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J. P. GILCHRIST

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Transcription contributed by Martie Callihan 1 December 2004

Sources:
The History of Warren County Ohio
Part V. Biographical Sketches
Turtlecreek Township
(Chicago, IL: W. H. Beers Co, 1882; reprint, Mt. Vernon, IN: Windmill Publications, 1992)
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J. P. GILCHRIST, merchant, Lebanon; was bom in Montgomery Co.. Ohio, Nov. 28, 1812; his father, Robert Gilchrist, was born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Penn., in 1780, and, in 1802. emigrated to Ohio, settling on Stillwater in Montgomery County. He was married, in 1800, to Miss Mary Wilson, daughter of James and Nancy Wilson, who was born in Cumberland Co., Penn., Aug. 25, 1777, and died in Lebanon, Ohio, April 6, 1867, aged 90 years. Her father was born in Pennsylvania and was descended from a family who emigrated to America from Ireland, seven children were the result of the above union, and of these, two boys and one girl—Robert W., J. Parks and Jane are the only survivors. Their father lived in Montgomery County until May, 1812, when he volunteered under Col. Van Home, in Hull's army, and was killed in the battle of Brownstown Aug. 12, 1812, just a few days before Hull's cowardly surrender; his father, our subject's grandfather, Robert, was born in Scotland, and emigrated to America with his wife and two brothers in the latter part of the eighteenth century. He was twice married, having by his first wife two sons and seven daughters, and, by his second wife, Sarah McGuire, one boy and one girl. Our subject came to Warren County in 1817, with his mother and seven children, and settled in Lebanon, which has since been his home; his education has amounted to a very few weeks' attendance at a private school in Lebanon. In 1827, he commenced clerking in the store of William Lytle. where he remained until May, 1830, when he went to Cincinnati and engaged in the dry goods store of Brown & O'Brien; he next clerked in a store in Rossville, Ohio, and, in January, 1832, he went to Liberty, Ind., with a stock of goods furnished by J. & W. Anderson, which he was to sell for half profits. In this he proved successful, and, in 1833, purchased William Anderson's interest and conducted the store under the firm name of Gilchrist & Anderson until 1839, when they returned to Lebanon and opened the dry goods store in

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which he has since continued. His firm has been variously known under the name of Anderson & Gilchrist, Gilchrist & Gray, Gilchrist & Benham and now as J. P. Gilchrist & Co., he having associated with himself his son, J. A. Gilchrist, and his nephew, La France Coryell. Mr. Gilchrist was married, on the 12th of April, 1837, to Miss Euphemia Anderson, of Butler Co., Ohio; her father, Isaac Anderson, was born in Donegal Co., Ireland, Sept. 16, 1758, and emigrated to America previous to the Revolutionary war, during which struggle for independence he served for seven years, enlisting as a private and being promoted to a Lieutenancy. He was severely wounded in the head at the battle of Germantown, causing the loss of one eye; he subsequently served in the Indian war, in which he was taken prisoner by the savages in the neighborhood of Lawrenceburg, on the Ohio River. His captors took up their line of march for Montreal, Canada, camping one night on the Big Miami River. The country around their camp pleased Mr. Anderson so much that he resolved, if he ever escaped, to locate there, which he finally did. Some time after their arrival at Montreal, he and a comrade scaled the walls of their prison and escaped, walking the whole distance to Philadelphia and suffering untold privations on the way and subsisting on roots, frogs and anything they could find. On Nov. 14, 1788, Mr. Andersen was married to Miss Euphemia Moorehead, who was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Our subject by his marriage to Miss Anderson had the following children: Mary W., born Oct. 18, 1842; died Nov. 2, 1866; Robert, born April 19, 1846; died Dec. 6, 1871; Isaac, born March 28, 1848; died April 28, 1850; James Parks, born Sept. 1, 1850; died June 29, 1854, and Joseph A., born April 4, 1854. From 1867 to 1880, Mr. Gilchrist carried on an extensive business in Columbus, Ohio, in company with C. P. Gray and Andrew Dobbie. He has, for upward of twenty-five years, been a member of the Presbyterian Church. In politics, when a young man he espoused the Whig cause, and became one of the Republican party on its organization. During the civil war, he was an earnest supporter of the Union cause and assisted in raising men for and the organization of the 12th and 35th Regiments of 0. V. I., in this county; he was also a member of the Christian and Sanitary Commissions at Lebanon.

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