YOHO - 1st Installment
I recently had a letter from Mrs. M. E. Spurgeon of 710 Taffee St., Pinckneyville, Ill 62274, who had traced her family back to Charles Luthy and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth Yoho. They migrated from Monroe Co. after the Civil War to Jackson Co., Illinois, where Sara (sic) died about 1873. Charles married again, and had families by each wife. He was born on 20 Oct 1833 near Woodsfield, and died 11 Oct. 1909 in Illinois.
She found both of these ancestors in the 1850 census of Monroe Co., which is a logical starting place. Charles was the son of John Luthy and his wife, Mary, both of whom were born in Switzerland. John was born 16 Feb 1803 and Mary 11 Jan 1798. These persons are buried at Morton Church on State Road 255 between Sardis and Laings, and the dates for John were 1803-1881, and for his wife, 1798-1860. The back files of this paper carried a notice of John Luthy's death, issue of Sept. 27, 1881 - "John O. Luthy was born Feb. 12, 1803 and on June 13, 1881, met his unfortunate death caused by being precipitated from his carriage by reason of one wheel coming off. A native of Switzerland, born in Canton Berne, he came to America in 1826 with his wife and two young children and settled first at Pittsburgh."
That item was carried in September, even though John met his death in June, and points up the difficulty of trying to run down these items in the local paper, as it was sometimes months between the actual happening, and the news item in the paper.
Sara Yoho Luthy was the daughter of John and Sara Yoho, who show up in the 1850 census in Switzerland Tp. According to the census John was born circa 1811 in Virginia, and his wife about 1815 in Pennsylvania. Their oldest child in the 1850 census was a son John, born about 1836 in Ohio, so they must have been married before that date, and also residents of Ohio by that time. Mrs. Spurgeon wanted to know if I could tell her anything more about this family of John Yoho who was born about 1811.
Any reader of this column knows that research in Monroe Co. is not an easy task because of the several court house fires. I have therefore, found that copying references to the name I want, and adding together all the bits and pieces, and matching them up with the census schedules sometimes eventually does the trick. From my research I was able to give the following information to Mrs. Spurgeon on the name of Yoho.
The DAR PATRIOT INDEX lists two men by the name of Yoho who had Revolutionary service: HENRY YOHO, born 1752, died 1845, wife, Catherine, Private, Spy, Virginia and PETER YOHO b. circa 1745, died in 1817 also a Private from Pa. Henry Yoho applied for a pension from Monongalia Co. Va. when he was 82 years old, but Peter never applied for one. However, both Henry and Peter Yoho show up on the First Battalion, Washington Co. Militia recruited in Whitely, Greene and Dunkard Townships in what is now Greene Co., Pa in 1782. Ref. Pa. Archives, Series VI, Vol. 2, pp. 18-19, pp. 271.
I sent for the pension file of Henry Yoho and found it interesting reading. File No. S-7996. Henry was placed on the roll of the Wheeling Agency at the rate of Forty Dollars per Annum under the law of 7 June, 1832. His application reveals that he was born in Virginia about 18 miles from Winchester. He did not recollect the year, but he stated he was 85 years old. His father's family moved to Western Virginia when he was 11 years old and he resided there ever since. He first served in the Revolution in a company commanded by Lieut. Samuel Singles who was stationed on Whitely Creek, now in Monongalia Co. at the house of a settler named Duncan. The Company was composed of 18 men, some drafted, although he had volunteered. They marched to Garrett's fort on Whitely Creek and remained there for about a month. The next year he volunteered under Capt. Cross, and while his company was at Pittsburgh, they learned of the massacre of Capt. Fourman and a quarter of his company at Grave Creek Narrows 10 miles below Wheeling. They marched there, and buried 22 of Captain Fourman's company and then returned to Wheeling.
This massacre is told of in detail in some of the histories of that period and area, if anyone wants to know more about it, I refer him to HISTORY OF BELMONT & JEFFERSON COUNTIES - Caldwell, 1880, page 104.
Soon after the siege of Fort Henry in 1776, a company of Militia under the command of Capt. Foreman came from east of the Alleghenies to take charge of the fort at Wheeling and for the protection of settlements in that vicinity. On the 26th of Sept. Capt. Foreman and 45 men started in search of marauding Indians and marched down the river about 12 miles below Wheeling and encamped. Here, through ignorance of the methods and practices of Indian warfare, and a foolish perversity in rejecting the prudent counsel of one of the settlers named, Lynn, who accompanied him as a spy, his command was ambushed and almost destroyed. Twenty-one of his men were killed outright, and but for the judgment, skill and bravery of John Lynn, the whole party would have been completely annihilated. Among the slain were the unfortunate Capt. Foreman and two of his sons. This John Lynn was a celebrated Indian spy, who also later warned the settlers at the siege of Fort Henry in the first of Sept. 1782.
YOHO - 2nd Installment
HENRY YOHO also served in Capt. John Whetzel's company of spies in 1777 reconnoitering between Whitely Creek and the Ohio River near Wheeling, thence to Middle Island, thence by way of Fish and Fishing Creeks to Whitely again. This is in the present day Ohio and Monongalia Counties in West Va.
He volunteered again the next year under Capt. Cross, attached to the command of Col. John Evans Va. Militia, and joined in the McIntosh Campaign and served at Fort McIntosh and Lawrence on the Tuscarawas River. (This latter place was Fort Laurens near Bolivar, Ohio and I have written of that campaign before, as my ancestor, James Foreacre served there - see columns of July 8 and July 15, 1971.) He was on this tour 6 months and returned home about Christmas, so obviously was not a member of the company which was besieged that winter by Indians at Fort Laurens.
About July 1779, he again volunteered under Lieut. Jacob Cline in a Va. Militia regiment to go on an expedition against the Indians under General Clark. He went with about 300 regulars and 300 militia from Redstone Fort (now Brownsville, Pa - as per his application) in keel boats along with LEWIS WHETZAL. He and Whetzal went before the troops as spies. He and Whetzal and others, during the spring and summer of 1780 spied the surrounding country and he was discharged in the fall after about 18 months service. During 1781 he was stationed at Masons Fort on Buffalo Creek now in Brooke Co. Va. and left there in company with Henry Baker and Peter Stanater on horseback. In passing a very narrow path, Stonater (sic) was shot with four balls, and Baker and he wheeled their horses and seven Indians faced them and fired at them, but he managed to escape.
Peter Haught, also of Monongalia Co. made an affidavit in support of Henry Yoho's application, as did Stephen Gapen, so probably Gapen was a soldier too. Peter Haught also has descendants who lived in Monroe Co.
Henry Yoho, according to this record, was a resident of Monongalia Co. Va. in 1832 and on the 17th of June, 1835, he was a resident of Tyler Co, Va. stating that he had lived there for 18 months, having removed from Monongalia Co.
Since Peter Yoho did not make application for a pension, it is difficult to reconstruct his activity in the Revolution, but since both Henry and Peter Yoho appear on a roll of Capt. Guthery in 1782, in all probability Peter's service was in the same general area as above, and he too was engaged in fighting the Indians and spying out their movements and activities.
The problem for Mrs. Sturgeon now is to find the missing generations between her John Yoho, born in 1811, and perhaps either Peter or Henry Yoho. I much prefer to work back each generation from what is known than trying to find a likely ancestor and working down the generations, as I believe you save much time and effort that way. So starting to research the name Yoho in Monroe Co. Ohio, I found that Mrs. Sturgeon's John Yoho could possibly have been a son of one of three persons who appear in the Monroe Co. 1820 census: (1) Samuel Yoho, (2) Peter Yoho, and (3) John Yoho.
Samuel Yoho - was in Monroe Co. as early as 1816, as his name appears in that year on a list of "ear marks" for his cattle. He was also on the tax list for Center Township in 1818, taxed for 1 horse and 1 cow, and the 1820 census indicates that he probably had 4 sons and 3 daughters by 1820.
I have pieced together the following additional information on him from the available Monroe Co. records.
He died apparently by 25 March, 1835, as his will was brought to court then. Elizabeth Yoho and Thomas Yoho were the executors. In April, 1840, they presented their final accounting of the estate. Elizabeth was his wife, and she is buried in the Pioneer Cemetery in Woodsfield, and her stone indicates that she died Sept. 2, 1844, aged 62 years. Her death is also noted in this paper, issue of Sept. 27, 1844. She did not leave a will, but had some property, so Warren Hollister was appointed administrator of her estate, and that final accounting was made in 1845. Since she did not have a will, some of her heirs were involved in a suit to partition the property, and their names can be learned through these records. They were Isaac Yoho, Thomas Yoho, Alfred Yoho, Nathan Baldwin and Lucinda, his wife, Samuel Baldwin and Sally, his wife, John Hollister and Mary, his wife, and also a son, Reuben P. Yoho who was deceased prior to his mother. His stone in the Pioneer Cemetery shows that he died Feb. 9, 1843, aged 27 years, 3 months, 9 days. The records also shows that Thomas Yoho, the John Hollisters and the Samuel Baldwins lived in Missouri in 1846, and the Nathan Baldwins lived in Richland Co., Ohio in that year.
Additional research in Belmont Co. turned up a record that Samuel Yoho and Elizabeth Preble were married there May 4, 1802. With all this information, it is possible to cross off Samuel and Elizabeth Preble Yoho as the possible ancestors of Mrs. Sturgeon's John Yoho, born 1811.
YOHO - 3rd Installment
The second Yoho family in the Monroe Co. census of 1820 was PETER YOHO. In that year it appears he had three sons, and two daughters, and also an elder female in the family, probably his mother, or mother-in-law. He too had been in Monroe Co. earlier, as his name also appears on the 1818 tax list for Center Township, and he had two horses and two cows. He appears again on the 1830 census schedule, this time with 5 males and 5 females in his family, so he probably had 10 children. In 1830 though, instead of an older female, there is an older male listed, in the age category of 60/70. This could have been his father-in-law, Bazil Morris, but again, it is difficult to definitely identify persons in this 1830 census. However, the Court Records do show that Peter Yoho was married to Sara, the daughter of Bazil Morris, and also that Morris was a Rev. Soldier.
I found the graves of Peter and Sara Yoho in the Pioneer Cemetery, and the stones show that Peter was born Jan. 26, 1787, and died May 6, 1861, aged 74 yrs. 3 mos. 10 days, and Sara, his wife, was born Feb. 26, 1789 and died Aug. 26, 1864, aged 74 years. Sara's death was also noted in the back files of this paper, issue of Aug. 31, 1864, "Mrs. Yoho, one of the oldest settlers in this part of the county, died last week."
Peter Yoho must have had a will, as the June 19, 1861 edition of this paper carried the notation that Reuben and Jacob Yoho had been confirmed as executors of Peter Yoho's estate. Since the word "executor" is used rather than "administrator" we are able to learn that there was a will, even if it is no longer available because of the court house fires.
Hardesty's History of Monroe County, Ohio, published in 1882 has some information on one of their sons, Reuben Yoho. That source shows that Peter and Sara Yoho were in Marshall Co., Va, in 1810 and settled in Monroe Co. in 1813. Reuben was born Dec. 12, 1811 and married Emeline Mills, dau. of Thomas and Margaret Mills. I have not yet found a record to prove the names of the children of Peter and Sara Morris Yoho. Their marriage record though, can be found in the records of Belmont Co. and it took place Aug. 25, 1808. Her name was spelled in the record as Sara Morras, and there was also this added notation, "Both parties of Staunton, VA."
The third Yoho family in Monroe Co. in 1820 was that of JOHN YOHO. He appears in Sunsbury Township, and in 1820 appears to have had 4 sons, and 5 daughters. He was also on the tax list of 1818, with two horses and 2 cows. By 1830 there were only 3 males in his family, and 3 females, so probably one son, and two daughters had married. In 1830, next door to John Yoho, was Daniel Yoho, and his wife and a dau. under 5 years of age, so he was probably the son of John and married by 1830. Additional references seem to indicate that Daniel's wife was probably Elizabeth Howell.
This John Yoho died by July 6, 1853, as the back files of this paper of that date show that Silas Headley and John Yoho had been confirmed as the executors of his estate. Here again, the use of the word "executor" indicates that there was a will. It could be that Mrs. Sturgeon's ancestor (John Yoho, born 1811) was the above executor, John Yoho, and that the deceased John was his father, however more research is necessary to prove that contention.
We can learn a little more about John Sr. from the DRAPER MANUSCRIPTS, Series ZZ, Virginia Papers, Vol. 6, page 100 - an affidavit made in Monroe Co. as follows: "Personally appeared before me, John Linn, one of the Associated Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of Monroe Co., JOHN YOHO, who being sworn according to law deposeth and saith that as near as he can recollect that in the last of June, or first of July 1791, he was forted at Baker's Station on the Ohio River, about 1 mile below the mouth of Captina on the Virginia Side. He was drawing logs for the purpose of building a blockhouse and he heard several guns on the Ohio side. He went to the fort and saw John Bane swimming and several guns fired at him by the Indians, and he continued swimming and a man by the name of Tate got in a canoe to go to his assistance ... then he saw the said John Bane carried to the station and his wounds dressed by Joseph Biggs. Bane was in the service of the United States and had been sent across the river to see if there were any Indians as there were some people on the Ohio side at work. Said Bane was under Captain Brock. Sworn to the 20th of June, 1832, John Yoho, his mark."
The Baker's station mentioned in this affidavit was that of Capt. John Baker. It was probably pretty close to the boundary between Monroe and Belmont Counties on the Virginia side of the River. Capt. Baker was killed by Indians, but some of his sons, and his widow moved over into Monroe Co. His widow Elizabeth Baker, is buried in the Steed Hill Cemetery a short distance south of Woodsfield. One of Captain Baker's daughters was supposed to have married a Yoho, and Henry Yoho, the Revolutionary Soldier of last week's column was supposed to have been married to Elizabeth Baker. So you see that all these early families were related in one way or another.
TO BE CONTINUED
YOHO - 4th Installment
According to deed records in Ohio Co., W.Va, it appears that the Monroe Co. Yohos - those of JOHN (who died by 1853); PETER who died 1861; and SAMUEL who died by 1835, all stem from the Revolutionary Soldier, Peter Yoho, whose wife was Catherine Yoho. I do not have the specific reference, but perhaps a letter to the Recorder at Wheeling would be sufficient to obtain the record. It was dated 24 Mar. 1828 and the following granted their 1/11th share to Henry Yoho: John Yoho and Mary, his wife, Samuel Yoho and Elizabeth, his wife; and Peter Yoho and Sarah, his wife, all of the county of Monroe and State of Ohio; also Jacob Yoho and Margaret, his wife; Lewis Yoho and Elenor, his wife; Isaac Yoho and Rhody, his wife; William Yoho and Rebecca, his wife; Christian Gattz and Mary, his wife; and Elizabeth Yoho, all of the County of Ohio, and State of Virginia. Together with Henry, that would make 10 heirs - so someone is missing, as each party had an eleventh interest. If this is your family, I would advise trying to obtain this deed record to be sure of the information given to me.
According to additional records, the above Isaac Yoho was married to Rhoda Mason.
The Guernsey Co. marriage records reveal that Elizabeth Yoho married James Watson, 4 Jan 1814, marriage performed by Wm. Dement; and a Mary Yoho married John Carpenter, 29 Dec 1812, also performed by Wm. Dement. Since Wm. Dement lived in Seneca Township, these persons must also have lived in Monroe Co but the marriages were recorded in Guernsey Co. probably because Monroe Co. was not set up yet to record these records. Perhaps some more research will reveal which family they fit into.
A James Yoho, born April 24, 1802 and died March 31, 1873, is buried in the Kennonsburg Cemetery, Guernsey Co., near the boundary with Monroe and Noble counties. His wife was Isabel, and her stone reveals that she was 78 years, 7 months, 1 day old when she died Apr. 12, 1883.
Additional Yoho marriages gleaned from the back files of this paper show that Madison Addis of Monroe Co. married Mary Ann Yoho of Marshall Co. VA, on 28 Nov 1850; Mr. William Southern mar. Miss Mary Ellen Yoho on March 28, 1857; Mr. Abraham Trembly mar. Miss Ellen Yoho on the 4th of March, 1860; Henry Gahohning married Lucinda Yoho May 12th, 1863 - that name is also Yahonning. On Dec. 29, 1867 Samuel Yoho of Belmont Co. married Miss Mary Brock of Monroe Co., and in May of 1865, Peter F. Yoho married Martha Harbin, and both of them were of Summit Township.
An old Minute book of Center Township Trustees, found in a building torn down on Main Street many years ago, and now owned by Mrs. Fred Williams, shows that on the 20th of April 1844, George Yoho bound out his daughter, Catharine Ellen, a minor under the age of 14 to dwell with and serve George Mason till the 7th of Sept. 1857, at which time the said Catharine would be 18 years of age. So she was probably born about 1839, and only five years old when he placed her with the Mason family. Probably her mother had died recently, and George was unable to care for her properly.
The Rutter Cemetery near Route 78 above Clarington has a stone for a Hannah Yoho, wife of Jeremiah, who died Mar. 15, 1857 in the 30th year of her age.
A Patterson F. Yoho was listed as a member of Capt. Spanglers Co. as a Corporal, aged 29, in the issue of the Spirit dated Feb. 19, 1862.
Mrs. Spurgeon would like to fit her John (born 1811) into one of these Yoho families, and would appreciate receiving any information. She believes that John Yoho may have been married to Sarah Long, possibly a daughter of an Eliel Long, but she has no proof of that yet either. So if any of the readers have information and would care to share it, I would be glad to use it in future columns.
Note: When Mrs. Fedorchak republished this series of 4 articles in one of her books she added two pieces of additional marriage information from Jefferson Co., OH marriage records.
YOHO - 5th Installment
Another lady with a Yoho line lives in Garden Grove, California. Her great-grandmother was Elizabeth Emily Yoho, born Nov. 25, 1841, and died Feb. 8, 1936 in Stock Township, Noble Co. Her parents were Reuben Yoho and Emiline Mills, and her husband was Peter C. Smith, born at Carlisle, sometimes called Berne, in Noble Co and died there in 1908.
Reuben Yoho and his wife, Emiline Mills Yoho are buried at Carlisle too, and the stones for them show that Reuben was born December 12, 1811, and died Sept. 3, 1901, and Emiline was born May 4, 1812 and died March 12, 1907. Also buried near them are two of their children, Margaret Ann, who died Oct. 22, 1867, aged 27 years, 11 days; and Lewis, who died Oct. 22, 1866, 27 years, 5 mos., 18 days. Therefore, Margaret Ann was born circa Oct. 11, 1840, and Lewis circa May 4, 1849.
Using Mrs. Kent Davis' published account of the 1850 census, we find this family in Stock Township, Family No. 50, and in addition to the above children, there was also Sarah, aged 6. Lewis seems to have been the eldest child, so we can assume Reuben and Emiline were married sometime in 1838, probably in Ohio.
According to Hardesty's History, this Reuben Yoho was the son of Peter and Sara Morris Yoho, (see column under date of July 27, 1972).
The lady seeking this information knew that Peter C. Smith, mentioned here in the first paragraph, was the son of John S. Smith, born April, 1810, supposedly in Monroe Co. and died Jan. 10, 1898. John was married to Susan Crow, born July 16, 1817, and died April, 1910, aged 101 years. (See preceding week's columns for more about her.)
Note: The remainder of this column was devoted to complaining about how the lady from Garden Grove and another gentleman had made their requests for assistance. That part of the column is not reproduced here. REH