P.M., Sunday. The procession from the church to Greenwood Cemetery was under the superintendence of Colonel CAMPBELL, and consisted of an escort from the One Hundred and Fifteenth Ohio and a large number of carriages. Lieutenant BOYNTON was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. The officers of the regiment held a meeting in the camp near Murfreesboro, June 9th, for the purpose of giving expression to their sentiments; declared that the meeting was unanimous in their feeling of regret at the loss of so young and promising an officer, and that the news of his death came with a twofold force, from the fact of his friends in Tennessee having hitherto been buoyed up by the almost certain prospect of his ultimate recovery. The service at large, and that regiment in particular, it was believed, had, in the death of Lieutenant BOYNTON, met with a severe loss, a companion of genial and happy temperament, and an officer whose peculiar military talents were invaluable. The meeting deeply sympathized with the bereaved relatives of Lieutenant BOYNTON, who had thus offered up his life to his country; another victim added to the hecatombs sacrificed on the altars of rebellion.
Preparatory to the battle of Chickamauga the Sixty-ninth Ohio, with the reserve corps under General Gordon GRANGER, marched from Rossville to Chickamauga Creek. At this point, in obedience to an order from Colonel Dan. MCCOOK, commanding the brigade, the regiment advanced under Colonel BRIGHAM and burned Reed's Bridge, thus preventing the enemy from coming in on the rear of the national army. The regiment then fell back to Rossville, and immediately therafter took charge of the division trains. For this reason it did not participate in the battle of Chickamauga. It afterwards aided in covering the retreat of the Fourteenth Corps towards Chattanooga.
The regiment participated in the battle of Mission Ridge, and was among the first to reach the top of the mountain. In this charge it was commanded by Major J. J. HANNA, who was highly complinmented for his bravery and efficiency. In ascending the ridge Lieutenant J. S. SCOTT; Color Sergeant Jacob WETZELL; Color Corporals D. W. LEACH and John W. MEREDITH; Corporal E. J. MANCHE; privates KLUGER, ELSOM, VAN KIRK, SEWERS, and HEFLING were killed, and a large number wounded, many of whom subsequently died. March 16, 1864, the regiment, after having re-enlisted as veterans, started for Ohio on a furlough of thirty days. At the end of their furlough the men reported promptly at Camp Dennison, and on the 22d of April again started for the field.
After reaching Nashville they marched to Buzzard's Roost, arriving there on the the 11th of May. On May 14th the regiment, with the army, moved through Snake Creek Gap to a point near Resaca, where the enemy was met and engaged. At this place Color Sergeant John A. COMPTON and four others were killed, and twenty-six men wounded. At Pumpkin Vine Creek and at Dallas the enemy was again engaged. In these affairs the regiment lost five killed and nineteen wounded. Kenesaw Mountain was reached on the evening of June 14th. During this siege two men were killed. At Marietta, July 4th, another engagement was had with the enemy, in which the regiment lost one man killed and seven wounded. The next stand was at the crossing of the Chattahoochie River, in which the regiment escaped without loss. On the 21st one man was killed and ten wounded. July 22d brought the regiment and the army before Atlanta. During the siege nine men were wounded, two of whom subsequently died.
On September 1st the Sixty-ninth took part in the fight at Jonesboro, and lost Lieutenant Jacob S. PIERSON, Martin V. BAILEY, color-sergeant Allen L. JOBES, of Company D, and five men killed and thirty-six wounded, some of whom died in a few hours after the fight. The battle caused the evacuation of Atlanta, and the national forces occupied that city. The regiment participated in the subsequent chase after Hood through the upper part of Georgia and into Alabama. It then returned to Atlanta, and joined Sherman's march to the sea, losing during its progress one man by disease and four captured. Arriving in Savannah, it took position in the front line.
In the campaign through the Carolinas the regiment was engaged with the enemy near Goldsboro, North Carolina, March 19, 1865, and lost two killed and eight wounded. This was the last affair in which it participated. Then came the march through Richmond, the review at Washington, the transfer to Louisville, and lastly, the final muster out of the service on the 17th of July, 1865.
The following is a list of the officers and non-commissioned officers of the regiment, together with the killed and wounded:
Colonels. - Lewis D. CAMPBELL, resigned August 9, 1862. William B. CASSILLY, August 9, 1862; dismissed December 3, 1862. Marshall F. MOORE, appointed colonel from lieutenant-colonel Seventeenth Ohio, February 23, 1863; resigned November 7, 1864. Joseph H. BRIGHAM, July 10, 1865.
Lieutenant-colonels. - Charles L. GANO, major, October 30, 1861; lieutenant-colonel, August 9, 1862; resigned October 24, 1862, on account of disability. George F. ELLIOTT, captain Company C, January 20, 1862; major, August 9, 1862; lieutenant-colonel, October 24, 1862; resigned February 5, 1863, Lewis E. HICKS, July 10, 1865.
Majors. - Eli J. HICKCOX, captain Company D, January 20, 1862; major, October 26, 1862; resigned May 24, 1863, on account of disability. James J. HANNA, private Company K, June 23, 1862; captain, March 23, 1863; major, June 9, 1863; mustered out march 23, 1865, Lewis E. HICKS, private, September 12, 1861; first sergeant, October 12, 1861; second lieutenant, March 12, 1863; captain, June 13, 1863; major, June 8, 1865. Alex. LEMON, July 14, 1865.
Surgeons. - Lewis SLUSSER, mustered out, April 10, 1865. Robert A. STEPHENSON, May 20, 1865.
Assistant Surgeons. - Moses H. HAGINS, resigned September 10, 1862. Milton A. FROST, resigned April 25, 1863, on account of disability. Levi B. NORTHROP, June 26, 1865.
Adjutants. - Richard H. CUNNINGHAM, March 5, 1863; relieved August 9, 1863; reappointed December 19, 1863. Joseph W. BOYNTON, first lieutenant, October 2, 1861, wounded in battle of Stone River, dying in June. William S. MEAD, August 9, 1863; relieved and assigned to Company D December 19, 1863. Thomas B. HOFFMAN, private Company I, January 25, 1862; second lieutenant, March 4, 1862; first lieutenant Company A July 18, 1864; adjutant, December 31, 1864.
Quartermasters. - Frederick B. LANDIS, captain, mustered out December 31, 1864. Levi E. Chenoweth, private Company E; commissary sergeant, February 26, 1864; first lieutenant, February 2, 1865; captain Company I June 16, 1865.
Chaplains. - William G. BROWNLOW, mustered out from date of appointment for absence without leave. William H. RODGERS.
The following persons also appear on the rolls without designated companies:
Captains. - Alex. MAHOOD, January 20, 1863; resigned November 5, 1864; William H. MEAD, August 11, 1864, dismissed Janary 7, 1865; Timothy HUBBARD, January 18, 1865; Jacob J. RANCK, January 2, 1863; mustered out second lieutenant. Patrick H. LUDDITT, resigned September 18, 1862.
Captains. - Joseph H BRIGHAM, December 11, 1861; lieutenant-colonel, February 23, 1863. Lewis E. HICKS, June 13, 1863; major, June 8, 1865. Jacob LEAS, commissary sergeant, February 26, 1864; first lieutenant, February 22, 1864; captain, June 16, 1865
First Lieutenenats. - Richard H. CUNNINGHAM, adjutant, September 19, 1863; mustered out December 31, 1864. Thomas B. HOFFMAN, adjutant, December 31, 1864.
Second Lieutenants. - Frank SWEENY, October 17, 1861; first lieutenant of Company K, November 20, 1862. John S. SCOTT, killed in action at Mission Ridge. William N. BENEDICT, promoted to first lieutenant of Company C, February 2, 1865.
First Sergeant. - Thomas ADAMS, wounded at Catawba River, February 28, 1865.
Sergeants. - Andrew J. NIXON, wounded near Atlanta, July 21, 1864. Allen D. BAYSORE, Lewis C. MAHAN, John W. SIMPSON.
Corporals. - Millon V. VOORHEES, wounded. William H. BRATT, Samuel RHOADS, George C. BALLARD, wounded at Jonesboro, Georgia, September 1, 1864. Robert CLENDENIN, Andrew J. BENNETT.
Died. - Benjamon F. BELCH, corporal, died of wounds, January 11, 1864; Samuel NIXON, corporal, wounded at Jonesboro, dying September 11, 1864; William BISHOP, wounds received May 29th at Pumpkin Vine Creek; William COULSON, wounds received at Peachtree Creek, July 21, 1864; Philip KENNARD, disease, June 23, 1864; Thomas J. THOMPSON, disease, Milledgeville, December 25, 1864.
Captains. - Charles N. GIBBS, second lieutenant, October 7th; captain, December 9th; resigned August 13, 1862. Marmaduke WELPLEY, first lieutenant, December 9, 1861; captain, November 1, 1862; resigned April 16, 1863. Alexander LEMON, second lieutenant, September 9, 1861; first lieutenant, November 1, 1862; captain, June 13, 1863.
First Lieutenants. - Joseph E. TUCKER, June 13, 1863; resigned November 11, 1863. Samuel P. MURRAY, sergeant, October 15, 1861; second lieutenant, June 13, 1863; first lieutenant, August 23, 1864; transferred to Company F June 16, 1865. Thomas B. WHITE, corporal, January 7, 1862; first sergeant, March 1, 1865; fgirst lieutenant, June 16, 1865.
Second Lieutenant. - Alex. LEMON, promoted to first lieutenant.
Sergeants. - James Wright, corporal, February 19, 1864; sergeant, November 8, 1864; first sergeant, June 16, 1865. John L. KEELY, March 1, 1865; Moses M. LOGAN, March 1, 1865; George W. MENCLE, June 16, 1865; David AUSTIN, June 16, 1865.
Corporals - James CRAMEIME, March 1, 1865. Solomon B. DILL, June 16, 1865. Theodorus V. HOWE, June 16, 1865; Robert ROBERSON, June 16, 1865; John FABER, June 16, 1865; Michael DEMPSEY, March 5, 1864; George PENNEY, March 12, 1864; George PENNEY, march 12, 1864; Charles P. MORSE, March 1, 1855 (1865?).
Died. - Walter SCULL, corporal, February 19, 1864. George F. HOWARD, killed at battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19, 1865. Frederick OCKERHAUSER, killed at battle of Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864. Alfred WILSTE, killed in action at Kenesaw Mountain, June 16, 1864. Conrad ALT, at Chattanooga, Tenn., July 7, 1864, of wounds received at Resaca. John H. COOMBS, in general field hospital, near Atlanta, Ga., August 11, 1864, of wounds received at Atlanta. William CAMERON, at Andersonville prison, July 6, 1864. Jacob LOPLAND, at sea, March 18, 1865. Jefferson RALL, at Chattanooga, August 20, 1864, in hospital.
Deserted. - William JONES, April 18, 1864. John Smith, April 18, 1864.
Captain. - William N. BENEDICT, first sergeant, February 22, 1864; second lieutenant, August 24, 1864; first lieutenant, February 22, 1865.
First Lieutenants. - Jacob S. PIERSON, second lieutenant, May 3, 1863; first lieutenant, June 13, 1863; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864. Danforth B. THOMPSON, first sergeant, March 6, 1865, first lieutenant, June 16, 1865, George B. HUBBARD, October 9, 1861; promoted to captain. Thurston C. CHALLEN.
Second Lieutenants. - William C. BARNETT, June 13, 1863. Ross J. HAZELTINE, December 9, 1861; promoted to first lieutenant. Abram P. COX, August 9, 1862; appointed captain, Mississippi Marine Brigade.
Sergeants. - Pembroke BIRCH, corporal, February 6, 1865; sergeant, June 16, 1865; first sergeant, June 7, 1865. William B. BOWMAN, March 19, 1864. James R. MCGILL, corporal, February 22, 1864; sergeant, June 1, 1864. Casper MAILE, corporal, February 22, 1864; sergeant, February 6, 1865. Wilbur E. LOTT, corporal, March 22, 1864; sergeant-major, May 11, 1865.
Corporals. - Jerome JORDAN, February 22, 1864, wounded. James W. HOMMER, February 22, 1864. Stiles C. IRELAND, February 6, 1865. Daniel LONGFELLOW, February 6, 1865. George W. CRITES; David W. MOOREHOUSE, May 1, 1865. Steward FULK, May 1, 1865.
Died. - John A. COMPTON, sergeant, killed in action at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864. Wilson S. MERCER, sergeant, killed in action at Pumpkin Vine Creek, Ga., May 31, 1864. Thomas W. BRODERICK, sergeant, died July 19, 1864, of wounds received at Pumpkin Vine Creek, May 31, 1864. John W. COHEN, killed at Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864. Henry C. CAMPBELL, killed at Jonesboro, Ga. Thomas B. VAN HORNE, killed at Bentonville, N. C. March 19, 1865. David ROSS, died at Nashville, Tenn., of wounds received at Pumpkin Vine Creek, May 31, 1864.
Captains. - Eli I. HICKCOX, second lieutenant, October 5, 1861; captain, December 15, 1861; major, October 24, 1862. James DEVOR, first lieutenant, December 15, 1861; captain, May 1, 1863; resigned, May 15, 1863. William LARZALERE, second lieutenant, Company F, December 16, 1861; first lieutenant, June 13, 1863; captain, Company D, September 26, 1863; mustered out December 31, 1864. James WHARRY, second lieutenant, Company D, June 13, 1863; first lieutenant, Company K, September 23, 1864; captain, Company D, June 16, 1865.
First Lieutenants. - William S. MEAD, May 20, 1863. James J. KING, June 8, 1865.
Second Lieutenants. - Jacob W. SNIVELY, resigned, June 23, 1862. William S. FAULKNER, June 22, 1862; resigned, May 19, 1863.
Sergeants. - Gavin W. HAMILTON, March 7, 1864. Jonathan BOWMAN, September 1, 1864. Jeremiah S. RECK, May 3, 1865. James T. KING, March 7, 1864; sergeant-major, December 29, 1864. Anthony B. RAYMOND, quartermaster's sergeant, July 3, 1865.
Corporals. - Jefferson RYNEARSON, Josiah RYNEARSON, Adam ROBINS. civilian K. WILSON, taken prisoner February 15, 1865; exchanged, March 30, 1865. John MOORE, corporal, March 30, 1865. James THORNE, May 15, 1865.
Died. - Allen S. JOBES, sergeant, killed in action September 1, 1864, at Jonesboro, Ga. John M. FIFER, killed near Bentonville, March 19, 1865. John BOWMAN, at Atlanta, Ga., of wounds received at Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864. Samuel DEFORREST, June 13, 1864, of wounds received May 28, 1864. Ross DUGAN, June 16, 1864, of wounds received June 3d. Josiah M. RICHARDSON, August 24, 1864, of wounds received August 9th. Dennis DOWNEY, of disease while on furlough, March 16, 1864.
Missing. - Clinton M. POTTER, first sergeant, captured November 7, 1864, and since then never heard of.
Deserted. - Frederick AMMON, Henry ADAMS, Marsalius BAKER, Joseph A. BIRD, John CONEELY, John D. EDWARDS, Edgar POTTER, James F. SANDERS, John SHAY.
Transferred. - James MCDANIEL, Veteran Reserve Corps, December 22, 1864. William FRANK, United States Engineers.
Captains. - George W. MOORE, second lieutenant, December 16, 1861; first lieutenant, June 15, 1863; captain, September 26, 1863; mustered out February 2, 1864. Nelson T. CHENOWETH, second lieutenant, June 15, 1863; first lieutenant, September 16, 1863; captain, March 1, 1865. David PUTNAM, December 16, 1861, promoted to major.
First Lieutenants. - Jacob LEAS, commissary sergeant, February 26, 1864; first lieutenant, February 2, 1865; captain, Company A, June 16, 1865. John M. BOATMAN, October 16, 1861; resigned, April 30, 1862.
Sergeants. - William W. WILSON, corporal, March 7, 1864; sergeant, December 2, 1864; first sergeant, February 22, 1864, James REA, November 19, 1863; sergeant, January 22, 1865; wounded at Bentonville, Ga., March 19, 1865. William W. COLLINS, November 19, 1863. Lewis A. ALBRIGHT, corporal, November 19, 1863; sergeant, June 1, 1865. Jacob W. JUDAY, corporal, January 22, 1865; sergeant, July 7, 1865.
Corporals. - Joel T. CHENOWETH, February 22, 1864. Harvey WEAVER, August 1, 1864. Lewis ALEXANDER, June 1, 1865. George W. MCCLELLAN, July 7, 1865. Isaac KILTNER, July 7, 1865. William P. ROBINSON, July 1, 1865. James C. FOWLER, July 7 1865. David PIERSON, July 7, 1865.
Died. - Calvin BROCK, Killed at the battle of Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864. William B. ANDERSON, died at Camp Chase, August 28, 1864.
Transferred. - Nathan ACHEY, Veteran Reserve Corps, March 15, 1865. Levi E. CHENOWETH, quartermaster's sergeant, March 6, 1864. Harvey MOTE, wounded at Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, January 10, 1865 Michael MCGUIRE, transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps, March 10, 1864. George W. RIEKER, wounded in left hand at battle of Resaca, Ga., May 14, 1864; transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps. Augustus N. WILSON, promoted to hospital steward.
Captains. - Robert CLEMENTS, dismissed, November 3, 1863. Samuel MURRAY, sergeant, October 15, 1861; second lieutenant, June 13, 1863; first lieutenant, august 23, 1864; captain, June 16, 1865; commanidng Company B, January 1st to May 25, 1865.
First Lieutenants. - Clemenst D. SMITH, resigned, May 27, 1863. William LARZALERE, September 26, 1863. Frederick LOUTHAN, first sergeant, September 21, 1861; first lieutenant, September 26, 1863. Zenas S. POULSON, promoted to captain, Company K, June 15, 1865. Oscaf F. SMITH, May 31, 1865.
Second Lieutenant. - Frederick E. WILSON, promoted first lieutenant, Company H, September 28, 1863.
Sergeants. - Levi BREIDENSTEIN, March 6, 1864. Orville L. MCCLUNG, January 3, 1865. Stephen Mills, January 3, 1865. Stephen MILLS, January 3, 1865.
Corporals. - Daniel SPANGLER, January 3, 1865. Erastus BENTON, May 11, 1865. George W. BROWN, May 11, 1865. John TUCKER, killed in action at Pumpkin Vine Creek, June 6, 1864. John I. SIMMONS, killed at Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864. Alexander HOUSE, killed at Bentonville, N. C., March 19, 1865.
Died. - Patrick MURPHY, killed in action at Pumpkin Vine Creek, Ga., June 3, 1864. Henry STICKLE, killed in action, July 21, 1864, near Peachtree Creek, Ga. Oscar F. SMITH, sergeant, died of injuries received in railroad accident, June 30, 1865. John SCHELLHOUSE, August 19, 1864, at Chattanooga, Michael SWHWENK, December 6, 1864, in hospital. Charles WALTON, September 25, 1864, at Atlanta, Ga.
Deserters. - Charles CARTER, Edward CARTER, Willima H. HARVEY, Michael KELLER, Levi MORRIS.
Captains. - Jacob SHAFFER, first sergeant, February 26, 1864; first lieutenant, February 2, 1865; captain, June 16, 1865. William PATTON, December 29, 1862; resigned, July 25, 1863.
First Lieutenants. - Martin V. BAILEY, September 26, 1863; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., September 1, 1864. William VAN DORN, January 29, 1862; resigned, August 1, 1863.
Second Lieutenant. - David P. REED, January 29, 1862; promoted to first lieutenant.
Sergeants. - George W. ANDERSON, first sergeant. Franklin BUCK. Daniel R. HOLDERMAN. Henry TAFF. Francis M. CARTER.
Corporals. - George PORTER. Aaron WESINGER. Joseph YEAGLER. Edward SPRINGER. Aaron WANG. Riece M. REED. John M. HOLDERMAN.
Died. - Elijah CAYLER, died in Freed Hospital, Nashville, January 23, 1864. Manuel NOFFSINGER, died in Nashville, May 12, 1864. Perry SERVER, died of wounds received at the battle of Resaca, Ga., May 21, 1864.
Deserted. - George W. BETT, December 17, 1864. William GUSTIN, January 27, 1865. Thomas WARD, January 27, 1865.
Discharged. - Augustus MIZENER, to accept appointment as commissioned officer. Samuel BERNHART, May 22, 1865. Alexander BELT, June 5, 1865. Richard MCFORAN, June 1, 1865. Henry STANLEY, for disability, October 17, 1864.
Transferred. - John H. MORRIS, to Veteran Reserve Corps. Samuel R. MAPS, Veteran Reserve Corps.
Captains. - Edward R. BLACK, second lieutanant, January 21, 1862; first lieutanent, March 23, 1862; captain, June 22, 1863. Leonard C. COUNCELLOR, March 3, 1862; killed, January 22, 1863.
First Lieutenants. - David P. REED, promoted to captain Company G, July 29, 1863. Frederick E. WILSON, resigned, September 10, 1864.
Second Lieutenant. - Frederick PICKERING, March 3, 1862; dismissed, May 7, 1863.
Sergeants. - Levi A. BOYSEL, first sergeant. John PARSELS. Marcus EATON. John O'CONNELL. Frederick HETENHOUSER.
Corporals. - Irwin T. JONES. George BOWERS. Isaac N. FOUST. James JUSTICE. George W. WEAVER. John YOUNG. Gunen P. YOUNG. Rufus R. HURDLE.
Died. - John HEIRY, sergeant, killed in action, May 14, 1864, at Resaca, Ga. Benjamon ROLING, killed at Resaca. Thomas JOHNSON, killed at Resaca. Henry FRANKFORD, killed in action in front of Atlanta, Ga., July 4, 1864. William SCOTT, died in Hospital August 7, 1864, from gunshot wound received in action near Atlanta, Ga.
Deserted. - Henry FRITZ, April 22, 1864.
Captains. - L. E. CHENOWETH, quartermaster's sergeant, February 28, 1864; first lieutenant, February 2, 1865; captain, June 16, 1865.
First Lieutenants. - Augustus MIZENER, sergeant, September 1, 1864; first lieutenant, June 16, 1865. James G. ELRICK, March 21, 1862; resigned September 18, 1862.
Second Lieutenant. - Thomas B. HOFFMAN, March 21, 1862, promoted to first lieutenant.
Sergeants. - James W. CLARK, first sergeant; Adam STURTZ, John MCALLISTER, David A. SAYRE, Rufus R. WELLS, reduced to ranks April 14, 1865; reappointed sergeant May 1, 1865.
Corporals. - Henry F. MCENDREE, John B. KILDOW, John K. EDDY, Riley WIGGINS, John TURBETT, George R. BRECKINRIDGE.
Died. - John H. JOHNSON, first sergeant, September 2, 1864, of wounds received at the battle of Jonesboro. John W. BROOKS, first sergeant, died April 4, 1864, of wounds received in a railway accident. William H. HILL, June 5, 1864, of wounds received in action at Pumpkin Vine Creek, Ga. John MUNSON, October 1, 1864, from wounds received at battle of Jonesboro.
Transferred. - Oliver WILKISON, to the Veteran Reserve Corps.
Captains. - Zenas S. POULSON, first sergeant, February 15, 1864; first lieutenant Company D, April 9, 1865; captain Company K, June 15, 1865; John V. HELSIP, March 21, 1862; resigned April 11, 1863.
First Lieutenants. - James WHARRY, first sergeant, December 16, 1861; first lieutenant, June 18, 1863; captain Company D, June 15, 1865. William J. PORTER, first sergeant, August 31, 1864; first lieutenant, June 16, 1865. William CODY, March 25, 1862; mustered out, December 25, 1862.
Second Lieutenant. - William C. BARNETT, January 7, 1862, promoted to first lieutenant.
Sergeants. - James W. WORSTELL, George M. JONES, William H. HARRIS, George W. TIPTON.
Corporals. - Ephraim H. JOHNSON, James W. MCCURDY, John LISLE, George W. MOORE, William CASS.
The Fifth Ohio Cavalry went out the first year, and among its companies was I, from this neighborhood. It was at Shiloh, siege of Corinth, Missionary Ridge, all the battles of the Army of the Tennessee during the Atlanta campaign, and marched with Sherman down to the sea, afterwards going up through North Carolina. Company I was commanded by Captain Clem. MURPHY; C. H. MURRAY was first lieutenant, and A. C. ROSSMAN second lieutenant. Captain MURPHY was dishonorably discharged before the expiration of his term of service, and ROSSMAN became a captain, and was transferred to Company E; Charles E. GIFFEN became first lieutenant. During the latter portion of its service it received many recruits, but few from Hamilton. Among the non-commissioned officers who can now be remembered are: M. G. MORRIS, orderly; Fred REIGEL, Joe KNECHT, Joe COX, Loammi R. DUNWOODIE, William H. PAULLIN, S. C. HENDERSON, Eli LONG, Charles RICHTER, and Emanuel RICHTER, sergeants; and John EBERHART and Conrad MAYBRUSH, corporals. Sergeant Samuel STEPHENSON and privates Herman ZEGELER and William LEDWELL were killed.
The Enterprise of forming a new regiment in this congressional district was entered upon in the early part of July, 1862, and, with general accord, Colonel Charles ANDERSON was chosen to command it.
The military committees of the several counties met in Hamilton on the 16th of July, and selected Hiram Strong, of Dayton, as lieutenant-colonel; A.A. PHILLIPS, of Hamilton, as major; D. P. THURSTON, of Dayton, as adjutant; and John EASTMAN, of Eaton, as quartermaster.
On the 17th of the same month the line officers were recommended by the military committees, and on the next day most of them were mustered into the service and recruiting commenced in earnest, the work being greatly facilitated by the patriotic people who contributed to pay the necessary expenses of the campaign.
On the afternoon of the 14th of August Companies A and B, having filled their quotas, went into quarters at "Camp Dayton". On the 19th of the same month the mustering of the regiment by companies was commenced, and by the middle of the afternoon of the 21st the whole regiment had been mustered into service and armed.
The regiment broke camp on the 23d of August, 1862, and got aboard the cars en route for Lexington, Kentucky, where they arrived on the evening of the 24th.
The regiment soon plunged into the strife and made for itself a record that fully entitles it to the lasting gratitude of the nation. Those grand historic names, Stone River, Chickamauga, Orchard Knob, Mission Ridge, Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Franklin, and Nashville, are all of blood right emblazoned on the war-worn and battle rent banner of the regiment. Then there are the names STRONG, EASTMAN, BIRCH, PAYNE, RICHARDS, PATTERSON, ARNOLD, BURKETT, MASON, and a host of others, patriots who fell on so many well-stricken fields, all attest the severity of the conflicts through which the regiment passed.
The companies from this county were as follows:
Company D. - Captain, Daniel BOWMAN; first lieutenant, Timothy REGAN; second lieutenant, Charles SUTPHIN; first sergeant, Dan. V. BONNELL.
Company C. - Captain, H. H. WALLACE; first lieutenant, John E. CHATTEU; second lieutenant, Bennett C. WILCOX; first sergeant, Alex. SCOTT.
Company F. - Captain, Robert Joyce; first lieutenant, Henry RICHARDS; second lieutenant, Arthur C. MORGAN; first sergeant, Alexander JOHNSON.
D was recruited in Middletown and vicinity; C at Hamilton, Oxford, Darrtown, and Seven Mile; F at Venice.
The following contains a list of the killed and a few names of the wounded of the Ninety-third in the fights at Chattanooga:
Killed. - Major Will BIRCH; Company A, Privates David MOSS, John D. FUNK, ......PRUTSMAN; Company B, Andrew LUKENBEN, J. SPEELMAN; Company F, Amos MCNIEL; Company G, Wesley CASSELL, John MURPHY; Company H, J. SCHNERF; Company K, James HARRIS, John BLAIR, James BAIRD.
Wounded. - Lieutenant Will BROWN, Captain BOWMAN, Sergeant Major Oscar GOTTSHALL, Privates Oscar MOODIE, Charles ANDERSON, James FITZPATRICK.
This list is derived from Leroy DAVIES, who was not a member of the Ninety-third, but, to use his own words, was anxious to see the fight. So, when the ball opened, he engaged a partner (a Spencer rifle), and was lucky enough to be one in the taking of a rebel battery, when he received notice to quit in the shape of a minie ball. The letter speaks of the death of Jacob WETSEL, of the Sixty-ninth, and of the severe wound of Jacob REES, who was seriously injured.
Alfred A. PHILLIPS, the major of this regiment, was born in Orange County, Indiana, May 5, 1825. He was the son of Albert H. PHILLIPS, who was born March 1, 1795, and died in July, 1872, and Mary HOLLOWELL, who died in June, 1845, aged forty-five years. He was married December 20, 1855, in Hamilton, to Miss Emma C. RUSH, who was born in Addison County, Vermont, August 2, 1832. She is the daughter of Horatio S. RUSH, who died in October, 1875, and Caroline DE LONG, who is still living. Mr. and Mrs. PHILLIPS had six children. Nellie was born August 31, 1857; Alice, June 8, 1859; Bertha, September 4, 1861; Lottie, February 9, 1865; Alfred, September 9, 1866, and Josephine, April 11, 1869. Mr. PHILLIPS was sheriff of Butler County from 1860 to 1864, and deputy sheriff for seven years prior to that time. At the outbreak of the Mexican war, being then only about twenty-one years of age, he enlisted, and went out as a member of Company I, First Ohio Regiment, under Colonel MITCHELL, serving one year. During the late war he was the major of his regiment, staying in the field, however, only one year, as he was called back by his official duties in Butler County. Major PHILLIPS during life followed different pursuits. He spent three years in Arkansas, owning and having control of saw, grist, and shingle mills, together with a large plantation containing over four thousand acres. In 1863 he owned a third interest in a distillery at this place, and in 1866 he purchased the other two-thirds, which he carried on till 1869, when he sold. He carried on a distillery one year at Lawrenceburg. After that he was the proprietor of the Phillips House, now known as the Central House, at the corner of High and Front Streets. At the time of his death, which happened from sunstroke in July, 1881, he was conducting another place of the same name, being the house now occupied by Judge HUME.
Captain LEFLAR, of the Eighty-third Regiment, wrote in the middle of February, 1863:
"The country down here is low and flat, but I think it is a great cotton region. We can see Vicksburg plainly from our camp, and the gunboats very often of a morning wake the people up in Vicksburg for breakfast by sending a few shell among them. We are still working away at the canal, which is already eight or ten feet wide, and from four to six feet deep. If we should succeed it will cut Vicksburg off from the river entirely, making a new channel for the river. many doubt as to the success (and I confess I am one of that number) from the fact that they failed to dig down to the sand so as to give it a chance to wash. The present bottom is of smooth black mud. The river is rising very fast, and is just over the banks.
"The health of the soldiers is any thing but good. We have but twenty-five men for duty, though I must say my company has not been reduced altogether by sickness; there have been five desertions from my company to the enemy. I will give you a list of them: Corporal John R. HANCOCK, Oxford; Jerome B. BENNETT, Hamilton; George POPP, Oxford; David RAMSEY, Pleasant Run; Jeremiah ROBBINS, Mt. Pleasant. There were only two of these men that left the boat the evening previous to the fight, and they were not seen during the engagement. The company fought nobly for three hours and forty-five minutes, at which time the fort was surrendered. The following are the names of those who were wounded in the engagement: Hiram SMITH, thigh; William H. HALL, ankle; Jacob STRAUB, foot; Bryan MCGILLAN, shot through left cheek and came out at the right ear; Angus HINE, slightly in head, not disabled form duty; Erastus MARTIN, cheek slightly, not disabled for duty.
"We have lost one man since we left Memphis, Sergeant David THOMPSON, who died from disease of the throuat. Sergeant THOMPSON was a worthy man and a good soldier, and was universally liked by his comrades. We buried him at Millikin's Bend, on the Mississippi River. Our hearts went with him to the grave.
"The soldiers are dying off very fast here. In a short walk to-day I counted thirty-four newly made graves at our hospital. I am still in good health as usual."
James P. CLARK, aged nineteen, enlisted into the service at Amanda; was wounded at Arkansas Post, and died in hospital at Memphis.
John T. NEGUS, aged twenty-eight, enlisted into the service at Middletown; was detailed as commissary-sergeant at Camp Dayton. Having been relieved from duty there, he started to rejoin his company. He died March 11th at the post hospital, at Lake Providence, Louisiana, of small-pox.
Richard V. HANNA enlisted at Westchester; died in Hospital boad D. A. January March 15, 1863.
At a meeting of Company H, Eighty-third Regiment, at Smith's plantation, April 25, 1863, Captain LEFLAR was appointed chairman, and J. A. WITMER, orderly sergeant, secretary. Resolutions were reported by a committee for the purpose, and unanimously adopted, saying that as it had pleased Almighty God to remove from their ranks Sergeants David THOMPSON and Jacob C. STROBRIDGE; Corporal Erastus M. MARTIN; Privates Louis SNIDER, John BRIDGE, William BONNELE, Aaron FREAME, and Timothy SEDWELL, as a token of respect and esteem for the deceased they would wear the usual badge of mourning on parade and review for the next thirty days.
They died martyrs in the cause of their country, and under the folds of the proud and glorious old flag of their forefathers. The soldiers deeply and sincerely sympathized the the families and friends of their deceased brothers in arms.
A letter from a member of Company H, when quartered near Vicksburg, in the latter part of June, 1863, says:
"We are now encamped on the line of the Jackson and Vicksburg Railroad, about two miles from the court house, and within a few hundred yards of the enemy's works. Our tents are pitched in a hollow just deep enough to escape the enemy's bullets and cannon balls. We are crowded almost one tent upon another, just out of reach of any breath of air which may be stirring the favored regions above, and consequently almost insufferably hot; with this proviso, the regiment is quite healthy, and never was in better spirits. Every body feels contented and satisfied of a speedy and successful termination of the siege. We have been before this place so long (ever since last December), thinning our ranks by disease and the bullet, that it will be a happy moment for us when we can reach the goal we have so long tried for. In our present camp, though in no great danger, we are still never safe. Bullets and cannon balls are whistling above and around us continually, and never a day passes but what several poor fellows are brought by from the hills above us wounded or dead. Our line approaches in front of this brigade have been carried almost immediately under the enemy's works. They consist of three lines of rifle-pits or parallels, two of which are completed, and the third one, bringing us within a stone's throw of the enemy's fortification, or nearly so. Squads from the negro regiments being raised in this vicinity assist in digging the trenches and help toward the progress of the work materially; they seem to hold very light the danger from the enemy's missiles, and work with a steadiness and perseverance greatly to be commended. Picketing in the advanced positions is getting to be very dangerous work. Members of our company on picket in the advance rifle-pits had some very narrow escapes day before yesterday, as we had four men seriously wounded, two of them mortally. Being so near their works the rebels can use percussion shells, in lieu of hand grenades, with great efficiency, and they give our men considerable trouble. Conversations often unsue between our men and the enemy's pickets, sometimes ending with a friendly 'good night,' and at other times a volley of musketry.
"The camp to-day is very quiet, more so than it has been before since the commencement of the siege; but I am afraid it is the calm before the storm. Osterhaus has telegraphed from Black River to General Grant that Johnson is near by, and a report is going the rounds of the camp that a heavy battle was fought last night, in which Osterhaus was victorious, but I can not vouch for its authenticity. Heavy re-enforcements have been sent to him, and they are trying to entice Johnson within our lines by obstructing all roads but one, so that they can flank him on either side. The Fiftieth Indiana, from this brigade, left for Black River last evening, and at midnight the Eighty-third received orders to have two days' cooked rations in their haversacks, and to be ready to move at any moment to support General Sherman in case the rebels should attempt to break through on our right, so you can judge somewhat of our position. It is evident the siege is drawing to a close, and probably before this reaches you you will have intelligence of the final result.
"Since leaving the Mississippi we have all lost many and true friends, and our country honest and tried patriots. John WITMER, Orderly-Sergeant Company H, was killed while gallantly leading his company in the charge on the 22d; with him friendhsip and love for his country were traits whose influence will never cease. Out of eighty-six men with which the company crossed the Ohio River at the memorable siege of Cincinnati, only twenty now are left for duty, and of its officers, that unflinching patriot, Captain F. M. LEFLAR, is the only one that now remains. With but little or no assistance from his ex-lieutenants, he has always been present with his company, and always ready to do any duty which it may fall to his lot to perform, and as a friend and faithful soldier he will be always remembered by those who knew him."
In the Summer of 1862, about the time Cincinnati was threatened by the rebels, who were in arms close at hand, Robert CHRISTY, of this city, a prominent lawyer, who now lives in Washington, D. C., was at the head of a movement for establishing a military force here. It had been authorized by the County Democratic Convention, and had for its ostensible reason the necessity of opposing the Confederate forces, should they come on this side of the line. Governor TOD, who was in a patriotic way doing all in his power to serve his country, had some fears that the force might be used against the Union, rather than for it, and refused to give his consent to its authorization. "Whether it was intended," he said in this letter, "by this proceeding to interfere with the voluntary enlistments now being made over all the State, in response to the President's recent calls for troops, is now immaterial. Believing such to be the effect, I feel it my imperative duty to direct that you, and all associated with you in the effort to raise said regiment, at once desist. It is hoped that you and your associates will give cheerful obedience to this order, and join all loyal citizens of the State in their efforts to suppress the unholy rebellion in the manner designated by the national authorities."
David BECKETT, major in the Sixty-first regiment, was born in the year 1838, in Butler County, Ohio, his parents being Robert and Mary CRAWFORD BECKETT. He was educated at the Miami University, where he graduated in 1860. In the year of 1861, on the breaking out of the war of the rebellion, he entered the Union army as a private soldier. In 1862 he was made a captain, and in 1863 was promoted to the rank of major. He participated in the battles of Fredericksburg, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain, and Kenesaw Mountain. At the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, he was killed, leaving behind him a reputation for gallantry and manliness which all might envy. He left a wife, but no children to bear his name.
Colonel Robert REILY, of the Seventy-fifth Ohio, was a native of this county, and in his death the people of this region mourned another martyr to the cause of freedom. He fell, his right knee being badly shattered by a minie ball, at the battle of Chancellorsville, on Saturday, May 2d, in a gallant effort to check the rout of the Eleventh Corps of Hooker's army, before the overwhelming advance of the rebels under Jackson.
The retreat of our right wing left him in the hands of the enemy. His thigh was amputated the next morning, the 3d, but he survived the operation only a few hours.
Robert REILY was born in Hamilton, June 1, 1820, and was the third son of that well known citizen, the late John REILY. He commenced active life in the store of W. P. H. HULBERT, of Cincinnati, as a clerk in 1836, and in 1843 became a partner in the establishment. The financial success of the firm was remarkable - much of it being due to the popular manners and efficient industry of Mr. REILY. In 1852 he retired to a beautiful farm near Lockland, on the Cincinnati Hamilton, and Dayton Railroad. When this rebellion broke out, his glowing patriotism led him at once to throw all his influence and energy upon the side of his country, and from the first echo of rebel cannon fired against Fort Sumter, until the Autumn of that year, he did every thing which, as a civilian, was in his power to strengthen the hands of the government in the mighty struggle before it. In September, 1861, he entered with Colonel MCLEAN and others, with his characteristic ardor, into the effort to raise the Seventy-fifth regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, locating the regimental rendezvous near his residence. The success of the undertaking was largely owing to his personal popularity and liberal energy. He voluntarily chose the lowest rank of the field officers; was commissioned major of the regiment, accompanied it into Virginia, where, under Milron, Schenck, Fremong, Sigel, Burnside, and Hooker, successively, it was continuously engaged in hard marching and hard fighting. Colonel MCLEAN was soon appointed brigadier, and Lieutenant-colonel Constable having been taken prisoner, Major REILY became commander of the regiment, and led it in nearly all the battles, receiving, in 1862, his commission as colonel.
Although by nature modest, gentle, and averse to all violence, yet no sooner had he entered the army and taken upon himself the character of a soldier, than he showed himself, as have many other men of his class in this war, to possess the characteristics of a hero. In battle he was ever at the post of danger, riding fearlessly up and down the lines where the men needed either his voice or his example. He never asked a soldier to go where he was not willing to lead.
Among the last words uttered to his faithful attending surgeon were these: "I did not run from the rebels, nor did my regiment flinch under my command." But bravery was not the most valuable of his qualifications as an officer. He carefully and constantly sought and cared for the highest interests of his men, temporal and spiritual, sympathized with them in their hardships and sufferings, and to the utmost of his power provided for their wants, physical and moral. As a natural consequence, the soldiers idolized him. The adjutant-general of his division, in a letter to a friend, says: "This is the saddest of our misfortunes since the division has been in the army. We have lost many brave and good officers, but none so universally known and respected. He was admired by all, both as an officer and a Christian."
Colonel REILY was firm in discipline. He allowed no drunkenness, profanity, or vulgarity, which he could prevent. Observance of the Sabbath, where practicable, was one of his unfailing requirements. He was a man eminent for piety, generosity, and conscientiousness. He never united with any Church, but was in every sphere a "professor of religion." He had no fondness for a soldier's life. His eyes were turned with longing to his home and family.
Company K, Eighty-sixth Ohio, whose term of service expired in February, 1864, passed through Hamilton, on the way to their homes at Oxford and vicinity. The company was raised by Captain McFarland, who upon the organization of the regiment was elected lieutenant-colonel, a position he continued to hold, being most of the time in command of the regiment. The Eighty-sixth had a hard time of it their last Winter, being at Cumberland Gap through all the severe weather, and kept on the alert by the proximity of the enemy. Colonel mcFarland, after coming home, resumed his duties as professor of mathematics in Miami University.
The agent sent to Annapolis, in November, 1863, to relieve the wants of the Union soldiers lately from Richmond, mentioned the following men from this county:
John BROOKS, Thirty-fifth, Company D, from Hamilton, wounded in left arm, doing well. Alfred W. HARRISON, Ninety-third, Company F, from Venice, a Chickamauga prisoner, confined on Belle Island, where, after being robbed of blankets and all private property, with half rations of bread and a little meat, he was left to make his bed upon the damp sand, with the sky for a covering. He was very weak, but was then slowly gaining.
Captain THOMPSON, of the Seventy-second, wrote home to his father in February, 1863:
"In my last you had an account of our march down into Mississippi and back, since which we marched from Moscow, by way of Bolivar and Purdy, to Corinth, nearly one hundred miles, in six days, over miserable roads, and through incessant rain. Arriving in Corinth during the storm, we encamped in an open field, nearly a half mile from the woods, to which we must go for tent poles, as well as fire wood, and this, too, in one of the coldest rain-storms I ever witnessed. That night it snowed an inch, and froze hard enough to bear a man. Many of us nearly froze in our wet clothes, and we could neither get warm nor dry, as it rained out our fires, and we could have none in our tents, as we had no stoves. I had nothing but a tent-fly, which I have used since we left Memphis, and which is like spreading a sheet over a pole to shed the rain, as it is open at both ends, and the wind drives the rain through from end to end. Finding I could not live thus, I found shelter with Dr. METCALF, of the Seventh Illinois, who kindly compelled me to stay with him while we remained at Corinth.
"Sunday, February 1st, we left Corinth, coming on the railroad by way of Jackson, Tenn., and arrived here the same night in another cold rain-storm, and now, having traveled four hundred miles since November 12th, we are again nearly at our starting place.
"The officers of the Illinois regiments in Corinth, with many other officers, met at Corinth the other night and passed resolutions, denouncing the Illinois traitors at Springfield, and tendering their services to the governor, to come home, if needed, and put down home traitors, believing them to be more damnable than rebels South. I never saw a more determined spirit in any body of men than they showed, irrespective of party. Many of the best speeches were made by good old Democrats, Colonels BAINE and WILCOX making the best speeches I heard.
There were two features of the war here that were entirely different from its manifestations in most of the counties of Ohio. The southern line of this county lies only eleven miles from the Kentucky border, and twice during the four years' conflict were we in danger from the attacks of Confederate troops. Happily, the invader did not touch our soil, although very near us, and we were fortunate that our only losses were of time and money. The first time Butler County was threatened was when Kirby SMITH was advancing towards Cincinnati. That city would have supplied every thing he or the Southern States lacked - founderies, machine shops, provisions, arms, and ammunition. On the 1st of September, 1862, he entered Lexington in triumph, and a little later he sent General HEATH against Covington and Cincinnati. There were no regular troops there, and nothing to resist him, should he get within gunshot. Every one was frightened, for few Northern people had ever thought that the war might be brought to their own doors. The City Council of Cincinnati at once met, and the whole resources of the city were pledged to meet any expenses that might be incurred. General Lew WALLACE took the command, martial law was proclaimed, business was stopped, and the ferry-boats and horse-cars ceased running. He was thoroughly alive to the emergency, and was well supported by public opinion. Back of Newport and Covington breast-works, rifle-pits, and redoubts were thrown up. Governor TOD was soon on hand, and telegraphed for all available troops to be sent down. Companies of men from Preble and Butler Counties at once started for the scene of action, and were warmly received. These were the advance guard of the Squirrel Hunters, a name destined to last as long as Ohio itself. They came in by thousands, from every nook and corner of the State, some with good modern rifles and clean new uniforms, and others with old shot guns and clothes that had long since seen their best days.. Where the fountain now is was their eating house. Three thousand men, judges, mechanics, clergymen, bankers, clerks, labored each day upon the fortifications. On the 10th and 11th it was believed that the attack, then deferred a week and a half, was about to begin, and the entrenchments were manned, and gun-boats placed in the river. But the advance of Buell caused Bragg to call back Kirby SMITH. On the 12th it was known that danger was over, and on the 15th every kind of labor was resumed. Cincinnati owed its salvation to the promptness with which its citizens and those of the interior answered to the call for defense. Of those who thus aided the people of Cincinnati none deserve more credit than those of Butler County.
But in the next campaign begun by the rebels against Southern Ohio much real damage was done. The path of MORGAN was marked with devastation, and that Butler County escaped his presence may be counted among her instances of good luck. John MORGAN, one of the most noted of the guerrilla leaders of the last war, was a native of the city of Lexington, Kentucky, and before the war was there engaged as a manufacturer of woolen goods. At about the outbreak of hostilities he was arrested for sending goods through the lines, and in September, 1861, he abandoned his business and joined the rebel forces, acting as captain. His first formidable raid into Kentucky was in July, 1862, and his were some of the troops that caused the consternation at Cincinnati. On the 17th of July he defeated the Union troops at Cynthiana. In September Augusta was captured, and on the 17th of October the forces of the United States at Lexington were defeated. Elizabethtown, on the 27th of December, was captured. During the course of the next season he won several victories, was once or twice beaten off, and once defeated at McMinnville. The great expedition, however, with which MORGAN's name is associated is that begun in 1863, in the Summer, which went through the three States of Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. After ravaging Kentucky, he crossed over into Indiana at Brandenburg, and marched through Corydon, being attacked by the citizens there. No sooner had it been learned in Indiana that the Confederates had crossed the border than the feeling became intense. Within forty-eight hours from the time troops were called out sixty-five thousand men responded, and the victorious march which MORGAN had intended became converted into a flight. There can be no doubt that this campaign was designed to relieve General LEE, who was then engaged in his Pennsylvania campaign, by causing the Union forces to be divided. Indiana was passed through in five days, and on his way he avoided the large towns. He reached the Ohio line on Monday, July 13th, at Harrison.
The approach of the Morgan raiders to this city caused the most intense excitement. No desire to make terms with the enemy was manifested, but an almost unanimous intention to fight was shown. Upon receipt of the dispatches on the 12th, the organization of companies was at once commenced. Monday afternoon five full companies, numbering full six hundred men, marched out on the Venice road to meet the raiders. Of these, three hundred were armed with government arms, one hundred and twenty-five with carbines from GWYN & CAMPBELL's factory, and some with rifles, etc., while not a few marched with no arms save such as nature had provided them with, but with the evident determination to throw stones if the could find no better weapons. If the enemy had carried out his supposed intention of attacking this city Monday night he would have met with serious resistance; but the active pursuit by HOBSON and the determined action of the Butler County men saved Hamilton from a visit.
Tuesday night they were again on duty, picketing the roads south of town. No praise can be too great for the men of all classes and of all creeds who left their business and their families to oppose the march of veteran soldiers upon their homes.
MORGAN's original object was, doubtless, to scour Indiana and Ohio, capturing horses, carriages, etc., destroying railroad bridges, mills,and in all respects to eclipse the Grierson raid. By the vigorous action of the Indiana and Ohio home guards, and the United States troops sent in pursuit, this intention was changed to that of getting across the Ohio as rapidly as possible with his tired out men and their plunder. The rapidity of his march since Sunday, his evident determination to avoid battle, his neglecting to destroy the Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton, and the Little Miami Railroads, or other bridges or tracks except in his direct route, prove this conclusively. The river was patrolled by armed boats, and HOBSON's troops were close upon his rear. The militia were rising in his front; if turned back his exhausted men and horses must of necessity have fallen an easy prey to the troops in pursuit. If he reached and attempted to cross the swollen Ohio, he would have done so at the loss of his artillery and with the loss of many, if not all, of his men.
Hamilton was crowded during Tuesday and Wednesday, the 14th and 15th, with militia and squirrel rifels from Butler, Montgomery, Preble, and other counties, and from Indiana. The entire Eleventh Indiana militia, under Colonel GRAY, the Nineteenth Ohio Battery, part of the Twelfth Michigan Battery, a detachment of the One Hundred and Fifteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and two companies of cavalry from Indiana, were here. It is estimated that not less than six thousand troops were present.
The Telegraph remarks:
"We have had a speck of war at home - two days of soldiering; no holiday affair, but real strapping on of accouterments, shouldering of muskets, and marching out to meet the foe; two nights of anxiety, when our roads were guarded and our streets patrolled; our men all out on the expected field of battle, and our women tortured with visions of suffering fathers, husbands, and brothers, and of visits from the rude enemy. MORGAN's men have gone, and with them the watching, the feverish expectation of marching our untrained men against his well drilled regiments.
"Our citizens determined to give fight. Some towns had surrendered to the enemy at his approach, others had fallen after a feeble defense; our citizens determined to save Hamilton from either disgrace, and at once made every preparation within their reach. The situation was not very promising. At the first called meeting it was discovered that there werre not arms in the city for more than two hundred men, and as yet no promises of help had been made, while MORGAN's men were distant but one day's march, and heading directly for our town. But the exigency only hastened the preparations here.
"As soon as the approach of the enemy became certain, scouts were sent out a full day's march, to gather information of his advance, and so close did our scouts hang on the front of the enemy that several of them were captured. Companies were rapidly organized, till, within two days after the first alarm, our city furnished over seven hundred well armed and equipped men for duty. These men went out Monday afternoon, and were posted where, in the view of the commander of the post, they could most effectually check the enemy.
"Up to this time no considerable force from any other point had re-enforced us, and it is certain that MORGAN's intended visit to Hamilton was postponed by reason of the preparations made by our own citizens to repulse him. It will forever stand to the credit and honor of our town that she beheld the approach of an army of rebels, not with any cowardly desire to capitulate, but with the determination of repulsing the enemy even at the expense of the blood of her best citizens.
"Captain R. SMITH commanded the post until the arrival of Major KEITH from Dayton. Martial law was declared throughout Butler County Monday, and all men ordered to duty. Six companies from this city went out on the Venice road Monday night, and remained till Tuesday morning. The roads east of the river were guarded by Dayton companies, and a detachment of the One Hundred and Fifteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. As MORGAN's intention was developed by his march eastward from New Baltimore, the companies were drawn in from the different roads and were held awaiting orders. Tuesday there were at least five thousand men here, three-fourths of them armed, and the enemy only fifteen miles distant, but no attempt was made either to march men or throw them in front of the enemy by railway.
"Finally, Tuesday evening, the Indiana militia were sent to Cincinnati, and the city companies were thrown out on picket on the roads east of town.
"Wednesday morning they were recalled with a considerable accumulation of grit in their clothing and skins, if not in their souls, and thus ended the active operations of Butler County against MORGAN. Tuesday and Wednesday the square and our streets were thronged with militia from our town and other counties. These mostly left Wednesday, although some companies from out of town remained till Friday morning."
The following is a statement of the different companies from Butler, Preble, and Montgomery Counties in Hamilton on Tuesday, July 14, 1862. We mention first the companies from Hamilton, and of these we give the number on duty that day:
Captain S. W. POTTER, 98; Captain Thomas MOORE, 110; Captain Ransford SMITH, 113; Captain F. BENDER, 94; Captain John WILSON, 122; Captain J. P. BRUCK, 115; Captain Jos. TRABER, 50. Total 703.
Madison Township. - Captain Ben. THOMAS, 86 men; Captain G. C. WARVEL, 67; Captain W. C. SMITH, 40; Captain G. H. GEBHART, 80. Total, 273. These men had no arms.
Wayne Township. - Captain Joseph A. MILTRODE, 71 men, no arms.
Lemon Township. - Captain A. B. COOLEY, 96 men, no arms; Captain D. B. SCHURZ, 97 men, no arms.
Morgan Township. - Captain Timothy CORCORAN, 40 men, no arms.
Middletown. - Captain WEITZEL, 119 men, armed.
Oxford. - Captain J. T. PORTER, 34 men, no arms.
Preble County. - Captain SLOCUM, Eldorado, 72 men, armed; Captain OVERPECK, Gratis Township, 60 men, no arms; Captain Dan MAY, Harrison Township, 97 men, no arms; Captain WHITESIDE, Camden, 60 men, no arms.
Montgomery County. - Captain George HATFIELD, Dayton, 57 men; Captain G. G. PRUGH, Dayton, 90; Captain Ed. JONES, Dayton, 84; Captain Jas. TURNER, Dayton, 40; Captain SHUSAN, Miamisburg, 46; Captain POMROY, Miamisburg, 65; Captain SCHOENFIELD, Miami Township, 60; Captain Geo. WINDER, Miami Township, 71. All armed.
|Total from Butler County,||....................................................................||1,433|
|" Preble County,||....................................................................||300|
|" Montgomery County,||....................................................................||513|
|Total of Ohio militia present,||....................................................................||2,246|
|Indiana militia under General Haskel,||....................................................................||2,600|
A detachment of the One Hundred|
and Fifteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry,
|Two companies of Indiana Cavalry,||....................................................................||150|
|Six gun battery, Nineteenth Ohio,||....................................................................||100|
|Total here Tuesday, July 14th,||....................................................................||5,146|
Of the Ohio militia a large number were unarmed. Some other companies in this and other counties telegraphed, offering their services, but were not wanted. One full company from Oxford, under Captain WELPLEY, went on to Cincinnati. It is impossible to get at perfect accuracy in this report, but is is mainly correct.
On Saturday night the city was illuminated in honor of the splendid successes, which, within the previous month, had crowned our arms. The affair was got up suddenly, and was not so complete as longer notice would have made it; but the crowd out doors was large, while the various decorations, transparancies, etc., reflected much credit on the patriotism and taste of our citizens. The national colors, in every conceivable variety of form, were shining from the windows and yards of most of the residences, and from many of the business houses. Conspicuous among the latter were noticed the stores of HOWEL, J. W. DAVIS, JACKSON & Co., H. BEARDSLEY, SCHWARTZ's Bakery, PECK's Bank, and others. The telegraph office had the windows fronting on High Street filled with the red, white, and blue, arranged in graceful patterns and bearing various mottoes. The windows of most of our citizens were brilliantly lighted. The most extensive preparations were at the residences of D. CONNER, in the First, Thomas MILLIKIN, in the Second, and Thomas V. HOWELL in the Third Ward. The displays at the houses of Israel WILLIAMS, James BOYDEN, E. G. DYER, Ezra POTTER, J. SNYDER, James THOMAS, Mrs. HILL, S. ARNOLD, Dr. PECK, Dr. FALCONER, Russell POTTER, Colonel CAMPBELL, D. CONNER, Jr., Isaac ROBERTSON, N. CURTIS, James WHITAKER, Thomas STERRITT, Captain F. LANDIS, S. SHAFFER, Lieutenant ANDREWS, and many others were very pretty. Bonfires burned at the intersections of the principal streets.
A large torch-light procession, with music and transparencies, marched through the city, and finally collected on High Street, near Second, where speeches were made by Colonel CAMPBELL and Thomas MILLIKIN.
The effect of the MORGAN raid was to stimulate the local militia. Many new companies were organized. The following companies, under the militia laws of this State, were organized in this county:
"Oxford Guards," Oxford. - Captain, Marmaduke WELPLEY; First Lieutenant, James E. STEWART; Second Lieutenant John P. CLOUGH.
"Morgan Guards," Paddy's Run. - Captain, Edward T. JONES; First Lieutenant, Samuel W. WOODRUFF; Second Lieutenant, Henry DAWSON.
"Sigel Guards," Hamilton. - Captain, John Frederick BENDER; First Lieutenant, Jacob KURZ; Second Lieutenant, Philip WINKELHAUS.
"Millikin Guards," Seven-Mile. - Captain, Benjamin BOOKWALTER; First Lieutenant, Augustus W. ECKERT; Second Lieutenant, David T. STEWART.
"Butler Guards," Miltonville. - Captain, George C. WARVEL; First Lieutenant, Benjamin F. BANKER; Second Lieutenant, John BUSENBARK.
"Hamilton Rifles," Hamilton. - Captain, Thomas MOORE; First Lieutenant, Lafayette TRABER; Second Lieutenant, Samuel S. GARVER.
"Grant Rifles," Middletown. - Captain, Philip WEITZEL; First Lieutenant, Theodore R. MARTIN; Second Lieutenant, Jos. MANTZ.
"Milford Guards," Somerville. - Captain, Jas. H. STEPHENS; First Lieutenant, Daniel S. KEIL; Second Lieutenant, Henry P. DOVE.
"Van Derveer Guards," Reily. - Captain, Samuel K. WICKARD; First Lieutenant, Jas. COE; Second Lieutenant, Henry C. GRAY.
"Milville Guards," Millville. - Captain, Daniel K. ZELLER; First Lieutenant, John A. KUMLER; Second Lieutenant, Washington B. DAVIS.
"Union Guards," Hamilton. - Captain, John C. LEWIS; First Lieutenant, William E. SCOBEY; Second Lieutenant, James T. IMLAY.
"Oxford Scouts," Oxford. - Captain, John Francis PORTER; First Lieutenant, Philip H. WELTY; Second Lieutenant, Frank J. CONE.
It will thus be seen that MORGAN made his flying raid through Hamilton County without injuring the lives or property of those in this county. But there were damages done by the State and United States troops, which were laid before the State government, and the amounts paid. A few of his men crossed the Miami River at Venice, but the great bulk of them at New Baltimore. MORGAN fled on and on, until it seemed likely that he would reach the Kentucky shore in safety. But at one point the troops came up near enough to give him battle and defeated him, not so badly, however, but that with twelve hundred of his men he was able to escape. Further on he tried to cross the Ohio, but after three hundred had reached the opposite shore in safety he was obliged to return and head the retreat of the remainder of his men on the north shore. He became environed by the militia, and the volunteers and regulars who were following were close upon him. "MORGAN approaches Pennsylvania," says a historian. "Major RUE, of the Ninth Kentucky Cavalry, commanding detachments of the Ninth and Eleventh Kentucky Cavalry, and stragglers from different regiments, freshly mounted and sent ahead by order of General BURNSIDE, on the cars, came up on the nick of time. Two roads came to a common road. The struggle is which shall arrive first. MORGAN leads; RUE, almost despairing, pursues him. Seeing a road leading off, almost by intuition, he asks a bystander, 'Does that road come into this one again, and is it nearer to the point where they approach than the main road?' 'It does, and is much nearer.' With renewed hope he dashed off, and ran in ahead about a hundred and fifty yards, and rapidly formed a line of battle. MORGAN, with his usual audacity, sends in a flag of truce, and demands an unconditional surrender. RUE indignantly informs the messenger that he does not belong to the militia that he can be deceived in that manner; that he is a major of ther Ninth Kentucky Cavalry, and that if MORGAN does not surrender at once he will fire upon him. The officer replied, with an oath, that the Ninth Kentucky Cavalry was everywhere. MORGAN, finding he could not impose on RUE by the flag of truce, tries another dodge. He now informs him that he had already surrendered to some Ohio militia captain, and that he had paroled them. This captain was a captive in MORGAN's hands. He informs MORGAN that he will pay no attention to any such surrender, and that he will hold him and his command until his superior, General SHACKELFORD, arrives. In about an hour the general makes his appearance, and then MORGAN surrenders, and thus ends the most remarkable chase known in history."
On the evening of the 23d of July, 1863, Major RUE left the barracks at Covington, Kentucky, with a command of three hundred and seventy-five cavalry and three pieces of artillery, from the Fifteenth Indiana Battery. The command departed for Bellaire, via Columbus, arriving there at one o'clock P. M., on Friday, the 24th. On the following day the banks of the Ohio were patrolled, and at one o'clock word was received from Major-general BROOKS for Major RUE to proceed with his forces with all possible speed for Steubenville. Not stopping here, he passed on to Shanghee, where he disembarked his command at seven o'clock P. M., Saturday. From this point he proceeded along the public road to Knoxville, where he learned that MORGAN had already passed through Richmond at four o'clock of that day, the 25th, and was still pushing north-east. The major left Knoxville at four o'clock Sunday morning, joining General SHACKELFORD at Hamondsville, and proceeded at once to Salinesville, his command in advance. At this place it was learned that MORGAN had been seen last at Mooreville, going eastwardly to Smith's Ford on the Ohio River. General SHACKELFORD sent RUE with the advance to intercept MORGAN at some point on this road. Marching his men at the rate of seven miles an hour, he started forward, his command having been reduced to three hundred men. When within half a mile of the junction of the road, he learned that MORGAN was passing that point on a gallop. discovering a private road, however, they cut over the fields, and came out on the main road just one hundred and fifty yards in advance of the rebels. A detachment of thirty men were attacking their rear, and the enemy was completely surrounded. A flag of truce was sent by MORGAN, demanding RUE's surrender. Major RUE replied that he demanded the unconditional surrender of MORGAN and all his men. Major RUE's terms were acceded to. MORGAN surrendered, and kept the prisoners until General SHACKELFORD arrived, when they were turned over to his superior officer.
"The number of rebels captured was three hundred and eighty-four, and four hundred horses. In face of these facts, fully authentic and corroborated by reports, how can General SHACKELFORD lay claim to capturing John MORGAN? He, at the time of the surrender, was some miles away, and knew nothing of it until he came to the Beaver Creek Road and met the prisoner. The honor belongs to George W. RUE.
Since writing the above, we have seen the statement of James BURBECK, to whom MORGAN claimed that he had surrendered. He was a captain of a squad, elected to that position by his neighbors, and all his men, except eight, had run away and gone home. MORGAN, it will be remembered, had three hundred and eighty-four men. After meeting MORGAN under the protection of a white flag, the rebel general asked if he would accept his surrender, and then would grant them a parole. He agreed to the proposition, although expressing doubts as to whether the surrender would be binding. MORGAN reassured him, and said, "These are my men, and I can surrender them to a woman if I want to." He pointed in a north-westerly direction, to a cloud of dust rising in the road, and said to BURBECK, "That's the Union forces." Then he took a white handkerchief, tied it to a stick, and gave it to BURBECK. The Union forces got around by another road and drew up in line of battle. They were SHACKELFORD's men, commanded by Major RUE. One of MORGAN's captains and Mr. BURBECK rode forward and explained matters. The major sent word to Colonel SHACKELFORD, who was eating dinner at a farm-house about four miles back. The colonel came up and accepted the surrender, but made it unconditional. When taken to Columbus he claimed that he had surrendered conditionally to a militia captain, and should be granted a parole. Governor TOD received Mr. BURBECK's statement of the affair, and as he was not a regularly commissioned officer, MORGAN was held. These statements are BURBECK's.
MORGAN appealed at once to Governor TOD, as commander-in-chief of the Ohio militia. He took a little time to examine the case, and on the 1st of August responded: "I find the facts substantially as follows: A private citizen of New Lisbon, by the name of BURBECK, went out with some fifteen or sixteen others to meet your forces, in advance of a volunteer organized military body from the same place, under the command of Captain CURRY. Said BURBECK is not and never was a militia officer in the service of this State. He was captured by you, and traveled with you some considerable distance before your surrender. Upon his discovering the regular military forces of the United States to be in your advance in line of battle, you surrendered to said BURBECK, then your prisoner. Whether you supposed him to be a captain in the militia service or not is entirely immaterial."
The end of MORGAN's raid is soon told. He and his officers were immured, by order of General HALLECK, in the Ohio Penitentiary, from which the general and six of his fellow officers escaped on the 27th of November. He was killed before the close of the war.
During his expedition Butler County had in the State service fourteen companies and twelve hundred and two men. There were paid for them $3,220.73. In 1864 the Legislature appointed a commission to examine and pass upon the claims for damages to property in this raid. This county claimed for damages done by the United States forces $4,818; damages done by other Union forces, not under command of United States officers, $666; amount allowed for the first $4,175, and the second $516.
Some of those who were unfriendly to the war formed a Mutual Protection Company, but it did not meet with much favor, and was soon abandoned. Secret political societies for the same purpose flourished.
Citizens of Ross, Reily, Hanover, and Morgan Townships, in Butler County, Ohio, met at the township house in Okeana, on the 17th of July, 1863. The meeting was organized by electing John J. OWENS, president, William KINNARD, vice-president, John W. AGNEW, secretary, and J. B. VANLEW, assistant secretary. The object of the meeting was stated by the president to be for the purpose of organizing a company for the mutual protection of person and property.
The citizens of Whitewater and Springfield Townships, in Franklin County, Indiana, were ivited to participate. A committee of one from each township and one from Indiana was appointed to report to an adjourned meeting to be held at Auburn, on Monday, July 20th, at two o'clock, P. M.
The meeting reconvened at Auburn, pursuant to adjournment, and the committee appointed by the former meeting, through the president, reported the following:
"We, the undersigned citizens of the townships of Ross, Reily, Hanvoer, and Morgan, in the county of Butler, in the State of Ohio, and of the townships of Springfield and Whitewater, in the county of Franklin, in the State of Indiana, having been fully convinced of the importance and necessity of protecting persons and property from invasion, by both foreign and domestic enemies of our country, and her laws, do hereby organize ourselves, for the purpose of mutual protection, into an independent company, to be known by the name and style of the Butler County Mutual Protection Company, and to be governed by a constitution and code of by-laws to be hereafter adopted by a majority of those signing this declaration of their determination to protect and defend the rights of our citizens, and to sustain and uphold the supremacy of the laws."
The following named gentlemen were appointed a committee to circulate this paper for signature: John W. OWENS, John G. AGNEW, and John CREGMILE, of Reily Township; C. W. LANE, Washington B. DAVIS, and W. R. COCHRAN, of Hanvoer Township; James GAULTNEY, Joseph DAVIS, and Samuel LLOYD, of Morgan Township; John FROST, Daniel BROSIUS, and A. D. KNOX, of Ross Township; Dr. A. B. JAMES, James BURTONSHAW, and John DAVIS, of Springfield Township, and John HALL, Wm. MITCHELL, and John JACQUES, of Whitewater Township, Franklin County, Indiana.
S. D. LLOYD and W. B. DAVIS the next week wished the newspapers to say that they did not desire to have any thing to do with the "Butler County Mutual Protection Company" for the townships of Hanover, Ross, Reily, and Morgan. They believed that the laws when enforced were sufficient to protect persons and property, and did not care about seeking any new modes of redress under the lead of men known to sympathize with rebellion and riot. "The Constitution as it is, and the enforcement of the laws," was their motto.
An encampment was held in Hamilton in August, 1863, which for more than a week made the town alive with the sounds and paraphernalia of war. It was held on the grounds north of town, between the railroad and the Miami River. No spot could have been found in the State better adapted for the purposes. It was a square tract of land of sixty acres, bounded on all four sides with running water, and with a level plain in the center, well adapted for the purposes of drilling and parade. The camps of the various regiments were pitched on the lower grounds along the sides, and the various head-quarters placed conveniently on higher ground.
The number in attendance was very large. Five regimental organizations were complete; the Seventh, Eighth, inth, Tenth, and Sixty-first, and eight companies of the Thirty-fourth, and two companies of the Sixty-fifth, also two companies of cavalry. The officers and sergeants of the reserve militia were out in large force, and occupied the ground on the east side of the square. The volunteer organizations occupied the north and west side of the square.
The camp was under command of Colonel Len. A. HARRIS, and under his supervision the discipline and drill of the camp progressed rapidly. Up till Monday evening the officers and sergeants of various organizations were massed into companies, and thoroughly instructed by competent drill masters. The programme of each day was as follows: Guard mounting at seven A. M.; company drill from nine to eleven A. M.; battalion drill from three to five P. M.; dress parade at six P. M. On Sunday the company drill was omitted, and divine services held at ten A. M. and three P. M.; battalion drill followed at four P. M. that day, and the usual dress parade. Monday afternoon the men of different regiments began pouring in, and that night the entire ground of the camp was specked with their shelter tents and their gleaming camp fires. Tuesday morning the drilling began at five o'clock and continued with short intermissions all day. At three P. M. battalion drill was held; and at five P. M. a grand review. For the purpose of review the regiments were organized into two brigades, with Colonel FISHER of the Eighth in command, and reviewed by the commander of the post. The brigades were arranged in two lines on the east side of the grounds, facing west, and when passing in review marched entirely round the square. The music of several brass bands, and of many field bands, the neat uniforms of most of the men, the gleaming of arms, made the review a fine scene. Most of the marching was well done, and several army officers present expressed surprise at such correct marching and evolutions after so brief a drill. Many of the companies were unarmed. The Seventh Cincinnati bore the palm in marching and in the manual of arms, as the regiment was an old and thoroughly drilled one. Much was said in praise of the Butler County volunteers, especially of Companies A, of the Sixty-first, and A, of the Sixty-fifth. Taken altogether the review was a grand success, and satisfied the immense crowd that came to see it.
Wednesday morning the company drills were continued, and at four P. M., September 2d, the encampment was ended.
Jerome FALCONER died Saturday night, August 15th, 1863, at eleven o'clock, at the residence of his father in this city. He had languished seven months and fifteen days since receiving his terrible wounds at Stone River, December 31, 1862. His remains were buried from the Presbyterian Church at ten A. M., Monday, August 17th, with military honors.
He had gone in his boyhood to serve in the ranks of the great Union army, and fell at Stone River, pierced with two wounds. He fell into the hands of the enemy, and remained a prisoner until the capture of Murfreesboro by our forces. For more than six months he was at his father's house in this city, receiving the most tender care and the most skillful medical and surgical treatment. But his wounds were too deep for the physicians' art, and each surgical operation, each day's nursing ended in the temporary relief, but not the improvement of his case. He gradually grew worse, till he sank into the sleep that knows no waking. His youth and extreme sufferings enlisted the warm sympathies of our citizens, and a large consourse followed the body to its resting-place.
As a means of aiding the soldiers, fairs were held almost everywhere. The one in this county was very successful in 1863. The two grand novelties of the week were the wood procession and the exhibition at Sohn's Hall.
The wood procession was made a principal feature of the fair. The appeal to the farmers in the county had been general, and the response was glorious and honorable to old Butler. The weather was bad. A storm of sleet and rain set in early in the day, but at ten o'clock the teams began to straggle in and deposit their contents in the vacant lot adjoining Beardsley's hat store, where the Opera House is now. Soon after ten a procession from Reily, not less than four squares in length, came down High Street, and St. Clair, Morgan, Milford, Hanover, Ross, and Liberty added their delegations, till the lot was packed with wagons, and the new arrivals began unloading on High Street, filling both sides of the street with huge ricks of wood nearly a square in length. As a drenching rain fell during the whole time, there was no music or ceremony, but the citizens mounted the wagons, helped unload, and hurried the donors off to shelter. A fine dinner had been prepared in a room of Sohn's building, where a sumptuous dinner was served. After a pleasant time at dinner the wagons began to rattle out of town, and at dusk there was no sign of the wood procession but the huge piles, which almost blockaded High Street.
Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, the ladies, nothing daunted, began pressing their preparations for the Soldiers' Air Fair, with a vigor worthy the patriotic cause. The subscriptions were, in many instances, remarkable generous. Some poor persons, in the depth of their gratitude to the brave and suffering soldiers, gave almost their last dolar. Some remarkable instances ocurred when even little boys had given the pennies in their savings-banks, amounting to more than some wealthy persons owning splendid farms had given.
In the third year of the war conscription was used to fill up the wasted ranks of the Union forces. The following officers were appointed to carry out the draft: Captain John MILLS, of Dayton, Provost Marshal; M. P. ALSTON, of Fairfield, Commissioner of Enrollment; Dr. SCHENCK, of Franklin, Examining Surgeon.
After these meetings had been held, a local writer indulged in the following observations:
"The medical examiner, and other members of the board of enrollment, have had a busy time in the last three weeks, prescribing for a new and singular malady. Hardly new, either, as it swept over portions of this State a year since, but its present visit has been unparalelled in violence and extent. It very singularly spared old men, women, and children, and wreaked its violence on males between the ages of twenty and forty-five. The patients were seized with a strong desire to overhaul the dates in old family Bibles, to rub up and irritate old scars and other bodily ailments, to practice hollow coughs, to have fits, blindness, deafness, and every malady known in medicine, and some not found there. Its universal characteristic is paleness, and shuddering at the mention of swords, guns, or battle-fields.
"The crowd of afflicted throng to the office, and are only kept at a respectful distance by the bayonet. The surgeon is compelled to make short work of most cases, although occasionally giving a few words of explanation to some applicant who is disappointed to learn that he is not as ill as he might be. Most are cut off with a brief 'that will do, sir; next.' Perhaps 'next' is a great stalwart fellow, who begins with a long string about ailments beginning before his birth, but is stopped with, 'I don't care, sir, what happened before you were born; what is the trouble now?' When he drawls out, 'That was what I was going to tell you; when my mother came to this country she got skeered at the shootin' of guns when we landed, and I never could stand shootin' since.' 'That is no ground for exemption.' 'They exempted me before, doctor.' 'I can't help that; next.' 'But, doctor, what shall I do? I never can stand shootin'.' 'You have heard of Rarey, I suppose. When he found a horse that couldn't stand firing he so placed him that he could easily manage him, and then shot over him till he got used to it, and he never minded it afterward. We'll Rarey you - place you in the front rank, with a few bayonets behind you, and after you have been shot at a while, you will get over your nervousness. That will do; next.'"
Two persons were arrested in Hamilton for opposing the war. One was Dr. MCELWEE, and the other George DONGES. Dr. MCELWEE was the conductor of a newspaper, and in it some violent expressions had been found. DONGES had hurrahed for Jeff. DAVIS. We give the trial of DONGES, who is still a resident of this place:
"Charge. - Publicly declaring sympathy with the rebel enemies of the United States Government, contrary to Department General Orders, No. 38, and violently assaulting a loyal citizen, who reproved such declaration of sympathy.
"Specification. - In this, that on or about the eighteenth day of April, 1863, the said George DONGES, at the city of Hamilton, Butler County, Ohio, did publicly huzza for Jeff. DAVIS, and on being reproved for the same by one Peter KREGENHOFER, a loyal citizen, did violently assault said KREGENHOFER, strike him in the face with his fists, knock him down with a slung-shot, and kick him in the face, seriously wounding and bruising him, the said KREGENHOFER.
"To which charge and specification the prisoner pleaded as follows: 'Not guilty.'
"Finding and sentence. - The commission, after mature deliberation on the evidence adduced, find the accused, George DONGES, of Butler County, Ohio, as follows: Of the specification, 'guilty;' of the charge 'guilty.' And the commission do, therefore sentence him, the said George DONGES, of Butler County, Ohio, to four months on Johnson's Island, or such other place as the commanding general shall direct, there to be made to do such hard work as the post commander shall direct.
"The finding and sentence of the court are approved by General BURNSIDE, and he disposed of the case by ordering that
"The prisoners, George DONGES, citizen of Butler County, Ohio, and John MCELWEE, citizen of Jasper County, Illinois, will also be delivered by the military commander of Cincinnati, Ohio, into the custody of the commanding officer on Johnson's Island, who is charged with the execution of their sentence.
By command of
"MAJOR GENERAL BURNSIDE.
"Lewis RICHMOND, Assistant Adjutant General.
"Official, W. P. ANDERSON, Assistant Adjutant General
Upon VALLANDIGHAM's return from the South and from Canada he made his first appearance in Hamilton. His seizure had been a grave mistake on the part of the government, as it made a martyr of him, and his arrest upon his return would have been a still greater error. But the authorities had learned wisdom, and he harangued the faithful to his heart's content without interruption. It was feared that there would be interference by the soldiers, or by zealous Republicans, in which case there would undoubtedly have been bloodshed. Every thing, however, passed off peaceably. The result of the election was an increased majority for the opposers of the war in this county, but through the State no such result prevailed. LINCOLN, and not MCCLELLAN, carried the electoral vote. This opposition to the war was carried on to the end, and for five or six years after its close the local leaders of the party denounced the results. Time has healed these wounds, and most of those who distinguished themselves during the war and the post-bellum period, in violent denunciation of what was done, have accepted the results with equanimity and patience.
The One Hundred and Sixty-seventh Regiment, National Guard, was the third complete, or nearly complete, regiment that went out from this county. It was one intended only for one hundred days' service. It was organized near this city on the 2d of May, 1864, and was sworn into the United States service on the 16th of the same month. On the 18th it received marching orders for West Virginia, and reached Charleston, in that State, on the 21st of May, reporting to Colonel EWART. Six companies were immediately sent to Camp Piatt, and four to Gauley Bridge. At these points they relieved the Second, Third, and Seventh regiments of Virginia cavalry. The ony duty the regiment was called upon to perform was guarding government stores, and accompanying trains to and from the main bodies of the national forces in that portion of Western Virginia. The posts were posts of supply. At the conclusion of their terms of service the regiment was promptly relieved, mustered out, and transported home. Many of the men joined other regiments, and went out again.
Following is a list of the officers and non-commissioned officers of the regiment:
Colonel. - Thomas MOORE.
Lieutenant-colonel. - James E. NEWTON.
Major. - John F. BENDER.
Surgeon. - Moses H. HAYNES.
Assistant Surgeon. - James S. FERGUSON.
Adjutant. - Lafayette TRABER.
Quartermaster. - Henry P. DORE.
Chaplain. - Jeremiah GEIGER.
Captain. - James E. STEWART.
First Lieutenant. - James A. KENNEDY.
Second Lieutenant. - Charles M. DEXTER.
Sergeants. - James T. LONGSTREET, John C. MCCRACKEN, Charles MOORE, John W. CRAIG, Samuel GATH.
Corporals. - George W. SADDLER, Joseph HAYDEN, Samuel MCDONALD, Richard BUTLER, Jacob A ZELLER, Abner L. HOWREN, Cyrus D. CROSS, John J. WRIGHT, Jr.
Deserted. - Jacob HAUS.
Died. - George S. SMITH, August 14, 1864, at Brownstown.
Captain. - Edward T. JONES.
First Lieutenant. - S. W. WOODRUFF.
Second Lieutenant. -Crossley VAUGHN.
Sergeants. - David MERCER, James SCOTT, Isaac ERVEN, J. T. DE ARMOND, L. G. FARR.
Corporals. - Levi NEASE, Morris JONES, Cornelius STOUGHTON, T. G. CALDWELL, Alonzo BUELL, James E. BEBB, Theo. FIELDS.
Killed. - John BEIHLMAN, by scouting party of Company G, June 25, 1864.
Captain. - John KOENGER.
First Lieutenant. - Jacob KURZ.
Second Lieutenant. - Phil. WINKELHAUS.
Sergeants. - J. H. KEVERS, Louis WORANER, Henry SLEIN, Ernst BLUM, Michael LINK, William WOLLENWEIBER.
Corporals. - Jacob BENDER, Charles FRIEBEL, Henry OVERMEIER, Jacob HAMMONN, John C. JAHRANS, Peter GRATZ, Peter KRIEGENHOFFER.
Deserted. - Isaac JACKSON, Frank SCHODEL.
Captain. - B. F. BOOKWALTER.
First Lieutenant. - A. W. ECKERT.
Second Lieutenant. - A. P. RICHARDSON.
Sergeants. - James RAY, William F. WILSON, M. O. BEAN, Job INMAN, John JACOBS.
Corporals. - A. B. CRIST, Amos D. KUMLER, John SMITH, Samuel ROSE, Brown WILSON, William F. JACOBS, Elliott HUFFMAN, John HUNSICKER.
Captain. - George C. WARVEL.
First Lieutenant. - Benjamin F. BANKER.
Second Lieutenant. - John BUSENBARK.
Sergeants. - D. D. EVANS, Amos POTTER, H. H. LONG, Isaac GEBHART, Frank COURTHWAIT.
Corporals. - Henry V. WILLIAMSON, nelson LUCAS, Philip H. KUMLER, Austin L. KUMLER, Henry CARNEY, Samuel D. WEAVER, Albert PTTER, Augustus COURTHWAIT.
Deserted. - Ed. JONES, Van Buren VANCE.
Captain. - John C. LEWIS.
First Lieutenant. - James F. E. IMLEY.
Second Lieutenant. - Samuel S. GARVER.
Sergeants. - John S. CHAPMAN, Adam P. BREWER, George W. ANDERSON, Archibald LAURIE, Luther P. HUSTON.
Corporals. - Harry BOBBINMYER, John P. STONE, Leonard W. O'BRIEN, Benj. F. RANDOLPH, Timothy E. SCOVEY, Hiram G. O. DAIR, George B. WATSON, Daniel W. FITTON.
Captain. - David B. KERR.
First Lieutenant. - Thomas H. ROBERTSON.
Second Lieutenant. - William E. MCKECKNIE.
Sergeants. - William KOHR, Frank BANKER, Comly P. BENNETT, Joel K. WEBSTER, Henry REED.
Corporals. - Samuel WICKEL, A. G. CLENDENNING, Jacob SERVIS, Frank ERWIN, John TAYLOR, William S. HOLMES, Thomas D. MCADAMS, Arthur WILSON.
Deserted. - Leonidas H. BUTLER, Peter BLAZOR, James BRASHEAR, Thomas . KENNARD, Alfred KEYS, Samuel RALSTON, James ROSS, Jackson SWEENEY, Langsdon SHEAFF.
Captain. - James A. STEVENS.
First Lieutenant. - L. D. KEIL.
Second Lieutenant. - Levi JAMESON.
Sergeants. - A. M. MURRAY, W. R. WOODSIDE, H. R. WEBLE, Joseph BONAKER, Ira STEVENS.
Corporals. - John EARHART, Hosea SAMUEL, G. W. ROBINSON, James B. DECAMP, S. D. THURSTON, William STEVENS, J. H. KEIL, O. P. MOREY.
Captain. - Samuel K. WICKARD.
First Lieutenant. - Philip H. WALTY.
Second Lieutenant. - Henry C. GRAY.
Sergeants. - Playton P. REES, James P. MARTINADLE, Miles J. SPOOR, Freeman P. APPLEGATE.
Corporals. - William B. WALLACE, Thomas J. WOODRUFF, Samuel J. DUNWOODY, John D. SCOTT, Joseph WALTY, Rufus CONE, Richard COLE.
Captain. - Daniel D. ZELLER.
First Lieutenant. - Washington B. DAVIS.
Second Lieutenant. - Matthew T. WHIPPLE.
Sergeants.- Alexander B. EMERICK, A. C. CUMLER, W. T. ROLL, W. N. BAILEY, A. H. MILLER.
Corporals. - William COCHRANE, D. D. BEALS, Daniel WICKARD, Edwin ROSS, Abraham RUMPLE, J. G. KNOX, J. D. GOSHORN, F. M. KUMLER.
Died. - William STERRETT, August 15, 1864; W. J. WILLIAMS, August 14, 1864.
Much ought to be said, in however brief a summary of the war, viewed locally, of the noble efforts of those citizens who stayed behind in upholding the hands of the government and in lessening the sufferings of individuals and families. Relief committees were begun at the outbreak of hostilities in almost all localities; and in thousands of families the kindly ministrations of neighbors helped to take off the keen edge of poverty. The relief system lasted through the whole war, fairs being held in connection with it. At one of them, held in Hamilton, ten thousand dollars and over was realized. A committee of citizens was appointed by the government, in each county, to aid in the work of recruiting, and as persons on whom it could rely for assistance. Those in this county in 1863 were: N. C. MCFARLAND, chairman; Israel WILLIAMS, secretary; Alexander F. HUME, Henry BEARDSLEY, and J. M. MILLIKIN. Others were joined with these, and preceded and followed them. To all these the greatest gratitude is due. In the darkest hour of the nation's trouble they formed a rallying point for the faithful.
The end was at last to come. The heroic exertions of four years were crowned with success, and Richmond was ours. The Telegraph of Hamilton had the following head lines:
"Victory- Richmond Ours and Garrisoned by Negro Troops - Petersburg Evacuated - DAVIS a Fugitive - LEE in Full Retreat - GRANT in Full Pursuit - Four Days' Heavy Fighting - Complete Union Success - The Great Hereafter has Come - Where's VALLANDIGHAM? - Where's the Chicago Platform? - Where's MCCLELLAN?"
A celebration was held on the Friday following the evacuation of Richmond. The day rose brightly, and seemed of itself to impart gladness to all hearts. At sunrise a national salute from the court-house square spoke joyfully, and this was followed by man pealing bells for the space of an hour. Very early in the day it was manifest it was to be a jubilee, and soon the streets were filled with people whose eyes and cheerful facs told their gladness.
At ten o'clock a very large congregation assembled in the Presbyterian Church, where a sermon was delivered by the Rev. J. J. THOMPSON pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church, from Exodus xv, 1, 2, 21. The reverend speaker drew a most striking parallel between the cause of the Confederacy and the cause of Pharoah, and the total destruction which overtook them both, manifestly by the hands of the Lord. He closed by referring to the fact that while they were then worshiping SUMTER's dishonored flag was honored and floated over the battered walls, upon the ocean breeze; Maryland had washed out their stains, Louisiana and Tennessee had found mooring in the Union docks, and Georgia, Virginia, and the old North State desired to join their sisters. A new and higher destiny awaited them. Let all say, "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel from everlasting to everlasting, and let all the people say Amen."
In the afternoon the whole population were abroad, and flags decorated nearly the whole city. At three o'clock P. M. a great crowd assembled at the court-house, where, after the thundering of cannon, music was given by the city band and the glee club, and eloquent addresses of great ability by L. D. CAMPBELL and by Messrs. MILLIKIN and MOORE. They were happily worded and enthusiastically received.
At night the whole population were out about the court-house. Men, women, and children swarmed; brilliant fireworks were set off under the direction of Brook SAUNDERS.
Scarcely had the nation felt its heart throb with gratitude for the closing of the war and the renewal of peace on a solid and enduring basis, than it was called to mourn the death of Abraham LINCOLN, slain by the hand of an assassin. So monstrous seemed the report that few could believe it, and it was not until the arrival of the morning papers that citizens were willing to give credence to the story But with the perusal of the details came unwilling belief, and soon the tolling bells, the half-masted flags, and the drapery of black gave proof of sorrow.
In the evening a large meeting convened at the court-house, and organized by the selection of Judge SCOTT as chairman, and Mr. SELBY as secretary. Remarks were made by L. D. CAMPBELL, N. C. MCFARLAND, Rev. J. J. THOMPSON, and Thomas MOORE, expressive of their feelings and that of the community generally. Men of all political parties united in this movement. The chairman was authorized to appoint a committee of nine to make suitable arrangements for observance of the funeral ceremonies of the late President. On Sunday large audiences assembled in all of the churches, most, if not all of which were draped in mourning, and the exercises were generally conducted with reference to the solemn lessons of the hour. In the Methodist Episcopal Church, Mr. THOMPSON had designed an Easter sermon, but in view of the nation's calamity addressed his congregation from 2 Samuel iii, 38: "Know ye not there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?" His remarks were eloquent and to the point. In the Presbyterian Church, Professor David SWING, of Oxford, now of Chicago, preached from the ninety-seventh Psalm.
In accordance with the recommendation of the acting Secretary of State, Wednesday was observed with fitting ceremonies. All the bells tolled for one hour from 10:30 A. M. Funeral ceremonies were in the Presbyterian Church at 12 noon; sermon by the Rev. J. M. PENDLETON. There was also a general suspensio of business from 10 A. M. until 3 P. M., and a display of flags at half-mast. The sermon was from Deuteronomy xxxiv, 8.
At Oxford the various bells were tolled for several hours, flags were shrouded in crape, or displayed at half-mast, and business was almost entirely suspended. This was on Saturday, on the reception of the news. In the afternoon, by a general impulse, a large number of citizens assembled in the hall over the market-house, and a meeting was organized, on motion of Professor SWING, by calling the Rev. Dr. PATTERSON to the chair. Mr. DUVAL was appointed secretary. The Rev. L. L. LANGSTROTH opened the exercises by prayer, and then made some remarks; after which, on motion of Professor SWING, Professor STODDARD, Professor SWING, and Mr. ZELLER were appointed a committee to prepare suitable resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting. An adjourned meeting was fixed at 2 P. M. of the day on which the obsequies should be observed in Washington, in the Third Presbyterian Church. Remarks were made at different times by the Rev. Mr. MCSURELY, KUMLER, and MORRIS. On Sunday all the public and many of the private buildings were draped in black.
Among those who remained in the army after the close of the war was Colonel Charles Kilgore SMITH, the second son of Charles K. SMITH, of Hamilton, for a long time one of the leading citizens of this county, and the first secretary of the Territory of Minnesota. He was born in Hamilton on the 22d of October, 1834, and was carefully instructed in all the usual branches of education, receiving in addition a course of training at the military academy at West Point, to which he was appointed in 1850. The rigorous requirements of the place enfeebled his naturally weak constitution, and the idea of a military life was abandoned, he thought, forever; but at the beginning of the civil war, prompted by duty and patriotism, he entered a company, and, as first lieutenant, aided in drilling and disciplining the troops, accompanied them to Columbus, and when this company finally crystallized into one of those forming the Twenty-sixth Regiment, he was made quartermaster. He accompanied it to Louisville, its first trip, and was, in conjunction with Colonel E. P. FYFFE, who commanded, highly complimented by the press for the able manner in which his duties were discharged. His efficiency and eminent abilities soon attraced attention, and he was promoted to a captaincy, acting as chief assistant in the quartermaster's department at Chattanooga before, during, and subsequent to the Atlanta campaign. General ROUSSEAU, an excellent judge of men, placed him upon his staff, and evinced by his conduct that he regarded him as one of the most efficient and trustworthy officers in the service. He followed the army in its vicissitudes and perils during its four years of trials and changes, winning each year higher and higher positions, rising from chief assistant in the quartermaster's department to that of chief quartermaster of the department of Georgia, with the grade of colonel. At this time he was on the staff of Major-general STEADMAN, who was in command of that department. He was commissioned major by brevet, March 13, 1865, "for gallant and meritorious services during the war." He did not receive his appointment as major until he had been commissioned a colonel, the appointment of major having been knocked about in the mails for nearly a year before it reached him, owing to the uncertainties of war.
While still very young he joined the Free Masons, in Washington Lodge, Hamilton, of which his father had so long been an ornament, and carried into his everyday life those principles of honor, good faith, and charity there inculcated. He was naturally a Mason. In the army he aided in establishing military lodges, and through his instrumentality in this respect much suffering was alleviated.
He was in public life a model of integrity and industry, but it was in private life that he was justly to be estimated. He was most kind and affectionate. In his deportment to his parents he was respectful, dutiful, and warmly affectionate; to his brothers and sisters he was considerate, loving, generous, and just, and to his friends constant and true. He could be depended upon in all the relations of life to do that which was right and becoming, neither turning away from the weak and afflicted because they were under a cloud, nor courting the society of those favored with this world's goods because their influence might be valuable to him.
His death, from hemorrhage of the lungs, occurred in Columbia, South Carolina, December 30, 1870, when he had barely entered his thirth-seventh year. It cast a deep shade of sorrow over a large circle of friends, and occasioned the deepest anguish in his family circle. His noble deeds and self-sacrificing devotion have placed his name on the pages of his country's history.
We give the names of the soldiers of our wars buried in Greenwood. Some errors are among them, undoubtedly, but the list has been submitted to careful revision by a number of well-known citizens.