article originally appeared in "Visions of Paulding
County", January 2005. It is included here
assistance of those researching their family in Paulding County, and is
not intended for use in any other form
By Melinda Krick -
Emerald Road. Antwerp. Benton Township.
River. We hear and see dozens of familiar place names every
around Paulding County, but give them little thought.
there's a history behind every name of every township, waterway, town,
school, and landmark. As you study a map of Paulding County,
words printed on it reflect the times and the circumstances of the men
and women who settled there.
Some names have
their origins in other cities and countries. Politicians,
military heroes and other famous people were memorialized by some
communities. In other places, names given by Native American
peoples are still in use after several hundred years. The
region's early French and British influences colored some choices for
place names. Still other sites were named for the
local industries, or the men who founded the town. The
some names may be lost to history forever.
- W. Wilshire Riley, General Horatio N. Curtis and Samuel Rice surveyed
the town in 1841. They consulted a post office directory to
a name not already used. Riley suggested "Antwerp."
comes from Antwerp, Belgium. The area had many settlers from
Germany and Holland.
Arena - Unknown.
It was a crossroads community in Paulding Township in the
Arthur - Named in
honor of Chester A. Arthur, then President of the U.S. when a post
office was established there in 1884.
- Mentioned in the writings of early explorers as though it was a
Delaware Indian village situated on a branch of the Maumee River;
meaning "at the lick." Another version says "The French gave
the name in the 1600s; it means river at or of the clay and loam
banks." The French word "glaise" means loamy or clay.
another source claims that in the Shawnee Indian language it meant
Baldwin - Timothy
Baldwin platted the town in Benton Township on May 19, 1890 on the
Findlay and Fort Wayne Railroad.
For Andrew (or A.W.) Batson, who first petitioned for a post
office there and was the town's first postmaster in 1891.
- Named in honor of U.S. Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri, an
outstanding national figure. He was said to have many
- No one knows the origin for certain. Eighteenth century
speculators claimed that it referred to the rich black soil, but
usually it is thought to be from the fact that the forests were so
dense that sunlight hardly reached the ground - an "impenetrable gloom."
Blue Creek (Township, Creek) -
Probably descriptive. The township is named for the creek.
- For the Honorable Calvin T. Brice, a U.S. Senator from Ohio who lived
in Lima. He helped build the N.Y., Chicago & St.
Railroad, later known as the Nickel Plate, which crosses the county.
- Possibly for someone named Broughton who was connected with the stave
mill there. Also possibly for the first Baron Broughton, a
- Also Fort Brown. For "Colonel Brown" who constructed Fort
during the War of 1812 and is believed to be buried at the site.
Canalport (Also Canal Port)
- Literally, a canal port or export spot for quarried stone and timber
along the Miami & Erie Canal.
- For a large rock in the Maumee River, just above Antwerp; shaped like
a boat used by the French voyagers in navigating the river, called by
them a "carryall."
Supposedly from the
first engineer on the Wabash Railroad who made the first run between
Fort Wayne and Toledo; his name was Cecil.
For an Indian chief known as Charloe Peter.
- Descriptive; a crossroads community near the Paulding-Putnam County
- For Oliver Crane, one of its early settlers.
- A trading post settlement named for Oliver Crane, an early settler.
- Probably descriptive; also known as Flat Rock Creek.
Dague - For
Hamilton Chauncy Dague, a promoter who platted the town. He
was a real estate dealer and an early postmaster.
For Samuel Doyle, Sr., who ran a packet line on the Miami &
Erie Canal and carried mail between Cincinnati and Toledo.
- For the many early settlers who originated from "The Emerald Isle"
Emmett (Also Emmitt)
- Possibly derived from its original name of Emerald Station; also
possibly a family name
Named for the Englewood Tile Mill at the site.
Platted in 1860 by Samuel Shisler and named for his daughter, Etta.
- A canal town named because the canal towpath changed sides at this
Five Span -
Named for a five-span iron bridge built across the Auglaize River.
Flat Rock (Creek)
- From the flat limestone bed for the distance of a mile from its mouth
at the Auglaize River.
Flat Rock City
- Descriptive; community along the Flat Rock Creek.
Folmer (Also Follmer,
Fulmer, Fullmer) - Probably named for an early resident of
Blue Creek Township.
- For local
landowner George Forder, who built the stone abutments and pier for the
bridge in 1889. The bridge was replaced in 1995.
Fort Brown -
Furnace - in
1861-64, a company from Pittsburgh known as Evans, Rogers & Co.
established what was then called a Catalan Bloomery and Forge for the
reduction of iron ore by direct process. This plant was
located on the north side of the Wabash & Erie Canal in Crane
Township, 1.5 miles south of Cecil. It was later referred to
as the old furnace farm. It included 23-35 beehive shaped
charcoal kilns of brick, plastered outside with lime, each 15 feet in
diameter and 15 feet high. The company built a furnace of
seven fires and a forge close to the canal. The Cecil Furnace
employed as many as 250 woodchoppers and sawyers at one time.
Unknown. (Pronounced "gee-oak") Of French origin; possibly a family
name. A post office was located in this community from
February 1903 to February 1904.
- Named for Philander Gilbert, who built a sawmill and gristmill there
starting about 1866.
Goodwin - A
railroad town possibly named for the Goodwin family.
- Named in honor of former President Grover Cleveland, and former
Congressman W.D. Hill. The name was changed to one word,
Groverhill, from 1895-1905, then changed back to two words.
Believed named for Gen. Thomas L. Hamer, an officer in the Mexican War,
and a congressman in the 1830's.
- Probably for William Henry Harrison, a general in the War of 1812 who
marched his men up the Auglaize River and built Fort Brown.
He also was a U.S. Senator and the ninth President of the U.S.
For John F. Haviland, a proprietor who owned land in the area.
Hedges - For
W.C. Hedges, who laid out the town along the Nickel Plat Railroad.
Unknown. This settlement was located in Crane Township.
There were also towns called Henpeck in Clermont and Warren
counties in Ohio.
- John J. Hipp settled at the site of the lock on the Miami &
Erie Canal and erected a store and mill. He was the first
postmaster in 1868. The community also was known as
- For Major A. B. Holcombe, who owned a stave and lumber mill.
Also see Morrison P.O.
- Unknown. The bridge is located on Road 123 over Flat Rock
Creek in Jackson Township.
- Probably for President Andrew Jackson.
Unknown. Possibly a family name. A post
office was established there from 1867-69.
For the junction of the Wabash & Erie Canal and the Miami
& Erie Canal, once thought destined to become a metropolis.
Knox (Also Knoxdale)
- Possibly for the first Secretary of War, Henry Knox. Other
possibilities are that it was named for Knox County, Ohio, or for a
family named Knox.
Latty (Township, Village)
- The township was organized in 1855 and named in honor of Alexander
Sankey (A.S.) Latty, who was county auditor at the time.
later platted the town on his land.
- Founded by George Leslie II, the town later was called Briceton.
Link Post Office
- Unknown. The crossroad community in Carryall Township may
have gotten its name for a local family, or it may have been considered
a "link" between Antwerp and Hicksville.
Llewellyn (Also Lewellyn)
- Tom and Sam Llewellyn built on the north side of the Paulding-Van
Wert County Line; the area on the south side of the road was Scott.
Townspeople had to choose between the names of Scott and
Probably descriptive; a timber site in Benton Township.
- In 1872, Peter Lehman and Joseph Malott platted a village on the
present site of Payne. The new town was called Malottville.
In 1882, petitions to change the name from Malottville to
Payne were filed in the Court of Common Pleas.
Mandale - Named for Dale Mann. A plat for the
town was filed
in June 1889 by D. Mann and Alice Mann.
Marble - Unknown. Possibly a family name.
Marie DeLarme - One version says it was named in honor of
a daughter of
an early French boatman. However, another source indicates
the name is a corruption of the phrase "marais de l'orme" meaning "elm
Maumee - According to one writer, the French explorers
Miami Indians understood from them the name of their tribe as Me-ah-me
or Me-au-me, which they record in French as Miami. The rapid
pronunciation of this three-syllable word, Miami, led the settlers here
after the War of 1812 to pronounce it in two syllables as Maumee.
The name also was sometimes written as Omi or Omee, which may
have been short for the French "au Miami" and "aux Miamis" meaning to
or at the Miami or Miamis.
McDonald Pike - Another name for Road 107. A
road often was
named for the person who petitioned for it.
McGill - Named for John McGill, an organizer of Benton
described as "that old wolf hunter and veteran of the War of 1812."
Melrose - Believed named after the Melrose Abbey in
The town was platted by two Scotsmen in 1845.
Molasses Gap - For a sorghum mill there, used to press
sorghum cane; the juice is boiled down to make molasses.
Morrison Post Office - Named for Chief Justice of the U.S.
Waite. The site was also known as Holcombeville.
Murat - A canal town named for Joachin Murat, a French
Newberg (Also Newburgh) - Probably descriptive; literally,
Also see Royal Oak.
New Harrison - Unknown. Probably named in
William Henry Harrison (See "Harrison").
New Rochester - One source indicates the town was named by
Appleseed, who traveled through Paulding County. Possibly for
Rochester, NY or East Rochester, Ohio. There were Rochester
in Noble, Stark and Lorain counties in Ohio, and a New Rochester in
Nindeville (Also Nineville) - One source states it was
named for the
Nine family, who had a mill there. An 1896 newspaper
mentioned the Ninde family at Nindeville, while the 1900 Census lists a
family named Ninder.
Oakwood - The town was originally called Wide-A-Wake, but
received the more prosaic name of Oakwood, largely because of the heavy
stand of oak trees in the area, according to one source.
Ohio - From an Iroquois word meaning "great river."
Oquanoxa's Reserve - Named for a chief who resided in a
with about 600 Indians of the Ottawa tribe until the reservation was
sold in 1820.
Paulding - For John Paulding, who along with David
Williams and Isaac
Van Wart captured Revolutionary War spy Major Andre.
Payne - Probably for Henry G. Payne, a U.S. Senator from
lawyer with financial interests in the railroads. A post
office called Payne was established there in 1858. The
suggestion has been made that the post office was named Payne by a
grateful community for Mr. Payne's efforts on its behalf with the Post
Office Department. Other speculation is that it was named for
a general in the army or for an early postmaster. The
railroad station and later the town adopted the name of the post
office. The community changed its name from Malottville to
Payne in 1882.
Plumb's Crossroads - For Caleb Plumb, who established the
settlement and built a store.
Point Pleasant/Pleasant Grove - A post office settlement
the Paulding and Van Wert Pike; probably descriptive.
Reid (Also Reids) - Named for Capt. Robert M. Reid, who
instrumental in securing the establishment of a post office for this
Renollet - For the Renollet family, who had large holdings
at the site.
Roselm (Also Roselms) - From the family name "Rose" and
the elm trees
in the vicinity.
Royal Oak - A man named Darling opened a small grocery in
room of his cabin at the site. Darling fashioned a sign from
a store packing box and wrote on it with charcoal the words "Royal Oak
Grocery." He then nailed this sign to a stately old white oak
tree. It was from this grocery and sign that Newberg got its
other name, Royal Oak. Also see Newberg.
Scott - For John Scott, who platted the village in 1882.
Section 8 - A timber town established in Section 8 of
Six Mile Creek - So called because it empties into the
six miles above its mouth.
Smiley - For J.E. Smiley, the postmaster who ran a general
operated a mill and a shingle and a basket bottom factory.
Sophia - Unknown. A post office town in Blue
from July 1893 - April 1895.
Spencer - Unknown. This canal town was located
Township. Possibly a family name. One source
mentions that "The 'state boat' best remembered by the older citizens
of Washington Township was under the command of Capt. Spencer."
St. Andrews - For the patron saint of Scotland.
Sunnyside - Probably descriptive.
Tate's Landing - For Irish canal contractor Lyle (or Lyal)
purchased land there on the Wabash & Erie Canal.
Timberville - Combination of "timber" - a local product
or resource -
and "ville" meaning town. It was located at Lock 31 on the
Miami & Erie Canal and was also known as Hipp's Lock.
Tipton - Unknown. There also are Tiptons located
and Iowa, and England.
Toronto - Unknown. Possibly for Toronto, Canada
or Toronto in
Jefferson County, Ohio.
Washington (Township) - Probably for George Washington.
Washington is America's most common place name.
Wayne Trace - Named in connection with General "Mad"
hero of the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. Wayne's army
traveled through Paulding County along the Auglaize River, Flat Rock
Creek and Maumee River. There's a road named Wayne Trace in
Fort Wayne, and reportedly U.S. 127, which runs in front of the Wayne
Trace High School, was once known as Wayne Highway.
Wildcat Creek - Probably descriptive. A pioneer
noted that in the area in 1857, wildcats, bear, wolves, deer, and
panthers were numerous.
Worstville - For John Worst, who owned a sawmill in this
in the late 1800s.
Wrexham - From Wrexham Lewis, who platted a town and
Wrexham. Alexander Sankey Latty platted another portion of
the town and called his Latty. The town was later
incorporated as Latty.