Before 1859, wills in Ontario were probated either by the province-wide Court of Probate or the local Surrogate Courts. The Court of Probate handled estates with property valued over £5 or that extended over two or more Districts.
The Surrogate Courts handled smaller estates with property within one District. With the abolition of the Court of Probate in 1858 the Surrogate Courts assumed complete responsibility for estate actions.
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