Keep in mind that in the treaty of 1866 the government did not buy the Outlet from from the Cherokee's. The government did gain the right to buy land from the Cherokees in order to settle "friendly" indians in the Outlet. The Cherokee Nation held "fee title" to the Outlet under the treaty of 1835 and again in the treaty of 1866. The Cherokee's were one of the few that actually owned their lands. Most only had a kind of use permit.
The Fort Worth Gazette
SERIOUS TROUBLE BREWING
President Harrison Order Irritates the
| Arkansas City Kan. Sept 5-- There is
no doubt in the minds of the people of this
section of the state that there will be trouble of a very serious nature in the Cherokee
Strip, and that very soon unless the national government takes very prompt action
to undo the the mischief wrought by President Harrison in his recent order permitting Indians to occupy the Strip as cattle
grazers while white men are forbidden to
go in any capacity. The Cherokees have
taken advantage of the permit and have
flocked to the Strip in large numbers and
there are today more cattle on that vast
grazing ground than were there in the
palmy days of the Cherokee Strip livestock
What makes the white men feel especially bitter toward the government in regard to this matter is that the land did not belong to the Indian any more than to the whites It is not a reservation in the sense of reservations as used to describe Indian lands but was simply a strip of government land which had never been thrown open to settlement.
The Cherokees who formerly had title to this land under government treaties gave up that title years ago by regular sale and the title reverted to the United States. It became necessary for the other people in the great Indian Territory to get access to and egress from their reservations and as the Cherokees held all the land and were very jealous of their rights the government was obliged to buy the land in order to give a passage way to the other tribes. In this case there was no claim of eminent domain by the government but in order to settle all question of right the land was purchased and the title remained in the government separate from the Indians aud was as much public land as was the government land in all the Western territories which had been opened to settlement the only difference being that the government had never declared that this strip should be open to settlement by white men and they had been kept off it just the same as the Indians. Gradually the cattlemen encroached upon the land until the countrv was covered with stock and then the wily Indians came to the front and in Western parlance "run a bluff" on the cattlemen, and told them that if they did not pay them so much money for the privilege of grazing on the lands they would raise a row with the government and have the cattle driven off. The cattlemen knew well that they had no right on the lands and were afraid that if the Indians made complaint they would have to move their herds so in order to keep the redmen quiet they agreed to pay the sum of $1 per head per year for the privilege of grazing. This was blackmail, pure and simple, and all the parties to the deal knew it, but the cattlemen felt that they were getting very cheap grazing and the Indians knew that they were getting a good round sum every year for nothing.
Things changed with the opening of Oklahoma and the agitation became so great that the cattlemen were driven off and the Indians lost their hush money. Gradually however the cattle went back until there were fully as many on the Strip as were there before the famous order of eviction was issued. Then the Indians tried their old tactics but this time they failed for the cattlemen saw that the $1 a head did not give them any protection. They refused to put up the money. Then the Indians "worked" the president and he gave the order allowing Indians to herd their cattle on the Strip. The white men do not rest easy under this plain evidence of partiality and they are preparing for an invasion which will either require the entire army of the United States to quell or they will have the Indians put out of the country and given no more rights than the white men.
These Indians are not the red men of the Cooper type. They are white and educated. Their right comes from the fact that some of their ancestors had white and Indian intermarriage. Constant intermarriage has almost obliterated the Indian blood but their traits still remain as far as getting the best of the white man is con- cerned.