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BRANT COUNTY, ONTARIO BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

Oakland and Onandaga Townships

 

These Brant County, Ontario biographical sketches have been transcribed by Bill Bowman from Warner and Beers History of Brant County 1883. They are being posted as Bill completes them. A big thank you to Bill for his hard work!

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OAKLAND TOWNSHIP

Page 625

M. H. BALDWIN, farmer, Oakland P.O., was born in New York State, March 26, 1826, and is a son of Moses and Phoebe Baldwin. Moses Baldwin was born in New Jersey, October 2nd, 1790, and died October 1st, 1851. They were married in that State November 14, 1812, and came to Canada in 1833, and settled in Oakland Township, where they remained until their death. He was first a blacksmith and then became a farmer. He became blind in 1838. M. H. Baldwin was married December 4, 1851, to Nancy Smith, who was born in Ancaster Township, Nov. 30, 1835. They are both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he has been local minister of the church for about fourteen years. He has also been Township Councillor for four years, and a Magistrate of Oakland Township two years. Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin have had eight children, seven of whom survive- Lewis H., Melville N., Carmen B., Ella A., William, Kate and Emerson. Susan (deceased) was born June 2nd, 1853, and died September 15 of same year. He and his wife, since their marriage, have resided on the home farm, formerly owned by his father, consisting of 100 acres to which he has since added 25 acres. he is one of the leading citizen of the township.

MALCOLM BROWN, farmer, is one of the oldest living pioneers of the County of Brant. He was born November 17, 1803, in what is now Oakland Township, as was also his wife, Mary Fairchild, who was born February 15, 1810. They were married at Brantford February 5, 1828, by Rev. Sugan. Mr. Brown has followed the occupation of farming, having lived on his present farm nearly fifty years, His third son, Neal, was born December 23, 1837, and married Sarah Ann Diamond, November 23, 1864. Miss Diamond was born in Brantford Township, February 22, 1843. Mr. and Mrs. Neal Brown have been blessed with twelve children, ten of whom are now living, viz., John M., Mary M., Fleta A., Joseph K., Phoebe A., Frederick A., Jennie, Florence V., Maggie M., and Alice E. Mr. Brown rented for one year from Mr. Pate, and then moved on his father's farm, where he now resides. He is a Reformer in his political views, and is a member of the Canadian Order of Foresters. His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

ALFRED CHURCH, Oakland P.O., was born in Thorold Township, Welland County, Ontario, October 23,1837. His father John J. Church was born in Connecticut, October 11, 1808, and is now living in norfolk County. His mother, whose maiden name was Lida Davis, was born in Thorold Township in 1818, and is still living. Both parents are quite industrious and spry for people of their years, and are engaged in farming. Alfred's wife, whom he married December 25, 1861, was Mary Ann Chapin, daughter of Charles and Maria (Fairchild) Chapin, and was born in Oakland Township, July 7, 1840. She has been a member of the Baptist Church for twenty-four years. Mr. Church is an enterprising and successful farmer and stockraiser, and owns 150 acres of land. The home place, containing 100 acres, is finely located and improved, with handsome buildings thereon. In politics Mr. Churchis a Reformer. One of the children died in infancy; the other; Charles John, has attended the collegiate course, and at present resides with his parents.

Page 626

RICHARD COWLES, tailor, Oakland P.O., has been a resident of Oakland for thirty-three years, and was born in the south of Wales on the 11th February 1810. His father, William Cowles, and his mother, Alice, were born in Monmouth County, Wales, where they lived and died. they were engaged in farming through life. Richard was married, May 2nd, 1850, to Mary tolly: she was born in England, and died in Oakland in 1858. He married for his second wife, Hannah Messacar, March 31, 1860. She was born in Glanford Township and died December 19, 1881. On the 11th April, 1882, he married his third wife, Charlotte Smoke, who was born in Brant County in 1832. Our subject has been engaged in tailoring business all his life. Himself and wife are members of the Canadian Methodist Church. His only daughter, Eliza, was married to Robert Knowles, a carriage-maker in Michigan. Mr. Cowles has two houses and lots in Oakland, and has been fairly successful in life.

HENRY CUNNINGHAM (deceased), was born in Oakland in June 1819, and was the son of George and Abigail Cunningham. His father was born in Boston, and his mother was born in the States. She was taken by the Indians when she was a little girl. Her name was Mary Sett. Henry Cunningham had a common school education, and followed the life of a farmer. He was married March 3rd, 1858, to Hannah Stuttard, who came from England when five years of age. They had one child, Charles, born January 15, 1859. He is a farmer and never married , but lives at home with his mother. Henry Cunningham was a successful farmer, and died October 30,1860.

Page 627

WM. DEVLIN, farmer, Mohawk P.O., was a son of John and Sarah (Jordan) Devlin, natives of Ireland. John Devlin was born Dec. 1811 and died August 13, 1881. His wife was born in 1808, came to Canada with some relatives in 1815, and now resides at Mount Pleasant. John Devlin came to York County Ont., with his parents at the age of 17 years; afterwards moved to Simcoe County; thence to Ontario County; and from there back to York County in 1853. He was married in 1836, and in 1863moved to Brant County, where he remained until hsi death. He was engaged in agricultural pursuits during his life. William Devlin was born at Simcoe, March 20, 1838, received a common school education, and was married Nov. 24, 1862. His wife was Hannah Ransom, born Dec. 9, 1838, and daughter of Thomas and Anna Ransom. Mr. and Mrs. Devlin have three children, viz.,: Julia, born May 28, 1864: Annetta, born October 8, 1867; and John W., born March 2, 1876. Mr. Devlin has been successful in life, and is one of the leading citizens in Oakland Township. He is a member of the United Order of Workmen; was school trustee one year; Reeve for three years, and is at present a Warden of the County of Brant.

ROBERT EADIE Jr., deceased, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, October 28, 1825, and was a son of Robert and Eliza (McLaws) Eadie, neither of whom are now living.Robert Eadie Sr., died May 25, 1882. The subject of our sketch came to Canada in 1842, and of the 17th of February 1851, married Martha Swift. Miss Swift was born in New York, Jan. 26, 1833, and when ten years of age came to Canada. Mr. and Mrs. Eadie were blessed with a family of eleven children, six sons and five daughters, all of whom are living. Their names are Robert, Emily, Ebenezer, James, George, Andrew, Eliza, Martha, Beatrice, Charles and Ethel May. Of these Robert taught school one year, studied for the ministry, and is now teaching in Guelph; George is studying to become a densist; Andrew is studying medicine; and Eliza is married to Mr. Samuel Eddy. Mr. Eadie was a member of of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland, and himself and wife members of the Congregational Church in this country. He was asuccessfulfarmer through life; he started with nothing, but during his life purchased 200 acresof land in Oakland Township, which is splendidly improved, and remains in the posession of the family. He was a reformer in politics, and filled several positions of trust and responsiblity. He was a member of the Town Council for one year, and was for several years a Magistrate in Oakland Township, and also a Deacon in the Congregational Church. His death occurred Nov. 25, 1879.

ROBERT EADIE Sr.(deceased), was born in Scotland, April 13, 1798, and was a son of Robert and Isabel (Sharp) Eadie. He married for his first wife Eliza McLaws, in Glasgow, and moved to Canada in 1842; she died in 1863. His second wife was Margaret France, born in Scotland, Nov. 10, 1833, and married February 12, 1864. She came to this country when 30 years of age, and settled in Oakland Township, where she at present resides on the home farm. Mr. Eadie was a prominent and consistent member of the Congregational Church in the Village of Scotland, as is also Mrs. Eadie.He had seven children by his first wife and three by his second, who are now living. Mr. Eadie was successful in business in Glasgow, and after his arrival in Canada followed the occupation of farming, owning 150 acres at the time of his decease. He belonged to the Reform party. He was for a time one of the old landmarks of Brant County and died May 25, 1882, in the 85th year of his age.

JOHN A. EDDY, merchant and Postmaster, Scotland P.O., was born in Burford Township, July 18, 1855, and is a son of Constant and Ann (Emmonds) Eddy. His father was born in Oakland Township April 1, 1817 and his mother was in Oakland September 21, 1817, and died September 21,1848. They were married in Oakland Township November 7, 1837. His father was a farmer. John A. Eddy was married Aug. 16, 1882 to Alma Messecar, who was born June 15, 1861, and was a daughter of Gilbert and Sussanna Messecar. Our subject had a grammar school education, and has bought property in Scotland, where he is keeping a general store such as is kept in a country town, and has a good country trade. He has been engaged in business for five years, and has been Postmaster for two years. he is an enterprising young merchant, and has been very successful in business. Mr. And Mrs. Eddy are respected by all who know them.

HENRY GILLETT, farmer, Oakland P.O., was born in Kingston, Dec. 25, 1822, and is the son of Henry and Elizabeth (Crimmon) Gillett. His father was born in Ireland and his mother in Canada; they were married in Canada. Mrs. (Crimmon) Gillett died about 1872 at Bearbrook. His father married a second time, and died in the States. He was a paymaster in the British army. The subject of our sketch was married March 5, 1852 to Mary Bigs. Miss Bigs was born in Ancaster Nov. 25, 1822, and was a daughter of Richard Bigs. Mr. Gillett and his wife are members of the Canadian Methodist Church. When a boy he received a common school education, and afterwards engaged in farming. To Mr. and Mrs. Gillett have been born eight children, of whom five are living, viz., Ellen, Elizabeth, Richard, Archibald and Louisa. Mr. Gillett has resided in Oakland since his removal from Ancaster in 1880. He has been generally successful through his life, and is well respected by all who know him.

GEORGE HALL, hotel-keeper, Scotland P.O., was born in Sussex, England, and is a son of Thomas and Emma (Ralph) Hall. His father and mother were born in England, and came to Canada, where his mother died March 15, 1871. His father was born Sept. 15, 1807, and is now living in Mount Pleasant. They were married in England and came to Canada with ten children. He was a farmer. George Hall was married Jan. 1, 1855, to Franes M. Smith, who was born in England Dec. 28, 1835, and died March 7, 1872. He married for his second wife Mary M. Messecar. She was born in Oakland Township Aug. 25,1845, and is a daughter of Hiram and Ann A. M. (Armstrong)Messecar. He is a member of the Foresters. He acquired a common school education, first rented the hotel where he residesfor one year, then bought it, and has been keeping the hotel for eleven years past. Mr. Hall has eight children, viz., Susan A., born Oct. 15, 1855; Elizabeth, March 15, 1857; William R., Feb. 26, 1859; Edward D., Aug. 20th, 1861; Hattie B., April 9,1866; George E., March 3, 1869; Henry A., March 27, 1875; and Anna M., Oct. 31, 1877. Mr. Hall has succeeded well in business.

Page 628

SAMUEL HUNTER, farmer, Scotland P.O., was born in Ireland Jan. 22, 1842, and is the son of Alexander and Mary (finley) Hunter. His father and mother wereborn in Ireland, and were also married there in 1839. Alex. hunter, who was a farmer, died Jan. 20, 1882; Mrs. Hunter is living, and resides in Belfast Ireland. Samuel Hunter was married the first time to Sarah Hunter, April 20, 1869; she was born in 1841, and died July 20, 1875. He married for his second wife Emily A. Backus, widow of Wm. W. Backus. Her maiden name was Miss Dean; she was born in Hartford, Norfolk co., Dec. 21, 1841, and was a daughter 0f Stafford and Selina Dean. Mr. Hunter and his first wife were Congregationalists, while his second wife is a member of the Baptist Church. He received his education at a common school. To Mr. Hunter and his first wife were born two children, one of whom is living- Arthur A., born May 17, 1872; by his second wife he had two children, one surviving, viz.: Alexowna M.S., born July 9, 1879. He first followed the blacksmith trade for 25 years, then engaged in fruit-growing and bee-keeping on 50 acres, which he owns, near Scotland and where he resides; his land is well improved and Mr. Hunter has been very successful through life. He is a member of the School Board of trustees at the present time.

HENRY KEY, farmer, Oakland P.O., was born in Cumberland County, England, October 11, 1840, and is a son of George and Barbara (benn) Key. His father was born in England, Sept. 18, 1791; his mother was born in England, April 29. 1798, and died Dec. 9, 1874. Mr. Key died Aug. 1848. They were married and came to this country in 1845, and settled in Brantford Township, where they remained about a year, then removed to Oakland township. He was engaged in farming through life. Mr. Henry Key was married May 21, 1868, to Julia Ann Reynolds, who was born in Copetown, Wentworth County, July 19, 1845, and was a daughter of William G. and Catherine Reynolds. She is a member of the Baptist Church. Mr. and Mrs. Key are members of the Royal Templars of Temperance. He is filling the office of Township Clerk, and was seven years in the Council. He was also Assessor in the year 1875 and is a J.P. He acquired a common school education. He owns 100 acres in Windham Township. He still resides in Oakland Township, on a farm of Mrs. Downs, odf Brantford, where he has resided since 1846. to Mr. and Mrs. Key have been born 7 children, of whom 5 survive: James A., born 16 Dec., 1868; Nettie L., born July 15, 1870; Barbara L., Sept. 5, 1872; Margaret E., June 10, 1877; and Henry O., Jan. 30, 1879. Mr. Key is one of the most successful and respected citizens in the township.

Page 629

MICHAEL LUNN, deceased, was a resident of Oakland Township. He was born in Ireland Aug. 10, 1816, and was a son of Patrick and margaret lunn, who were born and married in Ireland, where the former was engaged in farming. Michael Lunn was married on April 20, 1844, to Bridget Graham. She was born in Ireland on the 5th of August, 1825, and was the daughter of James and Mary Graham. Her mother is still living. Mr. Lunn and his wife camee to Canada in 1847; lived in Brantford five years, then moved to Oakland Township. He received a common school education. To Mr. and Mrs. Lunn were born 7 children, 5 of whom are now living. Mr. and Mrs. Lunn were members of the Catholic Church. Mr. Lunn was successful in business and respected by all who knew him. James and Thomas, since their father's death, have managed the farm of 85 acres, while the three sisters assisted their mother at home.

ELIAKIM MALCOLM, hotel-keeper, Scotland P.O., was born in Scotland Feb. 1`1, 1829, and is a son of Eliakim and Samantha (sexton) Malcolm. His father, Eliakim Malcolm Sr., was born in Oakland Township Dec. 10, 1801, and died Sept. 26, 1874. His mother was born in Virginia in 1806; and she was a daughter of Jonathan Sexton, of Vermont, where she was born. They came to Canada in 1806, and she was married to Mr. Malcolm in 1822. He died at the age of 73 years and 6 months; he was a surveyor and conveyancer, having been one of the first surveyors in the County of Brant; he also managed a farm. Our subject was married Dec. 22, 1850, to Emily Smith, who was born Jan. 29, 1827, and was a daughter of Isaac and Abigail Smith. Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm are members of the Congregational Church, and he is a member of the Masonic Order, and of the Canadian Order of Foresters. Acquiring a common school education, he engaged in farming, then turned his attention to the lumbering business, which he followed for 15 years, afterwards keeping the hotel where he resides. he has been keeping the hotel known as the Jackson House about 7 months. To Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm have been born 9 children- 6 boys and 3 girls: Walter E., born May 26, 1852; Alfreda S., June 15, 1855; James H., Sept. 13, 1857; Francis E., April 6th, 1859; Isaac R., Feb. 4, 1861; Fredie, Dec. 27, 1863; Sophronia L, Oct. 1, 1865; Esther E., June 23, 1867; John, July 4, 1869. Mr. Malcolm has always been most succesful in every business.

ISAAC BROCK MALCOLM, (deceased), was born August 4th, 1812, in what is now Oakland Township, Brant County , Ontario, and died May 2nd, 1856. his parents were Finley and Fanny Malcolm. Finley Malcolm was born in Nova Scotia, and died about the year 1862, his wife having preceded him in 1859. Isaac married November 25th, 1835, Miss Charlotte Smith, a native of Ancaster Township. She was the daughter of Isaac and Abigail Smith, and was born February 20th, 1844. When Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm were married the country was new, and bears and deer were abundant. But Mr. Malcolmwas a successful farmer, and at the time of his death had 280 acresof land and a pleasant and comfortable home, which he left to his family. He was a reformer in his political views, a member of the Congregational Church, and an excellent citizen. Mrs. Malcolm is at present living on 100 acres of the original homestead. They have six children, all of whom are living, and are named as follows: Finley, Charlotte, Fanny, Abbie, Henry and Isaac C.

MARCUS MALCOLM, woollen manufacturer, Scotland P.O., is one of the proprietors of the woollen mills, and is also one of the firm known as M. Malcolm & Son. He was born in Oakland Township, March 6, 1830, and is a son of George and Elizabeth Malcolm. George Malcolm was born in Brant County, August 5, 1806. His mother died a number of years ago. George married for his second wife, Miss Sarah Beemer, who was born in Norfolk; both are now living in Paris. He is engaged in farming and the woollen business, but has now retired from active life. Marcus Malcolm was married in January, 1851, to Huldah Ann Bugbee, who was born in Vermont in May, 1830, and was a daughter of Jabez and Angelina Bugbee. They are both consistent members of the Congregational Church; he is amember of the Masonic Order and Canadian Order of Foresters. He acquired a common school education, and has always been engaged in the woollen business. Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm have had four children, of whom two survive, viz.: George H., born August 3, 1853, and who is engaged with his father in woollen goods manufacturing- he is married; August G., born October 30, 1864, is attending the Collegiate Institute of Brantford. The firm of M. Malcolm & Sonhave been very successful. They manufacture from the raw material in cloth, which they wholesale and retail, but principally the former. Mr. Malcolm has filled the office of J.P. eleven years, has served in the Council twelve years and is Commissioner in B.R. for taking affidavits.

Page 630

WILLIAM C. MALCOLM, farmer, Scotland P.O., was born in Burford township, October 12, 1826, and is a son of Duncan and Jane (Heron) Malcolm. His father was born aboard ship August 1, 1798, between the United States and Canada, under the American flag and in British waters; he died Oct. 31, 1866. His mother was born in Niagara, Canada, August 16, 1802. They were married in Canada, March 29, 1825; he was a farmer. Wm. C. Malcolm was married, June 24, 1855, to Amanda J. Harkinson, who was born in Hamilton, September 12, 1832, and was a daughter of William and Nancy Harkinson. Mrs. Malcolm is a member of the Congregational Church. he has filled the office of Councillor and Constable of Oakland; he acquired a common school education, and then engaged in farming; he bought 50 acres from his father, and has succeeded in making a nice home for himself and family. To Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm have been born two children, viz.: Mary Malvina M., born May 14, 1856, was married November 26, 1879, to Josiah Bennett Terryberry-they live in Burford Township; and Eugene G., born June 7, 1860.

JOHN MARKLE, farmer, Scotland P.O.,was born in Chinguacousy, Peel Co., Ontario, on Jan. 20,1831. His father, John Markle, Senr., was born in Pennsylvania Dec. 5, 1794. His mother's maiden name was Anna Boughner born July 27, 1793. Both parents died in Canada. Our subject was married Dec. 23, 1852. His first wife, Mary C. Markle, died June 17, 1867. On Oct. 17, 18567, he married Jane Murray, who was born in Burford, Jan. 27, 1847. At the age of 35 he began live for himself on a farm of 100 acres, given him by his father. This he afterwards sold, and bought 50 acres, where he now resides. He at one time kept hotel for 18 months at bracebridge, Himself and wife are members in good standing of the Baptist Church, as was also his first wife. He has had five children, of whom three- Mary Ann, Sarah Jane and John McCoy- are now living. He has been prosperous and successful through life.

Page 631

ROBERT MARKLE, farmer, Scotland P.O., was born in Chinguacousy, Peel County, Ontario, on 23rd. March, 1822. His father, John Markle, was born in Pennsylvania, and his mother, whose maiden name was Anna Boughner, was a native of New Jersey. Both parents died in Canada. Mr. Markle was married June 20, 1848, to Miss Sarah C. Longshiel, who died May 22, 1860. On 16th Nov., 1862, he married Nancy J. Elliot, a native of Canada, born in 1828. He had four children by his first wife, of whom Eliza Ann and Lewis B. are living, and both married. by his present wife he had two children, of whom one, Archibald is living. At age 26 Mr. Markle began farming for himself. His father gave him 100 acres, which he sold, and afterwards bought 50 acres; this he sold, and bought 100 acres, where he now lives. As a farmer he has been quite successful. Mr. Markle is a Conservative in politics, and himself and wife are consistent members of the Baptist Church.

BENJAMIN B. MERRITT, farmer, was born in New Brunswick, April 28, 1835, and is the son of Abraham and Sarah (Hendry) Merritt. Abraham Merritt, was born in New Brunswick Jan. 12, 1796, and died Oakland TownshipJune 30, 1861. He married for his second wife Mrs. Sarah (Hendry) VanWart. He was a farmer through life. Benjamin B. Merritt was married May 31, 1859, to Rhoda M. Clarke. She was born in New Brunswick, Oct. 27, 1838, and was a daughter of Benjamin and Maria J. Clarke. They were married in New Brunswick, He and his wife are members of the Baptist Church. He acquired a common school education. He first engaged in farming, and bought 100 acres of land, where he now resides. His farm is in a high state of cultivation, and has nice buildings on it. To Mr. and Mrs. Merritt have been born three children, of whom two survive, viz., Clara A., born June 18, 1861; and I. Clarke, born Aug. 30, 1880. Effie J. was born Nov. 5, 1875, and died Aug. 21, 1876.

CALEB MERRITT, deceased, was born in Queen's County New Brunswick, March 14th, 1798, and is a son of Gilbert and Phoebe Merritt. His father and mother were born in Hudson River, New York; they were married in New Brunswick, where he was a farmer, and died there; his mother attained the age of 97 years. Caleb Merritt was married Oct. 24 th, 1826, to Hannah Underhill, who was born July 26th, 1809, in Queen's County, New Brunswick, and was a daughter of Thomas and Mary Underhill. He had a common school education. Both Mr. and Mrs. Merritt are members of the Baptist Church. To Mr. and Mrs. Merritt have been born ten childre, of whom seven survive- Robert, Isaac B., Mary, Thomas, Sarah A., Gilbert and Phoebe E. He first engaged in farming, having bought 150 acres, where his widow resides. He died Sept. 16th, 1874, very much respected by all who knew him, and leaving to his family a nice home. where they yet reside.

MATTHEW MESSECAR, farmer, Scotland P.O., was born in Oakland township, Sept. 6, 1826, and is a son of Matthew and Mary (Clouse) Messecar. His father and mother were born in New Jersey, and from there moved to Canada when they were quite young. After being married they first settled in Norfolk County, and then removed to Brant County, where they were among the first settlers. He was a farmer and died in 1867; she is also dead. Mr. Matthew Messecar, our subject, was married April 5th, 1852, to Alfreda Smith; she was born April 25th, 1832, and was a daughter of Isaac and Abigail Smith. Mr. and Mrs. Messecar are members of the Congregational Church at Scotland, and he has been a school trustee for nine years. He had a common school education given him. He first engaged in bricklaying for two years, then turned his attention to farming. He rented for a number of years, then bought 25 acres; he also inherited 100 acres, where he resides. To Mr. and Mrs. Messecarhave been born two children, viz.: Malvena, born July 24th, 1854; and Anderson, born June 28th, 1858; both are married and doing well. Mr. Messecar is a prosperous and highly respected citizen.

TRUEMAN MESSECAR, farmer, Scotland P.O., was born April 3, 1836, and is a son of Matthew and Lida (McCombs) Messecar. Matthew Messecar was born in New Jersey, March 7, 1792; Mrs. Messecar was born Feb. 24, 1816, and died April 2, 1843. He came to Canada when a boy, first settling in Norfolk County; then moved to Brant County, where he remained until his death. He was a farmer by occupation. Trueman, was married Nov. 12, 1852 to Ellen Hall, who was born in England, Oct. 13, 1832. She is a daughter of Thomas and Emma Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Messecar hold to the Baptist Church. He is also amember of the United Workmen. He had a common school education given him, and then he rented a farm for three years. He afterwards inherited 50 acres, where he now resides, and has since purchased 50 acres. Mr. and Mrs. Messecar have been blessed with five children- Charles L., born Oct. 20, 1863; Ida E., June 28, 1865; Rhoda, March 11, 1867; Elvira, April 1, 1869; and Aletta E., July 13, 1880. Mr. Messecar has a nice home, where he resides, and has succeeded very well in life.

WILLIAM MESSECAR, farmer, Scotland P.O., was born in Oakland Township, where he resides, Nov. 2, 1835, and is a son of William and Anna (Slatt) Messecar. His father was born June 5, 1805 in Pennsylvania, whence he emigrated to Canada; settling first in Norfolk County, where he remained for awhile; then removed to Brant, where he settled permanently. He died August 27, 1868. His mother was born in Norfolk County, May 4, 1807; she is still living with her son. Mr. William Messecar Sr. was a farmer, and was married in Norfolk County in 1825. Our subject was married Jan. 28, 1858, to Mary A. Clark, who was born in England, Sept. 25, 1835, and is a daughter of Joseph and Margaret Clark. Mr. and Mrs. Messecarare members of the Baptist Church. He has filled the office of school trustee for 12 years. He first engaged in farming, having rented for 14 years; he then inherited 42 1/2 acres and bought 63 acres, making in all 105 1/2 acres. Mr. and Mrs. Messecar have two children, viz., Jennie, born July 14, 1863, and Josephine, born August 29, 1868. He has prospered in life, and is very much respected.

Page 632

THOMAS MILLS, farmer, Oakland P.O., was born in England October 16, 1828, and is a son of Richard and Hannah (Wilson) Mills. Richard Mills was born in England in 1800, came to Canada in 1842, and settled in the County of Hastings. He was a farmer by occupation, and died about 1876. Hannah, his wife, was born in England, and died about 1854. Thomas Mills was married January 1, 1856, to Melissa Smith, who was born in Oakland Township, September 5, 1837, and died February 17, 1872. For his second wife he married Carlotta, daughter of Isaac and Charlotte (Malcolm) Brock. Carlotta was born January 18, 1840, and married Oct. 15, 1876. Mr. Millshad four children by his first wife, all living, viz.: Mary M., born December 19, 1856: George W., born August 12, 1863; Frederick, born Sept. 3, 1868; and Susan H., July 9th, 1870. Mr. Mills followed the carpenter business for seven years, then turned his attention to farming, and has been fairly successful in life. Mr. and Mrs. Mills are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he has been a leader for about eight years, Steward about twenty-five years, and Recording Steward over twenty years. He held the office of Township Councillor four years, and has been Justice of the Peace for the past three years.

GEORGE PHILLIPS, Scotland P.O., was born in New York, April 10, 1829, and is a son of Thomas and Bridget (O'Dea) Phillips. His father and mother were both born in Ireland; they were married there, and came to America about 1826, and finally settled in Burford Township, Brant county. Mr. Thomas Phillips, who was a tailor, died Aug. 29, 1867; his wife died february 4, 1877. George Phillips, our subject, was married November 14, 1854, to Mary Ann Gage, who was born in Glanford. March 17, 1831, and is a daughter of Charles and Phoebe (Smith) Gage. He was born Oct. 17, 1808, and died May 1, 1878. Her mother was born Nov. 7, 1810, and is living with Mr. Phillips. Mr. Phillips is a member of the Roman Catholic, and his wife is a member of the Methodist Church. He filled the office of Postmaster for two years, having received his commission in 1870; he resigned in Amy, 1881. Mr. and Mrs. Phillips have been blessed with nine children, of whom six are living, viz.: Phoebe Z., born Sept. 23, 1858; Charles E., June 30, 1869; Fred A., Aug. 17, 1875; Charles G., born April 1, 1856; died June 28, 1877; Ida M., was born Nov. 29, 1867, and died Jan. 18, 1868; Margaret E. A., born July 31, 1873, died June 3, 1874. Mr. Phillips acquired a common school education, and he owns ten acres and three houses and four lots in town, and has been altogether very prosperous through life. We subjoin an article on the death of Mr. Charles G. Phillips, who was dead and interred in the State of Louisiana over a week before his parents knew of it. Louisiana paper: " A man by the name of C. G. Phillips died about a week ago. He was a native of Canada, and has been in Louisiana about nine months. He was highly spoken of by all who knew him, and was well educated."

Page 633

T. W. SHAVELEAR, landlord, Oakland P.O., was the son of K.W. and Frances Shavelear. His father was born in New York, September 25, 1799, and died in Norfolk County, Canada, December 19, 1872. His mother was a native of Canada, born March 29, 1805, and died March 4, 1876. They were married December 9, 1821. The father was a farmer, and came to Canada when quite young. The subject of this sketch was born February 24, 1840, and on 13th of March, 1861, married Melissa, daughter of Henry and Hannah Haines. Melissa was born October 6, 1845. They were engaged in farming until about 1870, since which time they have been keeping hotel. Mr. Shavelear purchased a hotel in Norfolk, which he sold, and built another in the same place. This he sold, and three years ago the Union Hotel at Oakland, where he now resides. His wife is a member of the Disciples Church. They have had five children, three of whom survive, viz., Alice, born April 29,1867; Daisy, born July 30, 1873; and Clarence, born February 22, 1881. Mr. Shavelear has been moderately successful in business, is a member of the Order of Orangeman, the United Workmen, and the Canadian Order of Foresters. Bill's note! Mellissa's parents should be Henry and Hannah (Schram) Hainer! Haines is a typo in the book!

WALTER SMITH, farmer, Mohawk P.O., was born in Oakland Township, Brant County, May 11, 1834, and was a son of Isaac and Abigail Smith. Isaac was born in New Jersey, December 20, 1788, and died in Canada, March 22, 1869, Abigail, his wife, was born in Port Dover, Canada, May 12, 1789, and died May 16, 1862. Our subject, when twenty years of age, learned the carpenter trade, an avocation he has followed most of his life. he owns a small farm in Oakland Township, splendidly located and well improved. He was united in marriage May 15, 1860, with Jane Smith, who was born in Oakland Township May 6, 1842. He has been a member of the United Workmen for two years. Mr. and Mrs Smith are the parents of five children, viz., Ida M., Charles W., Lewis H., Susan E., and Frederick W.

GEORGE TAYLOR, merchant, Oakland P.O., was a son of Richard and Eliza Taylor, and was born in Grimsby, November 5, 1831. His father, Richard Taylor, was a native of the United States, and was born 1798. At the age of fifteen, Richard enlisted in the army and participated in the War of 1812-15. He was twice married, his second wife's name being Mary Holton. His occupation was principally that of farmer, although, he at one time was engaged in the tanning businesswith Mr. Smith Griffith, and at another kept a hotel near the goal at Niagara. He was engaged in a skirmish at Stony Creek, and drew a pension for a few years previous to his death. He died in Tillsonburg in Febraury, 1879. George taylor was married in May, 1867, to Augusta Starr, a granddaughter of Major Westbrook. She was born at Brantford in 1850. They had two children, viz.: George J., born July 11, 1868; Nelle Estelle, born April 17, 1881. Mr. Taylor has been Postmaster for eighteen years, first keeping at Burtch. He kept store twenty-one years, and carries a full line of groceries, dry goods and everything usually kept in a country store. He began with nothing, and has been quite successful, having good trade, and owns the building in which the store and residence are located. He is a pleasant and agreeable gentleman, and a good business man.

Page 634

WILLIAM THOMPSON, farmer, Mohawk P.O., was born in Ireland in May, 1801; his father Michael thompson, was at that time a soldier in the Royal Meath Militia, and in 1806 volunteered for seven years in the First Royal Scots. In the fall of 1811 the regiment was ordered to the West Indies, and in June 1812, they were ordered to canada. In the interval war was declared between Great Britain and the United States. The command was then sent west, and participated in several battles fought in western Canada, particularly at Chippewa, Lundy's Lane and the seige of Fort Erie. In the two former the Royals were noticed for their valour, and received special acknowledgment from the officers in command at Lundy's Lane. Mr. Thompson was wounded slightly and taken prisoner, but made his escape and joined his regiment again before the close of the battle. In 1815 immediately after the close of the war, he was discharged as sergeant, which office he held for some years previous. After serving his King and country for over twenty years, soon after his discharge his wife died, and in a short time he too sunk into his final rest, leaving three children, two of whom survive, William and Samuel. In 1817 the former came to what is now the County of Brant, and in 1822 learned the blacksmith trade. He established his first smithy in Oakland Township in 1824. He married Miss Lucinda M. Sayles, a young lady born in the township in 1806. In 1826 he discontinued the blacksmith business, and settled on his present farm of 175 acres. During his residence in Oakland, a term of sixty-one years, he has taken an active part in political. educational, and municipal matters connected with the county and township. He was honoured by Lord Monck with a Captain's commission in the Militia, which office he resigned. He has served as Reeve and Councillor in the township several years, and as Warden of the county one year. He held a commission as Justice of the Peace for many years, and was one of the oldest in the county. Last, but not least, he is the oldest member of the Masonic Fraternity in the county, having been a member over threescore years.

JOHN WAUGH, merchant, Oakland P.O., born in Ancaster April 21, 1832, was the son of Thomas and Julia (Emery) Waugh, who were married in Canada, his father dying when John was quite small. John married Phoebe Ann Shipman, Sept. 3, 1859. She was the daughter of Paul and Mary Shipman, and was born June 15, 1839. Mr. Waugh was for a time engaged in farming. He rented for five years, then bought 50 acres of land. This he sold, and then purchased a farm of 65 acres, which he afterwards traded for town property and his present store in Oakland. He keeps a general stock of goods, and has a fair country trade. Mr. and Mrs. Waugh have been blessed with nine children, viz.: Emma J., born July 29, 1863; Ida E., born August 30, 1865; Anna M, born April 6, 1867; Clara, born May 20, 1868; Catherine M., born October 5, 1869; William, born December 5, 1871; Thomas, born September 18, 1873; Edith, born December 5, 1875; and Bertie A., born Febraury 27, 1881. Of these Ida E. died december 20, 1880, and Anna M. died May 27, 1867. Mr. Waugh is amember of the United Workmen and himself and wife are consistent member os the Methodist Episcopal Church.

ABRAHAM WESBROOK, farmer, Oakland P.O., was born in Oakland Township, August 9, 1844, and is the son of Mordecai and Mary Ann (Shaver) Wesbrook. His father was born in Oakland in 1800, and died March 27, 1883. His mother was born in Ancaster September 6, 1806; she died October 6, 1847. They were married at the later place June 21, 1825. he was engaged in farming through life. Abraham Wesbrook was married September 23, 1868 to Hannah E. Brown. She was born October 6, 1848, and is a daughter of Archibald and Rebecca Brown. Her father is dead, but her mother still lives. His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He received a common school education, and has filled the offices of Councillor and School Trustee. He has been engaged in farming through life, having first rented. He inherited from his father 108 acres, and to it has added 27 acres. To Mr. and Mrs. Wesbrook have been born six children, of whom five are living: Albert, born March 1, 1872; Rborn obert A., March 13, 1875; Charles H., December 14, 1877; Frederick L., Febrauary 19, 1879; and Roy E., January 14, 1881. Archibald, born October 4, 1869, died May 17, 1870. Mr. Wesbrook has been very successful through life.

Onondaga Township

Page 635

JOHN ARMOUR, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born August, 1808, in County Tyrone, Ireland. He is a son of Thomas Armour and Jane Graham, his wife, whose history appears with that of her son, Thomas Armour. John Armour married Nov., 1843, Vanicia Arthur. She was the third child of Samuel Arthur. They are members of the Presbyterian Church, and are the parents of five children, viz., Isabelle Jane, died 1875; Samuel, died 1873(each received injuries from the running away of a team, from which they never recovered); Thomas, now assisting his father at home; Margaret Eliza, who died in 1875; and Matilda, who married James Milligan. Mr. Armour has watched the growth of this section from a mere Indian sugar camp to its present population. His history of the old Kirk of England is very interesting. He is a Reformer in Politics.

THOMAS ARMOUR, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born December 25, 1810, in Ireland, and came to Canada with his brother in 1834. They first settled in Halton County, and in 1834 Thomas Armour bought his present farm in this county. In 1844 Mr. Armour married Margery, daughter of John Boylan, natives of Ireland. The children by this marriage are Andrew, William J., Thomas G., Charles H., Jane A., Martha, Isabella and Margery, three being married and one deceased. Mrs. Jane Robinson, Thomas' mother, lives with her son, at the advanced age of 95 years. She is a remarkable woman; has good memory, and enjoys good health. Mr. Armour owns a good farm, and is one of the old intelligent landmarks left in the county. He has held the office of Justice of the Peace for many years.

JOHN BATEMAN, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born March 14, 1845, in Tuscarora, Brant County, Ontario. He was a son of James and Sarah (Wilkinson) Bateman. They emigrated to Canada in 1833, settled in Tuscarora, and in Onondaga in 1846, where Mr. Bateman died in 1878.He was born in England in 1804. In his family of ten living children, John was the seventh. He married June 1, 1875, Elizabeth J. Walden, by whom he had three children, viz., Morley J., Sarah A. and Mary M. Mr. Batemanis a prosperous farmer, and owns a fine farm, situated on Grand River, commanding a beautiful view. They are members of the Methodist Church.

JOHN BARROWCLOUGH, farmer, Brantford P.O., is a son of thomas and Mary (Nutto) Barrowclough, natives of England, where Mrs. barrowclough still resides. Mr. Barrowclough followed the tanner's trade until his death, which occurred Febraury 22, 1870. His son John was married February 19, 1852, to Alice Pickup, and emigrated to Canada in 1855, settling where he now lives on Grand River. His children are five in number. Mr. Barrowclough received a limited education; he was enrolled in the Militia of the Dominion under Captain Carlton. He is a thrifty farmer, and one of the substantial men of his neighbourhood. He is a member of the Church of England, and a Conservative in Politics.

Page 636

JOHN BINGHAM, Onondaga Township and Onondaga P.O.,was the son of Elisha and Anna (Huffman)Bingham, and was born in the Township of Glanford. County of Wentworth, the 19th January, 1819, where he resided until the year 1851, when he removed to Walsingham, remaining there till 1868, when he removed to this county. He married, 18th September, 1842, Ann Smith, daughter of Henry L. and Elizabeth (VanDrew) Smith, she having been born the 24th May, 1820. There was born unto these parents twelve children, six sons and six daughters, viz., Milton Angelo, born May 28,1843, lost his life by drowning June 20, 1845; Eliza Jane, living at home; George, printer and publisher; Minerva and Hiram (twins)-Minerva died September, 1847; Hiram was married to Miss Emily Waite, now living in Brantford, a machinist by trade; John, at home, farmer and butcher; Albert, died 29th of july, 1861; Alice A., at home; Almyra, died in infancy; Wm. H., living in the Village of Wiarton, County of Bruce, a printer by trade; Anna M., at home; Sarah E. George, the eldest son was married to Amanda M. Powles, and has one child, May Malvina. Elisha Bingham, the father of this subject, was born 9th of May, 1794, in Lebanon N. H. came to Canada in 1816, and on the 9th of October, 1817 he married Anna Huffman, who was born on the 16th of July, 1797, in the Township of Glanford, County of Wentworth; settled in the Township of Glanford, and remained there until 1853-4, and removed to Walsingham, and there remained until she died, which occurred 30th of April, 1871; his followed on the 20th of Aug., 1876. Of his children-eight sons and two daughters-eight are now living, viz., John and James D., Alfred and Christopher, William G. and Wesley, Melissa and Egerton K. Elisha Bingham was the son of Alfred and Deborah Ticknor, natives of N.H. He came to Canada in the year 1829 or 1829, settled in Ancaster, County of Wentworth. The wife of Elisha Bingham was the daughter of Christopher and Nancy (Smith) Huffman, who was born in N.J. and emigrated to Canada in the year 1791-2 as a U.E.L. Mr. John Bingham was in the Rebellion of 1837-8; served under Capt. Birney, and for his services received the commission of Ensign and Quarter-Master, dated October 24, 1838. He is of the Methodist persuaion, as is all the family, and is a Reformer in politics.

MYLES BIRKETT, farmer, Newport P.O., was born in the County of Westmoreland, England, Febraury 21, 1827. He is a son of William and Ellen (Bateman) Birkett, natives of England, who came to America about 1831, first settling in the Township of Cavan, and two years later locating near brantford, where both died. They had thirteen children, five boys and eight girls, of whom four boys and seven girls survive. Miles, the fifth child and second son, was raised on a farm in this township, and attended the common schools of the county. He remained on his father's farm until 22 years of age, when he began farming for himself, first renting land which he cultivated for a short time. He then moved to Illinois, and for ten years engaged in farming in that state, after which he returned to this county, where he has since resided, now being a resident of Onondaga Township. On April 10, 1849, he married Rebecca, daughter of William and Ann Burrill, natives of Lincolnshire, England. By this marriage twelve children were born.

MICHAEL BROWN, farmer, Caledonia P.O., is a son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Urie) Brown, of Scotland. They emigrated from London, England, to Canada in 1834, first settled in New Brunswick, and in 1839 came to this county. They are the parents of ten children, eight of whom are living, viz., William, Charlotte, Mary, Joseph, Harriett, Elizabeth, John and Michael. they own a good farm of 200 acres. Michael is a promising young farmer, highly respected by all. Mrs. Brown is now 54 years of age.

WILLIAM BROWN, carriage-builder, Middleport, a native of Ireland, was born in the year 1836, and emigrated to Canada with his parents in 1847. He is a son of James and Mary (O'Grady) Brown, both of whom were born in County Cork. On the voyage from the old country the father died, leaving Mrs. Brown with her family of young children to commence the battle of life in the new land alone. She settled in Hamilton, where our subject eventually his trade of one fuller Smith. Of her family three sons and one daughter are now dead, and a son and daughter, Debina, living. The latter married Bernard Garrick, and is at present living at Oswego< N.Y. William Brown, of whom we write, married July 29, 1856, Bridget Morrow, daughter of James and Bridget (Calahan) Morrow, and emigrated to Middleport in 1860. They had born to them ten children, viz., William James, born April 28, 1857; Charles Augustine, born Sept. 15, 1858; Mary Frances, born Sept. 23, 1862; Thomas, born Jan. 2, 1865; Rossanna, born Aug. 4, 1866; Lavina, born April 12, 1868; Ellen, born Jan. 11, 1871; John Levi, born Nov. 5, 1873; Debina Alicia, born April 19, 1875; Thaddeus, born Nov. 2, 1877. William J. married, 1878, Sarah Kingsley; has two children< Essie and Elias; is a blacksmith and resides in East Saginaw, Mich. Charles A. is a carriage-maker, residing in Bay City, Mich. and Thomas is a law student at Brantford. Mrs Brown's father is from Ireland, and is still living in Brantford, at the advanced age of 88 years. Her mother died in Ireland in 1843, when Mrs. Brown was four years old. Their family were ZJohn, Thomas, James, Mary, Rosa, Ann and Bridget, all born in County Cavan. Mary is dead; Rosa married M. Gurn, and resides in Brantford; Ann is also married, and lives at Detroit Mich. William Brown our subject, is carrying on a properous enterprise in his line in Middleport, and gaining a substantial competency. His family are members of the Roman Catholic Church, and attend the church at Brantford. He is a Reformer in Politics.

Page 637

ALEXANDER BUCHANAN, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born in Ireland Aug. 16, 1826. He was the son of John and Margaret (Brown) Buchanan. Mr. Buchanan came to Canada with his father in 1835. He followed carpentry for a time, afterwards taking up farming, which occupation he has since followed. His wife was Margaret Bateman, of Onondaga Township; she died Jan. 4, 1879, leaving elven children, as follows: George, born Aug. 13, 1852; Charles, born Feb. 23, 1854; John, born Oct. 1, 1856; Susan S., born Dec. 20, 1859; Sarah M., born Oct. 28, 1861, died May 7, 1863; Anna A., born July 21, 1862; Esther E., born July 8, 1864; Ida E., born Jan. 12, 1866; James O., born June 5, 1867; Robert A., born Feb. 28, 1869; Thos. E., born April 22, 1872; Albert M., born Nov. 2, 1873. Mr. Buchanan owns 136 acres of good land. He is giving his children a good education.

ALFRED BURRELL, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born Nov. 11, 1856. He was a son of the late William Burrell, whose biography appears in this work. He married Feb. 11, 1875, Elizabeth Henderson, daughter of James Henderson. They are the parents of three children, viz.: Virgil W., born January 24, 1876; James A., born July 16, 1879; and Luella I., born February 19, 1881. Mr. Burrell and family are members of the Canadian Methodist Church. He owns a fine farm, situated in the valley of the Grand River.

ALEXANDER CALDER, Farmer, Carluke P.O., is a son of John and Margaret (Martin) Calder, natives of Scotland, who with two sons, came to Canada in 1840; the remainder of the family, with exception of one daughter, came in 1842- she came in 1846. They settled in Ancaster, Wentworth County, where he died, leaving ten children, all od whom came to Canada. Alexander came to this county in 1849. He was married in 1856 to Mary Forbes, who died in 1869, leaving four children, Viz.; Margaret, Christine, John and William. Mr. Calder is a member of the UNitarian Church, and his family were christened, but are not, as would be considered, members of the church; Maggie is a Baptist. Mr. Calder has one of the best cultivated and improved farms in the country.

JAMES CHAPMAN, farmer, Conboyville P.O., was born December 8, 1829, and is a son of James and Jeanette (Wilson) Chapman. 1823, They were married in 1823, in Scotland, and coming to Canada in 1838, spent one year in Montreal , and in July, 1839, settled on the premises now occupied by our subject. Their land was a part of the Indian Surrender Lands, and had been stripped of its best timber by lumbermen. In their family of five children, James, the eldest, married April 2, 1857, Eliza Ann Ferris, who was born in 1834. They became the parents of twelve children, eleven of who are living, viz., William, Mary Jane, Jessie, James A., John, Sarah, Anna, Robert, George, Maggie and Andrew, most all of them living at home. Mr. Chapman, and family are adherents of the Presbyterian Church. He is a Reformer in politics. Mrs. Chapman died April 24, 1877.

JOHN WILLIAM COLMAN, farmer, Newport, was born in Brantford Township, and was a son of Miles and Isabella (Watson)Colman. His paternal grand-parents were Miles and Isabella Colman, those on his mother's side being William and Elizabeth (Barrowclough)Watson. He married Sarah Wilson Darnley, daughter of George Wilson and Rachel (Ellis) Darnley, natives of Brant county, and had two children- Ellis and Miles Garfield. Mr. Colman received a limited education in early life, but has, by industry, integrity and thrift, been rewarded by a large measure of success. He now owns 119 acres of excellent farming land, situated on the Grand River, immediately opposite Newport. His farm is well improved, and under a high state of cultivation.

Page 638

THOMAS CONBOY, farmer, Conboyville P.O., is ason of Thomas and bridget (renolds) Conboy, and was born Sept. 29, 1849. His father came from Ireland in 1832, and was one of the early settlers of the county. In his day they were obliged to carry their wheat and corn on their backs to the mill to be ground. The trials of to-day have no comparison to those of that period. He had six children, viz.,: Frank, a carpenter in Brantford; Lucy, wife of William Swartz, in California; Charlotte, wife of James Scott; Elizabeth, wife of S.J. McKehey, now in Middleport; James, at home; Thomas, who married, March 8, 1876, Miss Joanna Cochrell. They are the parents of two children-Mary Augusta, born December 25, 1876 and Alicia Theresa, born December 27, 1878. Mr. Conboy has been Assessor for four years.

JAMES COWIE, Caledonia P.O., was born December 29, 1834. He is a son of John and Isabella Cowie, who emigrated to Canada In 1833, and settled in Montreal, where they remained one year. In 1834 they removed to Hamilton, where they remained until 1842, when they removed to this county. They were the parents of the following children, viz.: Isabella A., wife of Robert Poog; John, who married Eliza Green; Elizabeth J., married Alexander Howden; William, married Catherine Pile; George, at home; and James Cowie, who married, January 26, 1871, Rachel Jones, second daughter of David Jones. They have no children, and live on his farm, situated on the east line of the county. Mr.. Cowie's father, John Cowie, was a soldier of the Rebellion of 1837-38, and for thirty years a Deacon in the Baptist Church. He now lives with his son James at the advanced age of 83 years.

GEORGE CRANSTON, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born in Roxburghshire, Scotland. He is a son of William and Jenet (Goldie) Cranston, natives of Scotland. Mr. Crranston and family emigrated to America in 1830, locating in St. Lawrence County, New York State; here he remained until 1843, at which time he came to Canada. Mr. Cranston made Haldimand County his home until his death. He was married twice, George, our subject, being a son by his first wife. George Cranston married Mary Armstrong, adaughter of John Armstrong and Mary Marshall, who came from Roxburghshire, Scotland, to St. Lawrence County, N.Y., in 1833, where Mrs. George Cranston, their third daughter, was born. The Armstrongs subsequently came to Canada, and settled in Oneida Township, County of Haldimand, where the two families, the Cranstons and Armstrongs, resided in the same locality. George Cranston came to Brant County in 1864, settling where he now lives. His farm is pleasantly located on the Brantford Road, with a residence built in modern style, showing taste and enterprise. Their children are William, Jane, Jenet, John (deceased), Margaret, Robert J., Mary, Peter, Agnes, Elizabeth and George. Mr. and Mrs. Cranston's early days were spent in the States. He is a Reformer in politics, and belongs to the Canada Presbyterian Church.

JAMES CREIGHTON, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born in Ireland. His father, William Creighton was a native of Tyrone, Ireland, and came to canada with all his family, except Jane in 1846. He settled in Onondaga, his children viz., Jane, Ann, Robert, Isabella, William (deceased), Margaret and Mary, nearly all living in Haldimand County. James Creighton married April 23, 1840, Isabella Campbell, daughter of John Campbell of Ireland. They came to America, landing in New York and afterwards settled in Onondaga, where they occupy a well regulated farm, and enjoy the respect of a wide circle of acquaintances. They have no children. They are members of the Presbyterian Church, and Mr. Creighton is a Conservative in politics.

Page 639

ISAAC DAVIS, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born in 1824, in Brantford Township, and is a son of David And Elizabeth (Thomas) Davis. David Davis had four children, viz., Mary, John, Peter and Isaac, our subject. He spent his boyhood days in this county, receiving a common school education. In 1838 he visited England, looking up some blooded stock. He married, in 1861, Sussanna England, daughter of James England. They became the parents of five children, viz., Sarah A., Maggie, Elizabeth S., Perry and Olive Kate. Mr. Davis has given his children every advantage of education, his eldest daughter taking honours at the Mohawk Institute. She now holds a position among the teachers of that institution. Mr. Davis owns 200 acres of good land, is surrounded by a bright family, and has all the comforts of a pleasanr home.

JOSEPH DICKINSON, farmer, Newport P.O., was born in Lincolnshire, England. He came to NewYork State in 1830, and here remained until 1852. He married Sarah Russell, who was born in Sussex County, England, and came to the States with her parents. They settled in Brant County in 1852, where they now reside, enjoying the fruit of their early toils. They are the parents of sixteen children, viz., Mary J., born Sept. 14, 1834; Eliza, born Dec. 24, 1836; Robert D., born July 9, 1838; Polly M., born May 30, 1840; Harriett A., born November 24, 1842; John S., born July 3, 1844; Leander, born March 28, 1846; two died in infancy, Marven J., born Dec. 22, 1848; Caroline, born October 28, 1850; Sarah A., born Sept. 3, 1852; Joseph, born Jan. 29, 1854; Francis, born July 21, 1856; Peter A., born April 22, 1858; and George, born August 19, 1861.

THOMAS H. DICKINSON, farmer, Brantford P.O., was born in Onondaga, Feb. 24, 1835. he was a son of John and Elizabeth Dickinson, who came to this county at an early period, and have done their share towards it's development. Mr. Dickinson was a class-leader in the Methodist Church for thirty years. He now lives with his son, at an advaced age. His looks are no more lofty nor his step proud, but his frame still bears the marks of a vigorous youth. The vigour of his intellect is now wasted and his memory fast decaying, only showing him broken images of the glory that has departed. His family consists of five children viz., William, John, Thomas, George and Mary Ann. The sons are all at home looking after the interests of their aged parents. Thomas Dickinson was married December 25, 1856, to Jane Kerrison. They have no family, live upon a well improved farm, and are enjoying the fruits of their early labour. George Dickinson is a younger son, who was born January 23, 1837;he lived in this county until he was twenty-one years old, then removed to Iowa, where he remained one year; from there to Colorado, and spent one year there; from there to Nevada, and afterwards to California, where he remained for four years. From California to Montana, by the way of Salt Lake; he remained two years, and then went back to Nevada. In 1874 he returned to the parental roof, where he now lives. He married, January 21, 1874, and has a family of three children.

WILLIAM DOUGHERTY, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born in Ireland in 1832. His father, James Dougherty, was born in 1798, and came to Canada in 1833, with his two eldest son, John and William; they settled in York County. John who now lives in Haldimand County, was born in 1829. His other children are, Isaiah, born in 1838-has taught school for some years, and he has also followed the mercantile business; he now lives in Dacotah, United States-Maria, born in 1841, now living in Huron County. Mr Dougherty came to the county when it was a mere wilderness, and did much towards its improvement. He died in the year 1880. William, our subject, was married, October 4, 1865, to Sarah C. Reeker, of the same township. They have had three children, viz., William , now at home; Anna M. (deceased); and Mary A. They are members of the East Ward Baptist Church. Mr. Dougherty owns 163 acres of valuable farming land and is a Reformer in politics.

Page 640

ALEXANDER DOUGLAS, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born in Scotland in 1826. His father, John Douglas, was a soldier in the War of 1812. He settled in Onondaga Township in 1842, following his trade(carpentry) until his death, at the advanced age of ninety years. Alexander came to Canada with his father, and married, December 19, 1872, Miss Jones of Welsh Descent. Their children are Jane, Eliza, Ann, and john all living at home. Mr. Douglas is an Elder in the Presbyterian Church. He owns 104 acres of valuable farming land, and at present is Reeve of the Township od Onondaga.

Bill's note! Next subject is out of sequence in the book!

JAMES RACEY, a native of England, came to Canada in 1803, and for a time was in the employ of Clark and Street. In 1816 he located to Mount Pleasant , and here he built a log-cabin, which was looked apon as a mansion at that time. A photograph of this cabin may be seen at any time, grouped with the photographs of the eminent clergymen of that day, at Mrs. Elliott's. Mr. Racey acted as Magistrate in that section, and the early records which he left now show the marriages of some of the old pioneers with the Indians. He wasd Associate Judge in that day. He was the father of eleven children.

EDWIN FAIR, farmer, Cainsville P.O., is a son of Alexander and Mary (Carr) Fair. Alexander Fair came to this country from Ireland, with his parents, who settled in Kingston, and, in 1838, in Onondaga. Mr. Fair served his time in the Rebellion of 1837, under Capt. Wilson. He married, November 10th, 1839, Mary Ann Carr, by whom he had seven children, five of whom are living, viz., William, Peter, Hugh J., Mary A. and Edwin, who now has charge of the old homestead, and looks after the interest of his mother, and sister. He is a promising younf farmer, and highly respected by all. They are members of the Methodist Church.

WILLIAM FINDLAY, farmer, Conboyville P.O., is a son of John and Jane (Foresythe)Findlay, natives of Scotland. They emigrated to Canada in 1831, and settled in the Province of Quebec; in 1837 he came to hamilton, and from thence to Onondaga in 1838. Mr. Findlay served in the Mackenzie Rebellion as Sergeant in Capt. Usher's Company, Niagara Fencibles. He was also in Hamilton, with Capt. Tench. He was a mason by trade, and died in 1847, leaving seven children, four of whom survive, viz., Isabelle, now Mrs. McLane, of Toronto; Janet, now Mrs. Lees, of Bruce County, J. Miller, of Caledonia, and William Findlay, who married December 2, 1851, Annie Youmie. They have a family of four children, one deceased; the living are, George S., now in Dacotah; John, at home; and James. Mr. Findlay is a Plasterer by trade; he owns a nice farm situated on the brantford and Caledonia Road. Mr. Findlay has held the position of Councillor for three years , also Assessor.

CHARLES H. HAGER, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born in Trafalgar, Halton County, January 30, 1833, and at the age of four years came with his father to Onondaga Township, taking up land known as the Surrender Lands. Mr. hager was the first settler in this locality, which was in 1837, in the midst of an Indian settlement of the Onondaga tribe. The first birth was Mr. Hager's daughter, Melinda Hager, and the first marriage was that of Ariel Spiers and Mary Hager; the ceremony was performed by the Rev. Adam Elliott, the first Indian Missionary of the settlement. Charles H. Hager was one of fourteen children, and married, May 6, 1858, Eliza Hunter. They were the parents of three children, two of whom are living, viz., Susan, born April 12, 1861; and John, born June 28, 1862. Mr. Hager lost his wife, Eliza (Hunter) Hager, in 1866. He again married, October 22, 1871, Ellen Rymal, who was born September 13, 1842; by this union were two children, viz., Celista, born July 2, 1874, and Charles H., born May 16, 1881. Mr. Hager is a Conservative in politics, and an attendant of the M.E. Church.

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ALEXANDER HAMILTON, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born April 4, 1819, in Ireland; he was the son of Alexander and Jane (Brown) Hamilton, natives of Ireland. They emigrated to Canada in 1830, settling in Toronto, where Mr. Hamiltondied in 1854, his wife soon following. They had ten children, viz., Martha, who died near Toronto in 1870; Elizabeth, now a widow, living in Toronto; Jane, who is living with her daughter, Mrs. Chortton, near Cainsville; Mary and Robert, who died in Haldimand County; Anna, now living in Peel County; Margaret lives in Peel County; John lives in Haldimand County; Sophia (single) lives in Toronto; and Alexander. He married in 1841, Jane McLochlon. They are the parents of five children, three of them living, viz., Alexander, who married Miss Renwick, now lives at Port hope, where he is practising medicine; Jane married George Deagle, in Onondaga; Elizabeth, who married Benjamin Squires, now a retired miller(Mr. Squires has a business at Wiarton, and lives at Owen Sound). Mr. Hamilton owns 200 or more acres of land, which he cleared mostly himself; he has a very comfortable house, and is enjoying the savings of his early toil; he had a limited education, the schools of his day being rather rustic compared with those of to-day. There were no black-boards, no desks, no furniture of any kind; the seats consisted of slabs and fencerails, with wooden pins for legs. the balance of the furniture consisted of hickory switches, used to encourage refractory pupils up the hill of science. Mr. hamilton has visited the old country several times since his removal to Canada.

JOHN HAMILTON, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born near GHlasgow, Scotland, July 26, 1832, and is a son of Robert and Margaret (Wilson) Hamilton, natives of Scotland, where they latter died. The former, leaving his children in their native country, came to America in 1843, and settled in New York State. He subsequently sent for his children, and soon after their arrival he came to Canada and located in Onondaga Township, near where his son now resides. He died October 19, 1878. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, and the father of two sons, William and John. the subject of this sketch was raised and educated as a farmer, and has followed that honoured avocation through the whole of his life. On March 11, 1863, he married Janet, daughter of Alexander and Isabella (Morton) Hamilton, natives of Scotland, who emigrated to America in 1838 and settled in New York, eleven years later coming to Canada, where the father died. Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton have had nine children, seven surviving, viz., Robert, a student of Ontario Agricultural College; Agnes, Jane, John A., William J., Archibald W. and Janet M. Mr. Hamilton owns a good productive farm of 112 acres, on which he resides, about seven miles north of Brantford. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and a Reformer in politics; he is now occupying the office of Councillor.

JOHN M. HAMILTON, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born July 5, 1843, at Rochester, N.Y. He was a son of Alexander and Isabella (Morton( Hamilton, natives of Scotland. Mr. Hamilton died in 1878; his wife still lives. They emigrated from Scotland to the States, and settled in Oneida County, New York State, where they remained seven years. From there they removed to Rochester, N.Y., for two years; then they came to canada and settled in Brant County, where he ended his days; Robert now occupies the homestead. John M. Hamilton was married in 1866 to Margaret, daughter of James and Mary Hamilton; she died in 1875, leaving three children, viz., Jane Isabella, Nettie Brownlie, and Alexander Malcolm. Mr. Hamilton owns 90 acres of good land, and is one of the thrifty farmers of Onondaga Township.

ROBERT HAMILTON, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was bornDecember 22, 1838, in the state of New York. He was the son of Alexander and Isabella(Morton) Hamilton, natives of Scotland. They emigrated to America, settling first in Hillsborough Township, Oneida County, New York. Here they remained ten years, and then removed to Rochester. After the expiration of eighteen monthsMr. Hamilton settled in Onondaga, where he died, leaving six children, viz., William, who was drowned while bathing; Jeanette, Alexander, John, James and Robert, the subject of this sketch. He was married, September 17, 1866, to Mary hamilton, daughter of William Hamilton. They have six children, viz., Alexander, William, Robert, John H., James M. and Mabel M. Mr. Hamilton owns 90 acres of land, and is a successful and intelligent farmer.

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RICHARD HARRIS, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born August 15, 1818, and is a son of William and Alice (Rowe)Harris, natives of Ireland. He emigrated to Canada in 1841, and to the place now occupied by his son, Robert Harris. Mr. Harris was one of the seventeen who received the first deed of the Indian lands. Richard Harris came to Canada in the sprinf of 1840. His boyhood days were spent in Tuscarora. He married November 5, 1848, Margaret Butler, daughter of Thomas Butler, who was a son of colonel Butler. The children by this marriage are as follows: Alice, died in infancy; William T., a physician, whose biography appears in this work; John, Richard, Robert and Margaret. Upon the death of Mrs. Harris in 1861, Mr. Harris married Sarah Fallis. the children by this marriage are Noble J., Albert E., Theodore F., Maria J., Mary W., Frederick C. and Isabelle J., all members of the English Church. Mr. Harris owns 200 acres of improved land, upon which he has good buildings. He is a Conservative, and has been a Councillor for twenty years.

JOHN HARTLEY, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born in England, January 13, 1818. He was a son of Richard and Jane Hartley, natives of England. They emigrated to Canada in 1841, and settled on a farm in Brantford, where they remained until his death, which occurred in 1841. They were the parents of eight children, viz., James, Elizabeth(deceased), John, Hartley, Mary, Mrs. William Canon, Henry and Joseph. Mr. John Hartley was brought up to farming, coming to this country when the red man was as numerous as the white man is at the present time. In 1858, he married Elizabeth Field. She died September 23, 1873, leaving four children, viz., Alfred, born November 1843, married Ruth Vansickle; Mary J., born Oct. 24, 1852, married to James Roloford; Whitfield, born 1853; and Wallace, born July 18, 1862. Mr. Hartley is a Baptist.

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ISAAC HODGINS, farmer, Brantford, P.O., was born in Ireland, 1817. he is a son of Isaac and Ann (white) hodgins, natives of Ireland, where they both died. Their family consisted of seven children, viz., John, died 1866, in Toronto; William (deceased); Mary, still in IOreland; Sarah and Ann (deceased). Isaac Hodgins came to Canada in 1834; settled for one year in Toronto; from where he went to Chicago; while there he engaged as Messenger on the harbour, and finally went to New Orleans. In 1837he went back to Chicago, where he remained one summer, and then returned to Toronto about the time of the Rebellion, in which he was engaged 18 months. In 1838 Mr. Hodgins married Margaret Nelson, daughter of James Nelson, of Ireland. They settled in this county in 1843, upon his present farm. Mr. Hodgins has spent most of his life in stock-raising, making a specialty of fine horses, now owning the finest horse in the county, known as "Little Billy", his pedigree being Clear Grit on the sire side, and old Royal George and Messenger on the dam side. He stands fifteen hands high, and is a dapple bay; Mr. Hodgins has been offered $5,000 for him. Mr. Hodgins' farm consists of 111 acres beautifully situated. He has been Commissioner, also School Trustee; has seven children, viz., William, Ann, Isaac, Nelson, Emma, Minnie and Sarah. Mr. Hodgins is amember of the Church of England.

JOHN B. HOPKINS, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born in Brant County, June 22, 1833, and is a son of Benjamin and Phoebe Hopkins. Mrs. Hopkins was born May 19, 1799, in Niagara Township, near Beaver Dam.Benjamin Hopkins was born July 4, 1798, in Niagara Township, and took and active part in the War of 1812. His widowed wife still lives in Norwich, Oxford County. They had nine children, four of whom are living. John B., the youngest, married Mary J. Jacobs, and has one son, Edmond, who shares the parental roof in Onondaga Township. Mr. Hopkins, owns a fine farm of 180 acres, situated in one of the most pleasant parts of the Township.

ROBERT J. HOWDEN, farmer, Conboyville P.O., is a son of Thomas and Jane Howden, natives of Ireland. They emigrated to Canada in 1826, making Trafalgar their home until 1855, when they located on their present farm. Mr. Howden is now 90 years of age. When he first came to this country it was generally a wilderness, the few settlers living in log-cabins, surrounded by a small lot of cleared land. But by industry he acquired 200 acres of valuable farming land. His family consisted of twelve children, eight of whom survive. Robert, the youngest of this family, has charge of the farm, and looks after the interests of his aged parents.

ISAAC HOWELL, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born in Onondaga March 22, 1839, and is a son of William and Eliza (Day) Howell, natives of Canada. the former was born in Wentworth County, and the latter in Brant County; she still lives on the old homestead with her son. Her family consists of six children, as follows: George W., born Oct., 1833, married Elizabeth Popplewell, and is now living in Oakland; Jane A., born in 1835, married Simon Olmstead, and is now living in Townsend; Alexander, born in 1837, married, in 1862, Elizabeth lincoln, who died in 1873, when he married alice Shuttleworth, in 1875; Isaac, the subject of this sketch, married in 1875, Mary Alice Holmes; John W., born in 1841, married Hester Shaver; William, born in 1843, married in 1876, Helen Sutton. Mr. Isaac Howell has three children, viz., Melvin, Harold, and Edgar; Mr. William Howell has three, viz., Isabella, Laurie, and Edwin. These two families occupy the old homestead, and the heads are two very succesful and enterprising men. They have a first-class farm, furnished with good and substantial buildings. Their aged mother makes her home with them.

WILLIAM HUNTER, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born March 2nd, 1826. He was a son of Thomas Hunter, native of Ireland. They came to Canada at an early day, having been nine weeks and three days upon the water. The boat which carried them up the rapids of the St. Lawrence was drawn by French horses and oxen. If a boat got to reeling any, they were obliged to cut the rope to keep the oxen from being drawn into the river. When this was done, the boat would run back two or three miles; they were then obliged to reattach their oxen and proceed again. When they reached the rapid called the long Sault, twelve yoke of oxen were attached to one of the main ropes, and two yoke of oxen on the line from the stern; the boat got the advantage of them, and they cut the main rope, thus saving the twelve yoke of oxen, but the two yoke were dragged into the rapids. After much excitement they reached Hamilton by water, and from there to Brantford they travelled in an oxen cart. Here, Mr. Hunter died in March, 1879, at the age of 80 years. He was a soldier in the Rebellion of 1837, holding the office of sergeant. He was a member and class-leader of the Wesleyan Church. In his family of twelve children, William was the second eldest. He married in 1850, Harriett Smith, who was born in New York State. Her father, Christopher S. Smith, taught the first school in this county among the Indians. Ofttimes he came face to face with the red men and their knives, for some little punishment which had been inflicted upon their children. Mr. Hunter has a family of nine children. His farm consists of 112 acres. he has been a Councillor for a term of nine years; also Constable, and is highly respected by all.

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JAMES JAMIESON, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born in Paris, Brant County, Ontario; his parents were James Jamieson, who was born at Whitemans' Creek, Brant County, and Jemima Jamieson, his wife, born at Cainsville, Brant County. They belong to the Cayuga tribe or band. their family consisted of six boys and six girls. James Jamieson Sr., was an Indian letter-carrier during the later war, in which General Brock lost his life. He had no education, his children also being deprived of it, as there were no schools in those days. He used to carry the mail free between St. Catharines and Amherstburgh, usually on foot, horses being scarce at that time. The subject of this sketch married Julia Ann Jamieson, who was born in Onondaga Township, Brant County. Mr. Jamieson, often goes away visiting the Indians of the Indian Territory and Western States, teaching them how to plough, split rails and make chairs, tables and other useful articles. This he does gratis, receiving no compensation whatever. He has many fossils, stones and other articles used by the old Indians of the past days. He owns a farm of valuable land, which he cultivates in a succesful manner. He had but little advantage of education, but he has taken pains to educate his children to the best advantage; so much so, that they have forgotten their own language, and have to be addressed by their parents in English, which is a great disadvantage, as the parents are not thorough-speaking English. The family consists of the following children: Benjamin, Mark, Maggie, Benny(deceased), Sarah, Mary, Julia Ann, James, Robert, Elizabeth, Clara Lady Dufferin, Matthew and Monica.

JOHN LYONS, farmer, Onondaga P.O., is a son of David and Mary (Carlton) Lyons, who lived and died in Ireland. Their family consists of thirteen children, four of whom came to America. John Settled near Toronto, and remained there fifteen years. In 1835 he married Matilda, daughter of Alexander dunn, both natives of Ireland. Mr. Lyons was a soldier during the Rebellion, taking an active part in the battle of Gallow's Hill. He has two flint-lock pistols and a sword he used in that war. He was twice married; by his first wife he had six children-David, Alexander, Martha, Mary, and two deceased. His second wife was Miss McLaughlan, of Scotland. Mr. Lyons is a spiritualist.

OSBERT E. McINTYRE, farmer, Onondaga P.O., is a son of Daniel McIntyre, on the Mount Pleasant Road, whose history may be found in this work. He married, Nov. 12, 1879, Augusta Chittenden, of Brantford. they are the parents of two children, viz., Alva, born Sept. 4, 1880, and Laura M., born Aug. 5, 1882. They were married by W. H. Porter, of Brantford. His farm is beautifully situated on Grand River. Mr. McIntyre is a progressive young farmer, and is esteemed by all who know him.

JAMES McLEOD, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born in Brant County, March 22, 1858. He was a son of Duncan and Mary McLeod. Mr. McLeod settled in Onondaga in 1837, living on the farm now owned by his son James until his death, which took place in 1880. he was the father of three children, viz., James George H., born Aug. 19, 1861, now telegraph operator in Minnesota, and Joseph A., who died in infancy. Mrs. McLeod's father was anative of England, and afterwards a resident of brant County. Mrs. McLeod and son are members of the Methodist Church.

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ROBERT MULLIGAN, farmer, Conboyville P.O., was born in Ireland, August 4, 1826. His father, William Mulligan, emigrated to Canada in 1833, and settled in Onondaga Township in 1842, where he remained until his death. His wife, Mary (Jarvis) Mulligan, stills survives, being at this writing 86 years of age. This family consisted of eight children, viz., Elizabeth, William, Mary Ann, Richard, Catherine M., james and Robert, who came to Canada with his father in 1833. He married Elizabeth Atkinson. They are the parents of ten children, one deceased, viz., William and James, robert, who married Eliza James, Mary J., Margaret, Thomas, Matilda, Lauretta and Wellington, all at home. Mr. Mulligan lost his first wife, November 29, 1876. He again married January 29,1881, Mrs. Martha (Olmstead) Evans. Mr. Mulligan owns 200 acres of improved land, and has been Trustee in that district for many years.

MURDOCK MUNROE, farmer, Carluke, P.O., was born in Scotland, Aug. 1, 1829. He was a son of John and Margaret (Mckenzie) Munroe, nativews of Scotland. John Munroe was born December 20, 1789, and died April 29, 1872; Mrs. Munroe died in 1840. They were the parents of nine children, viz., four died in Scotland; John died in 1846; Catherine, now widow of Daiel Forbes, of haldimand County; Daniel (deceased); Alexander, born in 1833, died at Green Bay, Wisconsin, in 1863; and Murdock, subject of this sketch. The latter married january 8, 1857, Annn Chapman, who was born October 6, 1833. By this union twelve children were born, five of whom are living, viz., William, born March 20, 1859, living at home; John, born April 3, 1861 (single), now a miller by trade; Jessie, born March 3, 1865, living at home; and George, born Sept. 18, 1871, also living at home. Mr. Munroe has lived on his present farm since 1843. He came with his father to the settlement when it was a wilderness of pine and hardwood timbers; by hard labour they brought it to its present state of cultivation. Mr. Munroe's farm consists of 100 acres, well stocked with fine sheep and cattle. He and family are Presbyterians in religion, and he is a Reformer in Politics.

WILFRED NICHOLS, farmer, Cainsville P.O., was born in Canada, May 29, 1861, and is a son of henry and jane (Whitehead) Nichols, both natives of England. francis Nichols, grandfather of Wilfred, was a cabinet-maker. He came to Canada and settled in Quebec, where he followed his trade. His family consisted of six children, Henry, Wilfred's father, being the fifth. He was born in England, and came to Canada with his father, and first settled in Quebec and then toronto. In 1848, he married Jane Whitehead. They became the parents of nine children, viz., Annie, born October 21, 1849, now the wife of Levi Lott; Alfred, born january 31, 1851, now married, and living near St. Thomas; Fanny, died in infancy; Henry, born May 27, 1859, now cattle-dealer in the States; Eliza, born May 27, 1857, now wife of Rev. H.J. Fair; Wilfred, now in charge of the farm; Emma, born February 27, 1863, living at home; Jane, born January 27, 1867, now at home; and Fannie, born June 25, 1869, died, 1881. Mrs. Nichols has taken pains to give her family good advantages of education, being now rewarded by their support. They are members of the English Church.

ROBERT POGE, farmer, Conboyville P.O., was born in Ireland in 1823. He was a son of John and Lima (Maxwell) Poge, natives of Ireland, who came to canada In 1828, and settled in the South Gore, and in 1837 they came to Seneca Township. Here Mr. Poge died in 1831, from injuries received by the falling of a tree. His wife soon followed, leaving six children, viz., Nancy Jane, Anna, John, Robert, wiliam and James. Robert, our subject, married in 1835, Isabelle Cowie, by whom he had twelve children, ten of whom are living, viz., William C. and James in Kent County; Anna, Isabelle, Samuel, Robert, George, John, Elizabeth and Alexander, at home; all Baptist in religion and Reformers in Politics. Mr. Poge has given his children a good education, and is respected in the community.

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JAMES SIMPSON, Onondaga P.O., was born in england, and was a son of James and Judith (Benham) Simpson, natives of England. Their family consisted of seven children, viz., John, still living in england; William, in Halton, England; Thomas, now in Port Albert; Samuel, (deceased); George, living in brantford; and eliza, (deceased); our subject being the seventh. He emigrated to America, landed in New York State, and by some misunderstanding took a ship to New Orleans. From there he was obliged to return by stage. He stopped at Cleveland until navigationopened, when he crossed the Lake to Port Burwell, and from there through St. Thomas to London on foot. Securing three horses at London, they came to Brantford, landing at a hotel known as Robinson Hall, then kept by Fred Vanderlip, there being, with the exception of log-cabins, but few houses at Brantford at that time. Mr. Simpson the next day engaged a month's board of Mrs. Joseph Squires, after which he bought asupposed Indian claim of fifty acres, which proved of no value. he then took a pre-emption right of land, known as the Indian Surrender Lands, where he still lives at an advanced age. He was a very hard-working man, as his good deeds go to show. His wife Eliza Logoce, daughter of Michael Logoce, a native of france, who acted as messenger in the War of 1812. They became the parents of seven children, viz.: George, born May 11, 1846, married Mary Jane Elliott; Selena, born March 16, 1840, married Wm. Wood; James, born December 10, 1849, married Julia Ann Gardner; Mary J., born January 30, 1853, now at home caring for her aged father; Samuel, born June 5, 1855, at home looking after the interests of the farm; Michael, born November 18, 1857, at home; Eliza, born 1860, now Mrs. Wood. Mr. Simpson lost his wife in 1862. He attends the M.E. Church and is a Conservative in Politics.

WILLIAM SIMPSON, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born April 29, 1849, and is a son Samuel and Caroline (Mitchell) Simpson. Samuel Simpson was born in the County of Hampshire, England. He came to Canada in 1841, and settled in Onondaga. In 1842 he married, at Hamilton Caroline Mitchell, daughter of David Mitchell, a native of Hampshire County, England. Mr. Mitchell came to Canada in 1836, and settled in Newport, then called Birch Landing. In this family of ten children, Mrs. Simpson was the second child. Mr. Simpsondied April 5, 1880. He was aman of genial disposition and faithful in his duties as a christian serving as a deacon in the Baptist Church, of which he was a member for a great many years.Their family consisted of seven children, of whom six are living, viz., Mary A., now Mrs. Broughton, living at Newport; Thomas F., married Frances Misnor, now carrying on a blacksmith shop in Onondaga Village; Sarah, living at home; Elizabeth C., who died July 20, 1874; Samuel, blacksmith with his brother; Albert E., who resides on the farm with his mother; and William, the subject of this sketch. He married, April 25, 1876, Mary, daughter of James H. Osborne, M.D. County of Norfolk, Ontario. Their children are: Meta Maud, born July 16, 1877; Judson H., born January 7, 1879: Albert E., born January 20, 1880; Newton O., born March 3, 1881; and William Ward, born July 2, 1882. Mr. Simpson is a promising young farmer, residing on the homestead, and highly respected by all.

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JOHN STEWART, farmer, Carluke P.O., was born in Scotland, May 1824. He was a son of Robert and Margaret (Carrick) Stewart. he came to canada in 1849, stopped for a short period of time at Hamilton and some other places, and in 1854 he bought a saw mill in Ancaster Township. John Stewart is a millwright by trade, and in 1861 he built a grist mill in addition to the saw mill. Mr. Stewart bought the farm in 1870 which belonged to the late Thomas Brown, which he has conducted since very successfully. In 1857 he married Jessie Harvey, by whom he had twelve children, viz., Robert, Jessie, John, Margaret, Anna, Ellen, Walter, Mary, Allison, Isabella, Elizabeth and Rachel. Mr. Stewart owns a first-class farm, with good buildings. They are Presbyterians in religion, and he is a Reformer in politics.

WILLIAM TAWS, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born February 22, 1843, at Cainsville, Brant County. He was a son of Andrew and Isabella (Walker) Taws, natives of Scotland. Andrew Taws died shortly after he came to Canada, William being but two years old at the time, and when nineteen his mother died. He lived in the family of Mr. Legacy until he attained the age of 22 years. He then lived eleven years with Mr. Fiyers- two years before his marriage, and nine years after. Since the death of Mr. Fiyers, Mr. Taws has lived upon the property owned by Mr. Fiyers, a part being willed to him, and the rest he bought. He married Oct. 7, 1878, Emma Fiyers, who was born september 18, 1844. This union has been blessed with five children. Mr. Taws owns 200 acres of land, 170 of which are under cultivation. He keeps good stock, and is a Methodist in belief.

JOHN URIE, farmer, Carluke, was born at Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1824. He is a son of William and Barbara (Lochead) Urie, natives of Scotland, who emigrated to America in 1830, and located in New Brunswick, where they remained ten years. In 1839 they came to this county, and settled in Onondaga Township, and here Mr. Urie ded in 1877; his wife stil survives, at the advanced age of 86 years. In his family of seven children, John, the third, was married in 1852 to Miss Ellen Riach, daughter of georrge Riach. They have five children, viz., William, George, John M., Alexander and Ellen, all well educated. Mr. Urie has accumulated a nice estate, consisting of 140 acres, situated thirteen miles from Hamilton and eighteen from Brantford. he is a Justice of the Peace, and was Councillors for two years. He is a Reformer in politics.

GEORGE VANSICKLE, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born in Ancaster Township on May 30,1834, and is a son of Abram I. and Annie (Miller) Vansickle, natives of the State of New Jersey. Mr. VanSickle was but two years of age when he came to Canada. He settled in Ancaster Township, where he remained until his death. His wife still resides there, and is the mother of fourteen children, George being the sixth. He married Janet Wood, and now has a family of six children, viz., Alice, Mary, Annie, Abram W., William (deceased), and Emily; most of them are members of the Baptist Church. Mr. VanSickle owns 220 acres of good land, pleasantly situated on Grand River.

ELIJAH WALKER, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born in March 1838, and is a son of James and Jane (Wills) Walker, natives of Ireland, who emigrated to Canada in 1832, settling first in Brockville, N.Y., then in St. Catharines, and finally in Onondaga Township. Mr. Walker was a member of the English Church, and a soldier in the Rebellion of 1837. His family consisted of eight children, five of whom are living, viz., John, who married Rebecca Stubs, now living in Lambton County; Robert, whose biography appears in this work; and Elijah, our subject, who married in 1868, Catherine, daughter of James Ferris; she died Oct. 29, 1875, leaving five children, viz., Sarah J., Ida E., James E., Susan E., and Catherine A. Mr. Walker married April 25, 1879, for a second wife, Ellen, daughter of Samuel Johnson; she came to canada in 1860 from Ireland. there were no children by this union. Mr. Walker is taking pains to give his children by his first wife a good education. He has been Church Warden for a number of years, and owns 171 acres of well improved land, and is a Conservative in politics. He is also a successful exhibitor at the Provincial and other agricultural exhibitions.

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ROBERT WALKER, farmer, Tuscarora P.O., was born January 31, 1830. he is a son of james and Jane (Wills) Walker, and was married April 18, 1857, to Matilda Atkinson, daughter of Thomas Atkinson, a native of Ireland. Their union was blessed with seven children, viz., Rebecca, now the wife of Thomas Myerscaugh, of this township; thomas, Emma, Eleanor, Etta, Robert, Laura May, and john; all members of the English Church. Mr. Walker's father, James Walker, took an active part in the Mackenzie Rebellion. Mr. Walker owns a good farm, situated on the Brantford and Caledonia Road. He is a Conservative in politics.

WILLIAM WOOD, farmer, Onondaga P.O., was born in Berwickshire, Scotland. He was the son of Robert and Janet (Dean) Wood. His father was a land steward, whose family consisted of nine children. Andrew who emigrated to Canada, landed in Hamilton. He afterwards settled in the Township of turnberry, County of Huron, where he purchased 130 acres of land, and died in 1881. Annie, David, Hannah, and Mary, all died in their native land; Janet, Robert, and Catherine are still living in Scotland. William, the subject of our sketch, married in Scotland, in 1836, Mary Gill, daughter of James Gill. Mr. Wood came to Canada in 1852; landed in Hamilton, from thence to Jerseyville, in the Township of Ancaster, County of Wentworth, where he lived four years; he then bought 170 acres in the Townships of Onondaga and Brantford. Mrs. Wood died on the 7th February, in the year 1868, leaving six children living, viz., Janet, who married George VanSickle; Hannah, married Harvey H. VanSickle, proprietor of the Star Washing-Powder Manufactory; Mary, married William Thompson (deceased); William, married Selina, eldest daughter of James Simpson; Robert, married Eliza Simpson; and Elizabeth, the youngest in the family. William and Robert now have charge of the farm, and look after the affairs of their aged father. They are all members of the Baptist Church.


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