Richland Co., Ohio

 
 

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Sargent, Jacob -- Jacob Sargent was engaged for many years in the boot and shoe business [in Bellville].  He was the father of C.D. Sargent and Mrs. Florence Comin and Mrs. A.L. Cameron of Mansfield.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Schaeffer, George A. -- Squire George A. Schaeffer, of Marion Avenue (Mansfield), is probably the only person in the city who had the pleasure of listening to Abraham Lincoln when he delivered his famous Gettysburg address.  Mr. Schaeffer stood within twenty feet of Lincoln at the time and distinctly heard every word of that famous speech.  Mr. Schaeffer at that time was employed at Hanover, a little town 15 miles from Gettysburg.  in company with thousands of others, he traveled to Gettysburg on that famous day.  The train was stopped a mile from the city, being unable to proceed farther because of the press of trains and people.  The people first visited the cemetery and then listened while Lincoln delivered his famous speech.  Lincoln had a manuscript copy of his speech in his hand, he having written it while enroute on the train from Washington.  After the address Lincoln and Gov. Curtin held a public reception, Mr. Schaeffer being one of the thousands who shook hands with Lincoln at that time.  Mr. Schaeffer remembers of Lincoln kissing every baby which was brought to him and saying "God bless the children".  Lincoln rode on an old plug horse while Gen. Meade, who commanded the Union forces at the battle of Gettysburg was seated on a magnificent charger.  Despite the disparity in the size of the horses, Lincoln towered above Meade.  Mr. Schaeffer himself had a narrow escape from death, only a few days before the battle of Gettysburg.  In the preliminary skirmishes, at Hanover, several wounded men were brought into his store.  he started out to secure a doctor and just as he opened the door of the store, on returning, three bullets buried themselves in the wood at his side.  [Mansfield (OH) Daily Shield:  13 February 1909]

Scott, Judge -- When Judge Scott took his first seat on the Supreme Bench in 1856, T.W. Bartley of Mansfield was Chief Justice, while J.R. Swan of Columbus, Jacob Brinkerhoff of Mansfield, and Ozias Bowan of Marion were his Associate Judges.  It was probably the best bench of Judges the Supreme Court of Ohio has ever had.  [Ohio Liberal:  25 June 1879]

Secrist, Michael -- Michael Secrist's 67th. birthday was celebrated at his residence last Saturday. Most of his children, grandchildren and friends sat down to a sumptuous dinner in honor to this good old father.  Mr. Secrist was born in Lancaster Co., Pa., and moved to Ohio in 1834.  He settled in Wayne County (OH) but in 1835 walked to Ind. with $100 and bought a piece of land.  He sold his possessions four years afterward for $400 and returned to O.  Forty years ago he moved on the farm north of Plank's Mill now owned by Henry Secrist, and commenced housekeeping, using blocks of wood as chairs, and without furniture or other convenience that we now enjoy.  Before there were churches he annually held meetings at his house and boarded free, as high as sixty persons at times and cared for their horses.  He is a devoted advocate of pure Christianity;  has given over $1500 to the cause of God, and is now living a life wholly devoted to Christianity.  He has eight children, eighteen grandchildren and one great-grandchild, and now has his second wife.  Bro. Secrist has stood the test and his reward shall be a crown of life.  [Richland Star:  10 October 1878, Vol. 2, No. 2]

Sewell, Colonel W.L. -- Announcement of the nomination of Col. W.L. Sewell, of this city, to be consul at Toronto, Canada, made in the telegraphic columns of Wednesday's News, gave great satisfaction to the gentleman's many friends in this city.  His legal and business ability eminently qualifies him for the position, while his service to the party makes the appointment one that is deserved in a political way.  While the genial and popular gentleman will be missed and his removal from the city will take away an excellent family the good political fortunes that gives to a worthy gentleman and honorable and lucrative position is esteemed a credit to him and the city.   The subject of this sketch was born June 11, 1849, and worked on a farm until 20 years of age, attending the district school and subsequently, with a poor boy's ambition, made application to attend Oberlin college and to work for his tuition and board.  His proffer was accepted and he took care of the school rooms and did such other work mornings and evenings as a young man with a good, strong constitution could do.  He completed his education at college and returned to Mansfield in 1875.  He then entered the law office of Judge Manuel May, where he pursued the study of law and was admitted to practice in 1877.  He at once opened an office of his own in this city where he diligently pursued the practice of his profession ever since.  He is now and for a number of years past engaged in a lucrative law practice, representing many of the largest wholesale merchants and manufacturers in the city.  Mr. Sewell is everywhere recognized as a live, active, progressive citizen, with a friendly interest always for Mansfield and its prosperity.  He has contributed as liberally as his means would permit to every religious and benevolent organization in the city and has at all times been prominent and conspicuous as a leading citizen.  Politically he has been an ardent, active Republican, believing in Republican principles and has taken a conspicuous part for a number of years in the local political campaigns, and at the instance of the state committee he has been called upon to address his fellow citizens in many of the counties in northern and central Ohio, and during the last presidential campaign, he stumped the state of Michigan.  As a political speaker he has few superiors.  While he has always been steadfast as a Republican, it has been universally said to his credit that he has always treated the opposition with uniform courtesy and the highest consideration.  No man in Mansfield has stronger or closer friends than the subject of this sketch has among those who know him best.  During all the years he has practiced law he has enjoyed the confidence and esteem of his clients in the very highest measure and has been uniformly successful in the trial of cases, whether in common pleas, circuit or supreme court of the state.  Col. Sewell will be required to be at his post within 30 days after the confirmation of his appointment and will therefore go to Toronto some time in August, in all probability.  He will remove his family to Toronto in the course of a few months thereafter.  [Semi-Weekly News:  16 July 1897, Vol. 13, No. 57]  << picture >>

Sewell, William -- Two of our young law students, Walton Brown and William Sewell, were admitted to the practice of law by the District Court in Millersburg, Holmes County (OH), last Monday.  Both passed a rigid examination, and from what we learn very creditable to themselves.  They are promising young men, and we have no doubt they will make their mark in the profession they have chosen.  [Ohio Liberal:  16 May 1877]

Seymour, Charles Wolds -- Charles Wolds Seymour, was born 31 November 1860 at Crestline, Sandusky Twp., Richland County, Ohio, son of George Seymour (Born ZIMMER) and Christianna Merrill. George worked on the railroad from ca 1860 -1876. Charles had one brother named William Edwin Seymour, born 1864 at Crestline also, who worked in the grocery store of his paternal Uncle in law, Mr. Blocker at Sandusky, Erie Co, Ohio and migrated to Pittsburgh, Kansas. George Seymour was born 1839 at Kent, Franklin twp, Portage County, Ohio son of Joseph Walter Zimmer born Steinhaus, Hess Darmstadt, Germany, and his wife he married 1837 Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, who was Francis Brick/Brisk/Frick/Frisk born in Germany. Joseph Walter and family moved to Peru and subsequently to Ridgefield twps, Huron County, Ohio. During the Civil War Joseph and George sold horses to the U.S. Cavalry. Family lore says that while doing so George met Christianna and fell in love with her. George married Christianna about 1860 probably in Richland County where her mother Rachel Merrill resided but this is a guess. Sadly, Christianna's father, John Merrill born 1805 in Maryland, died 1848 and her mother Rachel Slusser Merrill, then residing in Mercer County, was forced to adopt her children out. Christianna as adopted by a LaPar family. Grandma said her father was a voyageur. By 1860 Christianna is married to George and Rachel had moved back to Bellville.  When Charles was 4 years old his mother, Christianna Merrill Lapar Seymour, died April 1864. Christianna is buried in the St Joseph Roman Catholic Church Cemetery. According to the St Joseph's Church records, the lot of her burial is unknown. There is no gravestone there now. She was age 22 years old when she died.  Charles went to live in Bellville with his maternal grandmother Rachel Merrill where he remained till about 1883. He is listed on the census as a newsboy for the railroad and with his father was on the Pacific Express train of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad during the tragic Ashtabula Bridge Disaster of 1876 where he suffered a broken arm and scar to his face (which my mom never noticed). Of the 159 passengers on the train, 92 died by drowning, fire and fatal injuries due to the bridge collapse, which was deemed by a special commission, due to the railroad.  On 3 February 1884 Charles married Miss Lydia Kathryn Richards of Utica, Oneida County, New York. Lydia was the daughter of John Richards and his second wife Mrs. Mary (Jones) Jones of Utica, and a member of the 1st Presbyterian Church of Utica. The newlyweds moved to Plattsburgh, Clinton County, NY and raised a large family. Only three daughters survived the diphtheria, scarlet fever and small pox which killed 5 brothers and an infant sister. Charles was owner of a fine grocery catering business and Lydia owned a millinery store until about 1903 when they moved to Utica where Lydia opened a millinery store at 1025 Bleaker Street and Charles was a conductor for the railroad and a chief at the Utica State Hospital. The 6 deceased children of Lydia and Charles were re interred, from Plattsburgh, at Forest Hills Cemetery in Utica where their parents also lay in eternal rest. Lydia died 20 May 1924 and Charles died 30 December 1936. Their last residence was 1000 Churchill Avenue in Utica. Three surviving daughters were Mrs. (George) Marjorie Alice Smith of Utica, Mrs. Mary Dorothy Bond of Battle Creek, Michigan and Mrs. (Willard) Lillian Irene Doty of Cleveland, Ohio. Surviving sisters to Lydia were Mrs. (Leanzer) Alice Richards Sweet of Northville, Franklin County, NY.  Submitted by Nancy.

Shaw, Esther (Pearce) -- Mrs. Esther Shaw was born in Columbiana County, this state, July 20, 1807, and came to Washington Township, Richland County, in the autumn of 1814, and is, no doubt, the only person living in Richland today whose continuous residence in the county dates back prior to 1815.  Mrs. Shaw is familiarly called "Aunt Hetty". She makes her home with relatives at No. 129 North Mulberry Street, Mansfield, and is in excellent health for a lady of her age and the accuracy with which she narrates incidents of the past as well as her quotations of scripture show that her mind is unimpaired. The psalmist said that "the days of our age are three score years and ten", but some are so strong that they come to four score and even more, as "Aunt Hetty" has, for she has lived more than four score years and ten, being now in her 92d. year.  The historical associations of Mrs. Shaw's life, and her family lineage and connections are most remarkable. Historically, she was born when Thomas Jefferson was president of the United States, and she came to Richland County when our country was engaged in the war with Great Britain, known as the war of 1812. A few months later the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. There were no cables and telegraph lines then to carry the news through the sea and over the land with the rapidity of the lightning's flash, as it is carried now, and by the sail and stage means of communication in those days, the news of the signing of the treaty of peace on the 24th. of December, 1814, did not reach Washington for nearly two months, and in the meantime, General Jackson won his decisive battle over the British at New Orleans, Jan. 8, 1815. Peace was not proclaimed until Feb. 18.  The next morning (Sept. 20, 1814) after "Aunt Hetty" ate her first meal in Richland County, the "sleepers" of their unfinished log cabin being used as tables, Francis Scott Key gazed in the dawn's early light over the bay at Baltimore and saw that the American flag still waved over Fort McHenry, and in the inspiration of the occasion wrote that immortal ode -- the "Star Spangled Banner" -- which will ever be sung by the American people to voice the patriotic sentiments of their liberty-loving hearts.  In 1814 when "Aunt Hetty" came to Richland County to make her home on a Washington Township farm, which is still in the possession of the (Pearce) family, Return Jonathan Meigs was governor of Ohio, and the total vote of the state was but 22,050, and now at the last general election (1897) it is 864,022. And Mansfield, which now boasts of a population of 20,000 people, was then a village of about 20 houses, principally log cabins.  Mrs. Shaw is a daughter of Stephen and Mary (Kinney) Pearce, who came to Ohio from New Jersey, and were the parents of 10 children. Mrs. Pearce's mother's maiden name was Mary Williams, who was a lineal descendant, through the Webber family, of William, Prince of Orange, who when he saw his country assailed by enemies from without, and torn by internal dissensions, in high and inspiring language suggested a scheme, which, if accomplished, would have been the noblest subject for epic song to be found in the whole compass of the world's history. The Philippine Islands questions brings his words again to the mind, for, although under different circumstances and purposes, in the "fair isles of Asia" under the Southern Cross, there may spring up a new Columbia and the "schools of a more learned Leyden".  Louis Kinney, Mrs. Shaw's grandfather, was the grandson of Louis the XIV, of France, who promoted the industries of his country, but whose desire for conquest and dreams of a French universal monarchy embroiled him in numerous wars; who annexed Alsace and Strausburg to France, won victories in wars with Spain and finally placed his grandson upon the Spanish throne.  The Kinneys were prominent in the pioneer times of Richland County. Peter Kinney -- "Aunt Hetty's" uncle -- was the first judge of the common pleas court of the county. Another uncle -- John Kinney -- was a great trader among the Indians. Esther (Irvin) Ernsberger, a granddaughter of Judge Kinney -- owns the old family homestead, near Greentown.  "Aunt Hetty" was married to Stephen Shaw, Aug. 23, 1847. Shaw was also a pioneer. He came to Richland County with Gen. Robert Crook's army in Oct., 1812, being then 19 years old. He was a nephew of Michael Beam, for whom Beam's block-house was named. Crook's army remained six weeks in Mansfield, encamped "on the east side of the public square in the woods". While piloting this army to Upper Sandusky, Jacob Newman, one of the founders of Mansfield, contracted a cold, resulting in his death the June following. Stephen Shaw died Feb. 12, 1883.  Among the descendants and relatives of the Kinneys in the Black Fork valley, the names of Guthrie, Vanscoyac, Oliver, Tannehill, Davis, Oswalt, Miller, Jones, Irvin, Ernsberger and Glasco families are given, and among the old neighbors of the Pearce families in Washington Township were John Ford, David Stewart, Samuel Douglass, Thomas Pollock, Peter Altgeld, John Charles, Andy Hunter, Solomon Shoup, John M. Swigart, Peter Maglott, Simon Armstrong and Benjamin Dean.  Among other noted products and importations, Richland County once had a modern Sampson, Christopher Burns by name, and he married a Miss Sarah Pearce, a cousin of "Aunt Hetty". Burns was over six feet in height and about 225 pounds in weight. While attending the brick-masons in building the Wiler House in 1828, Burns, it is said, performed extraordinary feats of agility and strength.  According to a statement made by Judge Coffinberry and corroborated by the late Robert Cairns, Burns, after winning a foot-race, jumped over an iron rod, laid upon the heads of two men. Again, a number of strong men were testing their strength lifting at a wheel of a heavily-loaded six-horse wagon. Burns requested three men to stand on the hub and felloes of one of the hind wheels, which he easily lifted with their added weight. Upon another occasion he leaped over the top of a Pennsylvania covered wagon of the style used from hauling freight in those days.  Aaron Kinney, deceased late of Seattle, Wash., was a son of John Kinney, the Indian trader. In his last visit to Ohio, in 1873, Aaron Kinney walked from Newville on the Mohawk Hill, hoping to find the cave containing the reputed treasures of the Mohawks, so frequently spoken of by his father. There is an Indian tradition of silver and lead-mines and salt springs along the forks of the Mohican. One of these salt springs, as stated by Kinney, flowed from under the Mohawk Hill, in Monroe Township, near the farm of the Rev. Grau, the financial agent of Wittenberg College. It is further stated that the Indians, ere they left Greentown, caused this spring to "sink", by the use of quick-silver, or some other means, and that all traces of it have ever since been lost.  It is also stated that when the Indians were encamped on what is now the Cline farm, south of Shenandoah, they became short of lead, and that two of their number mounted their ponies and road up the Black fork and that they returned the same day with a quantity of lead in a crude state, but whether it had been stored away up by Ganges, or had been mined in that locality, was matter of conjecture among the white settlers.  The Pearce settlement was known in the olden time as "The Beech", on account of the abundance of beech trees in that locality. The Pearce's were strong athletic men in their day, and at musters and other gatherings engaged freely in the sports of the occasions, which sometimes wound up in a rough manner, but the Pearce's did not object to that, for they generally held their own with the best of the crowd.  Mrs. Shaw is a member of the Christian church and has the affectionate regards of a large circle of friends.  -- A.J. Baughman.  Submitted by Amy.  [Semi-Weekly News (Mansfield): 23 August 1898, Vol. 14, No. 70]

Sheehy, H.C. -- Newville.  In company with H.C. Sheehy we visited Hiram Stout, Sr. of Monroe tp., last Sunday.  In looking over the old family record we saw he would arrive at his 74th. mile post the 16th. of this month.  The old man seems to live like a king, keeping bachelor's hall.  His father was 74 years old when he died.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  14 January 1893]

Sheidley, Mrs. M.M. -- Mrs. M.M. Sheidley of Chicago Junction, the owner of the Hotel Sheidley, was born and reared at Bellville.  Her son-in-law, Dr. Lydy, and her son, Jay W. Sheidley, also of Chicago Junction, formerly lived in Bellville.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Shellenberger, George -- We now have on our exchange list the Humboldt (IA) Kosmos, a paper published in Humboldt, Iowa, of which George Shellenbgerger, a Mansfield boy, is one of the editors and proprietors.  It is a sprightly sheet, and we, with George's many friends in Mansfield, wish him success in its management.  [Ohio Liberal:  14 August 1878]

Sherman, Cecilia (Stewart) -- In my Saturday's communication, I gave a sketch of Sherman's home and improvements in Mansfield. After he shall have passed away he will become the property of the State. Present party differences will not be to his disadvantage. His long success and nearly even tone and quality through many occurrences, and the absence of any real scandals in his life, will probably hush dissent at his decease, and awaken attention to his general services. Even at the present it is wise to consider a man fairly who has been in many things the public servant and steward of us all.  I have not said anything with reference to Senator Sherman's wife, a lady who has been unusually prudent and modest during her husband's long career, and, although known to his circle of intimate friends and constituents, has seldom been described in the newspapers. Everybody speaks of her as an excellent, capable and devoted woman, who, in the absence of children, has supplied a charity, counsel and assistance to the public man whose name she bears recognized by Mr. Sherman and all his family.  Cecilia Sherman was the only daughter of Judge James Stewart and of his wife Margaret Lougheridge, to whom he was married in 1826. These names will at once be recognized as Scotch or Scotch-Irish. Mrs. Stewart lived only two years after her marriage, leaving this only child to her husband, who subsequently married Mary Mercer, a lady who lived to 1860, and survived her husband about two years.  Judge Stewart was one of the ablest men by nature and grace ever seen in that part of Ohio. He was of an old Irish family, which came to Pennsylvania about twenty-five years before the American Revolution. He was born in York County, Pennsylvania, at a place called Chanceford. This old region of the country has been noted for its Scotch-Irish jurists and its staid, industrious German population. Judge Stewart's mother was named Jane Duncan. He was born at the beginning of the century, and first removed to New York State, where he lived in a log house. While still in his youth he came to Ohio, and taught in an academy, I think, at Mansfield, probably the first academy in the town. Mansfield must have been then a very small place, for it was started in 1809 by Jared Mansfield. Judge Stewart taught himself to read, and, it is said, could not read and write till he was a man. If such was a fact, no sign existed on his noble and intelligent countenance of any want of education or sense. A picture of him hangs in the Sherman family library, and in some of its characteristics so much resembles the late Judge Charles Sherman that I mistook it for him awhile. Mr. Stewart rose to high consideration in Mansfield, and in 1850 was put on the bench, where he sat six years amid great satisfaction, till he was beaten by Judge Geddes, the present Democratic Member of Congress, and he died two years after that.  We may suppose that the young John Sherman had no sooner seen his way clear to a settlement in life than he attached himself to the interesting daughter of James Stewart, who at that time bade fair to be a man of property, and had a farm in the vicinity of Mansfield. His elevation to the bench was not of advantage to his worldly estate, and it is said that this property was embarrassed, and that John Sherman, in respect to his wife and her father, paid off the mortgages, and that it remains in the family. Mr. Sherman has considerable farm and town property in the Mansfield region, and he has uniformly given his attention to business so closely that he has little trouble in keeping up improvements and collecting his rents. The principal practice of his brother and law tutor was in making collections. John Sherman spent a good deal of his youth collecting money for the firm. Some of the people in Mansfield say that Mrs. Sherman, being the daughter of a lawyer and the wife of another, paid considerable attention to the forms and theory of law, and that she can draw a legal paper as accurately as her husband, and has often done so. She has the instinct of property and of husbandry well defined, and is amply capable of taking care of her husband's estate. She has been a mother to the children of other people, not only with the family of her husband, but to strangers, and the Senator and his wife have adopted at least two children and brought them up. Mr. Sherman's friends say that it would have been of advantage to his temperament and made him a more sociable man if his own children had been around his household.  The Sherman family at large has been quite prolific as Ohio families of thrifty stock, but in this one instance there is no prosperity. John Sherman, however, has been attending to the needs of his brothers and sisters, and has been a general adviser and friend of them all. He may be called the old man of the family, having been a sort of overseer of all the rest. Indeed, he has been the architect of the whole family, particularly of his brothers. Charles Sherman owed his appointment as United States Judge to his brother John, and Tecumseh Sherman had not only been a business failure up to the beginning of the war, but when the war broke out he was of a disturbed and wavering mind, not on the subject of union or disunion, but he thought the Abolitionists as much as the disunionists were responsible for the hostilities, and that his brother, John Sherman, had been too much of an Abolitionist. I think it probable that letters were written about that time arraigning John Sherman for having departed from the Conservative Whig precepts of his father and friends and gone into the black Republican camp. John Sherman, however, believed that Tecumseh had ability, and after trying to secure him some place on the staff at Washington, got him the offer of a whole regiment, which was a great promotion for Sherman, who had never been above a First Lieutenant or Captain in the Regular Army, and had with avidity seized upon the offer of chief of a military academy in Louisiana. John Sherman's connections, brothers-in-law, &c., have also derived influence, and perhaps advantage, from his public promotions. In nearly all these cases the appointments of his people to place have been to the public advantage. The selection of General Sherman to be a Colonel; and his subsequent promotions, attest good discernment and have brought ample return to the United States. When General Sherman was notified of his appointment to a regiment he was merely President of a horse-car company in St. Louis, probably with a salary of $2,500 a year. His ambitious, determined and almost sleepless mind was just what was needed to be united with Grant's steady yet somewhat phlegmatic temperament. These two men early united their fortunes, and without any waste of affection have understood each other, co-operated without friction and closed the war out gloriously together. If John Sherman ever made mistakes in the appointment of any of his people to place they were far over compensated by the gift of General Sherman to the Government.  The Sherman family of Ohio is a branch of the Connecticut Shermans, who are said to have come from Dedham, in Sussex County, England, and one of the earliest recorded is Sir Henry Sherman, of Yoxley. The first Sherman, Edmond, came to this country with the proverbial three sons, and settled in Massachusetts, at Watertown. Roger Sherman, the celebrated Connecticut Senator, was of this stock, a man who took position at home and at the Capitol for his distinctive good sense, as contrasted with the more courtly and showy qualities of the colonial gentry who about that time had given tone to the Senate. Roger Sherman had been a mechanic, a shoemaker, I think, and became a lawyer, and when he arrived in the Senate he was, perhaps, the first representative in it of the American mechanic, the grim, listening, criticizing business man, who had not been brought up as a shipping merchant, like Robert Morris, nor as a lawyer or planter, but as a craftsman accustomed to weigh his leather.  Roger Sherman started the Senate in the line of its present business, looking out for the revenue, watchful over the trades and the prosperity of the country; and there is something of his stamp in John Sherman's countenance and work. Charles R. Sherman, the Senator's father, was a lawyer of Norwalk, Conn., and an office-holder there. His deputy-collector, it is said, robbed him, and he had to be sold out, and, therefore, came out to Ohio soon after his marriage, in 1810, to Mary Hoyt. His eldest son, it is believed, was born at Norwalk in 1811. Somewhat later, Mr. Sherman assisted to located fire lands in the northern part of the State to compensate the Connecticut towns which had been destroyed by the British in the second war with England. Settled in Ohio, at Lancaster, this young Connecticut mother produced children without intermission. When Judge Sherman died, at Lebanon, while holding Court, of an attack, it is said of Asiatic Cholera, he left eleven children with the smallest amount of money to provide for them, some say only $200 to $400. The oldest of these children was only sixteen, and the youngest was only six weeks old.  John Sherman was the eighth child. The little frame house yet stands in Lancaster where the young mother, with a child at her breast and this formidable family around her, faced the world. Her husband had been regarded, however, as one of the most creditable men in the state, and had many friends at the Bar and among his prosperous neighbors. Consequently, Thomas Ewing, one of his friends, asked to have one of the children, and Tecumseh fell into his hands and so was sent to West Point and became the son-in-law of Mr. Ewing. Some of the girls, I think, were also sent to distant connections and friends and so married in other portions of the state. How few rich families have ever had the success that came out of this huddle of eleven poverty-stricken children in an Ohio town. But their father had really not left them poor; he had left them his name and the recollection of his character. He had been one of the Judges of the state, and in those early days a Judge in America stood as high as a Judge in the Pentateuch. His children seemed to become wards of the Bar. John Sherman at the ate of eight, was adopted by his father's cousin at the town of Mt. Vernon, which is but a few miles below Mansfield, in the same general valley. He remained at Mt. Vernon until 1831 and was sent back to Lancaster to school, the home of his childhood. At school he was a little sharp and testy and stood a good deal of flogging. His first occupation was to carry a rod in 1837 on the Muskingum Canal, an improvement work. This open-air occupation was a benefit to him, and though he had always been a thin man, he has never since been a sickly one. He was not presented with the fine round stomach and bodily gifts of his older brother Charles, and hence has always had entire possession of his head to work with, whereas if he had been a high-liver the blood which has propelled his brain might have been wanted in his stomach to assist digestion. It is a well-known law that when the stomach is full the blood goes there to assist assimilation, and those who eat frugally have more use for their brains.  It was about 1840 that Mr. Sherman went to Mansfield to enter the law office of his brother Charles D., and be a lad of all work. He made up his mind to settle right there, and he has, therefore, lived in Mansfield within a few years of half a century. Considering this length of time to occupy one town and grow up with it, what is said against Sherman in Mansfield is extremely slight and thin. Some of his Democratic neighbors say that he is a cold man. That remark has been adopted over much of the country. In one sense it is true -- he is as frank a man in is momentary enjoyments and repulsions as can be found. His temper is without disguise. He has learned through a long public career, to keep still, though his disposition is generally to retort immediately in kind, and not to maintain vindictiveness. There has hardly ever been a case where one of his friends, encountering any particular hostility, could not count on John Sherman not only standing by the friend, but fighting the enemy.   Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 06 March 1884, Vol. 34, No. 16]

Sherman, Charles T. -- Brother of the Senator -- Charles T. Sherman was my father's friend and my father his friend, and so when it happened to me that my course of allotted study in college was ended, though meager it was, it was suggested by my father that I take up study in the office of his friend, Charles T. Sherman, and while Charles was in my father's eye I may as well confess that the junior partner of the firm of C.T. and J. Sherman was in my own.  They were my preceptors.  For three years and more I was associated with them as student and thereafter for some years in more close relationship.  I ought to know Charles T. Sherman if close association, week in and week out, as the moons waxed and waned and the sun made annual cycles, enables one to know.  But it is not of my personal attachment or individual estimate of his character and capabilities that you, dear SHIELD, would have me write.  But the broader estimate, that which was thought of him in the wide field of his acquaintance in old Richland for the quarter of a century in which he was an active factor.  As is quite well known by many, he was the eldest of the six sons of his father, Charles R. Sherman, whose birth place was in New England, but who came early to Ohio and settled at Lancaster, and from which the father traveled out on the circuit attending the courts of Ohio, east and west, north and south, of Lancaster.  The father, Charles R. Sherman, was the contemporary of Ewing, Beecher, Hammond, Burnett, Pease, Peter Hitchcock, of the giants in the profession in the early years of Ohio's settlement, and his measure as man and lawyer was as full and complete as any as I have named.  I have heard my father and others say that he was not only a great lawyer but also a marvelously eloquent man, superior in that regard to any of his gifted sons.  Under the constitution of 1802 the judiciary of Ohio was appointed and not elective by the people, as under our present constitution, and it was possible to have the best equipped men made judges.  It is no reflection on the incumbents now of judicial places in Ohio.  But then the Governor of Ohio appointed, and the Senate of Ohio confirmed, and if we consider the line of Supreme Judges of Ohio up to 1852 no one will gainsay the fact that each and all were able and eminent in the profession, and pure and spotless was the ermine, and broad and basic were their opinions, as enunciated on the circuit and in bane, and Charles R. Sherman when he reached the Supreme Bench was not an exception to the general rule and remark, but he died a young man while in the discharge of his duties on the circuit, and if I recollect right at Lebanon, Warren County.  He was the father of Charles T. Sherman, of whom I write.  The father, as I have before said, had six sons and also five daughters.  How full was his quiver;  and when he died he was poor in property;  a little homestead in Lancaster.  Nothing more was left for widow and sons and daughters.  But he possessed friends in the persons of each and every lawyer of any standing throughout all Ohio.  Charles T. was cared for by Henry S. Stoddart, of Montgomery County;  William Tecumseh by Thomas Ewing;  Sampson Parker by Charles Hammond;  James by William J. Reese;  and John and Hoyt, too young to immediately go out from under the roof three of their mother, remained with her awhile.  Then John went with Samuel R. Curtis, the engineer of the Muskingum River improvement, and later both came to Mansfield, where Charles had established himself.  Of the daughters, one was the wife of a Supreme Judge of Ohio.  One may readily see what manner of man Charles T. Sherman was when we consider heredity;  as easily as we see what manner of men were and are his more distinguished brothers, Wm. T. and John.  Charles T. was educated at the Ohio University, located at Athens.  His early advantages were therefore good.  But what of him as a lawyer?  What of him as a judge?  He was well grounded in the principles of the law, and was a safe, wise and able counselor.  An advocate, he was not.  A certain timidity restrained him;  if he had conquered that he might have been very strong as a trial lawyer.  His was a fine form, and as he advanced in years he became somewhat portly.  His mental faculties were very active, and he could and did endure much and prolonged work.  He, like Jacob Brinkerhoff, in the early years, took a prominent part in the government and management of the local affairs of Mansfield.  He was village recorder and mayor, but aside from such official places he had none other save that he was appointed and confirmed U.S. District Judge for the Northern District of Ohio, and worthily and ably filled the place for nearly, if not quite ten years;  resigning the same he did not long survive.  He was a genial man, strongly attached to friends.  One of his daughters is the wife of a U.S. Senator.  Another, the wife of him who in a few years will command the Army of the Republic.  A third is the wife of Colgate Hoyt, an eminent citizen of New York, and his eldest son, Henry S. Sherman, was my pupil, even as I had been his father's.  He, the son, stood high at the Cleveland bar, but death met him on the ocean's waves and conquered him as he was making his first trip to Europe.  I write at some length of Charles T. Sherman.  Save his brother John, I was nearer to him than to any of the illustrious men whose good names and great fame is part of the heritage of the sons and daughters of Richland.  -- H.C.H.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  08 September 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 17]

Sherman, John (external link)

Shults, Martin G. -- Martin G. Shults, son of Sanford Smith Shults, Sr., deceased, was born on the Shults farm in northeast Madison township, Richland county, in 1844. His early life was spent on the farm and in the immediate neighborhood, where he was known as an active, industrious boy of generous nature, open countenance and quick perception. Early in life he qualified himself for the responsible profession of teaching, in which he achieved more than ordinary success, having taught sixteen terms, mostly in the districts of his native township.  He was four times elected township assessor on the Republican ticket over a party majority of sixty to eighty in favor of his competitor. As an evidence of his fidelity as an officer and his popularity with his countrymen, it may be said he was the only Republican ever elected to that office.   In early life he was exposed by his associations to more than the ordinary allurements and temptations to wrong, and while he did not always come out of the conflict unscathed, yet in the end he was victorious.  About eight years he removed to a farm in Williams county, Ohio, where he died on the 8th. of June, 1890. He met the king of terrors in the full enjoyment of rationality and reason, and calmly and cheerfully submitted to his fate. With his last breath he bade good by to wife and daughter and in the next moment was in the spirit world.  "Beyond the flight of time, Beyond the vale of death, There surely is some blessed clime Where life is not a breath."  The funeral services were held at the old Shults home, where Rev. D.W. Smith delivered an instructive discourse on the ministry of sorrow, to an unusually large audience of friends and neighbors.  S.N.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 03 July 1890, Vol. 40, No. 33]

Shupe, Walter H. -- The late Walter H. Shupe built a steam grist mill at Rome and resided there for awhile.  Mr. Shupe was prosecuting attorney of Richland County in 1854-55.  He afterwards engaged in the newspaper business in New York City, and later instituted an order known as the "Son of Columbia" of which he became the president or "father" was their executive officer was called, and which led him to finally have hi named changed from Walter H. Shupe to "Father Columbia".  He was talented but somewhat visionary.  He died at Cleveland a few months ago.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 October 1903, Vol. 11, No. 39]

Shurr, Daniel Ayres

Sickinger, Grace -- Insanity papers have been filed in probate court against Grace Sickinger, who is thought to be insane.  Action in the case has been deferred for the present as it is thought she may become all right again.  [Semi-Weekly News:  01 December 1896]

Slocum, Willard -- A brief article appears in the 24 November 1894 issue of the Richland Shield & Banner regarding William Slocum and two other gentleman, under the title "Illustrious Dead".  You may wish to obtain photocopies of this article from the Sherman Room at the Mansfield/Richland Co. Public Library for a modest fee.

Slough, Edwin G. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF EDWIN G. SLOUGH - Today is the birthday anniversary of Edwin G. Slough, who was born March 21, 1867, in Lancaster county, Pa. Mr. Slough has been engaged in the real estate business in Mansfield for a number of years and as secretary of the chamber of commerce for the past several years he has taken a decidedly active part in matters looking to the growth and advancement of the city. Earlier in life Mr. Slough was engaged for some time in newspaper work and conducted a newspaper in Galion for several years. During the time McKinley was governor Mr. Slough was in the adjutant general's office in Columbus, ranking captain. Submitted by Jean and Faye. [The Mansfield News, Page 4: Monday, March 21, 1910]

Smart, Louisa (Zody) -- Mrs. Louise Smart has been a lifelong resident of Monroe Township, and her relatives are among the well-to-do people of that part of the county. She is a member of the Richland Pioneer Association and takes an interest alike in the events of the present and the associations of the past. In about 1846 she was married to Perry Smart, who is now deceased. The Smart Farm is about a mile and a half north of Lucas, and there Mrs. Smart and her son, Harland, now live on the same old place, which had been the home of her husband's father. About four years ago their house was destroyed by fire, but a new dwelling soon arose Phoenix-like in its place.  The Smart Farm is about a half mile from the old-time Gledhill Woolen factory. The main building still stands and is now used as a barn. Walter Gledhill operated this factory for a number of years quite successfully, but in 1870 removed the machinery and fixtures to Mansfield into what is now known as the Baltimore block, which he rebuilt and operated for some time. But a new page had been turned over in the book of the world's industries relegating the smaller factories to the past, leaving the field to the large establishments, which under the fostering care of trusts and combines occupy the field today.  The Painter Woolen mills, a half mile east of Mansfield, the Lonsdale and France factory, on the Rockfork, below Lucas, the woolen mills at Newville, Watt's carding and fulling mills, near Hemlock Falls, the large woolen factory of Clapper & Orewiler, at the old town of Winchester, between Butler and Newville, the Frary mills, west of Bellville and others that might be named, all shared the same fate. This was not only true of woolen mills, but other industries were included in the same category and shared the same fate. The world moves and people must adjust themselves to the situations and times in which they live.  Mrs. Smart's maiden name was Zody, and her father owned a fine farm on the road leading from Lucas to Perrysville, about midway between the Mohawk Hill and the latter place. Walnut Hall school house stands upon the southwest corner of the Zody farm. This school house deserves a passing notice, as Judge Wolfe and others, now residents of Mansfield, there received their primary education. In 1852--4 George W. Ridge taught at Walnut Hall. As a teacher, Ridge was a composite of the old and the new. In his teaching he used blackboards and outline maps and other improved methods of instruction which were not entirely approved of by many heads of families in those days, who considered that reading, writing and "figuring to the rule of three" were educational attainments sufficient for the ordinary business life. But while Ridge was considered new and modern in his modes of teaching, he was assertive in his manner and as a disciplinarian the government of his school was upon the lines of the old school master and he never spoiled a scholar by sparing the rod. In time the rod was succeeded by a leather strap and if it's marks cannot be traced upon the backs of some people today it is because time kindly heals all wounds. Mr. Ridge married one of his pupils, Miss Catharine Zody, a sister of Mrs. Smart, and an estimable lady of domestic taste. Mr. Ridge and wife followed Horace Greeley's advice to go west and located at Vinton, Ia., where they prospered.  The next teacher at the Hall was George L. Reed, a half-brother of our J.M. Reed. But George long since gave up the rod of the pedagogue for the tripod of the sanctum, and is editing a newspaper out in Kansas. But the rod in Reed's case was only a figure of speech, for he governed by moral suasion. He was modest, gentle and persuasive, and as an instructor had but few equals. Like Ridge, Reed is a man of sterling worth and spotless character. Each did his duty as he saw it, and many of their old-time pupils acknowledge today the debt of gratitude they owe their former teachers. Mr. Reed married Mary Ellen Wigton, daughter of 'Squire William Wigton, one of the early settlers of Monroe Township, and one of its most respected citizens.  Of the farms cornering at the Hall, that of Crawford's has been sub-divided and is now owned by Mr. Yarnell and Mr. Mowry, and that of Adam Wolfe by Gould Tucker. The Baughman farm passed into the hands of the Dome family, but the Zody farm has not changed ownership for many years. William Crawford, is pleasantly spending the autumn of his bachelor life at Perrysville.  Mrs. Smart raised two sons -- Leander and Harland. The former is now deceased, but his daughter resides in Mansfield, and is the wife of Christian Baer, a son of the late ex-commissioner.   -- A.J. Baughman.  Submitted by Amy.  [Mansfield Semi-Weekly News: 06 September 1898, Vol. 14, No. 74]

Smiley, Jay -- JAY SMILEY -- The family of Mr. Smiley are of Scottish origin; his grandfather, Wm. Smiley, being born in Scotland, and emigrating to America in the first half of the last century, settling in the colony of New Hampshire. John Smiley was born in Jeffrey, N.H., August 21st., 1754, but removed in 1785 to Rutland Co., Vermont, where Jay Smiley, his twelfth child, was born, on the 4th. of October, 1794. Soon after this, in the same year, he moved to Augusta, Oneida Co., N.Y., where another child was born. Out of this large family of thirteen, all but one lived until years of maturity. In 1807 the family again removed to Jefferson County, N.Y., where the death of Mr. John Smiley occurred in March, 1813. The subject of our sketch remained at home until 1817, when he was twenty-two years of age, and then, in company with his brother David, he started out to seek his fortunes in the undeveloped western country. Their first stop was made in Mansfield, Richland County, Ohio, and their first engagement was made with William and George Reynolds, who lived in Mifflin Township, half a mile south of the present town of Windsor. Here David remained two years, and Jay three years and a half, during which time they purchased the S.W. quarter of Section 5, Township 22, Range 19, and in 1820 Jay bought out his brother's interest in the property.  We next learn of Mr. Smiley returning on a visit to the old home in Jefferson County, N.Y., and there he was married on the 10th. of April, 1822, to Miss Dolly Johnson, of that county. In May of that same year they came out to Ohio, stopped in Stark County until November, 1823, then moved to Sharon Township, Richland County, and on the 1st. of January, 1824, they took possession of their new log cabin on section five, and on the 15th. of February following, their first child was born there. This place has been their home ever since. Here have been born to them seven children, four sons and three daughters, named in the order of their birth, Rosanna, Henry J., Sarah J., David, Louisa, Andress E. and John Jay, of whom two sons and two daughters are still living, in 1873. On the 11th. of May, 1873, Mrs. Smiley departed this life, in the 73d. year of her age, after more than half a century of wedded life, of joys and sorrows, of early privations and later competence.  In the year 125, Mr. Smiley was elected Justice of the Peace, at the fifth election ever held in this township. He held this office six years at that time, and in 1848, being again elected, continued to serve for nine years. Among other acts of Mr. Smiley's official life, he reports the marriage by him of forty couples. He is passing his declining years in ease and comfort, upon the spot that first became his home at Shelby nearly fifty years ago. His powers of mind remain almost unimpaired, as is shown by his furnishing us, in his seventy-ninth year, the circumstances and the dates of this article with readiness and accuracy, entirely from memory.  Henry J., the eldest son, was married November, 1856, to Miss Cordelia Craig, who died February, 1864, leaving him one daughter, Mary. He now resides in Marion County.  Rosanna, the eldest daughter, was married in December, 1845, to George W. Moore, who was engaged in the drug business in Shelby for some years, and who died in August, 1858, leaving two sons, Albert and Wallace, who live in Shelby at the present writing, in 1873.  His daughter, Louisa, was married October 22d., 1858, to Lemuel Fite, now living in Marion County, Ohio.  Sarah J., the second daughter, died in the 23d. year of her age. She was educated at Berea, Ohio, and prepared in mind and heart for a sphere of usefulness. She is now remembered among her friends chiefly for the modest purity that adorned her daily life, and endeared her to all.  David, the second son, was married to Miss Jennie Mickey, in September, 1855, and died April 8th., 1857. He was educated at Baldwin Institute, Berea, and at the Ohio Wesleyan University. In the Fall of 1856, he took a great interest in the political campaign, and his Republican friends availed themselves of his talents as a speaker, and put him forward in the canvass of the county. His exertions in this direction probably laid the foundation of the malady which attacked him shortly after, followed him through the Winter, and ended his life in the following Spring. His friends and enemies, in politics (for he had no enemies outside of politics), mourned his loss, as the taking off of the most promising young man in the community, and to this day he is named as the most talented of the sons of Shelby.  John Jay, the fourth son, was married to Miss Amelia Tucker, December 2d., 1865, and they are now living on the old home place.  The closing lines of this brief sketch we dedicate to the memory of one who gave his life to his country.  Andress E. Smiley, third son of Jay Smiley, graduated at the Ohio Wesleyan University in June, 1858. In September, 1861, he enlisted in Company "I", 15th. Regiment Ohio Vols., and on the 24th. June, 1863, was killed at Liberty Gap, Tennessee, while acting as Lieutenant of Company "A", to which office he was appointed in April, 1863. His remains were brought home in March, 1864, and interred in the old cemetery. He was prepared by nature and education for a useful and honorable life; alas! he is numbered now among --  " * * * * The brave, "Who sink to rest, "By all their country's wishes blest."   Submitted by Amy.  [ATLAS MAP OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO. By A.T. Andreas. Chicago, Ill., 1873, p. 23]

Smith, Hiram R. -- Hiram R. Smith yesterday completed the eighty-first year of his life upon this mundane sphere, as was announced in Sunday's Shield. A short sketch of the life of the venerable gentleman who is hale and hearty and remarkably active for one of his years, will be of great interest to the Shield's many readers.  Mr. Smith was born on a farm on the site of the present village of Huron, O., where his parents, Asa Smith and wife (nee Hannah Richmond) had located just before the war of 1812. In 1824 he came to Mansfield and lived with Hugh McFall, tending store mornings and evenings and going to school during the day. For fifteen years he lived with Mr. McFall as salesman of a general stock of goods and, during this time, he served as deputy postmaster for eight years and a half, doing all the business in the post office and, through his fidelity, economy and energy, succeeded in accumulating enough capital to warrant his engaging in the general merchandise business for himself.  In 1839 Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Ann C. Leiter, who died in this city, June 7, 1850, and who bore him the following children: Henry, born March 31, 1840, who enlisted in the army during the rebellion and died in Arkansas in 1862; Mary Felicia, born June 25, 1842, died July 20, 1876; Richmond, born December 14, 1844; Clara Ann, born February 8, 1848, died July 26, 1875. Mr. Smith's second marriage was to Ann Ward, May 16, 1854. Of this marriage, two children were born: Ward Smith, October 1, 1856, and Rena May, born August 8, 1860.  Mr. Smith has always encouraged every public enterprise that would benefit the community, and has seen the growth of Mansfield from a village to the city of the present. The Shield wishes him many happy returns of the anniversary of his birth.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner: 13 January 1894, Vol. LXXVI, No. 35]

Smith, Hiram R. - HIRAM R. SMITH ENTERS NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR - This is the birthday anniversary of Hiram R. Smith, Mansfield's oldest resident, who now enters upon his ninety-eighth year, having been born in Huron, Erie county, Ohio, Jan. 7, 1813. He came to Mansfield in 1824 and has resided here ever since, having been prominently identified with the early history of the city. Mr. Smith is still able to get up street quite frequently and is remarkably active and spry, considering that in two years time he will enter his one hundredth year. Submitted by Jean and Faye. [The Mansfield News, Page 3: Friday, January 7, 1910]

Smith, Robert C. -- With them entered the lists Robert C. Smith, whom we laid away also only a few years ago.  Smith was born in Pennsylvania, was educated at an academy where Caleb J. McNulty and Clement L. Vallandigham were early schooled.  His father removed to Ashland when that village was still a part of old Richland.  He came hither and also became a student of Judge Stewart and General Newman.  He was very vigorous, and gave promise of great growth.  His voice was powerful and I have heard Judge Stewart foretell for him a brilliant future.  And I remember well, once when Mr. Delano was associated with him in the defense of one accused of crime, and accused wrongfully, a case in which both Delano and Smith made arguments to court and jury, that at the close of the trial Mr. Delano greatly complimented Smith on his conduct of the case and his brilliant rhetoric and forceful argument.  That Smith had gifts, was not questioned;  but he lacked method, both of study of life, and he despised the weakness of some who gain fame and fortune by fawning.  Disuse of the gifts given him also caused him to lose confidence in himself.  Robert C. Smith was a true friend, and was the soul of honor, yet his life was in a measure sad and less of a success than it might have been.  He also at the outset of his career, was a member of the Democratic party, and left it when Kirkwood and Dr. Henderson did.  When the war for the Union was waged, he became a soldier and served as a lieutenant in the 1st. Ohio Independent Battery.  For a number of years he was connected with the Internal Revenue service, and was a faithful public officer.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  01 December 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 29]

Snider, Peter -- Mr. Peter Snider made us a visit the other day, and in talking over old times we learned that he hailed from Mansfield, Ohio, and settled in this county in the spring of 1871, thus making him one of our old settlers.  When he landed here he was a poor man with only a few dollars in his pocket, but by hard work and honest dealings with his fellow man has been successful in securing much of this world's goods to the amount of several thousand dollars.  He served three years in the war, went in a Democrat, came out a Democrat and has been a Democrat ever since.  And by faithfulness to his party, especially at a time when there were only a handful of Democrats in this county, a Democratic sheriff was elected -- Henry Litts -- after which the party took on strength and has been successful in electing many Democrats to office since that time.  Mr. Snider is one of our most respected citizens, a good Democratic worker and numbers his friends in this county by the score.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  17 December 1892 as reprinted from the Dickinson Co. News of Abilene, Kansas]

Snyder, Kimble P.  (external link)

Sotzen, Henry -- Shelby.  Henry Sotzen and son, George, were in Dayton, Ky., yesterday.  Mr. Sotzen saw for the first time a grandchild and great-grandchild, who live there, descendants of his daughter, formerly Sadie Sotzen.  [Mansfield News:  10 July 1899]

Spaulding, Alma (Beverstock) -- Lexington. The venerable Mrs. Alma Spaulding recently attained the age of 79 years. Mrs. Spaulding, whose maiden name was Beverstock, was born in Vermont, among whose historic vernal hills she passed her girlhood days and later she lived in Lowell, Mass., and knew Gen. B.F. Butler, deceased, when he was a young barrister without brief or fame. For 42 years Mrs. Spaulding has given prestige to Lexington's social circles by her cultured presence. She taught school here in the correspondent's juvenile days and he has felt the impress of her wisdom, but never the impress of her rod. The correspondent was, the lady says, one of her good little boys and he regrets that he has not practiced the virtues which she so kindly inculcated in him. Time has not dimmed the bright radiance of her intellect and as a member of the Ladies' Literary Club her productions show that she possesses the bright perceptions, the happy flow of spirits of her pristine days.  Submitted by Amy.  [Mansfield Semi-Weekly News: 20 December 1898, Vol. 14, No. 104]

Spohn Family -- The Spohns are entitled to a family sketch, for they were early settlers, exemplary people and the founders of Butler.  Martin Spohn, Sr., was a Pennsylvanian by birth.  He was a Dunkard preacher, who according to the rules of his sect, worked for a livelihood instead of receiving a salary from his congregation.  He located in Ohio in an early day and took what was called the "tomahawk right" to 160 acres of land.  This "right" consisted in marking or "blazing" trees so as to encircle the land, for which after a specified time he was to pay the government a small price.  His son, Daniel, was the founder of Butler.  Martin Spohn, Jr., was born in Washington Co., Pa., in 1804, came to Ohio when young and resided in Worthington Twp. many years, dying at an advanced age.  The elder Spohns wore the Dunkard garb and were hard-working, honorable men.  Mrs. Sarah Bevington, of 486 West Fourth Street [Mansfield], is a daughter of Martin Spohn, and the maiden name of the widow of the late Joseph M. Manner was Spohn.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  04 June 1903, Vol. 11, No. 12]

Starkey, Sarah -- There seems to be a lot in a name, for who would recognize the girl called Sarah Starkey? However, "Peg" Starkey brings as many memories to almost all of us as a yard stick does to any freshman. "Peg" is an almost absolute example of the expression "Children should be seen and not heard". Her energy and "pep" are expressed in her hobbies, which are playing tennis and dancing. After finding out "Peg's" ambition, which is to go to Europe, one is very much opposed to Emerson's idea that "Traveling is a fool's paradise". "Peg" has been a member of Blue Tri (1) (2) (3), Latin Club (3) and General Music (1) (2).  Submitted by Amy.  [THE HYPHONERIAN: 08 October 1926, Vol. IX, No. 2]

Starr, M. -- Dr. M. Starr was a Butler Township boy, whose parents were pioneers in that part of the county.  Dr. Starr began the practice of medicine in Shenandoah in 1851, and never changed location.  He served as assistant surgeon of the 174th. O.V.I. in the civil war.  He was always regarded as an able physician and a worthy citizen.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 October 1903, Vol. 11, No. 39]

Stelts, Abraham -- Last week, Abraham Stelts, aged about 84 years, split over 1,000 rails. One half of a large cut rolled back, when it opened, and caught him under it. He undertook to dig out with his hands, and succeeded very well, until he came to frozen ground. He then hallooed about twice at once, when two men came to his rescue and extricated him, when he deliberately went to his work and finished his job. "How's that for high?"  Mr. Stelt's was a soldier in our last war with England, came to the site of Bellville in 1812, and has resided in the vicinity ever since; has probably done more hard, pioneer labor than other man now living in Jefferson Twp., and his physical strength and vigor, after his long and laborious life, is a subject of wonder. -- E.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE DOLLAR WEEKLY: 11 April 1873, Vol. 2, No. 6]

Stevens, William -- Stevens was the brother-in-law and partner of Thomas W. Bartley;  his wife the sister of our townsman, Mr. John C. Larwill.  His first home in Mansfield was on the corner of Third and Water Streets (Adams newly named), in a dwelling house built by Adam Poe, one of the great preachers of northern Ohio.  Selling that, Mr. Stevens built a new residence on Main Street, west side, between First and Second Streets.  It was in its day a beautiful home.  Mr. Stevens was elected prosecuting attorney of the county, having defeated Geo. W. Geddes, who was the Whig candidate.  He was not a great lawyer nor a great man, not as industrious as Judge Bartley, nor gifted in any measure approaching the gifts of Bartley.  Kirkwood succeeded him as the partner of Bartley and Stevens succeeded Kirkwood as prosecuting attorney.  Still I remember the fact that when I was first a student-at-law Stevens was in full practice, and was at times associated with John Sherman in the trial of cases.  He was negligent in his personal appearance, careless in his dress and indifferent in his manners, and not ambitious even for the acquirement of fortune.  In 1873 I made a trip to Kansas City with Mr. John Wood on professional business, which made necessary a call on one of the leading merchants of that busy, growing city.  It so happened that the day we arrived there was one day after a municipal election, and it developed in our call that the merchant was the successful candidate for the mayorality, and a Democrat.  As we entered the counting room of the merchant we spied our old friend, Wm. Stevens, Esq., with hat all battered, minus a shirt collar, coat worn thread-bare and his tout-ensemble was any thing but inviting.  You see, dear SHIELD, there had been a Democratic victory.  As Mr. Stevens took us in, quickly recognizing old friends, grasping our hands in turn, and with warm words of welcome, yet possibly conscious that two pairs of eyes were scanning his foot-gear and head-gear and clothing generally, he doffed the stove pipe hat and remarked:  "I am still one of the unwashed Democracy."  He had every opportunity in the west for abundant success.  Friends east in Ohio who commanded large resources, were at his service, but he was content to live without making great effort or seeing great results.  Had Wm. Stevens been thrown wholly from the first on his own resources, compelled to face poverty or win wealth, I verily believe he would have achieved a great success.  He was in the days of his residence at Mansfield an author and wrote and published a book, now out of print, entitled the "Unjust Judge".  He quarreled with Stewart, with Kirkwood, and in his book he delineated Stewart to his own estimate and measure of the man as the "Unjust Judge" and one of the personæ of his story he nominated "Old Yellow Coat" and that appellative fitted none save Kirkwood.  There may be some stray copies of the book in some of the libraries of Mansfield, I know not, but it is a fact, and should not be lost in history, that in the bar of Richland in the olden time we find authors and painters, doctors and preachers, yet all at one time disciples of Blackstone and devotees of the law.  Mr. Stevens might have taken rank and position in the profession in Missouri and Kansas and reached the bench had he been more industrious and energetic.  He lacked not brains, but orderly brains;  not knowledge, but the disposition to use that knowledge to the utmost.  I may express myself too freely, but if he were alive and would read this sketch he would not regard the criticism as unjust or unwise.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  17 November 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 27]  Later in the article it states "My friend Mr. Larwill, as I finish this sketch, informs me that I am mistaken, that Mr. Stevens now an old man of eighty and upwards, still lives in his western home in Kansas City, Mo.;  but let the sketch stand."

Stevenson, Andrew -- Andrew Stevenson, formerly of Mansfield, but lately editor of the Plain City Gazette, has returned to Mansfield, and has become a partner of R.B. McCrory in the practice of law.  [Ohio Liberal:  18 December 1878]

Steward, John

Stone, Alice (Smith) -- TO SHUFFLE OFF, One of the 400 of Wild Cat Chute Takes Pizen To Kill Herself.  "Wild Cat Chute", in the lower part of the city, which has gained much notoriety in the past, came to the front yesterday with another ugly sensation.  About 7 o'clock Sunday night the occupants of the tenement house located on North Main Street, in the rear of the property formerly owned by W.W. Dunnavant, were thrown into a state of great excitement by finding Alice Stone, nee Alice Smith, in a dying condition, she having tried to commit suicide.  From the woman's six-years-old son it was learned that on Saturday night before she attempted to take her life the woman had called him to her, told him of her intentions and instructed him to sell off the furniture after she was dead and then take up his residence with his grandmother.  After this the boy observed her drink something from a small bottle.  She suffered all night and Sunday about the hour named above.  Drs. Mason and Baughman were summoned.  Officer Lewis, however, arrived at the house first and, securing the bottle and remaining contents, left the house, so that when the physicians arrived they were compelled to work in the dark, not knowing what the woman had taken.  They went to work and administered the usual remedies in such cases and finally succeeded in getting her out of danger much to the patient's disgust.  Mrs. Smith is a grass widow, about 34 years of age, and formerly resided at Marion and later at Galion.  She was of respectable parentage, but it was learned from those familiar with the case that shortly after her marriage, while residing at Marion, her husband was sent to the penitentiary for burglary.  There were three sisters in the family, one of whom, it is understood, is now located in a local sporting house.  The victim, it is stated by the same authority was also a boarder at one of these places until a short time ago, when she rented the rooms where she now lives.  Upon recovering sufficiently to be able to converse the woman "roasted" the physicians unmercifully for saving her life, saying that she wished to "shuffle off" and would repeat the attempt.  From various sources it was leaned the woman had a lover who has been very attentive until a short time ago and his desertion caused her to attempt suicide.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  27 February 1892]

Stough, William & Sarah A. (Redding) -- Madison Township.  Stough, William, Insurance Agent, Justice, and soldier, was born, January 22d, 1821, in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, of American parentage of German descent. He was educated in the common schools and when quite young was apprenticed to learn the cabinetmaker's trade in Mansfield, Ohio. Having perfected himself in his calling he entered into the business himself, and removed to Williams County, Ohio, where he also followed the lumber business in connection with cabinet making. After twelve years, he engaged in general merchandise in Pulaski and Bryan, where he continued for five years. In 1861 he entered into the army as Captain of Company H, 38th Ohio Volunteers, and served with that command for one year resigning in consequence for ill health. He returned home, where he remained for a year, and then returned to the service as Captain in the 9th Ohio Calvary. In September, 1864, he was promoted to the rank of Major, and fifteen days thereafter again promoted, receiving the rank of Lieutenant Colonel for efficient services, and held that rank at the close of the war. He holds brevet Colonel and Brigadier-General commission for meritorious conduct, March 10th, 1865; these are for services rendered at the surprise of Kilpatrick's command by Wade Hampton and Wheeler at Monroe Cross Roads, near Fayette, North Carolina; and in the "History of the Ninety Second Illinois Infantry" he is highly complimented for the efficient services he then rendered. He was honorably discharged from the service in August, 1865, and returning home was elected Justice of the Peace for three terms in succession, and still holds that office, and has held that office sor six terms in Williams County. In 1870 he was chosen Mayor of Bryan. He is also engaged in the insurance business. He has been connected with the Republican party since its foundation. He was married in 1840 to Sarah A. Redding, of Richland County, Ohio, who died in September, 1864.  [1.The Biographical Encyclopedia of Ohio of the Nineteenth Century, page 600, Galaxy Publishing Company, Cincinnati and Philadelphia, 1876, S.A. George & Co., Stereotypers & Electrotypers]

Stout, James -- James Stout, a New Jerseyman by birth and a Hollander by descent, entered the west half of the southwest quarter of section 22 [Monroe Twp.] upon which he located in 1829, and upon which he lived until his death, Aug. 30, 1864.  There were but few settlers in that part of the township at that time.  There were heavy forests, and wildcats, deer and wild turkeys were numerous, and bears were frequently seen.  Mr. Stout was fond of hunting, and his wife could shoot squirrels and other small game equally well with her husband.  The Stouts were industrious people and good neighbors.  Hiram Stout, the survivor of the family, lives at the old home.  He is 84 years old, and a bachelor.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Straub, Jacob -- After a long, lingering illness, the gradual wearing out of a strong constitution after years of industry, Jacob Straub, passed into the eternal life at 9 o'clock this morning at the home of his son-in-law, R.M. Yardly, 72 North Diamond Street.  Mr. Straub was born in Lancaster County, Pa., in 1826. The following year his grandfather, Jacob Markley and father, George Straub, moved to Mansfield and this was the home of Jacob Straub all his days.   At the age of seventeen years he was apprenticed to William Bessinger a wagon maker. The apprenticeship expired when he became of age and he at once went into business for himself on East Fourth Street, near the corner of Adams, where he remained several years. He then purchased the property on North Main now occupied by George Schuler, where he had his shop until eleven years ago when he tore down the shop and erected in its stead the present brick building.  Mr. Straub was twice married. His first wife was Elizabeth Christman, the mother of his only daughter, Mrs. Yardly. The second wife was Mrs. Henry Lehr, who died four years ago, the mother of his only son, Harry Straub.  Mr. Straub was three times appointed to make the decennial land appraisements of the old Third Ward; was several times elected assessor of that ward and represented the ward in the city council. He also served a number of years as a member of the city board of equalization. Three years ago he was elected water works trustee and it was only on account of failing health that he was not a candidate for re-election. Funeral from the residence Friday afternoon at 3 o'clock.  Submitted by Amy.  [RICHLAND SHIELD & BANNER: 01 June 1895, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 3]

Strong, William L. -- A biographical article appears in the 03 November 1894 issue of the Richland Shield & Banner (Vol. LXXVII, No. 25, p. 6).  Due to its' length, it is not being published here.  Interested parties may contact the Sherman Room of the Mansfield/Richland Co. Public Library for print-outs of this article for a very modest fee.

Sturges, Eben Perry -- We reprint from the recently published volume containing the proceedings of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, at its' fourteenth reunion, held in September, 1882, at Milwaukee, Wis., the following memoir of our late citizen, Major Eben P. Sturges, deceased, contributed at the request of the Committee on Memoirs of that Society, and prepared by the Rev. Dr. S.A. Bronson, of this city.  STURGES -- Born in Mansfield, Richland County, Ohio, August 19, 1840, and died in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 22, 1882.  Thus he was taken away in the very prime of manhood. His native place having been his home during all his life of forty-two years, can not be expected to furnish many incidents to fill up a memoir, without going into details of little general interest.  His life may be divided into: 1. His childhood at home; 2. The youth at school; 3. The soldier on the field; 4. The man of business after the war; 5. His illness.  His Childhood at Home -- Major Sturges was the second son of Edward Sturges, Esq., a leading and very successful business man. Though born to wealth, his parents had the good judgment and persevering energy to train up their children "in the way they should go", that is, in habits of morality, industry and economy. While they were subject to all proper restraint it was the unwearied effort of a watchful mother to see that home should furnish amusements at least as attractive as the streets. Eben, it would seem, scarcely needed discipline; for among a family of nine children, who have not failed to honor their parents in their subsequent lives, he was called one of his mother's good boys. Instead of running in the streets as some do, he was under careful culture at home. It does appear that he had any wild oats to sow nor any bad habits to correct.   As a Youth at School -- Mr. Sturges showed the good effects of his careful and judicious home training. Though there is no direct testimony at hand from fellow-students to show the degree of attainment and manner in which he sustained himself while a student of Kenyon College, yet there is the satisfactory testimonial that nothing appears against him. He came home with a clean record, and his correspondence afterward with fellow students shows a very high regard for him. This memorial, ere it closes, will show that his intellect was of a high order and his mental culture such as to do honor to his own industry and to the institution of which he was a member. As we have no speeches nor essays from which to form an estimate of his intellectual capacity, and none of his letters are at hand, there is but a slender opportunity to form an estimate. It was his habit only to speak or write when the occasion required, and when he did so every word was to the point.  As a Soldier -- Mr. Sturges received his commission as Second Lieutenant of Battery B, First Regiment of Ohio Light Artillery, in October, 1861, and that of First Lieutenant of Battery M in March, 1863. He served gallantly in the battle of Mi'l Spring in Kentucky, the battles of Shiloh, of Murfreesboro, of Perrysville, Tuliahoma, Chattanooga and Mission Ridge. From there, in the hundred days' fight all the way to Atlanta, he was on General Brannon's staff. From Atlanta he was assigned to General Thomas' command and returned by way of Franklin and Nashville, in which terrible conflicts he participated and won the highest regard of his fellow officers and the esteem of all. Lieutenant Eben P. Sturges remained in the service till the close of the war, and received the well deserved tribute of his brevet rank of Major. During his four years in the Army, he kept a daily record of events that occurred with which he was more or less connected. Parts of his diary are still preserved. An extract from it may be of some general interest as with the history of the great battle, and of special interest to his friends, as a more vivid picture of Major Sturges than this pen is able to draw.  Extract from His Diary  -- Diary -- December 29, 1862. To-day rose early and prepared to march. Our progress was slow, as our advance had to clear the road occasionally of the enemy's rear-guard. Every once in a while the latter would send a round shot spinning along the road. At night we encamped in an open field, two and a half miles from Murfreesboro. The other troops encamped on either side along the road and in the heavy cedar groves all around us. Commenced to sleep in the open air; but it having begun to rain, put up a tent and slept more comfortably.  Diary -- December 30, 1862. About daylight we took the battery through a grove of cedars, on and along a road, and came into battery to the right. The ground on which we posted the guns was very rocky and covered with cedars. Our skirmishers were advanced a few hundred yards in front of us, and kept up a brisk fire with those of the enemy. A ball from the latter would at times whistle by us. Our artillery on our left about a quarter of a mile, opened on the enemy in front about 9 o'clock and were replied to. Artillery opened on our right and kept up all day. Our brigade was on an angle formed by the junction of our right and left lines. Late in the afternoon our battery was ordered to the vortex of this angle. Here we came into action, and, with the batteries on our right, poured a concentrated fire into the enemy's skirmishers and into his camp, as was supposed. Their sharpshooters endeavored to pick us off. One fired a shot, evidently for me, into the breast of a wheel-horse of my left piece. The jugular vein being cut, he bled to death very soon. A few shells sent right into their pits, sent these sharpshooters skedaddling. Darkness coming on we ceased firing, having sent them about thirty rounds per piece. Occupied our old camping ground.  Diary -- December 31, 1862. In the morning first went to the position which we had yesterday morning. Soon changed to the spot whence we had fired last evening. Heard heavy fighting on our right. Opened our guns to shell the woods in front of us. We were on the edge of a cedar grove, the trees of which would once in a while be shattered by the enemy's artillery. They seemed to be driving us on the right. I was ordered by Lieutenant Wright, of Cruft's staff, to take my section around to the left of the angle upon which we were fighting. Found hot fighting going on there. Unlimbered and ran my pieces down, almost to the line of infantry, by hand. The enemy were about three hundred yards distant on a ridge, under cover of corn-fields and bushes. Gave them for about three-quarters of an hour shrapnel and Schenck shell. By that time the action was very hot, and I advanced the pieces a few rods and changed shrapnel for canister. By this time also their batteries had answered, and rattled the projectiles of all kinds through the cedars around us. Sam. Earl, my rifled piece's gunner, put his shells right into their battery. The canister I could not see the effects of, for the smoke and cover. Our right seemed to be being driven. We saw the enemy being reinforced by solid columns of infantry, proudly bearing the stars and bars. I directed my fire at the latter, and they went down. The ammunition for my rifled piece was all gone, and I sent it to the rear. My smooth-bore I had previously ordered into a new position, in order to get them out of a shower of canister that was cutting them. They themselves had fired twenty rounds of canister. All this time the right of our line had been driven, and we were in a short of horseshoe; and as our reserves had gone to help the right, we had to retire before the largely superior forces of the rebels. I found my smooth-bore with but man by it. The rest, however, were near. I rallied them and helped them to limber up and sent them out. A careless driver (a new man) ran the pole up against a tree and broke it. We ran the piece back by hand and started it again. I followed upon foot. Early in the engagement I gave my horse to a spy whom I knew with Negley, who was sitting by a tree holding another horse. During the heat of the action he was lost. I lingered some to look back. Our infantry were beginning to rally, and at length retired from the woods in good order. Old Rosey was here on the ground, and I heard him say something to encourage the men and add:  "We're Meeting Them."  I saw him several times afterward on the field, giving directions and encouragement. Our line fell back in the center about half a mile. I found the battery on a hill about a quarter of a mile from the advance line. We were ordered to form in battery here. While doing it Sergeant Thompson was badly wounded by a spent over shot -- James sold shot. It grazed his spine. After once changing front, S.B. Ruple, of my smooth-bore detachment, was badly wounded in the neck by a ball, I think, from spherical case. He has since died. We remained here till night, when we encamped in a hollow a few rods distant. The loss to-day foots up as follows: Detachment No. 3 -- Seargeant Wolf killed by his own piece; John Elliott wounded and missing afterward found dead. No. 4 -- Jack McLaughlin wounded and missing; Sawtell grazed by a musket ball on the head. No. 5 -- (my rifled piece) -- Hayes graced by a canister on the head. No. 6 -- (my smooth-bore) -- Brough wounded in the leg by canister; Ben. Searles wounded in leg by canister; French wounded in arm by canister, the doctor says by musket ball; Ruple wounded in neck by shrapnel. I lost in my section two horses. After we had had a little coffee, I went to the hospital. Found Thompson asleep; Brough, French, Ruple, Shankland, the latter was wounded in No. 2, were as well as could be under the circumstances. About 10 o'clock took the caissons to the ammunition train to fill the chests. About 12 went to bed without my blankets, wagon having taken them off somewhere.  This, it must be remembered, was written when he was little past 23 years of age, but a boy as it were, just out of college, and only a little over a year in the service; yet here is evidence of the coolness and courage of a veteran, and of the clearness of thought, precision of language, freedom from verbiage and liveliness of description, that distinguished Lieutenant Sturges as possessed of unusual abilities. Then, the thought and care bestowed upon his men, the minute attention given to the manner in which they were wounded, and the severity of their wounds, and accounting no less minutely for his horses, shows the exactness, the kindness and the diligence, with which he performed all his duties. The writer of this memoir can neither find nor hear of anything during his four years' service that is not fully up to this standard of military duty.  Major Sturges as a Citizen  -- After the close of the war Mr. Sturges engaged in business in the purchase of cotton at the South. This not proving successful, he engaged with his father in the wholesale grocery business, in Mansfield. In this business he continued until the death of his father, in the fall of 1878, in the settlement of whose estate his whole time and attention were then absorbed as long as his failing health permitted.  A leading characteristic of his life was industry, not from any thing like an avaricious disposition, but because he loved to be usefully employed. It was his habit. So closely indeed did he confine himself to business that it probably shortened his life. Strict frugality and economy were habits of life with him equally with industry. Without bordering on penuriousness, he never encouraged useless expenditures of money or time, but was generous and liberal toward every good word and work. Having been his pastor for more than ten years, the writer had a good opportunity to know much of his inner life. He never left a kindness unrequited, nor a petition for a worthy object unanswered. He was so severely conscientious that he did not dare become a communicant of the church, although his whole life would have done honor to such a profession. But he was no less diligent and attentive to the worship of God, and no less ready to do his part than if he had been a member. The conscience of no little child was ever more tender, and yet no one was ever more fearless to rebuke an insult.  Though modest and retiring, there was no lack of genuine and courtly hospitality.  It was remarked, by those who knew him well, that he was very deliberate in making up his mind, but, when made up, he was unalterably fixed. This reveals the grounds of his moral stamina. He could say no, though he was more accustomed to act it than to say it. His sense of justice was exceedingly acute, and it mattered not whether it was for or against himself, it must prevail.  The native strength of a man's character is most clearly evidenced by the force and variety of the temptations to which he is exposed. When it is considered how many of Major Sturges' early associates were ruined by the vices which he escaped; also the besetments that must have assailed him during four years of terrible war; that when he enlisted he was but a boy, just past his majority; and that, under these circumstances, he sustained an unblemished character; he is at once exalted, in our estimation, to the eminence of a moral hero.  On the 6th. of June, 1871, Major Sturges united in marriage with Miss Kate R. McKenzie, a lady with whom he had long been acquainted, and who was in every respect admirably suited to him. Her bright, genial face, and cheerful voice, were well adapted to rouse up the spirits of one worn down with the cares of business. Their well appointed and well kept home lingers in the writer's memory as a miniature paradise. Three little ones, two sons and daughter, were the life and joy of that delightful household.  We come, now, to the Closing Period of His Life -- While faithfully attending to his duties as the elder of the administrators of his father's estate, caring for his household, and for the moral and religious culture of his children, first his wife's health failed. Benefit was expected from a sojourn in Florida. It soon after appeared that a Southern clime was as needful for him, and arrangements were made for the whole family to remove; but, on the day which had been set for their departure, his noble, genial and patient wife breathed her last. She was buried in the Mansfield Cemetery, February 24, 1881. Thus, after ten years of wedded life, Mr. Sturges was now left, in feeble health, with three little children. After making, for their care, all possible arrangements, he went to Florida and there remained for some months. In the summer of 1881, he returned to Mansfield, with some hopes that by spending the winters South his health might be regained. With this in view, he moved to Florida with his family the next Fall. During the winter his health gradually failed until his decease May 22, 1882. He was buried in the Mansfield Cemetery just fifteen months later than his wife. Sad as their great loss is, it is some mitigation to know that the orphan children are tenderly cared for by loving friends.  These few notes will show that our deceased comrade was a dutiful child, an unsullied and studious youth, had a clear and discriminating mind, was an honest and honorable business man, an industrious and public-spirited citizen, a well-tried soldier of distinguished bravery, a kind husband and a tender parent. He leaves behind a cherished memory and an untarnished name.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE MANSFIELD HERALD: 08 November 1883, Vol. 33, No. 51]

Sturges, Susan M. -- "life member of the National State Sunday School Association ..."  [Mansfield Daily Shield:  05 June 1909]

Summer, Samuel N.  (external link)

Swank, Jane -- As an addendum to the infirmary article of last week, the history of Miss Jane Swank -- an inmate of the institution -- may be given on account of the sad story of her life and the peculiar interest her case presents to the medical fraternity.  In the southern part of Jefferson Township, a locality noted for the diversified beauties of its landscapes for the fertility of its soil and for the intelligence and high standing of its people, Jennie Swank passed her childhood and her youth at the family homestead with her parents.  She was a lovely girl, beloved by her schoolmates and acquaintances.  She is of medium height, a brunette, nut not of that pronounced type for which men cross swords and die.  When Jennie was yet in her teens a young man from the Keystone state with whose relatives the Swanks were acquainted, visited in that locality, and, meeting the winsome Jennie, eye spake to eye and soul to soul, and they then realized the saying of the post that "There's nothing half so sweet in life As love's young dream."   Their betrothal followed and soon afterward the young man returned to his home in the east, promising to return and make Jennie his wife.  'Tis useless to dwell upon or try to depict their parting.  Lovers separated before, have since and the vicissitudes of life will part others, also;  and such parties are, no doub, somewhat similar with too much sameness in their stage settings to admit of narration here.  Weeks passed and lengthened into months, but no message came from the absent lover to the trusting maiden.  The expected letter was looked for in vain!  What did it mean?  Had he won her love and asked for her hand but to cast them aside?  No, she could not believe that and in confidence she continued to watch and to wait.  She went about her household duties, in a mechanical way, while the future seemed to her young and over-burdened heart like a leaden sky to the wave-tossed mariner, as fraught with omens of ill.  Jennie had reached that state in her anxious expectations and of hopes unrealized when a woman of a less trustful nature and of different mental endowments would have turned from the avenues of disappointment and gone forth in the world to seek a "career", when she had failed to get a husband and a home.  But such thoughts did not occur to this poor girl and such a course was not possible to her.  The realm of letteras [sic.], the field of the arts she knew not of, save as she had read of them in her schoolbooks, and if thoughts and vision of a "career" or the "new woman" came to her at all, they were in a dim, indefinite form, pointing only to a path that was too remote and inaccessible for her to reach or tread.  She had given the true love of her pure, young heart to the man who had asked her to become his wife and whom she could not believe was untrue to her.  There may have been a difference in their stations in life, but love works mysteriously and by the alkahest of its subtle chemistry melts all distinctions in a common crucible.  And as Jennie would look upon the betrothal ring her lover had placed upon her finger as they walked side by side in the fields where the cows grazed and the apples ripened, she doubted him not.  At last, after months of watchful expectation, she was informed that her father had intercepted her letters.  if she had not courage, her innocence and simplicity stood her in its place and she confronted her father and accused him of his duplicity and baseness.  An angry scene followed, she announcing that she would go at once to the man to whom she was betrothed and her father declaring she could not.  The father had carried his opposition to the daughter's marriage beyond the limit of her forbearance, beyond the wide margin of her endurance, and a look of determination and of icy contempt came over her soft features as she braved the parental authority, and the father permitting his anger to get the better of his judgment and his love, punished his child severely, whipping her unmercifully, it was said. What cause the father had for his opposition to the young man to whom his daughter was engaged is not known, more than that, it is stated, "he hated him" and we hate - as we do everything else - according to our nature.  The defects of temperament, and infirmity of temper, the clouded judgment, the unreasonable prejudice extended to our likes and dislikes unconsciously.  The punishment inflected upon the daughter by her angry father threw her into convulsions and insanity and loss of speech followed.  The writer will not here attempt to give a dissertation upon the case, either pathologically, physiologically, or psychologically, but shall leave the discussion of the same to the learned profession to which it belongs, and to which it presents an interesting study.  A blow on the head might have caused insanity from a fracture of the skull, but such is not in evidence.  Perhaps the constant over-stimulation of the neuralgia of the brain, resulting from her long-continued expectancy and the confusion in her inability to comprehend the cause of her lover's silence, keeping the delicate brain tissue in an unnatural state of nutrition, added to the severe punishment administered, not only the physical inflection, but social degradation, and the effect it would have upon this nervous tissue for so long a time in a state of super-excitement, the strain could no longer be borne, setting up the fires of inflammation, which have continued to burn slowly for over 20 years, dethroning reason and depriving her life of its mental and spiritual joys.  And for all these long years she has been confined first in the infirmary, then in the asylum, from which she was returned as incurable and for a number of those years she was confined in a maniac's cell, but is now given considerable liberty and assists at work in the kitchen department.  But in all these years "her tong has been tied" in silence.  She is now about 38 years of age and over half of her life has been passed in eleemosynary institutions.  She has grown somewhat stout, but her face shows evidence of the beauty of her youth.  Her betrothal ring she wore for many years, but it was finally lost and now she wears one she made of wire to take its place.  In the past she would hold her white hand so that visitors could see the band of gold that encircled her finger, as they looked at her through the iron bars of her prison cell.  No trial through which Jennie has passed has shaken her faith and trust, or displaced her lover from the shrine whereon she had placed him and where in her heart methinks, she worships him still, but no realization of the dreams of her youth can ever be fulfilled.  A short time after Mr. Swank had inflicted the punishment upon his daughter he came to his death in a tragic way.  While at work in the woods, felling a tree it careened upon the stump, struck him, causing death.  But what of the lover the reader may ask.  If this were a romance instead of a plain, true tale, the writer might attempt to evolve a romantic story, telling how this whilom lover has remained faithful and true to her who even in her insanity loves him still.  But to be truthful, we know naught of him.  He, no doubt, looks back in that unfortunate engagement as an episode of his boyish fancy, for the most of us know that the infatuations of youth are dispelled as the years of our age advance and that love, such as young hearts imagine and poets paint, is but a myth.  -- A.J. Baughman.  [Semi-Weekly news:  26 October 1897, Vol. 13, No. 86]

Swarts, Alexander -- Detroit, Mich., March 3 -- Alexander Swarts is a pretty good looking fellow of 24, who was clerk of the Tremont House at Mansfield, O.  October 25 last he married Violet Carson, of New Washington.  After a short time he took her to her father's and set out for Florida to engage in the orange business.  At Tallahassee he met at Miss Hattie Baer, of Ashland, O., a former sweet heart, who had not heard of his marriage.  He wooed and won her and the wedding occurred in January last.  Shortly after, he went to Chicago alone and wife No. 2 got hold of a letter that wife No. 1 had written February 7.  Swarts was arrested at the home of the first wife for bigamy.  His bond was placed at $1,000, his father-in-law going security.  On the day of the trial the old man delivered him up and was released from his bond.  Then while he talked to an officer the young woman kept up an imaginary conversation in the next room and Swartz [sic] escaped and fled to Windsor.  Detective McGinn, of Chicago, took the case in charge and with the help of some Detroit gamblers decoyed Swarts across the river, where he was arrested and started for Tallahassee to stand trial for bigamy.  [Mansfield Herald:  11 March 1886]

Swigart, Barbara -- LUCAS ... Among the few old pioneers yet living about here is Barbara Swigart, relict of John Swigart, and mother of the well-known Luther M. Swigart, of Mansfield. Mrs. Swigart is fast verging on to 90, now past 88 years of age. She is indeed one of the early pioneers of Monroe and yet delights in telling her old stories of the Indians and of the trials and hardships she once had to encounter. She raised a large family, all of whom seem well-to-do. Her father, Jacob Young, was the second white man who entered Orange township, Ashland county, having emigrated from Hardy county, Va. Mother Swigart has been a great slave all her life, always possessed of a kind heart and an industrious spirit, and will perhaps ere long find rest in that bright world, where we truly hope that sorrows and disappointments are unknown; where there is no more labor, or tears. UNO.  Submitted by Amy.  [OHIO LIBERAL: 03 December 1884, Vol. 12, No. 34]

Swigart, John -- Account of John Swigart's life which was printed in the Ohio Liberal.  "I was born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania in 1793. In the year 1806 my father moved to Stark County , Ohio , then a perfect wilderness. There as only one cabin in Canton and that was a tavern. I was then about 13 years old and remember well the hardships and privations which attended our life in the woods. Wild beasts and wild men roamed the forest in all directions.  I helped my father to clear out two farms of about fifty acres on each. I had many encounters with bears and wolves, the howls of the latter being kept up nightly the year round. I have also killed many deer and wild turkeys. Rattlesnakes were abundant, thousands being scattered over the woods.  In the spring of 1814, I joined the army under Col. Cotgrove, at Cleveland , and then marched to Detroit through mud and swamp. At night, in many places, we had to build brush heaps for our beds to keep us out of mud and water. At Detroit we got in open boats and rowed up the river, to the mouth at Huron Lake and there helped to build a small fort.  On the 13th of July, we entered on board a fleet commanded by Commodore St. Clair, and sailed on Lake Huron till the 4th of August, when we were landed on the Island of Mackinaw , where we had a battle with the British and Indians. The battle was obstinate and bloody and we were forced to retreat with the loss of sixty-seven men killed and wounded. Among the killed were Major Holmes, Capt. Sanborn and Lieut. Jackson, three brave and fearless soldiers, who bared their bosoms to the storm of battle with a gallantry worthy of being held in perpetual remembrance. Poor Fellows! They died covered covered with martial honors.  The next day after the battle we sailed down through the lakes and landed at Shargrin River and from thence were marched to Painesville on Grand River , where we were discharged. On receiving my discharge, I immediately set out for home, which I reached in safety.   In the year 1815, I came to Richland County , and taught the first school in Orange township. My wife and myself were the first couple married in this township, which took place in the spring of 1816. We then commenced our life in the woods, surrounded with a dark and interminable wilderness. But, although our home was solitary and alone, yet joy and happiness reigned in our midst.  In a few years I had cleared twenty-five acres, when I sold it, and in the spring of 1821 moved into Monroe township, near the mouth of the Rocky Fork and settling down once more cleared forty acres more, besides killing any number of rattlesnakes, as there was a den of them on my farm. I counted at one time twenty of these reptiles lying in the shelving rocks; but I could not get at them to kill them. It was in the spring, and warm sun was shining over head, and the reptiles were leaving their rocky den to bask in its warm rays. I suppose there were hundreds and probably a thousand of these reptiles lying in this den at that time.   In the spring of 1832 I moved into the woods again, on Citizens Run, near Hastings Post Office and cleared 125 acres more, and erected a Saw Mill. In 1852 I sold again and moved to an improved farm one mile further north, and lived there until the spring of 1857, when I moved to my present location adjoining the village of Lucas . I have raised a family of five sons and four daughters, all married but one daughter. I have thirty-five grandchildren and three great-grand children."  \\  This account was found among other clippings pasted in a book that appeared to have been some sort of insurance journal. It is in the Ohio Historical Library at Columbus , Ohio , the numbers on it were R 977, 1280OH-3.  When John and Barbara first came to Monroe township, they settled on the Southwest corner of Sect. 11. He moved in the morning in the woods without any shelter but the trees and in the evening he had a cabin 16 x 16 feet erected and one half of the roof on: He moved his family into this cabin the same evening. Again in 1832 he moved into the woods, on the farm later occupied by his son, George (in 1977 it was occupied by George's grandson, Walter) it being a part of Sect. 20. Later he moved to Lucas where he died in 1870.  \\  Additional notes provided by the submitter:  John and Barbara Ann Swigart are buried in Pleasant Valley Cemetery on Pleasant Valley Road and McFarland Avenue . Their tall gravestone is quite large and conspicuous as is the War of 1812 Hero Star. The Pleasant Valley Lutheran Church is right across from the cemetery on McFarland Avenue . This is in Lucas , OH , a small town outside of Mansfield , OH .  Submitted by Michael.

Swigart, John -- John Swigart, the father of Luther M. Swigart, of Mansfield, was a Monroe Township pioneer.  He also served in the war of 1812.  He settled in Monroe in 1821.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Swigart, L. -- We notice by the Stateman and other papers, that our friend, Gen. L. Swigart, of Lucas, this county, is favorably spoken of as a candidate for Board of Public Works.  The General is well qualified and would do honor to the position, and his friends in this section of the State would be proud of his nomination by the State Convention, as he is a practial man and a democrat of the genuine stamp.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  01 May 1875]

Swigart, Michael -- Michael Swigart, who was a drum-major in the war of 1812, settled in Monroe Twp. in 1832.  One of his sons, Leonard Swigart, was a commissioner of Richland County, 1860-'66.  "Aunt Betsey" Chew, of Monroe Twp., and Jessie L. Swigart, of Lucas, are children of the late Michael Swigart.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  02 April 1903, Vol. 11, No. 13]

Taylor, William (external link)

Teegarden, Eli, M.D. -- Prior to the discovery of gold, in the mill race, of Sutter the Swiss, at New Helvetia, the home ranch and fort property, granted under Mexican rule to General S., there lived in the old county of Richland four men, all physicians, all men of mark.  These four men left for the time their household Gods [sic.] behind them in the land of the Buckeye, and where the dogwood blooms and blossoms, and journeyed westward to the land beyond the Rockies.  In age, in length of practice, in the confidence of the people, the order in which they may be named -- ought to be named possibly, is the following:  Eli Teegarden, M.D., Jonathan Bricker, M.D., W.G. Alban, M.D., and E.W. McLaughlin, M.D.  The first named in time sent for wife and children and made his permanent home in the gold state, and his body is buried in its shining sands.  The second, Jonathan Bricker, for some years followed the practice of his profession to California, then returned to Ohio, thereafter removed to Illinois, and his dust is now commingled with that of the prairies over which waves the tassled corn.  The third remains on the Pacific Coast, though now being in Washington, the new-born state of the far northwest.  Dr. Alban was a student and son-in-law of Dr. Abraham Jenner, of Ontario.   He belonged to the guild of printers also, and more than forty years ago was the editor and publisher of the Nevada Journal, a newspaper issued in Nevada City, Cal., in one of the richest gold mining districts of that gold producing state.  Dr. A. has enjoyed the distinguished honor of having for a devil in his print shop a youth who thereafter became the Governor of California, a Senator in the Congress of the United States and a minister plenipotentiary to a foreign country and court, the Hon. Aaron A. Sargeant.  The last of the four was Dr. E.B. McLaughlin, who settled in the Shasta country, north of the Sacremento, and there made and lost several fortunes, but finally returned to Ohio and died in Mansfield a few years ago.  It is of interest to write of these four men, all, save one, now numbered with the dead.  It may also be of interest to recount some of the successes as well as to outline the peculiarities, mental and physical, of the men who, half a century ago, were known throughout the boundaries of the old county.  Teegarden was a tall, large-framed man, tender kindly eyes and face.  His medical skill was recognized as fair, his public spirit pronounced, and as he gathered in the shekels he disbursed them in adding to the growth of the town, and the more substantial building thereof, and in '46 when the first railroad, the old Sandusky & Mansfield, first ran into Mansfield, he not only built the Teegarden House, the forerunner of the Welden which preceded in name the Saint James, which later is known as the Vonhoff, but Dr. Teegarden with others built a large grain warehouse north of Fourth Street and east of Sugar Street, and to which a switch track of the Sandusky & Mansfield railroad then extended.  The Doctor's business operations were various and some were entrusted to other hands, and he found himself in need of cash-money.  So when the glitter and glamour of the gold placers of California cast a promising ray of hope eastward, he embraced the opportunity to rapidly recuperate his fortunes, and he sailed the waters of the two oceans and crossed the isthmus of Darien and entered the Golden Gate.  He was physician, hotel-keeper, merchant, miller, law maker, and always a man of affairs in the state of his new home.  Thither in time he caused to journey to him his wife and children, and his daughters became the wives of men of energy and activity.  His long-time residence was at Yuba City, where he cultivated acres of luscious fruit.  His heart was in that beautiful land, and though he returned to Mansfield in the centennial year on a visit, it was only a visit, and California was his home, as it is the place of his burial and his tomb.  Dr. Teegarden was of that energetic class, it would have made no difference where his habitation might be established, he would have attained a measure of success.  He lived in a realm of hope, and if by human endeavor, life could be made more happy, Dr. Teegarden put forth the effort and wrought on, sure of the accomplishment.  One granddaughter is the wife of a distinguished jurist who adjudicates matters of dispute between the Christians and the Mohammedans in Oriental lands.  But the old doctor and his wife and the larger number of his sons and daughters sleep the sleep of death, and are buried in the land whose shores are washed by the broad Pacific sea.  Dr. Jonathan Bricker was of different mould, dark complected, black-haired, bright-eyed, quick perception.  He was born in Pennsylvania, came to Ohio a young man, devoted to his profession, and was very successful.  His movements were nervously active and quick, and there was that indefinable something about the man which begat confidence in his knowledge, and in his skill.  Of his immediate family none remain in that old county;  but the present Dr. W.R. Bricker, of Shelby, was his relative and his student, and, looking back into my boyhood days, my judgment now is that Dr. Jonathan was the superior physicians of the two, yet Dr. William R., in the long run of life, was all around the more successful.  Dr. Alban I have met within the passing years at his home in Walla Walla, Washington, still practicing his profession and universally respected and highly regarded.  Dr. E.B. McLaughlin so lately passed away that many now living well remember him.  He started in life as a builder and worker of wood, but taking up the study of medicine he gained distinction in his profession and the active part of his professional career was in California.  He left no immediate descendants, but a number of relatives by blood and marriage.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  27 April 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 50]

Thompson, James R. -- Jas. R. Thompson of Ashley, Indiana, who is visiting his old home at Crestline, claims he is the real, "candy kid" when it comes to cinching the pennant for the youngest soldier in the Civil War.  Thompson, who was reared near Crestline, says he is now in his fifty-ninth year.  His story is that he ran away from home and enlisted with the Indiana Scouts when he lacked just one month of being thirteen years old.  After serving one year with the Scouts, he was transferred to the Kentucky Cavalry where he served fourteen months.  Returning to Crestline, Thompson again enlisted, this time with Captain Parcher's company, after receiving the written consent of his parents, and was mustered out at Ashville, N.C., June 9, 1865.  Thompson was wounded twice and lay in the hospital ill with small pox for a long time.  He did not know he was the Civil War's youngest soldier until he read an account of another Indiana man who claimed the honor and on comparing records, found that the other claimant was fourteen months older than Thompson when he enlisted.  Thompson draws a pension of $45 per month.  [Mansfield (OH) Daily Shield:  22 May 1909, p. 8]

Thompson, Margaret

Thompson, William

Thornton, A. G. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF CAPT. A. G. THORTON - Today is the birthday anniversary of Capt. A. G. Thornton of 43 Park avenue west, who was born in Danville, Pa., Oct. 29, 1839. He has been a resident of Mansfield for the past twenty-seven years, having come here originally as leader of the opera house orchestra. He has been agent of the Mansfield Humane society since its organization in 1884 and has always taken an active interest in that work. Capt. Thornton served in the civil war, having enlisted in Col D. of the Eighty-fourth Pennsylvania Volunteer infantry as a private, being later promoted to sergeant, than to lieutenant and finally to captain. He was in fourteen of the principal battles of the war. He is a member of McLaughlin post, G. A. R. Submitted by Jean and Faye. [The Mansfield News, Page 8: Saturday, September 29, 1910]

Tidball, William Linn -- In one of your late Sunday morning issues you copied an article on Wm. Linn Tidball from the New York Advertiser.  The errors in the article and the distinction which Col. Wm. Linn Tidball reached, as well as his genuine merits and real ability, and his residence in Mansfield in the years of his early manhood, make a more extended and more correct notice of him a proper thing to appear in the SHIELD. The older residents remember him.  He was the son of Joseph Tidball and the brother-in-law of Judge Jno. Meredith and the brother of Captain Tidball, of the regular army.  His father did not start nor have any connection with the SHIELD AND BANNER, but his brother-in-law, Judge Meredith, was the owner of the SHIELD and conducted it for some years prior to its purchase by the late Jno. Y. Glessner.  Col. Tidball was christened William Duane Tidball but later in life took unto himself the name of William Linn.  He was, for his opportunities, a scholarly man, a forcible writer, and was in his days associated with such brilliant men as Wm. D. Gallagher and other western literati in the conduct of the "Columbian", a literary publication of the west.  He was a lieutenant in one of the Mansfield companies of the Third Regiment, of Ohio Volunteers in the Mexican war, commanded by Col. Sam'l. R. Curtis, who, after his graduation from West Point and after a brief service in the army, was a resident of Mansfield.  Tidball was a student at law, and some years after the Mexican war removed to New York City and continued there to reside and when the war of the rebellion made loyal men see the necessity for their service he enlisted, raised a regiment, the 59th. N.Y., and with it went to the field.  In his regiment were many sons of old Richland, in fact one company was made up of the Buckeye boys and N.L. Jeffries, also a brother-in-law, was the adjutant of the regiment.  After the war he engaged in professional and literary work.  He was much of a man;  in person straight as an arrow, a very Apollo in form and face, brave, courageous, manly, and Richland County may well take pride in his career.  In the Third Ohio in the Mexican war there was another brother, Theo. T. Tidball, who settled in California, and was in the Union army during the war of the rebellion, serving in the California contingent.  Few now are the survivors of the Ohio soldiery in the Mexican war.  We can almost county them on the fingers of our hands.  While the merits of that war are debatable grounds, and on which good men greatly differed, the outcome of it gave us our Pacific empire, a goodly land which greatly extended our country and its importance amongst the nations of the earth.  One by one the soldiers of the Republic disappear from mortal sight to reappear in the land of light, where war's alarms are never hears.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  04 March 1893]

Todd, John J. M.D. -- John J. Todd, M.D. and Jacob Y. Cantwell, M.D. are the names of two physicians who forty years ago were in the very prime of life and of their profession.  Dr. Todd came to Mansfield from the eastern portion of the old county, that part now of Ashland County.  Dr. Cantwell resided from childhood in Mansfield.  His father was one of the pioneers, and his father's family was well known.  These two young men, Todd and Cantwell, were comrades in their young manhood, close companions and friends, and began their medical studies at the same time, Todd as the student of Dr. Allen G. Miller, while Cantwell's preceptor was Dr. John M. Chandler.  Both attended the Cleveland Medical College and graduated.  Each became a partner in the practice of his respective preceptor.  Miller and Todd associated together and Chandler and Cantwell forming a firm.  Todd was slightly taller than Cantwell, but less in breadth of chest.  Todd was of more delicate health than his friend, but each was active, energetic, ambitious and rapidly rose in the profession, and being men of sturdy character, won for themselves both standing and position in the medical world.  Dr. Todd on a night of storm and sleet was called miles away to relieve a stricken dying man, and being accurate in his diagnosis of the disease and successful in the administration of remedial agents, the patient recovered, and returning to his home in the morning through the beetling storm, was himself stricken down, and though he lived for a year thereafter, his days were numbered and he wasted away.  Neither the care of his loving wife or the breath of summer found in the south, whither they journeyed for relief, brought any abatement of the disease, and so, when a young man comparatively, he was called home, dying on January 30, 1856, in his 36th. year.  Had he been permitted to live out the average expectancy of life, I doubt not that he would have taken a very high, and deservedly so, place in his chosen profession.   His friend, Dr. Cantwell, greatly grieved over his loss, for the companionship of their early years continued without a break or severance of a single social tie.  Dr. Cantwell pushed on, sometimes with a partner, sometimes alone, and prospered as man and physician.  Thirty-four years ago, when the tocsin of war was sounded, he entered the service, first in the 4th. Ohio as assistant surgeon, and later in the 82nd. Ohio as its surgeon.  His brave, courageous brother, James Cantwell, was first an officer in the 4th. and then as the Colonel commanded the 82nd. from its organization to his death on the battlefield, and Dr. Cantwell gained a reputation as a surgeon in the army, no less honorable than that of his gallant brother as an able, skillful soldier.   The Doctor remained in the service till the close of the war, then settled at Decatur, Alabama, where he became interested in the city, its growth and material advancement, visiting yearly the old home city of Mansfield and maintaining property interests here as well as at Decatur.  Later in life, he married, but his wife preceded him to the far-off country.  Dr. Cantwell was very much of a man and his skill as a physician and surgeon were recognized, not only in Ohio, but in the army and in the state of his adoption, Alabama.  His zeal, patriotism and devotion to the Union were equally pronounced and his service to the Republic and our common humanity was recognized and appreciated wherever his name and fame were made known.  The soldiery of the Union army, the men of the 4th. Ohio and the 82nd. Ohio, loved him and measured correctly the value of his services.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  13 April 1895, Vol. LXXVII, No. 48]

Tompkins, George

Topper, George -- George Topper's grave, up the valley of the Wilson run, is the grave by the roadside of which a lady in Wooster recently wrote L.C. Mengert to inquire about the descendants of the man buried there.  Topper selected that spot for his burial place.  Some years after the interment, a road was located there, and the grave seems to be strangely out of place in such close proximity to a public road.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  04 June 1903, Vol. 11, No. 12]

Tracy, Fred K. -- It will be news of interest to the legal profession, as well as our citizens at large, that Mansfield has lost one of her brightest practitioners at the bar in the removal of Fred K. Tracy from the city.  About the first of June Mr. Tracy received a proposition from his father-in-law, Mr. Richmond, to enter into the coal business at Scranton, Pa.  Mr. Richmond is the owner of a number of valuable coal mines and recently opened up the richest mine in that region.  This largely increased the business and the gentleman desired that Mr. Tracy assist him in its management.  Accordingly, Mr. Tracy left for Scranton and was shortly afterward followed by his family.  Mr. Tracy still retained his interest in the law firm of Jenner, Tracy & Weldon, but he has not really been a member of the firm for the past two months.  In his removal from the city Mansfield loses a splendid citizen, an affable gentleman and a brilliant attorney, who has practiced the law here for the past fourteen years.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  22 July 1893]

Tracy, John A. -- The Dayton (OH) Herald of Dec. 26, contains an extended obituary sketch of John A. Tracy, father of J.F. Tracy, of this city.  The older Tracy was 65 years of age and was for 40 years a resident of Dayton.  He enlisted in that city under the first call for troops, in Co. G., 11th. O.V.I., and re-enlisted in the First Ohio Battery and was honorably discharged in October, 1863, for disabilities incurred in the three years campaign.  The deceased was buried with military honors.  [Semi-Weekly News:  31 December 1896, Vol. 13, No. 1]

Tressel, Leonard -- Sheriff Tressel is known the county over and his home has been in various parts of this county. He was born Oct. 5, 1846, in New Jersey where his father, Nicholas Tressel, a weaver, resided. Leonard was but two years old when his parents removed to Ohio and his father worked several years in the old woolen mill on the Painter farm east of the city on the Ashland road. Nicholas Tressel moved his family to town and lived for awhile in the fourth ward and from there moved to Springfield township near Ontario, where he resided for a number of years.   At the early age of 16 Leonard enlisted for nine months in company E, 102d O. V. I. in October 1862. On account of his youthful age he was transferred to the 120th regiment. At Vicksburg he was attacked by measles on the battlefield and he was sent to St. Louis where he was discharged at the expiration of his term of enlistment. He returned home and about three months later enlisted in the 12th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, Company D, was transferred to the 6th Ohio, and served until the close of the war. The principal engagements in which he participated were at the Wilderness and Chickasaw Bluffs.  About 12 years ago Mr. Tressel located at Lucas and engaged in the hotel business and stock dealing. Nine years ago he built the Tressel House, which is yet the popular hostelry of that village.  At the Democratic primaries in May, 1889, Leonard was nominated for sheriff over four competitors, Lewis Faust, Squire Kohler, J. R. Bristor and John Noggle, and he was elected to the office the following November. This year he is a candidate for re-election.  Mrs. Tressel is a daughter of George Conn, who resides near Petersburg, Ashland county, and as matron of a county jail she has no superior among the wives of any of the sheriffs in Ohio.  Submitted by Jean & Faye.  [WEEKLY NEWS (Mansfield): 06 August 1891]

Trux, Abraham -- Abraham Trux was the first settler in Plymouth Township.  He built a cabin on the northwest quarter of section 5 in the spring of 1815.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  05 March 1903, Vol. 11, No. 9]

Van den Bergh, J.P.P. -- J.P.P. Van Den Bergh, M.D., who has retired from active practice, is one of the pioneer physicians of California, having been in practice in this State since 1850, most of the time in San Francisco.  He was born in Aix-la-Chapelle, on the Rhine, Germany, in 1815, soon after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, the son of Casper Lietrio Van den Bergh, who was also a physician, and practiced for many years in Germany and France.  He was an army physician  with Napoleon I, and in the French invasion to Moscow lost his nose and upper lip.   The subject of this sketch received his early education in the gymnasium of his native city, and later entered the University at Bonn, where he graduated in 1834, receiving the degree of Doctor of Medicine.  He at once went to Brussels, where for three years he was engaged in medical practice.  He was then commissioned as Assistant Surgeon to the British Army in the East India service, but through the influence of a medical friend he resigned his commission and remained in the hospital service in England for three years.  In 1839 he came to the United States, where he engaged in the practice of medicine in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and later in Richland County, Ohio.  In 1847 he removed to Ohio, where he was among the early settlers, and where he was engaged in his profession until 1850.  In the spring of that year he crossed the plains to California arriving in August, and after a short time devoted to merchandising.  Dr. Van den Bergh again took up the practice of medicine, which he continued until twelve years ago, when he was disabled by an accident in which his hip was crushed.  Since that time he has devoted himself to real estate operations and building.  The Doctor has been three times married, and has had twenty-four children, ten of whom are now living.  He has had for many years an extensive practice, and is one of the very few men yet living, who was in practice in this State in 1850.  [The Bay of San Francisco:  The Metropolis of the Pacific Coast and its Suburban Cities, pp. 83-84]

Voegele, Charles H.- LEADER IN BUSINESS AND SOCIAL-CIRCLES CELEBRATES BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY SUNDAY -- Sunday will be the birthday anniversary of one of the most successful business men of Mansfield and one who has been closely identified with many of the most prominent industries of the city, as well as finding time to add to the social welfare and outdoor pleasures of Mansfield citizens. Charles H. Voegele was born at Stuttgart, Wurtemberg, Germany, on June 12, 1854. He was only a year old when his parents emigrated to Mansfield and he has since made this city his home. He received his early education in Mansfield and remained here until he was eighteen years old, when he went to New York city and for eight years was engaged as a traveling salesman for New York and Chicago firms. In 1880 he formed a partnership with R. J. Dinning and the Voegele and Dinning company was incorporated. This partnership has continued for thirty years, the anniversary of its establishment being on June 15. The success of the concern has been most marked, a branch having been established in Omaha, Neb., in 1884 and another branch was established at Toledo seven years ago. It remains as one of the leading wholesale firms of Mansfield and its business and prosperity continues. Mr. Voegele has numerous other interests in Mansfield and is the president of many of the younger industries which have been organized by Mansfield capital and have become an important factor in the city's growth and prosperity. Despite his numerous business interests Mr. Voegele has been an ardent lover of outdoor sports and he has been instrumental in providing the best of sports for Mansfield people. For twelve years he was one of the backers of the Mansfield baseball club and deserves much credit for the standing of this city in the sporting world. Later he devoted his attention to golf, when that game came into prominence and has been vitally interested in the development of the Westbrook Country club, of which he is president. Mr. Voegele has been closely identified with Masonry in Mansfield, standing high in its circles and having been an important factor in the building of the present Masonic temple. Submitted by Jean and Faye. [The Mansfield News: Saturday, June 11, 1910]

Voegele, Mildred -- Mildred Voegele is one of the best known senior girls and has been very prominent in musical organizations. Last year she was awarded membership in the National Orchestra at Detroit and M.H.S. was very proud of her. However, we are obliged to admit that "Milly" has two decided weaknesses, and both of them are -- chocolate sodas. Most of us are aware that her favorite amusement is talking, but we are ever so glad for when "Milly" talks she says something. She is very much interested in all the sports, but in the spring her fancy turns to tennis, particularly, and in the winter to ice skating. Her activities are Orchestra (1) (2) (3) (4), Hypho (3) (4), M.H.S. Quintet (1), M.H.S. Duet (3), Class Treasurer (2), Orchestra Pres. (3) and Senate (3).  Submitted by Amy.  [THE HYPHONERIAN: 08 October 1926, Vol. IX, No. 2]

Wagener, Mr. -- Manufacturer and dealer in Boots and Shoes, is next up for consideration, and none are more worthy of notice in this connection. This enterprise was established in 1850 or about 23 years ago, and is one of the oldest business establishments in the place. Every thing in the line of boots and shoes is well represented and from the very best manufactories in the country. In the custom department Mr. WAGENER is doing the leading business in the place. He employs from three to four hands constantly. He is possessed of long practical experience, and is thoroughly acquainted with the wants and requirements of the people of this vicinity. Mr. WAGENER is a clever and agreeable gentleman, and many another could be spared from the business circles of Bellville rather than he.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Walker, Charles -- Lexington.  Charles Walker returned recently after 14 years' absence in South Dakota and dwells in glowing terms on the prolific soil and salubrious climate of that region.  [Semi-Weekly News:  19 January 1897, Vol. 13, No. 6]

Walsh, J.P. -- J.P. WALSH is next on the list as manufacturer and dealer in saddles, harness, whips, &c. and he is conducting an enterprise than which there is none more popular in Bellville. This enterprise, established in 1860, has ever taken a leading position among our best business houses. Every thing pertaining to the saddler trade is well represented. Mr. Walsh is possessed of long practical experience, and none are better acquainted with the wants and requirements of the people of Bellville and vicinity. He is an honorable, fair dealing man, and has gained hosts of friends, and as a business man or citizen, none are better or more favorably known. We cheerfully commend the enterprise to the public as thoroughly reliable in every respect.  Submitted by Amy.  [BELLVILLE WEEKLY: 02 January 1874, Vol. 2, No. 44]

Walter, Fred - Well-Known Mansfield Resident Eighty-Four Years Old Today -- Today marks the eighty-fourth birthday anniversary of Fred Walter, who has long been identified with the business interests of Mansfield and who is one of this city's substantial and respected citizens. Mr. Walter was born in Huntheim, in the grand duchy of Baden, Germany, Jan. 13, 1826. With his parents he came to America in 1833, arriving in New York after a voyage of forty-seven days on a sailing ship. Coming to Ohio the family settled on a farm in Huron county, on which the young man worked until 1845 where he was apprenticed to learn the brewing trade in this city, in which employment he continued until 1850, when he organized a party of nine men for a trip to California to which state the lure of gold was drawing many men at that time. After two years of indifferent success at mining Mr. Walter decided to establish himself in the brewery business, which he started in a small way at Weaverville, Cal. He and his partner in the business met with success from the start and three years later erected a building in which they installed what was at that time a modern equipment. In 1858 he came back to Ohio to marry Miss Mary Wilhelm of Monroeville, the ceremony having been performed on Dec. 28, and a few days later he and his bride started back to California, where they resided for about ten years, after which they came back to Ohio and have since resided in this city. In 1860 Mr. Walter was elected to represent his district in the California legislature and was one of those who voted to make the first appropriation for the California state house. While still in California, in 1865, he was elected as state and county tax collector for a term of two years, which office requiring all of his time, he disposed of his interest in the brewery which he had conducted up until that time. Soon after returning to Mansfield Mr. Walter went into the wholesale grocery business as a member of the firm of Remy, Hedges & Walter, in which he continued until 1879, after which he went into the wholesale liquor business, establishing the business which is now conducted under the firm name of the Fred Walter's Sons company, with which business he was actively associated until 1891, since which time he has been living in quiet retirement, enjoying his pleasant home surroundings and being assured of the esteem and respect of a large number of friends. Submitted by Jean and Faye. [The Mansfield News: Thursday, June 13, 1910]

Warne, Clarence -- About noon yesterday A.S. Lash, B.& O. car inspector, was walking along the "Y" east of the Union depot when he heard a noise in a box car.  The car door was locked and as Mr. Lash approached he could hear the yelling of some one inside the car.  he asked:  "Who's there," and a voice called out, "I'm here, I'm locked in and can't get out".  The door was opened by Mr. Lash and a boy bout 15 years of age with tear-stained face stepped out.  The boy gave his name as Clarence Warne and said that he lived in the south part of the city, but it was subsequently learned that his home is on East Third Street.  he claimed to Mr. Lash that while the car was on the Bloom Street siding two white men and a negro, had put him into the car after taking 40 cents from him and had then locked the car door.  He claimed that this was done Tuesday evening and that he had been in the car since that time and was hungry and thirsty.  After refreshing himself the boy started off for home.  [Semi-Weekly News:  11 May 1897, Vol. 13, No. 38]

Warren, Mrs. John -- Mrs. John Warren, of Plymouth, whose mind has been deranged for a short time back, left her home last Sunday night and wandered six or seven miles away, near Chicago Junction.  Some forty or fifty citizens of Plymouth were searching all Monday following until 4 o'clock in the afternoon before they were successful in finding her.  She was much exhausted when found.  [Ohio Liberal:  11 September 1878]

Watson, Amariah -- LEXINGTON -- Amariah WATSON was the first to invade their haunts, fell the progeny of the forests and delve in the virgin soil on its site [Troy Twp.] which was in 1812. This pioneer lived in the quaint old brick house one mile north of this village on the farm now owned by the revered Mrs. Susan SOWERS, relict of Moses SOWERS. Mrs. SOWERS still retains in her possession, and prizes much as a relic, the original deed to her farm, the conveyance being made by the Government to Amariah WATSON in 1816 and the parchment bears the autograph of the fourth President of the United States, James Madison. Mansfield's well-known business factor, J.H. Cook, Esq., who bears lightly the burden of nearly seven decades, informs us that at least sixty years ago, when the country here was yet in its primitive grandeur, that he disported around the old mill at the foot of Main street, and that it was erected about the year 1813 by Amariah WATSON, over whose grave the winds of more than twenty winters have chanted requiems, and whose memory is revered by his few remaining co-pioneers.   Among those who with nerves of steel and valorous hearts, soon after the axe of Amariah WATSON had broken the silence of nature and blazed the way to invade the haunts of the wily Indian in the primeval forests of Troy, were Judge GASS, Samuel WATSON, a man named ROBINS and Noah COOK; Judge GASS first making his advent in its trackless fastnesses in 1811 or 1812, and ROBINS and Samuel WATSON about the same time or two or three years later, and Noah COOK first materialized in Lexington in 1814, coming from Washington Co., Pa., and the village was then in embryo, there being but one house within its present limits and that stood on the site of the residence of Mrs. Coleman, opposite the depot. With his rifle at his side, ever alert for the artful aboriginees, whose desire for the scalps of the pioneer was never satiated, he erected a house that was invulnerable to their attacks near where now stands the spacious residence of his son, Col. Thomas COOK, which overlooks a fertile expanse of many acres, contiguous to the western part of the village.  Noah COOK was twice married and was the father of thirteen children, and most of his progeny inherited his mental and physical characteristics, being of vigorous intellect and strong and lithe of limb, and like their progenitor amassed a competency by frugality and arduous toil. The family are noted for longevity, several of whom have attained the age of more than eighty years, one reaching eighty-nine years, and at the age of seventy-nine the blood courses vigorously through the veins of this dauntless pioneer and his tenure of life seemed much longer, but when laying out the village in 1834, he engendered a malarial contamination that could not be eliminated and soon the sorrows and felicities of life with him were over. His son Amos lived the life of a recluse in one of the first buildings erected here, and he lived to commune with nature in the wildest fastnesses, and his heart was anguished by the destruction of the primitive forests of Troy, and up to the time of his tragic death about seven years ago, being run over by the cars, he was to be found coursing along the rivulets of the scenes of his pristine days in quest of game, though 82 years had silvered his hair. He was not susceptible to the arts and wiles of females, and was never married. He was a Democrat of strong proclivities, and the only shrines at which he worshipped were the wide and sublime in nature.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 05 April 1883, Vol. 33, No. 20]

Watson, Amariah -- LEXINGTON -- Bloomer Sowers, of Lexington, has a parchment, stained by the dust of time, which he values highly has a relic of the early era of Troy township and because it bears the autograph of James Monroe, fourth president of the United States. It is the original deed or patent to the Mr. Sowers' farm, which lies less than one mile north of here. It was issued to Amariah Watson in 1817 and President Monroe's chirography is neat and legible as a copper plate.  Amariah Watson's name should not be lost in fading traditions of this region. It should be written bright on history's pages as the earliest and the most enterprising pioneer here. He came to Lexington 89 years ago and the foot of no white man had before trodden the gloomy solitude of the primitive forest on the site of the town. The forest rang with the loud vengeful howls of wild animals and the savage scalp raisers yet held their blood chilling orgies here. But his brave heart was awed by no danger and his soul was entranced by the voice of nature heard in swaying of the forest foliage, moved by gentle winds or roaring tempests' blasts. He erected a rude cabin on the banks of the Mohican and later a house on the site of the Colman residence. He erected most of the old brick houses that yet stand in or near Lexington. He, in 1831, erected the quaint little octagonal brick school house that once stood here. He was a large land owner here. He was grandfather of Mrs. Emily Sowers. Mr. Watson died in Illinois over forty years ago and all his brave athletic co-pioneers are numbered with the myriad dead.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD NEWS, 29 November 1901, Vol. 17, No. 230]

Watson, Leslie -- Lexington.  Leslie Watson, of Omaha, was the guest of relatives in Lexington, his native place after an absence of 42 years.  Mr. Watson is superintendent of an Indian mission school.  His father, Zale Watson, aged 86 and pioneer of Lexington, is also living in Omaha.  [Semi-Weekly New:  16 March 1897, Vol. 13, No. 22]

Waugh, Lorenzo -- Father Lorenzo Waugh is well known by the older citizens of Mansfield and Richland County as a former Methodist pastor here and in recent years he has occasionally made return visits to Mrs. M.E. Aten, his niece, who lives near Lexington, and other relatives in this and adjoining counties. He is now living in California and the Howard Methodist Church of San Francisco recently celebrated his four-score and tenth birthday anniversary at which addresses of congratulations were made by the local pastor and others.  Father Waugh is said to be the oldest living Methodist preacher in the world. He was born Aug. 28, 1808 near Greenbriar, West Virginia. In his younger days he knew Daniel Webster, John Quincy Adams, Thomas H. Benton and other great men who figured in American history. He went to California over the plains with an ox team in 1852.  in the early years there Gen. Vallejo made him a present of 350 acres of land which subsequently became very valuable and which he divided among his children.  The aged pastor is now living in Los Olivos, Santa Barbara County, California.  Submitted by Amy.  [Semi-Weekly News (Mansfield): 22 November 1898, Vol. 14, No. 96]

Waxler, John -- John Waxler was born February 15, 1925, in Mansfield, and attended Hedges school his first eight years. His favorite sport is football.  Submitted by Amy.  [JOHN SIMPSON TIMES: 01 December 1939, Vol. 13, No. 3, p. 4]

Weagley, W.H. -- Captain W.H. Weagley (deceased) was a school teacher and business man and died a soldier's duty in the war of the Rebellion.  He was the father of Mrs. Marion Douglass.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Wear, Fannie -- The trustees of the Children's Home last week elected Miss Fannie Wear, a daughter of Mr. Wm. B. Wear, No. 79 Harker Street, John's Addition, to the position of governess in the institution made vacant by the dismissal of Mrs. Sager.  [Mansfield Herald:  04 March 1886]

Weatherby, T.S. & Mrs. -- GOLDEN WEDDING ANNIVERSARY -- Of Mr. and Mrs. T.S. Weatherby -- A Memorable and Happy Event  -- Mr. and Mrs. T.S. Weatherby, who reside at No. 153 Wood street, are today celebrating that joyous event which occurs in the lives of so few people, their golden wedding anniversary.  The celebration is being given in the nature of a reception, from 3 to 5 p.m. and from 7 to 10 p.m. at the home of their daughter, Mrs. S.R. Fisher, No. 149 Wood street, invitations to that effect having been received by their hosts of friends during the past few weeks.  The invitations were unique in style and were the creation of their son, E. E. Weatherby, the photographer, of Plymouth. A handsome white, gilt bevel card was used with the date of their marriage, Dec. 14, 1851, and also the date of the present anniversary, printed near the center on either side of which were life-like photographs, on the right that of the bride and on the left the groom of 50 years ago, beneath which was the invitation proper.  This venerable and highly respected couple were born in Pennsylvania. Mr. Weatherby in Landisburg, Perry county, June 21, 1826; and Mrs. Weatherby, formerly Miss Margaret Wolff, in Chambersburg, May 6, 1833.  They were married at Shippensburg, half a century ago, although their homes were at Chambersburg at the time, in which place they resided for two years. Leaving their home in the east, they came to this city, where they have resided ever since.  They united with the First Lutheran church, the Rev. Simon Fenner, pastor and are among the few pioneer Lutherans in this community today.  For thirteen years Mr. Weatherby worked in the mechanical department of the A. & T. works and then became janitor of the First Lutheran church and since the organization of St. Luke's church in 1886, has been janitor of that church, which position he holds today.  Mr. and Mrs. Weatherby enjoy the love and esteem of a large circle of friends and are most estimable Christian people.  Five children were born into the home, one dying in infancy; the others are Mrs. J.K. Johnston of No. 187 West First street; Mrs. S.R. Fisher of No. 149 Wood street; George R. Weatherby of Detroit; and E.E. Weatherby of Plymouth.  The NEWS joins in the sincere wish of all their friends that the event of today may only serve to strengthen the bonds of friendship, trusting the happy couple may spend the remainder of their days in continued peace and happiness.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD NEWS, 14 December 1901, Vol. 17, No. 243]

Weatherby, Winona -- Winona Weatherby, aged 11 years, grand-daughter of Abram King of our city, and a member of the Secondary school, of which Miss Mary Hyde is teacher, carried off the honors of the past school year.  Her grade was higher than that of any other scholar in any department of our public schools being within a fraction of 100.  [Ohio Liberal:  12 June 1878]

Weaver, John C. -- John C. Weaver was born January 18, 1813 in Bedford Co., Pennsylvania, and died April 27, 1899 in Kirksville Twp., Adair Co., Missouri. He married (1) BARBARA SWITZER January 16, 1840 in Richland Co., Ohio by Rev. S.B. Loiter, daughter of FREDERICK SWITZER and BARBARA STUKEY. She was born May 30, 1818 in Lucas Fairfield, Richland Co., Ohio, and died October 09, 1859 in Noble Co., Indiana. He married (2) NANCY FRETZ March 1862 in Noble County, Indiana, daughter of GEORGE FRETZ and MARY STRICKLER. She was born March 30, 1834 in Tuscarawas, Ohio, and died July 13, 1925 in Adair Co., Missouri. John and Barbara lived near the old Collier farm west of Lisbon (Post Office, Allen Township, Noble County), Indiana (per Frank L. Crone, 1916). Barbara died in 1859. John and Barbara had nine children, three died in infancy. They came from Richland County, Ohio with John & Catherine Switzer Crone and Michael & Mariah Switzer King in 1849. John married Nancy in Indiana in 1862. They moved to Kelly Township, Cooper County, MO in 1866, then to a farm outside of Kirksville, MO and eventually into town at 302 N. Baltimore Street. John was among the 32 people who died in the April 27, 1899 cyclone in Kirksville, Missouri. Submitted by Cathy C.

Weaver, William H. -- One of the most prominent citizens of Sharon is William H. Weaver, who has been for two terms a township trustee.  He is a farmer and a stock buyer.  He was brought up on his father's farm near the German settlement.  Mr. Weaver is one of the principal factors of the Vernon Stock company, at Vernon Junction.  The company is operating a grain elevator at Crestline also.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  19 February 1903, Vol. 11, No. 7]

Weber, Nicholas (external link)

Weil, Louis.  A brief biographical article regarding Mr. Weil can be found on the front page of the 04 October 1890 edition of the Richland Shield & Banner. -- AEA

Weldon, Charles -- There was Chas. Weldon, whose penchant was picture making.  The Weldon family lived on West Fourth Street, but for about twelve years past young Weldon has been in New York, attached to the several illustrated newspapers.  His name constantly appears in print.   [Mansfield Herald:  09 December 1886]

Weldon, William McE. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF WILLIAM M'E. WELDON - Today is the birthday anniversary of William McE. Weldon, one of the prominent attorneys of Richland county. The Weldon family has always been identified with the history and welfare of the city and Mr. Weldon is no exception. He graduated from the public schools in 1886 and from Amherst college in 1890. He took a course in law in the Columbia law school. In 1899, Mr. Weldon was elected city solicitor, being the first Republican elected to this office in 30 years. He has been interested in the incorporation of different industries of the city, aside from his law practice. Submitted by Jean and Faye. [The Mansfield News, Page 5: Monday, November 28, 1910]

Wentz, Elizabeth  -- The COMMERCIAL GAZETTE the other day, among its pioneer sketches, printed a portrait and biographical item of Mrs. Elizabeth Wentz, --, of Shelby, wherein it was stated that she was born near Landisburg, Perry county, Pa., February 24, 1803. Mrs. Wentz was united in marriage to Henry Wentz, Sr., November 7, 1822, in Perry county, Pa. The fruits of this union were thirteen children, two of whom died in infancy, and one, Mrs. Lydia A. Bloom, last October, aged fifty-seven years. Ten children -- five sons and five daughters -- remain to cheer her declining years, the youngest of whom has passed her forty-second year and the eldest her sixty-fourth. Her husband preceded her to the other world ten years ago, aged seventy-nine years.  Mr. and Mrs. Wentz, with their family, then consisting of five children, moved from Pennsylvania to Shelby, Richland county, O., by wagon, in the spring of 1834, and settled on the farm now owned by the youngest son, with whom Mrs. Wentz made her home, she having lived on the same farm fifty six years.  Mrs. Wentz met with a very severe accident from a fall about two years ago, from which she never recovered. Mrs. Wentz comes from a family of long-lived people. One brother reached the age of eighty-two years, one sister seventy-eight, and another eighty-eight. An uncle, now living, has reached the age of ninety-one years.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 13 March 1890, Vol. 40, No. 17 -- reprinted from THE COMMERCIAL GAZETTE]

Wentz, Henry -- Henry Wentz, is a son of pioneer Henry Wentz, who came to Richland County in 1839.  The present Henry Wentz is now a prominent citizen of Shelby.  He served in the war of the rebellion as a member of Co. E, 11th. Indiana Volunteer Infantry, under Gen. Lew Wallace, and participated in a number of battles and was wounded in the service.  Of the forty-three men of his company who went into the fight at Champion Hills, May 16, 1863, only fifteen returned, twenty-eight being killed or wounded and left upon the field.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  30 October 1903, Vol. 11, No. 43]

Wentz, Peter -- Peter Wentz was born in Perry County, Pa., and came to Ohio in 1849, stopping in Plymouth, where he obtained employment as a miller.  Two years later, he came to Spring Mills, where he has ever since resided.  Peter Wentz married Margaret Bentley Welch, a daughter of John Welch, who was a son of pioneer Joseph Welch, and a brother of Mrs. Jane C. Barr.  John Welch's wife was a daughter of General Eli Wilson, one of Shelby's honored pioneers.  Mr. and Mrs. Peter Wentz are the parents of five children -- four sons and one daughter.  The sons are John, James, Charles and Frank.  The daughter is the wife of the Hon. James P. Seward of Mansfield.  The late Alex C. Welch was a brother of Mrs. Barr.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  13 November 1903, Vol. 11, No. 45]

White, Robert -- Robert White was born in York County, Pa., Aug. 17, 1828.  He enlisted under the Hon. Simon Cameron in May, 1846;  was assigned to General Patterson's brigade, and went through the long, hard service of our war with Mexico.  Comrade White was a member of the Seventeenth Indiana in the Civil War, and lost a limb in the fight with the rebels at Selma, Ala.  He can give interesting accounts of the scenes and services through which he has passed.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  05 March 1903, Vol. 11, No. 9]

Wilcox, Professor -- The first lawyer in Bellville was Prof. Wilcox, who had been a teacher in the high school, or the academy, as it was then called.  Teaching, however, was Prof. Wilcox's vocation;  the law, only an avocation, or side line.  Milo Cowan, a Bellville boy who is now a lawyer and banker in Missouri, married Miss Hettie Wilcox, the professor's only daughter.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Williams, Abraham

Wilson, Daniel Webster -- Captain D.W. Wilson, one of Bellville's leading and enterprising citizens, always takes an interest in anything that promises to be a benefit to the community.  He was one of the first to volunteer when troops were called for at the beginning of the Civil War, and at the close of his term of service, re-enlisted for three years and was in the service --< illegible >-- months -- from the beginning of the war to its close -- and returned as the captain of his company, with the goodwill and confidence of his men.  The captain assisted in rebuilding the "burnt district" in Bellville, putting up four of the twelve fine store rooms that line the west side of Main Street in the business part of town.  He has been president of the successful free street fairs for which Bellville has been noted, and is often selected to preside at army reunions and Fourth of July celebrations.  He is president of the Bellville Society, which annually picnics at the Sherman-Heinman park and is also president of the Miller Moody company association.  The captain was for over thirty-five years an officer in the government service at Washington, and has been influential in politics for many years.  He has often been a delegate to county, judicial, senatorial and state conventions, and in 1876 was elected to represent this congressional district as a delegate to the National convention at Cincinnati that nominated President Hayes.  He is a loyal friend, liberal and generous, and never forgets a kindness.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  28 May 1903, Vol. 11, No. 21]

Wilson, John -- John Wilson, representative of an olden-time family, owns the Spohn farm adjoining the town, upon which he has built a fine, large residence.  John went overland to California in 1851, and upon his return to Butler erected some good buildings there, which added much to the town.  He served his country as a soldier in the war of the rebellion.  He is now leading a retired life, and goes well-dressed as he did in the years gone by.  His wife is a daughter of the late 'Squire Andrews.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  04 June 1903, Vol. 11, No. 12]

Wirts, Samuel -- Samuel Wirts enlisted May 22, 1847, in Company D, Fourth Ohio Infantry.  George Weaver, afterwards sheriff of Richland County, was his captain, and Charles H. Brough, brother of War Governor John Brough, was colonel of the regiment.  Mr. Wirts is the father of Mrs. B.F. Palmer, matron of the Richland County Infirmary.  Samuel Wirts' father was a soldier in the war of the revolution.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Messenger:  29 January 1902, Vol. 11, No. 4 part of a series of articles about soldiers of the Mexican War]

Wolfe, Adam -- ADAM WOLFE, a soldier in the American Revolution, was a collateral descendant of Gen. James Wolfe, killed while in command of the British forces at the capture of Quebec in 1759.  He was born in Beaver county, Pa., Dec. 15, 1760, and settled in Richland county in 1815.  The fighting spirit of Gen. Wolfe was reflected in Adam Wolfe who volunteered at the age of 18 as a private in Capt. James Wright's company of the "Youghegenia Militia" in 1778. He again served in 1780 as a private in Capt. Peter Fort's company of the York county militia. There were other periods of service during the war, but complete records are not available, according to Bellville historian, D. W. Garber, who compiled the information about him.  In April, 1796, Adam Wolfe settled on four hundred acres of land in "Zweakley township, Allegania county" and his claim for the land, located on Connaconesing creek, stated that he had built a dwelling house and barn and cleared twenty acres of land on which he had "raised five crops of corn and five crops of small grain."  On January 16, 1790, he married Rachel Oldham, a daughter of William Oldham, a pioneer merchant and cabinet maker of Beaver county. Wolfe was associated with his father-in-law in the general store and continued the business following the death of William Oldham. Ten children were born to Adam and Rachel Wolfe. All of them accompanied their parents to Ohio and all of them reached maturity and married. The Wolfe family settled near the center of Monroe township, in Richland county. The community where they settled was adjacent to a multiple road crossing where the town of Mechanicsburg was eventually platted. The town, later called Pinhook, had for many years a post office that was officially named "Six Corners."  The Oldham-Wolfe account book shows that daily entries were continued after a brief interruption incident to their removal to Ohio, soon after the establishment of the Wolfe family in Monroe township. The entries read like a roster of the original settlers in the area. It is reasonable to conclude Adam was the first storekeeper at Six Corners for there is no record that he ever owned land or was ever in business in Newville, although he played a prominent part in the religious life of that growing village.  Adam Wolfe was a member of Providence Baptist church in Beaver county, representing the congregation at the annual meeting at "Sharon on Shenango." He was the organizing influence in the formation of the Baptist church at Newville. Meetings for the organization of the church were held at the home of Adam Wolfe on May 19, 1825, and on June 4. The next meeting was in July "at the school house near Mr. Switzeres," according to records, and pastors were present from Mansfield and Owl Creek, North Brancy, who assisted in formalizing the constitution for the church. It was give the impressive name, the "Regular Baptist Church Called Zion in the Vicinity of Newville, Richland County."   The church fathers soon reduced the name to the "Regular Baptist Church of Newville," and through the years the Rigdons and other controversial figures in the early ecclesiastical history of the community preached from the pulpit. Adam Wolfe, a staunch influence for unity within the church, was consistent in his beliefs and did not deviate from the fundamentals of his doctrine. The church, due to wide differences on the question of baptism, disintegrated at one time to the point of extinction. Adam assisted in holding together the congregation, and today descendants of original members attend the church.  In the 1820's and 1830's, Newville was widely recognized for the "Grand Celebration" held on each Independence day. Great respect was shown the few old soldiers of the Revolution, and as the years took their toll a reverent attitude developed toward the last who remained as living links with the birth of American independency. Adam Wolfe, with patriotic pride, participated in these local celebrations which drew large numbers from the surrounding countryside.  Adam died April 24, 1845, and Joseph Wolfe, a son, was executor of his estate. Rachel died April 19, 1836. The pioneer couple are buried in the cemetery at Newville. Joseph, the son, held township offices in Monroe. He was the father of the late Norman M. Wolfe, for many years judge of the Common Pleas court of Richland county. Norman M. Wolfe was a graduate of Greentown academy at Perrysville, and later taught at the academy with Dr. Sample.  Among those descended from the Revolutionary soldier are Norman L. Wolfe, Richland county auditor, and Mrs. Grace W. Lahm, wife of Brig. Gen Frank P. Lahm, retired, children of Judge Wolfe.  A prized possession of the county auditor is the flint lock rifle used by Adam Wolfe during his service in the Revolution.  Submitted by Jean.  [MANSFIELD NEWS JOURNAL: 26 July 1953, p. 23]

Wolfe, Norman M. - BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF JUDGE N. M. WOLFE - Today is the birthday anniversary of Norman M. Wolfe, who was born in Monroe township, this county, July 6, 1849. After completing his college course and devoting several years to teaching he took up the study of law in 1876 and was admitted to the bar in 1878. He served two terms as city solicitor of Mansfield, from 1879 to 1882. In 1891 he was elected common pleas judge in this subdivision and remained on the bench for two terms. He is a member of the law firm of Cummings, McBride & Wolfe. Submitted by Jean and Faye. [The Mansfield News, Page 7: Wednesday, July 6, 1910]

Wolfe, Norman M. -- Norman M. Wolfe, attorney at law of Mansfield, was born in Monroe township, Richland county, Ohio, July 6, 1849. His grandfather, Adam Wolfe, was a soldier of the Revolution. He was born in Beaver county, Pennsylvania, December 15, 1760, enlisted with the Pennsylvania volunteers, served his country with distinction and was honorably discharged. On the 16th of January, 1790, he married Rachel Oldham and in 1816 removed to Ohio, settling in Monroe township, Richland county. He died April 24, 1845, and the mortal remains of this soldier of the Revolution repose in the little cemetery at Newville, Richland county.  His family numbered ten children, of whom Joseph Wolfe, the father of Norman M. Wolfe, was the seventh. He also was born in Beaver county, Pennsylvania, November 26, 1801, and on the 1st of December, 1846, was united in marriage to Sarah Mecklem, a native of Beaver county. They had three sons and one daughter. The eldest son and the only daughter, the oldest and the youngest, are deceased, leaving Norman M. Wolfe and his brother, L. L. Wolfe, as the only survivors. The latter now resides on a farm in Monroe township. The father died January 28, 1875, at the age of seventy-three years, and the mother followed on the 21st of December, 1895, nearly eighty-three years of age. Both are buried in the Odd Fellows cemetery at Lucas, Ohio. Joseph Wolfe was a man of superior education and of great mental powers. His mathematics included trigonometry and he was of wide and varied experience as a teacher in the public schools of his time. He was a member of the Baptist church. An accident in early life caused him always to be very lame, almost depriving him of the use of one of his limbs, but notwithstanding this he never relinquished agricultural pursuits, and the pioneer of 1816 thenceforth was a farmer resident of Monroe township, where he died and was buried, honored and respected by the entire community.  Judge Norman M. Wolfe was reared on his father’s farm and acquired his early education in the old district school a mile away. He afterward prepared for college at Greentown Academy in Perrysville, Ohio, under the able instruction of Professor J. C. Sample, pursuing his studies there for several years. He taught school much of the time during the winter months and thus secured the funds necessary to meet the expenses of his academic course in the summer, and eventually was promoted to the position of assistant teacher of mathematics in the academy. His college work was commenced in the University of Wooster which he entered in 1873, there spending two years. He further pursued his studies in Amherst College, Massachusetts. During the time he was engaged in teaching he became the principal of the high school at Lucas, Ohio, and also of Mahoning Institute, a select school then located at Ellsworth, Mahoning county.  Judge Wolfe began the study of law April 14, 1876, first at Shelby, Ohio, and afterwards with the firm of Dickey & Jenner at Mansfield, Ohio, being admitted to the practice of his profession by the supreme court of Ohio on the 7th of May, 1878. Mr. Wolfe has held the following elective offices: township clerk of Monroe township from April, 1872, until April, 1874,--two terms of one year each; city solicitor of Mansfield from kApril, 1879, until April, 1883,--two terms of two years each; member of the board of education of Mansfield, from April, 1886, until April, 1892,--two terms of three years each and during that time was favored by his associates with the position of clerk and president of the board; judge of the court of common pleas for the second subdivision of the sixth judicial district of Ohio for two terms of five years each. He was first elected to the bench in the fall of 1891, assuming the duties of his office in February, 1892, and terminating his second term on the 9th of February, 1902. Twice during this period he was selected by his associates as presiding judge. It is said of Mr. Wolfe that in the discharge of the high and important duties of his office he was always fearless, prompt and impartial, displaying at all times careful study and distinguished ability.  In 1877 Mr. Wolfe was appointed by the court of common pleas one of the members of the first board of trustees of the memorial library board for the city of Mansfield and Madison township, just then created by act of the general assembly, which position he held until his election to the bench. In 1903 he was again selected and appointed by the mayor one of the members of the first board of five trustees of the municipal library of Mansfield, and at its organization he was elected president of the board, and still continues its presiding officer.  On the 1st of December, 1879, Judge Wolfe formed his first law partnership with his brother-in-law, Mr. W. H. Pritchard, under the firm name of Pritchard & Wolfe, which association continued until December, 1884, when Mr. Pritchard removed with his family to the territory of Washington, whereupon Mr. Wolfe formed a partnership with Mr. J. P. Henry under the firm name of Wolfe & Henry. This continued until his accession to the bench in 1892. Immediately after his retirement from the judgeship in 1902, he again entered actively into the practice of his profession at Mansfield, forming a partnership with Messrs. Cummings and McBride and adding the name Wolfe to the old firm. He forthwith entered an active field where he yet be found. He has been a well known factor in connection with the public buildings in the city of his residence, being a member of the board which erected the Memorial Library building and playhouse attached. He was also a member of the school board when the magnificent structure known as the high school was erected on Fourth street. Indeed he enjoys the distinction of first pointing out the hitherto unthought of site at the corner of Fourth and Rowman. He was also a member of the municipal library board which purchased the site and erected the free public library between Walnut and Mulberry on West Third street.  Judge Wolfe was married on the 22d of September, 1877, to Miss Jennie Leiter, daughter of Jacob Leiter, of Monroe township. They became the parents of six children, four of whom still survive: Grace M., wife of Dr. George W. Kenson, residing in Mansfield; and Fred W., Fay F. and Norman L., who reside with their parents in Mansfield. Mr. Wolfe is an active member of substantially all the Masonic fraternities, including Mansfield Commandery and the Dayton Consistory, and is likewise identified with the Mystic Club. He is also a member of Beta Theta Pi, the Knights of Pythias, the Knights of the Golden Eagle, and a member of the Presbyterian church. He is a man free from ostentation or display. His jovial nature and fund of humor, combined with strong and sterling qualities and his unimpeachable integrity, have gained him a favorable place in the regard of his fellow townsmen.  Submitted by Jean.  [HISTORY OF RICHLAND COUNTY, OHIO FROM 1808 TO 1908. VOL. 1. By A.J. Baughman]

Wolff, Samuel -- Col. Wolff was born in Chambersburg, Franklin county, Pa., June 1st., 1839, and came with his parents to Richland Co. in 1854, where he worked with his father on the farm, two and one-half miles north of Mansfield, until the year 1859, when he came to Mansfield and commenced the trade of carpentering in the shop of his brother, where he served an apprenticeship of two years. At the breaking out of the war in 1861, he enlisted in the first company organized In the evening of the noted 17th. day of April; his name appears among the first in Co. I, 1st. O.V.I., three months service, under Capt. Wm. McLaughlin; with this company he served his full term of enlistment, and with it was in the two engagements of Vienna and the first battle of Bull Run. July 21, 1861, his term of service having expired, he returned to Mansfield and again commenced work at his trade, at which he continued until the 21st. day of September, 1861, when he enlisted in an “independent rifle company” then being organized in the western part of the state; this company was rapidly being recruited when John Sherman returned with an order from Washington to organize the 64th. and 65th. Regiments; by the common consent of the independent company, they entered the 64th. Regiment of Co. A, this being the first company in Camp Buckingham; while here, Mr. Wolff was made Second Lieutenant; the 64th. and 65th. Regiments, known while in Camp Buckingham as the “Sherman Brigade” were after their departure from Mansfield, always known as the “Harker Brigade”, and it was first assigned to the 3rd. Division, 21st. Army Corps, and took part in the battle of Shiloh; after thi battle, Lieut. Wolff was promoted to the first lieutenancy of the same company; soon after, he was engaged in the Buell raid and the battle of Stone River, Dec. 29, 1862 to Jan. 3, 1863. It was in this long engagement that Lieut. Wolff was slightly wounded by a fragment of shell, but not disabled; he was promoted to Captain of Co. H, and as such, was in the battle of Chickamanga, Sept. 19 and 20, 1863; at the battle of Missionary Ridge, Ga., Nov. 25, 1863, Capt. Wolff received a gun shot wound through the right arm, which compelled him to relinquish his command for about two months; afterward, with his company and regiment, he was engaged in numerous battles until the close of the war, among them the battle of Rocky Face Ridge, May 9, 1864; Resaca, May 14 and 15, 1864; New Hope Church, May 27, 1864; Kenesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864; Peach Tree Creek, July 20, 1864; Atlanta, July 22, 1864; Jonesboro, Sept. 1, 1864; Lovejoy Station, Sept 3, 1864; Spring Hill, Tenn., Nov. 29, 1864; in which engagement Capt. Wolff was slightly wounded by a gunshot through both legs; at the battle of Franklin, Nov. 30, 1864; during a charge of the enemy, Capt. Wolff became engaged in a hand-to-hand combat between the lines with Col. John B. Austin, of a Mississippi regiment; the Union forces falling back for a time, charged upon the enemy, who had captured the works, driving them out, when Wolff, coming up with Col. Austin, demanded his sword; but this he at first refused, and bravely defended himself, but was soon compelled to surrender and reluctantly delivered his sword to Wolff, who now has it in his possession; in the night of the 20th. of June, 1864, Capt. Wolff received a wound on the head from a falling limb while in charge of a company of choppers, the effects of which he will doubtless carry to his grave, being now a constant sufferer and threatened with the loss of sight in February, 1865, Capt. Wolff was prompted to Major of the regiment, and soon after, was made Lieutenant Colonel, and was at the discharge of the regiment, Jan. 3, 1866, at Columbus, holding the commission of Colonel, acknowledged as a brave and good soldier, with an army record of which any man might well be proud; it is sad to think that, after doing this service for his country, he should be a constant sufferer in his after life. Col. Wolff was married in March, 1864, to Miss M.J. Browneller, who died in the year 1865. In 1868, he was again married to Miss Susan Urvan, who died in Mansfield, in 1870.  Submitted by Amy.  [THE OHIO LIBERAL: 15 August 1883 re-printed from the HISTORY OF RICHLAND COUNTY]

Worden, Milton W. --  Milton W. Worden was tall and straight and strong.  Younger than Matson, he had hardly begun the practice [of law] when the tocsin sounded.  The war of the ages was on.  The battles for civilization were to be fought and Worden laid down his text-books and picked up a sword and marched away to glory and nearly to the grave.  He was a captain in the 32d Ohio, commanded by Col. Thomas H. Ford.  At Harper's Ferry his leg was shot away, and I well remember that weeks intervened before his weak and wasted body was borne home on a stretcher.  The havoc of war was brought close to our observation.  With others I met him at the depot and carried him to his home.  He recovered somewhat, though the ugly wound and uglier amputation gave him great trouble all the remainder of his days.  He was elected Probate Judge of the county, the only man ever elected to that office in the county was was not of the Democratic party.  He discharged the duties of the office with ability.  But the old wound worried, the nerves were shattered, and life was ebbing away.  I was with him when the final summons came, and then we laid him away.  -- H.C.H.  Submitted by Amy.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  29 December 1894, Vol. LXXVII, No. 33]

Young Family -- Mrs. Susan Young, widow of John Young (and daughter of Lewis and Mary Keith, whose maiden name was Saultzman, daughter of Anthony Saultzman), was born on the banks of the Susquehanna River. Her father, Lewis Keith, was killed by the Indians in Lycoming Co., Pennsylvania. Mr. & Mrs. Young were married August 8th., 1819 in Bedford Co., Pa., on the banks of the Juniata River, and emigrated to Ohio in November, 1822, and settled on Honey Creek, two miles south of Bellville, where the old lady still lives. Mr. Young having died November 23d., 1867, aged 71 years.   They had six children -- three boys and three girls. Two sons and one daughter are living. They came from Hopewell Twp., Huntington Co., Pa. Mrs. Young was born August 25th., 1797. Mr. & Mrs. Young were raised Lutherans, but never joined the church. Mr. Young was a Whig, then a Republican.   When they moved they came through Ashland (then Uniontown), and there was but one frame house in it, and it was not finished. There were, however, several cabins and two still houses. They stayed all night at Markley's below town, went to Mansfield the next day, and the landlady died that night of fever. Mr. Young, being exposed to it, took it, and laid nine weeks in his new cabin home.   There were but few houses in Mansfield, and but three in Bellville -- Mr. Bell's, Enoch Ogle's and, perhaps, Jackson's. She says that when they came out that Christly Rowland and the Flukes came along, but stopped near Ashland. She also says that when they left Mansfield they went down the Rocky Fork to Jerry Smart's, then to Newville, then to Bellville, and had to cut their way through the woods.   Her health is good and her memory bright for one so far advanced in life. The writer saw her a few days ago (December, 1883), and she is still in good health. -- Dr. Riddle.  Submitted by Amy.  [MANSFIELD HERALD: 27 December 1883, Vol. 34, No. 6]

Young, Jacob -- Jacob Young, of Orange, was born in Hardy County, Virginia, January 1, 1773.  His parents were natives of Bavaria, Germany, and immigrated to America about the year 1743.  The Youngs settled in Virginia, and the father and mother of Jacob Young (the mother's name was Cox) landed in New York, and subsequently settled in Virginia, where Andrew Young, father of Jacob, married into the Cox family.  When Jacob was four or five years old his father removed to Washington County, Pennsylvania, then considered part of Virginia, and located near Ten Mile Creek.  He subsequently served two years as teamster in the Revolutionary Army, and died on his homestead about the year 1807, at an advanced age.  Jacob grew to manhood in Washington County, and married Mary Mason, of Fayette County, Pa., June 7, 1795, and in 1804 removed to and located in Columbiana County, in the newly admitted State of Ohio, where he remained until October, 1814, when he removed to Orange township, then in Richland, but now in Ashland County, Ohio, where he had erected a cabin the preceding year.  Prior to his removal he had entered at the office at New Lisbon a number of tracts of land, one of which is now owned (1878) by John Crivelin, one by the heirs of the late George Hall, one by Isaac Mason, one by William Rhone, and another by Rev. William Sattler.  His route to his new home was by the old army trail to Wooster, thence by Beall's trail to Jerome's Place and Blockhouse, now Jeromesville, and thence up to Mohican, by a new path passing near where Andrew Mason now resides, and thence to his cabin on the present Sattler farm.    But few settlers had preceded him, and his cabin was in the midst of an almost unbroken forest.  It was a lonely home, and he was soon serenaded by wolves and the screams of wild animals.  As soon as he had arranged for winter he set to work upon the rich alluvial bottoms to prepare ground for culture the next year.  The forests were of stupendous growth, and required much toil to cut and remove them.  During the winter his family lived upon corn bread, milk and such wild meat as he could secure by means of his trusty rifle.  The hominy block was brought into requisition, and such corn as could be procured in Columbiana County and in the vicinity of Wooster was prepared for use.  His nearest neighbors were Solomon Urie, Vachel, Metcalf, Amos Norris, Patrick Murray and Jacob Crouse, to whose number others were soon added.  An old Delaware and Wyandot trail ran near his cabin, and Indians from Sandusky frequently passed along with furs and skins to Pittsburgh and returned with new blankets, ammunition and such other articles as they had received in exchange for peltry;  but were then quite civil.  They occasionally called at his cabin, in small numbers, for something to eat, and always were served by Mrs. Young when she had anything to allay their hunger.  After 1817 they rarely visited the cabin, when off of their reservation, which was situated in what is now Marion County, Ohio.  They generally hunted in the forests along Black River and in Huron, Loraine (sic.) and Medina counties.  They finally disappeared about 1824, and went west in 1829.  In his hunting excursions, he often met small parties of Delawares in the northern forests.  On one occasion, in attempting to pass silently to a resort for deer -- a sort of lick -- he came quietly upon an old Delaware seated upon a log, soundly asleep, and apparently very much exhausted from fatigue and want of food.  Upon his sudden approach, the Indian was very much frightened, but Mr. Young advanced, showing by signs that he intended no harm, and, upon discovering the real situation of the Indian, drew from the pocket of his hunting shirt a corn cake which he tendered to his red friend, which was eagerly accepted.  The Indian kneeled down in token of thankfulness, at the same time pointing toward the heavens, as if to intimate that the Great Spirit would reward him for generously feeing the hungry.  In 1863 when the great stellar shower took place, when it seemed as if the universe were coming to an end, Mr. Young was hunting in the north woods along the banks of the Black River, and slept of nights in a rude hut or wigwam covered with bark.  The singular appearance of the heavens amazed him, and fear that some great evil might befall his family seized upon him;  but upon his return he was happy to discover that his apprehensions were baseless.  The heavens had again become calm, and the fiery torches that blazed through the limitless region of space had disappeared, and all nature seamed at rest.  It was not a matter of surprise that he should have been alarmed, for philosopher and divine alike trembled at beholding the phenomenon, and were uncertain as to its final termination. Mr. Young succeeded in raising a few acres of corn the first year;  but was compelled to depend largely upon the chase for meat.  His neighbors were few and far between and he was often requested to assist in erecting cabins for new settlers, to roll logs and do other acts of good neighborhood to all of which he responded, often boarding himself in addition to the service rendered, and at the same time furnishing seed corn to the new-comer.  Indeed, though industrious, economical and careful, he found it difficult to protect himself and family from suffering, until he had succeeded in raising a few crops.  Nevertheless, short as was his home supply, he was noted for his generous aid to all comers, even to squandering his own profits by helping parties who were subsequently unable or unwilling to pay him in return.  His wife often related that they had not unfrequently (sic.) been so short of meat for the first year or two that Mr. Young depended almost wholly upon his gun from day to day for a supply;  and often returned, hungry and weary without game, and made a supper upon milk and pone!  In his hunting excursions, during his earlier years, he often met in the northern forests that skillful and successful woodman and hunter, Solomon Urie.  He often found signs of bear and frequently succeeded in capturing Bruin, of whose flesh he was very fond.  Deer was very common, and turkeys often made havoc with corn-fields in the fall of the year.  Wolves were also numerous and very destructive on sheep.  Their scalps commanded a fair price in money.  Mrs. James Kerr, daughter of Jacob Young, has in her possession a family Bible purchased by her father, with wolf scalps in Columbiana County over sixty-five years ago.  It was a book duly venerated by Mr. Young, during his life.  He made a conscientious effort to follow its precepts.  In July, 1815, John Whittaker, a surveyor of Columbiana county, was employed by William Montgomery to survey the original plat of the village of Uniontown, now Ashland, Ohio, and boarded at the cabin of Jacob Young while so doing;  for the site of the new village was covered by the original forest, and had no boarding houses or hotels for the accommodation of travelers.  In 1815 he helped erect the first school-house in Orange Township, near his residence, in which John Swigart taught the first school in the winter of 1815-1816 and married Barbara Young, about the close of his school, which is supposed to have been the first wedding in Orange Township, at the cabin of Jacob Young.  Mr. Young became a member of the Evangelical Lutheran Church at the age of seventeen years in Washington County, Pennsylvania, and continued faithful until his decease, which occurred in 1861, at the age of eighty-one years.  It is sufficient panegyric upon the life and character of Mr. Young to say that he never had a quarrel with any man;  that he never sued any man;  that he was never a defendant in a law suit;  that he was generous to all men;  and that while he was born under the dominion of King George III he lived to see the independence of the American Republic, the establishment of the Union, and the prosperity and greatness of the States.  His wife, Mrs. Mary Mason Young, was a member of the same church from 1800 until her decease in 1865, being about ninety years and six months old.  The family of Mr. Young consisted of twelve children, two boys, John, who died in Van Wert County, Ohio, in 1851, and Abraham who died in Missouri in 1877;  and ten girls -- Elizabeth, wife of the late Joseph Bishop;  Barbara, wife of John Swigart;  Mary, wife of John Swineford;  Christianna, wife of Samuel Baughman;  Phebe, wife of Rhrinehart Allaphela (sic.);  Sarah, wife of Abraham Marks;  Amy, wife of John C. Kerr;  Hannah, wife of Robert McKee;  Nancy, wife of Jacob Marietta;  and Margaret, wife of James Kerr.  All survive but Mrs. Bishop.  The entire family learned at an early day lessons of industry, economy and morality, and lived to honor the parents that gave them birth.  The loom was their parlor organ and the busy hum of the spinning wheel kept time with the music of the shuttle as it shot to and fro among the warp.  All made intelligent, exemplary mothers and faithful wives.  -- W.  [Ohio Liberal:  15 May 1878] 

Young, John -- John Young, who came to Jefferson Township in an early day, and settled about two miles south of Bellville, was a son of William Young and Elizabeth Ford, and was the oldest of ten sons. He was born in Bedford Co., Penn., Nov. 20, 1796. His first distinct adventure in life was carpentry, which he commenced when about twenty-one years of age. He was married to Susan Keith, daughter of Lewis and Mary (Saltsman) Keith, August 8, 1819. The ceremony took place in Bedford Co., Penn. She was born Aug. 25, 1797, in Huntingdon Co., Penn. They came to Ohio in November, 1822, and settled south of Bellville soon after, where he lived and died, and where his wife, a very communicative and intelligent lady, yet resides. The first building he put up was modeled after the common pioneer cabin, and was destitute of either windows or doors. A table cloth hung in the window aperture, and a blanket in the opening for the door. Their children were Elizabeth, William, David Lewis, Simon B., Martha, Louiza and Mary. Elizabeth died Nov. 22, 1824; William, July 15, 1844; and Louiza, n the fall of 1852. Father Young died Nov. 23, 1867.   Mr. and Mrs. Young were people of virtuous and strict habits, industrious and frugal, and they accumulated considerable property. Lewis and Simon now own portions of the old home farm. Mary married a Mr. Walters and resides in Kansas.  Submitted by Amy.  [Bellville Star: 27 July 1882, Vol. V, No. 43]

Zartman, David -- Newville.  David Zartman, one of the leading druggists of Butler, has in his possession a rare relic, a musket that was used in the war of 1812.  It is in good preservation and is one of the old flint-locks with shoulder strap and bayonet, all in good shape.  They are very scarce in this county and no doubt if it was at the World’s Fair it would be allowed a very prominent position.  This gun has been kept by his father, who was a gunsmith, having learned his trade in Germany, where a man had to be master of the trade before he could set up in business.  Mr. Zartman  also has a rifle made by his father that can’t be beat in the county for fine finish.  [Richland Shield & Banner:  26 March 1892]

Zeider, Reuben -- Reuben Zeider, of 197 North Mulberry Street, mysteriously disappeared Saturday night and has not yet been found.  It is thought by some that he has committed suicide, while others hold to the opinion that he has gone to his old home in Pennsylvania.  His wife is nearly distracted with grief.  After supper Saturday evening he left home and as is his custom went to Shill's barber shop on North Main Street and was shaved.  He remained there until after 6 o'clock and then went away  It is stated that he was also seen during the evening in the vicinity of the Union Depot by several persons, which leads to the theory that he might have gone to Pennsylvania.  About 10 o'clock Saturday night as her husband had not returned home, Mrs. Zeider went to A.A. Fiscus' store on North Main Street to inquire if Mr. Fiscus had seen her husband, Mr. Fiscus having been acquainted with Mr. & Mrs. Zeider for some time.  Mr. Fiscus had not seen him, but made inquiry at Shill's barber shop next door and learned that Mr. Zeider had been there early in the evening, as has already been stated.  Mr. Zeider is a pattern maker by occupation and for a number of years has been in the employ of Niman & Van Atta at the Union Foundry, and Machine works.  Of late he has not had steady work, but managed to work a day or two a week, or sometimes a full week, according as business would be.  When it was learned that he had not been seen, further inquiry was made at various places and without result.  John B. Niman and John Van Atta joined with A.A. Fiscus in the search.  Officers Richards and Austin, whose beats are in the north part of the city, were also informed of the disappearance, and they joined in the search and notified the police up town.  The party made inquiry at the depots and searched along the tracks in different directions from the city, thinking that his body might be found, if he had committed suicide.  Other places, where it was thought he might possibly be, were searched but to no avail.  About 3 o'clock Sunday morning the search was given up for awhile and was continued Sunday.  Efforts are still being put forth to find him.   The missing man has been in financial straits more or less for some time owing to lack of work.  His employers aided him, and after an accident to him in the shop some time ago his wages were continued in full, when he worked, though the loss of three fingers of his right hand, which had been cut off at that time, incapacitated him considerably for work and rendered it necessary to employ an extra man to aid him on certain kinds of work.  The Citizens' Savings and Loan company has a mortgage of over $1,100 on his property and it is also understood that Henry Krause holds a mortgage.  Mr. Zeider was an old soldier, having been a member of Co. C., 82nd. Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers.  He walked slightly lame owing to having been wounded in the left foot during the war.  He drew a pension of $12 per month for disability.  He was a man of good habits and both he and his wife are members of the Presbyterian church.  His height is 6 feet and he has a dark complexion, iron gray hair and mustache.  Three fingers of his right hand are off at the hand joint.  His name is sometimes spelled Zider and the city directory spells his name Ciders.  He is about 69 years of age though one would think him several years younger, for he bears his age well.  He was a sailor in early life and had a variety of experiences during the time he followed the sea.  An incident is told of him that on one occasion the ship on which he was working came into port with nearly all on board ill with yellow fever.  About 15 years ago he and his wife came to this city from Walnut, Juniata County, Pa., and have resided here since that time.  It is stated that he received his pension money for three months a week ago or les, and it is thought that his financial troubles have had the effect of unbalancing his mind and that he has either committed suicide or else has wandered away and, as would be natural, has gone to his old home in Pennsylvania, though most, if not all, of his relatives there are dead or have moved away.  He was not confidential about his business affairs and said very little to his wife about them.  [Semi-Weekly News:  19 January 1897, Vol. 13, No. 6]

Zimmerman, Levi -- Today marks the 95th. anniversary of the birth of Levi Zimmerman, of 288 W. Fourth Street.  Mr. Zimmerman is one of the oldest of Richland County pioneers, Hiram Smith being the only resident of Mansfield who is older than the venerable old man.  Although lacking but five years of reaching the century mark, Mr. Zimmerman still retains remarkable use of all his faculties.  His sight and hearing although failing are still good.  The people of Mansfield have always felt the deepest interest in Mr. Zimmerman.  The estimable character of the old gentleman has won for him innumerable friends who view with pleasure the successful passing through one year after year.  The unwonted longevity of the life of Mr. Zimmerman has also attracted the attention of the citizens of Mansfield all of whom heartily desire that he pass the century mark before being called to his eternal home.  Mr. Zimmerman, although not enjoying as good health as a year ago, is still able to get around with remarkable celerity considering his advanced age.  His mind is wonderfully lucid and while filled with reminiscences of his younger days, he still takes the liveliest interest in the doings of the world today.  A little over a year ago Mr. Zimmerman sustained a severe fall and he has never quite recovered from the shock.  While resting, Mr. Zimmerman feels in the best of health but when walking or moving about, he finds that the >> Text missing from photocopy - Consult microfilm for full article << and two years later in company with his uncle, he moved to this county.  The family of nine of which Levi was the oldest, lived in a log cabin of only one room in Orange Township, now part of Ashland County.  Levi set himself to mastering the trade of tin and copper smithing, later practicing in Massillon, Norwalk and this city.  Later, he opened a shop in Bucyrus but soon returned to this city.  He has resided here continuously since 1834 with the exception of a few months when he joined the rush to the newly opened gold fields of California.  He went to California in 1850, going by way of the Isthmus of Panama.  He practiced his trade instead of prospecting.  He worked in Sacramento and in a mining camp named Marysville.  Mr. Zimmerman recalls that he was forced to pay $210 for a months rent of one half of a tent.  Louis Vonhof, the building of the present Vonhof Hotel, was also in California at that time.  Returning to the city in 1815, Mr. Zimmerman again took up the practice of his trade.  In 1855 he married Miss Mary Ann George of Bucyrus.  Four children were born of the marriage, three of whom are still living, they being Mrs. M.E. Douglass, Mrs. H.C. Hedges and a son Eli.  All of his brothers and sisters are dead with the exception of the youngest, who resides in California and whom Mr. Zimmernan has not seen for twenty years.  Of the old residents of Mansfield only Hiram Smith and Mrs. J.H. Cook are still living.  Although failing, Mr. Zimmerman still gives promise of becoming a centenarian.  Mr. Zimmerman is deeply interested in all of the members of his family and was deeply pleased a week ago by the receipt of a letter from a nephew G.F. Zimmerman of Seattle, Wash.  Mr. Zimmernan after wishing his uncle good health indites [sic.] a beautiful little poem of his own composition.  <<poetry omitted>>  [Mansfield (OH) Daily Shield:  17 April 1909]


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