Freeman bio in "The Plaindealer"
The RICHARDS family cemetery is located on the Richards Donation Land Claim, on top of a knoll, approximately 3 1/4 miles West of Winston and 1/4 mile North of highway 42. In size it is about 36 square feet and contains eight gravestones, but there may be graves without markers. Some of the stones have fallen over and some are broken.
NEWTON J. RICHARDS: born Lee Co., Iowa 16 June 1839 died Ashland, Ore. 24 June 1907
TENNESSEE RICHARDS: died 10 Aug. 1873 age 22 yrs. also an infant son
LOIS B. RICHARDS: dau. of N.J. and A.S. Richards; born 13 Feb 1877 Died 23 Jun 1883
J.A. RICHARDS: A Masonic Insignia appears at the top of the stone; born Franklin Co., CA 30 Aug. 1811 Died 2 Nov 1887
FRANCES RICHARDS: wife of J.A. Richards; Died 5 Feb 1875 age 69 yrs. 2 mos. 19 days
JASPER RICHARDS: Large monument but no dates it says ""In remembrance of" this is above his name.
J.W. WARREN: died 20 Aug 1883, age 63 yrs. 3 mos. 22 days
JESSE T. WARREN: died 30 Jul 1881, age 5 yrs. 1 mo. 14 days
The FREEMAN family cemetery is located on the John Freeman Donation land claim on a steep knoll about 4 3/4 miles West of Winston and 1/4 mile North of Highway 42, on property owned by the Stutzman's. It is about 3/4 miles West of the Richards Cemetery. It is about 36 feet by 72 feet and contains 6 gravestones, but there are some small unmarked slabs so there are probably more graves:
JOHN FREEMAN: born 3 Jun 1808 Died 19 Mar 1894
HIGHLY FREEMAN: born 4 Mar 1806 Died 20 Mar 1876
HEZEKIAH FREEMAN: son of John and Highly Freeman; died 19 Jul 1864, aged 17 yrs. 5 mos. 15 days
The above names all appear on three sides of a 4 foot tall, 4 sided monument. there is also another large slab with the same information on Hezekiah Freeman.
Also in this cemetery are the following gravestones:
VAN BUREN K. SIMPSON: son of J. and E. Simpson Died 7 May 1866 aged 8 yrs. 5 mos.
ELIZABETH GARRISON: born 25 Feb 1832 Died 19 Mar 1901; Inscription on stone is "Our Mother hath gone before, to greet us on the blissful Shore"
INFANT Son of J.C. and R. C. McCulloch Died 8 May 1868
EMMA HOWARD: wife of J.B. Howard born 20 Feb 1868 Died 20 Jan 1888
From "THE PLAINDEALER", issue of 11 JAN 1889:
"The subject of this sketch and one of the early settlers in this county, was born in Grayson county, West Virginia, June, 3 1808. He was married to Miss Hila Campbell in 1828. To them were born ten children, seven of whom now survive. He came to Roseburg in 1853. He crossed the plains twice with an ox team. He has made Douglas county his residence since 1853. Father Freeman, as he is familiarly called, was 80 years old last June. It is quite interesting to listen to his narration of the trying incidents of his early life, particularly while making his two transits of the United States by the slow process with the ox teams during those harrassing times while keeping nightly vigils for the savages prowling around to drive off the stock of the patient, toiling emigrants, or murder them when an opportunity offered. Those were times that tried men's souls."
"Reminiceses of Southern Oregon Pioneers" John Calvin McCulloch, Ten Mile, Oregon A Personal Interview, November 14, 1938
John Calvin McCulloch was born on the William Nealy McCulloch donation land claim at Olalla, Oregon on Nov. 2, 1867. Father, James Carl McCulloch born in Iowa Mother, Ruth Caroline Freeman born in Illinois Brothers and sisters Alfred E., Hilda Elizabeth, Nancy Ann, William Augustus, Sarah Caroline, Mary Jane, Emily May, Lydia Ellen. Married to Nancy Williams in Roseburg, Oregon in 1892.
"John Calvin McCulloch's father, James Carl McCulloch, trekked across the plains in 1852. They traveled with a large train which came by the way of the Northern route and the Oregon Trail. the family located in what is now Olalla precinct in Douglas county, Oregon.
William Nealy McCulloch took a donation claim of 640 acres and also a homestead of 160 acres. This land adjoins what is now the post office of Ten Mile, Oregon. While comming over the plains, they saw plenty of Indians who were very bothersome. The emigrants had several skirmishes with them. There were three definite times when they had small battles with the Indians. These usually happened at night, under the cover of darkness, when the emigrants were supposed to be sleeping. the night camp of the emigrants was always formed by putting the wagons of the train in a large circle, making a corral for the stock. In reality it was a small fort. The Indians used mostly bows and arrows. It was, as a rule their purpose to stage a surprise attack, make the night hideous with Indian yells, and frighten the emigrants into a panic and the stock into a stampede. Then their work would be easy; to massacre and pillage. In this train, the emigrants always kept a night guard who gave immediate alarm in case of any Indian activity.
the male members of the train slept with their clothes on and their guns close at hand. Upon an alarm's being given, they were on their feet immediately and ready for work. Often the cattle and the horses in the corral, upon smelling the Indian odor in the air, would immediately become restless and show by their actions the near presence of the red-skins. If the Indians saw that the white men were ready and waiting for them, with their guns, they would circle around for a while and then disappear into the night. They counted on the surprise feature, and if this was lacking they would seldom attack, especially at night. In these skirmishes, several of the emigrants were injured but there were no sever casualities.
The train suffered about the average loss of horses and oxen from the Indians. the desert cholera caused the death of several of the emigrants of this train. The saddest of all the events that could happen on the trip was the death and buriel of an emigrant on the plains. the body was always buried by the side of the trail and the grave was covered and disguised so that the Indians could not locate it and dig it up for the scalp. this event always dispirited the emigrants more than anything else that happened. It was a sad thing to do, to bury one of the family or an associate or friend and then drive on to the west, leaving the departed behind, alone, with the grave unmarked and undistinguishable in the future. Gone with nothing tangible but the memories.
When one of the steep mountain grades were encountered, they like other trains, attached two or three yokes of oxen or teams of horses to a wagon to pull it over the grade. This was done to each wagon of the train till all were over the hill. In going down steep grades, a tree or large trunk was used as a brake or drag, being tied to the rear of the wagon and dragging on the ground to hold the heavy wagon back. Mr. John Calvin McCulloch remembers his father's tellin in particular, of the heavily loaded wagons on which the emigrants had packed everything that could be used in the new home in Oregon. The oxen had been able to pull the wagons when they first started west. As the journey proceeded many of the horses and oxen were stolen by the Indians and others died en route, those that remained were weakened by the hardships of the trip, the irregularity of the food supply, and the bad water supply. The horse and ox-power was greatly dimished and the heavy wagons could hardly be pulled at places. In order to save part of the freight, that which was considered the least important was thrown away at the side of the trail. Perhaps that which was dumped was gathered up by some other emigrant, perhaps the Indians picked it up, or perhaps it laid there and was rotted by time. It is said that much of this dumpage consisted of new tools and implements that had never been used. The wagons all had to be unloaded when it was necessary to ford a deep river or when the freight had to be lowered down an unusally steep grade with a block and tackle.
J.C. McCulloch first went to school at Olalla, Douglas Co. when he was 6 years old. He attended school for 6 years. It was a lumber schoolhouse of 1 room. His first teacher was Josephine Parrott of Roseburg. Other teachers were Andrew Warren, Frank Kinnicut, and William Freeman. He says that teachers Kinnicut and Freeman were plenty free with the use of the hazel switch. the hardest licking that he ever had in his life was given to him at school by Freeman. He still remembers it very plainly. From the Olalla school he went to the Ten Mile school for a period of 5 years. this ending his schooling. the teachers at Ten Mile were Mrs. Starr and Vin Arrington. Mr. McCulloch says that the Ten Mile school was 4 1/2 miles distance and he had to walk both ways every day. The Olalla school was only 1 1/2 miles from his home. There was no bus transportation in the old days. He had to walk. the term of the school was only 3 months a year. This was a different picture from that of the present-day school life which lasts 9 months each year, has modern buildings with perfect heating, lighting, ventilation, seperate rooms and a teacher for each grade and often for each subject, books and supplies furnished by the authorities as well as bus transportation furnished for all living at a distance. The present picture of public schools is much more attractive than the old and should be thourghly appreciated by the present generation.
The hazel switch also has been eliminated, which is also a step in the right direction. Mr. McCulloch says that, since the condition of modern schooling is so greatly superior, it should result in much better education for the youth of the present day, both as to varity and choice of subjects afforded, as well as to the completeness and thoughness of the learning imparted in each subject.
Mr. McCulloch says that pupils of the old days had much work to do at home and ranch. Not that some of the present day do not have duties to attend to, but in the old days there was plenty of hard work for them to do that does not exist at the present time. This work had to be done before they went to school. Many times they were late and often could not go at all, because the work which was vital to the home had to be done first. The boys and girls did not willfully stay out of school or play "hookey", they all realized what an education would mean to them in later years and attended school whenever they could. School was a serious matter to them.
Mr. J.C. McCulloch thinks there is now a different social atmosphere than was manifest in the old times. He is strongly of the opinion that this difference has been caused by the comming of the automobile and the good roads that were forced along with it. Before that time, the roads if there were any at all, were bad. There were no bridges and in case of an emergency trip, such as getting a doctor on a hurry up call, the trip was made on horseback and the rivers were forded or swam over. Getting around the country, especially in the winter season, was a slow and tedious job since it was hard to travel any long distance. Visiting was confined largely to seeing close-by friends and neighbors. Much of this near-by visiting was done by the settlers to break the dull monotomy of ranch life and to swap news and gossip.
There were no telephones in those days. Dances were all night affairs. People went early, took their suppers, danced all night, and went home in the morning. The auto changed all this, first by causing the improving of the roads generally and making them usable both summer and winter and also by causing the erection of bridges all over the country. In the old days a trip from Ten Mile to Roseburg took 2 days 1 to go and the other to return, and often it was late at night before the arrival at home. As the automobile became more generally used, the roads became correspondingly better and the settlers could travel longer distances (by automobile).
Roseburg, by virture of the auto, was moved to the adjacent county. Dances were no longer all night affairs. People went to the dance in the evening, danced till midnight, and then went home again. The people could make trips to a distance and return in the same evening. Movies at Roseburg now only 1/2 hour distance, also other places in the same ratio, could be visited. It is true that it also changed the heretofor frequent visits to the near-by-neighbor and substituted a different entertainment.
J.C. McCulloch lived in the center of this celebrated deer country. It was the "mecca" of deer hunters from all parts of the Pacific coast. In the famous days of the "pelter", when deer were so plentiful and no laws governed their slaughter, these hide-hunters could make a good living to tide them over the full year by three or four months spent hunting in the deer country (Douglas county Ore.) the hides brought an average of $1.50 and over for each. It was not unusual for pelters who made a business of it to get a thousand hides or over for a season's hunt. Some of them would smoke and dry the meat for the market, but as a rule they did not have the time to take care of the meat. The deer carcasses, after being striped of the hides, were left in the woods for the vermin or to rot. This was the worst feature, the wanton waste of good meat that would have been welcome to so many who needed it. McCulloch while he admits that the deer were nearly cleaned out in the few years that the pelter reigned uncontrolled, lays the present continued deer shortage to the havoc of the vermin, bear, cougar and coyotes mostly. There have also been several sever winters with deep snows which have been very destructive to deer.
He is also of the opinion that there is a great deal of illegal hunting of deer, especially with the use of the spot light by night hunters. Then occasionally, there is the settler or rancher that needs meat for his family. He slips out and brings in a deer for his own use. Mr. McCulloch thinks that the harm done by the vermin is by far the worst of all and the main cause of the present deer shortage. As to the professional vermin hunters, he thinks they do little good, the vermin are becoming more prevalent each year and the "varmint hunts" that were often staged by the old-time settler and even by the later hunters are a thing of the past, since no dogs are now allowed in the woods, except under leash. Dogs are necessary to locate and hold vermin at bay till the hunter can arrive on the scene.
Mr. McCulloch says that deer never will be plentiful again till the vermin have been destroyed. Upon being asked concerning the present shortage of fish in the streams that used to team with them, he replies that fish were certainly much more plentiful in the old days. He is of the opinion that the fish have been fished out by the hundreds of fishermen who now go out after them, as compared to the very few fishermen and practically no fishing of the old days. He says there is but one solution and that is to plant ten times as many fish in the streams as is now being done. The fisherman cannot be restricted and it is an easy matter to plant more fish to any extent necessary. Deer cannot be planted in a like manner, they have to grow.
On John McGuire and Jno. Olmstead Donation Land Claims T28S R7W SEC 34. Located on Olalla road, County road #38, Douglas County, Oregon. From Winston, proceed west on State Highway 42 about 6 miles. Turn left onto Olalla road and go south about 1 1/2 miles. Cemetery is on west side of Olalla creek, formerly Jno. Olmstead Donation land claim. Fenced cemetery covered with vinca major (myrtle) trees and brambles. Most headstones are leaning against a base or a tree and may not be in their proper places. There are probably more graves not located.
ROW 1 (from west, reading left to right) initials S. R. L. base only with footstone laying atop. (Rosie1 Short born 4-25-1875 died 9-10-1883 footstone- R.L.S.)
SHORT, ANNA MAY died Feb 13, 1881 aged 3 yrs, 10 mo's & 28 dy's Dau. of F. & F. J. Short. We loved her. Footstone A.M.S. Headstone was broken in several pieces but repaired. Headstone now leaning against base and footstone atop next base.
ROW 2 FISHER, SARAH H. Born Mar 15, 1840 aged 41 years.
FISHER, JOHN born 22 May 1828 died 5 Oct 1895.
MCGUIRE, JOHN born Sept 1, 1845 died July 3, 1883 Weeping willow at the top of stone, leaning against a large tree near south fence.
ROW 3 Base no other information.
MCGUIRE, EMELINE died Oct 1856 aged 3 years, daughter of T.J. & M. McGuire.
ROW 4 MCGUIRE, MARY died Feb 28, 1879 aged 66 yr's & 3 m's, wife of T.J. Mcguire. Our mother, In God's own morn her orb will rise, once more a star of Paradise. (Hand with flowers)
MCGUIRE, T. J. died Apr. 26, 1871 aged 62 yrs. 6 mo. 22 days.
Thomas J. McGuire was born in Washington Co. Ohio, and lived in Montgomery Co. Ill., he was a private in Capt. H. Roundtree's Co., 3rd Brigade/2nd Regt. during the Blackhawk War of 1832. Thomas married 2 Dec 1837 in Lee Co. Iowa, to Mary "Polly" McCulloch, sister of William Neely McCulloch.
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