Welcome to Huron County
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Land Records of Huron County
Location of Land Records
Upper Canada Land PetitionsUpper Canada Land Petitions (UCLP) are the actual Petitions for land which were submitted in Upper Canada (Ontario). They frequently contain information about the petitioner and his or her family. Loyalists and discharged soldiers often mentioned the regiment in which they served. There were two types of land petitions:
Land Books are basically a summary of land grants. They rarely contain more info than name, date and location. Sometimes they have little gems in the comment section. But they're helpful because if you can't find a petition in the UCLP it may be in the Land Book so at least you have some record of the event.
Township PapersTownship Papers are a miscellaneous group of land-related records have been arranged by township name, then by concession and lot or by town name and lot number. They're a mixed bag - they may contain correspondence re land, some petitions, copies of orders-in-council, etc
Abstract indexes to DeedsThe Abstract Indexes to Deeds are the indexed record of every transaction on a plot of land since it left Crown ownership. Fathers willed land to sons or to wives or daughters. Men parcelled off smaller sections of land and sold it to sons. Brothers settled near each other, or on the same land. Armed with the Abstract Indexes to Deeds you can check for every instance of your name of interest on that parcel of land. By referring to the date and Instrument Number found with each transaction, you can look up the complete record. You may find a will (Many wills are filed in the Land Records Offices) or other important document.
Free GrantsUp to 1826 free land grants were available to all settlers, to government favourites, and to UEL (Loyalist) children. In 1826 these free grants were abolished except Loyalist grants and soldiers, and anyone wanting Crown land had to buy it.
The Canada CompanySettlers could also buy lands from the Canada Company, a private company owning all of the Huron District. These records are held at the Archives of Ontario. All land sales after the initial Crown grant were registered with local land registry offices.
Assessment & Tax RecordsAssessment and Tax Records contain location of an individual's land. There are very early assessment records, but each area in Ontario has different surviving records, so you must check for the county or township of interest to you.
CLRI (Computerized Land Records Index)Also called the Ontario Land Record Index, this summarizes land grants from sales of Crown Land, from Canada Company sales or leases and from Peter Robinson settlers' grants. If your ancestor settled anywhere in Ontario and he was the first time buyer of Crown Land, he will be on these lists. A CLRI lookup service [$] is available online.
Types of Land RecordsNew project online! I am abstracting names of land owners from the CLRI (Ontario Land Record Index) for Huron County. See Hay Township Huron County Index of landowners
Second Heir and Devisee Commission Case FilesThe second Heir and Devisee Commission was responsible hearing and determining claims to land brought forward by the heirs, devisees, or assignees of original nominees.
Huron County GenWeb has lists of names of individuals from these case files for the following Townships:
... for instructions on finding land and assessment or tax records see Land Records in Ontario
1880 list of landowners on the Historical Atlas for Huron County