Carleton County GenWeb, Ontario

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Carleton County GenWeb
Census and Assessment Information

For those in the Carleton County area (since 1 January 2001 called Ottawa), there is easy access to microfilmed census returns at the National Archives of Canada on Wellington Street in Ottawa. Copies of selected census returns are held by other institutions, such as Carleton University's library.

Early records for the years up until 1850 are actually a collection of Assessment Rolls and Censuses. The Assessment Rolls indicate who was paying taxes on various things (buildings, animals, fireplaces, carriages, and so on) and the Lot and Concession on which those taxes were levied. In many cases, the location of the ratepayer and the Lot and Concession were the same. However, some people owned and paid taxes on several lots, so identifying their place of residence might be a little more difficult. The Censuses, if they exist for the period before 1850, list only the head of the family and how many people lived there.

From 1851 on, the Censuses listed everyone living at each home. In certain years (1851, 1861, and 1871), an Agricultural Census was also taken. Unfortunately not all of them have survived. These Censuses have all sorts of information including the various types of crops that were grown and how much of each crop.


  • Census Reels
  • Census Indexes
  • Censuses Online
  • Census Transcriptions
  • Information from Censuses
  • Where to find Canadian census information

  • Census Reels: 1822 to 1911

    Census records are not yet available past 1911

    LAC = Library and Archives of Canada
    LDS = Family History Library, Salt Lake City

    Agricultural Census

  • Cumberland (Russell County) 1861; LAC: C-1071; LDS: 349319
  • Fitzroy (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1013; LDS: 349254
  • Gloucester (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1013; LDS: 349254
  • Goulbourn (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1014; LDS: 349255
  • Gower (North) (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1014; LDS: 349255
  • Huntley (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1013; LDS: 349254
  • March (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1014; LDS: 349255
  • Marlborough (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1013; LDS: 349254
  • Nepean (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1013; LDS: 349254
  • Richmond (Village) (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1013; LDS: 349254
  • Torbolton (Carleton County) 1861; LAC: C-1014; LDS: 349255

    Personal Census
    See OntarioGenWeb’s Census Project

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  • Census Indexes

    1842 census index

  • Goulbourn - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
    For more information, see Alberta Family Histories Society censuses page

    1851 census indexes

  • Goulbourn - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Marlborough - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • North Gower - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Richmond - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
    For more information, see Alberta Family Histories Society censuses page

    1861 census indexes

  • Goulbourn - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Marlborough - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • North Gower - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Richmond - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
    For more information, see Alberta Family Histories Society censuses page

    1871 census indexes
    For its 25th anniversary project, the Ontario Genealogical Society undertook to index the 1871 census. Only heads of family and strays (anyone having a different surname from that of the head of the family) were recorded. The results were published in 30 Indexes which are available from the Ontario Genealogical Society. Copies are also held in the third floor Reading Room at the National Archives. The index covering Ontario County is called Index to the 1871 Census of Ontario: Ontario County.

    You can also check out the 1871 Census Index on the Library and Archives web site.

    An alternative is the Searchable Database of Heads & Strays site at Queen's University.

    Individual indexes for the following places have also been transcribed.

  • Goulbourn - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Marlborough - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • North Gower - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Richmond - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
    For more information, see Alberta Family Histories Society censuses page

    1881 census indexes

  • Goulbourn - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Marlborough - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • North Gower - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Richmond - alphabetical or non-alphabetical

    1891 census indexes

  • Goulbourn - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Marlborough - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • North Gower - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Richmond - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
    For more information, see Alberta Family Histories Society censuses page

    1901 census indexes

  • Goulbourn - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Marlborough - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • North Gower - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
  • Richmond - alphabetical or non-alphabetical
    For more information, see Alberta Family Histories Society censuses page

    Nepean census indexes
    You can now consult the census indexes for Nepean Township at the Ottawa Branch OGS Library. There are two versions for each census - one is as recorded by the census takers (non-alphabetical) and the other is alphabetical.

  • 1852 and 1861 - Call Number: AL 0488
  • 1871 - Call Number: AL 0489
  • 1881 - Call Number: AL 0490
  • 1891 - Call Number: AL 0491

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  • Censuses Online

    An overview of online census records can be found at Ontario GenWeb under ‘Is It Online?’

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    Census transcriptions

    1842 Census
    1842 census, Carleton County, Ontario (2000)
    J.M. Robinson
    Ottawa Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, Ottawa
    Publication 00-01
    Includes index
    ISBN 0-7779-1494-8

    1851 Census
    1851 Census of Carleton County
    Publication 99-6
    Contents: Volume 1. Bytown East, Bytown West
    Volume 2. Fitzroy, Torbolton, Huntley and March Townships
    Volume 3. Nepean and Gloucester Townships
    Volume 4. Goulbourn, North Gower, Marlborough Townships and Village of Richmond
    ISBN 0-7779-1474-3
    Available from the Ottawa Branch, OGS

    Note: There is no existing 1851 census for Cumberland Township.

    1901 Census
    1901 census, Torbolton Township, Carleton County, Ontario, Canada (2000)
    Transcribed by Edward Wilson
    Torbolton Township Historical Society, Dunrobin, Ontario
    P.O. Box 101, Dunrobin, Ontario K0A 1T0
    Includes index
    ISBN 0-9680132-1-X

    before 1851-1911
    Ontario GenWeb's Census Project. This is a "work-in-progress". You can search for a census by the County or District or by the name of a town, township, or village. Another option is to do a surname search. Note that these searches are only done in the censuses that have been transcribed. You might want to check back periodically, if you get no results the first time.

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    Information from censuses

    Jews resident in Ontario according to the 1851 to 1901 Censuses of Canada (2002)
    Glen Eker
    ISBN 0-7779-2128-6
    Consult at: OGSL

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    Where to find Canadian census records

    Microfilmed census returns are held at Library and Archives Canada. You can borrow these census reels from Library and Archives Canada through their inter-library loan service.

    Outside of Canada, you can borrow census returns from your local Family History Centre.

    You can also find microfilm copies of census returns at the following locations. They might also be found in other locations, such as university libraries or archives.

    Single jurisdiction records held

    Institution / OrganizationLocationJurisdiction
    British Columbia Archives and Records OfficeVictoriaB.C.
    Provincial Archives of ManitobaWinnipegManitoba
    Archives of OntarioTorontoOntario
    Hamilton Public LibraryHamiltonOntario
    St. Catharines Public Library, Special Collections DepartmentSt. Catharines, OntarioOntario
    Archives nationales du QuébecMontréalQuebec
    Archives nationales du QuébecQuébecQuebec
    Provincial Archives of New BrunswickFrederictonN.B.
    Saint John Public LibrarySaint JohnN.B.
    Public Archives of Nova ScotiaHalifaxN.S.
    Public Archives and Records OfficeCharlottetownP.E.I.

    Multiple jurisdiction records held

    Institution / OrganizationLocationJurisdictions
    Surrey Public Library, Cloverdale BranchCloverdale, B.C.all
    Greater Victoria Public LibraryVictoria, B.C.most
    Calgary Public LibraryCalgaryall
    Provincial Archives of AlbertaEdmontonall
    Regina Public Library, Prairie History RoomReginaall
    Saskatchewan Archives BoardRegina and Saskatoonwestern provinces
    Saskatoon Public LibrarySaskatoonmost
    Winnipeg Public LibraryWinnipegManitoba and Ontario
    London Public LibraryLondon, OntarioOntario and some Maritime
    Queen's University Library, Government Documents DepartmentKingston, Ontarioall
    Toronto Public Library, North York Central BranchTorontoall
    Windsor Public LibraryWindsor, OntarioOntario and Quebec
    Montreal Municipal Library, Central Branch, Salle GagnonMontréalall

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    This site is part of OntarioGenWeb
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