|12th Ohio Volunteer Infantry - Regimental History|
Contributed by Nikki Nickell
Ripley, Brown County Ohio, claims to have furnished the first company of volunteers for the supression of the rebellion the 13th day of April, 1861; an Union meeting was in progress when news was telegraphed of the fall of Sumpter. A. S. Leggett, who afterward, gallantley fell at Stone River, at once wrote out a heading for an enlistment roll and was the first to sign it, R.C. Rankin second, and in quick succession eighty-one others. The officers selected were as follows: Captain Jacob Ammen, afterwards General Ammen, now of Ammendale, D.C.; First Lieutenant E. C. Devore; Second Lieutenant E. M. Carey, afterwards Major in Twenty-third O.V.I.; now deceased. At noon next day Captain Ammen started for Columbus, reaching there by noon on the 15th, by which time Mr. Lincoln had issued the call for 75,000 men.
12th Regiment Infantry (3 Months). Organized at Camp Jackson, Columbus Ohio, April and May 1861. Moved to Camp Dennison Ohio 06 May and duty there till 28 June. Reorganized for three years 28 June 1861. Three months' men mustered out 25 July 1861.
12th Regiment Infantry (3 Years). Organized at Camp Dennison Ohio 28 June 1861. Left State for the Kanawha Valley WV 06 July. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, WV, to September, 1861. Bonham's Brigade, Dist. of the Kanawha, WV, to October 1861.
1st Brigade, District of the Kanawha, to March 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division WV, Dept. of the Mountains, to September 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, District of WV, Dept. of the Ohio, to March 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of West Virginia, to April. 1864.
2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry, Division WV, to July 1864.
Action at Scary Creek WV, 17 Jul 1861. Battle of Carnifex Ferry 10 Sep. Operations in the Kanawha Valley WV, and New River Region September to November. Gauley River 12 Sep. Wilderness Ferry 14 Sep. Hough's Ferry 16 Sep. Advance to Sewell Mountain 24 Sep. Sewell Mountain 25 Sep. At Hawk's Nest 10 Oct to 01 Nov. Movement on Cotton Mountain and pursuit of Floyd 1-18 Nov. Laurel Creek 12 Nov (Co. H). Duty at Charleston till April 1862. Advance on Princeton 22 Apr-01 May. Narrows of New River 04 May. Operations on Flat Top Mountain 20 May to 14 Aug. Scout in Wayne County 24-26 Jul (Detachment). Moved to Washington 14-24 Aug. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia 24 Aug-02 Sep. Action at Bull Run Bridge 27 Aug. Maryland Campaign 06-22 Sep. Battle of South Mountain MD 14 Sep. Battle of Antietam 16-17 Sep. March to Clear Springs 08 OCt, thence to Hancock and to the Kanawha Valley WV, 14 Oct-17 Nov. Moved to Fayette Court House 04 Dec, and duty there till May 1864. Action at Blake's Farm 09 May 1863. Repulse of McCausland's attack on Fayetteville 17-20 May 1863. Fayette Court House 19 May. Pursuit of Morgan's forces and patrol on the Ohio River 17-26 Jul. Expedition from Charlestown to Lewisburg 03-13 Nov. Action at Meadow Bluff 04 Dec 1863. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley 08-25 Dec 1863. Action at Big Sewell Mountain and Meadow Bluff 11 Dec. Lewisburg and Greenbrier River 12 Dec. Near Meadow Bluff 14 Dec. Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad 02-19 May. Princeton 06 May (Cos. B, D). Battle of Cloyd's Mountain 09 May. New River Bridge 10 May. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg 26 May-01 Jul. Diamond Hill 17 Jun. Lynchburg 17-18 Jun. Retreat to Charleston 19 Jun-01 Jul. Ordered to Columbus Ohio 02 Jul. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 23rd Ohio Infantry. Mustered out 11 Jul 1864, expiration of term.
Regiment lost during service: 3 Officers and 93 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 77 Enlisted men by disease. Total 175.
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