Cuyahoga County OHGenWeb


Coroner Records

If a recent (after 1900) ancestor died under mysterious circumstances, or without medical care, or you find a death certificate that says that an autopsy was done, or the certificate was signed by the coroner/medical examiner it's always a good idea to check the Medical Examiner's office to see if they have a Coroner's file on that person. You can write or call the Medical Examiner's office and ask them to check their index for the individual you are interested in. They will check their index and get back to you if they have anything, indicating the number of pages they have and the cost to obtain a photocopy of the file.

If a similar death occurred before 1900, use the indexes. Those records are at the Cuyahoga County Archives.

Contact information:

Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner
11001 Cedar Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44106
216-721-5610
http://medicalexaminer.cuyahogacounty.us

Also, there are two indexes of the 1833-1900 Coroner's Case Files at the Cuyahoga County Archive online.


Coroner Records - A Brief History

by Cynthia Turk

"The county coroner has the ancient duty of determining the cause of death where death occurs under suspicious circumstances or by unlawful means, the proper distribution of property found on or about the deceased, and the management of the county morgue."1 The Coroner falls under law enforcement.

The records required by law and kept by the Coroner as of 1941, consist of "a report of findings in cases of unlawful death, and an inventory of articles found on or about the body of the deceased."2

Established in 1788, the office of county coroner was made appointive for a two-year term by the territorial governor. In 1802 the Ohio Constitution made this an elected office. The term of office was increased to four years in 1936.3

Another entry from Lake County's Inventory of the County Archives page 139:

It is the duty of the coroner to hold preliminary investigations over the bodies of all persons found within the county who appear to have died by violence or casualty. Like the sheriff, he is a county officer who derives directly a predecessor in the government of the Northwest Territory. When appointment of a coroner was first authorized the office shared jurisdiction with the sheriff, as the coroner of the territorial government had done, in addition to being required to perform the particular duties of his own office. He was elected to a two year term. In 1805 a statute was passed which defined the duties of the coroner, and separated his office from that of the sheriff, unless the office of sheriff should fall vacant, when he was required to execute temporarily the duties of the sheriff. The latter provision, though seldom invoked, remained law until 1887. Very few changes have been made in the coroner's duties since that time. In 1921 he was made official custodian of the morgue, in such counties as maintain a morgue; in 1936 the term of office was extended to four years; and in 1937 a law was enacted requiring the coroner to be a licensed physician. On authorization of the prosecuting attorney he may perform autopsies.

The coroner is required to report his findings, with the testimony of witnesses, to the clerk of courts. These reports constitute the only permanent records of the coroner, all others being current material which he keeps in his home or office.4

More recent Ohio laws require continuing education for the Coroner.5 They also spell out that he is responsible for notification of the deceased's next of kin. Additionally he is responsible for the personal effects of the deceased, returning them to family, or if no family is found, to sell the items if the body is buried at county expense.6

When the new Cuyahoga County government structure took effect in 2011, the County Executive appointed a Medical Examiner, replacing the elected County Coroner system. Cuyahoga Charter states that the duties will follow the State laws for Coroner.7

1. Inventory of the County Archives, No. 43 Lake County (Painesville) (Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Historical Records Survey Project, October 1941) p. 24; citing The Reorganization of County Government in Ohio: Report of the Governor's Commission on County Government (n.p., December, 1934), sec 2856.
2. Inventory of the County Archives, No. 43 Lake County (Painesville) (Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Historical Records Survey Project, October 1941). Found at Morley Library, Painesville, Ohio.
3. "The Coroner in Ohio," Ohio State Coroners Association History, (Accessed from http://www.osca.net/coronerinohio.php 28 February 2013).
4. Inventory of the County Archives, No. 43 . . . p. 139.
5."Ohio Revised Code 313.02 Qualifications for Coroner; Continuing Education;"(http://www.osca.net/elected laws.php#31302 : accessed 28 February 2013).
6 . "Ohio Revised Code 313.14 Notice to Relatives; Disposition of Property," (http://www.osca.net/opinion.php#31314 : accessed 28 February 2013.)
7. Charter of Cuyahoga County, Article V, Section 5.03 Medical Examiner: Powers, Duties and Qualifications," Cuyahoga County Counsel, (http://council.cuyahogacounty.us/en-US/Charter-cuyahogacounty.aspx : accessed 20 October 2013).

Left photo by Laura Hine: Potters' Field near Highland Park Cemetery. Right courtesy Bing.com images.

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This page was created 20 October 2013 last updated on 20 October 2013.

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