Gazetteer for Pontiac County, Quebec


 

Contents
   Table 1. Gazetteer of selected places of Pontiac County, Quebec
   Table 2. Corrections from the Geomatics data base
   Table 3. Establishment dates of early townships from the Crown lands grant book
   Table 4. Further information on the early establishment of Pontiac County, Quebec

Links
   Renfrew Co. GenWeb main page
   Gazetteer for Renfrew County, Ontario
   UOVGG main page


This gazetteer describes the communities in the Upper Ottawa Valley area, Pontiac County, Quebec, Canada as an aid in locating places and giving the correct spelling of place names.

Table 1 below describes 233 communities, villages, towns, and townships as well as a few lakes, islands, capes, and rapids that appear on current 1:250,000 scale maps. These places are reported by geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude); and the 1:50,000 scale map sheets of the Canadian National Topographic System (NTS).

Many jurisdictional changes have been made since the townships were first described and contemporary maps often do not identify the boundaries of the original townships. To facilitate reference to early records the original and current township names are both listed.

Tables 2 to 4 provide further remarks, notices of corrections and establishment dates for the earliest townships and municipalities.

Table 1. Gazetteer of selected places of Pontiac County, Quebec

Place Type Other
source
Original Township Present-day Township NTS map sheet Latitude Longitude
Aberdeen Tp Tp.   Aberdeen Tp Rapides-des-Joachims 31K/05 46°16' N. 77°42' W.
Aberford Tp. Tp.   Aberford Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/05 46°20’ N. 77°56’ W.
Aldfield Tp. Tp.   Aldfield Tp. La Pêche 31F/09 45°44’ N. 76°14’ W.
Alleyn Tp. Tp.   Alleyn Tp. Alleyn-et-Cawood 31F/16 45°58’ N. 76°14’ W.
Alleyn-et-Cawood village Geo Alleyn Tp. Alleyn-et-Cawood 31F/16 45°55’ N. 76°14’ W.
Angoumois Tp. Tp.   Angoumois Tp. Lac-Pythonga 31K/08 46°30’ N. 76°15’ W.
Anjou Tp. Tp.   Anjou Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/07 46°22’ N. 76°55’ W.
Artois Tp. Tp.   Artois Tp. Lac-Pythonga 31K/08 46°22’ N. 76°24’ W.
Aunis Tp. Tp.   Aunis Tp. Lac-Pythonga 31K/01 46°14’ N. 76°24’ W.
Auray Tp. Tp.   Auray Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/03 46°07’ N. 77°07’ W.
Auvergne Tp. Tp.   Auvergne Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/15 46°56’ N. 76°54’ W.
Baie Downey bay   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/03 46°00’ N. 77°16’ W.
Beech Grove
[on map as Beech-Grove]
comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°33' N. 76°10' W.
Beliveau Tp. Tp.   Beliveau Tp. Lac-Pythonga 31K/08 46°22’ N. 76°16’ W.
Bell Mount comm.   Leslie Tp. / Litchfield Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/15 45°51' N. 76°31' W.
Biddy's Hole comm.   Waltham Tp. Waltham 31F/15 45°55’ N. 76°56’ W.
Bourbonnais Tp. Tp.   Bourbonnais Tp. Lac-Pythonga 31K/16 46°56’ N. 76°16’ W.
Bourgogne Tp. Tp.   Bourgogne Tp. Lac-Pythonga 31K/02 46°14’ N. 76°33’ W.
Bradley comm. Geo Eardley Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°32' N. 76°05' W.
Breckenridge comm. Geo Eardley Tp. [not confirmed] Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31G/05 45°29' N. 75°57' W.
Bretagne Tp. Tp.   Bretagne Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/01 46°06’ N. 76°24’ W.
Brie Tp. Tp.   Brie Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/02 46°14’ N. 76°55’ W.
Bristol village   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°32’ N. 76°28’ W.
Bristol Mines comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/08 45°30’ N. 76°21’ W.
Bristol Tp. Tp.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°35’ N. 76°23’ W.
Bristol-Ridge comm.   Bristol Tp. / Clarendon Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°37’ N. 76°25’ W.
Bryson town   Litchfield Tp. vicin., Bryso, town" Litchfield 31F/10 45°41' N. 76°37' W.
Bryson Tp. Tp.   Bryson Tp. Waltham 31K/02 46°05’ N. 76°55’ W.
Caldwell comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°35’ N. 76°25’ W.
Campbell’s Bay town   Litchfield Tp. vicin., Campbell’s Bay, town Litchfield 31F/10 45°44' N. 76°36' W.
Carroll comm.    Waltham Tp. Waltham 31F/15 45°55’ N. 77°00’ W.
Cawood comm.   Cawood Tp. Alleyn-et-Cawood 31F/16 45°50’ N. 76°12’ W.
Cawood Tp. Tp.   Cawood Tp. Alleyn-et-Cawood 31F/16 45°51’ N. 76°14’ W.
Champagne Tp. Tp.   Champagne Tp. Lac-Pythonga 31K/16 46°56’ N. 76°29’ W.
Chapeau comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°55' N. 77°04' W.
Charles-Lynch Place comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/15 45°54’ N. 76°57’ W.
Charteris comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/09 45°41’ N. 76°27’ W.
Chichester village   Chichester Tp. Chichester 31F/14 45°55’ N. 77°07’ W.
Chichester Tp. Tp.   Chichester Tp. Chichester 31K/03 46°00’ N. 77°05’ W.
Church Tp. Tp.   Church Tp. Cayamant, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/08 46°15’ N. 76°15’ W.
Chute-du-Grand-Calumet comm.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°40' N. 76°38' W.
Clapham Tp. Tp.   Clapham Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/16 45°58’ N. 76°24’ W.
Clarendon Station comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°34’ N. 76°35’ W.
Clarendon Tp. Tp.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°39’ N. 76°31’ W.
Coin-chez-Leblanc comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°52' N. 77°10' W.
Creemorne comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°49' N. 76°28' W.
Croisille Tp. Tp.   Croisille Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/03 46°14’ N. 77°06’ W.
Danford Lake comm.   Alleyn Tp. Alleyn-et-Cawood 31F/16 45°55’ N. 76°10’ W.
Dardanelles comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°34’ N. 76°39’ W.
Dauphiné Tp. Tp.   Dauphiné Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/10 46°39’ N. 76°54’ W.
Davidson comm.   Mansfield Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°52' N. 76°46' W.
De Swisha
[see Rapides-des-Joachims]
village Oth Aberdeen Tp. vicin, Rapides-des-Joachims Rapides-des-Joachims 31K/04 46°12’ N. 77°41’ W.
Demers comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°51' N. 77°04' W.
Demers-Centre comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°52' N. 77°04' W.
Dépôt-Davidson comm.   Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°59’ N. 76°41’ W.
Dépôt-Rowanton [on 250K map as Rowanton] misc. Geo Rhé Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/05 46°24’ N. 77°45’ W.
Desjardinsville comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°51' N. 77°07' W.
Devonshire Park comm.   Mansfield Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°54' N. 76°49' W.
Doherty comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°39’ N. 76°20’ W.
Dontenwill Tp. Tp.   Dontenwill Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/05 46°20’ N. 77°30’ W.
Dorion Tp. Tp.   Dorion Tp. Cayamant, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/01 46°05’ N. 76°14’ W.
Doutreleau Tp. Tp.   Doutreleau Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/14 46°56’ N. 77°07’ W.
Du Tremblay Tp. Tp.   Du Tremblay Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/12 46°38’ N. 77°47’ W.
Duffyville comm.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°42' N. 76°41' W.
Dulhut Tp. Tp.   Dulhut Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/03 46°14’ N. 77°19’ W.
Dumoine comm. Geo Rhé Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/05 46°22’ N. 77°40’ W.
Dunraven comm.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°45' N. 76°40' W.
Eardley comm.   Eardley Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°33' N. 76°06' W.
Eardley Tp. Tp. Geo Eardley Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°33' N. 76°01' W.
East Aldfield [on map as East-Aldfield] comm.   Aldfield Tp. La Pêche 31F/09 45°45’ N. 76°11’ W.
Elmside comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°32’ N. 76°24’ W.
Esgriseilles Tp. [Égriselles Tp. on 250K map] Tp.   Esgriseilles Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/14 46°56’ N. 77°19’ W.
Flandre Tp. Tp.   Flandre Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/07 46°29’ N. 76°41’ W.
Forant Tp. Tp.   Forant Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/06 46°21’ N. 77°06’ W.
Fort William comm.   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31F/14 45°57’ N. 77°16’ W.
Fort-Coulonge town   "Mansfield Tp. vicin., Fort-Coulonge" Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°51' N. 76°44' W.
Fraser Landing [on map as Fraser-Landing] comm.   Malakoff Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/04 46°10’ N. 77°35’ W.
French Settlement, the
[renamed Demers Centre]
comm. Oth L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°52' N. 77°04' W.
Freshwater comm.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/15 45°46' N. 76°38' W.
Gascogne Tp. Tp.   Gascogne Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/10 46°30’ N. 76°54’ W.
Gillies Tp. Tp.   Gillies Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/02 46°14’ N. 76°44’ W.
Goldwin comm.   Litchfield Tp. Litchfield 31F/15 45°47’ N. 76°39’ W.
Gonthier Tp. Tp.   Gonthier Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31N/04 47°12’ N. 77°46’ W.
Grand-Calumet
[not on 1:250K map]
village Geo Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°44' N. 76°41' W.
Grand-Calumet Tp. Tp.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°44' N. 76°41' W.
Greer Mount comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°45' N. 76°28' W.
Grove Creek
[on map as Grove-Creek]
comm.   Alleyn Tp. Alleyn-et-Cawood 31F/16 45°54’ N. 76°16’ W.
Hainaut Tp. Tp.   Hainaut Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/15 46°47’ N. 76°41’ W.
Halverson comm.   Aldfield Tp. La Pêche 31F/09 45°42’ N. 76°12’ W.
Harney's Corner comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/15 45°53’ N. 76°57’ W.
Havelock [rescinded and changed to Bryson] town Oth Litchfield Tp. vicin., Bryson, town Litchfield 31F/10 45°41' N. 76°37' W.
Heyworth comm. Geo Eardley Tp. [not confirmed] Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31G/12 45°30' N. 75°58' W.
Hodgins comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/09 45°43' N. 76°24' W.
Horan Tp. Tp.   Horan Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31N/03 47°05’ N. 77°20’ W.
Houdet Tp. Tp.   Houdet Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31N/03 47°04’ N. 77°07’ W.
Huddersfield Tp. Tp.   Huddersfield Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/15 45°57' N. 76°34' W.
Île Lafontaine
[on map as Îles Lafontaine]
island   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°44' N. 76°45' W.
Île Marcotte island   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/15 45°52’ N. 76°55’ W.
Île Mohr island   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°31' N. 76°09' W.
Île Morrison
[formerly Île Hawley]
island   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°49' N. 77°02' W.
Île-aux-Allumettes Tp. Tp.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°51' N. 77°04' W.
Îles Finlay island   Waltham Tp. Waltham 31F/15 45°54' N. 76°52' W.
Iron Gate comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/09 45°42’ N. 76°28’ W.
Isle-de-France Tp. Tp.   Isle-de-France Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/08 46°30’ N. 76°29’ W.
Jamot Tp. Tp.   Jamot Tp Lac-Nilgaut 31N/04 47°04’ N. 77°32’ W.
Jim Lake [on map as Jim-Lake] comm.   Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31K/02 46°06' N. 76°46' W.
Klukeville comm.   Clapham Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/16 45°57' N. 76°27' W.
Knox Landing comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/08 45°29’ N. 76°23’ W.
Kondiaronk Tp. Tp.   Kondiaronk Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/15 46°56’ N. 76°41’ W.
L’Île-du-Grand-Calumet
[Île-du-Grand-Calumet on map]
comm.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°43' N. 76°37' W.
La Rabeyre Tp. Tp.   La Rabeyre Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31N/04 47°13’ N. 77°32’ W.
La Rochelle Tp. Tp.   La Rochelle Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/14 46°47’ N. 77°07’ W.
La Tête-de-l'Île comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°53' N. 77°07' W.
La Tourette Tp. Tp.   La Tourette Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/06 46°21’ N. 77°19’ W.
Lac Findlay lake   Waltham Tp. Waltham 31F/15 45°58' N. 76°54' W.
Lac Galarneau lake   Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31K/02 46°08' N. 76°48' W.
Lac Gillies lake   Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31K/02 46°03' N. 76°48' W.
Lac Greer lake   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/03 46°06’ N. 77°16’ W.
Lac Johnson lake   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°47' N. 76°23' W.
Lac Manny lake   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31F/14 46°00’ N. 77°14’ W.
Lac McConnell lake   Aberdeen Tp. Rapides-des-Joachims 31K/04 46°13’ N. 77°43’ W.
Lac McGillivray lake   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/03 46°04’ N. 77°07’ W.
Lac Mecham lake   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°45' N. 76°22' W.
Lac Moiseau lake   Bryson Tp. Waltham 31K/02 46°05’ N. 76°53’ W.
Lac Rowanton lake   Rhé Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/05 46°24’ N. 77°44’ W.
Lac Stubbs lake   Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31K/02 46°06' N. 76°39' W.
Lac Welches lake   Malakoff Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/04 46°11’ N. 77°30’ W.
Lac-Cayamant comm.   Dorion Tp. Cayamant, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/01 46°08’ N. 76°15’ W.
Lac-des-Loups comm.   Aldfield Tp. La Pêche 31F/09 45°41’ N. 76°13’ W.
Ladysmith comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°46' N. 76°23' W.
Lauréat comm.   Clapham Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/16 45°55' N. 76°22' W.
Lawn comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°41’ N. 76°33’ W.
Le Faubourg comm.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°44' N. 76°38' W.
Le Flat comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°52' N. 77°05' W.
Le Haven comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°38' N. 76°13' W.
Le Landing comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°52' N. 77°09' W.
Le Pied-de-l'Île comm. Geo L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/15 45°51’ N. 77°00’ W.
Leach Lake comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°48' N. 76°29' W.
Leclair comm.   Mansfield Tp. / Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°54' N. 76°40' W.
Leslie Tp. Tp.   Leslie Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/16 45°51' N. 76°29' W.
Limousin Tp. Tp.   Limousin Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/16 46°47’ N. 76°16’ W.
L'Isle-aux-Allumettes village   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°55' N. 77°04' W.
L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. Tp.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°52’ N. 76°58’ W.
Litchfield village   Litchfield Tp. Litchfield 31F/10 45°45' N. 76°35' W.
Litchfield Tp. Tp.   Litchfield Tp. Litchfield 31F/10 45°45' N. 76°35' W.
Lorimier Tp. Tp.   Lorimier Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31N/04 47°04’ N. 77°46’ W.
Lorraine Tp. Tp.   Lorraine Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/10 46°39’ N. 76°39’ W.
Lusk comm. Geo Eardley Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°30' N. 76°00' W.
Luskville comm.   Eardley Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°32' N. 76°01' W.
Lyonnais Tp. Tp.   Lyonnais Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/15 46°49’ N. 76°54’ W.
Maine Tp. Tp.   Maine Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/09 46°39’ N. 76°16’ W.
Malakoff Tp. Tp.   Malakoff Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/04 46°12’ N. 77°31’ W.
Mansfield Tp. Tp.   Mansfield Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°53' N. 76°45' W.
Maple Ridge comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°33’ N. 76°24’ W.
Marche Tp. Tp.   Marche Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/11 46°30’ N. 77°20’ W.
Marion's Corner comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°54' N. 77°04' W.
Martin-Lake comm.   Aldfield Tp. La Pêche 31F/09
Maryland comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°34’ N. 76°22’ W.
Maupassant Tp. Tp.   Maupassant Tp. Rivière-Kipawa, Témiscamingue 31N/04 47°12’ N. 77°59’ W.
McKee comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°34’ N. 76°26’ W.
Mellon comm.   Mansfield Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°54' N. 76°51' W.
Mohr comm. Geo Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°32' N. 76°10' W.
Morehead comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°41’ N. 76°34’ W.
Mos Sakik comm.   Lorimier Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31N/04 47°01’ N. 77°51’ W.
Moss Mine comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°34' N. 76°15' W.
Murrell comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°38’ N. 76°36’ W.
Nichabau [on map as Nicabong] comm.   Chichester Tp. Chichester 31F/14 45°58’ N. 77°08’ W.
Nivernais Tp. Tp.   Nivernais Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/13 46°56’ N. 77°33’ W.
Normandie Tp. Tp.   Normandie Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/02 46°06’ N. 76°33’ W.
North Clarendon comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/09 45°42’ N. 76°30’ W.
North Onslow comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°36' N. 76°16' W.
Norway Bay
[on map as Norway-Bay]
comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°31’ N. 76°25’ W.
Oléron Tp. Tp.   Oléron Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/11 46°38’ N. 77°06’ W.
Omer comm.   Clapham Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/16 45°55' N. 76°27' W.
Onslow Corners comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°37' N. 76°18' W.
Onslow Tp. Tp.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°35' N. 76°12' W.
Orléanais Tp. Tp.   Orléanais Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/16 46°47’ N. 76°29’ W.
Otter Lake [Otter-Lake on map] comm.   Leslie Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/16 45°51' N. 76°26' W.
Parker comm. Geo Eardley Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°32' N. 76°04' W.
Perche Tp. Tp.   Perche Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/07 46°22’ N. 76°33’ W.
Périgord Tp. Tp.   Périgord Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/12 46°38’ N. 77°32’ W.
Picardie Tp. Tp.   Picardie Tp. Lac-Pythonga, La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau 31K/09 46°39’ N. 76°29’ W.
Pointe Mackey cape   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31F/14 46°00’ N. 77°17’ W.
Poitou Tp. Tp.   Poitou Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/07 46°22’ N. 76°44’ W.
Pontefract Tp. Tp.   Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31K/02 46°05' N. 76°44' W.
Pontiac Station comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/08 45°28’ N. 76°20’ W.
Portage-du-Fort town   Litchfield Tp. vicin., Portage-du-Fort, town Litchfield 31F/10 45°36' N. 76°40' W.
Portage-du-Fort (gare) comm.   Litchfield Tp. Litchfield 31F/10 45°37' N. 76°39' W.
Provence Tp. Tp.   Provence Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/12 46°30’ N. 77°32’ W.
Quiblier Tp. Tp.   Quiblier Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/11 46°38’ N. 77°19’ W.
Quyon comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°31' N. 76°14' W.
Radford comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°38’ N. 76°33’ W.
Rannie Tp. Tp.   Rannie Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/12 46°30’ N. 77°45’ W.
Rapides Gallinotes rapids   Pontefract Tp. Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31K/02 46°08' N. 76°45' W.
Rapides Norman rapids   Grand-Calumet Tp. / Westmeath Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°43' N. 76°45' W.
Rapides-des-Joachims
[locally pronounced De Swisha or The Swisha]
village   Aberdeen Tp. vicin, Rapides-des-Joachims Rapides-des-Joachims 31K/04 46°12’ N. 77°41’ W.
Reggie Libby Place comm. Geo L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/15 45°55’ N. 76°57’ W.
Rhé Tp. Tp.   Rhé Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/05 46°22’ N. 77°44’ W.
Rivière Barry river   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°45' N. 76°46' W.
Rivière Coulonge river   Mansfield Tp. / Pontefract Tp. / and tps. to the north Mansfield-et-Pontefract 31F/15 45°52' N. 76°46' W.
Rochefort Tp. Tp.   Rochefort Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/11 46°30’ N. 77°05’ W.
Rooney comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°47' N. 76°27' W.
Ruthledge comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°39' N. 76°19' W.
Ryan's Corner comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/15 45°50’ N. 76°57’ W.
Saintes Tp. Tp.   Saintes Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/14 46°47’ N. 77°19’ W.
Saint-Joseph comm.   L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. L'Isle-aux-Allumettes 31F/14 45°51' N. 77°00' W.
Saint-Louis-de-Masham comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°40' N. 76°08' W.
Saint-Malo Tp.
[on map as St-Malo Tp.]
Tp.   St-Malo Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/13 46°47’ N. 77°33’ W.
Saint-Pons
[on map as St-Pons Tp.]
Tp.   St-Pons Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/12 46°45’ N. 77°45’ W.
Sand Bay [on map as Sand-Bay] comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°32’ N. 76°34’ W.
Sandy Creek comm.   Huddersfield Tp. Leslie-Clapham-et-Huddersfield 31F/16 45°58' N. 76°29' W.
Schwartz comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°48' N. 76°22' W.
Schyan
[on 250K map as Old-Schyan-Dépôt]
comm.   Croisille Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/03 46°11’ N. 77°01’ W.
Schyan Point
[on map as Schyan-Point]
comm.   Esher Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/03 46°06’ N. 77°26’ W.
Shawville town   Clarendon Tp., L 7-12, R. 6 Clarendon 31F/09 45°36’ N. 76°29’ W.
Sheen Tp. Tp.   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31K/03 46°03’ N. 77°11’ W.
Sheenboro comm.   Sheen Tp. Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff 31F/14 45°58’ N. 77°14’ W.
Starks Corners comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/10 45°36’ N. 76°36’ W.
Steel comm.   Onslow Tp. Pontiac, Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais 31F/09 45°34' N. 76°11' W.
Tancredia comm.   Grand-Calumet Tp. Grand-Calumet 31F/10 45°43' N. 76°39' W.
Thorne village   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°45' N. 76°26' W.
Thorne Centre
[on maps as Thorne-Centre]
comm.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/09 45°44' N. 76°23' W.
Thorne Tp. Tp.   Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°45' N. 76°26' W.
Thorne-Lake comm.   Clarendon Tp. / Bristol Tp. Clarendon 31F/09 45°41’ N. 76°22’ W.
Trouvé Tp. Tp.   Trouvé Tp. Lac-Nilgaut 31K/13 46°56’ N. 77°46’ W.
Upper Thorne Center [rescinded, renamed Ladysmith] comm. Oth Thorne Tp. Thorne 31F/16 45°46' N. 76°23' W.
Vinton comm.   Litchfield Tp. Litchfield 31F/15 45°47’ N. 76°37’ W.
Waltham village   Waltham Tp. Waltham 31F/15 45°55' N. 76°55' W.
Waltham Tp. Tp.   Waltham Tp. Waltham 31F/15 45°57' N. 76°55' W.
Weirstead comm.   Bristol Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°36’ N. 76°22’ W.
Wolf Lake comm. Geo Aldfield Tp. La Pêche 31F/09 45°41’ N. 76°13’ W.
Wyman comm.   Bristol Tp. / Onslow Tp. Bristol 31F/09 45°32' N. 76°18' W.
Yarm comm.   Clarendon Tp. Clarendon 31F/09 45°38’ N. 76°28’ W.

Abbreviations

comm. community or unincorporated area
Geo names from http://Geonames.NRCan.gc.ca/english/cgndb.html
IR Indian Reserve
NTS National Topographic System
Oth from Sullivan et al. (1980), see table below
Other sources places names from sources other than the 1:250,000 scale NTS maps
ry. pt. railway point
Tp. township
blank blank in comment column: names on 1:250,000 scale maps

Sources

The names, NTS map sheet numbers, latitudes, and longitudes for Quebec were taken from Energy Mines and Resources (1997) “Concise Gazetteer of Canada.” First edition. Readers can consult Canada’s toponymic agency, Geomatics Canada, Natural Resources Canada, to verify spellings; to obtain latitude longitudes; to determine distance between localities; to list nearby localiies within a specified radius; or to search for additional place names.

The compiler was not aware of a map resource for concession and lot numbers for Pontiac County, Quebec and so these cannot be listed. If you are aware of sources of maps decribing the concessions and lots of Pontiac County please contact the UOVGG webmaster.

Explanations and comments

The major towns and villages are usually autonomous municipalities. As an aid to locating these towns the above table describes these towns by their originating township. For example Bryson, Campbell’s Bay and Portage-du-Fort were originally within the perimeter of Litchfield Tp. Fort-Coulonge is in the Mansfield Tp. area.

Aldfield Tp., Onslow Tp., and Eardley Tp. were originally part of Pontiac County and are presently in Mun. de La Pêche and Mun. de Pontiac, MRC Des Collines. Similarly the village of Quyon is in MRC Des Collines. These three townships are included here as part of the Pontiac County because of their long-time association with the county. Edwards Tp. and Eddy Tp. front on the upper Ottawa River at Holden Lake opposite Head, Clara and Maria Tp. Mun., Renfrew County; however, they are treated here as outside Pontiac County as they are in the Quebec MRC of Temiscamingue (NTS map sheet 31L/08).

Many physical features appear on the 1:50,000 scale maps; however, for the sake of brevity these are not reported here. One larger place (Grand-Calumet) was inadvertantly not reported on the 1:250,000 NTS map. One place (Biddy's Hole) has a community symbol (small circle) and yet the place is not labelled on the 1:250,000 NTS map. The spelling Île-aux-Allumettes is used for the island; however, the two townships are spelt L'Isle-aux-Allumettes.

Some places straddle the boundary between two townships. These are shown with a forward slash, “/.” Thorne-Lake, Clarendon Tp. and Rosenthal, Radcliffe Tp. are at the junction of three townships. All spellings have been checked against the Geomatics database.

Table 2. Corrections from the Geomatics data base

Name Source Corrections or comments Township
Beech-Grove 250K Beech Grove Onslow Tp.
Danford Corners 250K not listed Alleyn Tp.
East-Aldfield 250K East Aldfield Aldfield Tp.
Égriselles Tp. 250K Esgriseilles Tp. Esgriseilles Tp.
Fraser-Landing 250K Fraser Landing Malakoff Tp.
Grove-Creek 250K Grove Creek Alleyn Tp.
Île Elliott 250K not listed Clarendon Tp.
Île-du-Grand-Calumet 250K L’Île-du-Grand-Calumet Grand-Calumet Tp.
Îles Lafontaine 250K Île Lafontaine Grand-Calumet Tp.
Jim-Lake 250K Jim Lake Pontefract Tp.
L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp. 250K not listed L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp.
Martin-Lake 250K not listed Aldfield Tp.
Nicabong 250K Nichabau Chichester Tp.
Norway-Bay 250K Norway Bay Bristol Tp.
Old-Schyan-Dépôt 250K Schyan Croisille Tp., now Lac-Nilgaut, Pontiac
Otter-Lake 250K Otter Lake Leslie Tp.
Portage-du-Fort (gare) 250K Portage-du-Fort Litchfield Tp.
Rowanton 250K Dépôt-Rowanton Lac-Nilgaut, Pontiac
Sand-Bay 250K Sand Bay Clarendon Tp.
Sandy-Creek 250K Sandy Creek Huddersfield Tp.
Schyan-Point 250K Schyan Point Esher Tp.
St-Malo Tp. 250K Saint-Malo Tp. Lac-Nilgaut, Pontiac
Sullivan Point 250K not listed L'Isle-aux-Allumettes Partie-Est Tp.
Thorne-Centre 250K Thorne Centre Thorne Tp.

250K = 1:250,000 scale NTS map

Table 3. Establishment dates of early townships from the Crown lands grant book

Township Date erected
(year/mo/day)
Sequence Transcriber's comments Remarks from other sources
Onslow Tp. 1805 / 03 / 09 1    
Eardley Tp. 1806 / 08 / 22 2   Date erected from Sullivan, Landry, and Nephin (1980, 15)
Clarendon Tp. 1833 / 01 / 17 3    
Litchfield Tp. 1834 / 10 / 11 4    
Bristol Tp. 1834 / 12 / 29 5    
Grand-Calumet Tp. 1846 / 11 / 05 6    
L’Isle-aux-Allumettes Tp. 1847 / 01 / 23 7    
Calumet Tp. 1847 / 12 8 First clear land deed Dec. 9, 1847 and Apr. 1, 1848 not listed in Geomatics database. Renamed Grand-Calumet Tp.
Mansfield Tp. 1849 / 02 / 10 9    
Waltham Tp. 1849 / 02 / 22 10    
Chichester Tp. 1849 / 03 / 05 11    
Sheen Tp. 1849 / 05 / 10 12    
Aldfield Tp. 1852 / 11 / 16 13    
Thorne Tp. 1861 / 05 / 01 14    
Geugues Tp. 1861 / 07 / 12 15   not listed in Geomatics database
Pontefract Tp. 1863 / 08 / 07 16    
Cawood Tp. 1864 / 06 / 29 17    
Alleyn Tp. 1864 / 12 / 13 18    
Leslie Tp. 1866 / 06 / 12 19    
Petit Allumette
or Hawley Island
1867 / 01 20 One name appears for clear deed, John Supple, 85 acres, Jan. 7, 1867 Petit Allumette not listed in Geomatics database. Île Hawley renamed as Île Morrison
Aberford Tp. 1869 / 11 / 11 21    
Aberdeen Tp. 1870 / 01 / 24 22    
Chapeau Village 1873 / 12 / 01 23    
Duhamel Tp. 1877 / 08 / 21 24   in Dist. of Témiscamingue
Portage-du-Fort Island 1889 25 Two names for clear deeds 1889 and 1890  
Bryson Tp. .. ..   Village of Bryson incorporated in 1873 per MRC Pontiac web site
Chapman Tp. .. ..    
Huddersfield Tp. .. ..    

Dates townships first erected from the Crown Land Grant book 1763 to Dec. 31, 1890, transcribed Nov. 2000 by Mrs. Elsie Sparrow, Archivist, Pontiac Archives. Eardley Tp. from Sullivan, Landry, and Nephin (1980, 15). The comments are from a letter, Nov. 29, 2000, Mrs. Elsie Sparrow, Campbell’s Bay, Que. to Stephen Gray, Victoria, B.C.

There is no record of Geugues Tp. or Petit Allumette in the Geomatics Toponymic database. Île Hawley was rescinded and the island renamed Île Morrison. There is a Duhamel Tp. in Témiscamingue on map sheet 31M/06 and no listing for Duhamel Tp. in Pontiac Co. Calumet Tp. was presumably renamed Grand-Calumet Tp. The MRC Pontiac (1997) at www.mrcpontiac.qc.ca/ilecalumetv_a.htm describes that "Calumet Island was erected as a township in 1846, with F. X. Bastien as mayor."

Table 4. Further information on the early establishment of Pontiac County, Quebec

Township Date Action Revised to township / comments page
Portage du Fort 1611 landed Nicholas Vignau, a white scout, landed 17
Fort Coulonge 1694 establish Louis d’Ailleboust established a fur trading post near the mouth of the Coulonge River 17
Fort Coulonge 1694-1695 wintered establish Nicholas d’Ailleboust spent the winter near the mouth of the Coulonge River thus establishing one of the earliest settlements on the Ottawa River 10
Fort Coulonge 1760 take over The trading post was taken over by the North West Company 10
Clarendon Tp. 1792 planned   8
Eardley Tp. 1806, Aug. 22 erected   15
Fort Coulonge 1821 transfer The fort became the property of the Hudson Bay Company 10
Clarendon Tp. 1826 grants Land grants to the first 15 settlers 8
Clarendon Mills 1827, 1828 built Saw and grist mills built under ret. Ensign James Prendergast 8
Fort William 1829 establish As a Hudson Bay Post 21
Clarendon, Mun. of 1841 establish   9
Fort Coulonge 1844, 1855 sold Hudson Bay Co. sold 655 acre farm in 1844 and buildings in 1855 10
Bristol, Min. of 1846 incorp.   5
Calumet Island Tp. 1846 erected   23
Litchfield, Mun. of 1846, Nov. 20 erected   12
Allumette Island Tp. 1847 incorp.   3
Lac des Allumette 1848 rename Fort William, upon establishment of a post office 21
Chichester, Mun. of 1855 incorp.   8
Mansfield, Mun. of 1855 establish   14
Sheenboro, Mun. of 1855 incorp.   20
Waltham, Mun. of 1859 incorp.   22
Thorne and Claredon Tp. 1861 divide Thorne Tp., Claredon Tp. 21
Leslie Tp. 1861 or 1860 union Leslie and Thorne Tp. 11, 21
Thorne Tp. 1861 or 1860 union Leslie and Thorne Tp. 11, 21
Portage du Fort, Mun. of village 1863 erected   18
Leslie and Thorne Tp. 1867 divide Leslie Tp., Thorne Tp. 11
Leslie Tp. 1867 union Leslie and Clapham Tp. 11
Clapham Tp. 1867 union Leslie and Clapham Tp. 11
Mansfield Tp. 1868 union Mansfield and Pontefract Tp. 14
Pontefract Tp. 1868 union Mansfield and Pontefract Tp. 14
Mun. of Sheenboro 1869 union Sheenboro, Esher, Malakoff and Aberdeen Tp. 20
Esher Tp. 1869 union Sheenboro, Esher, Malakoff and Aberdeen Tp. 20
Malakoff Tp. 1869 union Sheenboro, Esher, Malakoff and Aberdeen Tp. 20
Aberdeen Tp. 1869 union Sheenboro, Esher, Malakoff and Aberdeen Tp. 20
Rapides des Joachims 1871, by village Became a small village by 1871 19
Shawville, village 1873 incorp. Lots 7 to 12 inclusive, Range 6 9, 19
Quio 1875, about rename Quyon 17
Onslow Tp. 1876, before divide South Onslow Tp., North Onslow Tp. 16
Leslie and Clapham Tp. 1876 union Leslie, Clapham, and Huddersfield Tp. 11
Huddersfield Tp. 1876 union Leslie, Clapham, and Huddersfield Tp. 11
Alleyn Tp. 1877 union Alleyn and Cawood Tp. 3
Cawood Tp. 1877 union Alleyn and Cawood Tp. 3
Thorne Tp., Mun. of 1877 establish   21
Upper Thorne Center 1902 rename Ladysmith 21
Campbell’s Bay, Mun. of 1904 incorp.   6
Allumette Island Tp. 1920 divide Allumette Island Tp. and Allumette Island Tp. East 4
Rapides des Joachims 1955 incorp.   19
Eardley Tp. 1975 union Mun. of Pontiac 15
Municipality of Quyon 1975 union Mun. of Pontiac 15
South Onslow Tp. 1975 union Mun. of Pontiac 15
North Onslow Tp. 1975 union Mun. of Pontiac 15
Havelock, village .. rename Bryson, village 5
Dorion and Church Tp. .. rename Dorion Tp. 9
the French Settlement .. rename Demers Center 3
St. Elizabeth of Franktown .. rename Vinton 13

Source: Sullivan, Stella; Landry, Brenda; and Nephin, Helen 1980. “Welcome to the Pontiac” County of Pontiac Historical Research. English and French, 23 pages and map. [Booklet gratiously donated by Mrs. Elsie Sparrow, curator of the Pontiac Archives, Nov. 2000.]

Sullivan et al. (1980) may not be correct about the name change for Church Tp. Dorion and Church Townships are shown as separate townships on the NTS map sheet 31K, Deep River edition 2B (1977).

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Last updated Feb. 15, 2005