Richland Co., Ohio


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Richland County Biographies:  A-I

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Abernathy, Dr. -- OLD-TIME HEALERS -- Modest but efficient one among them lived at Lexington.  Dr. Abernathy was a staunch Jacksonian as well as a skilled physician -- Many great qualities make him remembered -- In our sketches of the medical line of law makers in old Richland we must not omit the mention of a very quiet and modest man, who was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, educated at Baltimore, Md., and came into the old county in the 30's, settling in the village of Lexington, Troy Twp. He was a very quiet man, of average stature and weight, of pronounced professional ability, but withal modest and not self-assertion. This quiet man was Dr. Abernathy. In 1843 he was married to Miss Catherine Fulton, of Ashland, a lady of fine literary ability, the sister of Gen. John S. Fulton, of whom we have made mention in a prior sketch.   This son of Aesculapius, was a Jacksonian politically and took rank in the old party, and to the Forty-ninth General Assembly of Ohio was elected a representative, serving in 1845-6. In that General Assembly Gen. Joseph Newman was the State Senator. Among Newman's colleagues were John Welsh, who years thereafter sat on the Supreme Bench of Ohio, and Seabury Ford, who in 1848-49 was Governor of Ohio, and Willard Warner, who thereafter was United States Senator from Alabama, after the war, and Levi Cox, of Wayne, who presided at one time on our Common Pleas Bench. Among the colleagues of Dr. Abernathy in the House were C.L. Vallandigham, Edson B. Olds and Charles Reemelin.  Both Senate and House had giants in their membership. Dr. Abernathy was a very genial man, and he did the work of a law-maker faithfully and well.  Were I to undertake to describe the man in a few brief sentences I would say he was mild-mannered, well-cultured, good-intentioned, well-grounded in the principles of his profession, alert in the application of his knowledge to the cases in hand. He was highly esteemed as man and physician and for fifty years of life in old Richland sustained himself well. He too has passed to the beyond and is remembered as one who deserved well of his day and generation. -- H.C.H.  [RICHLAND SHIELD AND BANNER: 11 May 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 52]

Abernethy, H.M. -- Lexington.  H.M. Abernethy, the manufacturer of Elmira, N.Y., who wants to locate in Mansfield, as announced in the News, was born and reared here.  He was telegraph operator here many years and later was train dispatcher at Newark, and he invented the railroad signal which he manufactures.  he has versatile talents, having also been admitted to the bar, Judge Geddes, deceased, having been his preceptor, and his success adds more prestige to Lexington as being the nativity of more men who have climbed the heights of fame as inventors, etc., than any other town or hamlet in Richland County.  He is a son of Dr. Alexander Abernethy, who died here in 1886 and who represented the constituency of Richland County in the legislature of 50 years ago.  Mr. Abernethy is of pleasing personality and would be a valuable acquisition to the social and business circles of Mansfield.  [Semi-Weekly News:  28 September 1897, Vol. 13, No. 78]

Aby, Isaac -- The late Isaac Aby settled in Mifflin in 1826.  In 1854 he married Sarah Clugston, sister of George A. Clugston, of this city.  Mr. Aby was a California "forty-niner" and what he accumulated in the Golden State gave him a good financial start upon his return, and as the years came he bought farm after farm and was quite wealthy at the time of his death.  His son -- Byron J. Aby -- is one of the wealthy and prominent farmers of Mifflin today.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  26 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 8]

Ackerman, Charles Frederick -- Everybody in this city and county too for that matter, knows Charles Frederick Ackerman, Democratic candidate for State Treasurer, therefore if the above "pictur" [sic.] does not flatter him, the reader will recognize him by what follows.  He will receive a large complimentary vote in this county and also in Cincinnati, being a representative young German.  The Cleveland Plain Dealer tells his history in the following interesting style, to which the SHIELD heartily subscribes:  Charles F. Ackerman, the nominee for treasurer, looks like a mere boy, but he has been a resident of Ohio for 35 years and all that time he has lived at his birthplace, Mansfield.  He is the son of Geo. Peter Ackerman, a respectable shoemaker, who is still living in Mansfield.  The elder Ackerman has a large family and Charles, like many another Ohio boy, had to help support it.  Eighteen years ago he went into the Mansfield Savings bank as messenger.  He has been there ever since and now he is cashier of that institution, which is the richest in that part of Ohio.  He has gone through all the positions and attained his present one when Gen. R. Brinkerhoff was made president, about two years ago.  When M.D. Harter nominated him he said he would trust him in the treasurer's office without bond and and would not count the cash after he left the office is the money were his own.  Congressman Harter ought to know whereof he is speaking for he was president of the bank of which Mr. Ackerman is now cashier.  Mr. Ackerman comes from Democratic stock and he has always taken a part in local politics but has never held an office.  He is very popular in central Ohio, where he is respected by much older men than himself.  He is the son-in-law of E.H. Keiser, one of the managers of the Intermediate penitentiary.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  25 July 1891, Vol. LXXIV, No. 10]

Ackermann .... The ACKERMANNS of Weilbach and Jugenheim, Germany And Mansfield, Ohio

Adams, Ezra -- Ezra Adams came to DeWitt County several years ago and identified himself with its farming population. Since then he has developed a good farm in Santa Anna Township, upon which he has placed a good class of improvements that make it one of the most desirable pieces of property in this locality.  Mr. Adams was born October 23, 1834, in Columbiana County, Ohio, within two miles of the place where Col. Morgan, the celebrated rebel raider was captured. He is a son of Thomas Adams who was born in Redstone, Pa., January 29, 1809. He was a young man when Thomas Adams Sr., his father, removed to Jefferson County, Ohio, in 1814, in the early days of its settlement. The grandfather of our subject lived in that State until 1854 and then went to Missouri, where he died at the age of seventy years. He had been twice married and Thomas Jr. was the son of his first marriage.  The father of our subject received an early training as a farmer on his father's pioneer homestead in Ohio. He became of age and was married in Brush Creek Township, Jefferson County, Miss Elizabeth J. Cashall becoming his wife. She was a native of Maryland and was born June 26, 1811. She was but a child when her parents took her to Ohio, where she grew to a noble womanhood amid the pioneer scenes of Jefferson County. After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Adams lived for some time in Jefferson County, but finally removed to Columbiana County and later from there to Richland County, Ohio. There the wife and mother died February 14, 1879. She was a woman of devout Christian character and held to the faith of the Christian Church. Thomas Adams is yet living in Richland County, and though he is eighty-one years old he is still active mentally and physically. He has led an upright life during all these years and is greatly esteemed by the people in his community.  Our subject is the eldest of five sons and two daughters. The years of his life until after he attained manhood were spent in the State of his nativity and there he was married in Richland County in 1860 to Miss Isabel Alexander. His wife was born December 12, 1838 in Ray County, Mo., but she was reared chiefly in Ohio. Her parents, John and Mary (Phipps) Alexander are now both deceased. Her father was born in Pennsylvania and died in Illinois at the age of fifty-four years. Her mother was likewise of Pennsylvania birth and she died at Bloomington, Ill., in 1886, aged seventy-five years. Mr. and Mrs. Adams are the parents of five children, of whom Thomas and Myrtle are deceased. Those living are John C., who married Flora Dawson and lives on a farm in DeWitt Township; and George A. and Jessie who are at home with their parents.  In 1863 Mr. and Mrs. Adams came to Illinois from their old home in Ohio and first settled in McLean County. In 1869 they took up their residence in Piatt County, whence they came to DeWitt County two years later. Mr. Adams first purchased eighty acres of land on section 20, Santa Anna Township, and subsequently bought forty acres more on section 19, to which he afterwards added eighty acres on section 20, and now has in all two hundred acres of land. This forms a finely developed farm, and it may well be the pride of our subject that it has been the work of his hands to place it under such excellent improvements. He is a good farmer and understands well how to carry on his operations to advantage so as to make money. He has been a useful agent in advancing the growth of Santa Anna Township and is in prosperous circumstances. He takes an intelligent view of the political situation of the day and gives hearty support to the Republican party. He is a man whose genial qualities and obliging manners have gained him many warm friends, and he and his amiable wife are very highly thought of by their neighbors and all who know them.  [Dewitt Co., Ill., Biographical Album - 1891]

Alban, W.G., M.D. -- Prior to the discovery of gold, in the mill race, of Sutter the Swiss, at New Helvetia, the home ranch and fort property, granted under Mexican rule to General S., there lived in the old county of Richland four men, all physicians, all men of mark.  These four men left for the time their household Gods [sic.] behind them in the land of the Buckeye, and where the dogwood blooms and blossoms, and journeyed westward to the land beyond the Rockies.  In age, in length of practice, in the confidence of the people, the order in which they may be named -- ought to be named possibly, is the following:  Eli Teegarden, M.D., Jonathan Bricker, M.D., W.G. Alban, M.D., and E.W. McLaughlin, M.D.  The first named in time sent for wife and children and made his permanent home in the gold state, and his body is buried in its shining sands.  The second, Jonathan Bricker, for some years followed the practice of his profession to California, then returned to Ohio, thereafter removed to Illinois, and his dust is now commingled with that of the prairies over which waves the tassled corn.  The third remains on the Pacific Coast, though now being in Washington, the new-born state of the far northwest.  Dr. Alban was a student and son-in-law of Dr. Abraham Jenner, of Ontario.   He belonged to the guild of printers also, and more than forty years ago was the editor and publisher of the Nevada Journal, a newspaper issued in Nevada City, Cal., in one of the richest gold mining districts of that gold producing state.  Dr. A. has enjoyed the distinguished honor of having for a devil in his print shop a youth who thereafter became the Governor of California, a Senator in the Congress of the United States and a minister plenipotentiary to a foreign country and court, the Hon. Aaron A. Sargeant.  The last of the four was Dr. E.B. McLaughlin, who settled in the Shasta country, north of the Sacremento, and there made and lost several fortunes, but finally returned to Ohio and died in Mansfield a few years ago.  It is of interest to write of these four men, all, save one, now numbered with the dead.  It may also be of interest to recount some of the successes as well as to outline the peculiarities, mental and physical, of the men who, half a century ago, were known throughout the boundaries of the old county.  Teegarden was a tall, large-framed man, tender kindly eyes and face.  His medical skill was recognized as fair, his public spirit pronounced, and as he gathered in the shekels he disbursed them in adding to the growth of the town, and the more substantial building thereof, and in '46 when the first railroad, the old Sandusky & Mansfield, first ran into Mansfield, he not only built the Teegarden House, the forerunner of the Welden which preceded in name the Saint James, which later is known as the Vonhoff, but Dr. Teegarden with others built a large grain warehouse north of Fourth Street and east of Sugar Street, and to which a switch track of the Sandusky & Mansfield railroad then extended.  The Doctor's business operations were various and some were entrusted to other hands, and he found himself in need of cash-money.  So when the glitter and glamour of the gold placers of California cast a promising ray of hope eastward, he embraced the opportunity to rapidly recuperate his fortunes, and he sailed the waters of the two oceans and crossed the isthmus of Darien and entered the Golden Gate.  He was physician, hotel-keeper, merchant, miller, law maker, and always a man of affairs in the state of his new home.  Thither in time he caused to journey to him his wife and children, and his daughters became the wives of men of energy and activity.  His long-time residence was at Yuba City, where he cultivated acres of luscious fruit.  His heart was in that beautiful land, and though he returned to Mansfield in the centennial year on a visit, it was only a visit, and California was his home, as it is the place of his burial and his tomb.  Dr. Teegarden was of that energetic class, it would have made no difference where his habitation might be established, he would have attained a measure of success.  He lived in a realm of hope, and if by human endeavor, life could be made more happy, Dr. Teegarden put forth the effort and wrought on, sure of the accomplishment.  One granddaughter is the wife of a distinguished jurist who adjudicates matters of dispute between the Christians and the Mohammedans in Oriental lands.  But the old doctor and his wife and the larger number of his sons and daughters sleep the sleep of death, and are buried in the land whose shores are washed by the broad Pacific sea.  Dr. Jonathan Bricker was of different mould, dark complected, black-haired, bright-eyed, quick perception.  He was born in Pennsylvania, came to Ohio a young man, devoted to his profession, and was very successful.  His movements were nervously active and quick, and there was that indefinable something about the man which begat confidence in his knowledge, and in his skill.  Of his immediate family none remain in that old county;  but the present Dr. W.R. Bricker, of Shelby, was his relative and his student, and, looking back into my boyhood days, my judgment now is that Dr. Jonathan was the superior physicians of the two, yet Dr. William R., in the long run of life, was all around the more successful.  Dr. Alban I have met within the passing years at his home in Walla Walla, Washington, still practicing his profession and universally respected and highly regarded.  Dr. E.B. McLaughlin so lately passed away that many now living well remember him.  He started in life as a builder and worker of wood, but taking up the study of medicine he gained distinction in his profession and the active part of his professional career was in California.  He left no immediate descendants, but a number of relatives by blood and marriage.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  27 April 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 50]

Alexander, H. -- THE EXCHANGE BANK OF BELLVILLE under the proprietorship of Messrs. H. Alexander, and John and David Zent, is an enterprise of importance and deserving of an extended notice in this review of the town. This institution was organized May 30th., 1872, with H. Alexander as President, and David Zent as Cashier. The enterprise, although recently established, is in the enjoyment of a large and rapidly increasing business. It enjoys the utmost confidence of the public, and no institution in the State is conducted in a more safe or reliable manner. It is conducted upon the system of individual liability, giving the greatest security to its patrons. They do a general banking and exchange business the same as our National Banks, except in the mere matter of the issue of money; dealing in government bonds, gold and silver; buy and sell exchange, and make collections upon all available points, in the country. The gentlemen representing this enterprise are all old residents of the place, and men of well known probity of character, and possessed of ample experience and abundant capital. Under their supervision we predict for the Exchange Bank of Bellville a long and prosperous future.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Allen, Isaac J. -- The Richland County bar of 1894 with few exceptions have no knowledge of Isaac J. Allen, who possibly was its most highly cultured member at any period of its history.  Doctor Allen, he was always spoken of and addressed as Doctor Allen.  A graduate in the liberal arts and sciences;  a graduate of the school of medicine, and a doctor-of-laws -- an LL.D.  He was indeed a fine classical scholar, yet largely self-made.  When a youth and young man he worked his way through college, taking his degree, Bachelor of Arts, from Kenyon College.  I am not able to say when the spirit of Esculapsus took its departure, and the soul of Coke or Blackstone possessed him, but possibly as early as the first years in the eighteen-forties.  When he first opened his office for the practice of the law in Mansfield he was associated with Henry B. Curtis, Mt. Vernon;  Mr. Curtis the non-resident and Dr. Allen the resident member of the firm.  That partnership continued several years, and later W.J. Richart, Esq., who is now a citizen of Mansfield, though for a number of years past not in practice, was associated with Dr. Allen under the firm name of Allen & Richart.  Their office was in a one-story frame building located on the west side of the Park and on the south side of what was then known as the Bowland block;  between the office and the banking room of the Farmers Branch of the State Bank was the alley only.  Doctor Allen was below the average of men in height and weight, but had a compact, closely-knit physical body, with large eyes, high forehead, delicately made, so to speak, but always from the time I first knew him he wore a full beard, thick, black, silky, and the growth gave him the appearance of more vigor, than he otherwise would have impressed one.  He attained a fine practice and clientage, but he was essentially a book worm, a scholar, a teacher.  The professor's chair was more to his liking than the contests at the bar.  His learning was solid, substantial and by no means pedantic.  When he made preparation, and he never spoke without preparation, his efforts were attractive, able and brilliant.  Of all the early men of the bar of Richland, Dr. Allen was the only one (whom I now recall) who was in the eyes and minds of young collegians, and so he was a demand at Gambier, at Delaware, at Hudson, at Oberlin, as an orator for the literary societies of these several institutions at commencement time.  While the writer hereof was at Delaware as a student, he proposed Dr. Allen and had the Zelagatheun Society to select him as the orator, and the Doctor responded in a most masterly address.  He was a Whig in politics and was the candidate of his party for Lieutenant Governor at one time, and it was during that campaign that a knowledge of the man and his methods and masterly capabilities obtained a larger and wider sphere, and Dr. Allen became a citizen of Hamilton County.  President for a time of the Farmers College, that college at which Murat Halstead graduated, and of which Bishop Walden was an alumnus;  the Doctor also was superintendent of the schools of the city of Cincinnati, and both positions he filled easily and well.  Later on he represented the Republic abroad as the consul of the United States in Oriental countries.  He, I think, is still living, but is now an old man, and if I am not mistaken, resides in the state of New Jersey.  While a resident of Mansfield his home was where now H.P. Davis, Esq. resides on Mulberry Street, but the house built was years ago removed and re-erected, and can be seen on Diamond Street South, next adjoining the factory of Rummell & Gurney.  Homes speak but little of any man, but the home of Dr. Allen was in its day tasty and attractive and gave some evidence of what manner of man he was.  In some respects Dr. Allen was an unique character.  There are many old men still alive in the county who knew him well and greatly admired him.  -- H.C.H.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  29 September 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 20]

Altgeld, John Peter 

Altgeld, John Peter  (external site link)

Amsbaugh, Carey -- Lexington.  Mrs. Frank Williams recently received a letter from Carey Amsbaugh, her half-brother, a soldier at Manila.  The young man, who spent his juvenile days in Lexington, is serving in Col. Fred Funston's 20th. Kansas regiment whose name has been embalmed in song and written brightest on the tablet of fame for deeds of valor and fortitude in behalf of right and to sustain the honor of and prestige of the American flag.  He is the ideal type of the young man of Mars in stature and bearing and has shown the stuff of which he is made in the fierce ordeal of battle and on toilsome march in a burning tropical sun over deep, treacherous streams and through dense tangled jungles in wild pursuit of the savage, remorseless foe and such as he challenges the admiration and praise of all who exalt the spirit of valor and patriotism.  [Mansfield News:  07 August 1899]

Amsbaugh, David R. -- Today is the birthday anniversary of David R. Amsbaugh, who lives east of the city.  He was born in this county Sept. 20, 1832, and has been a resident all his life, except about one year in Illinois.  He and a few other young men made the trip overland in a wagon in the year of forty-nine.  Mr. Amsbaugh is an old civil war veteran, having enlisted in the One Hundred and Second O. V. I. and served during the entire war.  He was color bearer for eighteen months and Samuel Muscroft (now deceased), the author of the Drummer Boy of Shiloh, was his color guard.  He also has quite a prison record.  Sunday, the 18th, Mr. Amsbaugh's family all, except one son and his family, met at his home in the village of old Windsor and helped him celebrate the occasion.  Those present were:  Mr. and Mrs. L. S. Hall and family, of Crestline; Mr. and Mrs. Orrin Amsbaugh and family, of Ashland; Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Amsbaugh and family and Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Amsbaugh and family, all of this city.  The gathering was in the nature of a family picnic and reunion and Mr. and Mrs. Amsbaugh enjoyed it very much.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 7:  Tuesday, September 20, 1910]

Amsbaugh, Nathan -- Lexington.  The ravages of 91 years have furrowed deep the venerable Nathan Amsbaugh's brow.  The aged and weary wayfarer on life's dark and rugged highway was born near Baltimore, March 11, 1806, and with his parents came to Richland County in the era when nearly all the county was a vast expanse of somber primitive forest in whose howling depths the scalp raisers yet lurked and held their savage blood chilling orgies.  That was over 80 years ago in the dim and hoary past and the family located four miles east of Mansfield and Nathan Amsbaugh attended the same school with 'Squire John Ward, of revered memory.  Mr. Amsbaugh has lived near Lexington nearly 60 years and his eyes glow with the fire of youth as his mental vision sweeps through vague past to the exciting episodes of the heroic pioneer days.  He was twice married and both partners of his joys and sorrows have passed to the infinite void called death.  He voted for President McKinley and his many friends hope that he may live to enjoy the era of peace and prosperity that is dawning upon the land.  [Semi-Weekly News:  23 March 1897, Vol. 13, No. 24]

Andrews, Lorin -- A brief article appears in the 24 November 1894 issue of the Richland Shield & Banner regarding Lorin Andrews and two other gentleman, under the title "Illustrious Dead".  You may wish to obtain photocopies of this article from the Sherman Room at the Mansfield/Richland Co. Public Library for a modest fee.

Andrews, Marilla -- Mrs. Marilla Andrews, one of the most remarkable women of Richland County, celebrates her 93rd. birthday Monday at Butler, Richland County, says the Shelby Globe.  Mrs. E.S. Gilmore and Mrs. Will Price of Shelby, are granddaughters and Walter Wilson and James Hissong are grandsons.  Mrs. Marilla Andrews came to Richland County with her parents when she was only three years of age and they settled on the farm which is now owned by the county and upon which is built the Richland County Infirmary.  Her parents came to Richland County from Vermont and she has been a resident of the county for about 90 years.  She married Thomas Andrews, who was the first postmaster at Butler and was justice of the peace in that little village for years.  He was widely known over the county in his day and is still remembered by many of the citizens of the county, having been dead only about fourteen years.  She and her husband were the first members of the Methodists church at Butler.  Through all these years Mrs. Andrews has been faithful, although she lived a quarter of a mile from Butler, every Sunday morning she walks to Butler to attend church services.  She can remember anything that happened during her younger days but cannot remember occurrences of recent date.  She can carry on a good conversation for a woman of her age and is really very interesting to talk with.  When Sunday comes she lays aside her sewing with the remark that the Lord does not want his people to work on Sunday.  During the week if her relatives think she is working too hard, they sometimes hid her sewing.  This provokes her as she does not want to rest and as soon as her sewing disappears she goes to bed and declares she is sick.  When her work is restored to her she will get out of bed at once and go to work again.  She has not been sick much during her entire life except the last two years.  Mrs. Andrews lives with her daughter, Mrs. Sherman Huston, near Butler.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  14 August 1903, Vol. 11, No. 32]

Andrews, Marilla (Pollard) -- A BRIEF HISTORY Of Mrs. Marilla Andrews (nee Pollard).  In the state of Vermont, in the village of Berkshire, on August 10th., 1810, was born the subject of this article.  Her parents names were Mr. & Mrs. Silas Pollard.  Little is known of the early life of Miss Pollard and her parents while they resided among the hills of New England, where they lived until the year 1813, when they decided to leave their native clime and seek a home in the west, Ohio being their desired location.  Elsewhere in this issue will be found an article giving a more complete account of the Pollard family and two other families who came with them from Vermont to this state to seek new homes for them and their families.  During the year 1814 they arrived at a point in north western Knox County where they remained for one year, and then took up a new location in Richland County on a piece of land 4 miles north east of Mansfield now known as the Garrison farm.  When 19 years old on January 22nd., 1829 she was married to Thomas B. Andrews, in Mansfield, Ohio.  In the early spring time of 1829 the above couple commenced keeping house in Mansfield, in the house afterwards known as the Phoenix Hotel, in the fall of 1829 removed to Knox County, Ohio, and in the spring of 1831, removed to Fredericktown, Knox Co., O., and on the 15th. day of November, 1833, the day after the falling of the stars, removed to Worthington Township, Richland County, Ohio, and settled on the south-east quarter of section 19, township 21, of range 17, where they continued to reside until the death of Mr. Andrews which occurred Thursday, Feb. 28, 1889, and where Mrs. Andrews continued to reside until her death which occurred on August 26th., 1903.  Mrs. Andrews was the mother of 11 children, 6 of whom are living and were present at her funeral.  Those living are Anna S., Emeline M., Harriet A., Lettita H. [sic.], Allen P. and Lovina A.  Those dead are Moses S., Cynthia M., Marilla P., Sarah E. and Thos. B.A.  Of this family there are 218 descendants as follows: 11 children, 68 grandchildren, 121 great-grandchildren and 18 great-great grandchildren.  Mrs. Andrews became a member of the M.P. church of this place when it was first organized in 1852, and was one of the charter members.  During all her many years of earthly life she remained true to her faith and a member of the church of her first choice until her death.  Few persons ever live to see what Mrs. Andrews was permitted to observe in a life of 93 years which composed a period of time when the advancement of civilization was recording its greatest strides.  A story indeed could she tell, of the changes that took place one after another, from the time she started with her parents in a covered wagon from the pine hills of Vermont, to seek a home in the wilds of Ohio, in the advanced years proceeding nineteen hundred.  If one will stop a few minutes and think back, to the time of her childhood days up to the time of her death.  An idea can be gained of the great improvement in the advancement of the world and historical events that transpired during this time, much of which she was an eye witness.  During the early part of her life, Mrs. Andrews, was not quite so healthy and rugged as in later years, but was never sick but little, during her long and busy life.  Up until the last few weeks of her early career, she spent a greater part of her time piecing quilts, and was never satisfied unless she could be at work.  Her last sickness was of only a few days duration, and on Wednesday night about sleven o’clock, August 26th., 1903, mother Andrews passed peacefully away to a final rest after a long and useful life of 93 years and 16 days.  The funeral services were held at the M.P. church on Saturday, Aug. 29th., at two P.M., which was attended by a large concourse of friends and neighbors among whom were the following: Mrs. A.J. West, Edon, Ohio, Mrs. Cynthia Hoadley, Edon, Ohio, Mrs. L.A. Hurd, Garrett City, Ind., Mrs. James Hissong, Shelby, Ohio, Mr. Charles Andrews and family, Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Mr. Walter Wilson, Shelby, Ohio, Mr. Al Andrews, Cleveland, Ohio, Mr. Frank Garrison and wife; Miss Anna Garrison; Mr. Bert Dawback and wife; Mrs. Ann Yarger and son; Mrs. A.B. McClellan; Mr. W.A. McCready and family; Mrs. Mary Severns; Mrs. Albina Scott; Mr. T.B. Myers and Mr. L.A. McCready; of Mansfield; Mr. Geo. Staley, Perrysville, Ohio, Mr. Charley Myers and wife, of Newark, Ohio, Mr. Chester Meyers, Garrett City, Ind.  [Butler Times:  05 September 1903, Vol. XI, No. 6]

Andrews, Thomas B. -- Died, at Independence, Ohio, February 28th, 1889, Thomas B. Andrews, aged 81 years, 9 months and 11 days. He had been an active and consistent member of the Methodist church for over 60 years, for the aid of which he gave both of his time and money. The funeral was held at the M.P. church last Sabbath, conducted by Rev. Austin Philpot, of Bellville. His remains were laid to rest in the cemetery near the village, by the brothers of the I.O.O.F., of which he had been an active member for 45 years, being the oldest member of No. 19, of Mansfield, of which there was over 90 present at the funeral, also brothers from Fredericktown, Bellville, Lexington, Lucas and Sturges Lodge, of Newville. Many members of the Patrons of Husbandry, of which he had been an earnest and active worker since its organization, were present. The funeral was the largest ever in this vicinity, fully 1,000 being present.  He leaves a wife, who had been his companion for over 60 years, also 8 daughters, 1 son, 68 grand-children and 49 great-grand-children. Father Andrews was a man of many virtues; vices he had none, he will be missed in our community, he was always ready to aid the needy. Let us, who survive him, emulate his virtues and his frailties, if any, forget.  Thomas B. Andrews was born May 17, 1807, in Stark county, Ohio. In the fall of 1833 he moved to Richland county to remain permanently and in 1882 he rented his farm and moved to the village of Independence, where he resided at the time of his death. His wife is still living. They celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary the 22nd of January last.  He gave the lot on which the present Methodist Protestant building stands and aided largely in its building and gave both of his time and means for its maintenance.  He joined the I.O.O.F. in 1844. He filled the stations of V.G. and N.G. without missing a meeting in one year, traveling from home to Mansfield on horse back to keep his engagements. He was also a member of the encampment, an Odd Fellow from principle and next ot his family and church he loved the order best. He was also a member of the Patrons of Husbandry, was active and energetic in its advancement and for the promotion of agriculture. He laid out the village of Independence, taking a lot for pay.  He was the first postmaster, having the office in his house, when the mail was carried on horseback. In politics he was a Democrat of the old school. He filled various offices of trust and was commissioner of the county two terms also filled the office of J.P. of this township for 21 years.   Submitted by Lynnea.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER, 09 March 1889, p. 5]

Andrews, Thomas B. -- Thomas B. Andrews, Butler's first postmaster, was a justice of the peace for many years and served two terms as county commissioner, from 1845.  His brother, John E. Andrews, a soldier in the Civil War, was the father of Emerson Andrews, of Buckingham Street, and Miss Luella Andrews, now a clerk at Maxwell's.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  04 June 1903, Vol. 11, No. 12]

Armstrong, George -- Pushing the broom through the basement has been just one of Mr. George Armstrong's jobs for the past 15 years.  Mopping, oiling, and working as general fix-it man occupies most of his time.  "Of course I like it here", he states.  "Why else would I stay?"  MHS (Mansfield High School) was the first school to which Mr. Armstrong came to work and we are still lucky enough to have him.  He has few pet peeves among the students.  He believes that although there are always a few trouble makers, studying and citizenship have picked up in the last three years.  On the home scene he can be found on Hammond Avenue, where he has lived for the past 31 years.  He and his wife have 3 married children and 1 grandchild.  The 1953 Manhigan was dedicated to Mr. Armstrong, a man who certainly does a great deal to keep our school running smoothly.  [The Hyphonerian:  07 November 1958, Vol. XXXV, No. 3]

Armstrong, Uriah Franklin -- A LOVING TRIBUTE -- Mr. U.F. Armstrong who passed to his eternal rest on Jan. 23rd., was a personal friend of the writer during ten years of my pastoral work in Bellville. He was also an esteemed friend of my father while he ministered to the Bellville Presbyterian church forty years ago. These are my reasons for writing this brief sketch, and loving tribute. The news of his death reached me this morning in a letter from his daughter, Mrs. L.C. Woodson.  Uriah F. Armstrong, who was born Oct. 16, 1821, came to Bellville when a young man, and was a successful teacher in the public schools. Here he married and raised his family of five daughters. They were early identified with the Presbyterian church where he held his membership until taken to the church above.  For a number of years he was in active business in Bellville, and had the confidence and respect of the Odd Fellows' Order, for many years. The impressive funeral services, conducted by Rev. C.W. Caldwell pastor of the family, Jan. 25th., were attended by the Bellville Lodge, and another of my friends rests in that beautiful Beulah Cemetery overlooking town, hill and valley. My last evening with him was at the marriage of his daughter, Libbie, to Dr. Woodson. The next meeting I hope will be at the Marriage Supper of the Lamb in Heaven.  << scripture omitted >>  The widow and bereaved family have our sympathies, with the prayer that they may be safely sheltered under the wing of the Almighty, and may meet their loved ones "In the sweet bye and bye".  -- W.W. Anderson, Loudonville, O., Jan. 31   Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE INDEPENDENT: 07 February 1895, Vol. 7, No. 38]

Atherton, Jacob N. -- Jacob N. Atherton celebrates the Anniversary of His Birth.  Today is the birthday anniversary of Jacob N. Atherton, of 140 West Fourth street, one of Mansfield's well-known and highly respected citizens, who was born Oct. 15, 1847, in Chambersburg, Franklin county, Pa., "the land of smoked sausage and buckwheat cakes."  Mr. Atherton has been a resident of Mansfield since 1867.  As a boy of 14 years he began learning the printing trade, having started as "devil" in the office of the Semi-Weekly Dispatch at Chambersburg.  He soon advanced to type-setting and afterward went to Harrisburg where he set type on the Star until in 1863 he enlisted in the army.  He was sent home as being too young but was determined to be a soldier and again enlisted in February, 1864, in the United States signal service, in which he remained until the close of the war.  His father was a brick mason and contractor and he embarked in that trade, soon afterward coming to Mansfield.  In this city he enjoyed many years of activity in his trade and constructed a number of the city's business blocks, factory buildings and public buildings, including the county and city jail, the Bissman bock, the Eclipse stove works, the brick in the foundation of the Ohio state reformatory, and the News building, a part of this work having been done while he was in partnership with the late George Keller.  Mr. Atherton is one of the men who overcame the Democratic majority in this county and was elected county commissioner.  He later served on the city sanitary board and for the past eight years has been a member of the city board of review.  He is a member of Mansfield lodge, No. 19, I. O. O. F., Mohican encampment No. 13, and the Grand Army of the Republic.  For the past week Mr. Atherton has been confined to his home by illness but in now improving and will probably be enjoying his usual good health within a week or two.  It is an odd coincidence that this is also Mrs. Atherton's birthday anniversary, she and Mr. Atherton being of the same age.  Mrs. Atherton was born in Ashland and has resided in Mansfield since a young girl.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 5:  Saturday, October 15, 1910]  * An additional biographical article about Mr. Atherton appears in the 27 October 1896 edition of the Semi-Weekly News.  Click here to view the picture that was part of that article.

Aungst, Arthur -- Arthur Aungst has been appointed chief of the fire department by the mayor and board of public safety of Alliance (OH) to succeed his bother, W.S. Aungst, who died a few days ago.  Arthur Aungst was born and reared in this city, going to Alliance fourteen years ago, where he got his fire training under his brother.  He was worked in all the departments and will be qualified to direct his men with intelligence.  Mr. Aungst has had several narrow escapes in fire fighting but has never been driven from his post.  He has announced that it is his intention to carry out the plans of his brother.  The annual fire chiefs' convention will be a memorial to the late chief, W.S. Aungst, and will be held at Alliance, August 27.  [Mansfield Daily Shield:  04 June 1909]

Ayres, William P. -- William P. AYRES -- head clerk in the way-bill office of the U. S. Express Company at the Union Depot, Atchison, was born in Richland County, Ohio, February 10, 1838. While in his native State his occupation was that of a merchant, and in 1857 he came to Kansas. His first engagement with the U. S. Express Company was at Lawrence, this State, the same year of his arrival here being deliverer and general helper in the office at that place. After two years' trial at this he was advanced to messenger on the road, his route being changed a number of times, and in 1873 located at Atchison, and in 1878 was appointed to his present position. Mr. AYERS is now among the oldest expressmen in the State, and by strict attention to business, and the adept manner in which his various duties have been performed, has acquired the reputation of a man thoroughly acquainted with his business.  [This biography is found in an online version of: History of the State of Kansas (Atchison County section) by William G. Cutler, first published in 1883 by A. T. Andreas, Chicago, IL]

Baer, G. A. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF SHERIFF G. A. BAER -Today is the birthday anniversary of Sheriff Gustav A. Baer, who was born at Schoenfeld in the province of Brandenburg, Prussia, Aug. 15, 1865.  The family came to America and settled in Mansfield when the present sheriff was six and a half years old.  He learned the machinist's trade in the Aultman & Taylor plant and continued to work at that trade during the two terms that he served as clerk of Madison township, to which office he was elected in 1896.  He is now serving his second term as sheriff, upon the duties of which office he entered Jan. 1, 1906.  He has been a well-liked official and has performed the duties of his office in a manner that has given quite general satisfaction.  Fraternally Mr. Baer is a member of the Odd Fellows, the Maccabees, the Modern Woodmen, the Foresters, the Red Men, the Eagles and the International Association of Machinists.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 3:  August 15, 1910]

Bailey, Mrs. -- Lexington. It is noteworthy that the venerable Mrs. Baily, the oldest person in Lexington, is a daughter of the Revolution. Her father, Stephen Spaulding, was a cook for General Washington, and he witnessed one of the most famous events in the annals of the revolution. It was the execution of Major Andre, and he participated in events which romances have woven into their tales, and of which poets have sung in sublimest strains. Mrs. Baily is aged over 86 years, having been born in Benson, Vt., December, 1811, and has lived in Lexington 62 years. Her husband died over 40 years ago and she lives with her daughter, Mrs. Harriet Delamater. Time's stern hand has bent her form and graven deep lines in her face, but her mind is clear and her genial, cheery presence is like a gracious benediction to those who circle round the sacred shrine of home.  Submitted by Amy.  [Semi-Weekly News (Mansfield): 11 January 1898, Vol. 14, No. 3]

Bargahiser, Levi -- Levi Bargahiser was an historical character.  He was born in Pennsylvania Dec. 5, 1791.  He came to Ohio when he was twelve years old, and became a boy pioneer of Richland County.  He lived with Martin Ruffner, near Mifflin, and was taken prisoner by the Indians, after Ruffner and the Zelmer family had been killed, September, 1812.  Mr. Bargahiser entered the southeast quarter of section six, Sharon Township, in 1815, where he lived until his death, Dec. 26, 1868.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  19 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 7, part of a historical series regarding the townships of Richland Co.]

Barker, Frank -- The first bank [in Plymouth] was started by a Mr. Barker in 1839, in connection with his mercantile trade.  After Mr. Barker's death in 1859, the business was continued by Reobert McDonough and S.M. Robinson, until 1870, when Mr. McDonough opened a regular bank of discount and deposit, which was continued until his death in 1873.  After that, the First National Bank was organized, with Josiah Brinkerhoff as president.  The present officers are:  D.F. Irwin, president and A.M. Trago, cashier.  Banker Barker was the father of Frank Barker, who was killed in Mansfield by his brother-in-law, Robt. Mercer Bowland, about sundown on the evening of June 18, 1846.  The tragedy took place near the northwest corner of Main Street and Park Avenue West.  A broken-shaft monument in the Plymouth Cemetery [Greenlawn] marks Frank Barker's grave.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  16 October 1903, Vol. 11, No. 41]

Barker, Jane -- Lexington.  The venerable Mrs. Jane Barker, who attained the age of 85 years March 7, is one of the few pioneers of Lexington yet lingering on the shores of time.  [Semi-Weekly New:  16 March 1897, Vol. 13, No. 22]

Barker, Mrs. L.E. -- Shelby.  Mrs. L.E. Barker, aged about 50 years, was struck by an eastbound B.&O. freight train Wednesday at 3 p.m. and thrown 20 feet.  Her skull was fractured, her right arm mutilated so that amputation was necessary, and one of her limbs injured.  It is said she was deaf and walked in front of the train at Whitney Avenue, although the engineer whistled and rang the bell lustily to warn her.  [Semi-Weekly News:  05 February 1879, Vol. 13, No. 11]

Barnett, Robert -- Lexington.  The Hon. Robert Barnett is afflicted with a cancer of the tongue.  Mr. Barnett was aged 84 years, Aug. 22 and came to Lexington in the year 1831.  [Semi-Weekly News:  05 December 1896, Vol. 12, No. 96]

Barr, Jane C. (Welch) -- Mrs. Jane C. Barr, is the daughter of pioneer Joseph Welch, who settled at Spring Mills in 1816.  Mrs. Barr is the widow of Judge Alexander Barr.  She was born in Westmoreland County, Pa., April 6, 1809, and, therefore, was ninety-four years old on the 6th. of April last, and has been a resident of Richland County over eighty years.  March 1, 1827, Jane C. Welch and Alexander Barr were married, and a few years later removed to Mansfield, where Mr. Barr taught school in the "Big Spring school house" on East Fourth Street, for fifteen years, after which they returned to Spring Mills and located on a farm in Jackson Township, a half-mile north of the mills.  Upon this farm, Mrs. Barr still resides.  A daughter, Miss Nettie Barr, lives with her mother and cares for her in her advanced years.  Mrs. Barr is a worthy representative of the good old mothers of the pioneer age, whose children and grandchildren even at this remote period, bless their names.  Mrs. Barr reads the daily papers, has an excellent memory and keeps informed upon passing events.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  13 November 1903, Vol. 11, No. 45]

Barr, John L. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF JOHN L. BARR -This is the birthday anniversary of John L. Barr, one of the representative citizens of Richland county.  Mr. Barr was for several years editor of the Butler Enterprise, which he sold to engage in business in Mansfield.  He conducted a tea store on South Main street and later a music store.  About two years ago Mr. Barr sold out his interests, since which time he has been devoting himself to the mining and lumber interests.  Mr. Barr has extensive lumber and mining interests in Tennessee, where he spends much of his time.  He has traveled much and has written of his journeys for the News.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 3:  Tuesday December 13, 1910]

Barret, James -- James Barret, well known in Mansfield, and who is now assistant superintendent of telegraph on the Pan-Handle R.R., was in the city Wednesday attending the wedding of his sister.  [Ohio Liberal:  28 May 1879]

Bartley, Mordecai -- I have not before written of Mordecai Bartley directly, but incidentally only in making some observations touching his distinguished son, Thomas W. Bartley, and also in connection with Thomas H. Ford and William McLaughlin and their military service in Mexico, when Mordecai Bartley was Governor of Ohio and commander-in-chief of the militia of Ohio.  I have not written at length of Governor Bartley as a lawyer, for it could hardly be said that he had distinction in the profession nor at any time a large practice.  He was in his day a merchant, and in his day a farmer, and as he advanced in age he was to a moderate extent engaged in the practice of the profession of the law.  He was born in Pennsylvania, moved at an early day to Ohio.  His wife, the mother of the Judge, was a Wells, of the Panhandle country of Pennsylvania and Virginia, and the patronymic of her father was given her son Thomas, Thomas Wells Bartley.  Mordecai Bartley was a dignified man in appearance, mild mannered in both action and word, a gentleman of the old school and all his life in Ohio possessed, and deservedly so, the confidence, the respect and the love of his fellow-men, and all this in a marked degree.  In his family grew two sons, on the Judge and the other David Bartley, who studied medicine and practiced the healing art in Muskingum County, Ohio, but along in 1847 or 1848 removed westward, to Texas.  His daughters were three in number.  The eldest married Sylvanus B. Day, uncle of S.B. Day and also uncle of Matthias Day of our generation and time.  The second married Geo. B. Arnold, whose sister became the wife of Baldwin Bentley and the mother of Mrs. General Brinkerhoff and General Robert H. Bentley.  The youngest daughter became the wife of Edward Thomson, a young physician of Wayne County, but who entered the ministry and became Bishop Thomson of the Methodist Episcopal church, and whose learning, culture and wonderful abilities and acquirements are part of the heritage of the sons of Ohio, for Edward Thomson was principal of the Norwalk Seminary, editor of the Ladies' Repository, president of the Ohio Wesleyan University, editor of the New York Advocate, and then promoted to the Bishopric of that church, whose ministers have girded the earth.  He died in 1870 at Wheeling, West Virginia, having gone thither to hold the West Virginia Conference.  I mention at some length the children of Governor Mordecai Bartley, for in my childhood I knew them all, and in my boyhood I was a pupil of Doctor Thomson, and an intimate in his family -- intimate as a boy whose mother was the special friend of his wife's mother and for that reason this distinguished citizen of Ohio was my father's friend.  Mordecai Bartley was an even-tempered man, but of rugged integrity, not brilliant but a patient worker for his fellow men and a devout lover of his country and its institutions.  Possibly in the early years he was in advance of his immediate fellow citizens in general information, and so was looked to as a helpful man and as one who ought to be given official position and place.  So in the 14th., 15th. and 16th. General Assemblies of Ohio, he was a State Senator representing Licking, Knox and Richland Counties in 1816, 1817 and 1818, he was elected to the House of Representatives in the Congress of the United States and served in the 18th., 19th., 20th. and 21st. Congresses.  Eight years, from 1823 to 1831, and his service was in the years when giants represented Ohio at Washington.  Let us look and name some of them:  Joseph Vance, Duncan McArthur, Samuel F. Vinton, John C. Wright, Elisha Whittelsey, Humphrey H. Leavett, Philemon Beecher, John Sloan.  These and others like them from Ohio were the colleagues of Mordecai Bartley in the Congress of the United States.  And from 1844 to 1846 he was by the people chosen for the exalted official position of Governor of Ohio.  That service as Governor closed his public career;  but not his interest in public questions or in matters that concerned the prosperity of the state or the good of the community in which he dwelt.  He was in no sense an orator and hardly could be considered as advocate, but in him were elements of power.  He was an honest man, of good presence, fairly average ability, larger acquirements than men generally in his day, and he attained and retained the confidence and regard of all who knew him down to his latest day on earth.  Years ago the stately old man passed away.  His eyes had become dim, his ears dulled, his body somewhat bent, while the silver threads had wholly displaced the brown-black hair, which in my boyhood covered his benevolent head.  The tones of his voice trembled as he spoke or prayed, for he was a devout man and his place in the sanctuary was never vacant even in the last of life.  Of his descendants I think only one is now a resident of Richland, Julia, his grand-daughter, wife of S.E. Jenner, Esq.  What estimate may we make of this man who for so many years was the most pronounced figure in the early history of the old country?  If I could sum it up in a few words, and I can, and the words may be, must be if they be true words, an honest man, serving his day and generations faithfully, ably and well.  Yonder in the cemetery he lies, but his life was pure, and his memory is cherished in all the homes of the sons and daughters of the pioneers of Ohio.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  12 January 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 35]

Bartley, Thomas W. -- In chronicling the death of Judge Thomas W. Bartley, which occurred on Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at his residence at Washington City, it is proper that we give a brief sketch of the life of him whom Richland County feels proud to claim as one of her own.  Gov. Mordecai Bartley removed to Richland County when the subject of this sketch was but a small boy. During the school days of Thomas, his father was elected to Congress from this district and represented it for several successive terms. Thomas became a student at Georgetown where he completed his studies, when he returned to Mansfield and commenced the practice of law at the early age of twenty-one years.  After practicing his profession for a few years he was elected prosecuting attorney, which office he filled for two terms. He was next appointed by President Polk U.S. District Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio, which office he held during that administration.  In 1842 he was elected a state Senator and upon the convening of the Legislature he was elected Speaker. Shortly after this Gov. Shannon, the Governor of Ohio, was appointed Minister to Mexico, and Thomas W. Bartley became the Governor, which office he held until the election of his father, Mordecai Bartley, who by the way, was a member of the opposite political party, and the son had the honor of inducting his father into the Governor's chair, something that has never occurred before or since in any State of the Union.  After his retirement from the Governor's office he again resumed the practice of law in Mansfield, which he continued until his election as one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Ohio, in 1851. He remained on the Supreme bench for two terms, his associates on the bench being Judges Ranney, Caldwell, Corwin and Thurman, and a portion of the time Brinkerhoff and Bowen. The Supreme Court of Ohio during the time Judge Bartley was on the bench, is generally conceded by lawyers to be the equal in ability to any court of last resort in the Union, and their decisions are cited, as authority, throughout the United States.  Upon his retirement from the Supreme bench he again resumed the practice of law in Mansfield. He removed from Mansfield to Cincinnati in 1863, and again removed in 1867 to Washington city, where he continued the practice of his profession up to the time of his death.  His daughter, Mrs. S.E. Jenner, went to Washington last week and was present during his last hours. Mr. Jenner expected to go to his funeral, but the telegram announcing his death was not received by him, owing to the telegraph office being closed until late Sunday morning, too late for him to reach Washington.  Judge Bartley was an ardent Democrat, and in 1881 commenced the publication of the American Register, a Democratic journal. This proved a financial failure, and the Judge spent, in his efforts to establish the paper, large sums of money that he had before accumulated by his professional labors. Judge Bartley was born February 22d., 1812, at Steubenville, Ohio.  Judge Bartley was thrice married. His first wife was Miss Julia M. Larwill, a sister of John C. Larwill, of Loudonville. She was the mother of Mrs. Jenner. His second, Miss Susan Sherman, a sister of General and Senator Sherman, and his third, who survives him, Mrs. McCoy, widow of Col. McCoy of Gen. Sherman's staff.  He will be buried in Washington City by the side of his second wife and little daughter, Daisey.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 25 June 1885, Vol. 35, No. 32]

Bartley, Thomas W. -- For thirty years prior to 1864, Thomas W. Bartley was a prominent figure in the city of Mansfield.  He was born in Jefferson County, Ohio, in 1812;  graduated at Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, studied law in Washington City and at the age of twenty-two commenced the practice of his profession in what was then the village of Mansfield.  At the time Judge Bartley read law in Washington, his father, Governor Mordecai Bartley, was a member of Congress from this district, which he represented for four successive terms.  He with his family came to Richland County shortly after the close of the War of 1812, in which he served as a captain under Gen. Harrison.  His illustrious son was then an infant, and was reared, educated and grew to fame as a child of old Richland.  Mansfield is proud of her sons who in civil life or amidst the roar of battle stood in the front lines and with true manhood performed every duty, not only faithfully but so well that all join in commendations.  Judge Bartley did this.  He was prosecuting attorney for two terms;  United States district attorney for the northern district of Ohio for four years, by appointment of President Pierce;  Representative and Senator in the Ohio Legislature;  President of the Senate;  Governor of the state, and Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio.  In each position he so acquitted himself as to cause his fellow townsman to mention his name with pride, and Ohioans everywhere to recognize in him a noble son who had acted well his part.  Judge Bartley was only thirty-two years old when, by the resignation of Gov. W. Shannon, he became Governor of Ohio, the youngest Governor our state has yet had.  At the expiration of his term in 1844 the Democratic Party nominated him for Governor and the Whig party nominated Mordecai Bartley, the father of the Judge, as a candidate for the same office.  Strange things occur in politics, but seldom, indeed, will it again happen that father and son, will be opposing candidates for the highest office in the gift of a great state, as was the case in the memorable contest of 1844.  The father was elected and Mordecai Bartley succeeded his son as Governor of Ohio.  In 1851 Thomas W. Bartley was elected a Judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio.  This was the first election under the new constitution, by which the number of Judges was increased to five.  Judges Bartley, Ranney and Thurman were elected members of that court -- three jurists who would have honored the highest judicial tribunal of any land and in any age.  While these eminent men were on the bench every lawyer felt a pride in the high estimation in which the opinions of that court were held.  Eminent judges have been on that bench since the days of Bartley, Ranney and Thurman, and since the days of a Brinkerhoff and a Swan, but it has been too seldom that they have constituted a majority of the court.  Judge Bartley was re-elected to the Supreme Bench and at the close of his second term in February, 1859, resumed the practice of law in Mansfield.  In 1864 he removed to Cincinnati, where he engaged in the practice of his profession, but he remained in Cincinnati only a few years, when he took up a permanent residence in Washington City and remained there in the active practice of law until his death on the 20th. day of June, 1885.  He married a sister of Mr. John C. Larwill, and after her death, Senator Sherman's sister, who was a daughter of Judge Sherman, who once graced our Supreme Bench, became his second wife.  Mrs. S.E. Jenner is a daughter of Judge Bartley.  Hon. John W. Jenner, S.E. Jenner, Capt. A.C. Cummins, S.G. Cummings and Andrew Stevenson read law in his office after his retirement from the Supreme Bench.  The Judge was a most dignified, cultured, and courteous gentleman, who will never be forgotten by those who were honored by his friendship and intimate acquaintance.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  23 June 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 6]  * Be advised that there are errors in this biographical sketch.

Barton, Eliza (Gatton) -- Eliza Gatton was a daughter of John and Rachel (Norris) Gatton, who came to Jefferson Township in 1818, and shared in the danger and excitement of pioneer life.  One time Mrs. Gatton went to Mansfield with a web of linen, and was followed on her return by a pack of wolves.  The horse she rode was a fast one, and it was considerable time before they came up with her.  The horse ran at a gallop, and the famished brutes would jump against his sides and legs in their attempt to fasten their teen in the animal's flesh.  The noble horse kept on in his lightning journey, striking the wolves down with his fore feet when they came before him, and kicking behind until he arrived home, and the pests were driven off.  Mrs. Gatton says Joe Heins shot Tom Lyons, the noted Indian on John Kanaga's farm in the southern part of Jefferson Township.  This Indian carried ninety tongues of white men as the trophies of his life career in warring against the pale face.  Eliza Gatton was married in 1847 to John Barton, who died in the army.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star:  31 August 1882]

Barton, John -- In the year 1845 John Barton left his home in Mechanicsville, Pa., to seek a home in Ohio.  He came to Richland County and settled on a little farm about three miles southeast of Bellville.  He had not lived there long until he made the acquaintance of Miss Eliza Gatton, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Asa Gatton.  Mr. Barton and Miss Gatton were married at the residence of the bride's uncle, Mr. Isaac Gatton, January 7, 1847, by 'Squire Reuben Evarts.  But their married life was of short duration for on the night of June 10, of the same year, without a word of warning he disappeared.  No news of the truant husband was heard, until one day in the year of '63, a letter came from him informing her, that he was then fighting for his country, having enlisted as a private in company I of the 58th. Pennsylvania Volunteers at the beginning of the Rebellion.  The letter was a very pathetic one, stating that he had ever regretted leaving her.  He intimated in the letter that he would return home, after his term of enlistment had expired.  The war closed, still no letter came from the absent husband.  Finally she wrote to the Adjutant General of Pennsylvania, and at last she received a reply.  But that reply contained sad news -- John Barton was shot and mortally wounded at the battle of Cold Harbor, but a few days after he wrote the letter home.  About three years ago, Mrs. B. made application for a pension.  But more astounding developments awaited her.  From the Pension Bureau she received intelligence that a woman claiming to be the widow of John Barton had made application for a pension, for herself and five children.  Her claim was satisfactorily established and the pension was granted.  When Mr. Barton left his home in Ohio, he wandered back to his native state.  There he became acquainted with Miss Harriet Whitlock, to whom he was married in the year 1852, less than five years from the time he deserted his first wife.  The department is withholding the pension from wife No. 2, and no doubt wife No. 1 will hereafter draw it.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star:  18 March 1886, Vol. 9, No. 25]

Baughman, Abraham -- Abraham Baughman had been the first settler in the vicinity of Greentown, but during the war of 1812, removed to Monroe Township and entered the southwest quarter of section 25, where he located and resided until his death in January, 1821.  Abraham Baughman and wife and three of their sons -- Abraham, Jacob and George -- are buried at Perrysville.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Baughman, Arkison -- Lexington.  Arkison Baughman, a merchant of Kenton, has been the guest of W.W. Cockley in Lexington, his native place, after 32 years' absence.  His parents, Mr. & Mrs. William Baughman, live in Indiana.  His father was postmaster here two years under the Buchanan's administration.  [Semi-Weekly News:  24 August 1897, Vol. 13, No. 68]

Baughman, George W. -- Dr. George W. Baughman, candidate for coroner, was born in Monroe Township, January 22, 1854. He is a son of the late 'Squire Abram Baughman.  After receiving a common school education he attended Greentown Academy at Perrysville two years and Wittenberg College at Springfield five years, after which he began reading medicine with Drs. Vanorman and Moore of Springfield. He then became a student of the late Dr. J.W. Craig of this city, after which he attended the medical college at Columbus from which he graduated and received his diploma in 1879. He began practicing his profession at Newville where he remained until 1888, since which time he has resided in Mansfield and practiced his profession in this city.  He married Elizabeth Miller of this city in 1876 and their family consists of two sons and three daughters.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 28 September 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 20]

Beach, A.I. -- Dr. A.I. Beach married a daughter of Judge (Benjamin) Jackson.  Dr. Beach came from Connecticut and located in Bellville in 1826, and that village was ever afterwards his home.  He was a college graduate and took the degree of M.D. in 1825.  Dr. Beach was a brother of Moses Y. Beach, the founder, and for many years the editor of the New York Sun newspaper.  The doctor was a man of culture, had traveled in Europe, and was eminent in his profession.  He seemed out of his element in a village, for his attainments qualified him to be the associate of scholars and of men of renown.  He accumulated property and his niece, Mrs. B.O. Smith, is his heir, as he left no children.  [Mansfield News:  28 May 1899]

Beach, Allen S. -- Allen S. Beach was born at Mt. Vernon, Knox Co., Ohio, in 1864, two years later his father, a Union soldier, died of a disease contracted in the war, and in 1872 the death of the father was followed by that of the mother, leaving the children in destitute circumstances. The same year, Mr. Beach came to Richland County to live with William Mitchell, a good substantial farmer of Monroe Twp., by wisdom he was raised.  At 18 he began school teaching, having prepared himself for this work in the Ada Normal University and was continuously engaged in educational work for nearly eight years. In 1894 he was graduated from the University of Michigan with the degree LL.B. and same year admitted to the practice of law in the courts of Ohio.  When Mr. O'Hearn became county clerk, Mr. Beach was selected deputy and given entire supervision of the office and upon Mr. O'Hearn being adjudged insane and the office thereby declared vacant, Mr. Beach was appointed clerk by the county commissioners.  As deputy and as clerk, Mr. Beach has given general satisfaction and proven himself thoroughly competent for the duties of that office.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 31 October 1896, Vol. LXXIX, No. 25]

Beal, Betsey (Beal) -- Mrs. Betsey Beal, daughter of John and Mary Beal, whose maiden name was Turner, was born Nov. 22, 1807, in Bellfonte, Center Co., Pa., and soon after her parents moved up into Morrison's Cove in Huntingdon Co.; lived there with them until her marriage to David Beal, which took place March 27, 1827; remained there until the fall of 1830 in the month of Sept., when they emigrated to Richland Co., O., and settled on the place where she now lives with her daughter and youngest son, some three miles south east of Bellville. It was a wilderness then. They had to cut their way through the woods to reach their place. Some deer, bear and wolves were still lingering about the Clearfork hills and ravines. Result of said marriage, 7 children. John, born Dec. 10, 1827; Mary, born Dec. 8, 1829; David Jr., born May 7, 1832; Samuel, born April 16, 1834; Sophia, born Aug. 5, 1839; Henry, born June 14, 1845; George, born Sept. 29, 1850. David Beal, Sr., was born Sept. 24, 1797, and died Aug. 27,1869, aged 71 years, 11 months and 3 days. He was born in Wittenberg, Germany and came across the Atlantic Ocean when 19 years old, when his parents. His father's name was David, his mother's Hannah. He was a Republican and they both belonged to the Lutheran church. Both worked very hard in clearing up their farm. They lost their house by fire. The husband lived to see his new house (a good two story frame) nearly finished. His disease was a tumor in the stomach. He belonged to a family of 12 children. 10 of whom came across the Atlantic Ocean. One died in Germany and one born in America. This sketch was taken in Nov., 1881. Mrs. Beal is still living but is in rather feeble health. Her acts of kindness, which were characteristic of the early pioneers of this country, are not forgotten.  -- Dr. Riddle.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star: 17 January 1884, Vol. 7, No. 16]

Beal, Gottlieb -- Gottlieb Beal was born in Wittenberg, Germany, Dec. 29th., 1809. In 1819 his father came to Philadelphia. His father met the misfortune of having his money stolen about the time he left, and he made the journey on credit, and as soon as the family arrived it was advertised to be sold for service. A Dr. Shanabarger bought the family at auction, and they served three years. Mr. Beal came to Ohio when about nineteen years of age, and then returned after remaining about a month. He followed shoemaking between 1820 and 1825. He came to Ohio and settled in Worthington Township in 1845, and the same year moved on the farm he now occupies about four miles south of Bellville. He was married to Barbara Rhodes, daughter of Samuel R. & Catharine (Reed) Rhodes. The ceremony took place in Huntingdon County, Penn., Dec. 29th., 1833. They had two daughters, Catharine and Sarah.   Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star: 10 August 1882, Vol. V, No. 45]

Beasore, Mary E. (Sackman)

Beaver, H.H.

Beck, Adam Sr. -- Sunday was the 80th. birthday anniversary of Adam Beck, Sr., and relatives and friends to the number of 30 assembled at his home on West Fourth Street and assisted him in celebrating the day.  Mr. Beck is hale and hearty even at this advanced age and was never sick a day in his life.  He was born in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, Sept. 27, 1816, was in the German Army and came to this country in November, 1853.  His wife died four years ago last January.  He has four sons and one daughter living and all were present with their children on the auspicious occasion.  The sons are Adam Jr., Henry and Peter, of this city;  George Beck of Crestline, and the daughter is Miss Elizabeth Beck.  A bounteous repast was served and the day was happily spent.  Mr. Beck was the recipient of numerous presents as mementos of the occasion, among them being a pair of gold spectacles.  [Semi-Weekly News: 29 September 1896, Vol. 12, No. 79]

Bell, Dr. Simeon B. (external link)

Bell, G.S. & R.W. -- G.S. & R.W. BELL is the style of the leading Dry Goods House of the place, and an enterprise worthy an extended notice in this connection. This house was originally established in the year 1861 by G.S. BELL and R.B. MORROW, under the name of Bell & Morrow. This alliance continued about two and a half years, when Mr. M. withdrew, leaving Mr. B. alone. In 1868 the present firm was organized, Mr. R.W. BELL taking an interest in the concern. Both gentlemen are natives of this place, and for the past 22 years Mr. G.S. BELL has been identified with its mercantile interests. His brother was for a number of years previous to entering in the present enterprise in California. They are great-grandsons of ROBERT BELL founder of Bellville and in honor of whom the town was names. They are at the head of an enterprise that will compare favorably with those of large cities. The stock embraces a general line of dry goods, notions, clothing, groceries, boots, shoes, &c., and is full and complete in every respect. Their stock is the largest and most complete in the place, and they are also doing the leading business. Messrs. Bell Brothers are men of progressive ideas, who believe in themselves and the town, and none have done more to advance its interests, and there are none more worthy of success.   Submitted by Amy.  [THE BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Bell, Hub. E. -- The Democratic candidate for Prosecuting Attorney was born in Franklin Township, Richland County, June 30th., 1857, where his parents still reside, is of German extraction and having been raised upon a farm still possesses many of the frugal and industrious traits of his ancestors. When a young man he attended the North Western Ohio Normal College, at Ada, Ohio, for several terms; receiving a moderate but well learned education by teaching school in this county during the winter season and attending College during the summer and fall for a number of years. In 1879 he commenced the study of law under the tuition of Thos. Y. McCray, of Mansfield, and in June, 1881, at Columbus, Ohio, was admitted to the practice of law in the several courts of this State, and by diligent study and close application he has identified himself with the Richland County bar, as well as the politics of his native county, as one of the rising young attorneys, striving for an honorable place in the profession. He is an ardent and enthusiastic Democrat, and at the recent nominations on the 2d. of May was complimented by the Democrats of this county with the nomination for prosecuting attorney over a worthy and estimable competitor by a majority of eight hundred votes, which well vouchsafes for the esteem in which he is held by those who well know him.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 02 July 1885, Vol. 35, No. 33]

Bell, John Marion -- John M. Bell, treasurer of Richland County, who is candidate for re-election, is a son of Andrew Bell, a Pennsylvanian, and was born in Madison Township, Feb. 5, 1837. He attended the country schools, after which he attended the high schools of this city, from which he graduated 1856. He taught school in the country four winters and lived off a farm east of Mansfield until 1865, when he moved to Mansfield and has ever since been a citizen of Mansfield.  For 15 years he traveled for the Hall & Allen Machine Company, one of the first manufacturing concerns of Mansfield, and after that company went out of business he traveled several years for the Fremont Harvester Company. He then engaged in the coal business and kept a notion store until he was elected County Treasurer two years ago.  As Treasurer Mr. Bell has introduced several conveniences, among them keeping the treasury open during noon hour to accommodate farmers and keeping open in the evening to accommodate those who cannot call during the day. He is always at his pot, is a veritable "watch-dog of the treasury" is the same accommodating official to all, Democrat and Republican, and should receive the support of all voters without reference to party.   Mr. Bell is a member of Mansfield Lodge F. & A.M., Mansfield Chapter R. & M. and Mansfield Commandery Knights Templar.   He married Elizabeth Wallace of Madison Township in 1858 and their family consist of two sons and five daughters.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 28 September 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 20]

Bell, John Marion -- On Tuesday morning County Treasurer Lersch will turn over the cash in the vault and the books of the Treasurer's office to J.M. Bell, who was elected Treasurer last November.  The new County Treasurer is well known to the people of Richland County.  Sixty-two years ago Andrew Bell and wife came from Pennsylvania and settled on a farm two miles east of the city.  On February 5, 1837, a son came to bless them.  He was christened John Marion Bell.  This son for several years to come will be the custodian of the money of the taxpayers of Richland County.  Treasurer Bell, being of Pennsylvania Dutch descent, was taught to "hoe his own row" quite early in life.  Indeed, when he was fifteen years of age, an accident resulted in the death of his father, and he was compelled to assist his mother in supporting the family.  He found time, however, to attend the district schools, and graduated from the latter while Prof. Bentley Smith was superintendent.  In 1858 Mr. Bell was married to Miss Elizabeth Wallace, daughter of Washington Wallace.  To them eight children have been born, seven of whom are living.  They are:  Mrs. A.B. Shull, of Philadelphia;  Mrs. S.H. Croft, of Canton;  Andrew Wallace, Misses Dora, Anna, Mary and Master John, of this city.  The first twenty-seven years of Mr. Bell's life was spent in farming during the summers and teaching district schools during the winters.  He then engaged in active business and for eighteen years was collector and general agent on the road for various manufacturing concerns, during which time he was appointed assignee and receiver of a manufacturing concern in Fremont and was required to give a bond in the sum of $150,000.  He conducted the business for two years and finally closed up the affairs of the concern to the entire satisfaction of every stockholder and creditor.  For many years Mr. Bell was engaged in the coal and mercantile business in this city, but about a year ago, after having received the Democratic nomination for county treasurer, he sold out and retired.  During his long and successful business career Mr. Bell gained the confidence and respect of everybody with whom he came in contact, and that the people believe he is a man of great integrity was shown by the result of the ballots cast at the November election.  Although Mr. Bell has always been an unswerving Democrat and has stood by the colors when desertions were frequent, and many were lukewarm in the cause of the people, he will make an excellent officer, irrespective of party.  For the present Treasurer Bell will retain Deputy Treasurer Cook in his employ.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  08 September 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 17]

Bell, Samuel & Martha M. (Gates) -- Golden weddings only happen occasionally in these latter days. It is the exception rather than the rule when people celebrate the 50th. anniversary of their marriage and a couple that has passed half a hundred milestones in married life is always entitled to especial honor and respect.  Today is the auspicious occasion of the golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Bell, who resides at No. 296 West Bloom Street. Mr. and Mrs. Bell were united in marriage just 50 years ago today at a point about four miles west of Mansfield where Simon Stentz now lives. Mrs. Bell's maiden name was Martha M. Gates. She was a daughter of George Gates, who, in the year 1847 was proprietor of what was known in those days as a country tavern, more properly a stopping place where entertainment could be had for man and beast. Mr. and Mrs. Bell began keeping house within a year after their marriage, taking up a quarter section of land in Franklin Township. The couple practically built up their home out of the wilderness, Mr. Bell clearing the land and rendering it suitable for cultivation. This, of course, involved much hard work and many were the discouragements in those early days. Mr. and Mrs. Bell were, however, blessed with good health and their robust efforts met with their reward when they had established and fitted up one of the best farms in Richland County.  About 10 years ago Mr. and Mrs. Bell gave up farm life and removed to Mansfield where they have resided ever since. They have a host of friends both in Mansfield and throughout Richland County.   Upon this happy occasion the children of Mr. & Mrs. Bell are al present. The direct descendants are: Mrs. J.D. Lewis, of Cookton, Richland County; Hubbert E. Bell, of this city; Charles E. Bell, of Cleveland; Byron Bell, of New York City; Mrs. W.H. Terman, who resides with her parents on West Bloom Street, and Mrs. M.N. Mix, of New York. Mr. Bell will be 74 years of age the 20th. day of February and his wife will be 73 years of age Dec. 2, 1898. For people who have experienced a life time of hard work, beginning on a 160 acre tract of timber land, Mr. and Mrs. Bell are very robust in appearance and health as will be noted by a glance at the cuts of the people presented by the News. It is expected that before the day is over at least 150 immediate relatives and guests will have paid their respects to Mr. & Mrs. Bell at their pleasant home on this happy occasion.  A dinner was served for the children and immediate relatives at the noon hour and the day from 1 o'clock until 8 p.m. will be given over to a reception for friends during which refreshments will be served continuously.  Submitted by Amy.  [Semi-Weekly News (Mansfield): 14 January 1898, Vol. 14, No. 4]

Bellingham, Albert - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF PROF. A. BELLINGHAM -Today is the birthday anniversary of Prof. Albert Bellingham, supervisor of music in the Mansfield public schools, who was born in Leeds, Eng., Nov. 5, 1874.  He came to America at the age of 18 years.  He has been musical supervisor in the Mansfield schools for seven years and is serving in his second term as president of the music section of the Ohio State Teachers' association.  For six years he was musical director at the First Congregational church, but during the past year he has been director at the Grace Episcopal church.  He is a member of the Masonic and Elk lodges and has charge of the music of both of these organizations.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 5:  Saturday, November 5, 1910]

Bemiller, Emerson -- Emerson Bemiller, who follows farming in Worthington township, was born in February 5, 1870, in the same locality where he now makes his home and is one of fourteen children whose parents were Valentine and Mary (Garber) Bemiller. The father was in Germany in 1825 and when but four years of age was brought to the United States by his parents, Phillip and Catherine Bemiller the family home being established in Worthington township, Richland Co, Ohio, where the grandfather of our subject entered land from the government. Not a furrow had been turned nor an improvement made upon the place at that time.  As Valentine Bemiller advanced in years and Strength he aided more and more largely in the work of the farm and throughout his entire life he carried on general agricultural pursuits, displaying such sound judgment and unfaltering diligence that he thereby won a gratifying measure of success. He accumulated much land his judicious investments made him a prosperous resident of the community. He always took a very active part in politics as a stalwart supporter of the democratic party,yet the honors and emoluments of office had no attractions for him. In early manhood he married Miss Mary Garber, who was born in Worthington township 1827 and is still living on the home farm. Mr. Bemiller, however, passed away in 1899 and eight of their children are now deceased. The six still living are: Daniel, William, and Rueben all residents of Worthington township; Mrs. Amanda Crunkleton, living in Knox Co. Ohio; Mrs. Mary Clever, of Toledo, Ohio and Emerson.  The home farm was the playground of Emerson Bemiller in his youth and also the training school in which he gained familiarity with the business that he has made his life work. His intellectual training was received in the common schools near his father's home and also by six months' study at Butler, Ohio. In early youth he began working on his father's farm and afterward engaged in teaching school for two terms, but at the time of his marriage turned his attention to general agricultural pursuits, locating on a rented farm until he was able to purchase property. In 1896 with the capital he had acquired from his economy and industry he bought one hundred and forty four acres and ten years later,in 1906, he purchased ninety-nine acres more. He has since sold a portion of his farm, but still retains the ownership of two hundred and two acres, which constitute one of the best improved properties in this part of the state. Few men of his years have been more successful in agricultural lines and he certainly deserves much credit for for what he has accomplished.  On the 11th of November, 1893, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Bemiller and Miss Alberta Wilson, who was born in Worthington township in1870. She was a daughter of Erastus and Sarah (Calhoun) Wilson and passes away February 28, 1903. There were five children by that marriage, of whom four are now living: Mabel, Pearl, Gladys, and Grace. For his second wife Mr. Bemiller chose Miss Lizze Palmer, who was born in Ashland Co., Ohio, whom he wedded in 1904. They now have two sons, Charley and Brice.  The parents hold membership in the Baptist church and Mr. Bemiller gives his political allegiance to the democracy. No inheritance or influential friends aided him at the outset of his career. On the contrary, he placed his sole dependence upon unfaltering energy, recognizing the fact that "there is no royal road to wealth." Gradually he is working his way upward and is today the owner of a valuable property which is bringing him a substantial annual income as the reward of his persistent labor.  Submitted by Jeromey.

Bemiller, Phillip -- In 1799, Napoleon seized power in France and in 1806, after defeating the Empire of Austria, he set up the Confederation of the Rhine, which included Phillips Bemiller's homeland. In 1807 at the age of 18, he was drafted into Napoleons army. Phillip saw service in many battles and upon at least one occasion was severely wounded. Phillip with "Comrade" holding out his hand as if to shake. As Phillip reached for his hand, the villain suddenly shifted positions and charged with his sword. The thrust was warded off but Phillip received along severe wound in his arm. When asked what he did to the scoundrel, he replied " I cut him down as a weed." As result of his wound he had a terrible scar which served him as a life long reminder of the incident.  Phillip took part in the Russian campaign of 1812. Of the 600,000 men in Napoleon's forces that marched on Moscow only 250,000 returned to their homeland, Phillip being in this number. During the retreat from Moscow, Phillip told of the cold and the hardships. He said that when they got to the great river, (probably the Dieker), they found it swollen out of it's banks and filled with floating ice and only a small band succeeded in crossing the river.  The end of the Napoleon era took place in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo when Napoleon was defeated by the British and her allies under the Duke of Wellington. Family tradition is that he obtained the rank of Captain. With his military service over, Phillip must have returned home and married, for his first son , John, was born in 1817.  Phillip came to this country around 1827 with his wife, Catherine, born 21 September 1799 died 14 April 1874, and three sons living for a time in an eastern state probably Maryland. Family tradition says his wife, Catherine was his second wife not the mother ofhis sons. Further she had a son , Johanna, who stayed in Maryland when the family moved to Ohio. Phillip was believed to be in Ohio by 1829. In 1833 he purchased 100 acres of government land at $1.25 per acre in the southeast corner of Worthington Township, Richland County. He later sold this land and subsequently purchased a substantial farm at the southwest corner of S.R. 97 and Bunker Hill Road. Phillip was the father of three sons : John Bemiller born 14 July 1817 died 19 June 1862, George Bemiller born 19 December 1819 died 31 March 1886 in Elkhart County, Indiana, and Valentine Bemiller 21 May 1823 died 26 December 1896 in Worthington Township.  Submitted by Jeromey.

Bentley, Robert -- Robert Bentley settled upon the southwest quarter of section 10 [of Mifflin Twp.] in 1815.  The family camped in their wagon until their cabin was built and in which they lived until 1828, when they moved out of the old cabin into a fine brick residence -- the first brick dwelling erected in Richland County.  Mr. Bentley was for seven years as associate judge of the court of common pleas, and served two terms in the state senate.  He was a major general of the Ohio militia, and was a prominent man in business, as well as in civic and military affairs.  He died in Mansfield in 1862.  Two grandchildren of Gen. Bartley reside in Mansfield -- the Hon. M.B. Bushnell and the wife of Gen. Brinkerhoff.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  26 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 8]

Bermont, Charles -- Lexington.  Charles Bermont, who had an arm cut off by the cars at Fredericktown, March 13, is a son of Daniel Bermont, formerly of near Lexington.   [Semi-Weekly News:  23 March 1897, Vol. 13, No. 24]

Bevier, Roeleff, M.D. -- Roeleff Bevier, M.D. was born Feb. 27, 1813 in Cayuga County, New York.  His early education was in the district school and he enjoyed the advantage of a private tutor and also that which came to him from the instructions of his own father, whose profession he adopted.  He graduated at Fairfield Medical College in Herkimer County of this Empire state in 1838, and began his practice in the town of his nativity, but Ohio, to his mind, opened up greater promise, so taking [sic.] to wife Annie Cuykendall, in 1840, he founded his home at Plymouth, the border village of Huron and Richland, and there lived a long life, departing into the unseen country on July 24, 1882, having nearly compassed his three-score and ten years of allotted life on earth.  He dedicated himself to his chosen profession, and with the years of his preparatory study, filled out more than a half century therein.  His work was not in any sense perfunctory, but a work of zeal, knowledge, activity, faithfulness.  The special dominant controlling principle of his life was faithfulness, and the quality of his service was such as could be expected when to knowledge was added zeal, and to zeal a profound love of his work, and to that absolute faithfulness.   It has been remarked that very often do we find tastes, aptitudes, habits of thought, transmitted from father to son, and though I have no personal knowledge of the father of Dr. Bevier, I venture the opinion that like the son was the father, and that much which distinguished the son was also the possession of the father.  The children of Dr. Roeleff Bevier were all daughters.  They are now known as Mrs. George B. Brown, of Toledo, O., Mrs. W.C. Breckenridge, of Hamilton, Ontario, in the Dominion of Canada, and Mrs. F.W. Kirtland, of Plymouth, O., all women of transcendent worth.  In his church relations Dr. Bevier was a Presbyterian, and his party affiliations were with the Republican party, from its organization, an active working member thereof, but never a mere partisan.  His knowledge of men and things, his innate love of liberty, lead him to cast his lot politically;  yet never noisy, never faulting his neighbor because forsooth he did not see as he saw.  His life work was that of the physician.  No other occupation in life affords a better test of character, a greater opportunity for usefulness, and Dr. Bevier measured up the full measure of a man.  Fifty long years, including his preparatory study, he devoted to his profession.  Fifty years, how much he saw, how much he accomplished.  How much is there in one life of one single good man to emulate?  The fifty years witnessed the wonderful growth of the republic and extended its boundaries so that the billows of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans alike surged and broke on our distant shores.  The fifty years of his activities marked the progress of the people of the earth and the advancement of some from semi-savage life to a condition of civilization, while the advancement in sciences and art were equally marvelous.  Dr. Bevier, though a quiet man, was not a careless observer or indifferent actor in the realm of human endeavor and accomplishment.  He was active, alert, physically and mentally.  He was gifted with a superb physique and good health and his labors were abundant, sometimes excessive, but the good he did humanity was almost immeasurable.  Faithfulness in all he undertook was the guiding star which illuminated the way and lightened the labor.  Since the day when he was called away the months have grown into years, but his works of love and deeds of kindness are not forgotten of men.  It was my fortune to know him well, and if in the series of sketches of the early men I failed to write of Roeleff Bevier, I would fail in duty, however imperfectly, the duty may be performed.  Dr. Bevier was a true man, a faithful friend, an able physician, a genuine follower of the lowly man of Nazareth, his Lord and Savior, and a patriotic citizen.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  20 April 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 49]

Bigelow, Perkins -- Born 11 November 1814 at Marlboro, New Hampshire.  Before coming to Ohio he worked as a dry goods clerk.  He relocated in Newark, Ohio, and continued as a dry goods clerk for three years.  He joined a group to form a colony in Texas in 1841 and went with them as far as Arkansas and then up the White River to the boundary of the Cherokee Nation.  He assisted in the building of the first log cabins of the colony, but he was not very strong and soon was compelled by reason of sickness to return to Newark.  He then secured employment in a drug store and began the study of medicine.  In 1846 he married Miss Anna Marie Palmer of Cincinnati, and in 1847 moved to Mansfield.  Perkins joined the Mansfield Lodge by demit from Newark, April 12th., 1848,  and served as Master in 1851 and 1852.  Later he was elected Master for the years 1856, 1863, 1864, 1865 and 1866.  During the years 1852 and 1853 he was Mayor of Mansfield.  He was active in the affairs of Grace Episcopal church, acting as Senior Warden and was Sunday School superintendent for many years.  He continued in the drug business and at one time was interested with Mr. Z.S. Stocking, and later Dimon Sturges in the Sturges building.  He later bought out these two businesses and continued the business alone.  Mr. Perkins would reserve a room on the second floor over his drug store for the citizens of the city to send or bring old clothes and shoes for distribution to the needy before the establishment of the Mansfield Humane Society.  The trees in the park on the square in Mansfield were all planted by Mr. Bigelow.  He was also on the very first board of directors for the Mansfield Cemetery Association, founded in 1865.  [HISTORY OF MANSFIELD LODGE NO. 35, F. & A.M., 1814-1951, pp. 46-48]

Black, Moses -- The above is a good likeness of Moses Black, the well known dry goods merchant who for the past twenty-four years has been in the trade at the place he now occupies, the corner of Main and West Market, or, as it is now called, Park Avenue West.  Mr. Black was born in the north of Ireland, county Donegal, in 1836, and came to America at the age of nineteen. He came to this city in 1859, where he has since been engaged in business continuously. His long experience in his line has given him a thorough knowledge of the trade in all its details and in a business way, as socially, he has maintained a worthy pace among Mansfield's tradesmen and citizens.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD WEEKLY NEWS: 22 December 1887, Vol. 4, No. 6]

Blair, Samuel -- Lexington. The venerable Samuel Blair is the oldest soldier in Lexington who served in the civil war. He was born three miles northwest of here in April, 1822. He served in the 111th. O.V.I. and the aged veteran's eyes glow with the fire of youth and the blood of youth warms his heart as he dwells on the thrilling episodes of the war, and it is proper to mention that William Blair, his father, participated in one of the most famous events in American naval annals. It has been embalmed in the most inspiring song and romancers have woven it into their tales. He was a marine of Commodore Perry's flag-ship, when Perry achieved his victory on Lake Erie, in September, 1813. This event is commemorated by the large painting which hangs in the rotunda of the state house at Columbus and William Blair is among the heroic eight depicted on the canvas.  Submitted by Amy.  [Semi-Weekly News (Mansfield): 04 March 1898, Vol. 14, No. 18]

Blitz, Mattie L. (Miller) -- Mme. Edouard Blitz, formerly Mattie L. Miller (daughter of the late Col. Miller, of Mansfield) directress of the musical department of Cottey college, Nevada, Mo., has been decorated by Prince Gay_de Lusignan, with the order of Melusine, in recognition of her ability as a pianist and educator.  The decoration received by Mme. Blitz is the same as that given to Clara Barton, president of the Red Cross society, for her work in the orient.  Mme. Blitz wears also the Medaille Civique, given her by the King of Belgium for heroism in saving lives by stopping a runaway team.  [Semi-Weekly News:  03 September 1897, Vol. 13, No. 71]

Bloom, S.S.

Bloom, Samuel Stambaugh -- SAMUEL STAMBAUGH BLOOM was the son of George and Mary Ann (Stambaugh) Bloom, and was born in Waterford, Juniata County, Pennsylvania, March 11th., 1834. He never knew a mother's fostering care, and at her death, quickly succeeding his birth, was taken in charge by his maternal grandfather, Mr. John Stambaugh, and reared by him near Blaine, Perry County, Pennsylvania. His grandfather dying when young Bloom was in his 19th. year, he came west to Shelby, Ohio whither his father had emigrated in 1836, and where he died in 1843. He returned East and was married to Miss Annie M. Stambaugh, a lady of the same name, not of the same family, as his mother, and in March, 1856, he came again to Richland County and made his home in the town of Shelby. From this period onward, the course of his life has been unchanged except by the joys and sorrows, the cares and conquests, incident to all human progress. His wife and infant son died in 1857; but this gloom, so early cast upon his life, did not deter him from pursuing the even tenor of his way.  In 1859 he was once again married to Mrs. Jennie Smiley, daughter of the late Mr. Robert Mickey, of Shelby, and at the present writing, in 1873, Mr. and Mrs. Bloom have three children living, one son and two daughters. We leave them now enjoying in simple elegance the bright summer of their lives, with hosts of attached friends around them, and follow the subject of our sketch into the world of business and the field of politics.  In 1838, Mr. Bloom was elected Mayor of Shelby by the votes of both parties, although a Democrat and that party largely in the minority. He was kept in the office, by annual election, until 1863, when party lines were drawn upon the exciting war questions of the day and he was defeated. During this time he also had been Township Clerk five years, and Justice of the Peace three years.  In 1863 he was nominated for the Legislature by the Democratic Party and was one of the few upon the ticket elected. In 1865 he was again nominated and elected by a handsome majority. He was a member of the Standing Committees on Agriculture, on Benevolent Institutions, on the Judiciary, and Chairman of a Special Standing Committee to whom were referred all bills pertaining to Insurance. The labors of the last named committee were among the most arduous and important of all, and finally resulted in the passage of the present wholesome insurance laws of Ohio.  As an opponent of secession in all its forms, and as a friend of the soldiers, Mr. Bloom made a noble record. In 1866 he introduced House Bill, No. 3 "To provide a bounty for Veteran Volunteers who have not heretofore received a local bounty", and later, in the same session, Bill No. 200, "Requiring Assessors to make a return of necessitous soldiers and estimate the amount required for their relief. In addition to this he introduced resolutions calling for investigation of the condition of soldiers in the hospitals, and in his own county he encouraged enlistments by speeches. All business for soldiers and soldier's widows passing through his hands while at Columbus, and distributing relief funds, was transacted gratuitously. He introduced a series of resolutions on the subject of taxation, taking the ground that though government bonds could not be legally taxed as bonds, yet individuals could and should be taxed in proportion to their wealth, regardless of the character of their investments.   In public life, Mr. Bloom never shrank from the avowal of the moral sentiments that governed his private actions; and we find him early in his legislative career taking a stand upon moral questions, as such.  In 1864, he was admitted to the bar and has built up a good and growing practice in the State Courts. More recently he has been admitted in the United States Courts, and has secured a practice therein.   On the 12th. November, 1868, the "Independent News" was brought out by S.S. Bloom & Co., under the editorial control of Mr. Bloom. In his salutatory he said: "Our political views are known; these will remain unchanged, but we will never carry politics into our business, so also will we not obtrude it upon the readers of the "News". As might be expected, this course, strictly adhered to, has added another to the number of his successful enterprises.  It would be natural to suppose, that wealth, and a liberal education, had assisted in the creation of Mr. Bloom's prosperity; but the reverse of this is true. His early education was limited to that taught in the common schools. A farm of about one hundred acres was left him by his father, but he did not avail himself of the advantage of this credit until ten years after it came to him. Industry, application of study, determination, and strict honesty, have brought to him all the prosperity and all the influence he now has. No one has taken a more lively interest in the prosperity of Shelby, and when away from home, we notice in his correspondence to his paper frequent suggestions, derived from his observations, tending to stimulate and encourage the public spirit of his townsmen.   In his religious views, Mr. Bloom is an Evangelical Lutheran, and a leading member of that denomination. His absence at the meeting of the General Synod of his church has compelled us to gather most of our information concerning his life and character, from the legislative journals, and from the lips of his acquaintances in Shelby.  Submitted by Amy.  [ATLAS MAP OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO. By A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Ill., 1873, p. 23]

Boals, David - other surnames mentioned:  HUSTON

Boals, James F. -- James F. Boals, the candidate for Sheriff, is known the county over. He was born in Weller Township July 30, 1854, on the same farm and in the same house in which his father, John Boals, was born. After receiving the usual common school education he attended the Savannah Academy for two years.   He then married and settled in Weller Township, where he resided until 1878, them moved to the Keller farm in Franklin Township, where he remained until 1885 following the vocation of a thresher and sawyer. He has threshed all over the northern part of this county and his experience in that business made him an available man for the Aultman-Taylor Co., by which he was engaged in April, 1885, as an expert machinist.   He moved to Mansfield and the day he contracted with the A.-T. company he started on his first trip to Smyrna, Turkey, where he remained several months. Since then he has visited Mexico, South America, Egypt, Turkey, Roumania, Syria, Greece and 30 state of the Union in the interests of the A.-T. Company in whose employ he has been continuously during the past 10 years.  
Mr. Boals is a member of the Mansfield Lodge, I.O.O.F., Mohican Encampment and Canton Mansfield. His honesty and integrity are above question and as Sheriff of Richland County, he will be the right man in the right place.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 28 September 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 20. From a series of articles about the Democratic candidates running in the November 5, 1895 election in Richland County]

Boals, James W.  - other surnames mentioned: PARKISON

Boals, Josiah - other surnames mentioned:  Snyder

Boals, Solomon -- Solomon Boals is a son of Joseph Boals, and was born in Mifflin Township, Richland County, Ohio, May 12th., 1825. His parents came to that township between 1820 and '25. He was reared a farmer. Commenced to work at the carpenter trade when about twenty years of age, and followed it four years. He married Sarah Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of John Campbell, March 16th., 1855. She was born Sept. 16, 1831. After living with his father a year, he moved to Wyandot County, Ohio, remaining there twelve years. He then moved on a farm a short distance northwest of Bellville, where he yet is. Their children are Lucretia F., Hellen Amanda. Gaylord Isaiah. Lucretia married Samuel Stoffer and Hellen, Jacob H. Goss. Mr. Goss died soon after his marriage, and his widow married a Mr. Philo of Mt. Vernon.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star: 17 August 1882, Vol. V, No. 46]

Boebel, Frederick -- Frederick Boebel was a native of Germany. He was born in Neidenstein, Baden, Dec. 21, 1850. In 1875 he married Marie Voget and in 1882, with his wife and eldest child, Lizzie, he left the Fatherland for America. He first located in Rochester, N.Y., where he remained only ten weeks and then came to Mansfield, where he permanently located.  His little family consists of the widow and four children, Lizzie, Henry, Mary and Freda.  Mr. Boebel followed his trade, that of stone mason, and for a year or two was in partnership with his brother Henry. He took contracts principally for building abutments for bridges in various parts of the county.  About 10 years ago he became a sub-contractor with Herring & Straub and was with them several years, after which he again went into business for himself.  About six years ago he first engaged in street contracting and secured the contract for paving Sturges Avenue, which was his first job of the kind in this city. In 1891, he built the public vault in the Mansfield Cemetery.  Two years ago, Mr. Boebel and William Daum formed a partnership under the name of Daum & Boebel. This firm had the contracts for paving West Bloom Street, the west section of Park Avenue West, the construction of the arch over Ritter's Run at East Second Street, besides other contracts. Last year Daum & Boebel had three contracts for street improvements at Van Wert. This spring the partnership was dissolved and Mr. Boebel again engaged in business for himself.  By a thrifty and frugal life Mr. Boebel accumulated some property. He owned the lot on Glessner Avenue where he built his late home in 1887. He also owned another lot on the same avenue, where he formerly resided. These, beside some mortgages he held on other properties he had bought and sold, constitute the amount of his possessions.  Mr. Boebel was a candidate for nomination for street commissioner at the Democratic primary election two years ago.  About two years ago he became a member of Richland Lodge, No. 161, I.O.O.F. He was also a member and a trustee of St. John's Evangelical Church of this city.  Mr. Boebel was a good citizen, an honest and industrious man, a provident and kind husband and father.  The funeral will be under the auspices of the Richland Lodge of Odd Fellows, who will meet at the hall tomorrow afternoon, at 12:30 o'clock and proceed to the residence, 135 Glessner Avenue at 1:30 p.m. At the residence there will be a prayer, after which the remains will be removed to St. John's Evangelical Church, where a funeral sermon will be preached by the pastor, the Rev. F. Buesser, and where the remains may be viewed after the services. Interment in the Mansfield Cemetery.   Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD AND BANNER: 04 May 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 51]

Boenau, George -- George Boenau is known to everybody in Shelby.  He landed there in March, 1863.  That was his first experience in political campaigns in Ohio, and a hot one it was.  He applied for naturalization as soon as eligible, and became a true American citizen.  He soon acquired the English language, became a student of American affairs, and also of the principles of the American Democracy, ever loyal to his adopted country and the party of his choice.  Providence has endowed him with a ponderous brain.  He carries a level head on broad shoulders, set upon a sound, compact body, as well as the SHIELD by his side, and thus has made the best possible use of American institutions.  He is an ardent German-American.  Mr. Boenau understands general politics and has been a profound student in all religions.  He despises trickery, deceit and demagoguery and gives no countenance to either;  says but little until he is attacked and then can wage as good an argument as any to support his views.  Independent, self-reliant and confident, he gives way to nothing but the word of God and what he terms good common sense.  He carries the SHIELD and other publications, does just what he believes to be right, collects the amounts due his newspapers without fear or favor or partiality, when due and when people fool him in this, the second time it will be his fault.  He never trusts a dead-beat if he knows it.  He pays as he goes and makes a fair competence.  Everybody respects him, and thus he lives and thus he will die -- a reliable American, a Democrat, and faithful servant of the press and the people.  Long live George Boenau.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  21 July 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 10]

Bolter, Lemuel R.  (external link)

Bolus, Harry -- Harry Bolus has heard the call of the circus and when the summer days grow warm he will forsake the forge for the fascinations of the footlights.  Mr. Bolus has spent much of his life on the road and claims the championship for buck and wing dancing which he won in Cincinnati.  He has appeared many times at the Memorial, Casino and Orpheum so he is no stranger to theater goers of Mansfield.  Mr. Bolus will be thoroughly equipped to take his show "The Fashion Plate" on the road.  He has six wagons fitted up, some of which he built entirely himself.  "The Fashion Plate" will be strictly vaudeville, will carry 25 people and give nine acts.  The show will travel in wagons which will be drawn by 14 horses, and will show under a 60 foot tent.  Mr. Bolus will take his show on the road about June 1st. for a tour of 16 weeks, starting in at Crestline.  Some of his friends will charter cars and go to Crestline to witness the first performance.  Mr. Bolus' father, Henry Bolus, who has many years experience on the road, will go along and will have charge of the horses.  "The Fashion Plate" will give one performances each evening and will give no matinees unless special ones are put on, on Saturday.  [Mansfield (OH) Daily Shield:  08 April 1909]

Bonar, Barnet L., M.D. -- The medical profession in LaSalle County (IL) is represented in the various thriving towns by men who have achieved distinction and well won laurels.  Doctor Bonar, of Streator (IL), is one of its most successful practitioners, and is very popular with his medical brethren, as well as with the citizens in general.  A native of Pennsylvania, he was born at Coon Island, Washington County, July 31, 1852.  His father, Samuel Bonar, was likewise a native of the county mentioned, born July 9, 1822, and was a son of Barnet Bonar, who was born January 14, 1778, on the same farm, where he lived until his death, February _, 187_.  The latter was a son of William Bonar who was << missing text >> Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1774, thus becoming one of the earliest settlers of that county.  The Doctor's father was a farmer by occupation, and every one who had dealings with him respected and admired him for his sterling integrity and uprightness of character.  He married Miss Elizabeth Andrews, a daughter of William & Elizabeth (McConnell) Andrews, all of Richland County, Ohio.  Mr. Andrews was a carpenter by trade and was successfully engaged in contracting and building for many years.  The boyhood and youth of Dr. Barnet L. Bonar passed happily and all two swiftly in his native county, and after completing the common-school course, he entered Washington and Jefferson College, where he graduated in 1877.  He then took up the study of medicine, reading under the instruction of Dr. Thomas McKennan, of Washington.  Subsequently he was a student in the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia, and was graduated there in 1880.  Going to Bucyrus, Ohio, he established an office and was occupied in practice at that point for about one year.  In 1881 he came to Streator, where he soon obtained a foothold and gained a desirable reputation for skill and excellence in his chosen field of labor.  In order to keep in the spirit of progress and thoroughly conversant with new methods, he is connected with several medical societies, among them being those of the county and state and that of north central Illinois.  In his political belief, Dr. Bonar favors the platform and nominees of the Republican party.  Socially he is a member of Streator Lodge, No. 607, F. & A.M.;  Streator Chapter, No. 168, R.A.M., and Ottawa Commandery, No. 10, K.T.  In 1888 the marriage of the Doctor and Miss Sarah Modes, a daughter of William Modes, of Streator, was solemnized.  They have two children, Jessie and Barnet E., whose presence lends brightness and added happiness to their pleasant home.  [Biographical and Genealogical Record of LaSalle County, Illinois, Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago, 1900, pp. 32-3]

Bonar, M.L. -- M.L. BONAR, Dealer in Stationery, Confectionary, Notions, &c., is conducting an enterprise worthy of attention, as there is no more gentlemanly or enterprising man in Bellville. At the Post Office will be found the best selected stock of stationery and writing material in the place; also fancy goods, notions, &c. Mr. B. has two beautiful chromos on exhibition and for sale, entitled "Pluck No. 1" and "Pluck No. 2", which are perfect gems, and very suitable for a New Year's gift. He is also agent for that artistic journal, The Aldine, which for fine engravings takes the lead of all others. His is a model little enterprise, and worthy of an extended patronage. The stock is not large, but the goods are all of the best quality; and we cheerfully commend the establishment to public notice.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Booth, John

Bowman, William B. -- William B. Bowman was born in Mansfield, the son of Simeon Bowman, an old-time merchant whose home and store were in the identical building now occupied by the Tracy & Avery wholesale establishment and the room to the north.  When William came to the bar his office was in a narrow room to the north on his father's lot, since purchased by Hiram C. Smith and now part of the Smith Opera House.  William B. Bowman was of slight build and beautiful face, with a long silken beard of blackest hue, with large liquid eyes of the same color and a countenance that befitted estimate of the painter of the century past.  He did not lack anything save that with his growth as a man and lawyer grew an appetite for drink that nearly destroyed him.  When the home was broken up by the marriage of the daughters, the death of the mother, the removal of his second son to California, William was urged, almost forced, by his friend and cousin of his mother, a wealthy man of Pittsburg, to go west and westward he went.  I was the instrument through whom a sufficient purse was given him to defray the expense and establish him in Kansas, and there he located, re-established himself, married and lived, accomplishing much in his later years.  He was on the bench for several terms, and in the fullness of time departed hence.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  17 November 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 27]

Boyce Family History

Boyce, Isaiah -- Isaiah Boyce was born at Lincolnshire, England, Nov. 30, 1812, and came to America with his parents in the fall of 1823. The family halted for a short time with Richard Woodhouse, father of the late John Woodhouse, near Windsor, and then bought a quarter-section of land (southwest quarter, section 22), in Franklin Township, of Judge McCluer, paying $1,650 for the same -- the payment being made on New Years Day, 1824, in 3,300 silver half-dollars. This land is six miles north of Mansfield, where the Old State Road forks, the old stage route angling to the left through Ganges, Planktown and other points until it reaches Sandusky (then called Portland) on the lakes. A school house now sits in the "fork" and a short distance toward Shenandoah is a Baptist church and cemetery. The locality is called Five Corners, for there roads lead to Mansfield, six miles: to New State Road, three miles: to infirmary, three miles: to Ganges, five miles, and to Shenandoah, four miles. Brubaker's Creek, often called Boyce's Run, runs in an easterly direction through the Boyce farm and crosses the State road near the old-time Boyce residence. This stream is a tributary of the Blackfork, as is also Friend's Creek, which parallels it through Franklin Township, and after coquetting with each other all along their long devious courses from their sources in Jackson Township, they embrace and unite in Weller, about a mile northeast of Mr. Boyce's present residence, then zigzag to the north and empty into the Blackfork near to Oswalt's.  Agriculturally, Franklin is one of the finest townships in the county. The soil is fertile and strong, capable of producing all farm products and a few of the many fine sugar camps for which it was formerly noted, still stand.  The first settlers of Franklin Township were largely from Pennsylvania and in religious doctrine were generally of the Lutheran, or German Reformed belief. There was also a Protestant Episcopal element, seven English families having located in the Boyce neighborhood. Upon the occasion of the first visitation of a bishop to Richland County a service was held at Boyce's where a class of about 20 young people -- children of those English families -- was confirmed. Of that class who then received confirmation by the laying on of hands by Bishop Chase, "after the example of the holy Apostles", Mr. Boyce is the only survivor. And owing to the fact that no organized effort was made for the Church, the members of that class severally drifted to various denominations, Mr. Boyce himself becoming a Baptist, became deacon of the congregation and is generally called "Deacon" Boyce.  But, although thus seemingly alienated, the "Deacon" no doubt, still has a warm place in his heart for the "Holy Mother Church" into which he was baptized and confirmed, as his parents had been in their day and their ancestors in the old time before them.  This visitation of Bishop Chase was in August, 1825, and he held two services -- one in the log court house, which then stood in the public square, the other at Boyce's. At the service at the court house Bishop Chase took for his text, "Am I My Brother's Keeper?" "Deacon" Boyce vividly recalls, not only the text, but the syllabus of the sermon, although 73 years intervene between then and now.  Bishop Chase was in full vestments and his appearance upon that occasion was one long to be remembered by those who saw him. The bishop's manner at the confirmation was impressive, when in the laying on of hands, he repeated the invocation in behalf of each member of the class, saying "Defend, O Lord, this thy child with thy heavenly grace; that he may continue forever; and daily increase in the Holy Spirit more and more, until he comes into thy everlasting kingdom. Amen."  Prior to Bishop Chase's visitation the Rev. Searl had held Episcopal service "at Loudonville and in Richland County" but does not mention Mansfield. Mrs. Clark, of Ashland, widow of the late Dr. P.H. Clark, is a stepdaughter of the Rev. Searl. Mrs. Clark is now aged and infirm and the Rev. A.B. Putnam frequently goes to Ashland and holds services at her home and Bishop Leonard will soon make a visitation there.  "Deacon" Boyce was one of the prominent men of the county in his day, but a few years ago he had a stroke of paralysis, affecting his left side and incapacitating him from work. In his affliction his quiet resignation exemplifies the difference between a matter-of-fact Englishman and a never-satisfied American. But although afflicted in body, his mind is clear and his memory unimpaired. In stature the "Deacon" is tall and of muscular build, and was a powerful man physically when he was in the vigor of his younger years. He worked hard and lived well, and his life illustrates the old apothegm that industry and perseverance, as a rule, win in the end, and now when the years of his age are four score and six, he enjoys the competence earned and acquired in the years gone by.  "Deacon" Boyce has been twice married, his present wife having been the widow of the late Fergus Moorehead. Her maiden name was McCarron, and she is a sister of the wife of C.F. Loomis, who has been long identified with the clothing business in Mansfield. B. McCarron was well known in his day in Mansfield and was at one time superintendent of the county infirmary.  Like her husband, Mrs. Boyce dispenses hospitality with a generous hand and enjoys entertaining her friends. This union has been blessed with one child -- Miss Vera, aged 12 -- who by her sweet and gentle ways wins the hearts of all who are so fortunate as to form her acquaintance.  The "Deacon's" sister, Elizabeth, married John Cline, and they were the parents of John, Joseph and Jacob Cline, of this city.   When the Boyce family located in Franklin Township, and for many years afterwards, the old-time stages ran past their door and large quantities of grain and produce were hauled in wagons to the lake, the outlet to the eastern market.  So far as is known no permanent Indian camp was ever located in that territory, although the red skins frequently hunted in those parts and in the spring of the year resorted there to make maple sugar. Indian relics are even yet occasionally found by farmers when plowing their fields.  In the line of game Franklin Township was in the front rank. Black bears abounded in the swamps, and bear meat was a frequent course on the settlers' tables, and cub bears were favorite pets. The usual varieties of smaller game were also numerous.  Taverns dotted the State Road quite thickly to the north, Long's and Bradley's being south of Boyce's and Gates' north. The former were favorite places for public gatherings and militia muster headquarters; the latter was a general stopping place for the teamsters, many of whom avowed that Landlady Gates was the best cook in the country.  It is said that Peter and Henry Pittenger, Samuel Harvey, George Wolford, Samuel Gosage, Samuel Linn, Jacob Keiser, John Stoner, Robert Hall, Samuel Donnan, Israel Long, John Calvin, Jacob Cline, Mr. Styer and Joseph Flora were among the earliest settlers in Franklin Township. Some of these pioneers found their way up the Blackfork while others came by way of Beall's trail. The township settled up rapidly after the close of the war of 1812, and many of the soldiers who passed through the county with the army afterwards returned and settled permanently in the northern townships of the county.  The residents of Franklin are a church going people, as is attested by the fact that five or six churches in that township have fair-sized congregations. One of the first graveyards in that part of the county is at Zeiter's, where, upon an old stone slab erected about 65 years ago, appears the following inscription:  "Remember, friends, as you pass by, As you are now so once was I;  As I am now, so you must be;  Prepare for death and follow me."  Some one irreverently wrote below:  "To follow you I can't consent, Unless I know which way you went."  At an early day a Universalist church was built in the northern part of the township, of which Ayres and Truck and Crum were members, but the society has long since gone out of existence.  The original farm of John Boyce is now owned by the widow of the late Andrew Boyce, a nephew of the "Deacon's" but the majority of the other farms have changed names as well as ownership. "Deacon" Boyce now lives on what was formerly known as the Moorehead farm, halfway between the State and Olivesburg Roads, a mile and a half east of his former residence. "Deacon" Boyce has always been a good citizen, an obliging neighbor, a kind husband and father, and has the respect and best wishes of a very large circle of acquaintance.   -- A.J. Baughman.  Submitted by Amy.  [Mansfield Semi-Weekly News: 18 October 1898, Vol. 14, No. 86]

Boyce, Isaiah -- The parents of the late Isaiah Boyce came from England to America and settled in Franklin Township, seven miles north of Mansfield, in about 1816 -- Isaiah being then six years old.  This Boyce place is on the old State road, where it crosses Brubaker's run, at Five Corners, and in situation and appearance ranks with the best of the many attractive farms for which Richland County is noted.  At the Boyce home, Bishop Chase conducted services and confirmed a class -- the first confirmation service ever held in Richland County.  The bishop held two services upon that occasion, one in the log court house in Mansfield, the other at Boyce's.  Different dates may have been given as to the year of the bishop's visitation.  the late Isaiah Boyce stated that "it was just prior to the bishop's trip to England to get funds to start a college".  That trip to England was made in 1823.  The Rev. Philander Chase, an uncle of the late Hon. Salmon P. Chase, was consecrated to the episcopate in 1819.  The first Episcopal See of the diocese of Ohio was at Worthington.  The Rev. Mr. Chase had settled there in 1817 as principal of an academy and rector of that parish, and two years later was made the first bishop of Ohio.  Feeling the necessity for better educational facilities, he visited England to seek financial aid toward founding a college and theological seminary.  He raised a fund of over $30,000.  Upon his return he bought a large tract of land on the Kokosing, in Knox County, east of Mt. Vernon, where he founded Kenyon College and Gambier village, the latter named for Lord Gambier, who was the largest contributor to the fund.  Isaiah Boyce died Feb. 10, 1900, aged nearly ninety years.  Mr. Boyce was a prosperous farmer and a prominent citizen -- a man of influence in his day and generation.  Although Mr. Boyce was in Bishop Chase's class, he afterwards united with the Baptist denomination.  About a year before his death he was visited by the Rev. A.B. Putnam and during the interview, the visit of Bishop Chase, seventy-five years previous, was vividly and lovingly recalled.  The Rev. Mr. Putnam said prayers and Mr. Boyce joined in the responses.  At the conclusion of the service, Mr. Boyce expressed the pleasure and comfort he felt in again hearing the prayers with which he had been familiar in his childhood, and in receiving the absolution, the Church, through her priests, gives to her penitent children.  Mr. Boyce's widow and daughter, Miss Vera, are now residents of Mansfield.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  26 March 1903, Vol. 11, No. 12]

Boyer, Evelyn -- A familiar figure around M.H.S. [Mansfield High School] is Mrs. Evelyn Boyer, our head janitress.  Mrs. Boyer will have been here thirteen years on December 4th.  She is planning to retire at the end of December, so it will really seem strange without her after such a long time.  In the years that Mrs. Boyer has been here, there have been a great many changes, but she thinks the biggest change is in the enrollment of the school.  There were only about nine hundred students when she first came, and there are now over two thousand.  She was the only woman custodian in the school until seven years ago.  There are now four women working at night, besides Mrs. Boyer and Mrs. Vallie Mae Caldwell, who work during the day.  There are a good many problems in Mrs. Boyer's job, but she says, "I just have such wonderful co-operation from the office, the faculty, and the students, that most of the problems get straightened out without too much trouble."  Mrs. Boyer is a very charitable woman.  She loves to give and do things for people.  There have been quite a number of times when she has given clothes to girls here at M.H.S.  She also has a green thumb because she does a very good job taking care of the teacher's plants over the holidays, which she likes to do very much.  Mrs. Boyer moved to Mansfield in 1912 from Gallipolis, Ohio, and she now lives at ------ (Mansfield) ----, where she has lived for six years.  Mrs. Boyer has four children, Mrs. Robert Rhoads, Los Angeles;  Mrs. Betty Martin, Los Angeles;  Mrs. Donna Berry, Mansfield;  and Mr. John Boyer, Mansfield, all of whom attended M.H.S.  She has nine grandchildren, who are "the joy of my life".  She baby-sits and says that after her retirement, she will have time to enjoy her grandchildren.  Last summer in the News-Journal there was an article and a picture of Mrs. Boyer with her collection of thirty-six pairs of glasses that she has found here at the school over the years.  After people saw this article she was able to return four pairs to some who recognized their glasses from the pictures.  She says that if you lose something here at the school, you should report it right away to either Mrs. Lowry or to her, and you will have a very good chance of getting it back.  Mrs. Boyer says she will really miss the students and teachers here at M.H.S. after she retires, but that the work, especially the scrubbing, is getting too difficult for her now.  [The Hyphonerian:  07 November 1958, Vol. XXXV, No. 3]

Bradford, Walter S. -- Walter S. Bradford was born in Brunswick, Medina County, Sept. 8, 1833.  He was educated at Macedon and Canandaigua academies, New York, as a civil engineer and surveyor and followed that profession in Iowa and Wisconsin for several years.  In 1857 he was elected surveyor of Humbolt County, Ia., and served one term.  He then returned to Ohio on account of declining health of his parents and settled in Mansfield in 1858, which city has been his home ever since.   At the beginning of the war of 1861 he was general agent for the book concern and publishing house of Moore, Wilstach, Keys & Co., of Cincinnati, but soon after entered the army as recruiting first lieutenant for the First Regiment Ohio Heavy Artillery.  Afterwards he was mustered into the Second Ohio Heavy Artillery as a full senior first lieutenant.  In 1863 he was adjutant of the battalion of artillery at Forts Sands, Boyle and McAllister at Muldray's hill, Ky., and was adjutant of that post.  In 1864 he was adjutant of the regiment, adjutant of the post of Cleveland, Tenn., drill master of sergeants and ordinance officer of the regiment.  In 1865 he was adjutant of the post at Knoxville, acting assistant adjutant general of the Second Brigade, Fourth Division of the Army of the Cumberland, was promoted to the captaincy of Co. K. of said regiment and took command of Ft. Lee at Knoxville.  He was tendered the engineership of all the fortifications and defenses of Knoxville, but declined because of accepting he would have supplanted an old friend and Richland County boy.  Aug. 17, 1864 he participated in the engagement at Cleveland, Tenn., with the Cavalry of Gen. Wheeler, now in Congress, and with his regiment joined Gen. Steedman's column in Wheeler's pursuit.  Nov. 1, 1864 he marched with Gen. Tillson's command to open communications with the Union forces then in critical situation at Strawberry Plains, Tenn., where his regiment engaged the enemy and drove them out of east Tennessee.  Dec. 7, he went with this regiment to Bean's Station, east Tennessee, with Gen. Ammen's command covering the operations of Gen. Stoneman.  At the close of the war he took charge of the eastern branch and bookhouse of Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin, in New York City.  In the winter of 1866-67 he was principal of the Mansfield grammar schools at the old market house.  The following year he was engaged in the grocery and provision business in the firm of Peck & Bradford.  In 1873 he was elected clerk of courts of Richland County, served one term and practiced law since.  In 1894 he was nominated for clerk of courts and was defeated by William O'Hearn by the scant plurality of 19 votes.  In the recent primary election he was nominated by a very large majority.  Capt. Bradford needs no eulogy.  For nearly 40 years he has been an honored and honorable citizen of Mansfield and is known throughout the county as a man of ability and integrity.  [Semi-Weekly News:  23 October 1896, Vol. 12, No. 86]  << Photo >>

Bradford, Walter S. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF WALTER S. BRADFORD - Today is the birthday anniversary of Capt. Walter S. Bradford, who was born in Mansfield, Oct. 22, 1872, and who as a result of his activity in business, politics, and military affairs is among the best known young men in the city.  He was in the Spanish-American war, having been on duty in Santiago, Cuba, as second lieutenant in the United States army.  After returning to Mansfield he was made first lieutenant of Company M and in 1900, was elected captain of the company.  In 1907, Mr. Bradford was elected as city auditor of Mansfield on the Republican ticket and served one term in that office.  He was recently appointed assistant postmaster by Postmaster L. R. Benedict and there is every likelihood of his continuing in that office as long as he desires, for the reason that assistant postmasters in offices of this class have recently been placed under civil service provisions.  Capt. Bradford is showing a ready adaptability to the duties of his new position, which entails a vast amount of detail work in connection with the affairs of the post office.  Fraternally he is a member of the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, the Order of Eagles, the United Spanish War Veterans and the Sons of Veterans.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 3:  Saturday, October 22, 1910]

Brentlinger, George -- Dealer in Stoves and Tinware, is conducting an enterprise worthy of a few moments attention. Mr. B. commenced his present business about ten years ago, but for the past 18 years has been identified with the business interests of the town. He deals in everything in the line of tin, sheet iron and copper ware, all of which is principally of his own manufacture. Roofing, spouting, and guttering and job work of every description, form an important item in his business transactions. Mr. B. is well and favorably known to the public as a straight forward, upright man, and well deserving of success. He is located in the rear of U.F. Armstrong's Store, and we cheerfully commend his establishment to the public as worthy of an extended patronage.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Brice, Catherine Olivia Meily -- Catherine Olivia Meily was born in Mansfield Aug 16, 1840.  Her father John Henry Meily and several other Meilys including his brother Samuel moved to the region from Lebanon, PA around 1836.  Samuel and John were coverlet weavers and had learned this skill from their father Emanuel.  Olivia's mother was Catherine Fisher.  Olivia's father moved his family to Lima in 1842.  This Meily family stayed in Lima, where her father continued his weaving and later succeeded in several other business ventures.  He is credited with starting the first foundry there.  Olivia was the oldest of twelve and was particularly close with her four sisters throughout her life.  She was usually called by her nickname which was variously spelled  "Liv",  "Leve", or "Live".  Precociously bright, she passed the state exam to teach school when she was only 14.  Her first beau was a captain in the Ohio Voluntary Infantry from Allen County,  Martin Armstrong, who was killed  April 16, 1862.  Following his death, Olivia prepared herself further for a career in teaching.  She entered the Western Female Seminary in Oxford in 1864 where she graduated at the head of her class in 1866.  She maintained close  ties with this institution for the rest of her life, eventually becoming its first woman trustee.   Western is now a part of Miami University.  After graduation, Olivia taught  high school in Terre Haute, Indiana.  She was a teacher until  her marriage in Sept. 1869 to Calvin S. Brice, a lawyer, graduate of Miami University, and veteran of the Civil War.  Calvin became an exceptionally successful businessman in the railroad building era and made lots of money.  He also served in the United States Senate from 1891 to 1897.  Calvin and Olivia had five children,  Stewart Meily, Kirkpatrick, John, Helen, and Kate.  The Brices maintained a lavish lifestyle, leasing or owning homes in Washington, DC,  Newport, RI, and New York City.   They also traveled extensively.   In June 1896, Mrs. Brice and her daughters Kate and Helen were introduced to the  Princess and Prince of Wales and many other Lords and Ladies  including Mrs. Randolph Churchill when they visited London.    Mrs. Brice returned to Mansfield from time to time, and attended the funeral of John Kerk Meily in Nov. 1891.  She died in New York City Dec. 15 of 1900, at her home on 5th Avenue, two years  precisely after the death of her husband Calvin.  Services were held in New York, then her body was transported via railroad back to Lima OH where she was buried near Calvin in the Woodlawn Cemetery.  Written and submitted by Sally Meeting, with help from Anna Selfridge of the Allen County Museum (Lima, Ohio)

Bricker, Isaac -- Isaac Bricker, one of the prominent farmers of Jackson township, is lying at the point of death. He is aged about 66. The disease from which he suffers is said to be cancer of the liver. Mr. Bricker was born in Lebanon Co., Pa. In 1849, he took the overland trip to California and three years later returned home, but after six months went to California again, on both of which occasions he was successful. After remaining in California the last time for three years, he returned to Shelby, where he purchased a large quantity of land. He is the father of fourteen children.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE MANSFIELD HERALD: 28 November 1889, Vol. 40, No. 2]

Bricker, Jonathan M.D. -- Prior to the discovery of gold, in the mill race, of Sutter the Swiss, at New Helvetia, the home ranch and fort property, granted under Mexican rule to General S., there lived in the old county of Richland four men, all physicians, all men of mark.  These four men left for the time their household Gods [sic.] behind them in the land of the Buckeye, and where the dogwood blooms and blossoms, and journeyed westward to the land beyond the Rockies.  In age, in length of practice, in the confidence of the people, the order in which they may be named -- ought to be named possibly, is the following:  Eli Teegarden, M.D., Jonathan Bricker, M.D., W.G. Alban, M.D., and E.W. McLaughlin, M.D.  The first named in time sent for wife and children and made his permanent home in the gold state, and his body is buried in its shining sands.  The second, Jonathan Bricker, for some years followed the practice of his profession to California, then returned to Ohio, thereafter removed to Illinois, and his dust is now commingled with that of the prairies over which waves the tassled corn.  The third remains on the Pacific Coast, though now being in Washington, the new-born state of the far northwest.  Dr. Alban was a student and son-in-law of Dr. Abraham Jenner, of Ontario.   He belonged to the guild of printers also, and more than forty years ago was the editor and publisher of the Nevada Journal, a newspaper issued in Nevada City, Cal., in one of the richest gold mining districts of that gold producing state.  Dr. A. has enjoyed the distinguished honor of having for a devil in his print shop a youth who thereafter became the Governor of California, a Senator in the Congress of the United States and a minister plenipotentiary to a foreign country and court, the Hon. Aaron A. Sargeant.  The last of the four was Dr. E.B. McLaughlin, who settled in the Shasta country, north of the Sacremento, and there made and lost several fortunes, but finally returned to Ohio and died in Mansfield a few years ago.  It is of interest to write of these four men, all, save one, now numbered with the dead.  It may also be of interest to recount some of the successes as well as to outline the peculiarities, mental and physical, of the men who, half a century ago, were known throughout the boundaries of the old county.  Teegarden was a tall, large-framed man, tender kindly eyes and face.  His medical skill was recognized as fair, his public spirit pronounced, and as he gathered in the shekels he disbursed them in adding to the growth of the town, and the more substantial building thereof, and in '46 when the first railroad, the old Sandusky & Mansfield, first ran into Mansfield, he not only built the Teegarden House, the forerunner of the Welden which preceded in name the Saint James, which later is known as the Vonhoff, but Dr. Teegarden with others built a large grain warehouse north of Fourth Street and east of Sugar Street, and to which a switch track of the Sandusky & Mansfield railroad then extended.  The Doctor's business operations were various and some were entrusted to other hands, and he found himself in need of cash-money.  So when the glitter and glamour of the gold placers of California cast a promising ray of hope eastward, he embraced the opportunity to rapidly recuperate his fortunes, and he sailed the waters of the two oceans and crossed the isthmus of Darien and entered the Golden Gate.  He was physician, hotel-keeper, merchant, miller, law maker, and always a man of affairs in the state of his new home.  Thither in time he caused to journey to him his wife and children, and his daughters became the wives of men of energy and activity.  His long-time residence was at Yuba City, where he cultivated acres of luscious fruit.  His heart was in that beautiful land, and though he returned to Mansfield in the centennial year on a visit, it was only a visit, and California was his home, as it is the place of his burial and his tomb.  Dr. Teegarden was of that energetic class, it would have made no difference where his habitation might be established, he would have attained a measure of success.  He lived in a realm of hope, and if by human endeavor, life could be made more happy, Dr. Teegarden put forth the effort and wrought on, sure of the accomplishment.  One granddaughter is the wife of a distinguished jurist who adjudicates matters of dispute between the Christians and the Mohammedans in Oriental lands.  But the old doctor and his wife and the larger number of his sons and daughters sleep the sleep of death, and are buried in the land whose shores are washed by the broad Pacific sea.  Dr. Jonathan Bricker was of different mould, dark complected, black-haired, bright-eyed, quick perception.  He was born in Pennsylvania, came to Ohio a young man, devoted to his profession, and was very successful.  His movements were nervously active and quick, and there was that indefinable something about the man which begat confidence in his knowledge, and in his skill.  Of his immediate family none remain in that old county;  but the present Dr. W.R. Bricker, of Shelby, was his relative and his student, and, looking back into my boyhood days, my judgment now is that Dr. Jonathan was the superior physicians of the two, yet Dr. William R., in the long run of life, was all around the more successful.  Dr. Alban I have met within the passing years at his home in Walla Walla, Washington, still practicing his profession and universally respected and highly regarded.  Dr. E.B. McLaughlin so lately passed away that many now living well remember him.  He started in life as a builder and worker of wood, but taking up the study of medicine he gained distinction in his profession and the active part of his professional career was in California.  He left no immediate descendants, but a number of relatives by blood and marriage.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  27 April 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 50]

Bricker, Riley P.

Brinkerhoff, Roeliff Jr. -- Roeliff Brinkerhoff, Jr., candidate for probate judge is the son of Gen. Brinkerhoff, and was born in this city, Oct. 29, 1864, where he has resided all his life. He attended the public schools of the city and graduated a member of the high school class of 1883. He began his business career by serving a three years' apprenticeship in the Mansfield Savings Bank. At the end of this time he entered the employ of Spencer, Frank & Co., of New York City, and remained with this firm six months.  In 1887, Mr. Brinkerhoff was elected a member of the city board of education, for a term of three years and was re-elected in 1890. During his term of service the high school building was built, Mr. Brinkerhoff being chairman of the building committee.  Upon his return from New York, he began the study of law and was engaged in an active and successful practice since that time. The last, but not the least, important even in his life was his marriage, June 24, 1896, to Miss Jane F. Oliver, of Steubenville.  Mr. Brinkerhoff is a good lawyer and will make an excellent probate judge if elected. Vote for him.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 31 October 1896, Vol. LXXIX, No. 25]

Broach, Peter -- Shoemaker;  P.O. West Windsor;  he was born on the island of Guernsey, Europe, March 22, 1815;  came to America in 1835.  Married Lydia A. Delenbaugh, who was born in Pennsylvania Jan. 13, 1821;  they have four children -- Peter, born Aug. 26, 1850;  Harriet, September 20, 1855;  Fremont, Jan. 11, 1858;  Elmer, April 18, 1861.  Mr. Broach is engaged in the boot and shoe business in Windsor.  He was appointed Postmaster under Fillmore's administration;  he held this position six years;  in 1864 the office was transferred to William Hagerman, West Windsor, when the A. & G.W. Railroad was completed and is there now.  Submitted by Doris M.  [unknown biographical book]

Brown, C.R. -- Judge C.R. Brown, of Kalamazoo, formerly from Shelby, has published a work entitled "Government of the State of Michigan" embracing an abstract of the laws, and showing the duties of State, County and Township officers;  also a brief outline of the Government of the United States.   [Shelby Independent News:  22 October 1874, Vol. 6, No. 52]

Brown, George L. -- George L. Brown, Republican candidate for Probate Judge of Richland County, was born on a farm near Wadsworth, Medina County, March 23, 1856.  He attended district school at Wadsworth until he was 13 years of age when the family removed to Mansfield.  He entered the grammar grade and had attended the high school two years when he entered the service of J.H. Reed & Brother, as entry clerk and assistant bookkeeper.  At the age of 18 he entered the preparatory department of Oberlin college, which he finished, and was entered in the class of 1879, but went into the employ of J.R. Brown & Son, and while in their employ began the study of law in the office of Dirlam & Leyman.  He entered the junior class of the Cincinnati Law University in 1879 and graduated in 1881 and was admitted to the bar.  Shortly afterward he entered the employ of J.R. Brown & Son, taking charge of their office.  When J.R. Brown retired from active participation in the business he took his place and for the past 10 years has traveled in the interest of his firm.  Mr. Brown has a thorough legal education, is a skilled accountant and has a wide business experience peculiarly qualifying him for the office of probate judge.  He is of generous physical and mental proportions, well trained in law and business and the unanimous choice of his party.  He is not an offensive partisan and has never before been in politics.  He has made no pledges except to the people of the county to give his best service to the discharge of the duties of his office if he is elected.  He is a candidate deserving the support of all voters who believe in making ability and worth the principal requirements in a candidate.  [Semi-Weekly News:  20 October 1896, Vol. 12, No. 85]  << Photo >>

Brown, Sarah (Ledlie) -- LEXINGTON -- The revered Mrs. Sarah Brown was born long before Bonaparte ad reached the zenith of his fame, when, where now stand many rich and busy marts, was in all the rugged and sublime beauty of nature, and in the era when Patrick Henry's marvelous eloquence was yet electrifying our infant Republic, she having made her advent upon the earth September, 1793, and has lived under the administration of all its Presidents. She was born a few miles from Steubenville, Ohio, in Hancock County. Her father, Wm. Ledlie, was a native of the Emerald Isle, and nine miles from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, near the banks of the Susquehanna, her maternal ancestor was born.  Her education was such as that early era afforded, and April 10th., 1817, she was led to the nuptial altar by Robert Brown, Rev. Robert Buchanan, a minister of the Associated Reform Church, having united their hearts in marital joy, and in 1821, the twain moved to Washington Township, Richland County.  A few Indians then remained in the solitude of the forests and wolves and other wild beasts disputed fiercely with the brave pioneers for the sovereignty of the beautiful realm, and where now stands our village, was almost in the primitive beauty and grandeur of nature; that quaint structure, the old mill, which has stood the blasts of more than seventy years, and the house of Emanuel Watson which was the first to delve in the virgin soil of Troy, and a few log cabins only were seen through the dense foliage of the forest.  Her husband, who was four years her senior, died sixteen years ago. She is the ideal type of the pioneer, having force of character, strong of nerve, athletic and in her pristine days weighed 208 pounds and wielded the ax with vigor and zest in subduing the forest for her cabin home. She did not wear glasses until she attained the age of seventy years, and her eyes had rare luster. This loved relic of the last century viewed with awe and admiration the marvelous march of civilization from rock-ribbed New England to the Pacific golden strand, since her birth in the haze of fleeting time, ninety-two years ago, and she dwells in glering rapture on the days when she and her dauntless co-pioneers James and Samuel McClure, Charles Lawrence, James Gass, Col. Cook were engaged in subduing the wilderness of nature, and blazing the way of our present civilization. But the skeleton hand of death has laid his chilling grasp upon all these gallant pioneers except Col. Cook.   She loves to worship at natures shrine and God's vernal lined carpet and the silver toned cadences of the winged songstress are no more attractive to her than the most enchanting instrumental notes, and her whole character is built up in faultless symmetry which all the elements of a noble womanhood and she loves the inspired volume whose precepts she practices, and the bright star of hope will illumine her passage over the dark river of death.   Of her eight children four were boys and four were girls. Two are dead, and the living are Wm. L., John, James, Sarah, Mary and Robert C., of whom William is the oldest and Robert C. the youngest. She lived at the homestead, two miles east of Lexington, from the time she located there, in 1821, except an interim of seven years at the scene of her birth, and two years in Lexington, where she resides with Col. R.C. Brown, one of the most intelligent and exemplary citizens of Troy, and his wife, nee Mary Gaily, a lady of rare intelligence and generous impulses, and all their generous hearts can prompt is done to lighten the burdens incident to the sere of life. The subtle principle of life is yet strong and her vigorous intellect is yet keen for one whose head has been silvered by the ravages of more than nine decades and it is hoped the presence of the stern reaper may be averted several years yet. -- A.H.M.  [THE MANSFIELD HERALD: 16 April 1885, Vol. 35, No. 22]

Brown, Walton -- Two of our young law students, Walton Brown and William Sewell, were admitted to the practice of law by the District Court in Millersburg, Holmes County (OH), last Monday.  Both passed a rigid examination, and from what we learn very creditable to themselves.  They are promising young men, and we have no doubt they will make their mark in the profession they have chosen.  [Ohio Liberal:  16 May 1877]

Browne, John

Brumbaugh, Albert S. -- At the 76th. annual commencement of the Philadelphia college of Pharmacy held in that city last Wednesday evening, Albert S. Brumbaugh, of this city, a member of the graduating class was awarded the William B. Webb memorial prize of gold medal and certificate for the highest general average in the branches and committee, operative pharmacy and specimens.  [Semi-Weekly News:  20 April 1897, Vol. 13, No. 32]

Buck, John -- John Buck settled a mile east of London and built one of the first brick residences in that part of the county.  Prior to coming to Ohio, he had borrowed five hundred dollars in gold from a friend in Philadelphia.  To repay this Mr. and Mrs. Buck labored faithfully and hard and saved their earnings.  They finally accumulated the amount and to pay it in the same kind of coin, in 1830, the wife, Mrs. Jane Buck, took the five hundred dollars in gold to Philadelphia and paid the debt.  She made the entire trip to and from Philadelphia on horseback and alone, as her husband could not spare the time from his farm work to take the journey.  This incident is given to show the honesty, courage and pluck of the men and women of seventy years ago.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  30 October 1903, Vol. 11, No. 43]

Bumpus, Frederick

Burger, Zacharias - other surnames mentioned:  GRUBB, BAKER

Burns, Barnabas -- Col. Burns, the youngest of five children of Andrew and Sarah Burns, who emigrated from Ireland in 1800, was born in Fayette county, Pa., June 29, 1817. He emigrated with his parents to Milton township, Ashland county, settling there June 20, 182?; he received a common school education and also spent a short time in the Ashland and Mansfield schools. He came to Mansfield April 9, 1838, where he has lived ever since. He was Deputy Clerk of Courts, from 1839 to 1846; he studied law in the offices of Hon. Thomas W. Bartley and Samuel J. Kirkwood, and was admitted to practice in the summer of 1848, and practiced law in this city from that date until within a few weeks of his death. In the fall of 1847, he was elected t othe Ohio State Senate, and re-elected in the fall of 1849; he was Presidential elector for the State at large, on the Democratic ticket, in 1852; he served as Colonel of the 86th. O.V.I. in the war of the rebellion, doing excellent service there. After his return he continued the practice of his profession. In 1873, he was elected a member of the Constitutional Convention, and the same year was nominated on the Democratic ticket as Lieutenant Governor; out of a vote of nearly 600,000, he was defeated by only about 500 votes. In 1876 he was one of the Ohio Commissioners at the Centennial Exposition, filling that office, like all others, in a manner satisfactory to all the interes s concerned therein. He served tow terms as one of the Trustees of the Ohio Soldiers’ Oprhans’ Home, at Xenia, an institution in which he took great interest. His last official position was inspector of the Northern Pacific railroad, which position he filled during Secretary Kirkwood’s ministration of the Department of the Interior.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE OHIO LIBERAL: 17 October 1883, re-printed from History of Richland County]

Burns, John C. - COUNTY CLERK JOHN C. BURNS -A Sketch of a Well Known Citizen and Official and Prominent Pythian. - John C. Burns, clerk of the Richland county courts, is a Mansfield born and bred.  He is a son of the late Col. Barnabus Burns and the eldest of three surviving brothers.  He was born at the Burns homestead on South Main street, which, in recent years, has passed into other hands.  At the age of 13 "Johnnie," as he was then known, enlisted in the 86th Ohio for three months and served under his father, who was colonel of the regiment.  This was in 1862.  In 1864 he went out with the 100-day regiment, the 163d O. V. I., as commissary sergeant and was in service from May to October, when the regiment was discharged.  After returning from the war, still in his youth, he entered the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, class of '69, where he was educated.  He next read law with Geddes, Burns & Dickey and in 1870 was admitted to the bar.  He was then but 21 years old.  In 1872-3 Mr. Burns served the city in the capacity of city clerk.  In 1876 he was elected prosecuting attorney, re-elected in 1878 and bears the distinction of being the youngest prosecutor who ever served Richland county.  Mr. Burns' next event of importance was matrimonial.  Miss May Louise Barbour, a daughter of Justus and Melissa Barbour, became his bride Aug. 29, 1883.  Perhaps no name is better known in Pythian circles today than that of John C. Burns nor is there a more devoted and enthusiastic member of the order than he who responds, with justifiable pride, to that name.  Mr. Burns is a charter member of Madison Lodge, No. 26, K. of P., which was instituted May 20, 1870, and he was the first vice chancellor.  The following year he was elected chancellor commander and the same year the grand lodge elected him grand banker, now called grandmaster of exchequer.  He was elected grand vice chancellor in 1882, promoted to the grand chancellorship in 1884 and was appointed supreme representative in 1885, a position which he yet occupies in the supreme lodge.  He has served on several important committees among them the special committee to revise the ritual of the Uniform rank; finance committee, chairman of the committee on laws of the Uniform rank; chairman of the committee to prepare the digest of 1890 and various other committees.  In the uniform branch of the order Mr. Burns has also figured prominently.  He is a charter member of White Cross Division No. 10, was its first captain and served in that capacity eight successive years; next, major of the 5th regiment of the Ohio brigade for four years, now, an aide de camp on the staff of Brig. Gen. J. W. Green, of Toledo.  Besides his Pythianism Mr. Burns has identified himself with Mansfield Lodge No. 35, F. and A. M., Mansfield Lodge No. 19, I. O. O. F., and Mansfield Lodge No. 56, B. P. O. Elks.  Two years ago Mr. Burns was elected clerk of the Richland county courts, served one term efficiently and was re-elected at the recent election.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Weekly News, Mansfield, Ohio; Page 1:  Thursday, November 19, 1891]

Burr, Palatiah W. -- Palatiah W. Burr was from New England or New York.  He married somewhat late in life.  He was a student and the antitheses of Edgington, for he was energetic and industrious, though somewhat peculiar and reserved.  For a time the firm was Bartley, Burr & Humphrey.  Burr sold his property in Mansfield and purchased a farm near Ganges and pursued in the later years of his life the vocation of a farmer.  He was well read and among his neighbors was looked upon as a book-farmer, but he did well on the farm and established better health by his outdoor employment.  On his decease his widow and children returned to Mansfield and one daughter became the wife of Col. E.H. Sweeny, with whom, after the death of Mrs. Burr, the surviving family removed to New York, where Col. Sweeny, who was a believer in Swedenborg's religious doctrines, became the business manager of the publication office of the New Jerusalem newspaper and the books issued by that church.  Burr, if he had remained in the practice, would possibly have left his family more of an estate, but he chose for his old age the sweets, as well as the tarts of the farmer, and who can say he was not wise?  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  08 December 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 30]

Bushey, Abraham -- Abraham Bushey, now a resident of Shelby, was reared in the vicinity of London, where he still owns a farm.  His father, Andrew Bushey, settled near London in 1836.  Abraham Bushey married a daughter of Pioneer Solomon Fireoved, who was a soldier in the war of 1812, and participated in the battle of Lundy's Lane, where he was wounded.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  30 October 1903, Vol. 11, No. 43]

Bushnell, William -- Many living now, even many whose years do not as yet carry them beyond childhood, know of Dr. William Bushnell, and yet the old men and women, those of sixty and seventy and eighty years of age, in the county and all the country round about, knew well the man who late in 1893 passed from earth.  What a long life he had!  How full of activity and full of usefulness.  How much of growth he witnessed, born in A.D. 1800, and died in 1893.  Born in New England, with his parents he came to Ohio.  Sufficiently grown he became to go with his father who was an officer, part the way to Put-in-Bay, where and when Commodore Perry gained the victory over England's ships and guns.  A teacher of youth, having acquired himself a fine education, he aided his father to remove his growing family from Trumbull county into the newly opened lands of Richland, with his own earnings paying for the farm on which that family found a home during the remainder of the life of his parents.  Then taking up the study of medicine, and to enable him to defray the expense thereof, traveling southward, and there engaged in teaching the sons and daughters of the planters of Louisiana.  Returning to Ohio, establishing himself in practice in Portage County, invited by Dr. Miller to Mansfield, and coming hither early in the twenties and here remaining, prosecuting his profession with assiduity, diligence, intelligence.  For many years the associate of all the professors of the medical school at Cleveland, one of the censors at that distinguished medical college.  Chosen again and again and still a third time to make the laws of Ohio.  He was a member of the 49th., 50th. and 58th. General Assemblies.  A close observer of nature, of the growth and progress of the country, of the movement westward of the star of empire, he became not only interested in the construction of railroads in Ohio, but put in peril his private fortune for the building of the N.Y.P.&O., now a constituent part of the Erie.  In Iowa, he invested his savings and in that state, which has more arable land and less waste than any other state in the Union, he became a large land-holder.  In his old age he made the journey across the sea, as a representative of Ohio to a congress called for the bettering of the condition of humanity the wide-world round.  He visited Norway and Sweden and Russia, and was accorded an interview with crowned heads of Europe and the uncrowned kinds of the world of science, and returning home he was more and more satisfied with the civilization and progress of the land of his nativity.  His life work was with the humble and lowly, nursing the sick, relieving the distressed, restoring to health the sons and daughters of men;  and he was crowned with wonderful success, for his skill, knowledge and patience were marvelous.  By many who only knew the outside of the man, he was not correctly measured.  By some he was looked upon simply as a money maker, and that he was, but he was more.  His contributions to the poor aggregated thousands, and his old book accounts show that he gave to others in time, skill and service, an aggregate sum equaling an ordinary fortune.  His personal appearance and bearing are by the present generations well remembered.  In stature an average man, his movements were easy, seemingly never rapid, but always constant, his eye was deep and clear and bright, and brim full of compassion;  his countenance very attractive, even in his old age.  When a young man, when in middle life, genteel and tasty in his dress;  in his last years more unmindful of the outward adornments of dress, yet never forgetful of the requirements of the society in which he moved.  All his life he mingled with his professional duties and engagements, much study of horticulture and the propagation of fruits.  He delighted in luscious fruits, and lived much more on grains and fruits than meats.  He was a student of men and things, and though staunch in his attachment to the political party of his choice, he was not a partisan to the extent that he regarded all the good to be found only in one party organization.  Many years ago he was deprived by death of the wife of his youth.  Never marrying again he cherished his only daughter, and buried her when hope was brightest.  His latest years were in companionship of his only son and son's family, and his special gratification was in the fact that one of his grandsons and his namesake was to be his successor in the medical profession.  In that he gloried and it was well, for his more than sixty successive years of successful practice, may be repeated in his posterity.  This old man was my friend when I was a boy, and when I became a man, and in time I became his advisor, and his friendship I greatly prized.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  16 March 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 44]

Cahall, John - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF JOHN CAHALL -Today is the birthday anniversary of John Cahall, director of public service of the city of Mansfield, who was born in Berks county, Pa., June 24, 1846.  Mr. Cahall came to Mansfield in May, 1877, and two years later entered the employ of the Aultman & Taylor company, with which he held a responsible position for about 30 years.  Mr. Cahall served two terms as a member of the city council and has always taken a lively interest in city affairs.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News:  Friday, June 24, 1910]

Cantwell, Jacob Y., M.D. -- John J. Todd, M.D. and Jacob Y. Cantwell, M.D. are the names of two physicians who forty years ago were in the very prime of life and of their profession.  Dr. Todd came to Mansfield from the eastern portion of the old county, that part now of Ashland County.  Dr. Cantwell resided from childhood in Mansfield.  His father was one of the pioneers, and his father's family was well known.  These two young men, Todd and Cantwell, were comrades in their young manhood, close companions and friends, and began their medical studies at the same time, Todd as the student of Dr. Allen G. Miller, while Cantwell's preceptor was Dr. John M. Chandler.  Both attended the Cleveland Medical College and graduated.  Each became a partner in the practice of his respective preceptor.  Miller and Todd associated together and Chandler and Cantwell forming a firm.  Todd was slightly taller than Cantwell, but less in breadth of chest.  Todd was of more delicate health than his friend, but each was active, energetic, ambitious and rapidly rose in the profession, and being men of sturdy character, won for themselves both standing and position in the medical world.  Dr. Todd on a night of storm and sleet was called miles away to relieve a stricken dying man, and being accurate in his diagnosis of the disease and successful in the administration of remedial agents, the patient recovered, and returning to his home in the morning through the beetling storm, was himself stricken down, and though he lived for a year thereafter, his days were numbered and he wasted away.  Neither the care of his loving wife or the breath of summer found in the south, whither they journeyed for relief, brought any abatement of the disease, and so, when a young man comparatively, he was called home, dying on January 30, 1856, in his 36th. year.  Had he been permitted to live out the average expectancy of life, I doubt not that he would have taken a very high, and deservedly so, place in his chosen profession.   His friend, Dr. Cantwell, greatly grieved over his loss, for the companionship of their early years continued without a break or severance of a single social tie.  Dr. Cantwell pushed on, sometimes with a partner, sometimes alone, and prospered as man and physician.  Thirty-four years ago, when the tocsin of war was sounded, he entered the service, first in the 4th. Ohio as assistant surgeon, and later in the 82nd. Ohio as its surgeon.  His brave, courageous brother, James Cantwell, was first an officer in the 4th. and then as the Colonel commanded the 82nd. from its organization to his death on the battlefield, and Dr. Cantwell gained a reputation as a surgeon in the army, no less honorable than that of his gallant brother as an able, skillful soldier.   The Doctor remained in the service till the close of the war, then settled at Decatur, Alabama, where he became interested in the city, its growth and material advancement, visiting yearly the old home city of Mansfield and maintaining property interests here as well as at Decatur.  Later in life, he married, but his wife preceded him to the far-off country.  Dr. Cantwell was very much of a man and his skill as a physician and surgeon were recognized, not only in Ohio, but in the army and in the state of his adoption, Alabama.  His zeal, patriotism and devotion to the Union were equally pronounced and his service to the Republic and our common humanity was recognized and appreciated wherever his name and fame were made known.  The soldiery of the Union army, the men of the 4th. Ohio and the 82nd. Ohio, loved him and measured correctly the value of his services.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  13 April 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 48]

Cantwell, William R. -- William R. Cantwell was of a pioneer family, the grandson of old William Cantwell, the eldest son of Thomas Cantwell, nephew of Col. James and Dr. Jacob Young Cantwell.  His wife, whom he married here, was a Christmas daughter of another old family.  To young William R. Cantwell there happened an episode which is worthy of notation.  He had been a Democrat, and for a winter or two was a clerical assistant in one of the houses of Ohio's General Assembly, and then he fought a duel, with no fatal results;  still he had the courage of the Cantwells and the chivalry of the Southron.  His practice in Ohio was hardly commenced when he removed to California.  There he reached the city bench of Sacramento and took front rank as a member of his profession.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  17 November 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 27]

Carpenter, Daniel -- Rather may I tell you of one whose blood and name is perpetuated in sons and grand-sons, all of whom are well known to the young and old alike. Daniel Carpenter is the pioneer who in 18-19 settled on section two (2) of Worthington Township. If he were still living his years would compass more than a century. In the old township he lived and labored. One of his sons is the Major George F. Carpenter of today, known by all our people. Another is the Wm. B. Carpenter, equally well known. Another son, Alonzo, may not now be living, but that son had all the traits of the early settler. Still another, Dr. P.A. Carpenter, some years ago moved to Greeley, Col., and there died.  Old Daniel Carpenter, I knew. He was a man of much activity and alertness of mind and body. A worthy progenitor of the active, strong sons of whom I have made mention. In his old age he removed to Colorado, and on its pure mountain air spent his last days. In politics, a Whig, in his church affiliations, a staunch, strong Methodist. Daniel Carpenter, in 1834, sixty and one years ago, helped organize the Methodist Episcopal Church in Newville and to the hour of his death in Colorado was faithful to his early profession. I recall his personal appearance and manners, both were attractive and winning. -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 03 August 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 12 taken from a larger article entitled "A Beauteous Land Is the Good Old County of Richland"]

Carpenter, Frank G. -- Frank G. Carpenter has also won a reputation that few young men of the country possess.  It is said that he is now receiving $100 a week, and that he dictates his correspondence to the type-writer, which is manipulated by his wife, nee Miss Josie Condict.  frank began newspaper work on the Cleveland Leader, and the way it came about was this:  Years ago a certain young printer, who imagined he had some newspaper ability, called upon H.M. Stanley, the dark continent traveler, stated his case and asked him how to get a job on a great newspaper. Stanley said:  Select your paper;  offer your services;  they wont want you;  ask the privilege of working for your board;  if this is declined get the privilege of working for glory;  then make yourself so indispensible that they can't get along without you.  Frank Carpenter wanted a chance to do something when he left Wooster (OH) University and applied to this young man for information as to how to proceed.  The foregoing story was related.  Soon after he was sent to Columbus by the Leader, thence to Washington, and his subsequent history is known.   [Mansfield Herald:  09 December 1886]

Carpenter, George F.

Carpenter, John L. -- JOHN L. CARPENTER -- The Sad Death of a Former Mansfield Young Man, at Holdrege, Nebraska  --  Mr. George Carpenter, of this city, received a telegram on Saturday last announcing the death of his third son, John L. Carpenter, at Holdrege, Nebraska, at eleven o'clock on that morning. Full particulars have not yet arrived, and all that ca be gathered in from the various telegrams received by the family. From them it seems that on the 22d. inst. the deceased started to go into the country on business. Just as he was leaving the town the horse got his tail over the lines and began to kick violently. Mr. Carpenter at once jumped from the carriage, thinking to catch the horse, but in alighting, he broke his leg between the knee and the ankle. Kind friends were present at the time and these carried him into town and an efficient surgeon set the leg. At this time the wound was not considered at all dangerous.  That same afternoon, Mr. Carpenter wrote home to his father, using a pencil, saying that he had broken his leg but that there was not danger; that he could get along very well and that none of the family need come out to take care of him. He said he expected to be home by the middle of August, and that he had plenty of friends and the best of treatment. This letter was received Friday morning. The following mail brought a letter of the same purport, from his friend, Mr. J.W. Ferguson, a banker of an adjoining town. Before these letters reached Mansfield, on Thursday afternoon, came a telegram from Mr. Ferguson, saying that though there was no danger, some one of the family had best come out. On the receipt of it, Mr. Reid Carpenter came at once from Cleveland and on Friday took the first fast train for the West. At this time nothing dangerous was apprehended. Friday afternoon, however, other dispatches came saying that John's condition was very serious indeed, and that he could not live. From this time on up until two P.M. Saturday, telegrams of the same nature were received at short intervals, and at that hour came the sad news "John died peacefully and quietly at five minutes past eleven this morning." The family, up to this time, had hoped against hope, and the news was a terrible blow.  
Mr. Reid Carpenter arrived in Holdrege Sunday night, and he will bring the remains, which were at once properly embalmed, here for burial. They will reach here on Thursday and the funeral will probably take place Friday.  Few men have started life with brighter prospects than did John L. Carpenter. He was, at the time of his death, almost 27 years of age. He was the embodiment of health and full of energy, industry and life. Nine years ago he graduated at the public schools of Mansfield, the first man in his class, taking the valedictory oration. Four years later he had finished his collegiate course at Wooster University, where he also ranked among the highest. He was a popular student at college; he took a leading place in literary society as a debater and he was one of the chief officers of the Beta Theta Pi College Fraternity, which has chapters in nearly every college in the United States.  At the time of his graduation, with no application on his part, the Aultman & Taylor Manufacturing Company, voluntarily offered him the charge of their collections in Kansas and Nebraska. He accepted the position, and for four years gave them efficient and satisfactory service. Last year he decided to leave them and to strike out for himself. Giving them due notice he did so, and chose Holdrege, Nebraska, as his field.  Holdrege is a fast growing town in Western Nebraska, almost 1,300 miles from Mansfield. In November last, when Mr. Carpenter settled there and opened as a loan broker, it had only two houses. Now it has from 800 to 1,000 population, and does as much business as any town of 2,500 in the State of Ohio. It has two big elevators, several banks, plenty of stores of various kinds and promises to become the county seat of the county. It is now on the main line of a great railroad, and it has a population of active, thrifty, young western business men. Of this town, John L. Carpenter was one of the leading factors, and like the town, was doing well. He had a fair amount of capital, part of which was his own savings and the remainder the gift of his father, and he had the brains and experience to know how to use it. He was well fitted to make a good fight in life anywhere, and especially fitted for the West. He was a good-looking, bright eyed, sociable fellow, full of pluck, energy and honesty, allied to good business judgment and a strong will. Had he lived there is no doubt that he would have been one of the leading men of his State, and as it was he had already strong friends among the business men all over it. At the time of his death a number of his friends were present, some of them coming long distances by rail to see that he was well taken care of. He died in a house which he had built for himself in the center of the town, and his family have no doubt but that he had the best of care and attention. It is a great regret to them that they could not have gotten to him after he was hurt. But the time between the accident and his death was so short that it was impossible. No one but those who have such losses can appreciate them, and John Carpenter's many friends in Mansfield and throughout Northern Ohio will unite with them in their grief.  Submitted by Amy.  [OHIO LIBERAL: 30 July 1884, Vol. 12, No. 16]

Carpenter, Reid - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF REID CARPENTER -Today is the birthday anniversary of Reid Carpenter, president of the citizens National bank, who was born in this city June 6, 1853.  Mr. Carpenter has been for many years an active factor in the business life of Mansfield and is largely interested in several of the city's large manufacturing concerns.  Outside of Mansfield and over many states he is probably best known as senior member of the firm of Carpenter & Ross, with a stock farm just southeast of Mansfield, whose annual sale of shorthorn cattle attract buyers from all over the country and whose herd has taken prizes at all of the big stock shows from coast to coast. Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 5:  Monday, June 6, 1910]

Carroll, Sheridan - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF SHERIDAN CARROLL -Today is the birthday anniversary of Sheridan Carroll, democratic nominee for sheriff of Richland county, who was born in Washington township, this county, June 16, 1874.  He came to Mansfield when he was about two years old and immediately set about forming acquaintances in the city and country in order that he might know a lot of people well enough to ask them to vote for him when he became a candidate for public office.  As a young man he learned the trade of iron molder and worked at this for some years at the Baxter Stove works and the Aultman & Taylor plant.  In 1901 he went onto the Mansfield police force and served as patrolman for five and a half years, resigning that position in September, 1906, to take the management of the Sullivan cigar stand, where he continued for six months.  In February, 1907, he was appointed deputy sheriff by Sheriff G. A. Baer and is still serving in that capacity, having received the Democratic nomination for sheriff at the primary last month by a large majority.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 3:  Thursday, June 16, 1910]

Cassel, Lewis -- Lewis Cassel was associated with J.W. Strong in the dry goods business in the ante-war days.  After which he left Bellville and engaged in trade elsewhere.  He is out of business now and is passing his retirement amid the scenes of his youth.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Chambers, Robert C. -- Lexington.  Robert C. Chambers, a former resident here, has carved his name high in the niche of fame.  He is the noted silver magnate and is reported to be worth $20,000,000.  The brief story of his rise from obscurity to fame seems like something in the realms of fiction.  His parents were Mr. & Mrs. James Chambers, deceased, and they lived on the farm now owned by W.W. Cockley, near the northern limits of Lexington.  Robert Chambers was an athletic youth when he left here.  He aspired to wealth and fame and a brave and hopeful heart beat in his breast.  He is now superintendent of the famous Daly & Ontario mines in Utah.  He is president of the Salt Lake Herald Company and his financial transactions are stupendous.  His mansions in Salt Lake City and Oakland, Cal., rival an oriental potentate's palace in splendor.  [Semi-Weekly News:  29 December 1896, Vol. 12, No. 102]

Charles, Elijah -- Elijah Charles came from Beaver County, Pennsylvania, in 1814 and built a sawmill on the Blackfork, about one and a half miles south of Olivesburg.  His son, Isaac Charles, succeeded to the property, to which he added a grist mill in 1835.  In 1868, he removed to Bluffton, Allen County, where he died some years later.  His son, Isaac, was charged with murdering his father, and was convicted and sentenced to the state prison for life.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  06 August 1903, Vol. 11, No. 31]

Charles, George W. -- George W. Charles, the candidate for county commissioner, is one of the sturdy and substantial farmers of Washington Township. Mr. Charles was born in Cuyahoga County, Dec. 17, 1830. He came to Richland County in 1841 and has resided in Washington Township ever since, except about three years that he resided in Monroe Township and one year in Troy Township. He has served eight years as Trustee of Washington Twp., two years as Township Treasurer and 15 years as member of the Township School Board.   He was married in 1848 to Hester Young (now deceased) of Washington Township, and his family consists of two sons and two daughters. Mr. Charles is in every respect qualified for the office he seeks, and as the Republicans have clamored for years for "minority representation" he should be elected as the board already consists of two Republicans and one Democrat whose successor is to be elected this year.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 28 September 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 20. From a series of articles about the Democratic candidates running in the November 5, 1895 election in Richland County]

Chew, James - other surnames mentioned:  RICHEY

Cline, Cyrus (external link)

Cockley, D.L.

Cockley, W.W. -- Capt. W.W. Cockley is the leading citizen of Lexington, where he was born and raised and has always resided.  He is the son of the late Benjamin Cockley.  As a merchant and interested in the milling business he has been a substantial and influential citizen in that locality.  The title of captain is not a fictitious distinction for it was won on southern battle fields, a part of the time as lieutenant of Co. ?, 86th. O.V.I., and then as captain of Co. A., 87th. O.V.I.  Captain and Mrs. Cockley are the parents of two sons, Rollin H., who is cashier of the Peoples Bank, of Bellville, and a younger son, Barney.  Mrs. Cockley was formerly Miss Mary E. Beverstock, a daughter of A.B. Beverstock.  Besides Captain Cockley's home interests, he is the president of the Farmers Bank, of this city, to which he was elected upon the retirement of Major J.S. Hedges, in April, 1894, and he is also president of the Thompson Dry Goods Co.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  02 March 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 42]

Coffinberry, Wright L. -- It was our privilege to meet with many of the old pioneers of Richland County at the residence of Henry C. Hedges on the afternoon and evening of Tuesday last.  Mr. Wright L. Coffinberry, now and for nearly forty years past a leading citizen of Grand Rapids, Michigan, has been for some weeks visiting the scenes of his childhood and early manhood in this county, and the assemblage at Mr. Hedges' was in his honor.  Many of our older citizens graced the event by their presence, notably among them -- Hon. Jas. Purdy, now 91 years of age; Dr. Wm. Bushnell, who was born in 1800; Dr. Jno. Mack of Shelby; Thos. B. Andrews, of Washington Twp.; Dr. Bricker of Shelby; George McFarland of Washington Twp.; L.J. Sprengle of Ashland; Samuel Stevenson of Weller Twp.; Wm. A. Robinson of Weller Twp.; Dr. Kendig of Hayesville, and a large number of others, old men, middle-aged men, and young men of the city and county.  Mr. Coffinberry, the honored guest of the evening, after supper served on the lawn, addressed the company, giving incident after incident within his memory of the pioneer days.  Mr. Coffinberry was born in 1807, and came to Mansfield with his parents in 1809. His father cut out the first road from Wheeling west to the Muskingum River, and moved on to the Northwest and settled at Mansfield. Here on his farm he spent the remainder of a long life.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE MANSFIELD HERALD: 26 June 1884, Vol. 34, No. 32]

Colby, Hubbard -- I must not omit Hubbard Colby in these sketches.  Born in New Hampshire more than seventy years ago, a stalwart man as we might expect, a son of the Granite Mountains, he came to Ohio in the early forties;  taught school, studied law, wrote editorials, and was first associated with Mordecai Bartley, for a time in the practice of his profession, then with Henry B. Curtis, of Mt. Vernon, and afterward was made cashier of the Farmers Branch of the State Bank of Ohio, and continued in the employment of that bank and its successor in business until 1873.  He married in Mansfield, his wife being the daughter of George Armentrout, Esq., and for a brief time was engaged in the mercantile business with his father-in-law.  Later on the death of Mrs. Colby he married the daughter of Dr. S.W. Sells.  When the firm of Hall & Allen quit business he, with Edward Sturges, Andrew L. Grimes and others, organized the Mansfield Machine Works.  He also became interested in the Mansfield Gas Light Co. and for a number of years he was very active in manufacturing and other enterprises of Mansfield.  On his becoming a member of the Baptist church, he was largely instrumental in the up building of that denomination of the Christian church in Mansfield, and to him is due the erection of the church building, corner of Park Avenue West and Walnut Streets.  He served as mayor of the village in 1850, and associated with him was Wm. Johnson as recorder, the same Johnson who edited the Bugle in 1844 and was Congressman in 1862-1864.  He was councilman in 1857-58-59 and again in 1866-67, and was regarded as an active, energetic and careful citizen.  His practice of the law was limited, more especially on account of of the business engagements.  The financial distress and panic of 1873 carried him down, and shortly thereafter he migrated to the Pacific coast.  His first years in California were years of great hardships.  He was too old to resume the practice of his profession and too poor to enter on new business engagements, and in time he was appointed to a clerical position in the office of the collector of the Port of San Francisco, which position he filled till his death some two years ago.  In politics, a Whig so long as that party continued its organization, and then an ardent Republican.  Had he attended to his profession, he might have taken rank there.  As a financial man he was consulted, advised with and trusted for many years, but his last years in Mansfield were unsatisfactory, and yet he was ever regarded as a man of ability and brain.  He was of commanding figure, good presence and socially much liked.  A contemporary of Kirkwood, Burns, Brinkerhoff, Carpenter, Sherman, Ford, Bartley;  the junior of Parker, Purdy, John M. May, C.T. Sherman and Mordecai Bartley.  He lies buried within sight of the broad Pacific sea in the golden lands of California.  Yet the records of Richland's bar would not be complete without mention of Hubbard Colby.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  22 December 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 32]

Cook Family -- Wm. Cook and Daniel Cook, brothers, came from Washington county, Pa., in the spring of 1815, and settled, Wm. on the farm one mile west of Lexington now owned by James Chambers, and Daniel on the farm two and half miles southwest from Mansfield, on the Lexington road. They put in crops, and in the fall went after their families.   The two families, with Jabez Cook's family, all came out in one wagon with a five-horse team. Wm. Cook remained on this farm until February, 1817, when he traded with Ichabod Clark, one-half mile south of Lexington.  While living on the Chambers place Wm. Cook was sadly troubled with bears. They devoured his hogs in the woods. He therefore took up the life of a hunter. Game of all kinds was abundant, and multitudes of deer, turkeys, raccoons fell a prey. The bears soon quit troubling him. Bee-trees were frequently found, so that with but little trouble the table was most sumptuously supplied.  He went up to Jerry Bowers' farm, several miles north, and procured some tallow from an ox he had the misfortune to lose, and mixing it with raccoon oil and beeswax, indulged in the then great extravagance of candles. Had to go thirty miles into Knox county for all breadstuffs and for any other than wild meat.   Wolf trapping, by means of log pens, and a cover fixed so that when the wolf jumped into the pen after the bait the cover fell, was generally indulged in.  In 1819 he lost his barn by fire. The fire from a clearing got into a dry tree and was blown from that to the barn, causing the loss of nearly all his grain. He lost a horse by the burning of a tree on a neighbor's farm. The horse got into the field and stood around the fire until the tree fell.  Fodder being very scarce, one spring he cut trees for brousin? his cattle, and one morning accidentally fell a tree upon his best cow.  The Indian trail from Sandusky south led them through his vicinity, and their calls at this house with cranberries for sale were frequent. They were always ????.  There was a grist-mill and sawmill at Lexington, which was a regularly laid-out village when he came. There was no church at Lexington for many years. Meeting was held by all denominations in school houses, private houses, and in groves -- God's first temples. Frequently preaching was held at the house of Noah Cook; one-half mile from Lexington, on the farm now owned by Thomas Cook.  In 1831 he sold the farm bought of Clark and bought another three miles southwest of Mansfield, on what is known as the "Gass road," where he lived un 1855, when he moved to Mansfield. He married Eunice Corwin on October 28, 1813.   There were thirteen children -- all living (in 1857) in robust health. Their names were: Hannah, Samuel, Stephen, Elsa, Asenath, Sarah, William P., Eunice, Catherine, Julia Ann, Eleanora, Isabel Martha and Mary E. Cook.  Wm. Black married Hannah in 1832 and settled on J.H. Cook's farm, Madison township, O.  Samuel married Catharine J. Brown in 1839 and settled in Allen county, O.  Stephen married Miss Amanda Mitchell in 1839 and settled in Allen county, O.  Aaron Brown married Aseneth in 1842; at the old homestead.  Robert Beattie married Elisa in 1849; on Lexington road, three miles southwest.  John H. Richie married Eunice 1850 and moved to Farmington, Vanburen County, Iowa.  Wm. P. married Eleanor Craig in 1853; on J.H. Cook's farm.  Catharine married Samuel Cockley in 1833 and moved to Farmington, Vanburen county, Iowa.  Samuel Cook married Belle M. Cook in 1854 and settled in Morrow county.  Submitted by Elizabeth.  [THE OHIO LIBERAL: 04 June 1873]

Cook, Daniel McFarland -- In the year 1815, Daniel and Catharine Pierson Cook, the parents of the subject of this biography, emigrated from Washington County, Pa., to the farm, 2½ miles south of Mansfield, Richland County, O., arriving there Sept. 10.  On this farm, Nov. 25, 1820, this son was born.  The lineage of this family comes from England and Scotland, through the blood of the father and from one of the best families of Holland through the mother -- a Van Dyke, whose ancestors settled in New Jersey, previous to the war of 1776.  The mental and physical attributes of these blended nationalities were transmitted and emphasized through the years of honest toil and struggle in the New World.  Obedient to his parents, yet insubordinate in spirit, comet-like, he had always pursued an independent course, not seeming to be held in any particular orbit by any special law or force.  The education of D.M. Cook commenced in the year 1824, in the log schoolhouse situated on what is now known as Sandy Hill, in the township and county in which he was born and was continued at Oberlin College, where his school days ended.  But not his education, for he was always a student, observer and reader at home or abroad.  In his youth he read the Bible through three times and memorized half the New Testament.  He joined the Presbyterian church at 13 years of age, remaining a member of that body for three years, then united with the Congregational church.  From that time until the age of 21, he studied for the ministry, but circumstances turning his steps in another direction, his mind became permeated with broader, liberalistic thought and a desire for a knowledge of the sciences, which led him into the inventive field.  Sugar making, from the sap of the hard maple, which here grew so abundantly, was an industry on this farm and was subsequently known as "Cook's Sugar Camp", with it's 1,000 trees.  The primitive method of evaporation proved unsatisfactory to his restless and aspiring mind and culminated in the "Cook Evaporator" in the year 1858, a complete, clean and almost perfect process, used to evaporate maple sap and more especially to make syrup from sorghum.  During these years of scientific thought and research, began his investigation of mesmerism, magnetism and electricity.  Nearly half a century has passed since he began active work upon this principal and to study and investigate the nature and science of electricity.  And from a novitiate he became one of the greatest electricians of the present century.  Years ago he exhibited in Mansfield substantially the arc light and his patent thereon was taken to New York City by a gentleman still living and over the city and Bay of New York the light was cast.  Had he followed that invention up with rigor and some money, the name of D.M. Cook would have found a place high up on the scroll of famous inventors.  Like all men given to invention he was secretive and in a measure lacked confidence, not in himself, but in his fellow men and so he lost by reason thereof.  His investigations were in many fields of scientific research and endeavor.  he spent some months in California, not so much for the desire of getting gold, but more for the purpose of applying new methods which were in his mind for the separation of gold from the worthless rock in which it was encased.  His latest effort was to make "a perpetual electric generator or motor, to propel itself by its own current, the resistance of the generator proper being about 10 per cent of the rotary power of the electric engine upon which the current of the generator acts."  He conceived of the idea of this principle, but failed to bring it to a successful consummation.  It remains for the future inventor to develop.  The world can never know what is embodied in those long years of self-sacrifice, but his own weary soul and the faithful little band that labored with him knew.  It is only a simple act of justice to here record the fidelity of his faithful brother, James Cook, who was auxiliary to and aided and supported him in all his trials and toil as an inventor, by sympathy, counsel and active participation in all the duties and demands of all those long years of privation and trial.  May 17, 1897, the weary spirit of D.M. Cook, this loving husband and father, was released from earth with its sorrow and disappointment.  Let the people of Richland County clothe his memory with a due appreciation of his life long effort to benefit humanity.  And show due respect to his wife and child and his faithful assistant in their untiring effort to aid him in his life work.  Suffering privation and poverty and giving the best years of their life in this quest for the good of the world.  Let them hold a place in the history of the county when its record is written as sacred to the memory of the pioneers that developed it from a wilderness and "made it blossom as the rose." -- M.C.T.  [Semi-Weekly News:  23 November 1897, Vol. 13, No. 94]  << Picture >>

Cook, Jabez -- JABEZ COOK, the subject of this brief record, is one of the early pioneers of Richland County. He is the son of Noah Cook, a native of New Jersey, who emigrated to Washington County, Pennsylvania, when a boy, and was there twice married, and had thirteen children -- three by his first wife (Miss Mills) and ten by his second wife, whose maiden name was Sarah Baldwin. Of these ten children the subject of this sketch is the fourth child. He was born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, on the 11th. of July, 1792, and remained on a farm, attending the commons schools of his native place, until about twenty years ago.  When the war of 1812 broke out he entered the army as a member of a volunteer militia company, which was ordered to rendezvous at Meadville, and marched thence to Black Rock, on the Niagara frontier. They had some intention of crossing over and taking Canada, but, as was supposed, through the treachery of their general, were deprived of rendering the campaign illustrious by such an achievement. Mr. Cook was five months in the service, and is now receiving a pension from the government.  In the spring of 1814, he came with his father to Richland County, near Lexington, and remained with him during the summer. The country was then subject to ague, and Mr. Cook became a victim. He therefore thought it better to return to Pennsylvania. There he married on the 2d. day of March, 1815, Miss Hannah Parson. She was born December 6th., 1794. In the spring of 1815, Mr. Cook, leaving his wife in Pennsylvania, came again to Richland County, and located on a quarter section which had been entered by his father, in Madison Township, about two and one-half miles southwest of Mansfield. Here he erected a log cabin on an Indian trail leading from the Wyandotte to the Greentown reservations. Indians were plenty in the county then, and almost every day more or less of them passed by his cabin. They were peaceable, and never molested Mr. Cook, or his wife, though they often called at his cabin expecting to get whisky. The county was at that time a wilderness. There was a road cut through from Lexington to Mansfield, but little improvement had been made in clearing farms.  In this wild spot Mr. Cook went to work to make himself a home. He cleared a farm, raised his family, and remained there until they were all grown up and married off, and then came to live at Mansfield.  The farm Mr. Cook made by his own industry he sold to his son. It is one of the finest farms in the county, and has been awarded the premium by the County Agricultural Society. It is now owned by Mr. Samuel Finney. Mr. Cook and his wife lived on it thirty-nine years before coming to Mansfield in 1853. His son, J.H. Cook, was then keeping the Wiler House, with whom they boarded ten years. Mrs. Cook died March 20th., 1871.  After Mr. Cook sold his farm he laid out his money in city lots, which were then low, and the advance in prices has enabled him to more than double his money on them. He owned at one time seventeen lots, ten of which had houses on them. About two years ago he purchased three-eighths of the property on the south-west corner of the city park, known as the "Old North American" on which the first hotel in Mansfield was built, and, with the other proprietors, has enlarged, remodeled, and fitted it up, making it one of the most sightly and desirable hotels in the city.  In politics Mr. Cook was a Republican long before the formation of the Republican party, having been an anti-slavery man from his earliest recollection. He has also been all his life an advocate of temperance, both in theory and practice. He founded the first temperance society ever organized in Richland County.  Mr. Cook has been an enterprising and public spirited man, taking an active interest in education, and in all measures looking to the progress of the city and county. He took an active part in securing the first railroad to Mansfield, and worked all one summer in superintending the laying of the track.  Mr. Cook has a remarkably clear intellect, is a vigorous thinker and a man of sound and independent judgment. He must know the "whys and wherefores" of things. His mind is subtle and penetrating. He does not take things for granted at second hand, but forms his own original opinions for himself. When he has once thought out a problem, and made up his mind, he is not easily shaken from his position. He can give a "reason for the hope that is in him" with great clearness and cogency of argument. He hates shams and sophism, and is too intellectually honest to pretend to believe what he does not. Love of truth is one of his predominating characteristics.  Mr. Cook is highly esteemed for his integrity by all who know him.  Submitted by Amy.  [ATLAS MAP OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO. By A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Ill., 1873, p. 22]

Cook, James Hervey -- Mr. James Hervey Cook of this city and his twin brother, Dr. Thomas McCurdy Cook, of Sandusky, were seventy years old Friday.  The two gentlemen celebrated the anniversary by driving out to their birth-place, the old Cook farm two miles and a half southwest of the city, and spending the day there.  Part of the old log-house in which they were born is still standing.  Their father, Jabez Cook, who died February 6th., 1875, resided there forty years.  It is at present known as the Finney farm.  They have one brother living, younger than themselves, Mortimer Cook of Sedrow, W.T., and four sisters, Mrs. Alice C. Anderson and Mrs. Jennie Harrison of California, Mrs. Lizzie Shepard of Iowa, and Mrs. Emily Voorhes of Mt. Gilead, O.  Thomas Cook, a brother of Jabez, resides at Lexington, and a sister of his was the mother of Judge Moses R. Dickey of Cleveland and Judge Jabez Dickey of this city.  Mr. J.H. Cook married Miss Mary A. Wiler, a daughter of John Wiler, deceased, who lived to be over a hundred years old.  They have four children, three daughters and one son, all well known residents of Mansfield.  Mr. T.M. Cook also has four children, three sons and a daughter, and is a physician engaged in the practice at Sandusky (OH).  J.H. Cook was for a number of years proprietor of the Wiler House, which belonged to the Wiler estate.  Yesterday the two brothers wrote their autographs on the hotel register.  The two men resemble each other very closely and one has frequently been taken for the other.  They are both hale and hearty and look twenty years younger than they are.  [Mansfield Herald:  09 September 1886]

Cook, James Harvey & Mary Ann (Wiler) -- It is seldom that the SHIELD is called upon to record an event that gives it more genuine pleasure than that of the celebration of the fiftieth wedding anniversary of such excellent people as Mr. & Mrs. J.H. Cook.  Their host of friends, and everybody knows them and are therefore there friends, join in this felicitation.  James Harvey Cook and wife, as stated above, celebrated their fiftieth anniversary of their marriage, or golden wedding, at their residence on West Third Street yesterday.  Mrs. Cook's maiden name was Mary Ann Wiler, she being the eldest daughter of John Wiler, who was formerly owner of the Wiler House, the famous hostelry, which retains its name to the present time although not in use as a hotel.  The marriage took place fifty years ago in the sitting room of the hotel mentioned at 4 o'clock Sunday afternoon, March 27, 1842, the Rev. James Rowland, a Presbyterian minister, officiating.  Only a few persons were present, Mrs. McLaughlin, widow of the late Gen. McLaughlin, of this city, being the only one now living who witnessed the ceremony.  Dr. T.M. Cook, of Sandusky, twin brother of J.H. Cook, and George W. Blymyer, son-in-law, were present and partook of the anniversary repast at 4 o'clock in the afternoon yesterday.  J.M. Cook, a son, who is located at Wichita, Kansas, who had made arrangement to be present, did not arrive until late in the afternoon.  A congratulatory letter was received from Mrs. Pierre Hyacinth Loyson, of Paris, France.  Mrs. Loyson is by marriage a full cousin of Mr. Cook and has written a great deal from France for American journals.  Her marriage to the eminent Catholic divine some time ago created intense interest all over the world.  Other messages containing good wishes were received from friends and relatives in Florida, Kansas and other states.  Rev. Dr. J.W. Hubbell, pastor of the First Congregational church of this city, presented Mr. & Mrs. Cook with a beautiful floral offering, as a reminder of the occasion.  Mr. and Mrs. Cook were both born in Madison Township, Richland County, and have lived here all their lives.  Mr. Cook was born on the old Cook farm, south of the city, upon which his parents settled in 1815.  J.H. and J.M., the twin brothers, who are as much alike in personal appearance as two peas ever dared be, made their debut the following year, 1816.  The twin brothers were rocked in a sugar trough cradle and worked on the farm for a number of years.  Mrs. cook was born in the old Wiler House property on Main Street, this city.  They are, therefore, no doubt the oldest living pioneer resident couple in the county.  a most remarkable incident in this distinguished family is the fact that three golden weddings have been celebrated in it.  The golden wedding of Mr. Cook's parents was celebrated in 1865, that of his twin brother at Sandusky in 1889, and the one of yesterday making the third.  A most unusual record of longevity indeed.  At present Mr. Cook's health is excellent, going to and from his office on the coldest days without an overcoat, a condition, the thought of which would make men many years his junior shiver.  Mr. Cook has never held an elective office, although no man is more highly esteemed for probity and integrity than he.  At present he is president of the Richland Mutual Fire Insurance Company and of the Mansfield Cemetery Association, which he laughingly declares are all the offices he wants.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  02 April 1892, Vol. XXIV, No. 45]

Cook, Noah -- LEXINGTON -- Amariah WATSON was the first to invade their haunts, fell the progeny of the forests and delve in the virgin soil on its site [Troy Twp.] which was in 1812. This pioneer lived in the quaint old brick house one mile north of this village on the farm now owned by the revered Mrs. Susan SOWERS, relict of Moses SOWERS. Mrs. SOWERS still retains in her possession, and prizes much as a relic, the original deed to her farm, the conveyance being made by the Government to Amariah WATSON in 1816 and the parchment bears the autograph of the fourth President of the United States, James Madison. Mansfield's well-known business factor, J.H. Cook, Esq., who bears lightly the burden of nearly seven decades, informs us that at least sixty years ago, when the country here was yet in its primitive grandeur, that he disported around the old mill at the foot of Main street, and that it was erected about the year 1813 by Amariah WATSON, over whose grave the winds of more than twenty winters have chanted requiems, and whose memory is revered by his few remaining co-pioneers.  Among those who with nerves of steel and valorous hearts, soon after the axe of Amariah WATSON had broken the silence of nature and blazed the way to invade the haunts of the wily Indian in the primeval forests of Troy, were Judge GASS, Samuel WATSON, a man named ROBINS and Noah COOK; Judge GASS first making his advent in its trackless fastnesses in 1811 or 1812, and ROBINS and Samuel WATSON about the same time or two or three years later, and Noah COOK first materialized in Lexington in 1814, coming from Washington Co., Pa., and the village was then in embryo, there being but one house within its present limits and that stood on the site of the residence of Mrs. Coleman, opposite the depot. With his rifle at his side, ever alert for the artful aborigines, whose desire for the scalps of the pioneer was never satiated, he erected a house that was invulnerable to their attacks near where now stands the spacious residence of his son, Col. Thomas COOK, which overlooks a fertile expanse of many acres, contiguous to the western part of the village.  Noah COOK was twice married and was the father of thirteen children, and most of his progeny inherited his mental and physical characteristics, being of vigorous intellect and strong and lithe of limb, and like their progenitor amassed a competency by frugality and arduous toil. The family are noted for longevity, several of whom have attained the age of more than eighty years, one reaching eighty-nine years, and at the age of seventy-nine the blood courses vigorously through the veins of this dauntless pioneer and his tenure of life seemed much longer, but when laying out the village in 1834, he engendered a malarial contamination that could not be eliminated and soon the sorrows and felicities of life with him were over. His son Amos lived the life of a recluse in one of the first buildings erected here, and he lived to commune with nature in the wildest fastnesses, and his heart was anguished by the destruction of the primitive forests of Troy, and up to the time of his tragic death about seven years ago, being run over by the cars, he was to be found coursing along the rivulets of the scenes of his pristine days in quest of game, though 82 years had silvered his hair. He was not susceptible to the arts and wiles of females, and was never married. He was a Democrat of strong proclivities, and the only shrines at which he worshipped were the wide and sublime in nature.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE MANSFIELD HERALD: 05 April 1883, Vol. 33, No. 20]

Cook, Thomas McCurdy -- *see above article regarding James Hervey Cook.

Cotter, William - other surnamed mentioned:  BAKER, HAGERMAN

Coulton, Willard -- Willard Coulton, who shot and killed his wife and then committed suicide at Cleveland, Friday, as detailed in Friday evening's NEWS, was formerly in the shoe business at Shelby, having removed from that town about eight years ago.  Coulton was 45, his wife 52.  They were married in 1892 and both had previously been married.  Mrs. Coulton's former husband's name was Church.  [Semi-Weekly News:  02 February 1897, Vol. 13, No. 10]

Courtney, Arthur E. -BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF ARTHUR E. COURTNEY -Today is the birthday anniversary of County auditor Arthur E. Courtney, who was born in Washington township, this county, Sept. 24, 1871.  His boyhood was spent on the farm and he later devoted about six years to teaching school in Troy and Madison townships, continuing at that work until seven years ago when he was appointed deputy auditor by George Weidner.  In November 1906, Mr. Courtney was elected county auditor on the Democratic ticket and is now a candidate for reelection.  In the Independent Order of Foresters he has been honored by election to the office of high chief ranger of the state, and he is also affiliated with the Masons, the Modern Woodmen, the Sons of Veterans and the Royal Foresters.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 5:  Saturday, September 24, 1910]

Craig, Joseph -- Jno. Y. Glessner -- Dear Sir:  At the request of a number of the friends of the subject of this article, as well as to gratify my own feelings, allow me to say that on the 29th. day of January, 1877, the writer hereof, with a large number of the relatives and friends of Mr. Joseph Craig, a citizen of Independence, enjoyed one of the most agreeable surprise parties of the season, on the anniversary of the eightieth birth day of our venerable friend.  This meeting was entirely impromptu, gotten up in the very best taste, and, after a very cordial greeting of the friends and relations, the tables were set and spread with a rich profusion of the good things of this life, of which some fifty persons partook to their heart's content, after which the Independence Brass Band made their appearance and enlivened the occasion by playing a number of their best pieces, to the satisfaction of all;  and were then invited to partake of a sumptuous supper prepared for them, of which they partook with a zest, when all dispersed with the best of feeling.  Mr. Craig was born on the 29th. day of January, 1797, in Baltimore County, Maryland, and at the age of two years he removed with his parents to Huntington County, Pa., where he resided until 1825.  On the 17th. day of June, 1824, he was married to Miss Margaret Speer, with whom he now lives, being his junior five years.  In 1825, on the 21st. day of September, he removed from Pennsylvania and on the 4th. day of October, 1825, arrived in Zanesville, Ohio, the day Gen. Lafayette passed through that place.  He remained in Muskingum County one year, and then removed to Richland County, O. and settled on the east half of the southwest quarter of section 20, township 21, of range 17, where he has continued to reside to the present time.  The writer has been acquainted with Mr. & Mrs. Craig continually since 1830, and has lived contiguous to him since Nov. 15th., 1833.  They are now and always have been considered as among our most respected citizens.  Mr. Craig has never failed to vote at all elections since he has had the right to vote, and has at all times voted the Democratic ticket.  Long may he and his devoted wife live to enjoy the fruits of their labors, and the society of their relations and friends. -- Thos. B. Andrews.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  03 February 1877]

Crooke, Harry -- HARRY COOKE, or "Harry the Engraver" as he is better known, is entitled to a few moments attention. Mr. C. at the head of the only Jewelry Store of this place, is doing a good business, and there is no enterprise in Bellville more popular with the public. A full line of jewelry, watches, clocks, silver and plated ware, is represented. Engraving is a specialty, and in this capacity "Harry" is unequaled. He is possessed of experience and any thing in the line of repairing, engraving, &c. will receive his especial attention. This enterprise is in connection with the Book Store of Mr. MADDEN, and is an ornament to the town. Mr. C. is one of our most enterprising young men, and none are better or more favorably known, both as a business man or citizen.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Craig, Ebenezer -- Lexington. That venerable citizen, Ebenezer Craig, views with awe and admiration the marvelous march of civilization from granite-ribbed New England to the Pacific's golden strand since his advent upon earth, 77 years ago. He was born in Pennsylvania, but early came to our more fertile realm and has lived in and near our village 62 years. He lived one summer in the rich and busy mart of Mansfield when it was but an embryo village. This was in 1828, and that year he witnessed the erection of the old temple of justice whose quaint architecture was considered a model of beauty and artistic design. He worked at tailoring that summer in Mansfield, where then there were nine tailors, among whom was David McCullough. He was postmaster here under Buchanan, and for fifty years has been recognized oracle of the Democracy of Lexington. He is a free trader, favors the spoils system, reveres the memory of Gen. Jackson, and thinks the man of destiny is not an ideal Bourbon, because he moves too slowly in his bloody work of decapitating Republican officials, and says that Hendricks is the true type of a Bourbon leader and regrets that antediluvian statesman cannot operate the official guillotine. Mr. Craig is of strong temperance proclivities, of vigorous intellect, and barring his strong adherence to the wicked creed of Bourbonism, is one of the most exemplary citizens of this community. Time deals kindly with this venerable gentleman, and his intellect is keen, his form erect, and step alert as many fifteen years his junior.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 23 July 1885, Vol. 35, No. 36]

Craig, James W. -- Craig, James W., M.D., was born, January 17th, 1814 in Belmont County, Ohio, and is the son of Samuel C. and Jane (Woods) Craig. The paternal branch of the family came from the north of Scotland and were among the pioneer settlers of Massachusetts, having emigrated to the America anterior to the revolutionary war (sic). His mother was a native of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. His preliminary education was obtained at the public schools in his native county, and he subsequently attended a private school, where he enjoyed the advantages of a classical course. Having selected the medical profession as his future sphere of action, he matriculated at Western Reserve College in Cleveland, in 1849, and, after the regular course of study prescribed therein, graduated and was licensed to practice in the spring of 1851. He settled originally at Ontario, Richland County, where he entered upon his professional career, and for a period of twenty years practiced successfully and extensively in that town and in the surrounding country. Having devoted himself entirely to his professional duties, he soon acquired the reputation of a careful and skillful practioner, and enjoyed the confidence of the community. In 1870, being desirous of still extending his already large practice, he removed to Mansfield, where at once he took rank among the leaders of his profession in that city. During the late civil war he passed an examination before the Medical Board of Examiners, and was appointed surgeon for Camp Mansfield, which was a rendezvous for troops that were being organized for field service. He performed his duties with credit to himself and also to the entire satisfaction of the government. Though he is engaged in a general medical practice, he is particularly favorable to surgery, and has performed many and various surgical operations, among which may be mentioned an uncommon case, that for recto-vesico vaginal fistula. He was married, January 24th, 1854, to Eliza McConnell of Pennsylvania.  [1.The Biographical Encyclopedia of Ohio of the Nineteenth Century, page 600, Galaxy Publishing Company, Cincinnati and Philadelphia, 1876, S.A. George & Co., Stereotypers & Electrotypers]

Cramer, Charles -- Charles Cramer, a 15-year-old Shelby boy, was thrown under a freight train Friday evening while jumping the train and was badly injured, one of his arms being cut off, at the shoulder.  He will probably die.  [Semi-Weekly News:  02 March 1897, Vol. 13, No. 18]

Crawford, James  (external link)

Crider, Jacob - other surnamed mentioned:  REBOK

Crum, Michael -- Michael Crum and his son, Paul, are .... large land holders [in Sharon Township].  A singular coincident occurred to Mr. Crum.  He was born within view of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  Mr. Crum enlisted in Company F, 82nd. Regiment, O.V.I. and during the memorable battle of Gettysburg he was shot through both legs, between the ankle and knee.  As he put his weight on his right foot, a minnie ball passed through between the bones of the leg.  In stepping on either limb, doctors say the two bones spread and in doing so the ball passed in this case through that leg without breaking either bone.  Being wounded he was captured by the Confederate soldiers and placed in their hospital, which was the Adams County, Pennsylvania Infirmary.  An uncle of John F. Hartman, of Jackson Township, was then the superintendent of that institution and was a personal friend of Mr. Crum, who from that time received all the attention that medical skill could  give.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  19 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 7]

Crunkilton, Robert C. -- THE HARVEST OF DEATH  -- Robert C. Crunkilton, the venerable father of Mrs. John Aungst, died at the residence of his daughter, East Johnson Street, this city [Bellville] at 4 o'clock last Saturday afternoon. Deceased was born in Franklin County, Penn., August 17, 1814. At the age of nine years he removed with his parents from his native state to a farm near Wooster, Wayne County, this state. That was in the pioneer stage of our grand states development, and Mr. Crunkilton spent his youth and growing manhood in the sturdy labor of transforming forest lands into productive acres, and farming was an occupation which he pursued until the later years of his life. His honest toil was remunerated with substantial reward, but his kindness to others proved disastrous to his own fortunes.   In 1838 he was united in marriage with Jane Wilson, whose parents lived neighbors to his, and they lived a happy life since their life's destinies were blended by the nuptial knot, and the bride of his youth is left in her extreme old age to mourn the passing away of her loved companion with whom she had lived for a period of seven years beyond that unusual mark of married life -- the golden wedding anniversary -- fifty years. In 1848 Mr. and Mrs. Crunkilton moved to Knox County and in 1875 they took up residence in Nevada, where they lived until seven years ago, when the aged couple came to Upper Sandusky to make their future home with their daughter, Mrs. Aungst. Here they were accorded all the comforts and loving attentions of a truly good and devoted daughter, whose husband seconded and sanctioned all her filial actions. If there is any virtue in the Biblical promise of reward to those who are enjoined to "honor thy father and they mother" Mrs. Aungst will merit its thorough fulfillment.   Mr. Crunkilton, with his wife, became members of the Methodist church, at Wooster, in 1843, and ever since they have been true and consistent Christians ever faithful to their faith, living in full accord therewith.  Deceased was the father of five children. Those who survive are Mrs. John Aungst, of this city, and Samuel L. Crunkilton and Mrs. Lydia E. Myers, residing at Republic City, Kansas. Those who proceeded the father to eternity were Mrs. E. McCurdy and Mrs. Ophelia DeJean. Mr. Crunkilton had been in quite feeble health for three years past, as a result of several attacks of la grippe, the first attack being three years ago. To these afflictions were added the weight of many years and a complication of ailments incident thereto. He was taken to his bed the Monday evening previous to his death, and his last illness was marked with much suffering, but this was allayed to some extent by the kindly interposition of coma, from which he once or twice aroused and then for only brief periods.   The funeral occurred yesterday morning. Brief services were conducted at the Aungst residence at 10 o'clock by Rev. Gersham Lease, after which the remains were conveyed to the Nevada Cemetery for interment.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE INDEPENDENT: 07 February 1895, Vol. 7, No. 38 as re-printed from the UPPER SANDUSKY CHIEF]

Cully, Mr. & Mrs. L.J. -- Lexington.  For nearly 60 years have the venerable L.J. Cully and wife, of this vicinity, traveled together life's highway.  Mr. Cully is aged 86 and his wife 85 years and time's withering touch has deeply furrowed their features.  Mr. Cully's vigorous intellect is yet clear and he reads with zest all important questions which absorb the public mind.  He cherishes fondly the righteous creed of the Republican party and McKinly's election thrilled his heart with the fervor of youth.  The ravages of time have clouded his genial and cultured wife's once bright intellect.  In all of life's trials and asperities their spirits have ever flowed with the hope and joy of youth and they are most highly esteemed for their fine elements of brain and character.  [Semi-Weekly News:  24 November 1896]  * Mrs. Cully will be 86 years of age on Jan. 1, 1898.  [Semi-Weekly News:  28 September 1897, Vol. 13, No. 78]

Cummins, A. C. -- BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF CAPT. A. C. CUMMINS -Today is the birthday anniversary of Capt. A. C. Cummins, a native of Richland county, who was born near Shelby.  After being graduated from Wittenberg college at Springfield he came to Mansfield and began the study of law in the office of former Governor T. W. Bartley, being admitted to the bar in 1860.  He was largely instrumental in the recruiting of several companies during the civil war and was commissioned as captain on three different occasions.  In 1869 Capt. Cummins was elected mayor of Mansfield and served one term.  He  has also held a number of other public offices in this city and was a member of the Ohio board of commissioners at the Chicago exposition.  In 1905 he was appointed by Governor Herrick as a trustee of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Home at Sandusky, to fill the unexpired term of Gen. T. T. Dill, deceased, ending in 1910.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 3:  Saturday, October 29, 1910]

Cunningham, James

Cunningham, James -- James Cunningham, the county infirmary director who is a candidate for re-election was born in 1845. He came to Mansfield from Harrisburg, Pa., 29 years ago and his father, James Cunningham, Sr., enlisted in the Massachusetts First Volunteers and served three years in the federal army during the civil war. Mr. Cunningham is a skilled machinist and since he became a citizen of Mansfield he was in the employ of the Blymyer-Day Co. six years, the Mansfield Machine Works five years and the Aultman-Taylor Co., 18 years in the machine shops. He was elected a member of the city council from the old Second ward in 1888 to finish the unexpired term of Peter Lauer and was re-elected in 1889 for a full term of two years. He was elected infirmary director in 1892 and he has discharged of his official duties justly and economically.  His family consists of his wife and nine children and their home is on High Street.   Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 28 September 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 20. From a series of articles about the Democratic candidates running in the November 5, 1895 election in Richland County]

Curran, Thomas Wilson -- SHELBY -- In view of the coming nomination election, we state that Mr. Thomas Wilson Curran was born in Richland County, on the farm now occupied by Mr. Robert Curran, in 1821. During his growth attended neighboring schools, and when old enough to understand the significance of political faction, was taught by his father, then a Whig, in the principals of party politics; becoming as he grew older a true exponent of the doctrines, as set forth by leading men of the Nation. In 1844, he cast his first vote for Henry Clay as President, and ever since has been a strong advocate of his party.  In 1850, he was elected Marshal or constable of Plymouth Township; commenced reading law under Attorney J.W. Beekman the same year and was admitted to the bar in Mansfield, in 1856. In 1861 he entered the service as a private in the 15th. O.V.I.; serving in various capacities, but by loosing his health by exposure in camp, line of march, severe and in-human treatment in Libby Prison in 1863, with other taxations, incident only in army life, until he became a confirmed invalid and was honorably discharged from the services of the U.S. in 1864.  In 1880 he was chosen Mayor of Shelby, and in appreciation of faithful service rendered, was nominated and re-elected, in which capacity he has been serving our citizens to the best of his ability, as far as his health and strength permitted, not only with honor to himself, but with credit to the corporation. Has fitness for the office, as well as the fact of his being a soldier broken down in health by reason of service rendered in defense of a Nation's honor, are two factors worthy of the attention of voters, in the nomination election of a man eminently qualified for the discharge of duties pertaining to the office of Mayor.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 13 March 1884, Vol. 34, No. 17]

Custer, Mrs. Ettie -- Lexington.  Mrs. Ettie Custer, of Milan, Mo., is the guest of her sister, Mrs. Harriet Delamater, and her mother, the venerable Mrs. Bailey, aged nearly 86y ears.  Mrs. Custer was married here in 1867 and this is her first visit here in 15 years.  [Semi-Weekly News:  12 October 1897, Vol. 13, No. 82]

Czernewski, J.P. -- J.P. Czernewski of Spring Grove a sailor returned to Norfolk, Va., last night his leave of absence having expired.  Czernewski was a Mansfield boy who made the trip around the world with the battleship fleet.  [Mansfield (OH) Daily Shield:  09 April 1909]

Dann, Dorothy

Darling, William -- William Darling, another soldier of the war of 1812, settled in Monroe in 1817.  He acquired by purchase 1,185 acres of land in one body, and also owned a number of other farms not connected with that tract.  This land lies along the Clearfork, below Newville and is very fertile.  This valley is often called the Darling Settlement or the Darling Valley.  The following is a copy of an appendix to William Darling's will:  "Having been one of the pioneers of this part of Ohio, the maker of this will, having emigrated from Hardy County, Va., in the year 1806, in company with his father and family, to Muskingum County, Ohio, and endured all the hardships, trials and privations incident to the settling and improving of a new country.  I do give an bequeath my love, respect and good will to all my old associates, and hope that, by the intelligence, energy and untiring industry of growing posterity, the prosperity of my beloved country may continued to increase as surely and rapidly as though we pioneers were still here to look after our country's welfare;  for, next to my love for my God and my family, is my love for my country these blessed United States.  May prosperity and peace be the lot of our happy, happy land."  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Davidson, Peter -- Peter Davidson, of Butler township, who is in his 88th. year, is one of the pioneers of the county.  This biographical sketch is given in his own words:  I came from Scotland to New York in the year 1836, landing the 10th. day of August.  I came then to Ashland County, known then as Huron County.  Ashland County was laid off in about nine years after I was there.  I remember quite well the time Loudonville and Ashland had as to which would get the county seat, but Ashland was the victorious town.  Every person seemed to rejoice for miles around and in Ashland ringing of bells and shooting of guns, etc.  In 1837, I was married to Margaret Beaty and lived in Ruggles Township, Ashland County.  I have had to go through quite a number of hardships during my career in life.  When we were first married I have had to go as far as 45 miles to the city of Akron to get a grist of flour.  The home mills were run by water then but owing to drought we were compelled to go to the above place.  We would drive mostly with oxen and some had horses.  I remember one night when I came from Huron with a load of wheat on my way to Milan where all hauled their wheat at that time, I stopped at Ruggles Corners.  There were two hotels and there I counted 100 teams all headed for Milan with wheat.  The price of wheat then was just like it is at the present time.  It would rise and fall from 54 cents up to $2 per bushel.  I will never forget the time  I walked to Savannah, a distance of four miles, through the mud and carried butter and eggs and I got five cents a pound for butter and three cents a dozen for eggs.  Coffee was worth a shilling a pound and sugar was mostly maple sugar.  I remember of a man close by that made 1,000 pounds one spring.  When I first came to this country there were but one buggy and two ox wagons in the entire county.  Three years after I was in this country I made application for my papers of citizenship, then in two years proving myself a moral citizen, I got my papers at Norwalk.  I voted with the Free Soil party, making the 12th. person for the party in the township.  I always made it a rule not to vote for party alone but to vote for principle.  The first president I voted for was James Birney, the Abolition candidate, who was defeated.  I have voted every year since that time both for township, state and United States with the exception of two elections.  It was sickness that kept me away.  The Free Soil and Whig parties joined together and formed the Republican party, to which party I have given my vote ever since.  During the late war, I was township trustee for two years.  Up in this section of country in early days wild animals were not so numerous as they were in other parts of the country.  I remember of seeing some deer and quite a number of Indians who were hunting and trapping, but we had no trouble with them.  I have been married twice but both my companions are dead.  I have five children living and two dead, three sons living in Ashland, two of them are engaged in the creamery business, the other a dealer in oil.  My other two are daughters who are living with me at home at the present time on my farm of 100 acres of land where I expect to make my home as long as I live.  [Semi-Weekly News:  26 October 1897, Vol. 13, No. 86]  << Picture >>

Davis, Samuel

Day, Matthias -- Mat Day, formerly of this city and now a cadet at West Point Military School, ranked in examinations as number 62 in a class of 75 persons.  Thirteen degrees lower would have placed him at the wrong end of the class.  [Ohio Liberal:  06 June 1877]  In our notice of Mat Day, cadet at West Point, we did him injustice by inference.  There were 126 in his class and he stood in the upper half.  [Ohio Liberal:  13 June 1877]

Day, Sylvanus B. -- Sylvanus B. Day is the oldest blacksmith in years of service in Mansfield, and represents many of the characteristics presented in Longfellow's celebrated poem of the "Village Blacksmith". Having worked at the anvil 60 years in Richland County, 31 of which were passed in Mansfield, he deserves the laureation of the title of Mansfield's "Village Blacksmith".  Mr. Day was born in Morris County, New Jersey, Feb. 10, 1827, and came to Ohio with his parents in 1836, locating at Plymouth, where he lived until he removed to Mansfield in 1867, since which time this city has been his home.   It was the custom in those days for boys to learn trades and to learn them thoroughly and in all their branches, and having chosen the vocation he has ever since so successfully followed, went into a smithy, when he was yet a mere boy, and at the age of 10 years, shod his first horse, the animal belonging to the late John Moore, of Cass Township. This was his graduation, as it were, of which he was justly proud.  While Mr. Day has been a resident of Richland County 62 years he has seen considerable of the world outside of our local confines and has temporarily sojourned in California and has visited many places.   Being a man of exemplary habits, Mr. Day, like Elihu Burritt, devoted his leisure time in the acquisition of knowledge and while his education was self-acquired, it is sufficiently thorough to rival that of many college graduates.  There are several points of resemblance between Mr. Day and Longfellow's "Village Blacksmith". While there was no chestnut tree to shade his smithy with its leafy branches, the smith himself is large and muscular, with sinews like iron bands.  Mr. Day is a member of the Congregational church, is always faithful in his attendance at its services and has held the office of deacon and hence is commonly called "Deacon Day". The deacon's only daughter, Carrie, (now Mrs. Sam C. Clark) formerly sang in the choir, and her mother is dead; therefore the comparison of the two smiths is quite similar in each line of the fifth stanza.  Deacon Day has been twice married and is the father of three children -- two sons and a daughter. His eldest son, Willis, is an officer in the navy, and the naval captain B.F. Day, is the Deacon's brother.  There are other blacksmiths in Mansfield, who have also seen years of service, two of the most notable are William Ferguson and John S. Neel. And Frank Wise has served 29 of the 46 years of his life at the same trade, making horse-shoeing his specialty, and was Deacon Day's partner for 13 years. After serving his apprenticeship Frank traveled five yeas working in Chicago and other cities, taking what might be called post-graduate courses to become proficient in his line.  Deacon Day is blessed in home and store and, although he has passed the three-score and ten mile-stone, he seems only in the early autumn-time of life and has the respect and friendship of all his acquaintances.  -- A.J. Baughman.  Submitted by Amy.  [Mansfield Semi-Weekly News: 25 October 1898, Vol. 14, No. 88]

Deems, Lewis -- Lexington.  It is a just tribute to Lewis Deems, a well known citizen, to state that the roster of Ohio soldiers shows that he has the honor and distinction of being the youngest soldier at the time of his enlistment who served in the civil war from Troy Township.  he was a slender youth of but 15 years when the flames of civil war first cast their dread lurid glare over the land.  But he had nerves of steel and the fire of patriotism glowed fervent in his heart and he enlisted Sept. 7, 1861, in Company E, of the third cavalry regiment.  He participated in many daring scouting expeditions and passed through all the awful ordeal of blood and death, in which that famous regiment participated.  He served until August, 1865, and no more valiant trooper than he wielded a saber and the blood of youth warms his veins as he dwells on these heroic days.  He fondly cherishes the principles for which he periled his life in the flush and vigor of youth.  [Semi-Weekly News:  13 July 1897, Vol. 13, No. 56]

Dick, George -- George Dick settled in Cass Township before London was founded.  George and Sarah Dick were the parents of eleven children, a number of whom with grandchildren are prominent people in that part of the county.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  30 October 1903, Vol. 11, No. 43]

Dickey, Jabez - Judge Jabez Dickey Celebrates Seventy-Second Birthday Anniversary -- Today is the seventy-second birthday anniversary of Judge Jabez Dickey, who was born on a farm a mile south of Mansfield June 15, 1838.  He remained on the farm until about twelve years of age when he came to this city and entered the public schools.  After graduating from the local high school he attended the Monroe seminary for a couple of years and then went to the Hayesville college.  On Jan. 1, 1859, he took up the study of law in the office of the late Barney Burns and Moses Dickey, his brother.  After being admitted to the bar, early in April, 1861, Judge Dickey started in the practice of his profession in this city and in 1862 was elected to the office of prosecutor of Richland county.  In 1865 he resigned from the office of prosecutor and with his brother went into the northwest to purchase furs from the Indians for a company that had been organized in this city.  He remained among the Indians for about seven months, which time was rich in experiences but not sufficiently lucrative to warrant continuance.  Returning to civilization he resumed the practice of law in Warsaw, Ind., but the following year returned to Mansfield and formed a law partnership with his brother.  After this association had continued for a few months Judge Dickey went to Mt. Gilead, where he formed a partnership with the late James Olds, which partnership continued for a number of years with mutual satisfaction.  It was in 1882 that Mr. Dickey was elected to the common pleas bench in this sub-division, made up of Richland, Ashland and Morrow counties and he continued on the bench until 1889, having moved back to Mansfield in 1885.  He remained here until 1893 when he again went to Mt. Gilead, where he stayed until 1900 in which year he went to Toledo, but after spending five years in that city he once more came to Mansfield and has resided here engaged in the law practice, since that time.  He was elected to the office of justice of the peace of Madison township in 1907, which office he now holds.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News:  June 15, 1910]

Dill, Thomas T.

Dille, Mrs. (nee Seltzer) -- Mrs. Dille was born in Berks County, Pa., March 16, 1826, and is, therefore, in her 88th. year.  When she was only four years old her parents, Mr. and Mrs. David Seltzer, removed to Ohio, making the trip in wagons.  They first settled east of Crestline, in Richland County, on what is now the Ralston farm, where they cleared considerable land an became prosperous.  Later they removed to the Peppard farm, near East Crestline.  Seltzer Street was named for Mrs. Dille's father.  When the Big Four road was opened for travel, Mr. and Mrs. Dille started a dining hall at the station, and trains stopped there for meals, and Mrs. Dille has fed as many as a hundred and fifty passengers at one meal.  After leaving this stand they kept the Olive House.  Mr. Dille died in 1885.  Mrs. Dille has five children living, fifteen grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  20 November 1903, Vol. 11, No. 46]

Dillon, Charles P. - other surnamed mentioned:  SNYDER

Disbro, William W. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF WILLIAM W. DISBRO -Today is the birthday anniversary of William W. Disbro, who was born in Bloomington, Ill., April 25, 1854.  The following year the family came to Newville, this county, and in 1887 Mr. Disbro came to Mansfield, soon afterward taking employment at the Mansfield cemetery.  He was made superintendent of the cemetery in 1893, which position he still holds.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News:  Monday, April 25, 1910]

Dodd, Thomas P. -- Thomas P. Dodd was born in Jan. 1849 about five miles west of Wooster, in Wayne Co., Ohio.  He grew up on the farm as a sturdy son of toil respected by all his acquaintances.  Some eleven years ago he married Miss Sadie E. Seawright [sic.], of Fredericksburg, O.  They moved to this place in Jan. 1882, when he bought O.H. Gurney & Son's Hardware Store.  By his business integrity and his genial social ways he soon won the confidence of every one.  His store was burned in the disastrous fire of Sept. 22, 1882, which almost wiped out the business portion of our town.  Nothing daunted he started again in the room now occupied as a Photograph Gallery.  After the rebuilding of "the burnt district" he returned to one of the large new rooms.  The first of Nov., 1883, H. Farber went into partnership with him.  After a successful business of more than two years they dissolved partnership, Jan. 11, 1886, Mr. Dodd retiring.  Shortly after this he formed with Henry Howard the new foundry firm, every one wishing them success in this enterprise toward forwarding the business interests of our town.  Early last spring they built the Foundry and were just in working order when disease laid Mr. Dodd aside.  He filled very acceptably two terms as Township Clerk in this (Jefferson) township and was a member of our Town Council at the time of his death.  He passed calmly away on the 17th. inst., as the short autumn day was drawing to a close.  Memorial services were held at his late home on Main St., at 3:30 p.m. of the 18th. inst., conducted by Revs. Anderson and Philpott.  The remains were taken to Fredericksburg, the place of burial, on the evening train accompanied by his widow and her brother and sister, Dr. Searight and Miss Searight.  Mr. and Mrs. H.W. Howard, the former his late business partner, Mr. and Mrs. W.H.A. Raudebaugh, and Hub Sargent, also went to Fredericksburg where the funeral service was held on the afternoon of the 19th. inst. conducted by Rev. W.P. Moore.  Thomas P. Dodd was the youngest of eleven children, and the first one of that band of brothers and sisters to pass over the river, whither his parents had preceded him.  He was in the thirty-eighth year of his age, and leaves a widow to the care of a Heavenly Father, with the precious hope that this sad earthly parting will be followed, in God's time, by the eternal heavenly reunion.  -- W.W. Anderson.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star:  25 November 1886, Vol. 10, No. 9]

Donel, S.B. -- Lieutenant S.B. Donel was a member of Captain Miller Moody's company in the 16th. O.V.I., and was the first man wounded in the regiment.  In 1862, he entered Captain A.W. Loback's company of the 102nd. as a lieutenant, and served until the close of the war.  Comrade Donel made a good soldier, and enjoys recalling army reminiscences whenever he meets his old comrades-in-arms.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Donnell, I.S. -- Some time during the latter part of next week I.S. Donnell will be taken to the penitentiary to begin his sentence of five years for forgery.  No attempt will be made to get a stay of execution although the case is to be carried up.  Attorney A.A. Douglass stated this morning that the case would be carried up but that he did not know whether it would be to the circuit court or direct to the supreme court.  Mr. Douglass stated today that Mr. Donnell would begin the serving of his sentence pending the review of his case in a higher court.  Mr. Donnell still maintains his calm demeanor and does not talk about his troubles.  [Mansfield (OH) Daily Shield:  23 March 1909]  Additional info. can be found in the 3/19/1909, 3/22/1909 and 2/22/1909 editions of the the Mansfield Daily Shield  (consult microfilm for those articles)

Douglass, S.M. -- S.M. Douglass, the Democratic nominee for circuit judge, is a man eminently fitted for the position. Mr. Douglass was born in Richland County in 1853 and has resided in this county all his life. He has been a life long Democrat and has been an earnest worker at all times for the success of his party.  Mr. Douglass is of superior intellectual ability and is recognized as a man of broad judgment. He is one of the foremost attorneys at the Richland County bar and is a lawyer of recognized ability. His law practice is extensive, he being the senior member of the law firm of Douglass & Douglass. Mr. Douglass has been engaged in the practice of law in Richland County during the past 14 years, and his success as a lawyer is proof of his ability to efficiently discharge the duties of circuit judge.   Personally Mr. Douglass is a man of fine presence and dignified bearing. He is ever courteous and obliging and possesses those qualities which make a true gentleman. He is well qualified in every respect to fill the position for which the Democracy have nominated him.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 31 October 1896, Vol. LXXIX, No. 25]

Douglass, Samuel -- Samuel Douglass came to Richland County in 1829 and settled in Monroe Twp. in 1831.  He was the grandfather of the Hon. A.A. Douglass and Judge S.M. Douglass of Mansfield.  The Douglass farm contains over 200 acres, and has been in the possession of the family over 70 years.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Downing, James W. -- James W. Downing was born in Virginia, Nov. 23, 1823.  He came to Ohio in 1851 and has been engaged in the mercantile business in Butler for nearly forty years.  He is in comfortable circumstances financially, but is out of health and feeble.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  22 January 1903, Vol. 11, No. 3 as part of a column living survivors of the Mexican War still living]

Downs, Josiah W. -- external link


Dye, William M. -- Mansfield's statesmen and soldiers have made her famous in all parts of the United States, but few people in this city are aware of the fact that one of the most prominent generals in the world today is a Mansfielder and has relatives now residing in this city.  But such is the fact, and this person of renown is Lieutenant General William M. Dye, the commander-in-chief of the Korean army.  General Dye has been a soldier of fortune, and his life has been one of romance and excitement.  Samuel L. Carrothers, the well known carpenter of this city, is an uncle of General Dye, his oldest sister having been the mother of the distinguished soldier.  A SHIELD reporter called at the Carrothers home on East Fourth Street this morning, where he was told the story of the General's life.  Mr. Carrother's sister was married to Amos Dye and moved to Pennsylvania where Wm. M. Dye was born.  Shortly after the General's birth his father died and his mother moved back to this city with her family.  Wm. M. Dye received an appointment to West Point from this district about the year 1840 and graduated from that institution four years later.  He enlisted in an Iowa regiment at the beginning of the Civil War and was discharged in 1865 with the rank of colonel.  About 1868 he went to Egypt, and when the Egyptian war broke out he enlisted in the Khedive's army.  He rose to the rank of adjutant general on the Khedive's staff and served in this army for five years.  At the close of this war he returned to this country and received the appointment of Chief of the Washington City police force, which position he held for several years.  While in Washington, General Dye was engaged to drill the Corean army in modern military tactics.  He entered into a contract and assumed his duties as military instructor and at the expiration of his contract returned to this country and visited at the home of his uncle, Mr. Carrothers, of this city.  The Corean government again offered General Dye a position in the Corean army, which he accepted, and he rose to his present position of Lieutenant General of the Corean forces.  He has a wife and married daughter who resides in Michigan, where he makes his home when in this country.  Mr. Carrothers receives a letter several times each year from his noted nephew and takes great interest in the troubles between Japan and China over Corea.  Mr. Carrothers said that General Dye is about seventy years of age, but is as hearty and strong as a man of fifty.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  18 August 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 14]

Earhart, W.H. -- We congratulate our old friend W.H. Earhart, on his appointment to the post office at Lexington, O., on Jan. 1893.  We made acquaintance of W.H. Earhart some years ago, when he sat as chairman of a stormy debate we had at Lexington. That friendship has grown since we know more of him. Mr. Earhart is not wealthy, but he has been honored with several important positions.  He was born in Adams County, Missouri, raised in Licking County, Ohio, moved to Richland County in the Spring of 1884, to Lexington, Troy Twp., where he has resided ever since. He was raised a farmer but has taught several terms of school here and in Licking Co.   He is engaged in present in growing a fine peach orchard and budding peach trees for nursery stock. He has the honor of always being faithful to his promises, has many friends here and in Licking Co. He has been a consistent Democrat ever sine he was a voter. He has been Ass't. Enrolling Clerk of the House of Representatives, during the Campbell Adm. He has been honored by the people as mayor of Lexington for two years, and Justice of the Peace of Troy Twp. He was selected by Mr. Harter as P.M. of Lexington without soliciting the place. That can not be said of many men.   Mr. Earhart has the respect of citizens generally. He has always believed "that an honest man is the noblest work of God" and has acted on that principle.  We congratulate Mr. Earhart and believe he will fill the place in the interest of the pubic.  -- Editor.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE INDEPENDENT: 11 January 1894, Vol. 6, No. 35]

Eby, Jacob K. - other surnamed mentioned:  CEDIKER

Edgington, Jesse -- EDGINGTON, JESSE (deceased). He was born in Virginia and in an early day removed to Jefferson Co., this State [i.e. Ohio], where he resided for several years, when he came to this county and settled in Springfield Township in 1814 where he was one of the largest land-owners during his life. The first Presbyterian Church built in that township, of which he was a member and one of the founders, was erected on his land; he died in 1821, at an advanced age, leaving five children by his marriage to Miss Margaret Palmer. Thomas, the eldest son, was born in Virginia in 1781, and removed with his parents to Jefferson Co., Ohio where he lived until 1815, when he came to this county and settled in Springfield Township. He was married in Jefferson Co., Ohio, to Miss Mary Alban in 1802; they were the parents of ten children, of whom Margaret was the oldest; she was born in Jefferson Co., Ohio, Aug. 30, 1803, and died in Columbia City, Ind., Aug. 30, 1872; Thomas Edgington died in Springfield Township in 1856; Margaret was married in Springfield Township to William Douglas in 1823; they were the parents of five children--William Douglass was born in Washington Co., Penn., in 1798; his father, Michael Douglas, was born in County Tyrone, Ireland. He was married in that country to Lydia Pollock in 1795 and emigrated to America in the fall of 1796, and settled in Pennsylvania where he continued to reside until 1820 when he removed to Ohio and settled in Springfield Township, Richland Co.; William Douglas died in 1857 in that township.  Submitted by Bill & Dianna.  [HISTORY OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO published by A.A. Graham, 1880, pp. 702]

Edgington, Thomas -- Edgington lived on Main Street, south, between First and Second Streets.  Edgington was born in Virginia;  that portion now is West Virginia, in the pan-handle country.  There his brother, Jesse Edgington, a bachelor, lived, flourished and died, a man of property, energy and accomplishment.  Thomas Edgington, having not been reared to law, did not cut much of a figure in its practice, not for the reason that he was not intelligent, but for the reason that he was indolent.  Among the men of the past he was known as the very personification of indolence.  He was nearly six feet tall, spare, with fair elocutionary gifts, but indisposed to exert himself.  I remember him when I was a lad and my father was a merchant, and a very careful, tasty one about his goods and wares and store furniture and furnishings, and he dreaded the presence of Tom. Edgington, who, unbidden, would appropriate the counter whereon to stretch his lazy bones.  I remember that when informed that he was "persona non grata", Edgington would get off the perch but take no offense.  He left quite a large family.  One of his daughters, not many years ago, Martha by name, removed hence to Texas, and I think is still living.  The one thing lacking in Thomas Edgington was industry;  that lacking, his professional life was a failure.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  08 December 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 30]

Edwards, John B. -- John B. Edwards served three years in company E, 32nd. O.V.I. and deserves well of his countrymen.  He can look at both the serious and the humorous phases of life, and is ever ready to give a comrade a helping hand.  He has been the commander of Miller Moody Post, G.A.R., for many years.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Egner, Benjamin

Elston, W.H. -- Merchant Tailor, is conducting an enterprise of no little importance to the town, and one deserving of a foremost position among the best business houses of the place. Mr. E. commenced business here about 17 years ago, and to-day we find him at the head of an establishment that will compare favorably with those of our large cities. His stock of cloths, cassimeres, vesting and gents furnishing goods is large and complete in every respect. Especially in furnishing goods and neck wear is his stock superior. Possessed of long practical experience, his facilities for conducting a first class merchant tailoring business is not surpassed in this section of the State. The enterprise is a model one, and not only adds much to our mercantile interests, but is also an ornament to the town.   Submitted by Amy.  [THE BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Endly, Adam J. -- Squire Adam J. Endly died at an early hour this morning at his lodgings in College Place. Squire Endly some time ago was seized with an attack of paralysis from which after many weeks he apparently recovered and for a month past he had been able to be about and attend to the duties of his office. Sunday he was seized with a second attack and the announcement this morning that this venerable man had departed from the world's toils and cares was quite unexpected, for Squire Endly was about the streets in apparent good health Saturday.  Adam J. Endly was born near Connersville, Pa., July 12, 1815. He was a son of John Endly, who removed to New Lisbon, Ohio, where he permanently resided. At the age of ten years the deceased began working in a dry goods store owned by his uncle, George Endly, at New Lisbon. In 1832 he engaged in the dry goods business with his brother, Henry Endly, at New Lisbon, and at the expiration of four years he sold his interest and with his uncle, George Endly, engaged in the hardware business. In 1844 Mr. Endly came to Mansfield and being impressed with the thrift and growth of the town located here in November of that year and opened a hardware store in the Teegarden block and continued in that business until overtaken by financial reverses in 1865.  In 1874 he was elected a justice of the peace of Madison Township and being a man of fair and honest judgment he was re-elected at the expiration of each term and continued in the office until his death. Back in the forties Mr. Endly was for four years treasurer of Madison Township, in the fifties served four years in the city council and helped lay out Central Park which was then called the Public Square.  Mr. Endly was a delegate to the convention at Baltimore when Henry Clay was nominated for president and coming from the Whig school he became a Republican and always believed in the principles of that party, although he was not a rabid partisan.  He was twice married, his second wife surviving him. His three surviving children are Anthony B. Endly of Hastings, Neb., Mrs. E.E. Tanner of Pittsburg, Pa., and Mrs. F.S. Pershing of Wilkinsburg, a suburb of Pittsburg, Pa. Funeral services at College Place Wednesday at 4 p.m., burial private.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 01 June 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 3]

Ernsberger, Elias N. - other surnames mentioned:  ELDORA, MOREY, CULLER, EBY

Ervin, Ezekiel

Etzwiler, Gertrude

Evarts, Reuben -- REUBEN EVARTS is a descendant of two old Massachusetts families. His grandfathers, Gilbert Evarts and Joel Bigelow, moved to Addison County, Vermont, in 1755, and participated in the Revolutionary War, and here Timothy Evarts and Hannah Bigelow, the parents of Reuben Evarts, were born, raised, and married. Before the war of 1812, Timothy Evarts was a partner in a company owning vessels and doing a transportation business on Lakes Ontario and Champlain. He was settled south of Hamilton, on the Canada side, at the head of the lake, and here the subject of our sketch was born, December 12, 1809.  When the war broke out, Timothy Evarts and thirteen others were requested to take the oath of allegiance and go into the British army. Upon their refusal they were arrested and paroled, but they were mal-treated, and some murdered by the drunken Indians. This bad faith induced them to attempt an escape to General Harrison's army, in which they were foiled by the betrayal of a cowardly Judas. He is said to have met is reward, not in pieces of silver, but of lead. At the close of the war, Mr. Evarts found himself destitute by confiscation of property and other privations, with nine children. In company with five or six others be procured two row boats and launched them, loaded with their families, for Ohio. With great difficulty they escaped the hands of hostile savages, and stole and fought their way down into Lake Erie. Nothing but vigilance and spirit together with the assistance of a worthy Canadian named Chapman preserved the little band.  The family took up winter quarters in 1814 and 1815 in the barracks of burned Buffalo. When the lake opened in the spring they re-loaded their boats and continued up the lake shore, stopping at Erie, Cleveland, Black River, Vermillion, and finally at the mouth of the Huron River, where the six families sheltered themselves as they could, and waited chances to get through to "The New Purchase". Here they lived on game and fish and corn procured from the Indians from July, 1815 to February, 1816, when Mr. Evarts got a passage with a five horse team, of a Mr. Smith, to Newark, on his return from delivering corn at the lake. At this time there was a house at Truxville, a few cabins at Mansfield, and Robert Bell at Bellville. A man named Harter kept a tavern between Bellville and Mount Vernon, and there was Hunt's Tavern, five miles south of Mt. Vernon. Here Mr. Evarts stopped, in a primitive cabin in the woods. He had sold everything that had any money value, even his gun, and every dollar was spent. They were only partially recovered from the ague they contracted at Huron, and here a little daughter died.  There was a "Poor Law" in Ohio, as now. The constable came with his warrant ordering Mr. Evarts to leave or give bail for his maintenance, which he could not do. The overseers of the poor visited him. Mr. Evarts told them that if the Poor Laws of Ohio prevailed in all other places than he had no residence on earth. They heard the story of his Canadian troubles with sympathy but insisted that the law must be enforced. Some of his Canadian exile friends sent wagons and brought him into Jefferson Twp. in March, 1817. Before a year had passed, the constable made his inevitable demand, and wanted bail or departure. Mr. Evarts said he would not go, he would not give bail, and there was no wagon load to any legal residence for him (for the officer threatened to take him out of town in a wagon); that he would stay there until he could buy all the men that were harassing him. Every freeholder then offered to bail him, but he would not give bond. He said he had run a schooner on the lakes, and would now try to "paddle his own canoe". This was in the fall of 1818, and some twelve or fifteen settlers were building a school house, the first in the township. They drew up a note for fifty dollars, three men signed it and on one year's time. Mr. Evarts put off for Wooster, and made an entry of forty acres of land with the money borrowed on the note, became a freeholder, and never after feared the law or its minions.  The journey to Wooster he accomplished on foot and alone (with two days' rations), and returned in forty-eight hours. The note was extended one year, and then the fifty dollars forthcoming paid out this land, which was the W. ½ of the S.E. ¼ of Section 22, a lot relinquished in his favor by one of his friends. He was appointed to teach this first school, and taught winter terms for many years, thereafter. He was also the first town clerk of Jefferson Twp. as now constituted. Some time after this he met his brother Cyrus on the road, an emigrant with a worn-out team. They had been separated twenty years, and only found each other out by such questions and conversation as pass between settlers and new comers. This brother settled in Clear Creek, now Butler, Township, where he died in 1854. In 1828, Mr. Evarts sold his first entry, and bought the N.E. ¼ of section 16, where he died in 1846, in his seventy-third year. The first school of Mr. Evarts was attended by pupils from Washington, Perry and Worthington Townships, and a few from Berlin Township, Knox County, making an average of more than thirty. In politics he was a Henry Clay Whig, and so strongly tinctured with abolitionism that he was a constant subscriber to Garrison's paper, and twice violated the fugitive slave law. These views being largely in the minority he never received any official honors outside of his own township.  He opposed the building of the Ohio Canal, from first to last, and foresaw and foretold with remarkable acumen the coming age of railroads. He wrote articles over the signature "Ishmael" and labored against the scheme, and his candidates, Hedges, Gass and Swan were elected.  Reuben Evarts, whose name is at the head of this sketch, and whose regard for his father's memory has caused these facts to be preserved and published, as may be expected received a good home education, though never more than twelve months at school, and when scarcely eighteen, and about to begin for a winter's schooling, was offered a position as teacher; and his success was such that fourteen successive winter terms were taught by him, excepting only winters of 1837 and 1838. In the year 1834 he bought the E. ½ of N.W. ¼ of section 16, to be paid for in eight yearly payments, and he paid it in three. In the summer of 1837 he was induced to go to Iowa, with a millwright, and they found a location for a mill on one of the tributaries of the Des Moines, where it cost twenty-five cents to get a bushel of corn ground. A squatter's claim was bought for sixty-five dollars; but the financial crash cut off the means of business which they had relied on, and the project was abandoned, and the claim was sold for $450 in silver. He here met a party of surveyors who had lost their chief, and were unable to manage the business. He went to Farmington, Iowa, with them, and instructed them for six weeks, receiving $150 in all as teacher, and reached Ohio with a few dollars more than when he left, after nearly a year's absence.  On the 5th. of April, 1840, he was married to Rebecca Howard, and moved on to his new purchase, where he yet lives. Their children are Andrew, Eli, Levi, Annette, Reuben, Comfort, Ann, Alverda, Robert, Rebecca J., John and Sarah C., all of whom are now living in the township, excepting Eli, who is a citizen of Hutchinson, Reno Co., Kansas. Andrew, Eli and Levi, volunteered in the late Rebellion, and Andrew was wounded and permanently disabled in the battle of the Wilderness.  In 1846 Mr. Evarts was elected Justice of the Peace, which office he has held now for twenty-seven years. During that time he has married two hundred and fifty-three couples, and also has administered on and settled thirty-one estates. He still enjoys unusual vigor of body and mind, and is passing his old age in comfort and case on his pleasant farm near Bellville.  Submitted by Amy.  [ATLAS MAP OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO. By A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Ill., 1873, p. 22-23]

Everts, George Walter -- George Walter EVERTS was born 1840 in Knox Co., Ohio to Gilbert Chapin EVERTS and Catherine WALTERS. In December 1861 he married Emeline M. BELL at the M. E. Church in Bellville,Ohio. Eleven of their children were born in Ohio, the 12th in Onida, S.D. During the Civil War, George was a private in Co I 16 OVI and sergeant in Co B 179 OVI. In 1874, he published first newspaper in Doylestown, Wayne Co., "The Doylestown Journal." In 1883, he homesteaded 160 acres in the Dakota Territory (Sully County) where he also operated a livery stable in town (Onida) and published the first newspaper , "The Onida Journal." His son, Francis Arthur, was the editor. George was elected Justice of the Peace in Sully County and was a charter member of GAR, U.S. Grant Post No. 95. The EVERTS family moved to Jackson Co., Murphysboro, Illinois ca. 1889 where George became an insurance salesman and aided his twin sons, Rezin Gilbert and George Hoover, in publishing the" Ava Citizen" in Ava, Ill. Son George Hoover was soldier in Spanish-American War. George died 1913 at Veterans' Hospital, Leavenworth, KS.; Emeline died 1903. Both buried at Tower Grove Cemetery, Jackson Co., Murphysboro, Ill. with other family members.  Sources:  1. Births - Family Bible, 2. Original Marriage Cert., 3. Death Certs. and gravestone photos, 4. Civil War Pension Records #922 870 Natl Archives 5. History of Wayne Co., Ohio by Ben Douglass, Pub. Robt. Douglass, Indianapolis, IN. 1878 Pages 851, 854, 6. Homestead Appl. #1830, Final # 2935, 7. History of Sully County by Old Settlers' Assn. , 1939 (not copyrighted) Pages 126-133-134-137-139, 142, 144, 145, 146, 154, 155-157-265-267, 8. Jackson Co. His. Soc., Murphysboro, IL., 9. Geo. Hoover - Pension record XC:227-265 Natl Archives 10 Cent. Bio. His. of Richland Co., Ohio, by A. J. Baughman, Editor, Lewis Pub. Co., Chicago, IlL. 1901 Page 437.  Submitted by:  Marilyn Everts Critari, grt-granddaughter

Everts, John M.

Everts, John M.  (external link)

Fairchild, Isaac -- Bellville has a resident, Mr. Isaac Fairchild by name, who has lived through every Presidential administration of the United States.  What a wonderful change from the first administration he lived under to that under which he is now living.  [Ohio Liberal:  23 May 1877]

Fensler, Emanuel -- Emanuel and Catherine ( Staley) FENSLER (spelled FANSLER in the 1850 census) migrated to Blooming Grove Township, Richland County, Ohio, circa 1832, where they remained before moving on to Allen County, Ohio in 1852. They brought with them three children, all of whom had been born in their home city of Lebanon, PA--John Henry, b. 1826, Elizabeth, b. 1828, and Daniel, b. 1830. While living in Richland County, Emanuel and Catherine had six more children--Phillip, b. 1832, Catherine, b. 1834, Amanda, b. 1836, Jabob (who used the FANSLER spelling of the name upon reaching adulthood), b. 1839, David Staley, b. 1846, and William Henry, b. 1850. We do not know Emanuel's occupation, although farming would be a good guess. This biography was written by Franklin Edward Ray FENSLER of Waterford, Michigan. I am the great-grandson of William Henry FENSLER, great-great-grandson of Emanuel and Catherine FENSLER.  Submitted by Frank Fensler.  [This biography was written by Franklin Edward Ray FENSLER of Waterford, Michigan. I am the great-grandson of William Henry FENSLER, great-great-grandson of Emanuel and Catherine FENSLER]

Ferguson, James G. -- James G. Ferguson, who carries an agricultural pursuits in section 8, Washington township, was born in a little log cabin on the place where he still resides, February 11, 1845, his parents being Samuel and Margaret C. (Glasgow) Ferguson, the former born in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, August 7, 1816, and the latter in Washington county, Pennsylvania, May 3, 1820. The grandparents of our subject were Samuel and Wilhelmina (Dye)  Ferguson, natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Richland county, Ohio in 1819, purchasing a large tract of land from the government, which the father leased to different parties and thus had it cleared. He had participated as a soldier in the war of 1812. Returning to the Keystone state, his death there occurred when he had reached the advanced age of ninety-eight years, while his wife was almost a centenarian at the time of her demise. Their family numbered nine children.  The parents of Mrs. Margaret C. Ferguson came from Pennsylvania to Ohio by wagon in 1832, locating in Knox county, where they remained for a year, after which they took up their abode in Richland county. Their last years, however, were spent in Henry county, this state.  Samuel Ferguson came to Richland county in 1840, here owning one hundred acres of land which he had received from his father. He began his domestic life in a log cabin, but as the years passed he met with a gratifying measure of success in his agricultural interests and at one time owned three hundred and twenty acres of rich and productive land. He was widely recognized as one of the honored citizens and prosperous farmers of this community and his demise, which occurred April 6, 1895, was sincerely mourned. By his marriage, which was celebrated May 2, 1844, he had ten children, namely: James Glasgow, of this review; Wilhelmina E., deceased; Samuel, who has also passed away; Jennie, the wife of Ervin Beattie, of Michigan; Lycurgus E., a resident of Colorado; Ella, the wife of Charles Dean, of Kansas City, Missouri; Wilda O. the wife of John Longshore, of Ashland county, Ohio; Rilda A., a twin sister of Wilda, who is the wife of John Dean, of Mansfield; Nettie, the wife of Frank Brown, of Kansas; and one who died in infancy. The mother of these children is still living and now makes her home with our subject.  James G. Ferguson was reared in the place of his nativity and acquired his education in district schools. When not busy with his text-books he assisted his father in the work of the home farm and when he had attained the age of twenty-three years he began farming the place on shares for his father. The estate, which comprises two hundred and twenty acres, is not yet divided and he still successfully engaged in its operation, meeting with a well merited and enviable degree of prosperity in the conduct of his farming interests.  On the 24th of January, 1874, Mr. Ferguson was united in marriage to Miss Louisa Hiskey, whose birth occurred in Perry township, Richland county, February 24, 1853. Her parents, Moses and Amanda (Dye) Hiskey, were both natives of Pennsylvania, the father's birth having occurred March 3, 1830. They came to this county by wagon in an early day, establishing their home in Perry township. Moses Hiskey passed away in 1900, while his wife was called to her final rest October 3, 1880. Mrs. Ferguson, whose demise occurred October 6, 1900, was the mother of nine children; Anna L., the wife of John McIntyre, of Lexington, Ohio; Maragaret, deceased; Ethel W., the wife of Frank Garber, of Mansfield, Ohio; John S.; who likewise makes his home in Mansfield, Ohio; Mary O., at home; Josephine, deceased; and Nettie M., Alice J. and William Kenneth, all of whom are still under the parental roof.  In his political views Mr. Ferguson is a democrat and has taken an active and helpful interest in the local work of the party, serving as trustee for one year, as justice of the peace for three years and as a member of the school board for a number of years. Fraternally he is identified with the Odd Fellows Lodge, No. 446, at Lexington, and also with the Knights of Pythias at that place. Having resided in this county throughout his entire life, he is well and favorably known here and has gained the regard and esteem of all with whom he has come in contact.  Submitted by Gary.  [History of Richland County, pp. 883-5]

Ferguson, William Sr. -- Sunday.  Wm. Ferguson, Sr., residing at the corner of Orange and Wayne Streets, yesterday resigned his position of blacksmith in the A.-T. shops and will retire from active labor.  Mr. Ferguson has quite a history.  He was born in Ohio County, Virginia, in 1821.  When 12 years of age his father died.  In 1845 Mr. Ferguson came to this county.  He was in the Mexican War and went to California in 1849, engaging in mining on the American river.  He returned here the following year and worked 14 years for Hall, Simmons & Allen, a pioneer blacksmithing firm.  He then worked at Ft. Wayne, Galion, at Schreidt & Miller works two years and for the A.-T. company six years.  His services at the business covers 58  years and he deserves the title, which he bears, that of the oldest blacksmith in the county.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  16 July 1892]

Ferrell, J.H. -- Dr. J.H. Ferrell, known as the Botanic Doctor, of Shelby, O.  Submitted by Amy.  [Worthington Enterprise:  11 December 1890, Vol. III, No. 2]

Fetter, Jacob C.  (external link)

Finfrock, Dr. Henry --  Friday.  Dr. Henry Finfrock, of Laramie, Wy., is in the city visiting old friends.  The doctor left here in 1855, went to Van Wert, where he remained until '61, when he raised a company and entered the army.  After the war he entered the regular army and finally located in Laramie in 1868.  He will return to his home about July 10th., and make arrangements to remove to Boise City, Idaho.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  08 July 1893]

Fink, Lina -- We are informed that Miss Lina Fink, M.D., who has just graduated in medicine from the Cleveland Homeopathic School of Medicine, is about to open an office here (Mansfield).  A female physician will be something new in this city, and must do well, for many women would prefer to be treated by a woman rather than a man.  [Ohio Liberal:  20 February 1878]

Fisher, Ralph E. -- Dr. Ralph E. Fisher, a former well known Mansfield boy performed an operation in (St. Luke's Hosp.) Cleveland whereby a seven-year-old boy (Sherrick Shipmen) was able to speak his first word.  [[Mansfield News:  11 March 1910]]

Fitger, Peter -- "Peter Fitger the horseman" is known to nearly every resident of Mansfield. It was on the 51st. anniversary of American independence (July 4, 1827) near the banks of the blue Juniata, 18 miles from Harrisburg, Pa. that he was born.  Mr. Fitger, the father, was a German by birth and a druggist and school teacher by occupation. In 1821, the Fitger family came to Ohio, and located at Wooster. The trip was made in a Pitt wagon, and Peter remembers riding the off wheel horse through the "Narrows".  As this sketch is not strictly a biography, an account of Peter's boyhood needs not be given except to say that early in his teens he went to learn the trade of a tinner, but at the close of his apprenticeship, but "ruling passion" -- that of being a born horseman -- took him from the tinsegewgaws of the tinshop to a livery stable, where he was given employment, and that engagement indirectly caused him to locate in Mansfield.  The late Gen. William McLaughlin, the hero of two wars; the veteran for whom McLaughlin Post, G.A.R. of this city was named; the father of Miss Jennie McLaughlin, who still lives in the old family residence on North Main Street, had been on a trip to Washington in the early "forties" and as the highway of travel between the west and the national capital was then over the National road the general, after leaving the stage at Wheeling, got mail-hack transportation to Wooster, and there hired a livery team to bring him to Mansfield. Peter Fitger was given the honor of bringing the general home. McLaughlin then had considerable fame as a lawyer and legislator.  The Wooster road then came across Spook's Hollow and the first sight Peter got of the town was from the Sherman hill and the view so favorably impressed him that he resolved to make the place his future home. The road then came in on what is now East Fourth Street and the first building was a little weave-shop where Samuel Meily wove cover-lids in unique, grotesque and fantastic patterns. Meily was the grandfather of the wife of Hon. Calvin S. Brice. This shop stood on a lot at the southwest corner of Adams and Fourth Streets, now owned by Harry M. Alvord, the United States express agent. North of East Fourth Street there was no house until you got to Platt's near the present residence of our well-known citizen, B.F. Platt, on Newman Street.  Mr. Fitger put up for the night at the Exchange hotel, where the Masonic Temple now stands. His horses were housed in the old Exchange stable, north of the alley, where excavating is now being made for the forthcoming Hautzenroeder & Homberger block, which will be an ornament to that part of the city.  In February, 1846, being then in his 19th. year, Mr. Fitger came to Mansfield and has ever since made this city his home.  The date of the arrival of the first train of cars in Mansfield is not definitely known. A big war meeting was held here to enlist troops for the war with Mexico and arrangements were made with the railroad (the Mansfield and Sandusky City -- now a part of the B.&O. system) to run a train for that occasion. The track was laid to the north end of the city, but passenger trains had not been put on. A crowd of about a thousand people had assembled on the flat where the water works are now located to seethe arrival of the train. Samuel Idler was the engineer and the late J.H. Cook was the conductor of the train. Upon their arrival the engineer blew a loud sharp blast on the whistle, making the people scamper in all directions. As McLaughlin's company left for Mexico on the 9th. of June, 1846, the meeting referred to, was probably held the latter part of May. The late John Ricketts told the writer that the first rain of cars was "run into Mansfield" on the 19th. of June, and that he remembered the date from the fact that his son George was born at 4 o'clock that afternoon. This was the first passenger train. George Ricketts recently resigned the janitorship of the courthouse.  However, Fitger took up his habitation and home in Mansfield at least three months before a train of cars of any kind came to the town, and looking around for some business in which to embark, soon engaged to carry a tri-weekly mail between Mansfield and Bucyrus for $10 a month. The distance is 28 miles and the route lay by and included the post offices of Ontario, Riblet, Galion and Olentangy, besides the terminal points. Part of the route verged on the Black Swamp, and during the winter season, the trip had to be made on horseback, the road being like the Swiss guide said to Napoleon "Barely passable". When the condition of the roads was such that a vehicle could be used, passengers were carried, whose fares increased the receipts, without adding much to the expenses of the "line". Adventures and numerous incidents of those trips might be given. The only man now living upon that route, as of yore, is David Bell, who resides between here and Ontario. And the first man with whom Mr. Fitger became acquainted in Mansfield is Morgan Roop.  Mr. Fitger established the first dray line in Mansfield, and later a bus line, which he run successfully for a number of years, and then sold out the latter to Cook & Pool. While in the bus line he furnished vehicles for the funeral of Benjamin Johns and the streets being in bad condition, the pall bearers were carried in a four-horse omnibus. He also recalls taking a picnic party to Coulter's cave and meeting with an accident upon the return trip, split them out in Spook's Hollow. The Hon. Henry C. Hedges was one of the party and took the mishap good humouredly.  Mr. Fitger passed the summer of 1852 at Niagara Falls in the hack business and had the pleasure of showing George F. Carpenter and wife the sights at the great cataract when they were on their wedding trip. Fitger returned to Mansfield that fall to vote for Gen. Winfield Scott for president, and Sime Grove went to Pennsylvania to vote for Frank Pierce.  The next season Mr. Fitger passed at Lewiston, N.Y., in the service of a transportation company. Opposite Lewiston, on the Canadian side of the river, is the historic Queenstown where VanRenssaler surrendered and where Brock fell.  In 1854 Mr. Fitger was married in this city to Miss Martha Lowe and the union was a happy one and was blessed with three children, one son and two daughters. The son died at the age of 14 years, and the family was bereaved of the wife and mother October, 1895. One daughter is married to Charles Chambers and the other - Miss Ida - is a teacher in our public schools.  In the days of the old stage coach Mr. Fitger drove between Mansfield and Ashland and between here and Wooster. Among his acquaintances at Hayesville at that time were Wade Armentrout, Mr. Scott and Mr. Seaman, the father of Barney Seaman. Stage drivers blew horns as they neared a town and to this fact Mr. Fitger attributes his partial deafness, as his bugle was hard to blow and the act seemed to affect his ears.  Mr. Fitger was in the livery business for a number of years; has bought and shipped horses and has ridden horseback to New York City. As a judge of horses he has but few equals. Since 1872 he has sold a great many buggies. He began selling Cincinnati vehicles and demonstrated what could be done in that line, which finally led to the establishment of buggy works here.  Mr. Fitger speaks in the highest terms of the old-time citizens of Mansfield; of the Bartleys, of McLaughlin, the Sturgeses, the Hedgeses, the Ritters, and many others. George F. Carpenter and the late Stephen H. Sturges often assisted him to obtain credit in business transactions.  Mr. Fitger is a Republican in politics and come from Whig stock. For 27 years he has been a member of the Baptist church and a faithful attendant at its services, but in those 27 years he has not heard 27 words of what has been said or sung there on account of his deafness. He is well known throughout the county and is familiarly called "Pete" by his many friends.  "Pete" has been industrious and while he is not possessed of wealth, is comfortably situated and owns a fine home on Park Avenue East and has the respect of his neighbors and a large circle of friends.  -- A.J. Baughman.  Submitted by Amy.  [Semi-Weekly News (Mansfield): 22 March 1898, Vol. 14, No. 23]

Ford, James -- Sunday, Dr. James Ford, one of the oldest and most highly respected residents of Wabash County, celebrated his 84th. birthday, at his home on West Hill Street, now occupied by his son-in-law, Capt. B.F. Williams, and family. It was a quiet affair, none being present to partake of the good dinner but the members of the family.  Dr. Ford's life has been an unusually active one. He was born Jan. 19, 1812 in Harrison County, Ohio, near where the city of Cadiz now stands. He afterwards moved with his family to Mansfield, Ohio. In the year 1828 he entered Kenyon College and remained there one year, when he returned to Mansfield and commenced the study of medicine in 1831.  He began practicing medicine in Connersville, this state, in 1835. In the year 1837 he was married to Miss America Holton. Dr. Ford moved to Wabash with his family in 1841, and has since made this city his home. He was the second man in Wabash to enlist under Abraham Lincoln's call for troops to put down the rebellion in the year 1861. Col. C.S. Parrish being the first to sign the enlistment papers. The doctor was made regimental surgeon of the 8th. I.V.I. and served in that capacity until the close of the war.  He was appointed examining surgeon for pensions in the year 1871 and served in that capacity for several years. Dr. Ford's wife died about four years ago. He was the father of eight children. The doctor is quite active for one of his age and bids fair, if no accident befalls him, to live to reach at least his ninetieth mile post.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 08 February 1896, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 39 as re-printed from the Wabash (IN) Plain Dealer. Dr. Ford was a brother of Thomas Ford, who resided in Mansfield. "He read medicine with Dr. Wm. Bushnell in the thirties."]

Fortune, Neil - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF NEIL FORTUNE -Today is the birthday anniversary of Neil Fortune, who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, March 8, 1868.  He came to America with his parents when twelve years old.  Mr. Fortune has been in the clothing business for a number of years and came from Hamilton to Mansfield about four years ago as manager of the Cook Clothing company.  He is now manager of the Outlet, which he opened a year ago.  Mr. Fortune has interested himself to a large degree in the welfare of Mansfield and is a booster for everything that might tend to the upbuilding of the city.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 7:  Tuesday, March 8, 1910]

Fox, Betsey (Baker) -- Betsey Fox, daughter of John Baker and Susannah (Worst) Baker, was born October 5th., 1808, in Franklin County, Penn. (Waynesborough Post Office); was married to Daniel Fox, Nov. 17, 1836. Daniel Fox was born Sept. 14, 1786, and died April 17, 1872, aged 85 years, 7 months and 3 days. Result of said marriage was six children, 2 boys and 4 girls. Susannah, born Oct. 15th., 1837, married Leister Traxler. Lovina, born Nov. 12, 1839, married Amos Donough. Elizabeth, born May 14, 1842, is at home. John, born Oct. 11th., 1843, married Susie Tinkey. Mary, born July 18th., 1846, married Samuel Burger. Daniel Jr., born June 25, 1848, married Alice Spade. Mr. and Mrs. Fox were married in Washington Township, Richland County. He lived on his farm on the banks of the Clearfork until his death. Was a member of the Brethren or Dunkard church, so also is Mrs. Fox. He was worth perhaps twenty-five thousand dollars at the time of his death. This sketch was taken in November, 1881.  Mrs. Fox is still living on the old homestead and since the above was written has passed through a severe ordeal, in the assassination of her son John, which took place on the evening of the 8th. of March, 1883, by some wicked and unknown hand.   -- Dr. Riddle.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star: 24 January 1884, Vol. 7, No. 17]

France, Enoch Hegg -- The venerable citizen whose name introduces this biographical mention was born in Yorkshire, England, January 6, 1821, and has therefore not only rounded the psalmist’s span of three-score years and ten, but has completed four-score years upon life’s journey. His parents, William and Malinda ( Davenport ) France, were both natives of Yorkshire , born near Leeds , and were of pure English lineage. The father was a weaver by trade and was especially skilled in the weaving of fancy fabrics. He came to the United States in 1828 and located in Northfield , Ohio . About a year later his wife and three children sailed for this country to join him, but on the ocean voyage one of the sons died and was buried in the Atlantic . The other children were Enoch H., of this review; Ann, now the widow of David Lillie a resident of Spokane , Oregon [sic*]; Sarah McClure, of Dale City , Iowa ; Lillie Peters, also of Dale City ; James France, in Iowa ; Walter France, at Spokane ; and George France, at Hoquiam , Washington.  Accompanied by two children, the mother joined her husband in Northfield , where the family resided for about five years and then came to Richland county. The father established a woolen-mill near Lucas and operated it for several years, after which he sold it to his son and a Mr. Lawnsdale, and removed to Guthrie County , Iowa , where he followed farming the remainder of his days. He passed away about twenty years ago, at the age of sixty-nine years.  Mr. France, of this sketch, was about eight years of age when he accompanied his mother to the new world and under the parental roof he was reared, receiving his business training in his father’s mill, of which he afterward became a half owner. In connection with his partner, Mr. Lawnsdale, he operated the woolen-mill near Lucas until about the time of the outbreak of the Civil war. He then purchased his partner’s interest, becoming sole proprietor, and for about six years following he continued the manufacture of woolen cloth, blankets, stocking yarn and other goods in that line.  On abandoning the enterprise he at once engaged in the business of supplying wooden ties to the railroad companies under contract, and later he took contracts for supplying crushed stone for railroads, public roads and street improvement. In that business he met with gratifying success from the beginning and after a time he admitted to a partnership his sons, who are excellent business men and in late years have contributed largely to the success of the enterprise, which has been conducted under the firm style of E. H. France. At Bloomville and Middle Point they operate two large limestone quarries, where three thousand yards of stone is crushed daily, and their sandstone quarry is located in Coshocton county. Their trade has now assumed mammoth proportions, and in addition to contracting in crushed stone Mr. France and his sons have constructed many miles of railroad.  Mr. France began life with a limited common-school education, as a son of a poor weaver, from whom he learned the trade, and when he began what has been a very successful business career he had an extremely limited capital. His career, however, has been an active and useful one. He has ever been industrious, energetic and determined, has improved his opportunities and has utilized his ability to the best advantage. Far-sighted in matters of business, and with ambition and wisdom, he has directed his affairs to successful completion, and has established for himself an excellent reputation as a reliable and energetic business man. At the same time he has secured a handsome competence as the result of his integrity and honorable dealing, and he has long held the respect and esteem of his contemporaries in the business world.  On the 9th of October, 1851 , Mr. France was joined in wedlock to Miss Rachel Ross, a daughter of Natcher and Sophia ( Arnold ) Ross. She was born near Lucas, Richland county, May 10, 1829 . Her parents were natives of Harrison county, Ohio , and were of Scotch-Irish extraction. At an early period in the history of this portion of the state they came to Richland county and spent their remaining days within its borders, being numbered among its respected and worthy pioneers. Mr. and Mrs. France have his [sic] five children, namely: Mary, now deceased; Ira Fremont, a contractor residing in Bloomville, Ohio; Myra Myrtle, the wife of R. A. Hale, of Mansfield; Natcher Ross, a contractor and a resident of Bloomville; and Willie Grant, a contractor who is living in Middle Point, Ohio.  In his political affiliations Mr. France is a Republican, but has never sought official preferment. To his business affairs he has given his time, efforts and strict attention. He and his wife are members of the Presbyterian church and are numbered among the oldest and most highly esteemed citizens of the county seat, where they have long resided and are well and favorably known.  [*Transcriber's note: Spokane is in the state of Washington , not Oregon .]  Submitted by Jean.  [A Centennial Biographical History of Richland and Ashland Counties, Ohio, A. J. Baughman, editor, The Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago, 1901; pp. 227-229]

Freehafer, Don -- Everyone knows "Don" Freehafer, and he has many followers and friends on the football field, the basketball court, the cinder track, and in the stately halls of M.H.S. His hobby, he says, is studying far, far into the night. Maybe that is just because he doesn't start early enough. He hopes to be as ambitious as "Bob" Garver. "Don" says he comes to school for the wonderful physical development obtained by carrying small reference books and climbing stairs. "Don" has been a member of the Student Assembly (1) (2), Football (1) (2) (3) (4), Basketball (1) (2) (3) (4), Glee Club (2) (3) (4) and Hi-Y (3) (4).  Submitted by Amy.  [THE HYPHONERIAN: 08 October 1926, Vol. IX, No. 2]

Freundlich, Louis - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF LOUIS FREUNDLICH -Today is the birthday anniversary of Louis Freundlich, who was born at Waldsee, Germany, Aug. 31, 1860, and who has been in business in Mansfield for almost 25 years, having come here from the south.  His store has been in its present location for the past 12 years.  Fraternally Mr. Freundlich is affiliated with the Masons, the Elks, the Knights of Pythias, Odd Fellows, Maccabees and Woodmen of the World, also being a member of the Richland county German Pioneer society.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 5:  Wednesday, August 31, 1910]

Frey, Samuel -- Samuel Frey was born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, in 1821, and came to Ohio with his parents when he was an infant.  They first located in Muskingum, then in Knox County.  After enlisting at Mt. Vernon, Samuel Frey was sent to the United States barracks at Newport, Ky.;  then to New Orleans and from there to Vera Cruz and joined General Scott at Pueblo.  He was made a non-commissioned officer and before the close of the [Mexican] war became orderly sergeant of his company.  Sergeant Frey was first under fire at Contreas, Aug. 19 and 20, 1847.  Then followed the battle of Churubusco and he was in the command that crossed the Rio Churubusco and held the causeway which led to the city.  Then came the battle of El Molino del Rey, Sept. 8.  On Sept. 13 the American troops carried the fortress of Chapultepic by storm.  The division of which Sergeant Frey's company was a part, supported the attacking party, then took the lead to the City of Mexico, by the way of the gates of Belen and San Cosme.  Over the Belen gate, General Quitman, after a sharp contest, waved the American flag as a token of victory.  General Worth led the column against the gate of San Cosme and in the fierce fight which ensued carried the last barrier to the Mexican capital.  On the night of Sept. 13, 1847, Santa Anna evacuated the City of Mexico and on the morning of the 14th. General Scott's army took possession of the halls of the Montezumas.  Sergeant Frey remained in the City of Mexico for nine months, after which he was discharged, having enlisted for the war.  Samuel Frey has been a resident of Shelby for forty-seven years, twenty nine of which were passed in railroad employment at the Junction, where, for seventeen years, he was bill clerk.  Although 82 years old Mr. Frey's appearance today is that of a prosperous business man of sixty.  He resides on Second Street, Shelby, has a comfortable home and a lovely wife and two daughters.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  22 January 1903, Vol. 11, No. 3]

Frisch, Amos -- Engine house No. 2, on the North side fire company, is a comparatively recent addition to the fire protection of the city of Mansfield, but one which has been needed for years.  For a time a volunteer company known as the Aultman-Taylor Company did duty for this part of the city but valuable additions to the manufacturing establishments, as well as the extension of the residence part of this section of the city made it necessary for the city council to establish a paid company on North Main Street in June, 1896.  Three men were placed in this fire station of which Amos Frisch is captain.  The other two men are George Englehart and Emil Myers.  Like the chief engineer and the captain of engine house No. 1, Capt. Frisch is an experienced fireman.  He was born in Germany and came to this country with his family when but three years of age.  Mr. Frisch is now 35 years of age.  For five years prior to the establishment of a paid department Mr. Frisch was a member of the Mechanics Volunteer Hose company and he was also a member of the American Sporting Hose company No. 2.  upon the establishment of the Central paid fire department No. 1, in 1896, Frisch was appointed a member, June 29, 1896, when Engine House No. 2, was established Amos Frisch was made captain.  The apparatus at the second station is fitted up in first class style.  The building contains a hose wagon with double team, 1,000 feet of hose and two 10 gallon fire extinguishers.  Fire Company No. 2, responds to all alarms north of Bloom street and also to a general alarm.  During the first year of service this company responded to 30 alarms and it has already been called out nine times since the chief's last annual report.  [Semi-Weekly News:  28 May 1897, Vol. 13, No. 43]   << photo >>

Fritz, Charles W. -- Charles W. Fritz, candidate for county auditor, was born in this city April 7, 1859. His father, John P. Fritz, at that time lived at the corner of Third and Adams Street. He attended the public schools until he was 13 years old, when he began to learn his trade, cigar making, with Charles Horn, by whom he was constantly employed for 14 years, until Mr. Horn sold his business to Massa Bros. in 1886, since which time Mr. Fritz has been with this firm. His continuous employment in one place for more than 20 years is proof of his industry and skill, for he has been engaged in making a high grade of first class goods and a brand that is popular with lovers of the weed.  Although he was obliged to leave school early in life he did not give up his pursuit of knowledge. He has devoted much of his unemployed time in reading that class of literature which educates and elevates, until it can be truthfully said of him he has a self-acquired education which is as broad and comprehensive as though he were a college graduate.  In 1888 Mr. Fritz was elected treasurer of Madison Township and was re-elected in 1889. He is a member of Mansfield Lodge, F. and A.M., of which he was Worshipful Master during 1888 and 1889, was Masonic Lecturer of Ashland and Richland counties the two succeeding years, he designed the cornerstone of the Masonic Temple in this city and has been a member of the Temple board of trustees since the board was created. Mr. Fritz is also a member of Madison Lodge K. of P. of which he is a Past Chancellor.   Mrs. Fritz was formerly Miss Ella McFarland, a daughter of William McFarland, who formerly resided in Washington Township. Mr. and Mrs. Fritz are the fond parents of two children and they dwell happily at 40 Glessner Avenue.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 28 September 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 20. From a series of articles about the Democratic candidates running in the November 5, 1895 election in Richland County]

Fulton, John S. -- A brief article appears in the 24 November 1894 issue of the Richland Shield & Banner regarding John S. Fulton and two other gentleman, under the title "Illustrious Dead".  You may wish to obtain photocopies of this article from the Sherman Room at the Mansfield/Richland Co. Public Library for a modest fee.

Fulton, Mary (Harter) -- At a jolly family reunion attended by more than ninety relatives and friends Sunday at the James Fulton home in Pleasant Valley, Mrs. Mary E. Fulton stepped off on the last lap of her jaunt toward the "gay nineties".  Mrs. Fulton observed her eighty-ninth birthday anniversary last Wednesday.  A daughter of Mr. & Mrs. William Harter, Mrs. Fulton was born July 21, 1848, on the farm southeast of Hastings now owned by Mrs. Allie Snyder.  After her marriage to Isaac Fulton she lived for many years on the Fulton homestead west of Hastings where her nine children were born.  Mr. Fulton passed away in 1893.  Among the guests at the reunion Sunday were all of Mrs. Fulton's five sons and three daughters, and all but three of her grandchildren.  Mrs. Fulton's sons include Frank, well known Lucas hardware dealer;  James, Pleasant Valley farmer;  Harley, also of Pleasant Valley;  Bert, who resides on the Fulton homestead near Hastings;  and Gaylord of near Ankenytown.  The three daughters are Mrs. Myrtle Weirick, who lives with her brother, James;  Mrs. Orion Long and Mrs. Adam Bowers, both of the Bellville community.  Despite her age Mrs. Fulton enjoys fairly good health, takes an active interest in affairs of the day, and assists with the housework in the home of her daughter, Mrs. Long, with whom she resides at present.  [Tri-Forks Press:  29 July 1937, Vol. 1, No. 40]

Furgeson, William -- William Furgeson was born ten miles east of Wheeling on Jan. 1, 1824, and came to Mansfield in 1845, and has ever since been a resident of this city.  When a call was made for troops for the war with Mexico, Mr. Furgeson volunteered May 23, 1846, in Capt. William McLaughlin's company A, Third Ohio Infantry, and was mustered out of service with the regiment June 24, 1847.  In 1849 Mr. Furgeson was married to Elizabeth Stambaugh, sister of David Stambaugh, of 272 Spring Mills Street, this city.  Mr. & Mrs. Furgeson have a handsome home on the northeast corner of Wayne and Orange Streets, near the Eclipse Stove works.  They have two children living -- ex-Policeman Furgeson and Mrs. Paisley.  Mr. Furgeson is a blacksmith by trade.  He is quite infirm this winter and has not been able to get around for a month or more.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  29 January 1902, Vol. 11, No. 4 from a series of articles regarding surviving Mexican War soldiers]

Galbraith, Fannie -- Miss Fannie Galbraith graduated from the Ada Normal School last week.  She took the honors of her class, and her essay was said by those who heard it, to have been the best production read on commencement day.  [Ohio Liberal:  20 June 1877]

Gamble, John -- John Gamble, the founder of Gamble's Mills, was the promoter of the business interests of Shelby in many ways, and , as stated last week, was the first postmaster of the place.  His brother, Hugh Gamble, was distinguished in legislative and judicial affairs.  He was a justice of the peace for a number of years and was an associate judge of the court of common pleas, and served two terms in the legislature.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  16 July 1903, Vol. 11, No. 28]

Garber, Horatio -- Horatio Garber, of this township (Jefferson) was caught in the tumbling shaft of a threshing machine the 16th. inst.  His left leg was broken below the knee and otherwise injured.  It is hoped that amputation will not be necessary.  [Bellville Dollar Weekly:  25 October 1872]

Garber, Samuel -- SAMUEL GARBER was born May 8th., 1804, in York County, Pennsylvania. He was married to Catherine Leedy, September 7th., 1825, in Jefferson Township, Richland County, by Esquire Thomas Doty. She was born in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, on the 9th. of April, 1809, and her father was also born in Bedford County. Her mother's name was Elizabeth Kieth.  Mr. Garber's father, Samuel Garber, enlisted at York, Pennsylvania, for the war of 1812, and was never heard of afterwards by his family, and three boys were left in the condition of orphans, named respectively John, Samuel and David. Samuel, the subject of this sketch, worked awhile at shoemaking, but with that exception has always followed the industry and success of the occupation of farming.  Mrs. Garber's father, John Leedy, came into Richland County in 1810, and in June, 1811, located on Section 35. The bears, wolves, and Indians were their most frequent visitors, the latter the most friendly. Twelve children were reared by this pioneer, and some of them remember and narrate many thrilling incidents of the frontier times. When the Indians went away from here to their reservation westward they shook hands, and even shed tears at parting with this excellent family. In the war of 1812, Mr. Leedy, Sr., stayed at home, though against his will, for he was north of the boundary line, considered a frontiersman, and ordered to stay at home. He sent a rifle, though, to the blockhouse at Mansfield, and his teams to Fort Meigs with provisions. Mr. Garber lived for thirty years on a farm, S.E. section 34, in the Leedy settlement, near the Knox County line. In 1861, he moved on the N.W. ¼ of section 13, about two and one-half miles from Bellville. About two hundred acres comprise his present beautiful homestead farm.   Their children, named in the order of their age, are John, Levi, David, Lewis, Jehu, Elizabeth, Jackson, Worthington, Theodore, Mary E., Benton and Mina. Of these twelve, all grew up to maturity excepting the youngest daughter, who died when ten months of age. All are now living in 1873, excepting Levi, who died April 27th., 1850, in his 22nd. year, and David, who died April 5th., 1865, in his 35th. year.  Submitted by Amy.  [ATLAS MAP OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO. By A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Ill., 1873, p. 23]

Gardiner, Jacob -- There are a few men living in Richland County who feel a great interest in everything connected with their early life, and those who occupied prominent places as citizens at that time.  One among many others that we could mention as such was Jacob Gardiner who figured largely in all the activities of life in that day and age.  He was the second son of Archibald Gardiner who built the first log-cabin in the neighborhood where Windsor now stands, about the year 1811.  Jacob married the second daughter of Bartholomew Williamson, who was an early settler of Weller Twp. (at that time called Milton Twp.).  He built a house and improved a farm where Windsor Station now stands.  He was the first Justice of the Peace in this neighborhood, and was a Deacon in the in the Presbyterian Church.  Gardiner was a carpenter by trade, and a man of great physical strength and muscular power.  He stood about six feet high, weighed 186 pounds, and while many other men could be found of greater weight, they were mere toys in his hands;  no obese particles, clogged his well developed muscles.  Muscle was at a premium in those days, and the best developed man in that direction was the hero of the day;  so at all the log-rollings, &c., Jacob took the lead.  His voice was very clear and musical, and at the corn-huskings his silvery hip-hurrah could be heard over and above all others.  He was courteous and affable in his deportment to others, of generous impulses, and while his plug held out none of his companions suffered for tobacco, or for whisky while his bottle was full, but the trouble was Jacob's bottle was soon emptied and his tobacco-plug would give out then he would make a fearful raid on some fellow's resources.  Gardiner went into the employ of Mr. Thomas Robinson on the "Big-Hill", building the first frame barn in the township, and when Robinson returned to England in 1823, he left Gardner in possession of his farm and stock, charging him to "multiply and replenish" especially the cattle and sheep, the balance of the farm you can have for yourself, and "occupy till I come."  But Jacob was not the man to sit hungry with tears in his eyes, looking at fat cattle long with 4,000 miles between him and the owner, so he would just call in one of his chums, load his trusty rifle and say:  boys, darn it, let's down one;  so that's the way the cattle went, and Mr. Robinson's dreams of a well stocked farm, never were realized, and when he returned from England seven years after, the Big-Hill farm was as bare of hoofs and horns, as a louse is of hair, and Jacob was not worth a plug of tobacco.  Gardiner was simply in frontier man, a pioneer and fitted only for that condition in life.  As culture and refinement progressed he in proportion became discontented and finally moved West, where he died, and his arm of strength has long since mouldered back to dust.  We feel that we owe him many kind remembrances.  he once saved the life of the writer of this article:  When a boy of nine years in the woods gathering hazel nuts, suddenly fell into a huge hornet's nest, and no doubt would have been stung to death had not Gardner [sic.], who was hewing timber ten or twelve rods away, heard our screams and ran and plunged like a lion into the thicket and taking us into his arms, ran like a big Shawnee Indian chief to a place of safety.  --W.  [Ohio Liberal:  12 November 1879]

Garn, A. -- A. GARN is the genial, good natured "mine host" of the Garn House, and we can not close this sketch without saying something of the many good qualities of both host and house. Mr. G. is known far and near as one of the best landlords, ever exerting himself to make his patrons comfortable and at home. His house ranks among the best hotels in the State. It is a large three story brick building, attractive in appearance, and the appointments throughout are first class in every respect. The rooms are all nicely furnished, and the tables are always supplied with the very best the market affords. Mr. G. makes it his constant endeavor to please his guests, and in fact every attention is rendered that could be desired, and the Garn House will ever be a favorite resort with the traveling public as long as Mr. G. is at its head.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Garwood, Julia Fenton -- In Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly for July is a very beautifully illustrated story by Julia Fenton Garwood, of Bowman Street, this city (Mansfield), entitled "Johanna Sophronia's Mission".  Mrs. Garwood has had several other stories printed in some of the leading magazines in the last two years.  [Semi-Weekly News:  29 June 1897, Vol. 13, No. 52]

Gass, Benjamin

Gass, Isaac

Gass, James Rea

Gass, John

Gass, William

Gatton, Patterson T. "Pat" -- Patterson T. Gatton, commonly called "Pat" started in life as a poor boy.  He now owns a residence in town and a farm in the country.  He buys, ships and sells horses.  Pat is generous and obliging, and would do anything he could for a friend.  His father and brother, James, also deal in stock.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Geddes, George W. -- Hon. Geo. W. Geddes, whose likeness we present above, is at present member of Congress from the 14th. Congressional District of Ohio, residing at Mansfield, Ohio, and was born in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, July 16, 1824. He is on his father's side of Scotch descent, his paternal grandfather having emigrated to this country from Scotland in the last century. His father being in humble circumstances, his early education was limited to commons schools. He read law in the office of Hon. Columbus Delano, and was admitted to the bar at the age of 21, and immediately commenced the practice at Mansfield, Ohio. In 1856, he was elected Common Pleas Judge, and at the expiration of the term of five years was re-nominated for a second term and elected without opposition, and again re-nominated and elected for a third term, which he filled, making fifteen years on the Bench. In the meantime, without solicitation on his part, in 1871, he was by the Democratic State Convention nominated for Supreme Judge, but with the other candidates on the ticket defeated.  Judge Geddes was in June, 1878, nominated for Congress, by one of the most venerable conventions ever held in Ohio. After a struggle of five days between the several candidates before the convention on the twelve hundred and fifty-seventh ballot the nomination was conferred upon him by unanimous vote of the convention. He was not a candidate before the convention, and was only voted for on the last ballot. The nomination was followed by his election by a majority of nearly five thousand. He was re-elected to the 47th. Congress, and again re-elected to the present Congress under circumstances that attracted the attention of the whole country. The Republicans by an unjust and indeed infamous Redistricting Bill placed Judge Geddes in a district with 3,000 Republican majority, but he canvassed the district for two months and was elected by over 1,700 majority. His friends in Ohio have twice presented him to the State Convention for Governor, and this year, although defeated for the nomination, he entered the campaign and for over two months filled appointments every day until the election.  In the late context for speakership, Judge Geddes was agreed upon by the candidates to preside over the legislative caucus, and discharged the duties thus imposed to the satisfaction of all concerned.  Of Judge Geddes we find the following in the American Register of the 8th. inst., evidently from the pen of Judge Bartley, formerly Governor and late Chief Justice of Ohio, whose sound judgment, trenchant pen and sterling democracy entitles his commendation to great weight, especially in Ohio, the home of his boyhood and the scene of his manhood's proud achievements.  Judge Geddes was a prominent member of the last Congress, and he now takes his seat in the Congress with more than renewed honors. A radical Republican legislature changed the Congressional districts in Ohio and gave Geddes a district having three thousand Republican majority with the manifest intention of excluding him from Congress. But he not only overcame this large majority against him, but was re-elected by over seventeen hundred majority in that district. This being at his home, where he is best known, is a testimonial in his favor never to be forgotten. And we can say, without the slightest reflection upon Judge Hoadly, for whom we entertain a high opinion, that, had Judge Geddes been the Democratic nominee for Governor last fall, we have good reason to believe that he would have been elected by over fifty-thousand majority. Although defeated for the nomination, he went into the campaign as ardently as if he had been the nominee. He filled Judge Hoadly's appointments after his health failed, and continued his labors in the campaign up until the very day of the election. Although not robust in health and physical development he is a man of great endurance and power before a popular assembly. While by a vein of humor and on occasional anecdote he keeps his audience in good temper, he enforces his arguments by a cogency and eloquence which is convincing and overpowering.  Judge Geddes is a jurist as well as a statesman of high order. For fifteen years he administered justice on the bench with an ability and efficiency which gave him a high position in public estimation. While he is an astute politician, he is a profound Democrat in principle and a fair minded man, wholly devoid of artifice or political chicanery.  In the legislative caucus for the preliminaries in the organization of the House, notwithstanding the sharp conflict of interests and rivalry, Judge Geddes, was by common consent selected as the presiding officer, and discharged the duties of the position in the organization of the House with marked dignity and propriety. Higher honors doubtless await him in the future.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 10 January 1884, Vol. 34, No. 8]

Gerlach, William -- Making a farm wagon within the incredible short space of a day's time was no impossible task for William Gerlach, veteran Bellville wagon-maker, back in the "good old days" when his wagon and buggy shop was operating at full capacity.  Mr. Gerlach, who reached his 86th. birthday anniversary last Thursday, and who participated in a big family celebration of the event at his home on Sunday, operated a vehicle works in Bellville for more than twenty years, shipping his products as far west as Kansas and over several eastern states.  A resident of Bellville for the past 64 years, Mr. Gerlach recalls when the small village had a foundry, a basket weaving establishment, two furniture manufacturing plants, a planing mill, a grist mill and several other thriving industries.  At Mr. Gerlach's wagon and buggy shop, which at one time employed ten men, all the parts that went into a wagon or buggy were made in either the blacksmith or wood-work departments.  The establishment also included a paint and trim shop.  As a side-line, along with his vehicle business, Mr. Gerlach was also engaged as a fur dealer for many years, later including wool in his transactions.  The son of German immigrants to America, William Gerlach was born in Mansfield on July 21, 1852.  at twenty-two he came to Bellville where he was employed as a woodworker for a year or two, after which he went into the wagon making business.  In 1876 he was united in marriage with Miss Katherine Bauman, of Iberia (OH).  They celebrated their 62nd. wedding anniversary last April.  Mr. & Mrs. Gerlach are the parents of three children, A.W. Gerlach, of Akron, Mrs. Lew Switzer, of near Bellville, and Mrs. Nora Young, who resides with her parents.  There are no grandchildren.  "Bellville was the greatest 'Saturday night' town in the country" when he first came to the village, says Mr. Gerlach.  And a staunch Democrat, Mr. Gerlach recalls when Jefferson township was regularly carried by the Republicans by over 100 majority.  He helped to change that.  Bellville now one of the most prosperous small-town farm trading centers in the state, undoubtedly owes much of its development to the Gerlach-made wagons which hauled farm products to the village markets and carried Bellville merchandise back to the farms of the surrounding countryside.  And speaking of the "horse and buggy days", Mr. Gerlach knows all about them.  He made most of the buggies that traversed Bellville street and nearby roads.  Among those who participated in the birthday celebration Sunday were Mrs. Gerlach, Mr. & Mrs. A.W. Gerlach, of Akron, Mr. & Mrs. Lew Switzer and Mrs. Nora Young, of Bellville, and his sister, Miss Gertrude Gerlach, aged 79, of Mansfield.  A brother, Henry Gerlach, aged 84, of Mansfield, was unable to attend the affair.  [Tri-Forks Press:  28 July 1938, Vol. II, No. 40]

Gilbert, A. J. - A. J. Gilbert, Proprietor of City Mills, Celebrates Birthday Anniversary -- One of the few Mansfield men who are veterans of the civil war, who were present at the surrender of the confederate armies under Gen. Lee at Richmond, Va., is Andrus J. Gilbert, who is today celebrating his sixty-seventh birthday anniversary.  Although not a son of Erin, Mr. Gilbert's anniversary falls upon the date which is celebrated everywhere by the native of Ireland.  He was born at Siloam, Madison county, New York, but when he was eight years old his family moved to Ohio, locating at New London.  The Lake Shore railroad had not been built at that time, so the journey was made to Buffalo and thence via boat to Cleveland.  The Big Four railroad had been built the previous year, and they journeyed by rail to Ohio.  Mr. Gilbert heard the call of his country during the civil war, and served three years with the armies in the eastern part of the country.  He was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Winchester, and was carried along to Richmond, Va., when Gen. Lee's army retreated from Gettysburg.  He remained a prisoner for two months, and was present at the final surrender at Richmond.  Following the war, he came to Mansfield and has been a resident of this city since that time.  A few years after his locating here, Mr. Gilbert and his brother, Frank Gilbert, started the old City Mills in the frame building south of the present location.  Over forty years' experience in the grain and flour business has given Mr. Gilbert a wide acquaintance in this section, and he is still actively engaged in the industry, which has proved most successful since its establishment.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 3:  Thursday, March 17, 1910]

Gladden, Solomon -- Solomon Gladden came [to Monroe Twp.] in 1816, but did not settle permanently until 1817.  He had served in the war of 1812;  was a justice of the peace and a member of the legislature.  'Squire Gladden was the grandfather of the Hon. W.S. Kerr, Mansfield's ex-congressman.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Glessner, John Y. -- Mansfield has been the home of many eminent men in politics and war, who have attracted much attention to the capitol of old Richland, but few, if any, were better known to the press of Ohio in the days gone by than Mr. John Y. Glessner, the veteran editor of the SHIELD.  Mr. Glessner was born in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, in 1805.  After obtaining a common school education he attended the Somerset Academy.  Most young people, when they leave an academy or college, consider their education completed, but Mr. Glessner considered his only begun when he quit the higher schools.  William Elder and Joseph Pritts, the famous writers, were his classmates, and in early life Mr. Glessner was intimately acquainted with Judge Jeremiah Black.  Mr. Glessner early in life went to work at a compositor's case, mastered the printing trade, and launched out as an editor, for which capacity his education and careful reading eminently fitted him.  He and a younger brother, Jacob Glessner, now of Zanesville, obtained possession of and published the Democratic paper of Somerset, Pennsylvania, for a few years, when they disposed of that paper and removed to Ohio, settling at St. Clairsville, where they in 1833 assumed control of the St. Clairsville Gazette.  Several years later they sold the Gazette and John Y. Glessner moved to Columbus, where he secured a position in the business department of the old Ohio Statesman, one of the best journals of its day, but, feeling that his executive abilities entitled him to more freedom of action than was accorded an employee, he resigned his position in '41 and removed to this city and purchased the SHIELD AND BANNER, which he published and edited up to the time of his death, September 18, 1882.  Jacob Glessner located at Zanesville, where he was engaged in the newspaper business form many years, and where he still lives an honored citizen, but for several years past retired from active business.  It was in this city that John Y. Glessner achieved the success of his life.  He was of that forbearing yet independent and unswerving Democratic disposition that won friends for both himself and the SHIELD and soon made him one of the foremost editors of the state and gave the SHIELD a wide reputation.  Under his guidance the SHIELD, as now, was a fearless exponent of all wrong-doing wherever it was found, and an ardent supporter of the cause of the oppressed and the people at large, and long before his death he had the pleasure of knowing that the SHIELD AND BANNER stood in the foremost ranks of journalism and he was considered the nestor of the Ohio press.  Mr. Glessner was a successful man in every sense of the world.  While not wealthy in material things, he was well-to-do.  He counted his wealth in intellectual accomplishments and by friendships gained by an upright life and a steadfast adherence to the principles of right and justice.  He had lived such a life that at the time of his decease a paper in this section said of him:  "John Y. Glessner was one of the noblest of men.  His whole life was a constant devotion to everything that was good and true and virtuous and upright.  Few men enjoyed to a higher degree the respect, honor and esteem of his political adversaries during the half century he was engaged in political strife."  It is said of him that as his remains were taken to their last resting place he left not an enemy behind.  Mr. Glessner never sought political preferment, although at one time while Richland County was in a Democratic district he was waited upon by a committee and requested to make a canvass for the congressional nomination, after he had received letters from various parts of the district pledging him support.  He preferred to remain at home and do what he could for the cause of Democracy through the columns of the SHIELD AND BANNER.  The Ohio Biographical Cyclopedia and Portrait Gallery says of Mr. Glessner:  "Industry, application and energy were ever inseparable companions of Mr. Glessner all through his long life.  Faithfulness to friends and devotion to the party of his choice were leading principles in his character.  As a friend he was always constant, as a neighbor kind, as a citizen enterprising, as a partisan sleepless and vigilant.  They entertained for him the most profound regard and respect, and one who knew him well declared it as his conviction that 'there was not a man whom Mr. Glessner would not befriend, nor lives there one who was his personal enemy.' "  During Mr. Glessner's long residence in Mansfield it was a matter of much note that Senator John Sherman and Hon. Henry C. Hedges were among his staunchest friends, although opposed to him in all things political.  By his courteous treatment of political foes Mr. Glessner had many warm friends in the Republican party, and all of them were always glad to do him a personal favor, in such high esteem was he held.  In 1832 Mr. Glessner married Miss Henrietta M. Young, of Charleston, W. Va.  She died in 1875.  Their marriage was blessed with nine children, only five of whom remain.  They are:  John Y. Glessner, ex-city clerk and the present superintendent of the water works;  Ross A. Glessner, who is at present living in Kentucky;  Mrs. Henrietta Bowland, of Washington, D.C.;  Mrs. Laura Childs, of Cleveland;  Mrs. Jessie W. Taber, of Chicago.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  07 July 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 8]

Glessner, John Young -- Mansfield's Retiring City Clerk to Become a Resident of Chicago -- Tuesday night John Y. Glessner retired from the office of city clerk which he has occupied for the past six years. He was first elected by council in May, 1886, to succeed Jonas Smith, and was twice re-elected. Being a good penman and a book-keeper of experience he possessed the most necessary qualifications for the office and he has discharged his duties with credit to himself in both those particulars.  John Young Glessner, a son of the Late Young Y. Glessner, was born in this city at the Glessner homestead on South Main street where Peter Scholl now resides. He graduated from the Mansfield high school in 1871. He then went to Cleveland and clerked six months for a hardware firm, after which he returned home and was in the employ of E. P. Sturges & Co. for three years as shipping and bill clerk and traveling salesman. In 1876 Mr. Glessner married Miss Nemmie L. Richardson, only daughter of ex-Mayor J. R. Richardson. During the next three years he was a traveling salesman for John H. Gause & Co., and Fisher & Childs, two Cleveland firms , during which time he resided one year in Cleveland. He then returned to Mansfield to become business manager of the Democratic paper owned and edited by his father and continued in that capacity until the death of this father in 1882 and the settlement of the Glessner estate of which he was one of the administrators. His next position of importance was the one from which he is about to retire.  With the exception of one year above referred to Mr. Glessner has always resided in Mansfield. For several years past he has resided on Glessner avenue, but he recently disposed of all his interests in this city and will leave for Chicago the latter part of this week to make that city his future home. He has not yet fully determined what business he will engage in. Mr. and Mrs. Glessner and their two children, a son and daughter, will be missed by their numerous friends. The NEWS bespeaks for Mr. Glessner the realization of his hopes for future prosperity in his new home.   Submitted by Jean & Faye.  [WEEKLY NEWS (Mansfield): 05 May 1892]

Glosser, Henry -- HENRY GLOSSER is a disciple of the "art photographic", and has been laboring for years to create a higher standard of excellence in that line, and so far as the people of this community are concerned, his efforts have been crowned with success. Mr. G. established business here about two years ago. He is possessed of long experience, and for a number of years previous to coming here, he was operating in New York City. He has pleasant and commodious rooms on Main Street, where he may at all times be found ready to greet his friends; and being possessed of every facility, with which to execute orders, he is prepared to make all styles of pictures from the "genu" to the highly finished "Rembrandt" -- the crowning glory of photograph -- ink and oil work, water colors, and in fact everything pertaining to the business is executed at this establishment in a manner unsurpassed. Mr. Glosser is possessed of a true artistic knowledge of the business, as is evidenced by his work, and his efforts to improve artistic matters should be well sustained by the public.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Goss, John Quincy -- John Quincy Goss was a Bellville lawyer in the 1850's.  He possessed literary attainments;  was a contributor to the press and lecturer of some note.  He removed to Nebraska in 1859.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Grant, Elizabeth

Greer, Henry -- Henry Greer, the blacksmith, was greatly admired by the young ladies at Pinhook in the years agone, and he was not adverse to their charms.  Upon Sundays and at social functions, Henry's Mansfield tailor-made suits were in marked contrast with the home-spun clothes of the young farmers of the Mohawk and his flashy neckties made their hearts green with envy.  Henry likes to take an old friend by the hand and recall occasions and events of years that are past.  He is as fastidious and affable as of old.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  04 June 1903, Vol. 11, No. 12]

Gross, Adam - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF ADAM GROSS -Today is the birthday anniversary of Adam Gross, who was born in Albeshein, near Wurmz, Germany, April 29, 1858.  At the age of six years he came to America with his parents and about two years later the family moved to Mansfield, where he has since resided.  Since leaving school he has devoted his attention to the wood-working industry and is now proprietor of the Mansfield Show Case & Store Fixture company.  He was a member of the Mansfield board of education from 1900 to 1904.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 8:  Friday, April 29, 1910]

Gurley, Daniel -- We clip the annexed biography from the Danville (Ill.) Daily Press, a copy of which was handed us by J.O. Gurley, the horse buyer who is well and favorably known to most of our readers, and is a full cousin to the subject of the sketch. The deceased was one of the most highly respected citizens in the community in which he lived. The funeral services were conducted by the Masonic fraternity, of which order he was an active member. The funeral oration was delivered by Moses Hull, of California, and we regret that space will not permit us to give a reproduction of his remarks.  Daniel Gurley was born in Rupert, Vt., March 3d., 1808. When about 8 years old his parents removed to Oswego County, New York, Daniel making the trip barefoot. When 17 he made a trip west through Wisconsin, Michigan and through and beyond the site of Chicago. He grew to manhood a Presbyterian and an abolitionist, radical in both.  He left the church and became a spiritualist before the Rochester knockings. His first vote was for Jackson, then for several years he did not vote at all, because he could vote with no party without voting for slavery. He was one of the first abolitionists and was the personal friend of Garrett Smith and William Lloyd Garrison, kept a station on the underground railroad, often took fugitive slaves over the Canada line himself and sent his son Frank on to the next station with them. As Mr. Hull said "if a fleeing slave could reach Daniel Gurley's he was safe from the hunter's whip and hounds". He took part in the famous "Jerry rescue" at Syracuse, N.Y. He was also a son to temperance in an early day and always temperate. He left New York in 1862, stopped a short time in Quincy, Mich. and from there removed to Danville in 1864, and has lived here ever since, engaging for several years in the hide and leather business. His life was an open book; he was honorable, temperate, industrious. He had no difficulties with men; he never sued anyone; was a good neighbor and citizen respected by all. He died Saturday, Jan. 12, of old age and general debility.  It is an error that he traced his lineage to William the Conqueror, but he has a correct genealogy of the family to the days of that prince.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE INDEPENDENT: 07 February 1895, Vol. 7, No. 38 as re-printed from the DANVILLE DAILY PRESS (Danville, Illinois)]

Gurney, Lewis S. -- Lewis S. Gurney was born in Belfast, Me., on June 26, 1837, and when still a boy made the journey west to Ohio, which has become his native state.  At the age of fifteen years he began to work as brakeman on the passenger trains of the Mansfield, Sandusky and Newark, which has since become a part of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad system and is known as the Lake Erie division of that road.  He tells many interesting stories of railroading in those days.  The passenger trains ran from Sandusky to Newark and return, but it took all day to make the trip one way.  The train would leave Sandusky at 7 o'clock in the morning and the passengers would take dinner at the Depot restaurant, which stood about where the water works pumping station now is.  He served about a year as brakeman and then went to work as a bridge carpenter for the same road.  After working at this for about a year, he journeyed farther west to Iowa, where he met his future wife.  Mrs. Martha Culver Gurney was born in Napoleon, Ind., on Feb. 14, 1838.  Her parents later removed to Iowa, where she resided until her marriage.  Lewis S. Gurney and Miss Martha Culver were married at Bloomfield, Ia., on March 17, 1856.  They lived at that place until 1861, when they came to Ohio, taking up their residence at Bellville  In the spring of 1886 they moved to Mansfield, and have since that time made their home in this city.  Six children were born to the happy couple, but one J.F. Gurney, who died at Birmingham, Ala., Feb. 1, 1901, having departed from this life.  Twins, W.C. Gurney, agent for the Adams Express Company at Delaware, O., and E.C. Gurney, with the National Biscuit Company, at Pittsburg, Pa., were born to the couple, while the other children were:  Mrs. G.D. Cunningham, of Bellville;  Mrs. A.H. McFarland, of Crestline, and Harry M. Gurney, ticket clerk at the Erie railroad office in this city.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  23 March 1906, Vol. 14, No. 8 from the Mansfield News]

Hable, Frederick -- Last week I said I would tell you the story of this son of the Fatherland who became an early settler in Mansfield and who was kind to John Jacob Foos. He was the owner of the middle lot in the block of lots fronting on Main Street and lying between the Vonhof alley and Fourth Street, a lot sixty feet in front of Main Street and one hundred and eighty feet deep. It was on this lot he had his little bake and brew shop. He was unmarried and so far as is known had no relative by blood anywhere. He was a kind, considerate man, and John Jacob Foos long lived with him. He was the owner of other valuable property.  One day -- for several days Frederick Hable did not make his appearance and, when Foos came on to the street, in his German tongue he called out that Fred would not eat. -- Fred was cold -- come and see Fred. And some who understood the meaning of the crazed old man Foos went and looked, and true it was that Frederick Hable had passed away. Foos had made every effort to keep him warm and to have him partake of food, but the spirit of Fred Hable had taken its flight and only the poor body of clay remained. Hable was buried and it is a shame and a mistake that no tomb-stone marks his grave.  As I before said, no kith or kin were found and his estate escheated to the state of Ohio. Some legislation was had by which the state of Ohio, common foster mother of us, gave to Mansfield his estate and it was sold and the proceeds were covered into the school funds of Mansfield, and so the first contribution aside from the first school squares donated by the founder of Mansfield for school houses, to the school fund, came from the estate of Frederick Hable. There have been some other donations since, but this of the Hable estate was substantial and of value.  I have some years ago suggested that something should be done to note the fact, in our history, and perpetuate the name. There may be a Hable School house of Hable fund set apart, but may I ask the boys and girls of Mansfield to do something in honor of this old man of the olden days?  Twould be well, if nothing more, if the board of education would set apart some day in the coming autumn and declare it a holiday for school children, and see Mrs. J.H. cook, now well advanced in years, and have her tell the story, for from a woman's lips, a woman who well knew Frederick Hable in the heyday of her youth they would learn it all. And out of the movement might come a suitable stone to mark his grave and so perpetuate the name of the man whose savings first were applied to the building of our schools. -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 06 July 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 8]

Hale, W.A. -- Saturday.  W.A. Hale, of Vinton, Iowa, who is visiting his daughter, Mrs. H.B. Boyle, and other relatives and friends in this vicinity, has decided to remain here until next Fall.  Mr. Hale was born and raised in Mifflin Township, this county, and was a brother of the late Hugh Hale.  His present visit is the first that he has made to Ohio in 37 years.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  05 March 1892]

Hanick, George -- Incidental to the centennial celebration we give a few reminiscences of an old landmark.  Mr. George Hanick came to Plymouth (then Paris) in 1836, at the age of one year. His step-father, John Weh, was engaged in the wagon making business and his shop and house stood on the site of Peter Lofland's residence. In the neighborhood of Mr. Hanick's folks lived the Trux families, first settlers of Plymouth. He remembers of being taken to the home of Nick Trux (nephew of Abraham Trux), located where John Weck now lives, who had been killed by the felling of a tree. He was so small he had to be lifted up to view the remains.  At the age of ten years he took a complimentary ride, given by the railroad company on the first passenger train to go over the B.&O. railroad, then known as the Sandusky, Mansfield & Newark RR Co. His earliest recollection of people who lived here and still have descendants here, are, McClinchey, Powers, Topping, Morfoot, Tyson, Wilcox, Hoffman, McDonough and Drennan.  The chief industries in those early days were cooperage, ashery, wagon making, carding mills, tanneries, pottery and shoe making.  The people who have been engaged in active business in Plymouth for 40 years and more are, F.W. Kirtland, Jeff Webb, Ross Cuykendall, Henry Bachrach, Wells Rogers, A.M. Briggs, Mrs. D. Hanick, Sam Parker, James Tubbs, Chas. Waite, Geo. Lofland, Peter Lofland.  Submitted by Amy.  [PLYMOUTH ADVERTISER: 12 December 1914, Vol. 62, No. 4]

Hanlen, William -- Among the well known and public-spirited pioneers of Williams must be mentioned William Hanlen, who was one of the incorporators of the town as well as a member of its first council, and has for thirty-three years been actively identified, with local business interests. He was born in Richland County, Ohio, on December 2, 1846, and is the eldest son and second child born to Samuel and Anna (Shields) Hanlen. The father was born in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, and died in Tama County, Iowa, but the mother was a native of Richland County, Ohio, and passed away in Kansas in 1909, at the venerable age of eighty-seven years. In the early youth of our subject the father came to Iowa and purchased an improved farm of eighty acres in Linn Grove township, Cedar County. He had unlimited confidence in the agricultural possibilities of the state and subsequently extended his holdings until he held title to five hundred acres of land, having the largest land interests of almost any one in that section of the state. There were nine children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hanlen, those beside our subject being as follows: Elizabeth, the deceased wife of O. M. Haney, John, who is a resident of Texas; James, of South Dakota; Robert, of Oregon: Ella, who married H. Eldredge, of Kansas; Christopher, deceased; Albert, who is living in Newton, Kansas; and Frank, who is a resident of Astoria, Oregon. All but the two eldest, who are natives of Richland County, Ohio, were born in Cedar County, Iowa. The boyhood and youth of William Hanlen were passed on the old homestead in Cedar County, his education being obtained in the district schools of Linn Grove township. In 1879, he came to Hamilton county and established a general mercantile store at Williams, which he conducted with increasing success until 1895. In the latter year he disposed of his store and engaged in the real-estate and insurance business, with which he is still identified. On the 27th of January, 1877, Mr. Hanlen was married to Miss Eva Curyea, who was born in Henry County, Illinois, June 12, 1859, and is a daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Irwin) Curyea. The parents, who were natives of Virginia, came to Henry County during the pioneer days. The family of Mr. and Mrs. Curyea numbered eight, those besides the wife of our subject being: Margaret, Bell, John, Thomas, Nettie, Louis and Addie, all of whom are living with the exception of Nettie, who died in Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. Hanlen are the parents of the following children: Mabel, who was born June 4, 1878, the wife of T. D. Rutledge, of Blairsburg, Iowa; Clea, a resident of San Francisco, California, whose birth occurred in December, 1880; Addie, who was born February 2, 1882, a resident of Williams; Maude, who was born November 27, 1884, the wife of F. A. Gillette, of Des Moines, Iowa; Bessie, who was born January 4, 1886; Frank, whose natal day was September 8, 1890; Earl born May 27, 1894; Clella, born September 30, 1896; and Janice, born October 31, 1899. All are residing in Williams, where they were born with the exception of the eldest daughter, whose birth occurred in Tama County. Mr. Hanlen owns his residence, which is one of the social centers of the town, its hospitality being extended to a large circle of acquaintances. Mr. Hanlen gives his political support to the republican party and during the period of his residence in Williams has served as a member of the council and also as justice of the peace, having discharged his duties in both connections in a highly creditable manner. [History of Hamilton County Iowa, Vol.II, p.28]

Hanna, Frank -- FRANK HANNA, M. D., is one of the veteran and honored physicians and surgeons of Pottawattamie County, where he has been established in the practice of his profession in the attractive little City of Walnut during a period of more than half a century and where he has made his influence large and benignant both as a citizen and as a physician and surgeon whose able ministrations have here constituted a communal asset. The doctor has been identified closely with the development and progress of his home community and is one of its best known and most revered citizens.  Doctor Hanna was born in Licking County Ohio, October 16, 1846, and is a son of Andrew G. and Lavina (Sharp) Hanna, who became the parents of four sons and two daughters. Of the surviving children Dr. Frank Hanna of this review is the eldest; Andrew has long been identified with mining operations and is now a resident of Colorado; Ruth is the wife of J. M. Dinwiddle, president of the Cedar Rapids Savings Bank, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Andrew G. Hanna was born in Pennsylvania, and was engaged in the milling business in Richland County, near Mansfield, Ohio, many years. Both he and his wife came to Iowa City, Iowa, in 1852, and resided in this state up to the time of their death. Both were earnest members of the Presbyterian Church, and he was a stalwart advocate of the principles of the Republican party. One of the sons, the late Col. John T. Hanna, served during the entire period of the Civil war, and gained prominence as a sharpshooter. He was advanced to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and he continued in service after the close of the war, in command of a negro regiment, his honorable discharge having been accorded in the latter part of the year 1866.  The early education of Dr. Frank Hanna was acquired in Iowa City. He was a youth when he came to Iowa and gained his measure of pioneer honors. In preparing for his profession he profited by the advantages of the medical department of the University of Iowa and took further studies in a leading medical school in the City of Chicago. During the first tow years of his professional career he was engaged in practice at Iowa City, the seat of the University of Iowa, and on the 9th of April, 1873, he established his residence at Walnut, Pottawattamie County, which place was at that time a mere hamlet. Here he has continued in the practice of his profession during the long intervening years, and in years of continuous practice he is now the virtual dean of his profession in this county. He is an honored member of the Pottawattamie County Medical Society, the Cass County Medical Society and the Iowa State Medical Society.  Doctor Hanna has ever been loyal and progressive as a citizen, is a staunch Republican in political allegiance, is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and his wife is an active member of the Presbyterian Church in her home community, where likewise she has long been a loved personality in the communal social life.  In 1880 Doctor Hanna was united in marriage to Miss Huldah Vanderburg, who was born in the State of New York, and who was reared and educated in Iowa, her father, James D. Vanderburg, who had been a tanner in the old Empire State, having become one of the pioneer farmers of Iowa, where he and his wife passed the remainder of their lives. Doctor and Mrs. Hanna have no children, but during the long years of their residence in Walnut the children of the community have been numbered among their most loyal and appreciative friends, as one generation has followed another.  (  posted at this site with Debbie's permission)  [source:  A Narrative History of The People of Iowa with SPECIAL TREATMENT OF THEIR CHIEF ENTERPRISES IN EDUCATION, RELIGION, VALOR, INDUSTRY, BUSINESS, ETC. by EDGAR RUBEY HARLAN, LL. B., A. M. Curator of the Historical, Memorial and Art Department of Iowa Volume IV THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Inc., Chicago and New York 1931]

Harrington, Albert L. -- Albert L. Harrington was a hotel keeper in the stage days, and was later engaged in business pursuits [in Bellville].  He was the father of L.F. Harrington, of Washington, D.C. and of W.S. Harrington, of Mansfield.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Harris, Albert -- Auburn, Ind., Oct. 9th., 1892.  Dear Sir:  Having noticed an article in the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette of Oct. 8th., '92, calling M.D. Harter a hypocrite, or inferring as much, Is will write some of my experience with Mr. Harter which he no doubt has forgotten.  I was a wild boy and ran away from home in the spring of 1877, and not being able to make a living in the winter, came back to Mansfield late in the fall, only to find that my people had moved about 400 miles away;  so I was left homeless and almost naked.  At that time Mr. Harter was connected with the well known firm of Aultman & Taylor, I went to him and asked him for a situation and he sent me to several of his foremen, but as it was the dull season I could not get anything to do.  He told me to come back to him and let him know what success I had.  I did so and he took me in his private office and reached into his pocket and hauled out a $5 bill and gave it to me.  That enabled me to get home.  Mr. Harter did not know I was a wild boy and I did not tell him so either.  He simply said that if I ever became able to pay it back I could and if not it was all right, and he never wrote to my people about it either.  Now I ask some of my old schoolmates whether or not that looks like a hypocrite.  At that time he was not looking for an office either, or if he was he surely did not expect much from a ragged little boy.  Now, hoping you will find room for this article and hoping my old schoolmates will put their shoulder to the wheel and give him a good lift in the November election.  I remain respectfully, Albert Harris, Formerly of South Water Street, Mansfield, O., now at Auburn, Ind., at $20 per week the year round, work or play.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  22 October 1892]

Harter, Michael D. -- Michael D. Harter is one of the most prominent citizens of Mansfield.  He has been there since 1869 and has been prominently connected with every public enterprise and he has been a leader in politics and business.  He was born at Canton [Ohio] April 6, 1846.  He was the son of Isaac Harter, a business man of Canton.  He comes from a good stock, his grandfather, Robert Moore, being a Democratic Congressman when Andrew Jackson was President.  Mr. Harter was educated in the common schools of his native city.  His first experience with the world was in a dry goods store.  After a few years he abandoned the yardstick for the banker's desk and manifested such business ability in both lines that at the age of 23 he was elected treasurer of the Aultman & Taylor company and has held that position since then, looking after its business and superintending the mechanical department.  He is the main man in that company which does a large thresher and engine business.  Besides his large interest in this concern he is one of the principal stockholders in the Isaac Harter milling company of Fostoria.  He also holds considerable stock in Mansfield banking, insurance and manufacturing companies.  With all these business interests he finds time to devote a great deal of attention to church work and is a prominent member of St. Luke's Lutheran church.  He is a Scottish rite Mason and has taken the highest degree attainable in the United States.  In 1869 he married at Massillon [Ohio] Miss Mary Brown.  His brother-in-law, J.E. Brown, is associated in business with him, and Huntington Brown, another brother-in-law, is manager of the Hicks-Brown company, which Mr. Harter was instrumental in forming.  Besides the attention given to business, Mr. Harter has found time to take a deep interest in politics and the tariff, and when the discussion of that question was up during the campaign of 1888 he made many speeches advocating tariff reform, such as is outlined in the Democratic platform.  In the state campaign of 1885, when he was the Democratic candidate for senator in the Twenty-seventh and Twenty-ninth joint districts, figuratively speaking he made Senator Sherman "hunt his hole" by challenging him to a joint debate either in Mansfield or before the students and faculty of Oberlin College.  The Senator declined to meet Mr. Harter on the platform.  In the campaign of 1885 Harter ran about 500 ahead of his ticket but was defeated by Ex-Senator Codding.  He is ever ready to make a tariff speech and none of the Republican defenders of the present tariff care to meet him in joint debate.  He is not a "silver-tongued orator" but he states facts timely and well.    After Mr. Harter's election Mansfield will have what no other city in the union has -- two members of Congress who reside in the same town, upon the same street and whose houses are opposite to each other.  Mr. Harter's residence is on the south side of Park Avenue West and Senator Sherman's is on the north side, and they are warm personal friends and never indulge in neighborly quarrels.  Submitted by Amy.  [Worthington Enterprise:  03 July 1890, Vol. II, No. 32]  *A similar biographical sketch can be found in the 19 December 1891 edition of the Richland Shield & Banner.  *A lengthy biographical piece can be found in the Richland Shield & Banner dated 25 February 1893.

Hartwill, Dr. -- Dr. Hartwill, the African-aboriginal citizen, who had gained a world-wide reputation as an herb doctor, and thereby gained the title of "Roots", has departed for parts unknown.  He did not state where he intended to locate, but as his services are in constant demand, he undoubtedly has located in some one of our larger cities.  [Ohio Liberal:  03 December 1879]

Hedges, Andrew Newman -- The third of the trio of young men educated together, part in our public schools, then by Father Rowland and then at the college in Western Pennsylvania at which Henry A. Wise, of Virginia, graduated of which James G. Blaine was a distinguished alumnus, was he of whom I may write, I trust, without subjecting myself to criticism, a few more words, Andrew Newman Hedges.  His was a faultless form and a cultured brain.  In a class of two and forty at college, the poet thereof.   His intellect was keen, his equipment for his age excellent, and his knowledge exact.  He, too, entered on the study of the law.  For a year at the height of the war he served with Captain Shunk, the Provo-Marshal of the district.  Ere he had entered actively the lists in his profession, he was met in the way, and death conquered.  His life was gentle and the elements in him assured a man.  Though his body be buried for three score years, he lives in the memories of many who loved him.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  15 December 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 31]

Hedges, James -- James Hedges was my father's brother, born in Virginia in the year 17--, of a family of nine sons and two daughters. His father was named Charles Hedges, born in Berkley County, Virginia; his mother, Rebekah Hedges also of Berkley County, and the two were first cousins before man and wife; but their descendants have helped to people Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and to the third and fourth generations are found in nearly every state stretching from Patapsco Bay westward, southwestward, northwestward to the Gulf of California, the Golden Gate and the bright blue waters of Puget Sound.   James Hedges was by profession a surveyor, and in his day in that direction accomplished a marvelous amount of work. Intuitively he was a woodman and a pioneer. In the pursuit of his profession he came into Ohio; several of his brothers also came. They first settled at St. Clairsville in Belmont County, but James, as a government surveyor, came on into the county watered by the Mohican, and entered lands where now is built the city of Mansfield. All this occurred prior to the war was declared James Hedges was sheriff of Belmont County and his brother, Josiah Hedges, was clerk of the courts of that county. My father, Ellzey Hedges, their youngest brother, was deputy to each, as there was need of his services. Josiah Hedges was also a merchant in that early day and both my uncles were men of affairs. When the tocsin sounded James Hedges laid aside the Jacob's staff and compass and took a sword instead and was commissioned first a lieutenant and afterward a captain in the regular army of the United States. His service was with General William Henry Harrison, and it was substantial and of value. The war over, he resigned his commission and resumed the employments of peace. But passing, I have omitted to state that Mansfield was laid out prior to the war and a few settlers had erected their cabin homes on the town plat. The war very nearly but not entirely destroyed the settlement. So James Hedges, coming back after the war to the town he had protected in 1807, was thereafter until his death a heroic figure in the county of Richland.  He was tall, broad-chested, large framed, a massive man, his eye was bright and clear and keen and far sighted. His mental equipment was excellent. He was a generous man, generous in all things, but specially so in bringing about a condition of things when any man coming into the new county from the older states or foreign countries, it mattered not whence he came, if he brought with him habits of industry and a heart of honesty, might successfully establish a new home. In Gen. James Hedges the humble and lowly always found a faithful friend.  He was a modest man, as a rule preferring others to himself for political preferment, though he was elected and served in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, Twentieth, Twenty-first, Twenty-second, Twenty-third, Twenty-fourth, Twenty-sixth, and Twenty-eighth General Assemblies of Ohio, and few men in Ohio rendered more valuable service than he. He was a supporter of Madison and Monroe, a follower of John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay, the close friend of William Henry Harrison and of Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott.  In 1825-26, when Ohio held her first state board of equalization, James Hedges was a member thereof. Among his colleagues was William Rufus Putnam, of Marietta, and Matthew Simpson, of Cadiz, uncle of the Bishop Matthew Simpson of the succeeding generation. He was devoted to the growth and prosperity of Mansfield, an active factor in all things which tended to make the town. When railroads were first thought of, he was quick to see and prompt to aid in their construction, and Mansfield and Richland County took an advanced position in this regard and were far in front of other cities and towns in Ohio.  This heroic old man on the 4th. day of October, 1854, came to the end of his life and lies buried in our beautiful cemetery, and his resting place is within view of his home, under whose hospitable roof in the days agone were gathered some, aye many, of the men of mark whose deeds largely made Ohio great.  In a second article I may write of his associate in projecting Mansfield, of that pioneer of pioneers, that heroic personage whose life was a sacrifice to his country in guiding the army of the northwest further on to the frontier, where the American soldiery fought and won a second time their independence of British rule and savage cruelty -- Jacob Newman.   H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD AND BANNER: 11 May 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 52]

Heitzman, George John -- George John Heitzman has served in three wars -- the Seminole War in Florida, the Mexican War and the war of the rebellion.  He was born in France, Feb. 28, 1821;  came to America in 1833.  Before attaining his majority he enlisted in the regular army (7th. Regiment) and served under General Taylor in the Seminole War in Florida.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  05 March 1903, Vol. 11, No. 9]

Heitzman, John -- Plymouth. It may not be generally known, but it is a fact that Plymouth is the home of one of the two survivors of the battle of Buena Vista, which was fought during the Mexican War. The party referred to is John Heitzman, who was aid-de-camp to General Wool and participated in the engagement carrying orders for his superior officer. Mr. Heitzman and one other person, are said to be the only survivors of this great battle.  Submitted by Amy.  [Mansfield Semi-Weekly News: 02 December 1898, Vol. 14, No. 99]

Heldman, Mary -- Tuesday.  Infirmary Director Martin Payne today placed Mrs. Mary Heldman, of Shelby, in the county infirmary.  Two children of Mrs. Heldman were also placed in the Children's Home.  Mrs. Heldman is the wife of Horace Heldman, who was taken to the Toledo Asylum about 18 months ago.  The real cause for Mrs. Heldman being a county charge is the fact that she is enceinte and unable to support herself.  She refuses to divulge the name of her correspondent, but says he is a prominent citizen of Shelby.  Consequently her condition has created considerable talk and excitement in that village.  [Richland Shield & Banner: 19 March 1892]

Helps, John -- From the Urbana Daily Citizen we take the following extracts from a sketch of the life of the late Mr. John Helps, father of Mr. Wm. Helps, of this city:  Mr. Helps was born in Frome, England, March 26th., 1806. On August 7th., 1835 he was married in Trinity Church, Trowbridge, England, by the Rev. Dr. Tulford, since Lord Bishop of Huron, Canada. Mr. Helps was originally a Wesleyan, but on coming to this country, in 1840, and settling in Springfield, he united with the Episcopal Church, and was confirmed by Bishop McIlvain.  In 1849 he engaged in the news business in Springfield and is probably the oldest in that line in the State -- if not in the west. He was the first man in Ohio who sold papers on railroad trains; beginning in the year 1850 he sold the Cincinnati papers on the old Mad River and Lake Erie road, now the I., B. & W., and continued in this business until 1865, when he removed to Urbana and established the present news agency, and has lived ever since, and while his strength lasted was actively connected with the life of the city.  He was a member of the first City Council and served the city as councilman in '68, '69, '75, '78 and '79. Mr. Helps was all his life attached to the active work of the Church of God. With Mr. Joseph Talbot he was one of the organizers and workers of the Howard Weaver Mission. His devotion to the Episcopal Church was remarkable. Beginning life with nothing and struggling manfully through years of poverty, he leaves behind him a comfortable property, an honored and unblemished home and a record of a good and useful life. He owed no man anything, and in all things was willing to live honestly. He was the father of nine children, four of whom are now living.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 01 November 1883, Vol. 33, No. 50 as reprinted from the URBANA DAILY CITIZEN]

Henry, Alexander Sutherland -- (external link)

Hess, Alexander -- Representative from Wabash and Huntington Counties.  Alexander Hess, Was born in Richland County, Ohio, September 10, 1833.  His father was a native of Germany, but his mother was of American birth.  He removed to Wabash, Ind., in 1849.  Received a common school education and followed school teaching prior to the breaking out of the war of the rebellion.  He served three months as a private in Company H, 8th. Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, re-enlisting for three years on September 12, 1861, in Company F, 2nd. Indiana Cavalry, in which regiment he served as Orderly Sergeant until April 15, 1862, when he was promoted to the position of First Lieutenant of his company.  On March 8, 1863 he was promoted to the Captaincy of his company, in which capacity he served until he was mustered out with his regiment in October, 1864.  He then studied law, and commenced its practice January 18, 1866.  He was elected in 1870 Prosecuting Attorney for the 11th. Circuit, composed of the counties of Carroll, Cass, Miami and Wabash, and by reason of his efficiency and popularity, was re-elected in 1872.  He is at present engaged in the practice of law at Wabash, Ind.  In politics he is Republican.  [Biographical Sketches Of Members of the Indiana State Government, State and Judicial Officials, and Members of the 51st. Legislative Assembly, 1879, Indianapolis Sentinel Co., 1879, pp. 119-120]

Hibner Family

Hibner, John -- THE JOHN HIBNER FAMILIES OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO.  John Hibner Sr. was born in Peekskill, New York around 1768. His father Michael? Hibner came from Germany and he died in early manhood. His mother , Sarah Jones was the daughter of Philip Jones, a wealthy farmer from New York.  John grew to manhood in New York and he removed to the Miami River Bottoms in Ohio. Where he worked as a farmhand.  He next settled in Guersney County, Ohio and took up a claim of 160 acres of land. Shortly after he was married to Jane Caldwell of Coumty, Tyrone, Ireland. She grew up to womanhood in County, Tyrone , Ireland and then she came to America with her mother and thee other children.  John and Jane Caldwell Hibner had two children born in Guersney County, Ohio. They were Sarah Hibner born 1811 and John born Sept. 14, 1804 (tombstone says 1814)  John enlisted in the war of 1812 and served in the Famous three days seize of forts Meigs, Defiance, and Wayne. After he returned home to Guersney County he removed his family to Richland County, Ohio.  John Hiber Sr. bought land in Richland County and starting farming. By 1847 he had aquired around 700 acres of land.  John and Jane Caldwell had children born in Richland County. The first child born in Richland County was Elizabeth Hibner born in 1817, then James Hibner born in 1818, and then Jane Hibner born 1825?, Then David Hibner born in 1825?, and the last born in Richland County was Francis Hibner.  John and Jane Caldwell Hibner,s daughter, Sarah A. Hibner married Isaac Vincent. on Apr. 17, 1834 in Ohio. Their children were John Vincent born in 1835 in Ohio., David Vincent born Jan. 13, 1838, Elisa Vincent born in 1841, Mary A. Vincent born in 1846 Charles K. Vincent born in 1849 . and Franklin P. Vincent.  Below are the children of John and Nancy Kurtz Hibner,who were born in Richland County, Ohio.  John and Nancy Kurtz Hibner were married in Apr. 6, 1837 in Richland County, Ohio.Their children were Elizabeth Hibner born Sept. 6, 1839 in Crawford County, Ohio. George Washington Hibner was born Sept. 16, 1840 in Richland County, Ohio. Francis Asbury Hibner was born Feb. 3, 1842 in Richland County, Ohio. Phebe Jane Hibner was born on Apr. 27, 1843 in Richland County. James Christopjer Hibner was born on Nov. 11, 1844 in Richland County. and David Hibner was born Feb. 8, 1846 in Mansfield, Ohio. David Hibner was my mother, Lillian Hibner Hocking Gersman,s Father. He was my grandfather.  In the spring if 1847 the two Hibner families left Richland County, first to St. Francis County, Missouri and one year later, in 1848 went back to Will County, Illinois. Where they eventually settled in Will County.  The earlier days of these families are in Guersney County, Ohio bios.  Submitted by Janice.

Hickox, Willard Seeley -- WILLARD SEELEY HICKOX, the subject of this biography, was born in Thorndyke (now Brimfield), Portage County, Ohio, September 18th., 1827. When he was six years old, his father, Joseph W. Hickox, removed to a piece of land which he had entered at the Wooster Land Office, situated one mile east of Loudonville, then in Richland County, but now in Ashland County. It was a wild place, with little improvement of any sort, save the rude cabin which afforded them a shelter, and which, till they could obtain something better, they were content to call a home. Willard being the only boy, at that time, in the family, was early initiated into the mysteries of acting his part in the minstrelsy of a new clearing, with black hands and face, without burnt cork, and learned to go to mill astride a bag of corn when he was scarcely large enough to balance the bag on the horse's back. Here he made himself useful as well as ornamental from the age of six to eleven years, receiving little or no schooling.  In 1838, his father sold out his improvements and engaged in shoemaking in Loudonville. Willard had no taste or ambition for the occupation of a cobbler, and, being thrown out of his accustomed employment, sought work among the neighboring farmers. His first experiment at "hiring out" was with a man by the name of George Webster, who gave him the not altogether congenial job of riding a young horse to plow corn in a stumpy field. He received his pay in hens, Mr. Webster agreeing to give him "a hen a day" for his wages. He thus accumulated quite a stock of hens, the eggs of which he sold for from three to five cents a dozen, which was then the market price. He got along from one thing to another, working at farming till fifteen years of age, and aiding in the support of the family at home. At one time he worked a whole month for a barrel of flour, which he sent home for the family's use. He saved means from his summer's wages to go to school with during the winter months, and thus availed himself of all the opportunity offered to obtain an education.  In the spring of 1842 he came to Mansfield and hired out to do chores at the jail. David Bright was then Sheriff and B. McCarron Jailor. Willard was a very trusty boy and came with a good reputation, and was therefore entrusted with the keys of the jail to feed the prisoners, and other responsibilities, to which he always proved faithful. As a boy, he was willing to work at any kind of work for an honest living, and proud if he could do his work well. As a man, in the height of his success and prosperity, he is not ashamed of any work he has ever done. He had the enterprise to start out from home and seek his fortune, with a smooth shilling and a smooth sixpence in his pocket, his whole wardrobe tied up in a cotton handkerchief that cost him twelve and a half cents. The smooth shilling and smooth sixpence he paid to Jefferson Spangle, now editor and proprietor of the Ashland Union, to make him a chest, which was constructed of half-inch linn wood, used in that day for making coffins, and was painted red. Mr. Sprangle was at that time an apprentice boy in Mr. Blymires' cabinet shop, the same now occupied by Grove & Beard.  He remained at the jail about four months. Judge John Merideth, then County Auditor, took an interest in him and secured him as clerk and chore-boy in his office. He engaged first at six dollars a month and grew in favor and efficiency, so that the next year he go seven dollars a month, and the next year eight dollars, his wages being increased each year till he got twelve and a half dollars a month, which was the highest wages he received till he was twenty-one years of age. In the meantime he saved his money and speculated on a small scale, often making more than the amount of his wages. Being in the Auditor's Office, he had frequent opportunities to buy tax titles, which he did to the extent of his means. He would sometimes buy colts, and feed and get them up in good shape and sell them at a considerable advance, and sometimes speculate in notes; but his chief profits realized in this way were out of tax titles. He gathered him a little library, worked in the office nights and mornings, slept on the desk where he wrote, and went to school three months in the basement of the old Congregationalist Church, which stood on the site of the present new and elegant edifice on Market Street. It was called a select academy, and was taught by Lorin Andrews, afterwards president of Kenyon College, and the late Hon. William Johnson, who afterwards represented this district in Congress.  By the time Mr. Hickox was twenty-one years of age, by these savings and speculations, he had a farm of one hundred acres, all paid for, two miles east of Perrysville.  While in the Auditor's office, on the 6th. of September, 1848, before he was twenty-one, he was put in nomination for the Auditorship and elected on the second Tuesday in October, having in the meantime attained his majority, and become eligible to the office.  On the 24th. day of October, 1848, he was married at Mansfield to Miss Mary Jane Rowland, daughter of Deacon J.M. Rowland. The commenced housekeeping in the house now occupied by Col. Isaac Goss, the house, furniture, and all the appurtenances thereunto belonging, costing only one thousand dollars.  Mr. Hickox served as Auditor two terms, being re-elected in 1850.  In 1853 he exchanged his farm first purchased, for what was known as the Clark Farm and mills, in Troy Twp., near Lexington, where he engaged in farming two years, and found the change conducive to a more robust condition of health, which had become somewhat impaired in consequence to his close confinement to office. While here, by appointment and two subsequent elections, he held the office of County Commissioner for a period of seven years, and in the fulfillment of its duties, built the first iron bridge ever erected in the county.   In February, 1855, he was appointed without application or solicitation on his part, freight and ticket agent of the Ohio & Pennsylvania, now the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railroad, in which capacity he served at Mansfield up to 1860, when he became the general agent for the road in the State of Ohio. He bought largely of the depreciated stock of the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railroad, and made handsomely out of it, the road becoming consolidated, and the war making it a paying road.  Mr. Hickox was the first, in connection with T.T. Woodruff, the patentee, and others, to introduce sleeping cars upon the railroads, and organized the Central Transportation Company, whose silver palace cars, and property, have since passed, by lease, into the hands of the Pullman Palace Car Company.  In 1857, he went to Crestline and took charge of the business of the railroad, acting in the capacity of freight and ticket agent, dispatcher of trains, and paymaster for Ohio, under the Receiver of the road, in which position he remained till after the breaking out of the war of the rebellion.  Up to the breaking out of the war, Mr. Hickox had acted with the democratic party, but at the call of his country old party ties were dissolved. He felt that the salvation of the Union was paramount to all other considerations. He circulated a call for a convention of Union men, without regard to party, which was responded to by a large convention of the county, which appointed delegates to the State Convention at Columbus, which formed the Union party and nominated David Todd for governor, whose triumphant election at that time so largely subserved the Union cause.  After the breaking out of the war, Mr. Hickox served as one of the County Military Committee appointed by the Governor of the State, to aid in raising and organizing troops and forwarding them to the field. In this he did efficient service.  In the summer of 1862 he was commissioned Lieutenant of an infantry regiment and assigned to duty as Post Quartermaster at Camp Mansfield, under command of Col. C.T. Sherman, and while discharging the duties of this position, received a recruiting commission from Gov. Todd, with authority to enlist men for the organization of the 10th. Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. He recruited and reported for duty in that regiment one hundred and ninety-six men, and was commissioned Major of the same on the completion of the organization. They were ordered to rendezvous at Camp Cleveland in October, 1862. Thence they were ordered to the front to join the Army of the Cumberland, at Nashville, Tennessee, about two months after and were soon marched forward to Murfreesboro. While there, Major Hickox had an attack of the typhoid fever and was six weeks confined to the hospital. After recovering partially, in the forward movement he was too actively engaged for his strength, which brought on a relapse, and he was compelled to resign. After returning home and partially regaining his health, in February, 1864, he received a commission, signed by Lincoln and Stanton, as Major of Volunteers, and was assigned to duty as paymaster in the Department of the Mississippi, under Gen. Febbinger, with headquarters at St. Louis.  In the meantime, while in Washington, he procured a charter for the First National Bank of Mansfield, and, while on his way to his duties at St. Louis, aided in the organization of the same. While at St. Louis, through the urgent solicitations of his friends, he was induced to resign his commission to accept the cashiership of the First National Bank of Mansfield, which was opened for business on the first day of July, 1864. He has been identified with the Bank from that time to the present, first as cashier and director, and for the last six years as president.  During all this time he has been carrying on a farm and giving his personal attention to private business, and is now serving the last year of his third term in the City Council. He has been largely instrumental in securing that great improvement to Mansfield, the Holly Water Works. He was the prime mover in the new railroad now being completed, the Mansfield, Coldwater & Lake Michigan Railroad, and also an important branch of it called the Toledo, Tiffin & Eastern. He is president of these roads.  Mr. Hickox is a member and one of the Executive Committee of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, and President of the Richland County Agricultural Society, which office he has held since 1869, and has secured the location of the Ohio State Fair in Mansfield for 1872 and 1873.  Since 1864, Mr. Hickox has been teacher of an infant class in the Sunday School of the Market Street Baptist Church, a position which gives him more satisfaction than any other he has ever held. He and Mr. Colby built the church, principally from their own means. He has been a member of the same since Christmas Day, 1842, and is exemplary in his Christian deportment.   It will be seen by this brief record, that Mr. Hickox has had a remarkable career from boyhood up. Starting out for himself at an early age, with no dependence but his own integrity and enterprise, impelled by a worthy ambition and guided by a rare business sagacity, he has made his own way in the world, and attained, chiefly by his own exertion, an enviable position among the leading self-made and successful business men of the day.  His career is, therefore, an example to the young men of the present generation, and illustrates the success that may be attained from the humblest beginning where integrity, persistence, industry, and an honorable ambition, are brought to bear in the common tasks of life. Few boys have started out under more unpromising circumstances and few men have attained to greater success than Willard S. Hickox.  Submitted by Amy.  [ATLAS MAP OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO. By A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Ill., 1873, p. 22]

Higgins, William S. -- We are glad to learn that Wm. S. Higgins, Esq., has received the appointment of Register of Virginia Military School Lands from Governor Bishop.  Mr. Higgins will make an excellent officer, besides he is honest and capable, and an unswerving Democrat.  The law creating the office of Register requires the office to be located at Mansfield.  We suppose this accounts for Gov. Bishop's conferring to appointment on a Richland County man.  The splendid work done last fall by the Richland County Democracy does not appear to be very highly, if at all, appreciated at Columbus.  Why is this thus?  Who is to blame?  [Ohio Liberal:  24 April 1878]

Hildreth, Joseph -- Like as Doctor Allen found the law more to his taste than medicine, so Doctor Joseph Hildreth also;  and the bar of Richland, in my youth, had on its roll two practicing lawyers both universally addressed as doctors.  The personal appearance, dress and manners of the two doctor-lawyers was widely different.  I have spoken of Dr. Allen as a compact little body, of good form, without angular or rough ends or edges, a smooth talker, eloquent at times, language choice, diction good, of rhetorical renown with collegians, and by no means illogical.  Dr. Hildreth was his antithesis.  He was evidently when a young man straight and tall, but in all the years of my acquaintance somewhat bent and bowed, and the very opposite of an Apollo.  He had lost the sight of one eye and the great use he made of the other possibly weakened his vision.  His arms were long and his hands rough, but he was brainy and logical, a good thinker and forcible, though not a polished speaker.  He was the first president of the association which purchased the nucleus of the grounds which now are part of and which lead up to the laying out and cultivation and adornment of our "beautiful city of the dead" the Mansfield Cemetery.  And at that time he issued a call to the citizens of Mansfield, over his own signature, which was published in the SHIELD AND BANNER and the "Jeffersonian" and its closing words I retain in my memory, for it struck me forcibly, boy as I was.  It was a quotation, still it was opposite and forcible.  These were the words:  "Ye living men, come view the ground where you shall shortly lie".  The call on the citizens was responded to and Dr. Hildreth was thus in some sense the founder of our cemetery.  He was a Mason of high degree, a lecturer in that ancient order, and highly distinguished throughout the state as a bright and admirably equipped Mason.  When the Ohio and Pennsylvania railroad was built -- that was the first name of that portion of the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago railway extending from Pittsburg to Crestline -- the doctor was employed in securing the right-of-way and was very active, and was appointed agent at Mansfield and served many years acting as local attorney as well as agent, and he called to his assistance younger men of better clerical ability than himself.  When he first settled in Mansfield his home was on the lot now occupied by Geo. W. Blymyer as a residence.  Later he bought and lived on the lot now owned as a home by Mr. Peter Ott, and still later he bought a little farm southwest of the city and there finished his earthly pilgrimage.  His family consisted of sons and daughters.  His eldest son Thomas was my playmate and friend and is still a denizen of the good old town.  The doctor was at one time mayor of the town, and was a public-spirited, useful and very valuable citizen.  -- H.C.H.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  13 October 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 22]

Hill, J.G. -- J.G. Hill, the old-time printer, has retired to the country and can now be called farmer.  Comrade Hill was a schoolmate of Senator Mark Hanna.  After leaving school, he served an apprenticeship at the printing business.  Then served as a Union soldier in the war of the rebellion.  For the past thirty-odd years he has been engaged in the printing and publishing business in Shelby.  He is a capable craftsman, a loyal friend and a good fellow.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  19 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 7]

Hines, Benjamin F. -- Benj. F. Hines was born in Richland Co., O., Sept. 26, 1829.  Died March 23, 1893, aged 63 years, 5 months and 27 days.  He, like all the pioneers learned the lesson of toil when quite young and never failed to apply it through subsequent life.  Although lacking the means of education in that early day, he did not lack in a business education in knowing men and the world.  B.F. Hines was a handsome man, good constitution and muscles of iron developed by long years of toil.  His ancestors came from Maryland, settled in Richland County when it was new and battled with hardships of pioneer life that our modern pale-faced gentry scarcely dream and would not believe if they were told.  Our hero worked on the farm until he was sixteen years old, when he determined to learn the shoemaker’s trade and was accordingly apprenticed to Josiah Armstrong, a man well known to the citizens of Bellville, and who “Sleeps the sleep that knows no waking” in our own beautiful cemetery.  We next find young Hines working with Solomon Wagner down the creek several miles by the old Lutheran church.  Here they measured peoples’ feet and made the boots and shoes after the good, old fashioned, substantial style.  No pasteboard soles in those days, but if a young man wanted his boot to creak, a little resin and goose-quills would fix them all right.  Soon Wagner came to town, and at one time Hines and Green both worked for him.  These men were accustomed thus to help each other for years.  While thus employed, like all other good men at about the age of twenty-one, he was engaged and married to Miss Mary Armstrong on the 12th. Day of August, 1850, a lady of good family and standing, who was also eastern born.  Three children came to bless this union, two boys and one girl, C. Burt, being the youngest.  The others died in infancy.  Hines soon became a partner of Wagner and they kept a stock of goods on sale, manufacturing as usual.  The partnership of Wagner and Hines was ere long severed by the misfortunes of trade.  Hines going to Mansfield and working for Hiram Smith on the bench for a period of six months.  At the expiration of this time Hines bought property where Fisher’s grocery now is located, moved into the building and kept a shoe store in the front part.  Here he lived until 1857 when Mr. Hines learning that the Dr. Ell’s property was for sale, closed the bargain in about fifteen minutes and has ever since occupied the beautiful location south of the Park.  Promptness, uprightness and the strictest honesty were the leading qualities of Benj. F. Hines.  B.F. Hines was strictly temperate, a member of whom both the I.O.O.F. and F.&A.M. lodges were proud.  He was always ready to help the needy.  He commenced in 1850 in the financial world with but a single horse given him by his father and in 1893 by his industry he had made three good farms, fine town property and several lots, good brick store room and stock as other property that it was not or place to inquire after.  Here is a career well worth the study of any young man.  The sad thing about it is, he died as we must all do.  On the morning of March 24, 1893, his body was found in the Clearfork River lodged against a small island on the land now owned by D.W. Wilson, he having got into the creek on the 23, about ten or eleven o’clock.  He got into the creek at the place that will ever be famous, known as the Willow Bend.  As it is customary, the coroner was summoned on this occasion and after examining the body and a dozen witnesses decided that B.F. Hines had sui__ed from melancholy.  Opinions ____ as to this however, and it ever will be a profound mystery.  [Bellville Independent:  06 April 1893]

Hines, Clark B. -- As the needle of the compass points to the north; as the Mussulman journeys to Mecca, so the writer, often turns to Bellville, the play-ground of his youth, and "steals awhile away" and journeys thither to see the friends and associates of other years.  Yielding to this impulse, I boarded a B.&O. Smith train last Monday forenoon and was soon upon my native heath, and went to the post office as of yore, where the people congregate upon the arrival of the mall, and stand around and talk while, it is being distributed. Different terms are used in different places to convey the same idea. In Mansfield the mall is "worked" in Bellville it is "distributed", in New Philadelphia it is "changed" and in Steubenville it is "assorted".  After shaking hands with O.H. Gurney, Henry Howard, Calvin Robinson, Lieut. Donel, Gid Olin, John Weaver, Comrade Koerber, John Bunyan Edwards, Philip Adams, David Palm, et al., I dined at the Hotel Norris, and then started out to ascertain if there had been prospecting done recently in the gold region, but was informed by Dr. Lee that the situation remains in status quo, awaiting spring developments.  I had intended to call on 'Squire Price, editor of the Messenger, but happened to drop into the law office of Clark B. Hines -- "Burt" as he is familiarly called by his old friends -- and talked there until too near train time to go elsewhere.  In the years agone we lived next door to the Hines family, and as boy and man have known Clark B. Hines over 30 years and am always pleased to meet him, for aside from his social qualities, his life is an interesting one. The only child of wealthy parents, he had good advantages in his youth which he was not slow to improve and acquired a liberal education. The natural trend of his mind was to the law, but there were obstacles in his path --- not, however, like those which many of us encountered, for his were those of wealth, not poverty. He had business interests to look after, farms to superintend and a store to manage, all of which he did successfully, but he did not permit their cares nor allurements to detract his mind from the course he had marked out, and Blackstone, was not neglected, and the result is he has been admitted not only to the state, but to the United Sates courts, and has a practice of which any young attorney might well feel proud.   While Mr. Hines is well equipped for general practice, I noticed many volumes in his library on corporation law, and opine that he will some time seek a larger field, or rather that the field will seek him.  Let me whisper a word to the ladies: Mr. Hines is aged about 35, and is single.  To "swipe" a photograph from a lawyer's desk might be called picturesque larceny.  -- A.J. Baughman.  Submitted by Amy.  [SEMI-WEEKLY NEWS (Mansfield): 04 January 1898, Vol. 14, No. 1]

Hines, Clark B. -- Clark B. Hines was born in Bellville, Feb. 5, 1860.  His father, the late B.F. Hines, married Mary J. Armstrong.  The latter is still living.  B.F. Hines was a successful business man and accumulated considerable property.  Clark B. Hines is a bachelor and lives with his mother in the house in which he was born.  Amid the refining influence of a home of plenty, young Hines was reared to manhood.  He attended the public schools at Bellville when he was a boy.  Later he was a pupil in the Mansfield High School, after which he took a college course at Cleveland.  read law with Cummings & McBride.  Was admitted to the bar in 1897.  Mr. Hines has elegantly furnished office rooms, a good library and is a member of the American and International Law associations.  He owns a number of good farms, and his law practice --< illegible >-- Knox and Morrow counties, as well.  Mr. Hines has been mayor of Bellville and as boy and man has had the confidence of his fellow citizens.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Hoffer, J. Edward - Had Been in Business in Mansfield For More Than Half a Century -- When J. Edward Hoffer recently retired from the meat business it was with the record of having been continuously in that business in Mansfield for more than half a century, a record of long-continued application to one line of industry, of which he may well feel proud.  Mr. Hoffer was born in Carlisle, Pa., Dec. 1, 1839, and it was on his seventieth birthday anniversary that he sold to S. J. Colwell and M. W. Gatch the lot at 147 North Main street, together with the building in which he had conducted a shop for the past twenty-five years.  This building was erected by Mr. Hoffer at the southeast corner of Main and Fifth streets and was later moved across the street when arrangements were being made to erect the mill of Gilbert & Co on that corner.  Mr. Hoffer came to Mansfield, July 15, 1858, and soon after his arrival went into the meat business with his brother, the late Isaac Hoffer, their first shop being in the basement of the St. James, now the Vonhof hotel.  Later they occupied a stall in the city market house, then on Park avenue west, and after a time opened a shop at the corner of Main and Sixth streets, moving from there to the building erected by Mr. Hoffer at the corner of Fifth and Main.  Realizing that he was advancing in years, Mr. Hoffer decided a few months ago to retire from active business, to which he had devoted his attention for so long.  He resides at 390 Marion avenue and is enjoying reasonably good health.  He has been a member of St. Luke's Lutheran church since its organization and is also a member of the Royal Arcanum lodge.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Mansfield News, Page 4:  Saturday, January 22, 1910]

Hogan, Michael -- Michael Hogan was born in Ireland.  Received a classical education.  Also graduated in medicine and surgery.  Then took a military course.  Came to America and located in New York.  Was given a commission as major in the regular army, where he served five years.  Came to Ohio in 1818, and engaged in the mercantile business at Newville. In 1827 he bought the northwest quarter of section 35, in Monroe Twp., upon which he removed and resided until his death, Jan. 17, 1875.  Buried in the Catholic cemetery, Mansfield.  Major Hogan was one of the best classical scholars in Ohio.  He could read the history of several countries of Europe in the language of each.  The old homestead is still in the possession of the family.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Hooker, E.C. -- The failure of the Frankel's of Virginia City for a round million took down with it E.C. Hooker, a former Mansfield boy, and son of Mrs. Elizabeth S. Hooker of First Street.  Mr. Hooker married a daughter of ex-Senator Stewart of Nevada.  After his marriage he went to San Francisco, and opened a broker's office.  Latterly he became one of the most influential, and heaviest operators in Nevada silver mine stock.  He was a heavy buyer in "Gould & Curry" and "Ophir" during its raise a few days ago, and when the Frankel failure came, it caught Mr. Hooker to the tune of several hundred thousand dollars.  [Mansfield Herald:  09 December 1886]

Hoover, Daniel -- Daniel Hoover was one of the early settlers of Mifflin Township, and through his industry and frugality accumulated considerable property.  He was married to Sarah Sheller.  They were the parents of eight children, of whom Joseph, born in 1824, was the eldest.  The others were Mary, Henry, Aaron, Christian, Alfred, Elizabeth and Daniel.  Mr. Hoover was a Baptist, and frequently had preaching at his house.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  26 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 8]

Houston, Mary -- In Probate Court this morning Selby H. Houston and Winfield S. Houston made application for their mother, Mrs. Mary Houston, of Olivesburg, who, it is alleged, is an imbecile, from the effects of la grippe.  The hearing is set for next Wednesday.  The cause for the filing of the above application was a family quarrel on the streets this morning.  It seems that Mrs. Houston has been living on her small farm near Olivesburg with her youngest son, to whom she deeded the farm, with the exception of a life interest, in consideration of keeping her the rest of her life.  This morning Mrs. Houston and her son came to the city and were met on the streets by the other four Houston sons who at once took the old lady to task for her action in disposing of her property and at the same time attracted a crowd and created quite a disturbance.  Finding that their mother could not be moved, the two sons made application for the appointment of a guardian for the old lady.  Mrs. Houston says she will fight the matter to the last.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  23 July 1892]

Hout, Cloyd - [Mansfield (OH) Daily Shield:  08 March 1909]

Hout, Peter -- Peter Hout was born upon the farm on which he now resides Nov. 17, 1821, and has therefore been a resident of this [Mifflin] township for eighty-two years.  He attended school in one of the log school houses common at the time.  He can relate many interesting incidents of pioneer life, when the land was all wild and unimproved and when wild game was plentiful in that region.  Mr. Hout has held several township offices, and also served his county as infirmary director two terms.  As an honored pioneer and representative man of Mifflin he is worthy of high regard in which he is held.  The Houts are both numerous and prosperous.  One rural mail carrier from Mansfield delivers mail to a dozen Hout families.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  26 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 8]

Howard, George C. -- George C. Howard read law with Judge Bartley, but, being engaged in business pursuits, only practiced in lower courts.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Howard, George C. -- George C. Howard, like many other old-time residents of Bellville, came from the state of Maine.  Howard had been a school teacher, but after he came to Ohio engaged in manufacturing.  Later he read law with Judge Bartley, but confined his practice principally to the justices' court in the southern part of the county, as he never relinquished manufacturing pursuits.  He was a born lawyer, capable of becoming eminent at the bar, had he given the profession his entire attention.  H.W. Gurney, of this city (Mansfield) is a grandson of 'Squire Howard.  [Mansfield News:  28 May 1899]

Howard, Otis -- Mr. Howard was born on March 23, 1817, in Montville, Waldo Co., Maine. He is of English descent. His early life was spent on the farm. On becoming of age he learned the carpenter trade of an experienced man in Bangor, Me. He was an assistant teacher in the schools shortly after when he was offered a better position -- to work on the Bangor & Old Town R.R., which was of even date with the first railroad in the United States.  Otis Howard came to Bellville in 1838 to live with a brother who had preceded him. He taught school in town during the 1838-9. The school then, one room, contained over 80 scholars and when he asked for an assistant, they said they could not afford it. His wages were $1.00 per day. He has lived in the town ever since an honored citizen by all who know him. Out of the 80 scholars who attended his school, I asked him to mention some and he gave me the names of Perry Walsh, Wright Geddes and a Geddes, of Mansfield, were all he could recollect.  Mr. Howard is in good health yet, reads the news, and has a pleasant word for all who call on him.  -- A Citizen.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE INDEPENDENT: 27 June 1895, Vol. 8, No. 6]

Howard, Virginia -- Miss Virginia Howard was born in Bellville, Ohio, and spent most of her life in Mansfield. She was graduated from Mansfield Senior High School and Ohio Wesleyan University where she received her A.B. degree. Her hobbies are reading and cooking and she taught both before coming to John Simpson in 1937 where she now teaches Latin.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE JOHN SIMPSON TIMES: 01 December 1939, Vol. 13, No. 3, p. 4]

Huber, Charles H. -- Charles H. Huber, candidate for county recorder was born in Shelby April 21, 1857. He is a son of Christopher Huber, deceased, and attended school until he was 16, when, on account of the death of his father and being the oldest of a large family, he quit school and learned his trade, cigar making, whereby he supported his mother and also his brothers and sisters until they were all grown up. He has worked at his trade in this city and since 1887 he was a member of the firm of Coltman & Co., cigar manufacturers at Shelby.  He is the head of a family of three bright children, his wife having been formerly Miss Rosemund Gates.   Mr. Huber is popular wherever known and to meet him is to become attached to him at once. The esteem in which he is held at home was manifested by the hearty support given him in his own town and township at the primary election this year. Mr. Huber is a member of Sharon Lodge, F. and A.M., of Shelby and has been its senior warden for the past five years. He is also a member of Shelby Lodge, K. of P., and of Crystal Tent, K.O.T.M., of Shelby.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 28 September 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 20. From a series of articles about the Democratic candidates running in the November 5, 1895 election in Richland County]

Hull, Patrick Purdy -- The life and character of Lola Montez (aka:  Eliza Gilbert), that celebrated danseuse, who half a century ago set Europe wild by her dancing, her beauty and the power of her fascinating personality, causing a revolution in Bavaria, reaching a high point of favor in Paris and other cities of Europe and later repeating her success as a dancer, in this country, possesses great interest and fascination to the average person who enjoys reading of remarkable people who have exercised great power, ephemeral though it may have been, among nations, classes and individuals.  Lola Montez has been compared to Aspasia, Milton, Lady Hamilton and other great women, who have risen from obscurity to prominence and have exercised remarkable influence over the sterner sex as well as over their own sex.  Her life is read with all the more interest since she was the wife of a Mansfield man of former days, who was well known to many of the older men now living in this city, who have resided here for many years.  Patrick Purdy Hull, who married Lola Montez, in California, whither he had gone from this city, was born and raised here and spent the greater part of his life in Mansfield.  He was the son of Mrs. Esther Hull, a widow and lived with his mother at the corner of Third and Mulberry Streets, where Dr. William Bushnell's residence now is.  His mother was a sister of the Hon. James Purdy, who died a few years ago.  Patrick Purdy Hull was one of a family of four children.  His brother George Hull died in Cleveland and his sister, Fannie, the wife of Dr. Fuller, of Bellefontaine, is also dead.  His other sister, Mrs. Sarah J. Neal, is still living and resides in Washington, D.C. where she is employed in the United States Pension Department.  His grandfather was Patrick Purdy, a soldier of the war of 1812, who resided near this city and is buried in the Mansfield Cemetery.  P.P. Hull went to school at a school house, which stood near where the Memorial library now stands.  Thomas Bushnell, of 68 Wood Street, attended school in this city during the winter of 1848, and he states that he remembers well about Purdy Hull who was a boy about 11 or 12 years of age and was in the school at the same time Mr. Bushnell was.  Some of the other pupils in the school at that time were Robert M. Bowland, Francis and Harriett Elliott, and others.  P.P. Hull studied law with his uncle the Hon. James Purdy, was admitted to the bar, and afterward, it is stated, entered into partnership with his uncle somewhere about 1842.  In the latter part of the "forties" he was in partnership in the law business with Gen. Thomas H. Ford, afterward governor of Ohio.  P.P. Ford, of Wood Street, is a son of Governor Ford and it was in honor of his father's partner that P.P. Ford was named.  There are numerous reminiscences of Patrick P. Hull's life about this time.  He was interested in military matters and it is related of him that he had a gun squad which was noted for its marksmanship.  He was a member of one of the first fire companies organized in Mansfield and in 1848 was appointed by the town council to be the engineer of the fire engine, he having been instructed by the council in February of that year to purchase a suitable engine and 600 feet of hose.  There had been an apology for an engine used some years before that in the work of extinguishing fires, but this latter was a more complete hand engine.  In 1849 he was mayor of Mansfield and in 1850 he went to California.  His mother resided for some years afterward in this city, then went to Bellefontaine (OH) and lived with her daughter, Mrs. Fuller, an afterward went to live with her other daughter, Mrs. Neal in Washington, where she died and her body was brought here and reposes in the Mansfield cemetery.  Of Lola Montez much has been written, and much, no doubt, will yet be written, of her, for she was truly a remarkable character.  Bro n in Limerick, Ireland, about 1818, of humble parentage, there was nothing about her apparently which gave promise of the success which came later.  It was no doubt from her mother, a Spanish Creole, that the tendency for dancing came.  Her real name was Maria Delores Gilbert.  Before she was 19 years old she had won great favor by her dancing and her good looks.  Beautiful she must have been and possessed of culture and the finer arts obtained from books else she could scarcely have continued so long in general favor.  In 1837 she was married in England to a Capt. James who took his beautiful young wife with him to India.  She is described as being of medium height, beautifully formed, had long, thick, silky, black hair and bluish grey yes.  Her flirtations in India among the men became known, she left India, went to Paris, as a Spanish dancer, and there obtained great success.  She adopted the name Lois Montez, and by that name she is now known.  Stories of the great sums she received for her dancing, surpass those which are told of Yvette Guilbert's salary in those days.  How, when from Paris, Lola Montez went to Bavaria, the King of Bavaria become so infatuated with her that opposition was aroused and in 1848 he was forced to abdicate his throne while she was compelled to depart from the country is well known.  The king conferred on her the title of Countess of Lansfeld.  After marrying George T. Heald, in London, she went to Madrid, and later came to this country, where she met and married Patrick Purdy Hull.  Thomas Bushnell, of this city, met Purdy Hull and Lola Montez in New York City, May 4, 1850, and was on the same vessel with them on the trip from New York to Chagres, Isthmus of Panama, when they were on their way to California.  Hull went to California, it is stated, for the purpose of taking the census of that state, under appointment of the president.  Mr. Bushnell, who was then living near Hayesville, had met Hull in this city about a month before the meeting in New York and they had arranged to make the trip to California on the same steamer.  During the voyage on the steamship "Philadelphia" from New York to Chagres, Mr. Bushnell saw both Hull and Lola Montez frequently and he relates many reminiscences of the trip.  Mr. Bushnell describes Lola Montez has having been the most beautiful woman he ever saw.  She was charming in manner, well educated and a fine talker.  The journey across the Isthmus of Panama was fraught with various incidents.  For 72 miles the journey was made in boats and the rest of the way was made on horse back by Hull and Lola Montez.  Some of the travelers walked across the mountains.  At Panama Mr. Bushnell concluded not to go on to California.  Hull and Lola Montez went on to San Francisco in the ship Tennessee.  Later, Hull and Lola Montez were married in San Francisco.  Whether she thought that he was wealthy or not is not apparent but that the marriage was not a happy one was evident within a few months after they were married.  Hull practiced law for awhile and was also engaged in newspaper work.  They lived for a time at Grass Valley, Cal., and of their life at that place articles have appeared from time to time in var8ious papers.  Eventually they separated and Lola danced in the theaters and her popularity with the people knew no bounds.  She visited Australia, was at New Orleans and the last years of her eventful life were spent in New York.  She died at Astoria, Long Island, Jan. 17, 1861, and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery.  Hull remained in California and died there a few years later and is buried in that state.  Hull was infatuated with Lola Montez, but they apparently lacked congeniality and though Hull was an intelligent man of much ability and prominence for the future the attachment between them was not a lasting one and Lola lived no more happily with Hull than she had previously with Capt. James or George T. Heald, and a continent intervenes between the last resting place of Lola Montez and Patrick Purdy Hull.  The cut of Hull which appears in this issue is from a picture made from an ambrotype taken in Mansfield before Hull went to California.  The picture was obtained through the courtesy of Mrs. M.E. Purdy, of Wood Street, whose husband was a cousin of P.P. Hull.  Hull is spoken of as having been a man of much ability as speaker and had gained quite a reputation in that line.  He also was an inimitable story teller, had effervescent wit and jollity which made him the life of any coterie of friends he might be with and possibility that was the secret of the affection which at first the vivacious Lola had for him.  [Semi-Weekly News:  02 March 1897, Vol. 13, No. 18]  << picture >>  Additional links:

Humphrey, Hiram -- Hiram Humphrey I knew well, not so well when he was a lawyer but afterward, for in 1842, during an awakening in the churches of Mansfield, he became greatly interested, and shortly thereafter entered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church, and connecting himself with the North Ohio Conference, he lived and died a minister of the gospel of glad tidings to men.  As a preacher he was didactic rather than persuasive, logical rather than fervid in his deliverances.  He addressed the intellect rather than the heart, and it may be said of him that he was in no sense a revivalist;  that he was strong in doctrine, zealous in the cause he espoused, and fairly successful.  Humphrey in his party preferences was a Democrat, and there came a time in the history of the North Ohio Conference when in that large body of ministers he was almost alone, he a Democrat, all others of opposite politics, and I have heard of his saying, "that he was like a strange cat in his Father's garret".  He passed away a few years ago;  his home residence was in Medina County.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  08 December 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 30]

Hunter, Joseph McLeese -- Biography may be called the key to history, for it unlocks the homes and shows to the world the individual lives of the law-makers and other public men of the state and nation. The events of the world might be likened to a procession and regarded only as the aggregate work of the race, but could be better understood and appreciated if the lives and opportunities of the men -- the actors in the ever-acting drama -- were known and considered.  The Hon. Joseph McLeese Hunter, Richland's representative in the Ohio legislature, was born in Bloominggrove Township, this county, April 29, 1844, and owns the farm on which he was born. His grandfather, Samuel Hunter, was a soldier in the war of 1812, and was with Gen. Beall at Camp Council in the autumn of that year, protecting the settlements south from the red coats and redskins.  Taking kindly to the new country, Mr. Hunter, upon his discharge from the army, entered land and took up his residence in Bloominggrove Township, a few miles from where he had been in camp and the Hunter family has been prominent in that locality ever since, covering a period of over 80 years.  The Hunters have been engaged principally in agricultural pursuits and are industrious and highly respectable people.  The early life of Joseph M. Hunter was passed upon his father's farm, where he plowed and sowed and reaped as farmers' sons did in those days, and acquired habits of industry and formed character that prepared him for the theatre of life in which he later had to act. Added to these was a good common school education, which with his natural ability, fitted him for both business and statesmanship.  On March 12, 1874, Mr. Hunter was married to Miss Alice Miller and five children -- three boys and two girls -- in time came to bless their home. Mrs. Hunter was a very exemplary woman and one of the most excellent of wives. While her husband was superintendent of the infirmary, she fitted the trying position of matron of the institution and the inmates of today bless her name in memory of her grand deeds. Mrs. Hunter died in 1888 and Mr. Hunter remained a widower until 1894, when he was united in marriage with Mrs. Verda Chew, widow of the late E.M. Chew, a son of Judge E. Chew, one of the pioneers of the county. Mr. and Mrs. Hunter reside at Judge Chew's old homestead situated on the road leading from Rome to Shiloh, two miles from the former and three from the latter village, and the place has been known as the Chew Farm ever since 1822. The proverbial hospitality of the old-time home is fully maintained and Mr. & Mrs. Hunter, who are delightful entertainers and have a large circle of friends.  Mrs. Hunter, whose maiden name was Ferrell, is a handsome and accomplished lady and was accorded social distinction at Columbus last winter, a position she is well fitted to grace and adorn.  After having filled the office of township clerk for several years, Mr. Hunter was appointed superintendent of the Richland infirmary in 1883, which position he filled with credit to himself and satisfaction to the directors. He resigned in 1890 to give more personal attention to his family and to his farm, upon which his eldest son now resides. His younger daughter following the trend of the Hunter family in educational pursuits, is successfully teaching school at Planktown.  Mr. Hunter has given thought and devoted time to the study of the subject of eleemosynary institutions and served for several terms as president of the State Infirmary Officials' Association of Ohio. In 1897 Mr. Hunter was elected a member of the legislature as a Democrat by a majority of 1,160 votes over his opponent, Capt. A.H. Condict.  Mr. Hunter aimed to attain success and position in life and has succeeded. As Lear said, "Nothing can come of nothing". Where there has been success and triumph, there must have been work and honest effort. This is true of all achievements. It applies to our national existence and to our individual lives as well. Chance never made a Storey, nor a Webster. Talent must be supplemented with study, and application and perseverance and even with these many fail to reach the coveted heaven to which their ambition pointed.  On the Chew farm on the south side of the road and nearly opposite Mr. Hunter's present residence a blacksmith shop stood for many years, in which, away back in the '30s, Ezekiel Chew and William Baughman, as master and apprentice, worked together at the anvil, and while they welded and forged they studied men and considered questions of law and politics and qualified themselves for the positions and honors which came to them in later years.  At last their lives parted and in 1848 Mr. Chew was appointed a judge of the court of common pleas, a position which his good sense, sound judgment and knowledge, of the law well qualified him to fill with honor to himself and with equity to all.  Mr. Baughman went to Missouri, where he entered politics as a supporter of Thomas H. Benton and served 10 years in the legislature, which enabled him to vote for "Old Bullion" for United States senator several times. Mr. Baughman is still living and resides in Florence in his adopted state. In his younger days Mr. Baughman was a ready speaker and was in demand as an exhorter at religious meetings.  Like Judge Chew, Mr. Baughman had little schooling in his youth, but both possessed mental gifts and although education came through humble channels, yet it came at last, qualifying each for the high positions afterwards held.  Now, in the prime of his years and in the enjoyment of political position and the confidence of his constituents Mr. Hunter lives in prosperity and happiness on the farm made historic as the home of the late Judge Chew.   -- A.J. Baughman.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD SEMI-WEEKLY NEWS: 01 July 1898, Vol. 14, No. 55]

Huntsman, William T. -- Lexington.  A Toledo paper contains a sketch and portrait of William T. Huntsman, nephew of C.D. Culp, of Lexington, and a son of Amariah Huntsman, a well known farmer, who lives a few miles south of here.  W.T. Huntsman is president of the Farmers' Lincoln Club of Toledo and is prominent in business and social circles in that city.  [Semi-Weekly News:  09 November 1897, Vol. 13, No. 90]

Hutchinson, Tom B. -- Saturday.  Mr. Tom B. Hutchinson, one of the Daily News staff, of Fremont, Nebraska, is in the city and favored the SHIELD with a visit today.  Mr. Hutchinson is a native of this vicinity, having been born a short distance west of this city.  He left Mansfield fifteen years ago and has since been connected with several western papers.  The News is a Democratic paper and Mr. Hutchinson thinks Nebraska will likely go Democratic again this year.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  30 July 1892]

Irwin, Levi - LEVI IRWIN One of Mansfield's Oldest and Most Respected Citizens. -- Levi Irwin was born in Chester county, Pa., Aug. 9, 1816, and came to Richland county in 1836 with his parents, George and Rachel Irwin, who located on a farm southeast of the city.  His father died in 1864 and his mother in 1873.  After leaving the country home Mr. Irwin became a contractor and builder in Mansfield, which occupation he has actively engaged in for a long period of years.  He married Mary McClellan, of Galion, Dec. 18, 1852.  Their only daughter, Nettie, died in June, 1874, at the age of 11 years.  Their four sons, all of whom are living, are:  Charles L. who is engaged in the drug, book and paper trade at 8 North Park street, this city; William F., a railroad engineer at Sacramento, Cal.; George A., who has extensive mining interests in the west and is located at White Sulphur Springs, Mont., and John M., a machinist at Indianapolis, Ind.  Mr. Irwin has always been one of the substantial and highly respected citizens of Mansfield.  He has been an Odd Fellow since 1851.  For many years he has been a member and a trustee of the Methodist Episcopal church.  He was one of the original trustees of the Children's Home which office he resigned about three years ago.  Mr. Irwin was always a man of strong and hardy constitution and had he not been it is scarcely probable that he would have recovered from his recent severe illness.  Although well advanced in years his many friends hope he may long enjoy the comforts of his home on East Fourth street.  Submitted by Jean and Faye.  [The Weekly News, Mansfield, Ohio; Page 1:  Thursday, July 30, 1891]

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