A JOURNEY FROM ADOLPHUSTOWN, UPPER CANADA

TO DUTCHESS COUNTY, AND NEW YORK CITY in  1824 

BY CONSIDER MERRITT HAIGHT 1802- 1838
 WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY MERTON Y. WILLIAMS

 

1.

INTRODUCTION

Consider Merritt Haight, the author of this travelogue, was grandson, 7 generations removed, from Simon Hoyt who came to Massachussetts from Upway, Dorchester, in the County of Dorset,England in 1628. He probably arrived at Salem on the Abigail. Simon Hoyt was an early settler in seven different towns in New England, and died in Stamford, September 1st, 1657, aged about 65.
   Of his ten surviving children, Moses, the fourth son resided in Fairfield, Connecticut until 1665, when he removed to East Chester, Westchester County, New York.
The first child and only son of Moses, Moses II., was born 1662 and lived in East Chester. Moses III, son of Moses II was born October 28th 1696, the third of nine children. He Joined the Society of Friends or Quakers, his descendants remaining in the faith for generations, some to the present time. In his generation the family name took on various alterations including HOIT and HAIGHT.
Continuing in direct descent, Moses IV was the eldest of a family of six!
Joseph, the second son of Moses IV lived at Washington N.Y. His wife’s name was Margaret.
Daniel the youngest of Joseph’s eight children, was born in Dutchess County N.Y. January 14th 1764, and died at Adolphustown, Upper Canada, August 19th 1830.

2.
 

Daniel `s first wife was Mary Moor, a daughter of Andrew Moore whose wife, was a daughter of Samuel Dorland of Dutchess County. Their son Philip was born December 1st, 1787 and his mother died ten days later. Daniel’s second wife was Mary, the daughter of John Dorland and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Jona then Ricketson, and a sister of Dr. Shadrick Ricketson a leading physician and author in New York City. Mary was born in Dutchess County, arch 23rd 1772. Daniel and Mary’s first child, Mary, was born in Dutchess County, March 6th 1790.  A  staunch member of Nine Partner’s Quarterly Meeting Friends, Daniel Haight refused to Join the Republican army and suffered much during the war. When peace came, relatives and friends moved north to Canada including his father-in-law John Dorland and his brothers Philip and Thomas Dorland.
Daniel Haight witnessed Ichabod Bowerman’s will at Oswego, Dutchess, Co. N.Y. Second month 4th 1790, but his name is missing it the first census of the State of New York, 1790. Daniel Haight his wife Mary, his son Philip and Mary, a baby in arms, had moved to 4th Town or Adolphustown which had been settled by Major Peter Vanalstine of New York and his band of Loyalists June 16th, 1784.
Daniel opened a general store in Adolphustown and a son John D. was born there November 23rd 1791. In 1792 Daniel bought a farm on, Concession 2 about three Miles east of the village and built a comfortable colonial house Good barn and outbuildings.

3.
Other children were born as follows:
Rhoda, September 14, 1793;
Joseph B., August 23rd, 1795;
Ricketson, November 22, 1797;
Reuben Amos, February 5, 1800;
Consider Merritt, April 28th 1802;
Bathsheba Tabitha, August 26, 1805;
Rowland Ricketson, July 28, 1807;
Samuel Dorland, September 28, 1809.
Consider Merritt, the eighth child of Daniel Haight’s and the seventh of Mary Dorland’s probably attended the school established in Adolphustown in 1789 by a Mr. Lyons near the U.E.L Memorial Church. Mr. Hughes later taught there, having as students, six Dorland boys, Allan Vanalstine and John A. MacDonald (later Sir John A.) This would be about the time that Consider Merritt made his recorded trip to New York State. The beautiful Spencerian hand writing and the precise language of his diary bespeak careful training, Canniff Haight (1899) says of his grandfather Daniel Haight (p.22) "Having been carefully trained himself he felt the importance of intelligent parental watchfulness over the rearing of his own children, and possessing a good education he was alive to its benefits and did all he could to advance it" "the log school house widely separated, quite in keeping with the teachers, were the only places where the young were taught the meagre and imperfect rudiments of an education.

4.

In the Summer of 1821 there came to Adolphustown William Mullett, his wife, and eleven children, and rented a farm from Major Patton, a half pay officer. a prosperous tanner and Currier at Frampton Cotterell, Glouchestershire, England, during the Napoleonic wars, his business failed with the coming of peace and on April 25th 1821, the Mullett family with several other Quakers in a passenger list of 40 or 50 sailed from the bridge- at Bristol in the Brig, the"Friend" They docked at Quebec on July 3rd and made their way up the St. Lawrence river by the Durham boats of that day. Strong in man power, William Mullett started a small store in Adolphustown which he ran for 3 or 4 years as well as his farm, William Mullett’s wife was Mary Clothier, the daughter of James Clothier of Street Somersetshire. The Mullett`s and Clothiers were brought over from Prance by Henry VIII after the Reformation to help establish the woolen luaus try at Street. Of Huguenot origin, both families Joined the Society of Friends in the time of its founder George Fox. Mary Clothier had attended Ackworth Friends’ School in Yorkshire and the older members of her family went to Sidcot Friends’ School in Somerset- Among these were the fifth child, Deborah, born 11th month 29th 1804, who attended Sidcot from April 1816 to October 1818.
Living in the same community and attending the same Quaker Meeting in the Meeting house built on John Dorland’s farm on the South side of Hay Bay in 1798 and established as a Monthly Meeting by Nine Partners Meeting, N.Y. in 1801, the Haight and Mullett families mingled on intimate terms. It is not surprising

5.
that marriages resulted. Bathaheba married John Mullett and on Dec. 17th 1828 Consider Merritt married Deborah Mullett. The young couple started life at Galt’s Corners north of Conway, in the second concession additional of Fredericksburgh, on fifty acres of land in lot 1 given Consider by his father. In 1829 Consider bought his brother’s adjoining farm when Ricketson purchased the north half of his father’s old home in order to take care of his parents The sale of Daniel Haight’s household property on the 26th of January 1829 has been recorded by the Ontario Bureau of Industries 1897 (pp 85 - 91), with the statement "It is worth printing for two reasons, first because it Gives a record of the possessions of the well-to-do farmer seventy years ago, and second because it is a statement of values of the same.
The value of the Dispersion Sale totaled L 326-6-8.
Consider Haight bought the following articles:
                             price   L
4 hogs                  1-19-6
5 hogs                  2-8-0
2 calves                2-8-6
1 calf                    12-6
1 Heiffer               2-15-0
1 yoke oxen          23-0-0
1 Mare                 12-1-0
1 cutter                2-9-6
1 sow and pigs     1-0-0
1 set harness         3-16-0
1 pan                    6-3

6.                                           L

 1 cake pan ect.                     6-9
 3 pails                                   7-6
1  chair and sundries              5-3
1 Hand Saw                          3-9
 6 Chairs                                1-4-6
1 Ox Cart                              6-1-0
1 Chair                                  13-2
1 Beadstead and cord             19-0
1 Harrow                              18-6
1 Set blacksmith’s tools         10- 1-0
2 Sythes                                 1-0
Combus table
and a lot of things in             1-9-9
the shop
    1 box of bucks                    3-9
    1 hand irons and tongs         1-4-6
    1 Ton of hay                        1-18-6
    1 Ox yoke                           1-3
    1 Grind stone                       7-6

TOTAL  -L 49 - 2 - 11
 

An inventory of Household Effects belonging to Daniel Haight as at 4th month 1829 totaled L 114 - 13 - 8.
The books Listed number 25, including religious books, the History of the United States and treatises On Geography, Health, etc. " 1 pair Gold scales and weights 7 - 6" is in the writer’s possession.
 
 7.
By the time Daniel Haight had died at his residence, August 19, 1830, Consider Haight had built for his family a comfortable house on the northwest corner of the cross-roads. Recross the road to the east, a Mr. Soby had built a small but substantial log house Just before he was called away to the war of 1812, in which he lost his life. Across the road from Soby’s house to the south, Consider Haight built a black-smith shop of oak Logs. From now on for the next ten years he was a busy man while his six children arrived in five births. Black-smithing in those days included much hand manufacturing of household utensils, of trace, sleighs and other farm gear, as well as shoeing horses and making general repairs. Pancake turners, toes tins forks and other household ware in my great Grandmother Deborah’s kitchen showed the skill and beauty of design and finish of which my Great-grandfather was capable. He often returned to his shop in the evening, working by the light of homemade tallow candles and of his forge, reserving the day for his farm. After their first child, Elizabeth was born, Deborah Haight rode two horseback with her baby on her arm some two miles north to Lot 1,on the Hay Bay shore where her mother and father, Mary and William Mullett, had finally settled with the younger members of their family. The wolves howled in the autumn as she rode through a cedar swamp. The Gatherings at the Quaker Meeting on the Hay Bay road brought all local relatives together. In common with most pioneers, Consider Haight took advantage of the wild life around him by trapping and hunting,. Grandmother Deborah described to me when I was a child how Grandfather Consider
8.
 

sometimes brought home a live fox held tightly under his arm. In the autumn it was customary to drive wild game out onto Adolphustown and adjoining points by means of a row of men marching in close formation, Many deer were thus killed and frozen for winter food. Consider Haight had a reputation for being a Good shot, and owned two Guns,, one doubtless a rifle. Raising a family uncle. pioneer conditions was no easy task! In the winter of 1837 - 38, Consider Haight went into the woods at night disguised by a white sheet thrown over his clothes, He probably got a deer, but at the cost of a severe chilling. "Galloping Consumption", as it was called, followed and on the 5th of the following August he was dead I+} was laid by the side of his father in the Friends burying ground at Hay Bay. His wife Deborah with months old, faced a hard task. with assistance and advice from Hay Bay, she carried on Girls and neighbour’s children.
four little Girls, Lydia only three By letting the farm on shares, and her father and brother Banjamin at For a time she ran a little school for
her Twelve years of lonely struggle followed. daughter Elizabeth and Her eldest
married a neighbor boy, Robert Cadman, before she was seventeen; and Rachel had married Nelson Sills at eighteen On
January 24th, 1850 Deborah Mullett Haight marrie Vincent Bowerman, a well established farmer near Bloomfield Prince Edward Co. Ontario. His wife had died a short time before. He was the eldest son of Thomas Bowerman a U.E.L. pioneer in Prince Edward Co. from Dutchess
9.
 

County New York, who was followed into Upper Canada by his widowed mother and fourteen of his father`s eighteen children. alhough a soldier and not a member of the Society of Friends, he was still one of the founders of that faith in Canada and his son Vincent and his family were staunch Friends. Thus the long story of Consider Haight widow and her family follows the trend which they themselves had set Their third daughter Mary Haight married Vincent Bowerman’s younger son Levi Vincent, while the combined Bowerman-Haight family lived in a crowded plank house at Schoharie, North of Bloomfield. In 1864, Levi, who had become head of the family, built a fine brick home for his parents and himself. In 1875 he bought the Bloomfield Cheese factory and started operating it. In 1881 Levi moved his father
Vincent, his step-mother Deborah, his wife Mary and two surviving daughters, Carrie and Rachel, and Mary’s sister Lydia into a fine newly built brick home back of the cheese factory, on a 50 acre farm. In 1882 - Caroline Elizabeth (Carrie) Bowerman married Edwin A. Williams, son of John P. Williams, farmer, mill operator and pioneer horticulturist, who lived on his farm among his orchards east of Bloomfield. On June 21st, 1883 the writer was born while his parents were living temporarily at the cheese factory house. He was thus the fourth generation in the home. When father and mother moved to -their farm in Yerexville, I remained in the old home.My brothers Thomas Bowerman and John Platt Williams were born on the Yerexville farm. Vincent Bowerman died February 5th 1885. In May 1888, Levi Bowerman moved his family
10.
 

consisting of his wife Mary, her sister Lydia  Haight his step-mother Deborah and the writer to the corner house at Cory Street Bloomfield. In December, Mary Jane Williams, John Platt’s wife, died at the old farm. On January 10th 1889, Edwin Williams, my father, was frilled on his farm by a West Indian Hurricane which came up the Hudson River and crossed over to Ontario following the general route followed by the United Empire Loyalists. The following spring, Levi brought the Bloomfield and Yerexville elements of the family together in the Watson Place by the Morgan Saw and Woolen Mill east of the Williams farm and formerly run by Grandfather Williams.. On January 14th, 1890, Lydia Trumpour  Haight married John Platt Williams as his second wife and moved into the Williams home about one half mile by road from the new home of the Levi V. Bowerman family. On October 27th, 1892, Deborah Mullett, Haight Bowerman died, nearly eighty-eight years old. Thus passed Consider Merritt Haight`s widow! The writer had lived in the same home with her all of a nine and one half years the 4th Generation ! From this experience he draws heavily for his interpretation of the Haight history. Furniture, books, stories formed a distinctive atmosphere. Grandmother Deborah taught me
my letters as she had taught them in her little school. She taught me much more and has left behind an indelible memory.

11.


G E N E A L O G Y
 

MULLETT DESCENT BY
GENERATIONS

I. Israel Mullet born about 1660 Died 1730 in Compton, Dando, Somerset
II. John Mullett - Married Ann Maddock ? 29 1729
He died 1765
She died III 17, 1747
III. John Mullett - Born X 16, 1736 Died I 1, 1811
Married Sarah Lyddon, B.IX 16 1766
She died V 24 1805
IV Willian Mullet
Born Ilminster, England IX 4 1768
Died Bloomfield, Ont. X 31, 5
Married Mary Clothier, 1795
She was born at Street Somerset,
England,
VII 3 1774
Died Hay Bay XII 28 1845.

12.
CLOTHIER
DECENT BY GENERATIONS _

I. Henry Clothier of Alford rear                     Castle Cary, Somerset. He came to
.Street, Somerset about 1643 and married Elizabeth Gundy. She was a daughter
of Henry Gundy of Street, who joined the Society of Friends at its beginning.
II. James Clothier - Married Joane Coate in  1686.
III. James Clothier - Born 1688 - died 1769.
IV. James Clothier - Born 1730 - Died 1801   Married Hannah Etherington.
V. Mary Clothier - born in the old stone house
opposite the Tanyard Cottage, Street,
Somersetshire
7th month 3, 1774.
Died - Hay Bay Ontario, 12th month 28, 1845

13.

CHILDREN OF  WILLIAM and MARY CLOTHIER MULLETT

1. Mary Born 5 month 25, 1796
died 1 16 1824
 2. Sarah Born 5 month 22, 1798         died 7-5-1839
3. William Born 11 month 18, 1799              died 9-3-1865
4. John  Born 8 month 30, 1802    died   3-2-1889
5.  Deborah  Born   11 month 29, 1804       died    10-27-1892
6. Rachel Born 9 month 26, 180 6       died  10-28-1381
 7.  James   Born  6 month 28, 1808   Clothier
      died     7-28-1902
 8. Maria Born 10 month 12, 1810
     died    10-17-1886
 9. Arthur   Born 10 month 29, 1814
     died 10-3-1899
10.  Henry Born 7 month 13, 1816               died 1-16-1900
11. Benjamin  Born 12 month 29, 1818
      died 9-20-1906
12. Hannah  Born 9 month 30 1823
13. Phebe  died 11-6-1823
 

14.
 
 

CHILDREN OF
CONSIDER MERRITT HAIGHT born in Adolphustown, Canada 4th month 28th, 1802 Died 8th month 5th, 1838 and
DEBORAH MULLETT, born at Frampton ,Gloucestershire, England           11th month 29th 1804
Died 10th month 27th 1892         married 12th month 17th 1828

1. Elizabeth Prideaux Haight,
     Born 3rd month 10th 1830. At Fredericksburg,
    Canada. Married Robert Cadman 10th month 6th     1846.
2. Rachel Clendenan Haight Born 9th month 9th
     1831 at Fredericksburg. Married Nelson Sills    12th month 18th, 1849.
3. Phoebe Haight - Born 9th month 9th 1831
    Died 9th month 10th 1831.
4. Consider M. Haight (Junior)
    Born 9th month 20th 1833
    Died 11th month 14th 1834
5. Mary Mullett Haight
    Born 11th month 20th 1836
    Married Levi V. Bowerman - 8th month    25th 1853.  Died 5th month 12,1905
6. Lydia Trwnpour Haight
     Born 5th month 7th 1838
    Married John P. Williams - 1st month 14th 1890      Died 1st Month 10th,1918
 


 15.

THE DIARY

Consider Haight’s little Diary is a coverless booklet of linen paper 6 inches by 71/2 inches in size and consisting of 13 folded over and sewn through the fold. The first pages are pages folded over and sewn through the fold. The first pages are written 4 lines to an inch; later pages 2 lines. The writing is fine Spencerian, well flourished and shaded and with very few errors. The brown ink has faded, the paper has become discolored, making interpretation difficult in the closer spacing. Punctuation is Generally lacking. Evidently quill pens were carefully made and sharpened. Only a minimum of editing has been undertaken as the story and writing belong to each other. It is all that remains of Consider Haight’s thought and expression. There is no signature but authorship is revealed by the context and the writing which checks perfectly with Consider Merritt Haight’s signature and inscription in one of his books in my possession in which the name Adolphustown is written Just as it is in the opening sentence.of his diary;  This little diary was found by my cousin Gerald A. Williams among old family papers in his home in London Ontario, and
Given to me when visiting him last February. My warm appreciation is extended to my daughter Margaret Williams for deciphering the manuscript and preparing this copy.
Merton Y. Williams
Vancouver,B.C.
May 15, 1963

 16.

R E F E R E N C E S

 

Appendix to the Report of the Ontario Bureau of Industries 1897 - (Nb people of Adolphustown
1796.
pp 27 - 49 Haights p 42 & 63 - Quakers P. 69)
Haight, Canniff, A genealogical Narrative of the      Daniel Haight Family. Frontispiece, 71 pages. Toronto, 1899
Canniff, William - The Settlement of Upper Canada 671 pages. Toronto, 1869
Herrington, Walter S.
History of The County of Lennox and
Addington
427 pages. Toronto, 1913


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