Mr. Elijah Church: - Seeing you some
time ago, I promised to give you some items of my first settling in
I was born in Worcester County, MI,
November 8, 1788, emigrated to Kentucky in 1801, served my apprenticeship as
a tailor in the town of Harrison, in Kentucky.
I first came to Zanesville in 1808,
merely passing through the village, not recollecting now much about the
place. The hotel at which I stopped was kept by Robert Taylor opposite the
Court House. The Court House at that time was either log or frame, I do not
now recollect which. The jail was built of logs, and was burned down by a
Virginian slave. In the year 1814, I went East, and remained two years,
being the most of my time in Winchester, Va.
On my return, I walked from Winchester
to Zanesville (I was not rich at that time, I had fifty cents in silver, and
that I had found in the road two miles from Zanesville) I here became
acquainted with James Taylor, afterwards proprieter of Taylorsville. He told
me the set of Government had been moved from Chillicothe, to Zanesville, and
I being a tailor by trade, he thought it would be a good place for me to
locate, and if I would remain he would do all he could for me (and he never
failed to do so). At that time there was a log house that stood on the
corner of the alley on Main street, opposite E. E. Fillmore's store.
The ground at that time known as Mud
Hollow, was owned by Samuel Parker. In this building Mr. Taylor opened his
store and rented the upper story to me for my tailor shop. This was in
There was a man by the name of Bates
who lived one mile east on Mill Run, and discovered a small strata of coal,
he brought me a load, and I put up a grate in my shop and burned coal, I
being the first person who burned coal in a grate or stove in Zanesville.
I must now give you a list of the
professional and business men of our village. The Rev. Mr. Jones, was our
first Presbyterian minister, and Mr. James Culbertson our next Presbyterian
Attorneys - Silliman, Herrick,
Culbertson, Harper, Granger, Mervin and Goddard.
Merchants - Jeffry, Price, also
Postmaster, Samuel Thompson, also justice of the peace, Convers, Monroe,
Isaac Hazlett, Nathan Finley and McLaughlen.
Hotel Keepers - Robert Taylor, who kept
opposite the Court House; Mr. Harper, corner of Second and Main Street; Jimmy
Richey, corner of Eighth and Main street; Mr. Sago, corner of Sixth and Main
Carpenters - Hampson, Culbertson,
Carnse, Smeltzer, Blocksom and Fracker.
Shoemaker - Joseph Church, David Anson,
Timothy Gaylord and Soloman Deffenbaugh.
Tailors - Jacob Adams and James
Tanners - Morehead, Robertson and
Potter - Judge Sullivan
Tinner & Coppersmith - George Dalty
Silversmith - George Reaves.
Butchers - Michael Sockman, whose meat
store was a boarded shanty on the Public Square, near where the Court House
now stands, and John Davis.
Baker - Hartman.
Barber - "Black George," who lived to
be a hundred years old.
Hatters - Herring and Galliger
Soldiers - Arthur, Reed and Holl.
Blacksmiths - Christian Spangler and
Frederick Houk made buckskin pants and
Manufacturers - Moses Dillon had a
furnace up Licking creek about two miles. Whipple and Putnam had a Flouring
mill at the end of the Putnam bridge, also a Woolen factory in the same
place. Old John Matthews had a mill on Moxahala. I think David Chambers
established the first printing office in Zanesville.
Mr. Levens kept a hotel in Springfield
near where the Washingtonian wigwam stood at that time. This was where the
Federalists assembled. They were Tories at the time, and opposed to the war.
James Reaves kept hotel where the Zane House now stands.
The Glass Works was established shortly
[after?] I came to Zanesville, by Culbertson and Taylor.
Cigars and tobacco were manufactured by
I will now give you some idea of the
finance and product of our country at that time. Old John Mathews came into
my shop one time in 1811 and says he "Young man I see your are a tailor by
trade" I said yes "Well I want a suit of cloth made, and will pay you in
flour" I asked him what the flour was worth. "Three dollars per barrel." I
made his clothes. Some weeks after old Judge Stillwell, (the father of Judge
Richard Stillwell) came into my shop and said, "I see young man, you work at
tailoring, and I want you to make me a suit of clothes, and will pay you in
pork". What is your pork worth? "One dollar and fifty cents per hundred" I
made his clothes, and he brought the pork down from the mouth of the
Tomics[sp?] in a canoe and paid me.
Now for the contrast with prices of
produce: In 1814 I paid for flour $8.09, and for pork $5.00. These sudden
changes were cause by the war, and our paper currency became worthless. In
1810, and previous, the Indians were in the habit of coming over from Wolf
and Meigs creeks, and camping over in West Zanesville. They came over the
river to do their trading, bringing venison, hams, and different kinds of
skins, furs, &c. They would buy their powder, beads, and different kinds of
trinkets, but never bought any lead, and it was supposed that they had found
lead on one of these creeks, of which old settlers here think there is no
I must here give you some items of what
we did in the war of 1812. Capt. Carnes recruited a company and went out
with Gen. Cass, and surrendered at Detroit. Capt. Pearce, with a company of
cavalry, was in the battle of Massiniway, and was there killed. Gov. Meigs
ordered out Gen. McConnel's entire regiment, and it was marched to Delaware,
where it was ordered back.
I volunteered, I think, about the time
of the battle of Tippicano, in the month of March, and returned about the
15th of June.
In 1811 or 1812, I do not recollect
which we had two or three severe shocks of an earthquake, which shook the
buildings in which we lived. This was I think in the fall of the year. In
1812 there was a company recruited in our village. The Captain, I do not
remember, but I think he lived in Putnam. This company was composed of the
aristocracy of our town and was named the "Silk Stocking Company." General
Van Horn reported to Governor Meigs, that there was a full volunteer company
now ready for service. Governor Meigs wrote to send them to the front
forthwith. By the way General Van Horn's letter went vial Chilicothe, and
was there examined by Adjutant McLain, who took a copy of it and sent the
original to Chas.. Hammond who published a Federal paper in St. Clairville.
However, when the Governor's order came there was a great panic among the
"Silk Stockings." Some claimed that they were lame, some rheumatic, some
blind &c. It was said at the time that General Van Horn wrote to Governor
Meigs, that if the company was ordered out, that the Federalists would carry
the country. So ended the expedition of the "Silk Stockings."
I must here, in this connection, tell
you a fish story. A lot of our citizens got to work and built a wing dam
from Whipple's mill to the other side of the river, George Reaves leading
the party. After getting it completed the river fell, and they caught as
many fish as a common flat could carry. I bought a barrel with the heads
taken off for $4.00, enough to last me a year. This immense quantity of fish
gave rise to some difficulty from the fact that they did not send Mr.
McIntire any. So he sent his black man down to warn them off. They finally
submitted, and McIntire became possessor of the fishery. In 1813, upon
hearing of Perry's victory upon Lake Erie, we concluded to have a
jollification by firing a six pounder that we had. So we gathered up our
crowd, and planted our gun on the site where General Goddard's residence now
stands. Neal McFadden was our gunner, and all being ready, Old Jimmy Richey,
our tavern keeper, feeling pretty good, hollowed out: "Load her up Neal, and
Jimmy Richey will drink ye a toast." In the meanwhile some one rammed a hand
spike in the gun, she being sited for the Washingtonian wigwam.
All being ready, Jimmy says "Neal are
you ready!" Taking off his hat: "May the United States reign over Great
Britain forever and forever. Touch her off Neal" Away went the spike,
striking in the street of Putnam, and nearly killing a man crossing the
street. This raised a rumpus and over to Zanesville a lot of them came to
see us off. But not finding any law that time we laughed at them, so they
went back, and that one shot ended the celebration.
The first Steamboat that ascended the
Muskingum, was in the year of 1816. Her name was William Rufus Putnam. She
came up the river and gave us all a ride down to the falls and back, and then
returned to Marietta, where she was built and blew up.
This is as near as I can remember. The
dates may vary some, but not much.