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1870 Clark County, Ohio Federal Census

submitted by Janie Martin Whitty, 2001

NOTE: This transcription is meant to be a guide only. It is the transcriber's interpretation and subject to human error. Always refer to the original document (or microfilm) for your own interpretation.

Abstracted by Janie Martin Whitty, © 2001, from the National Archives and Records Administration Federal Population Schedules for the 9th Census of the United States in 1870. (Micro Copy #593, Roll #1180; OHIO; Vol. 8, pgs 1-407; Clark County.)

The following columns are included in this transcription for the 1870 Clark Co., OH Census:

Included
Column #2: Family #; Families numbered in the order of visitation
Column #3: Name; The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1870 was in this family.
Column #4: Age; Age at last birthday. If under 1 year; give months in fractions, thus 2/12
Column #5: Sex - Males (M); Females (F)
Column #6: Color - White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (Mu), Chinese (C), Indian (I)
Column #7: Occupation; Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male and female
Column #8: Value of Real Estate
Column #9: Value of Personal Estate
Column #10: Birthplace; Place of Birth, naming State or Territory of U.S.; or the Country, if of foreign birth.
Column #13: (Included on name line): If born within the year, state month (Jan, Feb, etc.).
Column #14: (Included on name line): If married within the year, state the month Jan, Feb., Etc.)
Column #18: (Included on name line): Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.

The following columns have NOT been included in this transcription for the sake of brevity. Please consult the original microfilm record for additional information:

Not Included
Column #1: Dwelling & Homes, numbered in order of visitation
Column #11: Father of foreign birth (this is a column for checkmark only, does not name the country)
Column #12: Mother of foreign birth (same as above)
Column #15: Attended school within the year
Column #16: Cannot read.
Column #17: Cannot write
Column #19: Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards.
Column #20: Major Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards, where right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime.

Please note that this record was transcribed from the microfilm images of actual handwritten pages. Bad film, poor handwriting and scratched or botchy images are frequently encounterd and sometimes difficult if not impossible to read. Any entry which is questionable or difficult to read has been so noted. Any letters contained within a name or word that are obscured or difficult to read have been replaced with a dash or a question mark. "Known" spelling errors have been left as originally written. Possible other surname spellings have been included in the 1870 Clark County census index as a cross-reference.

Another bit of information to pass along to the researcher, the Enumerator for the German Twp in 1870 (Cornelius Baker) used a noticeable amount of phoentic spelling in names. I have been using other Census years to verifiy hard to read names and found many variations in this particiular Township. For instance, the RIGGLE family of the 1850s was being spelled in 1860 as REIGLE.

By 1870 the same families were being spelled RIGIL, RIEGEL and RIGEL. The surname SWARTZBAUGH was scribed as SUARTSBAUGH.  Another example.... the DONOVAN family varied a lot - even once written as DONIPHAN. There were many others, plus family names were changing during this era as well.

Please remember to check for ALL variations of surnames in the INDEX and I would like to know of any that are found so we can add them to our Surname Index as a cross reference.

The Green Twp. Enumerator (M.S. Minnich) was just plain hard-to-read handwriting. So if anyone can clarify names with ?? or blanks, I would appreciate hearing from them.

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updated December 2, 2001